Who Was Crucified With Jesus At The Cross Names

What Are The Names of the Thieves Crucified With Christ? – Amazing Bible Timeline with World History

The Bible does not mention the identities of the two thieves. Apocryphal book, The Book of Nicodemus, whichBiblescholars date to the fourth century ADon the Biblical timelinenames the penitent or good thief Dysmas or Dismas, while the thief who mocksJesus is named Gestas, according to the Biblical timeline. Published by the Amazing Bible Timeline with World History, these articles are written by the publishers of the book. Visit this page right now to learn more about this complete Bible study tool!

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According to the Gospel of Luke, two additional men were crucified with Our Blessed Lord, one on either side of Him, and both died at the hands of the Romans. Traditionally, the thief to Christ’s right has been referred to as the “Good Thief,” while the thief to Christ’s left has been dubbed the “Unrepentant Thief.” While the names of the Good Thief and the Unrepentant Thief are not mentioned in the Gospels, legend claims that the one was named Saint Dismas and the latter, Gestas. Despite the fact that both men were subjected to the same brutal death and were both in the presence of Christ, their attitudes to their circumstances were vastly different.

Dismas, on the other hand, does not request that he be removed from power.

Rather, he begs to be brought up into the presence of Christ, pleading, “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.” (Matthew 23:42) St.

Which of these two is the most like you?

To help you accept the crosses that you will carry in this life, and to set your heart on Heaven in the next life, the Norbertine Fathers of Saint Michael’s Abbey would like to give you a FREE Saint Dismas prayer card, so that you may seek the intercession of the Good Thief. To download the free prayer card, just click the button below.

Download the Saint Dismas Prayer Card for free here.

Immersed in the 900-year tradition of our order, the Norbertine Fathers live a monastic common life of liturgical prayer and care for souls. Our abbey in Orange County consists of nearly fifty priests and thirty seminarians studying for the priesthood.

©2017 St. Michael’s Abbey

Who were Dismas and Gestas?

QuestionAnswer Dismas and Gestas are the names that are occasionally used to refer to the two robbers who were crucified to the right and left of Jesus on crosses. Although two men are referenced in the stories of the crucifixion found in the New Testament, their identities are never revealed. However, the names Dismas and Gestas do not originate in the New Testament, but rather are drawn from a pseudodepigraphal work that is not considered to be part of the New Testament canon. Consequently, it is uncertain if Dismas and Gestas were the genuine names of the two men executed during the time of Jesus or if they were fictitious names.

Many people believe that these two exact names cannot be assigned much confidence because they were written almost two centuries after the events had place and because they were discovered in a book that contained other disputed facts.

Dismas was canonized as a saint in the Roman Catholic faith, and his feast day is commemorated on March 25. Go back to the page with all of the Bible questions. Who were Dismas and Gestas, and what was their story?

What are the names of two thieves who were crucified along with Jesus?

When it comes to the identities of the thieves, the oldest known reference to them is found in an anonymous book that was ultimately (and several centuries later) recognized as the Gospel of Nicodemus. The text is essentially orthodox in character, and it is believed to have been written around the early-mid fourth century. For the most part, the first portion of the book is a translation of Pilate’s formal trial record for the death of Jesus, which was written after his death. However, while few, if any, academics think that the so-called Acts of Pilate are a direct reflection of a letter written by Pilate, the majority of scholars feel that it is a substantially older work that was included into the Gospel of Nicodemus.

  1. Earlier, about 155, Justin Martyr wrote: “And that these things did happen, you can determine from the Acts of Pontius Pilate.” (The First Apology, Ch.
  2. It is impossible to tell if such a journal genuinely existed or whether Justin Martyr simply thought it did.
  3. A thief is mentioned twice in the Gospel of Nicodemus, both of which are located in the Actssection.
  4. After that, Pilate commanded that the curtain of the courtroom where he was seated be drawn and addressed Jesus, saying: Your people have accused you with becoming king.
  5. Dysmas and Gestas, the two heinous perpetrators, should be crucified beside you.
  6. “And one of the malefactors who was hanging there spoke to Him, saying, “If you are the Christ, rescue yourself and us,” according to the second text.
  7. Other (Latin) versions are more straightforward, as they do not incorporate the Gospel-like language: (Ch.

Later accounts

TheArabic Infancy Gospel, written about the sixth century, and The Narrative of Joseph of Arimathea, written at an unknown period but most likely later than that, both contribute significantly to the story’s development. According to the Infancy Gospel, “Titus and Dumachus” come across the Holy Family while on their trip to Egypt, and Titus, the virtuous thief, is able to persuade Dumachus not to hurt the family physically. As a result of his prophecy, the young Jesus tells his mother that he would be crucified in Jerusalem thirty years from now, and that these two thieves will be raised with him on the crucifixion, Titus on my right hand and Dumachus on my left, and that Titus will go before me into Paradise.

It provides the following information on Demas’ (as he is spelt in this story) life: He went by the name of Demas, and he was a Galilan by birth, and he ran an inn.

And he set his hand to robbing the Jewish people in their multitudes, and he stole the law itself from Jerusalem, and he stripped naked the daughter of Caiaphas, who was the sanctuary’s priestess, and he removed from its location the mysterious deposit itself, which had been placed there by Solomon himself.

In the eighth-century Codex Rehdigeranus, the names Joathas and Maggatras are introduced into the story of the Gospel of John.

The names Zoatham and Camma are introduced into Mark’s gospel, while the names Zoatham and Chammatha are inserted into Matthew’s gospel in the Codex Colbertinus (12th century). Gemas and Demas are two characters from the Codez Bezae of the seventeenth century. 1


It appears that the robbers are referred to by a different name in practically every tale. This strongly shows that the names were invented on the spot. The other criminals’ identities were presumably unknown even in the first days of the church, since there would have been little incentive for anybody linked with Jesus to have been aware of the other criminals’ identities. They were just random criminals who had nothing to do with the trial of Jesus or anything else like that. There is also a strong propensity in apocryphal writings to give names to nameless individuals and generally fill in “missing” parts of the canonical Gospels that are not included in the canonical Gospels.

Possibly, the Greek term Dysmas comes from the word dysme, which means “sinking” or “setting,” and so suggests the state of being on the verge of death.

As a result, the correct response is “we don’t know.” In the event that we insist on using names, Dismas (or Dysmas) for the repentant thief and Gestas for the unrepentant thief are the best we can come up with.


1The Gospel of Luke is a collection of stories about a man named Luke. by James R. Edwards2EWTN Catholic Qualifying Authority written by William Carroll

Dimas and Gestas: Bandits Crucified with Christ

History of the Ancients Stephen Basdeo contributed to this article. Banditry and outlawry always thrive in areas where the state is weak and/or reluctant to enforce its laws, and this is true everywhere. In this regard, medieval England stands out as a particularly instructive case study, and it is at this era that the legend of Robin Hood initially emerges, as evidenced by William Langland’s allusions to “rymes of Robyn Hode” in The Vision of Piers the Plowman (c. 1377). To take you even further back in time than the medieval period and into the ancient world, to a time when the Roman Empire ruled Europe and the Near East, and a young, upstart religious leader was causing a commotion in the relatively backward province of Judea, allow me to take you even further back in time.

After then, Jesus was commanded to carry his cross to Calvary, where he would be crucified on the cross (there are very few historians who doubt that Jesus actually existed, but of course, whether one believes he was the Son of God or not is entirely a matter of faith and, thankfully, not a subject which this website deals with).

  1. However, Jesus was not the only one to be crucified on that particular day.
  2. One felt Jesus was completely innocent of any crime, while the other threw Jesus under the bus: Several of the prisoners who were hanging there threw obscenities at Jesus, including: “Aren’t you the Messiah?” “Save yourself as well as us!” The other criminal, on the other hand, scolded him.
  3. We are being punished fairly, since we are receiving the consequences of our actions.
  4. We know very little about the two thieves from the four canonical gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, and much less about the two thieves from the New Testament.
  5. The fact that they were not just small thieves, as conveyed by many recent English translations that simply use the words “thief” or “criminal,” is unquestionable.
  6. Historians largely agree that these punishments were very consistent across the Roman Empire, according to the evidence.
  7. (c) B.

Shaw is an American author and poet.


In fact, this passage is translated as ‘bandits’ by Shaw in his article ‘Bandits in the Roman Empire’, which uses the term “bandits” to refer to the men who committed the crime.

Additionally, Roman troops were not only instruments of conquest but also offered a primitive form of police, acting as investigators, law enforcers, torturers, executioners, and gaolers in addition to their conquest-related duties.

Numerous laws were created to encourage local people (whom the Roman authorities knew would frequently give tacit consent to the conduct of bandits) to betray them in exchange for a reward, as a result of this.

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Ancient Roman bandits were a different breed of criminal from the rest of society.

judgment against them was declared on the spot).

It has long been held up by Christian scholars as an example of the savagery with which the Romans punished Christ, but crucifixion was actually a relatively uncommon punishment in the Roman Empire, which further suggests that the men crucified alongside Jesus were not simply common thieves, but bandits or brigands.

  1. This was also true of bandits in pre-modern societies, as demonstrated by the author’s research.
  2. That Dimas and Gestas were actually revolutionary is beside the issue; the fact remains that such highway robberies were deemed subversive and dangerous enough by the Roman authorities to merit the most brutal form of execution available: crucifixion.
  3. It was the most dangerous to go on country roads from town to town because of the possibility of coming into touch with bandits.
  4. Another indication of the widespread presence of bandits in Roman society is the fact that the phrase “killed by bandits” occurs on the graves of numerous prominent Roman individuals.
  5. Several sources are cited.
  6. When it comes to baptism and the crucifixion, James D.
  7. Dunn writes on page 339 of his book, Jesus Remembered, that “these two realities in Jesus’ life compel virtually universal acquiescence.” (Grand Rapids, MI: William B.
  8. 4-52.
  9. D Shaw’s “Bandits in the Roman Empire,” Past and Present, 105 (1984).
  10. 4).
  11. Fuhrmann, Policing the Roman Empire: Soldiers, Administration, and Public Order) (Oxford: OUP, 2011) Bandits in the Roman Empire: Myth and Reality (Thomas Grunewald, Bandits in the Roman Empire: Myth and Reality) J.

Hone, 1820) Tags:Ancient History/Ancient Rome/Antiquity/Apocrypha/bandits/Bible/Bible Times/crime/Crime History/criminals/Bible/Bible Times/crime/Crime History/criminals/Cross/Crucifixion/Gospels/History/Jesus/New Testament/Stephen Basdeo This entry was posted in: Ancient Rome, antiquity, bandits, BIBLE, BRIGADES, CRUCIFIXION, DIMAS, GESTAS, Jesus Christ, New Testament.

Master: Dismas & Gestas

The names of the thieves crucified with Christ appear in the apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemus, theActs of Pilate.Book IX:5 reads5 Then Pilate commanded the veil to be drawn before the judgement-seat whereon he sat, and saith unto Jesus: Thy nation hath convicted thee (accused thee) as being a king: therefore have I decreed that thou shouldest first be scourged according to the law of the pious emperors, and thereafter hanged upon the cross in the garden wherein thou wast taken: and let Dysmas and Gestas the two malefactors be crucified with thee.They are not unknown in the Orthodox tradition, where larger icons of the Crucifixion can show two crosses flanking Christ’s.According to tradition, Dismas, on Christ’s right, repents and eventually joins Christ in Heaven, while Gestas blasphemes and ends up in Hell. At the moment of Christ’s passing, he writhes in agony and his feet jerk, pulling the lowest crossbar askew. On the traditional Russian Orthodox cross, the lowest crossbar is at an angle, with the right side up (Dismas went to Heaven) and the left side down (Gestas went to Hell).

Who were on Golgotha during the crucifixion of Jesus?

The answer to today’s question has to do with individuals who were there on Golgotha at Jesus’ crucifixion. Who precisely was in attendance? Let’s go over the facts in order to respond to this question. There were a large number of individuals in attendance during the crucifixion of our Lord Jesus. John’s Gospel contains images of the mother of our Lord (Mary), her sister, Mary of Clopas, Mary Magdalene (John 19:25), and Mary, the mother of James and John (John 1:35). (Matthew 27:56). Many more ladies are there, according to Luke, who describes them as “watching on from a distance” (Matthew 27:55).

  1. The two criminals who were crucified on either side of Jesus are likewise mentioned in all four gospels (Matthew 27:44; Mark 15:27; Luke 23:32; John 19:18).
  2. The list of persons who were there at Jesus’ crucifixion that we have read in the Scriptures has been devoid of disciples until now.
  3. That’s correct, out of the twelve disciples with whom Jesus spent the most of His time throughout His three-year mission, only John is there on Golgotha at the crucifixion, soothing the mother of our Lord during the ordeal.
  4. Now that we have a complete roster to work with, let me to explain what all of this means to you in more detail.
  5. For starters, it allowed them to see the true death of Jesus on the cross.
  6. Second, their presence at the crucifixion of Jesus demonstrated their commitment to the Lord and to one another.
  7. When it comes down to it, people who witnessed Jesus’ crucifixion experienced something truly remarkable: they heard and saw Jesus paying the price for their sin by dying on the cross.
  8. However, there was something supernatural about the events surrounding Jesus’ crucifixion, and they were present to witness and hear it unfold!
  9. However, often the most difficult things in life might turn out to be the most important.

To my dear friends, I would want to remind you today of the tremendous cost of redemption that was paid in order for you to be forgiven your sins and to have your souls redeemed. According to these witnesses, although it was terrible to observe, it was the most wonderful gift ever given to sinners!


According to theapocryphalGospel of Nicodemus, the name Gestas was given to one of the Two Thieves who were crucified beside Jesus on the cross. Dismas was the name of the other character. He is also referred to as the “bad thief,” the “unrepentant thief,” and the “blasphemous thief,” among other titles. Gestas was nailed on the cross to the left of Christ. Gestas, in contrast to Dismas, did not acknowledge Christ as Saviour and did not repent of his sins once they were revealed. Only one thing he desired was to be rescued from his agonizing death on the cross.

  1. Sad and awful events transpired throughout the life of this villain.
  2. He was given the same chance as Dismas, but he did not take advantage of it to his advantage.
  3. Gestas, on the other hand, chose death over life for one of the criminals.
  4. His play teaches us that simply being hung close to Christ is not enough to redeem us from our sins.
  5. Pain and suffering alone are not always enough to bring about salvation in this life.
  6. The crucifixion took place in this life, and he was sentenced to eternal damnation in Hell in the following life as a result of his actions.

Depictions of Gestas

For the sake of distinguishing the two villains from Christ, painters depict them as chained or tied to the cross, despite the fact that they would have undoubtedly died by the same Roman manner of execution that Christ did. So, they were likewise nailed to their crosses, in addition to the others. When the agony and distorted bodies of the two criminals, particularly Gestas, are placed side by side with the dignity and grandeur of the Savior, yet another extremely evident contrast is made.

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“Without a doubt, I assure you that you will be with Me in Paradise today.” Luke 23:43 (NIV) When we think of Easter, the first (and, in some cases, the only) thing that comes to mind is most likely Jesus. And with good reason! His atoning sacrifice and resurrection on our behalf are, without a question, the most important aspects of our celebrations of the resurrection. But how many of us are aware that Jesus was not alone himself? On that particular day, two other persons were crucified with Jesus.

And because they’re only addressed briefly, we see their presence in Jesus’ death as a fascinating aside and return our attention to Jesus’ death.

But who were they, exactly? What was their purpose in being there, and why should we care? We are certain that God’s message will not be returned void (Isaiah 55:11). That implies that there is a specific purpose why the Bible makes note of these two men who are hanging beside Jesus.

A Tale of Two Brothers

A short video on the two criminals who were crucified beside Jesus was made some years ago by a well-known Christian media organization. Of course, it was all made up, but it was so fascinating that I can’t get it out of my head to this day. The two criminals in the narrative were revealed to be brothers. One was the nice brother, while the other was (as you would have guessed) the bad brother in this story. They were diametrically opposed to one another. The evil brother had troubles with drinking and gambling, whereas the good brother was studying to become a synagogue instructor under the supervision of a rabbi.

  • He would always be rescued, though, by his decent brother, who would always remind his dumb sibling to clean up his act.
  • He would drink in order to alleviate his anxiety.
  • His brother came to his aid once more, promising him that it would be the last time.
  • He devised a mad scheme to rob a nearby villager in order to pay off his obligations, which he executed successfully.
  • Nonetheless, he managed to become enmeshed in his brother’s scheme, and the Romans apprehended both of them and imprisoned them.
  • Returning to the Bible, it is at this time that the account of the two criminals who were executed with Jesus is picked up.

The Criminals Encounter Jesus

It is recorded in Luke 23:39-43 that the convicts’ contact with Jesus occurs after the multitude insults the Lord as He and the two men are nailed to the cross. This is how it is recorded in Mark 15:29-32. People who went by mocked Him, waving their heads and exclaiming, ‘Aha! You who destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, rescue Yourself and come down from the cross!’ he wrote. Likewise, the top priests, who were laughing among themselves with the scribes, said, “He saved others, but He cannot save Himself.” Allow the Christ, the King of Israel, to descend from the cross at this time, so that we may see and believe.” A comparable account of the scenario may be found in chapter 27, verse 43 of the gospel of Matthew, except Matthew includes a bit more of the mocking of the Pharisees and scribes.

God will deliver him now if He wills it.” “He placed his confidence in God; let Him deliver him now if He wills it.” Because He said, “I am the Son of God.” The two criminals who mocked Jesus are likewise mentioned in both the gospels of Mark and Matthew.

“Even the thieves who were hanged with Him slandered Him with the same accusation.” Matthew 27:44 (KJV) Perhaps the two crooks were just carried away by the emotions of the audience.

And the nasty brother, well, he may have simply been being himself, it’s possible. Who knows what motivated them to act in the manner that they did? Whatever the motive, whether they are criminals or brothers, one of them has a change of heart a short time later.

Asking for Forgiveness

As the multitude booed and jeered Jesus, it appears that one of the convicts came to the conclusion that possibly Jesus was who He claimed to be. A felon who was about to be hung blasphemed Him, telling Him, ‘If You are the Christ, rescue Yourself and us.’ “Do you not even fear God, considering as how you are both under the same condemnation?” said the other when he spoke. And we have truly been justly rewarded for our efforts, as we have received the proper compensation for our efforts. ‘However, this individual has done nothing wrong.’ ‘Lord, please keep me in mind when You come into Your kingdom,’ he requested to Jesus after that.

  • And, of course, we can see that the other man is not convinced.
  • It’s possible that they had never met until that fateful day.
  • Alternatively, you may say “no.” Who knows what will happen?
  • However, there is one aspect about these gentlemen that is important.
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The Criminals and the World

We have no idea who the two culprits are or where they came from. All we know about them is that they were thieves. Using the original Hebrew word for “robber” in this Scripture (“lestes”), we might infer that they were either rebels of some type or members of a gang who were well-known for ambushing unsuspecting victims with deadly force. Such aggressive individuals were frequently crucified by the Romans. Regular thieves, on the other hand, were not. Whatever the case, what we are expected to observe is how diametrically opposed the two are.

However, one guy changes his heart and becomes defensive of Jesus, whilst the other man continues to insult Jesus and remains hard-hearted throughout.

What does this have to do with Jesus, you might wonder.

The two criminals are a representation of all of us.

We Must Make a Choice

Whatever the circumstances were that brought them to the cross on that particular day, it is significant that they were crucified on the same day as Jesus. It wasn’t a strange coincidence at all. That is exactly how our all-powerful God designed it. They were meant to be there to meet with the Messiah, but they were late. Isn’t that similar to God’s character? He is continually working our circumstances until we come face to face with Him, even when we are not conscious of it occurring. He’ll go to any length to achieve his goals.

  • Do we join the hordes of people who despise the Lord, making fun of Him and laughing at Him?
  • Or it’s possible that we just don’t see the point in having Him in our lives.
  • How many of us are willing to humble ourselves, confess our bad actions, and beg forgiveness?
  • Another prayed for forgiveness, while the first insulted him because others had done so.
  • The other, on the other hand, saw the possibility of endless life.

Despite the fact that both men experienced Jesus, only one chose to follow Him. Their narrative is a perfect reflection of the rest of the globe. We all come into contact with Jesus in some fashion at some point in our lives, but we all have to make a decision at some point.

Abundant Grace

Upon realizing that he had no other option except divine grace, the criminal who approached Jesus for mercy felt that Jesus was the only one who could provide it. His belief that by recognizing Jesus as the Son of God, he would be admitted to heaven was likewise based on this belief. He definitely exhibits real faith when he expresses his belief. Despite the fact that he is about to die, he feels he still has a shot at redemption. Every one of us, my dear friends, has the same opportunity. Everything that happens in the future is determined by the most significant decision that we can make today, regardless of our prior actions or decisions, or what we’ve done in the past.

  • We have the option of acknowledging our sin and asking Jesus for divine pardon.
  • What is the extent of God’s grace?
  • A LOT, in fact.
  • 1 Timothy 1:14; Psalm 145:8 tell us that he is totally abounding in it!
  • He is ecstatic to be able to present it to you.
  • It’s possible that you’re standing on the threshold of death after a lifetime of rejecting God, just like the criminals who hanged alongside Jesus.
  • He forgives the criminal of all he has ever done with the last breath He takes on this earth.
  • What is the maximum amount of forgiveness Jesus will extend to you?
  • What are your plans?
  • Allow this to be the happiest moment of your life—the moment you realized you had been guaranteed of your entrance into Paradise.

What are the names of the two thieves that were crucified with Christ at Golgotha?

The responses from the community are arranged according to how many people voted for them. The greater the number of votes, the higher the position of an answer on the list. The two men who were crucified with Christ are not mentioned in the Holy Bible. Their identities were never revealed, but they do symbolize the decisions made by every man, woman, and kid on our planet today. Interestingly, according to what we read in the Bible, one person chooses to invoke the name of Jesus Christ, but the other decides to ridicule and blaspheme our Savior.

Furthermore, when they arrived to the location, which is known as Calvary, they crucified him, as well as the perpetrators, on the right hand and the other on the left.

‘Don’t you have any fear of God,’ he said, referring to the fact that they were both serving the same sentence.

This individual, on the other hand, has done nothing wrong.” Continue reading in Luke 23:42 to find out more.

“Jesus replied him, “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise,” Jesus said without hesitation in response to his request for forgiveness in Luke 23:43.” While he hung there on the harsh cross of Calvary, suffering for us and dying for us, Jesus taught us an incredible lesson in forgiveness.

No one comes to the Father except through me, Jesus responded to him.

Fortunately, the example of the two thieves executed with Jesus demonstrates that it is NEVER TOO LATE to repent and ask the Lord to accept us.

If any additional sources identify these persons, I have my doubts about their credibility as sources. We give all of the glory and honor to our Lord, the Almighty God! On April 03, 2015, there was one answer. Vote up and share your thoughts.

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The three crosses on Calvary: What do they signify?

There were three crosses on Calvary on the day Jesus Christ was crucified. “And when they arrived at the location known as Calvary, they crucified him together with the criminals, one on his right hand and the other on his left,” the Bible says. Luke 23:33. It was not by coincidence that Jesus was crucified with two robbers. Isaiah had prophesied:“Therefore I will give Him a part with the mighty, and He shall share the spoil with the strong, because He poured out His soul unto death, and He was numbered with the transgressors, and He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.” Isaiah 53:12.

The first man

“One of the convicts who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, ‘If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us,'” the Bible says. Luke 23:39 is an example of a parable. We can all identify with this thief because he represents the world that wants to be rescued without admitting the judgment: If You are the Messiah, then take away the judgment; let us flee and take You along with us. Demonstrate your abilities to us. In order to prove that you are a Christian, you must please me and meet my requirements.

  1. Demonstrate Your magnificence and Your abilities so that people can actually see and comprehend that the Messiah is present among us.
  2. Christ’s mission, on the other hand, was not to save the world from judgment, nor was it to produce wonders and miracles in the midst of the beast in order to win the beast’s favor.
  3. The thief was nailed to the cross by his own hands.
  4. A similar manner, the world has been crucified, for we believe that if one is crucified for all, then we are all crucified; and if one died for all, then we are all dead; and if one died for all, we are all dead.

These beliefs are the nails in the coffin of an ungodly person’s heart, and they will never be removed. Even if the world tries to rescue its own life – as the thief did – it will not succeed; rather, it will lose its own life.

The second man

The other, in response, confronted him and scolded him, asking, ‘Do you not even fear God, seeing as how you are subject to the same condemnation? And we are rightfully so, for we have received proper compensation for our acts; but, this Man has done nothing wrong.'” In Luke 23:40-41, the Bible says The first thief desired to be saved without fear of being judged. The second thief, on the other hand, was prepared to suffer as a result of the wicked actions he had committed in the flesh in order to be liberated from them in the hereafter.

In both the first and second thieves, there was sin with them and it hung over them, just as it did in the first thief.

He was no longer under any sort of censure.

Despite this, he was unable to free himself of his indwelling vice.

The third man

This was none other than the Lord Jesus Christ. Although the first thief targeted Him with his sneer, He did not respond; instead, the other thief spoke on His behalf. God has also preserved thieves today who are capable of answering all of the world’s inquiries concerning Jesus, as well as refuting their arguments and turning aside their ridicule. Jesus, on the other hand, did not say a single word in response to their questions. He does, however, respond to the second thief with an oath: “I assure you, today you will be with Me in Paradise,” He says.

  • Jesus not only suffered our sins on His body while nailed to the cross, but He also bore sin inside Himself.
  • God condemned sin in the person of Jesus Christ.
  • It was impossible for the law to judge sin in the flesh since all of a man’s sin is done outside of his physical body, making it impossible for the law to judge sin in the flesh.
  • Everyone who wishes to be saved from the power of indwelling sin must now daily take up his or her own cross.
  • Jesus did not have the nature of angels; instead, He was descended from Abraham’s lineage.
  • No one can be held responsible or condemned for the judgment that takes place in the body over sin inherent in our nature since it takes place within the body.
  • There is a growth of the body, a salvation of the body, and a judgment of the body.
  • He offers an external redemption via the person of Jesus Christ.
  • The adversaries of the cross of Christ, on the other hand, are opposed to this inner redemption, and, like the thief, they are content with the remission of sins as a result of the crucifixion of Christ.
  • She longs to be a participant in His holiness and has calculated the cost of such a pursuit.

She is made of the same flesh that He is and the same bone as He is. The bridegroom is willing not only to partake in the delight, but also to suffer and die with him – not just to the curse of the law, but also to the character of Adam in his physical body – because she shares in his joy.

Matthew 27:38 Two robbers were crucified with Him, one on His right hand and the other on His left.

Then there were two robbers who were hanged alongside him. – Better still, robbers (the term is the same as that used by Barabbas) (John 18:40). Because there is no record of their trial, it appears as though they were already sentenced to death; and it is quite likely that they were members of the same band and had participated in the same revolt as one another. According to the Apocryphal Gospel of Nicodemns(i. 10), their names were Dysmas and Gysmas, and these names continue to occur in the Calvaries and Stations of Roman Catholic nations.

  1. – Then.
  2. Matthew does not provide an exact chronology of events, but grouping them together for ethical and other similar reasons.
  3. Thieves; robbers, brigands, and other criminals (Matthew 21:13).
  4. The story of the contrite thief’s acceptance is told only by St.
  5. When you consider that he was the one who was placed on the right hand, it is possible that the meticulous mention made in the Ether evangelists of their position as the two thieves may have served as a silent allusion to this occurrence.
  6. Judea’ 2:12, 2, and so on), who describes a banditti population that was relentlessly hunted by the Romans and frequently executed when captured.
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“The very cross was the tribunal of Christ,” Augustine explains, “for the Judge was placed in the middle; one thief, who believed, was set free; the other thief, who reviled, was condemned; which signified what he was already about to do with the quick and dead, being about to set some on his right hand, but ethers on his left.” Commentaries that run in parallel.

  1. ‘Two’ is a main numerical value.
  2. σταυροῦvται(staurountai) Indicative of the Present Tense Middle of the road or passive – 3rd Person Pronoun PluralStrong’s 4717:From stauros; to impale on a cross; metaphorically, to eradicate passion or selfishness; to extinguish passion or selfishness.
  3. A basic preposition that denotes a state of unity; with or in conjunction with The personal pronoun his (aut) is used as a possessive pronoun in the Dative Masculine.
  4. Strong’s 1520: One.
  5. (including the neuter Hen); a reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.on(heis)Adjective – Nominative Masculine SingularStrong’s 1520: One (ek) PrepositionStrong’s 1537: From out, out from amid, from, implying that anything is coming from the inside out.

δεξιῶν(dexiōn) Strong’s 1188: Adjective – Genitive Neuter PluralStrong’s 1188: Adjective – Genitive Neuter Plural On the right hand, on the right hand, on the right hand The word dechomai means “right side” or “right hand.” andκαὶ(kai) ConjunctionStrong’s 2532 is as follows: And, in addition, specifically.

A basic preposition that denotes the origin, from, and out.to the left.

on the left; neuter as adverbial, on the left hand; neuter as adverbial, on the left hand Return to the previous page CrossesCrucifiedHandRightRobbersThieves Time Continue to Next Page CrossesCrucifiedHandRightRobbers Thieves TimeLinks Matthew 27:38 New International Version Matthew 27:38 New International Version Matthew 27:38 (New International Version) Matthew 27:38 (New American Standard Bible) Matthew 27:38 King James Version BibleApps.com has a translation of Matthew 27:38.

Matthew 27:38 Biblia Paralela (Matthew 27:38 Bible Paraphrase) Chinese translation of Matthew 27:38 French translation of Matthew 27:38 Matthew 27:38, according to the Catholic Bible Gospels of the New Testament: Two thieves were crucified after that, according to Matthew 27:38 (Matt. Mat Mt)


As recorded in the New Testament, Barabbas was a prisoner, referenced in all four Gospels, who was selected by the multitude, rather than Jesus Christ, to be freed by Pontius Pilate in a customary pardon before the festival of Passover. Jesus in the presence of Pilate Jean Fouquet’s illuminated book of hours for Étienne Chevalier, c. 1455, depicts Jesus appearing before Pontius Pilate and Caiphas, with the prisoner Barabbas standing below. Photograph courtesy of the Hulton Archive/Getty Images Barabbas is referred to as a “notorious prisoner” in Matthew 27:16.

In John 18:40, he is described as a bandit.

Aramaic pseudonyms such as “son of the father” (bar abba) or “son of the teacher” (bar rabban) may have been used to refer to him, suggesting that his father was a prominent figure in Jewish society.

If this was the case, the audience was given the option of choosing between two people who shared the same name.

In recent years, many have blamed the Jews for Christ’s crucifixion, frequently referencing Matthew 27:25, in which the multitude cries out, “His blood be upon us and upon our children!” A large number of current Christian historians and leaders, including Pope Benedict XVI, have expressly rejected this stance, stating that the throng on that fateful day was made up of Jewish Temple officials and Barabbas sympathizers rather than the whole Jewish population.

They have also contended that, when viewed in the context of the entire New Testament, the multitude might be read as representing all of mankind, and Jesus’ blood as bringing about peace between humanity and God, rather than as a scream for vengeance.

Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.

Who Was Present at the Cross?

We take it for granted, then, that four women are listed as being present at the crucifixion of the Lord in the New Testament.

In John, we find two pairs of women: the unidentified women, who are the mother of the Lord and her sister, and the two women who are named, Mary of Clopas and Mary Magdalene. In Luke, we see two pairs of women, who are the mother of the Lord and her sister.

  • “Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother, his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene,” according to the Bible. (See also John 19:25.)

According to Luke’s account, there were many other women present, but these are the ones that stand out as being the ones who were most intimately acquainted with Him.

  • “He was followed by a great number of people, including ladies who wept and cried for him.” But everyone who recognized him, including the ladies who had accompanied him from Galilee, stood at a distance, taking note of what was happening. (Luke 23:27) (Matthew 23:49)

Roman Soldiers, Two Criminals, and the Roman Centurion

The soldiers’ presence, as well as the presence of the two malefactors who were crucified on either side of Jesus, is mentioned by all four gospel writers. When it comes to the crucifixion, the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke pay particular attention to the centurion in charge of the execution, and they offer some description of how he was affected in the presence of the Crucified.

  • As recorded in Matthew, “Surely he was the Son of God,” and as recorded in Mark, “Surely this Man was the Son of God,” and as recorded in Luke, “Surely this Man was the Son of God,” The Gospel of Luke states, “Surely this was a virtuous Man” (Luke 23:47).

Let me state right away that there is no conflict between Matthew, Mark, and Luke, on the one hand, and the rest of the Bible on the other. Almost without exception, both of these statements were made by the centurion. It is certainly conceivable that this man spoke more than one sentence as he observed Jesus on the Cross, and we believe that, while Matthew and Mark record the statement that impressed them, Luke records the statement that appealed to him and was in perfect harmony with his entire scheme of teaching, as recorded in the Gospel of Luke.

Chief Priests and Jewish Leaders

Luke does not mention the top priests, despite the fact that they were there. Matthew, Mark, and John all mention their attendance. The scribes, elders, and rulers who make up the Sanhedrin are mentioned in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, although John makes no mention of them at all.

  • It is only in Matthew, Mark, and John that we find mention of the chief priests
  • Luke makes no mention of them at all. The scribes, elders, and rulers who make up the Sanhedrin are mentioned in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, but John makes no mention of them.

Multitudes and Disciples

Luke, in order to demonstrate the universality of Jesus’ activity and relationship with the people, proclaims the presence of large crowds of people.

  • “He was followed by a great number of people, including ladies who wept and cried for him.” (Matthew 23:27
  • Luke 23:27)

In addition, John is the only one who tells us that the disciples were also present, and he is the only one who relates to the fact of his own attendance, and he does so in order to record Christ’s entrusting of His mother to his care.

  • “After seeing his mother and the disciple whom he adored standing close, Jesus addressed her as “Woman, here is your son,” and the disciple as “Daughter, here is your mother.” She was welcomed into the family of this disciple from that point on.” (See also John 19:26-27)

While taking a step back and looking out over the throngs of people, we notice a number of things: women and children, soldiers and criminals, a centurion, chief priests and Sanhedrin members, a group of His own disciples, and, on top of all of this, vast swaths of people from all over the surrounding country. Everyone and everything is gathered to the Cross in representational throngs, with the entire image serving as a picture and prophesy of how, throughout the centuries, people of every kind and situation would be drawn to the raised Cross of the Son of Man, symbolizing the end of time.

Campbell Morgan’s The Crises of the Christ, Book V, Chapter XXIV, is the source for this adaptation.

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