What happened to the True Cross of Christ?
For the first time since its discovery by St. Helena during a visit to the Holy Land in 326, it is difficult to trace the exact course the True Cross of Jesus has traversed. At the time of the journey, the Church was expanding at an alarming rate. After a lengthy period of persecution, Christians were finally freed to freely practice their faith and embark on a hunt for their beloved relics. When she was 80 years old, Helena joined Christ’s faithful with her son, the Roman Emperor Constantine I, and set out in pursuit of the most sought-after relic in the world: the Crucifixion of Jesus.
After Jesus’ death, according to legend, those attempting to prevent the spread of Christianity acted quickly to remove any relics from the scene of the crucifixion, in an effort to deter people who may want to recover any of the artifacts involved. Tradition also holds that, in Golgotha, the cross, as well as the crosses on which the two thieves were crucified, were tossed into a hole in the ground and forgotten about. When the Empress arrived in the Holy Land 300 years later, she discovered the three crosses, but she couldn’t figure out which one belonged to the Lord.
Helena had no doubts about it: she had discovered the crucifixion of Jesus.
Christian legend states that the relic was well kept until 614 and was visited by a large number of Christians during that time period.
Later, the cross vanished and was found in the possession of the Persians. In the case of any discussions with the Eastern Roman Empire, the relic would serve as a “trade-off,” according to them (the Byzantines). When the Byzantine Empire won a decisive victory against the Persians in 630, Emperor Heraclius proudly returned a portion of the Cross to Jerusalem (the other portion was left in Constantinople), where he personally put it at the foot of Mount Calvary. This event is celebrated by the Church on September 14, which has been designated as the feast of “The Triumph of the Cross” or “The Exaltation of the Holy Cross,” respectively.
However, only a few years later, the Arab invasion of Jerusalem started, and the city was placed under Muslim sovereignty. The devotees of the True Cross were able to maintain their existence up to the 10th century without incurring any harm. Indeed, they grew in territory that had stayed Christian, such as Constantinople, which was particularly prosperous. In the event of problems or persecution of the Christians, the Cross was removed from its original location and concealed once more in a secret place.
In time, it came to be known as the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem’s emblem. More information may be found at: Among the relics that St. Helena brought back from the Holy Land are those housed in this cathedral.
This was only temporary, as the True Cross vanished from sight once more in 1187, this time for good, on the battlefield of Hattin, near Lake Tiberius in Galilee, and was never seen or heard from again. The crusaders had brought it with them in order to achieve victory against the Sultan Saladin of Egypt. However, they were defeated in the fight, and Jerusalem was captured by the sultan of Egypt. The Cross vanished into thin air with no trace behind it. According to legend, when Pope Urban III learned of the news, he passed away immediately.
The Fourth Crusade, which began in the Republic of Venice in an attempt to reclaim Jerusalem but was diverted to Constantinople in order to overthrow the Byzantine Empire and establish an Eastern Roman Empire in its place, had a devastating effect on the fragment preserved in Constantinople in 1203, when the city was destroyed. Both the Venetians and the nascent empire were granted access to the remnants of the Palatine Chapel of Pharos. Although pressured from all sides and on the verge of bankruptcy, this latter organization was forced to sell its treasures.
Louis purchased additional relics, which were presumed to be the Instruments of the Passion (crown of thorns, Holy Spear, Holy Sponge, and so on), which he kept in the Sainte-Chapelle, which was built specifically for this purpose on the Île de la Cité, in Paris.
A few parts and a Holy Nail have survived and are now housed in the treasury of the sacristy of Notre-Dame Cathedral in the heart of Paris.
Many churches have been entrusted with the preservation of all of the pieces of wood that have been given or sold as relics across the world throughout the years (particularly since the Middle Ages). According to numerous investigations and enquiries, the claimed “authentic” portions of Jesus’ crucifixion account for barely a tenth of the total volume of the Cross; the other ninety percent was discovered to be of doubtful provenance. The most likely remnants are referred to as Lignum Crucis (Latin for “Cross Wood”).
Take a look at the slideshow below to learn more about Christ’s Relics.
Did Archaeologists Find a Piece of Jesus’ Cross?
A part of the stone casket that supposedly contained a piece of wood, which may have been a relic from Jesus’ crucifixion, has been discovered. (Image courtesy of Anadolu Agency, which was taken from YouTube.) In Turkey, archaeologists excavating the ruins of an old church think they have discovered what they believe to be a relic of the cross of Jesus. The relic was discovered within a stone box that had been recovered from the remains of Balatlar Church, a seventh-century structure located on the beaches of the Black Sea in Sinop, Turkey, and discovered by chance.
- It’s a bit of a cross, actually “Gülgün Körolu, the main archaeologist, said to the Hurriyet Daily News about the discovery.
- “This stone box holds a lot of significance for us.
- According to NBC News, the chest has been sent to a laboratory for additional examination.
- However, some opponents question whether or not the relics are genuine, pointing to a large number of churches all over the world that claim to have a little relic of the wooden cross on display.
- The ossuary, which is sometimes referred to as the “Jonah Ossuary” because one carving appears to depict a fish swallowing a man (similar to Jonah, the biblical figure who was swallowed by a whale), was initially hailed as the world’s oldest known Christian artifact.
- The findings of later investigations by classical and biblical academics, on the other hand, indicated that many of the alleged Christian symbols were either random markings or ornamental carvings that had been interpreted incorrectly.
- After that, there’s the so-called Gospel of Jesus’ Wife, which is said to have been written in the fourth century and to be the earliest known instance of Jesus referring to his wife.
- Since 2009, Körolu’s crew has been working on the Balatlar Church construction site.
- On the walls of the church, which was built in the year 660, are paintings representing Jesus, Mary, and the Apostles, among other scenes.
- Follow us on Twitter @livescience, Facebook, and Google+.
- Marc Lallanilla has worked as a scientific writer and health editor for About.com, as well as a producer for ABCNews.com, among other places.
He lives in Los Angeles. In addition to holding a Master’s degree in environmental planning from the University of California at Berkeley, Marc also holds an undergraduate degree in political science from the University of Texas at Austin.
Precious Relic of the True Cross
As a result of forgiving us all of our misdeeds, He brought you to life beside Him. He also removed the bond against us, with its legal claims, that stood in the way of us, by nailing it to the Cross. – Colossians 2:13-14 (New International Version) “Our only hope is in the Cross, which we call Ave Crux (Hail to the Cross). May this acclamation. ring in our ears forever, for the Cross is a mystery of life and death that we must never forget. The Cross has taken on the meaning of a ‘tree of life’ for the Catholic Church.
- Although it was over 300 years later, Constantine was still battling for the throne of the Roman Empire with Maxentius, who had not yet converted to Christianity, when he turned to the Lord God of the Christians for assistance in his struggle.
- This cross had the words “BY THIS SIGN YOU WILL CONQUER” (in Latin, “IN HOC SIGNO VINCES”) written on it in a brilliant font.
- As a mark of gratitude to God for his victory at the Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312, Constantine ordered that the Christian cross be painted on the Roman standards and the shields of all soldiers.
- Helena discovered the True Cross, which had been used by Jesus to be crucified on September 14, 326, she was known as the “Mother of Constantine.” An old Jew who had received traditional knowledge of where the Crucifixion site was located, according to legend, directed St.
- After the dirt had been excavated up to a significant depth, three crosses, as well as the superscription that had been put over the Savior’s head on the Cross, and the nails with which He had been nailed to the cross, were discovered.
- For the occasion of the discovery of the Holy Cross, Constantine consecrated two churches on the site of Calvary, known as “Anastasis” and “Golgotha,” both of which are located inside the confines of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
- During an invasion of Syria and Palestine in 614 by Chosroes II, the King of Persia took several of the city’s most valuable artifacts, including the relic of the True Cross, and brought them back to his kingdom.
- After being removed from its original location in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the Sacred Cross was returned on September 14.
Today, one can visit the Basilica Church of Santa Croce in Jerusalemme (The Holy Cross in Jerusalem), which is located in Rome, and which contains a significant portion of the Holy Cross, as well as numerous other associated relics of the Passion, including a significant portion of the sign that had been placed on the Cross saying “Jesus It was from this church that the relic now housed in our Shrine of the True Cross came to be acquired.
- Father Thomas Carney was chosen as the pastor of St.
- Following his appointment, he requested permission from Bishop Christopher Byrne of Galveston to have the church in Dickinson renamed Shrine of the True Cross, rather than St.
- Father Carney requested a relic of the Cross, and Bishop Byrne granted his request after obtaining authorization from the Holy See and commissioning Father Andrew B.
- In 1936, a relic was procured and handed to Bishop Byrne for safekeeping.
- Joseph to Shrine of the True Cross that year.
- The True Cross, which we revere, was the instrument on which our Lord made His supreme sacrifice for our redemption, and it is thus worthy of veneration.
- And it is through this that we acknowledge that the cross of Christ has been transformed into the Tree of Life.
- When all of the regular requirements are satisfied, the Church has attached a plenary indulgence to this act of faith, which can be used to forgive sins.
- Everyone is invited to come to the Shrine of the True Cross and worship the relic of the Cross at any time during the church’s regular hours of operation throughout the year.
Unfortunately, we are unable to ship Relic cards outside of the United States at this time. We sincerely regret for any inconvenience.
Where Is Golgotha, Where Jesus Was Crucified?
Is it possible that the Church of the Redeemer has the answer? Staff of the Biblical Archaeology SocietyOctober 26, 202120 Comments150641 views Biblical Archaeology Society Staff What evidence is there to suggest that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the real site of Golgotha, where Jesus was crucified, based on the Church of the Redeemer (as depicted here)? What is the current location of Golgotha in Jerusalem? It was Golgotha, according to the New Testament, that served as the place of Jesus’ crucifixion and execution.
It was in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review when Marcel Serr and Dieter Vieweger discussed their Archaeological Views column, entitled “Golgotha: Is the Holy Sepulchre Church Authentic?” They discussed historical and contemporary research into the place whereJesuswas crucified.
- The precise site of Jesus’ crucifixion is a matter of debate.
- The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located in Jerusalem.
- In line with Roman and Jewish traditions at the time, Golgotha would have had to be positioned outside of the city limits of Jerusalem.
- So, where exactly is Golgotha situated?
- When the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the traditional location of Jesus’ crucifixion, was erected in the fourth century C.E., was it built within or outside the city walls of Jerusalem?
- Leen Ritmeyer created the illustration.
Attempts to locate a so-called Second Wall south of the Holy Sepulchre Church that had served as the northern wall of Jerusalem during Jesus’ time (and would have moved the site of the church outside of Jerusalem during Jesus’ time) have proven fruitless—although Josephus, the knowledgeable first-century Jewish historian, does mention such a wall (The Jewish War5.146).
For over a century, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is built at Golgotha, the site of Jesus’ crucifixion, appeared to provide a solution to the dilemma of authenticity.
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If you’d like to contribute to making Bible History Daily, BiblicalArchaeology.org, and our daily newsletter possible, please consider making a donation. Even a small donation of $5 is appreciated: According to Ute Wagner-Lux of the German Protestant Institute of Archaeology in Jerusalem, who dug under the Church of the Redeemer in 1970, this wall could not have been the Second Wall. She concluded that this wall could not have been the Second Wall. Why? In the words of Serr and Vieweger, “this wall was just five feet thick—far too small to be used as a city wall.” As a result, the search was restarted.
There are some hints from the Church of the Redeemer that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located outside the mysterious Second Wall, according to the findings of the excavations.
– Members of the BAS Library: Learn more about Golgotha and the Holy Sepulchre Church in the entire Archaeological Views column by Marcel Serr and Dieter Vieweger in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review.
Become a member of the BAS Library now.
Related reading in Bible History Daily:
The tour takes visitors through the ruins of Herod’s Jerusalem Palace, which may have served as the site of Jesus’ trial. The Terra Sancta Museum is a new stop on the Via Dolorosa that is open to the public. And Why It Really Does Make a Difference The “Strange” Ending of the Gospel of Mark and Why It Really Does Make a Difference What Day Did Jesus Rise From the Dead? During their journey to Byzantine Jerusalem, the pilgrims stop at the National Geographic Museum, where they may virtually see Jesus’ tomb.
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Gishen – place where portion of the cross on which Jesus Christ is crucified is kept in Ethiopia
30th of September, 2016 Gishen is one of the most important sites in Ethiopian Church history and Ethiopian Orthodox Christian history, and probably even in the history of Christianity itself. It contains a piece of the crucifixion on which Jesus Christ was crucified, which is visible. The Ethiopian eunuch, who is mentioned in Acts 8 as being the first Christian conversion, is specifically mentioned in the Bible. After meeting an Ethiopian eunuch who had concerns about the Christian religion and Jesus Christ before embracing Christianity, Philip the Evangelist had the opportunity to preach Christ outside of Israel before the disciples of Jesus embarked on their missionary journey.
- Part of the credit for the uniqueness of Ethiopian Christianity and its church may be traced back to this myth of genesis.
- Ethiosports is the source of this information.
- Those who were descended from the institution that crucified Jesus Christ were so humiliated about it that they had to conceal the crucifixion, bury it underground, and demolish the site where it was buried as a dumping ground.
- Following that, the cross remained in Jerusalem for generations, and it was eventually shared by other major kingdoms at the time.
- After receiving a spiritual vision, Emperor Zera Yacob, also known as Ethiopia’s philosopher king, is reported to have conducted an excursion across Ethiopia in search of a cross-shaped topography where he was expected to set the Cross in accordance with the assignment given to him.
- Gihshen is situated on a perfectly cross-shaped plateau.
- Gishen’s topography is formed like a cross.
- It is directly across the street from the Church of the Virgin Mary.
- The majority of pilgrims really walk more than 82 kilometers from the town of Dessie in order to make the journey more meaningful.
In addition to believers in Ethiopia, the region has become a popular destination for tourists who go for religious reasons even from outside the country. bokena Participate in the discussion. Please express your opinions. You may follow us on Twitter. Please like us on Facebook and spread the word.
A piece of Jesus’ cross? Relics unearthed in Turkey
Gulgun Koroglu, the leader of the Turkish excavation team, holds a stone shard with a cross etched on it. She claims that a chest holding artifacts qualifies as EBU. courtesy of NBC News Several stone chests, including one believed to hold a relic believed to be a piece of Jesus’ crucifixion, have been discovered in a 1,350-year-old church, according to Turkish researchers. They were discovered during a dig at Balatlar Church in Turkey’s Sinop Province, and they were unveiled this week by Gülgün Körolu, the team leader in charge of the excavation.
- It’s a portion of a cross, actually “She was cited as stating this by the Hurriyet Daily News.
- She showed reporters at the location a stone with crosses cut into it, which she had brought with her.
- This relic has a history, and it is the most significant thing we have discovered so far,” she explained.
- She stated that her team has been working on the church since 2009, when it was established in the year 660, during the Byzantine era of Christianity.
- Theologian St.
Many churches, notably the Shrine of the True Cross and the Co-Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in Texas, include relics associated with Jesus’ death on the cross. More information about biblical archaeology may be found at:
- It is believed that King David resided at this palace. The archaeology of Christianity
- A collection of NBC News stories on biblical archaeology
- And more.
Alan Boyle works as the scientific editor for NBCNews.com. Create a connection with the Cosmic Log community on Facebook by “liking” the NBC News Science Facebook page, following @b0yle on Twitter, and adding Alan Boyle to your Google+ circles. Sign up for the TechScience newsletter, which is delivered to your inbox every daily, to stay up to date on NBCNews.com’s articles about science and space. Additionally, “The Case for Pluto,” my book on the contentious dwarf planet and the quest for new worlds, is available to read online.
Where Was Jesus Crucified? Location of Golgotha
“Passover preparations were underway at this point, and it was approximately the sixth hour. “Behold your King!” he said to the assembled Jews. They, on the other hand, yelled out, “Away with Him, Away with Him, Away with Him! crucify him! crucify him!” “Do you want me to crucify your King?” Pilate inquired of them. “We have no monarch save Caesar!” the leading priests said in response. After that, he handed Him over to them to be crucified. As a result, they arrested Jesus and brought Him away.
- It appears in all four of the Gospels, and is referred to by name.
- At the site of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, it has long been venerated for its historical significance, which dates back to 325 and was established by Queen Mother Helena, mother of Constantine the Great.
- Kranon is sometimes translated as “Skull” in English, although it really refers to the Cranium, which is the section of the skull that contains the brain itself.
- Because of this, the titles “Golgotha” and “Calvary” are taken from the Hebrew and Latin translations respectively when referring to the site of Christ’s crucifixion, and they are used interchangeably.
Where is the Location of Golgotha?
Golgotha, also known as Calvary in Latin, is commonly believed to be associated with the traditional location of Christ’s Crucifixion, which is currently housed in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem’s Christian Quarter. However, this is not always the case. Located within the Old City of Jerusalem’s walls, this church is dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The following is an adiagram from Wikipedia that depicts how the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was constructed on the site known as Golgotha: Concerning the location of the site of the Crucifixion (which is also the location of the Tomb), we have no hint from the New Testament; in fact, locations have been proposed on all sides of the city—as well as in the West—by those who reject tradition.
However, an excellent assessment of the entire evidence can be found in the late Sir Charles W. Wilson’s book “Golgotha and the Holy Sepulcher,” published by the PEF. It is hard to delve into the entire topic here because it requires a minute and lengthy explanation.
What does Golgotha mean?
According to the Smith’s Bible Dictionary, Golgotha is the Hebrew term for the location where our Lord was crucified on the cross. The Bible (Matthew 27:33; Mark 15:22; John 19:17) teaches that God is love. According to these three evangelists, it might be translated as “the site of a skull.” There are two possible explanations for the name: (1) It could be derived from the fact that it was a place where executions were frequently carried out, and as a result, it was awash in skulls; or (2) it could be derived from the appearance or shape of the spot itself, which is bald, round, and skull-like, and therefore a mound or hillock, in accordance with the common phrase -for which there is no direct authority- “Mount Calvary.” Regardless of which of these explanations is right, Golgotha appears to have been a well-known location.
Various explanations for the name Golgotha, which means “skull,” have been advanced, including: that it was a location where skulls might be discovered lying around and, consequently, a public execution site.
On the contrary, it may be argued that there is no evidence that a special place for Jewish executions existed in the first century, and that, if there had been, the corpses would have been allowed to be buried in accordance with Jewish law (Deuteronomy 21:23) and with normal custom (Matthew 27:58; John 19:38).
Is Golgotha a Holy Place?
In a nutshell, sure. There are many Christians of many faiths from all over the globe who go to Jerusalem to see and worship the site where Jesus Christ was crucified, buried, and resurrected, which is today known as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. According to traditions that date back to the fourth century, it encompasses the two holiest locations in Christian history: the site where Jesus was crucified, at a site known as Golgotha, and Jesus’ empty tomb, where He was buried and risen after three days of darkness.
Can you visit Golgotha now?
In general, yes, you are authorized to visit the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, provided that travel to Jerusalem is permitted at the time of your visit. Christ was crucified, buried, and risen in this church, which is located in the Christian Quarter of the Old City. This is one of the most hallowed places in all of Christendom, and it is a popular pilgrimage destination.
Where isthe Crossof Christ’s Crucifixion Today?
In accordance with the website digismak.com, a portion of the cross granted to Helena’s mission was sent to Rome (the other portion stayed in Jerusalem), and according to legend, a significant portion of the remnants are preserved in Rome’s Basilica of the Holy Cross. In addition to the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Rome, the cathedrals of Cosenza, Naples, and Genoa in Italy; the monastery of Santo Toribio de Liébana (which claims to have the largest piece), Santa Maria dels Turers, and the basilica of Vera Cruz, among others, in Spain; and the Basilica of the Holy Cross in Rome, among others, claim to have a fragment of the log where Jesus Christ was crucified.
Read on to learn more about the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ, its significance in the Bible, and its relevance today! Image courtesy of Getty Images/yuelan
It is believed to be the wood from the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified, a genuine Christian relic. The True Cross, according to legend, was discovered by St. Helena, the mother of Constantine the Great, on her visit to the Holy Land in 326. The True Cross is first mentioned in history in the mid-4th century, according to the most reliable sources. When it came to the Crucifixion, the stories were embellished with mythical elements relating to the history of the cross before it was used for the Crucifixion.
When John Calvin pointed out that all of the extant fragments would fill a large ship if they were all put together, some Roman Catholic theologians regarded this as an invalid objection, claiming that the blood of Christ had given the True Cross a kind of material indestructibility, allowing it to be divided indefinitely without being diminished.
Reliquaries meant to hold the fragments increased as well, and some of these valuable artefacts have survived until the present day.
The Feast of the Finding of the Cross was observed on May 3 in the Roman Catholic Church until it was officially removed from the church calendar by Pope John XXIII in 1960.
What’s ‘true’ about Jesus’ cross?
- Could bits of a tree survive millennia? The genuine cross phenomenon began with Ruler Constantine, the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity. Is it possible that these are shards of fraud that speak to our want to believe
Science and archaeology provide new insights into ancient objects that may be related to the life and teachings of Jesus Christ. “Finding Jesus: Fact, Faith, and Forgery” airs on CNN US on Sundays at 9 p.m. ET/PT and is available on demand. (CNN) In July of 2013, Turkish researchers unearthed a stone box in a 1,350-year-old church that looked to contain a piece of Jesus’ crucifixion, bringing the oldest of Jesus relics legends back to life. “We have discovered something sacred in a chest. It’s a fragment of a cross, actually “Gülgün Körolu, an art historian and archaeologist who is in charge of the excavation crew, shared his thoughts.
- And suddenly there was quiet.
- The newest story of the “real cross,” which serves as a strong symbol of faith for more than two billion people throughout the world, is representative of the difficulties encountered in the search for Jesus’ relics.
- Is it possible that remnants of the genuine cross of Jesus are still among us today?
- Maybe they’re forgeries in their own right, but they speak to our desire for belief.
- He entrusted his mother, Saint Helena (c.
- When Helena arrived to Jerusalem in 326 CE, the city was still reeling from the devastation wrought by the final Jewish War, which took place between 132 and 335 CE.
- Helena ordered the deconstruction of this heathen temple and immediately began digging beneath it in search of relics associated with Jesus.
According to the historian Rufinus (c.
Nothing occurred as the unwell woman pressed her hand on two crosses.
The actual cross of Jesus has now been shown to the world.
Despite this, the Gospels attest to the fact that a single man was capable of carrying it.” Was Calvin, however, exaggerating in order to bolster his own changes inside Catholicism?
This is where science comes in.
In his investigation, he discovered that the Jesus cross weighed 165 pounds, was three or four meters tall, and had a cross beam that was two meters broad.
De Fleury came to the conclusion that the actual cross was built of pine wood based on the bits he was permitted to inspect under a microscope.
These fragments originated from some of Europe’s most important churches, including Santa Croce in Rome, Notre Dame in Paris, and the Cathedrals of Pisa and Florence.
Consequently, the debate arose as to whether the cross of Jesus was crafted from olive wood or pine.
While researchers unearthed the heel bone of a crucified man with the nail still attached in 1968, they were unaware that the Romans had executed tens of thousands of people by crucifixion, including as many as 500 people per day during the siege of Jerusalem from 66 to 70 CE.
The guy, whose ossuary, or burial box, identified him as Yehohanan, was in his mid-twenties when he died on the cross, according to the inscription on the box.
Given the fact that other people buried in the same tomb as Yehohanan had ties to the Temple, it’s probable that he was slain by the Romans for some political infraction.
In Hershkovitz’s opinion, the fact that the length of the nail is relatively small indicates a great deal about Roman crucifixion techniques.
The reason, Hershkovitz believes, that crosses were not fashioned from olive trees is that people relied on the olive tree for sustenance and would not hack them down to create crosses if they did.
There are many gaps in the wood of the olive tree, making it impossible to sustain the nails against the weight of the victim.
We have a variety of different types of local oaks that are better suited for the job.” Today, there are even more “true cross” fragments on display around the world, including on Mount Athos, in Rome, in Brussels, in Venice, in Ghent, in Paris, in Spain, and in Serbia – and even in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania, where a fragment of the true cross was brought over as part of the family chapel that Theodore Boal had built for his French bride after she was married there.
eBay has numerous options if you wish to possess a piece of the cross on which Jesus died – some of which have original wax seals to preserve its “purity,” while others come with certificates attesting to the pieces’ genuineness and authenticity.
The continuous emphasis on the authenticity of real cross fragments, argues Mark Goodacre, a professor in the Department of Religion at Duke University, has been detrimental to understanding the meaning of the cross, he claims. “The thing about the cross is that you always have to remember that it’s about the person who is nailed to it; the wood itself is only a tool of torment at the end of the day,” says the author. Michael McKinley and David Gibson are the co-authors of “Finding Jesus: Faith.
What Happened to the Cross Jesus Died On?
Christians all across the globe commemorated Jesus’ resurrection last month, marking the end of Lent. This is the most important moment in Christian history since it coincides with Jesus’ humiliated and torturous execution on a wooden cross, which occurred three days earlier. By the Middle Ages, the True Cross (as the cross of Jesus is known) would have surpassed all others as the most important relic in the Christian community. Even today, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem claims to be in possession of fragments of the relic.
It is believed that fragments of the True Cross can be found in cathedrals and basilicas all throughout Europe.
What happened to the structure that was supposed to support the most momentous event in Christian history?
In the first place, there are simply too many of them.
During a satirical piece on pilgrimage in the sixteenth century, the world-renowned humanist Erasmus wrote, “So they say of the cross of Our Lord, which is shown publicly and privately in so many places, that, if all the fragments were collected together, they would appear to form a reasonable cargo for a merchant ship.” Erasmus was a world-renowned humanist who lived during the Renaissance.
As it turns out, Erasmus was exaggerating the situation.
At this point, everything appears to be fine, but are they genuine?
Where Was Jesus Crucified?
The crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus determine whether or not the Christian religion is valid. Understanding God’s pardon, everlasting life, and the hope we have in Christ are all built on these two historical events, which are interconnected. The faith is jeopardized if these events do not take place. However, while speaking about Christ’s resurrection, the apostle Paul emphasizes the following point: “But since it is taught that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can any of you argue that there is no resurrection of the dead?” Even if there is no resurrection of the dead, it is unlikely that Christ has been risen from the grave.
These events did in fact take place, and there is a substantial amount of extra-biblical evidence to support this claim. So, do we know where the Romans crucified Jesus and how we might find out?
What Scripture tells us about the crucifixion
The gospels of Matthew and Mark both inform us that the crucifixion took place at a location known as Golgotha. The Aramaic term golgotha literally translates as “skull.” And both Gospel writers provide us with their interpretations of the term: They arrived at a location known as Golgotha (which literally translates as “the site of the skull”) (Matthew 27:33, see also Mark 15:22). Luke doesn’t even bother to call it Golgotha in his gospel (Luke 23:33). And John flips Matthew and Mark’s sequence, referring to it as the “place of the Skull,” and then tells his readers of how it is translated into Aramaic by the author of the Gospel of John.
It was the Latin phrase calvaria, which means “skull” or “bald head,” that was used by the King James translators when they translated the word “skull” in Luke’s story.
Scholars, on the other hand, have some reservations about the location.
Or did it receive its moniker because of the large number of executions that took place there?
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre
It is at this location, in the northwest sector of Jerusalem’s ancient city, that the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is located, which is one of the earliest acknowledged locations for Jesus’ crucifixion. After the storming of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, the city was transformed into a Roman colony, and its name was changed to Aelia Capitolina (Capital of the Capitol). During her journey to Aelia Capitolina, Empress Helena (Constantine’s mother) is said to have discovered a temple to Venus built over the “recognized” location of Jesus’ burial, according to legend.
They were able to select “the real cross” because of a miracle cure that occurred in connection with one of the three crosses.
It has become a must-see pilgrimage destination for many Christians of many denominations and traditions.
There appear to be some big issues with it, to put it mildly.
It appears that Jesus was crucified outside the city according to the Bible when we look at the text: Due to the fact that the site of Jesus’ crucifixion was close to the city and that the sign was written in three languages (Aramaic, Latin, and Greek), a large number of Jews were able to read it (John 19:20, emphasis added).
Likewise, Christ suffered outside the city gate in order to make the people holy via his own blood.
Let us then approach him outside the camp, carrying the dishonor he has endured in his life. In this place, we do not have an enduring city, but we are yearning for the city that is yet to be built (Hebrews 13:11–14, emphasis mine).
Gordon’s Calvary (Skull Hill)
Many evangelical Christians choose a rocky outcrop north of Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate, which is located north of the Old City. This barren hilltop first came to public attention in the 19th century, when a German theologian by the name of Edward Robinson proposed it as a possible location for a religious institution, according to our research. This viewpoint was adopted by Charles Gordon, a well-known British major general, in the late 1800s, and it became linked with him as a result. In what ways does it stand out as a possible place for the crucifixion?
- This helps to make sense of Mark’s words: “Some ladies were standing nearby, keeping an eye on everything.” Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joseph, and Salome were among those who were present” (Mark 15:40).
- Some also suggest that if there were skull-like features on the site, it is more likely that it would have been known as “Golgotha” by both Romans and Jews.
- Another element that makes this a viable candidate for Jesus’ tomb is its proximity to the Garden Tomb, which is considered to be one of the possible locations of Jesus’ tomb.
- One of the most compelling reasons against it is the simple fact that it hasn’t been historically recognized.
Near the Lion’s Gate
In recent years, a missionary by the name of Rodger Dusatko has proposed an alternative location near Jerusalem. This location is located on a hill just outside of the Lion’s Gate. Furthermore, the Lion’s Gate is a symbolic representation of the area where Christians see Jesus’ final journey from the jail to His crucifixion (Via Dolorosa). 330 meters northeast of where the temple formerly stood, on a steep slope beyond the wall, there is a possibility that Golgotha will be built. According to Dusatko, the word skulla is not used to describe Golgotha, which would imply that the skull is being referred to as a whole.
- This is the origin of the word “cranium,” which refers to the top, curving portion of the head.
- When assessing a suitable location for Calvary, Dusatko believes that having a straight line of sight to the temple is critical.
- And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake.
- Upon witnessing what had occurred, the centurion expressed his gratitude to God and stated, “Surely this was a virtuous man” (Luke 23:44–47).
- Some critics of the Lion’s Gate hill argue that Luke did not specifically state that the centurion witnessed the curtain being torn in half.
Luke was most likely implying that the centurion, who had watched the events of the day, had been convinced of Jesus’s righteousness.
Jesus and Adam?
One of the most intriguing traditions about the site of the crucifixion has to do with Adam’s skull, which is said to have been found nearby. Origen (A.D. 184-A.D. 253), one of the most renowned theologians and biblical experts in the early church, was the catalyst for this transformation. It was revealed to Origen in his commentary on Matthew that the corpse of Adam had been buried there in order that, “as in Adam all perish,” so too would Adam be revived and “as in Christ all would be made alive,” as well as “as in Christ all will be made alive.” Apocalyptic writer Epiphanius of Salamis (ca.
- According to Chrysostom (349–407), in his commentary on the Gospel of John, “‘And He arrived to a spot where there was a skull,'” he adds.
- The Church of the Holy Sepulchre even contains a Chapel of Adam, which is positioned beneath the alleged rock of Golgotha, as part of its complex.
- This is one of those tales that is really intriguing to learn about yet serves no benefit whatsoever.
- I think it’s pretty doubtful that we’ll ever find out where Adam’s body is buried.
So what do we know?
After all this time, it should be clear that we are unable to pinpoint the exact place of Jesus’ crucifixion. Does this imply that it never took place? In no way, shape, or form. A large number of extra-biblical narratives show that Christ was crucified in the manner described in the Gospels. Tacitus was a Roman historian (as well as a senator) who lived in the first century. It is in the Annals of the Emperor Nero that he describes how Nero responded to the fire in Rome by persecuting Christians, and it is in this that he verifies the manner in which Jesus died: As a result, in order to get rid of the report, Nero pinned the responsibility and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class of people despised by the crowd for their abominations and referred to as Christians.
When Christus, the man who gave his name to the religion, was executed by one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, during the reign of Tiberius, an evil superstition that had been suppressed for a time erupted once more not only in Judaea, the origin of evil, but also in Rome, where all that is hideous and shameful from all over the world finds a home and becomes popular, was re-ignited.
Their deaths were made much more miserable by mockery of every kind.
Thallus was a first-century historian, and most of his work has been lost to history—but the second-century historian Sextus Julius Africanus makes use of his writings.
Thallus, in the third book of his History, refers to this darkness as an eclipse of the sun, which looks to me to be without foundation (Julius Africanus, Chronography, 18:1).
In putting Socrates to death, what benefit did the Athenians derive from their decision?
What benefit did the men of Samos derive from the burning of Pythagoras’ statue?
What benefit did the Jews derive from the assassination of their wise king?
God avenged the three wise men in a righteous manner.
But Socrates did not die; he continued to live on via Plato’s teachings.
Neither did the wise monarch pass away; he continued to live via the teachings he had imparted (Mara bar Simpson, a letter to his son).
Although we will never know where Jesus died, we may place our confidence in the assurance that:But he was pierced for our trespasses, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was laid on him, and it is by his wounds that we are healed (Isaiah 53:5).
The exact site of the crucifixion is unknown, but we do know, in Paul’s words, that “we are Christ’s ambassadors, as though God were appealing to us via Christ” (2 Corinthians 5:20a).
Fortunately, Jesus’ death does not mark the end of the tale. Join us in celebrating the resurrection by reading and sharing this article. When it comes to the Resurrection of Jesus, why is it so significant?