Why Did Jesus Drive the Money Changers From the Temple?
Not only did Jesus expel money changers from the temple, but he also expelled those who were engaged in the business of selling animals. When it was almost time for the Jewish Passover, Jesus traveled to Jerusalem to observe the festival. Among the vendors in the temple courtyards were those selling livestock, lambs, and doves, as well as those seated at tables trading money. As a result, he fashioned a whip out of cords and drove everyone out of the temple courts, even the sheep and calves; he also dispersed the coins of the money changers and threw their tables over.
In the process, he knocked down the tables of money changers and the benches of those selling doves.
Why Did Jesus Drive Them Out?
Two things were required of these foreign worshipers: an animal to sacrifice and Temple currency that might be exchanged for goods at local commercial establishments. In most cases, selling animals or conducting a legitimate money exchange were perfectly legal activities. However, according to Jesus, these specific sellers were a “den of thieves” who likely charged outrageous fees in order to take advantage of individuals who appeared to have no other alternatives.
2. They were doing so in the Temple.
They apparently established up shop in the Court of the Gentiles, thereby displacing individuals who had come long distances to attend the temple’s services. Besides that, they were perverting the whole purpose of the Temple itself; Jesus screamed that they were transforming the house of worship into a den of thieves. This is not good! In summation, these “businessmen” were guilty of committing a double whammy: they took advantage of people while also interfering with God’s intentions. It’s no surprise that Jesus was enraged!
What Should We Learn?
Of course, we will not be selling sacrifice animals or offering money exchange services to devotees, but we will be taking advantage of those who are less fortunate. Do you ever take advantage of people in order to further your own objectives? Is it possible that you’ve borrowed money from a kind friend with no intention of repaying them later? Do you assign less desirable jobs to your subordinates just because you have the authority to do so in your place of employment? What percentage of the population asks for favors from those who don’t know how to say no?
2. Speak up when others do the same thing.
On the other hand, if you observe someone else taking advantage of you, you should speak out and point it out. Perhaps we should follow Jesus’ lead and speak up in no uncertain terms?
3. Anger can be a good thing.
Rage is sometimes depicted as a bad feeling, yet the God who created us and gave us our emotions wants us to be stirred to anger from time to time. Jesus was enraged because people were abusing the privilege of using his Father’s dwelling. What are your thoughts? Do you become enraged when you see children being abused?
When you hear of human trafficking, what are the first feelings that come to mind? If rage isn’t something that comes to mind when you think about it, you might want to consider why. That rage may be a powerful motivator for us to become engaged in issues that we might otherwise overlook.
4. We are the Temple.
Even though I recognize that we must exercise caution in deciding what activities should take place in church structures, the larger point is that today’s believers in Christ are the church. When a result, as we meet with people from all walks of life, we are promoting the church. Do we believe that because the Temple was built for prayer, we, as God’s children, have any less of a responsibility? Is it conceivable that when we compromise our prayer walk, we are guilty of perverting the meaning of the phrase “God’s house”?
The Rest of the Story
When Jesus drove the moneychangers out of the Temple, what occurred next was a mystery. There was probably a startled hush as everyone nervously waited to see what would happen next. The Bible informs us that the blind and the lame flocked to him, and that children recognized him as “Hosanna, son of David,” according to the text. Consider the following: As soon as Jesus dealt with the opportunists, he became a magnet for the very people who were previously taken advantage of by others. Taking a strong stand for righteousness may be recognized and appreciated by others, depending on the circumstances.
Who will take our place if we don’t?
Every one of your thoughts is appreciated.
Find out much more about what the Bible has to say about money by reading this article.
Jesus and the Money Changers (John 2:13-16)
It’s referred to as the “temple tantrum” by some. The “cleaning of the temple” is another term for this ritual. The scene in which Jesus throws over tables full of cash and chases away animals appears to be well-known to anybody who knows anything about Jesus, whether through books, movies, or other sources. The majority of historians think that this account in the Gospels is based on a true event that occurred. However, there is a great deal of debate beyond that. When did the occurrence take place?
When did Jesus’ temple action occur?
When it comes to the tale of Jesus’ action in the temple, the Gospel of John places it in the beginning of Jesus’ public activity, whilst the other Gospels position it toward the conclusion. As a result, this appears to be a straightforward instance of three versus one, and hence simply resolved. In reality, because Matthew and Luke both follow Mark’s form, it is a matter of Mark versus John in terms of structure. Furthermore, because Mark and the other Synoptic Gospels only mention one visit by Jesus to Jerusalem, they could not have put the incident earlier without altering the framework of the narrative.
Disturbances have occurred in the past during Passover, which is marked by a focus on emancipation from foreign domination. They would have been drawn to even a small-scale symbolic activity in the temple, such as this one had to be, since it was symbolic.
What was the significance of the temple action?
Is it possible that Jesus lost his cool, as the expression “temple tantrum” suggests? Instead of a spontaneous outburst, both the Gospels of John and Mark portray something that has been deliberately arranged in advance of time. In Mark 11:11-19, Jesus pays a visit to the temple, but he does not do anything until the next day. As seen in John’s gospel, Jesus really takes the time to fashion a whip out of cords (John 2:15). Is it possible that calling it a temple tantrum provides the incorrect impression, and that calling it “the cleansing of the temple” is more accurate in conveying the essence of the incident?
Animal droppings are unsightly, and manure was once regarded to be a desecration of sacred ground.
On the other hand, Jesus is depicted as interacting with and dining with those who are ritually unclean, and he may have taken exception to both the implied slight toward non-Jews and the disrespect for their place of worship that was involved in conducting commercial activities in the Court of the Gentiles.
- When it comes to Jesus, they can be considered as two sides of the same coin rather than as two wholly separate issues.
- It was not intended for an old temple to be as serene as a calm cathedral.
- In order for the temple to fulfill its primary purpose as a site for the offering of animal sacrifices, the selling of animals became necessary.
- The money changers were there to convert a variety of different currencies into a single standard currency, the Tyrian shekel, which was then used to pay the temple tax, which was collected annually.
- Because Jesus drove away people and animals that were necessary to the temple’s operation, many academics regard his conduct as a symbolic gesture foreshadowing the building’s destruction rather than a cleansing of the temple.
The following is an excerpt from James F. McGrath’s “Jesus and the Money Changers (John 2:13-16)”, which may be seen online:
Professor of New Testament language and literature at Butler University in Indianapolis, James F. McGrath has a Ph.D. in New Testament studies.
Cleansing of the Temple – Wikipedia
The story of Jesus driving the merchants and money changers from the Temple is told in all four canonical gospels of the New Testament, and it is one of the most famous stories in the world. The scenario is a popular motif in Christian art, as may be seen here. When Jesus and his followers travel to Jerusalem for the Feast of the Passover, they are accused by Jesus of turning the temple into “a den of thieves” (according to the Synoptic Gospels) and “a house of trade” (according to the Gospel of John), respectively, via their commercial operations.
In light of the fact that the Gospel of John contains more than one Passover, some scholars assume that these two verses refer to two different occasions.
As previously indicated, Jesus is said to have been to the Temple in Jerusalem, where the courtyard was depicted as being crowded with cattle, merchants, and money changers, who exchanged the standardGreek and Roman currency for Jewish and Tyrean shekels. Jerusalem was jam-packed with Jews who had traveled to the city for Passover, estimated to number between 300,000 and 400,000 pilgrims. In the end, he drove them all out of the temple with a whip made of cords, along with the sheep and oxen.
Then Jesus commanded those who were selling the pigeons, “Take these things away; do not turn my Father’s home into a place of business.” After that, Jesus walked into the house of God and drove out everyone who sold and purchased in the temple, overturning the tables of the money changers as well as the seats of those who sold doves, among other things.
This is the second time Jesus accuses the Temple authorities of thievery, after accusing them in Mark 12:40 and Luke 20:47.
Dove merchants were selling doves that had been sacrificed by the poor, who couldn’t afford more elaborate offerings, and notably by female pilgrims.
This occurred in the Gentiles’ Court, which was the most remote part of the city.
Some scholars disagree on whether or not the Temple was cleansed in two stages, and whether or not there were two different occurrences. According to St. Thomas Aquinas and St. Augustine, the act of stoning Jesus was repeated two times, with the less severe denunciations of the Johannine account (merchants and sellers) occurring early in Jesus’s public ministry and the more severe denunciations of the synoptic accounts (thieves and robbers) occurring just before, and indeed expediting, the events of Jesus’ crucifixion.
Jesus traveled to the Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the beginning of his career, and in John 2:20, he was informed, “For forty-six years, this temple has been under construction, and you want to raise it up in three days?
Expansion and rebuilding of the temple were continuing activities, and the temple was under constant reconstruction until it was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD.
It is probable that the Temple complex had barely been constructed for a few years before it was demolished by the future Emperor Titus in the year 70 AD.
Professor David Landry of the University of St. Thomas proposes the following solution: “The fact that Jesus dies within a week of this occurrence indicates the significance of this story for the Christian faith. The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke all agree that this was the event that served as the “trigger” for Jesus’ execution.” The animal sales, according to Butler Universityprofessor James F. McGrath, were tied to the sale of animals for use in the Temple’s animal sacrifices, which were performed on animals.
- According to E.
- Sanders and Bart Ehrman, Greek and Roman cash was changed into Jewish and Tyrolean money at some point.
- Krier Mich posits that a significant amount of money was stored at the temple, where it could be loaned by the wealthy to the poor who were in danger of losing their land due to debt.
- One of the first acts of the Initial Jewish-Roman War was the burning of the debt records in the archives, which was one of the first acts of the war.
- Aside from composing and delivering messages from God, Israelite or Jewishnevi’im (also known as “spokespersons” or “prophets”) frequently enacted prophetic activities in their daily lives.
- Carson points out, the reason that Jesus was not apprehended by the Temple guards was owing to the fact that the multitude backed him in his acts.
Interpretation of John 2:15
During a lecture at Loyola University Chicago in 2012, Andy Alexis-Baker, clinical associate professor of theology, presented a historical overview of the understanding of the Johannine text since Antiquity:
- A remark on the text is first made by Origen (3rd century), who doubts that it is historical and understands it as metaphorical, with the Temple representing the soul of a person who has been liberated from earthly things as a result of Jesus’ sacrifice. In fact, John Chrysostom(v. 391) defended the historical authenticity of this passage, but if he considered that Jesus had used the whip against the merchants in addition to the other beasts, he specified that it was to show his divinity and that Jesus was not to be imitated
- Theodore of Mopsuestia(in 381) – who responded, during the First Council of Constantinople, to the bishop Rabbila, who was accused of striking his clerics Cato the Great, Donatist bishop of Cirta, espoused a non-violent Christianity and criticized Catholic Christianity for transgressing this non-violence. Petilian of Constantine was born in a non-violent Christian family. The Bishop of Hippo responded by reading the cleansing of the temple as a time when Jesus was acting as a persecutor against the merchants of the temple, which the Bishop of Hippo agreed with. Following Augustine’s interpretation, according to Alexis-Baker, Christians have justified ever-increasing violence. For example, Pope Gregory VII(in 1075), quoting Pope Gregory I, relies on this passage to justify his policy against the simonic clergy, who he compares to merchants in terms of wealth. Many other medieval Catholic personalities, such as Bernard of Clairvaux, who advocated the crusade, believing that battling the “pagans” with the same passion that Jesus demonstrated against the merchants was a means of redemption, will do the same. When accused of aiding in the burning of Michael Servetus, a theologian who denied the divinity of Jesus, alive during the Protestant Reformation, John Calvin (in 1554), following in the footsteps of Augustine of Hippo and the Gregories, defended himself by citing (among other things) the purification of the temple. After doing a grammatical examination of the text, Andy Alexis Baker claims that, while the bulk of English-speaking Bibles depict Jesus lashing people as well as animals, the original text is more complicated, and that the text does not depict a violent deed by Jesus towards the merchants.
According to later sources
Several later additions to the story of the episode are widely viewed as mythical or polemical by academics, and thus are not included here. When Yeshuhad entered the Temple with 310 of his followers, according to theToledot Yeshu, a parody gospel that was probably written down about 1,000 years later but possibly based on second-century Jewish-Christian gospelsif not oral traditions that could date back all the way to the formation of the canonical narratives themselves, he was accompanied by 310 of his followers.
Yeshu was also accused of robbing theshem hamphorash, the’secret name of god,’ from the Holy of Holies in the Toledot Yeshu, which is located in the Temple of Yeshu.
The purification of the Temple is a typical occurrence in the life of Christ that is represented under a variety of different titles. El Greco painted various variations on this theme:
- Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, London)
- Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Madrid)
- Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Minneapolis)
- Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, New York)
- Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Washington)
- Christ Driving the Money Changers from the Temple (El Greco, Washington
- Temple purification is underway. Unknown artist
- Giotto’s “casting out the money changers” (Casting out the money changers).
- Christian perspectives on poverty and wealth– Christians have maintained a variety of viewpoints on material wealth throughout history. Gessius Florus
- Gospel harmony
- Jesus’ ministry
- Gessius Florus
- Ched Myers’ “Binding the Strong Man: A Political Reading of Mark’s Story of Jesus,” Orbis (1988), ISBN0-88344-620-0
- Robert J. Miller’s “The Complete Gospels,” Polebridge Press (1994), ISBN0-06-065587-9
- Raymond E. Brown’s “An Introduction to the New Testament,” Doubleday (1997)ISBN0-385-24767-2
- Raymond E. Brown’s “The New Jerome Biblical Commentary,” Prentice Hall (1990),
- Page 49 of The Bible Knowledge Background Commentary by Craig A. Evans, 2005 (ISBN0-7814-4228-1)
- AbSanders, E. P.The Historical Figure of Jesus. Penguin, 1993
- AbFunk, Robert W. and theJesus Seminar. It is necessary to search for the authentic deeds of Jesus in order to understand the Acts of Jesus. The HarperSanFrancisco edition published in 1998
- AbPaul N. Anderson’s The Fourth Gospel And the Quest for Jesus published in 2006ISBN0-567-04394-0 page 158
- AbPaul L Maier’s “The Date of the Nativity and Chronology of Jesus” published in Chronos, Kairos, Christos: Nativity and Chronological Studies published in 1989ISBN0-931464-50-1 page 113–129
- AbcEerd Encyclopedia of the Historical JesusbyCraig A. Evans2008ISBN0-415-97569-7page 115
- Encyclopedia of the Historical JesusbyCraig A. Evans2009ISBN978-0-8054-4365-3pages 140–141
- Because of some uncertainty about how Josephus referred to and computed dates, as stated by KöstenbergerKellum (page 114), various scholars arrive at slightly different dates for the exact date of the start of Temple construction, with their final estimates of the date of the Temple visit varying by a few years
- According to the Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible, page 246 states that Temple construction was never completed and that the Temple was constantly being rebuilt until it was destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD/CE, and that the 46 years should refer to the actual number of years from the start of the construction
- Authors include Paul N. Anderson (2011), who wrote The Riddles of the Fourth Gospel: An Introduction to John (2011)ISBN0-8006-0427-Xpage 200
- Jerry Knoblet (2005), who wrote Herod the Great (ISBN0-7618-3087-1page 184)
- And Robert Tomson (2011), who wrote Jesus in Johannine Tradition (ISBN0-7618-3087-1). “God in the Details: The Cleansing of the Temple in Four Jesus Films,” Journal of Religion and Film, Vol. 13, No. 2, October 2009, University of Nebraska at Omaha
- “Fortna, Tom Thatcher 2001ISBN978-0-664-22219-2page 77
- “Landry, David. “God in the Details: The Cleansing of the Temple in Four Jesus Films,” Journal of Religion and Film, Vol. 13, No. 2, October 2009, University of Nebraska at Omaha The original version of this article was published on October 6, 2016. Obtainable on September 26, 2016
- James F. McGrath’s “Jesus and the Money Changers” is a classic work (John 2:13-16) On the 23rd of March, 2021, I was able to view ” Bible Odyssey “. Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (And Why We Don’t Know About Them), HarperCollins, 2009. ISBN 0-06-117393-2
- Ehrman, Bart D. Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the Hidden Contradictions in the Bible (And Why We Don’t Know About Them), HarperCollins, 2009. ISBN 0-06-117393-2
- Chapter 6 of The Challenge and Spirituality of Catholic Social Teaching, published by Orbis Books in 2011 under the ISBN 9781570759451
- Mich, Marvin L. Krier. “Angelus Address: Jesus Cleanses the Temple of Jerusalem,” says Pope Francis. “Angelus Address: Jesus Cleanses the Temple of Jerusalem.” Zenit, 4th of March, 2018. Virginia M. Forrester provided the translation from the Italian
- Herbert Lockyer is credited with inventing the term “lockyer.” All of the Bible’s parables, as well as Zondervan, 1988.ISBN9780310281115
- Dansby, Jonathan. “Exegetical Essay on Jesus’ Cleansing of the Temple (Undergraduate)”
- CASEY, P. M. “Exegetical Essay on Jesus’ Cleansing of the Temple (Undergraduate)”
- (1997). “The Cleansing of the Temple: A Study in Culture and Historicity.” ISSN0008-7912
- “Violence, Nonviolence, and the Temple Incident in John 2:13–15,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 306–332, ISSN0008-7912. academics.edu (2012a)
- Andy Alexis-“Violence, Baker’s Nonviolence, and the Temple Incident in John 2:13–15” is available online. The Journal of Biblical Interpretation, volume 20, number 1, pages 73–96, ISSN 0927-2569
- Price, Robert (2003) Infancy Gospels, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck GmbHCo. KG, 2011, pp. 588–616
- Alexander, P. ‘Jesus and his Mother in the Jewish Anti-Gospel (the Toledot Yeshu)’, in eds. C. Clivaz et al., The Incredible Shrinking Son of Man, p. 40
- Goldstein, Morris. The Incredible Shrinking Son of Man, p. 40
- Alexander The Jewish Tradition’s View of Jesus 152
- Bauckham, The Testimony of the Beloved Disciple, p. 45
- Eisenman, Robert, Maccabees, Zadokites, Christians, and Qumran: A New Hypothesis of Qumran Origins, p. 152
- Grave Distractions Publications, Nashville, TN, 2013, p. 10
- Zindler, Frank R. The Jesus the Jews Never Knew. Nashville, TN: Grave Distractions Publications, 2013, p. 10
- American Atheist Press, Cranford, NJ, 2003, pp. 318–319, 428–431
QuestionAnswer Jesus cleaned the temple of the money-changers and product dealers out of displeasure with what they had done to God’s place of prayer and out of a desire to rid the temple of the abuse perpetrated by sinful men. Judea was under the dominion of the Romans at the time, and the currency in circulation was coinage from Rome. However, according to Jewish law, every man was compelled to pay a tribute to the service of the sanctuary in the amount of “half a shekel” (Exodus 30:11–16), which was a Jewish coin.
- Money-changers provided this convenience, although they would charge a modest fee for the exchange of the money.
- Aside from it, two doves or pigeons were needed to be sacrificed in accordance with the Law (Leviticus 14:22; Luke 2:24).
- The temple sacrifices were also supported by other merchants who sold oxen and lambs for the occasion.
- At the same time that He smashed the tables of the money-changers, He rebuked them for turning God’s sanctuary of prayer into “a den of thieves” (Matthew 21:13).
- In his gospel, John makes it explicit that it was “after this” that He traveled to Capernaum, where He “remained for a few days.” Afterwards, in the following line (verse 13), John informs us that the “Passover of the Jews was approaching” (NKJV).
- This is the first of two occasions on which Jesus cleaned the temple of its filth.
- After Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem in the final week of His life, the second cleansing of the temple took place immediately following the first cleansing.
- Aside from the fact that they took place approximately three years apart, there are several variations between the two occurrences.
- During the first cleaning, Jesus constructed a whip out of cords to use in order to drive the vendors away, but there is no mention of a whip during the second cleansing.
Jesus washed the temple on two separate occasions. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) I’m curious how many times Jesus washed the temple floor. What was He doing when He cleansed the temple?
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The Lesson Behind Jesus & The Money Changers Bible Story
The narrative of Jesus and the money changers takes place during Jesus’ earthly mission, while he was on his way to the temple to offer sacrifices. He felt agitated as a result of the market that was going place at the Temple. With a whip, he toppled tables and emptied the temple of its clutter. In this account, we may learn about Jesus’ righteous fury, which he expressed at the Temple of Jerusalem. We may also learn from people who Jesus was speaking out against and avoid making the same mistakes as those who were present in the temple at the time of Jesus’ ministry.
In addition, we may understand the source of evil from this narrative, allowing us to avoid the actions of people in the temple depicted in the story.
As a result, it’s critical to understand how to care for your temples.
The tale of Jesus and the money changers is told in four places: Matthew 21:12-13, Mark 11:15-19, Luke 19:45-48, and John 2:13-22. The first version is found in Matthew 21:12-13, the second in Mark 11:15-19, the third in Luke 19:45-48, and the fourth in John 2:13-22. Despite the fact that each of these narratives is authored by a different author, they all convey the same message about the events of the story. The narrative opens with Jesus entering the temple and becoming enraged by what he sees going on.
- Among the vendors in the temple courtyards were those selling livestock, lambs, and doves, as well as those seated at tables trading money.
- ‘Get these birds out of here!’ he said to people who were selling them.
- The money changers who were defrauding people at the temple were the source of Jesus’ annoyance.
- Given that each of these testimonies was written by a different person, each one provides a unique viewpoint on the scenario that is now taking place.
This temple must be demolished, and I will rebuild it in three days. 1:16,19; 2:16,19 This does not imply that any of the authors made mistakes in their writing, but rather that John is giving a fresh viewpoint to the tale.
Many people are astonished that Jesus expressed righteous wrath in this manner, despite the fact that Jesus was known for being patient and teaching others to turn the other cheek. However, there is a time for righteous fury, as Jesus demonstrated against the money changers. There are times when you are wronged and have the opportunity to turn the other cheek, but there are also occasions when you witness injustice in the world and believe that we, as Christians, have the opportunity to combat it.
- People are being victimized by injustices such as human trafficking and abuse nowadays.
- Jesus is sinless; he has never committed a sin.
- Jesus is held up as a model of righteous rage by many.
- Paul writes in Ephesians 4:26 that Today, we may oppose evil by joining groups that fight against evil, praying for those who are being exploited, and taking action when we observe someone being exploited.
Not Taking Advantage of Others
We may take a look at how the money changers conducted themselves and learn what not to do in the future. What exactly were the money changers up to? As Jesus describes it, the temple has been transformed into a “Den of Robbers” (Mark 11:17). That these money changers were not only selling, but were also defrauding their consumers, is evidenced by the fact that This very premise, that cheating and stealing are bad, can be found throughout the Bible in verses and sections that support this precise concept.
Jesus does not remain silent in the face of wrongdoing, but rather punishes it.
Do not fall into the trap of taking advantage of others who are in our immediate vicinity.
The Temple Today
During his mission, Jesus came into contact with a number of thieves, so why did he turn the tables on them and chase away the buyers and sellers in this particular encounter? In addition to defrauding people and breaking the 10 commandments, which the Jews were under before Jesus’ death on the cross, the fact that they were doing their business in the temple was a source of consternation for the people. The temple was a location where God had descended and where his presence might be felt. In addition, because they were cheating in a sacred and holy site, this makes the situation much worse for those who were cheating, as it provokes Jesus’ righteous indignation towards them.
- Because the Holy Spirit is inside us, we serve as the temple.
- You do not belong to yourself since you were purchased at a cost.
- 1 Corinthians 6:19-20 (New International Version) We are Christians who have received an incredible gift from the Holy Spirit within us, but we must always remember to give God the glory for whatever we accomplish.
- Every chapter of the Bible has events and tales that educate us about God and help us grow in our relationship with Him.
- He even throws them out and overturns the table, yet he never commits a sin during the entire process.
We also learn from this tale that Jesus was enraged by the sin of taking advantage of people in the temple, and we should avoid taking advantage of people as well, especially now that the Holy Spirit has been given to us, because our bodies are now considered to be temples of the Lord.
What Happened When Jesus Saw Money Changers in the Temple?
Matthew 21:12-13, Mark 11:15-18, Luke 19:45-46, and John 2:13-17 all have accounts of Jesus expelling the money changers from the Temple.
Jesus Drives the Money Changers From the Temple – Story Summary:
During the Passover festival, Jesus Christ and his followers traveled to Jerusalem to rejoice with the people of Israel. They discovered the hallowed city of God to be swarming with throngs of pilgrims from all over the world when they arrived. The money changers, as well as merchants selling animals for sacrifice, were visible to Jesus as he approached the Temple entrance. Pilgrims brought coins from their home cities, with the majority of them depicting pictures of Roman emperors or Greek gods, which Temple officials deemed idolatrous by Temple authorities.
As a result, money changers swapped undesirable coinage for Tyrian shekels.
Jesus was so enraged by the violation of the Holy of Holies that he grabbed some cords and weaved them together to make a little whip for himself.
He ejected the money changers from the area, as well as the guys who were selling pigeons and livestock.
Jesus said from Isaiah 56:7 when he purified the Temple of greed and profit: “My home shall be called a place of prayer, but you have made it a den of thieves.” (Matthew 21:13, English Standard Version) The disciples and everyone else in the room were in awe of Jesus’ power in God’s house of worship.
They began to devise a plan to assassinate Jesus.
Points of Interest from the Story:
- On the Monday of Passion Week, just three days before the Passover and four days before his death, Jesus drove out the money changers from the Temple. According to Bible historians, this episode took place in Solomon’s Porch, the Temple’s outermost portion on the east side. During excavations at the Temple, archaeologists discovered a Greek inscription from the Court of the Gentiles dating to 20 B.C., which warns non-Jews not to enter any further into the Temple for fear of death
- Because the high priest received a percentage of the profits from the money changers and merchants, their removal from the Temple precinct would have caused a financial loss to him. Because travelers were unfamiliar with Jerusalem, the Temple merchants were able to charge a greater price for sacrifice animals than they could elsewhere in the city. Apart from his rage at the money changers’ greed, Jesus despised the noise and commotion in the court, which would have made it impossible for devout Gentiles to pray there
- Jesus despised the noise and commotion in the court, which would have made it impossible for devout Gentiles to pray there
- It would be around 40 years after Jesus cleaned the Temple before the Romans would attack Jerusalem during an uprising and utterly demolish the structure. It was never going to be rebuilt. TheDome of the Rock, a Muslim mosque, stands today on the site where the Temple Mount once stood
- The Gospels tell us that Jesus Christ was ushering in a new covenant with humanity, in which animal sacrifice would be replaced by the perfect sacrifice of his life on the cross, atoning for humans once and for all
- And the Quran tells us that Jesus Christ was ushering in a new covenant with humanity, in which animal sacrifice would be replaced by the perfect sacrifice of his life on the cross, at
Question for Reflection:
The Temple was cleaned by Jesus because immoral activities were interfering with worship. Is it necessary for me to purify my heart of any attitudes or acts that are standing in the way of my relationship with God?
Jesus Turns the Tables
Then he entered the temple and proceeded to drive out both the sellers and the purchasers from the temple, and he threw overturned the money changers’ tables and the seats of those who sold pigeons. (Matthew 11:15) Depending on how you looked at it, this particular Monday morning may have seemed like any other in the modern Western world: it was time to go back to the grind and get back to work. Jesus did, in fact, travel into Jerusalem to attend to the needs of the people. He was nowhere to be found when he messed with the money-changers, which is ironic given how many of our contemporary contemporaries have come to associate Jesus with meek and polite progressive “tolerance.” When Jesus, in a Jeremiah-like way, delivered a thunderous judgment on Israel, there was nothing gentle or tender about his words.
His chastisement was delivered in no clear terms to their place of worship.
Pigeons! Get Your Pigeons!
In the Christian tradition at which I was reared, touring musical ensembles would perform on a regular basis in our church. As you might expect, these bands would have records and other stuff to promote on the road, but they weren’t permitted to sell them at our local church – at least not in the church foyer, where the majority of attendees arrived. The biblical justification for this was found in Mark 11:15–19, when Jesus cleaned the temple. People hawking their products around the temple evidently offended Jesus, and as a result, we should refrain from doing so in the vicinity of the church’s sanctuary.
- And you’re absolutely right about it.
- It’s easy to envision that the city would have been jam-packed with pilgrims due to the holiday of Passover.
- Far now, when sweating salespeople roam the aisles and trumpet their popcorn, it may not have seemed that different — except that these were sacrificial birds, their goal was malevolent, and the prices were almost certainly even higher than they are today!
- The fact is that this is an extreme departure from what the place of worship should have been, and Jesus would not have approved of it.
- It was what he said from the Old Testament, specifically Isaiah and Jeremiah, that was the focal point of everything: “Is it not written, ‘My home shall be called a place of prayer for all the nations’?” “However, you have turned it into a nest of robbers.”
Out of Sync
Although the cooperative for trade was a concern, it was not the only or even the most important one that Jesus was addressing. This was a major failure because it demonstrated how Israel’s worship was out of sync with the grand end-times vision promised by prophet Isaiah — the new age that Jesus had come to establish. In Isaiah 56, Jesus cites a section of the vision, which reads: “My home shall be considered a place of prayer for all peoples.” More information can be gleaned from the context of Isaiah 56.
- However, when Jesus neared the temple, it was teeming with people buying and selling.
- And it was the Jewish authorities who had allowed this to happen.
- Although there were rows of merchandise and price gouging going on, the greatest tragedy of this sight was that it left no place for Gentiles and outcastes to come and worship with the community as a whole.
- As a result, the eventual picture of God’s people in God’s place would appear a bit more jumbled than it did when Jesus first walked through the city gates.
In addition, because their worship was so far from this goal, Jesus was fed up with them. God’s people’s worship was so out of sync with God’s plans that it devoured God’s messiah with zeal for God’s intentions. It had to come to an end.
What About Us?
And here’s the lesson for us on this first Monday of Holy Week, or, more accurately, here’s the question we need to answer. Is our worship a good prefigurative representation of the prophetic vision of the new creation? Whether we realize it or not, our personal investments and corporate meetings mirror the heart of a God who seeks out and gathers the outcasts. This topic is especially pertinent during the Easter season, when our churches put up their best efforts to appear exceptionally beautiful.
- No one will bring their oxen into a field in the hopes of becoming wealthy.
- Our decorations, on the other hand, may be lavish.
- Our music has the potential to be world-class.
- So, where have all the misfits, the socially downtrodden, and the outcasts vanished too?
Why did Jesus physically throw out the money changers instead of winning the argument with reason?
The most clear reference/fulfillment is found in John 2:17, which states: As a result, I have been burned by my enthusiasm for Your home, and the reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen on me. One of my initial thoughts is that Jesus, knowing their motives (Mt 9:4, Mt 12:25, Lk 11:17), would have anticipated that arguing with them would not have been successful. (For example, Lk 16:30-31, or maybe even Pr 26:4).
Defending His Reputation is Helpful for God’s People
In order for those people to understand that God does not approve of their activities, God will protect his reputation, particularly among individuals who claim some knowledge or comprehension of him. God will do this for the sake of those people. This is seen well in the number 25. Phineas is lauded not because he murdered a heinous criminal, but rather because he grasped God’s perspective on the situation. The practice of open immorality among God’s people will not be permitted. Isaiah 42:6, Isaiah 49:6, and Isaiah 60:3 all refer to God’s chosen people as “light to the nations,” and when they do things that blatantly harm those people’s view of God, he doesn’t always tolerate them for long.
- They are already aware of how wrong they have acted, and even a brief period of heightened emotions and low morale is no explanation for what they have done.
- It is better to avoid reasoning with them altogether.
- The money changers in the temple were defrauding the congregation of money.
- Because of what they had been doing, it is reasonable (in my opinion) that Jesus would become enraged enough to throw them out (in a humiliating manner for them).
The likelihood that they had been doing this for long enough to have had the opportunity to comprehend the scale of their undertaking but didn’t care because they wanted the money appears to me to be rather strong. Are you able to reason with greed?
Why Jesus Opposed the Moneychangers in the Temple
The reputation of God, particularly among those who claim some knowledge or comprehension of him, can be defended in such a way that those individuals are made aware that God does not approve of the actions taken against them. An excellent illustration of this may be found in Numbers 25. It is not because he murdered an egregious criminal that Phineas is lauded, but rather because he grasped God’s perspective on the situation. God’s people are not to be tolerated when they act immorally in public.
Some transgressions are dealt with swiftly and without the need for any prior warnings in my own household with my kids.
Reasoning with them is not always beneficial, because reasoning will simply expose to them why what they are doing is wrong.
Reasoning alone will not necessarily bring about the change of heart that is required to repent if they already know what they are doing is wrong.
Those who had gone to pay their respects to the living God were being oppressed.
The likelihood is that they had been doing this long enough to have had the opportunity to comprehend the magnitude of their undertaking, but they didn’t care since they were after the money, in my opinion.