What Are The Two Natures Of Jesus

The Two Natures of Jesus Christ, by Ted Johnston

Christians’ fundamental conviction that Jesus Christ is both completely God and totally human is frequently called into doubt by both critics and inquirers alike. Some believe Jesus was a remarkable man, but not God, and that this is incorrect. Others believe he was God who merely appeared to be a human being. Some believe that Jesus was a reincarnated angel who took on human form. Others contend that Christ did not attain the status of God until after his resurrection. The evidence of Scripture is distorted as a result of these and other rejections of Jesus’ complete divinity or full humanity.

Jesus is fully God

In an early Christian declaration of faith, the words “Jesus Christ is Lord” are exclaimed (Romans 10:9). Here are two facts about Jesus that you should know. First and foremost, Jesus is known as Christ, which is a title that is identical to the Hebrew name Messiah, which means “the anointed one.” Early Christians recognized that Jesus is greater than any human being (see Mark 8:27-30) and that he is the one sent by God to deliver us by referring to him as Christ. Second, despite the possibility that the Messiah would be a great man in Jewish tradition, Christians addressed Jesus as “Lord” (kyriosin Greek).

Despite the fact that the Greek word kyrios might be translated as “master” or “sir,” Jews and Christians refused to recognize the Roman emperor as “the Lord” (in the absolute sense, which was the way the emperor desired), claiming that only God was “the Lord.” Jesus, on the other hand, was addressed as Lord, even theLord.

and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord” (verses 10-11).

The New Testament is unwavering in its assertion that Jesus Christ is God:

  • Prior to his human birth, Jesus existed as God: “In the beginning was the Word. and the Word was God” (John 1:1)
  • Following his human birth, he continued to exist as God (John 1:12). On earth, Jesus pardoned sins (Mark 2:5-7), which is something only God is capable of accomplishing. He asserted divinity (John 8:58), and consequently equality with God, in his claims (John 10:28-30). These assertions resulted in allegations of blasphemy (Matthew 26:63-66) and his execution by crucifixion
  • With his resurrection, he continues to be the God of the universe. (John 20:28) Thomas addressed the rising Jesus as “My Lord and my God,” and the author of Hebrews writes of Jesus that “Your throne, O God,” will “remain forever and ever” (Hebrews 1:8), citing from Psalm 104.

Jesus is fully human

The New Testament likewise emphasizes that Jesus is a human person in every sense of the word, but that he is sinless (Hebrews 4:15). Jesus’ humanity was denied by the apostle John, who declared that “the Word became flesh” (John 1:14), and who in his letters condemned rejections of Jesus’ humanity as demonic heresy (1 John 4:1-3;2 John 7-11). As we read the Gospels, we see Jesus working within the limitations of human flesh. He was born to a human mother and raised by a human father and mother.

Towards the conclusion of his life, while enduring the severe anguish of the crucifixion, Jesus expressed himself in a human fashion, crying out, “My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?” (Matthew 27:46).

We place a high value on the fact that Jesus Christ is a completely human being.

In order to accomplish this, he did not deny his divinity (only God is capable of saving us), but he entirely clothed himself with humanity.

As a result, Scripture suggests that Jesus is still wholly God and totally human, but as God manifested in glorified human body. Herein lays the key to understanding the Christian faith’s tremendous mystery.

A great mystery and an encouraging truth

The fact that Jesus is both God and human is a mystery that beyond our finite understanding. However, no alternative interpretation can account for everything that the Bible reveals about Jesus Christ. The process of comprehending this fundamental truth is more than a purely academic endeavor. It entails appreciating the deep depths of God’s love for us on a personal level. Matthew 1:20 describes Jesus as “the union of God and humanity with the explicit aim of creating a Savior for us.” The Holy Spirit conceived Jesus in the womb of a woman (Matthew 1:20).

This Savior would have an essential and distinguishing characteristic: he would be Immanuel, which literally translates as “God with us” (verses 22-23).

Jesus is both entirely God and totally human at the same time.

Defending the truth

Leaders of the Christian church have been called upon throughout history to defend the reality of Jesus’ dual nature against those who hold views to the contrary. However difficult the situation, the Holy Spirit has always managed to bring the church back to the scriptural reality that Jesus is both completely God and completely human. The church council that gathered in Chalcedon in 451 A.D. generated one of the most comprehensive expressions of this teaching to be found anywhere in history.

Christ, Son, Lord, and Only-Begotten, exhibited in two natures without any confusion, alteration, division, or separation between the two natures.

Gonzalez,The Story of Christianity, volume 1, HarperSanFrancisco, 1984).

Jesus Christ’s dual nature —fully God and fully human

Jesus Christ was sent by the Father in the person of Jesus Christ to reveal God in the flesh for the purpose of saving us. Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the virgin Mary; he was entirely God and fully human at the same time, combining the qualities of both natures in one Person. The Scriptures that support both his divinity and his humanity are included in the next section.

Fully God

9:6; Matthew 11:27; 16:16; Mark 2:5-7; Luke 5:20-22; 9:20; John 1:1; 1:14; 2:19,21; 3:13,31; 5:18; 6:38; 8:58; 9:20; 10:17; 10:30; 13:3; 14:9; 14:23; 16:15; 16:28; 17:8; 17:21-23; 20:28; Among the passages cited are Romans 9:5, 1 Corinthians 10:3-4, 15:47, 2 Corinthians 8:9, Philippians 2:5-11, Colossians 1:15-17,19,2:9, 1 Timothy 1:17,2:5, Titus 2:13, Heb.

1:2-3,8-11,2:7,9,14,16,13:8, Rev. 1:8,17,2:8, and 3:14.

Fully human

1 Peter 2:24; 1 John 4:2; 2 John 7; Matt. 1:14; 11:33-35; 19:28,34; Romans 9:5; 1 Corinthians 15:3; Gal. 4:4; Phil. 2:5-11; 1 Tim. 2:5;3:16; Heb. 2:14-15,17-18;4:15;10:5; 1 Peter 2:24; 1 John 4:2; 2 John 7; It was last edited on Thursday, January 24, 2019, at 4:24 p.m.

The Incarnation and Two Natures of Christ

The question Jesus posed to his followers is still relevant today: “Who do people think I am?” Jesus inquired of his disciples. (See Mark 8:27.) As there was in the first century, there is still tremendous ambiguity about Jesus’ identity today, despite the fact that everyone acknowledges that Jesus is one of the most towering characters in human history. Despite the fact that every answer to Jesus’ inquiry reduced him to the status of a simple human, the disciples answered to Jesus’ query by stating some of the different replies of their day.

  • Bible and the Confessional norms of Nicaea (325) and Chalcedon (451), on the other hand, give a completely different solution to Jesus’ inquiry than these perspectives of Jesus, whether from the first century or contemporary times.
  • Jesus is the divine Son, the second part of the triune Godhead, the Lord of Glory, who in time took on a human nature, so that he is now and forevermore known as the eternal “Word become flesh” (John 1:14, NASB) (John 1:14).
  • And it is for this reason that uncertainty over Jesus’ identification is such a serious issue.
  • Not only is this not simply a theological argument or something for theologians to mull about; it is a topic that is crucial for all people, and particularly for the church.

(1) Jesus isGod the Son, the second person of the Trinity, who has eternally shared the one, undivided divine nature with the Father and Spirit and is thus fully God.

As John points out, the “Word with God” (thus a separate “person”) was also “God” (thus equal with God), so highlighting the triune person-relations and a fully shared divine character inside God’s triune being (John 1:1). Jesus, then, is the divine Son, and as the Son, he is not a created creature in the traditional sense of the term. As an alternative, he is the everlasting Son, through whom all things were created and are now maintained (Col. 1:15-17; Heb. 1:1-3). It is this Son, who took on flesh (John 1:14) and, as a result of his incarnation and ministry, has come to be known as our Redeemer and Lord.

  • As early as the first chapter of the New Testament, Jesus establishes his identity as Yahweh by inaugurating God’s kingdom and so carrying out God’s will (Isa.
  • 31:31-34; Ezek.
  • The miracles of Jesus are not just human deeds enabled by the Holy Spirit; rather, they are manifestations of his own divine authority as the one who inaugurates God’s salvation reign (Matt.
  • 12:27-28), and rules over all things (Matt.
  • (Eph.
  • The Son, like the Father and the Spirit, completely and equally shares the one divine name and nature with them (Matt.
  • 2:9-11; Col.

The Son is also referred to as God (theos) in some circles (John 1:1, 18; 20:28; Rom.

1:8; 2Pet.

1:15; Heb.

As the Son, Jesus inseparably participates in the divine rule and activity, as well as receiving divine adoration, alongside the Father and the Spirit (Psa.

1:22; Phil.

1:15-20; Heb.


5:17-19), and to confess that he is not only descended from the Father as the Son, but also equal to the Father as the divine Son (John 10:30).

11:25-27; John 5:16-30; 10:14-30; 14:9-13).

The contrast between “person” and “nature” was a theological distinction that was essential to explain for the way Scripture presented the one God who is triune.

instead of affirming that there are three distinct divine “persons” who fully share the one, undivided divine “nature,” Christian theology asserted that the one divine nature fully exists in each of the three persons, resulting in each person being fully and equally God (contrary to Arianism, which denied Christ’s deity).

It is God’s one, undivided essence that we explain in terms of God’s characteristics; it is what he is in his one, undivided essence.

When it comes to Christ, there is only one “person” (Gk:hypostasis; Latin:persona), the Son, who is the subject of two “natures” and who exists and acts in both natures at the same time.

Natures, on the other hand, are not the “active subject”; people are. What is true of each nature, on the other hand, is true of the same person (a phenomenon known as “transmission of qualities”).

(2) Jesus is God the Sonincarnate.

The term “incarnation” is derived from the Latin (in+carnes), which literally translates as “in flesh.” It is taught in Scripture that Christ, as the divine Son (person), who exists eternally in union with the Father and the Holy Spirit, took upon himself a human nature without the involvement of a human “person/subject” (in contrast to Nestorianism, which asserted the existence of two “persons” in Christ).

  1. As a result, God the Son became flesh and blood. It is critical to consider the incarnation as an act of addition rather than subtraction, accomplished via the sovereign and effective methods of a virgin conception (Matt.
  2. The Son received a second nature from the Father and by the supernatural and sanctifying action of the Spirit, and he did so without losing his divinity or changing who he was.
  3. 2:6-8).
  4. As the incarnate Son, Jesus is able to render human obedience (Luke 2:52; 22:29-44; Heb.
  5. 2:5-18; Rom.
  6. 1:7-10), and justifying us before God as covenant representative and substitute (Luke 2:52; 22:29-44; Heb (Rom.
  7. 3:18).
  8. A Jewish man named Jesus is presented in the gospels as one who was born, went through the normal process of growth and development (Luke 2:52), and experienced the full range of human experiences (Matt.
  9. With the exception of his sinlessness, which the Scriptures plainly teach (John 8:46; 2Cor.
  10. 4:15; 1Pet.
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(3) The human nature assumed by the divine Son was unfallen and sinless.

Docetism (the belief that Christ only appeared to be human) and Apollinarianism held that Christ’s human body and soul possessed all the capacities of original humanity, enabling the Son to be human and live and experience a fully human life, in contrast to Docetism (the belief that Christ only appeared to be human) and Apollinarianism (Christ only assumed an incomplete human nature). Another important point to remember is that Christ’s body and spirit were not polluted by the transfer or violations of sin, as is sometimes the case.

  1. First and foremost, a fallen incarnation is not supported by the Bible.
  2. 2:7), “found in human form” (Phil.
  3. 8:3), not our corrupted and fallen human nature.
  4. Christ came to earth in order to symbolise a new humanity.
  5. 5:12).
  6. First and foremost, a fell incarnation appears to indicate that corruption is an unavoidable part of human nature, because Christ cannot be like us unless he takes on a fallen human character.
  7. In our fallen state, Christ remained completely human while remaining blameless and unfallen, which explains why he is the head of the new creation (2Cor.


However, this is difficult to justify from a biblical and theological standpoint.

2:17; Rom.


As a result, it is preferable to say that Christ’s human nature was rendered innocent by the sovereign, sanctifying action of the Holy Spirit rather than the alternative.

Despite the fact that Jesus was completely human and suffered the consequences of life in a flawed world, he did not bear the guilt or disposition of Adam’s sin, which had been passed on to us.

3:15; John 8:46; Heb.


2:5; Heb.

But, if Jesus was sinless (i.e., without flaws), were his temptations real or fabricated?

In order to properly answer this essential issue, we must keep the following criteria in mind.


It should be noted that this does not imply that his temptations were identical to ours in every way.

This is because, while Jesus is entirely human, he is also the divine Son, and his temptations are a reflection of that truth.

2:5-18; 5:8-10; cf.


He was not lured by sinful inclinations that were antithetical to God’s creational and moral principles since he did not have sin in him, not even a tendency to sin, as a result of the sanctifying activity of the Holy Spirit on his soul.

Hunger, dread of suffering, and his own sacred feelings all conspired to persuade him to sin.

For this reason, we may claim that Jesus’ temptations were not only authentic, but they were also more real than we could ever fathom or feel since he never succumbed to temptation in the same way that we do.

In the second place, Jesus is impeccably holy because he is the divine Son who took a human nature; as a result, his human nature never existed apart from its connection with the Son of God (i.e., hypostatic union).

Because God cannot sin, it is impossible forhim to sin and to succumb to temptation in his capacity as the Son.

Third, although it is true that Jesus is impeachable because of his divine nature, it is also true that he, as our covenant representative, was required to demonstrate human compliance on our behalf.

In fact, as the Bible so beautifully reminds us, it is for this reason that Jesus not only guaranteed our everlasting salvation but also became our compassionate Savior (Heb.

It’s also important to recognize the Spirit’s influence on Christ’s human character.

From the moment of his conception, the Holy Spirit purified, endowed, and empowered Jesus in his humanity, enabling him to obey for us in his human form.

Despite the fact that he was sinless and so could not sin, he nevertheless had to chose to forego his rights and privileges in order to save us, even if it meant dying on a cross (Phil.

2:8; Heb. 12:2-3). As a result of his sacrifice, Jesus fully fulfilled the Father’s will via the Spirit and achieved our redemption. In his humanity, he also became the model for our exalted humanity (1Cor. 15:45-49).

(4) As a result of the incarnation, the divine Son now subsists and acts in two natures without changing the integrity of either nature, confusing them, or making them a hybrid of divine and human. Yet, the Son was not limited to acting through his human nature alone since he continued to act through his divine nature as he has from eternity.

The Son, in and through his human nature, has and operates within the normal bodily, mental, volitional, and psychological powers of an unfallen, sinless human nature, and he does so in and through the human nature of the Father. As the Son, Jesus had the opportunity to witness both the wonder and the flaws of human existence. Luke 2:52 describes how he grew in both bodily and mental maturity, how he experienced tears as well as joy, and how he suffered death and a beautiful resurrection for his people and their redemption (John 11:33, 35; 19:30; 1Cor.

In contrast, the same Son who went through these experiences as a mancontinues to live and act in the same manner as he has done from eternityas God the Son in relationship with his Father and the Holy Spirit Among other things, this fact is demonstrated by the Bible’s declaration that the incarnate Son continues to support the universe (Col.

1:3), which is in addition to Christ’s other divine works during his life and mission.

So the Son is not fully “bound” by his human nature; he also has the ability to operate “outside” (extra) of it in his divine nature, just as he has done throughout his history.

However, as a result of the incarnation, he now has the ability to operate via both natures without altering or decreasing either nature.

(5) By the incarnation, our Lord Jesus Christbecame the first man of the new creation, our glorious mediator and new covenant head.

Jesus, God the Son incarnate, has undone the deeds of the first man via his incarnation and activity, and has so come to be known as our Lord and Savior (Rom. 1:3-4; Heb. 2:10). During this time, He has become totally competent to satisfy all of our needs, including our need for forgiveness of sins (Jer. 31:34; Heb. 7:22-28; 9:15-10:18). Given God’s nature, it is only the incarnate Son who is capable of redeeming us by performing a divine-human work in his capacity as our Redeemer. As the divine Son, Jesus is the only one who can satisfy the Father’s judgment on sinful mankind and the need for full obedience (Rom.

The incarnateSon connects with us as our representation and substitute in his capacity as theincarnateSon (Heb.

Our redemption hope for the payment of our sins and our complete restoration as God’s image-bearers can only be realized through the work of Christ on the cross (Rom.


Does Christ have two natures?

QuestionAnswer When it comes to the topic of whether Jesus Christ has two or only one nature, the Bible doesn’t say anything clearly. As will be described further below, however, the notion that Christ had two natures is the most biblically and theologically compatible view to take on the subject. As theologians in the church attempted to wrestle with and codify the knowledge that the New Testament gives about Jesus, the matter came to a head at a critical point in church history. As stated in the New Testament, Jesus was indeed a man, having been born into the human race, yet He is also completely God.

  • The gospels of Matthew and Luke both recount Jesus’ birth to the Virgin Mary and include information on His human ancestry.
  • Jesus is God who took on the form of a human being to enter the human race.
  • It was believed by early Gnostics that the Christ spirit descended onto Jesus during His baptism and descended again upon Him at His execution.
  • Rather of being one person with two personalities sharing a body, the guy who people identified as Jesus would be two individuals with just one nature.
  • Unlike in the last scenario, God just seems to enter the human race, rather than truly entering it.
  • The problem with this theory is that His nature would be somewhat of a hybrid of divine and human characteristics.
  • As a result of the mixing of his human character with his divine nature, he would not be wholly God, and would be reduced to something less than divine.

In some ways, the offspring is more than human and less than a god—a super human or a demi-god, for want of a better term.

It may be beneficial to use an illustration.

Consider the case of a monarch who wishes to connect with the poorest people in his realm.

However, he is simply pretending to be a beggar in this scenario; he has the ability to return to the castle at night and still has access to all of the resources available to a king.

However, in this instance, he would no longer be considered a king.

In this final condition, he is both a true beggar and a true king at the same time.

Only by claiming that Jesus is one Person with two natures—a human nature and a divine nature—can the biblical evidence be completely explained in a satisfactory manner.

What theologians refer to as the “hypstatic union” is the unbreakable unity of his two natures (rather than their mixing).

Jesus was entirely human and totally divine at the same time.

Jesus Christ is both totally human and entirely divine—He possesses the characteristics of both.

God, yet He has always been bound to the human condition by His human character.

The term “God-Man” can be used to explain this concept in a more concise manner. He is the Man who also happens to be God, and He is God who took on the form of a Man. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Is it true that Christ has two personalities?

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Jesus’ Two Natures: God and Man

Given that he is the Savior, God in human flesh, Jesus is the most significant person who has ever lived on this planet. He is not half-god, half-man, or any other combination. He is both entirely divine and fully human at the same time. In other words, Jesus has two unique personalities: one that is divine and one that is human. Jesus is the Word who was God and was with God before he became human and dwelt among us (John 1:1, 14). The one person of Jesus therefore possesses both a human and divine essence, thereby combining the attributes of both God and man.

  • in place of this the Word became one with mankind (Col.
  • Jesus’ divine essence was not changed in any way.
  • He is the second member of the Trinity and God manifested in the flesh.
  • (Hebrews 1:3) Eutychianism holds that Jesus’ two natures have not been “mixed together,” nor have they been united into a new God-man nature (Monophysitism).
  • The Hypostatic Union is the term used to describe this.
He is worshiped (Matt. 2:2, 11; 14:33) He worshiped the Father (John 17)
He was called God (John 20:28; Heb. 1:8) He was called man (Mark 15:39; John 19:5)
He was called Son of God (Mark 1:1) He was called Son of Man (John 9:35-37)
He is prayed to (Acts 7:59) He prayed to the Father (John 17)
He is sinless (1 Pet. 2:22; Heb. 4:15) He was tempted (Matt. 4:1)
He knows all things (John 21:17) He grew in wisdom (Luke 2:52)
He gives eternal life (John 10:28) He died (Rom. 5:8)
All the fullness of deity dwells in Him (Col. 2:9) He has a body of flesh and bones (Luke 24:39)
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TheCommunicatio Idiomatum

It is thecommunicatio idiomatum (Latin for “communication of qualities”) that is a doctrine that is associated with the Hypostatic Union. As a result of this teaching, Jesus is said to have possessed all of the characteristics of both the divine and human natures in a single person. According to this interpretation, the man Jesus could assert His rightful place in God’s presence prior to the creation of the universe (John 17:5), claim that He descended from heaven (John 3:13), and assert His omnipresence (John 14:6).

  • 28:20).
  • When it comes to non-Christian cults, one of the most common errors they make is failing to grasp the two aspects of Christ’s character.
  • They continually mention scriptures that deal with Jesus as a human being and attempt to contrast them with Scripture that demonstrates that Jesus is also divine.
  • They place a strong emphasis on the Scriptures that demonstrate Jesus’ divinity, to the point of rejecting His genuine humanity.
  • Jesus is one person with two distinct personalities.
  • He is the divine Word who took on human form (John 1:1, 14).
  • He was foretold about by the prophets (Acts 10:43).

The Holy Spirit bears evidence to His existence (John 15:26).

He was witnessed by a large number of people (John 12:17).

Other passages to examine while debating His divinity include John 10:30-33, 20:28, Col.

2:5-8, Heb.

One of the most important verses in the Bible, 1 Timothy 2:5, states, “For there is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, the man Christ Jesus.” Right now, there is a man sitting on the throne of God in the heavenly realms.

He acts as our representative before the Father (1 John 2:1). He is the Saviour of the world (Titus 2:13). He is our Lord and Savior (Rom. 10:9-10). He is known as Jesus.

Scripture and the Two Natures of Christ

God chose human beings who spoke in human language to be the conduits through which He communicated with us (2 Timothy 3:16–17; 2 Peter 1:16–21). As a result, His Word—both the Old and New Testaments—is completely free of error and, in fact, is incapable of committing error (John 17:17; Titus 1:2). Given what we know about the Lord’s character, does that reasoning appear to be sound, or do you disagree? Yet some evangelicals have continued to question the infallibility and inerrancy of the Bible’s textual authority.

  1. The ancient Christian concept of the person of Christ is that He is one person who contains two natures: a divine nature and a human nature.
  2. Thus, due to His divine nature, as the second member of the Trinity, the Son of God is omniscient, omnipotent, and so forth.
  3. Using the hypostatic union as their explanation, some philosophers have maintained that Christ could—and did—err.
  4. These philosophers reason based on a specific perspective of what it means to be human.
  5. Some have even expanded this to suggest that all of Scripture may include mistakes.
  6. Ultimately, these views reflect a poor understanding of what it means to be human and of what makes an error an error.
  7. Lacking such knowledge, however, is not an error; it merely reflects that Jesus was not omniscient in His humanity.
  8. Further, as we have seen in other studies, that human beings can err does not mean that they necessarily err.
  9. Believing Scripture is inerrant and infallible, therefore, is not a denial of the humanity of our Lord or of the Bible’s human characteristics.

Coram Deo

Numerous individuals would want to think that Christ had certain faulty beliefs or taught some inaccurate doctrines in the name of “preserving” the humanity of Jesus Christ. However, if Christ did teach or believe incorrectly, this would be a denial of His whole Godhead, for God alone speaks the truth.

It is critical that we have a solid knowledge of Christ in order to be able to affirm both His full humanity and His complete divinity in the proper way. If He is not completely man and truly God at the same time, He will not be able to save us from our sin.

Hypostatic union – Wikipedia

It is a technical phrase in Christiantheology that is used in mainstream Christology to define the unity of Christ’s humanity and divinity in onehypostasis, or individual life. It comes from the Greek word for “sediment,” “foundation,” “substance,” and “subsistence.” According to the most fundamental explanation for the hypostatic union, Jesus Christ is both completely God and fully man at the same time. He is both absolutely divine and perfectly human at the same time, possessing two different and complete natures at the same time.

He is one, however, not as a result of his divinity being shown in flesh, but as a result of God’s adoption of mankind as his own.

Because, just as a single human is both logical soul and physical flesh, so too is a single Christ both God and man.”


Faces that are a composite of the two sides of the face Prior to the Christological discussions of the late fourth and early fifth centuries, the Greek termhypostasis() had been established as a technical word. The term was first employed in pre-Christian periods in Greek philosophy (particularly Stoicism). In the New Testament, there are a few use of the termhypostasis that prefigure the later, more technical interpretation of the phrase. Despite the fact that it may be translated literally as “substance,” this has been a source of considerable misunderstanding; the New American Standard Bible, for example, has it translated as “subsistence.” When compared to abstract concepts such as Platonic ideals, hypostasis indicates a real and tangible presence in the world.

as “the ultimate paradox,” because God, understood as a perfectly good, perfectly wise, perfectly powerful being, fully became a human, in the Christian understanding of the term: burdened by sin, limited in goodness, knowledge, and understanding.

Because the specific nature of this union is believed to be beyond the grasp of finite human cognition, the hypostatic union is also referred to as the “mystical union” in some circles.

Through history

In his attempt to comprehend the Incarnation, Apollinaris of Laodicea was the first to utilize the term hypostasis, which he coined.

It is the combination of the divine and human in Christ, according to Apollinaris, that is of a single nature and has just one essence, which is called a single hypostasis.

Council of Ephesus

Cyril of Alexandria and Nestorius got into a fight in the 5th century about the usage of the name “theotokos,” which was used to designate Mary, the mother of Christ. Nestorius won and Cyril of Alexandria was forced to recant. Nestorius contended for the existence of two different people in Christ, claiming that God could not be born since the divine essence is uncreated. He also maintained that the divine nature is uncreated. Consequently, Nestorius thought that the man Jesus of Nazareth was born in conjunction with the Logos of God, but that he was distinct from and not absolutely identical with the Logos of God at his conception.

Nestorius was labeled a neo-adoptionist, which implied that the man Jesus is divine and the Son of God only by grace and not by nature, and he was deposed as a heretic.

” As a result of uniting to himself hypostatically flesh powered by a rational mind, we declare.

Council of Chalcedon

Antiochene theologian Theodore of Mopsuestia is credited with teaching that in Christ there are two natures (dyophysite), human and divine, and two corresponding hypostases (in the sense of “subject,” “essence,” but not “person”) that co-existed. He was a fierce opponent of the monophysiteheresy of Apollinarism. As previously stated byTatian and Origen, the wordhypostasiscould be employed in a manner synonymous withousia (which plainly denotes “essence” rather than “person”) throughout Theodore’s time period.

In 451, the Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon issued the Chalcedonian Definition, which is still in use today.

Apollinaris, on the other hand, argued that hypostasis be used in the same way it was in the Trinitarian definition: to denote the person (prosopon) rather than the nature (as in Apollinaris), and that hypostasis be used in the same way it was in the Trinitarian definition.

Oriental Orthodox rejection of Chalcedonian definition

The Oriental Orthodox Churches, having rejected the Chalcedonian Creed, were referred to asMiaphysites because they adhered to the Cyrillic concept of the incarnate Son, which described him as having a single essence. TheChalcedonian”in two natures” formula (based, at least in part, on Colossians 2:9) was interpreted as deriving from and comparable to aNestorianChristology, according to this interpretation. The Chalcedonians, on the other hand, believed that the Oriental Orthodox were moving towardsEutychianMonophysitism.

They prefer the termMiaphysiteto be referred to as a reference to Cyrillian Christology, which used the phrase “ma phsis toû theoû lógou sesarkmén,” “ma phsis toû theoû l Miaphysic is a phrase that refers to a single unified nature as opposed to a single solitary nature (monophysites).

Leaders from the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches have issued joint declarations in an effort to strive toward reconciliation in recent years.

A similar agreement has just been struck by the leaders of the Assyrian Church of the East, which venerates Nestorius and Theodore, and the leaders of the Roman Catholic Church, noting that their historical conflicts were over language rather than the real intended meaning.

See also

  1. Chapter XXVI (“God the Son: The Hypostatic Union”), pages 382–384 of Lewis Sperry Chafer’s Systematic Theology, first published in 1947 and reissued in 1993 (ISBN0-8254-2340-6). The following books are recommended: God’s human face: the Christ-iconby Christoph Schoenborn 1994ISBN0-89870-514-2page 154
  2. Sinai and the Monastery of St. Catherineby John Galey 1986ISBN977-424-118-5page 92
  3. R. Norris, “Hypostasis,” in The Encyclopedia of Early Christianity, edited by E. Ferguson. The following works are available: Aristotle, “Mund.”, IV, 21
  4. Garland Publishing, New York, 1997
  5. This word appears in the New Testament just five times, and it is often used in the sense of confidence, substance, and actuality. The following are examples of definitions (literally, an underlying): a. confidence, assurance
  6. B. providing substance (or actuality) to
  7. Or c. substance, reality. 2 Corinthians 9:4 – o (because of this confidence)
  8. 2 Corinthians 11:17 – o (because of this confidence of boasting)
  9. Hebrews 1:3 – o (and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds)
  10. Hebrews 3:14 – o (the beginning of our assurance firm)
  11. And Hebrews 11:1 – o (because of this confidence of boasting) (faith is the assurance ofhoped). See, for example, Placher, William (1983). A Brief Introduction to the History of Christian Theology ISBN 978-0-664-24496-3
  12. Philadelphia, PA: Westminster Press, pp.78–79
  13. Unscientific Postscript at the end of the book, page 217 (read p.202-217) Also also Philosophical Fragments, pp. 31-35, and The Sickness Unto Death, pp. 132-133 for further information. Hannay, Gregory of Nyssa, Antirrheticus Adversus Apollinarem, and Saint Cyril of Alexandria are among the figures mentioned. Letters written by St. Cyril of Alexandria. John McEnerney is the translator. Catholic University of America Press, 1987. Print
  14. “Theodore” in The Westminster Dictionary of Christian History, edited by J. Brauer, published by Westminster Theological Seminary, 1988. The Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1971
  15. Britishorthodox.org Archived from the original on June 19, 2008, through theWayback Machine


  • Aloys Grillmeier and Grillmeier (1975). From the Apostolic Age through the Council of Chalcedon (451): Christ in Christian Tradition (2nd revised ed.). The Westminster John Knox Press, Louisville, Kentucky, ISBN 9780664223014
  • Gorman, Michael (2017). Aquinas’s Metaphysics of the Hypostatic Union is a classic work. Cambridge University Press
  • Kuhn, Michael F. Cambridge University Press
  • Kuhn, Michael F. (2019). God is One: God is one and the same as you and me. A Christian Defense of Divine Unity During the Golden Age of the Muslims Carlisle: Langham Publishing
  • Loon, Hans van
  • Carlisle: Langham Publishing (2009). Cyril of Alexandria’s Dyophysite Christology can be summarized as follows: McLeod, Frederick G., ed., Leiden-Boston: Basil BRILL, ISBN 978-9004173224
  • Leiden-Boston: Basil BRILL, ISBN 978-9004173224
  • (2010). This paper presents Theodore of Mopsuestia’s understanding of two hypostaseis and two prosopa coinciding in one common prosopon, as well as other related work.
  • Meyendorff, John. Journal of Early Christian Studies, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 393–424
  • Meyendorff, John (1989). St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, Crestwood, New York, ISBN 9780881410563
  • Norris, Richard A., ed. Imperial Unity and Christian Divisions: The Church 450–680 A.D, Crestwood, New York, St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, ISBN 9780881410563. (1980). The Christological Controversy is a topic that has been debated for centuries. Fortess Press
  • Ramelli, Ilaria
  • Minneapolis, Minnesota (2011). “In Illud: Tunc et ipse filius, Gregory of Nyssa’s Trinitarian Theology is presented. His polemic against Arian subordinationism and the op-ed in the New York Times “. The Minor Treatises on Trinitarian Theology and Apollinarism by Gregory of Nyssa are a collection of writings by Gregory of Nyssa. Pages 445–478 in Ramelli, Ilaria (2012). “Origen, Greek Philosophy, and the Birth of the Trinitarian Meaning of Hypostasis.” Brill Publishing Company, Leiden-Boston, Netherlands. The Harvard Theological Review, volume 105, number 3, pages 302–350. Turcescu, Lucian (doi: 10.1017/S0017816012000120.JSTOR23327679)
  • Turcescu, Lucian (doi: 10.1017/S0017816012000120.JSTOR23327679) (1997). “Prosopon and Hypostasis in Basil of Caesarea’s “Against Eunomius” and the Epistles” (Against Eunomius and the Epistles)” 374–395, JSTOR1583868
  • Weedman, Mark. Vigiliae Christianae.51(4): 374–395. (2007). Hilary of Poitiers’ Trinitarian Theology may be found here. Brill Publishing Company, Leiden-Boston, ISBN 978-9004162242
See also:  Why Didn T Jesus Marry

External links

Look uphypostasisin Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

It is included into this article via reference to a work that is now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles (ed (1913). The Catholic Encyclopedia is a resource for learning about the Catholic faith. The Robert Appleton Company is based in New York.

Definition on the Two Natures of Christ

THE COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON is a body that governs the city of Chalcedon (451 AD) The distinction between Christ’s two natures is defined here. Following in the footsteps of the holy fathers, we join together in educating all men to acknowledge the one and only Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, as God’s only Son. This selfsame one is perfect in both divinity and humanity; this selfsame one is also truly God and actually man, with a reasoning soul and a physical body, and he is likewise God and man in the traditional sense.

In terms of his divinity, he was conceived of the Father before the beginning of time, and now, in these “last days,” for us and on our behalf, he was born of Mary the virgin, who is God-bearer in terms of his humanness, and he was born of Mary the virgin in terms of his deity.

Instead, the “properties” of each nature are preserved, and both natures congregate in a single “person” and a single reality to form a unified whole.

Thus have the prophets of old attested; thus has the Lord Jesus Christ himself taught us; thus has the Symbol of the Fathers been passed down to us from generation to generation.

How Jesus is Both God and Man – And Why That Matters

When we consider Christ’s two natures, the Divine and the human, we find ourselves on the verge of unraveling one of the most profound mysteries humankind has ever encountered. The doctrine of the “hypostatic union,” which teaches that Jesus was both God and man, perfect Godhood and equally perfect manhood, is a tenet of our Faith. It is derived from the Greek word hypóstasis, which means “hypostatic.” It had a meaning that was akin to the English words “person” and “personal” in ancient Greek.

One of the most intriguing aspects of this enigma is that His human and divine natures did not come into contact in any manner.

In His Divine person, however, both of His natures were joined (rather than blended).

According to the National Geographic, “The Christ Pantocrator of St.

Catherine’s Monastery in Sinai is one of the earliest Byzantine holy icons, dating back to the 6th century AD. Almost everyone agrees that the image portrays Christ’s dual nature, since it depicts characteristics of both man and God” (Wikipedia).

The “What” and the “Who”

Our “nature” is ourselves and what we are. We are all made of flesh and blood. In contrast to animals, we are not pure spirits like angels, but we are intellectual beings, as opposed to them. We have the ability to think, read, work, pray, love, and do a plethora of other things. Our “person” is the essence of who we are. We have a distinct sense of who we are. From one individual to the next, the way we live out our natures is unique. There were two “Whats” (divine and human) and one “Who” (Jesus) within him (the Divine Person of Christ).

  1. He was God from the beginning of time, according to His Divine character.
  2. There was never a point in time when Christ “became” the God of the universe.
  3. Beginning with the creation of the Word, and with God from the beginning of time, the Word became God.
  4. John 1:12 – 2:2 Born of the Virgin Mary in His human essence, conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit, He was the first man to walk the earth.
  5. He had complete control over them all at all times.

Two Faculties of Knowledge

Heinrich Hofmann’s painting “Jesus in the Temple” Jesus has two distinct capacities of knowing. He was aware of everything because of His Divine essence. He has the knowledge of all things. He did not require teaching because He was the Creator of All Things. Because it is not in human nature to know everything from the beginning, Jesus could develop and learn while yet remaining true to His human character. After Mary and Joseph discovered Jesus in the Temple and brought him home with them, St.

  1. What is the best way to make sense of this?
  2. His increase in wisdom should be interpreted as referring to experiential knowledge, which is information acquired by his intellect via sensory experience and general life experience, rather than to theoretical understanding.
  3. When Jesus was a man, he possessed three types of knowledge: 1.By virtue of the hypostatic union, one gains knowledge of the blessed (view of the divine nature).
  4. 2.Infused knowledge, which allowed him to refine his knowledge and ensured that he knew everything, including concealed information; as a result, he was able to read men’s hearts.
  5. 3.Acquired information: He gained new knowledge through sensory experience and introspection; logically, this knowledge grew in proportion to the passage of time.
  6. As far as grace was concerned, Jesus was unable to progress in the traditional meaning of the phrase.
  7. He possessed grace in all its fullness from the very beginning of his conception.
  8. Finally, this subject is one of the secrets of our religion, which we are unable to comprehend completely with our intellects.

The Navarre Bible Commentaries are a collection of biblical commentary written by Navarre scholars. Child Jesus at home with his parents, Joseph and Ma ryby Bartolomé Esteban Murillo’s full name is Esteban Murillo.

A Perfect and Sinless Human Nature

One of the most crucial aspects of comprehending the hypostatic union is realizing that, despite Christ’s human nature, He did not have a “sinful” nature in the same way that we have. He never sinned, despite the fact that the Scriptures state that He was “tempted in every way as we are” (Hebrews 4:15). (In contrast to this, he was only tempted outwardly, but many of our temptations originate from within us—from our fallen nature.) The temptation of Jesus in the desert, which we read about in the Gospels, is perhaps the most significant example given to us by God.

Despite the fact that He did not succumb to temptation and did not sin during His earthly existence, He was familiar with the complete gamut of human experiences, even the most terrible ones.

Jesus is tempted by the Devil in the desert.

Summarizing the Doctrine

We believe in the person of Christ and His Incarnation, and the Chalcedonian Creed outlines our beliefs about Him. It was written by the Church Fathers at the Council of Chalcedon in 451 A.D. so that we could have these everlasting truths eternally, as they were intended to be. As a result of that Creed, the following are the main principles that summarize what we believe about the two natures of Christ:

  1. He possesses two natures: that of God and that of man. Because each nature is entire and complete in itself, He is both fully God and fully man
  2. Each nature retains its uniqueness and distinction from the others
  3. When it comes to Christ, there is only one individual in whom the two natures are joined but not blended
  4. Whatever is true of merely one aspect of Christ’s nature is also necessary true of Christ’s personhood.

Why It Matters

Despite the fact that we are human, we will never be satisfied with what is just human. That which is merely human has failed us badly in this endeavor. This is something you can see for yourself if you look in the mirror. God created us to be content with nothing less than who He created us to be. In an act of incredible compassion, He chose to be born into this world of misery rather than remain in His splendor. He became one with our wounded, damaged, and sinful natures in a way that no other “god” has ever done before or since.

There is no other God but the God who became man for us, to serve as an example of how we should live while also fulfilling the deepest desires of the human spirit.

The fact that He is consubstantial with the Father does not negate the fact that He has shared in our substance—in His human nature.

He made the personal union of God and man personal for us by making it personal for God and man.

What This Means for Us

Because He is God, He is the only one who can save the entire world. Infinite power, sovereignty, and unending victory are his attributes. He provided a means for us to participate in His victory as a result of His suffering. We may completely submit ourselves to His care, confiding in Him with every prayer and yearning we have. In His eternal reign, we will get a heavenly inheritance and will be united with Him. Because He is a man, He has gone through our trials and tribulations, felt our anxieties, and lived life as we have.

In him, we see the God-Man who knows our human frailty and who portrays himself to us as a high priest who sympathizes, empathizes, and is intimately related to each and every one of us.

He is always with us.

He understands the human heart since he created each of us and lived out our humanity himself. He has a profound understanding of your and my souls in a way that no one else will ever be able to comprehend. Benvenuto Tisi’s The Ascension of Christ, painted in 1510, is a masterpiece.

How Should It Affect Our Faith?

Knowing the realities about Christ’s human and divine natures allows us to get a greater understanding of Him. Because of this, we have a more complete knowledge of the Incarnation and the humanity of Christ. Understanding who He is helps us to have a stronger sense of confidence in Him. We may continue to be amazed at all He has done for us, both as a divinity and as a human being, as a result of this awareness. Being able to comprehend Christ’s dual nature allows us to better love and follow Him in holy confidence and appreciation.

Only the God-Made-Man can fulfill our deepest longings and satisfy the yearnings of our human hearts, but he can and does so in the most miraculous way possible.

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