How Many Times Did Jesus Cleanse The Temple

How many times did Jesus cleanse the temple? Why did He cleanse the temple?

QuestionAnswer Jesus cleaned the temple of the money-changers and product dealers out of displeasure with what they had done to God’s place of prayer and out of a desire to rid the temple of the abuse perpetrated by sinful men. Judea was under the dominion of the Romans at the time, and the currency in circulation was coinage from Rome. However, according to Jewish law, every man was compelled to pay a tribute to the service of the sanctuary in the amount of “half a shekel” (Exodus 30:11–16), which was a Jewish coin.

Money-changers provided this convenience, although they would charge a modest fee for the exchange of the money.

Aside from it, two doves or pigeons were needed to be sacrificed in accordance with the Law (Leviticus 14:22; Luke 2:24).

The temple sacrifices were also supported by other merchants who sold oxen and lambs for the occasion.

  1. At the same time that He smashed the tables of the money-changers, He rebuked them for turning God’s sanctuary of prayer into “a den of thieves” (Matthew 21:13).
  2. In his gospel, John makes it explicit that it was “after this” that He traveled to Capernaum, where He “remained for a few days.” Afterwards, in the following line (verse 13), John informs us that the “Passover of the Jews was approaching” (NKJV).
  3. This is the first of two occasions on which Jesus cleaned the temple of its filth.
  4. After Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem in the final week of His life, the second cleansing of the temple took place immediately following the first cleansing.
  5. Aside from the fact that they took place approximately three years apart, there are several variations between the two occurrences.
  6. During the first cleaning, Jesus constructed a whip out of cords to use in order to drive the vendors away, but there is no mention of a whip during the second cleansing.

Jesus washed the temple on two separate occasions. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) I’m curious how many times Jesus washed the temple floor. What was He doing when He cleansed the temple?

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Contradictions: When Did Jesus Cleanse the Temple?

However, whereas the Gospel of John claims that Jesus cleansed the temple early in His career, the other Gospels locate the temple-cleansing as occurring near the conclusion of His time on the earth. Who is correct?

The “Problem”

Jesus went to the temple in Jerusalem around Passover, according to the second chapter of John, and used a whip made of cords to drive away the money changers who were conducting business there. He also poured out the money and flipped the tables (John 2:13–15), among other things. “Take these things away from here!” Jesus commanded to people who sold doves. “Do not turn My Father’s home into a storefront for products!” (See also John 2:16). A similar story is told in the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) about Jesus entering the temple, driving out those who bought and sold, overturning their tables, and telling the crowd that they had transformed the temple into a “den of thieves” (Matthew 21:12–13; Mark 11:15–17; Luke 19:45–46).

During the first Passover (of three) recounted in John’s Gospel, the temple is said to have been cleansed, according to John’s description.

Is this a contradiction, and if so, who has the upper hand here?

The Solution

The mere fact that two stories appear to be similar does not imply that they both relate to the same entity. Students of theBibleneed were taught that resemblance does not necessarily imply the sameness of things. To put it another way, simply because two stories are similar does not always imply that they relate to the same item. In this particular instance, the solution is actually fairly straightforward. On at least two times, Jesus cleaned the Temple of its filth. According to the Gospel of John, the first occurrence occurred towards the beginning of His ministry.

Even though the critic may argue that this is just an ad hocanswer (i.e., a solution devised solely to address the criticism), the biblical stories support this position.

As a result, rather of instantly exclaiming “Contradiction!” we should try to find a workable alternative.

These occurrences occurred at various stages throughout Christ’s public ministry.

When Jesus was arrested in John, he was immediately questioned by temple authorities who inquired, “What sign do You show us, considering everything that You do?” “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will build it up,” the Lord said, according to John, who revealed that the Lord pointed to His impending Resurrection (John 2:19; 2:22).

  1. According to the Synoptics, however, following the second cleaning, Jesus started to educate those who were there in the temple and heal those who came to Him who were blind or lame.
  2. The whip is not mentioned at all in the Synoptics.
  3. As previously mentioned in relation to the first temple cleansing, the Lord instructed the priests to “take these things away!
  4. Although it is written, “My house shall be called a house of prayer,” Jesus stated after the second cleaning, “You have turned it into a “den of thieves” (Matthew 21:13;Mark 11:17;Luke 19:46).

While the content was the same, the language that Jesus chose to express His message were different from one another.

Would Jesus Really Do This Twice?

Some may question the feasibility of Jesus scrubbing the temple on two separate times, but there is no reason to doubt that He would carry out such a task. Remember that Jesus frequently confronted religious leaders and called them out on their hypocrisy. When it came to this particular instance, the money changers were found to have turned worship into a matter of convenience while also robbing from the people by demanding high fees for poor sacrifice animals. Many Jews were guilty of commercializing the Passover lamb offering procedure, rather than honoring God’s demand to present pure, spotless lambs from their own herds as instructed in Exodus 12:5.

This is not in accordance with what the Lord commanded.

Moreover, He infuriated Caiaphas, the high priest, whose family was in charge of the money changing at the temple, in the process.

1 In the same way that the Old Testament indicated that God was enthusiastic for genuine worship from His people, Jesus proved that obedience is preferable to sacrifice.


In this case, the answer to the allegedBiblecontradiction is rather clear. Jesus cleaned the temple on at least two occasions throughout His earthly career: once at the beginning of His ministry and again at the conclusion. This should come as no surprise, given that God has frequently said in His Word that obedience to Him is more vital than doing meaningless rituals, particularly when such rituals are performed for the sake of convenience or personal advantage. Master Books has generously allowed AiG permission to distribute excerpts from this book on the internet.

Please visit our online store if you like to purchase a copy.

How many times did Jesus cleanse the Temple?

On the third Sunday of Lent, John 2:13–25 (New International Version) Because the Jewish festival of Passover was approaching, Jesus traveled to Jerusalem. He discovered individuals who sold oxen, lambs, and doves in the temple area, as well as the money changers, who were all sitting there. Made of cords, he drove them all out of the temple area with the whip he had constructed. It is well known that Jesus cleansed the temple by casting out those who sold animals and overturning the tables of the money-changers, and this is a tale we all know.

  • What we might not be aware of is that this is not the cleansing of the Temple that we heard about in the Gospel reading from this past Sunday.
  • John, we are reminded of the first cleansing of the Temple, which took place very early in our Savior’s public ministry — two full years before his death.
  • Even the Scriptures themselves make it obvious that our Savior cleaned the Temple on two separate occasions.
  • The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke all mention a purification that takes place during the final week of Jesus’ earthly life.
  • Is it only a literary technique, or something more?
  • When it comes to the Jews, the synoptic writers (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke) all state that they greet Jesus as their king, but the scenario is entirely different in the Gospel of John.
  • John 2:23).

Furthermore, what the Jews say and how Jesus reacts differs in John from what is recorded in the synoptics.

Finally, the remarks of Jesus when he cleanses the Temple differ from those recorded in the synoptics.

The authority of Chrysostom, Augustine, and Cornelius a’ Lapide, to name a few, is particularly noteworthy.

During Jesus’ public career, the Gospel of John describes three Passover feasts.

The first Passover, recorded in John 2:3ff., is when Jesus cleanses the Temple of the Jews.

The third Passover, recorded in John 11:55ff., is when Jesus ascends to Jerusalem and dies on the Cross there.

The synoptic Gospels, on the other hand, only mention a single Passover celebration.

Immediately after providing the narrative of Jesus’ baptism by John in the Jordan, these writers rush immediately to the era following John’s imprisonment, despite the fact that it is evident from the Gospel of St.

See also:  Why Was Jesus Nailed To The Cross

In order for St.

There was a period when John and his disciples were baptizing, and at the same time, Jesus and his disciples were baptizing (that is, the disciples were baptizing in his Name) — see John 3:22-25.

They came to John, who was baptizing at Ennon near Salim because there was a lot of water there.

Because John had not yet been sentenced to jail.

John 1:36-38); and a second time, after their return to Galilee with their fishing boats (cf. John 1:39-43). (cf. Matthew 4:18ff.).

Did Jesus cleanse the temple twice (John 2:12-25 and Mark 11:15-18)? – Evidence for Christianity

I have a question concerning Jesus’ purifying of the temple in John 2:12-25 / Mark 11:15-18; was there a second purification or just one purification?


It is possible to choose between three options: 1. Jesus never cleansed the Jewish temple, and all of these legends about him doing so are fabrications designed to establish a false narrative about him. 2. Jesus cleansed the temple twice throughout his career, first during the beginning of his ministry, as reported in John, and again around three years later, as recorded in Mark. Jesus cleaned the temple only once, most likely at the conclusion of his three-year career, and for some reason, John recorded the event in a radically different chronological order than the rest of the gospels.

  1. If it had been only a narrative, there is no way that such a fable could have been accepted by the church at the time.
  2. I will accept that both of the other options are plausible, but I greatly support the second option–that Jesus “cleaned” the temple twice, approximately three years apart.
  3. What exactly is the logic for this?
  4. John 2 did not make any mention of his presence in Jerusalem, although Mark 11 did make mention of it.
  5. It is not unexpected that Jesus was permitted to enter the temple during the week before his death, and it is also not surprising that he would drive out the money-changers again after his death.
  6. As for reason number three, although I personally doubt it, many devout believers believe it to be true.
  7. As did all of the gospel authors, at least on occasion, John wrote thematically rather than chronologically, as did the other gospel writers as well.
  8. That is why I am not completely dismissive of this theory.

For the third time in three years, I see no reason to believe that Jesus would not have become righteously enraged if the Jewish officials had let the sale of merchandise to resume in the temple a second time. John Oakes is a writer and poet.

Did Jesus Cleanse the Temple Once or Twice?

Some believe that the Bible is inconsistent when it comes to the day on which Jesus cleaned the temple. Is it true that Jesus cleansed the temple only once or twice? On one hand, John 2:13-15 claims that Jesus washed the temple at the first of three Passovers listed in his book, while other passages such as Matthew 21:12-13, Mark 11:15-17, and Luke 19:45-46 claim that Jesus cleansed the temple only a few days before his crucifixion. But there is a legitimate solution for this supposed conflict in the Bible, and it is presented in this article.

Scriptures – Did Jesus Cleanse the Temple Once or Twice?

13 The Jewish festival of Passover was approaching, and Jesus traveled to Jerusalem. 14 He noticed individuals who were selling oxen, lambs, and pigeons in the temple, as well as the money-changers who were sitting in the temple. 15 In the end, he drove them all out of the temple with a whip made of cords, along with the sheep and oxen. And he poured out the coins of the money-changers and threw them to the ground, knocking them over. John 2:13-15 is a passage from the Bible that teaches about the love of God and the love of neighbor.

Jesus Cleansed the Temple Later in His Ministry

Twelve years later, Jesus entered the temple and drove out everybody who sold and purchased there, as well as overturning the money-changers’ tables and the seats of those who sold pigeons. “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a place of prayer,’ but you have turned it into a den of thieves,” he told them. Jesus’ teachings in Matthew 21:12-1315 And they made their way to Jerusalem. Upon entering the temple, he immediately proceeded to drive out all of the vendors and purchasers from the premises, and he toppled both the money-changers’ tables as well as the seats of those who traded in pigeons.

17 While instructing them, he pointed to the scriptures and said, “Doesn’t it read that my home will be designated a place of prayer for all the nations?” “However, you have turned it into a nest of robbers.” 11:15-17:45 Mark 11:15-1745 46 And when he entered the temple, he started to drive out those who were selling, saying to them, “It is written, ‘My home should be a place of prayer,’ but you have transformed it into a den of thieves.” Luke 19:45-46 (KJV)

The Answer

We may reasonably assume that Jesus cleansed the temple twice during his mission, once during his early years and once during his final years of service. A number of people are opposed to this proposed solution, claiming it is implausible that Jesus would have cleansed the temple twice in his lifetime. To be clear, this is only an opinion, and it does not rule out the possibility that Jesus did indeed wash the temple on two separate occasions. It’s worth noting that Jesus whips himself with cords in John’s story, although Matthew, Mark, and Luke don’t include this aspect at all.

Foundational Principles Regarding Bible Difficulties

There are several fundamental rules that apply to all alleged and apparent inconsistencies in the Bible, and these principles are listed here.

More information may be found atBible Difficulties: Foundational Principles.

More Answers to “Contradictions” in the Bible

You may get additional information about claimed and apparent conflicts in the Bible by visiting “Contradictions” In The Scriptures Answered. These books are also valuable sources of information:

  • Demolishing Supposed Bible Contradictions Volume 1 – Ken Ham
  • Demolishing Supposed Bible Contradictions Volume 2 – Tim Chaffrey
  • Demolishing Supposed Bible Contradictions Volume 3 – Ken Ham
  • Demolishing Supposed Bible Contradictions Volume 4 – Tim Chaffrey

Related Posts

  • Is it true that Jesus came to bring peace or a sword? There were a number of angels and men there at the tomb. In the Tomb, how many days and nights did Jesus spend there? What Was Written on the Cross
  • What Was Written on the Cross

Why Jesus Cleansed The Temple Twice (A Long-Standing Mystery Solved)

Home/Featured/Why Jesus Cleansed The Temple Twice (A Long-Standing Mystery Solved) (A Long-Standing Mystery Solved) Jesus Christ established a new house of God, and He has made us to be stones in that house. The old house was full of corruption. And after He cleared the corruption out the first time, He began replacing it with fresh stones for His new dwelling. When He returned ultimately to that ancient house and found the corruption persistent, he declared it to be demolished altogether. A long-standing difficulty of New Testament studies has been why Jesus is reported as having cleaned the temple of the moneychangerstwice.

  1. Which is it?
  2. If so, why?
  3. In the next few minutes, I will make sense of it for you.
  4. The synoptic Gospels record the account: And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold, saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a den of robbers” (Luke 19:45–46).
  5. He said to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you make it a den of robbers” (Matt.
  6. And he entered Jerusalem and went into the temple.
  7. And they made their way to Jerusalem.

And he would not allow anyone to carry anything through the temple.

John also records a temple cleansing: The Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

In the end, he drove them all out of the temple with a whip made of cords, along with the sheep and oxen.

And he told those who sold the pigeons, “Take these things away; do not make my Father’s house a house of trade.” His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will consume me” (John 2:13–17).

The most notable difference has been the subject of much discussion among scholars for a long time: Matthew, Mark, and Luke record a temple cleansing at the very end of Jesus’ ministry while John’s account happens at the very beginning of the ministry.

He is not crucified until years later.

Liberal scholars have jumped on this problem as evidence that the Gospels are not inspired, but pieced together according to the whims and agendas of their mere mortal authors.

But this, of course, assumes 1) that the accounts indeed derive from only one incident, or 2) they derive from each other, and/or 3) that even this would disprove the inspiration of the account.

The standard conservative response to the problem has been simply to say that Jesus cleansed the temple twice.

The standard explanation is that Jesus was just really passionate about the purity of the temple.

Our Savior was never one subject to such emotional swings.

Inspection of a Corruption in a HouseIndeed, there were two separate cleansings of the Temple, and there is a better explanation for them.

This is described inLeviticus 14:33–53.

It also fits in with Jesus’ mission against Jerusalem.

What follows are the highlights of the priestly duties throughout that passage, and how they pertain to Jesus’ ministry.

It has more relation to translation history than they actual Hebrew of the text.

See also:  Who Betrayed Jesus Christ


It was an unknown affliction or corruption and God was giving them detailed steps on how to determine the level of threat and how to deal with it based on the determination.



Third, the owner was to contact the priest and the priest was to “go in to see the house” and “examine the corruption” (Lev.

In John’s early account, Jesus “found” the corruption.

In the later incident, we are specifically told by Mark that Jesus “looked around at everything” (Mark 11:11), the evening before He actually drove out the corruption.

They were before His face continually, constantly subject to His scrutiny (Ex.



Jesus incarnated this face, and set it toward the visitation of Jerusalem (Luke 9:51ff) (Luke 9:51ff).

We do not see this played out exactly in the two separate incidents in the Gospels, but this seven-day period is there in John, as I will discuss in a moment.

I will explain why they are separated from the first part momentarily as well; for now, let us finish with the two cleansings as follows: The Two Cleansings Fifth, on the seventh day after shutting the house, the priest was to return for another inspection (Lev.


If the corruption had spread, then he was to remove the spot of the corruption from the house: “then the priest shall command that they take out the stones in which is the corruption and throw them into an unclean place outside the city.


If the plague returned to the house after the stones were removed and walls scraped the first time, then the priest was to declare the corruption “persistent” (Lev.

14:45). (Lev. 14:45). See the six-point case made in Craig A. Blomberg,the Historical Reliability of the Gospels (Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press, 1987), 171–173. Read More

WWUTT: How Many Times Did Jesus Clear the Temple?

It was the day after Jesus rode into Jerusalem on the back of a donkey’s colt, accompanied by cries of”Hosanna!” and “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!” In the temple, he ejected the merchants and overturned their tables, and then he said, “Is it not written, ‘My home shall be called a place of prayer for all the nations’?” “However, you have turned it into a den of robbers!” (Matthew 11:17) After His triumphal arrival into Jerusalem, Jesus cleanses the temple, according to all three of the synoptic gospels – Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

  • His crucifixion would have taken place on Friday, therefore this would have taken place on the Monday prior.
  • Several years before He was executed, it is said that Jesus scrubbed the temple at the beginning of His ministry.
  • There are two independent temple cleansings taking on here.
  • The Jewish festival of Passover was approaching, and Jesus traveled to Jerusalem.
  • In the end, He drove them all out of the temple with a whip made of cords, along with the sheep and oxen.
  • ‘Take these things away from my Father’s house; do not turn it into a place of trade!’ he said.
  • “Take these things away; do not turn my Father’s house into a house of trade,” He said during the first cleanup (John 2:16).
  • He referred to it as “his residence” in the second.

Nevertheless, the second cleaning took place immediately following the triumphant entry in which He announced Himself as King, and during which He alluded to the temple as “My house shall be designated a house of prayer for all the nations.” Titus 2:14 says that Jesus shed His life in order to purify for Himself a people from every nation.

Isaiah 56:7 (KJV) You are being built up like living stones into a spiritual home as you come to Him, a living stone rejected by others but selected and valuable in the eyes of God.

When we grasp 1 Peter 2:4-5.that we could become a spiritual home unto the Lord,.we will be able to apply the passage.

(This video was created by WWUTT.) Christian Podcast Central and our community were the ones who discovered it; nonetheless, the publisher retains ownership of the copyright, not Christian Podcast Central.)

Related Posts:

Alastair Roberts is taking questions from the public over at Curious Cat, and he’s answering them as they come in. His responses, in general, are well worth reading, but his observations on the temple purification in John 2, and on the temple construction in general, are particularly insightful: In contrast to the synoptic gospels, which describe a temple cleansing in the last week of Jesus’ mission, the gospel of John records a purification at the beginning of his ministry. I don’t think there are two temple cleansings: why has it been relocated, I wonder?

  1. While the other gospels come to a close in Jerusalem, John’s narrative is centered on the city throughout.
  2. God’s presence may be found in Christ in John 1, who is also described as the Ark upon which God’s presence rests, the light of the world, and the altar from which things ascend and fall between heaven and earth.
  3. The laver is the center of the next chapters, which include themes of washing and baptism.
  4. Chapters 8 and 9 take us to the light that is located within the temple.
  5. His death marks his passage through the barrier of death.
  6. Presenting the temple activity afterwards would provide a snag in this theological chain of reasoning.
  7. It is important to note that Jesus’ comments in 2:19 are also referenced in Matthew 26:61, when he is being tried for his death.
  8. Theologically, this threat is fulfilled less in the temple deed than in Jesus’ action in reviving his buddy Lazarus from the dead (11:45-57).
  9. ‘The need for your home will consume me’ (Psalm 69:9).
  10. God is tabernacling among us in Jesus’ actual flesh, which is the temple.

When Did Jesus Cleanse the Temple?

Does it appear that Jesus cleansed the temple on the day of His triumphant entrance?


In addition, many Bible scholars know that the apostle John put Jesus’ purification of the temple near the beginning of His ministry, but the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke placed it nearer the end of the Savior’s life (seeLyons, 2004). Whether Jesus cleansed the temple on the first day He visited Jerusalem (during the week before His crucifixion) or on a subsequent day is an issue that is rarely discussed in depth. Is it because Mark places the purification of the temple on the day after Jesus’ triumphant arrival, but Matthew appears to suggest that the cleansing took place on the exact day Jesus entered Jerusalem that Mark makes this distinction?

  1. Thus, the crowds said, “This is Jesus Christ, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee.'” (21:10-11).
  2. (21:12; emphasis added.) It is important to note that Matthew does not specify when Jesus cleansed the temple, just that the action occurred “then” (Greekkai, which is most generally translated simply “and” in many translations, including the KJV, ASV, NASB, RSV, and others).
  3. Mark, on the other hand, utilized more specific and historical terminology.
  4. When they returned from Bethany the following day (11:12, emphasis added), Jesus returned to Jerusalem and entered into the temple once again (11:13, emphasis added).
  5. Because of this, Jesus went to the temple twice: once on the day of His triumphant entry (Mark 11:11), and then again “the next day” to purify the temple (Mark 11:12).
  6. While Mark’s story is more chronological in nature, Matthew’s account is more of a synopsis of the events.
  7. We frequently report on incidents that are similar in nature.
  8. Consider the scenario of a family who comes home to tell their friends about their Disney World vacation.

No one would be justified in claiming that one of the family members made a clerical error. In the same way, the stories of Matthew and Mark are complimentary rather than conflicting.


The following is an excerpt from Lyons, Eric (2004), “Chronology and the Cleansing of the Temple,” URL: Published on the 3rd of December, 2009. REPRODUCTION DISCLAIMERS: The reproduction of this material in part or in its full is permissible as long as the terms and conditions set out by the author and the publisher are followed. Prerequisites for Reproduction

Cleansing of the Temple – Wikipedia

The article “Chronology and the Cleansing of the Temple,” written by Eric Lyons in 2004, may be found at the following URL: On December 3, 2009, the publication was released. REPRODUCTION DISCLAIMERS: The reproduction of this material in part or in its entirety is permissible as long as the terms and conditions set out by the author(s) are followed. Conditions for Reproduction


As previously indicated, Jesus is said to have been to the Temple in Jerusalem, where the courtyard was depicted as being crowded with cattle, merchants, and money changers, who exchanged the standardGreek and Roman currency for Jewish and Tyrean shekels. Jerusalem was jam-packed with Jews who had traveled to the city for Passover, estimated to number between 300,000 and 400,000 pilgrims. In the end, he drove them all out of the temple with a whip made of cords, along with the sheep and oxen.

Then Jesus commanded those who were selling the pigeons, “Take these things away; do not turn my Father’s home into a place of business.” After that, Jesus walked into the house of God and drove out everyone who sold and purchased in the temple, overturning the tables of the money changers as well as the seats of those who sold doves, among other things.

This is the second time Jesus accuses the Temple authorities of thievery, after accusing them in Mark 12:40 and Luke 20:47.

Dove merchants were selling doves that had been sacrificed by the poor, who couldn’t afford more elaborate offerings, and notably by female pilgrims.

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This occurred in the Gentiles’ Court, which was the most remote part of the city.


Some scholars disagree on whether or not the Temple was cleansed in two stages, and whether or not there were two different occurrences. According to St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine, the act of stoning Jesus was repeated two times, with the less severe denunciations of the Johannine account (merchants and sellers) occurring early in Jesus’s public ministry and the more severe denunciations of the synoptic accounts (thieves and robbers) occurring just before, and indeed expediting, the events of Jesus’ crucifixion.

Jesus traveled to the Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the beginning of his career, and in John 2:20, he was informed, “For forty-six years, this temple has been under construction, and you want to raise it up in three days?

Expansion and rebuilding of the temple were continuing activities, and the temple was under constant reconstruction until it was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD.

It is probable that the Temple complex had barely been constructed for a few years before it was demolished by the future Emperor Titus in the year 70 AD.


Professor David Landry of the University of St. Thomas proposes the following solution: “The fact that Jesus dies within a week of this occurrence indicates the significance of this story for the Christian faith. The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke all agree that this was the event that served as the “trigger” for Jesus’ execution.” The animal sales, according to Butler Universityprofessor James F. McGrath, were tied to the sale of animals for use in the Temple’s animal sacrifices, which were performed on animals.

  • According to E.
  • Sanders and Bart Ehrman, Greek and Roman cash was changed into Jewish and Tyrolean money at some point.
  • Krier Mich posits that a significant amount of money was stored at the temple, where it could be loaned by the wealthy to the poor who were in danger of losing their land due to debt.
  • One of the first acts of the Initial Jewish-Roman War was the burning of the debt records in the archives, which was one of the first acts of the war.
  • Aside from composing and delivering messages from God, Israelite or Jewishnevi’im (also known as “spokespersons” or “prophets”) frequently enacted prophetic activities in their daily lives.
  • Carson points out, the reason that Jesus was not apprehended by the Temple guards was owing to the fact that the multitude backed him in his acts.

Interpretation of John 2:15

During a lecture at Loyola University Chicago in 2012, Andy Alexis-Baker, clinical associate professor of theology, presented a historical overview of the understanding of the Johannine text since Antiquity:

  • A history of the understanding of the Johannine passage since Antiquity was presented by Andy Alexis-Baker, clinical associate professor oftheology atLoyola University Chicago, in 2012.

According to later sources

Several later additions to the story of the episode are widely viewed as mythical or polemical by academics, and thus are not included here. When Yeshuhad entered the Temple with 310 of his followers, according to theToledot Yeshu, a parody gospel that was probably written down about 1,000 years later but possibly based on second-century Jewish-Christian gospelsif not oral traditions that could date back all the way to the formation of the canonical narratives themselves, he was accompanied by 310 of his followers.

Yeshu was also accused of robbing theshem hamphorash, the’secret name of god,’ from the Holy of Holies in the Toledot Yeshu, which is located in the Temple of Yeshu.

Narrative of Joseph of Arimathea

Demas, one of the two criminals who were crucified with Christ, is said to have stolen Solomon’s’secret deposit’ from the Holy of Holies, an act which Judas blamed on Christ: “He committed assaults on the rich, but was kind to the poor,” according to Joseph of Arimathea’s apocryphal account. And he set his hand to looting the multitudes of Jews, as well as stealing the law itself from the walls of Jerusalem. And it was not a Passover for Caiaphas and the multitude of Jews; rather, it was a time of deep sadness for them as a result of the robber’s theft of the temple.

In art

The purification of the Temple is a typical occurrence in the life of Christ that is represented under a variety of different titles. El Greco painted various variations on this theme:

  • Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, London)
  • Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Madrid)
  • Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Minneapolis)
  • Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, New York)
  • Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Washington)
  • Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Washington


  • Temple purification is underway. Unknown artist
  • Giotto’s “Casting out the money changers” (Casting out the money changers)

See also

  • Christian perspectives on poverty and wealth– Christians have maintained a variety of viewpoints on material wealth throughout history. Gessius Florus
  • Gospel harmony
  • Jesus’ ministry
  • Gessius Florus


  • Ched Myers’ “Binding the Strong Man: A Political Reading of Mark’s Story of Jesus,” Orbis (1988), ISBN0-88344-620-0
  • Robert J. Miller’s “The Complete Gospels,” Polebridge Press (1994), ISBN0-06-065587-9
  • Raymond E. Brown’s “An Introduction to the New Testament,” Doubleday (1997)ISBN0-385-24767-2
  • Raymond E. Brown’s “The New Jerome Biblical Commentary,” Prentice Hall (1990),


  1. Page 49 of The Bible Knowledge Background Commentary by Craig A. Evans, 2005 (ISBN0-7814-4228-1)
  2. AbSanders, E. P.The Historical Figure of Jesus. Penguin, 1993
  3. AbFunk, Robert W. and theJesus Seminar. It is necessary to search for the authentic deeds of Jesus in order to understand the Acts of Jesus. The Cradle, the Cross, and the Crown: An Introduction to the History of Jesusby Paul N. Anderson 2006ISBN0-567-04394-0page 158
  4. AbPaul L. Maier”The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus” in Chronos, Kairos, Christos: Nativity and Chronological Studiesby Jerry Vardaman, Edwin M. Yamauchi 1989ISBN0-931464-50-1pages 113–129
  5. Abc Encyclopedia of the Historical JesusbyCraig A. Evans2008ISBN0-415-97569-7page 115
  6. Encyclopedia of the Historical JesusbyCraig A. Evans2009ISBN978-0-8054-4365-3pages 140–141
  7. Because of some uncertainty about how Josephus referred to and computed dates, as stated by KöstenbergerKellum (page 114), various scholars arrive at slightly different dates for the exact date of the start of Temple construction, with their final estimates of the date of the Temple visit varying by a few years
  8. According to the Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, page 246 states that Temple construction was never completed and that the Temple was constantly being rebuilt until it was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD/CE, and that the 46 years should refer to the actual number of years from the start of the construction
  9. Authors include Paul N. Anderson (2011), who wrote The Riddles of the Fourth Gospel: An Introduction to John (2011)ISBN0-8006-0427-Xpage 200
  10. Jerry Knoblet (2005), who wrote Herod the Great (ISBN0-7618-3087-1page 184)
  11. And Robert Tomson (2011), who wrote Jesus in Johannine Tradition (ISBN0-7618-3087-1). “God in the Details: The Cleansing of the Temple in Four Jesus Films,” Journal of Religion and Film, Vol. 13, No. 2, October 2009, University of Nebraska at Omaha
  12. “Fortna, Tom Thatcher 2001ISBN978-0-664-22219-2page 77
  13. “Landry, David. “God in the Details: The Cleansing of the Temple in Four Jesus Films,” Journal of Religion and Film, Vol. 13, No. 2, October 2009, University of Nebraska at Omaha The original version of this article was published on October 6, 2016. Obtainable on September 26, 2016
  14. James F. McGrath’s “Jesus and the Money Changers” is a classic work (John 2:13-16) On the 23rd of March, 2021, I was able to view ” Bible Odyssey “. Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (And Why We Don’t Know About Them), HarperCollins, 2009. ISBN 0-06-117393-2
  15. Ehrman, Bart D. Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (And Why We Don’t Know About Them), HarperCollins, 2009. ISBN 0-06-117393-2
  16. Chapter 6 of The Challenge and Spirituality of Catholic Social Teaching, published by Orbis Books in 2011 under the ISBN 9781570759451
  17. Mich, Marvin L. Krier. “Angelus Address: Jesus Cleanses the Temple of Jerusalem,” says Pope Francis. “Angelus Address: Jesus Cleanses the Temple of Jerusalem.” Zenit, 4th of March, 2018. Virginia M. Forrester provided the translation from the Italian
  18. Herbert Lockyer is credited with inventing the term “lockyer.” All of the Bible’s parables, as well as Zondervan, 1988.ISBN9780310281115
  19. Dansby, Jonathan. “Exegetical Essay on Jesus’ Cleansing of the Temple (Undergraduate)”
  20. CASEY, P. M. “Exegetical Essay on Jesus’ Cleansing of the Temple (Undergraduate)”
  21. (1997). “The Cleansing of the Temple: A Study in Culture and Historicity.” ISSN0008-7912
  22. “Violence, Nonviolence, and the Temple Incident in John 2:13–15,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 306–332, ISSN0008-7912. (2012a)
  23. Andy Alexis-“Violence, Baker’s Nonviolence, and the Temple Incident in John 2:13–15” is available online. The Journal of Biblical Interpretation, volume 20, number 1, pages 73–96, ISSN 0927-2569
  24. Price, Robert (2003) Infancy Gospels, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck GmbHCo. KG, 2011, pp. 588–616
  25. Alexander, P. ‘Jesus and his Mother in the Jewish Anti-Gospel (the Toledot Yeshu)’, in eds. C. Clivaz et al., The Incredible Shrinking Son of Man, p. 40
  26. Goldstein, Morris. The Incredible Shrinking Son of Man, p. 40
  27. Alexander The Jewish Tradition’s View of Jesus 152
  28. Bauckham, The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple, p. 45
  29. Eisenman, Robert, Maccabees, Zadokites, Christians, and Qumran: A New Hypothesis of Qumran Origins, p. 152
  30. Grave Distractions Publications, Nashville, TN, 2013, p. 10
  31. Zindler, Frank R. The Jesus the Jews Never Knew. Nashville, TN: Grave Distractions Publications, 2013, p. 10
  32. Matthew 27:38
  33. Narrative of Joseph of Arimatha, The Catholic Encyclopedia

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