7 Last Words Jesus Christ Spoke on the Cross
During his final hours on the cross, Jesus Christ made seven final comments to the world.These statements are cherished by Christ’s disciples because they provide a look into the depths of his suffering in order to bring about salvation.They are recorded in the Gospels between the time of his crucifixion and his death, and they demonstrate both his divinity and his humanity.These seven final remarks of Jesus are given here in chronological order to the extent that it is feasible to do so based on the approximate sequence of events depicted in the Gospel accounts.
1) Jesus Speaks to the Father
23:34 (Luke 23:34) He then replied to the Father, ″Father, pardon them, for they have no idea what they are doing.″ (According to the New International Version of the Bible (NIV), this is how it is rendered.) Throughout his ministry, Jesus demonstrated his ability to forgive sins.The forgiveness of both enemies and friends was something he had taught his disciples.Jesus was now putting into practice what he had preached, forgiving his own tormentors.The heart of Jesus, even in the midst of his great agony, was focused on others rather than on himself.We can see the character of his love in this passage: it is unconditional and heavenly.
2) Jesus Speaks to the Criminal on the Cross
Luke 23:43 (NIV) In all seriousness, today you will join me in paradise, I swear to you.″ (NIV) Unknown to the rest of the convicts who were crucified with Christ, one of them recognized Jesus and professed confidence in him as Savior.As Jesus convinced the dying man of his forgiveness and eternal salvation, we can see God’s grace being poured forth through faith in this passage.In fact, Jesus assured the thief that he would enjoy eternal life with Christ in paradise that same day, and he would not even have to wait.Because of his faith, he was welcomed into God’s kingdom right away.
3) Jesus Speaks to Mary and John
- John 19:26–27 (KJV) In response to the presence of his mother and the adjacent presence of the disciple whom he cherished, Jesus addressed his mother as ″Dear lady, here is your son,″ and the beloved disciple as ″Here is your mother.″ (NIV) When Jesus looked down from the cross, he was still overwhelmed with the concerns of a son for his mother’s material needs on the terrestrial plane.
- Because none of his brothers were there to provide care for her, he delegated this responsibility to the Apostle John.
- Christ’s humanity is plainly visible in this passage.
4) Jesus Cries Out to the Father
- Matthew 27:46 (KJV) And at about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, ″Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?″ (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?
- ″My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?″ says the speaker.
- (As it appears in the New King’s James Version, abbreviated as NKJV.) Mark 15:34 is a biblical passage.
- Then about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, ″Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?″ which translates as ″My God, my God, why have you abandoned me.″ NLT stands for New Living Translation, and that is the translation used here.) The first verses of Psalm 22 were said by Jesus during the most difficult hours of his suffering.
- And, although much has been speculated about the meaning of this word, it was abundantly clear that Christ was in anguish as he announced his separation from God.
- In this scene, we witness the Father turning away from the Son as Jesus bore the entire brunt of our guilt on his shoulders.
5) Jesus Is Thirsty
- John 19:28 (NIV) Jesus saw that everything had come to a close, and in order to fulfill the Scriptures, he declared, ″I am thirsty.″ Jesus turned down the first sip of vinegar, gall, and myrrh (Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23) that was brought to him in order to ease his agony.
- In this passage from Psalm 69:21, however, we find Jesus fulfilling the messianic prophesy that has been prophesied since the time of the creation of the world.
- ″They offer me a glass of sour wine to quench my thirst.″ (NLT)
6) It Is Finished
- In John 19:30, Jesus says ″It is completed!″ he said.
- (New Living Translation) Jesus understood that he was being crucified for a reason.
- He had previously said in his life, in John 10:18, that ″No one can take it away from me, but I choose to put it down of my own free will.
- I have the authority to put it down and the authority to pick it back up again if necessary.
- This is a directive that I got from my Father.″ Because what was completed here was not just Christ’s earthly existence, not only his suffering and death, and not only the payment for sin and the redemption of the world—but the fundamental reason and purpose that he came to earth was completed as well—these three words were dense with meaning.
- His ultimate act of submission had been completed.
The Scriptures had been brought to completion.
7) Jesus’ Last Words
- Luke 23:46 (NIV) When Jesus cried out in a loud voice, he was saying, ″Father, I submit my spirit into your hands.″ When he had finished speaking, he took his last breath.
- (NIV) Jesus concludes his discourse with the verses of Psalm 31:5, which he addresses to God the Father.
- In his entire reliance on his heavenly Father, we may see him at his most vulnerable.
- As he had done every day of his life, Jesus approached death in the same manner in which he had lived: by offering his life as a perfect sacrifice and leaving himself in the hands of God.
The Seven Last Words of Jesus from the Cross Explained
Christian’s pause on Good Friday to reflect on the magnitude of Jesus’ sacrifice for us in suffering a humiliating and gruesome death by crucifixion is an annual tradition. It’s a good moment to reflect on what Jesus went through for us, in all of its agony and intensity, rather than hurrying ahead to the wonderful news of Easter, resurrection, and new life, which will come later.
The Last Words of Jesus
- Christians have historically thought on Good Friday by reading and pondering on the seven final words of Jesus as he hung on the cross, which have been a part of their tradition for centuries.
- The following are the last words spoken by Jesus before he died on the cross, according to Luke: At this point, it was around the sixth hour, and there was complete darkness over all of the area until nearly nine hours later, when the sun’s light vanished.
- And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake.
- In a loud voice, Jesus then said to the Father: ″Father, into your hands I submit my spirit!″ After saying this, he took his final breath.
- (See also Luke 23:44)
Significance of Jesus Last Words
- In this text, Jesus’ final words are recounted in a poignant manner.
- All things considered, Jesus’ labor on the crucifixion had almost been completed when he cried out, ″Father, into your hands I submit my spirit!″ This statement effectively completed the job.
- A conversation Jesus had with religious leaders regarding his position in God’s grand plan is where the meaning of Jesus’ remark comes from: ″I am the good shepherd,″ he said.
- The sheep know who I am, and I know who they are, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I am willing to lay down my life for them.
- In addition, I have other sheep who are not members of this flock.
- I’ll have to bring them along as well, and perhaps they’ll pay attention to my voice.
As a result, there will only be one flock and one shepherd.Since of this, the Father loves me, because I lay down my life in the hope that I will be able to pick it up again.No one can take it away from me, but I choose to put it down of my own free will.I have the authority to put it down and I also have the authority to pick it up and put it down again.’I have been given this responsibility by my Father.’ (See also John 10:14) No one was able to take Jesus’ life from him in its whole.He had been assigned a specific job by God.
That duty was to lay down his life on the cross in the name of the entire world (John 10:18).As it was Jesus’ God-given job to lay down his life, it was also Jesus’ decision whether or not to do so.When we read about Jesus’ life leading up to his crucifixion, the severity of his decision becomes even more obvious.During the night of Luke 22:39-41, Jesus spends a frantic evening in prayer, battling with the enormity of the tasks that lie before of him.Jesus goes so far as to implore God to withdraw the responsibility from his hands and to find another method, but he eventually comes to the conclusion that God’s decision must be carried out.
The Seven Last Statements of Jesus
- First, according to Matthew 27:46, Jesus was about to enter the ninth hour when he cried out: ″My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?″ 2.
- ″Father, please forgive them since they are completely unaware of what they are doing″ (Luke 23:34).
- ‘By interceding on their behalf through this prayer, Jesus fulfilled an Old Testament prophesy that had been prophesied hundreds of years before by the prophet Isaiah.’ This prayer, particularly from the cross, would have served as a confirmation of His identity to people who had been looking forward to the coming of their beloved messiah, as predicted by the prophets of God.″ (Excerpt from Amy Swanson’s book Why Did Jesus Say ″Father Forgive Them″?
- Why Did Jesus Say ″Father Forgive Them?″ 3.
- I swear to you that from this day forward, you’ll be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43).
- The only people who were guilty of their crimes were the two men who were hanged next to Jesus on that dreadful day.
Jesus was blameless, without sin, and was not the perpetrator of such a heinous killing.Despite the fact that both men talked to Jesus, only one would die and be welcomed into the promise of Heaven.As a result, Jesus’ response to the criminal was deep, as He assured this sinner that he, too, would enter the gates of Heaven and dwell in Paradise that same day!Excerpt from What Did Jesus Mean When He Told the Thief ″Today You Will Be with Me in Paradise?″ by Cally Logan, What Did Jesus Mean When He Told the Thief ″Today You Will Be with Me in Paradise?″ by Cally Logan 4.″Dear Woman, here is your kid!″ and ″Here is your mother!″ are both phrases that are heard.Following His mother’s identification as standing near the cross with the Apostle John, Jesus transferred the care of His mother to the Apostle John’s duty.
(See also John 19:26–27.) It was through Jesus that His loving mother and His beloved disciple were able to form a new friendship.In his words to her, ″Woman, see your son, for whom, from this day forward, you must have a motherly attachment,″ and in his words to John, ″Behold your mother, to whom you must perform a sonly duty,″ That disciple then escorted her to his own house starting at that hour, which would remain in his memory for the rest of time.″ (Excerpt from Why Did Jesus Say ″Woman, Behold Your Son?″ Why Did Jesus Say ″Woman, Behold Your Son?″ 5.″I’m a little thirsty″ (John 19:28).In this instance, Jesus was responding to the Messianic prophesy from Psalm 69:21, which stated, ″They put gall in my food and vinegar in my thirst.″ We may think of ″thirsting″ as a metaphor for Christ’s command to ″hunger and thirst for righteousness″ (Matthew 5:6).Yet another possible connection would be to draw a relationship between this remark and Christ’s invitation to those who are thirsty to come and drink from the fountain of life (Revelation 22:17).These interpretative connections are not necessarily incorrect.
Jesus’ declaration of thirst comes from a point of bodily fatigue on the part of the disciples.Mild, if not severe, dehydration would have resulted from the hours he had spent in the heat combined with the physical discomfort he was experiencing.Jesus speaks of his own thirst as a way of expressing a genuine human desire for nutrition and comfort.″Jesus is physically thirsty when he is hanging on the cross.″ (Excerpt from What is the Meaning and Significance of Jesus Saying ″I Thirst?″ by Rev.Kyle Norman, What is the Meaning and Significance of Jesus Saying ″I Thirst?″ 6.
- ″It has been completed!″ (See John 19:30.) The mission that His Father had given Him to carry out, which included teaching the Gospel, performing miracles, and bringing His people back together, was successfully completed.
- ″The debt owed to sin was satisfied.″ In the words ″It is completed,″ Jesus is stating that the debt due by man to his Creator as a result of Adam’s transgression has been fully and permanently discharged.
- With the words ″it is finished,″ Jesus is stating that not only does He take away man’s sin, but that He has now removed it as far as the east is from the west, because it has been completed, completed, signed, and sealed because of the blood of Jesus.
- It was when Jesus exclaimed, ″It is done,″ (John 19:30), that he brought about the fulfillment of all of the Old Testament prophesies, symbolism, and foreshadowings concerning Himself.″ ″It is finished,″ according to Dave Jenkins in his book The Meaning and Significance of ″It is finished.″ 7.
- ″Father, I surrender my spirit into your hands!″.
- (Luke 23:46) Jesus freely laid down his life for others.
″Because He was both entirely God and totally man, Jesus had the ability to remove himself from the cross, stay alive, and exercise His divine authority,″ says the author.He made the decision not to do so.Because of His divine essence, He was forced to make the conscious decision to let go of his life.This statement is a straight quotation from the passage of Scripture in which it is found.″For you are my rock and my stronghold; and for the sake of your name, you lead me and guide me; you deliver me from the trap they have set for me, since you are my sanctuary,″ the passage reads.
- ″I surrender my spirit into your hands; you have redeemed me, O LORD, trustworthy God,″ I commit my spirit into your hands, and you have redeemed me, O LORD, loyal God.″ (Excerpt from ″Father, into your hands I surrender my spirit,″ by Bethany Verrett, from the book Beautiful Meaning Behind ″Father, into your hands I commit my spirit″).
- Jesus was faced with the enormous duty of laying down his life as a ransom for the sins of the entire human race.
- This was a terrible and difficult assignment, yet Jesus volunteered to take on the challenge.
- After three hours of dangling from the cross, Jesus eventually decided to give his life for the sake of others.
In the hands of those who crucified him, Jesus was not helpless; he was the only one who had the authority to put an end to his life.″The Son of Man came…to sacrifice his life as a ransom for many,″ Jesus says in Matthew 20:28.″The Son of Man came to give his life as a ransom for many.″ He planned the crucifixion from the beginning of time; he is known as ″the Lamb who was slaughtered from the foundation of the world″ (Matthew 26:28).(Revelation 13:8).However, Jesus’ death is still considered to be a death.
It is still a heinous crime against humanity.Despite the fact that Jesus yielded, this does not imply that all was well.Death was visited upon the creator of life by nefarious men (Acts 2:23).
- Jesus, on the other hand, submitted to wickedness and injustice because he understood who was actually in power.
Saved by the Blood of Christ
- The tale does not end here; there is still hope, which we commemorate on Easter Sunday.
- But for the time being, let us take a minute to remember the agonizing sacrifice of our Lord and Savior.
- You can express your gratitude to Jesus for his unwavering love and loyalty, which prompted him to lay down his life as a ransom for your sins.
- According to the website Crosswalk.com, ″In Christianity, Easter is celebrated on the third day following the crucifixion as the celebration of Jesus’ resurrection from the grave.
- Easter commemorates the fulfillment of the prophesy of the Messiah, who would be persecuted, die for our sins, and rise on the third day from the dead (Isaiah 53).
- Remembering the resurrection of Jesus is a powerful way to reaffirm our everyday optimism that we have won the battle against sin.
According to the New Testament, Easter is celebrated three days after Jesus’ death on the cross was commemorated.″ Find out more about the Origins and Meaning of the Holiday of Easter.Justin Holcomb is an Episcopal priest who also serves as a theology professor at Reformed Theological Seminary and Knox Theological Seminary in Knoxville, Tennessee.Justin is the author of On the Grace of God, as well as Rid of My Disgrace and Save Me from Violence, which he co-authored with his wife Lindsey.He is also the editor of Christian Theologies of Scripture, which he founded in 2000.You may find him on social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter, as well as his own website, JustinHolcomb.com.Image courtesy of Getty Images/BulentBARIS.
Learn more about the meaning and significance of the Easter festival and Holy Week events by reading the following articles: What is the significance of Palm Sunday?What is the significance of Maundy Thursday?What is the significance of Good Friday?What is the significance of Holy Saturday?What exactly is Easter?At Easter, the Son of God took on the sins of the world and beat the devil, death, and the grave in a single battle.
Then, how come the most magnificent period in human history is surrounded by scared fisherman, loathed tax collectors, marginalized women, wimpy politicians, and disloyal friends?When you read The Characters of Easter, you’ll get to know the odd group of regular individuals who were there to witness the miracle of Christ’s death and resurrection.As a devotional or study for both individuals and groups, this FREE audio offers a fresh perspective on the Lenten season.It is available to download now.
What Are the Last Words of Jesus?
- The seven last words of Jesus are the seven last utterances recounted in the Gospels that he spoke before he was crucified and died.
- As described in the book Seven Last Words by James Martin, Sr., the words are customarily arranged in the following sequence: ″Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing,″ says Jesus in Luke 23:34.
- ″Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise,″ says Jesus in Luke 23:43.
- ″My God, my God, why have you left me?″ says Jesus in Mark 15:34 and Matthew 27:46.
- ″Woman, here is your son…,″ says Jesus in John 19:26-27.
- ″Please accept this as your mother.″ ″Father, into your hands I surrender my spirit,″ says Jesus in Luke 23:46.
″I am thirsty,″ says Jesus in John 19:28.″It is finished,″ says John the Baptist in John 19:30.These remarks are significant because they were the last words of Jesus that each of the Gospel writers chose to include in their respective accounts of his life.Each Gospel is intended for a certain audience and is designed to emphasize distinct aspects of Jesus’ life narrative.This explains why distinct sentences are recorded from each writer’s last contact with Jesus on the cross, despite the fact that they are all from the same event.Let us investigate the significance of these evocative words from the cross.
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What Was Happening in the Bible When Jesus Spoke His Last Words?
- In addition to being tormented, mocked, and betrayed by the Jews, Jesus also picked up his cross and was eventually executed on the cross (like a criminal).
- Jesus hung on the crucifixion, his clothing torn from him, between two criminals, and died.
- He was humiliated in public after the Jewish people betrayed him and urged that he be executed despite the fact that he had done nothing wrong.
- During the six hours that Jesus was nailed on the cross, the Gospels relate these final words spoken by Jesus.
- The statements have significance because they are the last words spoken by Jesus before he died, and they demonstrate that Jesus remained true to his message and mission to the very end.
- To us as Christians, each of these seven recorded sentences conveys a distinct reality.
They also validate features of Jesus’ persona as well as how his life and death fulfilled the prophecies of the Old and New Testaments.
Why Does Jesus Ask God the Father if He Has Forsaken Him?
- During his last hours, Jesus said these words: ″Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?″ (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?
- ″My God, My God, why hast Thou deserted Me?″ says the prophet.
- Those lines were indeed difficult to hear, but the disciples would have recognized them as a quotation from Psalm 22, which opens with the identical words as these.
- According to tradition, it is at this point that Jesus performs a weird miracle on our behalf.
- He is crying out because he is experiencing his first experience of being apart from his Father.
- This is the sole instance in which Jesus does not refer to God as his Father in the Scriptures.
Because Jesus had taken on the sin on his own, the Father was unable to be there with him at the time.This moment is shrouded in mystery, since it is difficult to comprehend how God’s perfect son Jesus was forced to be separated from God for a period of time on the cross in order to suffer God’s wrath against mankind for its sin.″Thine eyes are too pure to approve iniquity, and Thou canst not look on wickedness with favor,″ says Habakkuk 1:13, referring to the purity of God’s sight.Due to God’s inability to look at sin, especially when it was being hurled onto his own Son, he had to be separated from Jesus and his followers.While going through this agonizing ordeal, Jesus screams out in agony.
Why Did Jesus Forgive Those Who Were Crucifying Him?
- When Jesus screams out in prayer to the Father God, pleading with him to ″forgive them for they know not what they do″ (Luke 23:34), he is looking past the horror that these men are performing against him and recognizing them as human beings rather than as enemies.
- Jesus, who came to Earth and continues to remain in Heaven, is both completely human and totally divine in his being.
- He comprehends the shortsightedness of the human predicament to a whole degree.
- He understands what it’s like to be dragged into wickedness, and he was able to see past that one act and approach them as valuable human beings as a result of that.
- Even though Jesus can see us, the Bible informs us that we are judged by the condition of our hearts (Jeremiah 17:10) rather than by our acts.
- Taking Peter as an example, Jesus recognizes more than his impetuous nature and orders Peter to ″feed his sheep″ (John 21).
As a result of this place, Jesus is able to look past the sin and recognize our need for healing and forgiveness.
What Did Jesus Mean When He Said He Was Committing His Spirit to the Father?
- The book Seven Last Words, written by James Martin, Sr., shows that Jesus intended to carry out his Father’s instructions.
- Over the course of his life and career, he is devoted to carrying out the will of the Father.
- After intensely praying in the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus pleads with the Father to take away this cup of sorrow from him, but he also says, ″Not my will, but yours be done″ (Matthew 26:36-56).
- He was obedient to God’s will and willingly embraced the torture of the crucifixion because he knew it was the Father’s intention for him to go to the cross.
- When Jesus is hanging on the cross in his final moments of life on Earth, he utters his final words of submission to his Father, which are heard for the first time in the gospels.
- According to Luke 23:46, Jesus declares, ″Father, I entrust my spirit into your hands.″ Jesus completely and completely surrenders his body and soul to his heavenly Father.
This is what we are asked to do as Christians: to completely surrender ourselves to God’s will.
Why Did Jesus Say He Was Thirsty?
- Jesus possessed a physical body.
- That may sound like an excessively obvious statement, yet it may be easy to forget that Jesus endured actual, unthinkable bodily anguish throughout his earthly sojourn on earth.
- His relationship with his diety did not diminish his humanity.
- Pain, hunger, and thirst were all felt to the fullest extent by him.
- The suffering Jesus felt was revealed in his last words on the cross, when he said he was thirsty.
- While it is painful to consider what Jesus must have been going through on his final day on earth, it might be reassuring to think that God understands our bodily pain and agony.
He has not forgotten what it was like to be limited by his body’s constraints, to be exhausted, to be in pain, to be hungry, to be in need, and to be thirsty.He is aware of our bodily requirements.In Matthew 6:25-34, Jesus urges us not to worry, but one of the things I appreciate about this scripture is not that he says don’t worry because your worries don’t matter, but rather that he says don’t worry because your cares do matter.Instead, Jesus tells us not to be concerned since your God already knows that you require these items.He is aware of your physical requirements and is actively assisting you in meeting them.Jesus experienced bodily anguish, and as a result, he can completely comprehend the physical hardships that we all encounter as human beings.
Why Did Jesus Mean When He Said ‘It Is Finished’?
- The Greek word ″Tetelestai″ (which means ″it is done″) that Jesus uses here implies ″it has been accomplished.″ According to the New Testament, this term was also printed on business receipts in order to indicate that a bill had been paid in full. Jesus is implying that his labor, his fulfillment of the scriptures, and his life constitute the final payment for our guilt.. He has fulfilled his mission on earth and has completely sacrificed himself as the ultimate sacrifice in our place to atone for our sins. He has completed his mission on earth. ″He did not enter the Most Holy Place via the blood of goats and calves, but he entered the Most Holy Place once and for all through his own blood, having accomplished eternal redemption,″ according to Hebrews 9:12, 26. The Lord Jesus Christ, however, has arrived once and for all at the end of the ages to put a stop to sin via the offering of himself.″ These lines are used to illustrate how Jesus became the ultimate sacrifice, which rendered the Jewish tradition of slaughtering goats and calves unnecessary. These final few statements provide such deep insight into Jesus’ heart, mission, experience, and love for us that it is difficult to put them into words. It is through each of these phrases that we learn about his capacity to sympathize with our humanity, as well as his unshakable adherence to his Father’s plan and his total fulfillment of the predictions revealed in the scriptures. Consider these seven statements as you prepare your heart to celebrate Easter this year. Allow their lessons to increase your love for the great God whom you serve as you ponder on these seven phrases. Sources:BlueLetterBible.org
- Continuing Your Education What Jesus Said on the Cross in His Seven Last Words, Explained What were Jesus’ last words, and why do they hold such significance for us today?
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/mbolina Amanda Idleman is a writer whose life’s work is to inspire people to live more completely and cheerfully.
- She has written devotions for My Daily Bible Verse Devotional and Podcast, Crosswalk Couples Devotional, the Daily Devotional App, and has had work published with Her View from Home, on the MOPS Blog, and is a regular contributor for Crosswalk.com.
- She is also a regular contributor for Crosswalk.com.
- Amanda has a Facebook page where you can learn more about her and she also has an Instagram account.
- This page is a part of our broader Holy Week and Easter resource collection, which is based on the events leading up to and following the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ and includes a variety of other resources.
It is our goal that these articles will assist you in understanding the significance and historical background of major Christian festivals and events, and that they will also encourage you as you take time to think on all that God has done for us through his son Jesus Christ!What is Lent, and why is it observed each year?What exactly is Holy Week?What Is the Meaning of Palm Sunday?What is the significance of Maundy Thursday?What is the significance of Good Friday?
What Is the Meaning of Easter?Easter Greetings and Prayers At Easter, the Son of God took on the sins of the world and beat the devil, death, and the grave in a single battle.Then, how come the most magnificent period in human history is surrounded by scared fisherman, loathed tax collectors, marginalized women, wimpy politicians, and disloyal friends?When you read The Characters of Easter, you’ll get to know the odd group of regular individuals who were there to witness the miracle of Christ’s death and resurrection.As a devotional or study for both individuals and groups, this FREE audio offers a fresh perspective on the Lenten season.It is available to download now.
7 Last Sayings of Jesus on the Cross
- Christians all across the world are concentrating their attention during this season of Lent on the gift of salvation..
- What an incredible experience it is to remember the suffering that Jesus went through during His death on the Cross at the hands of the Roman soldiers, isn’t it?
- Seven remarks were uttered by Jesus during His last hours on earth, while He hung on the Cross.
- Each speech revealed something new about Jesus and His character to those who heard it.
- These are taken from four different Gospel sources and are referred to be Jesus’ ″seven final words.″ Allow me to suggest that we spend some time today reading (and listening to) these seven final words spoken by Jesus from the Cross.
- >> Listen to a sample clip from the immensely emotional audio of Jesus’ crucifixion and His final words from the Cross, which is narrated by Blair Underwood as Jesus and includes the following lines:
Jesus’ 7 Last Sayings in Scripture
- ″Father, pardon them, for they are completely unaware of what they are doing.″ — Matthew 23:34 ″Today, thou shalt be with Me in paradise,″ the Lord says.
- — Luke 23:43 (NIV) ″Woman, have a look at thy Son.″ — The Gospel of John 19:26 ″My God, my God, why have You left Me?″ says the prophet.
- — Mark 15:34 (NIV) ″I have a thirst.″ — John 19:28 (NIV) “It is finished.” — The Gospel of John, chapter 19:30 ″Father, I commit My spirit into Thy hands,″ I say.
- — Matthew 23:46 The season of Lent is an excellent time to re-read the entire account of Christ’s crucifixion if you haven’t done so recently.
- These final seven last sayings of Jesus may also be heard in this wonderfully powerful film with Blair from the Complete Audio Bible Experience, which you can see below.
Watch: Jesus’ Crucifixion, performed by Blair Underwood as Jesus
- They don’t understand what they’re doing, Father, so please forgive them. 23:34 in the Bible Today, you will be with Me in Paradise, the Lord has spoken to thee. The Bible verse is Luke 23:43. In the words of the poet, ″Woman, behold thy Son″ The Bible says in John 19:26: I cried out to my God, ″My God, my God, why have You abandoned Me?″ In Mark 15:34, the Bible says: The word ″thirst″ means ″to want something.″ Jesus said this in John 19:28. ″It has been completed.″ 30:30 — The Gospel of John ″Father, I surrender my spirit into Thy hands,″ I say. In the Bible, Luke 23:46 says, The season of Lent is an excellent time to re-read the entire account of Christ’s crucifixion if you haven’t before. Also available is this wonderfully touching video with Blair from the Complete Audio Bible Experience, in which you may hear these final seven last sayings of Jesus.
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- On Good Friday, we remember and contemplate in ways that our body is incapable of comprehending.
- Our holy God was impaled on a human torture and death weapon for his sins.
- His divinity remained intact, and yet He was also entirely human on that particular day.
- As a result, His words of forgiveness, promise, protection, provision, anguish, human need, fulfillment, and consecration are all the more impactful because of this.
- Which of Jesus’ final comments has the greatest impact on you?
- Is it His pardoning of the repentant criminal, or something else?
What is his requirement?What is the source of his anguish?Join us on our blog as we ponder on Jesus’ final words spoken on the cross and share your thoughts.
The Last 7 Words of Jesus: A Lenten Meditation
- Lenten reflection on Christ’s Passion and Death is a period when the entire Church is deeply engaged on the events of the season.
- Seven brief phrases were said by Jesus when He was crucified on the cross.
- The ″Seven Last Words″ are a collection of statements that have come to be known as the ″Seven Last Words.″ These words are recounted in Sacred Scripture and can be found in all four Gospels, among other places.
- Few Christians are able to recall all seven of Our Lord’s final words spoken from the cross.
- As you reflect on His Passion and Death this season, keep in mind that these words, although spoken nearly 2,000 years ago at Calvary, were intended for people of all ages.] Nothing our Lord said or did could be taken out of context.
- Think on the Seven Last Words of Christ as you prepare your hearts for this Lenten season, and consider incorporating your thoughts on these words into your Lenten routines.
″The Passion of Jesus Christ is viewed by many as a historical lesson in which we can empathize with Christ because of the sufferings he endured before dying on the cross.We find it difficult to comprehend how someone can be so cruel as to inflict the most extreme type of torture on a man who, in our opinion, was not guilty of any crime.The Passion of the Christ should be more than just a historical lesson for Christians.It should serve as a lesson for the rest of our lives, teaching us how to stand up for what is right and just.″ Pope Francis is a man of faith who believes in the power of prayer.
- ″Father, pardon them, for they are completely unaware of what they are doing.″ Luke 23:34 (KJV) The first words said by Jesus after he was nailed on the cross were those of repentance and forgiveness.
- It appears from the date of this statement that Jesus was referring to his adversaries – the soldiers, those who insulted him and scourged him as well as those who tortured him before nailing him on the cross.
- Because His opponents did not accept Him as the Messiah, Christ demonstrates his boundless compassion..
- I say to thee, ‘Amen, I say to thee, thou shalt be with me in paradise today.’ Luke 23:43 (NIV) Those are the words that Christ speaks to a guy who is being crucified next to him.
- Just as His first word was that of forgiveness, His second word is also that of forgiveness.
- God is kind in opening the way to paradise for those who are willing to repent of their sins and turn to him.
- The sinner realized that Christ was who he claimed to be.
- God’s kindness is always ready to reach out to a soul and save it, even if it is at the final minute of its existence.
- ″When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple who he adored standing there, he remarked to his mother, ″Woman, behold thy son,″ in reference to the disciple.
- After that, he addressed the disciple by saying, ″Behold thy mother.″″ 26-27 in John 19:26-27 Christ, once again, demonstrates his unfailing concern for everyone around him by ensuring that his Mother is well taken care of after his death.
- The majority of experts believe that Mary was a widow at the time of Jesus’ crucifixion and death.
- Because there was no spouse or kid to care for His Mother, Jesus urged John to take on the responsibility of caring for her.
- Mother Mary is given to us in the same way that Christ gave His mother to John.
- ″And at the ninth hour, Jesus called out in a loud voice, saying: Eli, Eli, lamma sabacthani?
- (Eli, Eli, what time is it?
- In other words, ″My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?″″ 27:46 (Matthew 27:46) These four sentences were spoken by Jesus just before He was killed.
- In this paragraph, the original Aramaic language has been kept to its original form.
- The beginning stanza of Psalm 22 was being prayed by Jesus in this instance to reflect His sentiments of abandonment.
- God laid the sins of the entire world on Him, and the weight of those sins rests heavily on the humanity of Jesus Christ.
His other eleven followers, who were formerly by His side, have vanished without a trace.Nevertheless, Jesus’ recitation of Psalm 22 also prompts the reader to recall the conclusion of that same Psalm, which is ″Then I will declare your name to my brothers and sisters, and I will sing your praises in the congregation.Because he has not shunned or despised the plight of this unfortunate wretchet.The LORD shall be remembered and revered until the far ends of the world ″ (Psalm 22: 23, 25, 28).Despite the fact that Jesus was subjected to the whole range of human emotions, he was also familiar with the Scriptures and God the Father’s plan for redemption.Because of this, Jesus decides to pray from the book of Psalms, which begins with despair and ends with joyous hope and trust.
- ″After that, Jesus, realizing that all had been achieved and that the prophecy could now be fulfilled, said: ″I thirst.″ John 19:28 (NIV) Prior to this, a drink of wine and myrrh was prepared for Jesus, according to the Gospel of John.
- In ancient days, it was usual to provide an anesthetic drink to individuals who were going to be crucified.
- Jesus drank a drink of wine to pacify the soldiers, but it wasn’t quite enough to alleviate the pain.
- He asked the guards for his final drink, which was a mixture of vinegar and water, at this section of the voyage.
- This is the sole vocal indication of Jesus’ physical anguish among his seven last words, despite the fact that he was scourged, crowned with thorns, traveled the Way of the Cross, and was nailed to the Cross, among other things.
- Jesus’ hunger on the cross, on the other hand, was more than just a bodily need; it was a thirst for the souls of those whom love impelled him to save.
- Consequently, once he had taken the vinegar, Jesus declared: ″It is finished.″ 19:30 John the Evangelist Amazingly, Jesus is still awake after being nailed to the crucifixion for several hours.
- This remark, ″It is finished,″ did not just indicate that death was upon him; rather, it indicated that He had completed his mission and, because he was God, had gladly laid down his own life for the sake of all mankind.
- His preaching, miracles, and, lastly, His earthly suffering would be completed within a short period of time.
- His ministry and death, as a result, would satisfy the debt of sin owed by all of mankind.
- ″And Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, ″Father, I surrender my spirit into your hands.″ After saying this, he succumbed to his injuries.″ Luke 23:46 (NIV) These are the exact last words said by Jesus on the cross before He took His last breath on the cross.
- Jesus is freely submitting His soul to the will of His heavenly Father.
- Jesus has performed flawlessly in accordance with His father’s wishes.
- It is at this place where the Lamb of God has been killed in our place for our transgressions.
- By reflecting on this, as well as all of Jesus’ final remarks, we can get a greater understanding of Christ’s sacrifice on the cross.
- Consider Our Lord’s words and integrate them as part of your Lenten preparation, especially during Holy Week, by reflecting on them.
Further than that, what other importance and meaning can you deduce from His final words?Please share your thoughts with our readers in the comments section below.This article, which was initially published in April 2014, has been revised and updated.The Catholic Company is a corporation that provides services to Catholics.All intellectual property rights are retained.
Reflecting on the Seven Last Words of Christ
- During this time of reflection on Christ’s sacrifice on Good Friday, the Seven Last Words of Jesus provide us with tremendous insight into His thinking as He took on all of mankind’s sins in one act.
- By uttering these words, He forgives His adversaries as well as the contrite thief.
- He also calls out to God, announcing the conclusion of His earthly existence.
- I hope that this quick contemplation may be of use to you as you observe Good Friday.
The First Word
- ″Father, pardon them, for they are completely unaware of what they are doing.″ 23:34 (Luke 23:34) The Father already knows what the Son is thinking, but via these words, the Father and Son allow us to share in their thoughts as well as their understanding.
- They draw our attention to the fact that forgiveness is made available to us through this sacrifice, and that it is through forgiveness that we are set free from the sin and falsehoods that have entrapped us.
The Second Word
″Amen, I say to you, today you shall be with me in paradise,″ the narrator says. Luke 23:43 (NIV) When the contrite thief admitted his sin and evil, Christ accepted him and welcomed him into his kingdom. Our redemption is also possible if we recognize our own depravity.
The Third Word
″Woman, have a look at your son. ″Son, take a look at your mother.″ John 19:26–27 (KJV) When we hear this term, our attention is drawn away from the drama of the crucifixion and onto those who stand at its foot. She is established as John’s mother as well as our mother in the faith as a result of this event.
The Fourth Word
- ″My God, My God, why have you deserted me?″ says the narrator.
- Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34 are two passages that speak to this issue.
- Psalm 22 is being quoted by Jesus.
- Through the Word, Christ expresses his acceptance of His suffering to the Father.
- That Psalm, like Christ’s suffering, will come to a conclusion of victory and hope.
- Christ does not give himself to the Father; rather, Christ abandons himself to the Father of his own volition.
The Fifth Word
″I have a thirst.″ John 19:28 (NIV) Mother Teresa’s ministry began when Jesus appeared to her and instructed her to build a community that would fulfill His need for souls. This was the beginning of her ministry. As an analogy, we witness Jesus’ thirst at the cross, not only on a bodily level, but also on a spiritual level, indicating His desire for us to know and love Him.
The Sixth Word
″It has been completed.″ Matthew 27:46 and Mark 15:34 are two passages that speak to this issue. Creation is being healed as a result of the words we have just read. The Father’s wrath has been appeased. We are given freedom, cleanliness, and grace as a result of His compassion being conveyed to the people of God.
The Seventh Word
- Father, I entrust my spirit into Your care.
- ″ Luke 23:46 (NIV) For the sake of all of us, Jesus bends His head and hands up His spirit to His Father.
- This historic and wonderful moment indicates that the past has come to an end, and that a bright future awaits everyone who choose to embrace it.
- When Jesus was crucified, it pointed the way forward to a road of hope that would lead the saved to an unending future with Jesus, His Father, and the Holy Spirit.
- The following is an adaptation of the Basilica’s 2018 Lenten Reflection Series.
The seven last words of Christ
- Good Friday is a day to take a step back, reflect, and pray. Why not take advantage of a lovely tradition of the Church that was started in the 17th century by a Peruvian Jesuit named Juan de la Cruz? Consider the specific times when, according to the Gospels, Jesus said his last seven words to the world while hanging on the cross. Consider these words as you pray for people who, in so many places across the world, are experiencing injustice, thirst, and loneliness as you meditate on them. ″Father, pardon them, for they are completely unaware of what they are doing.″ ″Truly, I tell to you, today you will be with me in paradise,″ the ″good thief″ is told by the Lord. ″Woman, have a look at your son,″ he says to his mother. in addition to John saying, ″Behold your mother.″ ″My God, my God, why have you left me?″ he cries out to God, his Father. ″I’m thirsty,″ says everyone. ″It is finished,″ says the rest of the world. ″Father, I put my spirit into your hands,″ I say to the Almighty. Curia News, published on January 5, 2022.
The solemnity of the Epiphany, often known as the ″Day of the Kings,″ is one of the most important religious holidays observed across Spain. On this day of rejoicing, the children are the main heroes of the story.
It Is Finished. The Last Words of Jesus.
- This is the fourth and last lesson in the Last Words sermonlink series.
- This lesson is also available in a children’s version.
- Any person’s final words have value; nevertheless, the words of Jesus have a special significance that cannot be overstated.
- Christ’s last words were ″it is finished,″ which he spoke just before taking his last breath.
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- When Jesus realized that his mission was complete, he declared, in accordance with the Scripture, ″I am thirsty.″ Because there was a container of sour wine nearby, they wet a sponge in it and placed it on a hyssop branch, which they then brought up to his lips.
When Jesus had finished tasting it, he said, ″It is completed!″ After then, he bent his head and surrendered his spirit.John 19:28-30 (KJV) Actually, the term ″tetelestai″ is a translation of a single word from the original language of the Bible, ″tetelestai.″ And this rich and finely selected word is brimming with profound significance.Let’s take a look at some of the different aspects of this word’s meaning.
Tetelestai – The Sacrifice Is Accomplished
- There would have been no doubt in the minds of any Jewish person present that this word was the English translation of a Hebrew phrase that was employed in the Old Testament sacrifice system.
- During the Jewish festival of The Day of Atonement, the High Priest would enter the temple and offer a unique sacrifice in atonement for the sins of the whole nation of Israel.
- The priest would emerge from the site of sacrifice as soon as the animal had been slaughtered and proclaim to the waiting throng in Hebrew that ″it is completed.″ All of Israel’s sins were symbolically imputed to the lamb, which was then slaughtered and punished in their place, as part of this sacrifice.
- The Bible, on the other hand, teaches that this sacrificial system was never truly completed or completed since the sacrifice of that lamb was faulty and only temporarily effective.
- However, when Jesus died on the cross, he was recognized as the one acceptable and ultimate sacrifice for all sin.
- The Book of Hebrews explains how Jesus was the ultimate Lamb of God, and that it was through his sacrifice that the process of forgiveness was fully completed.
He did not enter via the blood of goats and calves, but he entered the Most Holy Place once and for all with the blood of his own blood, having gained permanent redemption…Nevertheless, he has now arrived once and for all at the end of the ages in order to put a stop to sin through his own sacrifice.Hebrews 9:12; Hebrews 9:26 In other words, when Jesus said ″it is completed,″ he was communicating to the Jewish world that there was no longer a need for sacrifices or temple building since his act had delivered final fulfillment to what their sacrificial system had prophesied.
Tetelestai – The Work Is Complete
- When an employee had completed a day’s labor or completed a job in New Testament times, he would inform his or her superior by saying ″tetelestai,″ which means ″completed.″ This was to indicate that whatever it was that he had been assigned to undertake had now been finished successfully.
- An artist would have a moment of revealing when his work of art was finished, during which he would exclaim ″tetelestai,″ or ″completed.″ This was also intended to serve as a signal that his masterwork had been completed.
- There are no more touch-ups or changes required; the task has been completed.
- When Jesus arrived to this planet, he made it clear what his mission was: to bring redemption to a lost and broken world, which he accomplished.
- Due to the fact that the Son of Man came to seek and save people who had gone astray.
- Luke 19:10 (KJV) As a result, Jesus’ final remarks conveyed the message that the task he came to complete had been completed.
His act on the cross was the culmination of his efforts to secure the redemption of the entire world.There were no more modifications or additions required – salvation had been achieved.
Tetelestai – The Debt Is Paid in Full
- In Jesus’ day, debt collection was perhaps the most prevalent application of the term ″tetelestai.″ When a person ultimately paid off a loan, they were given a receipt that was stamped with the word ″tetelestai,″ which signified that their debt had been completely paid off by that point.
- This served as confirmation that they were no longer liable for any of the debt and that all they owed had been entirely and permanently paid for by their creditors.
- Apparently, our sin caused a debt to God, which we would never be able to repay on our own, according to the Bible.
- However, when Jesus died, he was completing the payment of our sin debt once and for all.
- Once again, the Book of Hebrews emphasizes the finality of Jesus’ payment for our sin on the cross.
- Our High Priest, on the other hand, presented himself to God as a single sacrifice for sins that would be acceptable for all time.
And he took his position at God’s right hand, where he had earned it…Furthermore, after sins have been forgiven, there is no longer any need to make additional offerings.The book of Hebrews 10:12-13 and 18
It Is Finished
- Everything about tetelestai is subtle, yet they all work together to express a wonderful truth: that Jesus finished the work of redemption once and for all.
- Because Jesus took care of everything, it is not our responsibility to finish or complete anything, or to conclude anything in our salvation.
- Because we have placed our faith in Jesus’ finished work, we may rest certain that we are saved and follow God with all of our hearts now that we have placed our trust in him.
Farewell Discourse – Wikipedia
- According to Duccio’s Maesta, which was completed between 1308 and 1311, Jesus is bidding farewell to his eleven surviving followers.
- Chapters 14–17 of the Gospel of John are referred to as the Farewell Discourse because they were delivered by Jesus to eleven of his disciples immediately following the end of the Last Supper in Jerusalem on the night before his execution, according to the New Testament.
- The discourse is typically considered to be composed of several components.
- First and foremost, Jesus informs the disciples that he will be departing to the Father and that he would send the Holy Spirit to instruct them.
- The disciples are given serenity by Jesus, and he instructs them on how to love one another.
- Throughout the talk, the expression of the oneness of love between Jesus and his Father, in the Spirit, as it pertains to his followers in the love of Christ, is a central subject, as demonstrated by multiple repetitions of the New Commandment: ″love one another as I have loved you.″ The True Vine metaphor, which appears in the next section of the speech, portrays Jesus as the vine (the source of life for the entire world) and the disciples as the branches, expanding on the pattern of discipleship established by Jesus and his disciples in the gospels.
The Vine stresses the love that exists among the disciples once again, but Jesus then cautions them about forthcoming persecutions, saying, ″If the world hates you, remember that they hated me before they hated you.″ ″I’ve told you these things so that you may rest certain that you are in good hands.You will encounter difficulties in this planet.But don’t lose heart!I have triumphed over the entire universe.″ 16:33 (John 16:33) Finally, in the last section of the sermon (John 17:1-26), Jesus prays for his disciples as well as for the future Church.As the Farewell Prayer or the High Priestly Prayer, this is the longest prayer recorded in any of the gospels and is the longest of Jesus’ prayers.Its key themes are the exaltation of the Father and the requests for the unity of the disciples via love, which are both expressed throughout.
To the Father, Jesus asks that his disciples ″be one as we [the Father and Jesus] are one″ and that ″the love with which you love me [Jesus] [may be in them, and I in them].″
Structure and overview
- Contains John 17:23–24, which is taken from the end of the Farewell lecture on Papyrus 108 (second or third century). However, while chapters 13 to 17 of the Gospel of John may be seen as a single bigger and monolithic unit, the majority of chapter 13 can be considered as a preparation for the farewell and the last goodbye prayer in chapter 17 can be considered the unit’s end. Following 13:31–38 (just after Judas leaves the last supper), in which Jesus gives his remaining eleven disciples the New Commandment to ″love one another,″ he predicts Peter’s denial of knowing him during his upcoming crucifixion, and concludes with 13:39–42 (just after Judas leaves the last supper). The speech begins after the actual cleaning (the washing of feet) and the symbolic purification of the community of disciples (the departure of Judas), and it continues until the end of the talk. A four-part structure may be established for the discussion: The first speech is found in 14:1–31. In this section, the topic is departure and return
- peace and joy, and it is similar to the third speech in this section. After saying he will be returning to the Father, Jesus says he will send the ″Comforter″ to comfort the disciples.
- The second discourse is found in 15:1–17. This section, which is also known as the Vine, is concerned with Jesus’ love and the way in which Jesus is the source of life for the community. At the conclusion of this part, it leads to the subject of world hatred in the following section.
- The third talk goes from 15:18 to 16:33. This passage once again deals with Jesus’ departure and the Comforter who will be sent to the disciples
- it again compares Jesus’ love with the hostility of the world
- and it concludes with a prayer.
- The ″Farewell Prayer″ is found in verses 1–26 of the Bible. During this prayer for his disciples and the entire community of followers, Jesus makes five specific requests of the Father
- they are as follows:
- Scholars, on the other hand, are not unanimous in their agreement on this four-part arrangement, and the third section is sometimes considered to begin at the beginning of John chapter 16, which is incorrect.
- A three-part arrangement is used by some academics, in which chapters 15 and 16 are combined to make a single section.
- It is repeated multiple times during the sermon, underscoring the importance of remembering the words of farewell delivered by Jesus.
- The phrase ″while I am still with you″ then serves to emphasize the significance of the final instructions that are provided.
- This speech is replete with Christological substance, as evidenced by the repetition of the Pre-existence of Christ in John 17:5, in which Jesus alludes to the glory that he shared with the Father ″before the world was created.″
The four elements of the discourse
Part 1: My peace I give unto you
- Jesus declares that he will go to the Father and affirms his divine relationship with him in verses 1–14
- the commandment of love, as well as the entrance of the Holy Spirit, are also mentioned in verses 15–24.
- Jesus bestows peace on the disciples and assures them that they should not be afraid (14:25–31)
- After telling the disciples that he would be going to the Father, they get apprehensive about what is to come next in this section.
- Nonetheless, Jesus promises them that he will ″go to make a space″ for them in his Father’s home, and that they should be aware that the only way to go there is via him.
- The following phrase is found in John 14:6: ″I am the way, the truth, and the life: no one comes unto the Father but by me.″ According to the early Christian community, teachings that identified Jesus as the only way to the Father were incorporated into their teachings, as stated by Apostle Peter in Acts 4:12: ″And there is salvation in no one else: for there is neither another name under heaven, that has been given among men, whereby we must be saved.″ to see Jesus as the one and only way to eternal life In John 14:7-9, Jesus declares his oneness with the Father, saying, ″If you know me, you will also know my Father″ and ″Whoever has seen me has also seen the Father.″ Furthermore, the remark made by Jesus in John 14:11, ″I am in the Parent and the Father is in me,″ further establishes their particular relationship with the father.
- ‘The Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name,’ John 14:26 says.
- This line fits into a larger framework of ″sending connections″ that can be found throughout John’s gospel.
- When Jesus refers to the father as ″he that sent me″ in John 9:4 (as well as 14:24), he is referring to the Father.
In John 20:21, he declares, ″as the Father hath sent me, even so send I you,″ which is where he sends the disciples.Furthermore, in John 15:26, Jesus promises to send the Holy Spirit to those who believe in him, saying, ″whom I will send unto you from the Father, the Spirit of truth,″ who will ″bear testimony of me.″ The Father is never ″sent″ in John’s gospel, yet he is ″the sender″ of both Jesus and the Holy Spirit, according to the gospel.The Spirit is never the messenger; rather, the Father and Jesus are the ones who send him (however, see Filioque controversy).According to the Bible, Jesus’ bestowal of peace in 14:27 is particularly contrasted with political ″worldly peace″ by stating: ″Peace I leave with you; my peace I give vnto you: not as the world gives, give I unto you.″ According to Koestenberger, this was most likely intended to contrast the ″Heavenly peace″ of Jesus with attempts at earthly peace at the period, such as the Pax Romana created by Emperor Augustus, at the time of Jesus’ death.It is only in John 20:19–26 that the term peace (eirene) is used, and apart from one other use in the Farewell Discourse (16:33), it is only used by the risen Jesus in the Gospel of John.
Part 2: I am the vine, you the branches
- Christ the True Vine, a Greek icon from the 16th century.
- Continuing the theme of Jesus as the source of life for the community, this section expands on the pattern of discipleship outlined in the Gospel of Matthew and Luke.
- In the beginning of the discourse, Jesus declares, ″I am the genuine vine,″ which led to the title ″The Vine″ being used to refer to this teaching.
- In the next verses, t