Companions who were watching Jesus crucified?
Through it all, Joey and I never ceased seeing the beams of optimism, even in the most trying situations. It seemed like there were always beams of optimism around. Several factors contribute to my wife and my enthusiasm for Jesus Calling, the primary one being that it had a profound impact on her life. Throughout the tale, we had always thought that God might cure her at any time and alter the outcome. Even if He didn’t choose to do so, we think that He was capable of doing so, and we knew that He was capable of doing so.
Whatever that meant, it was a positive sign for me.
People will recognize themselves more in our weaknesses, I believe, than they will in our strengths, which we have had in the past.
During the car ride to school, we listen to her mother sing, and it’s not just singing.
- It’s the best; it’s the most beautiful, heartbreaking thing that has ever happened in the history of the universe.
- Here, she didn’t merely set up shop and start a family.
- It’s something I’m experiencing.
- Narrator: The following is an excerpt from the Jesus Calling audiobook’s entry for January 8th, 2014: The announcement of My Presence is made in hushed tones.
- Despite the fact that I have complete control over everything in heaven and on earth, I am exceedingly sensitive with regard to you.
- Your frailty should serve as a gateway into My Presence.
- You will be shielded from despair and self-pity if you place your trust in Me!
- The more you hold to this string, the more I carry the weight of your troubles, and as a result, you are made lighter in your load.
- If you hold on to your hope, My rays of Light will find their way to you through the night.
- Subscriptions to theJesus Calling Podcast on iTunes are highly recommended.
We appreciate your feedback and suggestions, which will allow us to reach even more people with the message of Jesus Calling in the coming years. And if you have a tale of your own to tell, we’d love to hear from you! Please visit JesusCalling.com to share your testimony right now.
Why Was Jesus Crucified?
The character of Balthasar explains to Judah Ben-Hur and Balthasar, at the conclusion of Ben Hur, as they kneel broken and exhausted at Christ’s crucified feet, how Jesus, in this act of self-sacrifice, took upon himself the sins of all mankind. Although this was a powerful piece of filmmaking, it was a tragic piece of history. Okay, he was a clever guy, but the specific method by which he worked out almost two centuries of Christian doctrine in only two minutes was never explained fully. However, given the historical context, it’s possible that William Wyler didn’t have to do much explaining; the fact that Jesus died for our sins was already a societal given in 1959.
- After a moment’s thought, you’ll realize that the conventional Sunday school response to the question “Why was Jesus crucified?” is incorrect.
- Consider the possibility that you might travel back in time and cover the crucifixion in the same way that a reporter covering unrest in the Middle East could do today.
- Very doubtful, for the simple reason that this solution is based on Christian theology, which did not exist at the time of Jesus.
- In other words, if we want to understand why Pilate ordered Jesus’ crucifixion, Christian theology isn’t going to help us much.
- First and foremost, let’s be clear.
- It was only the Romans who were permitted to utilize this particularly harsh method of execution.
- Crossan’s book The Birth of Christianity, pp.
Pirates, rebellious slaves, and enemies of the state were the three types of criminals who were most liable to be crucified under Roman law.
Rather than being a private torture chamber, the crucifixion was intended to send a clear message: Don’t mess with Rome.
As a result, our historical issue becomes more specific: How did Pilate come to feel that Jesus was a potential adversary of the Roman Republic?
Notice that Pilate is portrayed as a wet-noodle weakling who is being manipulated by crafty Jewish leaders and a raucous throng.
He also taught justice – and it wasn’t the justice of Rome, but rather the justice of God.
“The kingdom of God is near,” he declared emphatically.
When the divine kingdom is completely established, the first will be the last, and the humble will be elevated above all others.
They were completely satisfied with their own brand of justice.
Jesus, according to another famous scholar, John Dominic Crossan, is viewed as more of a Jewish cynic philosopher rather than an apocalyptic prophet.
Jesus contended that Jewish society had been perverted by Roman commercialism.
This rift in the Jewish community was posing a threat to their spiritual relationship with God.
Nevertheless, under Roman authority, their society was becoming more and more like all the others: it was dominated by a rich, haughty elite who oppressed an increasingly destitute working population.
Only this time, there was a sour catch: they were required to cease any cooperation with Rome.
Whether Jesus was regarded as an apocalyptic prophet or a cynic sage in his day, any of these interpretations would have rendered him subversive.
He did exactly what candidates for crucifixion are expected to do: he directly questioned the authority of the Roman government (that authority being exercised through the Temple priests).
Jesus was a subversive figure, maybe perhaps more so than he could have anticipated. When you preach compassion, you are frequently canonized. Preaching justice will almost always result in your death.
As God incarnate, Jesus Christ is the second member of the Trinity, our creator, the resurrected savior and redeemer, and the only method of redemption for sinners. He is also known as the Son of God.
In the first century A.D., Jesus of Nazareth was a Jewish carpenter and teacher who lived in Nazareth. Jesus is the Messiah (Anointed One) of Israel, and he is the Son of God. He was born as God in the flesh, lived among mankind, and taught the Jewish people about a “new covenant” that would replace the old one. Around the year 30 A.D., he was crucified by Roman authority. After his death, Jesus was buried, and on the third day, he rose from the dead to demonstrate his victory over death. Throughout his life and ministry, as well as through his miracles, death, and resurrection, Jesus Christ demonstrates his mission: He is both God and the Savior of the world.
Did Jesus Really Exist?
Yes, there was a person named Jesus. He was a Jewish guy who was born towards the end of the first century B.C. in the town of Nazareth. In the first century AD, he lived and taught in ancient Palestine, which was then a Roman province. The Bible’s first four books of the New Testament, known as the Gospels, include accounts of Jesus’ life, death, burial, resurrection, and ascension, all of which are based on the historical events of his death and resurrection. Other non-biblical sources also attest to Jesus’ genuine life and the early disciples of the Messiah.
GenealogyBirth of Jesus
When the Holy Spirit covered his mother, Mary, Jesus was miraculously conceived without the involvement of a sexual partner (Luke 1:35). He was therefore born into a family that included some of the most well-known figures in the Old Testament, as well as a number of women. In the Gospels, there are two distinct genealogies that are recorded. In the Gospel according to Matthew (1:1–17), the lineage begins with Abraham and continues via King David until Jesus’ birth, which is most likely traced through Mary.
According to Jewish messianic prophecies (Jeremiah 23:5–6), we can see how Jesus was rightly referred to be the Son of David in both lineages.
During his early years, Jesus lived at Nazareth, a tiny town in the Galilee region on the eastern Mediterranean Sea’s southeastern shore. He was reared as an observant Jew, and he had brothers and sisters, as well as a carpenter’s apprenticeship under his belt (Mark 6:3). The prophet John the Baptist baptized him when he was around 30 years old, and he immediately began serving as an itinerant rabbi, or a Jewish teacher, throughout the surrounding area (Mark 1:19–15). he drew followers to himself and taught the throngs of people who had congregated in his vicinity His supporters eventually declared him to be the Christ, or the “anointed one” in the biblical sense (Matthew 16:16).
In Jewish theology, the term “Christ” (Messiah in Hebrew) was a regal and heavenly title.
There were numerous topics covered in Jesus’ teachings, including love, the kingdom of God, repentance, non-hypocritical confidence in God, forgiveness, discipleship and prayer. He also spoke about marriage, divorce, everlasting judgment, and eternal life for those who believed. His preferred technique of imparting spiritual lessons was through “parables,” which are short tales intended to convey a spiritual message. The miracles performed by Jesus were another important component of his mission.
Among other things, Jesus performed the miracles listed below throughout his public ministry:
- He transformed water into wine (John 2:1–11)
- He healed a paralytic (Mark 2:1-12)
- He healed a withered hand (Mark 3:1–3)
- And he raised the dead (Luke 4:1–6). The following are examples of Jesus’ healing abilities: Calmed a storm (Mark 4:35–41)
- Healed a servant from afar (Luke 7:1–10)
- Revived a dead man (Luke 7:11–17)
- Healed a bleeding woman (Luke 8:43–48)
- Healed a man born blind (John 9:1–12)
- Fed the multitudes (Matthew 14:13–21)
- Walked on water
Sermon on the Mount
In John 2:1–11, Jesus turned water into wine; in Mark 2:1–12, he healed a paralytic; in Mark 3:1–3, he healed someone with a withered arm. Calmed a storm (Mark 4:35–41); Healed a servant from afar (Luke 7:1–10); Revived a dead man (Luke 7:11–17); Healed a bleeding woman (Luke 8:43–48); Healed a man born blind (John 9:1–12); Fed the multitude (Matthew 14:13–21); Walked on water (Matthew 14:22–33);
Biblical Sources for Jesus
He transformed water into wine (John 2:1–11); he healed a paralytic (Mark 2:1-12); he healed a withered hand (Mark 3:1–3); and he raised the dead (Mark 16:15–20). Calmed a storm (Mark 4:35–41); Healed a servant from afar (Luke 7:1–10); Revived a dead man (Luke 7:11–17); Healed a bleeding woman (Luke 8:43–48); Healed a man born blind (John 9:1–12); Healed a man with leprosy (Matthew 14:13–21); Walked on water (Mat
Extra-biblical Sources for Jesus
There are several non-biblical texts that make reference to Jesus’ life. These ancient writings provide additional evidence for the historical accuracy of the biblical sources:
- Pliny the Elder (A.D. 61–113), Suetonius (A.D. 69–140), Lucian of Samosata (A.D. 115–200), Celsus (A.D. 175), Jewish Talmud (A.D. 400-700), The Toledat Yeshu (A.D. 1000)
- Mara-Serapion (A.D. 70)
The “Lost” Years of Jesus
“The lost years of Jesus’ life occurred between the time when a 12-year-old Jesus met with religious authorities (Luke 2:42–52) and the time when a 30-year-old Jesus began his earthly mission (Luke 2:53). (Luke 3:23). There is no indication of what Jesus accomplished during those years in the book of Matthew. Many have attempted to fill in the gaps in the tale. Some have speculated that he traveled to the United Kingdom (twelfth century A.D.). It has been stated that he traveled to India in 1869, while others have said that he traveled to Tibet, Persia, Assyria, Greece, and Egypt (1908).
All early biblical and extra-biblical sources agree that the man Jesus existed exclusively in first-century Roman Palestine, and that he was crucified there.
Was Jesus Married?
No, Jesus did not get married when he was on the planet. Based on the Bible and early Christian literature, we have no basis to believe that he was married, and there are multiple grounds to conclude that he was not married based on those texts.
- Jesus entrusted his mother to the care of the Apostle John—no mention of his wife is made (John 19:25–27)
- Paul makes no reference of Jesus’ marriage when addressing Peter’s marriage (1 Corinthians 9:5)
- And the Bible makes no mention of Jesus’ marriage at all. In contrast to any other woman, the church is referred to as “the bride of Christ” (Ephesians 5:23–32). Clement of Alexandria, an early bishop, confirmed Jesus’ singleness (The Stromata, III.6.49). Tertullian, another early Christian philosopher, referred to Jesus as “unmarried” in his On Monogamy, chapter 5.
Jesus’ Death: Did He Really Die?
Jesus passed away at the conclusion of his earthly teaching career. The death of Jesus is recounted in all four Gospels, as well as in several New Testament epistles and other ancient sources. As a result of his crimes, he was executed by crucifixion, a punishment reserved for the most serious of criminals under Roman law. The Romans were quite effective at assassinating individuals. On the crucifixion, some skeptics have proposed that Jesus just “swooned,” rather than dying as is often believed.
The main source materials do not support this notion in any way. The Roman crucifixion, followed by a first-century beating with iron balls and bone fragments (scourging), was never survived by a single individual in history.
Did the Disciples Just Hide His Body?
The idea that Jesus’ followers concealed his corpse after he died is another controversial viewpoint. These skeptics contend that the disciples removed Jesus’ body after his crucifixion and pretended that he had risen from the dead. According to Matthew 28:11–15, this was the account the Jewish officials concocted in order to avoid punishing the soldiers who guarded the tomb for misplacing Jesus’ body after his death. With this idea, there are a number of difficulties. For starters, no one steals the corpses of Roman troops.
Furthermore, the Apostles would have been the most likely perpetrators of the conspiracy.
Few individuals are willing to die for their beliefs, but no one is willing to die for something they know to be a lie.
The disciples did not conceal the corpse of Jesus.
Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after he was laid in the tomb (Luke 24:6–7), according to the Bible. The resurrection of Jesus from the grave is mentioned in each of the four Gospel accounts. After a torturous execution, Jesus was raised from the dead and given a new, exalted body. The main difference between his new body and his former body was that he could appear in the middle of his disciples (John 20:19, 20:26). But it was comparable to his former body in that he was still able to eat fish (Luke 24:42–43), which was a good thing.
Liar, Lunatic, or Lord?
C.S. Lewis posits a trilemma in his book Mere Christianity, which has to do with the essence of Jesus. There are only three plausible options when it comes to making a decision regarding Jesus, as Lewis asked them to do. One of three things happened: he was lying, insane, or the Lord he claimed to be. It is my hope that this will prevent anyone from stating the very ridiculous thing that people often say about Jesus: “I’m willing to accept Jesus as a wonderful moral teacher, but I don’t accept his claim to be God.” That is the one thing we are not allowed to mention.
He would either be a lunatic, on a par with the man who claims to be a poached egg, or he would be the Devil of Hell, depending on your point of view.
Either this man was and continues to be the Son of God, or he is a lunatic or something far worse.
You have a choice. But let us refrain from making up any nonsense about His being a wonderful human teacher in order to be condescending. That is not something he has left available to us. He had no intention of doing so.
Is Jesus God?
Yes, Jesus is God’s Son, as the saying goes. By virtue of the fact that Jesus has the titles, qualities, and authority of God; that he performs the acts of God; and that he is worshipped as God, he must be regarded as God (John 20:28). God exists in three persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus), and God the Holy Spirit. God is one God existing in three persons: God the Father, God the Son (Jesus), and God the Holy Spirit Jesus’ divinity is also explicitly taught in Scripture on a number of different instances.
The author of Hebrews taught Jesus’ divinity (Hebrews 1:8), and the apostle Paul affirmed Jesus’ divinity as well (Romans 1:20).
In John 1:1, however, the most dramatic confirmation of Jesus’ divinity is found, in which John declares that Jesus was God from the beginning of creation: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”
Conclusion: The Good News of Jesus
Finally, even though Jesus Christ was completely pure, he was subjected to death and God the Father’s rightful anger towards sinners on the cross in order to atone for mankind’s guilt. He died in order to meet the just demands of God’s righteousness and justice, which he received from his Father. Jesus was the most suitable sacrifice. He died on a crucifixion, but on the third day, he rose from the dead, victorious over death, allowing everyone who really believe in Him, repent of their sin, and place their reliance in Him (rather than in their own worth) to be reconciled to God and live for eternity with their Creator in His presence.
Why do we continue to die, since Jesus took our place as our substitute for death in the first place? When we accept God’s free gift of eternal life, we are transformed from death to life in Christ. However, because the entire creation is still enslaved to decay, we must continue to die physically in order to leave our mortal sin-filled bodies and be resurrected.
Looking For Jesus’ Bones
In the Garden Tomb and the Patio Tomb, there is nothing that suggests that the bones of Jesus Christ are present there or anyplace else on this planet. “He has risen from the dead, just as He said.”
The Suffering of Jesus
Although Jesus deliberately bore bodily anguish, it was beyond comprehension. While His physical anguish was horrific, we must remember that it paled in comparison to the suffering He underwent in His heart as He bore the sins of the world on His own shoulders.
Why Is It Good Friday?
How could a day connected with mankind’s most horrible atrocity be considered “positive” in any sense?
In Christ’s death, the answer to this issue is revealed in the cause for which He died. Jesus stated that He “did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life as a ransom for many” when asked why He came.
Who, What, Why: Why is Good Friday called Good Friday?
It is the day on which Christians commemorate the death of Jesus Christ, also known as Good Friday. So, what is the significance of the name “Good Friday”? After being flogged, the Bible says, the son of God was sentenced to death by being forced to bear the cross on which he would be crucified and then beheaded. It’s tough to see what’s “good” about it in this situation. Some sources claim that the day is “good” in the sense that it is holy, while others claim that the word is a perversion of “God’s Friday.” According to Fiona MacPherson, senior editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, the term typically “designates a day on (or occasionally a season in) which a religious observance is celebrated,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
In addition to Good Friday, there is also a less well-known Good Wednesday, which is the Wednesday before Easter, which is also observed on the same day.
A good Friday, according to the Baltimore Catechism, which was the official Catholic school curriculum in the United States from 1885 until the 1960s, is good because Christ “showed His immense love for man, and purchased for him every benefit.” According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, which was originally published in 1907, the origins of the phrase are unclear.
Additionally, the day is known as “the Holy and Great Friday” in the Greek liturgy, “Holy Friday” in Romance Languages, and “Karfreitag” (Sorrowful Friday) in German, according to the website.
Around the BBC
The Passion of Jesus is performed in Trafalgar Square on April 18, 2014, in London, England, by a cast of actors. Tolga Akmen of Anadolu Agency and Getty Images contributed to this report. This piece was initially published in 2014, but it is still relevant today. It is reproduced in its entirety below. On this Friday, Christians commemorate the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ, which takes place on the first Friday of Lent. Since the day is traditionally regarded as solemn, many Christians and nonbelievers may find the name to be contradictory, especially considering that fasting and solemn processions are commonly performed.
- It’s most likely becausegoodused to be meanholy.
- The first of these beliefs is that Nice Friday is called Wonderful Friday because, according to Christians, there is something extremely good about it: it marks the anniversary of Jesus’ suffering and death for their sins, which they feel is a very good thing.
- The second explanation holds that the term “Good Friday” comes from the word Godor, which means “God’s Friday.” TheCatholic Encyclopedia published an item in 1909 that supports this notion, which is cited by Wikipedia as evidence.
- This etymology, on the other hand, appears to be without foundation.
- Ben Zimmer, a linguist and lexicographer, concurred, observing that the German word for Good Friday is not “Gottes Freitag” (God’s Friday), as the Catholic Encyclopedia implies, but rather “Karfreitag” (Sorrowful Friday), as the Catholic Encyclopedia suggests.
- As Liberman pointed out, “theOED’s explanation makes great sense” if you examine the alternative names for Good Friday, such as “Sacred Friday” in the Romance languages (Viernes Santo, for example), and “Passion Friday” in Russian.
The Oxford English Dictionary also states that there was previously a Good Wednesday, the Wednesday before Easter, which is now more generally referred to asHoly Wednesday.
Who Was Jesus?
What do we know about Jesus, and how do we know it? (Photo courtesy of Shutterstock.) According to the Christian Gospels and early Christian texts, Jesus was the Messiah (Christ), the Son of God who was killed for the sins of humanity before returning from the dead. In the Gospels, it is claimed that Jesus, who was born in 4 B.C., was able to accomplish miraculous feats such as healing a broad range of ailments merely by touching or speaking to people. Among his other alleged abilities were the capacity to walk on water, make enormous quantities of fish and bread in an instant, raise the dead, rise from the dead himself, calm storms, and expel demons from individuals.
Was he a genuine person or a fictional character?
A major challenge in trying to understand who Jesus was and what he was like is that the first texts that discuss Jesus were written around 100 years after his death — although it is likely that they were copied from documents that were written around the same time as Jesus — making it difficult to know what Jesus was really like.
Birth and early life
According to the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, Jesus was born in Bethlehem to Mary, who was a virgin at the time of his birth. Scholars disagree on the exact year of Jesus’ birth, although they largely agree that it occurred between 7 B.C. and 1 B.C. According to academics, the legend of Jesus’ birth on December 25 did not begin until centuries later, and there is no evidence that he was actually born on that day. The Gospel of Matthew tells the story of how magi (a term that is sometimes translated as “wise men”) traveled from the east, following the star of Bethlehem (which some scientists have speculated could be a comet from the planet Venus), and brought gifts for the infant Jesus, including gold, frankincense, and myrrh for his parents.
- According to the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus and his family survived by fleeing to Egypt and not returning until after Herod’s death.
- The Gospels chronicle the story of Jesus’ childhood in Nazareth, where he lived with his mother, Mary, her husband, Joseph, and Jesus’ siblings and cousins.
- After reaching adulthood, the Gospel of Mark reports that Jesus worked as a carpenter, and that there was a tension between Jesus and his family at the time.
- Mark 6:4 says that a prophet is not without respect unless and until he is recognized in his own town, among his family, and in his own house.
- at Nazareth was made as a result of recent archaeological excavation.
- It seems from archaeological evidence that the residents of first-century Nazareth were Jewish and less prone to accept Greco-Roman culture than the people who lived in the adjacent town of Sepphoris, according to archaeological evidence.
A monument at Rome’s Lateran Palace shows Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss, and the statue is known as the Kiss of Judas. (Photo courtesy of Noyan Yalcin/Shutterstock.com)
Generally speaking, academics think that Jesus did not commit himself fully to his mission until he was around 30 years old. According to the biblical narrative, Jesus had not been ministering for very long when he was killed, which suggests that he had not been ministering for very long. According to the Gospel narratives, Jesus spent the most of his ministry in the region around Galilee. In their accounts, Jesus is described as typically avoiding luxury, being content to converse with “tax collectors” and “sinners,” favoring the poor, and clashing regularly with Jewish religious officials who questioned his claim that he was the Messiah.
- He had disagreements with his 12 followers from time to time, criticizing them when they shown a lack of faith or perseverance.
- Following their inability to expel a “unclean demon” from a youngster, Jesus became enraged.
- ‘How much longer am I going to put up with you?'” 9:19 in the Gospel of Mark.
- There will be earthquakes in a number of locations, as well as famines.” Mark 13:8 is a passage from the Bible that explains how to be a Christian.
- After that, the leaders brought Jesus before Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect (governor) of Judea, where he was placed on trial for his actions.
- Following Jesus’ crucifixion and burial in a tomb, legend has it that Jesus awoke from his death and returned to life.
- In the years 26 to 37 A.D., Pontius Pilate served as governor of Judea, and the execution of Jesus would have taken place at some point during that time period.
- Following new study by Joan Taylor, it has been suggested that Jesus was of normal height, with short black hair and brown eyes, as well as olive-brown complexion.
What did Jesus look like?
Recent study undertaken by Joan Taylor, professor of Christian Origins and Second Temple Judaism at King’s College London, has provided us with a glimpse of what Jesus could have looked like in his day. Her study reveals that Jesus was around 5 feet 5 inches tall, had olive-brown complexion and black hair, and likely kept his beard and hair short and well-trimmed in order to keep lice out, which was a big problem at the time of his ministry. Taylor writes in her book “What Did Jesus Look Like?” that Jesus’ occupation as a carpenter and the fact that he went on foot, along with the fact that Jesus was likely unable to eat regular meals, meant that he was likely skinny yet fairly strong (T T Clark, 2018).
In any case, he shouldn’t be portrayed as someone who was content with his lot in life; unfortunately, that’s the type of picture we sometimes receive.” Additional materials are available at:
- According to the Biblical Archaeology Society, you can learn more about Jesus’ life. Smithsonian Magazine has an article on recent archaeological discoveries that have given light on the enigma of Jesus. When Was the Tomb of Christ Discovered? Watch this video to find out. originating from National Geographic
Owen Jarus is a writer for Live Science who specializes in archaeology and all topics relating to the history of mankind. A bachelor of arts degree from the University of Toronto and a journalism degree from Ryerson University are among Owen’s qualifications. He loves learning about fresh research and is always on the lookout for an interesting historical story.
Why is Christmas on Dec. 25? A brief history lesson that may surprise you.
This was published last year, but considering that it is Christmas, it seems like a good time to share it again:Christmas is celebrated on December 25, but it has not always been that way. The day of Jesus’ birth is not recorded in the Bible on December 25; in fact, the Bible remains quiet on the day or time of year when Mary was claimed to have given birth to him in Bethlehem, according to tradition. His birth was not commemorated by the first Christian communities. It is as a result that there are several different tales of how and when the date of December 25 came to be regarded as Jesus’ birthday.
- By the mid-fourth century, the birthday celebration had been relocated to the 25th day of the month of December.
- Some reports state that it was the Pope, while others state that it was not.
- The Golden Bough is a highly influential nineteenth-century comparative study of religion and mythology written by the anthropologist James George Frazer and first published in 1890.
- Frazer addressed the subject of religion from a cultural — rather than a theological — standpoint, and he connected the celebration of Christmas to ancient pagan rites in his writing.
- Observers of the Julian calendar observed the winter solstice on December 25th, which was celebrated as the Nativity of the Sun, since the days begin to lengthen and the strength of the sun begins to rise from that point in the year’s cycle.
- The celebrants withdrew into certain inner sanctuaries, from which they emerged at midnight with a resounding cry: “The Virgin has given birth!
- No doubt the Virgin who conceived and gave birth to a son on December 25th was the great Oriental deity whom the Semites dubbed the Heavenly Virgin or simply the Heavenly Goddess; in Semitic regions, she was known as Astarte, or the Goddess of the Heavens.
- Due to the fact that the Gospels make no mention of the day of Christ’s birth, the early Church did not observe it.
In contrast, at the end of the third or the beginning of the fourth century, the Western Church, which had never recognized the sixth of January as the day of the Nativity, came to recognize the twenty-fifth of December as the correct date, and over time, the Eastern Church came to accept the Western Church’s decision as well.
What factors influenced the decision of the church authority to initiate the Christmas celebration?
His explanation for why the celebration of the sixth of January was moved from the sixth of January to the twenty-fifth of December is as follows: The heathens had a tradition of celebrating the birthday of the Sun on the same twenty-fifth of December, at which time they would burn candles as a symbol of celebration.
As a result, when the Church’s physicians saw that Christians were gravitating toward this holiday, they convened a council and decided that the genuine Nativity would be celebrated on that day, with the feast of the Epiphany falling on the sixth of January.
” In his exhortation to his Christian brethren not to celebrate that solemn day like the heathens on account of the sun, but rather on account of the one who created the sun, Augustine clearly alludes to, if not outright acknowledges, the pagan origins of Christmas, if without explicitly admitting them.
- The Christian Church seems to have chosen December 25th as the date for its Founder’s birthday in order to redirect pagan adoration away from the Sun and onto him, who was referred to as the Sun of Righteousness.
- For starters, it is not contained in any of the ancient Christian literature that I am aware of.
- 339–397), for example, Christ is depicted as the genuine sun who outshines all other gods of the old order.
- As a result, they consider the synchronicity to be a providential sign, as well as natural proof that God chose Jesus over the false pagan deities.
- According to legend, it was in the 12th century that the first connection was drawn between the date of Jesus’ birth and pagan festivals.
- Despite the fact that the contemporary Armenian church continues to celebrate Christmas on January 6, most Christians observe the holiday on December 25, with January 6 becoming known as the Feast of the Epiphany, in honor of the entrance of the magi in Bethlehem.
- The first date listed, December 25, is marked:natus Christus in Betleem Judeae: “Christ was born in Bethlehem of Judea.
—- Here’s a bit additional background on the non-religious character of Santa Claus, which you might find interesting.
Nicholas Center (whose Web site has the subtitle “Discovering the Truth About Santa Claus”) that the character known today as Santa Claus originated with a man named Nicholas who is said to have been born in the third century A.D.
He was ordained as a priest and used his wealth to serve others, eventually rising to the position of guardian of children, performing miracles to aid them.
The day of his death, December 6, was marked by a festive atmosphere.
Throughout history, Europeans have revered him as a saint, according to the St.
Nicholas was carried to the New World by Christopher Columbus, who named a Haitian port after him in 1492.
Washington Irving became a member of the club in January 1809, and on St.
Nicholas figure in the plot.
Nicholas on it; St.
Nicholas descends chimneys to bring gifts to the children of the colony.
On December 6, 1810, the New York Historical Society conducted its inaugural St.
The artist Alexander Anderson was commissioned by John Pintard to paint the first American depiction of Nicholas to commemorate the occasion.
“Saint Nicholas, my dear good friend!” concludes the poem that goes with it.
If you’ll only offer me something, I’ll serve you for the rest of my days.” ….
A flying reindeer pulled the sleigh that carried this “Sante Claus” from the North Pole to the South Pole.
In a didactic style, Santa Claus rewards good conduct while punishing evil, leaving behind a “long, black birchen rod.
A safe toy was “a lovely doll.
“There will be no drums to startle their Mother’s ear, nor swords to scare their sisters; but there will be beautiful books to store their minds with knowledge of every variety.” Even the sleigh itself was equipped with a bookshelf for storing “pretty books.” In addition, the book marked S.
It wasn’t until the 1823 publication of the poem “A Visit from St.
As early as the 1920s, illustrations by Norman Rockwell and other illustrators depicted a jolly red-suited Santa Claus; as late as the 1950s, Santa Claus was depicted as a gentle gift-giving character.
Nicholas — rather than Santa — is still celebrated.
The bottom line from the Santa Web site is as follows: Some believe that St.
Legends are usually formed as a result of true, historical events, though they may be embellished in order to create more interesting tales.
Nicholas appear to be true stories with a dash of fantasy thrown in for good measure.
Nicholas’ life may include a grain of historical truth in some instances.
(You can read more about those “facts” in an essay titled “Was St. Nicholas a Real Person?” which may be found here.) That’s all there is to it. You may not have been aware of some of the history of Christmas until now. If you’ve made it this far, you’ve earned it.
March 30, 2012 ~ Where Was Jesus Buried?
KIM LAWTON is a correspondent with the Associated Press. During Holy Week, Christians commemorate the well-known tale of Jesus’ death and resurrection from the dead. But, more importantly, where does this narrative take place exactly? Only a few hints are provided by the Bible. REV. MARK MOROZOWICH (Catholic University of America): Thank you for your time. The Gospels were not truly written in order to document historical events. They were composed in order to serve as a testament of faith. LAWTON: According to the New Testament, Jesus was crucified outside of Jerusalem at a location known as Golgotha, which is derived from the Aramaic word for “place of the skull.” Calvaria is the Latin word for skull, and in English, many Christians refer to the location of the crucifixion as Calvary, which is the Latin word for skull.
Because the tomb was close by, according to John, there is where Jesus’ body was laid to rest.
They describe it as being carved out of rock, with a massive stone in front of the entrance that could be moved in to block the way.
MOROZOWICH: At the time of Jesus’ death on the cross, he was not a particularly prominent figure in Israeli society.
However, there was no church constructed to commemorate his death or to acknowledge his resurrection shortly after he died.
Helena, embarked on a journey to Jerusalem, according to historians.
She discovered that the location had been revered by early Christians and determined that it was Golgotha.
MOROZOWICH: Now, throughout history, people have argued over whether it was actually there or if it was here.
LAWTON: Throughout the years, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre has been demolished, rebuilt, and remodeled on a number of different occasions.
However, it is regarded as one of the holiest locations in all of Christianity, drawing a large number of pilgrims and inspiring profound spiritual devotion.
The gloomy chapel commemorating the crucifixion may be found in one top corner, while the tomb can be seen on the opposite side of the building.
It is during these times that people might have a very profound relationship with God that they experience something truly beautiful and moving.
THE BISHOP OF MOROZOWICH: The light from the grave is brought out by the bishop, which lights and plays on this whole notion that light from the world is being brought forth once more.
It is possible that Jesus was crucified and buried in a separate location in Jerusalem known as the Garden Tomb, which some Christians, especially many Protestants, consider to be true.
In 1867, a tombstone was unearthed on the site.
LAWTON: Steve Bridge works as the assistant director of the Garden Tomb, which is located right beyond the Damascus Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem.
We’re staring at the bridge from the side now, and you can see what appears to be two eye sockets on the rock face where we were looking before.
In Lawton, this Skull Hill towers above a historic garden, complete with cisterns and a wine press, which may imply that it was once the property of a wealthy individual.
Bridge: The tomb itself is at least two thousand years old, according to archaeological evidence.
However, it is almost definitely more than 2,000 years old.
A big stone would be rolled across the threshold, thereby sealing the entrance.
BRIDGE: As a result, there is enough burial space for at least two bodies, and maybe more.
Joseph had constructed a family tomb for himself and his family, and it was dedicated to them.
LAWTON: On that day, as far as people were concerned, it was the end of the tale, and it was also the end of one who they had believed would be the Messiah, for a dead Messiah is no good.
LAWTON: According to Bridge, the Garden Tomb is not attempting to establish a competitive relationship with the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
What we believe we have here is something that corresponds to the description in the Bible.
LAWTON: On the other hand, we and the Holy Sepulchre would be precisely the same on that point, delivering the same tale but at a different location.
MOROZOWICH: The path he took is extremely, extremely significant.
As a result, he is just as real and present in Mishawaka, Indiana, and Washington, D.C., as he is in Israel. LAWTON: Hello, my name is Kim Lawton and I’m here to report.