Why Did Pontius Pilate Have Jesus Executed?
“What is truth?” Pontius Pilate asks Jesus of Nazareth in the Gospel of John, and Jesus responds with a question. It’s a question that may be raised regarding Pilate’s own personal background as well. According to the New Testament of the Christian Bible, the Roman ruler of Judea was a shaky judge who originally exonerated Jesus before bowing to the will of the multitude and condemned him to death as a result of his actions. Non-Biblical sources, on the other hand, present him as a barbaric commander who wilfully rejected the traditions of the Jewish people under his command.
WATCH: JESUS: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE VaultJesus before Pilate, just before he was crucified.
Pilate’s early life is a mystery.
Before his time as Roman governor of Judea, from 26 and 36 A.D., nothing is known about Pilate’s early life and career. While most believe he was born into an equestrian family in Italy, certain tales indicate that he was actually born in the Scottish Highlands. From the Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria emerges one of the earliest—and most damning—accounts of Pilate’s reign as governor. Around the year 50 A.D., he denounced the prefect for “briberies, insults, robberies, outrages and wanton injuries, executions without trial, constantly repeated, endless and extremely severe brutality,” among other things.
- Patterson describes Pilate’s rule as “corrupt and full of bribery.” Patterson is an early Christianity historian at Willamette University and the author of several books, including The Forgotten Creed: Christianity’s Original Struggle Against Bigotry, Slavery, and Sexism.
- “Philo is a really dramatic writer,” she observes, “and one who has very apparent biases: persons who maintain Jewish rules are documented in highly favorable ways, whereas people who do not uphold Jewish laws are represented in quite bad ways.
- MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: The Bible asserts that Jesus was a real person.
- Prior to his crucifixion, Jesus had been tortured, and this was the culmination of that suffering.
Pilate clashed with the Jewish population in Jerusalem.
A pair of golden shields emblazoned with the name of the Roman Emperor Tiberius were allowed into King Herod’s ancient residence in Jerusalem, according to Philo, despite Jewish tradition. Writing more than a half-century later, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus related a similar story, claiming that Pilate let troops bearing military standards with the likeness of the emperor into Jerusalem, despite Jewish law prohibiting the carrying of images in the holy city. A large number of people journeyed to the Judean city of Caesarea to express their displeasure, and they laid prostrate outside Pilate’s palace for five days until he finally yielded.
This account has the ring of a rookie governor experimenting with his powers and entirely underestimating the depth of local opposition to graven images.
Josephus related another event, this one with a bloodier conclusion, in which Pilate used cash from the Temple treasury to construct an aqueduct to provide water to Jerusalem.
They were successful. When he gave the signal, they withdrew clubs disguised in their clothing and beat many of the demonstrators to death with the clubs they had removed. More information may be found at: Where Is the Head of Saint John the Baptist?
The Gospels portray an indecisive Pilate.
Josephus also referred to Pilate’s well-known role in agreeing to Jesus’ death, which he had played previously. After being gravely concerned by his teachings, the Sanhedrin (an elite council of priestly and lay elders) arrested Jesus while he was celebrating the Jewish festival of Passover, according to the Gospels. They hauled Jesus before Pilate to be prosecuted for blasphemy, accusing him of claiming to be the King of the Jews, which they said was false. And they exerted pressure on Pilate, the only person who had the authority to sentence someone to death, to order his crucifixion.
According to the Gospel of Mark, Pilate intervened on Jesus’ behalf before caving in to the demands of the mob.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Discovering the Early Christian Church’s Conversion Tactics from Within “Mark’s goal isn’t truly historical in nature,” Patterson explains.
Mark blamed the Jewish rulers in Jerusalem for the city’s collapse since the high priests and officials had turned their backs on Jesus when he had arrived in the city.
courtesy of DeAgostini/Getty Images Following this, according to the Gospel of Matthew, Pilate washed his hands in front of the assembled throng before declaring, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; take care of yourself.” When the Jewish people heard this, they yelled out, “His blood be on us and our children.” For millennia, it would be used to punish the Jewish people, and it is still being utilized now.
As Bond explains, “Matthew claims that, while Romans were accountable for carrying out the action, the Jews were liable—a line of thought that, of course, has had fatal ramifications ever since.” When Jesus was making problems during a gathering like Passover, when the city was packed to capacity, I don’t believe Pilate would have spent much time worrying about what to do with him.
According to the Gospels, the people preferred the criminal Barabbas than Jesus.
The so-called custom of freeing a prisoner on Passover has been investigated by scholars, but so far, according to Patterson, “they have not discovered anything in regard to this so-called ritual.” More information may be found at: Early Christians Didn’t Always Take the Bible Literally (Discovery).
Pilate disappears from history after his rule.
Following the use of disproportionate force to quell a suspected Samaritan rebellion, Pilate was dismissed from office and transported back to Rome, according to Josephus and the Roman historian Tacitus. Pilate vanished from the historical record as soon as he arrived in Rome. According to various legends, he was either executed by Emperor Caligula or committed suicide, with his remains being thrown into the Tiber River after his death. In fact, the early Christian author Tertullian said that Pilate had become a disciple of Jesus and had attempted to convert the emperor to Christian beliefs.
A portion of a carved stone with Pilate’s name and title etched in Latin on it was discovered face down in an antique theater, where it had been used as a stair.
According to a November 2018 article in Israel Exploration Journal, improved photography showed Pilate’s name engraved in Greek on a 2,000-year-old copper alloy ring recovered at Herodium, which was previously thought to be a Roman coin.
Pontius Pilate was a Roman governor who served under Tiberius the Great during the first century AD. His most well-known role is that of the judge in Jesus’ trial.
Who Was Pontius Pilate?
Pontius Pilate is thought to have originated from the Samnium area of central Italy, where he was imprisoned. Pontius Pilate was the governor of Judaea from 26 to 36 A.D. throughout his reign. He accused Jesus of treason and said that Jesus considered himself to be the King of the Jews, and he ordered Jesus’ execution. Pilate died in the year 39 A.D. The exact reason of his death has not been determined. His presence was proved by an item discovered in 1961.
Prefect of Judea
Pontius Pilate was appointed prefect of the Roman provinces of Judaea, Samaria, and Iduma by the Roman Emperor Tiberius in 26 A.D., although Pilate is best remembered for his leadership of the Roman province of Judaea. While the average tenure for a Roman prefect was one to three years, Pilate was to keep his position as the fifth Roman procurator for a period of ten years, which was unprecedented at the time. Pontius Pilate became the successor of Valerius Gratus when he assumed his position.
His responsibilities as a prefect included routine activities like as tax collecting and project management for building projects.
Pontius Pilate made every effort to achieve this goal by whatever means necessary.
Pontius Pilate, as governor of Judaea, was confronted with a clash of interests between the Roman Empire and the Sanhedrin, the Jewish religious council. When Pontius inquired as to whether Jesus was the King of the Jews, he asserted that Jesus had accepted the title, which he never had done. The Roman authority regarded this claim as treasonous and prosecuted the accuser accordingly. Pontius Pilate, according to some historians, worked in collaboration with Jewish officials, who considered Jesus’ claim to authority as a political danger, when it came to pursuing Jesus.
All four of the Gospels portray him as a weak man who eventually caves in to the Jewish rulers’ demand to put Jesus on the cross.
Only Matthew 27:24 describes Pontius Pilate as refusing to participate in Jesus’ crucifixion: “So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that a riot was beginning, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; see to it yourselves,” he said.
INRI was a Latin abbreviation for Jesus’ given name as well as his title as King of the Jews. Some feel that the term was intended to be sarcastic, in order to criticize Jesus for his lofty assertion.
The circumstances surrounding Pontius Pilate’s death, which occurred about 39 A.D., remain a mystery and a matter of debate. According to some legends, the Roman emperor Caligula ordered Pontius Pilate’s death by execution or suicide, which was carried out. According to some stories, Pontius Pilate was exiled and eventually committed suicide of his own free will. Some stories hold that after committing himself, his body was thrown into the Tiber River, which is where he is buried. Others, on the other hand, feel that Pontius Pilate’s destiny was tied to his conversion to Christianity and his canonization.
Whatever happened to Pontius Pilate in the end, one thing has been established: that he was a real person who lived in the first century A.D.
Antonio Frova discovered a piece of limestone etched with Pontius Pilate’s name in Latin, establishing a link between Pilate and Emperor Tiberius’ reign in the city.
What Happened to Pontius Pilate — The Man Responsible for Crucifying Jesus?
In front of the crowd, Pilate presents Jesus to them. Wikimedia Commons has made this image available to the public. Pontius Pilate was unquestionably a historical person of importance. At 1961, a slab of limestone with inscriptions was discovered in Caesarea Maritima (modern-day Israel), stating that he served as the Roman governor of Judah during the reign of Emperor Tiberius and during the time period when Jesus was living. A number of documents connected to his rule have also been discovered in Rome among ancient writings.
- The accusations of treason were brought against Jesus because he claimed to be the “King of all Jews,” which was a prohibited claim to make while Judaea was under the control of Rome.
- For more than two centuries, Pilate had served as the ruler of that section of the Roman empire (and would continue to be until 36 AD).
- Many pagan symbols were introduced into hallowed Jewish institutions as a result of his orders, which caused consternation among the local community.
- He had a conversation with Jesus, and it appears that he first believed him to be innocent.
- Then, three days after his death, Jesus resurrected from the dead, demonstrating to his disciples that he truly was the son of God (again, according toscriptures).
- However, despite the significant role that Pontius Pilate had in its inception, the vast majority of people are unaware of what happened to him over the remainder of his life after that.
- For them, the following few years were just another day at the office.
There were a slew of other suspected rebels who suffered a fate similar to Jesus’s later on throughout his reign.
Furthermore, because the inhabitants of Judaea were not citizens, Pilate was free to be as harsh as he pleased.
Other historical texts also describe how Pilate seized cash from a Jewish temple and used them to construct an aqueduct connecting Jerusalem to the rest of the world.
To do this, he had troops masquerading as citizens enter the unarmed throng and then beat a number of demonstrators to death with clubbing weapons.
In the end, his worst misfortune happened when a group of Samaritans went in search of items that were claimed to have been buried by the Prophet Moses at Mount Gerizim and found none.
Pilate was quickly summoned to Rome, where he was tried by Tiberius after some of the survivors reported to the Roman governor of Syria, Lucius Vitellius, about what had happened to them.
Nevertheless, while he was on his way, Tiberius passed away due to old age and was succeeded by Caligula.
Pilate had just recently resigned from politics and was surviving on a state pension and whatever money he had stolen from the people of Judaea to supplement his income.
Following his death, a vast deal of information about Pilate disseminated throughout Europe.
They just wished to avoid being persecuted any further than they were already being mistreated.
The dissemination of fake letters purporting to be authored by Pilate occurred as early as the 2nd century, according to historical records.
The “Acts of Pilate,” among other sources, described how Pilate allegedly declared, “I have discovered no grounds for the death punishment.
The Jewish mob, on the other hand, wanted him dead and fought back by screaming, “His blood be on us and our children!” To put it another way, they’ll accept responsibility for assassinating the son of God.
According to the author, this quotation was written several years after Christ’s death with the goal of shifting the responsibility from Pilate to the Jews, as previously mentioned.
Eventually, as the Roman Empire converted to Christianity, the guilt for Jesus’ crucifixion was shifted from the Jews to Pontius Pilate.
However, the harm had already been done in terms of the Gospels, which were blaming the Jews. In actuality, Pilate received no punishment at all for all of the atrocities he had done throughout his reign of terror (except perhaps eternal damnation).
Pontius Pilate: The Man Who Sentenced Jesus Christ to Death
Christ in the presence of Pilate Mihály Munkácsy, 1881, Hungarian National Gallery; Pilate washing his hands, by Nicolaus Mosman, after Matthias Stom, 1744-1787, The British Museum; and Pilate washing his hands, by Nicolaus Mosman, after Matthias Stom, 1881, Hungarian National Gallery. In human history, Pontius Pilate is one of the most divisive and, at the same time, mysterious characters to have ever existed. Despite the fact that it was not his objective, his activities resulted in the establishment of a universal religion.
- At the very least, on this scale?
- Christ before Pontius Pilate, 493 – 526, Basilica of Saint Apollinaire Nuovo, via Europeana, Rome, Italy Pilate Pontius was a Roman prefect of Judea who is most known for sentencing Jesus Christ to death in the book of Matthew.
- The governor’s existence is only partially documented by archaeological evidence.
- What little is known about this historical figure is based on folklore and unsubstantiated traditions that exist on the precipice of historical fact and religious belief.
- According to the four Gospels, Pilate sentences Jesus to death after hearing accusations from the Jewish community.
- So that they would not be held responsible for anything, the Romans pretended to be the ones who would attempt to avert the crucifixion at all costs if there was any prospect of success.
- 1625-1630, is housed in the Louvre.
- He was harsh and merciless, and he was well-versed in the techniques of his trade.
- The fact that he has such extraordinary leadership abilities is sufficient evidence.
Pontius Pilate In Judea
Aqueduct built by the Romans at Caesarea. Pilate’s responsibilities were essentially military in nature when he first arrived in Judea. In the Roman province, he was successful in maintaining a calm atmosphere. It is important to note that the capital was Ceasarea Maritima, not Jerusalem, as many people believe. In the same way that every Roman was, Pilate Pontius was a very devout individual. The Romans were distinguished by two characteristics: they were brutal warriors in combat and exceedingly pious when it came to the observance of religious regulations dedicated to their gods.
For all of the empire’s emperors, the religion of gods and politics had become inextricably intertwined.
Inscriptions from Caesarea, which were constructed during the reign of Emperor Tiberius, are among the few surviving pieces of evidence of Pilate’s authority. Additionally, coins struck during this period demonstrate that Pontius Pilate is a historical character.
Pontius Pilate’s First Orders In Judaea
The British Museum has a painting of Pilate washing his hands by Nicolaus Mosman, after Matthias Stom, which dates from 1744-1787. According to Roman sources, Pilate is a long cry from the Christian figure that is assigned to him in the Scriptures. He understood how to scare a mob and keep order in an area that was rebellious to authority. His initial activities as a prosecutor in Judea came dangerously close to resulting in a bloodbath. Soldiers from Rome were to be dispatched to the Holy Land, according to his commands.
- The enraged Jews demonstrated in front of Pilate, who devised a plot to scare them away from the city.
- As soon as Pilate led the Jews inside his palace, he ordered his men to draw their swords in preparation for battle.
- The Jews, on the other hand, were brought to their knees and did not attempt to fight back or flee.
- Pilate retreated because his first responsibility was to keep calm among the populace.
The Role Of Pilate In The History Of Jesus
The Sacrament of Ordination, often known as The Kimbell Art Museum houses a painting by Nicolas Poussin, who lived between 1636 and 1640. The fact is that Jesus was not the first Messiah to emerge in Judea, as is often believed today. There had been others before him, each with their own set of new religious ideas. The Romans were aware of them and were continually on their trail. The trial of Jesus began on the basis of allegations brought against him by prominent members of society. That the nobility in Jerusalem had a hand in the execution of Jesus Christ is established by this evidence.
- There are several distinct stories of Christ’s true conviction, which may be found in the Bible.
- After announcing the decision, Pilate washed his hands and recited a few prayers to the gods, as was customary for Roman rulers to begin the day after receiving the judgement.
- According to another source, there were multiple trials before the final conviction was reached.
- According to some traditions, Pilate felt that Jesus was innocent and even stated as much when they arrested and tried him.
- Pontius Pilate is a character about whom we know very little.
He lived and served as the governor of Judea throughout Jesus’ trial and execution, though, and this is all we do know about him. Historical researchers and archaeologists are the only ones who can uncover the genuine facts about one of the most important persons in human history.
Pontius Pilate’s Disappearance
Christ in the presence of Pilate The Hungarian National Gallery has a painting by Mihály Munkácsy from 1881. After Pilate’s ten-year tenure over Judea, there is practically nothing recorded about him in the Bible. He was expelled from the country and returned to Rome, where he essentially vanished. After his return, there was no more published about him or his exploits. The Emperor Caligula, according to some, ordered his execution, while others say he was banished after his last years of power were fruitless.
He may have even gotten another post and continued his life in the Roman Empire, for all we know.
Pontius Pilate In Art
“Can you define truth?” Geoffrey Chaucer’s Christ and Pilate The Tretyakov Gallery has a painting by Nikolay Nikolaevich from 1890. Depictions of Pontius Pilate in art have been extremely popular from early Christian times, particularly after the 4th century CE, and have continued to be so up to the current day. He is frequently shown alongside Jesus Christ, or he is shown washing his hands in confession. Despite the fact that there are several pieces of art that depict Pilate washing his hands, one of the most bizarre depictions of Pilate washing his hands is found in a painting by J.M.W.
- In spite of the fact that the artwork was created in 1830, its use of color might be considered impressionist at a period when impressionism was not yet in existence.
- Leo Tolstoy, the Russian author, considered this to be one of his favorite pieces of art.
- Many artists have chosen to show Pilate at the moment he cries “Ecce Homo” (Behold the Man) when presenting Christ to the Jewish people just before the crucifixion, which occurred shortly before Christ’s death.
- Pilate has also featured as a fictional character in literature, playing a significant role in medieval passion plays as well as a number of literary works centered on the life of Christ.
- ARTICLE RECOMMENDED FOR READING: Leonardo da Vinci was a Renaissance artist who lived from 1452 until 1519.
Why Did Pontius Pilate Allow Jesus to Be Crucified?
Pontius Pilate seems to vanish from the pages of the Gospels almost as quickly as he emerges. Despite this, this Roman soldier plays such a significant part in the crucifixion that he is mentioned in the Apostles’ Creed as a result. As one of the most important summaries of Jesus, what he did on earth, and the many other important doctrines and beliefs that are central to the Christian faith, the Apostles’ Creed may well be the most important summary available. Those who have read about Pilate in the Gospel stories may know of him as a man who saw Jesus was guiltless, but allowed his fear of the masses grab him.
The story of Pilate may be found in Matthew 27 and John 18:28-40, among other places.
He couldn’t bear the thought of allowing a guiltless guy to endure such a horrific death. And why did the church include him in the Apostles’ Creed in the first place? We’ll get into these and other questions in further detail below.
Who Was Pontius Pilate?
The Roman prefect (or governor) of Judea in the early first century was Pontius Pilate. He was known for his harsh treatment of the Jews (about 26-36 AD). According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Pilate is believed to have risen to such a high position as a result of a recommendation from one of Emperor Tiberius’ favorite bureaucrats, a man named Sejanus. Pilate, although having landed a significant position, wreaked chaos for his position from the get-go. Pilate had fallen out of favor with Emperor Tiberius as a result of his insulting the faith of the Jews and operating an administration characterized by “corruption, violence, thefts, and bad treatment of the people.” When Sejanus, the administrator who had recommended Pilate for the role, vanished from the scene – having murdered Tiberius’ son and plotting to assassinate the Emperor himself – the Emperor increased his scrutiny of Pilate.
- Every one of his movements had to be closely scrutinized.
- With his own fate and deeds hanging in the balance, Pilate finds himself confronted by a Jewish man with whom he can find no fault at this point in his life.
- In the worst case scenario, if he refuses to cave in to their demands, they will notify Caesar (John 19:12).
- They do, however, state their views clearly.
- The Roman governor, Pilate, caves in and enables them to crucify Jesus, wiping his hands clean of any blood that could be shed.
Why Did Pontius Pilate Crucify Jesus?
Despite the fact that Pilate clearly possessed considerable power, why would he sentence a guilty man to death? Even if he looks to be ignoring his conscience, wouldn’t the act of doing so haunt him nearly to death, knowing that he has doomed a sinless man to die, be a source of great anxiety for him? We must bear in mind a number of factors that contributed to Pontius Pilate’s decision to yield to the throng. After all of the evidence stated above, it should come as no surprise that Pilate was in poor status with Caesar.
- And the Jews believed that siding with Jesus was a grave error.
- For the second time, we’ll see that opponents of Christianity frequently assert that the Bible is untrustworthy and that Jesus may have never been at all.
- If you want a more in-depth explanation of this, see Lee Strobel’s book “The Case for Christ.” In truth, Jesus’ ministry – with a few notable exceptions, such as the woman at the well – was solely for the benefit of the Jewish people of the time.
- The Romans were largely uninterested in Jewish matters.
- According to their records, he was in compliance with their tax regulations and otherwise a good citizen (Mark 12:17).
- Furthermore, unless the Jews were leading a revolt or insurrection against Rome, the Romans were not very interested in the affairs of the Jews.
- Furthermore, Romans regarded persons who held Roman citizenship as being of higher significance than those who did not hold it.
- Despite the fact that Pilate understood he was innocent, he did not plan to risk his career and his life for a non-Roman citizen.
As Billy Graham describes in this piece, Pilate was morally bankrupt in his third and last act. In spite of his convictions that Jesus should not have been put to death, he neglected his conscience and succumbed to peer pressure from the surrounding community.
Why Is Pontius Pilate Included in the Creed?
Pilate even goes so far as to wash his hands of the wrongdoing, figuratively speaking (Matthew 27:24). The Jews did not legally condemn Jesus to death, did they? If this is true, then why does the Creed state that Jesus was “crucified by Pontius Pilate?” In the story recorded in Matthew 27, Pilate is given the opportunity to release Jesus, but he declines to do so. However, even if he abstains from interfering with the execution, he still plays a role in the process of carrying out the punishment.
- The stoning method was used by the Jewish people to murder individuals (Acts 7:54-60).
- Furthermore, Don Stewart notes that it was a Roman type of punishment reserved solely for people of the lowest social status, criminals, and rebels, as Don Stewart discusses in this article.
- Considering that individuals who were killed were regarded “cursed,” as Stewart indicates above, it is possible that Jews brought Jesus before the Roman authorities.
- Because crucifixion was a Roman method of punishment, and because Pilate stood there with his hands up and let the crowd to do whatever they wished, Jesus was brought to be killed by him, as well.
Why Does This Matter?
When it comes to the crucifixion of Jesus, it’s critical that we understand who Pilate was and what role he played. First and foremost, we may learn from Pilate what not to do when we are troubled by a stirring in our conscience. However, despite Pilate’s repeated assurances that Jesus is innocent, the crowd stationed outside is successful in convincing him otherwise. Secondly, by understanding about Pilate’s past, including his disagreement with Caesar, we may better appreciate why Pilate would be reluctant to take a chance on a Jew.
- The killing of Christ was a collaborative effort between Jews and Gentiles, we can see that at its conclusion.
- Credit for the image goes to Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain Image/Antonio Ciseri on the Internet Archive.
- More than 1,200 of her pieces have been published in a variety of journals, ranging from Writer’s Digest to Keys for Kids, among others.
- Jenkins and Michelle Medlock Adams.
She is also a co-author of the Dear Heroduology, which was published by INtense Publications and is available for purchase online. Her inspirational adult novel Picture Imperfect, which will be released in November of 2021, will also be released. You may learn more about her by visiting her website.
The Strange Afterlife of Pontius Pilate
Christ in the presence of Pilate Mihály Munkácsy, 1881″ typeof=”foaf:Image”> Mihály Munkácsy, 1881″ typeof=”foaf:Image”> Celsus, a pagan thinker who lived at the close of the second century AD, authored an anti-Christian book in which he mocked the belief in Jesus Christ. He inquired as to why, if Jesus truly had been the Son of God, God had not punished Pontius Pilate, the man who had sentenced him to death on the cross. As in Greek mythology, why hadn’t Pilate been driven crazy or ripped apart like the characters in the story?
- In spite of the fact that there are a plethora of subsequent Christian legends regarding Pontius Pilate’s sentencing, all of these seem to date from a time period that was several centuries after Celsus wrote.
- As early Christians attempted to relieve him of culpability for the Crucifixion, it was implied that he was not guilty of the crime.
- Josephus claims that Pilate was sent to Rome in AD 36 after mishandling a disturbance involving the Samaritans, according to his Antiquities of the Jews, which was published nearly 60 years after the events.
- After returning home, Pilate discovered that Tiberius had passed away.
- Caligula, the new emperor, had seized control of the Roman government.
- It appears that there was no hearing because Josephus speaks nothing else about him.
- Perhaps the hearing did take place and he was found not guilty.
The lack of a sufficiently gruesome end for Pilate placed Christian apologists in a difficult position.
There was no getting around his responsibility.
Although it was difficult to make such assertions throughout the early years of Christianity, it was not impossible.
The canonical Gospels emphasize that Pilate was not entirely to fault for the events that transpired.
Pilate and his men are not involved in the mocking and torture of Jesus that takes place in this scene.
Early Christians were intrigued with Pilate, maybe because of the narrative of a blameless Pilate who was a witness to the Crucifixion.
Pilate is shown as a convert in the so-calledActs of Pilate, which are said to have been derived from the governor’s own records.
He also claimed that Tiberius was so convinced by Pilate’s reports that he would have placed Jesus among the Roman gods if the Senate had not refused.
It goes without saying that this was no more dependable than its competitors.
The early Christians moved the responsibility for the Crucifixion onto other people and institutions.
Celsus had made the incorrect choice in regards to the perpetrator, and the fact that the Jewish people had been ripped apart by the Romans and spread over the face of the planet was evidence of God’s punishment.
To the point when the Jewish throng tells Pilate that they are prepared to accept the blood-guilt, the Acts of the Apostles is a reiteration of what is said in the Gospel of Matthew, in which the same multitude cries out, “his blood be on us and our children!” These beliefs served as the foundation for Christian persecution of Jews from the time of Christ till the present day.
- Pilate’s expensive absolution was the result of a set of theological and political conditions that were unique to him.
- Jesus Christ was executed under the authority of Pontius Pilate, according to the Apostles’ Creed, which was formulated under Emperor Constantine in AD 325 and revised in AD 381.
- Some notable Christians, on the other hand, were not so sure.
- ‘It could not be ripped from his heart that Jesus was the King of the Jews,’ wrote Augustine of Hippo.
- Pilate was not only a Christian, but he was also a confessor and, in certain cases, a martyr.
- Pilate first repents, and then a voice from heaven declares that all countries will bless him since the prophesies concerning Christ were fulfilled while he was in charge of the Roman province of Judea.
- He is said to have been buried with his wife and two children adjacent to the tomb of Jesus — the ultimate martyr’s grave – according to certain stories.
- The Copts and Christians of Ethiopia then went one step farther and declared Pilate to be a saint.
- In order to demonstrate that he was not guilty of the blood of Jesus Christ Some westerners may find the concept of St Pontius Pilate strange, if not ludicrous, given their familiarity with the western tradition.
- For centuries, from the Acts of Pilate to Mikhail Bulgakov’s novelThe Master and Margerita, the man who cross-examined and executed Jesus has been a mystery, a murky metaphor for opposites such as equivocation and intransigence, cowardice and courage, brutality and kindness, etc.
- People might perhaps relate to him since we, too, must make difficult decisions from time to time; but, thankfully for us, the consequences of our decisions are likely to be less long-lasting.
Dr. Kevin Butcher is a Professor in the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Warwick, and he is the author of The Further Adventures of Pontius Pilate (Penguin Classics, 2009).
Why Pontius Pilate Was a Key Figure in the Death of Jesus
Pompey Pilate was an important player in the trial of Jesus Christ, and he was responsible for directing Roman soldiers to carry out Jesus’ death sentence by crucifixion. From 26 to 37 AD, Pilate served as the Roman governor of Judea and the province’s chief judge, and he held the exclusive right to execute a criminal. Soldier and politician, he found himself stuck between the merciless empire of Rome and the theological machinations of the Sanhedrin, the Jewish religious council in Jerusalem.
Known for:Serving as Roman ruler of Judea from AD 26 to AD 37, and authorizing the death of Jesus Christ. Hometown: Pilate’s ancestors are supposed to have originated in the central Italian area of Samnium, according to folklore. Pontius Pilate is referenced in the Bible in Matthew 27:2, 11, 13, 17, 19, 22, 24, 58, 62, and 25; Mark 15:1-15, 43-44; Luke 13:1, 22:66, 23:1-24, 52; John 18:28-38, 19:1-22, 31, 38; Acts 3:13, 4:27, 13:28; 1Timothy6:13.Occupation: Governor of Judea under the rule of the Roman Empire Pontius Pilate’s wife is mentioned in Matthew 27:19, but we don’t know anything further about his parents or any of his children.
Who Was Pontius Pilate?
Prior to his arrival in Judea in AD 26, very little is known about Pontius Pilate. He was most likely a Roman knight who came to fame as a result of his military achievements. His principal responsibility as governor was to ensure that law and order were maintained. A small support staff and a company of auxiliary troops accompanied Pilate to the Roman headquarters at Caesarea Maritima, where he resided with his family. He would travel to Jerusalem for Jewish feasts and festivals in order to maintain calm in the city.
- Despite the fact that the narratives of Christ’s trial before Pilate varied slightly, all four Gospels contain references to it.
- In their accusations against Jesus, Caiaphas and other members of the Sanhedrin had cited blasphemy, which was a felony punishable by death according to Jewish law.
- Therefore, Caiaphas handed Jesus up to Pontius Pilate, who had the authority as governor to execute a death sentence against Jesus.
- Despite the fact that Caiaphas owed his job to Rome, he maintained a positive working relationship with Pilate.
- Because there was no established legal precedent for a case such as Jesus’, it was up to Pilate, as governor, to determine how to handle the matter and what penalty to impose on the innocent man.
- In order to insult Jesus, Pilate ordered that he be crucified under the ironic and mocking title “King of the Jews.” What Is the Meaning of Truth?
Pontius Pilate, the prefect of the Roman province of Judaea, summons Jesus Christ to appear before him and question him. “Quid Est Veritas?” is a painting that is also known as “What Is Truth?” Artist Nikolay Ge.Image courtesy of The Print Collector / Getty Images
Pilate was given the responsibility of collecting taxes, supervising construction projects, and maintaining law and order. He was able to keep the peace using a combination of sheer force and careful negotiation. It took three high priests until Valerius Gratus found one he liked: Joseph Caiaphas. Pontius Pilate was the third high priest to be appointed by Gratus, who was the first to be appointed by Pontius Pilate. Caiaphas was kept by Pilate because he appeared to be able to work cooperatively with the Roman authorities.
Strengths and Weaknesses
Pilate was most likely a highly accomplished soldier before being appointed to this position by nepotism and favor. As depicted in the gospels, he is said to have found no fault with Jesus and to have symbolically thrown his hands in the air to clear his slate. Pilate was terrified of the Sanhedrin and the prospect of a mob erupting. He was well aware that Jesus was innocent of the allegations leveled against him, yet he caved in to the pressure of the mob and ordered Jesus’ execution.
What is popular is not necessarily correct, and conversely, what is correct is not always fashionable. Pontius Pilate sacrificed an innocent guy in order to keep himself from getting into trouble. Being disobedient to God in order to follow the crowd is a very severe thing. As Christians, we must be prepared to stand up for God’s rules when the situation calls for it.
Key Bible Verses
Matthew 27:24 (KJV) After seeing that he was not gaining anything, but rather that a riot was about to break out, Pilate went up to the front of the crowd and washed his hands, declaring, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; witness to it yourselves.” (ESV) Luke 23:12 (NIV) In fact, Herod and Pilate became friends on the same day that they met, despite the fact that they had previously been at odds with one another.
(ESV) John 19:19-22 (KJV) Pilate also inscribed an inscription on the cross, which he nailed to it.
Because the site of Jesus’ crucifixion was close to the city, many Jews were able to see this inscription, which was inscribed in Aramaic, Latin, and Greek.
“What I have written is what I have written,” Pilate said.
- The Second Edition of the Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (p. 679)
What happened to Pontius Pilate after the death of the Lord Jesus Christ?
When did Pontius Pilate die? What was his fate following the death of the Lord Jesus Christ?
Pontius Pilate was born somewhere, although we don’t know where. According to one account, he was a member of the Pontii tribe as well as a member of the Samnite royalty. The Samnites were a people that resided in Italy’s southern area. Alternatively, it is said that Pontius Pilate was born in Germany and was the bastard son of Tyrus, the King of Mayence. According to legend, his father had him sent to Rome as a captive. When he arrived, he was arrested on suspicion of murdering someone and transported to Pontus, which is located on the southern edge of the Black Sea.
Sejanus, a favorite of the Roman emperor Tiberius, is said to have had his name changed in Pontus to Pontius Pilate, and he was eventually appointed the sixth administrator or procurator of Judea by the Roman emperor Tiberius.
But now Pilate, the procurator of Judea, has transferred the army from Cesarea to Jerusalem, where they would spend the winter, in order to destroy the Jewish rules that had previously been in effect.
Pilate was the first to bring those images to Jerusalem and set them up there; this was done without the people’s knowledge because it was done in the middle of the night; but as soon as they learned of it, they flocked to Cesarea and interceded with him for many days, hoping that he would grant their requests because doing so would be detrimental to Caesar; and when he refused to grant their requests because doing so would be detrimental to Caesar, while they persisted in their request, on the sixth day he (159) But they threw themselves to the ground, laid their necks bare, and declared that they would gladly die rather than have the wisdom of their laws violated; upon which Pilate was deeply moved by their firm determination to keep their laws inviolate, and ordered the images to be transported back from Jerusalem to Cesarea immediately.
- Before Jesus was brought before Pilate, according to the New Testament account of Luke, Pilate had heard about Jesus and His miracles through someone else.
- Luke 23:8 (KJV) (NASB) Pilate did not appear to be intimidated by Jesus, based on the fact that he did not take action sooner.
- They desired the death of Jesus.
- Pilate appears to have sought to avoid a direct confrontation with the Jewish leaders by expressing hope that King Herod would release Jesus from his custody (Luke 23:7-11).
- Claudia Procula, according to oral tradition, was her given name.
- She wrote, “Have nothing to do with that holy Man; for last night I suffered tremendously in a dream because of Him.” Matthew 27:19 (KJV) (NASB) Pilate, according to history, ignored her advice and executed Jesus Christ on the cross.
- Following Jesus’ death on the cross, the gospels say that Pilate granted permission for some members of the Sanhedrin, including Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, to bury him (Mark 15:43; John 3:1; 19:38-40).
After a violent earthquake had happened, an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone, where he sat, causing it to crumble.
The guards trembled in terror of him, and they appeared to be dead men.
“Do not be terrified, for I know that you are searching for Jesus, who has been crucified.” He is not present because, as He stated, He has risen from the dead.
Because he was a performer of amazing feats and a teacher of men who were eager to learn the truth.
Christ, and when Pilate, on the advice of our most prominent men, condemned him to death on the cross, those who had loved him at the outset did not abandon him, for he appeared to them alive again on the third day, as the divine prophets had foretold these and ten thousand other wonderful things concerning him; and the tribe of Christians, so named after him, has not gone extinct to this day.
This document was taken to Rome and stored there for future generations to read.
Some Scriptures state that “at His arrival, the lame will jump as a hart, and the tongue of a stammerer will be clear speaking; the blind will see, and the lepers will be cleansed; the dead will rise, and the living will walk among the dead.” You can understand that He performed these things by reading the Acts of Pontius Pilate, which are available online.
- Then, when He had been crucified, they divided His garments among themselves by casting lots for them after He had died.
- Pontius Pilate should have paid attention to his wife’s advice.
- According to Flavius Josephus, Sejanus, a Pilate supporter, was assassinated a short time afterwards.
- In his promise to the Samaritans, the group’s leader stated that “He would reveal them the precious vessels that were deposited under that location since Moses placed them there.” Pilate, on the other hand, dispatched his men and routed them before they could reach Mt.
- However, as Josephus explains in the next line, “there came turmoil.” The Samaritan senate, however, despatched an embassy to Vitellius, a man who had previously served as consul and was now the ruler of Syria, accusing Pilate of the murder of those who had been slaughtered.
As a result, after 10 years in Judea, Pilate made his way to Rome, doing so in adherence to the commands of Vitellius, which he could not disobey; but, before he could reach Rome, Tiberius was killed.
Pontius Pilate committed suicide, according to Eusebius, during the reign of Caius or Emperor Caligula, according to tradition. Eusebius provides us with the following information: The fact that Pilate himself, who was governor during the time of our Savior, is said to have fallen into such misfortunes under Caius, whose times we are recording, that he was forced to become his own murderer and executioner is noteworthy; and it appears that divine vengeance was not far behind him in bringing him to his knees.
The quote demonstrates that many Greeks believed Pilate’s misfortunes to be divine justice for the killing of Jesus Christ, as revealed by the quotation.
The Eastern Orthodox church thinks that Pilate and his wife converted to Christianity at some point in their lives.
It was during the time of Caius or Emperor Caligula that Pontius Pilate killed himself, according to Eusebius. The following is recorded by Eusebius for our consideration: It is worth noting that Pilate himself, who was governor during the time of our Savior, is reported to have fallen into such misfortunes under Caius, whose times we are recording, that he was forced to become his own murderer and executioner; and thus, it appears, divine vengeance was not long in coming to take him out of office.
It is revealed in the remark that many Greeks believed Pilate’s troubles were divine punishment for the killing of Jesus Christ.
Pilate and his wife, according to the Eastern Orthodox church, converted to Christianity at some point.
In official records, Pontius Pilate refers to Christ as “Christ.” Did the people who crucified Christ end up in hell or the Lake of Fire like the rest of us? Is it possible that Jesus was resurrected on the same day that Noah’s ark came to rest on Mt Ararat? Is there any further information available on Pontius Pilate’s wife? For how many years did Pontius Pilate serve as governor of Judea?