What Did Jesus Eat

What Did Jesus Eat?

The Last Supper, according to the gospel narratives, was a meal in which Jesus and his followers shared bread and wine. Bread and wine, on the other hand, were most likely not the only items on the table. It’s possible that the Last Supper was a Passover supper. Passover is the time of year when Jews commemorate their exodus from Egypt. The dinner was served on the day of Unleavened Bread, according to the gospels of Mark, Luke, and Matthew, during the Jewish Passover. This is the first day of the seven-day Passover holiday, which begins on this day.

In Judaism, this day of Passover is commemorated with the Seder feast, which is held today.

In addition to the fact that it would not have looked like a modern Seder, there is little historical documentation of the Passover dinner before the Seder custom was established.

We may probably set those two things on the table, assuming that the Last Supper was a Passover meal, if it occurred.

However, in 2016, two Italian archaeologists produced a study on what was eaten during the Last Supper, which included a recreated menu that was published in 2016.

On the basis of their study, they believed that the menu for the Last Supper would have included bean stew with lamb, bitter herbs, fish sauce, unleavened bread and dates, as well as aromatic wine.

So, what did Jesus eat?

There is a growing trend, particularly in the United States, of incorporating the “What Would Jesus Do?” motto into one’s cooking routine. The premise is that if one truly wants to follow Jesus in every aspect of one’s life, one cannot ignore one’s dietary choices. The challenge, however, is to find enough evidence of what Jesus actually ate. The New Testament makes passing mention of a number of foodstuffs in connection with Jesus and in other contexts, but it does not go into specific detail about any of them.

  1. It appears that some of the suggestions of the Jesus diet movement for eating like Jesus are, unfortunately, anachronistic.
  2. Other suggestions, on the other hand, clearly reveal more about the worldview of their proponents than they do about Jesus’ diet: there is no evidence, for example, that Jesus was a vegetarian or that he did not consume alcohol.
  3. The ultimate program for eating well, feeling great, and living longer,one of the earliest Jesus diet books, states that bread was “the food that Jesus ate most often”.
  4. Colbert notes that the breads of Jesus’s time were coarse wholegrain breads, which would be likely to go rancid and mouldy if not eaten daily.
  5. The reality in first-century Palestine, how­ever, was less pleasant.

Roman cities had large bakeries containing mills the height of a man, but, in the countryside, grinding grain was a back-breaking task usually carried out by women at home, using small hand-mills made of coarse stone, or primitive saddle-querns.”These are the works which the wife must perform for her husband,” theMishnahsays, “grinding flour and baking bread and washing clothes and cooking food and nursing her child and making his bed and working in wool.

  • If she brought him a maid she need not grind or bake or wash.” These mills normally left a residue of grit in the bread.
  • Indeed, skeletons of people from this period show teeth ground down by years of eating gritty bread.
  • There was also another way of grading bread, according to the fineness of the flour: there was “clean” bread — effectively white bread, made with fine, sifted flour; and coarse bread, made with lots of bran, and grit.
  • It is unlikely that Jesus ate fresh bread every day.
  • TheToseftastates that ordinary people baked once a week; pro­fessional bakers in villages baked once every three days; and only bakers in cities baked more often.
  • To make it edible, it was dipped into a liquid — water, wine, vinegar, fish-sauce, oil, or stew — or crumbled into liquid for children.
  • WE LEARN in the New Testament that Jesus ate fish from the Sea of Galilee, and, after the resurrection, that he even cooked fish and bread over coals for himself and his disciples (John 21.9).

“We certainly know that Jesus ate clean unpolluted fish almost every day of his life,” Colbert concludes.

But there is evidence in the New Testament that the supply was not always plentiful: in John 21, the disciples fish all night but catch nothing.

Would fresh fish have been available in Nazareth, 30km from the Sea of Galilee?

Fresh fish every day seems unlikely after all.

TheMishnahtalks of preparing it with leeks, to improve the taste, and it also seems to imply that fish was some­times fried.

Of course, Jesus may well have eaten other fish products rather than fresh fish.

The first-century Roman author Strabo tells us that there was a salting industry on the shores of the Sea of Galilee at Tarichaeae (which means “salt fish” in Greek), or Migdal Nunia (”the tower of the fish”).

In theMishnah,salted fish is listed as a common food, and the salty fish-flavoured liquid left over from the salting process,tzir, was often used as a dip for bread.

Remains of labelled ceramicgarumjars were found in excavations at King Herod’s palace at Masada, which would have been specially imported from Spain.

Cer­tainly, meat was very costly.

It rules that certain unidentifiable items belong to the finder: “Scattered fruit, scattered money, cakes of figs, bakers’ loaves, strings of fish, pieces of meat.” In other words, people were often so poor that they were prepared to eat meat picked up off the ground, which was unlikely to be still fresh, but was clearly too valuable to be discarded.

Leviticus forbids the consumption of most “creeping things”, but an exception is made for locusts.

John the Baptist is recorded as eating the insects in Mark 1.6; these were later inter­preted as carobs, still known asJohannesbrotin German, but the Greek text of the New Testament is clear that he ateakrides, the word for locusts.

It is only in certain climatic conditions that the common variety changes colour to become S chistocerca gregaris, the flocking desert locust responsible for the invasions we read about in scripture.

In the second century, however, Rabbi Judah bar Ilai said: “Anything which is a kind of curse, don’t say grace over it.” EGGS are barely mentioned in the New Testament, but we can probably assume that these were part of Jesus’s diet, as theMishnahfrequently refers to the eggs of domestic birds — hens, geese, pigeons — as well as the eggs of small wild birds which the poor would have foraged.

  1. Modern diners might, however, want to prepare them rather differently.
  2. Solid lumps of food were easier to scoop up by hand for poor families who would not have owned many eating utensils.
  3. As forother flavourings, mustard was widely cultiv­ated in Roman Galilee, as we know from Jesus’s parable of the mustard seed (Mark 4.31).
  4. Dill, cumin, and mint are all mentioned in the New Testament as herbs that the Pharisees tithe.
  5. He certainly drank water and red wine.
  6. Natural water sources were liable to contam­ina­tion from dead animals, washing, industry, and sewage.
  7. Water was often collected in uncovered cisterns, which could have all sorts of pollutants dropped into them; if covered over, they could grow algae.
  8. Water was so pre­cious that it was often reused: theMishnahmentions recycling fermented water that has been used by a baker.
  9. One common solution was to rely on the antiseptic properties of wine, which was often added to water.
  10. Some have suggested that he drank only unfermented wine, but there is no evidence for this.

It is, after all, difficult to recreate the food eaten in first-century Galilee. Indeed, given what it is shown by Jewish sources and archae­ological evidence, it is not altogether clear why anyone would want to. Susan Weingarten is an archaeologist and food historian who lives in Galilee.

What Did Jesus Eat and Drink?

Sandy Mittelsteadt contributed to this article. The increasing interest in eating and drinking during the impending Holiday Season led me to believe that writing about what Jesus ate and drank during his lifetime would be beneficial. When it came to eating, Jesus would have adhered to the dietary regulations provided down in Leviticus Chapter 11, which he would have done as an observant Jew. Regardless of the restrictions, Jesus’ diet would have been limited by what was available to him at the time of his death.

  1. He most likely just ate twice a day – in the morning and in the evening – and ate very little else.
  2. According to Luke 24:41-43, “41.
  3. And they presented him with a piece of grilled fish as well as a honeycomb.
  4. And he grabbed it and ate it in front of them.” As a result, we can be certain that Jesus ate fish and honey.
  5. “9.
  6. 10.
  7. Jesus consumed fish caught in the Sea of Galilee.

Peter’s fish (tilapia), have been preserved.

Because big catches could be kept for times of scarcity, fish was frequently dried, smoked, or salted, which alleviated the availability problem by prolonging the shelf life of the product.

It was most likely coarse wholegrain barley bread, which would have gone rancid and moldy if it had not been consumed on a regular basis.

When it came to making bread, the wealthier people would have chosen wheat or millet.

When it comes to the grinding of flour and making bread, the Mishnah (the earliest important recorded collection of Jewish oral traditions) specifies that the wife’s responsibilities include everything from washing and cooking garments to caring for her husband’s children.

These mills were known to leave a residue of grit in the bread they produced.

Indeed, the skeletons of those who lived during the time of Jesus reveal teeth that have been worn down by years of eating stale bread.

Ordinary folks baked once a week; professional bakers in villages baked once every three days; and the only ones who baked more frequently than that were the bakers in cities.

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If you’re interested in knowing more, the bread might still go moldy despite proper drying, yet it was still often consumed.

Other delicacies included grapes, raisins, vinegar, and wine (Jesus referred to Himself as “The True Vine,” and a sponge soaked in wine vinegar was presented to Jesus when He was hanging on the cross).

The region grew a variety of fruits and vegetables, including apples, pears, apricots, peaches, melons, and dates, which were all likely consumed by Jesus (a fourth-century mosaic depicts Christ surrounded by pomegranates).

Miqpeh (lentils stew) was a type of stew that consisted mostly of a hardened mass, which is exactly what occurs to cooked lentils when left to cool.

Garlic was frequently used in the preparation of miqpeh, and cabbage was also used.

For flavorings, the Bible mentions mustard (remember Jesus’ tale of the mustard seed in Mark 4:31), as well as dill, cumin, cinnamon, mint, and salt.

Jesus most likely drank water, wine, and milk while on the cross (from goats and sheep).

Besides almonds and pistachio nuts, Jesus would have enjoyed baked cakes prepared with honey, dates, and raisins for dessert. In summation, as you can see, Jesus ate a lot of fresh food that was in season at the time.

What did Jesus eat? Coffee and chocolate were not on the menu

The Lord’s Prayer, which is presented in somewhat different forms in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, is arguably the most well-known prayer in the world today. However, the lines “Give us this day our daily food” are included in this prayer, which is rather remarkable. Exactly what this bread is made of is up for discussion. According to the Gospel of John, “I am the Bread of Life,” thus it’s possible that this is a reference to Jesus himself. Most likely, it is referring to the actual bread, which has been a staple diet in the Middle East since the beginning of civilisation.

  1. Perhaps all of these readings are correct; but, if the latter is correct, what did Jesus consume on a regular basis?
  2. Although Jewish law authorized the use of bread produced from wheat, other grains such as barley, oats, rye, and spelt were also permitted.
  3. In the Hebrew language, the word for wine is yayin, which originates from the term for fermentation, and in the New Testament, the word for wine is oinos, which is translated as vinum in Latin.
  4. According to one historian, the average male in the Middle East consumed roughly a litre of wine in the course of a day, although the New Testament warns against overindulging in alcohol on multiple occasions.
  5. His appearance to the disciples after his resurrection is depicted as him eating fish in order to demonstrate that he was genuine, and not some ghost.
  6. Jesus ate figs, as evidenced by the fact that, on his trip to Jerusalem, he grabbed for a fig tree, despite the fact that it was not fig season at that time.
  7. As a result, we may be pretty certain that Jesus followed the dietary regulations of ancient Israel, and we can identify foods that he would not have consumed, such as pork, shellfish, reptiles, and carrion-eating animals.

Anything native to the New World, such as maize corn, pumpkins, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, and chocolate, would have been inaccessible to Jesus.

To live a life without coffee or chocolate would have been a life of extreme asceticism in my opinion.

The closest thing Hebrew has to a term for beer is sekhar, which may be used to refer to beer or a variety of other powerful alcoholic beverages.

However, it is almost probable that Jesus did not receive that reward following the Sermon on the Mount.

People in the ancient Near East ate a lot of plant-based meals rather than meat, and this was especially true in Egypt.

Various grains were frequently crushed and cooked to create a porridge-like consistency.

The Persians brought rice to the inhabitants of Judea during the era after the post-exilic restoration of the Jewish temple in the fifth century B.C., during which time the Jewish temple was reconstructed.

There are several nuts mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, including almonds, walnuts, and pistachios, all of which supplied protein, and it is likely that Jesus was familiar with these foods.

Jesus’ diet most probably included dried fruits such as raisins and dates, although they do not have a very long shelf life.

In addition to the olive and the fig, apricots, dates, and the quince were cultivated in the time of Jesus Christ.

However, there is a term for apples in modern Hebrew.

Fruits also had the benefit of being able to be cooked down to form a syrup, which was useful for preserving them during storage.

In any case, we might speculate that Jesus ate relatively little meat because it was a more expensive item at the time.

Because a lamb shank was part of the rite and the Passover lambs were murdered at the same time, it is often considered that Jesus’ Last Supper contained lamb.

The Passover lamb should be cooked according to the instructions in the Torah.

The Jews of Jesus’ day raised a variety of birds, including not just chickens but also doves, turtledoves, ducks, and geese, among other things.

It has been speculated by archaeologists that individuals living during this historical period and in that location could only have been able to have meat three or four times a year, and that these were only on special occasions.

Many people in Jesus’ day were famished because of a scarcity of food.

It is possible that if the first 12 disciples had seen our modern supermarkets, which were stocked with food, they would have believed they had died and gone to heaven. Jesus, on the other hand, would not have been under any such delusions.

What Would Jesus Eat? Savor the Flavors the Savior Tasted

What wouldJesuseat think about it? While the majority of Christians are acquainted with bracelets and pendants bearing the initials WWJD-What Would Jesus Do?-, many others are unfamiliar with the phrase. We’re a little less sure about what theSon of Godate is up to these days. Was he a vegetarian because he disagreed with the morality of consuming animal products? Or did Jesus eat whatever he liked since he is God manifested? What do you think? In a few instances, the Bible specifically mentions the foods that Jesus consumed.

Leviticus Applied to Jesus’ Diet

If Jesus had been a devout Jew, he would have adhered to the food requirements outlined in the eleventh chapter of the book of Leviticus. More than anything, he lived his life in accordance with the will of God. Cattle, sheep, and goats, as well as some poultry and fish, were considered clean. Pigs, camels, birds of prey, shellfish, eels, and reptiles were among the creatures considered unclean or banned. Jews were permitted to consume grasshoppers and locusts, as John the Baptistdid, but they were not permitted to consume any other insects.

  1. In the book of Acts, Paul and the apostles got into a fight over eating unclean foods.
  2. Regardless of the restrictions, Jesus’ diet would have been limited by what was available to him at the time of his death.
  3. It is likely that fresh fish was readily available along the Mediterranean coast, in the Sea of Galilee, and in the Jordan River; otherwise, fish would have been dried or smoked.
  4. John 6:9 describes a miracle in which Jesus multiplied five barley loaves and two tiny fish in order to miraculously feed 5,000 people.
  5. Wheat and millet were also included in this recipe.
  6. When Jesus instituted the Lord’s Supper, he also employed bread, which was a meal that could be obtained by anybody.

Jesus Ate Fruit and Vegetables Too

Fruit and vegetables were a significant portion of the ancient Palestinian diet. According to Matthew 21:18-19, we see Jesus go up to a fig tree to get a quick lunch. Other favorite fruits were grapes, raisins, apples, pears, apricots, peaches, melons, pomegranates, dates, and olives, among other varieties. Olive oil was used in cooking, as a condiment, and even as a fuel for lighting in ancient times. Seasonings such as mint, dill, salt, cinnamon, and cumin are listed in the Bible as being used in cooking.

People used to dip bits of bread into such a concoction on a regular basis.

Almonds and pistachio nuts were widely available. A bitter form of almond was used primarily for its oil, whereas a sweet type of nut was used as a dessert ingredient. Honey was served as a sweetener or as a reward to meals. Dates and raisins were used in the baking of the cakes.

Meat Was Available But Scarce

According to the gospels, Jesus ate meat during the Passover, which commemorated the Israelites’ exodus from Egypt under Moses after the angel of death had “passed over” them. A roast lamb dish was served as part of the Passover supper. Initially, lambs were sacrificed in the temple, and then the corpse was taken back home to be eaten by the family or group. In Luke 11:12, Jesus made reference to an egg. Chickens, ducks, geese, quail, partridge, and pigeons were all considered acceptable poultry for consumption at the time.

  1. However, it’s probable that Jesus would have eaten veal while he was atMatthew’s house or with the Pharisees, as fattened calves were regarded delectable on rare occasions.
  2. They served him a piece of roasted salmon, which he happily consumed.
  3. (These are some of the sources: The Bible Almanac, edited by J.I.
  4. Tenney, and William White Jr.; The New Compact Bible Dictionary, edited by T.

What Did Jesus Eat?

The original version of this article published on VICE Italy. I’m an ordinary man, which means that I eat poorly all of the time. Recent comments from a colleague noted that I could learn a lot from Jesus, notably about his “healthy diet devoid of processed foods,” so I decided to put my theory to the test and eat like the son of God for one week to see how it went. So that I wouldn’t upset anyone, I asked some Catholic acquaintances what they thought about my experiment to make sure I wasn’t offending anyone.

  1. I was born into a Catholic household, like were many other Italians.
  2. We covered a slew of Bible stories in Sunday school, covering everything from slavery to fratricide to polygamy–all of the exciting stuff.
  3. The Gospel regularly talks about the link between Jesus and food.
  4. We also know from the New Testament that Jesus was a renegade who lovedlunching with tax collectors, sinners and sex workers.
  5. To prepare for the task, I acquired a copy of anItalian food bookfilled with dishes either “thoroughly detailed” or just “mentioned” in the Holy Book.

Once I’d bought the ingredients, I knew this was the healthiest shop I’d ever done. Jesus’s groceries. For my week on the Jesus Diet, I ate the same breakfast every day and leftovers from lunch for supper every night. And in case you’re wondering, I – like Jesus – did not use utensils.

Day One

The following items are served for breakfast: milk or yogurt, dried figs or grapes, pomegranate juice, and honey. On the first day, I ate breakfast on my balcony, bathed in the warmth of the Father’s presence and light. I had the impression that my supper had been blessed from above. It should be noted, though, that the longer I sat there looking at my dried fruit, the more I began to feel like any other typical health devotee. My mouth watered as I took another drink of the pomegranate juice, which the scriptures describe as a “symbol of fertility and wealth.” It tasted sugar-free and devoid of delight in my opinion.

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Jesus had a strong preference for multiplying things, even fish.

They were terrified because they believed he was a ghost, but “they offered him a piece of grilled fish, which he accepted and consumed in their presence.” When it comes to fresh fish, I am a big fan, but it is pricey and smells up the whole room when you live in a shoebox, which is what I do.

Those fishbones, on the other hand, were dangerous to my mortal flesh.

The Second Day

Veal stew with wine, leek, pumpkin, and flatbread is a comforting dish. According to the book ” The Food and Feasts of Jesus “, “daily bread” was a major element of the Middle Eastern diet in the first century – and it continues to be so in many parts of the region today. For Christians, bread has come to represent spiritual nutrition – and for me, it has come to represent a substitute for cutlery. Here’s a picture of me breaking the bread in the manner of Jesus: It is through my colleague Camilla’s well prepared veal stew that we come to a more delicate subject.

Despite the fact that Jesus lived in a cultural setting in which vegetarianism did not exist, Old Testament specialist Gianfranco Nicora argued in an article for the Italian Bioethics Institute at the University of Genoa that “everyone would be following a vegetarian diet” in the Kingdom of God.

The Third Day

Herbs that are bitter. The third day had me a little concerned. It was time for bitter herbs, a meal that was traditionally served at the Last Supper and throughout Passover. Capers, olives, and pistachios were to be added to blanched chicory, according to the recipe book. While the finished product was really extremely visually pleasing – almost Instagrammable – the problem was that my coworkers were slowly but steadily turning against me as a result of my experimentation with no cutlery. I was by myself for lunch.

The Fourth Day

Baked onions and goat ricotta cheese make a delicious combination. For this dish, we looked back to the Old Testament, to a period when the Jews were walking across the desert after fleeing Egypt, in order to find inspiration. They would have been quite hungry after such a long and exhausting travel.

I started sobbing while chopping these onions, not because I was having a bodily reaction to them or because I was empathizing with their predicament – I was just unhappy that I had to consume them after all that work. The author took the photograph.

The Fifth Day

Salad de bulgur. According to the recipe book, this is a reinterpretation of “roasted wheat,” which is described as “ancient popcorn made by roasting grains over scorching-hot stone.” My version consisted of boiling bulgur topped with olives, roasted almonds, and cheese, among other ingredients. Salad de bulgur. Despite the fact that I didn’t consume the entire dinner, this was the first nice meal I’d eaten in quite some time, and I knew I was in for a difficult struggle the next day. So, sure, I did consume it.

The Sixth Day

Fasting. I convinced myself that if Jesus could fast for 40 days and 40 nights, I could do it for one day. However, I work in a newsroom with a large number of food journalists, so temptation was abundant. I was on the verge of giving up when I decided to phone my favorite Sunday school teacher: my mother. After a brief introduction, she started into a monologue on how the Devil attempted to persuade Jesus to change some pebbles into bread in order to cause him to fail his spiritual detox. It was both upsetting and encouraging at the same time.

The Seventh Day

Soup with lentils. It’s considered a sign of deception in my home country to “give anything up for a dish of lentil soup.” According to the recipe book, the narrative originates from the Old Testament, when Jacob deceived his brother Esau by persuaded him to swap his firstborn inheritance for a steaming meal of lentils. Then Jacob had to go since his brother had threatened to murder him if he did not. To cut a long tale short, I was adamant about not eating these lentils. The author poses for a selfie.

I also accidently became intoxicated by myself two or three times after drinking one or two too many glasses of wine.

Thank you very much, Jesus.

What Did Jesus and the Apostles Eat at the Last Supper?

A variety of indications are provided by Scripture and art. Many legendary dinners have been represented in art and movies throughout the years, but Leonardo Da Vinci’s The Last Suppermay well be the most well-known. The theological meaning and artistic worth of the picture are still being investigated, but some people believe the image contains hints to something else: what Jesus and his apostles were eating when they painted the renowned mural. The Last Supper (also known as the Last Supper of Jesus Christ) Image courtesy of Getty Images/DeAgostini However, there are several aspects that we can all agree on when it comes to the events surrounding the Last Supper, which Christians today commemorate on Maundy Thursday: But the Last Supper was not a regular Passover Seder, with attendees drinking wine and eating unleavened bread instead.

Wine and bread, of course

According to Christian tradition, the practice of receiving Communion dates back to the Last Supper of Jesus Christ.

The unleavened bread and wine are claimed to have been passed around the table by Jesus, who then explained to his Apostles that the bread represented his body and the wine represented his blood.

Locally sourced produce, maybe

In the book of Deuteronomy, Jesus’s country is described as “a land of olive oil and honey; a land in which you will eat food without fear of running out.” Grapes, figs, and pomegranates were among the most widely grown crops. These items, on the other hand, would not have been readily available in fresh form in the early spring. Dried figs, as well as other basics like as olive oil and honey, may have easily been incorporated in the feast.

Not lamb

It was stated in 2007 that there would have been no lamb served at the Last Supper because of religious reasons. Pope John Paul II proposed that the Last Supper took place prior to the formal slaughter of the lambs, which was a typical Passover rite in Jesus’ day, and that as a result, Jesus himself served as a substitute for the lambs.


Even though the Last Supper took place just before Passover, it doesn’t rule out the possibility that Jesus and the Apostles were partaking in any traditional Passover fare. According to a 2015 investigation by a group of Italian archaeologists, a variety of traditional Seder meals, such as bitter herbs with pistachios and a date charoset, made an appearance during the Last Supper, including a date charoset. In addition to these foods, other dishes like as cholent, which is a stewed dish of beans cooked very low and slowly, as well as olives with hyssop, a mint-like herb, were regularly consumed on a daily basis and may have been served at the Last Supper.

Not eels and orange slices, although they appear in the painting

During the painting’s most recent restoration, which took 21 years and was completed in the late 1990s, new foods emerged on the table for the first time, including one that seemed a little out of place at first: eels with orange segments. While eels and oranges were not a frequent meal in Jesus’ day, they were a regular coupling in 15th-century Italy, and they were two products that featured on Da Vinci’s own preserved-grocery lists during his lifetime.

Did Jesus eat meat?

QuestionAnswer Yes, Jesus ate flesh on the cross. A number of texts lead to this unambiguous conclusion. The earliest mention of eating flesh is found in Genesis 9:3. When God spoke to Noah after the Flood, he assured him, “Everything that lives and moves will be food for you.” In the same way that I provided you with the green plants, I am now providing you with everything.” All throughout Scripture, meat consumption was the norm, from the Passover lamb (Exodus 12) to the quail that God provided in the desert (Exodus 16) to the portions of animal sacrifices that the priests and Levites consumed (Deuteronomy 18).

  • Daniel and his three friends declined to eat the king’s cuisine in Babylon, instead opting for just vegetables (Daniel 1), although this was most likely due to the fact that there was no certainty that the meat would have been deemed clean according to Mosaic law at the time.
  • There is nothing in Jesus’ teachings that would alter or question the established meat-eating customs of the ancient world.
  • As recorded in Matthew 14, Jesus also offered fish to His people, and on two separate instances, He ordered the fishermen’s nets to be replenished (Luke 5 and John 21).
  • Jesus also prepared fish for His apostles to eat (John 21:9).
  • As part of the requirements of the law, the lamb slaughtered at Passover time was roasted and eaten by those who observed it (Exodus 12:8).
  • He carried on with his adherence of the law.
  • In the event that Jesus did not partake of the Passover dinner, which contained meat, He would have been in violation of the Law.
  • Not among plants, but among animals, there existed a differentiation between clean and filthy meals.
  • In addition, we have some direct instruction from the apostle, Paul.
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It is not appropriate for the one who consumes everything to look down on the man who does not consume everything, and it is not appropriate for the man who does not consume everything to condemn the man who does consume everything, for God has accepted him.” The following declaration is made later: “As one who believes in the Lord Jesus, I am completely convinced that no food is filthy in and of itself” (verse 14).

Some animal rights activists have asserted that Jesus was a vegetarian in recent years, despite the fact that he was not.

Modern ways of rearing and slaughtering animals, according to some, are intrinsically cruel, and that, as a result, eating meat should be avoided at all costs.

The humane treatment of animals, on the other hand, is a quite different matter. If you’re wondering whether Jesus ate meat, the answer is an unequivocal “yes.” Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Is it true that Jesus ate meat?

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Jesus’ Last Supper Menu Revealed in Archaeology Study

Giacomo Raffaelli’s mosaic reproduction of Leonardo da Vinci’s “Last Supper,” which dates back to 1816, is a work of art. (Photo courtesy of Renata Sedmakova.) According to new study into Palestinian food during Jesus’ time, a bean stew, lamb, olives, bitter herbs, a fish sauce, unleavened bread, dates, and aromatized wine were likely on the menu at the Last Supper. As depicted in many Christian art paintings, the food was not consumed in a formal seated assembly around a rectangular table; rather, it was consumed while Jesus and his disciples reclined on floor cushions, as the Romans were customarily doing at the time.

  • What Is the Outline of DaVinci’s Last Supper in This Video?
  • “The Bible discusses what happened during that dinner, but it does not detail what Jesus and his 12 dining companions consumed,” Urciuoli said.
  • “The premise that Jesus was a Jew serves as the beginning point for this discussion.
  • Jesus’ last supper with his closest followers in Jerusalem was commemorated today by Christians as the Last Supper.
  • Was the Last Supper a day earlier than usual?
  • “The iconographic codes used in Leonardo’s artwork date back hundreds of years.
  • Incorporating historical data and evidence from artifacts such as catacomb paintings from the third century A.D., the researchers were able to reconstruct food and eating patterns in Palestine 2,000 years ago, according to the findings.

The supper, which took place in an upper chamber of a home in Jerusalem, did not take place around a rectangular table as would be expected.

Stone containers from the first century A.D.

As Urciuoli explained, “Jews who obeyed the norms of cleanliness used stone containers because they were not vulnerable to conveying impurities,” he explained.

The visitors were seated around the table according to a strict regulation, with the most significant being those who sat to the right and left of the chief guest.

Indeed, we are told that Judas dipped his bread into Jesus’ dish, as was customary at the time when people shared meals from a communal bowl “Urciuoli expressed himself.

Urciuoli and Berogno discovered that the food served at the Last Supper was not the same as the food served at the wedding at Cana.

Herod’s Banquet, on the other hand, provided us with an opportunity to examine Roman culinary influences in Jerusalem “Urciuoli expressed himself.

It is also suggested that the Last Supper took place around the time of the Feast of Booths or Tabernacles, which commemorates the years the Israelites were forced to live in tents in the wilderness following their departure, according to Urciuoli and Berogno’s study, which is detailed in the book.

He may have grown up in a structure.

Unleavened bread and wine were also on the menu, according to the Bible, which gives even another hint.

cholent, a stewed dish of beans cooked very low and slowly, olives with hyssop, a plant with a mint-like flavor, bitter herbs with pistachios, and date charoset, which is a chunky fruit and nut paste, were among the other dishes on the table, according to the researchers.

According to Urciuoli, “bitter herbs and charoset are traditional during Passover, cholent is drank during celebrations, and hyssop was also taken on a regular basis throughout the ancient world.” The original version of this article appeared on Discovery News.

The Jesus Diet: What Would Jesus Eat

Author Don Colbert, M.D. investigates the life of Jesus and the foods referenced in the Bible in his book What Would Jesus Eat? : The Ultimate Program for Eating Well, Feeling Great, and Living Longer. If you genuinely want to follow Jesus in every area of your life, you can’t avoid dealing with the issues of food, according to Stephen Colbert. Natural foods and Jewish culinary traditions are the foundation of his approach, which not only improves your health but also encourages you to consider the spiritual aspects of your eating habits.

Jesus Diet Basics

Colbert says that Jesus followed old Jewish dietary restrictions and ate a Mediterranean-style diet consisting of complete, unadulterated foods in line with those standards. Based on his studies, he came to the conclusion that Jesus’ diet would have consisted mostly of fish, whole wheat bread, olives, figs, dates, and red wine. Fish was readily available and was likely consumed on a daily basis, but red meat was only sporadically consumed, possibly once or twice a month, in prehistoric times.

What Would Jesus Eat is not a diet in the usual sense, but rather a method of approaching your eating habits that is different from the norm.

If you do not believe that you are ready to adopt the full eating plan, Colbert advises that you begin by making small changes to one aspect of your life at a time.

Acceptable Foods

Fresh fruit and vegetables, whole grains, lentils, fish, olives, figs, dates, red wine, and extra virgin olive oil are all good choices.

Sample Diet Plan

Breakfast4 oz fresh-squeezed fruit juice or a small piece of fruitOatmeal with walnuts and berries
LunchTuna saladTomato, cucumber, romaine lettuceBalsamic vinegar and olive oil dressing
DinnerLentil soup1 slice whole grain bread with hummus4 ounces grilled salmonSteamed broccoli with parmesan cheese and brown riceSalad with lettuce, carrot, tomato and cucumberBalsamic vinegar and olive oil dressing4 oz red wine

Did Jesus Exercise?

Walking is the recommended method of exercise since Jesus spent a significant portion of his days doing it. Dieters are recommended to walk for at least 30 minutes every day.

Costs and Expenses

The book What Would Jesus Eat? : The Ultimate Program for Eating Well, Feeling Great, and Living Longer is available for $14.99 at your local bookstore.


  • Those dieters who find power and inspiration in faith will find this appealing. Mediterranean diets are highly backed by scientific studies as being beneficial to one’s health
  • Yet, Investigates the importance of eating from the unique perspective of ancient Jewish rules and practices Allows for the use of wine in moderation
  • There are no specific meals necessary.


  • It is not especially designed to aid in weight loss. Readers who do not adhere to the Christian religion will most likely find this book uninteresting. Depending on how the Bible is interpreted by various people, some readers may find some of the assumptions made in the book offensive.

A Back to Basics Diet

What Would Jesus Eat would appeal to dieters who are able to discover inspiration to modify their way of life by connecting to their religious beliefs and values. Prayer before a meal, in particular, can assist to raise awareness of food choices and lessen the possibility of overindulging. The Jesus Diet, despite the fact that its specific content is open for debate, provides dieters with a ‘back to basics’ approach that is nutritionally balanced and has been shown in the scientific literature to assist successful weight control while also promoting overall well-being.

  • Referees: Esposito, K.
  • Marfella, R.
  • Ciotola, M.
  • Di Palo, C.
  • Giugliano, F.
  • Giugliano, G.
  • .Giugliano, D.
  • Giugliano, D.
  • Ciotola, M. (2004). A randomized research investigated the effect of a Mediterranean-style diet on endothelial dysfunction and indicators of vascular inflammation in patients with metabolic syndrome. JAMMA, 292(12), 1440-1446
  • Knoops, K. T., de Groot, L. C., Kromhout D., Perrin A. E., Moreiras-Varela O., Menotti A., Van Staveren, W. A. JAMMA, 292(12), 1440-1446
  • Knoops, K. T. (2004). The HALE research investigated the association between the Mediterranean diet, lifestyle variables, and 10-year mortality in older European men and women. link
  • Journal of the American Medical Association, 292(12), 1433-1439.

The most recent review was performed on March 28, 2021.

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