How Many Brothers and Sisters Did Jesus Have?
When it came to Joseph and Mary’s household in Nazareth, who was there? Are we to believe that Jesus was an only child in the family, or if there were brothers and sisters, what was their status in regard to Him? His siblings and sisters are frequently mentioned by the gospel authors. What were the names of Jesus’ siblings? This is a matter that has been debated since the beginning of time, and many lengthy writings have been published on the subject. Due to theological reasons related to the perpetual virginity of the Lord’s mother, denominational difficulties, and the canonicity of non-apostolic epistles, it has been difficult to have an objective discussion on the subject.
Bible Verses about Jesus’ Brother and Sisters
Let us begin by summarizing what we know about the brothers and sisters of the Lord from the Scriptures of the New Testament. Their names are found in Matthew 12:46-50, 13:55-56, Mark 3:31, 6:3, and Luke 8:19, as well as John 2:12, 7:3, Acts 1:14, and 1 Corinthians 9:5, and Paul refers to a James the Lord’s brother (Galatians 1:19). There appear to have been four brothers who are listed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the evidence (seeMark 6:3). The sisters are mentioned in Matthew and Mark, although neither the number nor the names of the sisters are recorded.
They were reportedly married and living in Nazareth at the time of Christ’s death.
They are first described as traveling to Capernaum with His mother and Himself (John 2:12).
Most claim that they were converted to Christianity as a result of His resurrection, since they appear in the company of the Apostles (Acts 1:14).
The following is an adaptation of The Life of Our Lord on the Earth by Samuel James Andrews.
Did Jesus have any brothers, sisters or siblings?
Throughout history, there has been great debate about the precise nature of their link to Jesus and his apostles. Consequently, the issue remains: Did Jesus have siblings? There have been three main points of view put forward: They have been identified as (1) Jesus’ actual siblings/brothers, that is, half-brothers, sons of Joseph and Mary (and therefore younger than Jesus); (2) His stepbrothers, that is, children of Joseph by a previous marriage (and thus all older than Jesus and not His blood relatives at all); (3) Jesus’ cousins, either on the mother’s side or on the father’s side, depending on who you believe.
Where exactly was Jesus’ birthplace? When was Jesus’ birth commemorated?
Three views about Jesus’ siblings
Some adhere to the first viewpoint, arguing that it is the most natural way to interpret the multiple allusions to these brothers, as well as the most evident intention of Matthew 1:25 and Luke 2:7. Second, those who believe in family ethics claim that younger siblings should not be permitted to mock or otherwise interfere with an older brother in the same way that Jesus’ brothers ridiculed Him (see Mark 3:31; John 7:3-4). Moreover, they argue, Jesus’ decision to entrust His mother’s care to the apostle John (John 19:26-27), rather than to one of His brothers, clearly shows that Mary did not have any other children.
Their relationship as cousins on Mary’s side is predicated on the unconfirmed identification of “Mary, the wife of Cleophus” with Mary’s sister (John 19:25; Mark 15:40), as well as the unsubstantiated relationship between “Clopas” and Alphaeus (John 19:25; Mark 15:40).
Jesus’ brothers, sistersmother
Several of Jesus’ siblings are reported as joining him and his mother to Capernaum following their marriage at Cana (Matthew 19:9). (John 2:12). The next year, Mary and these brothers are mentioned as attempting to have an audience with Jesus (Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21). A few chapters before the conclusion of Jesus’ public career, His brethren are recorded as asking Jesus to demonstrate His Messiahship, which they themselves had questioned (John 7:3-5). Their conversion is obvious from the fact that they are portrayed in Acts as joining with the disciples and others in “prayer and supplication” before to the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–3).
Paul makes the implication that they were all married (1 Corinthians 9:5).
Also widely held to be the case is that James the brother of Jesus was the spiritual leader of the early church in Jerusalem (see Acts 12:17; 15:13).
Did Jesus have brothers and sisters (siblings)?
QuestionAnswer More than a few verses in the Bible make reference to Jesus’ brothers. A visit by Jesus’ mother and brothers is recorded in three different Bible passages: Matthew 12:46, Luke 8:19, and Mark 3:31. The Bible teaches us that Jesus had four brothers: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:55). Although the Bible says that Jesus had sisters, they are neither named or counted in the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:56). In John 7:1-10, Jesus’ brothers accompany him to the feast, while he remains at home.
- James, according to Galatians 1:19, was Jesus’ younger brother.
- Some Roman Catholics believe that these “brothers” were actually Jesus’ cousins, rather than his siblings.
- While the word can apply to other relatives as well, its conventional and literal meaning is a physical brother in the traditional sense.
- If they were Jesus’ cousins, why were they so frequently represented as being with Mary, Jesus’ mother, if they were Jesus’ cousins?
- It is also possible, according to a second Roman Catholic theory, that Jesus’ brothers and sisters were the offspring of Joseph from a prior relationship.
- There is a difficulty with this because the Bible makes no mention of Joseph being previously married or having children before he married Mary.
- No scriptural basis exists to assume that these siblings are anything other than the biological children of Joseph and Mary, as is commonly believed.
- “And he named Him Jesus,” the Bible says (Matthew 1:25).
In God’s Word, there is a clear and unequivocal teaching on the subject of marriage. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Is it possible that Jesus had brothers and sisters (siblings)?
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Do we have any more information on Jesus’s Sisters?
As you correctly point out, the sisters are not mentioned by name in the Bible, which means we must go elsewhere for information on their whereabouts. Overall, I believe it is fair to state that we do not know for definite, but different faiths have created their own doctrines and traditions on the matter, which I believe is reasonable. According to the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church, the term “sisters” is used entirely metaphorically. As long as they think Mary was a virgin until her death, they believe Jesus did not have any full brothers or sisters (but possibly some half-siblings – children of Joseph with another partner).
- It is also said that Joseph had two sons, one named Jude and the other named James.
- Other religions choose to accept the word “sisters” at face value and think that Jesus had more than one sister, despite the fact that it is not explicitly stated.
- According to Richard Bauckham, a Professor of New Testament Studies at the University of St.
- Several centuries later, Christian literature assigns the names Mary and Salome to two of Jesus’ sisters.
- As a result, there is some likelihood that the tradition of these two names may be traced back to Palestinian Jewish Christian tradition, and as a result, it may be considered a trustworthy tradition.
- For more reading on this issue, Bauckham’s essayThe Relatives of Jesusis a wonderful choice; it is well-referenced and covers a wide range of perspectives on the subject, including the Catholic and Orthodox opinions I’ve described above.
Who Were the Brothers and Sisters of Jesus?
Now we’ll take a look at Jesus’ brothers and sisters and see what the Bible has to say about each of them.
In the Book of Exodus, we learn about the 10 plagues that God inflicted on the stubborn Egyptians in order to rescue the Hebrews from their oppressive rule. The plagues were terrible: water that turned to blood, locusts, gnats, and darkness, to mention a few examples of what was happening. The tenth plague, the last of the plagues, was the most terrible of them all. Because of this, God issued a fair warning: “I will send one more plague onto Pharaoh and upon Egypt.” After that, he will release you from his custody.
All firstborn in Egypt will perish, from Pharaoh who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the slave-girl who is working at a handmill, as well as all of the firstborn of the animals, according to this prophecy.
(12:12, for example) And thus it came to pass that the firstborn in the country of Egypt was murdered – both humans and beasts alike, it seemed.
3:13; et cetera) A procedure that God devised would be used to accomplish this task, in which the firstborn son of every marriage would need to be “redeemed” (committed) to God; therefore the name of the ritual, The Redemption of the First Born Son.or Pidyon Haben as it is known to modern-day Jews, is derived.
Unless the firstborn child is born to a male, the ritual is not performed: “Consecrate to me every firstborn; whatsoever opens the womb among the Israelites, whether of human being or beast, belongs to me.” It is necessary for you to ransom every human firstborn of your sons.” (Exodus 13:2 and 13) As a result of Jesus’ dedication to God at the age of thirty days, we can be certain that he had no older sisters or brothers: “When the days were completed for their purification according to the law of Moses, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, just as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male that opens the womb shall be consecrated to the Lord”!
(Lk 2:22-23; cf. During the ritual, the father declares, “This is my firstborn son, and he is the firstborn of his mother.” Once again, this demonstrates that Jesus did not have any elder siblings.
When it comes to younger siblings, this is also ineffective. When Jesus was dying on the cross and “seeing his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, ‘Woman, look, here is your son,'” he said to his mother. Then he turned to the disciple and said, ‘Look, here is your mother.’ As a result, the disciple accepted her into his house from that point on” (Jn 19:26-27). According to Jewish tradition, younger siblings are expected to care for their parents after their elder siblings have passed away.
- What’s the deal with John?
- Perhaps he was the “one whom Jesus loved,” as the saying goes (Jn 13:23).
- Then there’s Mary, who was described as having given birth to “her firstborn son” (Lk 2:7).
- As a way of giving freely, Jesus declares, “Everything that the Father has is mine.” “For this reason, I told you that he will take from what is mine and disclose it to you” (Jn 16:15).
Siblings By Name
So, who exactly are those brothers and sisters who are listed by name as belonging to Jesus in the Gospel of Mark? It is the carpenter who is being referred to, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon. “Aren’t His sisters our neighbors here,” says Jesus in Mark 6:3. For Father William Saunders, “the mistake arises in Hebrew and Aramaic, the languages of most authentic Old Testament passages as well as the language of Christ.” Because there was no unique term for cousin, nephew, half-brother, or step-brother in these languages, they had to rely on the word brother or a “circumlocution,” such as “The son of Paul’s sister” (Acts 23:16), which clearly indicates that Paul’s nephew is being addressed.
“When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas chosen to encompass all of these connotations,” Fr.
Consequently, we must consider the context in which the title is being utilized in each instance.” For instance, when Spanish-speaking individuals (or French-speaking people) talk about their parents, they use the word “my padres” (“mes parents” in French), which means “my parents.” When they refer to aunts, uncles, cousins, and other relatives, the word “mis padres”/”mes parents” is still used.
The Gospels provide further clarification on the aforementioned “siblings.” Mary of Clopas had two sons, James and Joses, who were related to each other (Mk 15:40).
James the Lesser was the younger brother of Alphaeus (Lk 6:15).
But why these four in particular?
Eusebius writes in his Church History when describing the process of choosing someone to replace James (the head of the Church in Jerusalem) who had been martyred, “They all with one consent pronounced Symeon, the son of Clopas, of whom the Gospel also makes mention; to be worthy of the episcopal throne of that parish.
For Hegesippus records that Clopas was a brother of Joseph”.
Again…“there were also others, descended from one of the so-called brothers of the Saviour, whose name was Judas…”.
And still again… ”And after James the Just had suffered martyrdom, as the Lord had also on the same account, Symeon, the son of the Lord’s uncle, Clopas, was appointed the next bishop. All proposed him as second bishop because he was a cousin of the Lord”.
The Founders of the Protestant Reformation
Mary’s permanent virginity was upheld even by the three fathers of the Reformation – Martin Luther, Hulrych Zwingli, and John Calvin — all of whom were committed to the doctrine. “Christ.was the sole Son of Mary, and the Virgin Mary carried no other children save Him,” according to Martin Luther. “Brothers” truly means ‘cousins’ in this context, because the Bible and the Jews usually refer to cousins as brothers.” (Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1537-39; Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1539) Quoted from Zwingli: “To deny that Mary was protected by God before, during, and after the birth of her Son would be to disbelieve God’s power.
God saw Mary as superior to all other creatures, even saints and angels, since it was her purity, innocence, and unwavering faith that mankind was called upon to emulate.
On the subject of Mary’s continuous virginity, there is an especially strong emphasis.” The following is taken from John Calvin: “He claims that she was Jesus’ mother’s sister, and in doing so, he employs the phraseology of the Hebrew language, which encompasses cousins and other relatives under the term ‘brothers’.” Despite the fact that many of the Early Church Fathers wrote and preached about Mary’s perpetual virginity, the great St.
Augustine is credited with having said it best: “It was not the visible sun, but its invisible Creator, who consecrated this day for us, when the Virgin Mother, fertile of womb and integral in her virginity, brought him forth, made visible for us, by whom, when he was invisible, she too was created.” A Virgin conceiving, a Virgin carrying, a Virgin pregnant, a Virgin giving birth, and a Virgin perpetuating are all examples of virginity.
“What is it about this that you are perplexed about, O man?” (Sermons 186, verse 1)
Did Jesus have “blood” brothers and sisters?
This concern arises because the gospels make frequent references to our Lord’s “brothers” and “sisters.” According to the English version of the Gospel of St. Mark provided by the New American Bible, the throng does indeed inquire: “Isn’t this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, as well as Judas and Simon?” “Aren’t his sisters our next-door neighbors?” (Matthew 6:3). A similar passage may be seen earlier in Mark 3:31 — “His mother and brothers came to see him.” The difficulty arises while attempting to comprehend the meaning of the wordbrother.
- Adelphos, on the other hand, does not just refer to blood brothers who were born to the same parents.
- Other types of connections, such as cousins, nephews, and uncles, were also described by the term.
- Another example is Laban, who was anadelphosto Jacob, but not as a brother, but as an uncle, according to the Torah.
- The same is true for the wordister in Greek, which has the same meaning.
- Actually, the misconception stems from the languages of Hebrew and Aramaic, which were the languages of most of the original Old Testament manuscripts as well as the language of Christ.
- When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas employed to capture all of these connotations for male relations in the Old Testament and the New Testament, respectively.
- On the whole, there is a misunderstanding in English because of the lack of specific terminology for relatives in both Hebrew and Aramaic, as well as because the Greek adelphos is used to refer to all of these relationships.
Mary of Cleophas had two sons, James and Joses, who were named after her (Mark 15:40).
Judas was the son of James (not one of the apostles), and he was a traitor (Luke 6:16).
The sons of Zebedee, James the greater and John, had a mother other than our Blessed Mother Mary, who was their grandmother (Matthew 20:20ff).
Matthew 1:18-25, Luke 1:26-38).
Always, and only, does it allude to the “sons of Mary” or “a son of Mary,” but always to the “son of Mary.” This argument is reinforced once again during the crucifixion scene, when our Lord says to Mary, “Woman, there is your son,” and then to St.
” According to Jewish law, the oldest son was responsible for caring for his widowed mother, and if something occurred to the first born son, the burden would be passed on to the next oldest son.
Joseph had passed away by this point.
John, the Beloved Disciple.
Joseph was a widower who had other children before he met and married Mary.
Perhaps it is because of this belief that St.
Actually, this entire state of misunderstanding is nothing new.
“A unique, evil, and audacious assault on the religion of the entire globe,” according to St.
Jerome utilized Scripture as well as the writings of the fathers such as Saints Ignatius, Polycarp, Irenaeus, and Justin Martyr to oppose Helvidius in his work On the Perpetual Virginity of the Blessed Virgin.
This belief is founded on Sacred Scripture and Tradition.
Brothers and Sisters of Jesus
Numerous references to the relatives of Our Lord are found throughout the New Testament. Among these are the following: “Isn’t this the carpenter’s son, the son of Mary, the brother of James, Joseph, Jude, and Simon, and the son of Mary’s brother, the carpenter’s son? Isn’t it true that his sisters are present as well?” (Mk 6.3; see also Mt 13.55–56.) “His brethren” are mentioned in John2.12, 7.3, 5, 10, and Acts of the Apostles1.14, among other places. James is referred to as “the brother of the Lord” by St.
- His mother and his brothers, as described in the Synoptics, came to visit Him while He was teaching (Mt 12.46–50; Mk 3.21–25; Lk8.19–21; 1 Cor 9.5) when He was speaking.
- The same may be said about the Sacred Scriptures as well.
- At Ptolemais, Paul and his companions “greeted the brethren,” which is to say, the Christians (Acts 21.7).
- While the names of the so-called “sisters” are not mentioned in the New Testament, the names of four “brothers” are: James, Joseph, Jude, and Simon (all of whom are named in the Old Testament).
In Luke’s account, “James of Alphaeus, and Simon called the fanatic, and Jude the brother of James” (Lk6.14–16) are the men who are referred to as “the brothers of Our Lord.” Paul’s reference to “James the brother of the Lord” (Gal1.19) is most certainly a reference to the Apostle James of Alphaeus, who lived in the first century AD.
- Of those named, James and Joseph are referred to as the sons of Mary (Mt 27.56,61; 28.1; Mk 15.40,47; Lk 24.10).
- As a result, some academics believe she is the same person as the “Mary of Cleopas” who is named in this scripture.
- Assuming this is the case, the conclusion must be that James and Joseph, along with Simon and Jude (although there is greater question about the latter two), are the sons of Mary and Cleopas, also known as Alphaeus, and their father is Cleopas.
- In the Protoevangelium Jacobi, Origen and Ambrosiaster (Patrologia Latina, 17:344–345), they said that “the brothers of Jesus” were the offspring of Joseph from a previous marriage, although there is no evidence to support this claim.
- Mary was a virgin when she conceived Jesus, according to the teachings of Scripture (Mt 1.18–25; Lk1.26–27; Mt 2.7).
- The absolute certainty with which Our Lord is addressed as “the son of Mary” (Mk 6.3) would appear to indicate to him being Mary’s only son.
- The books of the New Testament are the work of individuals who were among the first members of the Church that Christ established.
By placing these writings in the context of Church history, we are better able to comprehend and interpret them; in this way, new light is shed on the New Testament text concerning the problem of the “brothers of Jesus,” which involves the perpetual virginity of Our Blessed Mother, which is a doctrine of the Church.
- The fact that Mary did not have any more children, as a result of which the “brothers and sisters” recorded in the New Testament cannot be Our Lord’s biological brothers and sisters, is undeniable in this light.
- Prat, “La Parentéde Jésus,”Recherches de science religieuse,17 (1927) 127–138; j.
- Marc,”Évangile selon S.
Paris 1947) “The Brethren of the Lord and Two Recently Published Papyri,” Theological Studies, 5 (1944) 484–494. J. J. Collins, “The Brethren of the Lord and Two Recently Published Papyri.” 217 volumes, with indexes on four volumes (Paris, 1878–1890), edited by J. P. Migne.
JESUS’S FAMILY: MARY, JOSEPH AND MAYBE SOME BROTHERS AND SISTERS
Baby Jesus and his parents, Joseph and Mary, are shown here. The New Testament does not have much information regarding Jesus’ early life. The twelve-year-old Jesus matures into a thirty-year-old man, and he meets up with his boyhood buddy John the Baptist beside the Jordan River, where the Holy Spirit, who always precedes the Christ, can enter him and transform him into the Christ. A total of four brothers, according to the accounts in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, survived until the time when Jesus was an adult.
Additionally, they claim, “Are not his sisters here with us?” As a result, there are at least two sisters, and it is possible that there are more.
Several sources, including the BBC, claim that “James appears to have played a very major part in the administration of the church from very early on in Jerusalem, but it’s a function that’s gone lost in subsequent Christian tradition.” Following the death of Mary’s first husband and the birth of her second husband, later Christian traditions reclassified these brothers and sisters as cousins or as Joseph’s offspring from a previous marriage in order to retain the image of Mary’s eternal virginity.
History of ChristianityBritannica on Christianitybritannica.com/Christianity; Religious Tolerancereligioustolerance.org/christ.htm; Encyclopedia Britannica on Christianitybritannica.com/Christianity BBC on Christianity; history-world.org/jesus christ; history-world.org/jesus christ The BBC’s Religion and Religions section has a section on Christianity, as well as a Wikipedia article on Christianity.
Wikipedia; Early Christian Writingearlychristianwritings.com; Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Christian Originssourcebooks.fordham.edu; Christian Answerschristiananswers.net; Christian Classics Ethereal Library; Christian Answerschristiananswers.net; Christian Classics Ethereal Library Early Christian Artoneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth212/Early Christian art;Early Christian Imagesoneonta.edu/farberas/arth/arth212/Early Christian art;Early Christian Images Early Christian and Byzantine Images may be found at jesuswalk.com/christian-symbols.
belmont.edu/honors/byzart2001/byzindex; Jesus and the historical Jesus are two different people.
The King James Version of the Bible is available at biblegateway.com.
Websites such as biblicalarchaeology.org, Internet Jewish History Sourcebooksourcebooks.fordham.edu, and the Complete Works of Josephus at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL)ccel.org are all good places to start your research.
Mary and Joseph, Jesus’s Parents
Joseph and Mary with their son, Jesus, as a newborn. The early life of Jesus is not well-documented in the New Testament. When Jesus is twelve years old, he matures into an adult of thirty years old, and he meets his boyhood buddy John the Baptist beside the Jordan River, where the Holy Spirit, who always precedes the Christ, might come into his being. A total of four brothers, according to the accounts in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, lived until the time when Jesus was an adult. When Jesus travels to Nazareth to talk in the Synagogue, the people in the audience recognize him as Mary’s son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas, and Simon, according to Mark’s Gospel.
- As a result, there are at least two sisters, and it is possible that there are others.
- Following the death of Mary’s first husband and the birth of her second husband, later Christian traditions reclassified these brothers and sisters as cousins or as Joseph’s offspring from a previous marriage in order to maintain the concept of Mary’s continuous virginity.
- Among the resources available are Wikipedia; Early Christian Writing (earlychristianwritings.com); Internet Ancient History Sourcebook: Christian Origins (sourcebooks.fordham.edu); and Christian Answers (christiananswers.net).
- belmont.edu/honors/byzart2001/byzindex; Jesus and the historical Jesus are two sides of the same coin.
Gutenberg.org/ebooks; Bible History Online (bible-history.com); Biblical Archaeology Society (biblicalarchaeologysociety.org); Websites such as biblicalarchaeology.org, Internet Jewish History Sourcebooksourcebooks.fordham.edu, and the Complete Works of Josephus at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL)ccel.org are all good places to start your research.
Jesus’s Brothers and Sisters
Is Saint James the Less the brother of Jesus? On the basis of facts from the Gospels of Mark and Matthew and the writings of the apostle Paul, religious researcher John Meier thinks that Jesus had four brothers — James, Joseph, Simon, and Jude — and at least two sisters — Salome and Mary — in addition to his mother, Mary. The Apostle James is frequently referred to as the “Lord’s brother” because of his close relationship with the Lord. Although it is unclear if this term was intended to be taken literally or symbolically, The same may be said about the other “brothers” and “sisters” as well.
- The names of Jesus’ sisters, Assia and Lydia, are only mentioned in the apocryphal gospels, where they are referred to as “his sisters.” Mark 6.3 and Matthew 13.56 mention Jesus’ sisters, but the names are not supplied.
- According to the eminent 4th-century biblical scholar St.
- The implication here is that Mary was a virgin throughout her whole life.
- As recorded in the Gospel of John, “His brothers did not believe him.” (John 3:16) According to Mark’s relatives, Jesus appeared to be “out of his mind.”
Catholic Finding Out About Jesus’s Brothers and Sisters
“Despite the Catholic doctrine of His mother Mary’s perpetual virginity, we can be certain that the historical Jesus came from a large family with at least four brothers who are named in the Gospels — James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas — and an unknown number of sisters,” Reza Aslan wrote in the Washington Post. According to the Gospels and Paul’s writings, Jesus had brothers and sisters, which is confirmed on several occasions. Following Jesus’ crucifixion, the first-century Jewish historian Josephus mentions Jesus’ brother James, who would go on to become the most significant leader of the early Christian church after Jesus’ death.
However, while this may be true, the Greek word “adelphos” is never used in the New Testament to denote anything other than “brother.” Therefore, there is no reasonable justification in favor of considering Jesus as an only son.” Inmaculada Concepcion is a saint from the Dominican Republic.
The Gospel of Luke contains a passage in which someone informs Jesus that “your mother and brothers are waiting outside the door, eager to meet you.” Throughout Mark’s Gospel, people from Nazareth cry, “Isn’t this the carpenter’s son?” Aren’t his brothers James and Joseph, as well as Simon and Judas, his cousins?
It is frequently said that these people are Jesus’ buddies, relatives, half-brothers or cousins to explain away such passages.
The word “cousins” in Greek is totally acceptable, and Mark and Luke could have used it instead of the word “adelphoi,” which means “brothers” in the original Greek.
The majority of Catholic historians believe that Jesus did indeed have siblings and sisters – maybe as a result of Joseph’s previous marriage. So a virgin birth, but (step-)brothers and sisters,” says the author. |+|
Jesus’s Brother James and His Tomb
While James was first suspicious of Jesus’ divinity, he eventually rose to become a leader of the emerging early Christian movement in the mid-1st century, following the Apostle Peter’s exile to Rome. James, who is widely believed to be the author of the “Epistle of James,” argued against Paul by stating that the Torah should be followed. On the orders of the Jewish high priest Ananus, according to the historian Josephus, James was stoned to death in A.D. 62, according to his account. James Ossuary is a fictional character created by James Ossuary.
- It was dated to A.D.
- In the early twentieth century, the ossuary was hailed as the first direct evidence of the existence of Jesus.
- Additionally, it was unusual to find a reference to an individual’s brother, implying that the brother must have been someone of importance.
- When it was on exhibit at a Canadian museum, more than 100,000 people came to view it, and all of the American television stations, newspapers, and magazines covered the discovery with tremendous excitement.
Fraud and the Tomb of Jesus’s Brother James
The Israel Antiquities Authority eventually determined that the ossuary alleged to be that of Jesus’ brother James was a fake and proclaimed it to be such. After carefully examining the box, a group of researchers discovered that the inscribed texts had been forged (they had been created in at least two separate handwritings and the phrasing was unusual), and that the patina had chemical and geophysical anomalies. The ossuary, which was discovered by looters in an unidentified location, most certainly did date back to the time of Jesus, but it had been tampered with since then.
It is alleged that the individuals charged stole actual antiques and embellished them with inscriptions, after which they coated their creations with a special coating meant to replicate the patina seen on extremely ancient artefacts in order to artificially inflate their relevance and worth.
The hoax was performed so flawlessly that it fooled many specialists and netted the perpetrators millions of dollars.
A number of individuals, including Israeli collector Oded Golan and Haifa University’s Robert Deutsch, were accused in connection with the case.
Shanks and B. Witherington III (Smithsonian/Collins, 2008); Book: “The Brother of Jesus” by H. Shanks and B. Witherington III (Smithsonian/Collins, 2008);
Matthew and Luke Describe Two Jesus Children?
“It is no coincidence that the genealogies in St Matthew’s and St Luke’s Gospels are different,” Kristina Kaine wrote in the Huffington Post. One can trace the ancestors of a highly evolved human being who has lived on our planet for thousands of years. The other tracks the spiritual heritage of a pure human soul who took on the form of a human being for the first time on the planet. One embodies wisdom, while the other embodies innocence. This is the question we can put forward. Could Christ, a tremendous Cosmic Being beyond our comprehension who had never experienced life in a physical form on our planet, have been born via a mother in the same way that we are all born through a mother?
- It is not difficult to observe that two distinct Jesus children were born to two different Marys, who had two different dads named Joseph, if one examines the two genealogies attentively.
- The Luke Jesus is descended from the House of David’s Nathan line, which is represented by the letter L.
- – “The Matthew Jesus infant was the result of 42 generations of preceding generations, beginning with Abraham and ending with Joseph.
- It is recorded in the Gospel of Luke that Jesus’ lineage may be traced back to Adam, when human beings first left their spiritual realm and put on flesh – as described in the tale of the Garden of Eden.
- -“ This is something I’ve talked about extensively in my book Who is Jesus: What is Christ, Vol 1.
- Others have written about it, and some artists have shown the two Jesus children in their works of art.
- Not only that, but the children were born at various periods throughout the year.
In addition, Herod ordered that all male infants aged two and under be murdered, which led to the Matthew Jesus being taken to Egypt; however, there is no mention of the child reported by Luke being transported to Egypt.
When we read Matthew’s original Greek, we can plainly see what he is saying.
‘From the yet anointed Jesus the origin was so’, states the Greek text in its original form, which is more appropriately translated as ‘from the yet anointed Jesus the origin was thus’.
In order for it to happen, these two Jesus children will unite into a single entity.
After three days, they discovered him, who had transformed into a different person.
There was a twelve-year-old youngster who matched the comprehension of these professors, who had committed their whole lives to comprehending the sacred books.
Images courtesy of Wikimedia and Commons.
Christian Origins Sourcebooks.fordham.edu is a good place to start.
Zaehner (Barnes & Noble Books, 1959);King James Version of the Bible, gutenberg.org;New International Version (NIV) of the Bible,Description biblegateway.com;”Egeria’s of the Liturgical Year in Jerusalem,” users.ox.ac.
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Did Jesus Have Brothers and Sisters?
“It is no coincidence that the genealogies in St Matthew’s Gospel and St Luke’s Gospel are different,” Kristina Kaine wrote in the Huffington Post. Attempts are made to trace the ancestors of a highly developed human being who is now inhabiting this planet. The other tracks the spiritual heritage of a pure human soul who became incarnate on the planet for the first time. One has wisdom, the other has naivety. What we can do is pose the following inquiry. Were we all born via our mothers, or did Christ, a tremendous Cosmic Being beyond our comprehension, who had never experienced existence in a physical form on our planet, just go through the same process?
- The Matthew Jesus is descended from the House of David’s Solomon line, which is represented by the name Matthew Jesus.
- Upon further investigation of our own ancestors’ families, we discover that we are extremely distinct from our cousins whose parents were siblings of our great grandparents – and this is true throughout all of the generations recounted in the Matthew and Luke Gospels.
- ” When he was born, kings paid him a visit, whilst shepherds paid a visit to the young Luke.
- The importance of these particulars cannot be overstated, although they are frequently neglected.
- 1, which is available on Amazon.
- A mystery surrounds the source of this particular knowledge.
- As well as John the Baptist and Luke’s mother, Raphael depicts them together in this artwork.
The Matthew Jesus was older, having been born during the time period when Herod ordered the execution of all male children in the city.
” The ancient Greek text of Matthew makes this point quite clearly.
‘From the yet anointed Jesus the origin was so’, states the Greek text in its original form, which is more precisely translated as ‘from the yet anointed Jesus the origin was thus’.
When Matthew says Jesus is still anointed, he is referring to him as Christen-ed, which alludes to his upcoming baptism.
After three days, they discovered him, who had transformed into a different individual.
There was a twelve-year-old youngster who matched the comprehension of these professors, who had dedicated their whole lives to comprehending the sacred books.
The book “Who is Jesus: What is Christ Vol 1” by Kristina Kaine is a good example of a good book.
Web-based sources of information on antiquity The Complete Works of Josephus at Christian Classics Ethereal Library (CCEL), translated by William Whiston,ccel.org; ” Encyclopedia of the World’s Religions” edited by R.C.
The “Encyclopedia of the World Cultures,” edited by David Levinson (G.K.
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- As a result of a prior marriage, there were children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born, resulting in His younger brothers and sisters (natural half-brothers and sisters)
- These were the offspring of Joseph from that previous marriage (step-brothers and sisters). This was the point of view of Epiphanius, a fourth-century supporter of Mary’s everlasting virginity who held this belief. It was also the point of view of the classical scholar Jerome at the time. The famous scholar Joseph Barber Lightfoot, among others, has defended this point of view in modern times, stating that they were cousins of Jesus rather than genuine brothers and sisters. They were the sons of Cleopas, who was purportedly Joseph’s brother or brother-in-law
- They were the sons of Cleopas
- And they were the sons of Joseph.
The manner in which they are labeled is one of the reasons why some people feel they were not the offspring of Joseph and Mary. According to Mark 6:3, Jesus is referred to as the “Son of Mary,” and he is distinguished from the other named brothers as well as the other female siblings. In the Upper Room, There Was a Dispute Among those present in the upper chamber were “Mary, Jesus’ mother, and. his brothers” (Acts 1:14). They were referred to as Hisbrothers rather than her sons in this context.
- SummaryJesus had four brothers and at least two sisters, according to the gospels.
- Though no one can be certain of the facts, it is reasonable to assume that the allusions to his younger brothers and sisters were made by him in the context of his genuine younger brothers and sisters.
- Later on, however, they rose to prominence as church leaders, with two of them (James and Jude) penning letters that were eventually included in the New Testament as a result of their efforts.
- However, there is no way to know for definite.
How to Respond When People Say Jesus Had Brothers and Sisters
From the early days following the Resurrection, the Church has held that Mary was a perpetual virgin and that Jesus did not have any biological brothers or sisters, as was traditionally thought. The carpenter, son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, is this not the carpenter, and are his sisters with us?” “Are his sisters among us?” —Matthew 6:3 Is it possible that Jesus had siblings and sisters? Some people believe that the Gospel of Mark appears to support their claim.
- The subject is brought up once more in Luke 8:19-21.
- “Your mother and brothers are gathered outside, waiting to meet you,” the mob exclaims loudly.
- “Can you tell me who my mother and brothers are?” he inquires.
- On his blog, biblical historian James Tabor provides the names of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon, as well as Mary and Salome, according to some sources.
- So where did Catholics obtain the concept that Mary never had sexual relations or had any other children of her own?
- What is your brother’s name?
- We Christians are all “brothers in Christ,” as the phrase goes.
- The same is true in the Scriptures as well.
Consider the following verse from Genesis 13:8: For this reason, Abram replied to Lot, “Let us not have any quarrels among ourselves or between your herders and mine, for we are brothers.” Despite the fact that Abraham and Lot are not biological siblings, the title “brother” is used to describe them since they are uncle and nephew.
Without a doubt, Paul was not attempting to make the assertion that Mary had given birth to more than 500 children!
What occurred to the Twelve following the Resurrection of Christ is known to us from the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, as well as from historical documents.
We know how they died, and we know where they are laid to rest.
Nope, not a thing, zilch.
As he lay dying, Jesus handed Mary over to John the Baptist.
And then he turned to face John and said, “Behold your mother.” And it was at that point that the disciple welcomed her into his house (John 19:26-27).
And wouldn’t they have taken on the task of caring for their mother by welcoming her into their own homes?
Another clue: The “brothers” of Jesus mentioned in John 2:1 and Acts 1:14 are never referred to as Mary’s offspring, despite the fact that Jesus himself is.
There is yet more reason, though, to conclude that Mary did not have any further children after Joseph and Mary.
Consider the promise made by Jesus, who said that he would send the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete, to lead his Church and keep her safe from error.
However, we do have Christ’s promise that he would be with us forever, until the end of time.
Mary was thought to be a perpetual virgin from the very beginning of the Church’s belief in the Resurrection, and Jesus was believed to have no biological brothers or sisters from his birth.
Saint Joseph was an elderly widower with children, according to the Protoevangelium, and he had been selected by the angel Gabriel to be Mary’s spouse in order to guard and protect Mary while also respecting her vow of virginity.
Many people in the Orthodox Church today believe this to be true as well.
383 wrote: “You say that Mary did not continue a virgin: I claim even more than Joseph himself, on account of Mary being a virgin, so that from a virgin marriage a virgin son was born.” And in the following century, Pope St.