Arrest of Jesus – Wikipedia
The arrest of Jesus was a watershed moment in the history of Christianity, as recorded in the canonical gospels. According to some historians, Jesus was arrested by Temple guards of the Sanhedrin in the Garden of Gethsemane. However, it is also possible that Jesus was arrested by a Roman speira in the Garden of Gethsemane (although this is controversial among historians) (300 – 600 soldiers). It took place shortly after the Last Supper (during which Jesus delivered his final speech) and immediately after thekiss of Judas, which is widely regarded as an act of betrayal since Judas made a pact with the chief priests to arrest Jesus, according to conventional interpretation.
Next his capture, he was promptly brought before the Sanhedrin, where he was found guilty and sentenced to death, after which he was turned over to Pilate the following morning.
Each of the four Gospels of the New Testament concludes with a detailed account of Jesus’ arrest and trial, as well as his crucifixion, death, burial, and resurrection.
On page 91, scholars point out that the reader is given an almost hour-by-hour description of what is going on.
Afterwards, according to the canonical gospels, Jesus and his followers walked out to Gethseman, a garden at the edge of theKidron Valley that academics believe was most likely an olive grove at the time. He is reported as departing the gathering after he arrives in order to pray quietly. According to the Synoptics, Jesus prayed to God to relieve him of the weight of death by crucifixion in order to redeem mankind, while still leaving the final decision to God’s discretion. According to Luke, an angel appeared to Jesus and strengthened him, after which he accepted God’s judgment and returned to his followers.
- At that time, Judas kissed Jesus on the lips as a pre-arranged signal to others who had followed Judas that Jesus was who he claimed to be.
- According to the Gospel of John, this was the case.
- Luke also mentions that Jesus was able to cure the wound.
- All who live by the sword will die by the sword, as Jesus declared in Matthew.
However, rather than Judas guiding them in the direction of Jesus, John has Jesus himself ask them if they are seeking for Jesus of Nazareth; when they respond “Jesus of Nazareth,” he replies “I am he,” at which time all members of the arresting party retreated and dropped to their knees in the dirt.
The arrest of Jesus, as well as Judas’ involvement in acting as a guide to those who were arresting him, are both mentioned by Peter in Acts 1:16, who refers to them as “the arrest of Jesus.”
Gallery of art
- The chronology of Jesus’ life
- The life of Jesus as recorded in the New Testament
- “Bible Gateway passage: Matthew 26:14-16 – New International Version”.Bible Gateway
- “Bible Gateway passage: Mark 15 – New International Version”.Bible Gateway
- “Bible Gateway passage: Matthew 26:14-16 – New International Version”.Bible Gateway
- The New Testament: An Introduction. Powell, Mark A. The New Testament: An Introduction. “The Synoptics: Matthew, Mark, and Luke,” Baker Academic, 2009, ISBN 978-0-8010-2868-7
- Page 169 of the book by Ján Majernk, Joseph Ponessa, and Laurie Watson Manhardt 2005ISBN1-931018-31-6
- Abcdefg Book of Common Knowledge: New Testament edited by John F. Walvoord and Roy B. Zuck 1983ISBN978-0-88207-812-0pages 83-85
- Abcdefght This volume of The Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: Matthew-Luke, Volume 1 by Craig A. Evans (ISBN0-7814-3868-3) has pages 487-500. Keep in mind that the term “he” is given by the translators
- The Greek equivalent for “I am” is “Ego eimi,” which explains why the arresting party is taken aback by the situation. John 18:4 (KJV)
- Raymond E. Brown’s An Introduction to the New Testament is a good place to start. Barnes & Noble 1997ISBN0-385-24767-2
- Brown, Raymond E. and others The New Jerome Biblical Commentary is a commentary on the Bible written by Jerome himself. Prentice Hall 1990ISBN0-13-614934-0
- Kilgallen, John J. Prentice Hall 1990ISBN0-13-614934-0
- Kilgallen, John J. A Brief Commentary on the Gospel of MarkPaulist Press 1989ISBN0-8091-3059-9
- Miller, Robert J. EditorThe Complete Gospels (Paulist Press 1989ISBN0-8091-3059-9)
- Miller, Robert J. Editor Polebridge Press (ISBN 0-06-065587-9) published the book in 1994.
The arrest of Jesus (Matthew 26:47-56) – The death of Jesus – CCEA – GCSE Religious Studies Revision – CCEA
Judas appeared with a huge group of men armed with swords and clubs, who had been dispatched by the chief priests and the elders to confront him. They were to detain the guy who had kissed Judas. Judas stepped right up to Jesus and kissed him on the cheek, saying, “Peace be with you, Teacher.” What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal of Jesus? What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal of Jesus? What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal of Jesus? What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal of Jesus?
After drawing his sword, one of those present struck at the high priest’s slave, causing him to lose an ear and flee in fear.
After that, all of his disciples deserted him and fled.
Understanding the text
With a big group of people armed with swords and clubs, Judas came, accompanied by representatives from the chief priests and the council of elders. This individual, whom Judas kissed, was to be apprehended. Immediately after, Judas walked up to Jesus and kissed him on the lips before saying, “Peace be with you, Teacher.” What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal? What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal? What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal? What was the reason behind Judas’ betrayal?
After drawing his sword, one of those present struck at the high priest’s slave, causing him to lose an ear and flee in terror.
So all of his disciples deserted him and fled.
Bible Gateway passage: John 18 – New International Version
Jesus and his followers crossed the Kidron Valley after he had ended his prayer session. There was a garden on the opposite side of the road, C)”>(C), and Jesus and his followers went in to explore it. D)”>(D) 2Now, Judas, the man who betrayed him, was familiar with the location since Jesus had frequently met there with his followers. E)”>(E)3As a result, Judas arrived in the garden, escorting F)”>(F)a contingent of soldiers as well as a few officials from the chief priests and the Pharisees to the entrance.
- Fourteenth, Jesus, well aware of what was about to happen to him, H)”>(H)went out and asked them, “Who are you looking for?” “Jesus of Nazareth,” J)”>(J)they responded, referring to Jesus of Nazareth as I)”>(I)5.
- (And Judas the traitor was standing right next them.) The disciples shrank back and fell to the ground as Jesus declared, “I am he.” 7)He inquired once more of them, “Who is it that you seek?” K)”>(K)”Jesus of Nazareth,” they said.
- “If you’re looking for me, then let these men go,” says the author.
- (In this case, the servant’s given name was Malchus.
- Is it wrong for me to drink from the cup M)”>(M)the Father has given me?” Jesus was then taken into custody by a group of soldiers, led by their commander, as well as by Jewish officials.
In the first instance, they chained him13and carried him before Annas, who happened to be Caiaphas’ father-in-law at the time, O)”>(O)the high priest. 14 In fact, Caiaphas was the one who suggested to the Jewish elders that it would be best if one man died in order to save the entire nation. P)”>(P)
Peter’s First Denial Q)”>(Q)
15Simon In the company of two other disciples, Peter was following Jesus. The high priest recognized this disciple, so he accompanied Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard, S)”>(S)16but Peter had to wait outside at the door since the high priest knew this disciple. The other disciple, who was well-known to the high priest, returned and chatted with the servant girl who was on duty there before escorting Peter inside the temple. 17 I asked Peter whether he was one of the man’s disciples as well.
His response was, “No, I am not.” T)”> (T) 18 It was bitterly cold, and the servants and officials huddled around a fire U)”>(U)they had built to keep themselves warm.
The High Priest Questions Jesus W)”>(W)
15Simon They were following Jesus along with another disciple. The high priest recognized this disciple, so he accompanied Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard, S)”>(S)16but Peter had to wait outside at the door since the high priest recognized him. One of the disciples, who was well-known to the high priest, returned and chatted with the servant girl who was on duty there before escorting Peter into the building. 17 What she really wanted to know was whether or not Peter was one of the man’s disciples.
“I’m not,” he said.
With them, Peter was also standing, putting on some heat.
Peter’s Second and Third Denials AE)”>(AE)
25 Simon Peter, on the other hand, was still standing there, keeping himself warm. “You aren’t one of his disciples, are you?” they inquired. AF)”>(AF)So they questioned him, “Are you one of his disciples, too?” He categorically rejected it, adding, “I am not. ” AG)”>(AG) 26 He was confronted by one of the high priest’s employees, who happened to be a relative of the guy whose ear Peter had cut off. “Didn’t I see you with him in the garden?” he said. AI)”>(AI)27 At that point, a rooster began to call out again, and Peter rejected it once more.
Jesus Before Pilate AK)”>(AK)
In the next days, the Jewish leaders transported Jesus from Caiaphas to the Roman governor’s palace. After all, it was still early in the morning, and they did not want to risk ritual uncleanness by entering the palace, AM)”>(AM)especially because they hoped to be able to partake in the Passover meal. When they were finished, Pilate walked out to confront them and said, “What accusations are you filing against this man?” a criminal,” they said, “we would not have given him over to you if he had not been a criminal.” 31Pilate instructed, “Take him yourself and judge him according to your own law.” “However, we do not have the authority to execute someone,” they said.
Pilate then returned to the palace and summoned Jesus, asking him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” AO)”>(AO)33Pilate then returned to the palace, AP)”>(AP)summoned Jesus and questioned him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” (AQ) 34 “Did you come up with that on your own,” Jesus said, “or did others speak to you about me?” 35″Do you think I’m a Jew?” Pilate responded in kind.
- “Can you tell me what you’ve done?” Jesus declared, “My kingdom AR)”>(AR)is not of this world, according to the Bible.
- As a result, my kingdom has relocated to a different location.” AT)”>(AT)37″You are, therefore, a king!” said Pilate.
- “You are correct.
- Everyone on the side of truth pays attention to what I have to say.
- Then he returned to the Jews assembled there and declared, “I see no foundation for filing a complaint against him.” AW)”>(AW)39 However, it is customary for me to release one prisoner to you at the time of Passover, and this is what I will do.
What if you don’t want ‘the king of the Jews’ to be released? 40 “No, not him!” they said in response. “Give us Barabbas!” says the crowd. In the meantime, Barabbas had taken part in a revolt. AX)”>(AX)
8 Days in Jerusalem: Day 5 – Jesus arrested, tried and convicted
Jerusalem – Jesus of Nazareth was captured in a garden outside of town tonight, and he was later tried for blasphemy before being found guilty by a religious tribunal. Caiphas, the high priest, and others are scheduled to bring the Galilean philosopher before Governor Pontius Pilate early the next morning, arguing that the man committed treason against the Roman government and should be put to death. Insiders in Pilate’s court think that is highly improbable, given the absence of evidence to support the allegation against Pilate.
- The carpenter-turned-rabbi was apprehended in a garden known as Gethsemane, which is located just beyond the city’s perimeter walls.
- Iscariot led a party of troops from the Jewish chief priests to the garden retreat, which appears to have been a frequent stopping point for the traveling philosopher and his companions during their journey.
- When the armed men charged forward to grab Jesus, he inquired as to why they had chosen to pursue him late at night with swords and spears rather than capturing him openly during the day as he had been doing earlier in the week in Temple Square.
- Once Jesus had commanded his defender to put the sword aside, he performed a miracle reconnection of the servant’s severed ear.
- In response to the question of whether or not he was a disciple of Jesus, he categorically rejected any relationship with the Nazarene carpenter.
- Iscariot is a character about whom little is known.
- He was the group’s treasurer, and several of the band’s colleagues claimed they had reason to believe he was embezzling monies for his personal gain.
- When a lady in Bethany rubbed Jesus’ feet with oil, Judas Iscariot reprimanded her for wasting the ointment rather than selling it and utilizing the proceeds to aid the needy instead of squandering the money.
- On the free market, the balm would have sold for around 300 pence.
- As a result of purportedly declaring himself to be the son of God as well as claiming he and God are one and the same, Jewish officials accuse Jesus of blasphemy.
People in this province and the surrounding area are increasingly convinced that Jesus is the “messiah,” or Jewish deliverer, who would save them from Roman domination and restore the nation to the splendor it had under legendary kings David and Solomon, according to a growing body of evidence.
The top priests, on the other hand, allege that Jesus has committed treason against Caesar, which is punishable by death under Roman law.
Two thieves and a murderer/traitor will be crucified at 9 a.m.
More than a dozen witnesses have been sent to testify before Pilate that they overheard Jesus proclaiming himself to be King of the Jews and that he has refused to pay tribute to the Roman authorities.
Even if some of Jesus’ disciples have done so, it is widely acknowledged that Jesus himself has never made such a public declaration of his “kinghood.” Aside from that, just a few days ago, he directly answered to a tax-related inquiry by saying, “Render to Rome what Rome is owed,” a remark which appears to acknowledge the power of Rome over the Jews as well as the duty of Jews to pay taxes to the Roman government.
Even though Jesus had been preaching in the Temple earlier in the week, he was nowhere to be found yesterday or today.
Despite the fact that he has had little sleep tonight, he may be able to present before the Temple tomorrow to provide his account of what transpired in the garden and throughout his trials.
2. In the Garden and the Arrest of Jesus (Matthew 26:36-56; Luke 22:39-46; John 13:21-14:31)
TITLEMain PPT TITLEMain Point:Jesus submitted to the will of His heavenly Father. “Father, if You are willing, please take this cup of anguish away from Me,” says the central verse. “However, I prefer that Your will be done rather than mine.” – Luke 22:42 New International Version Props include a simple rock approximately the size of a golf ball and a golf club.
To put it another way, we witnessed the disciple Judas make a questionable bargain with the chief priests last week. Ask: What did Judas get in exchange for pledging to deliver Jesus to the hands of His enemies? 30 pieces of silver were used. People cannot undo God’s designs, as the saying goes. in Isaiah 14, verse 24. The revelation of today will show us that God even utilized Judas’ shady pact in order to carry out His plan to save the world. In a Jerusalem residence, Jesus and His followers had a special dinner with one another.
In addition, Jesus proceeded to educate His close associates, demonstrating to them how the Passover supper represented a metaphor of the sacrifice He was about to make on behalf of all mankind.
Jesus desired that His disciples, including us, re-enact this sacred dinner in order to REMEMBER His death on the cross.
Jesus Predicts His Betrayal (John 13:21-30)
“Then Jesus prophesied what Judas was about to do,” you would say. Jesus’ spirit was in a state of turmoil. That’s the kind of testimony He provided. “I promise you that what I’m going to tell you is real,” he stated. “One of you is going to hand me over to my adversaries,” says the other. His followers were all looking at each other. They were completely baffled as to which of them He was referring to. – John 13:21b-22 (NASB) One of the disciples leaned up close to Jesus and inquired as to which one of them would be willing to undertake such a thing.
- Then he handed it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, who used it to defraud the bank.
- “Do what you are going to do as soon as possible,” Jesus instructed him.
- After that, Judas bolted into the darkness.
- Judas made a fatal choice in his life.
- “It would have been better for him if he had not been born,” says the author.
Jesus Teaches The Disciples (John 13:31-38; John 14)
In other words, when Judas had departed, Jesus said that it was time for His Father to be exalted, and that the Father would honor Jesus in turn (John 13:31-32). Take, for example, the wordglorify. Its meaning is to bring attention to the magnificence and worth of something or someone by demonstrating their superiority. Take a look at this photograph. It appears to be a typical rock, doesn’t it? What if I told you that this particular diamond happens to be one of the biggest ever discovered? It is a 620-carat diamond, to be exact!
- But then a professional diamond cutter gets his hands on it, and everything changes.
- It will be worth millions and millions of dollars after it has been reduced down to size.
- Teacher: Please raise your rock.
- In a manner, he makes it plain, the diamond is orginialized.
- Jesus would demonstrate that He was the Messiah whom God had sent to the world in the first place.
- The disciples, on the other hand, were presumably picturing something very else.
- In His last words to His companions, Jesus announced that He was going to leave them.
Peter stated that he was willing to die for Jesus.
You shall declare three times that you are unfamiliar with Me before the rooster crows!
The most courageous disciple, Peter, would turn a coward when confronted with the true threat that was about to strike.
He, on the other hand, stated that his Father would never abandon him (John 16:32).
During His final hours, He taught His friends a great deal about Himself, the Father, the Holy Spirit, and the state of heaven on earth.
Jesus promised them that He would prepare a home for them and that He would return for them one day to claim them (John 14:2-4).
The following are some of Jesus’ most significant words: POWERPOINT VERSE “I am the way, the truth, and the life,” Jesus says.
“There is no other way to the Father but through Me.” – John 14:6 (NIV) It was Jesus who taught them that He was the only WAY to get to heaven, that He was the TRUTH that would set them free, and that He was the only one who could give them new LIFE!
In The Garden (Matthew 26:36-45, Luke 22:39-46)
In other words, when Judas had departed, Jesus stated that it was time for His Father to be exalted, and that the Father would honor Jesus in return (John 13:31-32). Consider the wordglorify for a moment. In other words, it is bringing something or someone’s grandeur and value to light. See this photo for an example. It appears to be a typical rock, doesn’t it. But what if I told you that this particular diamond happens to be one of the world’s biggest ever discovered. 620 carats of diamond are being shown here!
- A master diamond cutter, on the other hand, manages to get his hands on the stone.
- The value of the diamond will soar to billions of dollars if it is chopped down.
- Hold your rock up, teacher.
- orginializes the diamond, he makes it obvious, in a way When Jesus declared that it was time for the Father and Him to be exalted, He was implying that it was time for God’s magnificence, mercy, grace, forgiveness, and love to be made known to all people.
- God’s predictions regarding the Messiah would all be fulfilled when Jesus died on the cross, and this was the case.
- They were under the impression that Jesus was going to ascend to the throne of earth and that they would be invited to be members of His court.
- Peter, on the other hand, pleaded with Jesus to accompany them.
Jesus then said, “Are you truly willing to devote your life for Me?
You will claim three times that you are unfamiliar with Me before the rooster crows.
Despite his best efforts, Peter had no clue how terrible the evening would be.
In reality, Jesus foretold that all of the disciples would turn their backs on Him within a short period of time, which happened.
With just a short amount of time left with His followers, Jesus realized that He had to leave them behind.
To love one another and put their faith in God, Jesus instructed them (John 13:34-35, 14:1).
Where Jesus was going and how they were going to get there were both a mystery to Jesus’ disciples.
Anyone who does not come through Me will not be able to reach the Father.” In John 14:6, the Bible states that It was Jesus who taught them that He was the only WAY to go into paradise, that He was the TRUTH that would set them free, and that He was the only one who could give them new LIFE!
The Arrest (Matthew 26:47-56)
Describe what happened:When Jesus moved away from them to pray, the disciples fell asleep twice more. A large group of people was about to enter the garden when Jesus roused them from their sleep. Judas was on his way. He was a member of the group known as the Twelve. He was surrounded by a big group of people. They had swords and clubs in their possession. They had been dispatched by the top priests and the elders of the community. Judas, who was about to deliver Jesus up to the authorities, had worked out a signal with them.
- “Take him into custody.” As a result, Judas immediately went to Jesus.
- And he kissed Him on the lips.
- Then the guys took their places at the front of the line.
- – Matthew 26:47b-50 (Bible).
- The High Priest’s servant was struck by a sharp piece of metal, which severed his ear (John 18:10).
- Peter was commanded to put his weapon aside by Jesus.
- But how would the Scriptures come to pass in that case?
He was subjecting himself to God’s plan at the time (Philippians 2:6-8).
He didn’t require Peter’s assistance in fighting for Him.
Perhaps if Peter had been praying instead of sleeping, he might have grasped the significance of what was happening.
All of Jesus’ disciples deserted Him and fled, precisely as Jesus had warned them would happen.
Keep an ear out for responses.
Jesus had a profound understanding of God.
He was well aware that God is LOVE (1 John 4:8).
He was aware that God desired the best for him and that God had the ability to make all things work together for his good (Romans 8:28).
If someone approached you and said, “I’ll do everything you want,” would you do it knowing well well that they were selfish and cruel?
Say something like:amazing It’s that our God is so good!
We have the ability to obey every thing He says!
We should follow in the footsteps of Jesus.
We should spend more time getting to know Him by reading His written word and listening to His voice on a daily basis.
Then we surrender to Him, acknowledging that His purpose is far better than what we seek for ourselves.
PPT Key Verse “Father, if You are willing, please remove this cup of sorrow from Me,” says the speaker.
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The Arrest of Jesus
What was it that made Jesus’ arrest, which occurred just after midnight on Wednesday, April 5th, a violation of the law? The elders, chief priests, the high priest, the whole Sanhedrin (most of whom despised him), and the entire Sanhedrin were responsible with upholding Biblical and Jewish legal rules. What made what occurred to him in contravention of these statutes? The formal arrest took place in the middle of the night. Judas, who had betrayed Jesus to Jewish religious authorities who despised him, arrived at the garden of Gethsemane with an armed gang of men, according to tradition.
- Due to the fact that no official accusations were ever filed against Jesus, there was no legal basis for his detention.
- To put it bluntly, he was just brought under arrest and taken into jail at the demand of religious authorities who desired his death.
- In the early hours of the morning, he appeared before religious officials for the second time (his first true trial).
- It was the highest authority in the Jewish community.
- It was discovered throughout the trial that no witnesses had been called to testify in support of Jesus’ arrest or attendance in court (Mark 14:53, 55).
- Hans the Younger Holbein lived from 1524 to 1525.
- The Bible declares in Deuteronomy 19:15 that a person must be convicted of disobedience and punished if at least TWO witnesses testify against him or her.
An accomplice is involved
In fact, as previously indicated, it was one of the disciples, Judas Iscariot, who prompted authorities to initiate an arrest (Mark 14:43 – 44). The difficulty is that, because of his close contact with the individual who was arrested and brought into jail, Judas might easily be accused of being an accomplice to the crime. An accomplice is a person who knowingly assists another in committing a crime or engaging in wrongdoing. The twelve disciples (including Judas Iscariot) would be considered collaborators in Jesus’ “illegal” acts if he were perceived to be a criminal by the public.
A person’s arrest or conviction cannot be achieved without the assistance of an accomplice, according to Jewish (Hebrew) law (Walter Chandler,The Trial of Jesus, Volume 1, pages 228 – 229).
In the middle of the night
JUDAS ISCARIOT, one of the followers, was responsible for inciting authorities to initiate the arrest, as was previously mentioned (Mark 14:43 – 44). The concern is that, because of his close contact with the individual who was arrested and put into jail, Judas might easily be accused of being an accomplice to their crime. An accomplice is a person who knowingly assists another in committing a crime or engaging in wrongdoing on their own behalf. The twelve disciples (including Judas Iscariot) would be considered collaborators in Jesus’ “illegal” acts if he were deemed to be a criminal.
Why Did Pontius Pilate Have Jesus Executed?
“What is truth?” Pontius Pilate asks Jesus of Nazareth in the Gospel of John, and Jesus responds with a question. It’s a question that may be raised regarding Pilate’s own personal background as well. According to the New Testament of the Christian Bible, the Roman ruler of Judea was a shaky judge who originally exonerated Jesus before bowing to the will of the multitude and condemned him to death as a result of his actions. Non-Biblical sources, on the other hand, present him as a barbaric commander who wilfully rejected the traditions of the Jewish people under his command.
WATCH: JESUS: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE VaultJesus before Pilate, just before he was crucified.
Pilate’s early life is a mystery.
Before his time as Roman governor of Judea, from 26 and 36 A.D., nothing is known about Pilate’s early life and career. While most believe he was born into an equestrian family in Italy, certain tales indicate that he was actually born in the Scottish Highlands. From the Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria emerges one of the earliest—and most damning—accounts of Pilate’s reign as governor. Around the year 50 A.D., he denounced the prefect for “briberies, insults, robberies, outrages and wanton injuries, executions without trial, constantly repeated, endless and extremely severe brutality,” among other things.
Patterson describes Pilate’s rule as “corrupt and full of bribery.” Patterson is an early Christianity historian at Willamette University and the author of several books, including The Forgotten Creed: Christianity’s Original Struggle Against Bigotry, Slavery, and Sexism.
“Philo is a really dramatic writer,” she observes, “and one who has very apparent biases: persons who maintain Jewish rules are documented in highly favorable ways, whereas people who do not uphold Jewish laws are represented in quite bad ways.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: The Bible asserts that Jesus was a real person. Is there any further evidence? Prior to his crucifixion, Jesus had been tortured, and this was the culmination of that suffering. courtesy of DeAgostini/Getty Images
Pilate clashed with the Jewish population in Jerusalem.
A pair of golden shields emblazoned with the name of the Roman Emperor Tiberius were allowed into King Herod’s ancient residence in Jerusalem, according to Philo, despite Jewish tradition. Writing more than a half-century later, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus related a similar story, claiming that Pilate let troops bearing military standards with the likeness of the emperor into Jerusalem, despite Jewish law prohibiting the carrying of images in the holy city. A large number of people journeyed to the Judean city of Caesarea to express their displeasure, and they laid prostrate outside Pilate’s palace for five days until he finally yielded.
- This account has the ring of a rookie governor experimenting with his powers and entirely underestimating the depth of local opposition to graven images.
- Josephus related another event, this one with a bloodier conclusion, in which Pilate used cash from the Temple treasury to construct an aqueduct to provide water to Jerusalem.
- They were successful.
- More information may be found at: Where Is the Head of Saint John the Baptist?
The Gospels portray an indecisive Pilate.
Josephus also referred to Pilate’s well-known role in agreeing to Jesus’ death, which he had played previously. After being gravely concerned by his teachings, the Sanhedrin (an elite council of priestly and lay elders) arrested Jesus while he was celebrating the Jewish festival of Passover, according to the Gospels. They hauled Jesus before Pilate to be prosecuted for blasphemy, accusing him of claiming to be the King of the Jews, which they said was false. And they exerted pressure on Pilate, the only person who had the authority to sentence someone to death, to order his crucifixion.
According to the Gospel of Mark, Pilate intervened on Jesus’ behalf before caving in to the demands of the mob.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Discovering the Early Christian Church’s Conversion Tactics from Within “Mark’s goal isn’t truly historical in nature,” Patterson explains.
Mark blamed the Jewish rulers in Jerusalem for the city’s collapse since the high priests and officials had turned their backs on Jesus when he had arrived in the city.
courtesy of DeAgostini/Getty Images Following this, according to the Gospel of Matthew, Pilate washed his hands in front of the assembled throng before declaring, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; take care of yourself.” When the Jewish people heard this, they yelled out, “His blood be on us and our children.” For millennia, it would be used to punish the Jewish people, and it is still being utilized now.
As Bond explains, “Matthew claims that, while Romans were accountable for carrying out the action, the Jews were liable—a line of thought that, of course, has had fatal ramifications ever since.” When Jesus was making problems during a gathering like Passover, when the city was packed to capacity, I don’t believe Pilate would have spent much time worrying about what to do with him.
According to the Gospels, the people preferred the criminal Barabbas than Jesus.
The so-called custom of freeing a prisoner on Passover has been investigated by scholars, but so far, according to Patterson, “they have not discovered anything in regard to this so-called ritual.” More information may be found at: Early Christians Didn’t Always Take the Bible Literally (Discovery).
Pilate disappears from history after his rule.
Following the use of disproportionate force to quell a suspected Samaritan rebellion, Pilate was dismissed from office and transported back to Rome, according to Josephus and the Roman historian Tacitus. Pilate vanished from the historical record as soon as he arrived in Rome. According to various legends, he was either executed by Emperor Caligula or committed suicide, with his remains being thrown into the Tiber River after his death. In fact, the early Christian author Tertullian said that Pilate had become a disciple of Jesus and had attempted to convert the emperor to Christian beliefs.
A portion of a carved stone with Pilate’s name and title etched in Latin on it was discovered face down in an antique theater, where it had been used as a stair.
According to a November 2018 article in Israel Exploration Journal, improved photography showed Pilate’s name engraved in Greek on a 2,000-year-old copper alloy ring recovered at Herodium, which was previously thought to be a Roman coin.
The Bible Journey
Jesus Christ’s teachings in Mark 14:43-52 In order to capture Jesus, Judas leads the temple guards, who are equipped with swords and clubs. In the darkness, Judas recognizes Jesus by kissing him on the lips – a show of goodwill that is traditionally employed when a disciple welcomes a Jewish rabbi. The disciples depart as a brawl breaks out. Jesus is escorted back across the Kidron Valley and up the hill into the ancient City of David by the apostles (see2onMap 13). Climbing the Sacred Steps (Scala Sacra) – which may still be done today at the reported site of the High Priest’s residence – may have marked the beginning of Jesus’ last ascent into the city of Jerusalem.
- Located immediately inside theZion Gate in the Armenian Quarter of theOld CityofJerusalem, the Church of the House of Annas was constructed in the 14thcentury on the location of what is thought to be Annas’ home (seeMap 13).
- Jesus Christ’s teachings in Mark 14:53-66 On Friday morning, shortly before 6 a.m., Jesus is taken before Caiaphas, the Jewish High Priest who is also the head of the Jewish council (the Sanhedrin).
- True witnesses testify against Jesus, but their accounts are in disagreement with one another.
- “The Son of Man,” as Jesus refers to him, will be seen by all of them, sitting in glory at the right hand of God, and coming on the clouds of heaven, as Daniel 7:13-14 explains.
- Jesus is found guilty of blasphemy by the Jewish elders of the Sanhedrin and is sentenced to death as a result of their decision (which can only be authorised by the Roman procurator).
- in Section 2 for further information.) Mk 14:66-72 (Mark 14:66-72).
- He has stated three times that he has no knowledge of the sentenced prisoner.
- The current church of St Peter in Gallicantu (meaning ‘where the cock crowed’) is on the alleged location of Caiaphas’s House, which is still visible today (see3onMap 13).
- A cave-like room hewn out of the rock under the cathedral is thought to be the cell where Jesus was confined before to his appearance before the High Priest and the Sanhedrin at the crack of dawn on the third day of the week.
Interior of the Church of St Peter in Gallicantu in Jerusalem, there is a mosaic depicting Jesus being mistreated at the House of Caiaphas. Continue to the next page
NISAN 14 – JESUS ARRESTED AND DIED
This is a subset of a bigger research entitled “What Day of the Week Was Jesus Christ Crucified? “. The following is an effort to draw a line between the events surrounding Jesus’ arrest and those surrounding His crucifixion and death. Jesus walked out to the Garden of Gethsemane after dinner on the evening (beginning of Nisan 14), as we read earlier in this chapter. It’s likely that the supper took a couple hours. Then Jesus prays as his followers sleep, which must have taken a couple of hours as well, if not more.
Nisan 14 – From Arrest to Crucifixion
|Jesus was arrested (Matt 26:50)||Jesus was arrested (Mark 14:46)||Jesus was arrested (Luke 22:54)||Jesus was arrested after dark (John 18:3, 12)|
‘What Day of the Week Was Jesus Christ Crucified?’ is a component of a wider research on the topic. From Jesus’ arrest to His crucifixion and death, the following is an attempt to connect the dots. Jesus walked out to the Garden of Gethsemane after dinner on the evening (beginning of Nisan 14), as we read previously in the chapter. Perhaps a couple hours were spent on the dinner table. Then Jesus prays while his followers sleep, which must have taken a couple of hours as well, assuming that they were awake.
Jesus taken to High Priest
|Jesus taken to Caiaphas. Elders and Teachers of Law call a meeting. They call false witnesses (Matt. 26:57-60).||Jesus taken to High Priest and all Chief Priests and elders and Teachers of the Law came together to court yard of the High Priest (Mark 14:53-56).||Jesus taken to High priest. At daybreak the council of elders, chief priests and teachers of law called a meeting (Luke 22:54-66).||Jesus was taken to Annas first (father-in-law of Caiaphas the high priest) (John 18:12) and then to Caiaphas(John 18:24).|
This is part of a bigger research titled “What Day of the Week Was Jesus Christ Crucified?” The following is an effort to draw a line between the events leading up to Jesus’ arrest and His crucifixion and death. Jesus walked out to the Garden of Gethsemane after dinner on the evening (beginning of Nisan 14), as we observed before. It’s likely that the supper took many hours. Then Jesus prays as his followers sleep, which must have taken a few hours as well.
Peter denies Jesus
|Peter denies Jesus then the rooster crows. (Matt. 26:74).||Peter denies Jesus, and the rooster crowed the second time. (Mark 14:72).||Peter denies Jesus at one hour and then again an hour later, and then the rooster crows. (Luke 22:59, 60).||Peter denies Jesus and a rooster begins to crow (John 18:27).|
This is part of a bigger research entitled “What Day of the Week Was Jesus Christ Crucified?” The following is an effort to tie together events that occurred from Jesus’ arrest through His crucifixion and death. As we saw previously, Jesus walked out to the Garden of Gethsemane after dinner on the evening (beginning) of Nisan 14 to pray. It’s likely that the supper took a couple of hours. Then Jesus prays as his followers sleep, which must have taken a few of hours as well.
Jesus is condemned by High Priests and beaten by temple guards
|After Jesus admits he is the Son of God the High priest accuses Jesus of Blasphemy. Jesus is condemned to death. They spit at him, and strike him with their fists (Matt. 26:65-68).||After Jesus admits he is the Son of God the High priest accuses Jesus of Blasphemy. They condemn Jesus to death. They spit on him, blindfolded him, and struck him with their fists. The guards beat him (Mark 14:63-65).||After the cock crowed Jesus was mocked, beaten andblindfolded by the guards.At daybreakthe council of the elders, chief priests and teachers of the law met together and questioned Jesus. Jesus admits he’s the Son of God. They conclude their trial (Luke 22:63-71).||John doesn’t mention the trial other than Jesus was taken to Annas and then Caiaphas (John 18:12-14).|
In both of Luke’s verses, the word “daybreak” is used to denote the beginning of the day. It is important to note that the trial begins at dawn in the chart above and ends at daybreak as well. As a result, it didn’t take long for them to falsely accuse Christ of being their Messiah. We may confidently infer that the trial came to a close just before 6 a.m.
Chief Priests Take Jesus to Pilate
|The chief priests and elders decide to put Jesus to deathearly in the morning . They bound him and took him to Pilate, the governor (Matt. 27:1,2).||Very early in the Morningthe chief priests and the elders, teachers of the law and the whole Sanhedrin condemned Jesus and took him to Pilate (Mark 15:1).||Then the whole assemblyrose and led him off to Pilate (Luke 23:1).||The Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor [Pilate}. By now it wasearly morning(John 18:28).|
In both Matthew and John, the term “proia” (Strong’s 4405), which means “day-dawn” or “early morning,” is used, although Mark uses a different version of that word4404, which also means “day-dawn” or “early morning.” As a result, all three of them must be discussing the events that occurred shortly before sunrise when Jesus was brought before Pilate.
|When Pilate asked what to do with Jesus the Jews said CRUCIFY HIM!. Give us Barrabas. Pilate had Jesus flogged and handed him over to be crucified (Matt 27:21-23).||when Pilate asked what to do with Jesus the Jews said CRUCIFY HIM! Give us Barabbas. Pilate had Jesus flogged and handed him over to be crucified (Mark 15:12-15).||Luke is the only one that mentions Pilate sends Jesus to Herod. Herod’s soldiers beat him and send him back to Pilate. When Pilate questioned the accusation of Jesus the Jews yelled CRUCIFY HIM! Release Barabbas. Pilate surrendered Jesus to their will (Luke 23:6-25).||Pilate had Jesus flogged. Soldiers beat Jesus. Jews yell CRUCIFY HIM! Pilate turns Jesus over to them to be crucified. It wasabout the sixth hour(John 19:1-16).|
All four Gospel narratives of this incident are nearly identical in their depiction of it. Because, as we will see in the next frame, according to Matthew, Mark, and Luke, Jesus is nailed to the cross at the 3rd hour, which corresponds to 9 a.m. Jewish time, John cannot be speaking of Jewish time in this instance. Although John appears to refer to Jewish time in other parts of his Gospel (John 1:39; 4:16; 4:52, 53), he can only be speaking of Roman time in this instance. As a result, John’s statement that Jesus’ trial finished at the Jewish 6th hour, or Noon, is illogical because he would have been tried after he was nailed to the cross.
All of the trials between Annas, Caiaphas, Herod, and Pilate could have taken place within a few hours, according to John Leeper’s book “A Prelude to Glory,” because they all lived within five to twenty minutes of each other.
Jesus is Crucified and Dies
|Jesus is crucified. Darkness occurred over all the land from the sixth hour until the ninth.Jesus died at the ninth hour(Matt. 27:32-53).||Jesus is crucified at the third hour . Darkness occurs over the whole land from the sixth hour till the ninth.Jesus dies at the ninth hour(Mark 15:25-38).||Jesus is crucified. Darkness came over the whole land from the sixth hour until the ninth. Jesus died (Luke 23:32-46).||Jesus was crucified and dies (John 19:18-30)|
According to Mark, Jesus was crucified at the third hour (9 AM), and according to Matthew and Mark, he died at the ninth hour (3 PM), and that darkness fell over the land from the sixth hour to the ninth (noon till 3 PM). None of these occurrences are given a specific time by John. Between the arrest of Christ and his execution, not a single hint is provided by any of the four Gospel writers that another day had passed. This means that everything happened on the 14th of Nisan and occurred over a period of between eighteen and twenty hours.
Lori Eldridge is a woman who works in the fashion industry.