When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
Matthew includes the lengthiest account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). (Matthew 27:31-62). One part of this tale is the information concerning Joseph, a rich man from Arimathea “ who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” (Matthew 27:57 b) (Matthew 27:57 b). Joseph is reported to have asked Pilate for permission to bury Jesus’ body inMatthew 27:58-61. Then we learn inMatthew 27:62that Joseph carried this out on Preparation Day:“ The next day, the one after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate.” Mark also records that Joseph buried Jesus on Preparation Day.
Then he rolled a stone against the entrance of the tomb ” (Mark 15:46).
Luke and John confirm that Jesus died on the Day of Preparation:“ Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen cloth and placed it in a tomb cut in the rock, one in which no one had yet been laid.
It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin ” (Luke 23:54). (Luke 23:54). “Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there ” (John 19:42). (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
- Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
- Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.
I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died
In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.
However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.
No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.
The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began
In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.
Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).
So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.
The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began
Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.
The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”
The Length of Jesus’s Ministry
To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:
- In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
- In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
- And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
- 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)
This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.
If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.
The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:
|Nisan 15||AD 30||John 2:13|
|Nisan 15||AD 31||Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)|
|Nisan 15||AD 32||John 6:4|
|Nisan 15||AD 33||John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified|
Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover
It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.
33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.
Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.
|April 2||Nissan 14||Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall)||Day of Passover preparation||Last Supper|
|April 3||Nissan 15||Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall)||Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins||Crucifixion|
|April 4||Nissan 16||Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall)||Sabbath|
|April 5||Nissan 17||Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall)||First day of the week||Resurrection|
The computations in the preceding section may look difficult, but in a nutshell, the reasoning goes as follows:
|Beginning of Tiberius’s reign||AD 14|
|Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry||AD 28|
|A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry||AD 29|
|Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion||AD 33 (April 3)|
While this is, in our opinion, the most plausible scenario, it should be noted that many people think Jesus was killed in the year AD 30, rather than the year AD 33, as we have said. If, on the other hand, the beginning of Tiberius’ rule is set at the year AD 14, it becomes nearly difficult to fit fifteen years of Tiberius’ reign and three years of Jesus’ ministry between AD 14 and AD 30, as is the case. As a result, some have speculated that Tiberius and Augustus shared co-regency (combined rule) during the last few years of Augustus’ reign.
As a result, we believe that Jesus was most likely crucified on April 3, AD 33, as previously stated.
Because of this, when we celebrate Easter and walk with Jesus every day of the year, we may be certain that our faith is founded not just on subjective personal confidence, but also on solid historical evidence, which makes our faith a perfectly rational faith.
Crossway’s executive vice president and publisher for books, Justin Taylor, holds this position. Andreas Köstenberger and he have written a book together called The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week in the Life of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived (Crossway, 2014).
QuestionAnswer The death of Jesus and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus are the most significant events in human history since the beginning of time. God used the death of Christ to reconcile people who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin and “presentedholy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22) those who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin. And God has compassionately “given us new birth into a live hope” as a result of Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3).
- We can, however, figure it out with a reasonable degree of precision.
- It is believed that Herod the Great died in 4 BC, which corresponds to the death of Herod the Great, who served as procurator of Judaea from 47 BC to 4 BC.
- It is possible to identify the year in which Jesus died based on a variety of different criteria.
- In the year AD 14, Tiberius was proclaimed emperor.
- Pontius Pilate is believed to have governed Judea between AD 26 and AD 36.
- There is also an argument for a more recent date (April 7, AD 30), which is based on the fact that John the Baptist’s ministry began more recently (and an assumed co-regency of Tiberias and Augustus).
- Even while a great deal has transpired on the international stage since Christ’s time, nothing has ever surpassed the scope and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world.
7 Clues Tell Us *Precisely* When Jesus Died (the Year, Month, Day, and Hour Revealed)
Just how particular can we be with the death of Jesus? Can we determine the exact day? We are in the midst of our yearly celebrations of Jesus’ death and resurrection.
We all know that this happened in Jerusalem in the first century. That separates Jesus from mythical pagan deities, who were supposed to live in places or times that none could specify. Just how particular can we be with the death of Jesus? Can we determine the exact day? We can. And here’s how.
Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas
According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.
Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate
All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?
Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”
The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.
Clue4: Crucified on a Friday
There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.
- According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).
- In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.
- The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer.
- 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation).
- 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated.
Clue5: A Friday at Passover
It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.
- It was still early in the morning.
- As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
- There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
- Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
- In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
- No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
Because of this, we can reduce the range of probable dates down to only a handful. The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D. 29 and 36 on which Passover began in the evening:
- Monday, April 18, the year 29
- Friday, April 7, the year 30
- Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
- Monday, April 14, the year 32
- Friday, April 3, the year 33
- Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
- Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
- And Saturday, March 31, the year 36
As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?
Clue6: John’s Three Passovers
During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.
- Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.
That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.
The numbers don’t add up in this case.
Is it possible to be any more specific?
Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”
Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.
This is the exact moment it occurred.
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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.
What year did Jesus die?
However, although the Bible does not specify the date of Jesus’ birth or death, we can infer this information from other historical data. From 47 BC until his death in 4 BC, Herod the Great ruled over the kingdom of Judaea. In the aftermath of Herod’s death, Joseph and Mary were visited by an angel, who assured them that it was safe for them to return to the region (Matthew 2:19–23). In light of these dates, we may estimate that Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC (for additional information on BC and AD, please visit our article “What do BC and AD (Bc and AD) represent?”).
- Tiberius began governing in AD 12 as co-regent with Augustus Caesar, however he was not officially recognized as emperor until AD 14 when he was designated as such.
- As a result, Jesus’ earthly career came to an end about AD 29 or 30.
- (Mark 14:12).
- After putting all of this material together, we arrive at either April 7 AD 30 or April 3 AD 33 as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion.
- According to the most conservative estimates, Jesus would have died in AD 33, making his mission more than three and a half years lengthy and beginning at least a year after John the Baptist began his preaching.
- It is true that the event of God becoming a man on earth, leading a blameless life, dying on the cross as a sacrifice for our sins, and rising from the dead is the defining moment in history and the turning point in human history.
- What matters is that each individual comprehends the importance of Jesus’ death on the cross for their sins and subsequent resurrection in power over all things, including death (Colossians 1:21–22).
- To be saved, all we must do is place our trust in Jesus Christ as our Savior and Lord (John 3:16–18; Romans 10:9; Ephesians 2:8–9), and we shall be saved.
- Who has responsibility for the killing of Jesus Christ?
What year did Jesus Christ come into the world? What do we know about the historical Jesus, the one who lived and died? Who exactly is Jesus? Is it true that Jesus rose from the dead? Was Jesus Christ truly raised from the dead? Return to the page: The Truth About Jesus Christ.
When Was Jesus Born, and When Did He Die?
While Christians commemorate Christmas and Easter on an annual basis, few are aware of the dates on which Jesus was born and when he was crucified. Not that any significant theology is founded on the calculations presented here, but it is comforting to know that we may have fair confidence in the dates of Jesus’ birth and death, which can be determined from a mix of biblical and extrabiblical historical facts, as demonstrated below. I may not be prepared to put my life on the line for the accuracy of the information provided below, but I am confident enough in my calculations to have my van’s license plate displayed as follows: 5BC–AD33.
(the most authoritative treatment of this topic that I am aware of is Paul L.
Maier, “The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,” in As a side note, this would give Herod (who died in 4 B.C.) ample time to prepare his campaign to have all the boys two years old and younger in Bethlehem and the surrounding area slaughtered, as well as for Jesus to be born (see Matt 2:16, 19).
- 14 is the date given by both Tacitus (Annales4 4) and Suetonius (Tiberius73) as the beginning of Tiberius’ reign.
- As a result, dating from August 19, A.D.
- 29 (14 plus 15 = 29).
According to the Gospels
The Bible states that Jesus was “around 30 years old” when he began his public ministry in Luke 3:23. If Jesus was born in 5 B.C. (as argued above) and began his public ministry shortly after the death of John the Baptist (that is, in the latter part of the year A.D. 29), as indicated by all four Gospels, this would mean that Jesus was approximately 33 years old when he began his public ministry (see H. W. Hoehner, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, 31–37; and B. Messner, “‘In the Fifteenth According to John’s Gospel, Jesus appeared during at least three Passovers: (1) in Jerusalem (2:13, 23); (2) in Galilee (6:4); and (3) once again in Jerusalem (2:13, 23).
- There’s also a good chance he went to a fourth Passover that wasn’t documented in John but was recorded in the Synoptics (Matt 12:1 pars.?
- If Jesus began his preaching in late A.D.
- 33, according to the calendar.
- 30 and 33 are the only possible dates for Jesus’ crucifixion in terms of the date of Passover in these two years (for more information on the dating of the four Passovers in question, see, for example, C.
- Humphreys and W.
- Waddington, “The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse, and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion,” Tyndale Bulletin After all is said and done, John 2:20 states that the temple was completed 46 years ago (for this translation see A.
- Köstenberger, John, pages 109–10).
- (Antiquities15.11.1 380), Josephus records that the temple structure itself was renovated, with the work completed 18 months later, in 18/17 B.C (Antiquities15.11.6 421).
- and adding 46 years leads us to A.D.
- To learn more about Johannine chronology, check the chart in A.
- Köstenberger, John (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004), 11–13, and the commentary at 1:19 and 2:20, as well as the prior post on Johannine chronology here.
For more information, see H. W. Hoehner, “Chronology,” inDictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (eds. J B Green, S McKnight, and I H Marshall; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992), pgs. 118–22 (also available in print). Also,.
When Did Jesus Die? What Do We Know About the Timeline of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection
One of the most dramatic events in the Bible, if one were to choose one time to characterize as the climax, would be the death, burial, and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. It is the culmination of the Old Testament’s promises and predictions, the apex of history, and the pivotal event around which all subsequent sections of the Bible are defined and organized. The death of the Lord Jesus was a watershed point in history that changed and reshaped the course of history. Understanding it helps us understand why Easter is essential, as well as why the transition from the law to the grace of Christ occurred.
Here’s where you can get your FREE Easter Guide.
Photograph courtesy of Unsplash/Alicia Quan
When Did Jesus Die?
The Gospels each provide a portion of a timeline that illustrates not just what happened to the Lord during the period of what is now known as Good Friday, but also when these events took place in historical time. They all believe that Pontius Pilate was the governor of Roman Judaea – the one who presided over that part of the Roman Empire as a satellite for Caesar – and that he was the man who executed Julius Caesar. He appears in the following books: Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, and John 19.
Tiberius was the second emperor after Augustus, and he governed from 14 to 37 AD.
Historically, historians and theologians have agreed that Jesus was roughly thirty-three years old when He was crucified.
Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/toeytoey2530.
What Was the Hour of Jesus’ Death?
The New Testament provides a detailed timeline of Christ’s arrest, trial, and execution, all of which take place on the same night. Jesus had traveled to Jerusalem in order to participate in the Passover celebrations. The Lord made His triumphal entry into the city on the Sunday before He was arrested, which is known as the triumphant entry. In response, both those who went before and those who followed cried out: “Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” (Matthew 11:9) The conspiracy to capture Jesus came to fruition after several days of preparation in the capital city.
- In the morning, His crucifixion started at Golgotha, a skull-shaped hill outside the city gates, where He had been tried the previous evening.
- The third hour, the sixth hour, and the ninth hour are all mentioned in the Gospels.
- “And it was the third hour when they crucified him,” according to Mark 15:25.
- on the third hour if it had occurred.
” It was dark from noon until three in the afternoon, according to the third hour of the day, which was nine o’clock in the morning. Credit: Unsplash/Veri Ivanova for the photo.
What Happened When Jesus Died?
The Crucifixion of Jesus appears to have elicited a response from the entire world. There was darkness for three hours in the midst of the day, in the middle of the day. Additionally, the Gospels state, “And behold, the curtain of the temple had been ripped in two, from top to bottom.” There was an earthquake, and the rocks were split,” he said (Matthew 27:51). Many people were taken by surprise by these momentous events. The veil hung in the temple and was particularly designed to divide the innermost area – the Holy of Holies – from the rest of the building, so that God’s presence could be kept hidden from the public.
- There was no longer a need for the veil after Jesus paid the penalty for mankind’s sin since man may now approach God directly in repentance as a result of his atonement.
- Psalm 22:17-18 was fulfilled when the Roman soldiers separated Jesus’ clothing and cast lots (John 19:23), as recorded by both sources in the Gospel of John.
- Even the manner of the Lord’s death did not quite conform to the traditional Roman crucifixion, but it did fulfill the prophecies of the Old Testament in this regard.
- However, according to John 19, Roman troops shattered the bones of the men who were standing close to Jesus, but the Lord had already given up the ghost and was dead at the time.
- This acted as a portent for the Lord Jesus, and as a result, His body had to be completely restored as well.
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Robertiez
When Was Jesus Resurrected?
Joseph of Arimathea, a religious leader who thought that Jesus was the Messiah, had his tomb built outside of Jerusalem, and it was there that Jesus was put to rest. After his death, which happened on a Friday afternoon, Jesus was promptly taken down from the cross and buried with his cousin Joseph in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. According to Jewish law and custom, nothing could be done with or to the body on the Sabbath – Saturday – and as a result, the body was buried as soon as possible.
They requested that the Romans guard the tomb of Jesus in order to prevent His disciples from stealing the corpse.
Saturday was the Jewish Sabbath, as well as the second day of the week. This was the third day, which was the day of the Resurrection, which is commemorated by Christians as Easter Sunday. Featured image courtesy of Getty Images/Alessandro Photo
Why Do We Celebrate Easter When We Do?
Following the Sabbath, a group of ladies who had been following Jesus’ ministry made their way to the tomb. Some aspects of Jewish burial were unable to be completed because of the speed with which Jesus was laid to rest, and the women were called in to complete some of those steps. An angel, on the other hand, met and welcomed them. In response, the angel assured them, ‘Do not be afraid; I know that you are seeking Jesus, who was crucified.'” He is not present because, as he stated, he has risen from the dead.
Christians celebrate the miraculous resurrection of Jesus Christ on the same day as the Jewish holiday of Passover, in accordance with the traditions of Passover week, and in recognition of the fact that Jesus died the day before the Sabbath and that the women discovered the empty tomb the day after the Sabbath.
However, some sects and denominations, particularly in Orthodox communities, dispute Sunday as the date of the resurrection, arguing that it should be celebrated on Monday.
Easter brings believers together in worship, joy, and excitement as they look forward to the resurrection.
The miracle is carefully recounted in the Gospels, with the promise of redemption being passed down through the generations – the promise of Easter Sunday.
Alfred Edersheim’s work is a good example of how to combine a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah are detailed in this book.
- Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, 1953.
- Crossway Publishing Company, Wheaton, IL, 2014.
- Dwight.” Jesus Christ’s Words and Deeds are the foundation of the Christian faith.
- Walvoord, John F., and Roy B.
- The Bible Knowledge Commentary is a resource for Bible knowledge.
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images /jordachelr
Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer. She writes a religion and lifestyle blog, graceandgrowing.com, where she ponders the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, as well as other topics.
Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer. She writes a religion and lifestyle blog, graceandgrowing.com, where she ponders the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, as well as other topics.
Quake Reveals Day of Jesus’ Crucifixion
According to the New Testament, Jesus was most likely crucified on Friday, April 3, 33 A.D., according to the historical record. The most recent analysis, which was published in the journal International Geology Review, was focused on earthquake activity near the Dead Sea, which is located 13 miles from the Israeli capital of Jerusalem. The earthquake that occurred at the crucifixion is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 27: “And after Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.” The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time.
To better understand earthquake activity in the region, geologists Jefferson Williams of Supersonic Geophysical and Markus Schwab and Achim Brauer of the German Research Center for Geosciences examined three cores taken from the beach of the Ein Gedi Spa, which is located adjacent to the Dead Sea.
In the sediments, varves, which are annual layers of deposition, reveal that the core was affected by at least two major earthquakes: a widespread earthquake that occurred in 31 B.C.
Specifically, Williams noted that the latter time happened during “the years when Pontius Pilate was procurator of Judea and during the era when the earthquake in the Gospel of Matthew is factually restricted.” It is known with a good degree of clarity when the crucifixion (also known as Good Friday) took place, according to him.
In terms of textual indications concerning the date of the crucifixion, Williams cited a Nature research written by Colin Humphreys and Graeme Waddington that was published in 2011.
- All four gospels, as well as Tacitus’ Annals (XV,44), agree that the crucifixion took place during Pontius Pilate’s tenure as procurator of Judea, which lasted from 26 to 36 AD. Every one of the four gospels claims that Jesus was crucified on a Friday. Each of the four gospels agrees that Jesus died a few hours before sunset on Friday, marking the beginning of the Jewish Sabbath. It appears that Jesus died before nightfall on the 14th day of Nisan
- This would have been just in time to begin serving the Passover meal. John’s gospel, however, differs from the synoptic accounts, apparently indicating that Jesus died before nightfall on the 15th day of Nisan
- This would have been just in time to begin serving the Passover meal.
Taking into account information from the Jewish calendar and astronomical calculations, the researchers were able to come up with a number of plausible dates, with Friday, April 3, 33 AD, being the most accurate match, according to the researchers. For the sake of simplicity, Williams and his team acknowledge that the seismic activity associated with the crucifixion could refer to “an earthquake that occurred sometime before or after the crucifixion and was in effect ‘borrowed’ by the author of the Gospel of Matthew, and a local earthquake between 26 and 36 A.D.
Williams is looking at another another natural occurrence that might be connected with the crucifixion – the occurrence of darkness.
Such darkness, according to him, may have been brought on by a dust storm.
Williams is looking at whether or not there are dust storm deposits in the sediments associated with the earthquake that struck the Jerusalem region in the early first century. Discovery News contributed the information for this article.
Verse by Verse Ministry International
On the basis of the biblical text, we can guesstimate the day of Jesus’ death as follows: 1. According to Matthew, Jesus was born during the reign of Herod the Great. Herod died around 4 BC, according to historical records, which means that Jesus was born around or before 4 BC. Jesus Christ (Matthew 2:1) As previously stated, Jesus was born around two years before Herod’s death (see Matthew 2:13-16), which means that Jesus was born around 6 BC. Three, according to Luke, Jesus began his career when he was 30 years old (Luke 3:23), which means that Jesus began His ministry between AD 24 and 25.
- Because Jesus’ mission on earth spanned three years (including the Passover feasts in the Gospels), he died at the age of 33, which implies His death must have occurred between AD 27 and AD 28, according to the Bible.
- Several accounts in the Gospels claim that Jesus was risen before sunrise on Sunday morning (Luke 24:1), after having been in the tomb for three days and three nights (Matthew 28:1–3).
- Counting backwards from Sunday, we discover that Jesus died during the daytime hours of a Thursday afternoon in the year 30.
- Passover begins each year at dusk on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan, which is the first day of the month of Nisan (new days begin at sundown by Jewish reckoning).
- When we look at the astronomical records, we find that there was just one year in which Passover came inside the window of opportunity specified by Scripture.
- on Wednesday, April 9th, in the year AD 27.
- In accordance with the Jewish calendar, the 2,000th anniversary of Jesus’ death will occur on Thursday, April 22, 2027, which will be the second Thursday in April.
Why Did Jesus Die?
Jesus died in order for humanity to be cleansed of their sins and to be granted an eternity of life. (See also Romans 6:23 and Ephesians 1:7) Jesus’ death also demonstrated that a person may stay faithful to God even when confronted with the most difficult of circumstances. In Hebrews 4:15, the Bible says Consider how the death of a one individual may have such a significant impact. “The forgiveness of our sins” was the reason Jesus died. —Colossians 1:14 (NIV). Adam, the first human being, was born sinless and without flaw.
- Adam’s disobedience, often known as sin, had far-reaching consequences for all of his descendants.
- Scripture reference: Romans 5:19.
- As a result, Jesus has the potential to be “an atoning sacrifice for our sins.” (1 John 2:2; see also footnote ) Similar to how Adam’s transgression polluted the human family with sin, so Jesus’ sacrifice washed away the stain of sin from the hearts of those who put their faith in him.
- By freely dying on our behalf, Jesus repurchased humankind and claimed it as his own.
- The Bible says in 1 John 2:1.
- —John 3: 16 Despite the fact that Adam was designed to live forever, his transgression resulted in the imposition of the sentence of death upon him.
- In Romans 5:12, the Bible says In contrast, Jesus’ death not only wiped the stain of sin off the face of the earth, but it also revoked the death sentence for anyone who places their trust in him.
Humans, of course, still have a finite life span in the modern world.
[See also Psalm 37:29 and 1 Corinthians 15:22.] It was through his obedience to the point of death that Jesus demonstrated that a human may remain faithful to God in the face of any test or adversity.
The reason Adam disobeyed God even though he had a wonderful intellect and body is that he had a selfish yearning for something that was not his.
Job 2:4 (Job 2:5) Even though he died in dishonor and agony, the ideal man Jesus followed God and remained devoted to him throughout the entire world.
What was the purpose of Jesus’ suffering and death in order to redeem humans?
It is written in God’s law that “the penalty of sin is death.” (See Romans 6:23.) Because God did not want to keep this commandment hidden from Adam, he informed him that the consequence for disobeying would be death.
(See Titus 1:2.) Not only did Adam pass on sin to his progeny, but he also passed on the penalty for sin – death.
(See also Ephesians 1:7) It was both deeply reasonable and wonderfully compassionate of God to make a provision to redeem people by sending Jesus to the cross as a perfect sacrifice.
During the Jewish Passover, Jesus died at “the ninth hour,” which is the ninth hour from dawn, or around three o’clock in the afternoon.
on the first day of April.
When Jesus was executed, it took place in “the so-called Skull Place,” which is known as Golgothain Hebrew.
(See also Hebrews 13:12) It’s possible that it was on a hill because the Bible indicates that several people witnessed Jesus’ death “from a distance.” (Matthew 15:40) The precise site of Golgotha’s current location, on the other hand, cannot be confirmed with precision.
However, despite popular belief that Jesus was crucified — that is, killed on a cross — the Bible states that “His own self bore our sins in his own body upon the tree.” The King James Version of 1 Peter 2:24 states that During Jesus’ execution, the Bible writers employed two Greek terms to allude to the weapon of his death: stauros andxylon.
What should be done to commemorate Jesus’ death?
(1 Corinthians 11:24) The Bible says: Jesus was put to death a few hours after that.
(See 1 Corinthians 5:7 for further information).
Every year, Jews celebrated the Passover, which was celebrated on Nisan 14 according to the lunar calendar; the early Christians honored the Memorial Day on the same day every year.
A memorial service for Jesus’ death is held annually on the date corresponding to Nisan 14, which is observed by millions of people all over the world.