Did Jesus Reaffirm All 10 Commandments?
Our editorial from last month raised the question, “Do Jesus’ Commandments supersede the Ten Commandments? ” Our discussion focused on the concept that the Ten Commandments had been superseded with the simplernewcommandment of Jesus to love one’s fellow man. We demonstrated that the new commandment did not supersede the other ten commandments, but rather served as an example of how to love one’s neighbor. The goal of the Ten Commandments has always been to promote love. One other prevalent mistake that we need to look at is the notion that only the precise commandments that Jesus reiterated in his sermon on the mount are necessary for us to follow today.
Did Jesus need to reaffirm each commandment?
First and foremost, examine the following: Is it true that Jesus stated that only the commandments that He expressly listed are applicable to Christians? That is a simple question to answer: no. No such remark can be found in the Gospel stories, as you will discover if you look them up. Was Jesus implying that all of the Ten Commandments will remain intact and useful in the future? He, in fact, did it. Shortly after delivering the Beatitudes, Jesus spoke about “the Law” and “the Prophets,” and whether or not He had come to demolish all or portions of these traditions.
- “Do not be under the impression that I have come to demolish the Law or the Prophets. In verse 17, Jesus says, “I did not come to destroy, but to fulfill.”
Jesus stated unequivocally that He did not come to “destroy” the Torah. The Greek word for “destroy” (katalyo) can also mean “dissolve,” “demolish,” “abrogate,” or “deprive of force,” according to certain translations. However, rather than repealing the law, He came tofulfill(pleroo) it—which literally translates as “make full,” “fill up,” or “achieve.” His coming not only fulfilled Old Testament prophesies, but He also came to flawlessly keep the Ten Commandments and, in doing so, gave them additional meaning and relevance—just as the Messiah was predicted to do—just as the Messiah was promised to do (Isaiah 42:21).
- “And, believe me when I say, until heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle of the law will by no means be removed from the book of life until all is completed.” The Bible says (Matthew 5:18)
When Jesus made His prior point, He utilized a visual figure of speech to underscore it. The tiniest detail (ajotwas the smallest letter in the alphabet, and atittlewas a minuscule stroke used in writing) would not be exempt from God’s rule as long as heaven and earth existed. Every aspect of the Ten Commandments is reinforced in this manner. For further information, see our online article “Did Jesus Comply with the Law?”
- If anybody breaches even one of these commandments, let alone instructs others to do so, that person will be regarded as least in the kingdom of heaven
- But anyone keeps and teaches them will be regarded as most excellent.” 19) and (verse 20).
When Jesus said that anybody who knows better but still preaches against any of God’s rules will not be allowed into God’s Kingdom, he took it personally (compare Matthew 5:20 and 19:17). The Greek word for “break” literally translates as “to lose, ruin, or disintegrate.” This harsh admonition, unfortunately, applies to many professing Christian leaders who teach their followers that all or portions of the Ten Commandments have been repealed. Using these three simple, yet impactful verses, Jesus reiterated that the Ten Commandments—each and every one of them—would be carried through into the New Covenant era of the New Testament.
It was agreed that they would remain in force so long as the heavens and the earth remained in existence.
Although the other eight have profound spiritual significance as well, He chose to focus on only those two at the time of his teachings.
Jesus reciting the Commandments
However, despite Jesus’ emphatic comments, some still contend that if He did not directly specify a commandment, its applicability to Christians is in doubt. Consider, on the other hand, Jesus’ conversation with a man who was referred to as “a certain ruler.” “What should I do in order to gain eternal life?” this man inquired of Jesus. (See Luke 18:18.) Keeping the Commandments, Jesus responded, was the first and most important step, and He then named five of them: “‘Don’t commit adultery,’ “Don’t murder,” “Do not steal,” “Don’t bear false testimony,” and “Honor your father and your mother.” “Do not commit adultery,” Jesus replied (Luke 18:20).
Following this line of logic, it follows:
- We are free to put any other deity before the real God (Exodus 20:3)
- We are allowed to create and worship idols of whatever kind we choose (Exodus 20:4-5)
- And we are free to do anything we want with our lives (Exodus 20:6). We have complete freedom to defame and misappropriate God’s name as much as we desire (verse 7). We are free to labor on the seventh-day Sabbath (verses 8-11)
- We are free to desire (verse 17)
- And we are free to sin (verses 18-20).
Unfortunately, this is taught by some, but in practice, it is typically only utilized to zero in on one of the commandments listed above (the seventh-day Sabbath). This is not accurate, as Jesus’ remark in Matthew 5 demonstrates. Is it possible that, by mentioning only five, Jesus was ignoring some of the Ten Commandments? In no way, shape, or form! In our next session, we’ll look more closely at the New Testament and discover that it does, in fact, directly emphasize each and every one of God’s Ten Commandments.
Sidebar: Why Did Jesus List Only Those Five Commandments?
When speaking to the rich ruler, Jesus stated that adherence to the Commandments was required, and then went on to enumerate five of the Ten Commandments in detail (Luke 18:18-20). Why would He do such a thing? Here are a few options to consider. The actual nature of this man’s “rule” is unclear, however he might have been a member of the Pharisees, according to the text (who ruled the synagogues). The Pharisees had devised their own set of commandments, which were extremely taxing and, in some cases, actually caused individuals to ignore God’s commands entirely.
- By mentioning a few of the Ten Commandments, He was explaining which commandments were required for everlasting life: God’s 10 Commandments, not the onerous regulations of the Pharisees, and which commandments were required for eternal life.
- When it came to the Pharisees’ laws, one of the most serious issues was that they frequently resulted in the abuse and mistreatment of others.
- (verse 34-35).
- The most serious fault was a failure to offer love to one’s fellow human being.
- These were the five commandments that the Pharisees desperately wanted to hear again.
- Even though the man stated that he had followed these rules since infancy, Jesus urged him to sell all of his belongings and follow Him, something that it appears the man was hesitant to do.
In doing so, he indicated his inability to completely comply with the two commandments of love for God and non-covetousness. a little about the author
A full-time writer and editor at the Life, Hope, and Truth offices in McKinney, Texas, Erik Jones is a member of the Life, Hope, and Truth team. More information can be found at Read on for more information.
Jesus summed up the 10 Commandments with these two statements
“These two commandments are the foundation of the entire law and the prophets.” —Matthew 22:40 (New International Version) One of the most difficult projects for students is condensing a chapter or a book into a quick, succinct summary, which is one of the most common assignments. Finding the most significant aspects or themes in a work after reading someone else’s thoughts and ideas and then presenting them in your own words is extremely tough. Nonetheless, as instructors and professors will attest, this is a very effective method of assisting students in maintaining focus on the most important aspects of their study.
Our Gospel reading for this 30th Sunday in Ordinary Time is a continuation of the sections that we have heard during the previous two Sundays in Ordinary Time.
Jesus is engaged in a discourse with the religious leaders of the Jewish people.
It’s clear that this is a trap.
The Bible historian Barbara Reid offers another interpretation, writing, “The Pharisees were attempting to determine if Jesus could compete with other prominent teachers of the day who could synthesize the law.” ‘What is abhorrent to you, do not do to your neighbor,’ said Rabbi Hillel, in summarizing the Ten Commandments.’ ” (Year A of the Abiding Word.) He does exactly what many students today fear: he summarizes the main points of the Law in two clear, concise instructions.First, he brings together the principles of the first three Commandments (which are directed to our relationship with God), and he responds by paraphrasing the Book of Deuteronomy(6:4-9): You are required to love the Lord, your deity, with all of your heart, all of your soul, and all of your intellect.
- This is the most important and fundamental commandment of all.
- Indeed, there are seven additional Commandments that concern how we connect to other people in our lives.
- The whole law, as well as the prophets, is predicated on these two precepts.
- Through the use of two extremely plain sentences that are derived directly from the Law, he has been able to communicate the most significant principles of the Commandments.
- Instead, they serve to enhance one another’s abilities.
- Throughout our First Reading, which comes from the Book of Exodus, we are reminded of the link that exists between our love for God and the way that we love our neighbor in forceful and vivid language.
- We are obligated to treat others the way we would want to be treated ourselves, and we must protect and value foreigners, widows, and orphans—representing non-people and those on the periphery of society—the way we would want our own family members to be treated.
At the conclusion of the day, the readings provided for this Sunday serve as a lesson in the link between love and righteousness.
What ways have you personally witnessed God’s love in your life?
What are some of the ways you show your devotion to God?
When it comes to being sensitive to the needs of others, how do the teachings about “aliens,” “orphans,” and “widows” in the First Reading challenge you?
There will be no questions on the text of Aristotle, the aphorisms of Hippocrates, or the paragraphs of Justinian on the last day, when the general test will be held.
“Love will take up the whole course curriculum.” —St. Robert Bellarmine, a.d. Check out these other articles:5 Things to Try If You Find the Homily Boring
Jesus and the Ten Commandments
When it comes to the ‘commandments’ that Jesus provided to his disciples, Jack Mahoney SJ examines them this week on Thinking Faith. In the first of two essays, he inquires as to how the Ten Commandments came to be expressed in the teachings of Jesus, and he provides an answer. It is the most well-known text in the Bible, known as ‘the Decalogue’ (ten words) since it contains the most words. Since being revealed directly to Jews by God in the Hebrew Bible, they have been absorbed into Christian thought, where they have taken a major position in both Christian and popular moral thinking for hundreds of years now.
In today’s world, readers of the Ten Commandments may be perplexed if they do not realize that there are two different versions of the Decalogue that are numbered in different ways.
According to the text of an older, Exodus version (Ex 20:2-17), which ends with a single commandment (verse 17) forbidding the coveting of one’s neighbor’s property, including his wife, and which contrives to keep a total of ten commandments by dividing the opening commandment forbidding strange gods into two, making the prohibition against idolatry the second commandment, all of which are based on the text of the Greek tradition.
However, the later, Deuteronomic version (Dt 5:6-21), which is followed by the Catholic and Lutheran traditions, concludes with two distinct commandments prohibiting ‘coveting’: the first prohibiting coveting one’s neighbor’s wife, and the second prohibiting coveting one’s neighbor’s property, as well as coveting one’s own wife.
It is because of this difference in numeration that Roman Catholics currently refer to concerns of sexual morality as belonging to the sixth commandment, whilst Anglicans attribute everything having to do with this particular restriction to the seventh commandment.
God’s fundamental moral commands and duties are divided into two groups: an early, brief group devoted to absolute respect for God, the divine name, and the Sabbath (the Lord’s day); and a second, larger group devoted to respect for one’s fellow-Israelites, beginning with one’s elderly parents, and prohibiting murder, adultery, kidnapping (later generalised to stealing), calumniating, and coveting and stealing another’s mammon (the former being included as part of the latter in Exodus).
As part of the liturgical usage during festivals and through prophetic preaching, the individual mandates were enlarged and applied to a variety of different situations as part of the whole commandment.
Their initial relevance to human rights – which came into being considerably later in philosophical history – was unclear, but they can serve as a foundation for debating the validity of human rights theories.
In exchange for God’s decision and continued protection, the new nation of Israel agreed, in a solemn sworn agreement, to keep ‘the words of the covenant, the ten commandments,’ as outlined in the Torah (Ex 34:28).
An attractive interpretation see (the ark of the covenant, Ex 25:16). Ex 19:3-6 provides a succinct summary of the full situation:
Then Moses went up to God; Yahweh called to him from the mountain, saying, ‘Thus shall you say to the house of Jacob, and tell the Israelites: You have seen what I did to the Egyptians, and how I bore you on eagle’s wings and brought you to myself. Now, therefore, if you obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession out of all the peoples. Indeed, the whole earth is mine, but you shall be for me a priestly kingdom and a holy nation.’
Due to his background as an observant Jew, Jesus was well acquainted with the Hebrew Bible. As a result, among the early Christians, there was great curiosity in how Jesus’ teaching linked to the conventional teaching in Israel, which his opponents had said he was flouting. Particularly interested were Jewish Christians, whose worries and needs were of great importance to Matthew the author of his Gospel, and who expressed their enthusiasm in a variety of ways. As I demonstrated in an earlier article on the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus did not abandon the Ten Commandments of Israel; rather, he insisted on their continued relevance and fulfillment, and he even went to great lengths to demonstrate their deeper significance and application for his followers in the Sermon on the Mount (Mt 5:17-48).
- The Gospel of Mark records that Jesus mentioned the commandments against murder, adultery, robbery, false testimony, defrauding, and the commandment requiring care for one’s parents, but he also stated that one thing the young man lacked was the willingness to ‘follow’ Jesus.
- An further dialogue between Jesus and a Jewish lawyer, which is recounted by Mark and Matthew, illustrates how the Ten Commandments are applied to the teaching of Jesus.
- Moving outside of the Ten Commandments, Jesus said that ‘the greatest and first commandment’ was to love God with all of one’s heart and soul (Mk 12:30; Mt 22:37-38; see Deut 6:5).
- It is recorded in Matthew as “A second is similar it: “You should love your neighbor as yourself”” (Mk 12:31).
However, it is noteworthy that he considers Jesus’ response significant enough to include it in his account of a dialogue between Jesus and a lawyer (Lk 10:25-28) who inquired of him, “What must I do in order to receive everlasting life?” This question appears to be a duplicate of the one asked by the young man later in Luke’s gospel that we looked at above (Lk 18:18-30), to which Jesus responds by reaffirming the commandments and then advising him to become a disciple; however, the response this time is markedly different from the previous one.
It is the lawyer who mentions the requirement to love God above everything and to love one’s neighbor as oneself (Lk 10:25-27) as the route to eternal life, which is applauded by Jesus, after which Jesus asks him what he personally believes based on his understanding of the Mosaic law.
Luke is the only one of the four evangelists who presents the famous parable of the Good Samaritan as Jesus’ memorable response to the lawyer’s next question: ‘But who is my neighbor?’ Luke is the only one of the four evangelists who does so. (See Luke 10:28-37.)
Is love the answer or the question?
This command to love one’s neighbor as oneself can be found in the Old Testament in Leviticus 19:18, and, as we have seen, Jesus quotes it in conjunction with the command in Deuteronomy 6:5 to love God completely in response to a lawyer who inquired about which commandment was the greatest in the Law. According to Viviano, “the combination of these two precepts is not clearly documented before Jesus and represents a major moral development.” Being in love with God naturally leads to being in love with one’s neighbor as God’s beloved as well.
It was the culmination of the entire Mosaic Law for Matthew’s Jewish-Christian audience when they read this united “Great Commandment.” It also gave the subsequent conventional headings for the two sub-groups of the Ten Commandments, with love of God serving as the first group’s heading and love of neighbor serving as the second group’s heading.
And, last, does the commandment to love take the place of the other Ten Commandments?
Alternatively, and preferentially, we should interpret the mandate to love our neighbor as ourselves as associating our neighbor with ourselves, as being a part of us, as a fellow-Israelite in the original version of the command in Leviticus, rather than as a demand to love our neighbor as ourselves.
In these letters, a relationship is created between the requirement of neighbor-love and the Ten Commandments, which sheds light on both.
Owe no one anything, except to love one another; for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law. The commandments, ‘You shall not commit adultery; You shall not murder; You shall not steal; You shall not covet’; and any other commandment, are summed up in this word, ‘Love your neighbour as yourself’. Love does no wrong to a neighbour; therefore, love is the fulfilling of the law.
Paul made a similar observation in his letter to the Galatians (5:13-14), stating that “we have become slaves to one another through love.” ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself,’ says the Bible, and it is the summation of the entire law. To put it another way, the duty to love one’s neighbor does not supersede the Ten Commandments in any manner. These are ways of demonstrating love for one’s neighbor, according to the author, who sums them up, notes them, and explains their purpose. According to Joseph Fletcher’s once-popular but now-outdated’situation ethics,’ which reduced all morality to doing the “loving thing,” suffers from an inability to specify precisely what is the “loving thing” to be done in diverse situations.
- According to James 2: 8, if you truly execute the royal commandment according to the text, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you will be doing well.
- (Mt 22:40).
- What was his motivation for doing so, and what did he mean by it?
- He is Emeritus Professor of Moral and Social Theology at University College London, and he is a frequent contributor toThinking Faith magazine.
- Andrews, The Ten Commandments in Recent Research (The Ten Commandments in Recent Research) (London: SCM, 1967).
- See, for example, J.
- Origin, Development, and Significance, (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007), pp.
Viviano, B. T., The Gospel According to Matthew, New Jerome Biblical Commentary, 42:133. J. Fletcher’s Situation Ethics: The New Morality (Situation Ethics: The New Morality) (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1966). Summa Theologiae, I-II, 26, 4 (St. Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologiae).
Jesus and His Apostles Affirm the Need to Obey God’s Commandments
During a question and answer session in Matthew 19:16, Jesus was asked what must be done in order to receive eternal life. “If you want to come into life, observe the commandments,” Jesus says in his response (Matthew 19:17). After that, Jesus listed several things, including enough of the Ten Commandments to make it clear which commandments He was referring to: “”You shall not murder,” “You shall not commit adultery,” “You shall not steal,” “You shall not bear false witness,” “You shall honor your father and your mother,” “You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” and “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (Matthew 19:18-19; Mark 10:18-19).
Some individuals today would tell you that fulfilling the commandments has been completed by Christ, and that as a result, obeying God’s law is no longer necessary.
I did not come to destroy, but rather to complete ” (Matthew 5:17).
Following that, they interpret the word “fulfill” as “bringing to an end,” “superseding,” or any other synonym for the word “abolish.” In essence, they have Jesus declaring, “I did not come to abolish the law, but to abolish the law that was already in place.” Jesus, on the other hand, declared that heaven and earth would vanish before even the tiniest provision of the law was abolished (Matthew 5:18).
- He stated that the legislation will remain in effect until everything was completed.
- What is true is that Jesus was speaking to a group of people who believed in the importance of observing all of the Ten Commandments.
- God’s intention for the Ten Commandments to be observed is described in Matthew chapters 5-7 by Jesus himself.
- According to Matthew 5:17, the term fulfillment implies “to fill,” “to complete,” “to completely fill up,” or “to make complete.” The purpose of Jesus’ coming was to amplify, or to totally fill out, the significance of God’s law.
- He went into detail on the complete meaning of the commandments, as well as the spiritual motive behind them.
- “Whoever, therefore, breaches one of the least of these commandments, and teaches mankind to do likewise, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven,” Jesus clarifies (Matthew 5:19).
- The New Testament Church began to think, according to a popular misconception, that it was no longer essential to follow Christ’s example of observing the law.
According to the apostle John: “If we follow His instructions, we may be sure that we have come to know Him.
But whomever keeps God’s word, it is true that the love of God is perfected in that individual.
It is incumbent upon him who claims to be a believer in Him to walk in His footsteps ” (1 John 2:3-6).
To the contrary, Paul declared that “the law is holy, and the commandment holy, just, and good” (Romans 7:12), and that “I rejoice in the law of God.” (Romans 7:12) (Romans 7:22).
To prevent introducing our own thoughts into the Bible, we must refrain from doing so.
You adhere to the tradition of mankind because you have disregarded God’s instruction. You know full well that you are rejecting God’s mandate in order to maintain your tradition ” (Mark 7:6-9). We, too, must be certain that we are following Christ’s example rather than our own!
Are the Ten Commandments repeated in the New Testament?
QuestionAnswer Nine of the Ten Commandments listed in Exodus 20:1–17 are repeated multiple times in the New Testament, each time in a slightly different context. Mark 10:17–19 is an example of Jesus repeating four of the Ten Commandments to the young ruler as a statement of our moral obligations to one another as part of his exposition of our moral responsibilities. The fourth commandment, which concerns the observance of the Sabbath, is the only one that is not repeated in the New Testament.
Sometimes, like in Romans 13:9, he is specific in listing some of the commandments, such as the Ten Commandments.
The Ten Commandments, as well as where they may be found in the New Testament, are as follows: 1) Do not worship any other deities but yourself (1 Corinthians 8:6; 1 Timothy 2:5) 2) Do not create idols for yourself (1 John 5:21) 3) Do not slander the LORD’s name in any way (1 Timothy 6:1) 4) Keep the Sabbath day sacred by remembering it and keeping it holy.
- In truth, Colossians 2:16 frees the believer from the obligation to observe the Sabbath.
- 5) Show reverence for your father and mother (Ephesians 6:1–2).
- 8) Do not take from others (Ephesians 4:28) 9) Do not knowingly provide misleading testimony (Revelation 21:8) 10) Do not be envious of others (Colossians 3:5) Unbelievers of any age can benefit from the Ten Commandments since they help them identify their flaws.
- The commandments are a reflection of God’s unchanging character, and as such, they are everlasting, timeless, globally applicable, and immovable, just as God is.
- For example, Andy Stanley writes in his book Irresistible: Reclaiming the New that Jesus Unleashed for the World that “the Ten Commandments have no influence over you.” None.
- However, while it is true that Christ fulfilled the law on our behalf (see Matthew 5:17), the New Testament makes it clear that Christians are not permitted to break God’s moral rule as a result of their position in grace (Romans 6:15).
- A similar sentiment may be found in the second commandment: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ The entire Law and the Prophets are predicated on these two precepts.” (Matthew 22:36–40, New American Standard Bible.) Go back to the page with all of the Bible questions.
Is it true that the Ten Commandments are repeated throughout the New Testament?
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15 Important Bible Verses About Ten Commandments Of God
Many individuals mistakenly believe that they are Christians because they observe the Ten Commandments, read and obey the Bible, and generally behave well. If you have broken one of God’s commandments, how can you be redeemed only on your own merits? God demands perfection, and you will never be able to achieve it. It is time to test your salvation if you believe you have been saved by observing the Ten Commandments. If you have ever harbored ill will against someone, you are a potential killer.
- What is it that occupies the majority of your thoughts?
- There you have it, your God.
- If you have ever reacted negatively toward your parents or rolled your eyes at them, you have failed to respect them.
- If God judges you only on the basis of a few of the Ten Commandments, you will spend forever in hell.
- Recognize that you are a sinner who is in desperate need of a Savior.
- We have reason to be optimistic.
- The only way to bring you back into right relationship with a pure and righteous God was for God Himself to come down.
He died, was buried, and was raised from the dead to atone for your sins.
A Christian is not going to claim that because Christ died for me, I am free to sin as much as I want.
You will obey the Lord because your heart is pulled to Him, you love Him, and you are grateful for everything that he has done for you and your family.
We will continue to sin because we are still sinners, but we have no desire to continue to sin.
Getting out of hell isn’t the point of this exercise.
You can’t even take a breath until He is present.
You will begin to have a sense of separation from the rest of the world.
Some people develop more slowly than others, but if you are genuinely saved, you will experience progress in your walk of faith. The only path into Heaven is via Jesus Christ. Put your faith in Him alone for salvation, and you will be saved.
What are the Ten Commandments in the Bible?
1. Exodus 20:3 says, “You shall not worship any other god than I.” 1. Genesis 1:26-27 “You shall not create for yourself an image in the form of anything in heavenabove, on the ground beneath, or in the seas beneath,” says the Lord. I, the LORD your God, am a vengeful God who will not allow your devotion to any other gods. Therefore, you must not prostrate yourselves before them or worship them. Those who reject me have their sins passed down to their offspring, affecting the entire family, even children in the third and fourth generations of those who reject me.
- It is permissible for you to labor six days a week in your normal capacity, but the seventh day is a Sabbath day of rest devoted to the LORD your God.
- Your family members include you, your children, male and female servants, your animals, and any foreigners who may be living with you or in your home.
- Exodus 20:12 “Honor your father and your mother, so that your days in the land that the LORD your God grants you may be lengthened.” 6.
- “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor,” the law states.
- “You shall not steal,” says Exodus 20:15.
- Exodus 20:17 says, “You must not be envious of your neighbor’s possessions.” Coveting your neighbor’s wife, male or female servants, ox or donkey, or anything else that belongs to your neighbor is prohibited.
God writes his law on our hearts.
11. The book of Romans 2:15 They demonstrate that the work of the law has been inscribed on their hearts, while their conscience also bears testimony, and their contradictory thoughts blame or even pardon them as a result of their actions. Twelveth: Hebrews 8:10 This is the covenant that the Lord will establish with the people of Israel after that time, declares the Lord. I will imprint my rules on their brains and hearts, and they will live by them. It is I who shall be their God, and they are to be my people.
- The book of Hebrews 10:16 As the Lord explains, “This is the covenant I will form with them after that time.” I will place my rules in their hearts, and I will write them on their minds.” 14.
- And I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
- Romans 7:7-11 What shall we say, then?
- Certainly not!
- ForI would not have realized what coveting truly was if the law had not commanded, “You shall not covet.
- For aside from the law, sin was dead.
- I found that the very commandment that was intended to bring life actually brought death.
For sin, seizing the opportunity afforded by the commandment, deceived me, and through the commandment put me to death. BonusGalatians 2:21 I do not treat the grace of God as meaningless. For if keeping the law could make us right with God, then there was no need for Christ to die.
Questions and Answers
When Jesus said, “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another,” the question arose (John 13:34). Is this new commandment intended to take the place of the Ten Commandments? Answer: Many people who identify as Christians, unfortunately, think that Jesus’ “new commandment” supersedes and replaces the Ten Commandments, which He had maintained and taught throughout His career. But if we investigate Jesus’ teachings, we will come to comprehend the reality of the situation.
- After all, I guarantee you, until heaven and earth pass away, not one letter or one word of the law will be removed from its pages until all has been accomplished “(Matthew 5:17–18; Luke 5:17–18).
- What did He mean by saying?
- It is important to note that in the next few lines, Jesus explains the spiritual meaning of God’s commands.
- As stated in Matthew 5:20–28, the intention to commit adultery is a sin as well as the act of committing adultery.
- He did say, “If you want to get into life, observe the commandments,” and we believe He meant it (Matthew 19:17).
- When many people learn that the commandment to “love your neighbor as yourself” stems from the Old Testament, they are astonished (Leviticus 19:18).
It is important to note that after Christ instructed the disciples to love one another, He added a further dimension to the command: they were to love one another “as I have loved you” (John 13:34).
What was it about Jesus’ love that was different?
Earlier in the evening, Jesus told His followers that they should “abide in My love” (John 15:10).
For the first three years after Christ’s death and resurrection, the disciples were only able to love one another in the way that humans do.
True Christians may be identified by their affection for one another.
Christ revealed how God’s love genuinely operates during His whole existence on the earthly stage.
Christ developed the foot-washing process during His final Passover dinner before His crucifixion, only seconds before delivering His “new commandment.” The practice serves to inspire Christians to live lives of humility, service, and love.
The first four of the Ten Commandments were encompassed by Christ’s love, obedience, and faith toward His heavenly Father.
The law of God (which is contained in the Ten Commandments) does, after all, lead straight to Christ and His love, as the Apostle Paul revealed (Romans 10:4). God’s law and His love are inextricably intertwined in the mind of a sincere Christian!
Do the Ten Commandments Have Authority Over New Testament Christians?
One of the earliest and most repeating things my children have learned has been the Ten Commandments, which they have learnt at Sunday school, Christian school, and around the dinner table. In fact, my middle three children enjoy singing (abruptly!) the Ten Commandments song they learned for last year’s choir show, which they do on a regular basis. As a Presbyterian pastor—and, more importantly, as a Christian—I believe it one of my most apparent tasks to teach my children the joyous duty of understanding and observing the Ten Commandments, which is one of my most obvious responsibilities as a parent.
‘The Ten Commandments have no control over you,’ Andy Stanley asserts in his latest book, Irresistible: Reclaiming the New That Jesus Unleashed for the World.
To be clear, you are not required to follow the Ten Commandments” (136).
Anyone who has read my new book will not be surprised to discover that when it comes to the function of the Ten Commandments in particular, and the Old Testament in general, I agree entirely with Kruger and strongly disagree with Stanley.
Against the Entire History of the Church
The Ten Commandments have always been at the heart of the church’s teaching mission, particularly for children and new believers, and this hasn’t changed. Catechetical education was traditionally founded on three things: the Apostles’ Creed, the Lord’s Prayer, and the Ten Commandments. This was the case for centuries. In other words, during almost the entire history of the church, when people inquired, “How do we accomplish discipleship?,” the answer was always the same. What methods do we use to teach our children about the Bible?
As an example, in the Heidelberg Catechism, eleven of the 52 Lord’s Days are devoted to the teachings of the Ten Commandments.
The Ten Commandments have historically been emphasized throughout a wide range of religious traditions.
Unique Place in the Old Testament
In addition to being a component of the Mosaic covenant, the Ten Commandments hold a unique and fundamental position in the law that was given to Moses at the foot of Mount Sinai. This is evident straight from the beginning of Exodus 20’s prologue. Moses is no longer being instructed by the Lord to descend and deliver a message to the people. That was the way the Lord functioned in chapter 19, but now in chapter 20 God is speaking directly to the Israelites, saying “all these words” (v. 1) to them.
Aside from that, the wording used in verse 2 is an intentional echo of God’s summons to Abraham.
“Well, look, there are all kinds of commandments,” some people, including a number of excellent Old Testament scholars, will say.
It is true that there are hundreds of laws in the Pentateuch, but the Bible never claims that these 10 are in a class by themselves.” While it is true that the Bible does not command that the Ten Commandments be printed in boldface, we should not underestimate the importance of the commandments in ancient Israel.
- Exodus 20 represents a figurative and spiritual zenith in the history of Israel’s people.
- However, these top 10 are the building blocks for the remainder of the list.
- The manner in which the law is given changes dramatically from chapter 20 to chapters 21 and 22.
- When you get to Chapter 21, we’ll start talking about application.
In other words, from the very beginning of Israel’s formal existence as a country, the Ten Commandments played an important role in setting the norms for their shared life.
Part of the New Jesus Unleashed for the World
To be clear, contrary to Stanley’s assertion above, the Ten Commandments are not just vital in the Old Testament; they are also essential to understanding the ethics of the New Testament. Consider the passage in Mark 10:17, for example. This is the point at which the rich young ruler approaches Jesus and inquires, “What must I do in order to gain eternal life?” “You are aware of the commandments,” Jesus replies to him. Then he goes on to list the second table of the law, which contains the commandments that pertain to our neighbors: “Do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not bear false witness, do not defraud, honor your father and mother” and “Do not bear false witness, do not defraud, honor your father and mother” (v.
- In his teachings, Jesus does not give forth a plan for obtaining eternal life.
- Romans 13 contains a passage that is similar.
- Everyone owes no one anything, except for the need to love one another, for the one who loves another has completed the law.
- (See Romans 13:8–9) Paul asserts, in the same way that Jesus did, that God’s people must love one another in accordance with the Ten Commandments.
- Similarly, in 1 Timothy 1, Paul makes a similar point.
In verses 9 and 10, he proceeds to rattle through the second table of the law, referring to the wicked who “strike their fathers and mothers” (a violation of the fifth commandment), and “murderers” (a violation of the sixth commandment), and the sexually immoral and men who practice homosexuality (violations of the seventh commandment), and “enslavers” (a violation of the eighth command (violations of the ninth commandment).
When Paul is in search of a familiar manner to encapsulate ethical guidance for the people of God, he turns to the Ten Commandments once more for inspiration.
They are all significant because they all teach us something about loving God and loving our neighbor.
To be sure, Jesus alters the Ten Commandments, but he never intended for them to be abolished (Matt.
The Ten Commandments have always been fundamental to God’s people, whether in the Old Testament, in the New Testament, or throughout church history, and they should continue to be central to God’s people in the present.
Parts of this blog article have been derived from the book The Ten Commandments: What They Mean, Why They Matter, and Why We Should Obey Them (The Ten Commandments: What They Mean, Why They Matter, and Why We Should Obey Them).