Joseph and Nicodemus Bury Jesus’ Body (19:38-42) – IVP New Testament Commentary Series
The tale of Jesus’ burial in John’s gospel may serve to further establish the notion of Jesus’ royal character. The huge amount of spice employed (v. 39) clearly demonstrates their devotion to Jesus, just as the extravagant nature of Mary’s gift earlier in the chapter did. At least some royal funerals were characterized by the use of large amounts of spices (2 Chron 16:14; JosephusAntiquities of the Jews17.199). It is possible that the fact that Joseph’s tomb is a garden tomb (v. 41) implies more links with monarchy, given that the kings of Judah were buried in garden tombs (2 Kings 21:18, 26), including King David, suggests further associations with royalty.
John makes a point of emphasizing the fact that it is a new tomb (v.
When the tomb was empty, some believe John’s message is that Jesus would not be brought into touch with corruption (Westcott 1908:2:324), while others believe his point is that there would be no question of mistaken identity (Chrysostom).
Although it’s possible that John was aware of these ideas, it appears that the essential point is simply that a new tomb is a mark of due reverence given to a monarch in the first place.
- 26-27), in accordance with the new order of relationships among people who have been linked to him (cf.
- Mk 3:31-35 par.
- The tomb of Jesus has been demolished, and a new family of individuals born from above who will never die has been established in its place (11:26).
- Because the two men who bury Jesus have never previously been affiliated with him in any way.
- 39) and had said at the time that Jesus was a divine teacher (3:2).
- They are no longer under this condemnation as a result of Jesus’ death; they have moved from hiding in the darkness to coming into the light.
(Mt 27:57; Mk 15:43; Lk 23:50-51).
In any event, they are two guys who wield considerable power, privilege, and fortune.
It is odd that these two men come out of hiding and publicly link themselves with Jesus at the time of his death, given that they would have assumed his movement had come to an end by then.
By taking this step, they are making the degree of their dissatisfaction known to their fellow Jewish leaders.
The Romans would frequently keep the body on the cross for days at a time, though they would occasionally allow the family to remove the body for burial.
Consequently, Joseph had no claim to the body and, depending on how Pilate saw the situation, would have put himself in grave jeopardy.
Furthermore, by permitting Jesus to be buried in a dignified manner, Pilate would be able to aggravate the Jewish leadership even more.
It was instead possible to place the seventy-five pounds of spices, which were most likely in granular or powder form, beneath, surrounding and inside the body, as well as in the strips of linen that they used to wrap the corpse.
42; Robinson 1985:282-83).
As Brown (1994:2:1265) points out, there is no indication that Jews draped their corpses in strips, as Egyptian mummies did, and the Synoptics state that a single sheet was used as the primary covering for their corpses (Mt 27:59 par.
Brown (1994:2:1265) suggests that the term “grave garments” can apply to a single sheet (see Brown 1994:2:1265) or can be used more broadly to refer to “grave clothing” in general.
When Joseph and Nicodemus perform this step, it marks a shift in their personal discipleship, since they are plainly breaking apart from the rest of the Jewish leadership.
If they miss the Passover itself, according to some accounts of the dating (see comments on 18:28 and 19:14), this means that Christ has replaced the Passover for them, which is consistent with John’s emphasis on Jesus as the Lamb of God and the fulfillment of the Jewish feasts in general, and the fulfillment of the Passover in particular.
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Bible Gateway passage: John 19:38-42 – New International Version
38After thereafter, Joseph of Arimathea approached Pilate and requested the corpse of Jesus. Now, Joseph was a follower of Jesus, but he did so in secret because he was afraid of the Jewish leaders. B) The word “B” refers to the letter “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” “>(B)With Pilate’s permission, he arrived and removed the body from the scene.
- Nicodemus arrived with a combination of myrrh and aloes weighing around seventy-five pounds.
- D) The word “D” refers to the letter “D” in the word “D” in the word “D” “In line with Jewish funeral practices, this was carried out.
- 42Due to the fact that it was the Jewish Day of Preparation.
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At that point, a wealthy man from Arimathaea, named Joseph, who was also a disciple of Jesus, entered the scene: He went to Pilate and pleaded for the corpse of Jesus to be returned to him. After that, Pilate ordered that the body be delivered. Joseph then took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth before placing it in his own new tomb, which he had dug himself out of the rock; then he rolled a large stone up to the door of the sepulchre and walked away.
Matthew 27:57-60 (NASB) Joseph of Arimathaea carried him down to the ground, covered him in linen, and placed him in a sepulchre (burial place). Mark 15:43-46 (KJV) Joseph of Arimathaea removed it from the building, covered it in linen, and buried it in a sepulchre. Luke 23:50-53 (KJV)
Joseph of Arimathaea and Nicodemus
The corpse of Jesus was taken away by Joseph of Arimathaea. Nicodemus also arrived at the scene. A garden had grown up around him, and in the garden was a new sepulchre, in which no one had ever been placed before. This was the site of his execution. They buried Jesus on that place. John 19:38-42 (KJV)
The Jews and their rulers
Because they did not know him, nor did they know the voices of the prophets that are read every sabbath day, those who live in Jerusalem and their rulers have fulfilled them by condemning him. Despite the fact that they could not find a cause of death in him, they demanded that he be put to death by Pilate. Then, when they had completed all that had been written about him, they pulled him down from the tree and buried him in a sepulchre. Acts 13:27-29 (KJV)
BBC – The Passion – Articles
After the Crucifixion, Joseph of Arimathea, a wealthy Jewish businessman, buried the corpse of Jesus Christ in his own tomb. The man himself is the subject of several stories, including one that he traveled to Britain with the child Jesus and another that, after the Crucifixion, he transported the Holy Grail to Glastonbury, Somerset, where he constructed the world’s first Christian temple.
The story of Joseph of Arimathea
The tale of Joseph of Arimathea is recorded in each of the four gospels of the New Testament. Joseph was a wealthy man who came from the Judean town of Arimathea. A nice and just man who managed to be a member of the Council (the Sanhedrin) while also being a covert supporter of Jesus – which is why he did not participate in the Council’s persecution of Jesus. Immediately following Jesus’ death, Joseph petitioned Pilate for permission to remove Jesus’ body and properly bury it. The permission was obtained, and the body was removed from the scene.
When they buried Jesus, they did so in an unfinished tomb that may have been meant for Joseph himself, and it was secured by a large stone rolled against the doorway.
What the Bible says about Joseph of Arimathea
When it was almost dark, a wealthy man from Arimathea, called Joseph, arrived, who happened to be a disciple of Jesus as well. He went to Pilate and requested the body of Jesus, and Pilate agreed and commanded that it be delivered to him. So Joseph removed the body and covered it in a clean linen cloth before burying it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out of the rock for himself. He then walked away from the tomb, having rolled a massive stone to the entrance. Matthew 27:57-60 (NASB) At sunset, and because it was the Day of Preparation, which was the day before sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a respected member of the council who was also eagerly anticipating the coming of God’s Kingdom, went confidently to Pilate and demanded that the corpse of Jesus be returned to him.
- When he learnt from the centurion that he had died, he gave Joseph the corpse he had been holding onto.
- Then he rolled a stone against the tomb’s door, which opened.
- In this situation, there was a noble and upright man named Joseph, who, even though he was a member of the council, did not agree with their plan and approach.
- This man went to Pilate and demanded that the corpse of Jesus be returned to him.
- Luke 23:50-53 (KJV) Following these events, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a follower of Jesus, albeit a hidden disciple because to his dread of the Jews, petitioned Pilate to allow him to remove the corpse of Jesus from the scene.
- Nicodemus, who had initially arrived at Jesus’ home in the middle of the night, returned with a gift of myrrh and aloes, which weighed around one hundred pounds.
- In the spot where he had been crucified, there was now a garden, and in the garden, there was a new tomb, into which no one had ever been placed before him.
As a result, because it was the Jewish day of Preparation, and because the tomb was nearby, they lay Jesus in that location. John 19:38-42 (KJV)
The legends of Joseph of Arimathea
It was late in the day when a wealthy businessman called Joseph from Arimathea showed up, who happened to be a disciple of Christ. He went to Pilate and requested the body of Jesus, and Pilate granted his request, ordering that it be sent to the heir apparent. So Joseph removed the body and covered it in a clean linen cloth before burying it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out of the rock for this purpose. He then walked away from the tomb, having rolled a massive stone to the door. Jesus says in Matthew 27:57-60, At sunset, and because it was the Day of Preparation, which was the day before sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a respected member of the council who was also eagerly anticipating the coming of God’s Kingdom, went confidently to Pilate and demanded that the corpse of Jesus be delivered to him.
- Upon learning that he had died from the centurion, he agreed to hand over his remains to Joseph.
- His next move was to roll an enormous boulder up and against the tomb’s door.
- Now there was a fine and upright man named Joseph, who, despite being a member of the council, did not agree with their plan and action and left the council.
- In order to obtain the body of Jesus, this guy approached Pilate.
- Luke 23:50-53 is a passage of Scripture.
- In accordance with Pilate’s approval, he arrived and withdrew his corpse.
- They took the corpse of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, as was the Jewish tradition for burying a person’s body.
- In order to honor the Jewish day of Preparation, and because the tomb was close by, they put Jesus in it.
- He was the first person to introduce Christianity to Britain, having been dispatched by St Philip with other followers
- He constructed Britain’s first church (some believe this was the world’s first church)
- And he was the first person to be martyred for his faith. He was Mary’s uncle, and so Jesus’ great-uncle
- He was also Mary’s brother. he was a merchant who traveled to England in order to purchase Cornish tin
- He brought Jesus with him to England when Jesus was a teenager (local legends claim that among the places they visited were St Just in Roseland and St Michael’s Mount)
- He brought to England two vials containing the blood and sweat of Jesus (or two vials containing the sweat of Jesus)
- He brought the Holy Grail to England and hid it in a well at Glastonbury, now known
Joseph was related to Jesus
As a member of St Philip’s missionary team, he was the first person to bring Christianity to Britain; he also constructed Britain’s first church (others believe it was the world’s first church); and he was the first person to convert to Christianity. Jesus’ great-uncle since he was Mary’s uncle and hence Jesus’ great-uncle. He was a merchant who traveled to England in order to purchase Cornish tin; he brought Jesus with him to England when Jesus was a teenager (local legends claim that among the places they visited were St Just in Roseland and St Michael’s Mount); he brought to England two vials containing the blood and sweat of Jesus (or two vials containing the sweat of Jesus); he brought the Holy Grail to England and hid it in a well at Glastonbury, now known as
Joseph of Arimathea in England
In the West of England, there are two well-known stories regarding Joseph’s trips, both of which are true. However, when historians examined the data, they discovered that Joseph of Arimathea was not mentioned until the 13th century at the earliest. The link of Joseph of Arimathea with Glastonbury has been seen as an intentional attempt to elevate the standing of Glastonbury by connecting it with such a distinguished individual.
Joseph visited England with the young Jesus
One of the most persistent tales of early English Christianity is that Joseph of Arimathea traveled to the West Country of England with a teenage Jesus, according to which the two met. In both Somerset and Cornwall, Joseph and Jesus are said to have made a surprise visit. Van Morrison, a contemporary troubadour, has set the legend to music with his song Summertime in England, which was released in 2011. Why don’t you come down to Avalon with me? In the Church of St. John, during the summer months in England.
- Summertime In England is a song by Van Morrison from the album Common One.
- However, this poem by William Blake, which is based on the same event and was notably put to music by Sir Hubert Parry as ‘Jerusalem,’ is considerably more well-known: And did their feet in ancient times walk along the lush hills of England’s mountains?
- Do you know whether the holy visage shone out onto our misty hills?
- Bring me my flaming gold bow, please!
- Bring me my spear, please!
- Immediately, bring me my chariot of fire!
- William Blake was a poet and artist who lived in the 18th century (1757-1827)
The legend of the Glastonbury Thorn
The Glastonbury Thorn (Crataegus monogyna’Biflora’) is a kind of hawthorn that blooms twice a year, in the winter and spring – or, if the conditions are right, around Christmas and Easter – and is native to the United Kingdom. According to mythology, Joseph of Arimathea became a missionary following the death of Jesus and was finally dispatched to England to teach the Gospel to the people there. He brought the Holy Grail, as well as his pilgrim’s staff, with him. After arriving in England, he proceeded to the town of Glastonbury.
The conversion of many to Christianity occurred over time, including an estimated 18,000 in a single day in Wells, where Joseph was stationed.
Joseph went on to establish Glastonbury Abbey, which is still standing today.
It is reported that the Glastonbury Thorn flowers on Christmas Day every year, and that the flowers bloom from the plant in the graveyard of St John’s Church in Glastonbury.
According to legend, each year the Queen’s Christmas breakfast table is decorated with flowers from Glastonbury. The stained glass window of St John’s Church commemorates Joseph of Arimathea, who lived in the first century AD.
Who buried Jesus and why didn’t they testify as to the disposition of the body?
Who buried Jesus, and why didn’t anyone come forward to testify as to what happened to his body? Let’s have a look and see.
According to the accounts of the apostles, who wrote between forty and seventy years after Jesus’ execution, Joseph of Arimathaea (to whom John adds Nicodemus) is the one who buries Jesus. The disciples must have regarded him with a great deal of skepticism. An antagonistic passage directed against the population of Jerusalem and its rulers, written sometime after the crucifixion, reflects their attitude toward Joseph and those who assisted him: “For those who live in Jerusalem, and their rulers, who did not recognize him or the utterances of the prophets, which are read every Sabbath, fulfilled these by condemning him, as did the rest of the world.
And when they had completed all of the tasks that had been assigned to them about him, they removed him from the tree and buried him in a tomb ” (Acts 13:27-29).
Consequently, Paul emphasizes that Jesus was buried not by his followers, but by his enemies, the very group that Paul accuses of orchestrating his death: “And when they had completed everything that was written concerning him, they took him down from the tree and laid him in a tomb” (Philippians 2:11).
- Joseph of Arimathaea was ” a follower of Jesus, but a hidden disciple, for fear of the Jews,” according to the Gospel of John, which was written several years after the allegation ascribed to Paul was initially leveled (John 19:38).
- It is only afterwards that the funeral party is transformed from adversaries to allies by the government.
- They may or may not have existed at all, except from the statement that some of the “rulers” removed and buried the body of Jesus’ body.
- If the real burial party had come forward with information on the whereabouts of Jesus’ remains, those who stayed devoted to Jesus’ memory did not appear to accept what they were saying.
- Luke’s tale clearly conveys a feeling of impending doom (Luke 23:54).
- Although there is no evidence to support this, it is possible that the tomb was used as a temporary measure due to the requirement for a rapid burial and the proximity of this specific tomb to the scene of the crucifixion, among other factors.
- Even though the tomb belonged to him, this is the case.
One thing is certain: it was in the best interests of Gospel tradition that we never heard from Joseph or Nicodemus again. Gerald Sigal is a well-known author.
Meet Joseph of Arimathea: Secret Disciple and Donor of Jesus Christ’s Tomb
FollowingJesus Christ has always been risky, but for Joseph of Arimathea, it was particularly hazardous at the time. The Sanhedrin, the Jewish court that sentenced Jesus to death, included him as a significant member. Joseph of Arimathea placed his reputation and his life in danger by standing up for Jesus, but his faith far surpassed his fear of losing his position in the community.
Question for Reflection
In order to avoid the Jews, Joseph of Arimathea had been a covert disciple of Christ. After the crucifixion, he went to Pilate and begged for Jesus’ corpse in a strong and unapologetic manner. Joseph took a chance on his reputation with the religious leaders in order to provide a befitting burial for his Lord. With his act of laying Jesus’ body in his own personal tomb, Joseph shown both enormous love and tremendous courage. Is it fear that prevents you from being a covert follower of Jesus? Would speaking out for your Christian religion jeopardize your professional reputation?
He is one of only two religious figures from his day who is still recognized and remembered by Christian Christians today.
Nicodemus is the other character.
Joseph of Arimathea in the Bible
Joseph of Arimathea is mentioned in the Bible in several places, including Matthew 27:57, Mark 15:43, Luke 23:50-52, and John 19:38. Joseph would have been a resident of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus’ crucifixion since he was a member of the Sanhedrin, although he was born and raised in a Judean village known as Arimathea before coming to Jerusalem. Scholars are split on the location of Arimathea, although some believe it to be in the mountainous region of Ephraim near the town of Ramathaim-zophim, where Samuel the prophet was born.
Among its seventy-one members were some of the wealthiest and most prominent persons in Jerusalem and the surrounding area.
Although there is no evidence in Scripture as to what Joseph’s occupation was, unverified folklore claims that he was a merchant in metal items.
In fact, Joseph was a follower of Jesus Christ, according to all four Gospels; nevertheless, John emphasizes that this was done in secrecy (John 19:38) until the time of Christ’s burial. According to Mosaic law, the remains of individuals who were executed by hanging from a tree must not be permitted to remain on the tree for more than one night (Deuteronomy 21:22-23). Because Jesus’ death happened at three o’clock in the afternoon, there was only a small amount of time to bury him before the Sabbath began at sundown at that time.
Even though it put his life in danger, Joseph’s willingness to properly bury the deceased demonstrated that he was a faithful Jew.
Joseph of Arimathea lowers Jesus from the cross, engraving by Gustave Dore (1832-1883), from The Holy Scriptures, which includes both the Old and New Testaments: The Old Testament, by Gustave Dore Mark 15, Volume 2, 1869-1870 edition, translated from the Latin Vulgate by Antonio Martini (1721-1809), with friezes by Enrico Giacomelli, from the Latin Vulgate.
Joseph of Arimathea generously offered his new tomb as a place for Jesus to be laid to rest.
(NIV) According to Jewish tradition, Jesus’ body was anointed with spicy oils of myrrh and aloes, wrapped in a linen cloth to keep it fresh, and put in the tomb that had previously been unoccupied.
- Despite the demands from his colleagues and the Roman authorities, Joseph maintained his faith in Jesus. His faith was unwaveringly upheld, and he put his trust in God to deal with the consequences. The Bible states that Joseph was “expecting the Kingdom of God,” which indicates that he expected the Kingdom to come through Jesus Christ (Mark 15:43
- Luke 23:51)
- Luke 23:50 describes Joseph of Arimathea as a “good and upright man.”
Life Lessons From Joseph of Arimathea
It is possible that our trust in Jesus Christ will cost us a lot of money in the future. Without a doubt, Joseph was despised by his contemporaries for caring for Jesus’ corpse, but he refused to let that stop him from following his convictions. It is possible that doing the right thing for God can cause hardship in this life, but it will result in eternal blessings in the next.
Key Bible Verse
John 19:38-42 (KJV) Later on, Joseph of Arimathea approached Pilate and requested the corpse of Jesus be returned to him. Now, Joseph was a follower of Jesus, but he did so in secret because he was afraid of the Jewish authorities’ reaction. He arrived and removed the body from the scene with Pilate’s consent. He was joined by Nicodemus, the man who had previously visited Jesus in the middle of the night. Nicodemus arrived with a combination of myrrh and aloes weighing around seventy-five pounds.
According to Jewish funeral practices, this was done in this manner.
They put Jesus in the tomb since it was the Jewish day of Preparation, and because it was close by and convenient.
- John 19:38-42 is a passage of Scripture. Later on, Joseph of Arimathea approached Pilate and requested the corpse of Jesus be returned to his possession. After all, Joseph was a follower of Jesus, but he did so in secret out of fear for his safety at the hands of the Jewish authorities. He arrived and removed the body from the scene with Pilate’s OK. Nicaedemus, the man who had before visited Jesus at night, followed him on this journey as well. In the form of myrrh and aloes, Nicodemus delivered around seventy-five pounds. When they finished wrapping Jesus’ corpse in strips of linen, they added the spices to it. According to Jewish burial traditions, this was done in this manner. There was a garden near the site of Jesus’ crucifixion, and in the garden there was a new tomb, into which no one had ever been placed before. They buried Jesus in the tomb since it was the Jewish day of Preparation, and because it was close by. (NIV)
JESUS’ BODY PLACED IN THE TOMB – Bible study questions
- What is the significance of the tale of Jesus’ burial? Why was Pilate taken aback when he was confronted with the question of Jesus’ corpse
- What was it that the chief priests and Pharisees were afraid of? When it came to Jesus’ burial, it was critical that he be buried in a new tomb. What ladies were responsible for preparing Jesus’ corpse for burial
The body of Jesus was taken away by Joseph of Arimathea and laid in a tomb, according to the gospel accounts. Why? In order to demonstrate that Pontius Pilate, an independent witness, was aware that Jesus was genuinely dead and that the Galilean women were able to verify the site of the tomb, the ladies traveled to Jerusalem. Drawing depicting the rebuilding of a subterranean tomb from the first century. What is the significance of this section of Jesus’ story? It establishes that Jesus had indeed died, and that he was buried by not one but two powerful, respected men who could attest to the truth – a crucial point to remember when considering that the early Christians were accused of fabricating the tale of Jesus’ resurrection.
The fact of Jesus’ death could also be proved by the Galilean women who prepared Jesus’ body for burial; they were well-known and trusted by the Galilean disciples, and they were able to attest to it.
- Joseph, who was most likely born in a city in Judea called Ramathaim, was a wealthy and important man who served as a member of the Sanhedrin. The Bible describes him as ‘on a quest for the Kingdom of God,’ and it’s possible that he felt he had discovered it in Jesus. He might have been absent from the hurriedly convened council that condemned Jesus, or he could have had his objections to the death sentence overruled. Alternatively, he may have lacked the strength to speak up in Jesus’ defense — according to Mark’s narrative, Joseph had to ‘build up his courage’ before asking for Jesus’ corpse to be returned. To defend or protect Jesus was a risky move for him, as it could have serious ramifications for his advancement in social, religious, and political circles. Nicodemus brought spices for the burial, including powdered myrrh and aloes, weighing approximately 70lbs in modern weight, which was an incredible amount at the time. There is no explanation as to why he contributed such a large sum of money. However, according to John, Nicodemus came to hear Jesus under cover of darkness, as if he was terrified
- Maybe he was now attempting to make up for his fearfulness.
Here were two highly respected individuals of genuine Jewish religion who were able to respond to Jesus’ teachings in an appropriate manner. Just two men could not have completed the process of burying Jesus in the two to three hours of daylight remaining before the beginning of the Sabbath. It would have been impossible. It would have been difficult to transfer Jesus’ dead corpse, and it would have taken several men to lift the stone that blocked the entrance to the tomb. Considering that Joseph and Nicodemus were both wealthy men, it is likely that they had a large number of servants at their disposal.
- They openly followed Jesus and loudly declared their allegiance, but when it came down to it, they turned their backs on him.
- At the bottom of the page, read the blue Gospel text.
- He had not anticipated Jesus to die in such a short period of time.
- However, Jesus had undergone a severe beating, which no probably resulted in major internal injuries; he had also been nailed to the crucifixion rather than bound, resulting in crippling blood loss; and he had been nailed rather than tethered to the cross.
Pilate interrogated the centurion who had been in charge of killing Jesus in order to ascertain the facts, and he was reassured that Jesus was truly dead by the centurion’s response. He then gave permission for the body to be buried. What was it that the chief priests and Pharisees were afraid of?
- Alternatively, it is possible that Jesus was brought down from the crucifixion while still alive, snatched away by his followers, and then resuscitated
- Or that Jesus’ companions took his corpse and subsequently claimed that he had risen from the dead, as he had foretold
Either possibility would allow Jesus or his followers to assert that Jesus had fulfilled his vow to resurrect from the dead three days after his death. Pilate needed to be absolutely certain that this would not happen. At the bottom of the page, read the green Gospel text. What precisely happened when they buried Jesus is still a mystery. When a feast day was coming in Judea, the bodies of crucified persons were removed from the cross and delivered to family. After nightfall, a body was not permitted to be hung on a cross.
- the sacred character of the festival ought to be observed.
- This indicates that the body was cleaned before to being wrapped in a modest shroud made of fine linen, a procedure that is often undertaken by the female relatives of the deceased at their homes.
- Following that, the body was put on a stone shelf within the tomb.
- Everything had to be completed in the short amount of time left before nightfall since everyone involved was a devout Jew who strictly observed the Sabbath.
- This eliminates the prospect of multiple dead bodies being mistaken for Jesus’ body if Jesus’ body is the lone body in a newly discovered tomb.
- An extra safeguard to prevent the theft of Jesus’ body is mentioned in Matthew’s gospel (27:62-66): the stationing of a guard at the tomb and the sealing of the tomb, according to Matthew.
- What was the atmosphere like in the tomb?
- At the bottom of the page, read the blue Gospel text.
If no one came forward to claim it, it would be buried among other offenders in a mass grave. Mater Dolorosa, often known as the Sorrowing Mother, is a Spanish statue made of wood. Because of this, their presence is critical.
- It established them as eyewitnesses to the fact that he had been buried and was thus actually dead
- And it demonstrated that there were Galilean disciples who were familiar with, and could attest to, the specific tomb in which Jesus’ corpse had been laid in state of death. It seemed improbable that they would end up at the wrong tomb when they returned on Easter morning because of their courage and commitment.
It was important to have this information after the Resurrection when individuals indicated that Jesus was not truly dead, or that there had been a mix-up in the location where he was buried. Furthermore, if the ladies were to pay a visit to the tomb on Easter morning, they needed to know where it was located. At the bottom of the page, read the blue Gospel text.
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1. The desire to bury Jesus in the ground. Take note of the blue text. 2. Pilate’s amazement, as well as the chief priests and Pharisees’ surprise. Take note of the green text. The burial of Jesus is the third point. Take note of the red text. 4. The women who gathered at the grave. Take a look at the black letters. Matthew 27:57-6657 (NASB) When it was almost dark, a wealthy man from Arimathea, called Joseph, arrived, who happened to be a disciple of Jesus as well. 58 He went to Pilate and demanded that the corpse of Jesus be returned to him.
- Then Joseph took the corpse and dressed it in a clean linen shroud, 60 and put it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out of the rock; and he went out of the tomb, rolling a huge stone to the door of the tomb.
- 62 63 The next day, i.e.
- “Go, make it as safe as you possibly can,” Pilate told them in response to their request for a guard of soldiers.
- 15:42-4742 (Mark 15:42-4742) And because it being the day of Preparation, i.e., the day before the Sabbath, it was late in the evening when I arrived.
- 44 And Pilate began to worry if he had already died, so he summoned the centurion and inquired of him as to whether he had already died.
- He went and bought a linen shroud, and after dragging him down from the throne, he wrapped him in the linen shroud and put him in a tomb that had been hewn out of the rock, sealing it with a stone that was rolled against the tomb’s door.
- 23:50-5650 (Luke 23:50-5650) There was now a guy called Joseph from the Jewish town of Arimathea who had arrived on the scene.
52 This man went to Pilate and demanded that the corpse of Jesus be returned to him.
54 54 It was the day of Preparation, and the Sabbath was just about to begin.
They observed the Sabbath in accordance with the law of the Lord.
As a result, he arrived and removed his body.
40 They took the corpse of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, as was the Jewish custom for burying the dead at the time of Jesus’ death.
41 The garden that had grown up around where Jesus had been crucified, as well as a new tomb where no one had ever been placed before, were now in place. 42 As a result, they put Jesus in the tomb since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was near by.
Jesus’ Burial Tomb Uncovered: Here’s What Scientists Saw Inside
JERUSALEM According to preliminary findings, portions of the tomb where Jesus Christ’s body is traditionally believed to have been buried are still in existence today, despite the centuries of damage, destruction, and reconstruction that have occurred in the surrounding Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is located in Jerusalem’s Old City. The tomb, which is the most revered location in the Christian world, presently consists of a limestone shelf or burial bed that was hewn from the cave’s wall, and it is the most visited site in the world.
- During the first removal of the marble cladding on the night of October 26, the restoration team from the National Technical University of Athens discovered just a layer of fill material beneath the marble.
- After being discovered intact in the middle of the night on October 28, just hours before the tomb was to be resealed, the original limestone burial bed was discovered.
- Because I was not anticipating this, my knees are trembling a little,” said Fredrik Hiebert, archaeologist in residence at National Geographic.
- Despite the fact that we can’t be certain, it looks to be visual confirmation that the site of the tomb has not changed through time, something scientists and historians have been wondering about for decades.
- To allow visitors to see one of the cave walls, a window has been carved into the southern interior wall of the shrine.
Was This Really the Tomb of Christ?
The tomb recently discovered in Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre may not have been the burial site of a specific Jew known as Jesus of Nazareth, but indirect evidence suggests that the identification of the site by representatives of Roman emperor Constantine some 300 years later may have been a reasonable assumption. Historically, the Canonical Gospels, the first four books of the New Testament, include the earliest descriptions of Jesus’ burial. The Canonical Gospels are thought to have been written decades after Christ’s crucifixion, around the year 30 A.D.
While the specifics differ, the overall picture is similar.
Individual remains were placed in lengthy niches carved into the sides of the rock to fit them in each of these family tombs, which included one or more burial chambers.
“This does not, of course, establish that the incident took place in the past. The fact that they were familiar with this tradition and these burial traditions suggests that the gospel stories were written by people who were familiar with them, whatever their origins may have been.”
Outside the City Walls
Traditionally, Jews were not allowed to be buried within city walls; therefore, the Gospels explicitly state that Jesus was buried outside of Jerusalem, at the scene of his crucifixion on Golgotha (“the place of skulls”). The city of Jerusalem was enlarged a few years after the burial is claimed to have taken place, bringing Golgotha and the adjoining tomb within the boundaries of the new city. In 325 A.D., when Constantine’s delegates arrived in Jerusalem to seek the burial, they were purportedly directed to a temple erected by the Roman emperor Hadrian more than 200 years earlier.
- In the words of Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, the Roman temple had been demolished, and excavations under it had discovered a rock-cut tomb beneath the ground.
- The Fatimids entirely demolished the church in 1009, and it was reconstructed in the mid-11th century after being completely devastated.
- An ancient limestone quarry, as well as at least half a dozen more rock-cut graves, some of which may still be seen today, were also discovered by archaeologists.
- “What they demonstrate is that this region was, in reality, a Jewish cemetery outside the walls of Jerusalem during the time of Jesus,” says the author.
Months of Restoration, Decades of Study
The burial bed has been resealed in its original marble coating over the course of the previous few days, and it is possible that it will not be revealed for hundreds of years or possibly millennia. It is the goal of Moropoulou and her team to ensure that the architectural conservation they are performing will survive forever. Prior to the rock being resealed, however, significant documentation was carried out on the surface of the formation. A careful review of the data gathered when the burial bed and cave walls were exposed, according to archaeologist Martin Biddle, who published a seminal study on the history of the tomb in 1999.
In addition to other tombs in the area that must have been of great significance because they are covered with crosses and inscriptions painted and scratched into the rock surfaces, Biddle says, “the surfaces of the rock must be examined with the greatest care, I mean minutely, for traces of graffiti.” “As Biddle points out, “the problem of graffiti is vitally critical.” “We know that there are at least a half-dozen more rock-cut graves beneath various portions of the cathedral,” says the researcher.
So what was it about this tomb that convinced Bishop Eusebius that it was the tomb of Christ?
I don’t believe Eusebius made a mistake—he was a brilliant scholar—so there is certainly some proof if one is simply willing to search hard enough.” As a result of their efforts, the National Technical University of Athens’ crew has continued its renovation work on the Edicule.
The National Geographic Channel will premiere the documentary Explorer in November, which will take an in-depth look into the holy city of Jerusalem.
Who was Joseph of Arimathea?
QuestionAnswer Joseph of Arimathea was a biblical character who played an essential part in the burial of Jesus Christ. He was born in the town of Arimathea, near Jerusalem. He is mentioned in each of the four Gospels, in the following passages: Matthew 27:57–60; Mark 15:42–46; Luke 23:50–53; and John 19:38–42 (see also Matthew 27:57–60). Because “he came from the Judean town of Arimathea” (Luke 23:51), he is referred to as “Joseph of Arimathea,” and this distinguishes him from the other Josephs who appear in the Bible.
- The Bible tells us in Luke 23:50 that Joseph was a member of the Sanhedrin — the gathering of Jewish religious authorities who advocated for Jesus’ execution — and that this was not a coincidence.
- In Matthew 27:57, it is said that Joseph was a wealthy man, however the source of his money is unknown.
- After Jesus’ execution on the cross, Joseph traveled to the Roman governor, Pilate, to seek the corpse of Jesus, putting himself and his reputation at tremendous danger in the process.
- It was decided that the two men would have custody of Jesus’ body, and they immediately started preparing the body for burial.
- It was, however, the Day of Preparation—the sixth day of the week, the day before the Jewish Sabbath—and it was late in the day, which was unusual for the day.
The burial of Jesus in Joseph’s tomb, which Joseph and Nicodemus were completely unaware of, was a fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophecy, which had been spoken hundreds of years before Jesus’ death: “He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death, though he had done no violence, nor was there any deceit in his mouth” (Isaiah 53:9, emphasis added).
- During the day following Jesus’ burial, the chief priests and Pharisees went before Pilate and requested that the stone Joseph had put in front of the tomb be sealed and a guard be posted for three days.
- Their argument was based on Jesus’ declaration that He would rise from the dead after three days, and they asserted that the disciples may attempt to seize the body in order to stage a fake resurrection (Matthew 27:63–64).
- Many erroneous myths and legends have sprung up around Joseph throughout the years.
- According to Scripture, however, there is no such relationship, making the assertion unfounded.
- Again, though, the Bible remains quiet on Joseph after Jesus’ burial, so we cannot be certain of his later life choices and decisions.
Questions about Biblical Characters Return to: Questions about Biblical Characters Who was Joseph of Arimathea, and what was his story?
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Do We Know Where Jesus Was Buried?
Several years ago, a team of archaeologists and other experts was granted permission to remove the marble covering surrounding the burial shelf in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, as part of an archaeological dig. Several individuals were excited about their tour of the tomb, which is believed by many to be the location where the body of Jesus once lay. The validity of the location, on the other hand, is subject to some doubt. Two different locations in Jerusalem have been offered as the “true” burial sites of Jesus, according to certain scholars.
Because of this, we may infer from the gospels that Jesus’ corpse was interred in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea for three days after His death and until the day He was raised from the dead (Matthew 27:58-60).
Where Does the Bible Say Jesus Was Buried?
Following Jesus’ crucifixion, Joseph of Arimathea approached Pilate and requested Jesus’ corpse (Mark 15:43). According to Matthew 27:59-60, “Joseph took the corpse and dressed it in a clean linen cloth, and he laid it in his own new tomb, which he had carved out of the rock.” He walked away from the tomb after rolling a large stone in front of the door.” As we read in John 19:39, another disciple called Nicodemus joined Joseph and brought 75 pounds of “myrrh and aloes,” which was used to make the perfume.
- Myrrh and aloes were expensive spices that were used in embalming.
- During the hurried burial of Jesus’ body, the two men put some of the spices around his body.
- Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Jesus, two of Jesus’ disciples, kept an eye on Joseph of Arimathea to observe where he buried the corpse of Jesus.
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- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/alessandrophoto.com
Who Was Joseph of Arimathea?
This is not the spouse of Mary, the mother of Jesus. This Joseph was a wealthy man (Matthew 27:57), whose ancestors came from Arimathea, a town in the northern kingdom of Judah (Luke 23:51). According to John 19:38, Joseph of Arimathea was “a disciple of Jesus, but he did so in secret because he was afraid of the Jewish authorities.” “A prominent member of the Council,” according to Mark 15:43, describes him. The Greek word for “prominent” can also signify honorable, noble, influential, and revered in addition to its other meanings.
- The Council was the top court of Judaism, also known as the Sanhedrin, and it was the highest court in the world.
- As you may be aware, this is the same Sanhedrin who condemned Jesus to death on the grounds of blasphemy.
- Jesus was found guilty and sentenced to death by the Sanhedrin, who had unanimously decided that Jesus deserved to die.
- The Greek word translated as “wait” here indicates to eagerly expect something, to anticipate something with confidence.
- When Jesus appeared, Joseph immediately recognized the Savior for whom he had waited for so many years.
- There was a garden nearby where Joseph’s tomb might be found, not far from the site where Jesus had been crucified.
Both Joseph and Nicodemus were running out of time before the sun set on their mission. “Because it being the Jewish day of Preparation, and because the tomb was nearby, they placed Jesus there,” John 19:42 explains clearly. Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/kckate16
Where Is Jesus’ Tomb Located Today?
Several tombs in Jerusalem, including the Talpiot Family Tomb, the Garden Tomb (also known as Gordon’s Tomb), and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, have been suggested as potential locations for the tomb: The Talpiot tomb, which was found in 1980 and made famous by the 2007 documentary The Lost Tomb of Jesus, was the subject of the documentary. The proof supplied by the filmmakers, on the other hand, has now been proven to be false. Researchers have also noted that a poor Nazareth household would not have been able to afford a costly rock-cut family tomb in Jerusalem, as has been suggested by some historians.
- In first-century BC Judea, there were a plethora of men with the name Jesus.
- However, the Jesus whose bones are interred in that stone casket is not the Jesus of Nazareth, who resurrected from the dead as the Bible claims.
- In accordance with Scripture, Jesus was crucified at “the area called the Skull” (John 19:17), leading Gordon to assume he had discovered the site of Jesus’ crucifixion.
- It is now located outside the city walls of Jerusalem, and Jesus’ death and burial also took place outside the city walls of the holy city of Jerusalem (Hebrews 13:12).
- The placement of the Garden Tomb itself is the most significant flaw in the structure’s design.
- Scholars believe that the Garden Tomb was “new” at the time of Jesus’ death and burial, and that this is almost impossible.
- It appears that there was a Jewish cemetery beyond the walls of Jerusalem during the first century, according to archaeological evidence.
- In 325 BC, the Roman emperor Constantine dispatched a team to Jerusalem in order to locate the tomb of Jesus, according to what he recorded.
- When the temple was demolished, the Romans uncovered a tomb beneath the structure.
- During recent studies of the site, dating methods were used to confirm that portions of the church do, in fact, date back to the fourth century.
Scholars warn that there is insufficient evidence to establish a clear identification of the real tomb of Jesus of Nazareth at this point in time. Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/jchizhe
How Long Was Jesus Buried?
According to our calculations, Jesus’ body was in the tomb from Friday evening before sunset until the early hours of Sunday morning, a total of around two and a half days in total. Due to the fact that in their culture, a part of a day was considered to be a whole day, a first-century Jew would have perceived the same time period as representing three days. It is important to note that when the Bible says He rose “on the third day” (1 Corinthians 15:4), it is referring to the first day of the week being Friday, the second day being Saturday, and the third day being Sunday.
- Prepare for the Jewish Sabbath by observing Preparation Day on Friday, the day prior.
- in the morning today.
- According to Matthew 27:57-60, Joseph of Arimathea requested Jesus’ body from Pilate “as nightfall drew” and had it deposited in the tomb by Pilate.
- Every one of the gospel writers specifies that the first persons to learn of Jesus’ resurrection did so at the crack of dawn on Sunday, the first day of the week that we name Sunday (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1).
Who Were the First People to Arrive at Jesus’ Empty Tomb?
Walking approached the tomb on Sunday morning, Mary Magdalene, Mary mother of James, and Salome fretted and discussed who would be the one to raise the big stone that had sealed the entrance. The team was astonished to see that the stone had already been rolled away when they got on the scene (Luke 24:1-2). The women were even more taken aback when they discovered that Jesus’ corpse had vanished. During the time they were still standing there, perplexed by what had transpired, an angel of the Lord arrived in white clothes that glowed like lightning and declared, “He is not here; he has risen!” ‘Remember what he said to you when he was still with you in Galilee: ‘The Son of Manmust be given into the hands of sinners, be crucified, and on the third day be risen again'” (Luke 24:6-7).
They reported what they had witnessed to the disciples, but only Peter and John were convinced.
In John 20:9, it is said that they “still did not comprehend from the Scriptures that Jesus had to be raised from the dead.” Mary Magdalene stayed at the empty tomb, her tears streaming down her face.
When Jesus appeared, she mistook Him for the gardener and inquired as to whether or not he had removed Jesus’ corpse from the scene.
Her faith in Jesus inspired her to inform the disciples that He was still alive, and she hurried to deliver them the good news, proclaiming, “I have seen the Lord!” (John 20:10-18).
Still Good News
Scholars will never be able to definitively determine which ancient tomb served as the real burial site of Jesus. It doesn’t matter where the tomb was or is; it’s empty. Jesus Christ has risen from the dead, defeating death and granting us eternal life. Articles that are related When Did Jesus Pass Away? In terms of the timeline of Jesus’ death and resurrection, we know very little. Did Jesus Really Descend Into Hell as He Claim to Have Done? Truths regarding the Crucifixion that are both beautiful and profound Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/jgroup Jeannie Myers is a freelance writer who lives in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, where she enjoys the beauty of nature.
Reading, camping, singing, and playing board games with her children are some of Jeannie’s favorite pastimes.