Why was Jesus crucified?
Answer to the question There is an earthly cause for Jesus’ death, as well as a heavenly motive for his death.Simply expressed, the worldly explanation for this is that mankind is a bad bunch of people.God is good, and this is the heavenly reason for this.The reason Jesus was crucified on this world was because mankind is bad.Men of evil plotted against Him, falsely accused Him, and assassinated Him.The officials of Israel had a variety of motives for wanting Jesus to be put to death on the cross.
- They were envious of His adoring audience (Matthew 27:18).
- Because they were concerned that Jesus would garner an excessive following, the Roman authorities may descend on the nation, forcing them to lose their positions, they sought to prevent this from happening (John 11:48).
- They despised the fact that Jesus brought out their wrongdoing in such a prominent manner (Matthew 23).
And when He claimed to be the Son of God, they felt He was blaspheming (Luke 22:66–71).However, all of these arguments were only manifestations of their fundamental disbelief (John 5:46).Because the Romans were in charge of carrying out Jesus’ crucifixion, he was crucified rather than stoned, hung, drowned, or otherwise punished.The Roman Empire used the crucifixion as a means of execution to make a public spectacle of someone and to dissuade others from committing the same sin.
It was customary to affix the accusations against the condemned to the cross of the condemned.Pilate nailed the accusation ″King of the Jews″ to Jesus’ crucifixion, and he died as a result (Matthew 27:37).The Jewish leaders manufactured this claim in order to provoke the Roman governor into ordering Jesus’ execution.’If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar,’ the Jewish leaders sang over and over again.″ John 19:12 adds, ″From that point on, Pilate sought to release Jesus go, but the Jewish leaders continued chanting, ‘If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar.’″ Anyone who seeks to be a king is in direct opposition to Caesar.″ In order to avoid being perceived as harboring a challenger to Caesar, Pilate had to act quickly.The divine cause for Jesus’ crucifixion is that God is good.A plan had been devised by God to redeem sinners, and Jesus was the Lamb of God who was sent to take away the sins of the world (John 1:29).
- Despite the fact that the act of crucifying Jesus was wicked, the crucifixion was nonetheless God’s intention to atone for sin on the part of mankind.
- ″In fact, Herod and Pontius Pilate convened in this city with the Gentiles and the people of Israel in order to plot against your holy servant Jesus, whom you anointed, and they conspired against him.″ They carried out what your power and will had determined should take place beforehand″ (Acts 4:27–28).
- In the instance of the crucifixion, it was not a matter of evil getting out of hand.
- ″You would have no power over me if it were not for the fact that it was granted to you from on high,″ Jesus said Pilate (John 19:11).
- The powers of darkness were given heavenly authorization to carry out their plans (Luke 22:53).
- God permitted the enmity, the plot, the false charges, the sham trials, and the death of His Son to take place on the earth.
- God exploited the bad desires of evil men to accomplish the greatest good possible: the provision of redemption for all of mankind via the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
- Because of this, Isaiah 53:10 says, ″It was the LORD’s desire that He be crushed and that He be put to grief.″ The outcome was glorious: ″He bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors″ (verse 12).
- There is nothing in the Old Testament prophesy that necessitates that the Messiah be crucified in order to save the world.
At the same time, there are indications in the Law and the Prophets about the manner of His death that we can deduce.When Paul writes in Galatians 3:13, he is referring to the death of Christ and applying Deuteronomy 21:22–23.The crucifixion made it possible for the ″pierce″ predicted in Zechariah 12:10 to take place (cf.John 19:37).Blood is spilt during the crucifixion process, which is essential for the offering of a sacrifice (Hebrews 9:22; cf.
Leviticus 17:11).It is possible to avoid the shattering of bones during crucifixion (Exodus 12:46; cf.John 19:36).
- Furthermore, the crucifixion of Christ corresponds exactly to the depiction of David’s agony in Psalm 22, which is found in the Bible.
- Every one of us has committed crimes, and we are all deserving of death; nonetheless, Christ died in our place.
- In Romans 3:25–26, the apostle Paul says that He was publicly executed and that His blood was shed on our behalf: ″Through the shedding of his blood, God offered Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, to be received only through faith.
- In order to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus, he did this in order to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, because he had forbeared in leaving the sins committed previously unpunished—he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time in order to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus.″ After all is said and done, the reason that Jesus was crucified is the explanation that each of us must come to comprehend and accept by faith: Jesus was killed to pay the penalty for my sin, allowing me to be forgiven and restored to right standing with God.
- Return to the previous page: Questions regarding Jesus Christ What was the reason for Jesus’ crucifixion?
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Why Was Jesus Crucified?
The tale is well-known among Christians: how one of Jesus’ closest companions, His disciple Judas, betrayed Him in exchange for a sack of silver pieces, and then orchestrated Jesus’ arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane.After being mocked, beaten, and tormented, Jesus was forced to carry His own cross to the summit of Golgotha, also known as Calvary, where He was nailed and hung to die in a terrible and humiliating death, similar to that of a regular criminal, as punishment.The guards mocked him, telling him to get off the cross.Where has your God vanished to?I guess you aren’t all that fantastic after all.And though it all, Jesus remained strong, eventually exhaling His last breath and surrendering His life to the Father.
- But why was Jesus killed in the first place?
- Was this essential, or even significant, in the grand scheme of things?
- And, more importantly, how does His death offer significance to my own existence?
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Why Was Jesus Crucified?
There are a variety of possible explanations for Jesus’ crucifixion, ranging from those addressing practical, human, and political problems to those involving the divine.First and foremost, Jesus was crucified—that is, put to a cross to die—because it was the customary method by which the Roman government dealt with public executions of non-Romans.″Only slaves, the most heinous criminals, and those who were not Roman citizens were killed in this method,″ according to the NIV Study Bible, which also notes that the convicts were chained to a pole or cross before having heavy wrought-iron nails hammered into their wrists and heel bones.The fact that Jesus was a non-Roman who had caused significant civic turmoil in Jerusalem and whose leaders had expressly petitioned the Roman authorities to have him executed did not surprise anyone who knew the nature of the punishment Jesus had been sentenced to endure.As for the reasons why the Roman authorities consented to crucify—or otherwise execute—Jesus, it appears to have been motivated by political considerations and public demand.Following Jesus’ arrest, the religious leaders escorted him to the governor, Pilate, who interrogated him for several hours.
- According to Luke’s Gospel, Pilate then summoned all of the religious leaders and members of the public together and declared, ″You have brought me this man as one who is inciting the people to revolt.″ I have examined him in your presence and have determined that there is no foundation for your allegations against him to be true.
- Herod hasn’t either, as evidenced by the fact that he returned him to us; as you can see, he has done nothing to merit death.
- As a result, I shall punish him first and then free him″ (Luke 23:14-16).
The people, on the other hand, were against Jesus’ execution, and Pilate was forced to comply.A number of factors contributed to his decision to order the crucifixion.According to Mark 15:15, Pilate did this because he ″wanted to please the throng.″ Matthew reports that a commotion was brewing over Pilate’s uncertainty, so he complied with their demands.In reality, Pilate ″took water and washed his hands in front of the throng,″ according to Matthew.
‘I am not responsible for this man’s blood,’ he insisted.The obligation is entirely on you!’″ (Matthew 27:24; Mark 10:24).Pilate acted in accordance with popular demand, whether as a result of political pressure or crowd control.Last but not least, from a human standpoint, Jesus was killed because people did not accept that Jesus was God’s son, as the Bible teaches.But the deeper ″why″ is this: why would God allow His own Son to be crucified?God’s answer is this: What was the purpose of this element of God’s plan?
- Isn’t it possible that Jesus’ message might have been transmitted just as effectively without the crucifixion?
- Was it truly necessary for Him to be crucified or executed in the first place?
- The simple answer is that God, who is good, had a plan to redeem an otherwise lost people via Jesus, and Jesus’ life, death, and resurrection are all integral parts of that plan on a variety of different levels, as explained more below.
- Another thing to keep in mind is that Jesus had to die in order to be raised from the dead.
- And, yes, the resurrection is the most important thing.
What Does the Bible Say about Jesus’ Crucifixion?
The tale of Jesus’ crucifixion and death is told in all four Gospel accounts: Matthew (27:32-56), Mark (15:21-41), Luke (23:26-49), and John (19:17-37).″They came to a spot named Golgotha (which literally translates as ″the site of the skull″),″ Matthew relates.They offered Jesus wine laced with gall to drink there, but after tasting it, he refused to take any more from the cup.After Jesus had been nailed to the cross, they divided his clothing by drawing lots for it.They sat down and kept a close eye on him from that position.They nailed a written indictment against him to the wall over his head, which read: ″This is Jesus, the King of the Jews″ (Matthew 27:33-37).
- Throughout the day, he was crucified with two convicts, one on his right and the other on his left, who were the accounts detail.
- People taunted and humiliated him while he was crucified.
- ″Darkness descended upon the entire region from midday to three o’clock in the afternoon,″ Matthew’s narrative continued.
In a loud voice, Jesus said, ″Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?″ (which translates as ″My God, my God, why have you left me?″) at three o’clock in the afternoon.(Matthew 27:45-46; Mark 10:45-46).The people mistook Jesus’ appeal for Elijah for a summons.They carried a sponge filled with wine vinegar to Jesus and placed it on a long pole to present it to him.
The Gospel of Matthew then goes on to say, ″When Jesus cried out again in a loud voice, he surrendered his spirit.″ The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time.The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames.It was discovered that the bodies of many saintly persons who had died had been brought to life″ (Matthew 27:50-52).All four reports are almost identical in terms of what transpired, albeit there are minor variances in tone, specifics, and what was stated in each story.For example, in John’s story, Jesus entrusts the care of his mother to his ″favorite disciple″ (John 19:25-27), although this is not stated in the other stories.Nonetheless, the fundamentals of the tale are same in all three Gospels.
How Does Jesus’ Crucified Life Give Meaning to My Life?
″The Lamb of God, who wipes away the sin of the world,″ as Jesus is referred to in John 1:29, is described as ″the Lamb of God.″ A variety of animals, mainly lambs, were offered to God throughout the Old Testament, including as a thank you, as a payment for sin, as an acknowledgement of His awesome might, and a variety of other reasons.We are, nevertheless, weighed down by our sins, and there is nothing we can do to earn a position in paradise.In addition, there is no sacrifice we can make that will be sufficient to do this.According to Hebrews 10:4, it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to cleanse us of our sins, and they are also unworthy of God’s approval.Jesus, on the other hand, offered himself in our place as the sacrifice.According to Hebrews 10:10, ″And by that will, we have been made holy by the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once and for all.″ The notion of ″once and for all″ is extremely important.
- Priests give blood sacrifices to atone for the sins of the people on a daily basis.
- Jesus, on the other hand, is a unique sort of priest.
- ″When this priest had completed his one sacrifice for sins for all time, he was seated at the right side of God, and he has been there ever since, waiting for his adversaries to be made his footstool.
″ For by a single sacrifice, he has made those who are being made holy flawless for all time″ (Hebrews 10:12-14).In his epistle to the Romans, the apostle Paul describes how we may all be forgiven of our sins through the sacrifice of Jesus.As Paul says, his blood was poured on our behalf, thus paying off our sin-debt on our behalf.″Through the shedding of his blood, God offered Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, to be received only through faith.
The reason he did this was to display his righteousness at the current time—because in his patience, he had left the sins committed before unpunished—the reason he did it was so that he might be just and be the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus″ (Romans 3:25-26).It follows from all of this that when we select Jesus as our Savior, when we trust in Him and follow His teachings, our sins are wiped away.John 3:15 states, ″Just as Moses hoisted up the serpent in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up in order that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life in him.″ This is how Jesus himself explains this tremendous gift to the people (John 3:14-15).The remainder of the chapter explains how God loved the world so much that He sacrificed His only Son for mankind, allowing people to be saved and enjoy eternal life as a result.Anyone who believes in him is not condemned, but anyone who does not believe already has their judgment passed against them because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son (John 3:18).Jesus is the only way to enter the kingdom of heaven.
- He gave his life as a sacrifice for us.
- In terms of our lives, this implies that our trust in Jesus and our commitment to following him assures that the death of our earthly bodies is not the end.
- We will be able to go on in the spiritual realm with the Father indefinitely.
- The crucifixion of Jesus might be a disturbing and difficult concept to grasp.
- Although His death was a tragic event, we believe that it was part of God’s plan, a piece in the larger puzzle of God’s design.
- God’s own Son, who is, in essence, God Himself, the ″Word became flesh″ (John 1:14), freely chose to die in our place on the cross.
- Then He was raised from the dead.
- And one day, if we believe, we shall be raised alongside Him and dwell with Him for all eternity.
- Photograph courtesy of iStock/Getty Images Plus/carloscastilla.
She is a published Christian author and journalist who has worked in the fields of journalism, editing, blogging, and writing coaching.Her novel, The Memory Garden, was awarded the Genesis Award by the American Christian Fiction Writers in 2018 for best novel.She also serves as the editor of the South Carolina United Methodist Advocate, which is the denomination’s oldest publication.Her fiction and religion blog, JessicaBrodie.com, provide further information about her work.She also has a weekly devotional video on YouTube.
You may also find her on social media sites such as Facebook, Twitter, and others.She’s also written a free eBook, A God-Centered Life: 10 Faith-Based Practices for When You’re Anxious, Grumpy, or Stressed, which you can get here.This page is a part of our broader Holy Week and Easter resource collection, which is based on the events leading up to and following the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ and includes a variety of other resources.
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- Easter Greetings and Prayers At Easter, the Son of God took on the sins of the world and beat the devil, death, and the grave in a single battle.
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Why Was Jesus Crucified?
Paul was an influential leader of the early church, and he is credited with writing most of the New Testament of the Bible.Paul, in one of the letters he addressed to the church in the Greek city of Corinth, referred to the crucifixion as ″a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles″ in one of his writings (1 Corinthians 1:23, New International Version).Gentiles (a term that refers to non-Jewish people) were accustomed to worshipping powerful gods such as Greece’s Zeus or Rome’s Jupiter.It would be difficult for Christians to accept the notion that they would worship Jesus as God despite the fact that He had been crucified.Why should we worship a God who was assassinated by His adversaries?The situation was different for Jews.
- They were looking forward to the arrival of a Messiah who would overthrow their adversaries.
- Why would God’s Anointed One meet such a horrible end if he truly was the Son of God?
- He failed to live up to their expectations.
Many Jews were discouraged from thinking that Jesus was indeed the Messiah because of the cross.So, what was the reason for Jesus’ crucifixion?Let’s look at what the Bible has to say about this.
1. Jesus Was Crucified for Our Sins
The book of Genesis, the first book of the Bible, contains information regarding the creation of the world.God’s creation was perfect, but the first two human beings, Adam and Eve, chose to defy God and live in rebellion against him (Genesis 3:1-9).This choice resulted in the expulsion of humanity from paradise and the introduction of sin into the earth.Generally speaking, sin is the Bible’s method of characterizing the inclination to do evil things as well as the act of doing something wrong.The bodily and everlasting death that result from the sin that Adam and Eve introduced to humankind is the result of the sin.Sin stands in the way of humanity’s ability to have a meaningful connection with God.
- Throughout the Old Testament, sacrifices were made to atone for Israel’s crimes, but they were never able to totally atone for their transgressions.
- Those who read the book of Hebrews in the New Testament will note that the law is simply a shadow of the wonderful things that are to come, not the reality themselves.
- As a result, it will never be possible to make perfect individuals who approach the altar through the same sacrifices that are repeated endlessly year after year.
If that were the case, wouldn’t they have stopped being offered?It is because of this that the worshipers would have been cleansed once for all, and they would no longer have felt responsible for their misdeeds.Those offerings, on the other hand, serve as a yearly reminder of past misdeeds.It is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to cleanse a person of his or her sin.
(Hebrews 10:1-4, New International Version) Jesus, on the other hand, came to be the perfect and last sacrifice for all of mankind’s sin.You were once separated from God and considered enemies in your own minds as a result of your bad deeds and actions.But now, through Christ’s bodily body and death, He has reconciled you to Himself, presenting you as holy in His sight, without blemish and free from accusation — provided you remain in your faith, established and steadfast, and do not waver from the hope set out in the gospel.This is the gospel that you heard and that has been preached to every creature on the face of the earth, and it is this gospel of which I, Paul, am a servant.(Colossians 1:21-23, New International Version) Remember, it was not with perishable goods such as money or gold that you were rescued from the meaningless way of life that had been passed down to you from your ancestors, but rather with the priceless blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or flaw, that you were redeemed.He was selected before the foundation of the world, but he was exposed to the world in these final days for your benefit.
- (1 Peter 1:18-20, New International Version) The death of Jesus on the cross offered a means for mankind to be forgiven of their sins and to be restored to a right relationship with their Creator.
- According to Paul, who is referring to the tale of Adam and Eve recounted above, ″As in Adam, all shall perish, so in Christ will all be made alive″ (1 Corinthians 15:22, NIV).
2. The Crucifixion Demonstrated God’s Love
If you have ever questioned whether or not God loves you, all you have to do is look at the cross.Are you puzzled as to how such a terrible tragedy might be seen as a manifestation of God’s love?Paul explains it in a letter he addressed to Jesus’ disciples in Rome, which is available online: It is true that Christ died for those who were ungodly at the most appropriate moment, while we were still weak.Although it is unlikely that someone will die in the name of a decent person, someone may be willing to risk their life for a good person.God, on the other hand, reveals His own love for us in this way: Christ died for us while we were yet sinners.(Romans 5:6-8, New International Version) Jesus’ death established a link between mankind and God.
- It enables humanity to come to terms with God and get forgiveness.
- This noble deed was carried out on behalf of the whole human race, all of whom were considered God’s enemies!
- That forgiveness is a free gift given to those who have confidence in the process of forgiveness.
How much more will we be rescued from God’s wrath as a result of His blood, given that we have already been justified by it!Since we were once God’s enemies, we were reconciled to Him via the death of His Son, how much more will we be saved through His life now that we have been reconciled?Not only that, but we also have reason to be confident in God because of our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now obtained reconciliation.(Romans 5:9-11, New International Version) No one is good enough to win God’s notice and forgiveness on their own merits.
However, while you were still in rebellion against your Creator, He was devising a strategy to bring you back into a relationship with Him – at great personal loss to Himself.When considering how God demonstrated His love on the cross, it is necessary to recognize the price that was paid.According to the apostle Paul, there is no way to divorce the act from the cost of performing it.As a result, as God’s beloved children, follow his example and walk in the path of love, just as Christ loved us and gave Himself up for us in the place of a fragrant offering and sacrifice before the Father in heaven.’ (Ephesians 5:1-2, New International Version) When Paul instructs the disciples of Jesus at Ephesus to live in the road of love, he is encouraging them to turn to Jesus for guidance and inspiration.If they truly desire to love as God loves, they will emulate the self-sacrifice that they witness in Jesus.His readiness to go to the cross on our behalf is the clearest manifestation of His willingness to sacrifice for us.
- ″No one has greater love than this,″ Jesus continued, ″than to lay down one’s life for one’s friends″ (John 15:13, NIV).
- Those weren’t just a bunch of meaningless words.
- While on the cross, Christ showed this reality.
3. The Crucifixion Conquered Death
The crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus are inextricably linked.It is impossible to have one without the other.Jesus dealt with the weight of death that has hung over humanity’s heads since the fall into sin by performing those necessary acts of sacrifice.″I am the Living One,″ Jesus declares to John in the book of Revelation.″I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever!″ And I am in possession of the keys of death and Hades.″ (Revelation 1:18, New International Version) Paul was well aware of the fact that Jesus had assaulted death’s gates and taken the keys with him.To put it another way, He clarified to Timothy that He has rescued us and called us to live a pure life not because of anything we have done, but because of His own plan and grace.
- Despite the fact that this gift was given to us in Christ Jesus before the beginning of time, it has only recently been made known to us via the appearance of our Savior, Christ Jesus, who has abolished death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.
- (2 Timothy 1:9-10, New International Version) God has been working on your salvation since the beginning of time, in the garden.
- It was Jesus who brought this plan to reality by destroying death’s grip and establishing a new life in its stead.
All of those who place their faith in Jesus may look forward to the truth that ″’He will wipe away every tear from their eyes.″ Because the old order of things has gone away, there will be no more death, sorrow, weeping, or suffering″ (Revelation 21:4, NIV).This satisfies prophesies from the Old Testament regarding how the Messiah will deal with the problem of death, including: Neither will you abandon me to the domain of the undead, nor will you allow your devoted one to perish in obscurity.(Psalm 16:10, New International Version) He shall swallow death forever.The Sovereign LORD will wipe away the tears from everyone’s eyes, and He will cleanse the earth of the dishonor that His people have brought upon themselves.
The voice of the LORD has been heard.According to Isaiah 25:8, I will release this people from the power of death, and I will redeem them from their perilous situation.Where are all of your plagues gone, O Death?Where has thy annihilation gone, O grave?Hosea 13:14 (New International Version)
4. The Crucifixion Destroyed the Devil’s Works
In the following lines, Jesus foretold His own death: ″Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be cast out.″ I will bring all people to Myself when I am raised up from the ground,″ says Jesus.He stated this in order to demonstrate the type of death He was about to die.(John 12:30-32, New International Version) Note that when Jesus explains the significance of His death, He emphasizes that He is exiling Satan, the prince of this world, from the earth.It is later explained in the Bible that this was the primary objective of Jesus’ ministry: ″The purpose for which the Son of God arrived was to demolish the devil’s work″ (1 John 3:8).As the author of Hebrews says, ″This is also true.″ He participated in their humanity because the children had flesh and blood, so that through His death, He may break the power of him who possesses the power of death — that is, the devil, and set free people who had been kept captive all their lives by their fear of death.
(Hebrews 2:14-15, New International Version) Onlookers are told in the first Christian sermon preached that Jesus’ death and resurrection fulfilled a prophecy recorded in Psalm 110:1 — specifically, that God used the crucifixion and resurrection to bring the enemy to his knees: God raised Jesus from the dead, and His followers are all witnesses to this fact: God raised Jesus from the dead, and His followers are all witnesses to this fact.He has been exalted to the right hand of God, where He has received the promised Holy Spirit from the Father, and He has poured forth everything you are seeing and hearing right now.Despite the fact that David did not go to heaven, he stated, ″The LORD said to My Lord: ‘Sit at My right hand till I make Your adversaries a footstool for Your feet.’″ David was not the only one who claimed this.
(Acts 2:32-36, New International Version) God made you alive with Christ while you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your flesh, as Paul wrote to the believers of Jesus at Colossae: When you were dead in your sins and in the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made you alive with Christ.With the cancellation of our legal debts, which stood against us and condemned us, He absolved us of all our sins, and by nailing it to the cross, He has removed the burden of our legal debt off our shoulders.In addition, once He had disarmed the powers and authorities, He created a public spectacle of them by triumphing over them through the cross.(Colossians 2:13-15, New International Version)
What Does This Mean for Me?
The good news is that God’s love for mankind in general, and His love for you in particular, is demonstrated via the crucifixion.God offers a way for people to be forgiven of their sins, to be free from death, and to be reconciled with one another via the cross.What steps do you need to take to seize this opportunity?In his epistle to the Romans, Paul puts it out clearly: Those who declare with their mouths, ″Jesus is Lord,″ and who believe in their hearts that God raised Him from the dead will be saved are known as Christians.Due to the fact that you believe and are justified with your heart, and you confess your faith and are saved with your tongue, ″Anyone who trusts in Him will never be put to shame,″ according to the Bible.
Indeed, there is no distinction between Jew and non-Jew; for, ″Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved,″ the same Lord is Lord of all and abundantly blesses all who call on Him.(Rom.10:13-15, NIV) Paul wants his readers to realize that anybody may be saved through faith in Jesus.
Salvation was available to everyone, not only the Israelites.Gentiles are welcomed into God’s family via the person of Jesus.The only thing that is necessary is that you believe and profess that Jesus is the Messiah.The crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ illustrate his authority.
Through His crucifixion, Jesus made it possible for you to appear before God without your sins being held against you in judgment.Instead, you are clothed in the righteousness of Jesus.You no longer have to be afraid of dying.Jesus has defeated death for all time as a result of his crucifixion on the cross.
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Why Was Jesus Crucified?
The character of Balthasar explains to Judah Ben-Hur and Balthasar, at the conclusion of Ben Hur, as they kneel broken and exhausted at Christ’s crucified feet, how Jesus, in this act of self-sacrifice, took upon himself the sins of all mankind.Although this was a powerful piece of filmmaking, it was a tragic piece of history.Okay, he was a clever guy, but the specific method by which he worked out almost two centuries of Christian doctrine in only two minutes was never explained fully.However, given the historical context, it’s possible that William Wyler didn’t have to do much explaining; the fact that Jesus died for our sins was already a societal given in 1959.One of the virtues of current historical Jesus studies is its stress on interpreting the ″Jesus event″ in its own social, political, and theological context – a background that was completely unfamiliar with Christian theology at the time of the event.
After a moment’s thought, you’ll realize that the conventional Sunday school response to the question ″Why was Jesus crucified?″ is incorrect.(for the salvation of mankind, for eternal life, for the reconciliation of humankind with God, and so on) would have made little sense to those who were personally participating in the event.Consider the possibility that you might travel back in time and cover the crucifixion in the same way that a reporter covering unrest in the Middle East could do today.
Was there any chance that Pontius Pilate, Caiaphas, or a member of the audience would have said something even substantially like to what most Christians say now if you had asked them the cause for this condemnation?Very doubtful, for the simple reason that this solution is based on Christian theology, which did not exist at the time of Jesus.This makes it very unlikely.In other words, if we want to understand why Pilate ordered Jesus’ crucifixion, Christian theology isn’t going to help us much.
Instead, we must examine the reasons why the Romans crucified individuals (in general) and why Pilate must have concluded that Jesus (in particular) deserved to be crucified in the first place.First and foremost, let’s be clear.Rome was ultimately responsible for Jesus’ murder, as evidenced by the fact that he was crucified on the cross.It was only the Romans who were permitted to utilize this particularly harsh method of execution.It is true that the Jews might behead (as in John the Baptist) or stone someone (as in Stephen), but they did not crucify them (for two fascinating exceptions, see J.D.Crossan’s book The Birth of Christianity, pp.
- 541-543), as is often believed today.
- Pirates, rebellious slaves, and enemies of the state were the three types of criminals who were most liable to be crucified under Roman law.
- Keep in mind what all of these things have in common: they are all direct challenges to Roman power.
Rather than being a private torture chamber, the crucifixion was intended to send a clear message: Don’t mess with Rome.Obviously, Jesus was neither a pirate nor a slave who rebelled against his master.As a result, our historical issue becomes more specific: How did Pilate come to feel that Jesus was a potential adversary of the Roman Republic?
- I couldn’t see how a tiny peasant teaching love for one’s enemies could be considered a danger to an empire whose armored soldiers stretched over three continents.
- Notice that Pilate is portrayed as a wet-noodle weakling who is being manipulated by crafty Jewish leaders and a raucous throng.
- History implies otherwise, but subsequent gospel authors may have had excellent motives to portray Jesus in a more exaggerated light than he was likely to have been.) From Rome’s perspective, the problem with Jesus was that he didn’t only preach loving compassion; he also preached justice.
- He also taught justice – and it wasn’t the justice of Rome, but rather the justice of God.
- Historiographical Jesus scholar Bart Ehrman claims that Jesus was perceived by his contemporaries as a Jewish apocalyptic prophet, following in the wake of Albert Schweitzer’s groundbreaking work.
″The kingdom of God is near,″ he declared emphatically.This implied that God will interfere in human affairs in the near future in order to rectify a world that had gone horribly wrong.When the divine kingdom is completely established, the first will be the last, and the humble will be elevated above all others.It goes without saying that the Romans were not pleased with the suggestion that their heyday was passed and that they should embrace a more modest approach to foreign diplomacy.They were completely satisfied with their own brand of justice.God’s justice was not something they were interested in.
- Jesus, according to another famous scholar, John Dominic Crossan, is viewed as more of a Jewish cynic philosopher rather than an apocalyptic prophet.
- A group of thinkers known as Cynics thought that genuine pleasure could only be reached by rejecting social norms and leading a simple, uncluttered life.
- Jesus contended that Jewish society had been perverted by Roman commercialism.
- While a few became extremely wealthy as a result of their cooperation with the Romans, the majority were dispossessed and taxed to death.
- This rift in the Jewish community was posing a threat to their spiritual relationship with God.
A God of righteousness and justice was meant to be worshipped by the Jewish people, and the Jewish people were supposed to be a people of righteousness and justice.Nevertheless, under Roman authority, their society was becoming more and more like all the others: it was dominated by a rich, haughty elite who oppressed an increasingly destitute working population.God was calling the Jews back to himself via Jesus, just as he had done through prophets throughout the millennia before them.Only this time, there was a sour catch: they were required to cease any cooperation with Rome.You can’t serve both God and money at the same time.Whether Jesus was regarded as an apocalyptic prophet or a cynic sage in his day, any of these interpretations would have rendered him subversive.
By ordering the removal of the money changers from the Holy City’s temple, he stepped beyond the pale.He did exactly what candidates for crucifixion are expected to do: he directly questioned the authority of the Roman government (that authority being exercised through the Temple priests).In the end, Pilate made the correct decision, according to Crossan’s book The Birth of Christianity.Jesus was a subversive figure, maybe perhaps more so than he could have anticipated.
- When you preach compassion, you are frequently canonized.
- Preaching justice will almost always result in your death.
Why Was Jesus Crucified?
As recorded in the gospels, the primary accusation leveled against Jesus was that he claimed to be the Jewish King of Kings.As soon as the Roman soldiers put on a purple robe and put on a crown of thorns on his head, it was clear that they were making fun of the notion.This was also the charge that was put on the placard that was placed at the top of the cross.However, the accusation was unfounded.The plot against Jesus had been devised by his opponents, who had twisted the meaning of ancient Jewish prophecies regarding the arrival of the Messiah.
A great future leader who would arrive at a moment of severe despair and disaster, known as the End Times, was described in those prophecies as ″the Messiah″ (or Last Days).He would, with the assistance of God, vanquish all wicked tyrants and establish a perfect kingdom on earth, where all good people would be able to dwell in peace and joy for all of eternity.A large number of people believed that the End Times had already arrived and that the Messiah would soon appear during the years when Jesus was growing up.
This concept was particularly prominent in Galilee, the region of Palestine where Jesus resided, and in other parts of the country as well.In addition, when John the Baptist began announcing that all of the prophecies regarding the Messiah would be fulfilled shortly after, the belief in him grew even greater.Those prophecies, on the other hand, might be construed in several ways.Some texts, such as Isaiah 53, portray the Messiah as a pious, non-violent individual who would pave the way for the new kingdom by offering himself to atone for humankind’s sins in order to bring about the return of the kingdom.
Another set of scriptures describes him as a future descendant of King David, and the new kingdom is shown as a refined version of David’s initial kingdom.Many common people saw these allusions to King David as implying that the Messiah would be primarily a military commander whose first act would be to raise a revolt against the despised Romans and force them out of the nation.The Romans were well aware of the widespread dissatisfaction in the land and the widespread expectation of a liberator.Throughout their reign, riots and revolutions were more common in Palestine than in any other area of the world.They were always on the lookout for possible rebel commanders because of the ongoing instability.When Jesus first began his ministry, he did not refer to himself as the Messiah in any way.
- He most likely recognized that doing so would be risky, because even though he had made it obvious that he had no plans to engage in military action, the authorities may have misinterpreted his intentions and detained him regardless of whether he intended to do so.
- In Matthew 16:20, Jesus warns his followers not to tell anybody that he is the Christ, which serves as an illustration of his caution.
- Messiah is the Aramaic name for Christ, and the word Christ is the English counterpart of that word.) In spite of his public reticence regarding his plans, however, his teachings and miraculous cures quickly started to draw great audiences, and within a short period of time, many people in Galilee began to suspect that he may be the Messiah.
So when Jesus and his disciples traveled to Jerusalem to observe the yearly Passover celebration, they were joined by a huge group of followers who followed them on the journey.Due to the possibility that more groups of festival-goers joined the procession along the route, it is unclear how large the procession ultimately grew.The procession, however, had grown in size by the time it reached Jericho, as many people in the city had heard about it and had congregated along the roadside to see Jesus pass by as he traveled through town.
- According to Luke 19:11, many of the pilgrims believed that the new and flawless Kingdom of God would be established at any time during the final portion of the journey to Jerusalem.
- This is an indicator of the high degree of enthusiasm that exists among the members of the group at this particular time.
- In fact, the enthusiasm lasted right up until the conclusion of the journey, so that when Jesus finally arrived in Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, a vast and enthusiastic throng greeted him and welcomed him into the city.
- He became enraged at the dishonest merchants in the temple courtyard shortly after he arrived, and he began a violent fight on them shortly after arriving.
- Some biblical historians, on the lookout for hidden meanings, have contended that Jesus was actually attempting to incite an insurrection in the city when he said this.
According to others, God was supposed to intervene and establish a new empire via supernatural intervention in his absence.However, according to the gospels, Jesus’ primary priority during this time was preparing his followers for his impending death and resurrection.Christians frequently hold the Jews responsible for his killing.However, it seems most likely that the Jewish religious leaders, who had managed to retain part of their influence by working with the Romans, should bear the brunt of the responsibility.These authorities were aware of the large throngs that had gathered around Jesus, and they were well aware that many people believed he was the Messiah.″They terrified him because the entire audience was astonished by his teaching,″ according to Mark 11:18.
- However, their ultimate concern was probably more profound, since if a rising number of people came to think that Jesus was the Messiah, he could eventually pose a severe threat to their power, something they were clearly concerned about.
- ″They were scared of the throng,″ according to Mark 12:12, which indicates that these religious leaders were originally hesitant to arrest Jesus.
- However, at some time, they came to the conclusion that they needed to get rid of him.
- They were able to apprehend him late at night when there was no throng to protect him because of the assistance of Judas Iscariot.
- After interrogating him into the wee hours of the morning, they handed him up to the Romans, accusing him of pretending to be a king in his own right.
Under Roman law, anybody who claimed to be a king was considered to be in rebellion against the emperor and was punished accordingly.The traditional method of punishment was crucifixion.Nevertheless, the crucifixion couldn’t take place until the Roman governor Pontius Pilate granted the final approval, and the gospels say that he was apprehensive about doing so.Apparently, he came to the conclusion that Jesus was innocent.If he truly desired it, he possessed the authority to rescue Jesus from his captivity.However, in his job as governor, he frequently required the cooperation of the Jewish community.
Moreover, in the end, he was more concerned with appeasing them than he was with saving Jesus.As a result, the gospels place almost all of the guilt for the crucifixion on the shoulders of the Jewish authorities.However, other academics believe that the Romans should be held just as much, if not more, responsible for the events of the day.In fact, the Bible states in John 18:3 that Roman troops participated in Jesus’ original arrest, implying that the Romans were involved in the situation virtually from the beginning.
- Their military commanders maintained a tight eye on the city at all times, but especially during festivals and celebrations.
- You can imagine how easy they may have mistook Jesus for a political protester or even a prospective rebel leader.
- Even a tiny threat would get their attention, and they were typically fast to react to it.
- In most cases, when Jewish authorities desired to assassinate someone, they would dispatch their minions to assemble a mob and stone the person to death, according to tradition.
Crucifixion was a Roman means of punishment, and it is an undeniable truth that it was Roman soldiers, not Jewish troops, who nailed Jesus on the cross in the first place.In light of these considerations, some scholars believe that the Romans were the true perpetrators, and that the gospel authors attempted to conceal this by blaming the Jewish authorities instead of the Christians.The gospels were written during an era in which Christians were attempting to avoid conflict with the Romans, and placing the blame on the Romans might have exacerbated tensions between the two groups.It would have been far more convenient to place the blame on the Jews.
- Other academics, although acknowledging that the Romans had a role, believe that the Jewish leaders should bear the most of the responsibility.
- These authorities were very certainly terrified of Jesus, far more so than the Romans were.
- However, they would not have wanted the general public to hold them responsible for his death.
- To order to prevent this, they may have persuaded the Romans into believing that Jesus was a troublemaker, which would have allowed them to execute Jesus.
- A middle-of-the-road viewpoint holds that both groups, Jewish leaders and Romans, played significant roles.
- However, until and until fresh evidence is discovered, there will very certainly always be dispute regarding who should bear the brunt of the responsibility.
- In any event, the crucifixion may be interpreted as a natural consequence of the political circumstances that prevailed in Palestine at the time.
- In contrast to this, many Christians believe that Jesus’ suffering and death were pre-ordained by God as part of a divine plan in which Jesus was required to suffer and die as a sacrifice in order to atone for everyone’s sins.
- Mary Magdalene was a woman who lived in the first century AD. Did other disciples of Jesus make an attempt to isolate her?
- Are you looking for the real Barabbas, or are you looking for a freedom fighter?
- The End of the Gospel of Mark Is it possible that the original ending of this gospel was mistakenly lost? A new conclusion was inserted later on
- Possession by a Demonic Force Is it possible for individuals to be possessed by demonic spirits?
- What Befell the Nazarenes What happened to Jesus’ initial disciples when he abandoned them?
- What was the reaction of the other members of Jesus’ family when they first learned of his activities?
- Gospels that have gone missing Why were some gospels excluded from the Bible?
- The Virgin Birth is a historical event that took place on December 25, 1850, in the city of Rome. Is there a natural explanation for this phenomenon?
- What Place Did Jesus Get Crucified? Jesus was crucified on the hill of Golgotha, which means ″Golgotha″ in Greek. How did you find out where it was?
- Judas Iscariot was a thief who betrayed his master. What motivated him to betray Jesus?
- The Second Coming Did Jesus make a guarantee that he will return again?
- Can anyone confirm whether or not the Devil actually exists?
- Speaking in a Foreign Language Is it possible for certain people to communicate in a heavenly language?
- The Atonement is a term that refers to the act of atoning for a sin. What was the purpose of Jesus’ suffering and death?
- Who was on the other side of the cross? Which of Jesus’ followers was there when he was crucified?
- Pontius Pilate was a Roman governor. Was the Roman governor sincere in his efforts to spare Jesus?
- Teachings of Jesus How come some of his teachings appear to be so revolutionary?
- Identifying the Beloved Disciple of Jesus Is he (or she) identifiable?
- The One and Only Cross Is it true that the wood from the original cross has particular healing properties?
- See All Topics for further information.
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Nota bene: For further information on the crucifixion, please see this page about Why Jesus Was Crucified.
Jesus, King of the Jews – Wikipedia
The King of the Jews (or the King of the Judeans) is a title that Jesus is given both at the beginning of his life and at the conclusion of it in the New Testament.Basileus ton Ioudaion ( v ) is how this is expressed in the Koine Greek of the New Testament, for example, in John 19:3.In the New Testament, both instances of the title culminate in dramatic outcomes in the narratives.In the Gospel of Matthew’s account of Jesus’ birth, the Biblical Magi, who had traveled from the east, address Jesus as ″King of the Jews,″ prompting Herod the Great to order the Massacre of the Innocents.The use of the title ″King of the Jews″ at the close of the stories of all four canonical Gospels, in the narrative of the Passion of Jesus, leads to charges against Jesus, which ultimately result in his execution and burial.
During Jesus’ crucifixion, the Latin inscription (in John 19:19), which in English translates to ″Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews,″ was written in three languages: Hebrew, Latin, and Greek, according to John 19:20.The initialism INRI (Latin: Isus Nazarenus, Rx Idaerum) represents the Latin inscription, which in English translates to ″Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Aside from the Magi, Pontius Pilate, and the Roman troops, gentiles are the only ones who refer to Jesus as ″King of the Jews″ throughout the New Testament.The Jewish authorities, on the other hand, refer to Jesus as ″Christ,″ which literally translates as ″Messiah.″ Despite the fact that the phrase ″King of the Jews″ is used in the majority of English translations, the phrase ″King of the Judeans″ has also been used (see Ioudaioi).
In the nativity
The Biblical Magi visit King Herod in Jerusalem during the tale of Jesus’ birth in the Gospel of Matthew, and in Matthew 2:2 they inquire about the whereabouts of ″him who is born King of the Jews.″ Herod inquires of the ″leading priests and professors of the law″ in Bethlehem of Judea, who inform him of the situation.Herod, who considers the title his own, is troubled by the matter, and in Matthew 2:7–8, he interrogates the Magi regarding the precise hour of the Star of Bethlehem’s arrival.Herod sent the Magi to Bethlehem, instructing them to alert him if they come across the child’s crib.Following their discovery of Jesus and presentation of their gifts, the Magi, having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, returned to their homeland in a different manner.Joseph has a dream in which an angel appears to him and tells him that he must take Jesus and Mary to Egypt (Matthew 2:13).
When Herod discovers that he has been outwitted by the Magi, he orders the execution of all boys under the age of two in Bethlehem and its surrounding areas.(Matthew 2:16; Mark 2:16)
In the Passion narratives
While visiting King Herod in Jerusalem, the Biblical Magi inquire as to ″where is he who has been born King of the Jews,″ according to Matthew 2:2, the narrative of Jesus’ birth is recounted by the Gospel of Matthew.Herod inquires of the ″leading priests and professors of the law″ in Bethlehem of Judea, who provide him with the information he requires.Herod, who thinks himself the rightful heir, is troubled by the matter, and in Matthew 2:7–8, he interrogates Herod about the precise hour when the Star of Bethlehem appeared.Upon arriving in Bethlehem, Herod instructs them to contact him if they discover the infant.Because they had been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod after finding Jesus and presenting their gifts, the Magi chose an alternate route back to their homeland.
Joseph is awakened from his sleep by an angel, who instructs the father to bring Jesus and Mary to Egypt (Matthew 2:13).He orders the execution of all two-year-old and younger boys in Bethlehem and its surrounding areas after he discovers he has been outwitted by the Three Wise Men.The Bible says (Matthew 2:16).
King of the Jews vs King of Israel
In the New Testament, the title ″King of the Jews″ is solely used by gentiles, such as the Magi, Pontius Pilate, and Roman troops, and is never used by Jews themselves.The Jewish leadership, on the other hand, prefers the title ″King of Israel,″ which appears in Matthew 27:42 and Mark 15:32.From Pilate’s standpoint, the title ″King″ (regardless of whether it refers to Jews or Israel) is particularly problematic since it indicates the possibility of a revolt against the Roman Empire.In the Gospel of Mark, the difference between King of the Jews and King of Israel is made purposefully, distinguishing between the two meanings of the phrase by Jews and gentiles, and establishing a clear separation between them.
INRI and ΙΝΒΙ
It is represented by the initialism INRI, which is derived from the Latin inscription IESVS NAZARENVS REX IVDORVM (Isus Nazarenus, Rx Idaerum), which means ″Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews″ in English translation (John 19:19).In John 19:20, it is stated that this document was written in three languages–Hebrew, Latin, and Greek–and that it was nailed to Jesus’ crucifixion.For example, the initialism (Ioudain) is written in the Greek language, and it represents the phrase v (Ioudain ho Nazraîos ho basileos tôn Ioudain) in the English language.Pedro González de Mendoza discovered what was believed to be the original tablet, which had been carried to Rome by Saint Helena, mother of Emperor Constantine, in 1492.The discovery was hailed with great joy by the religious community.
Traditionally, in Western Christianity, most crucifixes and many depictions of Jesus’s crucifixion include a plaque or parchment placed above his head, which is known as a titulus, or title, and which bears only the Latin letters INRI.The letters INRI are occasionally carved directly into the cross and are usually placed just above the head of Jesus.When referring to the Eastern Church, the title ″King of Glory″ (tês Dóxs) may be employed.
In Eastern Christianity, the Greek letters are used by both the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Eastern Catholic specific churches sui iuris, which are based on the Greek form of the inscription .While some representations change the title to ″ho Basileùs toû kósmou,″ ″The King of the World,″ or ″ho Basileùs tês Dóxs,″ this does not imply that this is what was written, but rather that it reflects the tradition that icons depict the spiritual reality rather than the physical reality of the figure.The Romanian Orthodox Church uses the acronym INRI since it is the same in Romanian as it is in Latin, and it is easier to remember (Iisus Nazarineanul Regele Iudeilor) For example, the Russian Orthodox Church uses the acronym INTsI (in Church Slavonic: ис нaрнин, р деск) or the title Tsar Slávy (Tsar Slávy, ″King of Glory″) to refer to the Russian monarch.
Versions in the gospels
|Verse||Matthew 27:37||Mark 15:26||Luke 23:38||John 19:19–20|
|Greek Inscription||οὗτός ἐστιν Ἰησοῦς ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων||ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων||ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων οὗτος||Ἰησοῦς ὁ Ναζωραῖος ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων|
|Transliteration||hûtós estin Iēsûs ho basileùs tôn Iudaéōn||ho basileùs tôn Iudaéōn||ho basileùs tôn Iudaéōn hûtos||Iēsûs ho Nazōraêos ho basileùs tôn Iudaéōn|
|English translation||This is Jesus, the King of the Jews||The King of the Jews||This is the King of the Jews||Jesus the Nazarene, the King of the Jews|
|Languages||Hebrew, Latin, Greek|
|Full verse in KJV||And set up over His head His accusation written, THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS||And the superscription of His accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.||And a superscription also was written over Him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.||And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING