Who Was Crucified On The Cross With Jesus

The Two Men Crucified Next To Jesus Were

abLiddell and Scott are two of the most well-known names in American history. A Greek–English Lexicon, p. 824; abcCatholic encyclopedia: The origin of the name Jesus Christ; Robinson 2005; Stegemann 2006; “”, Ernest Klein,A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the Hebrew Language(New York: Macmillan Publishing Company 1987); Talshir, M. H. Segal,A Grammar of Mishnaic Hebrew(Tel Aviv: 1936), p. 146; Brown, Driver, Briggs, Ge The Talmud and other Jewish usage, where Jesus is referred to as Yeshu while other Jews with the same name are referred to by the fuller names Yeshua and Yehoshua, “Joshua,” suggest that this is the case; Jennings and Brown Driver Briggs Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon; Hendrickson Publishers 1996; “Strong’s Hebrew: 3467.

Brown,Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon; Hendrickson Publishers 1996.

The Ug evidence attests to the fact that the second consonant is pronounced as (Sawyer 1975:78).

A.3, A.4, B.3), the collocation of y’ phrases with deities’ names (as with y; see A.1, 3, 5, 7-10; also Syntagmatics A.1), historical evidence (see A.5, 7-10; also Syntagmatics A.1), and phonetic equivalence are the key points given by Sawyer (1975).

  • Earlier, KB (412, together with wasia), Huffmon (1965: 215), and Stolz (1971: 786, citing Sawyer 1965:475-76, 485) had backed this viewpoint; and at the conference where Sawyer first presented his paper, T.L.
  • Saggs had expressed their strong agreement with it (Sawyer 1975: 83-84).
  • P.
  • De Gruyter, 1962), vol.
  • P.
  • De Gruyter, 1962), vol.
  • “Introduction”.
  • 1987.
  • Brill) This image is a page from the very first edition of the King James Version of the Bible, which is the Gospel of Luke.
  • Obtainable on March 28, 2006; Matthew by Douglas Hare 2009ISBN0-664-23433-Xpage 11; Matthew 1-7by William David Davies, Dale C.
  • 10th of June, 2021;

To help you accept the crosses that you will carry in this life, and to set your heart on Heaven in the next life, the Norbertine Fathers of Saint Michael’s Abbey would like to give you a FREE Saint Dismas prayer card, so that you may seek the intercession of the Good Thief. To download the free prayer card, just click the button below.

Download the Saint Dismas Prayer Card for free here.

Immersed in the 900-year tradition of our order, the Norbertine Fathers live a monastic common life of liturgical prayer and care for souls. Our abbey in Orange County consists of nearly fifty priests and thirty seminarians studying for the priesthood.

St. Michael’s Abbey is celebrating its 150th anniversary in 2017.

Who Was Present at the Cross?

We take it for granted, then, that four women are listed as being present at the crucifixion of the Lord in the New Testament. In John, we find two pairs of women: the unidentified women, who are the mother of the Lord and her sister, and the two women who are named, Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene. In Luke, we see two pairs of women, who are the mother of the Lord and her sister.

  • We take it for granted, then, that four women are described as being present at the crucifixion of the Lord in the Gospels. A total of four couples are shown in John’s gospel: the unidentified women, who are assumed to be the mother and sister of Jesus, as well as the two named women, Mary of Clopas (the mother of Jesus’ sister) and Mary Magdalene (the sister of Mary Magdalene).

We take it for granted, then, that four women are listed as being present at the crucifixion of the Lord. Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene are two women who appear in pairs in John’s gospel: the unidentified women, the mother of the Lord and her sister; and the two women who are named, Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene.

  • “He was followed by a great number of people, including ladies who wept and cried for him.” But everyone who recognized him, including the ladies who had accompanied him from Galilee, stood at a distance, taking note of what was happening. (Luke 23:27) (Matthew 23:49)

Roman Soldiers, Two Criminals, and the Roman Centurion

The soldiers’ presence, as well as the presence of the two malefactors who were crucified on either side of Jesus, is mentioned by all four gospel writers. When it comes to the crucifixion, the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke pay particular attention to the centurion in charge of the execution, and they offer some description of how he was affected in the presence of the Crucified.

  • As recorded in Matthew, “Surely he was the Son of God,” and as recorded in Mark, “Surely this Man was the Son of God,” and as recorded in Luke, “Surely this Man was the Son of God,” The Gospel of Luke states, “Surely this was a virtuous Man” (Luke 23:47).

Let me state right away that there is no conflict between Matthew, Mark, and Luke, on the one hand, and the rest of the Bible on the other. Almost without exception, both of these statements were made by the centurion. It is certainly conceivable that this man spoke more than one sentence as he observed Jesus on the Cross, and we believe that, while Matthew and Mark record the statement that impressed them, Luke records the statement that appealed to him and was in perfect harmony with his entire scheme of teaching, as recorded in the Gospel of Luke.

Chief Priests and Jewish Leaders

Let me state right away that there is no conflict between Matthew, Mark, and Luke, on the one hand, and the rest of the New Testament. That the centurion uttered both of these things is nearly a foregone conclusion. It is certainly conceivable that this man spoke more than one sentence as he observed Jesus on the Cross, and we believe that, while Matthew and Mark record the statement that impressed them, Luke records the statement that appealed to him and was in perfect harmony with his entire scheme of teaching, as recorded in the gospel of Luke.

  • On the same level, the top priests, professors of law, and other seniors made fun of him. “In the same way, the top priests and teachers of the law made fun of him among themselves,” says Matthew 27:41. They said that “he helped others but that he couldn’t save himself!” ‘The people gathered around him, and the ruling class even laughed at him,’ says Mark 15:31. “If he is God’s Messiah, the Chosen One, let him save himself,” they urged. “The crowds gathered around him, and the rulers even scoffed at him,” according to Luke 23:35. “If he is God’s Messiah, the Chosen One, let him save himself,” they urged. (See also John 19:21.)

Multitudes and Disciples

Luke, in order to demonstrate the universality of Jesus’ activity and relationship with the people, proclaims the presence of large crowds of people.

  • “He was followed by a great number of people, including ladies who wept and cried for him.” (Matthew 23:27
  • Luke 23:27)

In addition, John is the only one who tells us that the disciples were also present, and he is the only one who relates to the fact of his own attendance, and he does so in order to record Christ’s entrusting of His mother to his care.

  • John is the only one who tells us that the disciples were also present, and he is also the only one who alludes to the fact of his own attendance, and he does so in order to record Christ’s entrusting of His mother to his care, as we will see later.

While taking a step back and looking out over the throngs of people, we notice a number of things: women and children, soldiers and criminals, a centurion, chief priests and Sanhedrin members, a group of His own disciples, and, on top of all of this, vast swaths of people from all over the surrounding country. Everyone and everything is gathered to the Cross in representational throngs, with the entire image serving as a picture and prophesy of how, throughout the centuries, people of every kind and situation would be drawn to the raised Cross of the Son of Man, symbolizing the end of time.

G. Campbell Morgan’s The Crises of the Christ, Book V, Chapter XXIV, is the source for this adaptation. Credit: Thinkstock/kasiawronska for the image.

The three crosses on Calvary: What do they signify?

On the day when Jesus Christ was crucified, there were three crosses on the hill of Calvary. “And when they arrived at the location known as Calvary, they crucified him together with the criminals, one on his right hand and the other on his left,” the Bible says. Luke 23:33 is a biblical passage. It was not by chance that Jesus was crucified alongside two robbers on the cross. “Therefore, I will give Him a part with the great, and He shall share the spoil with the strong, because He poured out His soul unto death, and He was numbered with the transgressors, and He carried the sin of many, and He interceded for the transgressors,” declared the prophet Isaiah.

The first man

“One of the convicts who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, ‘If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us,'” the Bible says. Luke 23:39 is an example of a parable. We can all identify with this thief because he represents the world that wants to be rescued without admitting the judgment: If You are the Messiah, then take away the judgment; let us flee and take You along with us. Demonstrate your abilities to us. In order to prove that you are a Christian, you must please me and meet my requirements.

  • Demonstrate Your magnificence and Your abilities so that people can actually see and comprehend that the Messiah is present among us.
  • Christ’s mission, on the other hand, was not to save the world from judgment, nor was it to produce wonders and miracles in the midst of the beast in order to win the beast’s favor.
  • The thief was nailed to the cross by his own hands.
  • A similar manner, the world has been crucified, for we believe that if one is crucified for all, then we are all crucified; and if one died for all, then we are all dead; and if one died for all, we are all dead.
  • These beliefs are the nails in the coffin of an ungodly person’s heart, and they will never be removed.

The second man

The other, in response, confronted him and scolded him, asking, ‘Do you not even fear God, seeing as how you are subject to the same condemnation? And we are rightfully so, for we have received proper compensation for our acts; but, this Man has done nothing wrong.'” In Luke 23:40-41, the Bible says The first thief desired to be saved without fear of being judged. The second thief, on the other hand, was prepared to suffer as a result of the wicked actions he had committed in the flesh in order to be liberated from them in the hereafter.

In both the first and second thieves, there was sin with them and it hung over them, just as it did in the first thief.

He was no longer under any sort of censure. He had been cleaned of the things he had evaluated about himself. Despite this, he was unable to free himself of his indwelling vice. He depicts those who have been cleansed of their sins but who have no desire for anything else in their lives.

The third man

This was none other than the Lord Jesus Christ. Although the first thief targeted Him with his sneer, He did not respond; instead, the other thief spoke on His behalf. God has also preserved thieves today who are capable of answering all of the world’s inquiries concerning Jesus, as well as refuting their arguments and turning aside their ridicule. Jesus, on the other hand, did not say a single word in response to their questions. He does, however, respond to the second thief with an oath: “I assure you, today you will be with Me in Paradise,” He says.

  1. Jesus not only suffered our sins on His body while nailed to the cross, but He also bore sin inside Himself.
  2. God condemned sin in the person of Jesus Christ.
  3. It was impossible for the law to judge sin in the flesh since all of a man’s sin is done outside of his physical body, making it impossible for the law to judge sin in the flesh.
  4. Everyone who wishes to be saved from the power of indwelling sin must now daily take up his or her own cross.
  5. Jesus did not have the nature of angels; instead, He was descended from Abraham’s lineage.
  6. No one can be held responsible or condemned for the judgment that takes place in the body over sin inherent in our nature since it takes place within the body.
  7. There is a growth of the body, a salvation of the body, and a judgment of the body.
  8. He offers an external redemption via the person of Jesus Christ.
  9. The adversaries of the cross of Christ, on the other hand, are opposed to this inner redemption, and, like the thief, they are content with the remission of sins as a result of the crucifixion of Christ.
  10. She longs to be a participant in His holiness and has calculated the cost of such a pursuit.

She is made of the same flesh that He is and the same bone as He is. The bridegroom is willing not only to partake in the delight, but also to suffer and die with him – not just to the curse of the law, but also to the character of Adam in his physical body – because she shares in his joy.

Was Jesus crucified on a cross, pole, or stake?

QuestionAnswer The cross is, without a doubt, the most well-known and adored symbol in all of Christianity. It may be found on the walls of our churches and cathedrals, in our jewelry, in our literature and in our music, as well as in various commercial logos. The empty cross represents the labor done there by our Savior, who voluntarily went to his death in order to pay the penalty for our sins on the cross. “It is completed,” among Jesus’ final words before His death, were “it is finished” (John 19:30).

See also:  Why Is Jesus Called The Lamb

It is no surprise that the cross has come to represent all that is central to the greatest tale ever told—the story of Christ’s sacrificial death on the cross.

The Greek term for “cross” is isstauros, which literally translates as “a pole or a cross used as an instrument of deadly punishment.” In the Greek language, the wordtauroo, which is translated as “crucify,” literally means “to be fastened to a pole or a cross.” The same verb was also employed outside of the Bible in the context of building up a fence with stakes, which is a common practice today.

  1. In spite of the fact that the Greek word stauroscan may mean either “pole” or “stake,” many academics believe that Jesus died on a cross in which the upright beam protruded over the shorter crosspiece.
  2. The Romans were not particular about how they executed their victims on the cross.
  3. Jesus might have been crucified on any of these items, and the perfection and fullness of His sacrifice would not have been diminished in any way.
  4. Certain religious groups, most notably the Catholic Church, disagree.
  5. In their New World Translation, however, they state that Jesus died on a “torture stake” rather than on a crucifixion, which is incorrect.
  6. Some indirect evidence in the New Testament are used to argue against the Jehovah’s Witnesses’ belief that Jesus died on a “torture stake,” according to the Witnesses.
  7. The way of Jesus’ death is revealed to Peter: “‘When you are old, stretch out your hands, and someone else will clothe you and carry you to a place you do not want to go,'” Jesus says.

By displaying outspread arms on a crosspiece, Peter (who history has it was crucified) exemplifies how the Roman practice of crucifixion was typically carried wide.

As Thomas famously stated, “Unless I see the nail imprints on his hands and place my finger where the nails were, and plunge my hand into his side, I will not believe.” Thomas was referring to his famous moment of doubt (verse 25).

If Jesus had been nailed to a stake or a pole instead of a cross, just one nail would have been required.

What is often overlooked in debates about the cross’s form is the significance of the cross to us.

According to Matthew 16:24–25, “anyone seeks to save his life will forfeit it, but whoever forfeits his life for my sake will find it.” The cross, stake, or pole used as a means of execution.

It is only by denying ourselves and giving up our life for the cause of Christ that we may call ourselves “Christians.” The extreme form of losing one’s self in order to follow Christ may be being martyred for one’s faith, but even in the most peaceful of political environments, we must be willing to lose one’s self in order to be His followers, which may entail crucifying one’s own self-righteousness, one’s own self-promotion, and one’s own selfish ambitions.

Those who are unwilling to do so are deemed “unworthy” of His presence (Matthew 10:38).

We have reason to think He did.

If we overlook Thomas’s remarks in John 20:25, we could be on to something.

Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Is it possible that Jesus was crucified on a cross, pole, or stake?

Subscribe to the

Get our Question of the Week emailed to your inbox every weekday morning! Got Questions Ministries is a trademark of Got Questions Ministries, Inc., registered in the state of California in the year 2002. All intellectual property rights are retained. Policy Regarding Personal Information The information on this page was last updated on January 4, 2022.

Crucifixion of Jesus – Bible Story

Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are the four New Testament writings that contain the story of Jesus’ death on the cross; they are known as the Gospels. This Bible tale serves as a succinct summation of the salvation message of Jesus Christ. “From that time on, Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life,” according to Matthew, who wrote, “from that time on, Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and As a result, Jesus saw that his death would be necessary as a sacrifice for the sins of mankind.

  1. During the height of Jesus’ career and miracles, a large number of Jews came to believe that he was the Messiah and the Son of God.
  2. Roman soldiers apprehended Jesus with the assistance of Judas Iscariot, and he was placed on trial for claiming to be the Jewish king, which he denied.
  3. When it came to the penalty for Jesus, the Roman ruler Pontius Pilate was apprehensive about the idea.
  4. Jesus was turned over to be beaten and whipped after Pilate washed his hands in front of a mob to demonstrate that he was not accepting responsibility for the slaughter that had taken place.
  5. The site of Jesus’ crucifixion is known as Calvary, which is derived from the Latin phrase meaning “a place of skull.”

Jesus on the Cross

Crowds had assembled to grieve and witness the death of Jesus. In addition to being nailed on the cross between two criminals, Jesus’ sides were wounded by a sword. After being mocked for a while, one of the convicts approached him and requested Jesus to remember him. Jesus answered by saying, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.” “Forgive them, because they do not know what they are doing,” Jesus said as he raised his eyes to the heavens. When Jesus took his last breath, he said the following: “Father, I entrust my spirit into your capable hands.

The Last Words of Jesus Christ on the Cross

1. According to Matthew 27:46, at around the ninth hour, Jesus cried out, “My God, my God, why have you deserted me?” 2. 2. “Father, please forgive them since they are completely unaware of what they are doing” (Luke 23:34). 3. I swear to you that from this day forward, you’ll be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43). 4. “Dear Lady, please accept this as your son!” “Here is your mother!” says the other. When Jesus saw His mother standing near the cross with the Apostle John, He committed the care of His mother to John’s care, saying, “I trust you to look after her.” (See also John 19:26–27.) 5.

  1. In this instance, Jesus was responding to the Messianic prophesy from Psalm 69:21, which stated, “They put gall in my food and vinegar in my thirst.” 6.
  2. ” (See John 19:30.) The mission that His Father had given Him to carry out, which included teaching the Gospel, performing miracles, and bringing His people back together, was successfully completed.
  3. 7.
  4. (Matthew 23:46) Jesus freely laid down his life for us.
  5. This was a terrible and difficult assignment, yet Jesus volunteered to take on the challenge.
  6. In the hands of those who crucified him, Jesus was not helpless; he was the only one who had the authority to put an end to his life.
  7. (Revelation 13:8).

It is still a heinous crime against humanity.

Death was visited upon the creator of life by nefarious men (Acts 2:23).

The death of Jesus was distinguished by extraordinary occurrences.

When Jesus took his last breath, the ground shook, the temple curtain broke in half from top to bottom, and the graves of saints were opened, their bodies being lifted from the grave.

The sin of mankind would necessitate the offering of a sacrifice.

The complete Bible account of the crucifixion can be found in the Scriptures listed below.

Read the entire narrative of Jesus’ crucifixion in the scriptural text below, as well as articles, videos, and audio sermons that are related to this moving story. Image courtesy of Getty Images/mbolina

6 Facts Surrounding the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

The crucifixion of Jesus Christ was the most horrifying, painful, and disgraceful form of capital punishment ever used in the ancient world, and it remains so to this day. Binding the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, and nailing the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, was this method of execution.

Crucifixion Definition and Facts

  • The word “crucifixion” (pronounced krü-se-fik-shen) derives from the Latin crucifixio, orcrucifixus, which literally translates as “attached on a cross. ” Crucification was a cruel type of torture and death in the ancient world that entailed tying someone to a tree or a wooden post with ropes or nails, and then hanging them from the tree or post. Preceding the actual crucifixion, convicts were subjected to torture including floggings, beatings, burning, racking, mutilation, and verbal abuse directed at the victim’s family. Crucifixion in the Roman tradition involved driving stakes into a person’s hands and feet before tying him or her to a wooden cross. The crucifixion was the method of execution employed by Jesus Christ.

History of Crucifixion

Although the crucifixion was considered to be one of the most shameful and painful ways of death in ancient times, it was also considered to be one of the most dreaded means of execution in ancient times. Extant records of crucifixions date back to prehistoric times, with the Persians most likely being the first to record them, before spreading to the Assyrians, Scythian, Carthaginian, Germanic, Celtic, and British cultures. Crucifixion, as a form of capital punishment, was reserved largely for traitors, captive armies, slaves, and the most heinous of offenders, among others.

Forms of Crucifixion

It is possible that secular historians were unable to explain the tragic events of this heinous practice because they could not bear to do so because of their religious beliefs. A great deal has been learned about this early form of the death punishment, however, thanks to archaeological discoveries made in first-century Palestine. For the crucifixion, four fundamental constructions or types of crosses were employed:

  • There are several types of cruxes: the simplex (one upright stake)
  • The commissa (a capital T-shaped structure)
  • The decussata (an X-shaped cross)
  • And the immissa (the well-known lower case t-shaped structure of Jesus’ crucifixion).

Bible Story Summary of Christ’s Crucifixion

Several biblical passages, including Matthew 27:27-56, Mark 15:21-38, Luke 23:26-49, and John 19:16-37 (all from the New International Version), describe Jesus Christ’s death on the Roman crucifixion. Christians believe that Christ’s death served as the perfect atonement for the sins of all humanity, which has resulted in the crucifix, also known as the cross, becoming one of the most recognized symbols of Christianity. As recounted in the Bible’s account of Jesus’ execution, the Jewish high council, known as the Sanhedrin, convicted Jesus of blasphemy and determined that he should be put to death.

  • Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler, who determined that he was innocent.
  • Jesus was ordered to be executed by the Sanhedrin; thus, Pilate, fearing the Jews, handed Jesus over to one of his centurions to carry out the death sentence.
  • On his head was a crown of thorns, which he refused to take off.
  • Jesus was given a concoction of vinegar, gall, and myrrh, but he turned down the offer.

A cross was erected on which Jesus was crucified between two criminals, and stakes were hammered through his wrists and ankles to secure him to the structure. “The King of the Jews,” according to the inscription on the wall over his head.

Timeline of Jesus’ Death by Crucifixion

From roughly 9 a.m. until 3 p.m., Jesus hung on the cross for approximately six hours. People were passing by yelling obscenities and scoffing as soldiers cast lots for Jesus’ garments during this time. When Jesus ascended to the cross, he addressed his mother Mary and the disciple John. “My God, my God, why have You left Me?” he screamed out to his father as well. At that point, the entire landscape was enveloped in darkness. Soon after, as Jesus took his final excruciating breath, an earthquake struck the Earth, tearing the temple curtain in two from top to bottom, shattering it.

See also:  Why Is Jesus Called The Light Of The World

The tombs were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God.” In order to demonstrate mercy, it was customary for Roman troops to break the criminal’s legs, so speeding up the process of execution.

Rather than shattering his legs, they punctured his side with a knife.

Good Friday – Remembering the Crucifixion

Christians celebrate the passion, or suffering, and death of Jesus Christ on the cross on Good Friday, the Friday before Easter, which is observed on the Friday before Easter. Many Christians spend this day in fasting, prayer, repentance, and contemplation of Christ’s anguish on the cross, among other things.

Sources

  • Crucifixion. The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)
  • The Crucifixion (p. 368)
  • The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)

What kind of cross was Jesus crucified on? (three Roman cross types)

Three different types of crosses were extensively employed by the Roman army in the first century A.D., as seen in the illustration. Each included an inscription outlining the victim’s capital offense as well as a seat-like projection that was not intended to provide comfort to the sufferer, but rather to prolong their misery. Legs and limbs of the victim were kept in position by nails and ropes. As a result of its form, the cross on the left was referred to as a “hightau” cross, which resembled the letter “T” in the Greek alphabet.

In both circumstances, the center post was often fixed permanently in the ground, although the cross bar was typically brought to the spot by the victim, as was the case in this instance.

Jesus was most likely crucified on a cross of the sort known as a “lowtau.” According to the Scriptures, “Christ died for our sins, and He was buried, and He was raised on the third day, as I got it, I handed it on to you as the first and most important thing I ever received” (I Cor.

Further Information

  • Crosses
  • What is the meaning of crucifixion? How did Jesus die? Why do all four Gospels provide distinct interpretations of the inscription on the Cross? Answer: Jesus Christ humbled himself to a considerable extent for us. What is the method and why is it used? Questions and Answers concerning the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ
  • Frequently Asked Questions When you consider that Jesus is God, how could he die? If Jesus died on the cross, how is it possible that he is still alive today? Answer: Archaeology – Have any burial sites for the persons who were engaged in Christ’s life and death been discovered so far? Mary, the mother of Jesus, is the answer. JESUS CHRIST—Answers to frequently asked questions about him

Author: The specialists in Bible archaeology from the Association for Biblical Research have provided this information. Gene Fackler of the Associates for Biblical Research created the illustration at the top of this page.

Copyright 1995, Associates for Biblical Research, All Rights Reserved—except as noted on the attached”Usage and Copyright”page, which grants ChristianAnswers.Net users generous rights for putting

this page to work in their homes, personal witnessing, churches, and schools. Copyright 1995, Associates for Biblical Research, All Rights Reserved—except as noted on the attached”Usage and Copyright”page, which grants ChristianAnswers.Net users generous rights for putting

Was Jesus really nailed to the cross?

The crucifixion of Jesus is undoubtedly one of the most well-known images to have emerged from the Christian tradition. The ceremony takes place on Good Friday, which is considered to be one of the holiest days in the Christian calendar. But what exactly was the crucifixion? And what was the reason for Jesus’ death in this manner? The crucifixion was a technique of punishment used by the Romans. Suspended from a massive cross, a victim would finally succumb to asphyxiation or weariness — it was a long, drawn-out, and excruciating process that took several hours.

Because, as King of the Jews, Jesus threatened Roman imperial dominance (Matt 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38; John 19:19–22), the Gospels describe this as the reason for Jesus’ death.

In Christian tradition, it is thought that the limbs of the cross will be nailed to the wood of the cross, with dispute centered on whether nails would puncture the hands or the more structurally solid wrists.

In reality, the only archaeological evidence for the practice of nailing crucifixion victims comes from the grave of Jehohanan, a man who was crucified in the first century CE, and it is an ankle bone from his tomb.

Gospel accounts

It is possible that certain early Gospels, such as the Gospel of Thomas, did not include the tale of Jesus’s execution, preferring to concentrate on his teaching instead. However, one of the few things that all four of the canonical Gospels agree on is Jesus’ death via crucifixion. The events surrounding the crucifixion are depicted in significantly different ways in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. There is no mention of Jesus being nailed or tied to the crucifixion in any of the four Gospels of the New Testament.

  • Perhaps it is because of this text that the widespread belief that Jesus’ hands and feet were nailed to the crucifixion rather than chained to it has developed.
  • Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Account of Peter, a non-canonical gospel written in the first or second centuries CE, tells in detail how the nails were taken from Jesus’ hands after he had died in verse 21.
  • “And they were hearing a voice from the sky saying, ‘Have you made proclamation to the fallen-asleep?'” says the cross in verses 41-42.
  • Several people have claimed to have discovered the real nails with which Jesus was crucified throughout the course of the last few years.

This obsession with the nails, which has persisted despite the fact that the earliest gospels make no mention of Jesus being nailed to the crucifixion, is a puzzle to me.

Depictions of the crucifixion

Given that crucifixion was a humiliating way to die, it isn’t unexpected that Christians needed some time to accept the picture of Christ on the cross. What is unexpected is that the first depiction of the crucifixion turns out to be a representation of a cross. However, rather than the religious icons with which we are acquainted — representations that commemorate Jesus’ crucifixion – this oldest image looks to be some late second century satirical graffiti that is directed against Christian believers.

  • Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Alexamenos Graffito, as the artwork is known, depicts a person with the head of a donkey standing on a cross, with the words “Alexamenos worships his God” written underneath.
  • The fact that the graffito was definitely not created by a Christian demonstrates that non-Christians were aware with certain fundamental parts of Christian thought as early as the second century.
  • This piece of carved jasper from the second or third century portrays a man on a cross, surrounded by magical symbols.
  • The British Museum is a place where you may learn about the history of the United Kingdom.
  • The crucified Christ is shown on the Constanza diamond, who is flanked by the apostles.
  • CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International License It is believed by scholars that the Constanza gemstone, as it is sometimes called, goes back to the fourth century CE.
  • Tradition demands this prevalent image of Jesus’ death on the crucifixion since the evidence from antiquity does not give a definitive answer as to whether Jesus was nailed or tied to his cross.
  • The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
  • It is only in Monty Python’s Life of Brian, which depicts several crucifixion victims, albeit not Jesus, who are chained to their crosses, that it is not assumed that nails were used in the crucifixion.

The cross, rather than the question of whether nails or ropes were used to hang Jesus from a cross, is the image that endures in art and tradition as the most powerful reminder of Christ’s death and resurrection.

Who Were the Two Criminals Hanging Next to Jesus?

“Without a doubt, I assure you that you will be with Me in Paradise today.” Luke 23:43 (NIV) When we think of Easter, the first (and, in some cases, the only) thing that comes to mind is most likely Jesus. And with good reason! His atoning sacrifice and resurrection on our behalf are, without a question, the most important aspects of our celebrations of the resurrection. But how many of us are aware that Jesus was not alone himself? On that particular day, two other persons were crucified with Jesus.

And because they’re only addressed briefly, we see their presence in Jesus’ death as a fascinating aside and return our attention to Jesus’ death.

But who were they, exactly?

We are certain that God’s message will not be returned void (Isaiah 55:11).

A Tale of Two Brothers

A short video on the two criminals who were crucified beside Jesus was made some years ago by a well-known Christian media organization. Of course, it was all made up, but it was so fascinating that I can’t get it out of my head to this day. The two criminals in the narrative were revealed to be brothers. One was the nice brother, while the other was (as you would have guessed) the bad brother in this story. They were diametrically opposed to one another. The evil brother had troubles with drinking and gambling, whereas the good brother was studying to become a synagogue instructor under the supervision of a rabbi.

  1. He would always be rescued, though, by his decent brother, who would always remind his dumb sibling to clean up his act.
  2. He would drink in order to alleviate his anxiety.
  3. His brother came to his aid once more, promising him that it would be the last time.
  4. He devised a mad scheme to rob a nearby villager in order to pay off his obligations, which he executed successfully.
  5. Nonetheless, he managed to become enmeshed in his brother’s scheme, and the Romans apprehended both of them and imprisoned them.
  6. Returning to the Bible, it is at this time that the account of the two criminals who were executed with Jesus is picked up.

The Criminals Encounter Jesus

It is recorded in Luke 23:39-43 that the convicts’ contact with Jesus occurs after the multitude insults the Lord as He and the two men are nailed to the cross. This is how it is recorded in Mark 15:29-32. People who went by mocked Him, waving their heads and exclaiming, ‘Aha! You who destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, rescue Yourself and come down from the cross!’ he wrote. Likewise, the top priests, who were laughing among themselves with the scribes, said, “He saved others, but He cannot save Himself.” Allow the Christ, the King of Israel, to descend from the cross at this time, so that we may see and believe.” A comparable account of the scenario may be found in chapter 27, verse 43 of the gospel of Matthew, except Matthew includes a bit more of the mocking of the Pharisees and scribes.

God will deliver him now if He wills it.” “He placed his confidence in God; let Him deliver him now if He wills it.” Because He said, “I am the Son of God.” The two criminals who mocked Jesus are likewise mentioned in both the gospels of Mark and Matthew.

“Even the thieves who were hanged with Him slandered Him with the same accusation.” Matthew 27:44 (KJV) Perhaps the two crooks were just carried away by the emotions of the audience.

And the nasty brother, well, he may have simply been being himself, it’s possible. Who knows what motivated them to act in the manner that they did? Whatever the motive, whether they are criminals or brothers, one of them has a change of heart a short time later.

Asking for Forgiveness

As the multitude booed and jeered Jesus, it appears that one of the convicts came to the conclusion that possibly Jesus was who He claimed to be. A felon who was about to be hung blasphemed Him, telling Him, ‘If You are the Christ, rescue Yourself and us.’ “Do you not even fear God, considering as how you are both under the same condemnation?” said the other when he spoke. And we have truly been justly rewarded for our efforts, as we have received the proper compensation for our efforts. ‘However, this individual has done nothing wrong.’ ‘Lord, please keep me in mind when You come into Your kingdom,’ he requested to Jesus after that.

  1. And, of course, we can see that the other man is not convinced.
  2. It’s possible that they had never met until that fateful day.
  3. Alternatively, you may say “no.” Who knows what will happen?
  4. However, there is one aspect about these gentlemen that is important.
See also:  How Many Times Does Jesus Talk About Prayer

The Criminals and the World

We have no idea who the two culprits are or where they came from. All we know about them is that they were thieves. Using the original Hebrew word for “robber” in this Scripture (“lestes”), we might infer that they were either rebels of some type or members of a gang who were well-known for ambushing unsuspecting victims with deadly force. Such aggressive individuals were frequently crucified by the Romans. Regular thieves, on the other hand, were not. Whatever the case, what we are expected to observe is how diametrically opposed the two are.

However, one guy changes his heart and becomes defensive of Jesus, whilst the other man continues to insult Jesus and remains hard-hearted throughout.

What does this have to do with Jesus, you might wonder.

The two criminals are a representation of all of us.

We Must Make a Choice

Whatever the circumstances were that brought them to the cross on that particular day, it is significant that they were crucified on the same day as Jesus. It wasn’t a strange coincidence at all. That is exactly how our all-powerful God designed it. They were meant to be there to meet with the Messiah, but they were late. Isn’t that similar to God’s character? He is continually working our circumstances until we come face to face with Him, even when we are not conscious of it occurring. He’ll go to any length to achieve his goals.

  1. Do we join the hordes of people who despise the Lord, making fun of Him and laughing at Him?
  2. Or it’s possible that we just don’t see the point in having Him in our lives.
  3. How many of us are willing to humble ourselves, confess our bad actions, and beg forgiveness?
  4. Another prayed for forgiveness, while the first insulted him because others had done so.
  5. The other, on the other hand, saw the possibility of endless life.

Despite the fact that both men experienced Jesus, only one chose to follow Him. Their narrative is a perfect reflection of the rest of the globe. We all come into contact with Jesus in some fashion at some point in our lives, but we all have to make a decision at some point.

Abundant Grace

Upon realizing that he had no other option except divine grace, the criminal who approached Jesus for mercy felt that Jesus was the only one who could provide it. His belief that by recognizing Jesus as the Son of God, he would be admitted to heaven was likewise based on this belief. He definitely exhibits real faith when he expresses his belief. Despite the fact that he is about to die, he feels he still has a shot at redemption. Every one of us, my dear friends, has the same opportunity. Everything that happens in the future is determined by the most significant decision that we can make today, regardless of our prior actions or decisions, or what we’ve done in the past.

  1. We have the option of acknowledging our sin and asking Jesus for divine pardon.
  2. What is the extent of God’s grace?
  3. A LOT, in fact.
  4. 1 Timothy 1:14; Psalm 145:8 tell us that he is totally abounding in it!
  5. He is ecstatic to be able to present it to you.
  6. It’s possible that you’re standing on the threshold of death after a lifetime of rejecting God, just like the criminals who hanged alongside Jesus.
  7. He forgives the criminal of all he has ever done with the last breath He takes on this earth.
  8. What is the maximum amount of forgiveness Jesus will extend to you?
  9. What are your plans?
  10. Allow this to be the happiest moment of your life—the moment you realized you had been guaranteed of your entrance into Paradise.

10 Powerful Facts About the Cross of Christ & His Crucifixion

An interesting book with the title: What Was God Doing on the Cross? appeared in print not too long ago. It looks that there are two questions being asked, rather than one single question. “What was God accomplishing on the cross?” you might wonder. What was the purpose of impaling the God-man on a Roman gibbet? Isn’t it strange that God would be nailed on the cross? Second, “What was God doing when he was hanging on the cross?” The question that arises once we have acknowledged that Jesus Christ was crucified is, “what was he doing there?” In crucifixing Jesus, what exactly was he attempting to accomplish?

The problem is that there is an increasing number of Christians who are having a difficult time answering that question, which is a concern.

While I believe in the importance of having a positive self-image, I am concerned that many people are becoming so self-absorbed that they are beginning to question why Jesus had to suffer for them in the first place.

Upon closer examination of the Bible, it becomes clear that Jesus, who is God’s human manifestation, was crucified and died to pay the everlasting punishment that we deserved due to the infinite of God’s holiness and the depths of our depravity. Thinkstock provided the image used in this post.

Was Jesus Crucified on a Cross or Stake (Matthew 27:35)?

The Romans, who were responsible for Christ’s crucifixion, are documented to have employed a variety of instrument forms. The crosspieces were fastened either at the top or just a few inches below the top of some of the upright timbers, while others were just upright timbers. The term “cross” in the New Testament is derived from the Greek wordtauros, which means “crossroads.” Upon further investigation, it is discovered that staurossimple meaning “stake” or “pole.” Pieces of wood of different forms, including those with crosspieces, were referred to as “crosspieces” in literary works.

Notice “TheGodof our ancestors brought upJesus, whom you slaughtered by hanging him from a tree,” says Acts 5:30.

who, in His own body on the tree, bare our sins, so we, having died to sins, may live for righteousness.” (See also Acts 10:39 and Galatians 3:13 for further information.) However, under time constraints such as those that happened during Jesus’ trial and crucifixion, the Romans are known to have used live trees as stauron for crucifixion.

According to the Bible, there is no mention of the particular circumstance in which Christ died.

Rather than the particular shape of the wood on which Christ died, the most essential thing to remember is Christ’s sacrifice for us and what He is doing now.

Opinion

During Holy Week in Guatemala, worshippers participate in the Jesus of Nazareth Merced procession, in which they carry a figure of Jesus Christ. Photo by Johann Ordonez/AFP/Getty Images. ) ) Christians throughout the world are commemorating Jesus’ death on Good Friday, followed by a celebration of his resurrection on Easter Sunday, as part of their religious traditions. However, despite the fact that the cross appears often in Christian artwork and Western culture as a whole, misconceptions and myths about its history, origins, and appearance continue to circulate.

  • Myth number one: The cross on which Jesus died was a stake divided by a horizontal beam.
  • In addition to emoji (which include both the two-beamLatin cross and theOrthodox cross, also known as the Suppedaneum cross, which has an additional bar towards the bottom), this variant of the cross may be found on anything from roadside monuments to church steeples.
  • It is important to note that the Greek and Latin terms for “cross” (stauros” and “crux”) do not necessarily refer to the cross that most people are familiar with.
  • In most historians’ estimations, Jesus’ cross was T-shaped, with the vertical section notched to allow the executioners to bind the victim to the crossbeam before raising it and setting it securely into the top of the cross.
  • It is said to bore a better resemblance to the item on which Jesus died than the crosses that are more usually shown in Christian art.
  • 2Jesus was nailed on the cross with nails driven through his hands and feet, which is incorrect.
  • This includes classics such as Sandro Botticelli’s ” Mystic Crucifixion ” and Diego Velázquez’s ” Christ Crucified “, as well as lesser known works.
  • In reality, the only time such nails are mentioned in the Gospels is in the book of John, in the tale of the doubting Thomas, who wants to see the marks of the nails on Jesus’ hands to ensure that he is indeed experiencing the risen Jesus (John 20:25).

However, while archaeologists have discovered physical evidence of nails being used to fasten the feet of crucifixion victims, it would have been impossible to nail the condemned to a cross using only nails because the bones in the hands and wrists would not have been able to support the weight of the body.

  • Suffocation, rather than blood loss, would be the cause of death in this scenario.
  • 3Jesus (or a bystander) was the one who carried the crucifixion to the cross of Calvary.
  • Either man is seen bearing a big, wooden cross with both a vertical and a horizontal beam in Christian art (including renderings by Michelangelo, El Greco, and Titian), which is a common motif.
  • According to historians of ancient execution procedures, such LaGrange College professor John Granger Cook, to the degree that the condemned carried their own crosses, they would have been handed only the horizontal component.

For nearly 1,000 years, the Christian church emphasized paradise rather than the Crucifixion, according to two authors writing in the UU World magazine; in Slate, scholar Larry Hurtado argued that “there was, in short, little to be gained in proclaiming a crucified savior in a setting in which crucifixion was a grisly reality,” noting that “some early Christians attempted to avoid reference to Jesus’ crucifixion.” Although it is true that crosses were relatively uncommon symbols for Christians to employ before to the middle of the fourth century, More than that, the earliest depictions of crosses depict them as delicate, gem-studded staffs rather than as robust implements of execution.

It wasn’t until the 6th century that depictions of Jesus’ crucifixion became increasingly common, with no regular occurrences before then.

“When they crucified Him, driving in the nails, they pierced His hands and feet; and those who crucified Him parted His garments among themselves,” wrote Christian thinker Justin Martyr in a long dialogue with a non-Christian interlocutor in the 2nd century, emphasizing the humiliation and suffering of Jesus’ execution and emphasizing the humiliation and suffering of Jesus’ execution.

The disappearance of the cross or crucifix from visual art may be difficult to explain; nevertheless, timed with the increase of pilgrimage to the Holy Land and the locations of Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection, its reemergence may give useful hints.

Some people were even given the opportunity to receive a sliver of the sacred wood.

Myth No.

Some people are completely sold on this concept.

Many ancient faiths utilized symbols comparable to the cross (and Egyptian Christians even adopted the ankh, which is an Egyptian hieroglyph for “life”), but two intersecting lines are a straightforward and extremely common figure.

While it is easy to recognize parallels between religious artwork from different traditions, it is also rather simple to identify differences between them as well.

You may read more about prior misconceptions onOutlook, or you can follow our updates onFacebook and Twitter.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.