History of Baptism in Jesus’ Name
|BAPTISMIN THE NAME OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST|
|HOW DID THE EARLY CHURCH INTERPRET CHRIST’S COMMAND IN MATTHEW 28:19?ACTS 2:38, 8:16, 10:48, and 19:5 are four Biblical references that answer this question.If the Biblical record is not enough, please examine the findings of the educated, scholars, and historians.|
|Britannica Encyclopedia,11th Edition, Volume 3, page 365 – Baptism waschangedfrom the name of Jesus to words Father, SonHoly Ghost in 2nd Century.Canney Encyclopedia of Religion,page 53 – The early church baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus until the second century.Hastings Encyclopedia of Religion,Volume 2 – Christian baptism was administered using the words, “in the name of Jesus.” page 377. Baptism was always in the name of Jesus until time of Justin Martyr, page 389.Catholic Encyclopedia,Volume 2, page 263 – Here the authors acknowledged that the baptismal formula was changed by their church.Schaff – Herzog Religious Encyclopedia,Volume 1, page 435 – The New Testament knows only the baptism in the name of Jesus.Hastings Dictionary of Bible,page 88 – It must be acknowledged that the three fold name of Matthew 28:19 does not appear to have been used by the primitive church, but rather in the name of Jesus, Jesus Christ or Lord Jesus.|
|IS IT AN ABSOLUTE NECESSITY THAT THE NAME OF JESUS BE SPOKEN OR CALLED OVER A CANDIDATE FOR WATER BAPTISM WHEN HE IS BEING BAPTIZED? For the answer to this question, please read Acts 15:17 and James 2:7. First Century Christians INVOKED OR CALLED the name of Jesus over believers in water baptism. If, as some say, “the name of Jesus means the authority of Jesus’, then so much more should the NAME, rather than titles, be called over an individual in baptism. Read Matthew 28:18, Acts 4:12 and Colossians 2:9. Jude 3 is an exhortation to “CONTEND FOR THE FAITH ONCE DELIVERED TO THE SAINTS.” See Galations 1:8-9 also. Should anyone dare to change what Christ and the Apostles established?|
|BAPTISM||1. IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER, SONHOLY GHOST-or-2. IN THE NAME OF JESUS CHRIST|
|Which of These Were PracticedBy the Apostles in the Early Church?|
|BELOW ARE TWO COLUMNS FOR LISTING THE SCRIPTURES WHERE THE APOSTLES EITHER TAUGHT OR PRACTICED WATER BAPTISM.|
|IN JESUS NAMEJEWS– “Repent and be baptized everyone of you in the name of Jesus Christ. Acts 2:38.SAMARITANS– They were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. Acts 8:16.GENTILES– He commanded them to be baptized in the name of Lord Jesus. Acts 10:48.PETER TAUGHT– There is none other name given whereby we must be saved. Acts 4:12.PAUL TAUGHT– Whatever you do, do it all in the name of the Lord Jesus. Col. 3:17.||FATHER, SON AND HOLY GHOST|
|Matthew 28:19 was a command by Jesus to baptize in aNAME. The Apostles did not repeat the words of the command, but they did obey it as seen in the scriptures above. Since Father, Son, and Holy Ghost are titles of the mainifestations of the Almighty Spirit and His body, the Apostles understood HisSAVING NAMEto beJESUS. Can any dare say that the Apostles disobeyed the Lord, or failed to baptize properly? THE NAME OF THE FATHER, SON, AND HOLY GHOST IS LORD JESUS CHRIST. The actions of the Apostles in the Book of Acts prove this to be true.|
BAPTISM IN JESUS NAME
|JESUS TAUGHT –THAT REPENTANCEREMISSION OF SINS SHOULD BE PREACHED IN HIS NAME BEGINNING AT JERUSALEM.”Luke 24:47PETER OBEYED –”REPENTBE BAPTIZED EVERYONE OF YOU IN THE NAME OF JESUS CHRIST FOR THE REMISSION OF SINS.”Acts 2:38-39SAMARITANS –”.THEY WERE BAPTIZED IN THE NAME OF THE LORD JESUS.”Acts 8:16GENTILES WERE COMMANDED –”HE COMMANDED THEM TO BE BAPTIZED IN THE NAME OF LORD JESUS.” RV.Acts 10:48PAUL RE-BAPTIZED –”. WHEN THEY HEARD THIS THEY WERE BAPTIZED IN THE NAME OF THE LORD JESUS.”Acts 19:3-5NO OTHER NAME FOR SALVATION –”.THERE IS NONE OTHER NAME UNDER HEAVEN WHEREBY WE MUST BE SAVED.”Acts 4:10-12EVERYTHING DONE IN JESUS NAME –”WHATSOEVER YOU DO IN WORD OR IN DEED, DO ALL IN THE NAME OF THE LORD JESUS.”Col. 3:17|
|The above scriptures are not given to refute Matthew 28:19 where JESUS told Apostles to baptize in the name of the FATHER,OF THE SON,OF THE HOLY GHOST. They merely show how the command was interpreted and obeyed by them.The Apostles knew what most religious leaders of today fail to recognize. First: That the Lord Jesus Christ is the family name. Eph. 3:15. Second: That the FULNESS of the GODHEAD (Deity or God) dwelleth bodily in CHRIST. Col 2:9They knew the name of the SON was JESUS. Matthew 1:21. They knew that the SON came in the FATHER’S name. John 5:43. They also knew that the HOLY GHOST was the SPIRIT of CHRIST and would come in JESUS NAME. John 14:26.The name JESUS means JEHOVA SALVATION. Faussets’ Bible Encyclopedia. Page 359.|
BAPTISM IN JESUS NAME
Who changed the baptismal formula?
Asked in the following category: General The most recent update was on the 2nd of May, 2020. The Catholic Encyclopedia, volume II, page 263 reads as follows: According to Wikipedia, “The Catholic Church altered the baptismal formula from the name of Jesus Christ to the phrases Father, Son, and Holy Spirit during the second century.” On the day of Pentecost, according to Acts 2, the Apostle Peter preached to the masses, urging them to “repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission (or forgiveness) of sins” (Acts 2:38).
- Furthermore, did John the Baptist baptize in the name of Jesus or in his own name?
- John the Baptist was baptizing in “Bethany beyond the Jordan,” according to a separate passage in John 1:28.
- According to the Acts of the Apostles, which was written about 85–90, over 3,000 individuals in Jerusalemwere baptized on Pentecost in a single day.
- ‘In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit’ is the Trinitarian formula, which is expressed as “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” (in the original Greek: ‘in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit’).
- If you’re not sure what I’m talking about, look it up on the internet.
Water Baptism STUDY – ; BRITANNICA ENCYCLOPEDIA 11TH edition, Vol 3, Pg 365-366
PAGE 365-366 of the BRITANNICA ENCYCLOPEDIA 11TH edition, Vol 3, Water Baptism STUDY In the second century, the Catholic Church altered the baptismal formula from the name of JESUS CHRIST to the phrases Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, replacing it with the terms Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Page 82 of the _BRITANNICA ENCYCLOPEDIA_, Volume 3, Number 3. Baptism was performed in the name of Jesus Christ, according to the earliest historical records. Page 53 of _CANNEY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGION_ Until the establishment of the theology of the Trinity in the second century, the early church always baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
- Hastings’ Encyclopaedia of Religion, Volume 2, page 377 When administering Christian baptism, the words “in the name of Jesus” were said aloud.
- 389 (Vol.
- Until the time of Justin Martyr, baptism was always performed in the name of the Lord Jesus, and only then was the Triune formula utilized.
- 8 Justin Martyr was a founding member of the Roman Catholic Church and one of its early Fathers.
- Payment was always made in the name of the individual who had referred ownership to the company.
- “Ye are Christ’s,” says the Lord.
- 22, page 477 of the NEW INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA Tertullian, a Church Father of the Roman Catholic Church, is credited with coining the word “Trinity.” 384 and 389 in _ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGION AND ETHICS_ (1951), volume II.
- The simplest form, as shown in the Book of Acts, was a simple immersion.in water, followed by the recitation of the name of the Lord and the laying on of hands.
INTERPRETERS DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE(1962) I, 351 INTERPRETERS DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE As a result of the evidence, it appears that baptism was performed, not in the threefold name, but rather in “the name of the Lord Jesus.” 1 In Otto Heick’s A HISTORY OF CHRISTIAN THOUGHT (1965), volume 1, page 53 Baptism was initially performed in the name of Jesus, but through time it came to be administered in the name of the Triune God: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
- In _HASTINGS DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE (1898), I, 241, there is a reference to the Bible.
- A HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH Page 58 of Williston Walker’s 1947 book The earlier baptism in the name of Christ was being phased out in favor of the newer Trinitarian baptismal formula.
- Pg 53 of _CANNEY’S ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGIONS_ (1970), a religious encyclopedia.
- or “in the name of the Lord Jesus”.
After that, when the idea of the Trinity developed, they were baptized “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.” ENCYCLOPEDIA BIBLICA(1899), I, 473 From this, it is reasonable to assume that baptism was performed in the name of Jesus Christ, or in that of the ‘Lord Jesus,’ from the very beginning of recorded history.
Since their inception, the Trinitarian formula and trine immersion have not been consistently used.
In the third century, baptism in the name of Christ was still widely practiced, to the point where Pope Stephen, in contradiction to Cyprian of Carthage, deemed it valid._ There is a mountain of evidence to support this claim.
What are your thoughts on whether or not YOU should be baptized in the NAME of Jesus as a condition of membership in Christ’s Church? “And for the sake of my name, ye shall be despised by all mankind; but he who endureth to the end shall be saved.” (Matthew 10:22; Mark 10:22; Luke 10:22)
Baptism Comprhensive Study 2
An in-depth Bible study based on the Word of God God bless you as you continue your research with us into the word of God concerning the names of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, as well as what Jesus was referring to when He stated in Matthew 28:19, and as you pray for us as we continue our study. It should be noted that this particular text is the sole source of inspiration for the Trinitarian hypothesis. Other texts, both from the New Testament and the Old Testament, have been employed, but they have shown to be inconclusive.
- 306) Unlike the New Testament, the Old Testament does not teach the notion of the Holy Trinity.
- The baptismal phrase recorded in Matthew 28:19 is the only place in the gospels where the Trinity is expressly stated as a fact.
- 126) Trinity refers to the theology of God taught by Christianity, which holds that God is one in essence but three in “person,” consisting of three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit (Trinity).
- In today’s religious world, a debate has erupted regarding the proper means of administering baptism to those who have come to believe in Christ as a result of the teaching of the trinity.
- That is the question.
- An essential thing to note in the text Matthew 28:19 is that Jesus’ own words to his twelve disciples were, “baptizing them in the name of.” This is a vital point to remember in the scripture.
- What is the significance of this?
- When baptism was described in the book of Acts (Apologists’ Acts), the technique used was “in the name of Jesus Christ.” For instance, the text Acts 2:38:38 provides a good illustration.
- They did as Peter instructed.
- 48 Afterwards, he ordered them to be baptized in Christ’s name, which they did.
- Cornelius and his entire household were compelled to be baptized in the name of the Lord, according to verse 48, during a sermon Peter delivered to them.
As we can see previously in the chapter (Acts 10:36), Jesus is, without a doubt, the one who is being spoken of: 36 The word that God gave to the children of Israel, proclaiming peace through Jesus Christ, is described as follows: (he is Lord of all:) It is also reported in the book of Acts that another instance of water baptism was done throughout the early church’s history.
- In his epistle to the Galatians, Paul similarly exhorts the congregation to remember that they have been baptized into Christ: “Remember that you were baptized into Christ.” 27 In proportion to the number of you who have been baptized into Christ, you have put on Christ.
- He taught the people that they should believe in Him who would come after him, who was Christ Jesus, and that they should repent and believe in Him who would come after him, which was Jesus.
- In Galatians 3:27, Paul explained why he stated what he did.
- According to Acts 8:1216, the Samaritans heard the message of God and were baptized in the name of Jesus: ” 12 But when they believed Philip’s message about the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women, as a result of their faith.
- Was Paul crucified in your place?
- If anything, this demonstrates that the act of baptism involved the use of a given name as part of the process.
- In fact, Paul was a preacher in his day.
If we were to believe that Paul would have to accomplish everything himself, we would be mistaken.
Should Paul be required to carry out all of the preaching and baptism duties as well?
In Acts 19:5, he also rebaptized the followers of John the Baptist, who were present.
John 3:29, the Baptist, also known as the Baptizer, refers to Jesus as the “bridegroom.” “The bride” of the Lamb is alluded to in the book of Revelation 21:9-10, with “the Lamb” representing Christ, and “the bridegroom” referring to the church.
It is through water baptism in the name of Jesus Christ that we are given the name of the groom, as well as the name of his family.
According to the 11th Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Roman Catholic Church even practiced this style of baptism in its early phases of development: The 11th edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (Volume III, Pg.
In the third century, baptism in the name of Christ was still widely practiced, to the point where Pope Stephen, in contradiction to Cyprian of Carthage, pronounced it to be lawful.
X.); Pope Nicholas (858-867 AD), in the Responsa ad censulta Bulgarorum, allowed baptism to be validtantum in vomine Christy, just as it was in the Acts of the Apostles.
Submerging the baptismal topic was abolished later, at the Council of Ravenna or Vienna in 1311 AD, according to the World Book Encyclopaedia (Volume 16, Pg.
By 325, the first general council of churches, meeting at Nicea in northern Italy, issued the first authoritative statement of belief in the Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
Encyclopedia of the Catholic Church (New Catholic Encyclopaedia) (Volume X, Pg.
The 11th Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica (Volume VII, Pg.
The 15th edition of the New Encyclopaedia Britannica (Volume 2, Pg.
Meletius had previously been a semi-Arian.
420) It accepted Gregory’s theology of three equal persons (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit), which was stated in the “creed usually known as the Nicene,” which is today acknowledged as authoritative in both the East and the West, including by the majority of important Protestant denominations.
241) It was originally written in the name of Jesus Christ or Lord Jesus in its original form.
James Hastings’ Dictionary of the Bible is a valuable resource.
Nevertheless, it must be noted that, according to our knowledge of the primitive church’s practices, the formulas of the threefold name were not used, and that baptisms were performed “in” or “into” the name of Jesus, or Jesus Christ, or the Lord Jesus were performed without any reference to either the Father or the Spirit.
- What is the significance of such a shift?
- There can only be one baptism for the forgiveness of sins!
- According to the scriptures and historical sources above, it is clear that the original and proper form of baptism was altered, and that this alteration was primarily the result of speculative reasoning.
- Also take note of their lack of biblical backing.
- 53) Until the development of the doctrine of the Trinity, the early church always baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus; after that, they were baptized in the names of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
- 395-396) The following is the baptismal formula: Christian baptism is described in Matthew 28:19 as follows: “1 baptize thee in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost.” This is the phrase or manner that prevailed at the time.
- An even more condensed form of the rite is used in every historical account of its performance during the Apostolic period.
At Cornelius’ baptism and the baptism of those who were with him, the same formula was used, and indeed it would have appeared to be the usual one, from Paul’s question to the Corinthians, where Paul asks them, “Were you baptized in the name of Paul?” The same formula was used at the baptism of Cornelius and those who were with him, and it would have appeared to be the usual one.
- Despite the difficulty, the Fathers took it into consideration.
- The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics is a reference work on religion and ethics (Volume XII, Pg.
- In the apostolic and sub-apostolic times, this was not the case, as we can see in the New Testament and other early Christian texts, for example.
- The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics is a reference work on religion and ethics (Volume XII, Pg.
- Origen and Athanasius, Basil and both of the Gregorys (Augustine included), among the greatest and most prominent Christians of all time agree that despite the light shed on it by Biblical revelation, God’s essence remains a mystery to them that beyond human understanding.
- 461,462) Generally speaking, in Christian theology, the doctrine of the Trinity does not always fit well into the general doctrine of God, and it frequently takes on the character of a doctrine distinct from the rest.
- Infant baptism was a later development that resulted in the practice of sprinkling today.
59) In terms of the form of baptism in the early church, there is a problem in that, while Matthew (28:19) speaks of the Trinitarian formula that is now used, the Acts of the Apostles (2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5) and Paul (I Corinthians 1:13; 6:11; Galatians 3:27; Romans 6:3) only speak of baptism “in the name of Jesus.” In order to be baptized, it has been suggested that we suppose that the person being baptized must acknowledge the name of Jesus before the minister pronounces a Trinitarian phrase (Crehan 76, 81).
- This, however, remains a purely speculative hypothesis.
- Baptism in the name of Jesus was practiced by the early church.
- Why base your salvation on mere guesswork that has no scriptural foundation whatsoever?
- Take another look at Jesus’ instructions to his followers in Matthew 28:19: He instructed to baptize “in the name of,” not “in the titles of,” those who would be baptized.
- In Matthew 28:19, Jesus declared baptism to be a commandment for us.
- And Jesus came and spoke to them in Matthew 28:19, saying, “All power has been given unto me in heaven and on earth.” Who therefore has the authority or the right to modify or disobey the mandate of the One who possesses all power in heaven and on earth?
In fact, the Bible says in Hebrews 13:8:8 that Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today, and forever. “Truly, truly, I say unto thee, a man cannot enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit,” Jesus responded.
Baptism In Jesus Name
Why do we baptize in the name of Jesus Christ? It is the Word of God that mandates us to baptize in Jesus’ name, and this is the primary reason for this. 2:38 (Acts 2:38) Then Peter addressed them, saying, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and ye will receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.” The Bible also makes use of several versions of the name Jesus, including: Acts 8: 14-16 (KJV) When the apostles in Jerusalem learned that the people of Samaria had accepted the word of God, they dispatched Peter and John to bring the message to them.
- 15 Those who, after they were brought down, prayed for them in so that they would receive the Holy Spirit:16 Because he had not yet fallen upon any of them; the only thing they had done was to be baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
- Then they asked for him to remain for a particular period of time.
- However, Matthew 28:19, which is referred to as “The Great Commission,” turns out to be “The Great Omission,” since they failed to include the name of Jesus in the baptismal formula, which is a violation of the Bible.
- The Catholic Encyclopedia, volume II, page 263 reads as follows: According to Wikipedia, “The Catholic Church altered the baptismal formula from the name of Jesus Christ to the phrases Father, Son, and Holy Spirit sometime during the second century.
- The oneness of God is consistently emphasized throughout the Bible, including the Word, the Old and New Testaments.
- 2:8-10 Avert your gaze should any man corrupt you via philosophy and empty deception, following after men’s traditions and worldly principles rather than after Christ and his teachings.
- 10 And in him, who is the head of all principality and authority, you have found your completeness:
How the doctrine of baptism changed
Following is an article entitled “How the Doctrine of Baptism Changed,” which describes the time of shifting views and doctrinal fusion that took place inside the Pergamos church. —Editors The New Testament presents a doctrine of baptism in which the essential spiritual prerequisites are the preaching of the gospel, confession of sin, and a personal affirmation of faith in Christ’s death and resurrection, which leads to a baptismal burial of the “old man” and a spiritual resurrection to a regenerated life with Jesus Christ as Saviour and Lord.
Because the baptism of adult Christians took place through immersion, it is reasonable to wonder, “How and when did the practice of baby baptism, with its distinct theological substance, come into being?”
Basic religious influences
When Christianity entered the post-apostolic period of the second century, it was plagued by an apostasy that spread across the whole church, with barely a single Biblical truth remaining free of Jewish or pagan elements. A variety of variables contributed to this outcome. One important effect was superstition, which was connected with the various ancient mystery cults, in which sacred rites performed by an initiated priesthood with mystic potency were believed to bring about “spiritual” purification through the performance of sacred rites.
- The rising conviction in the mechanical effectiveness of baptism went hand in hand with a failure to grasp the notion of salvation by grace alone as taught in the New Testament.
- On the other side, some parents were deterred from having their children baptized because they were concerned about postbaptismal sin because of the same principle.
- The emperor Constantine was born into a Christian family, and his father was a devout Christian.
- 430) linked the mystical efficacy of infant baptism to the idea of original sin, which helped to solidify the practice.
The post-Nicene fathers
Adult baptism continued to be practiced alongside child baptism during the time of the post-Nicene fathers (c. 381-600), until infant baptism became the norm in the fifth century. Despite the fact that he was the son of Christian parents, Bishop Ambrose of Milan (died 397) was baptized for the first time at the age of 34. They were in their twenties when they were baptized, as was Chrysostom (who died in 407) and Jerome (who died in 420). Basil stated that A.D. 360 was the year in question “Anyone at any point in their lives is eligible for baptism,” while Gregory of Nazianzus (died 390), in response to the question “Should we baptize infants?” compromised by responding, “Certainly, if danger approaches.” As a result, it is preferable to be cleansed unknowingly than to go from this world unopened and uninitiated from the faith.” His judgment, on the other hand, was sound when there was no imminent threat of mortality “that they should wait until they are three years old, at which point it will be feasible for them to hear and respond to anything about the sacrament Because, even if they do not get everything perfectly, they will still receive the broad strokes.” Those who endeavor to adhere to both the New Testament requirements for baptism (individual hearing and acceptance of the gospel by faith) and the belief in the magical efficacy of the baptismal water themselves will find themselves in a perpetual condition of theological perplexity.
It was the latter concept that got the upper hand when Augustine said that baptism absolved a person of the guilt of original sin, and it became more firmly entrenched when the church developed the concept of sacramental grace (the view that the sacraments serve as vehicles of divine grace).
It was the first time that the rite of baby baptism was ordained by a council “It is a lie if any man claims that newly born children do not require baptism. Allow him to be a pariah.”
The conflict over rebaptism
As early as the third century, the church of North Africa was confronted with the issue of the legality of baptisms conducted in schismatic or heretical churches, which had arisen in the region. On the occasion of two councils held at Carthage in the years 255 and 256, Cyprian, the Bishop of Carthage, and the other participating bishops decreed that “heretics” and “schismatics” who want to rejoin the Catholic Church should be baptized again. As a result, the African bishops were threatened with excommunication by Bishop Stephen of Rome, who declared that the legality of a baptismal act hinged only on the correct wording and purpose.
The controversy had died down by the time of Stephen’s death in 257 and Cyprian’s death in 258, but it was reignited in the early fifth century among the Donatists in North Africa.
The rebaptization of those from the established church who want to become members of the pure church was demanded of them.
As a result, the first church council that Constantine summoned after becoming ruler of the West Roman Empire dealt with the question of church unity.
The unity of church and state
In accepting Christianity and then declaring it the official religion of the empire, Constantine aimed to unite church and state in order to create a homogenous Christian society. The practice that he started was carried on by future Christian rulers for centuries. It is impossible in such a society to consider all people to be Christians; to wait for the individual’s personal decision would be contrary to the very character of a state-church. Furthermore, a church that is in complete harmony with the state is unable to dispense with compulsion.
- When it came to baptism, the church of North Africa was divided to a significant extent, and this division lasted far into the fifth century.
- The presence of the emperor’s delegate, who pronounced the Donatists’ position on rebaptism to be incorrect, tainted the conclusion of the discussion.
- As part of the Theodocian Code, a collection of sixty rules against heretics, this legislation was one of the penalties for heresy, which included banishment, seizure of property, and physical punishment, among other punishments.
- The most notable work is the legal codeCorpus Juris Civilis, which was written by Emperor Justinian between 527 and 565.
- There is a whole part of the code devoted to the issue of rebaptism, with the death sentence being specified as the penalty for such an act.
According to the Justinian Code, when both Roman Catholics and Protestant Reformed leaders sanctioned the death penalty for Anabaptists in the sixteenth century, they did so on the basis of the Code’s provisions.
The mode of baptism
The wordbaptism derives from the Greek wordbaptizo, which means “to dip,” “to immerse,” or “to drown.” As a result, there is only one manner of baptism described in the New Testament: immersion. As evidenced by reference after reference from the church fathers, this form has remained the most popular for more than thirteen centuries in the English language. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), the finest theologian of the Roman Catholic Church, argued in his Summa Theologiae that God is the source of all things “Affusion of water or sprinkling with water are both acceptable methods of administering baptism in addition to immersion.
- Sprinking, on the other hand, became increasingly popular.
- Sprinkling was not done in England and Scotland until after the Reformation, and the practice of immersion is still practiced in the Eastern churches to this day.
- Sprinkling, on the other hand, may be traced back to pagan customs.
- However, the apostle Paul reminds out in the Epistle to the Romans that the ceremony of baptism by immersion expresses symbolically our personal confidence in Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection on our behalf, and that this is something we should strive towards.
- It is only believers’ baptism by immersion that may accurately represent the theological substance of the Biblical teaching of baptism in a practical manner.
Baptism in Jesus’ Name
The traditional Trinitarian formula for baptism is contained in Matthew 28:19, which is the Bible’s most popular verse. The Great Commission serves as the backdrop. Among the final things that Jesus said to His followers before ascending into heaven are these remarks. Matthew 28:19 is the verse in question. Go, therefore, and make disciples of all countries, baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, as the Lord has commanded you. The first thing I’d like to bring out is that the word “name” is singular in this context.
- The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all referred to by the same name.
- These are the words said by Jesus on the cross.
- Not only should we not treat this one text in isolation, but we should also consider all else the Bible has to teach regarding baptism.
- I’d want to point out that this is not the only narrative of the Great Commission available to us at this time.
- God prompted each writer to write the same truth from a distinct point of view, as if God were speaking through them.
- When we look at Mark’s narrative, we see the following: Mark 16:15 Go throughout all of the world and proclaim the gospel to every creature you come into contact with.
- 17 They will drive out demons in My name, and they will talk with new tongues; these are the signs that will accompany those who believe: As a result, we can observe that Mark recounts the instruction to go and baptize, but does not include the name of the person who would be baptized.
- More significantly, we need to consider how the apostles responded to these directives, which we shall see in the book of Acts as well.
- 48 And you are present as eyewitnesses to these events.
- So we have a directive to teach repentance and remission of sins in His name, which we read here (which is fulfilledin Acts 2).
- In the name of Jesus, repentance and forgiveness of sins are to be proclaimed!
Let us have a look at what Jesus’ followers did in response to this command: 2:38 (Acts 2:38) “Repent, and let everyone of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins,” Peter instructed them, and they received the gift of the Holy Spirit as a result of their conversion.
- Now we’ll look at how they responded to Jesus’ statements.
- From Passover through Pentecost, there are 50 days in all (Pente- means 50).
- Surely, they didn’t forget His command in such a short period of time.
- 28:19, was in attendance (Acts 1:13).
If Peter was preaching the wrong message, we would expect him to get to his feet and halt him in his tracks! (“Hey Pete, don’t you know that Jesus said.”), “Hey Pete, don’t you know that Jesus said.” That, however, is not what we observe. As a result, we must reconcile the following two facts:
|Jesus said this:||They did this:|
|Matthew 28:19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in thename of the Fatherand of the Son and of the Holy Spirit||Acts 2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent and be baptized, everyone of you inthe name of Jesus Christ.|
Who would be the most qualified person to interpret the significance of Jesus’ remarks at this point? Or it could be us, some 2,000 years later, or it could be His own followers to whom He spoke. As we shall see later in this chapter, they habitually baptized individuals in the name of Jesus throughout the book of Acts. And, when we read the Epistles to the churches, we will discover that they, too, were baptized in the name of Jesus, just as we are. As a result, it is clear that the followers of Jesus recognized Jesus as the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
- In Acts 4:12, the Bible says There is no salvation in any other name, because there is no other name given among men by which we must be saved apart from the name of Jesus Christ.
- Acts 8:12 is a biblical passage.
- Acts 8:16 For He had not yet descended upon any of them at that point.
- 10:48 (Acts 10:48) They were to be immersed in the name of the Lord, as he had ordered them.
- ‘And now, what are you waiting for?’ says Acts 22:16.
- Also, in the name of Jesus, Paul re-baptized the Christians at Ephesus (19:1-5).
6:4 (Romans 6:4) In order that we might walk in newness of life, we were buried with Him in baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, so may we also live in newness of life, One of the reasons that we are baptized in Jesus’ name is because we are being baptized into Jesus himself.
- We are declaring that we are members of Jesus’ family and that we are identifying with Him in His death and resurrection.
- 1 Corinthians 1:13 (New International Version) Is Christ in a state of division?
- Or did you get your baptism in the name of Paul?
- Galatians 3:27 (Galatians 3:27 [Galatians 3:27]) According to the number of you who were baptized into Christ, you have put on Christ.
As a result of your faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead, you were also circumcised in Him with the circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of your sins by the circumcision of Christ, 12 and buried with Him in baptism, in which you were also raised with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead.
- Even if they had regularly used the phrases “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit,” they would not have made this connection with baptism as exclusively as they did with Christ.
- The last time Jesus was on this planet, He baptized His followers (John 4:1,2) and then commissioned them to go forth and baptize others in His name, or in His place.
- However, when we act in his place, we do it in his honor and glory.
- Finally, I’d want to point out instances in history where the Catholic Church has altered the process in which individuals are baptized in order to better serve them.
- 3 of the book.
- CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA is a resource for Catholics.
Page 263 of Volume 2 of the book.
Christian baptism was conducted with the words “in the name of Jesus” as the starting point.
377 of Volume 2, page 377 Until the time of Justin Martyr, baptism was always done in the name of the LordJesus.
The term “person” was once synonymous with the word “name.” Payment was always paid in the name of a certain individual who was associated with the property.
“Yeare Christ s,” says the narrator.
1 footnote and 2 endnotes Alternatively, it’s possible that only his followers performed the actual baptism.
Both literal and figurative interpretations have been given to these passages. a second time around These quotations are taken from a tract published by Word Aflame. See also my Q&A post, Further On BaptismIn Jesus’ Name, for more information. Download the Microsoft Word document
Did the Catholic Church change the way Christians baptize? Shouldn’t we baptize “in Jesus’ name” only?
Love the Lord with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your MIND, as Jesus taught. -Matt22:37 In the first reading from the Acts of the Apostles this coming Sunday, there is a verse that has resulted in the separation of another Christian denomination (one of tens of thousands of Christian denominations,each claiming that their interpretation of Scripture is the correctone.) When asked if anybody could withhold the water for baptism these people, Peter said, “Can anyone withhold the water for baptizing these people, who have received the Holy Spirit just as we have?” He commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ, and they obeyed.
There is a Christian denomination, the Oneness Pentecostals, that has divided itself from the rest of the world based on this particular verse (and three others), which appears to be preaching that baptism should only be performed in the name of Jesus.
Because they believe that the rest of Christendom is contradicting the Word of God by baptizing people according to the Trinitarianformula, they founded their own group in the early twentieth century to combat this (among some other doctrinal issues concerning theirunderstanding of salvation and their understanding of the Trinity.) And this is no minor movement, with over 24 million devotees professing membership.
Yes, the Catholic Church did not modify the method we baptize; we baptize in the manner in which Jesus instructed us to baptize in Matthew 28:19; the quick answer to the above question is no.
Since the beginning of time, Catholics have baptized their children using the Trinitarian formula.
If you do not have access to live water, baptize in another body of water; if you are unable to baptize in cold water, baptize in warm water.” And if we are to baptize in Jesus’ name rather than the names of the Father, the Son, andthe Holy Spirit as stated in this verse in Acts, what is the significance of this?
- Baptisms were performed by disciples of John the Baptist, baptisms were performed in Jewish liturgies, and baptisms were performed in pagan ceremonies.
- The Church is the only institution that can provide a genuine interpretation of the Scriptures.
- This, without a doubt, is the work of the Great Deceiver, and not the will of Christ, who begged that “we could be one” in the same way that He and the Father are one.
- This just helps to reinforce the argument that we require someone to explain what the Bible means to us.
To the contrary, in his very first “encyclical,” our first pope warns us that, “there are some things difficult to understand that the uninformed and unstable twist to their own detriment, just as they do with the other scriptures.” 2 Peter 3:16 (New International Version) ** It is true that Catholics now have the freedom to study the Scriptures without the need for an authority to tell us what it means to us individually.
So, for example, if we are having a disagreement with our honey (in a hypothetical situation), and we open the Bible to Psalm 45:3, which exclaims, “You are the most lovely of men,” we are perfectly free to take this to suggest that we need to make up with our attractive, hunky hubby.
As a result, we would never have been able to understand Psalm 45:3 as granting permission to commit adultery, for example.
In addition, the Catholic Church acknowledges the baptism of all Christians who have been christened outside of the Roman Catholic Church provided that the baptism was performed using water and the Trinitarian formula.
However, do so with care and consideration “The Bible says in 1 Peter 3:15