Why Did Jesus Die?
- Jesus died in order for humanity to be cleansed of their sins and to be granted an eternity of life. (See also Romans 6:23 and Ephesians 1:7) Jesus’ death also demonstrated that a person may stay faithful to God even when confronted with the most difficult of circumstances. —Hebrews 4: 15 (NIV). Consider how the death of a one individual may have such a significant impact. ″The forgiveness of our sins″ was the reason Jesus died. —Colossians 1:14 (NIV). Adam, the first human being, was born sinless and without flaws. He, on the other hand, decided to defy God. Adam’s disobedience, often known as sin, had far-reaching consequences for all of his descendants. ″Many were made sinners as a result of the disobedience of one man,″ according to the Bible’s explanation. In Romans 5:19, the Bible says Jesus was likewise without flaw, yet he never committed a sin. As a result, Jesus has the potential to be ″an atoning sacrifice for our sins.″ (1 John 2:2
- see also footnote) Similar to how Adam’s transgression polluted the human family with sin, so Jesus’ sacrifice washed away the stain of sin from the hearts of those who put their faith in him. In a way, Adam sold the human race into the sin of disobedience. By freely dying on our behalf, Jesus repurchased humankind and claimed it as his own. Consequently, ″if somebody does commit sin, we have a helper with the Father, Jesus Christ, who is righteous,″ says the apostle Paul. —II John 2:1.
- III John 2:1. ″Jesus died in order that everyone who believes in him may not perish but may have everlasting life,″ according to the Bible. —John 3: 16 Despite the fact that Adam was designed to live forever, his transgression resulted in the imposition of the sentence of death upon him. ″Sin entered the world via Adam, and death entered the world through sin, and death spread to all mankind because they had all sinned,″ the Bible says. —Romans 5:12, according to the NIV. In contrast, Jesus’ death not only wiped the stain of sin off the face of the earth, but it also revoked the death sentence for anyone who places their trust in him. The Bible summarizes the situation as follows: ″Just as sin reigned as king with death, so too could undeserved kindness reign as king through righteousness leading to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.″ —Romans 5:21 (NIV). Humans, of course, still have a finite life span in the modern world. As a result of Jesus’ sacrificial death, God has promised to provide righteous individuals perpetual life and to raise the dead so that they, too, might reap the benefits of Jesus’ sacrifice. —Psalm 37:29 and 1 Corinthians 15:22, respectively.
- It was through his obedience to the point of death that Jesus demonstrated that a human may remain faithful to God in the face of any test or adversity. —Philippians 2:8 (NASB). The reason Adam disobeyed God even though he had a wonderful intellect and body is that he had a selfish yearning for something that was not his. Genesis 2:16, 17
- Genesis 3:6) Then there was Satan, God’s primary adversary, who stated that no human being would unselfishly follow God, especially if his or her life was on the line. Job 2:4 (Job 2:5) Even though he died in dishonor and agony, the ideal man Jesus followed God and remained devoted to him throughout the entire world. (See also Hebrews 7:26.) This entirely resolved the situation: a human being may stay devoted to God regardless of the test or trial that may be laid upon him.
- What was the purpose of Jesus’ suffering and death in order to redeem humans? What was God thinking when he didn’t just revoke the death sentence? It is written in God’s law that ″the penalty of sin is death.″ (See Romans 6:23.) Because God did not want to keep this commandment hidden from Adam, he informed him that the consequence for disobeying would be death. (Genesis 3:3
- 3:5) When Adam sinned, God, who ″cannot lie,″ stood by his word and did not punish him. (See Titus 1:2.) Not only did Adam pass on sin to his progeny, but he also passed on the penalty for sin – death. Despite the fact that wicked humans deserve to die, God extended to them ″the riches of his undeserved generosity,″ as the Bible puts it. (See also Ephesians 1:7) It was both deeply just and extraordinarily gracious of God to provide a provision to redeem people by sending Jesus as a perfect sacrifice. When did Jesus die, exactly? During the Jewish Passover, Jesus died at ″the ninth hour,″ which is the ninth hour from dawn, or around three o’clock in the afternoon. (See footnote on Mark 15:33-37.) According to current calendars, the date corresponds to Friday, April 1, 33 C.E. on the first day of April. What was the location of Jesus’ death? ″The so-called Skull Place, which is known in Hebrew as Golgotha,″ is where Jesus was crucified and killed. (See also John 19:17, 18) In Jesus’ day, this location was considered to be ″outside the city gate″ of Jerusalem. (See also Hebrews 13:12) It’s possible that it was on a hill because the Bible indicates that several people witnessed Jesus’ death ″from a distance.″ (Matthew 15:40) But the exact site of Golgotha cannot be verified with confidence at this time. Also, how did Jesus die is unknown. In spite of the fact that many people think Jesus was crucified (i.e., killed on a cross), the Bible states that ″his own self bore our sins in his own body on the tree.″ (1 Peter 2:24, New International Version) The Greek words stauros and xylon were used to allude to the instrument of Jesus’ death by the Romans in the New Testament. Many academics have assumed that these phrases relate to a beam or an upright stake constructed of a single piece of wood
- however, this has not been proven. What should be done to commemorate Jesus’ death? On the eve of the annual Jewish Passover, Jesus created a simple practice with his disciples and instructed them to ″keep doing this in remember of me″ (keep doing this in memory of me). (1 Corinthians 11:24) The Bible says: Jesus was put to death a few hours after that. The lamb killed at the Passover was linked to Jesus by the writers of the Bible. (See 1 Corinthians 5:7 for further information). A memorial service for Jesus Christ’s death, just as the Passover celebration served to remind the Israelites that they had been delivered from slavery, serves to remind Christians that they, too, have been set free from sin and death. Every year, Jews celebrated the Passover, which was celebrated on Nisan 14 according to the lunar calendar
- the early Christians honored the Memorial Day on the same day every year. Every year, on the 14th of Nisan, millions of people all around the world remember the death of Jesus Christ.
What does the Bible say about it?
- Rather than the end of life, death, according to the Bible, signifies the separation of one’s soul from one’s physical body.
- According to Scripture, both eternal life with God in paradise and eternal separation from God in hell are expressly mentioned.
- Death is a direct effect of human sin.
- ″For the penalty of sin is death,″ says the Bible’s Romans 6:23 explicitly.
- Due to the fact that everyone has sinned, everyone dies physically (Romans 5:12).
- In the aftermath of death, there follows a period of reckoning: ″it is allotted for man to die once, and after that comes judgment″ (Hebrews 9:27).
- As a result, reincarnation, as taught by Eastern faiths, does not exist.
- Death came into the world as a result of Adam’s sin (Romans 5:12), as demonstrated by the fact that Adam died (Genesis 5:5).
- Even Jesus was subjected to bodily death (Matthew 27:50), making Him no different than any other human being.
- The distinction was that Jesus did not have any sin and, as a result, did not deserve to die.
- Death was vanquished by Jesus on the third day of His life, demonstrating His claim to be the Savior (1 Corinthians 15:3-11).
- Death has been beaten as a result of Christ’s work, and the Christian might question, ″How can I know this?″ ″Death, where have you taken your victory?
- The sting of death, where have you gone?″ The Bible says in 1 Corinthians 15:55 that Spiritual death, defined as the state of being estranged from God, is also mentioned in the Bible.
- People can be physically alive yet spiritually dead at the same time.
The only way to overcome spiritual death is to re-enter the world.Those who believe in Jesus will have eternal life, as Jesus stated in John 3: ″God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whomever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life″ (John 3:16).The Bible says that those who place their faith in Christ for salvation have been set free ″from the law of sin and death″ (Romans 8:2).In the life of a believer, death has been vanquished by the Holy Spirit.
The Christian lives in confident expectation of everlasting life: ″We know that we have crossed from death into life,″ says the Christian (1 John 3:14).As a result, our kind God has traded our spiritual death for everlasting life on our behalf.It is said in Romans 6:13 that we should ″present yourself to God as people who have been raised from the dead to life, and your bodies to God as instruments of righteousness.″ The term ″sleep″ is frequently used in the New Testament to allude to the death of a believer.
The early Christians termed their burial grounds ″cemeteries″ (Greek koimeteria), which meant ″dormitories″ or ″sleeping places″ in the original sense of the word.God has not predestined us for wrath, but for salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ, who gave his life so that we could live with him whether we are awake or sleeping, according to 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10.(see also 1 Corinthians 15:51).Because Christ has vanquished death, Christians are able to ″sleep″ at the conclusion of this life.These individuals have actually ″rest in peace.″ While a believer’s physical body is in the grave, awaiting resurrection, his or her spirit is in the presence of the Lord or the Father (2 Corinthians 5:8).
In contrast, an unbeliever dies twice: first, his corpse is interred when he dies physically; then he dies spiritually and is separated from God for eternity, which is referred to as ″the second death″ in Revelation 21:8.What a contrast to the everlasting fate of those who belong to Christ!″Our citizenship is in heaven, and from there we look forward to a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, who will convert our humble body into something more like his beautiful body,″ Paul writes in Philippians 3:20-21.
Truths that are related: Is there a true afterlife after death?What occurs when a person dies?Death is something that I am afraid of.What can I do to get over it?Is it still possible to be saved after death?
Is there a chance for a second shot at salvation?When it comes to salvation, what is the absolute truth?Return to the page: The Truth About Eternity
When Was Jesus Born, and When Did He Die?
- While Christians commemorate Christmas and Easter on an annual basis, few are aware of the dates on which Jesus was born and when he was crucified.
- Not that any significant theology is founded on the calculations presented here, but it is comforting to know that we may have fair confidence in the dates of Jesus’ birth and death, which can be determined from a mix of biblical and extrabiblical historical facts, as demonstrated below.
- I may not be prepared to put my life on the line for the accuracy of the information provided below, but I am confident enough in my calculations to have my van’s license plate displayed as follows: 5BC–AD33.
- So here’s what you need to know: Jesus’ birth most likely occurred in late November of the year 5 B.C.
- (the most authoritative treatment of this topic that I am aware of is Paul L.
- Maier’s ″The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,″ in Chronos, karios, Christos: Nativity and Chronological Studies Presented to Jack Finegan, 113–30; see also Paul L.
- Maier, ″The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,″ in As a side note, this would give Herod (who died in 4 B.C.) ample time to prepare his campaign to have all the boys two years old and younger in Bethlehem and the surrounding area slaughtered, as well as for Jesus to be born (see Matt 2:16, 19).
- The crucifixion of Jesus most likely took place on Friday, April 3, A.D.
- According to Luke 3:1–3, John the Baptist, Jesus’ forerunner, began his ministry ″in the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar’s rule,″ which means ″in the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.″ Tacitus (Annales 4:4) and Suetonius (Tiberius 73:1) both place the beginning of Tiberius’ rule at A.D.
- 14 (the actual date is August 19, the day of Emperor Augustus’ death) and state that Tiberius was the first Roman emperor.
- As a result, dating from August 19, A.D.
- 14, the 15th year of Tiberius’ rule gets us to the year A.D.
- 29 (14 plus 15 = 29).
According to the Gospels
- The Bible states that Jesus was ″around 30 years old″ when he began his public ministry in Luke 3:23.
- If Jesus was born in 5 B.C.
- (as argued above) and began his public ministry shortly after the death of John the Baptist (that is, in the latter part of the year A.D.
- 29), as indicated by all four Gospels, this would mean that Jesus was approximately 33 years old when he began his public ministry (see H.
- Hoehner, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, 31–37; and B.
- Messner, ″’In the Fifteenth According to John’s Gospel, Jesus appeared during at least three Passovers: (1) in Jerusalem (2:13, 23); (2) in Galilee (6:4); and (3) once again in Jerusalem (2:13, 23).
- (11:55; 12:1).
- There’s also a good chance he went to a fourth Passover that wasn’t documented in John but was recorded in the Synoptics (Matt 12:1 pars.?
- This comes up to a total of around 3 12 years for Jesus’ public ministry.
- If he began his ministry in late A.D.
- 29, the crucifixion would take place in A.D.
- 33, according to the calendar.
- It just so happens that, due to astronomical calculations, the years A.D.
30 and 33 are the only possible dates for Jesus’ crucifixion in terms of the date of Passover in these two years (for more information on the dating of the four Passovers in question, see, for example, C.J.Humphreys and W.G.
Waddington, ″The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse, and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion,″ Tyndale Bulletin The temple was built 46 years ago according to John 2:20 (see A.J.Köstenberger, John, 109–10 for a translation of this verse).
In accordance with Josephus’s account, the renovation of the temple building proper began in 20/19 B.C.(Antiquities 15.11.1 380) and was completed eighteen months later in 18/17 B.C.(Antiquities 15.11.6 421).Again, calculating backwards from 18/17 B.C.and adding 46 years leads us to A.D.
29 (there was no year zero)—a fantastic method to double-check our calculations from before.Consider the chart in A.J.
Köstenberger, John (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004), 11–13, as well as the comments at 1:19 and 2:20 in that book, as well as the prior article on Johannine chronology here.For more information, see H.W.Hoehner, ″Chronology,″ in Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (eds J.B.
Green and S.McKnight; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1992), pp.118–22 (also available in print).Also,
When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
- There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels.
- We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel accounts.
- But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened?
- In addition, what hour did Jesus die?
- There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away.
- To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
- The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance.
- Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage.
- However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences.
- They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography.
- It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
- Each of the four Gospel narratives of Jesus’ death and burial mentions the Day of Preparation as a day of preparation.
- This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
- Because Jews were required to refrain from working on the Sabbath at this time, Jesus’ companions made certain that he was buried before the Sabbath began on Friday at sunset.
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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
- The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62).
- In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea who ″had himself become a follower of Jesus,″ according to the text (Matthew 27:57b).
- In Matthew 27:58-61, Joseph is said to have requested Pilate for permission to bury Jesus’ body.
- This is according to tradition.
- Later in Matthew 27:62, we find out that Joseph was successful in carrying out his plan on Preparation Day: ″The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate.″ On Preparation Day, according to Mark’s account, Joseph buried his son Jesus.
- In other words, ″it was Preparation Day″ (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).
- (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Joseph then went out and bought some linen cloth, took the body down and wrapped it in the linen before putting it in a tomb that he had dug out of rock.
- And he proceeded to roll a large stone against the tomb’s entrance″ (Mark 15:46).
- Jesus’ death on the Day of Preparation is confirmed by the Gospels of Luke and John: ″Then he carried it down, covered it in linen cloth, and buried it in a tomb carved into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.″ It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was just around the corner″ (Luke 23:54).
- The tomb was nearby, so they put Jesus there because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because it was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
- Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday. Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, which was a day of Sabbath rest
- Thursday was a working day. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a ″quiet day″ (a day during the Passion Week when no events were recorded). However, we do know that the Pharisees rushed to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which was Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews measured days from nightfall to nightfall).
- Friday was the Day of Preparation, which was Friday and before the Sabbath began at nightfall. Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g., Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a ″quiet day″ (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just ″quiet″ since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
- According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning.
- After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon.
- Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall.
- So Bible scholars may convert the Matthew 27:46 KJV, which reads ″ninth hour,″ into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which reads ″three o’clock in the afternoon,″ as a result of this.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- Mark 15:33:34, 37, 38, 39 ″At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, ″Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?″ in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). ″Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.″
- Matthew 23:44-46 Because the sun had ceased shining, it was now around midday, and darkness fell over the entire region until three o’clock that afternoon. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.″ (See also John 19:14-16.) ‘It was around midday on the day of Preparation of the Passover,’ I recalled. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, ″Take him away!″ Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
- During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died.
- ″It all boils down to this…
- Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D.
- to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have.
- So that’s our view out the window.
- The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died?
- In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
- From nightfall on Thursday till sundown on Friday, the event was taking place every day.
- Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
- Theory 2: Jesus died around the year 33 A.D.
- ″At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,″ says Bookman of the situation.
- ″With regard to every one of the chronological questions, there is a case to be formed on both sides of the argument,″ he continues.
- I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
- ″I teach the life of Jesus within the framework of that structure.″
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
- Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 In that instant, the temple’s curtain was ripped in half from top to bottom.
- The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames.
- Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit.
- They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people.
- They were startled and cried, ″Surely he was the Son of God!″ when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- This curtain divided the temple’s worshipers from the Ark of the Covenant and its apex – the Mercy seat – where God would only meet with the High Priest once a year to accept an atonement sacrifice on the High Priest’s behalf.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- Following the deaths of two men who attempted to approach the Lord in the wrong manner, the Lord provided Moses detailed instructions in Leviticus 16 on how to approach him without dying.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- Furthermore, the fact that the curtain was torn ″from top to bottom″ represented that it had been torn by God himself, rather than by the efforts of any man or woman.
- An earthquake unsealed tombs, allowing deceased saints to be resurrected from their graves.
John Gill’s remark on the event states that ″this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.″ When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.″These saints, I believe, remained on earth until our Lord’s ascension, and then, joining the entourage of angels, gloriously ascended with him to heaven, as trophies of his victory over sin, Satan, death, and the tomb,″ Gill added.In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.According to Matthew, this incident also fulfills a prophesy found in Isaiah 26:19, which reads, ″But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust awaken and cry for joy— your dew is like the dew of the dawn; the earth will give birth to her dead.
3.Jesus is brought back to life from the dead.This paragraph in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the book of Matthew (as well as in Mark 16, Luke 24, and John 20).
Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
When Did Jesus Die? What Do We Know About the Timeline of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection
- One of the most dramatic events in the Bible, if one were to choose one time to characterize as the climax, would be the death, burial, and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ.
- It is the culmination of the Old Testament’s promises and predictions, the apex of history, and the pivotal event around which all subsequent sections of the Bible are defined and organized.
- The death of the Lord Jesus was a watershed point in history that changed and reshaped the course of history.
- Understanding it helps us understand why Easter is essential, as well as why the transition from the law to the grace of Christ occurred.
- It becomes clearer and more significant the importance of Jesus’ death and resurrection when one considers what the Gospels have to say about the time of his death and resurrection.
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When Did Jesus Die?
- The Gospels each provide a portion of a timeline that illustrates not just what happened to the Lord during the period of what is now known as Good Friday, but also when these events took place in historical time.
- They all believe that Pontius Pilate was the governor of Roman Judaea – the one who presided over that part of the Roman Empire as a satellite for Caesar – and that he was the man who executed Julius Caesar.
- He appears in the Bible in the books of Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, and John 19.
- ″In the fifteenth year of Tiberius’ reign, Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was tetrarch of Galilee, as was his brother Philip tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene, during the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas,″ the Gospel of Luke states, among many other specific details, that Jesus began His ministry (Luke 3:1-2a).
- Tiberius was the second emperor after Augustus, and he governed from 14 to 37 AD.
- The author of Luke later in the chapter states that Jesus was roughly thirty years old (Luke 3:23) when He began His ministry, which lasted approximately three years.
- Historically, historians and theologians have agreed that Jesus was roughly thirty-three years old when He was crucified.
- Outside sources, such as the Jewish historian Josephus and the Roman historian Tacitus, provide weight to these assertions.
- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/toeytoey2530.
What Was the Hour of Jesus’ Death?
- The New Testament provides a detailed timeline of Christ’s arrest, trial, and execution, all of which take place on the same night.
- Jesus had traveled to Jerusalem in order to participate in the Passover celebrations.
- The Lord made His triumphal entry into the city on the Sunday before He was arrested, which is known as the triumphant entry.
- As they passed by, those who came before them and those who followed them cried out, ‘Hosanna!
- Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!’ (Matthew 11:9) The conspiracy to capture Jesus came to fruition after several days of preparation in the capital city.
- In light of the coming Sabbath on the day following Jesus’ death (Mark 15:42), it seems likely that his arrest took place on Thursday evening.
- In the morning, His crucifixion started at Golgotha, a skull-shaped hill outside the city gates, where He had been tried the previous evening.
- Understanding the way the Jewish people kept track of time is critical to comprehending the chronology of the crucifixion and its aftermath.
- The third hour, the sixth hour, and the ninth hour are all mentioned in the Gospels.
- The time was preserved in accordance with the number of hours that had elapsed since dawn.
- ″And it was the third hour when they crucified him,″ according to Mark 15:25, ″when they crucified him.″ It would have been 9 a.m.
- on the third hour if it had occurred.
- Luke 23:41 records that ″it was now around the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole area until the ninth hour.″ The writer was referring to the time of day.
- It was dark from noon until three in the afternoon, according to the third hour of the day, which was nine o’clock in the morning.
Credit: Unsplash/Veri Ivanova for the photo.
What Happened When Jesus Died?
- The Crucifixion of Jesus seemed to have elicited a response from the whole planet.
- There was darkness for three hours in the midst of the day, in the middle of the day.
- Additionally, the Gospels state, ″And behold, the curtain of the temple had been ripped in two, from top to bottom.″ There was an earthquake, and the rocks were split,″ he said (Matthew 27:51).
- Many people were taken by surprise by these momentous events.
- The veil hung in the temple and was particularly designed to divide the innermost area – the Holy of Holies – from the rest of the building, so that God’s presence could be kept hidden from the public.
- Humans were unable to stand in the face of a holy and just God due to the nature of their sinfulness.
- There was no longer a need for the veil after Jesus paid the penalty for mankind’s sin since man may now approach God directly in repentance as a result of his atonement.
- A significant portion of Jesus’ crucifixion had been foretold in the Old Testament.
- As recorded in the Gospel of John, both sources note that the Roman soldiers split Jesus’ clothing and cast lots (John 19:23), which was a fulfillment of Psalm 22:17-18.
- The Bible states in Zechariah 11:12 that, ″I answered them, ‘If you deem it best, give me my wage; but if you don’t, keep it.″ As a result, they compensated me with thirty pieces of silver.″ Judas was the one who fulfilled this prophesy by taking that precise money in exchange for betraying the Lord Jesus Christ.
- Even the manner of the Lord’s death did not quite conform to the traditional Roman crucifixion, but it did fulfill the prophecies of the Old Testament in this regard.
- It was a lengthy and agonizing death, and the crucified person’s legs would be shattered in order to speed up the process of his or her death.
- However, according to John 19, Roman troops shattered the bones of the men who were standing close to Jesus, but the Lord had already given up the ghost and was no longer alive.
- The Passover lamb, whose blood was used to protect the Israelites during the final plague in Egypt, was slaughtered on the night God implemented the final plague.
This acted as a portent for the Lord Jesus, and as a result, His body had to be completely restored as well.Specifically, it states in Numbers 9:12, ″They must not leave any part of the lamb until the next morning, and they must not break any of the animal’s bones.″ It was more than simply prophesy that was fulfilled; it was also the realization of imagery and symbolism that was enabled by Scripture.Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/Robertiez
When Was Jesus Resurrected?
- Joseph of Arimathea, a religious leader who thought that Jesus was the Messiah, had his tomb built outside of Jerusalem, and it was there that Jesus was put to rest.
- After his death, which happened on a Friday afternoon, Jesus was promptly taken down from the cross and buried with his cousin Joseph in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea.
- According to Jewish law and custom, nothing could be done with or to the body on the Sabbath – Saturday – and as a result, the body was buried as soon as possible.
- It is recorded in the Gospels that ″the next day, that is to say, following the preparation day, the top priests and the elders assembled before Pilate″ (Matthew 27:62).
- They requested that the Romans guard the tomb of Jesus in order to prevent His disciples from stealing the corpse.
- The first day of the week was Friday, the day of the Crucifixion.
- Saturday was the Jewish Sabbath, as well as the second day of the week.
- This was the third day, which was the day of the resurrection, which is commemorated by Christians as Easter Sunday.
- Featured image courtesy of Getty Images/Alessandro Photo
Why Do We Celebrate Easter When We Do?
- Following the Sabbath, a group of ladies who had been following Jesus’ ministry made their way to the tomb.
- Some aspects of Jewish burial were unable to be completed because of the speed with which Jesus was laid to rest, and the women were called in to complete some of those processes.
- An angel, on the other hand, met and welcomed them.
- In response, the angel assured them, ‘Do not be afraid; I know that you are seeking Jesus, who was crucified.’″ He is not present because, as he stated, he has risen from the dead.
- ″Come, take a look at where he was buried.″ (Matthew 28:4-5; Mark 10:45).
- Christians celebrate the miraculous resurrection of Jesus Christ on the same day as the Jewish holiday of Passover, in accordance with the traditions of Passover week, and in recognition of the fact that Jesus died the day before the Sabbath and that the women discovered the empty tomb the day after the Sabbath.
- Christian Easter is celebrated on a different date every year because it is determined by the lunar calendar, whereas in Judaism, Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday of the month of Passover.
- However, some sects and denominations, particularly in Orthodox communities, dispute Sunday as the date of the resurrection, arguing that it should be celebrated on Monday.
- When Jesus rose from the dead, it marked the culmination of old dreams, the promise of a future walk with God, as well as the beginning of the bringing of gentiles into God’s family.
- Easter brings believers together in worship, joy, and excitement as they look forward to the resurrection.
- Death and sin have no power over those who put their confidence in Jesus, and His splendor has made this even more evident to those who have placed their faith in Him since then.
- The miracle is carefully recounted in the Gospels, with the promise of redemption being passed down through the generations – the promise of Easter Sunday.
- Alfred Edersheim’s work is a good example of how to combine a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah are detailed in this book.
- Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, 1953.
- Andreas J.
- Köstenberger’s The Last Days of Jesus is a book on the final days of Jesus’ life.
- Crossway Publishing Company, Wheaton, IL, 2014.
- Pentecost, J.
- ″Pentecost, J.
- Dwight.″ Jesus Christ’s Words and Deeds are the foundation of the Christian faith.
- Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1981.
- Walvoord, John F., and Roy B.
- Zuck are co-authors of the book.
The Bible Knowledge Commentary is a resource for Bible knowledge.SP Publications, Inc., in the United States, published this book in 1985.Photograph courtesy of Getty Images /jordachelr Bethany Verrett is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer.She is the author of the faith and lifestyle blog graceandgrowing.com, in which she muses on the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, among other things.
Bethany Verrett is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer.She is the author of the faith and lifestyle blog graceandgrowing.com, in which she muses on the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, among other things.
When did Jesus die?
- EASTER TRUTHS
- 9:36, 2 Apr 2021
- Updated: 9:36, 2 Apr 2021
Every year around Easter and Christmas, Christians commemorate the birth and death of Jesus by sharing chocolate, presents, and quality time with their loved ones, respectively. But when was Jesus truly born, and what is the significance of the holiday of Easter, exactly?
When was Jesus born?
- The birth of Jesus Christ is typically commemorated on December 25th, often known as Christmas Day.
- A few of Orthodox Christians commemorate his birth on the 7th of January, which falls earlier in the month.
- It turns out that Jesus was most likely not born on December 25th; rather, he was most likely born around the spring or fall seasons.
- Nobody is certain of the actual day of the birth, and the bible makes no mention of a certain date either.
- When the Roman Emperor Constantine – the first Christian Roman Emperor – decreed that Christmas should be celebrated on December 25, 336, it became the first known instance of Christmas being observed on that day.
- A few years later, Pope Julius I issued an official declaration declaring that the birth of Jesus would be commemorated on December 25th.
When did Jesus die?
- On Good Friday, those who believe in the Bible believe that Christ was crucified on the cross at Calvary.
- As recorded in the New Testament of the Bible, the celebration of Easter takes place three days after Jesus was crucified by the Romans.
- Three days after Christ was crucified to the cross Mary Magdalene, followed by several of Jesus’ followers, found Jesus’ corpse had vanished from the tomb leaving simply clothing behind.
- It is said in the Bible that when the stone around the entrance to the tomb was raised, Jesus’ corpse was nowhere to be found, and spectators realized that Jesus had risen from the dead.
What happened to Jesus during Easter?
- Easter is a Christian custom that commemorates Jesus’ resurrection and marks the conclusion of the Lenten season.
- On Easter Sunday, Christians believe that Jesus Christ, the Son of God, was raised from the dead.
- Easter will be observed on April 4, 2021, in this year’s calendar.
- However, while the event is usually celebrated on a Sunday, the exact date differs depending on when the first full moon follows the spring equinox.
Why Did Jesus Have to Die for Us?
- It was customary in ancient Israel to sacrifice animals in order to satisfy the debt owing them for their crimes, which was documented in the Old Testament.
- God’s rules dictated which sorts of offerings were necessary to atone for various sins, and which types of sacrifices were not required.
- The vast majority of living sacrifices were to be faultless animals with no blemishes or flaws.
- God’s Son Jesus came to earth in the New Testament to reconcile us with God by making the greatest sacrifice: his own life.
- We will never be able to live a life worthy of God on our own.
- Consequently, Jesus lived a sinless life on our behalf.
- And then Jesus suffered the agonizing death that our crimes deserved.
- ″God did not send the Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world could be saved through him,″ according to John 3:17.
- Through his death on the cross, Jesus was able to bear the punishment for all of our sins all at once on his own behalf.
- Thus, Jesus became the ultimate sacrifice, forever meeting the demands of God’s justice on the basis of his own life and death.
- That is why Jesus is referred to be the ″Lamb of God.″ The sacrifice of Jesus’ crucifixion demonstrates the depths of God’s love for us, as well as the lengths to which he went in order to free us from our sins.
- And in Jesus’ resurrection, we witness God’s victory over death, pointing us in the direction of the promise of eternal life in God’s presence (John 11:25).
The death and resurrection of Jesus
- In Mark’s account, the conspiracy against Jesus, the Last Supper, his crucifixion, and resurrection are all witnessed firsthand.
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- For his crucifixion, Jesus was carried to a location known as Golgotha, which literally translates as ″the site of the skull.″ This is the location of all crucifixions, which was located just outside the city walls of Rome.
- Crucifixion was reserved for the most serious criminals since it was a particularly cruel method of execution.
- Those who perished by crucifixion were ″under God’s curse,″ according to Jewish tradition and Torah.
- It was standard practice to force the offender to carry the cross-beam of their own cross to the crucifixion of Christ.
- The majority of offenders would have been able to do this task on their own.
- Jesus’ dependence on Simon of Cyrene for aid indicates how weak he must have been – both physically and emotionally – at the time.
- The troops gave him a drink to help ease his discomfort, but he refused to consume it.
- The Romans crucified people in public to serve as a warning to others.
- Many people would have stood by and screamed abuse at the offenders while they were being crucified.
- Each cross would have had a placard at the top describing the crime that had been committed on the other side.
- The inscription ‘Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews’ was placed on top of Jesus’ crucifixion.
- A church in Cuba has a stained-glass image of the crucifixion.
- At 9.00 a.m., Jesus was crucified between two bandits on a cross.
- The throng, which included religious authorities, scoffed at Jesus’ frailty and made light of his afflictions.
″He saved others, yet he is unable to save himself,″ they cried out.During this time, we may view Jesus as the suffering servant, who is alone and despised by everyone.This was predicted by the prophet Isiah: He was put to death as a sacrifice for the sins of our nation.Isaiah 53:8During the crucifixion of Jesus, Mark recalls various odd incidents that took place.
- Despite the fact that it was the middle of the day, darkness settled across the whole region (12 o clock). Throughout Jewish history, darkness has been seen as a sign of tragedy. ″My God, my God, why have you left me?″ Jesus cried out at that point. Several others speculated that he was asking for Elijah, who was rumored to be able to assist persons in need. Many people have pondered why Jesus said what he said. Did he believe he had been abandoned by his Father? Jesus screamed out in a loud voice and died around 3 o’clock in the afternoon. It seemed remarkable that Jesus had the power to scream even though he was only seconds away from dying. The fact that the Roman centurion believed he was the Son of God may have had something to do with it.
- There was an earthquake shortly after Jesus’ death. People have risen from the grave. That the curtain hanging in the Holy of Holies (the location in the temple where God was present) had been ripped in two from top to bottom was a metaphor that all people who believed and trusted in Jesus would be offered pardon and new life
- The curtain tore from the top, implying that it had been ripped by God as a sign that the route to Him had been made clear to mankind. Through the sacrifice of Jesus, the barrier between man and God had been destroyed.
Mary Magdalene, Mary (the mother of James and Joses), and Salome are among the women who were there and saw Jesus’ death, according to the Gospel of Mark. These ladies did not flee like the disciples did, and they were the first to arrive at the gravesite.
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Atonement and reconciliation
- The Crucifixion is enacted by actors.
- All of the events that led up to Jesus’ arrest and death are vividly described by the Gospel authors, and the traditions of his resurrection are as well-documented.
- But why did Jesus suffer and die?
- When it came to it, Jesus was despised by the Roman authority and the Jewish council.
- He was a political and social upstart who liked to stir things up.
- The question is: what made Jesus’ death more meaningful than the hundreds of thousands of previous crucifixions carried out by the Romans and observed by the people of Jerusalem outside the city walls?
- Christians believe that Jesus was considerably more than just a political radical in his day and age.
- They believed that Jesus’ death was a necessary element of God’s plan to rescue humanity.
- The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very center of the Christian faith, and his story is told throughout the Bible.
- People’s shattered connection with God is repaired, according to Christians, as a result of Jesus’ death on the cross.
- The Atonement is the term used to describe this.
What is the atonement?
- According to Christian theology, the term ″atonement″ refers to the accomplishment made possible by Jesus’ death.
- It was William Tyndale, while working on his well-known translation of the Bible, who first used the term to translate the Latin word reconciliatio, meaning reconciliation, in 1526.
- The term reconciliation has been substituted for the word atonement in the Revised Standard Version.
- The atonement (at-one-ment) of Jesus Christ is the act of reconciling men and women to God via his death on the cross.
- But why was reconciliation required in the first place?
- Christian theology holds that, despite the fact that God’s creation was faultless, the Devil enticed the first man Adam, resulting in the introduction of sin into the world.
- Everything has this innate sin in them that separates them from God, just as Adam and Eve were separated from God when they were driven out of the Garden of Eden, and it is passed down from generation to generation.
- As a result, it is a fundamental concept in Christian theology that God and people must be reconciled.
- That said, the method by which Jesus’ death brought about this reconciliation is a matter of intense controversy.
- In the New Testament, there is no singular theology of atonement that is taught.
- In truth, and perhaps even more shockingly, there is no official definition of the term by the Church.
- But first, let’s take a look at what the New Testament has to say.
New Testament images
- The New Testament makes use of a variety of metaphors to illustrate how God brought about the reconciliation of the world through the death of Jesus Christ. The image of sacrifice is the most frequently encountered. Jesus is referred to be ″the lamb of God who wipes away the sins of the world″ by the Baptist, John the Baptist, for example. (See also John 1:29) Here are some other pictures that have been used to describe the atonement: in which a judge and a prisoner sit in a legal courtroom
- a ransom for a slave’s freedom
- the establishment of royal authority
- and a military triumph
- In addition, the following are some instances of how the New Testament explains Christ’s death: The Son of Man himself did not come to be served, but rather to serve, and to sacrifice his life as a ransom for many’, as the Bible states.
- Mark 10:45 contains words ascribed to Jesus.
- ‘Drink whatever you can from this,’ he instructed.
- ‘For this is my blood, the blood of the covenant, which is to be shed for many for the remission of sins,’ Jesus says in response.
- Matthew 26:28 contains words ascribed to Jesus.
- To begin with, I shared with you what I had learned personally, which was that Christ died for our sins in line with the Scriptures.
- 1 Corinthians 15:3 is a letter written by Paul.
- What has been the interpretation of the Biblical stories and theologies by later writers and theologians?
- In a variety of ways that are sometimes at odds with one another.
Theories of the Atonement
Theories of the Atonement
- Theologies of the atonement have been classified into several categories by theological scholars. Gustaf Aulén, in Christus Victor (1931), for example, proposed three methods of classification: classical, Latin, and subjective. More recently, in his book Christian Theology: An Introduction, he spoke about the importance of prayer. Alister E. McGrath divides his discussion into four key topics, but he emphasizes that these ideas are not mutually exclusive. Alister E. McGrath’s talk is divided into four central themes. His four main themes are as follows: the cross as a sacrifice
- the cross as a victory
- the cross and forgiveness
- and the cross as a model of moral conduct.
The cross as sacrifice
- The image of Jesus’ death as a sacrifice is the one that is most commonly associated with him in the New Testament.
- Jesus Christ is shown as a Suffering Servant in Isaiah 53:5, and the New Testament makes use of this image to represent him.
- Throughout the New Testament, the notion of Jesus’ death as a sacrifice is emphasized most prominently in the Letter to the Hebrews.
- The sacrifice of Christ is regarded as the most perfect sacrifice ever offered.
- A widespread practice or rite in the biblical tradition was the offering of sacrifice.
- When someone makes a sacrifice to God or a spirit, he or she is hoping to establish or repair a relationship with the creator of the universe.
- Likewise, St.
- Augustine wrote on the subject of sacrifice: ″By his death, which is indeed the one and most true sacrifice offered for us, he purged, abolished, and extinguished whatever guilt there may have been by which the principalities and powers lawfully detained us in order to pay the penalty.″ It is said that Augustine is known as ″The City of God.″ For our sins, he made a sacrifice on our behalf.
- And where did he locate that offering, that spotless victim that he was going to give up on the altar?
- He volunteered himself since he couldn’t find anyone else to do so.
- It is said that Augustine is known as ″The City of God.″
The cross as a victory
- It is widely stated in the New Testament that Jesus’ death and resurrection represented a triumph over evil and sin, as represented by the Devil.
- What methods were used to obtain victory?
- For several writers, the triumph was won because Jesus was used as a ransom or as a ″bait″ in exchange for something else.
- Mark 10:45 defines Jesus as ″a ransom for many″ when he describes himself as such.
- Later writers argued about the meaning of the word ″ransom.″ According to the Greek scholar Origen, Jesus’ death was a form of ransom payment to the Devil.
- Gregory the Great used the metaphor of a baited hook to illustrate how the Devil was fooled into relinquishing his grip on sinful humanity: the bait tempts in order for the hook to hurt the Devil.
- Therefore, when our Lord came to redeem humanity, he fashioned himself a hook to which the devil may be dragged in order to bring about his death.
- Gregory the Great is a historical figure who lived during the reign of Gregory the Great.
- After falling out of favor with Enlightenment thinkers in the seventeenth century, when the concept of a personal Devil and forces of evil was questioned, Gustaf Aulén’s Christus Victor was published in 1931, reigniting interest in the triumph method once more.
- Aulén stated the following on the concept of Christus Victor: Christ – Christus Victor – battles against and defeats the wicked forces of the world, the ‘tyrants’ under whose rule mankind is enslaved and suffering, and God reconciles the world to Himself through Him.
- This is the fundamental concept of the book.
- Gustaf Aulén is a Swedish actor and director.
The cross and forgiveness
- Anselm of Canterbury, writing in the eleventh century, expressed his opposition to the notion that God fooled the Devil via the cross of Christ.
- Instead, he proposed an alternate viewpoint, which is referred regarded as the satisfaction theory of atonement by scholars.
- According to this idea, Jesus pays the penalty for each individual’s sin in order to restore the relationship between God and mankind, which had been harmed by sin, to its original state.
- The consequence or ″satisfaction″ for sin is represented through Jesus’ death.
- During the early church’s history, the term ″satisfaction″ was used to characterize public acts of gratitude, like as pilgrimages and charitable contributions, that a Christian would perform to demonstrate his appreciation for forgiveness.
- Because he is sinless, only Jesus can bring about contentment in this world.
- He is blameless as a result of the Incarnation, when God took on the form of man.
- Anselm developed the notion in his book Cur Deus Homo, which translates as Why God Became a Human Being.
The cross as a moral example
- Moral influence theories, also known as exemplary theories, are a fourth group of hypotheses that are employed to explain the atonement.
- They emphasize God’s love, which was manifested through the life and death of Jesus on the cross.
- Christ willingly embraced a terrible and unfair death on the cross.
- This act of love, in turn, prompts us to repent and re-establishes our relationship with God.
- This hypothesis is linked with the medieval monk Peter Abelard (1079-1142).
- ″The Son of God took on our nature and, in it, took upon himself to educate us by word and example even to the point of death, therefore tying us to himself through love,″ he wrote.
- Peter Abelard is a medieval philosopher and theologian.
- Abelard’s idea, as well as the challenge to each individual to respond to Christ’s death in love, continues to have widespread appeal today.
- Our redemption through Christ’s suffering is that deeper love within us that not only frees us from slavery to sin, but also secures for us the true liberty of God’s children, in order that we may do all things out of love rather than out of fear – love for him who has shown us such grace that no greater grace can be found – in order that we might do all things out of love rather than out of fear.
- Peter Abelard is a medieval philosopher and theologian.
- A total of three crossings Do you believe that Jesus died on the cross in order to bear the retribution for humanity?
- According to Reverend Rod Thomas of the evangelical organization Reform, this concept is known as penal substitution.
- He summarizes it as follows: ″When God punished, he demonstrated his justice by punishing sin, but he demonstrated his compassion by taking that penalty upon himself.
- During a radio interview broadcast during Lent 2007, the Dean of St Albans, Jeffrey John, expressed his dissatisfaction with the notion of penal substitution.
- For complete instructions, go to BBC Webwise.
- In an interview with the Today show, the Reverend Rod Thomas of Reform and Jonathan Bartley, director of Christian think tank Ekklesia and author of Consuming Passion – Why the Killing of Jesus Really Matters, analyzed Jeffrey John’s statements.
- For complete instructions, go to BBC Webwise.
Jesus’ 33 Years
- We all have rough weeks at some point and time in our lives.
- I know of no one who has immunity from rough and/or tough times.
- I have observed folks struggle and die early at different points of their lives.
- Parents have lost children at this time of year.
- Children have lost parents at this time of year.
- They carry something unique—they share with God in a loss at this time of year.
- Death at any time is painful, but I think it is harsher when death happens during Christmas or Easter, or at a birthday, or anniversary.
- Jesus died at the age of 33.
- For us that seems rather early and at the prime of life for many.
- Have you ever wondered why 33?
- Numbers in the Bible frequently have important meaning.
- So what is the meaning of Jesus dying at 33 and in the prime of His life?
- In the words of one of my beloved instructors to numerous unanswerable theological problems, he would say, “We just don’t know.” What we do know that at this age of 33 some fairly major events occurred in His life: He was betrayed by one of His followers, Judas; Peter, another disciple, deserted Jesus; others spit on Him; some hit Him, wounding Him physically and putting Him in severe pain; He was mocked; He was crucified and He died a horrific death.
- In the end, this 33-year old’s response was simply this—“Fath