What Was The Name Of The Man On The Cross Next To Jesus

The Two Men Crucified Next To Jesus Were

According to the Gospel of Luke, two additional men were crucified with Our Blessed Lord, one on either side of Him, and both died at the hands of the Romans. Traditionally, the thief to Christ’s right has been referred to as the “Good Thief,” while the thief to Christ’s left has been dubbed the “Unrepentant Thief.” While the names of the Good Thief and the Unrepentant Thief are not mentioned in the Gospels, legend claims that the one was named Saint Dismas and the latter, Gestas. Despite the fact that both men were subjected to the same brutal death and were both in the presence of Christ, their attitudes to their circumstances were vastly different.

Dismas, on the other hand, does not request that he be removed from power.

Rather, he begs to be brought up into the presence of Christ, pleading, “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.” (Matthew 23:42) St.

Which of these two is the most like you?

To help you accept the crosses that you will carry in this life, and to set your heart on Heaven in the next life, the Norbertine Fathers of Saint Michael’s Abbey would like to give you a FREE Saint Dismas prayer card, so that you may seek the intercession of the Good Thief. To download the free prayer card, just click the button below.

Download the Saint Dismas Prayer Card for free here.

Immersed in the 900-year tradition of our order, the Norbertine Fathers live a monastic common life of liturgical prayer and care for souls. Our abbey in Orange County consists of nearly fifty priests and thirty seminarians studying for the priesthood.

St. Michael’s Abbey is celebrating its 150th anniversary in 2017.

Penitent thief – Wikipedia

SaintDismas the Good Thief
Russian Icon of the Good Thief in Paradise by Moscow school,c.1560
First Saint, Penitent Thief, Good Thief, The Good Thief on the Cross
Born Galilee,Kingdom of Judea,Roman Empire
Died c. 30–33 ADGolgotha HilloutsideJerusalem,Judea,Roman Empire(todayIsrael)
Venerated in Eastern Orthodox ChurchCatholic Church
Canonized c. 30–33 AD,Golgotha HilloutsideJerusalembyJesus Christ
Majorshrine Church of Saint Dismas the Good Thief,Dannemora,New York,United States
Feast 25 March (Roman Catholic) Good Friday (Eastern Orthodox)
Attributes Wearing aloinclothand either holding his cross or being crucified; sometimes depicted inParadise.
Patronage Prisoners(especiallycondemned)Funeral directorsRepentant thievesMerizo, GuamSan Dimas,Mexico

He is one of two unidentified thieves who appear in Luke’s account of Jesus’ crucifixion in the New Testament. He is also referred to as theGood Thief, the Wise Thief, and the Grateful Thief for the Thief on the Cross for his service to Jesus. His request to Jesus, according to the Gospel of Luke, is for Jesus to “remember him” when he comes in this kingdom. The other, in the role of the repentant thief, challenges Jesus to rescue himself and to demonstrate to both of them that he is the Messiah, which he does.

Because of the old Christian tradition that Christ (and the penitent thief) were crucified and died exactly on the anniversary of Christ’s incarnation, the Roman Martyrology sets his memorial on March 25, along with the Feast of the Annunciation.

In the Gospel of Nicodemus, he is given the nameDismas, and he is also known as Saint Dismas in Catholicism, according to tradition (sometimesDysmas; in Spanish and Portuguese,Dimas). Various names have been granted by other traditions:

  • In the Coptic Orthodox tradition and theNarrative of Joseph of Arimathea, he is referred to as Demas
  • In the Codex Colbertinus, he is referred to as ZoathamorZoathan
  • And in the Gospel of Thomas, he is referred to as Demas. Titus is his given name in the Arabic Infancy Gospel. The name Rakh (Russian: аx) is given to him in the Russian Orthodox faith.

Gospel of Luke

The Icon of the Russian Orthodox Church The Good Thief in Paradise, a painting from the 16th century in Rostov, Russia’s Kremlin. Jesus was crucified beside two other men, one on his right and one on his left, which the Gospel of Mark interprets as a fulfillment of the prophesy of Isaiah 53:12 (see Isaiah 53:12 for more information) (“And he was numbered with the transgressors”). In the Gospels of Matthew and Mark, both of the thieves made fun of Jesus; Luke, on the other hand, records:39Now one of the convicts who was hanging there ridiculed Jesus, asking, “Is it possible that you are not the Messiah?

Indeed, we were found guilty and sentenced appropriately, as the punishment we suffered was proportionate to our misdeeds; nevertheless, this man has committed no crime.” He then said to Jesus, “Remember me when you come into your kingdom,” which he did.

It has been proposed by Augustine of Hippos that the writers of Mark and Matthew used a figure of speech in order to make their writings more concise.

In later commentaries, such asFrederic Farrar’s, the distinction between the Greek terms used is highlighted: “The two earliest Synoptists inform us that both the robbers reproachedJesus (v), yet we learn from St Luke that only one of them used harmful and insulting language against Him (v).”

“Amen. today. in paradise”

It is argued among a minority of translations and commentators that the words “Amen, I say to you, today you will be in paradise” found in Luke 23:43 (“v légo soi légo sémeron met’emoû ése en tôi paradesoi.”Amen soi légo sémeron met’emoû ése intôi paradesoi”) is the correct translation. Since no punctuation appears in the Greek manuscripts, attribution of the adverb “today” to the verb “be,” as in “Amen I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise” (the majority view), or to the verb “say,” as in “Amen I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise”( the minor viewpoint) must be based on an examination of word order conventions in Koine Greek.

Therefore, some prayers acknowledge that the good thief was the first and most important saint to be recognized by the Bible and Jesus himself, and that he is the only one known to be in Paradise after death.

With regard to his physical location in heaven, it is said that the thief accompanied Jesus to heaven in order to be with Christ, as it was said to him: “Thou shalt be with Me in Paradise”; but as to his reward, it is also said that he was in Paradise because he there tasted and enjoyed the divinity of Christ, along with the other saints.


Only one of the offenders is described as repentant in the Gospel of Luke, and that person is not identified in the gospel. Augustine of Hippodoes certainly not identify the thief, but he speculates that he may have been baptized at some point in the past. Traditional accounts have Jesus crucified on his right, while the other thief was crucified to his left, with the Good Thief to Jesus’ right. As a result, portrayals of Jesus’ crucifixion frequently depict Jesus’ head cocked to the right, indicating his acceptance of the Good Thief’s offer.

The footrest is tilted, with one footrest pointing up towards the Good Thief and the other footrest pointing down towards the Other Thief.

‘He was guilty of blood, even his brother’s blood,’ according to Pope Gregory I.


An early Greek recension of the Acta Pilatiand the LatinGospel of Nicodemus, elements of which may be dated to the late fourth century, gave the name Dismas to Luke’s unidentified repentant thief, who was afterwards given the name Dismas in the Acta Pilati and the LatinGospel of Nicodemus. It’s possible that the name “Dismas” was derived from a Greek word that meant “sunset” or “death.” Likewise, Gestas is the given name of the other thief. The thief addressed Jesus the child in the Syrian Infancy Gospel’s Life of the Good Thief (Histoire du Bon Larron, French 1868, English 1882), according to Augustine of Hippo: “O most blessed of children, if ever there should come a day when I should crave Thy Mercy, remember me and forget not what has passed this day.” The Holy Family was described as “exhausted and powerless” by Anne Catherine Emmerich; according to Augustine of Hippo and Peter Damian, the Holy Family encountered Dismas in similar conditions.

This Homily on the Crucifixion and the Good Thief by Pope Theophilus of Alexandria (385–412), which is considered a masterpiece of Coptic literature, was written between 385 and 412.


He is known by the name Demas in Coptic Orthodoxy. Joseph of Arimathea is the name that is given to him in the Biblical story of Joseph of Arimathea.


The legend is spurious. The Syriac Infancy Gospel refers to the two thieves as Titus and Dumachus, and it includes a story of how Titus (the good one) prevented the other criminals in his company from stealing Mary and Joseph as they were on their way to Egypt.


As is customary in Russian folklore, the name of the Good Thief is “Rakh” (Russian: аx).


The Catholic Church honors the Good Thief on 25 March. The following item is found in the Roman Martyrology: “Commemoration of the holy thief in Jerusalem who confessed to Christ and was canonized by Jesus himself on the cross at that moment and merited to hear from him: ‘Today you will be with me in Paradise.’ ” A number of localities, including San Dimas, California, are named after him, including the city of San Diego. Also named after him are parish churches, such as the Church of the Good Thief inKingston, Ontario, Canada, which was built by convicts from the nearbyKingston Penitentiary, Saint Dismas Church inWaukegan, Illinois, theOld CatholicParish of St Dismas in Coseley, and the Church of St.

In his honor, TheSynaxarionoffers the following couplet: Eden’s closed gates have been opened wide by the Thief, who has placed the key in the lock and said, “Remember me.” “I will not speak of Thy Mystery to Thine adversaries, nor will I kiss Thee like Judas; but like the thief, I will confess Thee: Remember me, O Lord, in Thy Kingdom,” says a traditional Eastern Orthodox prayer spoken before taking the Eucharist.


When it comes to medieval art, St Dismas is frequently shown as following Jesus during theHarrowing of Hellas, which is mentioned in 1 Peter 3:19–20 and theApostles’ Creed, respectively (though neither text mentions the thief). Dismas was awarded Paradise by Christ, according to one of the Good Friday songs of the Eastern Orthodox Church (also known as “The Good Thief” or “The Wise Thief,” in Church Slavonic: ” Razboinika blagorazumnago “), according to one of the hymns of Good Friday. This hymn is used in several different compositions in the Russian Orthodox Church, and it is one of the centerpieces of the Matins service on Good Friday.

Vladimir comes to the conclusion that since only Luke claims that one of the two was rescued, “the two of them must have been damnedwhy believe him rather than the others?” he concludes.

In popular culture

The thief appears in Christian popular music, like in the 1995 song “Thief” by Christian rock bandThird Day, and the name of the Christian rock bandDizmas, among other places. Additionally, the thief serves as the narrator in the controversial song “Friday Morning” by Sydney Carter. Once We Were Slaves, directed by Dallas Jenkins and starring Stélio Savant, is an award-winning Good Friday film that has received critical acclaim. St. Dismas is an important character in the video game Uncharted 4: A Thief’s End.

  1. Dismas to help him in his search for pirate treasure in the film A Thief’s End (2001).
  2. In the game’s descriptions, he is referred to as a rogue, thief, and highwayman, among other things.
  3. If both beginning characters complete the game’s last task, which is appropriately named “On the old path, we found redemption,” an unique accomplishment is awarded to them.
  4. Dismas Thrift Shoppe in Philadelphia, where they ship and keep the proceeds of their theft.
  5. Dismas is heavily featured in the 1946 film The Hoodlum Saint, which starred William Powell, Esther Williams, and Angela Lansbury, among other actors.
See also:  How Many Years Ago Did Jesus Die 2018

See also

  • Gestas, the other thief who was crucified alongside Jesus, was an impenitent thief. The life of Jesus as depicted in the New Testament
  • Christianity is characterized by its fervor. a list of names for those who have no names in the Bible
  • Archive of Saint Dismas, patron saint of libraries
  • San Dimas is a city in the Philippines that was named for the Penitent Thief.


  1. “Saint Dismas – Saint Dismas”
  2. “Holweck, Frederick George” (Saint Dismas – Saint Dismas)
  3. (1907). “Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary” is the name of the celebration. According to Charles Herbermann (ed.). Vol. 1 of the Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company, New York, New York
  4. AbLawrence Cunningham, A quick history of saints(2005), page 32
  5. AbGabra, Gawdat, a brief history of saints(2005), page 32
  6. (2009). The Coptic Church’s alphabetical index. abEhrman, Bart
  7. Plese, Zlatko. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, p. 120. ISBN 9780810870574
  8. AbEhrman, Bart
  9. Plese, Zlatko (2011). In this volume, you will find both the texts of the Apocryphal Gospels and translations into English. Oxford University Press, New York, p.582, ISBN 9780199732104, p.582. a guy by the name of Demas
  10. Bruce M. Metzger and Bart D. Ehrman are two of the most well-known names in the world of sports (2005). The Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration of the Text of the New Testament (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, p.270, ISBN 978-019-516667-5
  11. “Ante-Nicene Fathers/Volume VIII/Apocrypha of the New Testament/The Arabic Gospel of the Infancy of the Saviour” (Ante-Nicene Fathers/Volume VIII/Apocrypha of the New Testament/The Arabic Gospel of the Infancy of the Saviour). Wikisource, accessed April 19, 2009. retrieved on the 28th of December, 2021
  12. Renate Gerstenlauer’s book, The Rakh Icon: Discovery of its True Identity, was published by Legat Verlag in 2009, and is available online (ISBN978-3932942358). Citation found at “Who Is the Repentant Thief?” Icons and their interpretations are discussed. The 17th of December, 2011. 26 April 2014
  13. Matthew 27:38
  14. Mark 15:27–28,32
  15. Luke 23:33
  16. John 19:18
  17. Isaiah 53:12
  18. Matthew 27:44
  19. Mark 15:32
  20. Luke 23:39–43
  21. Dods, Marcus, ed. 26 April 2014
  22. (1873). “The Harmony of the Evangelists” is the title of this piece. The Works of Aurelius Augustine, Vol. 8 (The Works of Aurelius Augustine). Salmond, S. D. S., ed., Edinburgh: T.T. Clark, p. 430–1
  23. Ferrar, F. W., ed., Edinburgh: T.T. Clark, p. 430–1. (1891). The Gospel According to St. Luke is a collection of stories about the life and times of St. Luke. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges is a comprehensive resource for educators. C. J. Clay and Sons, p. 351
  24. London: C. J. Clay and Sons
  25. The Greek New Testament according to SBL. According to version=SBLGNT, the following is cited: Bruce M. Metzger is the author of this work (2006). The Greek New Testament: A Textual Commentary on the Text Hendrickson Publishers Marketing, LLC.ISBN978-1-59856-164-7
  26. AbcThe Life of the Good Thief, Msgr. Gaume, Loreto Publications, 1868 2003
  27. AbcCatholic Family News, April 2006
  28. AbcChristian Order, April 2007
  29. AbcCatholic Family News, April 2007
  30. Ab Stanley E. Porter and Anthony R. Cross are co-authors of the book Biblical and theological studies on the various dimensions of baptism Page 264 of 2002 “It is interesting to note, in this connection, that in his Retractions, Augustine wondered whether the thief had not in fact been baptized at some earlier point (2.18).”
  31. TAN Books, 1970, No.2229)/No.0107, The Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary, from the Visions of Ven.Anne Catherine Emmerich
  32. Clark, John, The Life of the Blessed Virgin Mary, from the Visions of Ven.Anne Catherine Emmerich, TAN Books (2015-04-03). Saint Dismas Demonstrates That It’s Never Too Late to Be Canonized from the Cross” Seton Magazine is a publication dedicated to the education of young people. Retrieved2020-03-01
  33. s^ Before and after Holy Communion, there are several common prayers. oca.org
  34. s^ The following is the hymn’s words (in English translation): “O Lord, in a single instant, Thou transformed the Wise Thief into someone deserving of Paradise. I pray that the wood of thy Cross would enlighten and rescue me as well “
  35. Razboinika blagorazumnago (The Wise Thief), composed by Pavel Chesnokov, is one of the most well-known renditions of the hymn. Samuel Beckett is a playwright who lives in New York City. The Complete Dramatic Works is a collection of plays written by Shakespeare. p. 15
  36. FaberFaber
  37. P. 15
  38. Sydney Carter’s obituary appeared in the Daily Telegraph on March 16, 2004
  39. “Stelio Savante Receives Award of Merit for ONCE WE WERE SLAVES” appeared in the Daily Telegraph on March 16, 2004
  40. And “Once We Were Slaves” appeared in the Daily Telegraph on March 16, 2004.

External links

  • The Wise Thiefhymn from the Eastern Orthodox Good Friday service (in English)
  • Saint Dismas–Freebase
  • The Wise Thiefhymn from the Eastern Orthodox Good Friday service (in English)

What Are The Names of the Thieves Crucified With Christ? – Amazing Bible Timeline with World History

The Bible does not mention the identities of the two thieves. Apocryphal book, The Book of Nicodemus, whichBiblescholars date to the fourth century ADon the Biblical timelinenames the penitent or good thief Dysmas or Dismas, while the thief who mocksJesus is named Gestas, according to the Biblical timeline. Published by the Amazing Bible Timeline with World History, these articles are written by the publishers of the book.

Visit this page right now to learn more about this complete Bible study tool! These articles are written by the publishers of The Amazing Bible Timeline with World History, and are available for free download. See almost 6000 years of Bible and world history at a single glance.

  • On this fantastic study companion, you will have access to over 1,000 references in a circular arrangement that is unique to it. Educate yourself on intriguing facts: Biblical events with scriptural references placed alongside global history demonstrate amusing chronological linkages. People will stop and speak about this well laidout Jesus historical timeline poster, which is perfect for your house, business, or church because of its attractive and simple design. More information about this unusual and entertaining Bible study tool may be found by clicking here.

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QuestionAnswer Dismas and Gestas are the names that are occasionally used to refer to the two robbers who were crucified to the right and left of Jesus on crosses. Although two men are referenced in the stories of the crucifixion found in the New Testament, their identities are never revealed. However, the names Dismas and Gestas do not originate in the New Testament, but rather are drawn from a pseudodepigraphal work that is not considered to be part of the New Testament canon. Consequently, it is uncertain if Dismas and Gestas were the genuine names of the two men executed during the time of Jesus or if they were fictitious names.

Many people believe that these two exact names cannot be assigned much confidence because they were written almost two centuries after the events had place and because they were discovered in a book that contained other disputed facts.

Dismas was canonized as a saint in the Roman Catholic faith, and his feast day is commemorated on March 25.

Who were Dismas and Gestas, and what was their story?

Who Were the Two Criminals Hanging Next to Jesus?

“Without a doubt, I assure you that you will be with Me in Paradise today.” Luke 23:43 (NIV) When we think of Easter, the first (and, in some cases, the only) thing that comes to mind is most likely Jesus. And with good reason! His atoning sacrifice and resurrection on our behalf are, without a question, the most important aspects of our celebrations of the resurrection. But how many of us are aware that Jesus was not alone himself? On that particular day, two other persons were crucified with Jesus.

And because they’re only addressed briefly, we see their presence in Jesus’ death as a fascinating aside and return our attention to Jesus’ death.

But who were they, exactly?

We are certain that God’s message will not be returned void (Isaiah 55:11).

A Tale of Two Brothers

A short video on the two criminals who were crucified beside Jesus was made some years ago by a well-known Christian media organization. Of course, it was all made up, but it was so fascinating that I can’t get it out of my head to this day. The two criminals in the narrative were revealed to be brothers. One was the nice brother, while the other was (as you would have guessed) the bad brother in this story. They were diametrically opposed to one another. The evil brother had troubles with drinking and gambling, whereas the good brother was studying to become a synagogue instructor under the supervision of a rabbi.

  • He would always be rescued, though, by his decent brother, who would always remind his dumb sibling to clean up his act.
  • He would drink in order to alleviate his anxiety.
  • His brother came to his aid once more, promising him that it would be the last time.
  • He devised a mad scheme to rob a nearby villager in order to pay off his obligations, which he executed successfully.
  • Nonetheless, he managed to become enmeshed in his brother’s scheme, and the Romans apprehended both of them and imprisoned them.

The Romans had had enough and condemned the two brothers to death by crucifixion after a long and drawn-out debate. Returning to the Bible, it is at this time that the account of the two criminals who were executed with Jesus is picked up.

The Criminals Encounter Jesus

It is recorded in Luke 23:39-43 that the convicts’ contact with Jesus occurs after the multitude insults the Lord as He and the two men are nailed to the cross. This is how it is recorded in Mark 15:29-32. People who went by mocked Him, waving their heads and exclaiming, ‘Aha! You who destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, rescue Yourself and come down from the cross!’ he wrote. Likewise, the top priests, who were laughing among themselves with the scribes, said, “He saved others, but He cannot save Himself.” Allow the Christ, the King of Israel, to descend from the cross at this time, so that we may see and believe.” A comparable account of the scenario may be found in chapter 27, verse 43 of the gospel of Matthew, except Matthew includes a bit more of the mocking of the Pharisees and scribes.

  • God will deliver him now if He wills it.” “He placed his confidence in God; let Him deliver him now if He wills it.” Because He said, “I am the Son of God.” The two criminals who mocked Jesus are likewise mentioned in both the gospels of Mark and Matthew.
  • “Even the thieves who were hanged with Him slandered Him with the same accusation.” Matthew 27:44 (KJV) Perhaps the two crooks were just carried away by the emotions of the audience.
  • And the nasty brother, well, he may have simply been being himself, it’s possible.
  • Whatever the motive, whether they are criminals or brothers, one of them has a change of heart a short time later.

Asking for Forgiveness

As the multitude booed and jeered Jesus, it appears that one of the convicts came to the conclusion that possibly Jesus was who He claimed to be. A felon who was about to be hung blasphemed Him, telling Him, ‘If You are the Christ, rescue Yourself and us.’ “Do you not even fear God, considering as how you are both under the same condemnation?” said the other when he spoke. And we have truly been justly rewarded for our efforts, as we have received the proper compensation for our efforts. ‘However, this individual has done nothing wrong.’ ‘Lord, please keep me in mind when You come into Your kingdom,’ he requested to Jesus after that.

See also:  Why Did Jesus Ask Peter 3 Times

And, of course, we can see that the other man is not convinced.

It’s possible that they had never met until that fateful day.

Alternatively, you may say “no.” Who knows what will happen? It doesn’t really matter what you think. However, there is one aspect about these gentlemen that is important.

The Criminals and the World

We have no idea who the two culprits are or where they came from. All we know about them is that they were thieves. Using the original Hebrew word for “robber” in this Scripture (“lestes”), we might infer that they were either rebels of some type or members of a gang who were well-known for ambushing unsuspecting victims with deadly force. Such aggressive individuals were frequently crucified by the Romans. Regular thieves, on the other hand, were not. Whatever the case, what we are expected to observe is how diametrically opposed the two are.

However, one guy changes his heart and becomes defensive of Jesus, whilst the other man continues to insult Jesus and remains hard-hearted throughout.

What does this have to do with Jesus, you might wonder.

The two criminals are a representation of all of us.

We Must Make a Choice

Whatever the circumstances were that brought them to the cross on that particular day, it is significant that they were crucified on the same day as Jesus. It wasn’t a strange coincidence at all. That is exactly how our all-powerful God designed it. They were meant to be there to meet with the Messiah, but they were late. Isn’t that similar to God’s character? He is continually working our circumstances until we come face to face with Him, even when we are not conscious of it occurring. He’ll go to any length to achieve his goals.

  1. Do we join the hordes of people who despise the Lord, making fun of Him and laughing at Him?
  2. Or it’s possible that we just don’t see the point in having Him in our lives.
  3. How many of us are willing to humble ourselves, confess our bad actions, and beg forgiveness?
  4. Another prayed for forgiveness, while the first insulted him because others had done so.
  5. The other, on the other hand, saw the possibility of endless life.
  6. Their narrative is a perfect reflection of the rest of the globe.

Abundant Grace

Upon realizing that he had no other option except divine grace, the criminal who approached Jesus for mercy felt that Jesus was the only one who could provide it. His belief that by recognizing Jesus as the Son of God, he would be admitted to heaven was likewise based on this belief. He definitely exhibits real faith when he expresses his belief. Despite the fact that he is about to die, he feels he still has a shot at redemption. Every one of us, my dear friends, has the same opportunity. Everything that happens in the future is determined by the most significant decision that we can make today, regardless of our prior actions or decisions, or what we’ve done in the past.

  1. We have the option of acknowledging our sin and asking Jesus for divine pardon.
  2. What is the extent of God’s grace?
  3. A LOT, in fact.
  4. 1 Timothy 1:14; Psalm 145:8 tell us that he is totally abounding in it!
  5. He is ecstatic to be able to present it to you.
  6. It’s possible that you’re standing on the threshold of death after a lifetime of rejecting God, just like the criminals who hanged alongside Jesus.
  7. He forgives the criminal of all he has ever done with the last breath He takes on this earth.
  8. What is the maximum amount of forgiveness Jesus will extend to you?
  9. What are your plans?

Allow today to be the moment in which you decide to approach Jesus and beg for His bountiful gift of grace (Ephesians 2:8-9). Allow this to be the happiest moment of your life—the moment you realized you had been guaranteed of your entrance into Paradise. Please follow and like us on Facebook:

Dimas and Gestas: Bandits Crucified with Christ

History of the Ancients Stephen Basdeo contributed to this article. Banditry and outlawry always thrive in areas where the state is weak and/or reluctant to enforce its laws, and this is true everywhere. In this regard, medieval England stands out as a particularly instructive case study, and it is at this era that the legend of Robin Hood initially emerges, as evidenced by William Langland’s allusions to “rymes of Robyn Hode” in The Vision of Piers the Plowman (c. 1377). To take you even further back in time than the medieval period and into the ancient world, to a time when the Roman Empire ruled Europe and the Near East, and a young, upstart religious leader was causing a commotion in the relatively backward province of Judea, allow me to take you even further back in time.

After then, Jesus was commanded to carry his cross to Calvary, where he would be crucified on the cross (there are very few historians who doubt that Jesus actually existed, but of course, whether one believes he was the Son of God or not is entirely a matter of faith and, thankfully, not a subject which this website deals with).

  • However, Jesus was not the only one to be crucified on that particular day.
  • One felt Jesus was completely innocent of any crime, while the other threw Jesus under the bus: Several of the prisoners who were hanging there threw obscenities at Jesus, including: “Aren’t you the Messiah?” “Save yourself as well as us!” The other criminal, on the other hand, scolded him.
  • We are being punished fairly, since we are receiving the consequences of our actions.
  • We know very little about the two thieves from the four canonical gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, and much less about the two thieves from the New Testament.
  • The fact that they were not just small thieves, as conveyed by many recent English translations that simply use the words “thief” or “criminal,” is unquestionable.
  • Historians largely agree that these punishments were very consistent across the Roman Empire, according to the evidence.
  • (c) B.

Shaw is an American author and poet.


In fact, this passage is translated as ‘bandits’ by Shaw in his article ‘Bandits in the Roman Empire’, which uses the term “bandits” to refer to the men who committed the crime.

Additionally, Roman troops were not only instruments of conquest but also offered a primitive form of police, acting as investigators, law enforcers, torturers, executioners, and gaolers in addition to their conquest-related duties.

Numerous laws were created to encourage local people (whom the Roman authorities knew would frequently give tacit consent to the conduct of bandits) to betray them in exchange for a reward, as a result of this.

Ancient Roman bandits were a different breed of criminal from the rest of society.

judgment against them was declared on the spot).

It has long been held up by Christian scholars as an example of the savagery with which the Romans punished Christ, but crucifixion was actually a relatively uncommon punishment in the Roman Empire, which further suggests that the men crucified alongside Jesus were not simply common thieves, but bandits or brigands.

  1. This was also true of bandits in pre-modern societies, as demonstrated by the author’s research.
  2. That Dimas and Gestas were actually revolutionary is beside the issue; the fact remains that such highway robberies were deemed subversive and dangerous enough by the Roman authorities to merit the most brutal form of execution available: crucifixion.
  3. It was the most dangerous to go on country roads from town to town because of the possibility of coming into touch with bandits.
  4. Another indication of the widespread presence of bandits in Roman society is the fact that the phrase “killed by bandits” occurs on the graves of numerous prominent Roman individuals.
  5. Several sources are cited.
  6. When it comes to baptism and the crucifixion, James D.
  7. Dunn writes on page 339 of his book, Jesus Remembered, that “these two realities in Jesus’ life compel virtually universal acquiescence.” (Grand Rapids, MI: William B.
  8. 4-52.
  9. D Shaw’s “Bandits in the Roman Empire,” Past and Present, 105 (1984).
  10. 4).
  11. Fuhrmann, Policing the Roman Empire: Soldiers, Administration, and Public Order) (Oxford: OUP, 2011) Bandits in the Roman Empire: Myth and Reality (Thomas Grunewald, Bandits in the Roman Empire: Myth and Reality) J.

Hone, 1820) Tags:Ancient History/Ancient Rome/Antiquity/Apocrypha/bandits/Bible/Bible Times/crime/Crime History/criminals/Bible/Bible Times/crime/Crime History/criminals/Cross/Crucifixion/Gospels/History/Jesus/New Testament/Stephen Basdeo This entry was posted in: Ancient Rome, antiquity, bandits, BIBLE, BRIGADES, CRUCIFIXION, DIMAS, GESTAS, Jesus Christ, New Testament.

Luke 23:32- Jesus, The Cross, A Thief, and Forgiveness

Luke 23:32-43 (KJV) (NAS95) 32 Two other individuals, both of whom were criminals, were being carried away to be executed with Him. 33 When they arrived at the location known as The Skull, they nailed Him and the criminals on the cross, one on the right and the other on the left, respectively. Then he continued with a prayer, “Father, pardon them; because they do not understand what they are doing.” As a result, they divided His clothing among themselves by drawing lots. 35 And the rest of the audience just stood there and watched.

  • 36 The soldiers also made fun of Him, approaching Him and offered Him sour wine, 37 saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, rescue Yourself!” The word “THISIS THE KING OF THE JEWS” was also seen above Him at this point.
  • 42 “Truly I tell you,” He assured him.
  • While the Lord was going through the physical, emotional, and probably even spiritual pain on the cross, he continued to communicate the divine character of His love for man via his actions.
  • He made the effort to restrain his own suffering in order to meet the demands of a sinner, and he was successful.
  • It’s a fantastic peace of mind to know that you’re in good hands.
  • The New Testament, Jesus’ Covenant, on the other hand, teaches that baptism is the only thing that stands between a person and forgiveness of sin.
  • Despite Jesus’ unambiguous words, many people teach and believe that baptism is not required to become a Christian.
  • They also assume that the thief on the cross had never been baptized, as required by the New Testament, and as a result, they do not believe that they are required to be baptized.
  • Look at the reasons why the thief is not a good model of how man might be saved today.

Matthew 9:2 (KJV) And, behold, they brought to him a man who was suffering from palsy and laying on a bed: and, upon witnessing their faith, Jesus said to the man who was suffering from palsy, Son, be of good cheer; thy sins are forgiven thee 3 And, behold, some of the scribes whispered amongst themselves, “This man blasphemes.” 4 4 And Jesus, who knew what they were thinking, answered, “Why do you think evil in your hearts?” Which is more difficult: to say, Thy crimes be forgiven thee, or to say, Arise and walk?

  1. 5 6) But that you may know that the Son of man hath authority on earth to forgive sins, (as he says to a sick person suffering from palsy), arise, pick up thy bed, and go unto thy house.
  2. Every time Jesus talked to a person and forgave them of their sins, their sins were forgiven in the same way.
  3. In the event if Jesus were to walk the earth and tell someone that their sins were forgiven, it would be true.
  4. The second premise to examine is that the New Covenant had not yet been formed at the time of Jesus’ death.
  5. Jesus was still alive and well at the time.
  6. If the covenant under which baptism is mandated had not yet come into effect when Jesus spoke to the thief, and it has now come into effect, the rules for salvation have been altered as a result of the altering of covenants, according to the Bible.
  7. 9:15 (Hebrews) And it is for this reason that he is the Mediator of the New Testament, in order that those who are called may receive the promise of eternal inheritance via the means of death, for the redemption of the trespasses that occurred under the first testament.
  8. The third premise is that neither you nor I are in the same situation as the thief, who was face to face with Jesus.
  9. No biblical concept will enable us to take a remark made to a single individual and generalize it such that the message applies to everyone.
  10. That implies that we must pay attention to what he has communicated to us via the Word.
  11. He is not speaking to us face to face, as he did with the thief, and this is a problem.
See also:  Why Did Jesus Descend Into Hell For Three Days?

Matthew 17:5 (KJV) Even as he was still speaking, a brilliant cloud appeared over them, and a voice spoke out of the cloud and said, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well delighted; listen to him.” Despite the assumptions made about the thief not having been baptized, the fourth principle is that it is more reasonable to assume that the thief had been baptized than it is to believe that he had not.

  • Let’s reread the account and then look at what it truly contains this time.
  • However, his response was swift and sharp, with the other rebuking him, saying, “Doest thou not dread God, considering that thou art in the same condemnation?” 41 And we are righteous, because we have received the proper reward for our acts; but this man has done nothing wrong in his life.
  • In verse 41, the thief claims that “this man has done nothing wrong.” He was well aware that Jesus was without sin or guilt.
  • He could only have known it if he had known Jesus earlier in his life!
  • Before they were put on those crosses, it’s almost certain that he knew who Jesus was!
  • ” In his prayer, he requested Jesus to remember him when he entered his kingdom.
  • Before going to the cross, only those who had been disciples of Jesus would have understood what was going on.

Fourth, the Bible says in verse 42, “thou comest into thy kingdom.” He thought that, despite the fact that Jesus was dying on the cross, he would still reign as a king after death.

Except, of course, he comprehended the predictions of Jesus, according to which he would be raised from the grave in three days.

It appears that this guy, who was crucified with Jesus, was more knowledgeable about Jesus’ teachings on the nature of the Kingdom of God than even the Apostles at that time.

He was familiar with Jesus!

Possibly one of John’s disciples who was baptized with the baptism for repentance and forgiveness of his sins.

5 And there came out to him from all of Judaea, as well as from Jerusalem, and they were all baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.

Do you know whether or not he was one of those who were baptized by Jesus’ disciples?

He had to confess his sins as part of the conversion process.

When he attempted to make things right, the people from whom he had stolen had him detained and arrested.

This thief must have been acquainted with Jesus before his crucifixion.

What other reason could he have for standing up for him so vehemently?

I think it’s particularly essential to point out that there is nothing in the text to suggest that this is the moment in time at which the thief was forgiven for his misdeeds.

Nowhere in the Bible does it mention that his sins were forgiven while he was hanging on the cross.

This concept of “being rescued like the thief on the cross” is concerned with Christ’s authority.

He had a one-on-one conversation with him.

Our Lord Jesus Christ, via his sacrifice and our devotion to His Word, has rescued us today, according to the Word.

Hebrews 5:8 (Hebrews 5:8) Despite the fact that he was a Son, he learnt obedience by the horrors that he endured; 9 Moreover, after being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation for all those who follow his commandments; Jesus will save those who follow his commandments, those who believe and trust in him enough to do what he says.

  • That is Jesus’ intention in making his statement to you.
  • Will you put your faith in Him?
  • 16 He who believes and is baptized will be saved, but he who does not believe will be condemned, according to the Bible.
  • Is it more important to us that we be saved like the thief who died next to Christ on the cross than that we fulfill these basic commandments of Jesus?

Consider the implications of this carefully. We must not ignore the precepts of Jesus in order to adhere to our own traditions and customs. Ney Reiber contributed to this article. Extracted from Expository Files 4.11, which was created in November 1997.

The three crosses on Calvary: What do they signify?

On the day when Jesus Christ was crucified, there were three crosses on the hill of Calvary. “And when they arrived at the location known as Calvary, they crucified him together with the criminals, one on his right hand and the other on his left,” the Bible says. Luke 23:33 is a biblical passage. It was not by chance that Jesus was crucified alongside two robbers on the cross. “Therefore, I will give Him a part with the great, and He shall share the spoil with the strong, because He poured out His soul unto death, and He was numbered with the transgressors, and He carried the sin of many, and He interceded for the transgressors,” declared the prophet Isaiah.

The first man

“One of the convicts who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, ‘If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us,'” the Bible says. Luke 23:39 is an example of a parable. We can all identify with this thief because he represents the world that wants to be rescued without admitting the judgment: If You are the Messiah, then take away the judgment; let us flee and take You along with us. Demonstrate your abilities to us. In order to prove that you are a Christian, you must please me and meet my requirements.

  • Demonstrate Your magnificence and Your abilities so that people can actually see and comprehend that the Messiah is present among us.
  • Christ’s mission, on the other hand, was not to save the world from judgment, nor was it to produce wonders and miracles in the midst of the beast in order to win the beast’s favor.
  • The thief was nailed to the cross by his own hands.
  • A similar manner, the world has been crucified, for we believe that if one is crucified for all, then we are all crucified; and if one died for all, then we are all dead; and if one died for all, we are all dead.
  • These beliefs are the nails in the coffin of an ungodly person’s heart, and they will never be removed.

The second man

“One of the convicts who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, ‘If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us,'” says the Bible. Luke 23:39 is a passage from the Bible that says We can all identify with this thief because he represents the world that wants to be rescued without admitting the judgment: If You are the Messiah, then take away the punishment; let us flee and take You with us. Demonstrate your abilities to us! To be a Christian, you must strive to please me and meet my expectations. Assuming You are the Messiah, go up to Jerusalem for the feast and make Yourself known to the people; descend from the pinnacle of the temple and command the stones to be turned into loaves of bread.

  1. Exactly this is the sort of Messiah that the world seeks; in the Antichrist, that desire will be realized one day.
  2. The purpose of His coming was to crucify the world and bring it to death, so that everyone who dies with Him can be raised to life again.
  3. Despite his best efforts, he was sentenced to death, and the nails of the cross firmly grasped their victim in their teeth.
  4. Because the prince of this world has been judged, the Spirit imparts convictions about the judgment that is to come.

They are the nails that an ungodly person would never be able to pull out of his or her heart because of their convictions. Even if the world tries to preserve its own life – as the thief did – it will fail, and it will perish.

The third man

This was none other than the Lord Jesus Christ. Although the first thief targeted Him with his sneer, He did not respond; instead, the other thief spoke on His behalf. God has also preserved thieves today who are capable of answering all of the world’s inquiries concerning Jesus, as well as refuting their arguments and turning aside their ridicule. Jesus, on the other hand, did not say a single word in response to their questions. He does, however, respond to the second thief with an oath: “I assure you, today you will be with Me in Paradise,” He says.

Jesus not only suffered our sins on His body while nailed to the cross, but He also bore sin inside Himself.

God condemned sin in the person of Jesus Christ.

It was impossible for the law to judge sin in the flesh since all of a man’s sin is done outside of his physical body, making it impossible for the law to judge sin in the flesh.

Everyone who wishes to be saved from the power of indwelling sin must now daily take up his or her own cross.

Jesus did not have the nature of angels; instead, He was descended from Abraham’s lineage.

No one can be held responsible or condemned for the judgment that takes place in the body over sin inherent in our nature since it takes place within the body.

There is a growth of the body, a salvation of the body, and a judgment of the body.

He offers an external redemption via the person of Jesus Christ.

The adversaries of the cross of Christ, on the other hand, are opposed to this inner redemption, and, like the thief, they are content with the remission of sins as a result of the crucifixion of Christ.

She longs to be a participant in His holiness and has calculated the cost of such a pursuit.

She is made of the same flesh that He is and the same bone as He is. The bridegroom is willing not only to partake in the delight, but also to suffer and die with him – not just to the curse of the law, but also to the character of Adam in his physical body – because she shares in his joy.

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