Who Was Mary Mother Of Jesus Parents

Joachim – Wikipedia

Saints Joachim and Anne, Parents of the Virgin Mary
Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Confessor
Venerated in Roman Catholic ChurchEastern Catholic ChurchesEastern Orthodox ChurchOriental Orthodox ChurchAnglican CommunionLutheranismIslam
Canonized Pre-Congregation
Feast 26 July (Anglican Communion), (Catholic Church); 9 September (Eastern Orthodox Church), (Greek Catholics);Calendar, 1738-1913); 16 August (General Roman Calendar, 1913-1969)
Attributes Lamb, doves, with Saint Anne or Mary
Patronage Fathers, grandparents.Adjuntas, Puerto Rico;Dolores, Eastern Samar; Fasnia (Tenerife)

Joachim(;Hebrew:יְהוֹיָקִים According to Christian belief, Yhyqm (Greek:, “he whom Yahweh has set up,” or “he whom Yahweh has established”) was the spouse of Saint Anne and the father of Mary, the mother of Jesus. According to legend, Joachim and Anne’s narrative initially appeared in theapocryphal Gospel of James. His feast day is celebrated on July 26, a day that he shares with Saint Anne.

In Christian tradition

It is in the 2nd-century apocryphal infancy-gospel the Gospel of James that the tale of Joachim and his wife Anne (or Anna), as well as the miraculous birth of their child Mary, who would become the mother of Jesus, is related for the first time (also calledProtoevangelium of James). Joachim is a wealthy and religious individual who generously donates to the destitute on a regular basis. When Joachim’s sacrifice was presented to the temple, it was rejected because the couple’s inability to bear children was regarded as a sign of divine anger.

  • Angels then came to both Joachim and Anne, promising them the birth of a son or daughter.
  • The infant born to an elderly woman who had given up hope of having children was said to be destined for great things, according to an ancient belief system.
  • Several traditions about Joachim and Anne were incorporated in theGolden Legend, written by Jacobus da Varagine about 1260 and spoken by the narrator.
  • The feast day of Saint Joachim was not included in the Tridentine Calendar since he was not a saint.
  • In 1738, it was moved to the Sunday following the Octave of the Assumption of Mary to avoid conflict with other religious holidays.
  • It was celebrated as aDouble of the Second Class at the time, a designation that was later altered to that ofSecond Class Feast in 1960.
  • Those who belong to the Eastern Orthodox Churches and Greek Catholics celebrate Joachim on 9 September, the Feast of the Synaxis of Joachim and Anne, which occurs one day after the Feast of the Nativity of the Theotokos.

The Church of England commemorates Joachim (together with Anne) with a Lesser Festival on the 26th of July.


Joachim has been designated as the patron saint of fathers, grandfathers, grandparents, married couples, cabinet builders, and linen sellers, among other things.


In medieval art, he is frequently shown with a conical Jewish hat. Although he is frequently referred to as a saint and bestowed with an ahalo, there was some recognition in the Western church that he had died much too prematurely to be considered a Christian in the strictest sense. It was a common theme in artistic depictions of the Virgin’s life. Joachim and Anne Meeting at the Golden Gate was one of the most well-known. In addition to a book or scroll signifying linen producers, a shepherd’s staff symbolizes the Christian Word, and a basket of doves represents peace, among the symbols linked with Saint Joachim are: He is virtually always dressed in the color green, which represents hope.

The river was given its name as a result of this survey.

In Islam

Islamic tradition refers to him as Imran (Arabic: ), and one of his purported tombs is located at Salalah, where it is claimed to be the “longest burial in the world” (12 metres).

See also

  • Chronological list of saints from the first century
  • Archive of St. Joachim, patron saint of the Jews


  1. Ronald Brownrigg is the author of this work (September 2, 2003). This section is a list of the people who appear in the New Testament. Routledge, New York, p. 194, ISBN 978-1134509492
  2. P. 194
  3. In 2015, the World Meeting of Families celebrated the feast of Saint Joachim. Archived through the Wayback Machine from April 2, 2016
  4. Vann, Joseph, and Thomas Bernard Plassmann are the editors of this volume (1954). It is a collection of selected and illustrated life stories of saints, as well as excerpts from their writings, published by the Society of St. Vincent de Paul. John J. Crawley & Associates, Inc. retrieved on July 11, 2020, from EWTN
  5. Retrieved on July 11, 2020, from EWTN “The Saint Andrew Daily Missal, with Vespers for Sundays and Feasts,” Saint Paul, MN: The E. M. Lohmann Co., 1952, p. 1513
  6. Dom Gaspar LeFebvre, “The Saint Andrew Daily Missal, with Vespers for Sundays and Feasts,” Saint Paul, MN: The E. M. Lohmann Co., 1952, p. 1513
  7. Roman calendar (Calendarium Romanum) (in Latin). Page 98 and 135 of Typis Polyglottis, published in 1969. The Church of England’s “Calendar” is available online. ab””St. Joachim, Father of the Most Blessed Virgin: Feast Day is July 26th,” retrieved2021-03-27
  8. Ab””St. Joachim, Father of the Most Blessed Virgin: Feast Day is July 26th,” retrieved2021-03-27
  9. Ab””St. Joachim Bellmawr, New Jersey’s St. Joachim Parish is a Roman Catholic parish. The document was retrieved on July 11, 2020
  10. Gudde, Erwin G
  11. Bright, William (February 10, 2010). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names is a book on the history of place names in California. p. 337, ISBN 978-0520266193
  12. Qur’an 3:42, cited in Stowasser, Barbara Freyer, “Mary,” in: Encyclopaedia of the Qur’an, General Editor: Jane Dammen McAuliffe, Georgetown University, Washington DC
  13. “Nabi Umran Tomb in Salalah City – Religious Sites, Tourist Attractions.”Beautiful Salalah
  14. P. 337, ISBN 978-

External links

  • Leonard O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Pat McCloskey O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Pat McCloskey O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Leonard Foley O.F.M., Leonard Foley (1990). The Saint of the Day, Lives, Lessons, and Feast are all included. Franciscan Media is a non-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of the Franciscan faith. St. Joachim, Father of the Virginat
  • ISBN 978-0-86716-887-7
  • St. Joachim, Father of the Virginat Iconography of the Christian faith

Who Were Mary’s parents? What Do We Know About Them?

St. Joachim and St. Anne are Mary’s paternal grandparents. Tradition and apocryphal literature provide us with the information we have about them (writings that are in the style of sacred Scripture but are not believed to have been divinely inspired). Their story is told in the Protoevangelium of James (written about A.D. 150), in which they are described as a rich couple who have been infertile for many years, causing Joachim to fast for 40 days and nights in hopes of becoming pregnant. After an angel announced Mary’s birth, Joachim and Anne were overjoyed, and they shared their happiness with their children.

  • RELATED: Mary in Two Minutes – A Video Presentation According to our understanding, it’s difficult to tell how much of this is historically correct.
  • Even if the names of Joachim and Anne had been forgotten throughout the years, it is probable that the general outline of their life would have been recalled properly at some point in time.
  • Joachim and St.
  • On the 26th of July, Catholics commemorate the feast of Joachim and Anne.

Who was MARY, THE MOTHER OF JESUS? – WebBible Encyclopedia

This page is available in the following languages: Dutch Greek:Mαρίας Hebrew:מִרְיָ֛ם—transliteration:Miriam


The Holy Spirit conceived Jesus Christ within Mary while she was still a virgin, and she was married to Joseph and became the mother of Jesus. She is frequently referred to as the “Virgin Mary,” despite the fact that those two terms are never used combined as a proper name in Scripture (Matthew 2:11;Matthew 1:23;Luke 1:27;Acts 1:14). Her personal background is a mystery at this time. InLuke 3, the genealogy of Jesus is revealed (see below). She belonged to the tribe of Juda and the lineage of David, and she was a virgin (Psalm 132:11;Luke 1:32).

  • She was informed by the angel Gabriel when she was still living with her parents in Nazareth before she married Joseph that she was to be the mother of the prophesied Messiah.
  • After that, she traveled to visit her cousinElisabeth, who was living with her husbandZacharias (perhaps atJuttah(Joshua 15:55;21:16), in the vicinity ofMaon), a significant distance (approximately 100 miles) fromNazareth and who she had not seen in a long time.
  • After three months, Mary returned to Nazareth, where she lived with her family.
  • It wasn’t long after that that the edict of Augustus(Luke 2:1) demanded that they continue to Bethlehem(Micah 5:2), which was some 80 or 90 miles away from Nazareth; and while they were there, they sought refuge (Luke 2:6-7).
  • They were then presented in the temple, flew to Egypt, returned the next year, and settled in Nazareth for the remainder of their stay (Matthew 2).
  • During these years, just one incident in the life of Jesus is documented, namely, his journey to Jerusalem when he was twelve years old and his discovery among the physicians in the temple (Luke 2:41-52).
  • Immediately following the beginning of our Lord’s public ministry, Mary is given little attention.
  • Approximately one year and a half later, we find her at Capernaum (Matthew 12:46–48–49), when Christ delivered the famous words, “Who is my mother?
  • In that moment, Jesus reached out with his hand to his followers and said, “Behold, my mother and my brethren!” The next time we see her, she is at the foot of the cross with her sister Mary, as well as Mary Magdalene, and Salome, and other women (John 19:26).

From that point on, John brought her to his own home for the night. She was in the top chamber with the little group of people who had gathered after the Ascension (Acts 1:14). She completely disappears from the public eye from this point on. Neither the time nor the manner of her death are known.

Mary’s lineage

Remember that the point of divergence between the royal lineages of Mary and Joseph is that he descended from David’s sonKing Solomon, and Mary descended from David’s sonPrince Nathan, which is the point of divergence between the royal lineages of Joseph and Mary. God ADAM / Seth / Enos / Enosh / Cainan / Mahalaleel / Jared / Enoch / Methuselah / Lamech / NOAH / Shem / Arphaxad / Arpachshad / Shelah / Eber / Heber (father of the Hebrews) / Peleg / Reu / Serug / Nahor / Terah (wholly God and wholly human)


Because Mary’s father was Heli (Eli), a direct descendant of King David, Jesus was granted the right to succeed the Jewish kingdom through both Mary and his foster father, Joseph, as well as through adoption by his foster father, Joseph. In Luke 3:23-38, we are given information about Mary’s family history. Using the following example, Dr. Henry Morris explains how we know this genealogy is Mary’s: The Bible clearly identifies Joseph as the son of Jacob (Matthew 1:16), thus this line should be interpreted as meaning “son-in-law of Heli.” As a result, thegenealogyofChristinLukeis actually the genealogy of Mary, whilst the genealogy of Joseph is given by Matthew.

In light of the fact that Matthew and Luke plainly record much of the same information, it seems evident that neither of them could have made such a glaringly obvious error as include the erroneous genealogy in his account by accident.

Mary’s other children

Mary’s other sons includedJoses(Joseph),James,Judas(Judah,Jude — not Judas Iscariot), andSimon, in addition to Joseph and James (not SimonPeter). It is possible that there were daughters as well, although they are not mentioned in Scripture (Matthew 13:55-56;1:25;12:47;Mark 6:3;Luke 2:7;John 2:12;Acts 1:14). James was the second-oldest of the brothers after Jesus, and he was the third-oldest overall (Matthew 13:55-56;Mark 6:3). There are also more texts that point to the presence of Mary and Joseph’s other children, including Matthew 1:25, 12:47, Luke 2:7, John 2:12, and Acts 1:14.

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This was eventually modified when James directly observed his brother’s resurrection from the grave, which transformed his perspective (1 Corinthians 15:7).

In Galatians 1:19, Paul refers to James as an apostle, just as he had referred to himself. Paul’s ministry has also received the endorsement of James (Galatians 2:1-10). According to tradition, Jesus’ other brothers went on to become missionaries (1 Corinthians 9:5).

Jesus’ human body was not produced by sexual intercourse

Unlike his younger brothers and sisters, Jesus, the Christ, was not conceived in Mary’s womb as a result of sexual contact with a man (a number of key Mormon leaders incorrectly claim that Mary had sex with God/Adam; Islam incorrectly claims that Christians believe that Mary had sex with God). Instead, Jesus, the Christ, was conceived in Mary’s womb as a result of sexual contact with a woman (a number of key Mormon leaders incorrectly claim that Mary In actuality, the conception of Jesus Christ was a one-of-a-kind and exceptional miracle performed by the Holy Spirit.

Was Mary’s DNA a part of Jesus?

There are a lot of Protestants who haven’t really thought about this subject thoroughly. It is particularly regrettable that Roman Catholicism has committed grave mistakes in its beliefs by placing Mary, who is a repentant sinner rescued by grace, above all others – God’s Word provides no reason to believe differently. She, like all of us, was in desperate need of the Savior. “For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,” according to Romans 3:23 (New American Standard Bible). Prior to His incarnation as thehumblebaby Jesus in Bethlehem, He existed as a Divine Person in spirit form, and as such, He was a member of theTriuneGodhead.

  • Indeed, the Apostle John taught that He is the Person of the Trinity who is responsible for the creation of the cosmos (John 1).
  • According to Jewish law, infant Jesus was unmistakably the son of Mary and Joseph—to Mary, since he was growing in her womb (and then delivered like any other kid), and to Joseph, because he was lawfully adopted by him, according to long-standing Jewish law.
  • There are significant distinctions between baby Jesus and every other human kid on the planet.
  • Since Adam’s creation from the dust of the Earth, and Eve’s subsequent formation from Adam’s side, all of their descendants have been produced at the moment of conception, as has been the case since the beginning of time.
  • Although even angels are incapable of reproducing and creating new souls, what an incredible gift the Creator bestowed on Adam and Eve, as well as on their descendants.
  • His physical body didn’t either.
  • “.thou hast provided a body for me.”) Hebrews 10:5 (Hebrews 10:5) This is the biblical teaching of incarnation and virgin birth, which is explained further below.

(Romans 8:3 New American Standard Bible) For thousands of years, every human infant has been born with an inherited corrupted flesh (with its sinful nature) that has been passed down through generations (Romans 8:3).

It has been said that each generation contains sin (Romans 3:23), and that via reproduction, it has passed on its sinful character and the curse of death (both spiritual and bodily) to each successive generation.


Adam and Jesus were not physically descended from any prior human beings, as was Adam.

Jesus is a fully realized human being in the same way as Adam was.

The Second Adam is the grand answer that humanity has been searching for (Romans 5:12-19).

The egg of Mary could not have produced him since it had the inherited sin nature, corruption, and the curse of death that is handed down to us through our DNA, leading us all to be born spiritually dead and condemned to physical death, just as all prior cells of descendants of Adam had done.

It was necessary for Him to be faultless since His goal in becoming a man was to serve as the spotlessLAMBOFGOD, withoutblemish, and a worthysacrificeto atone for the sins of mankind (John 1:29).

Mary’s DNA had inherited genetic abnormalities, particularly those associated with our unregeneratesinful nature, as did the DNA of everyone else.

He grew up and led a spotless life, and then died for our sins (fulfilling the need for justice), and then rose from the dead—defeating the punishment of eternal death for us and, ultimately, restoring Paradise to His chosen people (John 3:16). Our Creator and Saviour is so incredible!

Also see

  • There are serious inaccuracies in the Roman Catholic Church’s teachings concerning Mary
  • The birth of Jesus Christ is discussed in detail. Is it possible that Jesus was born in a stable? Messiah is the answer. What evidence do we have that Jesus was the Messiah? Prophecies about the Messiah that were fulfilled by Jesus Christ
  • God’s Story — ” Prophets Describe the Savior ” and ” The Ministry of Jesus Christ ” are two of the most popular titles. answers to arguments presented by certain Jews who have not yet come to the conclusion that Jesus of Nazareth is the prophesied Messiah What was it like to be the First Adam? Is Jesus Christ a human being or is he the Son of God? What is the answer? If Jesus is God, how is it possible that he died? If Jesus died on the cross, how is it possible that he is still alive today? What was the answer to the question: Was Jesus Christ God manifested in human form? Is Jesus Christ, the Son of God, truly God? What is the significance of Jesus referring to Himself as the Son of Man if He is the Son of God? Answer: TRINITY —How can one God be three distinct individuals? Is it possible that Christ committed a sin? The Institute for Creation Research has released two books, “Creation and the Virgin Birth” and “When God Became Man,” which are both available online.

Version of the article published on July 12, 2021

Saints Ann and Joachim, Parents of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Memorial of : University of Dayton, Ohio

– This compilation was done under the supervision of Father Johann Roten, S.M. This directory of content contained on the All About Mary website links together items that are related to the feast of St. Mary of the Angels. By utilizing the search options offered, you may be able to find more materials as well.

Mary’s Life

Who are Mary’s biological parents? The story of Mary’s birth, as well as details about her aging parents, Joachim and Anne, are derived from apocryphal writings known as the Protoevangelium of James the Lesser, which was written by an unknown author and contains the story of Mary’s birth and details about her aging parents. See also: Mary’s Parents What city was Mary born in? Mary was said to have been born in Jerusalem, according to ancient legends. Joachim is said to have owned a house in the vicinity of the temple, more specifically near the Sheep Gate and its pool, which was known as “Bethesda” in Hebrew.

  • So far as we know, the sources that deal with the lives of Ann, Joachim, and Mary do not include any references to the brothers and sisters of Our Lord’s mother.
  • See also: Liturgy, Life of Mary in the Catholic Church What do we know about Mary’s life based on apocryphal sources such as the Bible?
  • It is known as the Protoevangelium Jacobi (or the First Gospel of James) (ca.
  • See: Apocryphal Writings on the Life of Mary, Bibliography for more information.
  • Details about Mary’s personality and life are not revealed in the Scriptures, which is understandable.
  • Take a look at Apocryphal Writings on the Life of Mary.


In 1998, the film Saints Anne and Joachim: Grandparents of Jesus was released. Make contact with Marian Library. The following image is displayed: At the Golden Gate, Joachim and Anne had a chance encounter with Filippo Lippi (1406-1469) A wide range of information is available on All About Mary, most of it reflects the expertise, interpretations, and viewpoints of the individual authors and not necessarily those of the Marian Library or the University of Dayton. Please send any comments or recommendations to Marian Library at [email protected].

Who are the parents of Mary, the mother of Jesus?

The responses from the community are arranged according to how many people voted for them. The greater the number of votes, the higher the position of an answer on the list. Regarding material explicitly found in the Bible, I am aware of no further hint as to who either of Mary’s parents could have been other than the genealogy of Jesus given in Luke 3:23-38, which states (Luke 3:23) that Joseph (Mary’s husband) was “the son of Heli.” This verse does not explicitly state that Heli was the father of Joseph, whereas in Matthew 1:1-17 (which traces Jesus’ ancestry through the royal lineage of kings of Israel or Judah who were descended from David through Solomon), it is stated explicitly (Matthew 1:16) that “Jacob was the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary.” Based on these considerations, as well as the fact that Mary (as Jesus’ mother) would have had to be descended from King David in order to fulfill the promises that God had made about the Messiah coming from David’s line (Isaiah 9:7 and Jeremiah 33:14-15), the most common interpretation assigned to Luke 3:23 is that Heli was in fact Mary’s father, and that Joseph was thus Heli’s son-in-law rather than Heli’s son by birth.

Mary’s pedigree is thus assumed to be the genealogy recorded in Luke, which suggests that she was derived from David through his son Nathan (as reported in Luke 3:31), rather than Solomon, as is indicated in Luke 3:31.

It is recorded in Jeremiah 22:30 that God delivered the following judgment against Jehoiachin at a time when the people of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin were being transported to exile in Babylon: “”Record this man as a childless man, a man who will not prosper in his lifetime, for none of his offspring will prosper, none will sit on the throne of David, and none will rule in Judah anymore,” the Lord says.

As a result of this ruling, the Messiah’s descent from David through Solomon would have ceased to be valid.

Because (as previously stated) Mary would also have needed to be derived from David, reading the genealogy contained in Luke to reflect Mary’s pedigree fits the aims of both of these theories.

However, even a reliable source such as the website Catholic Online (which claims that Mary’s mother and father were named Anne and Joachim) disagrees with this assertion “We do not have any historical evidence, however, of any aspect of their lives, including their names, so we cannot speculate about them.

According to the tradition recorded in this document, after years of being childless, an angel appeared to Anne and Joachim and informed them that they would be having a child.

Anne pledged that she would commit this child to God in the same way as Samuel’s mother Hannah – Anne – dedicated Samuel to God in 1 Kings 1.” 0 replies on December 13, 2015 Vote for it, share it, and report it.

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Joachim and Anne, Parents of the Blessed Virgin Mary

This year’s feast day is dedicated to Joachim and Anne, who were the parents of Mary and the grandparents of Jesus. They are not mentioned in the canonical texts, and in the absence of source material, generations of Christians have dug inside themselves for them. After their deaths, a chronicle of their life arose as the apocryphalProtevangelium of James, which modeled their tale (as well as their daughter’s miraculous birth) after other biblical birth narratives, notably those of John the Baptist, Isaac, and Samuel.

  • As those long-gone families did, the childless couple Joachim and Anne lamented their isolation and were rewarded with a child in their old age, just as they were.
  • In the same way that we read and write tales to understand ourselves, we also read and create stories to explain the past or chronicle the present.
  • They are not considered canonical scripture, and there is very likely a good explanation for this.
  • Sheesh.
  • The tale I would tell about Mary’s parents would be less concerned with their devotion to the protection of her virginity (which was a major motif in early depictions of them) and more concerned with the qualities of bravery and strength she inherited from her parents.
  • If we’re looking for enormous truths in stories, that’s the one I’d want to look at.
  • Having the skills to discover a different universe, to push the bounds of our own assumptions, this appears to be a good approach to view Mary’s connection with her parents, at least at first glance.

“Literature, for me, are a home,” writes the author Jeanette Winterson of her relationship with books.

A separate sort of time and a different kind of space exist within the body” (Why Be Happy When You Could be Normal, 2013, Grove Press).

In pursuit of themselves and the world, I want them to discover self-determination and learn how to flourish in their new environment.

Mary responded affirmatively to the angel’s invitation; carrying Jesus was a calling she accepted on her own behalf.

The words of Simeon at the Presentation in Luke’s Gospel, “a sword will pierce your own soul,” come to mind every year during Holy Week for me.

Nobody likes to be wounded by a sword, but it is far worse to live one’s life in fear of being pierced by one.

These are more profound aspirations than eight lives of slumbering in relative safety.

We have no influence over what happens to our children, no matter how much we would like to.

A member of the Episcopal Church since 2004, she currently serves as Pastor of St John Evangelical Lutheran Church in Carnegie, Pennsylvania, which is located about 5 miles south of the city of Pittsburgh.

Noah Evans, rector of St Paul’s Episcopal Church in Mt Lebanon, Pennsylvania. Tattoos, hiking, and brewing beer are some of her favorite pastimes. She contributes to magazines such as Mt Lebanon Magazine and others. Her blog may be found at http://www.saraiwrites.blogspot.com.

Saints Anne and Joachim

Saints Anne and Joachim (flourished in Palestine in the first century BCE; Western feast day July 26; Eastern feast day July 25), the parents of the Virgin Mary, according to tradition drawn from apocryphal writings, were the parents of the Virgin Mary. St. Anne is one of the patron saints of both Brittany and Canada, as well as of working women. Saints Anne and Joachim are also known as the grandparents of Jesus, and as such, they are regarded the patron saints of grandparents.

Traditional account and legends

The Protevangelium of James (also known as the “First Gospel of James”) and the Evangelium de nativitate Mariae (also known as the “Gospel of the Nativity of Mary”), both written in the 2nd century, include information on their lives and names. In accordance with these noncanonical accounts, Anne (Hebrew: annah) was born in the city of Bethlehem in the land of Israel. She marriedJoachim, and despite the fact that they had a prosperous and religious life in Nazareth, they finally expressed regret about their lack of children.

  • Both got a vision from anangel, who revealed that Anne would get pregnant and give birth to a child of extraordinary beauty.
  • When the infant was three years old, Joachim and Anne took her to the Temple of Jerusalem, where they left her to be raised by the priests in accordance with the heavenly promise.
  • Photograph courtesy of Alfredo Dagli Orti/Shutterstock.com A remarkable connection may be seen between the tale of their lives and the Old Testament story of the barren woman.
  • Hannah also dedicates her child to the service of God.
  • The Apostles John and James (sons of Zebedee), Simon, Jude, and James the Less(son of Alphaeus), as well as James, “the Lord’s brother,” are said to have descended from Anne through her supposed later marriage(s) according to certain stories.


From as early as the 4th century, the Eastern church was devoted to Anne, and several buildings were constructed in her honor, with the earliest of them being from the 6th century and later. Pope Constantine is thought to have introduced her devotion to Rome in the early eighth century, whereas Joachim’s religion was introduced to the Western world in the fifteenth century. Anne was immensely popular during the Middle Ages, and her writings had an impact on theologians such as Jean de Gerson, Konrad Wimpinar, and Johann Eck, among others.

Anne was further pushed by post-Reformation popes as a response to the attacks on her cult.

This event, which took place at the Temple, became so important in church doctrine that it was placed in the Western church calendar in 1585 by Pope Sixtus V, who declared it to be the Feast of the Presentation of the Virgin Mary (November 21).

Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.


Known as St. Mary or the Virgin Mary, she has been honored in the Christian church since the apostolic age and has been a popular topic in Western art, music, and literature from the beginning of the Christian era. She is the mother of Jesus. Mary is well-known through scriptural allusions, which, nevertheless, are insufficient to create a comprehensive biography of her life and times. Through the names that have been given to Mary throughout the history of Christiancommunities—guarantee of the Incarnation, virgin mother, secondEve, mother of God, eternally virgin and immaculate, and assumed intoheaven—we may trace the evolution of the concept of Mary.

Her humility and adherence to God’s word, as recorded in the New Testament, have elevated her to the status of a model for Christians of all eras.

The other name for the artwork refers to the fact that it was once housed at a monastery of the Poor Clares order in Poligny, Burgundy, France.

The Rogers Fund was established by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City in 1933.

Biblical references

The story of the Annunciation, which reports that she was living in Nazarethand was betrothed to Joseph(Luke 1:26 ff.), is the first and last time that Mary is mentioned in the Bible, and the last time she is mentioned (Acts of the Apostles 1:14), she is included in the company of those who devoted themselves to prayer after Jesus’ ascension into heaven (Acts of the Apostles 1:14). According to the Gospels, she occurs in the following incidents: Among the events recorded are the Annunciation, the visit with Elizabeth, her kinswoman and the mother of John the Baptist, the forerunner of Jesus (Luke 1:39 ff.), the birth of Jesus and his presentation in the Temple (Luke 2:1 ff.), the visit to Jerusalem by the Magi and the flight to Egypt (Matthew 2:1 ff.), the marriage at Cana in Galilee, although her name is not mentioned (Mark 2:1 ff) (John 19:26 ff.).

No matter how closely one considers these incidents to be accurate historical descriptions, they do not add up to a cohesive portrayal of Mary.

However, since the beginning of Christian history, the concepts that these images represent have served as a starting point for discussion and devotion on the Virgin Mary.

As a result, a historical study of that evolution also serves as an introduction to the current condition of Christian theology regarding Mary to a significant degree.

Dogmatic titles

The phrase “born of woman” in Galatians 4:4, which was written before any of the Gospels, is perhaps the oldest mention to Mary in Christian literature. As analogies in the Bible such as Job 14:1 and Matthew 11:11 reveal, the term is a Hebraic manner of referring about a person’s fundamental humanity. The phrase “born of woman” was intended to assert that Jesus was a genuine man, in opposition to the attempt—later seen in various systems of gnosticism, an early 2nd-century dualistic religion—to deny that he had lived a fully human life; in fact, some gnostics believe that he passed through the body of Mary in the same way that light passes through a window.

As a result, the term designated Mary as the indication or promise that the Son of God had indeed been born in the form of a human being.

Some academics have even asserted that the key connotation of the term “born of the Virgin Mary” in theApostles’ Creed was the church’s insistence on Jesus’ genuine manhood, which they believe was the primary meaning of the phrase.

Any other obligations that have been entrusted to her in devotion and indogma take precedence over her mothering responsibilities.

In most cases, those who support the virgin birth contend that the possibility of real humanity was made possible when the Virgin Mary accepted her commission as a guarantee of the Incarnation (Luke 1:38): “Let it be with me according to your word.” Although the titleco-redemptrix has come to denote a more active role by Mary in the redemption of humankind, the precise nature of this participation is still a source of debate among Catholic theologians.

This is the origin of the titleco-redemptrix, which indicates some participation with Christ in the redemption of humankind and has been assigned to Mary in Roman Catholic theology.

Joseph, Mary, and the infant Jesus are shown in a stained glass window.

Both accounts make a point of asserting that Jesus was conceived in the womb of Mary without the intervention of any human being (Matthew 1:18 f.; Luke 1:34 f.), but the numerous textual variants in Matthew 1:16, some of which contain the words “Joseph begat Jesus,” have led some scholars to question whether such an assertion was part of Matthew’s original account.

Although it is not mentioned by the Apostle Paul, TheGospel According to Markbegins with Jesus as an adult, and TheGospel According to John, which begins with his prehistorical existence, makes no mention of the virgin birth, unless the variant of John 1:13 that reads “.who was born” rather than “.who were born” is used to support the virgin birth.

The disputes about Mary’s virginity have dominated postbiblical Christian writing, with the majority of the literature devoted to her being written after her death.

When it comes to understanding Jesus Christ and his life and work in the New Testament, one of the most common interpretations is the drawing of parallels between him andAdam: “because as all died in Adam, so all will be brought alive in Christ” (1 Corinthians15:22).

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Whatever your opinion on whether or not the tale of The Annunciation in the first chapter of The Gospel is true, According to Luke, this was originally intended to illustrate a comparable comparison between Eve and Mary, but it quickly became a focus of Christian thought.

Irenaeus elaborated on the parallel between Eve, who had disobeyed the word of God while she was a virgin, and Mary, who had obeyed it while she was also a virgin: for Adam had to be restored in Christ in order for mortality to be absorbed in immortality, and Eve in Mary in order for a virgin, who had become the advocate of a virgin, should undo and destroy virgin Irenaeus did not discuss the matter; he appears to have taken the comparison for granted, which may imply that it was not his own creation but rather a product of tradition, for which he held a high level of regard.

According to whatever interpretation one chooses, the parallel ascribes to Mary and her obedience a significant role in the redemption of the human race: all died in Adam, but Eve had participated in the sin that brought about their deaths; all were saved in Christ, but Mary had participated in the life that made this possible.

During the 4th century, the title appears to have arose in devotional usage, most likely in Alexandria, and appears to have been drawn as a logical deduction from the doctrine of Christ’s full deity, which had been established as a dogma during that time period, and those who defended that dogma were also those who made the deduction.

  • Towards the end of the 4th century, the Theotokos had established herself in a number of different sectors of the church with great success.
  • Nestorius’ arguments, along with other parts of his doctrine, were rejected by the Council of Ephesus in 431.
  • When it reads “born of the Virgin Mary,” the Apostles’ Creed appears to be teaching at the very least thevirginitas in partu.
  • With the rise of theasceticideal activity in the church, this concept of Mary as a model of the ever-virgin was given more credence.
  • Old Testament texts used in favor of the doctrine by Church Fathers (such as Ezekiel 44:2 and Song of Solomon 4:12) were probably only convincing to those who already believed in it.
  • The great theologian and bishop of northern Africa, St.
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  • I do not plan to raise a single question on the issue of sin, out of reverence for the Lord and my fellow man.

In the end, it was Augustine’s distinction between original sin (which is the sin that all people are born with) and actual sin (which is the sin that people commit during their lives), which was firmly established in Western theology, that compelled a further clarification of what it meant to be sinless in Mary’s case.

  • Was she, however, exempt from the penalty of original sin?
  • As the most important medievaltheologian in Western history has taught, her conception was tainted, as was the conception of all humans, but that God suppressed and ultimately extinguished original sin in her before she was born, a position that is representative of the position taken by St.
  • The idea of theImmaculate Conception, which was developed by Duns Scotus, a 13th-century British Scholastic theologian, and subsequently declared as Roman Catholic dogma by Pope Pius IX in 1854, was in opposition to this stance.
  • Luke, at the Benedictine monastery of Santa Mara de Montserrat, Catalonia, Spain.
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  • When the Proclamation of the Immaculate Conception was issued, petitions began to arrive at the Vatican requesting a definition of the Assumption of the Virgin into Heaven, which was believed by Roman Catholics and celebrated on the Feast of the Assumption.
  • However, despite the fact that over eight million people signed such petitions over the course of the following century, Rome remained hesitant because it found it impossible to articulate the teaching in light of Scripture and early witnesses of Christian tradition.
  • Such reasons from silence, on the other hand, were insufficient to establish a dogma, and, on the plus side, even the oldest doctrinal and liturgical witness in favour of the notion had emerged rather late in historical development.

Petersburg, has cherubs accompanying Mary. Images of Fine Art/Images of Cultural Heritage

What is Mary’s lineage?

Not much. My sister-in-law�converted from Methodism to Roman Catholicism almost 40 years ago. � We agree to disagree on many subjects. � But she recalls reading someplace about Mary�s genealogy going back through a female related to David. � Really? OK, here�s what I want you to do. � Go inside your bathroom and gaze in the mirror. � Relax your face so that you have no expression. � Now purse your lips very little. � Raise your eyebrows very little; if you can raise one eyebrow, so much the better.

  1. �This should give you aLookthat indicates, �I hear the words you are saying.
  2. � Therefore I neither disagree nor agree with you, and I�m not going to debate about it.
  3. � (Note:� thisLookhas great applicability in both theological and secular discourse.) �There is no scriptural foundation for the concept that Mary is descended from David.
  4. � The text does not indicate one way or the other.
  5. � The only clear evidence we have from scripture�is that Mary is a relative of Elizabeth (Luke 1:36), and that Elizabeth is a descendant of Aaron (Luke 1:5).
  6. � Since everybody�s got two parents, that doesn�t rule David in or out.
  7. � We are all aware with the one in Matthew 1:1-17, which indicates unambiguously that �Jacob begot Joseph.

� Both go back to David.

� Since Joseph was legally the father of Jesus, Jesus is legally the descendant of David.

(e.g., Matthew 9, Matthew 20).

���For reasons that� are not documented in scripture and that scholars�do not completely agree on, the two lineages vary slightly.

�Two men have been proposed as Mary�s father, Joachim and Heli.

�Joachim: � Two�books�held in considerable esteem by parts of the very early Church areThe Gospel of MaryandThe Protoevangelion, also calledThe Gospel of James.

� Both of these books say quite clearly, several times, that the parents of Mary were Joachim and Anne.

� The Roman Catholic Church considersSt. Joachim and St. Anne �to be saints because of the ancient tradition that they were�the parents of Mary; nevertheless, the official Catholic website says about them,

  • We do not have any historical proof, however, of any aspect of their life, including their names, so we cannot speculate about them. Any stories we have about Mary’s father and mother have come to us through oral tradition and folklore. �

It’s clear that material in early texts can be accurate even if it isn’t canonical, but I believe your sister-in-law is on dangerous footing since she is going much beyond what the present Catholic Church believes in terms of dating either Joachim or Anne back to David. �Heli: The case for Heli is more involved, and we’ll have to study some Greek as well as a Law to make our case. Identifying someone as being the son of someone else is possible in Greek using one of two phrases. The first is to refer to Joe as Bill’s son, which must be said in Greek, of course.

Joseph of Heli is the name of the later version of Joseph, which is referenced in Luke 3:23-28:

  • Jesus himself came to be around thirty years old, having been born (as was assumed) as the son of Joseph of Heli of Matthat of Levi of Melchi. of David of Jesse of Obed of Boaz and the grandson of David of Jesse of Obed of Boaz.

The trouble is that the word may be used to mean both of and of. As a result, some ancient and not-so-old academics came to the conclusion that, because the two lineages are distinct, Joseph of Heli in Luke 3:23 refers to Joseph the son-in-law of Heli, and that this is thus Mary’s genealogy. According to this logic, Heli descended from David, and therefore Mary does as well. Note that this is the stance of John Wesley, who is quoted above. In addition to writing and editing, I’ve done a lot of work in the field of Biblical studies.

  • Luke is the most educated and exact of the four Gospel writers, and he is also the most prolific.
  • Other academics, both ancient and contemporary, maintain that Joseph comes from both lines, and that Jacob is his biological father, while Heli is his legal father (and so on for other differences in the lineage).
  • A man who died without children was compelled to marry the widow of his closest male relative in order to create a child for the dead man, according to the law.
  • The most well-known example is Obed, who was biologically descended from Boaz and Ruth but was legally descended from Elimelech and Naomi (Ruth 4:5, 17).
  • Personally, I believe the case is hampered by the fact that Obed is referred to as the son of Boaz in Luke, despite the fact that he was not, according to the law.
  • It has also been suggested that Joachim and Heli are the same person since Heli is actually Eli, which is short for Eliakim, and El and Joa are the same (God).
  • Let us just acknowledge that we don’t know what to do.
  • The majority of the time, when Luke appears to have obtained anything from Mary, he adds something to the effect of Mary pondered these things in her heart, but there is nothing like that here.
  • The controversy concerning Mary’s lineage appears to have begun because many scholars, theologians, clergy, and members of the general public are certain that (1) Jesus had just one earthly parent and (2) he had to be descended in flesh from David, as has been suggested.

In any case, when something is as inadequately recorded in the scriptures as Mary’s ancestry, it is not of theological significance! The theologically significant point is expressed by Paul in Romans 1:3-4, when he states (Contemporary English Version),

  • The good news is that it is about his Son, our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ! As a human being, he belonged to the House of David. The Holy Spirit, on the other hand, demonstrated that Jesus is the mighty Son of God by raising him from the dead. ��

Regina L. Hunter has copyright protection for the years 2008 and 2012. All intellectual property rights are retained. Although the opinions expressed on this page are purely those of the author, Regina Hunter, they may or may not be shared by the sponsors and/or participants in the Bible study. Gratitude is extended to the Holy Spirit for any valuable thoughts that have been offered here, as well as to each and every reader for their encouragement and excitement. Of course, the author is solely responsible for any and all inaccuracies in his or her work.

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