Pictures Of Bethlehem Where Jesus Was Born

In Photos: The Birthplace of Jesus

The image is courtesy of Aleksandar Todorovic/Shutterstock. Christians believe the Church of the Nativity to be the birthplace of Jesus, and the World Heritage Committee has recommended that it be designated as a World Heritage Site if the committee determines that it has “outstanding universal importance” as a component of the world’s natural and cultural heritage. It would be the first of its kind in the Palestinian Territories, according to the plan.

To Commemorate Jesus’ Birth

(Photo courtesy of Dimos|Shutterstock.) The Church of the Nativity, a Byzantine basilica located in the holy city of Bethlehem, was constructed on top of the cave where, according to a story that dates back to the second century, Jesus was born. The basilica is claimed to have been built by Helena, the mother of Christian Emperor Constantine, to honor the birth of Jesus Christ. The Church’s main entrance is seen in this photograph.

Nativity Church

Featured image courtesy of Paul Prescott/Shutterstock. The Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem is approached through this gate.

Church Patio

(Photo courtesy of Dimos|Shutterstock.) A patio at the Church of the Nativity may be found here. The monument is dedicated to Hieronymus, who is credited with translating the Bible into Latin.

Emperor Constantine

(Photo courtesy of Dimos|Shutterstock.) As one of three imperial churches constructed in Palestine during the reign of the Christian emperor Constantine, the Church is considered to be the most important (a statue of his face shown here). A.D. 529 saw the destruction of the Church, which was rebuilt on a much larger scale, effectively creating the structure that remains today.

Star Marks the Spot

(Photo courtesy of Ryan Rodrick Beiler|Shutterstock.com) It is in this grotto under Bethlehem’s Church of the Nativity where a silver 14-pointed star embedded into the marble floor symbolizes what is traditionally believed to be the location of Jesus’ birth.

Grotto Entrance

The image is courtesy of Zvonimir Atletic|Shutterstock. There are now two entrances to the Grotto of the Nativity, one of which is pictured here. There was only one entrance to the grotto when it was first built, in the fourth century, and it was from the main body of the cathedral.

Milk Grotto

The image is courtesy of Aleksandar Todorovic/Shutterstock. Other significant sites associated with the Nativity are located in close proximity to the Church, which serves as the town’s focal point. A notable one of these sites is the Milk Grotto, an irregular grotto hewn from soft limestone to the southeast of the Basilica where, according to Christian belief, Mother Mary nursed the infant Jesus while hiding from Herod’s soldiers before fleeing to Egypt. Jeanna serves as the editor-in-chief of the journal Live Science.

Jeanna holds a bachelor’s degree in English from Salisbury University, a master’s degree in biogeochemistry and environmental sciences from the University of Maryland, and a master’s degree in scientific journalism from New York University’s Graduate School of Journalism.

While working as a scientist in Florida, she monitored wetlands and conducted field surveys for endangered animals, among other things. She also won a scholarship from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for journalism in the field of ocean sciences.

What It’s REALLY Like to Visit Bethlehem at Christmas

Possibly second only to the North Pole in its ability to invoke Christmas spirit, the “little town of Bethlehem” is one of the most festive places on earth. Located within the West Bank, the birthplace of Jesus Christ is only a short bus or taxi ride away from the Old City of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount. However, there are a few things you should be aware of before embarking on your voyage. Here’s everything you need to know about visiting Bethlehem over the holidays. a view of the city of Bethlehem (Image courtesy of Dickelbers via Wikimedia Commons.) Walking between Jerusalem and Bethlehem is a popular tourist attraction, however these days you have to walk on a busy road.

  • It takes around four hours, and you must be in good physical condition (note: if you are hungover, hire a taxi).
  • These organizations are not normally promoted, but you can possibly find out about them by visiting one of the churches in Jerusalem (Be Careful!
  • Despite the fact that it is the Middle East, it is not very hot throughout the winter.
  • The Wall of Bethlehem (Photo by Pawel Ryszawa via Wikimedia Commons) Bring your passport with you.
  • Due to the fact that Bethlehem is a part of Palestine, an Israeli military checkpoint is located on the route that connects the two cities.
  • Do you have any predictions about what Christmas Eve and Christmas Day will be like?
  • Patrick’s Day in Dublin, Ireland.

Bethlehem has a substantial Christian community, and Christmas is celebrated throughout the city as if it were a festival of sorts.

During the holidays, a colossal Christmas tree is constructed in the Manger’s Square to commemorate the occasion.

The primary action takes place at the Church of Nativity, although a large number of people desire to attend mass there, including VIPs such as the Palestinian leadership, who normally attend.

The Grotto of the Nativity, located in the basement of the Church of the Nativity, commemorates the birthplace of Jesus.

Again, don’t hold your breath for peace or order.

To be admitted inside the church, you must dress in a conservative manner.

These people are not to be trifled with.

He’s essentially a court-appointed bouncer.

Our tour guide paid the priest so that we would be able to bypass the line.

The cave, where the manger was placed, was reached through a set of steep stairs.

This is where the drama begins.

Christ!” I couldn’t help myself.

If you suffer from claustrophobic anxiety, you may want to get out of the crowded cave as soon as possible.

I say alleged because this location was designated as a holy site 400 years after his death, so it’s more of an educated guess.

When it comes to putting your Canadian Tire money in the church’s donation box, now is not the best time.

View of the city of Beit Sahour Image courtesy of: You could also visit the Shepherds’ Fields in Beit Sahour, which is another option (just east of Bethlehem).

Plus, it’s fun to just walk around and listen to all the talking and singing in different languages.

You can eat great Palestinian food, smoke a shisha, and sing and dance with the locals (or just watch) (or just watch).

Since it’s located in Palestine, security will not respond favourably.

Upload your photographs to Google Drive and erase your camera’s memory card, as well as any emails about your trip. There’s a chance that airport security will search your electronics. This may seem extreme, but take it from someone who has been searched and detained.

Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good night!

Even while Bethlehem has been the subject of innumerable hymns and Nativity plays, the true tale of the little town is significantly more complicated than that. Bethlehem has a long and illustrious history even before it became famous as the location of Jesus Christ’s conception. It now occupies a central position in the dispute between Israel and the Palestinian Authority. The author of Bethlehem: Biography of a Town, Nicholas Blincoe, was contacted by National Geographic to discuss the legacy of the town where Jesus was born and nailed to the cross in Bethlehem.

The book opens with you arriving in Bethlehem carrying a Christmas pudding. Explain why it captures “something of the essence of Bethlehem”—and how an Englishman ended up on the West Bank.

I met my wife, Leila Sansour, while both of us were studying philosophy at the same institution in the United Kingdom. She is a Palestinian woman from the city of Bethlehem. Her mother is Russian, while her father is Palestinian. Her father was a member of the group of academics that built Bethlehem University, which she attended. I had no prior knowledge of Bethlehem, Palestine, or political affairs, but I was head over heels in love with Leila and we were planning a wedding, so I traveled to Bethlehem to meet her family.

As a result, I arrived with a Christmas pudding from Harrods.

Lemons were present in the form of fruit, as were oranges, figs, and almonds.

This cuisine that was thought to be uniquely British turns out to be very Middle Eastern!

Bethlehem is, of course, famous as the birthplace of Jesus. Does thehistorical and archaeological recordconfirm this?

It is difficult to assert that the archaeology demonstrates that Christ was born in that location. However, there is a great deal of evidence in its favor. A census was taking place in Bethlehem at the time of Mary and Joseph’s arrival, according to the Bible, or they already lived there. It’s difficult to tell which of these, or whether either of them, is correct. People who traveled to Bethlehem within roughly 100 years of Christ’s birth were already convinced that Christ was born in that location.

  • When pilgrims came later, when Rome had become Christian, they did hear stories of a manger being present.
  • This was on exhibit at one point, and it fits the concept of a community where the most essential thing is to have a reliable supply of water.
  • Tell us about the Ain Sakhri devotees—as well as about the biblical scholar Karen Armstrong’s research.
  • There’s a road up from the Dead Sea in a location called Ain Sakhri, and some Bedouin shepherd boys discovered a little stone sculpture in caves there in the 1930s, when they were out shepherding.
  • Archaeologists believe it dates back to the Stone Age, some 11,000 years ago, and it is the first known image of individuals having sexual relations.
  • The individuals who built this sculpture, known as theNatufiansas they are now known, are an example of how this may be accomplished.
  • When the lambs are born in the spring, there is enough grass to feed the flock for around two weeks, allowing them to feed their sheep.

Almond trees, which were among the earliest plants to be cultivated, may be seen growing in the hills. Then there are the olive trees. This kind of living provided them with ample free time to sit down and start thinking about sex—as well as carve some sculptures in their spare time.

Though it is perched on a hilltop, water has played a key role in Bethlehem’s history, hasn’t it?

Bethlehem is a group of exceptionally fertile villages that produce almonds and, more crucially, olives for oil production, which are exported worldwide. As a result of its location on an immense aquifer, Bethlehem eventually became the water supply for Jerusalem approximately 200 BCE. There were so many Jewish pilgrims arriving in Jerusalem that the city was unable to keep up with the demand. The earlier water supply had been tainted as a result of the butchered animals in the temple. They were in desperate need of fresh water, which arrived from Bethlehem.

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It is a fortified town surrounded by a number of villages, which is why the Bible consistently refers to Bethlehem as having the greatest tasting water.

They constructed a reservoir around 2,300 years ago.

They’re still there, you know.

I was fascinated to discover that Bethlehem was made famous as a site of Christian pilgrimage, not by churchmen, but by a succession of Roman women. Tell us aboutSt. Helena—and her architectural legacy.

The Emperor Constantine’s mother, St. Helena, was a saint. She worked as a barmaid somewhere in the vicinity of Isthmia or Smyrna when she was in her late teens. She married an extremely ambitious Roman officer who had already divorced his first wife, and the couple had a son, who would later rise to the position of emperor. His mother rose to become the most prominent lady in the empire and a very important Christian leader while he was a little boy. Christianity appeared to appeal to affluent Roman women since many of them had inherited vast estates, either via marriage or death, which made Christianity an attractive option for them.

  1. Christianity became a ruse through which they were able to exert some control over others.
  2. A massive journey was undertaken, and she constructed churches as she traveled across Europe, what is now Turkey and the Middle East, until she arrived in the holy cities of Jerusalem and Bethlehem.
  3. She chose the location because the Roman bishop of Caesarea had taken her there, and the people pointed out the site where pilgrims had celebrated for the past 200 years, something she had not previously known.
  4. She wasn’t the one who came up with the legend.
  5. There is nothing else like the cathedral she created.
  6. It was St.
  7. She designated the location as a pilgrimage hotspot on the world map.
  8. Paula, who was the most renowned of the group.

Unfortunately, the church she helped to build is no longer in existence. In a mutiny, the Samaritans set fire to the building. Two churches that were built in the same style are likewise no longer standing. However, the cave still exists, albeit in a different form.

Bethlehem is today a hostage of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. You had a frontline view when you worked with paramedics in Bethlehem during theintifada. Tell us about that experience—and how it shaped your view of the conflict.

The conflict between Israel and Palestine reached a boiling point in late 2001. During the course of the conflict, the Israelis fired a missile at a building directly across the street from my wife’s home. My mother-in-law, who had become a widow at that time, was residing there at the time. In addition, the building just across the street from hers was destroyed, and our house’s roof was ripped off. In 2002, we moved into Leila’s Bethlehem house because we were concerned about how she was functioning.

  • The Israeli army, led by Ariel Sharon, invaded and occupied the West Bank on the Monday after Easter Sunday in 2002, capturing all of the cities there, including Bethlehem.
  • The Israeli forces finally pushed inside the ancient souk region and encircled the Church of the Nativity, which was destroyed in the war.
  • There was a suggestion that ambulances might be permitted to operate during the curfew provided they were accompanied by European citizens.
  • There was an attempt by militants to respond to Israeli brutality with further violence, but Palestinian cities were battered as a result of the conflict.
  • You have the impression that you are living as one of the defeated if you have to go through that.

The reclusive street artist Banksy recently opened a venue in Bethlehem calledthe Walled Off Hotel.What’s that all about?

The conflict between Israel and Palestine erupted in late 2001, and it has continued to increase. Israeli forces launched a missile at a building directly across the street from my wife’s home as part of this operation. They were taking care of my mother-in-law, who was by then a widow. The roof of our house was ripped off by the explosion of the building just across the street from her residence. We were concerned about how she was surviving, so we traveled to Bethlehem as soon as we could and began living in Leila’s house there in 2002.

  • Israeli forces led by Ariel Sharon attacked and captured all of the West Bank towns, including Bethlehem, on the Monday after Easter Sunday in 2002.
  • Later, the Israeli forces marched into the ancient souk area and encircled the Church of the Nativity, which was destroyed in the war.
  • According to one theory, ambulances would be permitted to operate during the curfew provided they were accompanied by European citizens.
  • In an attempt to respond to Israeli brutality with violence, terrorists launched a rocket attack on Palestinian cities.

Tourism in Bethlehem struggled for 10 years following the outbreak of the second intifada in 2001, yet the number of visitors has recently begun to rise once more. You have the impression that you are living as one of the vanquished as a result of going through it.

You suggest Bethlehem may need another “miracle” if it is to survive. Explain what you mean—and how you see the future for Bethlehem.

Surprising events have occurred throughout the country’s history. More than only the site of Christ’s birth, it’s also the site of the world’s oldest sculpture of people in love and the site of the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls, among other historical landmarks. As a result of the holocaust that occurred with the establishment of the Turkish state in the early twentieth century, it became a refuge for Armenians and Syriacs. When Israel was established in 1948, it became a haven for Palestinians escaping the establishment of the Jewish state.

  • Each wave has radically altered the town, yet the town has managed to hold on to its identity.
  • The length and clarity of this interview have been adjusted for readability.
  • Book Talk is curated by Simon Worrall.
  • Bethlehemby Constable is the publisher of Nicholas Blincoe’s work.

Print of Jesus born in Bethlehem

Shepherds and monarchs gathered in a barn to adore Jesus. Woodcut of a 19th-century image, hand-colored by the artist North Wind Picture ArchivesMedia ID 58845541st Century3 Kings History of the Ancients Animal Baby Bethlehem Bible The Bible’s Narrative BiblicalCharacteristics of the Bible BirthChildChristChristianChristianity Christmas Heritage Historic History Jerusalem is considered to be the holiest place on the planet. Illustration InfantIsrael Jesus Christ is referred to as “Jesus.” Jewish Joseph Judea King Manger Mary Orient (Middle East) Middle EastMother Mary (Mother Mary of the Middle East) Nativity The New Testament is a collection of writings that were written during the years of ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad ad Palestine Religion Religious It is the Feast of Saint Joseph.

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In the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus prayed.

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Print of Jesus born in Bethlehem

Verified user We back all of our products with our Pixel Perfect Guarantee local shipping Shipping is quick and secure, and returns are simple. The birth of Jesus in Bethlehem Shepherds and monarchs gathered in a barn to adore Jesus. A hand-colored woodcut of an image from the nineteenth century. Selecting the Right Product We have a large quantity in stock! Ships within 3-5 business days check Check that it was made in the United Kingdom. Check for Pixel-Perfect Reproduction. Check out the high-quality materials used in the construction of this product.

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Framed Print of Jesus born in Bethlehem

Shepherds and monarchs gathered in a barn to adore Jesus. Illustration from the nineteenth century, hand-colored woodcut. As part of our relationship with North Wind Picture Archives, we are pleased to offer this print. Thanks to its collection of stock pictures and hand-colored graphics, North Wind Picture Archives brings history to life. North Wind Photographic Collection Century3 Kings Media ID: 58845541st Century3 Kings History of the Ancients Animal Baby Bethlehem The BibleThe Bible’s Story BiblicalCharacteristics of the Bible BirthChildChristChristian Christianity Christmas Heritage HistoricHistory Jerusalem is considered to be the holiest place on the planet.

Saint Mary is the patron saint of Sheep Shepherd Stable There are three kings in this story.

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Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem

Located 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem, on the spot that has been designated by Christian tradition as the birthplace of Jesus since the second century, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is worth a visit. There was originally a church there, which was completed in 339, and the edifice that rebuilt it following a fire in the 6th century still has magnificent floor mosaics from the previous structure. The property also comprises churches and convents belonging to the Latin, Greek Orthodox, Franciscan, and Armenian faiths, as well as bell towers, terraced gardens, and a pilgrimage path.

Lieu de naissance de Jésus: l’église de la Nativité et la route de pèlerinage, Bethléem

The property is located about 10 kilometers south of Jérusalem on the grounds of the locations that Christians have revered as the site of Jesus’ birth from the second century AD, according to Christian tradition. It was here that a church was built in 339, and the building that replaced it after a fire that occurred in the sixth century still has remnants of the former structure’s floor, which were created from mosaics. The complex also includes a number of churches and monasteries, including Greek, Latin, Orthodox, Franciscan, and Armenian structures, as well as cloisters, terraced gardens, and a pilgrimage path across the area.

مهد ولادة يسوع المسيح: كنيسة المهد وطريق الحجاج، بيت لحم

A total of 20 years have passed since the beginning of the project. Three hundred and forty-nine dollars and thirty-nine cents A spokesman for the company said: “The company is committed to providing the best possible service to its customers.” . source: UNESCO/ERIDescription is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 International License.

耶稣诞生地:伯利恒主诞堂和朝圣线路

这一入选遗产位于耶路撒冷以南10公里,自从公元二世纪以来,就被基督教传统认定为耶稣的诞生地。 公元339年,在此建成第一座教堂,公元6世纪的火灾后,在此基础上重建的教堂保留了原有建筑精美的马赛克地板。 这一遗产地还包括拉丁、希腊东正教、方济会和亚美尼亚修道院和教堂,以及钟楼、露台花园和一条朝圣路线。 source: UNESCO/ERIDescription is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 International License.

Базилика Рождества Христова и тропы паломников

The location is around 10 kilometers from the city of Seychelles. Beginning in the second century A.D., this location is revered by the Slovak people as the site of the birth of исуса ристa. When the city was first established in 339 A.D., it was known as the “Egyptian City of Peace.” Following oap in the 6th century n.y., she was renovated, and as a result, it was possible to collect a variety of unusual musaacs. The list includes католиеские and равославне, including ранисканские and армнские, монастри and еркви, as well as колоколни, террасне сад, and тро аломников.

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El Lugar de Nacimiento de Jesús: Iglesia de la Natividad y ruta de peregrinación en Belén

Located about 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem, the registered site is believed to be the location where Jesus Christ was born, according to Christian tradition. A first church was built in 399 B.C., but it was demolished by fire and replaced by another in the sixth century, which was demolished by fire again in the seventh century. Suelos de mosaico extraordinariamente elaborados, originating from the original structure, have been preserved in the current church. The site also includes conventos and churches of several denominations, including latinas, Greeks, Orthodoxes, Franciscans, and Armenians, as well as campanarios, terraced gardens, and a pilgrimage route.

UNESCO/ERI is the source of this information. The following description is accessible under the CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license.

イエス生誕の地:ベツレヘムの聖誕教会と巡礼路

エルサレムの南方10kmに位置する生誕協会は、2世紀以降人々によってイエスの生誕地と考えられてきた場所に立つ。 339年に創始され、6世紀の火災後に再建されたもので、初期教会建築の顕著な例。 構成資産には、巡礼の最終目的地である生誕教会に向かう巡礼路や鐘楼、ひな壇式庭園のほか、ラテン・ギリシャ正教・フランシスコ会・アルメニア教会の修道院や教会なども含まれている。 生誕教会の建物の損傷が激しいことから、危機遺産にも同時に登録された。 source:NFUAJ

Geboorteplaats van Jezus: Geboortekerk en pelgrimsroute, Bethlehem

This location is located 10 kilometers to the south of Jeruzalem, on the site that has been recognized as the birthplace of Jesus by Christian tradition since the second century after Christ’s death and resurrection. In 339, a church was dedicated for the first time in history. In the sixth century, a brand was established. The current church, which retains the original vernacular, still has the whole set of vloermozaeken from the original church. There are also Latijnse, Greek-orthodox, Franciscaanse, and Armeense churches and chapels in the vicinity of the Geboorteplaats van Jezus’ burial site.

Source:unesco.nl

Outstanding Universal Value

a succinct summary Bethlehem is located 10 kilometers south of the city of Jerusalem in the lush limestone hill area of the Holy Land, 10 kilometers south of the city of Jerusalem. Historically, people have thought that Jesus was born at the location where the Church of the Nativity presently stands (Bethlehem) from at least the second century AD. In one specific cave, over which the first Church was erected, there is a long-held belief that the actual Birthplace of Christ took place. When it comes to pinpointing the Nativity, the location is significant since it both represents the beginnings of Christianity and is one of the holiest sites in all of Christendom.

  1. This church is covered by the current Church of the Nativity, which dates mostly from the mid-6th century AD (Justinian), but it has undergone some modifications since then.
  2. Since the early Middle Ages, the Church has gradually been assimilated into a larger complex of other religious structures, mostly monastic in nature.
  3. Bethlehem and the Church of the Nativity have been, and continue to be, a popular pilgrimage destination for more than 1700 years, at various times in history.
  4. Year after year, at Christmas festivities in Bethlehem, the Route is commemorated as the path taken by Joseph and Mary on their journey to Bethlehem, and it is ceremonially followed by the Patriarchs of the three churches at their various Christmas celebrations and formal trips to Bethlehem.
  5. As well as for the manner that over 1500 years, the fabric of the Church of the Nativity and its affiliations have come together to represent the immense spiritual and political effect that Christianity has had on human history.

Mary Major on the site believed to be associated with It is directly related with the birth of Jesus, an event of remarkable international significance, as evidenced by the fact that its structures were created in the 4th century AD and re-constructed in the 6th century AD, and that it is located on the Pilgrimage Route leading to it.

  • Integrity The Church of the Nativity and its architectural ensemble, which includes the Armenian, Franciscan, and Greek Orthodox Convents, as well as an area of terraced ground to the east and a short portion of the Pilgrimage Route, are all included in the purchase of the property.
  • As a result, it encompasses all of the structures that serve as the focal point of pilgrimage, as well as the cave that is believed to be the birthplace of Jesus.
  • This evidence has not yet been properly analyzed and is generally intact.
  • Additionally, in addition to delineating a functional roadway in a bustling city, this “width and line” now serves to define a commemorative path for a religious rite.
  • These trees are not a part of the land, but they constitute an important component of the approach to the church and should be safeguarded and conserved.
  • As a result of the dramatic growth in the number of vehicles, insufficient parking, and the presence of minor companies inside the old town, a polluted environment has developed that is damaging the façades of the Church of the Nativity as well as other structures along the Pilgrimage Route.
  • New buildings, some of which are vast in scale, are disrupting the traditional urban fabric in the vicinity of the Church of the Nativity, resulting in a detrimental impact on views to and from the property, as well as on its sense of place and religious connections.

The three churches that have taken up residence on the site are responsible for maintaining its sacredness.

This commemoration and rebuilding bear witness to a seventeen hundred year-old tradition of believing that this grotto was, in fact, the birthplace of Jesus Christ.

Despite the fact that the majority of the existing church dates back to the 6th century AD, it still contains a portion of the 4th century floor and some of its walls and columns.

The Crusades, which resulted in one of the most significant increases in pilgrimage activity, are reflected in the additions made in the 12th century.

The buildings of one of the monastery complexes date back to at least the 12th century, and there is evidence of earlier monastic structures beneath the other complexes that date back to the 12th century.

To ensure that repair and restoration respect as much as possible of the existing fabric, which is essential to understanding the significance of the church, all elements of the church associated with the original church, its rebuilding in the 6thcentury, and its alterations in the 12thcentury must be clearly identified and a conservation plan agreed upon.

The current lack of control over development, traffic, and tourism in the immediate urban surrounds of the Church poses a threat to this relationship as well as the capacity of the property to express properly its spiritual connections to those who visit it.

The rapid increase in the number of vehicles, insufficient parking, and the presence of small industries within the historic town have resulted in a polluted environment that is negatively impacting the façades of both the Church and the buildings along the Pilgrimage Route, according to the local authorities.

  1. An advisory council appointed by the Palestinian President now serves as a complement to the management structure.
  2. The advisory committee, which was established by the Palestinian president in full cooperation with the three churches in charge of the church, has developed a technical plan for the restoration of the roof of the Church of the Nativity.
  3. The intervention to repair the roof of the church was identified as a priority by the multinational team that worked on the plan, and the work is likely to begin later this year or early next.
  4. One of the objectives of such a Strategy should be to synthesize the conclusions of the detailed investigative reports into a concise statement that expresses the significance of each element within the context of a comprehensive conservation philosophy relevant to the proposed work.

The second major component, the Pilgrimage Route, which includes Star Street in Bethlehem, is a part of the Municipality of Bethlehem and is therefore subject to the provisions of the ‘Building and Planning Law 30, 1996’, the ‘Bethlehem Charter 2008’, the ‘Guidelines for the Conservation and Rehabilitation of the Historic Towns of Bethlehem, Beit Jala, and Beit Sahour, 2010,’ and the ‘General Rules for the Protection of the Historic Area and Historic Three goals have been set forth in the last two pieces of legislation: “protection,” “conservation,” and “rehabilitation.” The third piece of legislation is the “Charter,” which contains a statement of principles as well as working practices for achieving those goals.

Stronger controls, on the other hand, are required to ensure that the property’s urban context is not eroded.

A Management Plan for the entire property will be produced by the Committee established to monitor the roof repairs, and this plan should describe an overarching management structure for the entire property, including the roof repairs.

The Plan also has to address improved management of tourists, since the supply of visitor amenities is having a negative influence on the fabric of the surrounding town’s infrastructure.

Construction on the Heritage for Development Project, which is being funded by the European Commission, is scheduled to conclude in December 2013; upon completion, a conservation plan for the historic town of Bethlehem, which will include bylaws for intervention within the historic town, a management plan for the historic town, and an intervention manual will be endorsed by the municipality of Bethlehem, according to the project’s timeline.

In addition, the team from the municipality is participating in the planning phase and is anticipated to have the necessary resources to handle the project’s outputs to the fullest extent possible after it is completed.

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