Who were Jesus’ first disciples?
In what year did Jesus summon the first disciples who would follow him and serve as his special witnesses? When and where did he make his selection? Which ones were brothers, and which ones were not? The apostle John keeps a record of the names of the first five persons who were summoned to follow Jesus. John and Andrew were the first two persons who were invited by Christ to follow him as disciples (John 1:35 – 39). Then came Peter (also known as Simon Peter or Simon Peter, verses 40 – 42), followed by Philip (verses 43 – 44), and last Nathanael (verses 45 – 48).
It is recorded in the book of Matthewthen that James (a son of Zebedee and brother of John) was called (Matthew 4:21 – 22), followed by Matthew’s own summoning (Matthew 4:23 – 24).
According to the Bible, it is unknown in what sequence the last five of the original twelve disciples were called to special service.
At least seven different time periods appear to have occurred during which Jesus appears to have called his closest or first twelve apostles (disciples).
- After his brother Andrew informed Peter of the Messiah’s arrival, Peter was summoned.
- Jesus instructs his followers to cast a net.
- James (son of Zebedee and brother of John) was summoned from his boat on the Sea of Galilee, where he was mending nets at the time.
- The remaining disciples were summoned at a later point in time.
- These men were named Peter and Andrew, James and John (the sons of Zebedee), James the son of Alphaeus, Judas brother of James (also known as LeBbaeus or Thaddaeus), and Simon the Cantaanite, among others (Simon the Zealot).
- Several of the apostles were known to have lived in or around Capernaum at the time of their death.
- James, John, Matthew, Andrew, Peter, and Philip were the disciples that lived in close proximity to one another.
Three of these lists are contained in the Gospels (Matthew 10:1 – 4, Mark 3:13 – 18, Luke 6:12 – 16), while the fourth list (which does not include Judas Iscariot) is found in the book of Acts (Acts 1:1 – 4). (Acts 1:12 – 13). Articles that are recommended
Calling of the disciples – Wikipedia
The appointing of the disciples is a pivotal event in the life of Jesus as recorded in the New Testament. It occurs on the shores of the Sea of Galilee inMatthew 4:18–22, Mark 3:16–20, and Luke 5:1–11, among other places. The first contact with two of the disciples, which took place a few time earlier in the presence of John the Baptist, is recorded in John 1:35–51. The beginning of Jesus’ ministry and the call of the first disciples are inextricably linked in the Gospel of Mark, in particular, but not exclusively.
Gospel of John
Several of the earliest disciples mentioned in the Gospel of John are also disciples of John the Baptist, with one of them being identified as Andrew, the brother of Apostle Peter: The following day, John returned with two of his followers to the location. The moment he noticed Jesus going by, he exclaimed, “Look, the Lamb of God!” When the two disciples overheard Jesus say this, they immediately followed him. Among those who heard what John had to say and followed Jesus were Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother.
Gospel of Matthew
The call of the first disciples by the Sea of Galilee is recorded in both the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Mark: As Jesus was strolling along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, he came across two brothers, Peter and his younger brother Andrew. They were fishing, so they were tossing a net into the lake to catch some fish. “Come, follow me,” Jesus said, promising to turn his followers into fishermen. They immediately abandoned their nets and followed him. The cry from the Sea of Galilee is again recorded in the Gospel of Luke, but this time it is combined with the first miracle draught of fishes.
The assembling of the disciples in John 1:35–51is consistent with the multiple patterns of discipleship that continue throughout the New Testament, in that individuals who have accepted someone else’s witness to Jesus become witnesses to Jesus in their own right.
- The chronology of Jesus’ life
- The harmony of the gospels
- The calling of Matthew
- The commissioning of the twelve Apostles
- The life of Jesus as recorded in the New Testament
- Bulgakov, Sergei (2008),The Lamb of God, p. 263,ISBN0-8028-2779-9
- Morris, Leon (1992),The Gospel according to Matthew, p. 83,ISBN0-85111-338-9
- Craddock, Fred B. (1991),Luke, p. 69,ISBN0-8042-3123-0
- LaVerdiere, Eugene (1999),The beginning of the Gospel
Why is the order of Jesus’ calling His disciples different in some of the gospels?
QuestionAnswer The calling of Jesus’ first disciples is recorded in each of the four gospels; the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) include lists of the Twelve, whereas John simply refers to them as a group (Matthew 4:18–22; 10:2–4; Mark 1:16–20; 3:16–19; Luke 5:4–11; 6:13–16; John 1:35–51; Mark 1:16–20; 3:16–19; Luke 5: It varies from tale to account how the disciples were summoned and what order their names are included in the various lists of the disciples.
- The first disciples to be called are listed in Matthew 4:18–22 in the following order: Simon Peter and Andrew are two friends who have a lot in common.
- The first disciples are listed in the same sequence as in Mark 1:16–20: Simon and Andrew are two of the most creative people I’ve ever met.
- The first disciples are listed in Luke 5:4–11 as Simon John and Peter James are two of the most talented musicians in the world.
- The names of the characters are Simon PeterPhilipNathanael (also called Bartholomew) The original six disciples were named Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, and Bartholomew, and they were all from the city of Jerusalem.
- The initial, introduction encounter between Jesus and Andrew, John, Peter, Philip, and Nathanael is described in detail by John.
- It is important to note that when Jesus urged Peter in the fishing boat to “follow Me,” Peter did not instantly abandon his nets and obey.
- He’d met Jesus before and had spent some time with Him earlier.
Separately, Matthew (also known as Levi) was called at some point after the first six (Matthew 9:9–13; Mark 2:13–17; Luke 5:27–32; Matthew 9:9–13).
Early in His career, Jesus had a large number of people following Him.
Simon, often known as the Zealot, was a Jewish leader during the Middle Ages.
The narratives of the apostles’ calling do not place a strong emphasis on the chronological sequence in which they were called.
Each and every one of them was unworthy of Jesus’ calling.
At least four of the disciples were fishermen, according to tradition.
Matthew worked as a tax collector for the Roman government and would have been seen as a traitor to the Israelites if he had done his job for the Israelites.
Despite the fact that these men came from a variety of different backgrounds and had varying degrees of education, they shared a significant responsibility as the initial twelve followers of Jesus.
As a result of their involvement, they were eyewitnesses to Jesus’ actions on earth as well as His resurrection.
The church was established as a result of their Spirit-enabled testimony and proclamation (Acts 2).
The names of the twelve apostles will be carved on the twelve foundations of the future wall of New Jerusalem, which will be built on top of the existing wall (Revelation 21:14).
Go back to the page with all of the Bible questions. What is the significance of the sequence in which Jesus calls His disciples being varied in different gospels?
Subscribe to the
Get our Question of the Week emailed to your inbox every weekday morning! Got Questions Ministries is a trademark of Got Questions Ministries, Inc., registered in the state of California in the year 2002. All intellectual property rights are retained. Policy Regarding Personal Information The information on this page was last updated on January 4, 2022.
Bible Gateway passage: Matthew 4:18-22 – New International Version
18As Jesus was walking alongside the Sea of Galilee, B)”>(B)he came across two brothers, Simon named Peter C)”>(C)and his brother Andrew, who were travelling in the other direction. They were fishing, so they were tossing a net into the lake to catch some fish. “Come, follow me,” D) says the narrator “‘And I’ll send you out to fish for people,’ Jesus said to the disciples. 20At that point, they abandoned their nets and pursued him. E) The word “e” refers to the letter “e” in the word “equality.” “>(E)21After then, he came across two more brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John, who he recognized.
As soon as Jesus called them,22they jumped out of the boat and followed him, abandoning their father in the process.
New International Version (NIV)Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version®, New International Version Copyright 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011, and 2012 byBiblica, Inc.®Used with permission from the owner.
All rights are retained around the world.
Zondervan has copyright protection till the year 2019.
Bible Gateway Recommends
In the life of Jesus Christ, who was the very first disciple?
Jesus of Nazareth:
Throughout the New Testament of the Christian Bible, Jesus Christ serves as a central figure. According to the belief of his followers, he was born of a virgin and was sent by God to die for the sins of mankind, and those who accept him will live eternally with Jesus in heaven. At age 30, Jesus began a three-and half-year ministry to spread the Gospel and tell the world about the Kingdom of God. During that time, Jesus traveled with 12 disciples who helped him during this time.
Answer and Explanation:
Peter and Andrew were the first two disciples, according to the Gospels, which are the books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, who were also the first two apostles.
They were fishermen who had pulled over for a while. See the complete response below for more information.
Learn more about this topic:
Events in the life of Jesus of Nazareth Teachings from Chapter 9/Lesson 1 are summarized here. Discover more about the life and times of Jesus of Nazareth, the prophet of the Christian religion. Learn about Jesus’ impact on the history of religion and spirituality, as well as his death and resurrection.
Explore our homework questions and answers library
Who was the very first apostle of Jesus?
Jesus, according to the Christian Bible, is the son of God, or the Messiah. While He was on Earth, He had twelve initial followers or disciples who were known as the apostles because of their role in spreading the gospel.
Answer and Explanation:
According to the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and John, Andrew was the first apostle of Jesus and the first disciple. Andrew is sometimes referred to as Protokletos, which literally translates to “protocletos.” See the complete response below for more information.
Learn more about this topic:
fromChapter 5/ Lesson 10: The Bible as a Historical Document People frequently believe that the Bible is either a perfectly historical document or an ahistorical one, but it is actually somewhere in the between of the two extremes. In this course, you will discover more about the historical accuracy of the Bible, as well as the motives that led to its composition and compilation.
Explore our homework questions and answers library
The region of Galilee was the site of Jesus’ public ministry following His baptism by John (Mark 1:14–15), thus it should come as no surprise that the first disciples He called were from the region. That these Galileans were not Scripture scholars or well-known Jewish theologians, as we might have expected, is that our Lord chose them to serve Him because they were successful merchants rather than scholars or theologians of note. Fishermen are commonly portrayed in the Bible as being Andrew, Simon, and the sons of Zebedee, and this was certainly true for them (vv.
- However, they were not folks who were just scraping by on a meager income.
- Because fishing on the Sea of Galilee was a lucrative profession, James, John, Andrew, and Simon were able to leave everything behind in order to follow Jesus.
- However, not everyone may be an Apostle since one must have witnessed the resurrection in order to be called to that position (Acts 1:21–22; 1 Corinthians 15:7–9).
- This is something that John Calvin emphasizes in his comments on Mark 1:16–20.
- People who are called to be His followers may continue in their current occupations; but, those who are ordained to the Apostolic office are exempt from continuing in their former employment.
- Calvin, on the other hand, interprets Jesus’ statements more widely, observing that God still asks certain followers to remain in their current positions while others are called to take on the public role of elder in His church.
- Such a summons entails joining the Lord in His activity of fishing, which the prophets interpreted as God capturing men and women for judgment and retribution (Ezek.
29:4). By becoming fishers of men, you will be capturing people for judgment; that is, you will be preparing them to face the Lord without fear on the final day by training them to live lives of faith and repentance.
God has commissioned elders, teachers, and other Christian leaders to be fishers of men, asking them to summon men and women to repentance and training them in biblical truth in order to prepare them for the coming of the judgment. The job of bringing people to repentance and faith so that they might stand before God fearlessly has been assigned to all Christians to accomplish, inasmuch as they are able, wherever they may be (Matt. 28:18–20).
For Further Study
The Gospel of Matthew 4:13–22; Mark 1:16–20; Luke 4:31a (Matthew) MT —And leaving Nazareth Between Matthew 4:12 and Matthew 4:13, a period of time has elapsed. Following His violent rejection by the people of Nazareth, who attempted to assassinate Him (see Luke 4:16–30), Jesus’ sojourn in Nazareth came to an abrupt conclusion. (Luke) LK — (Luke) LK He traveled down the mountain MT —and lived at Capernaum, which is near the sea. He chose to live in this significant trading port at the northern end of the Sea of Galilee, which was on a major trade route.
- A comparison of the gospels demonstrates that Christ had previously spent a significant amount of time in Capernaum ministering.
- This designation was in use even during the time of Isaiah since Galilee was located on the main road by which all Gentiles entered and exited Israel.
- According to Matthew, the prophesy given is found in Isaiah 9:1–2.
- It was at that point that Jesus began to preach and to declare, “This marks the beginning of His public ministry.” Take note that his message was a carbon copy of the one delivered by John the Baptist.
- In all of His public preaching, the theme of repentance was a recurring theme.
- While strolling by the Sea of Galilee, which is also known as the Sea of Chinnereth (Numbers 34:11), the Lake of Gennesaret (Luke 5:1), and the Sea of Tiberias (Luke 5:1), Jesus encountered a group of people (John 6:1).
- It was also the site of a booming fishing industry.
They sent John away to follow Jesus for a short period of time before returning to their fishing livelihood in Capernaum.
It’s possible that they had returned to Capernaum during Jesus’ previous ministry in the city.
They were fisherman, therefore they were tossing a net into the water.
It could be tossed into the water by hand and then brought back in with the help of the length of weighted rope that was attached to it.
— Then Jesus said to them, “Follow Me.” and they did.
“.and I will turn you into guys who fish for their own food.” Christian evangelism was the major reason for which Jesus summoned the apostles, and it continues to be the central task of His followers today (Matthew 28:19-20; Acts 1:8).
While traveling farther away from the village, MT —He noticed two additional brothers, James the son of Zebedee and John his brother, who were in the boat with Zebedee their father, repairing their nets.
It’s possible that their mother and Jesus’ mother were sisters (Mark 15:40; Matthew 27:55-56 with John 19:25).
James the son of Zebedee is easily distinguished from the other Jameses that appear in the New Testament since he is never mentioned in the Scriptures, with the exception of his brother John, who is mentioned twice.
MK Then He beckoned them, and they left their father Zebedee in the boat with their hired servants and followed Him, leaving their father Zebedee behind. This shows that Zebedee’s fishing company was successful, and that he was a well-known and respected businessman (John 18:15).
Watch the Video forOne Perfect Life
How would you feel if you had to envision Peter, Andrew, James and John abandoning everything they owned, including their houses, careers, families, and whole lives in order to follow Jesus? What must have been the atmosphere like throughout those discussions? Please share your comments with us on our blog! We’d love to hear your thoughts about Jesus’ earliest disciples. Please contact us! Devotionals are posted every day.
Who Were the 12 Apostles? The Complete Guide
Matthew worked as a tax collector (or publican) at Capernaum, where he collected taxes for Rome from his fellow Jews. The fact that his trade was a symbol of Israel’s Roman occupation would have been enough to make him feel like a political traitor in and of itself. The situation was exacerbated by the fact that tax collectors got their money by falsely claiming that individuals owed Caesar more than they actually did, and then taking the additional money off the top—and there was nothing anybody could do about it.
As a result, when Jesus invited Matthew to accompany him and become one of his disciples, it was a significant thing.
Even though Matthew would have been considered a religious outsider at the time, Jesus welcomed him into the inner circle of what would later become the world’s greatest religion, Christianity.
Matthew in the Bible
Matthew is one of the apostles whose calling is mentioned in the gospels, and he is one of the most important. Each of the three synoptic gospels contains a different version of the same story: “As Jesus continued his journey, he came across a man called Matthew who was seated at the tax collector’s booth. ‘Follow me,’ he said, and Matthew rose to his feet and followed him.” —Matthew 9:9 (New International Version) While walking down the street, he noticed Levi son of Alphaeus seated in the tax collector’s station.
After hearing Jesus’ words to Levi, Levi sprang to his feet and left everything behind to follow him.
Most likely, the name “Levi” refers to the tribe Matthew belonged to, but it’s also plausible that he went by both a Greek and a Hebrew name (Matthew), similar to how Paul was known by both the names Saul and Paul.
Jesus had supper at Matthew’s house immediately after summoning Matthew to join him, and “many tax collectors and sinners arrived and ate with him and his followers,” according to Matthew’s account.
After seeing this, the Pharisees confronted his disciples, asking, “Why does your teacher dine with tax collectors and sinners?” (Why Does Your Teacher Eat With Tax Collectors and Sinners?) When Jesus heard this, he responded, ‘It is the ill who require the services of a doctor, not the healthy.
—Matthew 9:10–13, New International Version As a result, the Pharisees believe that Jesus is associated with the worst of the worst (in their opinion), and they believe that this reflects poorly on him personally.
In part, Jesus’ refusal to eat with tax collectors and sinners stemmed from the fact that he too was a sinner.
By accepting Matthew among his followers, Jesus demonstrated that no one, not even those deemed unredeemable by society, would be denied a place at God’s table of blessing.
Did Matthew write the Gospel of Matthew?
The author of the Gospel of Matthew is unknown, however Matthew the Apostle is widely regarded as the book’s primary author. According to the early church, he composed it, and the attribution “according to Matthew” was probably first inserted around the time of the first century AD. Despite the fact that there are compelling reasons against his authorship, no alternate author has been identified.
John 1:35-42 JESUS CALLS THE FIRST DISCIPLES
The Gospel of John 1:35-42 THE FIRST DISCIPLES ARE CALLED BY JESUS Andrew, John, and Simon Peter were Jesus’ firstdisciples, and the next day, Philip and Nathaniel were added to the group. Because of John’s testimony and preaching, Andrew decided to follow. Because of his brother’s testimony, Peter decided to follow. Because of a clear summons from Jesus, Philip decided to follow. Nathaniel decided to follow after having a personal meeting with Jesus. Simon Peter, Andrew, and John are all mentioned in Mark 1:16-20, but James is also included.
- For additional information on Jesus appointing Peter and Andrew as his first disciples as “fishers of men,” see Mark 1:16-20, Matthew 4:18-22, and Luke 5:1-11.
- In verse 36, Jesus is referred to as the “Lamb of God.” In verse 38, Jesus is referred to as the “Rabbi” (which means teacher).
- Jesus is referred to as “Son of God” and “King of Israel” in verse 49 of the Bible.
- When I pray, I suppose I’ll experiment with some of these other names to see how they work.
- John (the Baptist) had a number of disciples as well.
- Previously, John (the Baptist) had served as the instructor, but now it was time for people to abandon John (the Baptist) and instead follow and learn from Jesus directly.
- By staring at Jesus and referring to Him as “the Lamb of God,” John (the Baptist) signaled to the disciples that it was time for them to leave his side and follow Jesus on their own.
Was there anything specific that I wanted from Jesus as I called out His name and sought Him?
Because the “tenth hour” in verse 39 corresponds to around 4 p.m., Andrew informed his brother Simon that he had discovered the Messiah at 4 p.m.
Andrew was the one who informed his own brother about Christ.
Not only did Andrew openly discuss Christ with his brother, but he also led his brother to Christ in order to introduce him to Jesus!
Jesus knows me just as well as I know myself!
Jesus understood who the real Peter was before Peter even realized who he was!
I pray that You would always find me appealing in my persona.
Stone solidity is something I crave. Amen. The Good News spreads like wildfire! In John 6:8-9 and John 12:22, we read that John the Baptist told Andrew and John, and that Andrew then told his brother Simon Peter, and that Andrew then told others. How many people were informed by those individuals?
“The First Disciples of Jesus”
The next day, John was back in the same place, this time with two of his disciples. “Look, here comes the Lamb of God!” he exclaimed as he passed Jesus on the street. John’s two disciples became aware of his presence and followed Jesus. Then, as Jesus turned around and saw them, he said, “What do you desire?” “Rabbi, can you tell me where you live?” they inquired. The Hebrew term “Rabbi” literally translates as “Teacher.” “Come and see!” Jesus said in response. It was already around four o’clock in the afternoon when they decided to accompany him and see where he lived in the first place.
Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two men who had heard John’s message and had accompanied Jesus on his journey.
Andrew was the one who introduced his brother to Jesus.
The Gospel of John 1:35-42 Version in the Present Tense of the English Language The Holy Bible is the most important book in the world (New York, NY: American Bible Society 1995)
Jesus calls his first disciples
Jesus stood on the beach of the Sea of Galilee, looking out over the water. Because there were so many people there, they crowded around him while he instructed them, making it difficult for some to see or hear him. Two fishing boats were parked on the sand near the water. It was their owners who were nearby, cleaning their nets after a night’s fishing on the river. Jesus went into one of the boats and asked its owners, who included Simon, to row him a little distance away from the shoreline.
- Following that, he instructed Simon to row into the center of the lake and to let his nets down.
- This is something I am willing to do, if you want me to, Master.
- In fact, there were so many that Simon had to call over James and John, his colleagues from the other boat, to assist him in bringing the fish to shore.
- When Simon saw how many fish they had caught, he went to his knees, declaring that he was a wicked man who should not have been in the sight of Jesus, who had come to save them.
‘Beginning today, you will ‘catch’ guys rather than fish.’ Please keep in mind that Simon was afterwards referred to as Peterby Jesus (so is sometimes called Simon Peter). In addition to Simon’s brother, Andrew, who was there and summoned by Jesus, as were James and John, according to Mark 1:14-20.
The story illustrates:
- That putting one’s confidence in and obeying Jesus can have enormous consequences
- The authority that Jesus has over nature
- Believers in the idea that Jesus chose ordinary people to be his followers
Miracles are among the most significant ideas.
Luke 5:1-11 is a biblical passage. The guy who Christians believe to be the Son of God is known by the title of Jesus. Christ was also given the title, which means “anointed one” or “Messiah.” The Four Gospels include the most comprehensive account of his life. A lake and surrounding area in northern Israel that served as the home of Jesus and many of his disciples, as well as the setting for most of his ministry. Cephas was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, who was previously known by the name Simon but was later given the name Cephas by Jesus.
- James, also known as the ‘brother of Jesus.’ 2.
- Three-year-old James, the son of Alphaeus, became an apostle.
- The Fourth Gospel, the three Epistles of John (1, 2, and 3 John), and the Book of Revelation are all attributed to John, according to traditional thinking.
- According to Christian theology, human beings have exhibited a predisposition to sin ever since the Fall of Humanity was witnessed.
- According to the New Testament, he was a fisherman who notified his brother Simon Peter about Jesus.
Jesus calls his disciples (Mark 1: 16–20 and Mark 2: 13–17) – The role and nature of Christian discipleship – CCEA – GCSE Religious Studies Revision – CCEA
The term disciple can be translated as “follower” or “learner.” Every rabbi (Jewish instructor) has a group of disciples. People in the time of Jesus picked which rabbis to follow, listen to, and learn from, based on their personal preferences. When Jesus picked his followers rather than being chosen by them, he demonstrated that he was a distinct kind of rabbi. The first four disciples that Jesus picked were two pairs of brothers who were all fishermen, and they were the first four disciples that Jesus chose.
When he saw Andrew and Simon (Peter), he asked them to follow him as disciples.
Jesus summoning Peter and Andrew is seen in this picture.
After hearing Jesus’ invitation, they jumped at the opportunity and abandoned everything, including their father, to follow him.
He was a tax collector, and he was seated in his booth, collecting taxes.
They were dishonest, and because they worked for the Romans, they were seen as traitors as well.
Tax collectors were considered outcasts because of their wicked habits, yet Jesus urges them to follow him as a disciple.
There were also Levi’s acquaintances in attendance, many of whom worked as tax collectors.
By partaking in a meal with these folks, Jesus went one step farther and broke the rules of ritual hospitality.
“Those who are healthy do not require the services of a doctor, but those who are ill do.” “I have come to refer to sinners rather than the virtuous.”
Chapter 16: The Chosen Twelve
- Judas Lebbeus Thaddeus, a.k.a. Judas Lebbeus Thaddeus. When it comes to Luke 6:16 and Acts 1:13, this Judas (not Iscariot) is referred to as “the brother of James” in the canonical translation of the Bible. Italics indicate that the words “the brother” have been added to the original text as a result of the translation. This section has been updated to read “the son of James” in each occasion, with italics denoting the significance of each word added in the original. “Judas of James” is the name of the character in the original. Neither we nor anybody else knows whose James is being discussed here, nor do we know if the Judas who is being referenced here is the son, the brother, or some other related of the nameless James. The Defined Meaning of the Word “Apostle.” — “In addition, the title ‘Apostle’ carries a special significance and sanctity
- It has been bestowed by God on a select group of people who have been called and ordained as’special witnesses of the name of Christ throughout the world,’ thus distinguishing themselves from other church officers in the duties of their calling (Doc. and Cov. 107:23). In its etymology, the term ‘apostle’ is the English counterpart of the Greek word apostolos, which refers to a messenger or an envoy, or more precisely, ‘one who has been dispatched.’ As a result, it indicates that the person who is properly addressed speaks and acts not on his or her own behalf, but on behalf of a higher power from whom he or she has received a commission
- Thus in this sense, the title is that of a servant, rather than that of a superior. In relation to His ministry in the flesh, even the Christ, however, is referred to as an Apostle (Hebrews 3:1), and this designation is supported by His repeated proclamation that He came to earth “not to execute His own will, but that of the Father, by whom He was sent.” Despite the fact that an apostle is primarily regarded as an envoy or ambassador, his authority is immense, as is the responsibility that comes with it, since he speaks in the name of a power greater than his own—the name of the One who has designated him as His unique witness. In the event that one of the Twelve Apostles is assigned to minister in a stake, mission, or other division of the Church, or to labor in a region where no Church organization has been established, he represents the First Presidency and has the authority to do whatever is necessary to further the work of the Lord. His responsibilities include preaching the Gospel, administering the ordinances of the Church, and bringing the business of the Church into order wherever he is appointed. Since this specific vocation is so sacred, it is not appropriate to use the title ‘Apostle’ carelessly as the usual or ordinary form of address accorded to living persons who have been called to this position. Unless there is a specific reason to use the more sacred term “Twelve Apostles,” the current quorum or council of the Twelve Apostles (as it exists in the Church today) is better referred to as “Quorum of the Twelve,” “Council of the Twelve,” or simply “Twelve,” rather than “Twelve Apostles,” except when a specific occasion justifies the use of the more sacred term. The title “Apostle” should not be used as a prefix to the name of any member of the Council of the Twelve
- Rather, such a person should be addressed or spoken of as “Brother-,” or “Elder -,” and when necessary or desirable, such as when announcing his presence in a public assembly, an explanatory clause may be added, such as “Elder -,” one of the Twelve.” — From the author’s article “The Honor and Dignity of Priesthood,” published in Improvement Era, Vol. 17, No. 5, pp. 409–10
- And “Of Alpheus” or “Son of Alpheus” is a title that means “of Alpheus.” — The wordson have been given by the translators in all Bible texts that refer to “James son of Alpheus” (Matthew 10:3, Mark 3:18, Luke 6:15, Acts 1:13), and as a result, the wordson are appropriately initalicized in all of these passages. It is written as “James of Alpheus,” which translates as “James of Alpheus.” In support of the notion that the James talked of was not the son of Alpheus, it is important to note that the wordsonhave been added in the translation of other sections, in all of whichitalicsare used to denote the words provided, for example, “Jamesthe sonof Zebedee” (Matthew 10:2
- SeeMark 3:17). Take a look at this in relation to On the preceding page, there was a note 1