How long was Jesus on the cross?
QuestionAnswer Jesus was nailed on the cross for almost six hours. “He was ridiculed by the top priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders.” The critics pointed out that he had saved others, but that he was unable to save himself! He’s the king of Israel, after all! Allow him to come down from the cross at this time, and we will believe in him. He places his faith in God. ‘Let God rescue him now, if he so desires, for he has declared himself to be the Son of God,'” Matthew 27:41–43. The crucifixion was a way of carrying out the death punishment in the ancient Roman Empire for people judged guilty of a deadly charge.
In order to destroy Jesus and keep their authority, the Jewish theocrats planned a strategy to persuade Roman authorities that Jesus had to be slain, which they executed (Mark 14:1; cf.
The Jewish authorities accused Christ of inciting revolt and establishing Himself as King, charges that he denied and denied again.
Crucifixion was intended not just to kill, but also to deter others from engaging in illegal activity.
- The cross had a stigma attached to it, and Jewish law stated that it was a curse (Galatians 3:13; 5:11).
- Following their nailing to a cross, some persons may be able to survive for several days afterward, depending on the circumstances.
- The Jewish calendar is used by Matthew, Mark, and Luke to keep track of time.
- In accordance with Jewish tradition, Mark writes, “They crucified him and divided his clothing among themselves, casting lots for them to choose what each should receive.” When they crucified Jesus, it was the third hour, according to Mark 15:24–25 (New International Version).
- Matthew, who also used the Jewish method of timekeeping, states that “from the sixth hour to the ninth hour, there was darkness over all the country” (Matthew 6:6-9).
- That is, from 12:00 noon to 3:00 P.M., there was complete darkness.
- Then, at the conclusion of that period, “after Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he surrendered his spirit” (Matthew 27:50).
For a total of six hours, Jesus had been hanging on the cross, beginning at roughly 9:00 a.m.
The Gospel of John includes the information that Jesus’ trial before Pontius Pilate was taking place at “around the sixth hour,” according to Roman time (John 19:14, ESV).
As a result, using the Roman system, “around the sixth hour” equals approximately 6:00 a.m.
Then, according to the Jewish calendar, “the third hour” is 9:00 a.m.
“the sixth hour” is equivalent to 12:00 p.m.
The night has come.
Jesus is put to death.
Putting everything together, Jesus’ trial came to a close about 6:00 a.m. Approximately three hours later, his crucifixion began, and He died approximately six hours after that. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) What was the length of Jesus’ time on the cross?
Subscribe to the
Get our Question of the Week emailed to your inbox every weekday morning! Got Questions Ministries is a trademark of Got Questions Ministries, Inc., registered in the state of California in the year 2002. All intellectual property rights are retained. Policy Regarding Personal Information The information on this page was last updated on January 4, 2022.
How long was Jesus on the cross?
ClarifyShareReport Asked Anonymous on July 1, 2013 (via GotQuestions) The responses from the community are arranged according to how many people voted for them. The greater the number of votes, the higher the position of an answer on the list. Jesus was nailed on the cross for almost six hours. “He was ridiculed by the top priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders.” The critics pointed out that he had saved others, but that he was unable to save himself! He’s the king of Israel, after all!
- Responses received on July 1st, 20132 Vote for it, share it, and report it.
- Jesus was nailed on the cross for around 6 hours.
- Because of his foresight, Jesus, on the other hand, was under increasing and tremendous stress in the days leading up to His death.
- In the course of a single night, he was detained, tied, and hauled through various court appearances while being beaten, tortured, and tormented by his captors.
- Jesus was a tough specimen, in contrast to the slender and effeminate image that is sometimes presented.
- Having rock-hard hands and feet, he would have seemed to be robust and untamed.
- The equivalent of walking around the world over steep semi-mountainous terrain, traveling gravel, dirt, and rock roads, by the time of his death had been completed by the time of his death.
His core would have been tight and powerful, and his walk would have been upright, with his shoulders square to the ground.
When walking on concrete like that at the Temple, his grasp would be firm and his footfall would be light and springlike.
As a result of this, the troops were forced to use dice to split his clothing because there was no easy method to divide it and it would lose its worth if it was torn apart.
Kenneth Heck is an American businessman and philanthropist.
to 3 p.m.
However, because Christ was already dead, one of the soldiers punctured his side, puncturing his heart.
Following this, Joseph of Arimathea went to Pilate to request permission to remove Jesus’ corpse from the crucifixion, since it was then clear that he had died; Pilate granted permission, and the body was taken down from the cross in preparation for burial.
On November 1st, 2016, there were 0 answers.
In the following hours, Jesus was beheaded between two convicted thieves, according to the Gospel of Mark, and died around six hours later.
Jesus cries out to God, then makes a piercing scream before passing away.
(3 p.m.) While keeping that in mind, I’ve observed that there is considerable dispute on this point: Many scholars believe that the precision with which we mark the time today should not be read back into the gospel accounts, which were written at a time when there was no standardization of timepieces, or exact recording of hours and minutes was not available, and time was often approximated to the closest three-hour period.” However, I doggedly adhere to my 6 hour schedule, from 9 a.m.
to 3 p.m. 0 replies on June 09, 2019 Vote for it, share it, and report it.
Add your Answer
All responses are REVIEWED and MODERATED before being posted. Please make certain that your response adheres to all of our criteria. What makes a good response, exactly? A well-written response offers new insight and perspective on the subject matter. Here are some rules to follow in order to ensure that everyone has a meaningful learning experience.
- Keep your commitments to the eBibleStatement of Faith
- Your response should be comprehensive and self-contained
- Support your points with evidence and scriptural references if at all feasible. Look for an answer to the question “why”
- Make use of the appropriate tone and attitude of compassion and understanding
- More information may be found in The Complete Guide to eBible.
How Many Hours Did Jesus Suffer on the Cross?
Generally speaking, it is believed that Jesus endured on the Cross for three hours before to His death. Although this assertion is incorrect, it is also predicated on the assumption that the testimony of the synoptic Gospels (St. Matthew, St. Mark, and St. Luke) contradicts the testimony of St. John’s Gospel. Ultimately, the goal of this article is to determine what is causing the confusion about the length of time that Jesus suffered on the Cross, to determine the actual length of time that our Lord suffered on the Cross, and to resolve the issue by demonstrating that there is no contradiction between the testimonies of St.
- It appears that there is a conflict between the Gospel of St.
- John over the date on which Jesus was crucified, which is the basis of the uncertainty.
- Mark 15:25 expressly specifies that Jesus was crucified at the “third hour,” which corresponds to 9:00 a.m.
- Saint John’s Gospel claims that Jesus was on trial and turned over to be executed at the “sixth hour,” which would be noon if St.
- As a result, because St.
- Mark 15:33-37, and St.
- John 19:14 from the Gospel of St.
- However, according to the Gospels of St.
- Mark 15:33, and St.
- For example, how is it possible that the Gospel of St.
- It appears that the synoptic Gospels are in accord on the specifics of the Crucifixion in this passage:
- When Jesus was crucified, the world went dark during the “third hour” (9:00 AM) — St.Mark 15:25
- When Jesus was hanging on the Cross, the world went dark during the “sixth hour” (12:00 PM) — St.Matthew 27:45
- When Jesus died on the Cross, the world went dark during the “ninth hour” — St.Matthew 27:46-50, St.Mark 15:33-37, and St.Luk
While the Gospel of St. John appears to be at odds with the synoptic Gospels in the following ways: It was the sixth hour of the day of preparation for the Passover, and it was the day of preparation for the Passover. “Behold your King!” he said to the assembled Jews. They chanted, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” they screamed out. “Do you want me to crucify your King?” Pilate inquired of them. As a response, the leading priests said, “We have no sovereign save Caesar.” Then he gave him over to them, who crucified him on the cross.
He carried his own cross to this location.
That is where he and two others were crucified alongside him with Jesus sandwiched in the middle between the two. 14-18 (St. John 19:14-18) (RSV) As a result, the assertion that Jesus suffered on the Cross for three hours must be taken to imply three things:
- Concerning the time of the events surrounding the Crucifixion, the evidence of the synoptic Gospels is at odds with the witness of John’s gospel. The Gospel of John provides accurate information about the time of Jesus’ crucifixion, but the synoptic Gospels provide inaccurate information. The synoptic Gospels are right regarding the date of Jesus’ death, despite the fact that they were incorrect about the day of His crucifixion and the date on which the world went black.
These three fundamental assumptions, on the other hand, are extremely troublesome since the Catholic Church holds that Sacred Scripture is without error. “Since, therefore, all that the inspired authors or sacred writers affirm should be regarded as being affirmed by the Holy Spirit, we must acknowledge that the books of Scripture firmly, faithfully, and without error teach that truth which God, for the sake of our salvation, desired to be confided to the Sacred Scriptures,” states paragraph 107 of the Catechism of the Catholic Church (CCC).
- John cannot be reconciled with the testimony of the synoptic Gospels, including the specifics of the Crucifixion and the Resurrection.
- John’s witness and the testimony of the synoptic Gospels, assuming they cannot be in contradiction?
- What if St.
- What if St.
- As a result, if the synoptic Gospels are referring to Jewish time and the Gospel of John is referring to Roman time, the Gospel stories are completely consistent.
- St.John 19:14states that Jesus is still on trial and is turned over for crucifixion during the “sixth hour” Roman time (6:00 AM), i.e., He begins bearing His Cross
- St.Mark 15:25states that Jesus was crucified during the “third hour” Jewish time (6:00 AM) (9:00 AM). There are three hours between the conclusion of Jesus’ trial and the time He is actually nailed to the Cross
- St. Matthew 27:45, St. Mark 15:33, and St. Luke 23:44state that the world turned dark during the “sixth hour” Jewish time (12:00 PM)
- St. Matthew 27:46-50, St. Mark 15:33-37, and St. Luke 23:44-46state that Jesus gave His life during the “ninth hour” Jewish time (3:00 PM)
With this perspective, we can clearly see that there is no conflict between the Gospel of St. John and the synoptic Gospels, and as a result, this interpretation sustains the inerrancy of Sacred Scripture, which the Church recognizes in CCC 107. Please study the following chart, which depicts the approximate link between Jewish time and Roman time, and always remember that the Gospel of St. John refers to Roman time, whilst the synoptic Gospels relate to Jewish time: Hours and Watches, for a better understanding of this.
” Recognition of these truths exposes something quite intriguing!
However, the manner in which we count hours and days differs from the manner in which the people of Jesus’ day numbered hours and days.
A counting series, on the other hand, always began with the number one. So, what precisely does that imply and imply? The distinction is as follows:
- Modern counting is as follows: 9:00 AM equals 0 hours
- 10:00 AM equals 1 hour
- 11:00 AM equals 2 hours
- 12:00 PM equals 3 hours
- 1:00 PM equals 4 hours
- 2:00 PM equals 5 hours
- 3:00 PM equals 6 hours.
- For example, if you are counting during the time of Jesus, 9:00 AM is one hour, 10:00 AM is two hours, 11:00 AM is three hours, 12:00 PM is four hours, 1:00 PM is five hours, 2:00 PM is six hours, and 3:00 PM is seven hours.
“The History of Zero:How was zero discovered?” by Nils-Bertil Wallin provides further information on the origin of the zero placeholder. Jesus’ suffering on the Cross lasted seven hours, according to the Gospel writers and their intended audience, which is a considerable amount of time in history. Why? The reason for this is because Jesus simultaneously fulfilled the Old Covenant while also transforming it into a new covenant, and the Old Covenant was comprised of seven agreements between God and man.
- Isn’t it fascinating how God works in mysterious ways?!
- When the Gospel stories are read in their correct context, this knowledge is gained.
- Jason Hull is a musician from the United Kingdom.
- PermissionsAll intellectual property rights are reserved.
How long was Jesus on the cross?
Q. Every Lent, I’m reminded of a question concerning Jesus’ death that I’ve forgotten. What was the length of Jesus’ time on the cross? According to St. Mark’s account of the Passion, Jesus was crucified at 9 a.m. (the third hour) and died at 9 p.m. (the ninth hour) on the cross. This suggests that Jesus was crucified for six hours, rather than the three hours we typically presume and as stated in the other Gospel accounts. What is the best way to describe this? (New York, USA) One explanation for certain variations in the chronology of Good Friday in the Gospels is that the evangelists who penned them were writing about different topics and theologies.
The “darkness” that fell over the earth from midday until the ninth hour, 3 p.m., the time at which Jesus died, is mentioned in all three synoptic Gospels.
As he has done so many times before, John makes the overall image less tidy.
John informs us in 19:14 and 15 that, at the sixth hour, when Pilate presents Jesus to the Jewish leaders as king, the “top priests” reject the old commitment to God as their only monarch by stating, “We have no king but Caesar.” There appears to be little doubt that John used this chronology to relate the rejection of God and Jesus to the sixth hour, which corresponded to the hour when Jewish Passover laws entered into force.
- The time of Jesus’ crucifixion and death in John’s gospel would be substantially different from that recorded in the synoptics, but he makes no attempt to offer any more chronology in his gospel.
- Without a doubt, Jesus would have stayed on the cross for a significant period of time after his death while Joseph of Arimathea made arrangements with the authorities to take care for his body.
- When does Lent formally come to an end?
- Is that correct?
- On Holy Thursday, the season of Lent comes to a close.
- These events occurred because the big liturgies of Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Holy Saturday were all contorted and “celebrated” in very brief and casual rites on the mornings of those days.
- The Mass commemorating the establishment of the Eucharist will henceforth be celebrated on Holy Thursday night once more, and the Easter Vigil liturgy will be celebrated once more on the night between Holy Saturday and Easter Sunday, as it has done for the last few centuries.
- In other words, Lent comes to a conclusion before the evening Mass on Holy Thursday.
- Father Dietzen, a long-time columnist for the Catholic News Service, passed away on March 27, 2011.
retains ownership of the copyright. All intellectual property rights are retained. Creating links is welcomed, but it is not permitted to republish or re distribute without the publisher’s prior written consent. This includes framing or other similar methods of distribution.
How many hours was Jesus on the cross?
The Romans devised the crucifixion as a method of execution in order to murder, torment, and humiliate their victims. Some victims died after being nailed to a cross for several days. Jesus was crucified for around six hours before he was killed. The Romans began each day’s hours at the stroke of midnight. According to the Roman calendar, Jesus’ trial began about the sixth hour, or 6 a.m., according to the gospel of John (John 19:14). Every day begins at 6 a.m., according to the Jewish calendar, which the Gospel writers Matthew, Mark, and Luke follow.
- From the sixth hour to the ninth hour, or from midday to 3 p.m., according to Matthew, the day changed to nightfall (Matthew 27:45).
- A Roman soldier poked a spear into Jesus’ side to determine whether or not He was indeed dead, and He was thereafter brought down from the cross (John 19:34–38).
- to approximately 3 p.m., Jesus was hanging on the cross.
- What day of the week did Jesus die on the cross?
- What are some of the reasons why I should believe in the resurrection of Jesus Christ?
- Return to the page: The Truth About Jesus Christ.
How long was Jesus on the cross?
This post is also accessible in the following languages: (Hindi)
The Bible record
With regard to how long Jesus was crucified for — that is, how many hours – we may go to the gospels for a response to this precise question. For almost six hours, Jesus Christ hung on the cross. In the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, time is measured according to the Jewish calendar, but the gospel of John is measured according to the Roman calendar, maybe because it was written at the end of the century and primarily for Gentile Christians. The apostle John said that Jesus’ trial before Pontius Pilate took place at “around the sixth hour,” according to the Roman system of calculating time used at the time (John 19:14).
- local time.
- When they crucified him, it was the third hour, as recorded in Mark 15:24–25.” Counting backwards from dawn, Jesus’ crucifixion began at around 9:00 a.m.
- Additionally, Matthew adds that “from the sixth hour to the ninth hour, there was darkness over all the land.” Matthew used the Jewish system of calculating time to make this statement (Matthew 27:45).
- As noted on p.
- 128) affirms that “it was midday, and darkness had descended upon all of Judaea.” Jesus had been hanging on the cross for nearly three hours at this point.
The darkness lasted from 12:00 noon to 3:00 P.M., or until Jesus succumbed to his mortal wounds (Matthew 27:50). To ensure that Jesus died, a Roman soldier “pierced His side with a spear, and instantly blood and water gushed forth” (John 19:34).
How long was Jesus on the cross?
- At “about the sixth hour,” or approximately 6:00 a.m. (Roman time), Pilate condemns Jesus
- Three hours later, at “the third hour,” or approximately 9:00 a.m. (Jewish time), Jesus is crucified
- And darkness falls at “about the sixth hour,” or approximately 12:00 p.m. (Roman time), while Jesus is still nailed to a cross. In Jewish time, Jesus died at “the ninth hour,” or 3:00 P.M. (Jewish time), and was buried in the tomb of Lazarus.
As a result, Jesus was nailed to the cross from 9:00 a.m. until 3:00 p.m., a total of six hours on the cross.
God’s infinite love
Love is only genuine when it is put into action. God’s compassion for sinners compelled Him to offer everything He has for their redemption (Romans 5:8). The Bible says, “For God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life” (John 3:16). When it comes to expressing divine love, the Father’s gift of His own Son is the highest representation, for it is through Him that we are able to be “named the sons of God” (1 John 3:1).
Sacrificing one’s self for the sake of others is the essence of love.
The Bible says that “as many as received him, to them he granted the authority to become sons of God, even to those who believe in his name” (John 1:12).
You may learn more about being born again at What does the word “born again” mean/ In His service, BibleAskTeam This post is also accessible in the following languages: (Hindi)
Jesus on the Cross – The Timeline of His Final Day
What transpired during Jesus’ last hours on the crucifixion and how long did he spend there is unknown. As we follow the timeline of Jesus’ crucifixion from the early morning hours to His final hours on the cross, we will learn more about His last day on earth. Scripture scriptures that correspond to the passage are offered for further reference.
Jesus on the Way to Golgotha (Before 9:00 AM)
Scriptural references include Matthew 27:31-34, Mark 15:20-23, Luke 23:26-33, and John 19:17. It is important to note that the Romans intended crucifixion to be 1) unspeakably cruel; 2) mercilessly lingering (men would frequently spend a day or more on the cross); 3) inescapably public (again, to thwart any seditious impulses in the citizenry); and 4) publicly certifiable (the death had to occur visibly and undeniably on the cross so that the rumor would not get started that the seditionist had somehow survived and the rebellion should go on).
This resulted in crucifying people on a low hill outside the main city gate (since the main city gate serves as a bottleneck, as everyone entering and leaving the city must pass through it).
The First Three Hours of Jesus the Cross (9:00 AM-Noon)
Matthew 27:35-44; Mark 15:24-32; Luke 23:33-43; and John 19:18-27 are the Scriptures that apply. Notes: Jesus is nailed to a cross between two criminals. The sun is still shining. The soldiers make a bet on whether or not Jesus’ clothing will be found (in fulfillment ofPsalms 22:18). The inscription is applied amid a great deal of jeering.
Jesus addresses the crowd three times: First, He addressed His heavenly Father on behalf of His tormentors, saying, “Father, forgive them.” He also said to the repentant thief, “Today you will be with me in paradise,” and he spoke to His mother and to John, “Woman, look at thy son.”
The First Three Sayings of Jesus on the Cross
“Father, forgive them, for they are unaware of what they are doing,” states the ESV version of Luke 23:34. According to the Gospel of Luke, these were the first of our Lord’s last words said while hanging on the cross. After learning more about the procedure of ancient Roman crucifixion, it is astonishing to imagine that the world’s Greatest Defender was never discovered to be defending his own innocence or even retaliating against His worthy accusers with a vengeance. It was instead found that the One who had come to save, having been abandoned by God at this very time (Mark 15:34), was interceding for the souls who had placed Him there, imploring with them not to be abandoned as well.
This prayer, in which Jesus interceded for His transgressors, was a fulfillment of an Old Testament prophesy that had been promised by the prophet Isaiah hundreds of years before.
Author Amy Swanson explains why Jesus said “Father Forgive Them” in her book Why Did Jesus Say “Father Forgive Them.”
“Today you will be with me in paradise”
The only people who were guilty of their crimes were the two men who were hanged next to Jesus on that dreadful day. Jesus was blameless, without sin, and was not the perpetrator of such a heinous killing. Despite the fact that both men talked to Jesus, only one would die and be welcomed into the promise of Heaven. Because Jesus told this offender that he too would enter the gates of Heaven and dwell in Paradise on that same day, Jesus’ response to this criminal was significant. We are not informed what this thief took in order to be found guilty, but whatever it was, it was deserving of the worst punishment possible.
Christians today can learn from Christ’s response to the criminal who was sitting next to Him in the crowd.
Jesus died on the cross for our transgressions, and in that forgiveness, he continues to live in our place.
Jesus recognized what was in his heart and made the guarantee that, notwithstanding the judgment imposed by the earth on this man, he would enter the gates of Heaven on the very same day.
“Woman, behold your son”
Jesus saw his mother, Mary, standing nearby and recognized her concerns and griefs, and He also saw his brother, John, standing nearby. And in order to do so, He restored the previously broken bond that existed between his adoring mother and His adoring disciple In his words to her, “Woman, see your son, for whom, from this day forward, you must have a motherly attachment,” and in his words to John, “Behold your mother, to whom you must perform a sonly duty,” As a result, from that hour on, an hour that will never be forgotten, that disciple brought her to his own residence.
He refers to her as woman rather than mother, not out of any disdain for her, but because the term mother would have been a cutting phrase to her, who was already grieving severely.
“Behold him as thy son, who stands there by you, and be like a mother to him,” Jesus instructs her to think of John as her son. (Excerpt from Why Did Jesus Say “Woman, Behold Your Son?” Why Did Jesus Say “Woman, Behold Your Son?”
The Final Three Hours of Jesus the Cross (Noon-3:00 PM)
Scripture references include Matthew 27:45-50; Mark 15:33-37; Luke 23:44-46; and John 19:28-30. The scene is enveloped in mystical darkness, as though drawn by God. When Jesus, as the Lamb of God, is “forsaken” by the Father (i.e., judicially disfellowshipped, rejected) on behalf of fallen humanity, he suffers the pain and torture of spiritual death (that is, separation from the Father). While contemplating the crucifixion, Jesus was terrified at the idea of being separated from the Father on a spiritual level.
2) to those who are watching: “I’m thirsty!” 3) A cry of sublime victory, “It is finished,” to a breathlessly waiting world, and 4) after completing the harrowing task, “Father,” into thy hands (Jesus had something more to say, but His mouth and throat were so parched by the ordeal of crucifixion that He did not have the physical strength to say it; thus this request for moisture for His lips).
The Final Sayings of Jesus from the Cross
The time when he felt abandoned by the Father, I think that he glanced around and saw this procession of people coming by who were taunting him, including the top priest and rulers, I believe that he felt abandoned by the Father. The reason these criminals would make fun of me is understandable. What I don’t understand is why the people who chanted Hosanna five days ago are still saying it. So I can understand why they would abandon me. What I don’t comprehend is why these Jewish leaders would abandon me.
That’s what crushed his heart the most.
But it was that separation that crushed his heart, since he had never had a single minute of any kind of separation in his relationship with the Father before then.
Extracted from “My God, Why Have You Forsaken Me?” – Meaning and Importance of the Bible.
This may appear to be an unnecessarily straightforward approach. If you take these words and interpret them in an overly spiritualized way, you may find yourself in trouble. We may think of “thirsting” as a metaphor for Christ’s command to “hunger and thirst for righteousness” (Matthew 5:6). Yet another possible connection would be to draw a relationship between this remark and Christ’s invitation to those who are thirsty to come and drink from the fountain of life (Revelation 22:17). It is not always incorrect to draw these interpretative connections, and word-studies may be a pleasurable diversion from both Biblical meditation and Biblical study.
Mild, if not severe, dehydration would have resulted from the hours he had spent in the heat combined with the physical discomfort he was experiencing.
Jesus is physically thirsty when he is hanging on the cross. (Excerpt from What is the Meaning and Significance of Jesus Saying “I Thirst?” by Rev. Kyle Norman, What is the Meaning and Significance of Jesus Saying “I Thirst?”
“It is finished”
In the words “It is completed,” Jesus is stating that the debt due by man to his Creator as a result of Adam’s transgression has been fully and permanently discharged. With the words “it is finished,” Jesus is stating that not only does He take away man’s sin, but that He has now removed it as far as the east is from the west, because it has been completed, completed, signed, and sealed because of the blood of Jesus. With the words “It is finished” (John 19:30), Jesus brought all of the Old Testament prophesies, symbolic images, and foreshadowings about Himself to a close.
Throughout Scripture, from the “seed” who would crush the serpent’s head in Genesis 3:15, through the Suffering Servant, there is a theme of suffering (Isaiah 53).
“Father, into your hands I commit my spirit”
When Jesus appears to be making a decision, whether or not the translation is more active, such as “gave up the ghost” or “breathed his last,” is extremely crucial to certain Christians. Given that Jesus was both entirely God and totally man, he had the ability to remove himself from the cross and continue to live while exercising His divine power. He made the decision not to do so. Because of His divine essence, He was forced to make the conscious decision to let go of his life. For those who feel that this aspect of the crucifixion is significant, the passive notion that Jesus just died on the cross as a result of his wounds, as implied by certain translations, is an inadequate reading of the passage.
- Other readers and thinkers, however, do not consider this as a detracting from Jesus’ divine essence, and instead choose the option that is most convenient for them to read or exegete.
- It is a straight quotation from the portion of Scripture in which it is found.
- “I submit my spirit into your hands; you have redeemed me, O LORD, loyal God,” I declare (Psalm 31:3-5).
- Jesus led a sinless life during his time on earth.
- Despite the fact that Jesus’ opponents believed they had beaten Him at Calvary, God provided Jesus the ultimate triumph through the gift of fresh bodily life.
After His return, Jesus will also be victorious in the final battle. (Excerpt from “Father, into your hands I surrender my spirit,” by Bethany Verrett, “Beautiful Meaning Behind “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit”). )
Physical Phenomena at the Death of Jesus
Matthew 27:51-56; Mark 15:38-41; and Luke 23:50-54 are the Scriptures used. Notes: These occurrences include the following: the rending of the curtain in the temple; earth earthquakes that split rocks; the resuscitation (return to mortal life) of people who had (recently?) died and been buried in the surrounding areas of Jerusalem; and the raising of the dead. Many bystanders were moved to faith as a result of these physical manifestations, including a centurion (a Roman soldier who was granted command of over 100 men) who had been assigned to the detail that carried out the crucifixion.
Doug Bookman, professor of New Testament Exposition at Shepherds Theological Seminary, provided the study notes for the Life of Christ that were used in this adaptation (used by permission).
To help you meditate on the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus, you might use this 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide.
Following that, Jesus’ body is placed in the Tomb of the Crucifixion.
When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels. We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives. But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened? In addition, what hour did Jesus die? There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away. To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
Click HERE to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide -Praying Through Holy Week.
What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.
In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.
Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).
As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
- Instead, it took place on Thursday. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). On the other hand, we know that the Pharisees hurried to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from the beginning of the nightfall to the beginning of the nightfall). Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning. After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon. Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall. The Matthew 27:46 KJV, which is the “ninth hour,” can be translated into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which is the “three o’clock in the afternoon,” according to Bible experts.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- The Gospel of Mark 15: 33:34, 37 “At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
- Matthew 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.” (See also John 19:14-16.) “It was approximately midday on the day of Passover preparations, and it was the day of Passover preparations. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, “Take him away!” Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.
I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
Jesus is brought back to life from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the gospel of Matthew (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
What time of day did the crucifixion happen?
Earlier in the day, about 6 a.m. or shortly afterwards, the Jewish leaders arrived to Pilate’s office (see John 19:14). It was approximately seven o’clock in the morning on Friday when Herod was summoned to court. Jesus’ second trial before Pilate began about 8 a.m., and according to Mark 15:25, it concluded with the crucifixion taking place at “the third hour,” which corresponds to nine o’clock in the morning using the Jewish way of counting. It was approximately 3 p.m. when Jesus cried out, “It is done,” and died on the crucifixion, which occurred around noon when He was hanging on the cross (see Matthew 27:45).
The trials of Jesus
In the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus was apprehended by the Jewish religious authorities at roughly midnight, according to the majority of commentaries. In the house of Caiaphas, He was put on trial for the first time at approximately one o’clock in the morning, and the second attempt to incriminate Him occurred an hour or so later, at approximately two or three o’clock in the afternoon. Then, somewhere between three and four o’clock in the morning, the trial before the Sanhedrin took place before the court.
- and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
- and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
- As a result, it was necessary to confirm it in broad daylight.
- In the year of the crucifixion, Nisan 14, the day appointed for the slaying of the paschal lambs, fell on a Thursday; the preparation for (or eve of) the Passover coincided with the preparation for (or eve of) the weekly Sabbath, resulting in a conflict between the two.
- Mark 15:42 to 16:2; Luke 23:5 to 24:1).
Was Jesus really nailed to the cross?
The crucifixion of Jesus is undoubtedly one of the most well-known images to have emerged from the Christian tradition. The ceremony takes place on Good Friday, which is considered to be one of the holiest days in the Christian calendar. But what exactly was the crucifixion? And what was the reason for Jesus’ death in this manner? The crucifixion was a technique of punishment used by the Romans. Suspended from a massive cross, a victim would finally succumb to asphyxiation or weariness — it was a long, drawn-out, and excruciating process that took several hours.
Because, as King of the Jews, Jesus threatened Roman imperial dominance (Matt 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38; John 19:19–22), the Gospels describe this as the reason for Jesus’ death.
In Christian tradition, it is thought that the limbs of the cross will be nailed to the wood of the cross, with dispute centered on whether nails would puncture the hands or the more structurally solid wrists.
In reality, the only archaeological evidence for the practice of nailing crucifixion victims comes from the grave of Jehohanan, a man who was crucified in the first century CE, and it is an ankle bone from his tomb. Was Jesus nailed on the cross, then?
It is possible that certain early Gospels, such as the Gospel of Thomas, did not include the tale of Jesus’s execution, preferring to concentrate on his teaching instead. However, one of the few things that all four of the canonical Gospels agree on is Jesus’ death via crucifixion. The events surrounding the crucifixion are depicted in significantly different ways in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. There is no mention of Jesus being nailed or tied to the crucifixion in any of the four Gospels of the New Testament.
- Perhaps it is because of this text that the widespread belief that Jesus’ hands and feet were nailed to the crucifixion rather than chained to it has developed.
- Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Account of Peter, a non-canonical gospel written in the first or second centuries CE, tells in detail how the nails were taken from Jesus’ hands after he had died in verse 21.
- “And they were hearing a voice from the sky saying, ‘Have you made proclamation to the fallen-asleep?'” says the cross in verses 41-42.
- Several people have claimed to have discovered the real nails with which Jesus was crucified throughout the course of the last few years.
- This obsession with the nails, which has persisted despite the fact that the earliest gospels make no mention of Jesus being nailed to the crucifixion, is a puzzle to me.
Depictions of the crucifixion
Given that crucifixion was a humiliating way to die, it isn’t unexpected that Christians needed some time to accept the picture of Christ on the cross. What is unexpected is that the first depiction of the crucifixion turns out to be a representation of a cross. However, rather than the religious icons with which we are acquainted — representations that commemorate Jesus’ crucifixion – this oldest image looks to be some late second century satirical graffiti that is directed against Christian believers.
Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Alexamenos Graffito, as the artwork is known, depicts a person with the head of a donkey standing on a cross, with the words “Alexamenos worships his God” written underneath.
The fact that the graffito was definitely not created by a Christian demonstrates that non-Christians were aware with certain fundamental parts of Christian thought as early as the second century.
This piece of carved jasper from the second or third century portrays a man on a cross, surrounded by magical symbols.
The British Museum is a place where you may learn about the history of the United Kingdom.
The crucified Christ is shown on the Constanza diamond, who is flanked by the apostles.
CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International License It is believed by scholars that the Constanza gemstone, as it is sometimes called, goes back to the fourth century CE.
Tradition demands this prevalent image of Jesus’ death on the crucifixion since the evidence from antiquity does not give a definitive answer as to whether Jesus was nailed or tied to his cross.
The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
It is only in Monty Python’s Life of Brian, which depicts several crucifixion victims, albeit not Jesus, who are chained to their crosses, that it is not assumed that nails were used in the crucifixion.
The cross, rather than the question of whether nails or ropes were used to hang Jesus from a cross, is the image that endures in art and tradition as the most powerful reminder of Christ’s death and resurrection.