Whatever Happened to the Twelve Apostles?
The apostles were not the kind of group you might have expected Jesus to send forth on his mission to reach the world. There was nothing special or spectacular about them. The twelve apostles were just ordinary working men. But Jesus formed them into the backbone of the church and gave them the most extraordinary task imaginable: calling the entire world, including the mightiest empire ever known, torepentanceand faith in the risen Christ. You can be sure that any educated, first-century Roman citizen would have laughed at any prediction that within three centuries the Christian faith would be the official faith of the empire.
How Did the Apostles Die?
Even though there are numerous reports and tales, and even though they are not always credible, it is reasonable to conclude that the apostles traveled far and wide as messengers of the gospel of the resurrected Christ. According to an early version, they cast lots and divided the world in order to choose who would travel where so that everyone might learn of Jesus’s birth. They suffered immensely as a result of their religion, and in the majority of cases, they died violent deaths as a result of their courageous witness.
Peter and Paul
Both were martyred in Rome in the year 66 AD, during Emperor Nero’s persecution of Christians. Paul was executed by beheading. Peter requested that he be crucified upside down because he did not believe he was worthy of dying in the same manner as his Lord.
Went to the “country of the man-eaters,” which is now in the Soviet Union, to collect information. Christians in that country believe he was the first to introduce the gospel to their country. As well as Asia Minor, modern-day Turkey, and Greece, where he is claimed to have been crucified, he preached across the world.
Most of his activity was most likely concentrated in the region east of Syria. His preaching is said to have taken him as far east as India, where the ancient Marthoma Christians venerate him as their founder, according to tradition. They report that he died after being cut through by the spears of four warriors while on the battlefield.
He may have had a great ministry in Carthage, North Africa, before moving on to Asia Minor, where he converted the widow of a Roman proconsul, according to some accounts. Philip was arrested and ruthlessly executed as a result of the proconsul’s actions against him.
The tax collector and author of a Gospel traveled to Persia and Ethiopia to minister to the people. Some of the earliest records claim that he was not martyred, while others claim that he was stabbed to death in Ethiopia, according to the sources.
He is credited with extensive missionary journeys, including trips to India with Thomas, back to Armenia, as well as Ethiopia and Southern Arabia, according to legend.
As a martyr for the gospel, he met his end in a variety of ways, according to different versions.
The son of Alpheus is one of at least three Jameses who are mentioned in the New Testament, according to scholars. There is considerable disagreement as to which James is which, but this James is thought to have served as a pastor in Syria, according to tradition. According to the Jewish historian Josephus, he was stoned to death before being clubbed to death.
Simon the Zealot
According to legend, he served as a minister in Persia and was assassinated after refusing to offer sacrifice to the sun god.
The apostle who was picked to take Judas’ place. Tradition has it that he will accompany Andrew to Syria and be burned to death.
In lieu of Judas, this apostle was appointed. Tradition has it that he will travel to Syria with Andrew and be burned to death.
Influence of the Apostles Today
The names of Jesus’ apostles have risen to the top of the list of the most popular male given names in the Western world. I’m curious how many people you know who have names such as John or Pete or Tom or Andy or Jim, or Bart or Phil. At least four of the apostles were fishermen, according to tradition. Is it possible that this was one of the reasons why the fish was one of the oldest and most renowned Christian symbols? The Greek word for fish, ichthus, was used to create an acrostic, which is Iesous Christos Theou Uios Soter, which literally translates as “Jesus Christ, Son of God, Savior” in English.
Despite this, the faith grew like wildfire, despite the fact that Christianity had been branded an illegal religion by the government.
Which apostle was crucified on an x shaped cross?
Mrs. Cathryn Walter PhD asked the question; she received a 4.6/5 rating (68 votes) St. Andrew, one of the Twelve Apostles, is shown with an X-shaped cross, which is a symbol of unity.
Why was St Andrew crucified on a diagonal cross?
The Life and Times of St Andrew Despite the fact that he had been sentenced to death by crucifixion in Greece by the Romans, he requested to be crucified on a diagonal cross, believing that he was unworthy to die on the same form of cross as Jesus. It is presently used on the Scottish national flag, the Saltire, which is a diagonal cross.
What was St Andrew known for?
Andrew was one of the original 12 apostles of Christ, and he was also the brother of another apostle, Simon Peter, who was also a disciple of Christ. Both of them were fisherman in Galilee, where they lived and worked. Andrew’s life has been mostly unknown since his death. He is claimed to have traveled to Greece in order to teach Christianity, where he was crucified on an X-shaped cross in the city of Patras.
Who crucified upside down?
Due to his belief that he was unworthy of dying in the same manner as Jesus Christ, Peter was crucified upside down.
What does a upside down cross tattoo mean?
The inverted cross could well be the most Christian-themed tattoo you’ve ever gotten.
This is due to the fact that it is the same cross that St. Peter himself used when he was crucified. He expressed his dissatisfaction with being put to death in the same manner as the Messiah and wanted to be crucified upside down instead. There were 23 questions that were connected.
What day is Jesus’s birthday?
But by the fourth century, we have allusions to two dates that were generally acknowledged — and are still also honored — as Jesus’ birthday: December 25 in the western Roman Empire and January 6 in the Eastern Roman Empire (especially in Egypt and Asia Minor).
Is St Andrews better than Oxford?
The University of Cambridge has dropped to third position in the Good University Guide published by The Times and The Sunday Times, trailing only St Andrews and Oxford. That an institution other than Oxford or Cambridge has been ranked #1 is the first time this has happened.
Who was the first apostle?
Andrew the Apostle was the first disciple to be called by Jesus, and he was also the first to die. Andrew was the first person to meet Jesus, despite the fact that we know more about his brother Peter.
What do you eat on St Andrews Day?
Recipes for St. Andrew’s Day and Dishes that are distinctly Scottish
- Authentic Scottish Dishes & Recipes for St. Andrew’s Day
What happened to the disciples after Jesus was crucified?
Following Jesus’ crucifixion, the disciples were renamed Apostles (a Greek term that literally translates as “ones sent forth”), and Judas Iscariot, Jesus’ betrayer, was replaced by Matthias (Matthew). Andrew and Peter were disciples of John the Baptist at the time they entered the army. They were instructed by Jesus to “Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men.”
Who was with Mary until the death of Jesus?
A: John 19:25-27 refers to the beloved disciple, who has historically (Canon Muratori) been recognized as John the apostle, author of the fourth gospel, letters (1-3), and the book of Revelations.
Why is Scottish flag called Saltire?
The Saltire is the national flag of Scotland. The white diagonal cross on the flag is referred to as a’saltire,’ which literally translates as ‘a cross with diagonal bars of equal length.’ Saultoir or salteur is an old French word that refers to a form of stile that is made from two cross parts, and this is derived from that word.
Why does Jamaica have a Saltire?
William possessed a keen sense of aesthetics and was a staunch advocate of Jamaica’s independence. And when Sir Alexander and he talked about the flag, he recommended that the Saltire be used at the top to represent the country’s Christian influences, which Sir Alexander agreed with.
Why did Scotland adopt St Andrew?
Because Saint Andrew was the brother of Saint Peter, the founder of the Catholic Church, the Scots were able to petition the Pope in 1320 (The Declaration of Arbroath) for protection against attempts by English kings to conquer the Scots. Having Saint Andrew as Scotland’s patron saint provided the country with a number of benefits.
Who were the first 3 disciples of Jesus?
What were the names of Jesus’ first five disciples? So we have a total of five. Andrew, John, Simon Peter, Philip, and Nathanael are the names of the children. These are the first five disciples, according to the Bible.
Who was the 12 apostles in the Bible?
The full list of the Twelve is given with some variation in Mark 3, Matthew 10, and Luke 6 as follows: Peter and Andrew, the sons of John (John 21:15); James and John, the sons of Zebedee (John 21:15); Peter and Andrew, the sons of Zebedee (John 21:15); James and John, the sons of Zebedee (John 21:15); Peter and Andrew, the sons of Zebedee (John 21:15); Peter and Andrew, Jude or Thaddaeus, the son of James, and Simon the Cananaean, or the son of James; Philip; Bartholomew; Matthew; Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, or James the son of Alphaeus; James, the son of Alphaeus, or James the son of Alphaeus
Is St Andrews really that posh?
3. You’re unquestionably more aristocratic than you were before to attending St Andrews University. When chatting to friends back home, most St Andrews students will try to play up how posh they’ve become, cracking jokes about members of the Kate Kennedy Club and sometimes without even understanding the commonalities they have with that top level of posh.
Is St Andrews well respected?
No wonder that the University of St Andrews is regarded as a world-class educational institution despite the fact that it has been in existence for 600 years. The fact that we constantly achieve excellent ranks in national and international league tables places us among the top 100 universities in the world.
Is St Andrews difficult to get into?
Andrews is a notoriously tough school to get admission to. Not only should you strive for a 3.15 GPA, but you should also aim for SAT scores in the – range. Gaining admission to the University of St. Andrews is no simple accomplishment, and you will need to distinguish yourself from the competition with more than just statistics and facts to succeed.
What is Jesus real name?
When Jesus was born, he was given the Hebrew name ” Yeshua,” which means “Joshua” in English.
Why do we celebrate Jesus birth on December 25?
Sextus Julius Africanus, a Roman Christian historian, assigned the date of Jesus’ conception to March 25 (the same date on which he believed the world was formed), which, following nine months in his mother’s womb, would culminate in his birth on December 25, according to his beliefs.
Who was born on the 25th of December?
Announced today are some of the noteworthy persons who were born on this day, including Annie Lennox, Hannah Schygulla, Jimmy Buffett, Justin Trudeau, Lukas Nelson, and actress and singer Sissy Spacek, among many more.
What does upside down cross on forehead mean?
The Cross of Saint Peter, also known as the Petrine Cross, is an inverted Latin cross that has historically been used as a Christian emblem, but has also been employed as an anti-Christian symbol in recent years. Peter the Apostle was martyred on this day, and it is connected with him in Christian tradition.
Saint Peter – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Saint Peter(c. 1468) byMarco Zoppo, depicting Peter holding theKeys of Heavenand a book representing thegospel|
|Church||Early ChristianGreat Church|
- According to Catholic tradition, the firstbishop of Rome (the pope) is the firstbishop of Antioch (the patriarch), according to Eastern Christian tradition, the firstbishop of Rome (the pope) is the firstbishop of Antioch (the patriarch) is the firstbishop of Antioch
|Term ended||between AD 64 and 68|
- Linus, according to tradition, was the Bishop of Rome
- Evodius, according to tradition, was the Bishop of Antioch.
|Ordination||AD 33 byJesus Christ|
|Birth name||Shimon (Simeon, Simon)|
|Born||c. AD 1Bethsaida,Gaulanitis,Syria,Roman Empire|
|Died||between AD 64 and 68 (aged 62–67)Rome,Roman Empire|
|Parents||John (or Jonah; Jona)|
- Feast of the main course (withPaul the Apostle) 29 June (Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Anglicanism, Lutheranism)
- 30 June (Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Anglicanism, Lutheranism)
- 31 June (Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Anglicanism, Lutheranism)
- 31 July (Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Anglicanism, Lutheranism)
- 31 July (Eastern The Confession of Saint Peter (Anglicanism) takes place on January 18th, while the Chair of Saint Peter (Catholic Church) takes place on February 22nd.
|Venerated in||AllChristian denominationsthat veneratesaints,Islam|
|Attributes||Keys of Heaven,Red Martyr,pallium,papal vestments,rooster, man crucified upside down, vested as an Apostle, holding a book or scroll,Cross of Saint Peter.Iconographically, he is depicted with a bushy white beard and white hair.|
|Shrines||St. Peter’s Basilica|
Saint Peter (Greek: o, “rock”), also known as Simon (Kephas) Peter, was one of Jesus’ twelve apostles and is known as the “Rock of Peter.” In the New Testament, he is a character who is frequently mentioned. The Bible contains the majority of the information we have about Peter. When Jesus Christ ascended to the right hand of the Father, it was stated that Peter would be designated as the “rock” or foundation of the Church (Gospel of Matthew16:18, “You are Peter (rock), and on this rock I will build my church).
His death, on the other hand, is believed to have occurred around the year 64 AD.
Crucifixion is the term used to describe this form of death.
The majority of historical texts merely state that he was crucified in this manner.
According to Matthew16:19, Jesus is frequently shown holding the keys to the kingdom of heaven (which Roman Catholics view as a symbol of his supremacy over the Church). According to Mark’s narrative, Peter was married at the time. His wife’s identity remains a mystery.
Saint and Pope
In addition to the Anglican Communion, Simon Peter is revered by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Oriental Orthodox, and Lutheran churches, among others. Roman Catholics believe that the Pope is the heir apparent to Peter. As a result, he is recognized as the legitimate head of all other bishops. The Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches also recognize the Bishop of Rome as the successor of Saint Peter, and the Ecumenical Patriarch sends a delegation toRome each year to join in the commemoration of his feast day, which is celebrated on August 1.
- Ignatius of Antioch (To the Romans, Prologue), Rome occupied the first position in the taxis (order), and as such, its bishop was the protos (first) among the patriarchs, and the bishop of Rome occupied the first position in the taxis(order).
- This is an issue that was already interpreted in diverse ways in the first millennium, and it is a matter on which they are at odds.” For at least 34 years, according to Christian tradition, Saint Peter presided over an early apostolic society as its first head.
- Several centuries later, the Roman Catholic Church would proclaim Peter to be their first Pope.
- Peter’s Basilica was subsequently erected.
- Daniel William O’Connor’s “Saint Peter the Apostle” was published in 2013. The Encyclopaedia Britannica is a reference work that provides information on a wide range of topics. p. 5 of the Encyclopaedia Britannica Online.
- “Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles”.
- “Catholic Encyclopedia: St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles” (2016). Examination of the Martyrdom Accounts of the Closest Followers of Jesus in order to Determine Their Final Destiny ISBN 9781317031901
- Siecienski, A. Edward
- Routledge, p. 57
- ISBN 9781317031901
- (2017). An Investigation of the Origins and History of a Debate between the Pope and the Orthodox. It is published by Oxford University Press under the ISBN 9780190650926. Scholarship came to accept Peter’s death at Rome as “a reality that is substantially, if not totally, assured,” according to one definition. However, only a small number of people were willing to make this determination definitively
- Harris, Stephen L., Understanding the Bible. “Ravenna Document” of the Apostle Peter, Palo Alto: Mayfield, 1985
- “”Ravenna Document” of the Apostle Peter, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2000
- “”Ravenna Document” of the Apostle Peter, Palo Alto: Mayfield, 1985
- “”Ravenna Document” of the Apostle Peter, Palo Alto
- Online articles about Saint Peter in Simple English
Was Saint Peter really crucified upside down?
Others people may be astonished, and some may even consider it scandalous, to see an inverted cross in a church. The Cross of Saint Peter, which is an inverted Latin Cross, has appeared in a number of film and television series as a symbol signifying either Satan or the Antichrist. As a result, it has come to be widely regarded as a sign of evil, which many people believe to be incorrect. However, this is far from being the situation at this time. As a Christian emblem linked with the martyrdom of the apostle Peter, the Cross of Saint Peter (also known as the Petrine Cross) has long been used as a traditional sign of faith.
The early church fathers are unified in their belief that Peter was crucified at Rome during Nero’s persecution of Christians in AD 64, and that this was the cause of his death.
The letter runs as follows: “Let us look to our own age for honorable models.” The finest and most righteous pillars of the Church were persecuted, and some were even put to death, as a result of jealously and envy.
Even if Clement asserts unequivocally that Peter was executed, he does not specify where or how.
Chapter 21 has the following statement from Jesus to Peter: “I guarantee you: When you were young, you would put your belt around your waist and stroll wherever you chose.” In contrast, as you grow older, you will extend out your hands and someone else will tie you up and bring you to a location where you do not like to be transported.
- This appears to be a clear allusion to martyrdom.
- Peter being crucified by Caravaggio is a masterpiece.
- In apocryphal sources, such as the Martyrdom of Peter, we only have the account saying that, when sentenced to death, Peter ordered that his cross be turned upside down, reasoning that he did not feel worthy of being crucified alongside Jesus in the same manner as Jesus.
- When the Papacy adopted the Petrine Cross as its sign, it was to honor Peter’s successor as Bishop of Rome and the first Patriarch of Antioch, who was also the first Patriarch of Antioch.
- We only know parts of the story of Peter’s martyrdom.
- It doesn’t matter which text you read, both were penned during the second century.
However, even if it can be reasonably concluded that Peter was crucified in Rome, the fact that he was nailed to the cross upside down is only weakly attested to in a single ancient source (the Martyrdom), making it far less reliable than the accounts of Clement, Eusebius, Tertullian, and other Early Fathers.
Make sure to check out the slideshow below to learn about the 12 various types of crosses and what they represent.
How did the apostle Peter die?
QuestionAnswer The Bible does not tell us what happened to the apostle Peter after he died. The most widely recognized church narrative is that Peter was crucified upside-down in Rome, which is supported by historical evidence. During his trial and execution, it is said that Peter asked to be crucified on an inverted cross, according to tradition. It was because he had betrayed his Lord that he felt he was unworthy to die in the same manner as Jesus (see Matthew 26:33–35, 69–75), which was the rationale for his plea to be granted.
- The only thing we know for certain concerning Peter’s death is the prophesy of Jesus in John 21:18–19.
- When Jesus foresaw the method of Peter’s death, it was probably to prepare him for the conditions he would encounter now that his Lord had been resurrected and would thus no longer be physically present with him.
- There was a day approaching when this would no longer be the situation.
- In reality, ancient writers claim that Peter was executed around thirty-four years after Jesus’ prophesy was fulfilled.
- The Lord also foretold Peter’s death via crucifixion, which was also foreseen by him.
- Some historians note out that the Romans used employed stocks as a form of torture, with the prisoner’s hands being stretched over the crosspiece while in the stocks.
- It is likely that Peter took consolation and satisfaction in the knowledge that his death would bring glory to God despite the horrible facts he had learned about his own death.
- It takes strength, faith, patience, and endurance on the part of Peter, who died a martyr’s death while holding on to the hope of heaven, to do so.
Peter was a magnificent man of God who was overjoyed to be deemed worthy to die for the name of Jesus. Questions regarding the Church’s History can be found here. What caused the apostle Peter’s death?
Was Peter Crucified Upside Down?
SeanMcDowell.org The allegation that Peter was crucified upside down is perhaps the most widely circulated version of the martyrdom story. According to legend, Peter refused to be crucified in the same manner as his lord Jesus and instead requested that he be crucified upside-down. And the Romans were more than pleased to comply with their request. As I illustrate in my most recent book, The Fate of the Apostles, the historical evidence supporting Peter’s martyrdom is fairly compelling. From the first century onward, there has been unanimity that Peter died as a martyr for the faith (likely in Rome).
- Nevertheless, how can you explain the assertion that he was crucified upside down?
- AD 180-190).
- Despite this, it does have a historical foundation.
- In the narrative of Peter’s death in The Acts of Peter, he approaches the site of execution and delivers a speech to the people before bearing the cross (36.7-8).
- Take it, then, you who have a responsibility to do so.
- There is a common misconception that Peter’s prayer demonstrates humbleness in that he did not feel himself worthy of dying in the same way that Jesus did.
- He represents fallen humanity, which has now been restored by the cross, as I describe in further detail in The Fate of the Apostles.
Because of sin, the world has been turned upside down, and Peter can plainly observe the upside-down character of the world while hanging on the crucifixion with his head dangling below the other side of the cross.
The upside-down death of Peter has a theological and narrative role in the text, and this is obvious from the text.
No mention of Peter’s lengthy speech is made by the oldest church father to make notice of it: Origen, in volume 3 of hisCommentary on Genesis, which was written in the mid-third century (c.
Whether Origen acquired this from an independent tradition or from the Acts of Peter is a matter of debate.
Do you believe, on the other hand, that Roman executioners listened to convicts’ ideas about how they wished to be nailed to the cross?
While it’s possible that the myth of Peter’s upside-down crucifixion maintains a genuine remembrance of his fate, the historical evidence is just unclear in this regard.
is the best-selling author of over 15 books, a well-known international speaker, and also a part-time high school teacher.
Sean McDowell may be found on Twitter at @sean mcdowell and on his blog at www.seanmcdowell.org. Christine Thomas’s The Acts of Peter: Gospel Literature, and the Ancient Novel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003) has a chapter on the ancient novel.
How Did Each of the Original Twelve Apostles Die?
I was just reading up on the apostles on a prominent Christian website when I came across a list of the many ways in which each apostle is said to have departed away. I was intrigued. I knew in my head that some of them had been slain very violently, but I was still taken aback by some of the specifics of their deaths. For the sake of curiosity, I conducted my own investigation into the same subject, which you can read about further down in this article. DISCLAIMER: The details of these deaths are somewhat graphic, so be prepared for that.
Many of them are derived from peripheral historical, apocryphal, or non-Latter-day Saint sources, such as mythology.
This is a forewarning.
1. Simon Peter
On one of the most prominent Christian websites, I was recently reading up on the apostles and came to come across a list of the alleged ways in which each of the apostles died. Several of them had been brutally murdered in my thoughts, but I was still taken aback by some of the specifics of what had happened. Due to my personal interest in the subject, I conducted my own investigation, which you will read about further down in this article: PRECAUTIONS: These are graphic deaths, so be aware of this before viewing the video.
Numerous of these quotations are drawn from peripheral historical, apocryphal, or otherwise unrelated to Latter-day Saint literature.
Before you proceed, please be advised that
2. Andrew (Peter’s brother)
Despite the fact that Andrew is referenced only a few times in the Bible, there is little information available concerning the circumstances of his death. However, the following is what National Geographic has to say about it: Andreas, the brother of Peter, traveled to Patras in western Greece in 69 AD, where he engaged in a religious argument with the Roman proconsul Aegeates, according to the religious historian Dorman Newman of the 15th century. Aegeates attempted to persuade Andrew to abandon his Christian faith so that he would not be forced to torture and execute him as a result of his actions.
Andrew was scourged and then chained to a cross, rather than being nailed to it, in order for him to suffer for a longer period of time before dying.
3. John the Revelator (also John the Beloved)
Despite the fact that Andrew is referenced only a few times in the Bible, there is little information available concerning the circumstances surrounding his death. According to National Geographic, however, the following is their take on the matter: Andrew, the brother of Peter, traveled to Patras in western Greece in 69 AD, where he argued religion with the Roman proconsul Aegeates, according to the religious historian Dorman Newman of the 15th century. Andrew was the brother of Peter. Attempting to persuade Andrew to abandon Christianity so that he would not be subjected to torture and execution, Aegeates failed miserably.
Rather of nailing him on a cross, Andrew was scourged and fastened to the stake instead, in order to prolong his agony before death. After two days, Andrew was able to preach to pedestrians since he had stayed alive.
4. James (John’s brother)
We really have some biblical literature to support this claim, which comes from Acts chapter 12 verses 1-2: Around that time, Herod the king extended his hands in an attempt to annoy particular members of the church. And with the sword, he assassinated Jamesthe brother of John. And that’s the end of it. Herod was a jerk and a jerk he was.
5. Bartholomew (also known as Nathaniel)
There is very little information available concerning Bartholomew’s death. Some stories merely state that he was martyred, while others claim that he was skinned alive and killed by a group of thugs. According to one story, he was “flayed with knives.” While the term “flayed” can refer to a simple peeling off of skin, it can also refer to skin being removed as a result of a violent beating or whipping. Indeed, another idea says that Bartholomew’s skin was “ripped to bits” as a result of a harsh lashing.
The facts of Philip’s death appear to be in dispute among those who know him. One version claims that he was hanged until he died, while another claims that he was crucified during his mission in Egypt. Back then, Christian missionaries were not particularly well-liked by the general public.
courtesy of the Mormon Channel In every account of Thomas’s death that I have read, it appears that the priest was stabbed with a spear sometime during his ministry in India. Yikes.
8. Matthew (the tax collector)
It is claimed on one Christian website that Matthew “become a missionary and was jailed in Ethiopia.” It was at this location that he was staked or impaled to the ground with spears before being beheaded. Since Matthew lived in such a remote part of Africa, and travelled to an area where few historians or Christians had gone before, there isn’t much more information available.” A somewhat different story is provided by National Geographic, which states that, according to mythology, Matthew was “stabbed in the back by a swordsmansent by King Hertacus, after criticizing the king’s morality.”
9. James (not John’s brother)
James the Lesser, courtesy of a user on Wikimedia Commons: a disciple of Rembrandt Theory 1: James was martyred while serving as a missionary in Egypt (please note that Wikipedia is the source for this information). Take it with a grain of salt, as they say). James “killed as a martyr, and his corpse was sawed into pieces,” according to Theory 2. He was beaten and stoned until he died, and then he was killed with a club to the head, according to theory three. According to the fourth theory, as James was preaching on a wall, Jewish religious officials plotted to toss him off of it.
10. Jude (not to be confused with Judas Iscariot)
In accordance with the Orthodox Church in America, Jude was in Armenia when he was crucified and shot with arrows, which occurred around 45 years (give or take a few years) after the death of Jesus Christ.
11. Simon the Zealot (not Simon Peter)
He died “peacefully at Edessa,” which is currently located somewhere in modern-day Turkey, according to theory 1. Second, according to this Catholic source, Simon the Zealot died at Edessa but was crucified instead of being beheaded.
Our second hypothesis predicts a less tranquil dying than our first hypothesis. ‘Theory 3’ states that he was a missionary who served in Africa and later England before being crucified about the year 74 AD.
12. Judas Iscariot
courtesy of the Mormon Channel This is another narrative in which the Bible provides us with guidance. According to Matthew 27:3-5. When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that he had been sentenced, he repented and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, confessing his fault and saying, “I have sinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood.” And they said, “What is it doing to us?” Take a look at it. After casting down the silver coins in the shrine, he exited, went, and took himself into his own arms.
Because he was a member of our group and had been granted a portion of this ministry.
As a result, it was well known among all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, inasmuch as that field is known in their own language as Aceldama, which translates as “the field of blood.” It’s possible that the hanging hypothesis is more common in the Latter-day Saint faith, but who knows.
Now you know
This is courtesy of the Mormon Channel (via YouTube). This is another narrative in which the Bible provides us with more information. .as recorded in Matthew 27:3-5 As soon as Judas realized that he had been sentenced to death, he repented and brought the thirty pieces of silver back to the chief priests and elders, confessing his fault and saying, “I have sinned in that I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What are you doing to us?” they exclaimed. That is something to consider. After casting down the silver coins in the shrine, he fled, went, and took himself into his own hands to beheaded.
Because he was a member of our group and had been given a portion of this ministry.
Furthermore, it was well-known among all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, inasmuch as that field is known in their own language as Aceldama, which translates as “field of blood.” It’s possible that we’re more used to the hanging theory in the Latter-day Saint faith, but who knows?
Saint Peter the Apostle
Frequently Asked Questions
Who was St. Peter?
Simon, formerly known as St. Peter the Apostle, was a disciple of Jesus Christ who died in Rome in the year 64CE. He is revered in the early Christian church as the leader of the 12disciples and is considered by the Roman Catholic Church as the first in an uninterrupted series of popes.
At the beginning of Jesus’ career, Peter, a Jewish fisherman, was called to be a follower of Jesus. During his time with Jesus, he was given the name Cephas (from Aramaic Kepa; hence Peter, from Petros, a Greek translation of Kepa).
The man and his position among the disciples
The New Testament contains the only reliable sources of knowledge on Peter’s life, which include the four Gospels, Acts, the letters of Paul, and the two letters that bear the name of Peter, among other things. He was most likely known by his Hebrew given name, Simeon, or by the Greek variant of that given name, Simon, when he was younger. The former is mentioned just twice in the New Testament, but the latter is mentioned 49 times. The Gospel of John 21:15 states that he was addressed as “Simon, son of John” at serious occasions.
- Despite the fact that Paul has a strong preference (8 times out of 10) for the Greek transliteration Kphas (Latinized as Cephas) of the Aramaic name or title Kepa, which means “Rock,” the Greek translation Petros appears about 150 times throughout the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles.
- His family originally came from Bethsaida in Galilee (John 1:44), but during the time of Jesus’ ministry, Peter lived in Capernaum, at the northwest end of the Sea of Galilee, where he and his brotherSt.
- Many things about Peter may be gleaned from the New Testament, either openly from the words made by and about Peter, or indirectly through his actions and reactions, which are revealed in a number of situations in which Peter plays a key role.
- As well as being strong, he could be steadfast (Acts of the Apostles 4:10–10; 5:1–10).
- He is frequently shown as kind yet forceful, and, as seen by his professed love for Jesus in John 21:15–17, he is shown to be capable of immense loyalty and affection.
- He appeared to learn slowly and make mistakes over and over again, but when he was given more responsibility, he revealed that he was mature and capable of handling the situation.
Luke (5:1–11) very briefly mentions James and John, and he completely ignores Andrew, while highlighting Peter’s appeal.
Both Matthew and Mark agree that the incident took place at the Sea of Galilee, which also appears in Luke.
John the Baptist (1:35), and had heard John indicate that Jesus was the Lamb of God—left John and introduced Peter to “the Messiah,” who at that time gave him the name (or title) Cephas, which means “the Christ” (i.e., Peter, or Rock).
The Gospel is a collection of stories about Jesus Christ.
The Synoptic Gospels are essentially consistent in the degree of emphasis they place on Peter’s leadership among the Twelve Apostles, although there are some discrepancies between them as well.
The Synoptic Gospels all agree that Peter acted as the group’s spokesperson, was the most outstanding member, and had a certain amount of authority over the other disciples, albeit to varying degrees.
Although it is unclear whether or not Peter’s status in the apostolic church was largely owing to the Gospel story being read back into it, his assertive personality was undoubtedly a role in this decision.
His natural speed served him well when he sought clarification from Jesus on behalf of the disciples in regard to the interpretation of a parable (Matthew 15:15) or a statement (Matthew 15:16).
Taking the position of both an individual and as a spokesman of the Twelve Apostles, he made a plea for personal preference in the kingdom of Heaven as a recompense for his faithful service on the earth (Matthew 19:27, 28).
Even though the three disciples closest to Jesus (known as the “pillars”—Peter, James, and John) are mentioned in a single occurrence, it is typically Peter who is the only one who is specifically mentioned in that episode.
As recorded in Matthew 8:14, it was Peter’s home in Capernaum where Jesus went to cure his mother-in-law, and it was Peter’s boat that Jesus used when he gave instructions to the throng (Matthew 8:15).
In the proclamation of Christ as the Son of God (Matthew 16:15–18; Mark 8:29–30; Luke 9:20), it was Peter who exhibited remarkable insight and demonstrated his depth of faith, and it was Peter who rebuked, and in turn was rebuked by, Jesus when the Master predicted that he would suffer and die (Matthew 16:15–18; Mark 8:29; Luke 9:20).
- The apostle Peter, in his denial of his Lord (Matthew 26:69–75; Mark 14:66–72; Luke 22:54–61), demonstrated the temporary frailty of even the strongest.
- Last but not least, Peter, who had survived his denial, is given the honor of becoming the first of the Apostles to meet Jesus following the Resurrection (Luke 24:34).
- John the Apostle, the “Beloved Disciple,” who challenges Peter’s position.
- The Gospel is a collection of stories about Jesus Christ.
- Because Peter is stressed in John, and he is given the responsibility of “tend my sheep” and “feed my lambs” (John 21:15, 16), at the same time that the function of all the disciples is deemphasized, this demonstrates the importance of Peter in the early church.
It is possible that one of the reasons of stressing Peter in chapter 21 is an attempt to return the disciple who denied his Lord to the place he held in the Synoptic Gospels before his death.
Apostles After the Death of Jesus
Photographs courtesy of.Photos.com/Photos.com/Getty Images The 12 apostles, also known as the 12 disciples, were the closest followers of Jesus Christ and made their influence on the history of Christianity. After betraying Jesus, one of the twelve apostles famously committed suicide by hanging himself. However, according to Christian tradition, the other apostles continued to spread the gospel after Christ’s death, albeit with a lack of the unity and strength that they had during Christ’s physical life.
Andrew, like the majority of the apostles, died as a martyr, according to a document written by the theologian Hippolytus of Rome. Around the year 70, this papyrus relates the story of Andrew being hung from an olive tree in Patrae, Achaia. Andrew is reported to have proclaimed the gospel of Christ to the Thracians and Scythians just before he was killed in battle. According to manuscripts collated by the Christian Classics Ethereal Library, some traditions describe his crucifixion as being performed in the spread-eagle posture.
After years of missionary activity in Armenia and India, Bartholomew – also known as Nathanael – is thought to have met his end by martyrdom in the year 70 A.D., following a similar path as Andrew. Despite the fact that nothing is known about Bartholomew’s death, Christians believe that he remained loyal to the very end, when he was crucified.
3James, Son of Alphaeus
According to Acts 12:2, the apostle James, son of Alphaeus, was killed by Herod Agrippa’s sword around 45 A.D., according to the Bible. According to the historian Eusebius’ “Church History,” James’ executioner was so moved by the apostle’s unshakable faith that he publicly declared his own belief in the resurrection of Christ and was executed with James.
4James, Son of Zebedee
After Christ’s death, James, the son of Zebedee, was appointed to lead the Christian church in Jerusalem. Christianity’s historians say James was assassinated in 63 A.D. by three men who demanded that he deny the legitimacy of Christ’s resurrection. In response to his defiance, he was hurled from the spire of his temple.
Because of his beliefs, even though John the Baptist was the only apostle who did not suffer martyrdom, the Roman Emperor Domitian, or maybe Nero, banished him to the island of Patmos. Revelation is said to have been written by John between the years 95 and 100 before his death from natural causes, according to tradition.
In the years following Christ’s death and resurrection, Matthew the tax collector is most known for writing the Gospel According to Matthew, which is still in print today. Christians believe Matthew was killed by beheading at Nad-Davar, Ethiopia, some ten years later, between 60 and 70 A.D., according to tradition. Even though it is a contentious issue, some academics believe that Matthew wrote the earliest Gospel of the New Testament. Others disagree.
Galatians 1:13 depicts Paul as a nonbeliever, but the resurrection of Christ caused him to be persuaded to believe in Christ. With his reputation as the disciple who succeeded Judas Iscariot, Paul – who is credited with writing more than half of the books of the New Testament – finally earned his place as one of the most important apostles in Christian history.
Paul was beaten throughout his life while he preached Christianity, and he was eventually killed by the Roman Emperor Nero in the year 67 A.D.
According to the gospels, Christ came to Peter a few days after his crucifixion and death. This event appears to mark Peter’s transformation from a fiery follower to a powerful leader who, according to the Acts of the Apostles, displays miraculous signs and preaches with fervor. Non-biblical writings and traditions generally indicate that Jesus was crucified on an upside-down crucifixion in Rome between 64 and 67 A.D., according to the most recent evidence. When Constantine became the first Christian Emperor of Rome, he thought that Peter was buried on the Vatican Hill, and bones discovered in a 1939 archaeological dig may provide evidence to substantiate this view.
The apostle Philip is credited with spreading the gospel throughout Phrygia, which is modern-day Turkey, following the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The apostle Philip labored as a committed missionary until he was tortured and executed by Phrygian Jews about the year 54 A.D.
Christian historians think Simon was one of the apostles who traveled the most, proclaiming the gospel in places as diverse as Egypt, Libya, and Persia before dying at the hands of a Syrian ruler in 74 A.D., according to Christian tradition. Simon is said to have died as a martyr, along with his companions.
Judas Thaddaeus, sometimes known as Jude, according to Christian academics such as Michael Patton of Credo House Ministries, continued to evangelize after the death of Christ. Patton claims that pagan priests in Mesopotamia beat Thaddaeus to death with sticks in the year 72 A.D., making him yet another apostle to die as a martyr in the name of Christ.
In John 20:25, Thomas expresses his initial skepticism about Christ’s resurrection. As a result of his personal encounter with Jesus Christ, the apostle proceeded to preach the gospel and, according to tradition, penned the Acts of Thomas and the non-canonical Gospel of Thomas. It is also thought that he was martyred in the year 70 AD; other accounts describe his death as a result of horrific agony, including spears and hot plates. Dan Ketchum has been a professional writer since 2003, and his work has appeared in a variety of publications, both online and offline, including Word Riot, Bazooka Magazine, Anemone Sidecar, Trails, and other publications.