Who Was Jesus Brothers And Sisters

Did Jesus have any brothers, sisters or siblings?

Throughout history, there has been great debate about the precise nature of their link to Jesus and his apostles. Consequently, the issue remains: Did Jesus have siblings? There have been three main points of view put forward: They have been identified as (1) Jesus’ actual siblings/brothers, that is, half-brothers, sons of Joseph and Mary (and therefore younger than Jesus); (2) His stepbrothers, that is, children of Joseph by a previous marriage (and thus all older than Jesus and not His blood relatives at all); (3) Jesus’ cousins, either on the mother’s side or on the father’s side, depending on who you believe.

Where exactly was Jesus’ birthplace?

Three views about Jesus’ siblings

Some adhere to the first viewpoint, arguing that it is the most natural way to interpret the multiple allusions to these brothers, as well as the most evident intention of Matthew 1:25 and Luke 2:7. Second, those who believe in family ethics claim that younger siblings should not be permitted to mock or otherwise interfere with an older brother in the same way that Jesus’ brothers ridiculed Him (see Mark 3:31; John 7:3-4). Moreover, they argue, Jesus’ decision to entrust His mother’s care to the apostle John (John 19:26-27), rather than to one of His brothers, clearly shows that Mary did not have any other children.

Their relationship as cousins on Mary’s side is predicated on the unconfirmed identification of “Mary, the wife of Cleophus” with Mary’s sister (John 19:25; Mark 15:40), as well as the unsubstantiated relationship between “Clopas” and Alphaeus (John 19:25; Mark 15:40).

Jesus’ brothers, sistersmother

Several of Jesus’ siblings are reported as joining him and his mother to Capernaum following their marriage at Cana (Matthew 19:9). (John 2:12). The next year, Mary and these brothers are mentioned as attempting to have an audience with Jesus (Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21). A few chapters before the conclusion of Jesus’ public career, His brethren are recorded as asking Jesus to demonstrate His Messiahship, which they themselves had questioned (John 7:3-5). Their conversion is obvious from the fact that they are portrayed in Acts as joining with the disciples and others in “prayer and supplication” before to the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–3).

Paul makes the implication that they were all married (1 Corinthians 9:5).

Also widely held to be the case is that James the brother of Jesus was the spiritual leader of the early church in Jerusalem (see Acts 12:17; 15:13).

How Many Brothers and Sisters Did Jesus Have?

When it came to Joseph and Mary’s household in Nazareth, who was there? Are we to believe that Jesus was an only child in the family, or if there were brothers and sisters, what was their status in regard to Him? His siblings and sisters are frequently mentioned by the gospel authors. What were the names of Jesus’ siblings? This is a matter that has been debated since the beginning of time, and many lengthy writings have been published on the subject. Due to theological reasons related to the perpetual virginity of the Lord’s mother, denominational difficulties, and the canonicity of non-apostolic epistles, it has been difficult to have an objective discussion on the subject.

Assuming that we will ignore them for the time being, and that we will refrain from making any wild assumptions, let us endeavor to put the topic in its more significant aspects fairly before us.

Bible Verses about Jesus’ Brother and Sisters

Let us begin by summarizing what we know about the brothers and sisters of the Lord from the Scriptures of the New Testament. Their names are found in Matthew 12:46-50, 13:55-56, Mark 3:31, 6:3, and Luke 8:19, as well as John 2:12, 7:3, Acts 1:14, and 1 Corinthians 9:5, and Paul refers to a James the Lord’s brother (Galatians 1:19). There appear to have been four brothers who are listed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the evidence (seeMark 6:3). The sisters are mentioned in Matthew and Mark, although neither the number nor the names of the sisters are recorded.

  • They were reportedly married and living in Nazareth at the time of Christ’s death.
  • They are first described as traveling to Capernaum with His mother and Himself (John 2:12).
  • Most claim that they were converted to Christianity as a result of His resurrection, since they appear in the company of the Apostles (Acts 1:14).
  • The following is an adaptation of The Life of Our Lord on the Earth by Samuel James Andrews.

Who Were Jesus’ Brothers?

Those of us who have siblings are well aware of the toll they may have on our ability to remain calm under pressure. I recall thinking as a youngster that I would have sinned significantly less if I had not been given siblings. I was probably right. Of course, knowing me, I would’ve sinned regardless, but I had a strong belief in this idea for many years before I realized it. Our first thoughts aren’t often about Jesus’ brothers and sisters; they’re more typically on Jesus himself. As a result, we tend to think of Jesus as an only child throughout his early years, in a stable and a manger, which makes it easy to overlook that Mary and Joseph had numerous children after Jesus arrives.

This would indicate that they may have had a number of children before Joseph died, if not enough to fill an entire homeschool passenger van.

But who are the brothers and sisters of Jesus Christ? Are there any of them that we get the chance to meet in the Bible? And what unanticipated insights may we get from Jesus’ brothers and sisters?

Did Jesus Have a Twin?

In a nutshell, no. After the birth of Jesus, the Bible makes it plain that Joseph and Mary did not have sexual relations until after the birth of Jesus (Matthew 1:25). Despite this, the belief that Jesus has a twin brother continues to pervade churches today. The notion that Jesus had a twin called “Didymus Judas Thomas” is completely absurd, especially in light of the fact that Joseph and Mary did not engage in sexual intercourse until after the birth of Jesus. Jesus, on the other hand, did not grow up in a family without siblings and sisters.

Let’s have a look at some of the names of Jesus’ brothers and sisters that appear in the Bible.

Jesus’ Brother and Sister Names

In the Bible, we don’t have any names that are similar to ours. Women’s names are rarely mentioned in the Bible, unless they had major parts in the story, such as the judge Deborah or Mary the mother of Jesus, who were both mentioned. Consider some of the scriptures that refer to Jesus’ brothers and sisters. While Jesus was still speaking to the multitude, his mother and brothers remained outside the door, waiting for an opportunity to speak with him. Matthew 12:46 As a result of the verses below, we know that Jesus had sisters.

  • “How did he obtain all of these things?” you might wonder.
  • What is now happening to some of these brothers will be discussed in detail later.
  • The number of children he has is not specified in the Gospels.
  • Joseph was most likely deceased, and she need Jesus to serve as the home’s head of household.
  • Regardless of one’s objections, Scripture refers to these individuals as Jesus’ siblings, and for the sake of this essay, we will refer to them as half-siblings.

What Happened to Jesus’ Brothers and Sisters?

Although Mary initially supports Jesus’ work, when difficult circumstances arise, she urges him to step back and return home to care for his family, according to the Matthew 12verse. In the New Testament, we don’t learn anything about what happened to Jesus’ family until much later in the book of Matthew. The New Testament story is dominated by two of Jesus’ brothers, James and Jude, and we know that they play a significant role in it. As we have seen, James and Jude must have had some reservations about Jesus at initially since they arrive with Mary in order to stop Jesus from continuing his teachings.

  1. Following his conversion, James becomes the pastor of a church in Jerusalem, and he later goes on to write the Book of James.
  2. A stone or a fall from the Temple tower is used to bring him to his death.
  3. The Book of Jude, as you would have guessed.
  4. Beyond the fact that Jude converted after Jesus returned to the Father’s presence in heaven, we don’t know much about his life.

As far as the rest of Jesus’ siblings are concerned, we know that many of them have converted and gone on to perform missionary travels themselves (1 Corinthians 9:5). Whether or not they all decided to have a saving connection with him is unknown, but it is likely that a significant number do so.

3 Lessons from Jesus’ Brothers

In spite of the fact that we don’t get to learn much about Jesus’ siblings and sisters in Scripture, we may take away a number of important truths from them. First and foremost, Jesus’ relationship with his siblings demonstrates that he fully comprehends every element of our existence. He understands what it’s like to grow up in a family with folks who don’t always agree with you. Even though ancient Israel did not have the same individualistic worldview as we have now, there was nonetheless sibling rivalry and competitiveness between brothers and sisters.

  • Second, even Jesus’ siblings expressed skepticism.
  • Until after Jesus has ascended back into heaven, James and Jude do not accept him as their Lord and Savior.
  • We may take consolation from Jesus’ example, knowing that even his own family did not stand by him during his trial.
  • This might provide encouragement to those of us who have family members who have not yet made a commitment to Christ in their life.
  • Both of them are New Testament authors that compose books for the New Testament.
  • That exemplifies real dedication.
  • In the end, many of us are stubborn and stubbornness can stand in the way of developing a positive relationship with others.

Perhaps, like Jesus’ half-brothers and half-sisters, they will come to understand the magnificent lovingkindness of our Lord.

When it comes to our siblings, we should ask God for patience and prayer.

Sources She is a multi-published author and a graduate of the professional writing program at Taylor University, where she studied creative writing.

As a writer and editor, she has worked for a number of different publishing firms as well as periodicals, newspapers, and literary agencies, and she has worked with writers such as Jerry B.

Her modern-day Daniel trilogy, published by IlluminateYA, is now available.

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Did Jesus have brothers and sisters (siblings)?

QuestionAnswer More than a few verses in the Bible make reference to Jesus’ brothers. A visit by Jesus’ mother and brothers is recorded in three different Bible passages: Matthew 12:46, Luke 8:19, and Mark 3:31. The Bible teaches us that Jesus had four brothers: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:55). Although the Bible says that Jesus had sisters, they are neither named or counted in the book of Matthew (Matthew 13:56). In John 7:1-10, Jesus’ brothers accompany him to the feast, while he remains at home.

  1. James, according to Galatians 1:19, was Jesus’ younger brother.
  2. Some Roman Catholics believe that these “brothers” were actually Jesus’ cousins, rather than his siblings.
  3. While the word can apply to other relatives as well, its conventional and literal meaning is a physical brother in the traditional sense.
  4. If they were Jesus’ cousins, why were they so frequently represented as being with Mary, Jesus’ mother, if they were Jesus’ cousins?
  5. It is also possible, according to a second Roman Catholic theory, that Jesus’ brothers and sisters were the offspring of Joseph from a prior relationship.
  6. There is a difficulty with this because the Bible makes no mention of Joseph being previously married or having children before he married Mary.
  7. No scriptural basis exists to assume that these siblings are anything other than the biological children of Joseph and Mary, as is commonly believed.
  8. “And he named Him Jesus,” the Bible says (Matthew 1:25).

In God’s Word, there is a clear and unequivocal teaching on the subject of marriage. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Is it possible that Jesus had brothers and sisters (siblings)?

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See also:  What Year Was Jesus Killed

How to Respond When People Say Jesus Had Brothers and Sisters

From the early days following the Resurrection, the Church has held that Mary was a perpetual virgin and that Jesus did not have any biological brothers or sisters, as was traditionally thought. The carpenter, son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon, is this not the carpenter, and are his sisters with us?” “Are his sisters among us?” —Matthew 6:3 Is it possible that Jesus had siblings and sisters? Some people believe that the Gospel of Mark appears to support their claim.

  • The subject is brought up once more in Luke 8:19-21.
  • “Your mother and brothers are gathered outside, waiting to meet you,” the mob exclaims loudly.
  • “Can you tell me who my mother and brothers are?” he inquires.
  • On his blog, biblical historian James Tabor provides the names of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon, as well as Mary and Salome, according to some sources.
  • So where did Catholics obtain the concept that Mary never had sexual relations or had any other children of her own?
  • What is your brother’s name?
  • We Christians are all “brothers in Christ,” as the phrase goes.
  • The same is true in the Scriptures as well.

Consider the following verse from Genesis 13:8: For this reason, Abram replied to Lot, “Let us not have any quarrels among ourselves or between your herders and mine, for we are brothers.” Despite the fact that Abraham and Lot are not biological siblings, the title “brother” is used to describe them since they are uncle and nephew.

  1. Without a doubt, Paul was not attempting to make the assertion that Mary had given birth to more than 500 children!
  2. What occurred to the Twelve following the Resurrection of Christ is known to us from the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles, as well as from historical documents.
  3. We know how they died, and we know where they are laid to rest.
  4. Nope, not a thing, zilch.
  5. As he lay dying, Jesus handed Mary over to John the Baptist.
  6. And then he turned to face John and said, “Behold your mother.” And it was at that point that the disciple welcomed her into his house (John 19:26-27).
  7. And wouldn’t they have taken on the task of caring for their mother by welcoming her into their own homes?

Another clue: The “brothers” of Jesus mentioned in John 2:1 and Acts 1:14 are never referred to as Mary’s offspring, despite the fact that Jesus himself is.

There is yet more reason, though, to conclude that Mary did not have any further children after Joseph and Mary.

Consider the promise made by Jesus, who said that he would send the Holy Spirit, the Paraclete, to lead his Church and keep her safe from error.

However, we do have Christ’s promise that he would be with us forever, until the end of time.

Mary was thought to be a perpetual virgin from the very beginning of the Church’s belief in the Resurrection, and Jesus was believed to have no biological brothers or sisters from his birth.

Saint Joseph was an elderly widower with children, according to the Protoevangelium, and he had been selected by the angel Gabriel to be Mary’s spouse in order to care and protect Mary while also observing her vow of virginity.

Many people in the Orthodox Church now consider this to be true as well.


383 wrote: “You assert that Mary did not continue a virgin: I claim even more than Joseph himself, on account of Mary being a virgin, so that from a virgin marriage a virgin son was born.” And in the following century, Pope St.

Did Jesus Really Have Half-Siblings?

Jesus had at least four brothers, according to Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph (sometimes referred to as Joses), Simon, and Judas. James was the oldest of the brothers (also referred to as Jude). Matthew 13:56 indicates that he had at least two sisters, which is consistent with the plural form of the word “sister.” Despite the fact that the Greek term for “brothers” and “sisters” does not necessitate that someone be a blood related, it is most likely that these six persons are the offspring of Joseph and Mary and half-siblings of Jesus, according to tradition.

Why Is This Question So Controversial Among Christians?

Mary’s eternal virginity is at the heart of this debate, which has raged for more than two centuries. It is possible that Mary is eternally a virgin, in which case Jesus would have no biological relations. This offers the potential of Jesus having half-brothers and sisters if Mary remained a virgin until the birth of Jesus, but then began having sexual intercourse with her husband Joseph afterward. Because of Jesus’ virgin birth, Joseph was not his biological father, therefore they would act on his behalf as step-siblings.

  1. In the first place, it is important to note that Jesus’ siblings were offspring of Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born (referred to as the Helvidian view).
  2. Third, they were first cousins of Jesus, which was a great honor (the traditional Roman Catholic view).
  3. It is true that the Greek terms for “brothers” and “sisters” can be difficult to distinguish from one another, but there existed a word for “cousin” in the Bible.
  4. It is interesting to note that they are never referred to as Jesus’ cousins throughout the New Testament or the first two centuries of Christian history, which is surprising.

Why Are There Objections to Jesus Having Half-Brothers?

The dogma of Mary’s permanent virginity is the primary source of opposition to Jesus having half-siblings in the first place. From the early church through the Reformation, this idea was embraced by a large number of people. It is Matthew 1:25 that is important since it says, “but (Joseph) did not have sexual contact with her until she gave birth to a son.” “And he gave him the name Jesus” (CSB). In this case, the term “until” is at the core of the debate. This term signifies the conclusion of a span of time in a chronological sense.

Matthew 2:15 states that they remained in Egypt “until Herod’s death” (CSB), which is the identical term that is used in Matthew 1:25 and Matthew 2:13 as well.

The New Testament states that Mary remained a virgin until the birth of Jesus, but it makes no mention of whether or not she continued to be a virgin beyond this time.

Early Christian writings such as the Gospel of Peter (which was not actually written by Peter), the Protoevangelium of James (which was not actually written by any James in the New Testament), and the Infancy Gospel of Thomas (which was not actually written by the Apostle Thomas), all of which date from the second century, appear to support this point of view.

There isn’t enough information to make a definitive determination on whether or not these youngsters are Mary’s biological offspring.

In the passage cited above, Matthew 1:25, it appears to indicate that Mary only remained a virgin until the birth of Jesus.

The way this line is written establishes a stronger connection between Mary and Jesus’ half-brothers than it does with Joseph.

In fact, Joseph (Mary’s husband) isn’t even mentioned by name in the text. As a result, these are most likely Mary’s offspring, as well as Jesus’ half-brothers and half-sisters.

What Do We Know about the Half-Siblings?

James was the most well-known of Jesus’ half-brothers and sisters. James the son of Zebedee, the brother of John, is not to be confused with the person named James here (seeMatthew 4:21). According to Acts 12:2, James the son of Zebedee was killed at a young age in the history of Christianity. A number of times in the New Testament, Jesus’ half-brother James is mentioned by name. Besides the passage from Matthew 13:55, we know that Mary and Jesus’ brothers (most likely included James) went to Jesus when he was ministering to the people (Matthew 12:46;Mark 3:31;Luke 8:19-20).

  • Because the terms “brothers” and “disciples” are distinct, it is most likely that these are the sons of Mary, half-brothers of Jesus, and most likely include James as well.
  • Clearly, the term “brothers” does not apply to persons who are members of Jesus’ society but are connected biologically, as the passage above indicates.
  • According to the evidence, James turned to Christianity sometime after the events of John 7 and before the events of Acts 12.
  • In Galatians 1:19, the apostle Paul refers to James as Jesus’ brother.
  • Most evangelical academics think that the Letter of James was written by Jesus’ half-brother, James (seeJames 1:1).
  • There is less information available concerning Jesus’ other half-siblings.
  • They are mentioned in 1Corinthians 9:5 in the context of traveling gospel ministers: “Don’t we have the right to be accompanied by a believing woman, just as the other apostles, the Lord’s brothers, and Cephas did?” (CSB).

James’ brother, Jude, asserts himself to be the author of the book, who is most likely the half-brother of Jesus.

While several hypotheses for the identification of Jude have been advanced, none of them appear to be more plausible than the possibility that he is Jesus’ half-brother.

Even though they claimed to be farmers in the vicinity of Rome, the veracity of their narrative has been put into question.

See also:  Why Is Jesus Called The New Adam?

The controversy over whether or not Jesus had half-siblings is inextricably linked to the dogma of Mary’s eternal virginity, which is discussed below.

Joseph and Mary had at least six children following the birth of Jesus, according to the most logical interpretation of the biblical narrative, including at least four males and at least two girls.

Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/MichaelTruelove.

Croteau (Ph.D., Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary) is Professor of New Testament at Columbia International University, as well as Associate Dean and Director of the Ph.D.

The following books are among his many publications: Urban Legends of the Old Testament (co-authored with Gary Yates, B H, 2019), Urban Legends of the New Testament (B H, 2015),Tithing After the Cross (Energion, 2013), and You Mean I Don’t Have to Tithe (Energion, 2013). (Pickwick, 2010).

What Happened to Jesus’ ‘Brothers’?

Sign up for Christianity Today and you’ll gain instant access to back issues of Christian History! A number of “brothers and sisters” are referenced in the Gospels, but only James and Jude are mentioned elsewhere in the New Testament—James as the leader of the early church in Jerusalem, and Jude in the brief epistle that bears his name. See “Mary” for a potential meaning of “brothers and sisters.” According to the Gospel of John, Jesus’ family was first doubtful of his mission: “Even his brothers did not believe in him,” the Gospel reads.

At the Jerusalem Council, James, the eldest of Jesus’ brothers, made the decision that Gentile Christians did not have to follow traditional Jewish rules.

Some believe he led an austere lifestyle, and it has been stated that he spent so much time in prayer that his knees “were like those of a camel.” According to Jewish historian Josephus, James was stoned to death by Jewish religious authorities.

It is unknown if this James or someone else was the author of the epistle that bears his name.

The other disciples

Following the Gospels, the disciples are only briefly mentioned in the New Testament. We have only legends to go on for more specifics, some of which are questionable. Andrew, Peter’s brother, is said to have preached in Asia Minor, Thrace, and Greece before being crucified on an X-shaped cross, according to a tenth-century story. He was recognized as the founder of the church in Constantinople, and he may have had a connection to the development of written language. Congratulations, you have reached the conclusion of this Article Preview.

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Did Jesus have brothers and sisters?

The lone kid is frequently given a negative reputation. People who grow up without siblings are often stereotyped as entitled and self-important, and this is especially true among those of us who have at least one sibling or two of our own to compare them to. Even though Jesus appears to have behaved as if he were an only child at times in the gospels, all four of the gospel writers make some mention of his brothers and sisters. As recorded in Mark, a large group of people confronted Jesus and said, “Isn’t this the carpenter?

  1. Isn’t he the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon?
  2. When a throng assembled to hear Jesus speak is informed that “your mother and your brothers are standing outside, yearning to see you,” Jesus famously dismisses them, saying, “My mother and my brothers are those who hear the word of God and do it” (8:19-21).
  3. (2:12).
  4. After the virgin birth of Jesus, another fourth-century theologian, Helvidius, wrote that Mary had additional children with her husband, Joseph, which sparked the first documented debate between St.
  5. However, according to St.
  6. These children of Mary, according to Jerome, were descended from Mary of Clopas, Jesus’ aunt and his mother’s sister, thereby making them cousins of the Savior himself.
  7. Advertisement In addition, Epiphanius, bishop of Salamis and a contemporary of Jerome and Helvidius, drew attention to another alternative.
  8. When it comes to the birth of Jesus, Joseph is never mentioned, leading some to conclude that he was considerably older than Mary and that he died before Jesus began his public career.
  9. This is not the first time that this has been suggested.
  10. In their writings, the New Testament writers did not provide a clear picture of what first-century Christians believed about Mary’s virginity following the birth of Jesus, assuming they provided any information at all.
  11. This article is also accessible in Spanish for those who prefer to read it that way.

This story first published in the December 2013 issue of United States Catholic (Vol. 78, No. 12, page 46). Do you have a question you’d like to have addressed? Inquire with us at [email protected]! Image courtesy of Flickr user Nicole O’Neil Photography.

Did Jesus Have Brothers and Sisters?

The marriage of God and Mary that resulted in the birth of Jesus was the outcome of a supernatural union. At the time of Jesus’ conception, she was still a virgin. Some believe that Mary was a virgin during her whole life, and that this is correct. According to this interpretation, Jesus would have been an only child. The Scriptures, on the other hand, reveal that Jesus had siblings and sisters of his own. Matthew’s Statements Earliest and foremost, the first chapter of Matthew provides the first evidence that Mary was not a virgin after the birth of Jesus.

  • He had never had sexual intercourse with her and was well aware that the child was not his biological child.
  • And he didn’t know her until she gave birth to a son, whom he called Jesus, according to what we’re told later (Matthew 1:25).
  • As a result, this verse presents a compelling case against any notion of Mary’s permanent virginity.
  • While he was still speaking to the throngs of people,.
  • His assertions caused the people in His hometown of Nazareth to get enraged, we are informed on yet another occasion.
  • “And aren’t his sisters here with us?” I inquire.
  • There are three possible solutions to the mystery of who Jesus’ brothers and sisters are.
  • There are three possible outcomes to consider.
  1. As a result of a prior marriage, there were children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born, resulting in His younger brothers and sisters (natural half-brothers and sisters)
  2. These were the offspring of Joseph from that previous marriage (step-brothers and sisters). This was the point of view of Epiphanius, a fourth-century supporter of Mary’s everlasting virginity who held this belief. It was also the point of view of the classical scholar Jerome at the time. The famous scholar Joseph Barber Lightfoot, among others, has defended this point of view in modern times, stating that they were cousins of Jesus rather than genuine brothers and sisters. They were the sons of Cleopas, who was purportedly Joseph’s brother or brother-in-law
  3. They were the sons of Cleopas
  4. And they were the sons of Joseph.

The manner in which they are labeled is one of the reasons why some people feel they were not the offspring of Joseph and Mary. According to Mark 6:3, Jesus is referred to as the “Son of Mary,” and he is distinguished from the other named brothers as well as the other female siblings. In the Upper Room, There Was a Dispute Among those present in the upper chamber were “Mary, Jesus’ mother, and. his brothers” (Acts 1:14). They were referred to as Hisbrothers rather than her sons in this context.

SummaryJesus had four brothers and at least two sisters, according to the gospels.

Though no one can be certain of the facts, it is reasonable to assume that the allusions to his younger brothers and sisters were made by him in the context of his genuine younger brothers and sisters.

Later on, however, they rose to prominence as church leaders, with two of them (James and Jude) penning letters that were eventually included in the New Testament as a result of their efforts.

However, there is no way to know for definite. What is known, however, is that the Bible does not rule out the possibility that Jesus had siblings and sisters who were born to Joseph and Mary, as some scholars believe.

Did Jesus have “blood” brothers and sisters?

This concern arises because the gospels make frequent references to our Lord’s “brothers” and “sisters.” According to the English version of the Gospel of St. Mark provided by the New American Bible, the throng does indeed inquire: “Isn’t this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, as well as Judas and Simon?” “Aren’t his sisters our next-door neighbors?” (Matthew 6:3). A similar passage may be seen earlier in Mark 3:31 — “His mother and brothers came to see him.” The difficulty arises while attempting to comprehend the meaning of the wordbrother.

  • Adelphos, on the other hand, does not just refer to blood brothers who were born to the same parents.
  • Other types of connections, such as cousins, nephews, and uncles, were also described by the term.
  • Another example is Laban, who was anadelphosto Jacob, but not as a brother, but as an uncle, according to the Torah.
  • The same is true for the wordister in Greek, which has the same meaning.
  • Actually, the misconception stems from the languages of Hebrew and Aramaic, which were the languages of most of the original Old Testament manuscripts as well as the language of Christ.
  • When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas employed to capture all of these connotations for male relations in the Old Testament and the New Testament, respectively.
  • On the whole, there is a misunderstanding in English because of the lack of specific terminology for relatives in both Hebrew and Aramaic, as well as because the Greek adelphos is used to refer to all of these relationships.

Mary of Cleophas had two sons, James and Joses, who were named after her (Mark 15:40).

Judas was the son of James (not one of the apostles), and he was a traitor (Luke 6:16).

The sons of Zebedee, James the greater and John, had a mother other than our Blessed Mother Mary, who was their grandmother (Matthew 20:20ff).

Matthew 1:18-25, Luke 1:26-38).

Always, and only, does it allude to the “sons of Mary” or “a son of Mary,” but always to the “son of Mary.” This argument is reinforced once again during the crucifixion scene, when our Lord says to Mary, “Woman, there is your son,” and then to St.

” According to Jewish law, the oldest son was responsible for caring for his widowed mother, and if something occurred to the first born son, the burden would be passed on to the next oldest son.

Joseph had passed away by this point.

John, the Beloved Disciple.

Joseph was a widower who had other children before he met and married Mary.

Perhaps it is because of this belief that St.

Actually, this entire state of misunderstanding is nothing new.

“A unique, evil, and audacious assault on the religion of the entire globe,” according to St.

Jerome utilized Scripture as well as the writings of the fathers such as Saints Ignatius, Polycarp, Irenaeus, and Justin Martyr to oppose Helvidius in his work On the Perpetual Virginity of the Blessed Virgin.

This belief is founded on Sacred Scripture and Tradition.

Brothers and Sisters of Jesus

INVITATION TO JESUS’ BROTHERS AND SISTERS (this is a revision of a previous article of same name) The following individuals are identified as brothers of Jesus in Matthew 13.55 and Mark 6.3: James, Joseph (Joseph – the spelling varies depending on the text), Simon, and Judas. However, according to Mt 27.56, Mary the mother of James and Joseph was there at the crucifixion. According to Mark 15,40, Mary, the mother of James the younger, as well as Joses, were present. As a result, although the evidence is inconclusive, it appears that the first two, James and Joseph(Joses), had a mother other than the Mother of Jesus, unless there were other people with the same names.

  1. Thus, it is very possible that the same will be true of the other two, Simon and Judas.
  2. The apostle James, known as the “brother of the Lord,” was still alive in 49 AD (Gal 1:19).
  3. Lot, who was Abraham’s nephew (cf.
  4. The Hebrew and Aramaic letter “ah” was used for a variety of different kinds of relationships: For example, Michael Sokoloff’s “A Dictionary of Jewish Palestinian Aramaic” is a good resource (Bar IlanUniversity Press, Ramat-Gan, Israel, 1990, p.
  5. For example, they may say “ben-dod,” which means “son of a paternal uncle,” but for other sorts of cousins, they would require a more complicated phrase, such as “the sons of his mother’s brother” or “the son of his mother’s sister.” See Sokoloff, pp.
  6. Objection 1: We should not take into consideration the Hebrew-language.
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They solely use the Greek word “adelphos,” which literally translates as “true brother.” Reply 1: The Septuagint (the ancient Greek version of the Hebrew Old Testament, abbreviated LXX) refers to Lot as “adelphos,” which means “brother,” despite the fact that he was actually a nephew, as previously stated.

  1. This is particularly true in the case of St.
  2. And, as we will see in a moment, there is significant evidence that St.
  3. This is what the LXX says about Mal 1:2-3: “I have loved Jacob and loathed Esau.” In the Greek text of Romans 9:13, St.
  4. Despite the fact that the LXX translators were fluent in both Hebrew and Greek, as was Paul, they employed a strange, and potentially deceptive, Hebrew language.
  5. Because Hebrew and Aramaic do not include degrees of comparison (e.g., excellent, better, best; clear, clearer, clearest), they had to come up with new ways of expressing such notions in their languages.
  6. In a similar vein, Paul states in 1 Cor 1:17 that “Christ did not send me to baptize but to preach”-despite the fact that Paul had just stated that he had baptized people.
  7. In 1 Thessalonians 4:15, St.

Scholars unanimously agree that St.


Luke Imitatethe Septuagint?” published in the international “Journal for Study of the New Testament” (July 1982, pp.

Luke did not attempt to imitate the style of the LXX.

Here’s an illustration from Luke 5:1: It happened as the people pushed in on Him to hear the word of God, and He was standing by the Lake.

It appears that St.

Obviously, it was not his motivation for employing it.

In his first lines, St.

Written stories might have been in Greek (since a few Jews grew up knowing Greek), Hebrew, or Aramaic, depending on who was writing them.

Luke employed written accounts in various languages throughout his mission.

The unusual stricture was also unusual in Aramaic, which leads us to believe that St.

He also appears to have translated them with great care.


– So, once again, we must be familiar with the underlying Hebrew in order to comprehend (of course in this item,English translations just skip the and-it appears only if we read St.

In Romans 5:19, there is an essential term that talks of the many being sinful as a result of original sin, and of course, St.

Despite this, the Greek word he uses is “polloi.” In standard Greek, it always refers to a large number of people rather than all of them.

There was a weird term “rabbim,” which was first used in Isaiah 53, the prophesy of the Passion, and has since become widely recognized.

If I were in a room with three other people, I could say anything, but I couldn’t say much.

Paul when the word is employed as a noun, we would discover that it always, without exception, implies “all,” as we might infer from contexts such as Rom.

Therefore, we must go back to the Hebrew in order to grasp Paul’s Greek in this context.

Paul frequently employs the Greek word “dikaiosyne,” but not in the restricted sense that is usually associated with it, but in the wide sense that is associated with the Hebrew word “sedaqah.” Throughout the New Testament, there are several instances where we must consider the underlying Hebrew in order to understand the proper sense of the Greek language.

Objections 2 and 3: A marginal Jew by J.P.

325-26) asserts that “The New Testament is not a translation of Greek,” and that it would be a “wooden” translation to follow the Hebrew use on brother if the New Testament were translated into Greek.

That appears to be supported by the evidence provided above in the “Journal for Study of the New Testament.” Furthermore, we have just presented significant evidence to demonstrate that, regardless of whether or not the writers were translating, they frequently utilized Greek terms in such a way that we must go to the underlying Hebrew in order to comprehend them.

  1. Moreover, Meier (326-27) says that Josephus, a Jew writing in Greek, does not always use the specific word for cousin, but he does use the term “brothers of Jesus” when referring to his “brothers.” – We respond by stating that we acknowledge Josephus does this.
  2. It’s not likely at all.
  3. Meier argues, on page 323, that if we want to say “ah” could mean cousin, then we should read Mt 12:50 as “Whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my male cousin, my female cousin, and my mother” (Mt 12:50).
  4. In his third response, Meier appears to be purposefully obtuse.
  5. objection 4, on Mt 1.25: Protestants prefer to highlight to two words in this passage, which are “until” and “firstborn.” Until: The majority of ancient terms have a wide range of conceivable meanings.
  6. However, this is not always the case.
  7. “The Lord said to myLord: ‘Sit at my right hand until I make your adversaries your footstool,'” according to JesusHimself (Mt.22-42-46), which is taken from Psalm 110:1.

As a result, the phrase “till here” does not imply a change in status.

Once again, the Messiah’s strength will not be quenched even after the moon’s light is no longer visible (Mt.24:29).

According to Matthew 11:23, if the miracles performed in Capernaum had been performed in Sodom, “it would have lasted until the present day.” If it had survived, Jesus had no intention of destroying it during His lifetime.

In Romans 8:22, St.

It also didn’t stop there; it will continue till the final repair is completed.

– There are more, but these should be more than sufficient to demonstrate that not always does, till in the OT and NT, imply that a change of circumstances is about to occur at the period in question.

Meier, who has worked tirelessly to demonstrate that Jesus most likely had real siblings, acknowledges that the arguments from “till” establish nothing (In CBQ Jan.


This reflects the Hebrew word “bekor,” which was used to emphasize the firstborn’s superior position in comparison to other children.

A Greek tomb inscription in Tel el Yaoudieh (cf.

Objections 5 and 6.

In response, Meier, who has worked so tirelessly to compile all evidence against virginity following the birth of Jesus, lists only four: a) Hegesippus, who lived in the second century bc Meier acknowledges on page 329 that “the testimony is not without its problems and possible self-contradictions”; (2) Tertullian—yet Meier acknowledges that it was his “fierce opposition todocetic view of Christ’s humanity” that caused him to say this; (3) Tertullian—yet Meier acknowledges that it was his “fierce opposition todocetic view of Christ’s humanity” that caused him to say this; (4) Tertullian—y Tertullian even went so far as to suggest that the flesh of Jesus was unsightly (On the Flesh of Christ9), all in the same vein.

As evidenced by the fact that even the Montanists were not severe enough in morality – he formed his own sect – he was a real extremist; (3) Meier also suggests that two passages of St.Irenaeus might imply a denial of virginity-in one, Irenaeus works out in detail the parallel between Adam andChrist, for the sake of his favorite “recapitulation” theology; and in the other, Irenaeus develop In these texts, it is difficult to discern any hints of a rejection of virginity.

Although even Meier admits that the texts aren’t conclusive, (4) Helvidius lived in the fourth century.

See, for example, “Marian Studies,” vol.

1, 1956, pp.

Meier does not even name these early writers in his summary of findings, which may be found on pages 331 to 332.

He is begging the question in response number six.

However, as we demonstrated in response 2 above, the natural meaning of brother issibling does not always imply such a relationship.

He is asking the question once more: he has not demonstrated that even one of the texts needs to be about a cruel sibling.

And if there were younger brothers in Temple at the time, they would have come along as well – women were not required to go.

This shows us that there is no solid evidence in Scripture that Our Lady had any other children besides Jesus and the apostles.

The teaching of the Church, on the other hand, is the deciding factor.

We must consider if the hierarchy of truths should not allow us to admit Protestants into the Catholic Church without requiring them to believe in Our Lady’s eternal virginity, as he states on the last page of his lengthy CBQ paper from 1992, pages 1 through 28.

However, this does not imply that we can accept the denial of even a single doctrine that has been taught repeatedly by the Ordinary Magisterium and the most ancient Creeds – and is therefore infallible – as a valid position.

If that authority is truly recognized, it will lead them to accept everyone, not everyone minus one.

340-41) that there is a strong rabbinic tradition that Moses, following his first meeting with God, abstained from learning the identity of his wife.

Because of this, if Moses, who only experienced exterior touch with God, acted in this manner, what can be said of Our Lady, who was filled with the divinepresence at the conception of Jesus and carried the divine presence inside her for nine months?

What is it about Meier that makes him so adamantly opposed to it?

Luther believed that if a book strongly preached justification by faith, it was inspired, and if it did not, it was not.

Furthermore, many books of Scripture do not even address the concept of justification via faith.

Unfortunately, Luther did not understand what St. Paul meant by the term “faith” – for further information on this, see the main Protestant reference work, “Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible,” Supplement, page 333.

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