What Were The 12 Disciples Jobs Before They Met Jesus

Occupations of the 12 Disciples

Question: What were the professions of the twelve disciples? Answer: ANSWER:For many decades, the Sea of Galilee was a source of income for fisherman. Possibly this explains why at least seven of the twelve disciples were fishermen. The summoning of the Jewish fishermen was the first stage in God’s plan to illuminate the entire world with the light of the Gospel. A fisherman’s day was dominated by the task of mending or cleaning his nets. When Jesus asked Andrew to be a disciple, he was in the midst of doing precisely that (Luke 5:2).

He came to the realization that Jesus was not just a prophet, but also someone to whom he would be willing to give his life.

These two “sons of Zebedee” were more than simply fisherman; they were also warriors.

While fishing was considered a respectable profession, not all of the 12 disciples’ jobs were regarded in the same light.

  • Matthew belonged to the class of Jewish tax collectors (mokhsa) who preyed on travelers and extorted money out of them.
  • Their money was seen as impure, and those who were taxed were discouraged from asking for change.
  • It was prohibited for publicans to testify in court.
  • When Jesus ate a meal at Matthew’s house, the Pharisees were displeased with Him (Matthew 9:10-13).
  • His unwavering devotion to his religion and to Israel was clear.
  • Similarly to his contemporaries, Simon was adamant that the Jews must rise up in opposition to the Roman (Pompey’s) invasion of Palestine in 63 B.C.
  • Politics and anarchy were practiced by zealots such as Simon with the intention of igniting a revolution that would destroy the Roman government.

The occupations of the 12 Disciples are currently unknown.

They may have been fishermen before joining the other five disciples and returning to their trade after Jesus’ crucifixion.

It’s probable that these followers were apprentices in the fishing industry when they were younger.

All indications point to the fact that Philip, James (the son of Alphaeus), and Judas (Thaddaeus) were all merchants of some type.

Judas Iscariot, designated by Jesus to be his treasurer, appears to be the only disciple who appears to have contended with financial uncertainty on a consistent basis.

Fishermen were known to labor late into the night, employing two different types of nets.

It was used as a dragnet in deeper seas because of its length and width, which could reach about 328 feet (100 meters) and 8 feet (2.5 meters) at times.

The disciples would be “casting their nets” throughout Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria, and even to the furthest reaches of the world.

Matthew, who had formerly been affluent, and the other disciples came to understand that God would provide for their every need as they preached.

Jesus sent these common men out into the world, endowing them with His own power and authority.

They were invincible as long as they depended on His might to keep them going. As a result, the disciples went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them, confirming his message via the signs that accompanied it (Mark 16:20).

What jobs did the twelve disciples have before they followed Jesus?

What occupations did each of the twelve disciples hold before to becoming followers of Christ?

Bible Answer:

What occupations did each of the twelve disciples hold prior to their conversion to Christ’s followership?


The gospels were written with Jesus Christ as the central message and focal point, rather than the apostles. As a result, we have very little information on them. What’s even more intriguing is that we know virtually little about Jesus’ childhood and early adolescent years. Nevertheless, this was the custom throughout the time of Jesus Christ. A man’s character was determined by his final years of life and the manner in which he passed away during that time period. If he was a genuinely great guy, it is possible that his birth would be recorded.

His birth, the final three or four years of His life, and his death were all documented in detail.

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The Twelve are summoned.

What were the Occupations of the Twelve Disciples?

What did the twelve disciples do for a living? What were their professions? Only five of the twelve disciples’ occupations are clearly mentioned in the Bible, with the vast majority of them being fisherman.

The Fishermen – Andrew, Peter, James and John

(Matthew 4:18; Luke 4:18) On his way to the Sea of Galilee, Jesus came across two brothers, Simon named Peter and his brother Andrew. They were wandering alongside the water. They were fishing, so they were tossing a net into the lake to catch some fish. (See Matthew 4:21.) After that, he came across two more brothers, James son of Zebedee and his brother John, who he recognized. With their father Zebedee at the helm, they were out on the water preparing their nets. They were addressed by Jesus as

Mathew The Tax Collector

(Matthew 9:9, NIV) As Jesus continued his journey, he came across a man called Matthew, who was seated at the tax collector’s booth. “Follow me,” he said, as Matthew rose to his feet and followed him. Mathew made his career as a tax collector until he decided to follow Jesus as his Lord and Savior. He was presumably not a well-liked man due to his position as a tax collector.

Unknown Professions

Thomas and Bartholomew (Nathanael) are two of the most important figures in the Bible. It is probable that these two apostles had previously worked as fishermen before becoming disciples of Jesus. When Jesus appeared to them in the Sea of Galilee, they were on a fishing excursion with several other disciples, and we find them there. (See also John 21:1-3) Despite the fact that we are not informed what Judas did for a living before becoming a disciple, we do know that he held the position of custodian of the disciple’s money, and that as such, he was an out and out thief.

He used to take money out of the money bag because he was the one in charge of it.

BSB Thaddaeus, Philip, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and James the son of Alphaeus There is no indication in the Bible as to what these guys were employed at the time of their deaths. Follow THE BIBLE ANSWER on social media platforms such as Facebook and Instagram!

The Jobs Of The 12 Disciples

The roles of the twelve disciples have always been a source of debate and discussion throughout history. It has been suggested that the 12 disciples of Jesus were a group of selected elites in biblical times, and the texts have also led us to believe that the 12 disciples of Jesus represented the 12 tribes of Israel. One would expect these individuals to be amazing men with extraordinary powers at the time of their birth, yet the opposite is true in this situation. These disciples gained notoriety as a result of their association with Jesus and participation in His mission activities.

the Functions of the Twelve Disciples

Who are the 12 Disciples of Jesus and what Job did they do?

According to the Bible, when Jesus first began his ministry, he personally chose 12 disciples to accompany him on his journey. Please take the time to learn their names, the families they hail from, and what they did for a living before to being called by Jesus.


Peter, the son of Jonas, was also known as Simon Peter or Cephas (which means rock), and he was the most prominent and outspoken follower of Jesus. His impact among the disciples and in the early church was so enormous that he is the one of the twelve disciples whose name is mentioned the most in the New Testament, out of the twelve. The apostle Peter was one of the disciples who spent the most time with Jesus; he was considered to be a member of the inner circle of disciples. Peter has written two novels to his credit (1st and 2nd Peter).

Peter was the only disciple who had a wife and children.

While he was out fishing, Jesus happened to come across him.

James the Greater

Jesus’ inner circle included James, the son of Zebedee and Salome as well as John, who was also a member of the family. A remarkable occurrence such as the transfiguration on Mount Tabor and the miracle of raising Jairo’s daughter from the dead occurred as a result of his proximity to Jesus. James was a fisherman by trade, but he was also a business owner who employed others in his day.


John, like his elder brother James, was also a son of Zebedee and Salome, and he was the third member of Jesus’ inner circle, following James and Judas. John is commemorated in the Bible by four books: the first, second, and third John, as well as the book of revelation. John was a fisherman, much like his brothers James and Peter.


Nathaniel Bartholomew, also known as Bartholomew, was born in the town of Talmai. His father resided in the Galilean town of Cana. His father was the king of Geshur at the time of his birth. His first contact with Jesus resulted in Jesus categorically labeling him as an Israelite. After being tortured, crucified, and decapitated, Bartholomew died as a martyr for the faith.

In the years leading up to his untimely death, he was a devoted student of the scriptures. His work is unclear, however he may have been a fisherman because he was with Andrew, James, and John when Jesus appeared to them after his resurrection, suggesting he was a fisherman.


As the first disciple to accept the call from Jesus, Phillip from Bethesda went out into the world and evangelized the gospel to a large number of people. This is seen by his willingness to speak openly about Jesus with Nathaniel. His body was wrapped with papyrus rather than linen as a mark of respect for Jesus, and this was done at his request.

Thomas Didymus

Thomas is one of the apostles who lived in Galilee. Didymus was another nickname that was given to him. The moniker “doubting Thomas” comes from the fact that he expressed his skepticism when he was taught about Jesus for the first time in the Bible. In spite of his tendency to be negative, a careful examination of the gospel demonstrates that he was deeply committed to the gospel and full of faith.

Judas, son of James.

Jude, often known as Judas or Thaddeus, is James’ older brother and the son of Alpheus. He is also the elder brother of James. As a result of a question he had asked Jesus, and based on his studies, Jude came to think that the chosen people were in charge of the world. Jude is a character with a very silent tale in the Bible, despite the fact that he has a chapter in the New Testament. Jude was killed by arrows that were fired at him in Ararat. In the story, Jude’s job description was not mentioned at all.

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Simon the Zealot

Simon the fanatic was a follower of Jesus who came from Canaan and was known for his fervor for justice. The only thing we know about Simon is that he was an enthusiast for the Christian faith. The Zealots were a fanatical Jewish group who had little confidence in the Christian faith, despite the trials and suffering that followed it. Given Simon’s history, it’s reasonable to assume that his job description was politically motivated. He died a martyr’s death. Domenico Ghirlandaio’s The Calling of the Apostles was painted in 1481.


Matthew, sometimes known as Levi since he was Alpheus’ son, was a problematic disciple of Jesus who was hounded by the authorities. Because of his sources of subsistence, he became one of Jesus’ most contentious disciples. Matthew, who resided in Capernaum, was killed in Ethiopia by a spear in the hands of King Hyrcanus, who was a follower of Jesus. Prior to being called by Jesus, Matthew worked as a tax collector for the government. Tax collectors were the most despised group of individuals in those days because they were perceived to be unjust.

He is the author of a full book in the New Testament, which bears his name.

James the Less

James the Less is Alpheus’ son and Jude’s younger brother. He is the son of Alpheus and Jude. He, like his brother Jude, was born and raised in Galilee. It has been suggested that he was the author of the book of James in the Bible. There was no clear description of the profession he performed to make his living.

Judas Iscariot

Judas Iscariot, a son of Simon, resided in the town of Kerioth in the tribe of Judah. Because he sold Jesus for thirty pieces of money in exchange for a kiss, he is a well-known figure in the gospel of Jesus. Despite the fact that no one knows how Judas got the summons, he committed himself to following Jesus for three years. During Jesus’ earthly mission, Judas acted as the treasurer of the organization. The burden of his treachery became too much for him to bear, and he committed suicide as a result.

Then they picked Matthias from among Joseph and Barabbas, after drawing lots to determine who would be chosen. After Matthias’ appointment, there was little or no mention of him throughout the rest of the meeting. Historians believe he lived till the year 80 A.D.

Conclusion the Jobs of the 12 Disciples

What were the jobs of the 12 disciples and who were they in the first place? During His earthly ministry, the Lord Jesus attracted a large number of disciples, and many more have decided to follow Him in the years that have followed. As Jesus began to gather disciples, He chose twelve individuals to follow Him in a more intimate manner, who were then given personal lessons and explanations. He personally summoned them to Himself. The Bible does not mention the professions of Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Thaddaeus, or James, the son of Alphaeus, and neither does the New Testament.

He was a Pharisee, and it is possible that he taught religion or served in a governmental position.

Jesus and the disciples are on a boat together.

Resourcesthe Jobs of the 12 Disciples

You have arrived to the following page: Names of Jesus’ Disciples: List, Meaning, and Occupation/Jesus’ Disciples Names: List, Meaning, and Occupation

Meaning of ‘Disciple’

The Greek term for Disciple is’mathetes,’ which literally translates as ‘learner’ or ‘follower.’ The term refers to the act of embracing and adhering to the beliefs and practices of a teacher. During his earthly career, Jesus had a large number of followers (See Luke 10:1, Jesus sent 72 disciples). However, Jesus expressly picked 12 individuals to be his disciples and commissioned them to do so. It is indicated in Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:16-19, Luke 6:13-16, and Acts 1:13 that a list of disciples has been compiled.

  • The first twelve disciples are also referred to as “apostles.” This Bible study lesson contains a list of the names and meanings of these disciples, as well as information about their jobs.
  • He was a natural public speaker, as well as the founder and first leader of the early Christian church.
  • Kephas is an Aramaic name that Jesus bestowed to him by the Father.
  • “You will be known as Cephas,” says Jesus in John 1:42.
  • (Matthew 1:29) He worked as a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, which he loved.
  • (See also Mark 1:30 and 1 Corinthians 9:5) (This means that God is gracious.) John: According to John 1:35, he was formerly a follower of John the Baptist, and he was first introduced to Jesus in John 1:35-39.
  • He resided at Capernaum in Galilee, although he was most likely a native of Bethsaida, which is where he was raised.

(See Mark 1:19-20.) He was one of the three disciples who were closest to Jesus, the other two being Peter and James, and he was the youngest.

(See also Luke 5:10).

Known as Andrew (Greek – Andreas, which means “manly”), he was the brother of Simon Peter, the son of Jonas.

He was the one who brought his brother Peter to Jesus.

He was a good friend of Andrew and Peter’s, and he was a native of Bethsaida, where they had met (John 1:44).

Nathaniel was convinced by him, and he was the one who led him to Jesus.

He appears in all four of the New Testament’s lists of the apostles, indicating that he was an apostle.

There isn’t much information available about him.

The apostles were not with Jesus when He appeared to them after His resurrection, and Thomas was not present.

(See also John 20:24-29.) It is unclear what he does for a living.

He worked as a tax collector for a living.

To him, the Gospel of Matthew is credited as having been written by someone named Matthew.

He was Alphaeus’s son, therefore he was known as Alphaeus the Younger.

Thaddaeus is a follower of Jesus who appears in two of the four lists of Jesus’ disciples.

Among the other names he is known by are Jude of James, Jude Thaddaeus, Judas Thaddaeus, Lebbaeus, and Judas Thaddaeus.

Simon the Zealot (also known as Simon the Zealote) was another follower of Jesus.

His last name, ‘Iscariot,’ comes from the Hebrew phrase ‘Ish Kerioth,’ which means ‘a guy from Kerioth,’ which refers to a town in the southern kingdom of Judah (Joshua 15:25).

(See also John 12:6, 13:29.) Following his betrayal of Jesus, he was filled with remorse and ultimately committed suicide.

Matthias: When Judas committed himself following his betrayal of Jesus (Matthew 27:3–10), the eleven disciples chose Matthias to be the twelfth disciple, which he became.

Then they prayed, saying, “Lord, you know what is in the hearts of everyone.” Display which of these two you have selected to take up the apostolic mission that Judas abandoned to go to his rightful place.

Then they divided the spoils by lot, and Matthias was chosen, and he was included among the eleven apostles. Other research on the disciples that are connected include:

  • Thomas’ path from doubt to faith
  • Fishers of Men – Peter’s meeting with Jesus
  • Thomas’ journey from doubt to faith Also, check out our Amazon eBook on the Healing Miracles of Jesus Christ for Small Groups, which is available for purchase. I’m doing a personal study

Who Were the 12 Disciples and What Should We Know about Them?

It was at this point that He walked up to the mountain to pray, where he remained for the rest of the night, praising the Almighty. And when the day arrived, He gathered His disciples around Him and picked twelve of them to be apostles, which they received from Him. (See also Luke 6:12-13.) Twelve men answered Jesus’ call to follow him and became followers of his teachings. They were Jews, ignorant commoners, and simple men of faith who were willing to give up everything in order to become disciples of Jesus.

  • Jesus’ intention was for the disciples to ultimately take over and complete the task that He had begun for them.
  • They were the most widespread of the widespread.
  • Rather of choosing guys from the upper classes, aristocratic families, and powerful men, Christ purposefully picked men from the lower classes and scum of society.
  • He exalts the humble and brings those who are haughty to their knees.

The Names of the 12 Disciples

The names of the disciples may be found in the Gospel books of Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:14-19, and Luke 6:13-16, among other places. You didn’t pick me, did you? You were the one I selected. (See also John 14:16.) As of now, the twelve apostles are known by the following names: James the son of Zebedee and John his brother; Philip and Bartholomew (Nathanael); Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus (James the Less), and Thaddaeus (Judas, son of James); Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.

Despite the fact that the disciples were all unique individuals, when the Early Church was established, they were recognized for their steadfast faith.

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Who were the 12 disciples and what were their jobs?

According to the order mentioned in this story, the following are the names of Christ’s disciples: John4.Andrew1. Peter2. James3. James4. Philip and Thomas are the fifth and sixth names on the list. 7.Bartholomew Matthew (number 8) James, the son of Alpheus, is number nine. Simon Zelotes is tenth on the list. 11. Judas, James’s brother (Judas the Elder). Other Christ’s disciples present at the assembly, in addition to these initial disciples, include:Mary, the mother of Jesus, and his brothers and sisters (James, Joses, Simon and Judas, cf.

  • 13:55) Afterwards, in Acts 1, verse 1, we have two additional disciples who were mentioned: Peter and John.
  • Isn’t his mother’s given name Mary?
  • Joseph, also known as Barsabas, and his given name is Justus.
  • 36 Taking their seats, they continued to watch him there; Mark 16:1;And when the sabbath had passed, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome had gone out and purchased delicious spices so that they may come and anoint him.
  • Mary Magdalene was a woman who lived in the first century AD.
  • As a side note, Cleopas was listed as one of the disciples whom Jesus encountered on the road to Emmaus (Luke 24:13-35).
  • 14And they discussed all that had transpired with one another.
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16However, their gaze was fixed on the ground, as if they were unwilling to recognize him.

19And he inquired of them, “What are they?” “About Jesus of Nazareth, a prophet who was great in both action and word before God and all the people,” they explained to him.

We, on the other hand, believed that he was the one who should have saved Israel, and, in addition to all of this, today marks the third day since these things occurred.

24And some of those who were with us proceeded to the sepulchre, and found it just as the women had described it; nevertheless, they did not see him.

As they got closer to the settlement, he pretended that he would travel even further than he had planned to go.

And he entered into the room with them to tarry.

They became aware of him when their eyes were opened, and he vanished from their sight as a result.

The next morning, they woke early and returned to Jerusalem, where they found the eleven gathered together with others who were with them, as well as the people who had come with them.

++++What actions did the apostles take?+++++ ++++++ Peter, Andrew, James, and John were all fisherman, no doubt about it (Mt 4:18-22) While strolling along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, Jesus came across two brothers, Simon named Peter and Andrew his brother, who were putting a net into the water.

  • 19And he tells them, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men.” (Matthew 4:19) Twenty-one of them immediately abandoned their nets and followed him.
  • 22And they instantly left the ship and their father’s side, and they pursued after him.
  • 17And Jesus replied to them, “Come after me, and I will make you fishers of men.” (Come after me means “follow me”) 18Without a second thought, they abandoned their nets and followed him.
  • 20And he immediately summoned them, and they left their father Zebedee in the ship with the hired servants and followed him, leaving Zebedee behind.
  • 3) He entered one of the ships, which happened to be Simon’s, and begged to him that he would push a little portion of the ground away from him.
  • He then said to Simon, “Launch out into the deep and let down your nets for a draught,” when he had finished speaking.
  • Simon replied, “Master, we’ve worked all night and haven’t taken anything; but at your word, I’ll let the net down.” 6And after they were finished, they discovered that they had caught a large number of fish, which caused their net to break.
  • And they arrived and suffocated both ships to the point that they began to sink.
  • 10And so were James and John, the sons of Zebedee, who were also Simon’s partners in the business venture.

Matthew (Levi) worked as a tax collector for the Romans, who were despised by the Jews (Mt 9:9-13) When Jesus was about to go, he happened to pass by someone who he recognized as Matthew, who was sitting at the customs counter, and he said to him, “Follow me.” And he rose to his feet and followed him.

Upon seeing this, Jesus followers were confronted by the Pharisees who said, “Why does your Master dine with publicans and sinners?” 12However, when Jesus heard this, he answered to them, “Those who are well do not require a physician, but those who are sick do.” 13But go and understand what it means when I say, “I will have compassion, not sacrifice,” for I have not come to summon the righteous, but sinners to repentance, as some have assumed.

  • (Mk 2:14-17; Mk 2:14-17) When he walked by, he noticed Levi the son of Alphaeus waiting at the customs counter, and he called out to him, “Follow me.” And he rose to his feet and followed him.
  • 16Then, when the scribes and Pharisees observed him eating and drinking with publicans and sinners, they inquired of his followers as to why he was eating and drinking with publicans and sinners in the first place.
  • And when he had finished these things, he went out into the street and found a publican named Levi sitting at the customs office, and he said to him, “Follow me.” 28And he abandoned everything, got to his feet, and followed him.
  • 30However, their scribes and Pharisees expressed displeasure with his followers, asking, “Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners?” (Luke 18:30).
  • According to (Jn 21:1–5),21After these things, Jesus appeared to the disciples once more at the Sea of Tiberias, and in this way, he revealed himself to them.
  • Three times Peter says to them, “I’m going fishing.” They tell him, “We will accompany you as well.” They set off and boarded a ship as soon as possible; however, they caught nothing during the night shift.

5After that, Jesus says to them, “Children, do you have any food?” They replied, “No.” It indicates that Thomas and Nathanael (Bartholomew) as well as “two other of His followers” (one of whom was most likely Andrew plus either Philip, Simon, James “the less,” or Thaddaeus) were also fishermen, according to the New Testament text.

  • However, others speculate that Judas Iscariot (the man who betrayed Jesus) may have had a previous employment in which he dealt with money (for example, as a bookkeeper or accountant), given that he was in control of the money that Jesus and the disciples possessed.
  • 13:29:29 (Jn 13:2929) They believed that because Judas possessed the bag, Jesus had instructed him to purchase the provisions for the feast or to make a charitable contribution to a charitable organization.
  • Mk 3:1818 (Mark 3:1818) As well as Andrew, Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, as well as James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Canaanite, and others.
  • 6:15) Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon nicknamed Zelotes were among those who were killed.
  • And when they entered, they went up to an upper chamber, where they found Peter, James, and John, as well as Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James, among others.

was most likely a member of a militant Jewish faction known as “the Zealots,” who were zealous about the law and fiercely fought Roman power in the ancient world.

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Andrew was Peter’s younger brother as well as the son of Jonas. He resided in Bethsaida and Capernaum and worked as a fisherman before being summoned by Jesus to be a disciple of his. Originally, he was a follower of John the Baptist’s teachings (Mark 1:16-18). Andrew accompanied his brother, Peter, at Jesus’ feet (John 1:40) Bartholomew Nathanaelson of Talmai was a resident in Cana of Galilee when Jesus was born. Tradition has it that he served as a missionary in Armenia, and some academics claim that he was the only disciple to be descended from royal lineage or noble origins.

  1. 3:3).
  2. Talmai was the father of Absalom.
  3. Published by the Amazing Bible Timeline with World History, these articles are written by the publishers of the book.
  4. Galilee was home to James the Lesser or Younger, son of Alpheus, or Cleophas, and his wife, Mary.
  5. a son of Zebedee and Salome, and the brother of James the Apostle, John Boanergesson This Beloved Disciple was the title given to him.
  6. Judas Iscariot, the traitor, was the son of Simon who lived in Kerioth.
  7. He was the younger brother of James the Elder.

Jude was given the nickname “Trinomious” by Jerome, which translates as “a man with three names.” Thaddeus is the name given to him in Mark 3:18.

Thaddeus was the surname he went by.

Judas Thaddeus was sometimes referred to as “Judas the Zealot.” Many of them were fishermen.

He worked as a publican or as a tax collector, depending on the situation.

He was Jonas’ son.

Unlikely, however it is possible that he was also a fisherman.

In the King James Version, he is referred to as a Canaanite on two separate occasions (Mat. 10:4; Mark 3:18). In the other two places, he is referred to as Simon Zelotes, which is more formal (Luke 6: 15; Acts 1:13). Thomas Didymus was a Galilean who lived in Galilee.

Commissioning of the Twelve Apostles – Wikipedia

The commissioning of the Twelve Apostlesis a historical event in Jesus’ career that is recorded in all three Synoptic Gospels: Matthew 10:1–4, Mark 3:13–19, and Luke 6:12–16 (Matthew 10:1–4, Mark 3:13–19). It tells the story of Jesus’ original choosing of the Twelve Apostles from among his disciples.

Biblical accounts

According to Luke, on one of those days, Jesus walked out to a mountaintop to pray, where he stayed all night in prayer to the Almighty God. At sunrise, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them to be apostles: Simon (who he named Peter), his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was known as the Zealot, Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who later turned traitor to the Roman government. According to Matthew, Jesus summoned his twelve disciples to him and granted them the ability to drive out unclean demons as well as to heal every illness and ailment that they encountered.

He chose twelve people so that they could be with him and so that he could send them out to preach and have authority to drive devils out of people.

It appears immediately after the miracle in both the Gospel of Mark and the Gospel of Luke.

See also

  • The Calling of Matthew
  • The Dispersion of the Apostles
  • The First Disciples of Jesus
  • The Harmony of the Gospel
  • The Great Commission The life of Jesus as depicted in the New Testament
  • Matthew 10, Mark 3, and Luke 6 are examples of such passages.


QuestionAnswer The term “disciple” refers to a person who is learning or following. The term “apostle” literally translates as “one who is dispatched.” During Jesus’ time on earth, His twelve closest followers were referred to as disciples. Twelve disciples accompanied and studied from the Lord Jesus Christ. They also underwent training under His supervision. Following His resurrection and ascension, Jesus dispatched the disciples to serve as His witnesses across the world (Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 1:8).

  • However, even during Jesus’ time on earth, the terms “disciples” and “apostles” were frequently employed in a loosely defined manner interchangeably.
  • In Mark 3:16–19 and Luke 6:13–16, the Bible also specifies the twelve disciples/apostles who were there.
  • In addition to being known as “Judas, son of James” (Luke 6:16), it appears that Thaddaeus was also known as “Lebbaeus” (Matthew 10:3).
  • The name “Nathanael” is used in the Gospel of John rather than the name “Bartholomew,” however Nathanael and Bartholomew were very certainly the same person.
  • According to certain Bible instructors, Matthias was a “invalid” apostle, and that Paul was God’s chosen to fill the position of the twelfth apostle, which Judas Iscariot vacated.
  • Fishermen, a tax collector, and a rebel were among the twelve people arrested.
  • Because of their participation in Jesus’ resurrection and ascension into heaven, the Holy Spirit changed them into great men of God who turned the world upside down (Acts 17:6).

What was the cause of the shift? The twelve apostles/disciples had “been with Jesus” for a period of time (Acts 4:13). We hope the same may be said of us! Go back to the page with all of the Bible questions. Who were the twelve (12) disciples / apostles of Jesus Christ, and what were their names?

Who Were the 12 Apostles? The Complete Guide

Matthew worked as a tax collector (or publican) at Capernaum, where he collected taxes for Rome from his fellow Jews. The fact that his trade was a symbol of Israel’s Roman occupation would have been enough to make him feel like a political traitor in and of itself. The situation was exacerbated by the fact that tax collectors got their money by falsely claiming that individuals owed Caesar more than they actually did, and then taking the additional money off the top—and there was nothing anybody could do about it.

See also:  What Did Jesus Say About Following Him

As a result, when Jesus invited Matthew to accompany him and become one of his disciples, it was a significant thing.

Even though Matthew would have been considered a religious outsider at the time, Jesus welcomed him into the inner circle of what would later become the world’s greatest religion, Christianity.

Matthew in the Bible

Matthew is one of the apostles whose calling is mentioned in the gospels, and he is one of the most important. Each of the three synoptic gospels contains a different version of the same story: “As Jesus continued his journey, he came across a man called Matthew who was seated at the tax collector’s booth. ‘Follow me,’ he said, and Matthew rose to his feet and followed him.” —Matthew 9:9 (New International Version) While walking down the street, he noticed Levi son of Alphaeus seated in the tax collector’s station.

After hearing Jesus’ words to Levi, Levi sprang to his feet and left everything behind to follow him.

Most likely, the name “Levi” refers to the tribe Matthew belonged to, but it’s also plausible that he went by both a Greek and a Hebrew name (Matthew), similar to how Paul was known by both the names Saul and Paul.

Jesus had supper at Matthew’s house immediately after summoning Matthew to join him, and “many tax collectors and sinners arrived and ate with him and his followers,” according to Matthew’s account.

After seeing this, the Pharisees confronted his disciples, asking, “Why does your teacher dine with tax collectors and sinners?” (Why Does Your Teacher Eat With Tax Collectors and Sinners?) When Jesus heard this, he responded, ‘It is the ill who require the services of a doctor, not the healthy.

—Matthew 9:10–13, New International Version As a result, the Pharisees believe that Jesus is associated with the worst of the worst (in their opinion), and they believe that this reflects poorly on him personally.

In part, Jesus’ refusal to eat with tax collectors and sinners stemmed from the fact that he too was a sinner.

By accepting Matthew among his followers, Jesus demonstrated that no one, not even those deemed unredeemable by society, would be denied a place at God’s table of blessing.

Did Matthew write the Gospel of Matthew?

The author of the Gospel of Matthew is unknown, however Matthew the Apostle is widely regarded as the book’s primary author. According to the early church, he composed it, and the attribution “according to Matthew” was probably first inserted around the time of the first century AD. Despite the fact that there are compelling reasons against his authorship, no alternate author has been identified.

What Do We Know about the Twelve Disciples?

According to the Bible, Jesus personally chose twelve men to form His inner circle of disciples, which included himself. The following are the details. Simon PeterSimon is a Greek given name, although it is most likely a contraction of the name Simeon in the New Testament. It is interesting to note that the passage in Mark does not make mention of Peter becoming the first apostle. In light of the fact that Mark authored his gospel from Peter’s point of view, it is obvious why this reference has been deleted.

  • His father’s name was Jonah or John, depending on who you ask.
  • Like Andrew and Peter, Philip was a native of Bethsaida, where they both grew up (John 1:44).
  • Korazin, may your days be numbered!
  • The people of Tyre and Sidon would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes if the miracles that were accomplished in you had been performed in their cities (Matthew 11:21) On the Sea of Galilee, he and his brother Andrew worked as commercial fishermen.
  • The following day, John returned to the location with two of his followers.
  • When Simon initially met Jesus, Jesus gave him the surnameCephas, which in Aramaic meant a rock or a stone, depending on how you look at it.
  • “You are Simon the son of John; you shall be called Cephas,” Jesus responded, looking him in the eyes and said, “You are Simon the son of John; you shall be named Peter” (John 1:42).

The Latin name for Peter is Petrus, while the English name for Peter is Peter.

Peter is credited with writing two New Testament writings (First and Second Peter), as well as serving as the inspiration for the Gospel according to Mark.

His given name is Greek and means “manly.” In conjunction with Peter, the following things are given: his parentage, domicile, employment, and early discipleship are all described.

He was the one who brought his own brother Simon to Jesus, as recorded in the gospels.

As a result, many a person in every era, who was little known himself and had no significant impact elsewhere, has been counted among the greatest benefactors of mankind by introducing Jesus to someone else who proved to be of immense benefit to the entire world.

He was most likely the older of the two brothers, as he is always the one who is named first.

Jacob (James) was the first victim among the apostles, and he was the one who ordered the execution of James the brother of John with a sword (Acts 12:2).

James is a variant spelling of Jacob.

Whenever the name ‘Jacob’ appeared, it was immediately substituted with the name of the King, ‘James.’ James is not a Jewish given name; it appears nowhere in the Old Testament, and there is no mention of the widespread Jewish given name Jacob in the New Testament either (other than quotations from the Old Testament).

  • John The Son of Zebedee (also known as Zebedee’s Son) The fourth gospel was written by John, the son of Zebedee, who was also the author of the first three gospels.
  • With the exception of Peter, James and John are considered to be a sort of inner circle of disciples.
  • After six days, Jesus took Peter, James, and John the brother of James with him and brought them up a high mountain by themselves, where they slept for the night (Matthew 17:1).
  • The gospel of John, books 1, 2, and 3 of John, and the book of Revelation are the five books that make up the New Testament.
  • Nathaniel Nathaniel is most likely the same person who appears in Matthew as Bartholomew, according to the evidence.
  • In reality, his name is Bar Talmai (the son of Talmai).
  • Thomas is well-known for his skepticism about the disciples’ claims of seeing the resurrected Christ.

As a result, the other disciples informed him that they had “seen the Lord!” But he told them, “Until I see the nail markings on his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe it.” He added, “Unless I see the nail marks on his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe it” (John 20:24, 25).

He is commonly referred to as the tax collector.

“Follow me,” he said, as Matthew rose to his feet and followed him (Matthew 9:9).

It is distinguished from the other James, who is the brother of John, by the phrase “son of Alphaeus.” He might have been the brother of Matthew, who was also a son of Alphaeus, according to certain scholars.

He is most likely to be identified with Judas the son of James, who appears in the books of Luke and Acts.

It is also likely that, following Judas Iscariot’s betrayal, he did not want the shame associated with the name Judas to be associated with him any more.

This is the only time he is mentioned in the book of Matthew.

With the exception of Peter, Judas is referenced more frequently than any of the other disciples.

Kerioth is a town in southern Judea, about twelve miles south of Hebron, and is the county seat.

Judas took his own life out of regret.

Then he walked away and committed himself by hanging himself (Matthew 27:5).

Fishermen, a tax collector, a fanatic, and a traitor are among those who have been arrested.

They were not taken from the upper crust of society, nor were they taken from the lower crust.

However, not every one of them was well-known.

The New Testament provides us with further knowledge on the other books of the Bible. There is no doubt that they were a varied bunch of people who came from a variety of different backgrounds.

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