Relive Jesus Christ’s Final Hours of Passion and Suffering
Christians pay particular attention to the passion of Jesus Christ throughout the Easter season, particularly on Good Friday. The Lord’s final hours of torture and death on the cross lasted around six hours in duration. This chronology of Jesus’ death lays down the events of Good Friday as they are recounted in the Bible, including the events that occurred right before and immediately after the crucifixion of Jesus. Many of the actual timings of these occurrences are not recorded in Scripture, which is an essential point to emphasize.
Take a look at thisHoly Week Timeline to get a more comprehensive picture of the events leading up to Jesus’ crucifixion and to walk those steps with him.
Timeline of Jesus’ Death
- The Last Supper (Matthew 26:20-30
- Mark 14:17-26
- Luke 22:14-38
- John 13:21-30)
- In the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36-46
- Mark 14:32-42
- Luke 22:39-45)
- In the Garden of Gethseman Jesus is betrayed and arrested (Matthew 26:47-56
- Mark 14:43-52
- Luke 22:47-53
- John 18:1-11)
- The Religious Leaders Condemn Jesus (Matthew 27:1-2
- Mark 15:1
- Luke 22:66-71)
- Jesus is crucified (Matthew 27:1-2
Good Friday’s Events
Before the religious leaders could execute Jesus, they required the approval of the Roman government to carry out their death sentence. Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, who determined that there was no basis for charging him. Pilate ordered that Jesus be sent to Herod, who was present in Jerusalem at the time. Jesus refused to answer Herod’s inquiries, and as a result, Herod had him returned to the custody of Pilate. Despite the fact that Pilate deemed Jesus to be innocent, he was afraid of the people and condemned him to death.
He was forced to bear his own cross and was dragged away to the cross of Calvary.
- Jesus Is Put on Trial Before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14
- Mark 15:2-5
- Luke 23:1-5
- John 18:28-37)
- Jesus Is Put on Trial Before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14
- Herod was summoned by Jesus (Luke 23:6-12)
- Luke 23:11 describes Jesus’ return to Pilate
- Matthew 27:26, Mark 15:15, Luke 23:23-24, and John 19:16 describe Jesus’ death sentence. Luke 23:11 describes the return of Jesus to Pilate.
Jesus being scourged across the face, around 1897. Jesus was humiliated, tried, and tormented after his arrest and throughout the week leading up to his crucifixion, which took place during the week of his Passion. He gets chained to a post and whipped in the face in this scene. James Tissot is the artist behind this piece. Getty Images / Print Collector / Print Collector
- In Matthew 27:32-34, Mark 15:21-24, Luke 23:26-31, and John 19:16-17, we see Jesus being led away to Calvary.
To secure Jesus to the crucified, soldiers drove stake-like nails into Jesus’ wrist and ankle joints, securing him to the cross. He was given the title “The King of the Jews” and an inscription was erected above his head. For roughly six hours, Jesus hung on the cross, until he exhaled his last breath. Soldiers took turns drawing lots for Jesus’ garments while he was hanging on the cross. Onlookers hurled obscenities and jeered at the performers. Two criminals were nailed on the cross at the same time.
After then, the area was enveloped in darkness.
9 AM – “The Third Hour”
- Jesus is crucified, according to Mark 15:25. “It was the third hour when they nailed Jesus on the cross” (NIV). According to Jewish time, the third hour would have been 9 a.m.
- Father, Forgive Them(Luke 23:34)
- The Soldiers Cast Lots for Jesus’ Clothes(Mark 15:24)
- Jesus is slandered and mocked by the people. “And the people who passed by yelled insults and laughed, shaking their heads in mocking.” Matthew 27:39-40 “So! Is it true that you can demolish the Temple and reassemble it in just three days? So, if you are the Son of God, please save yourself and come down off the cross!” (NLT) Likewise, in Mark 15:31, the chief priests and professors of religious law insulted Jesus and his followers as well. It was said that “he saved others,” but “he can’t save himself!” they sneered. (NLT) Luke 23:36-37- The soldiers made fun of him as well, bringing him a glass of sour wine to drink. “If you are the King of the Jews, spare yourself!” they cried out to him from the crowd. In Luke 23:39, one of the convicts who was hanging there shouted accusations at Jesus, according to the New Living Translation “Isn’t it true that you’re the Christ? Save yourself as well as us!” (NIV)
- Jesus and the Criminal – Luke 23:40-43 – Jesus and the criminal The other criminal, on the other hand, scolded him. “”Don’t you have any fear of God,” he said, referring to the fact that they were both serving the same sentence. We are being punished fairly, since we are receiving the consequences of our actions. This individual, on the other hand, has done nothing wrong.” “Jesus, please keep me in mind when you come into your kingdom,” he continued. “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise,” Jesus said in response to his question. (NIV)
- Mary and John are addressed by Jesus in John 19:26-27.
Noon – “The Sixth Hour”
- Jesus cries out to the Father (Matthew 27:46-47). And at about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? “My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?” says the speaker. (NKJV)
- John 19:28-29: Jesus Is Thirsty (John 19:28-29)
- It Is Completed – John 19:30a- After tasting it, Jesus declared, “It is completed!” (NLT)
- Father, I surrender my spirit into your hands, says Jesus in Luke 23:46. “Father, I commit my spirit into your hands,” Jesus said with a loud voice. When he had finished speaking, he took his last breath. (NIV)
The painting ‘The Descent from the Cross’ was created about 1890. From James Tissot’s The Life of our Savior Jesus Christ, we learn that Christ was carried down from the cross on which he had been crucified after he had been dead for three days. Collected prints, contributed images, and worked for Getty Images.
3 PM – “The Ninth Hour”
- The Earthquake occurs, and the Temple Veil is torn in half – Matthew 27:51-52 The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time. The ground trembled, and the rocks cracked open. The graves were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God. “Surely Jesus was the Son of God!” said TheCenturion (New International Version). Jesus is nailed to the cross (Matthew 27:54
- Mark 15:38
- Luke 23:47)
- The Soldiers Break the Thieves’ Legs (John 19:31-33)
- The Soldier Pierces Jesus’ Side (John 19:34)
- Jesus is Laid in the Tomb (Matthew 27:57-61
- Mark 15:42-47
- Luke 23:50-56
- John 19:38-42)
- Jesus Rises from the Dead (Matthew 28
Timeline of Jesus’ Death, Burial and Resurrection
Rev. Margaret Minnicks is a Bible teacher who has been ordained. She publishes a lot of articles that are Bible lessons in disguise. The Crucifixion of Jesus Many individuals who have been attending church for many years still do not grasp what occurred before, during, and after Jesus was crucified on a crucifixion between two thieves. One reason people may not comprehend all of the specifics is because no one gospel provides a comprehensive narrative of Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection, despite the fact that each of the four gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John covers a specific aspect of the event in its entirety.
However, in order to construct a more accurate timeline, it is necessary to incorporate elements from all four gospels. The following chronology is based on the Bible, and it has been condensed so that it is easy to grasp for anybody to follow.
Jesus’ Final Hours
According to the chronology of events reported in the four canonical gospels, Jesus’ last hours on the cross lasted a total of six hours. Pay close attention to the events leading up to the crucifixion, the crucifixion itself, and the events that occurred immediately following the crucifixion to learn more about Jesus. The Last Supper was a meal that Jesus had with His followers before He died.
Before the Crucifixion
Wednesday is Spy Day. Judas made a pact with the Roman troops that he would betray Jesus in exchange for thirty pieces of money. It was on a Wednesday, during Jesus’ last week on earth, when Judas revealed where to find Jesus to the soldiers. On Maundy Thursday, the night before Easter
- In the upper room, Jesus and His followers had a Passover supper together. That has come to be known as the Last Supper, when He said that the bread represented His flesh and the wine represented His blood. He informed them that one of them will betray Him and that he would reveal who it would be. “Is it really me?” they all inquired. In addition, Jesus washed the disciples’ feet as a metaphor of Him not coming to earth to be served but rather to serve others
- And Later, in the Garden of Gethsemane, while His disciples were sleeping, Jesus prayed three times in the name of the Father. He roused them from their sleep each time since they were expected to maintain watch
- Roman troops arrived to capture Jesus and hand Him over to religious authorities
Six o’clock in the morning on Friday
- Jesus is brought before Pontius Pilate, who was the ruler at the time
- He is found guilty. Jesus is dispatched to Herod’s court.
- Herod returns Jesus to Pilate
- It was customary to release a prisoner during a holy festival in ancient times. Despite the fact that Barabbas was guilty, he was released. Despite the fact that Jesus was not guilty, He was sentenced to death.
- Jesus being taken away to Calvary, where he will die on a hefty crucifixion.
The Crucifixion9 a.m.- “The Third Hour” (The Crucifixion)
- The soldiers drew lots for Jesus’ garments, resulting in him only being able to wear a loincloth.
- A wooden cross was affixed to the ground beneath Jesus’ feet and hands before He was raised
- The mob insulted Jesus by placing a crown of thorns on His head and holding a sign above His head that read: “King of the Jews” above His head. They pleaded with Him to come down and save His own life. But, rather of bringing down an army of angels, Jesus sacrificed He life and shed his blood in order to redeem humanity.
- On the crucifixion, Jesus was sandwiched between two robbers. It was not just Jesus who died on the cross, but also the rest of humanity. It was the death penalty at the time
- One thief ridiculed Jesus, while the other did not
- It was the death penalty at the time. “Today, you will be with me in paradise,” Jesus informed him, then he said His seven final words from the cross, which are recorded here. The first three statements were intended for the general public. Only at the fourth sentence did Jesus draw the listener’s attention to Himself.
The Gospel of John contains the phrases “I thirst” and “It is completed.” 12 p.m. – “The Sixth Hour”
- The country was blanketed in darkness. When Jesus was born in the middle of the night, the darkness was transformed into light. When He died during the day, it turned dark for three hours between the sixth and ninth hours, from the time of His death till the time of his burial. To put it another way, it was between midday and mid-afternoon, approximately 3 p.m.
- “I thirst,” Jesus cried out to the Father
- “I thirst,” Jesus murmured.
“The Ninth Hour” begins at 3 p.m.
After the Crucifixion
The Events That Followed Jesus’ Death
- Because of the seismic activity, a soldier wounded Christ’s side with a spear to make certain that he had perished. He was clearly the Son of God, according to the centurion, because blood and water were gushing out of his body and the thieves’ legs had been broken by his men. Usually, the legs of people who died on the cross were broken in order to hasten their death. The legs of the robbers were shattered in order for them to perish. It is believed that Jesus died on the cross without having His legs broken. Because of this, He was able to fulfill the promise that His bones would remain unbroken. The corpse of Jesus was requested by Joseph of Arimathea, a Pharisee. That Pharisee’s tomb was prepared by erecting a big stone in front of it and stationing guards at its entrance
- The body was then removed from the cross.
Jesus had barely been dead for three days when he was crucified. He resurrected from the dead on the third day, just as He had promised. Following Jesus’ crucifixion on Good Friday, Christians commemorate His resurrection on Easter Sunday, which occurs the following week. The narrative of Jesus’ resurrection appears in all four of the gospels as well as the book of Acts.
The Holy Bible is the most important book in the world. Jesus’ crucifixion is commemorated on this day. Ed Klassenon is a writer and editor who lives in New York City. The 27th of January, 2020: I have a question – the Bible mentions that Jesus will stay in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights. Is this true? (See Matthew 12:40.) If He was buried on Friday and resurrected on Sunday, you have three days but only two nights to prepare for His resurrection. Could you please explain where the third night would be held?
- What happened to Jesus after he was raised from the dead?
- On December 27, 2019, Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, Virginia posted the following: Matt, you are correct.
- As a result, you are correct: Friday, Saturday, and Sunday equal three days.
- The complete 72 hours are not required; rather, the days of Friday, Saturday, and Sunday are essential for the fulfillment of Jesus’ teachings to his disciples.
- Thank you so much for taking the time to do so.
- The following is a comment from YICinfinity on November 30, 2019: I really like this.
- In John 19:14, the Bible says At 12 o’clock p.m.
The troops brought him to their base and beat him for the better part of the night, nearly killing him.
Dustin002on The Garden of Gethsemane is nowhere to be seen on May 1, 2019.
The 22nd of April, 2019: Thank you for your article, which I will save for future reference.
That’s a total of three days.
Kalihaon The 21st of April, 2019: If Jesus stayed in the tomb for three days, according to the Jewish calendar, he would have risen on a Wednesday, not a Sunday.
Stacieon The 20th of April, 2019: I’m really pleased I took the time to read this timeline.
I want our Easter celebration to be a full-fledged event at our house, and this has helped me achieve that objective.
Jim was victorious.
He should have passed away by then.
Your comments made a significant contribution to the article.
I appreciate you letting me know that it was beneficial.
Andrea Allenon is a woman who lives in the United States.
It’s the first time I’ve seen it in such depth.
inspiring and instructive in their content.” May God continue to shower you with blessings.
The 19th of April, 2019: Thank you so much, Margaret.
Because it was the beginning, the beatings and floggings were administered.
Yes, Jesus endured anguish on the cross.
At the time, it was my understanding.
The presence of the Holy Spirit was known only to Jesus.
Alexander, Jr., is an American businessman.
On April 7, 2019, Elijah A Alexander Jr wrote to us from Washington, DC: Margaret, In John 2:19-21, Jesus made an explicit reference to his death as well as his resurrection.
However, the phrases “three days and three nights” in Matthew 12:40 provide evidence that He was referring to the second messiah.
On April 06, 2019, Margaret Minnicks (author) posted the following message: According to Kaptain Cirk, every portion of a day was deemed to be a whole day.
Cirkon is the captain of the ship.
(Matthew 12:40) On November 13, 2018, olanaon posted the following: Hello, and thank you for your excellent job.
On April 8, 2018, Margaret Minnicks (author) from Richmond, Virginia posted the following: Thank you, Elijah, for taking the time to read and comment on my post regarding the timeframe of Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection.
I appreciate it. On April 8, 2018, Elijah A Alexander Jr. wrote to us from Washington, DC: Thanks for clarifying, even though I already knew what you were getting at, most others don’t.
Timeline After Jesus – Through 325 Years After
- An author called Rodney Stark has written a book about the subject.
- How an Obscure, Marginal Jesus Movement Became the Predominant Religion in the Western World within a Few Centuries is the subtitle to this book. According to the best historical estimations, Jesus began with a tiny group of 120 disciples in the year 40 AD, and by the time He was ascending to Heaven, just 1/1000th of one percent of the population of the Roman Empire had become followers of Jesus. Consider the implications of such a small number. By the year 350 A.D., only a few decades later, Christians constituted 56 percent of the Roman Empire. That is an annual growth rate of almost 40% every decade. That is mind-boggling! What caused that to happen? What caused that 1/1000th of a percent to have such a significant influence on the world? Was it because they were more skilled at debating religious issues? No, I don’t believe so. Was it because they have greater resources and financial means than everyone else? Clearly, this is not the case. The reason for this was that the presence and conduct of Jesus among them resulted in the formation of a community unlike anything the world had ever seen before. They committed themselves to the apostles’ teaching “to the path of Jesus, to the way of Christ” and to the fellowship “They met to study
- They got to know one other
- They got genuine
- They confessed.”, to the breaking of bread and to prayer, according to the depiction in the Book of Acts: Everyone was taken aback by what God was doing right in front of their eyes. “Acts 2:42-47” tells us that they were so kind that there were no poor people among them. After that, they were able to bask in the glory of everyone’s approval. This is how Eugene Peterson puts it: “And the people were pleased with what they saw.” People had a peek at the church and were pleased with what they observed. Written by: John Ortberg Category:Timeline After Jesus – From 325 Years After His Resurrection
What Was the Chronology of the Events Surrounding the Death of Christ?
It is critical to have a rudimentary understanding of the events leading up to and following the death of Christ. The historical basis for the reality of the gospel of Jesus Christ is established through historical occurrences. The events surrounding Jesus’ betrayal, crucifixion, resurrection, and ascension were historical occurrences in the same way as the Fall of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden was. We shall give a quick overview of the major events surrounding his betrayal, death, and burial.
When Jesus washed the feet of his followers, he did it as a sign of humility (John 13:1-20).
A New Ordinance Has Been Passed After they had finished eating, Jesus instituted a new ritual that would be observed by his disciples for the rest of their lives: the Lord’s Supper.
Because I swear to you that I will not consume any more of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God arrives.” After giving thanks and breaking the bread, he distributed the loaf to the congregation, saying, “This is my body sacrificed for you; do this in remembrance of me.” Similar to the preceding instance of taking the cup after dinner with the words: “You are represented by this cup, which represents the new covenant in my blood, which has been poured out for you (Luke 22:17-20).
- The Discourse in the Upper Room was then delivered by Jesus to them.
- From the beginning of his ministry to the conclusion, Jesus was still teaching these disciples.
- Judas had gone earlier in the evening to plan the betrayal of Jesus, which took place later that night.
- Praying In the Garden of Gethsemane When they arrived to Gethsemane, Jesus separated himself from his followers by a little distance.
- The events that were going to unfold were particularly addressed to God the Father in his letter to the Father.
- In addition, he prayed for himself.
- However, not according to my wishes, but according to yours.” Then he returned to his followers, who were still sleeping when he arrived.
“Keep a close eye on yourself and hope that you will not fall prey to temptation.
When Jesus had done praying, he roused his followers from their sleep.
The Internment of Jesus A group of religious leaders and soldiers were there when the traitor Judas came.
Instead, he inquired as to why they were pursuing him as if he were some sort of criminal.
Jesus went through a number of difficulties.
When Jesus stood in front of the High Priest and the Sanhedrin, as well as before Pontius Pilate and Herod, he was sent back to Pilate.
The mob demanded that he be crucified.
The Crucifixion was the means through which Jesus died.
While Jesus was carried his cross to the scene of crucifixion, the allegation leveled against him would have been written down and put around his neck with a ribbon.
The allegation was then nailed above the crucifixion as a last punishment.
According to the inscription, “This is Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews.” According to the New Testament, Jesus was crucified for around six hours and forty minutes.
Jesus was laid to rest.
He was anointed with spices and laid to rest in the tomb of a wealthy individual.
From a human perspective, it appeared like everything had come to an end.
The following is a summary of the essential chronology of Christ’s death on the cross.
Immediately following the washing of the disciples’ feet, Jesus foretold that one of them would betray him that very night.
The Upper Room Discourse was the final teaching session that Jesus gave to his disciples before his execution on the cross.
Judas had long ago departed to bring the religious leaders to Gethsemane in order to arrest Jesus, but he had not returned yet.
After undergoing a series of trials, he was sentenced to death by Pontius Pilate.
Jesus was crucified on the cross.
He was brought down from the cross by loving hands, anointed with spices, and then buried in the tomb of a wealthy man, according to tradition.
At the time, the religious authorities believed they had vanquished Jesus and were celebrating. On the other hand, they were about to learn of an astounding incident that would actually change the course of history. Jesus of Nazareth did not remain dead for very long!
Timeline of Jesus’ Ministry after his resurrection!
Christ is illegally arrested, tried, and executed in the spring of 30 A.D. after preaching his Father’s message to the world for three and a half years. He had been preaching for three and a half years. God, on the other hand, raises him from the dead after he has been dead for three full days in the tomb. Despite the fact that Christ’s work of providing a sinless sacrifice through which man could be reconciled to God was completed, he still had a few more tasks to complete before bidding his disciples farewell for the last time.
This timeline depicts the progression of each of these manifestations over the course of this ministry period.
We would like to point out that, unlike Roman days, Biblical days begin at sunset, not midnight.
Mary Magdalene Sunday, April 9, 30 A.D. (Nisan 18, 3790)
Mary Magdalene was a lady who had SEVEN devils thrown out of her early in Jesus’ career by the power of the Spirit (Mark 16:9, Luke 8:2 – 3). She was a member of a small group of relatives and friends who stayed close to him and followed his ministry until his death on the cross. Mary is the first person to whom Jesus chose to show himself alive after God raised him from the grave the day before, in the early hours of the following Sunday morning (Mark 16:9 – 11, John 20:11 – 18). Guercino’s Doubting Thomas is a masterpiece.
A surprise visit Sunday, April 9
Jesus appears to two men on their way to Emmaus (Luke 24:13 – 33), a tiny hamlet about seven miles (11.2 kilometers) from Jerusalem, and performs a miracle for them while they are on their way. He chastises them for not accepting what the prophets had prophesied about the Messiah, and then goes on to explain to them all of the Biblical passages that were relevant to his coming. The two gentlemen are completely unaware of who they are speaking with until they all settle down to dine. At the very instant that ‘their eyes were awakened’ and they recognized it was Jesus they were speaking with, he vanished from their sight.
Appearance behind closed doors Sunday, April 9 after sunset (Nisan 19)
This is the first time that Jesus appears to people who were there at his final Passover dinner that he is still alive. His miraculous apparition takes place when the disciples are hiding behind locked doors, fearful of the Jews, according to the Bible. For reasons that remain a mystery, the disciple known as Thomas was not there with the gathering at this time (see John 20:19). Following Christ’s departure, the disciples inform Thomas that the Lord had appeared to them.
Thomas is skeptical of their claims and declares, “Unless I see the nail prints on His hands, and put my finger into the nail markings, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe at all.” This is the origin of the phrase “doubting Thomas” (John 20:25).
Doubting Thomas Sunday, April 16 after sunset (Nisan 26)
Jesus appears to his followers once more in a miraculous way, but this time Thomas is present to see it (John 20:26 – 29). Despite the fact that this is the fourth time the Lord has appeared to humanity to demonstrate that he has risen from the dead, this is the first time all those who ate Passover with him (with the exception of Judas) have seen him as a group. Thomas is given the opportunity to examine the wounds he has sustained in order to deepen his faith.
|APRIL 30 A.D.|
|MAY 30 A.D.|
Five hundred see Christ alive Between April 17 and May 17 (Nisan 27 to Iyar 26)
The apostle Paul is the only New Testament writer who indicates that Jesus appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time after his resurrection, according to the New International Version (1Corinthians 15:6). He did not provide a specific date for when this occurrence took place.
An appointment in Galilee Between April 17 and May 17
As they proceeded into the Garden of Gethsemane after eating of his final Passover, Jesus informed his eleven disciples (including Judas, who was betraying him at the moment), “But once I have been risen, I will go before you into Galilee” (Matthew 26:32, see also Mark 14:28). This encounter, according to the Bible, actually take place (Matthew 28:16 – 17).
On the shores of Galilee Between April 17 and May 17
While seven of Jesus’ disciples are out fishing on Lake Galilee, Jesus appears to them and reveals himself to them (John 21:1 – 24). The disciples Peter, John, James, Thomas, Nathanael, and two more who were not named were among those who saw him (likely Andrew and Philip, who lived in the general area). At the moment of this appearance, Peter miraculously captures 153 fish in his net, after which Jesus asks him three times whether or not he loves him. Afterwards, Peter discovers that he will die a martyr’s death.
Special appearance to James Between April 17 and May 17
In an unique apparition to James, Jesus revealed himself to be his biological half-brother (Matthew 13:55, Mark 6:3, Galatians 1:19). According to Paul, this manifestation occurred between Christ’s presentation before a crowd of more than 500 people and a period when he appeared to all of the apostles (1Corinthians 15:5 – 7). It is uncertain if Paul is referring to Christ’s initial appearance in Galilee or to his final manifestation before ascending into heaven at the end of the chapter.
Commission and ascension Thursday, May 18 (Iyar 27, 3790)
On the Mount of Olives, Jesus had a meeting with his followers (Acts 1). When Jesus is about to ascend into heaven, he issues what is known as the Great Commission to them. He also instructs them to remain in the city of Jerusalem for another 10 days in order to receive the power of the Holy Spirit, which they do. (Matthew 28:18 – 20, Mark 16:15 – 18, Acts 1:4 – 5) (Matthew 28:18 – 20, Mark 16:15 – 18, Acts 1:4 – 5) The disciples approach Jesus and ask him whether he will restore the kingdom to Israel RIGHT NOW.
In the next moments, Christ blesses his disciples and proceeds to ascend over the summit, indicating his ascension to heaven.
As the disciples look up to see the Lord ascending above the clouds, two white angels come to them. The angels inform them that Jesus will return to the world in the same manner in which they witnessed him leave (Mark 16:19-20, Luke 24:50 – 53, Acts 1:6 – 11).
The Day of Pentecost Sunday, May 28 (Sivan 8, 3790)
The disciples remain in Jerusalem for 10 days, as commanded by Christ, in order to receive the promise of God’s spirit. Pentecost is the day when God delivers his spirit to more than 3,120 individuals, marking the beginning of the New Testament church. (Acts 2) Immediately following his resurrection, Jesus’ ministry lays the framework for the ideal beginning of the Christian church.
Last Days of Jesus Timeline
The 29th of March in the year 30 A.D. is a Wednesday. The last days of Jesus’ life begin with the stroke of midnight. His journey to Lazarus’ home in Bethany began at Jericho, which is 17 miles (27.3 kilometers) distant and is the starting point of his journey. Following his arrival to his residence in the early evening, he eats supper (John 12:1 – 2). After supper, Lazarus’ sister Mary anoints Jesus’ feet with a costly ointment that she had purchased. According to Judas (who is in charge of the group’s money bag), the money that was spent on ointment might have been utilized to assist the destitute.
- Thursday, March 30Jesus leaves Lazarus’ house in Bethany early in the morning and proceeds to Bethphage, which is a Sabbath-day journey (1,000 yards or.91 kilometers) distant from Jerusalem.
- As he goes, the crowds begin to sing praises to him and to God (Mark 11:9 – 10).
- They are appalled by the crowd’s adoration and petition Jesus to urge them to keep their mouths silent.
- When they don’t glorify God, he says, the stones will (Matthew 21:1 – 11, Mark 11:1 – 10, Luke 19:29 – 40, John 12:12 – 19).
- Because the city refused to accept him as Savior, he is overheard declaring that the city will be completely destroyed in the near future (Luke 19:41 – 44).
- He lectures in the temple on a daily basis (Luke 19:47 – 48).
- Jesus grows hungry as he goes back to Jerusalem in the early hours of the morning.
He approaches the tree and tells it, “Please do not allow anyone to eat fruit from you ever again” (Mark 11:14).
(See Luke 19:46.) Known for their corruption, money changers swapped foreign currency for the Temple’s half-shekel coin, which was required to pay the temple’s annual tribute.
The youngsters of the temple begin to chant “Hosanna to the Son of David!” as Jesus cures many people in the temple.
When the chief priests and scribes hear the children, they become extremely enraged and demand that he order them to cease and desist.
He spends the night in Bethany’s house with her (Matthew 21:17, Mark 11:19).
The disciples note that the cursed fig tree has dried up in the morning as they go to Jerusalem on the road to the city (Matthew 21:19 – 22, Mark 11:20 – 26).
When Jesus is informed of the request, he declares that the time has arrived for him to be exalted (John 12:20 – 27).
God has, and will continue to, honor His name, according to a booming shout from above (John 12:28 – 30).
He flees the city once more and takes refuge in a cave for the duration of the Sabbath (John 12:36).
The encounter will endure from early in the morning until late in the afternoon.
As they go out the door, he informs them that Jerusalem’s temple will be demolished shortly (Matthew 24:1 – 2, Mark 13:1 – 2, Luke 21:5 – 6).
The disciples are informed that the Passover will be held in two days (Matthew 26:1; Mark 14:1).
They get together to plan how to “trick” him into being killed by someone else (Matthew 26:5).
In the midst of his meal, a woman enters and anoints his head with a very costly ointment.
After first criticizing his followers for being too harsh, Jesus explains that the lady was anointing him in preparation for his funeral (Matthew 26:6 – 13, Mark 14:3 – 9).
(Matthew 26:14 – 16, Mark 14:10 – 11, Luke 22:3 – 6).
At sunset, people commemorate the last Passover that Jesus would participate in before his death (Matthew 26, Mark 14, Luke 22, John 13).
On his way to the Garden of Gethsemane (at the foot of the Mount of Olives), Jesus informs his followers that he is the True Vine.
at this time (John 15:1 – 27).
In the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus and his disciples are taken to stand watch as Christ prays for three hours.
Despite the fact that they were instructed to remain awake while he prays, the disciples immediately fall asleep.
The 5th of April is Wednesday.
He is escorted by armed policemen and other men sent by the religious authorities.
A little after 2 a.m., the High Priest approaches Jesus and inquires about His disciples and teachings, but does not obtain a satisfactory response.
He refuses (Matthew 26:62 – 63).
The High Priest then quickly requests a decision from the council, which unanimously declares that the death punishment shall be carried out (Matthew 26:59 – 68, Mark 14:55 – 65, Luke 22:63 – 65).
Because Jewish law required that the Sanhedrin hear and try a defendant twice, a second trial of Jesus was held about 5 a.m.
on the third day of the week.
Around 6 a.m., he is chained and sent to Pontius Pilate, the Roman Prefect of Judea, where he will face punishment.
The Chief Priests make the decision to purchase a potter’s field with the thirty pieces of money that Judas returned to them (Matthew 27:3 – 10, Acts 1:15 – 19) Rather than accusing Jesus of blasphemy, the Jewish leaders bring him before Pontius Pilate on the accusation of treason against Rome, which takes place about 7 a.m.
- Because Jesus is from Galilee, Pilate finds this when interrogating him (Matthew 27:11–14; Mark 15:2–5; Luke 23:2–4; John 18:29–30).
- Herod interrogates him but does not obtain any responses.
- Pontius Pilate informs the Jewish religious leaders that he and Herod Antipas have determined that Jesus is innocent.
- Pilate seeks to get him released (Luke 23:13 – 15, John 18:31 – 38).
- Jesus is subsequently violently beaten and scourged by his soldiers, according to the devil.
- Throughout the journey, they compel Simon of Cyrene to bear his cross (Matthew 27:32 – 33, Mark 15:21 – 22, Luke 23:26 – 31, John 19:16 – 17).
- and noon, Jesus is nailed on the cross.
To drink while he is hanging on the cross, he is given wine (vinegar) laced with gall (Matthew 27:34, Mark 15:23).
In Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, Pontius Pilate orders that the indictment against him be inscribed and placed on Jesus’ crucifixion.
Some people in the crowd, near where Christ is crucified, are taken aback and look at him in surprise.
From a distance, a large number of family and friends are witnessing Jesus’ suffering on the cross.
From 12 p.m.
Jesus tells his mother, Mary, that the apostle John is now considered her son, and he instructs John to take good care of his mother, Mary (John 19:25 – 27).
Some in the audience believe he is calling out to the prophet Elijah, which is incorrect (Matthew 27:46 – 47, Mark 15:34 – 35).
It is finished!
Father, I entrust My spirit into Your hands,” are his final words before he dies.
Pilate concurs with this.
Pilate grants permission to Joseph of Arimathea, a wealthy member of the Sanhedrin, to take possession of Jesus’ body just before sunset.
At nightfall, the First Day of Unleavened Bread, a Holy Day on which no work is permitted, starts to be observed.
The religious leaders ask that Pilate employ his troops to protect the tomb, which Pilate obliges.
In order to make the garden tomb more safe, a guard is stationed beside it, and the stone at the entrance to the tomb is sealed (Matthew 27:62 – 66).
Friday, April 7: Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome go out and buy spices for the body of Jesus, which they prepare themselves.
The 8th of April is Saturday.
He is RESURRECTED FROM THE DEAD just before sunset, after having spent exactly three complete days and three whole nights (72 hours), from sunset Wednesday to sunset Saturday, in the tomb!
They bring the spices they had prepared for his corpse.
The angel instructs the ladies to proceed into the tomb.
The guy demonstrates to them that the body has been removed.
Mary Magdalene rushes to Peter and John’s side to inform them of what has occurred.
In the days following Jesus’ resurrection, Mary Magdalene, who had seven devils thrown out of her, is the first person to see him alive for the first time.
The top priests are informed of what has occurred by several Roman soldiers who were guarding the tomb of Jesus.
The priests and elders convene to determine what should be done next.
NOTESA The biblical day is defined as the period between sunset and sundown. A Roman day (which is still in use today) is defined as the period from midnight to midnight. Sunday is the Bible Sabbath, and it is observed from sunset on Friday to sunset on Saturday.
Gospel Timeline of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection
|We have historically celebrated Jesus’ death on Friday because the Gospels placed it the day before a Sabbath. But did you know that Jews celebrated Special ‘Sabbaths’ that did not take place on Saturday?Figuring out when Jesus ate the Last Supper with his disciples and which day he died on the cross is not easy. Why? First of all, Jews started new days each evening! Our days (in the Gregorian calendar) begin and end in the middle of the night and consider daylight the middle of the day. Jewish days began at dusk with the first half of a day being the dark night and the second half of the day being the daylight. That’s why Genesis 1 says, “there was evening and morning on day one.” That’s also why we get confused about the timeline of Jesus’ death and resurrection in the Gospels.If Jesus actually died on Friday afternoon when we celebrate ‘Good Friday,’ then he would have only been in the grave for 2 nights. But Jesus said he would be in the grave for 3 nights. So either Jesus is wrong (see matthew 12:40), or our holiday is wrong. It’s worth investigating.
Review the visual timeline below that reconciles Jewish days with our Gregorian calendar. Then read the facts that support this timeline for Jesus’ final days. We must explore ancient Jewish expressions, Passover customs, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread to see a clearer picture of when Jesus died and was buried. I’m going to keep it brief so pay attention to every detail and re-read each point as necessary.10 Facts to Get the Timing of Jesus’ DeathResurrection Right
Passover, Sabbaths, and Firstfruits are all important religious holidays. Hopefully, knowing these ten facts will make it simpler for you to comprehend the events of Holy Week in general. Trying to navigate historical texts when we don’t know that various people observed the same holy day at different times or that the same terms may refer to different things (like the word Sabbath) can be difficult while studying ancient literature. Three things, I feel, have contributed to the largest amount of ambiguity in the timeline: Jews celebrated Passover in their homes on Wednesday evening (according to our Gregorian calendar) or as Nisan 14 began (in the Jewish calendar), whereas priests celebrated Passover by sacrificing theKorban Pesachin at Temple on Thursday afternoon (according to our Gregorian calendar) or as the Jewish day of Nisan 14 ended at sunset on Thursday, The references to “the First Day of Unleavened Bread” in Mark 14:12–16, Matthew 26:17–19, and Luke 22:7–13 are all referring to “the First Day of Unleavened Bread.” (3) A reference to multiple Sabbaths, the first of which is on Nisan 15 and is a “high Sabbath” on Friday (John 19:31), which marks the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the second of which is on Nisan 16 and is a normal Saturday Sabbath (John 19:31), which marks the beginning of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
Having a better knowledge of these terms and facts should help you better appreciate how Jesus ate Passover on Wednesday evening, died on Thursday afternoon, and spent the next three nights in the grave on Thursday, Friday, and Saturday nights before to his resurrection on Sunday.
Despite the fact that we have no way of knowing when Jesus’ birthday occurred, you may still feel the heart of Christmas on any random day throughout December.
Nonetheless, make an effort to learn more about the meaning of Passover and Firstfruits each year in order to comprehend the entire theological implications of Jesus’ death and resurrection.
At the moment of the main Lamb’s sacrifice on the Temple altar, he was the final Passover Lamb and was crucified at the same time as he was.
He was the one his people had been hoping for all their lives.
Another thing that many people overlook is that Yeshua was the firstfruits to ascend to the Father in order to obtain His kingdom.
Personally, I feel it is right in front of us, but hidden from our eyes since it is veiled.
It’s fascinating to think about how the second temple Jews would have known exactly what heaven and earth would have meant to them.
Over the course of several years, I grappled with the so-called gap between mat 14 and mat 34 and 35.
Heaven and earth (the temple and its rites, the law (Mosaic), all of these things will pass away, but My words will not pass away with them.
We act as a go-between for the parties involved.
Is it true that whatever has been determined in heaven, primarily but not exclusively, must pass through our hands before it can be carried out on the earth?
That is a level of responsibility that few people are aware of, let alone willing to embrace.
Once again, thank you very much; your work provides me with much inspiration.
This is an excellent blog article.
Thank you for your time and consideration.
I’d want to know your thoughts and feelings on the importance of Sabbath observance.
Paige 5:00:27:26 a.m.
In which source did you learn that Jews celebrated the Passover supper a day earlier?
Philo Special Laws 2.148 contains the passage that tells how Jews slaughtered and ate their lambs in their houses as a universal practice away from the Temple (since their homes had been sanctified in the same way as the Temple that night) at the time of the Exodus.
Shmuel Safrai’s chapter “Early Testimonies in the New Testament to Laws and Practices Relating to Pilgrimage and Passover,” notably pages 47-48 of the book Jesus’ Last Week, might be studied for further in-depth scholarly consideration.
Bruce Hal Miner (Ph.D.) on January 13, 2022 at 8:42:37 am To Paige, thank you so much.
1) The information presented here are based on a knowledge of Jewish traditions and calendars during HIS time period.
3) A reasonable place to start is with the question of how a Friday burial followed by a Sunday resurrection may result in three days and three nights.
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