What Did They Give Jesus To Drink On The Cross

Why did Jesus first refuse, and then drink the vinegar offered at the cross?

The Gospel of Matthew states that when Jesus was being taken to the crucifixion, “they offered him vinegar to drink mixed with gall, and when he had tasted it, he would not drink” (Matthew 27:34). A wine infused with myrrh, according to Mark, was the drink (Mark 15:23). The drink that was served to Jesus was a poor Roman vinegar wine that had been laced with a chemical to make the senses dull. It was customary for the Romans to administer a poisoned wine to a guy who was about to be crucified in order to make him more tolerant of his fate.

As He was on the verge of death, Jesus said, “I thirst” (John 19:28).

When David predicted this Messianic occurrence, he said: They gave me likewise gall for my meat, and when I was thirsty, they gave me vinegar to drink (Psalm 69:21).

Following this, Jesus, knowing that all things have now been finished in order for the scripture to be fulfilled, declares, “I thirst” (John 19:28).

  • However, when Jesus fulfilled this verse, He demonstrated that He was both fully human and truly deified.
  • When Jesus had so taken the vinegar, he declared, “It is completed,” and he lowered his head and died as a result of the sacrificial offering (John 19:29-30).
  • Because his dry lips and neck were in desperate need of moisture, he took the vinegar.
  • It was extremely important to the Jews because it would serve as a constant reminder of the first Passover night, when each family among the Israelites in Egypt slaughtered a beautiful lamb and smeared the blood on their doorposts in order for the death angel to pass over their homes.
  • The blood of the Passover lamb was the only thing that kept the Israelites from perishing.
  • When Jesus hung on the cross, his final words were “It is finished.” Jesus came to serve and to carry out the Father’s will, and he did so willingly.

A great cry may be heard as angels before the throne of God acclaim Christ’s self-sacrificial love, proclaiming, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain to receive power, and riches, and knowledge, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing” (Revelation 5:12).

Why was wine vinegar or sour wine given to Christ on the cross?

Exactly why did they offer Christ wine vinegar/sour wine when He was hanging on the cross?

Bible Answer:

On three consecutive occasions, while Jesus was hanging on the cross, he was presented with a cup of wine. According to the gospels, the first time Jesus was served sour wine, it was laced with gall. After the second time Christ was insulted for his royal authority and the third time that He received wine, it was sour wine.

Wine Mixed With Gall

The first time that Jesus was served wine while He was hanging on the cross is recorded in Matthew 27:34 and Mark 15:23, respectively. And when they arrived to a location known as Golgotha, which literally translates as “Place of the Skull,” they offered Him wine laced with gall, which He refused to drink after tasting it. Matthew 27:33-34 is a biblical passage (NASB) According to Mark 15:23, the wine had been laced with myrrh. Gall, sometimes known as myrrh, was presumably a narcotic since it was employed in perfumes and embalming fluids.

Prior to Jesus’ death on the cross, this wine was presented to Him (Matthew 27:34-35; Mark 15:23-24).

Wine Offered In Mockery

The only place in the Bible where Jesus was offered wine for the second time is in Luke 23:36. In addition, the soldiers made fun of Him by approaching Him and offering Him sour wine with the remark, “If You are the King of the Jews, rescue yourself!” In addition, there was an inscription above Him that said, “THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.” Luke 23:36-38 (KJV) (NASB) The soldiers mocked Christ by presenting him with the wine as if He were their monarch (Luke 23:35-38). They made fun of Him. It is most likely that they presented the drink to Christ in jest.

Sour Wine Offered

Three times in the gospel narratives of Christ’s crucifixion, the word “wine” appears: in Matthew 27:48, Mark 15:36, and John 19:29-30, the wine is referenced. For the second time, Jesus inquired about something to drink. It is after 3:00 p.m. on a Friday afternoon in the afternoon. After drinking the wine, Jesus lowered His head and breathed His last, giving up His spirit. (See also Mark 15:36-37 and John 19:29-30.) According to Matthew 27:48, the wine was brought to Christ through a sponge that had been tied to a reed.

  1. Matthew 27:48 (KJV) (NASB) The Greek term for “sour wine” is isoxos, which means “sour grape juice.” It appears that this Greek phrase alludes to a low-cost, sour wine that was not purchased by the rich and powerful.
  2. It was a common wine that was consumed primarily for the purpose of quenching one’s thirst.
  3. Seeing that a jug of sour wine was nearby, they placed a sponge full of the sour wine on a branch of hyssop and raised it up to His lips with them.
  4. Therefore, the sour wine would not have been laced with a sedative or a pain killer such as gall.
  5. But some believe that the sour wine was mixed with gall and that it was given in fulfillment of Psalm 69:21, which is a biblical passage.
  6. The dish has an allusion to gallbladder.
  7. As a result, Psalm 69:21 does not contain a prophesy about this occurrence.
  8. Jesus then stated, “I am thirsty,” despite the fact that everything had already been performed in order to fulfill the Scripture.

John Nolland expresses himself as follows: Antigonus Carystus, writing in the third century B.C., describes the use of sponges linked to poles to raise water from the ground. As a result, the person who serves Jesus the drink isn’t doing anything particularly novel.


A guy who was thirsty, dying, and suffering was most likely offered a glass of sour wine as a simple drink.


Davies and Allison, Matthew, The International Critical Commentary (Matthew, The International Critical Commentary). 1991, volume 1, page 613 of T T Clark’s book John Nolland is number two on the list. Matthew’s Gospel is a collection of stories about Jesus’ life and teachings. The New International Greek Testament Commentary is a work published by the New International Greek Testament Commentary Society. Eerdmans Publishing Company, p. 1209 (2005, 2005). Grant R. Osborne is the third author.

Zondervan Publishing Company, 2010, p.


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What was God’s motivation in allowing His Son to suffer and die for us?

What Did Jesus Drink While Dying on the Cross?

It has always been a wonder to me how Jesus declined to drink wine before the Romans hung him to the crucifixion, as recorded in the Bible. One of the greatest mysteries of my life was attempting to decipher Jesus’ motivations when he sought for anything to quench his thirst and then proceeded to drink vinegar-laced wine while enduring the agony of the crucifixion. So, why would Jesus decline one drink but not the other, you may wonder. Jesus is adamant in his refusal to drink. “And they carried him to a spot called Golgotha,” says the gospel of Mark, describing what Jesus had to undergo (which means Place of a Skull).

  • And they nailed him on the cross and divided his clothing among themselves, drawing lots to determine which garments each should take” (Mark 15:22-24ESV throughout).
  • When they were experiencing physical anguish from the crucifixion, the women would offer them myrrh-flavored wine or gall-flavored wine (Matthew 27:33-35), which would deaden or numb their senses from the agony of the cross.
  • Despite their efforts, Jesus refused to drink it.
  • Jesus declined because he desired to be there in each and every hour allotted to him by the Father (Matthew 26:39), in order to continue to make the perfect sacrifice for sin on the cross (Ephesians 5:2).
  • The Old Testament (Psalms 69:21) states that he took it upon himself to guarantee that nothing would stand in the way of his capacity to fulfill the scriptures.
  • Jesus takes a sip.
  • “After everything happened, Jesus, realizing that all had been completed, stated (to fulfill the Scripture), ‘I thirst.'” When they noticed a jug of sour wine standing nearby, they placed a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and placed it near his lips.

Jesus did drink, but the substance that many people assume to be vinegar was in fact nothing more than water.

They poured him a glass of sour wine.

The inexpensive beverage was pleasant, and it included no ingredients that might interfere with Jesus’ ability to fulfill God’s plan.

Jesus is the one who has achieved the final triumph.

John 1:35-36 describes how he freely offered himself as the Lamb of God (1 Corinthians 5:7), and how he suffered the torment for our sins with a clear conscience (1 Peter 2:24).

He rose from the dead three days later (Matthew 28:5-6), and he now sits at the right side of the Father (Romans 8:34), awaiting the day when he will come in all his power and glory to conquer all nations and bring them under his control (Revelation 15:3-4).

Sour Wine and Gall: Was it a Merciful Gesture or Mockery? – Literature – Resources

“They served Him sour wine laced with gall as a refreshment. However, after tasting it, he decided not to drink it ” (Matthew 27:34). Introduction The punishment of crucifixion was not appropriate nor enforceable against Roman citizens. It was intended for non-Roman violent offenders, murderers, rebellious slaves, and those guilty of high treason, as well as those convicted of lesser crimes. Our Lord Jesus Christ did not fit within any of the categories that were punishable by crucifixion, and yet he was wrongfully condemned and put to die as a result of the practice.

  1. As Jesus Christ was being crucified on the Cross of Calvary, He was presented with a sour, less than palatable, thin wine laced with gall, which he refused.
  2. What I’m saying is, “My God, My God, why have You left Me?”” According to Matthew 27:46, one of those standing alongside the cross dashed over and “got a sponge, filled it with sour wine, set it on a reed, and presented it to Him to drink” (Matthew 27:48).
  3. Do you believe that even the most heinous acts were deserving of mercy, or that the act of crucifixion was made more tolerable to witness and hence more bearably executed by intoxicated the crucified?
  4. The sour wine that was presented to the Lord Jesus Christ at His crucifixion has been referred to be vinegar on several occasions.
  5. When it comes to poison, vinegar is related with the Old Testament’s Holy Book of Psalms, which says, “They gave me gall for my meal, and they gave me vinegar for my drink” (Psalm 68:22; LXX).
  6. According to Job 20:14 of the Old Testament, gall is referred to as “the gall of an asp.” Gall is associated with hemlock according to the prophet Hosea (10:4).
  7. Offering sour wine laced with gall to our martyred Lord Jesus may have been a therapeutic and charitable gesture to lessen the tremendous anguish, but St.
  8. ” The soldiers made fun of Him as well, approaching Him and offering Him sour wine” (Luke 23:36).
  9. Mark’s gospel, it was believed that the sour wine combined with myrrh had narcotic properties.
  10. A crucified person may have been fed sour wine and myrrh in order to make him drunk in an attempt to make his pain less severe.
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Whether it was out of routine performance, an impulsive thoughtless act, or even the remote possibility of it being out of a merciful act towards the criminal during his last breathing moments, sour wine and myrrh appeared to have had the ability to make the execution of crucifixion at least a little more bearable for those who witnessed it.

  • It is worth emphasizing that the time of the offering of the sour wine and gall to our Lord was significant and, as a result, of the highest significance.
  • “Father forgive them, for they know not what they do,” our Lord Jesus said as He asked His Father for forgiveness on their behalf.
  • Second, the soldiers were so anxious to get their hands on His clothing that they split His belongings and distributed them by lot among themselves.
  • In St.
  • As a result, after receiving the sour wine, Jesus declared, “It is completed.”” (See also John 19:28-30.) Hyssop is a plant that has stalk-like characteristics and may grow to be three to four feet in length.
  • Consequently, the Lord Jesus Christ took on our human frailty and thirst in order for us to share in Eternal Salvation and experience no longer thirst.
  • John to note down in his Gospel.

We might imagine how the loud agonized cry of our Lord would have persuaded the person who brought Him the mixture of sour wine and gall to believe that our Lord was despaired, troubled, and in excruciating agony.

However, the majority of Biblical scholars do not think that the Lord was despondent or enraged by the unjust suffering that had been inflicted upon him.

The Romans crucified the Lord Jesus Christ, and it was Roman soldiers who drove nails into His holy arms and legs and strung Him up on the Holy Cross, where He would suffer and die in a manner dictated by the Romans.

On the other hand, the Roman officials were prepared and ready to offer freedom to a murderer by the name of Barabbas, but they were equally willing and ready to hang on a cross an innocent man who was devoid of guilt, malice, or any indication of wrongdoing on his part.

Our beloved Lord had undergone a tremendous deal of suffering after being beaten, flogged, struck, tortured, and crucified, among other things.

“This is Jesus the King of the Jews,” read the sign above His Holy Head, mockingly but prophetically designating Him as a king.

The boldness with which the Lord Jesus Christ served mankind was on a par with his humanity’s power.

Because of His unwavering confidence, the Lord was prepared to face any challenges, including death (in His human form), if necessary.

The repentant criminal who was hung on the right side of the Lord Jesus Christ was served, and he was the first person to enter Paradise after his death.

And we have every right to be so, because we have received just compensation for our deeds; however, this man has done nothing wrong.

Courage in the Face of Adversity Every generation, from the beginning of human history to the crucifixion of our Lord Jesus Christ, has demanded a great deal of a courageous servant of God.

Examples of the most devout believers who were not afraid to rebuke even kings can be found throughout history.

This form of faith propelled Elijah into Heaven in a flaming chariot, as dogs lapped up the blood of Ahab’s enemies.

John the Baptist for failing to obey the law.

You will be living in a scorpion-infested environment.

Because they are a house of provocation, you must speak My words to them, regardless of whether they hear you or are put off by them ” (Ezekiel 2:6-7; LXX).

John the Baptist was executed, yet his holy voice continues to resound today with the same message: “It is not legal for you to do so” (Matthew 14:4).

Throughout the writings of the apostles and the history of the early church writers, we can see that they were courageous.

Perhaps the message communicated by the unwillingness to drink the sour wine and gall is one of bravery and fortitude.

Do not deviate from your path, because I am your God, who empowers you; and I will assist and protect you with My just right hand ” (Isaiah 41:10; LXX).

Whom should I be afraid of when the Lord is my life’s defender?” (Psalm 26:1; LXX; NASB) Conclusion In other words, what was the purpose or reason for the Lord Jesus Christ’s cry, “Why have You forsaken Me?” (Matthew 27:46), to be heard and understood?

The Lord Jesus Christ denied both sour wine and gall, stating that He desired to stay aware during His crucifixion without the use of any painkillers.

Despite the fact that He was hanging on the cross with nails driven through His arms and legs, our Lord Jesus Christ, the most courageous of servants, acknowledged and glorified God’s power, care, and promises of eternal life with His strength in service, even as He was at the height of His suffering.

Gratitude is due to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, both right now and forevermore, as well as for all time and all eternity to come.

The martyrs’ fasting and prayers provided them with the strength to endure the suffering.

Blessed are those who show mercy, who give to the needy, who fast, and who pray for others.

On the Day of Judgment, the Holy Spirit will fill their hearts, and the Son will extend mercy to them ” (Distribution Melody for the Great Fast). Bishop Youssef Bishop, Diocese of the Southern United States of America, Coptic Orthodox Church

The Wine Jesus Drank

While hanging on the cross, Jesus was served wine on two separate occasions. He turned down the first, but accepted the second. What is the reason behind this? Mark 15:23 states that “they offered him wine laced with myrrh, but he refused to accept it.” This is the first time this occurs. According to William Lane, In accordance with an ancient tradition, revered ladies of Jerusalem supplied individuals sentenced to death with a narcotic drink in order to reduce their sensitivity to the horrific agony.

Jesus was offered.

564) This first glass of wine signified an invitation to relieve the suffering, to take a modest shortcut—albeit a minor one in comparison to the horrific torture of the cross, but a shortcut nonetheless—in order to alleviate the suffering.

In response to his apparent request for Elijah, “someone rushed over and soaked a sponge with sour wine, arranged it on a stick, and handed it to him, saying, ‘Wait and see whether Elijah will come to take him down.'” (Jeremiah 1:5) Lane expresses his thoughts, A refreshing drink made from sour wine vinegar is mentioned in the Old Testament (Numbers 6:13; Ruth 2:14), and it is also mentioned in Greek and Roman literature as a common beverage enjoyed by laborers and soldiers because it relieved thirst more effectively than water and was relatively inexpensive.

  1. .
  2. Thus, instead of a caustic vinegar presented as a cruel joke, the image is of a sour wine made by the people.
  3. He was adamant about not drinking this wine.
  4. This is the wine that Jesus drank on the night of his death.
  5. Jesus, on the other hand, would not take any short cuts on the road to our salvation.

Vinegar on the Cross – Bible Study

Posted in:Easter (Passion Week),Jesus,Jesus Question As stated in the Bible, when Jesus was on the cross, he refused the wine; thus, why did he afterwards consume vinegar? Answer Every crucifixion was attended by a group of compassionate ladies who offered the convicts a glass of poisoned wine to lessen the agony they were experiencing. They presented Jesus with the wine laced with myrrh, but he turned them down. Myrrh was one of Jesus’ infant presents, and now it is being brought to him to soothe his suffering, which is a fascinating coincidence.

  1. “The vinegar (posca) was the first-century equivalent of Gatorade, a sour wine that the troops drank to keep from being dehydrated in hot and humid regions,” according to the author.
  2. A Roman soldier soaked a sponge in vinegar and held it up to Jesus’ lips to spit it out.
  3. 69:21 was fulfilled.
  4. If you have any queries about the Bible, please do not hesitate to contact us by email.

What was the purpose of giving Jesus vinegar to drink?

Jesus is served sour wine on a sponge in Matthew 27:48 and Mark 15:26. Lk 23:36 – The soldiers bring Jesus a cup of sour wine to drink. John 19:28-29 – Jesus is served sour wine from a vessel on a sponge as a sign of respect. It should be noted that these passages are about a different type of wine from the one being discussed in the question. Mt 27:34 – Before he is crucified, the soldiers offer Jesus wine tainted with gall, which He rejects. Mk 15:23 – Before he is crucified, the soldiers present Jesus with a cup of wine mixed with myrrh, which He declines.

  1. The strange thing is that one depicts wine laced with myrrh, while the other describes wine laced with gall (or gall gall).
  2. It is also employed in the production of different poisons.
  3. 2) Myrrh was frequently employed as a condiment to enhance the flavor of foods.
  4. Myrrh was the gift, and it had a harsh taste and was intended to numb the intellect and the senses.
  5. Sanh.

Why did Jesus refuse to drink wine mixed with gall?

In response to the question: Why did Jesus refuse to drink a combination of gall and wine soon before he was crucified? Answer:There are just two accounts in the four gospels, Matthew and Mark, in which Jesus is served anything to drink before being nailed to the cross. As mentioned in Matthew 27:33 – 34, this drink is described as wine mixed with gall, although Mark refers to it as wine mixed with myrrh (Mark 15:23). Both of the biblical texts are referring to the same concept. They arrived at a location known as Golgotha, which literally translates as “The Place of the Skull.” There, they offered Jesus wine laced with a bitter ingredient (the word ‘gall’ is used in most translations), but after tasting it, he refused to drink from it (Matthew 27:33 – 34).

  • on Wednesday, April 5, in the year 30 A.D., Jesus was served a wine and gall mixture to drink.
  • According to Strong’s ConcordanceG5521, the English term “gall” in the New Testament is derived from the Greek wordchole, which literally translates as “poison.” A consistent meaning is found in all of the Old Testament verses that make use of this term (e.g.
  • Traditionally, convicts were given a combination of wine and gall before being hanged in attempt to alleviate some of their misery before being executed.
  • Christ most likely declined this drink because he was aware that its bitter taste indicated that it was more of a poison than a painkiller.
  • In order for Him to be the ultimate sacrifice for the sins of all mankind, He understood that He would have to bleed His blood, and He refused to take the easy way out of the situation.
  • While in the throes of a torturous trial, David called out to the Eternal, complaining that his adversaries had only given him something bitter to quench his thirst (Psalm 69:16 – 21).
  • His thirst could be satisfied by this since, though it had a tart flavor, he was confident that the liquid was not toxic.
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The soldier stabbed him in the side with a spear, causing both blood and water to spurt out of the wound.

In addition, this stab fulfilled a Bible prophesy (Zechariah 12:10).

And after screaming out with a loud voice for a second time, Jesus surrendered His spirit ” (Matthew 27:49 – 50, HBFV).

A number of modern Biblical translations, including the translations of James Moffatt in 1926 and the translation of Ferrar Fenton in 1903, as well as footnotes in the NASB and NLT Bibles, document this fact.

This was due to the fact that the piercing he received while still barely alive led him to bleed out and succumb to his injuries more quickly.

Pilate’s amazement that Christ died so quickly (Mark 15:44 – 45), despite the fact that he did not have broken legs (Pilate requested a centurion to swear to Christ’s death), lends more credence to this theory. Thank you for contacting us with your inquiry concerning wine and gall.

Was the act by the Roman soldier of placing a sponge on the tip of his spear, dipping it in gall and offering it to Jesus on the cross an act of mercy or mockery?

Pilgrim Church, led by the Rev. Roger Coleman: It was very uncommon for family members to administer wine as a sedative to individuals doomed to die on the cross, in order to alleviate their pain and suffering. As the writer of Matthew makes clear, the Roman soldier’s attempt to duplicate this gesture of compassion by placing a sponge soaked in wine and gall on the point of his spear and holding it up to Jesus’ lips was not an act of pity, but rather a blatant act of mocking. The word “mockery” is used previously in the chapter to characterize the soldiers’ actions prior to taking Jesus to the cross: “And they spat on him and grabbed the reed and beat him on the head.” “And then they made fun of him.” Nearly 100 years after Jesus’ execution, the Gospel of Matthew was being compiled by Matthew, who lived in Judea under the dominion of the Roman Empire at the time.

It is not the practice of oppressed people to praise the merits of those who oppress them.

As a means of holding together this tenuous connection between Jesus and Judaism, Matthew draws on the words of Psalm 69:31, which reads, “They gave me likewise gall for my meal, and when I was thirsty, they gave me vinegar to drink.” In this tale, if there is one place to go for forgiveness, it is in the words of Jesus, who asked his Father to pardon them since they did not understand what they were doing.

  • (Matthew 23:34) The radical essence of the crucifixion tale is that it shows mercy to the persecutor rather than the victim.
  • The soldier’s attempt to coerce him into drinking by drenching him in “cheap wine” is sometimes seen as an attempt to silence him for alleged blasphemy, since he has just cried out, “My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?” (Matthew 27, 46).
  • Because the crucifixion was incredibly painful, it might be viewed as a compassionate gesture.
  • Nevertheless, by refusing to drink gall, an analgesic substance that would have helped to dull his anguish, Jesus decided to endure the worst of human sorrow.

If you want to get in touch with the authors for Voices of Faith, send an email to [email protected]. The original version of this story was published on May 30, 2014, at 3:22 p.m.

Bible Contradiction? What did the soldiers give Jesus to drink?

SLIMJIM posted on August 7, 2019 The Skeptic Annotated Bible asks the following question, which we will address in today’s post: What did the soldiers offer Jesus to drink? The following are the two responses that the skeptic thinks to be evidence of a Bible contradiction:

Vinegar and gall

“They gave Him wine to drink that had been laced with gall, and after tasting it, He refused to drink it.” (See Matthew 27:34 for further information.)

Wine and myrrh

” They attempted to give Him wine laced with myrrh, but He refused to drink it. (Matthew 15:23)


Somebody dashed over and filled a sponge with sour wine, placed it on the end of a reed, and handed it to Him, saying, “Let us see whether Elijah will come to take Him down.” (Matthew 15:36) ” The soldiers insulted Him as well, approaching Him and offering Him sour wine, ” (Matthew 23:36)

Vinegar and hyssop

As a result, they placed a sponge full of sour wine on the end of a branch of hyssop and carried it up to His lips. (See also John 19:29) (Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture quotations are taken from the New American Standard Bible.) To determine whether or not there is a contradiction, consider the following examples:

  1. When dealing with skeptics’ claims of Bible inconsistencies, it seems as though one can never get enough reminders about what really constitutes a contradiction in the first place. The term “contradiction” refers to a situation in which two or more statements are in conflict with one another, so that they cannot both be true in the same meaning and at the same time. According to another definition, a Bible contradiction exists when there are statements made about God that are mutually exclusive in the same sense and at the same time
  2. However, given the Skeptic Annotated Bible’s track record of mishandling the Bible, it is reasonable to be skeptical about whether this is a Bible contradiction. Take a look at some of the numerous examples of it’s inaccuracy that we have addressed in this post: The following is a collection of posts responding to biblical contradictions. Although this is true, it does not relieve us of the responsibility of responding to this allegation of contradiction, which is what the remainder of this piece will accomplish. However, this discovery should cause us to take a step back and examine more attentively the texts referenced by the Skeptic Annotated Bible to see whether or not they correctly read the verses in order to support their conclusion that it is a Bible inconsistency. I just wanted to make a brief observation: What the skeptics refer to as “vinegar” is referred to as “sour wine” by the NASB.
  3. The skeptic attempts to pit Mark 15:23 against Mark 15:36 and Luke 23:36 on the one hand, and Mark 15:23 against Luke 23:36 on the other. As stated by the skeptic, while Mark 15:23 teaches that the Roman soldiers provided Jesus with wine and myrrh to drink, both Mark 15:36 and Luke 23:36 teaches that the Roman soldiers provided Jesus with vinegar/sour wine to drink, respectively. Despite this, the two paragraphs are not in conflict with one another because they were written at different times.
  1. When dealing with skeptics’ claims of Bible inconsistencies, it seems as though one can never get enough reminders of what actually constitutes a contradiction on the part of the Bible. Whenever two or more assertions clash with one another, it is said that they are contradictory since they can’t both be true in their respective senses and be true at the same time. According to another definition, a Bible contradiction exists when there are statements made about God that are mutually exclusive in the same sense and at the same time
  2. However, given the Skeptic Annotated Bible’s track record of mishandling the Bible, one should be skeptical about whether this is a Bible contradiction. Take a look at some of the numerous examples of its mistakes that we have addressed in this post: Responding to Biblical Inconsistencies: A Collection of Posts That does not negate the need to react to the assertion of a contradiction, which is what the remainder of this piece will accomplish in the following paragraphs. The Skeptic Annotated Bible, on the other hand, should serve as a reminder to slow down and examine the passages referenced by them more attentively to see whether or not they correctly translated the texts to support their conclusion that there is a Bible conflict. Observational note for the day: What skeptics refer to as “vinegar” is referred to as “sour wine” by the National Association of Scientific and Technical Books. Mark 15:23 is being pitted against Mark 15:36 and Luke 23:36 by the skeptic, who is attempting to contrast the two passages. As stated by the skeptic, while Mark 15:23 teaches that the Roman soldiers provided Jesus with wine and myrrh to drink, both Mark 15:36 and Luke 23:36 imply that the Roman soldiers provided Jesus with vinegar/sour wine to drink. Despite this, the two verses are not in conflict because they were written at different times.
  1. The crucifixion of Jesus is described in the following verse, Mark 15:24a
  2. It is important to note that the offering of wine and myrrh took place right when they arrived at the site of the crucifixion, as previously mentioned in Mark 15:22
  3. And that the offering of wine and myrrh took place right after they arrived at the site of the crucifixion, as previously mentioned in Mark 15:22
  4. The offering of wine and myrrh to Jesus occurs before the soldiers separate Jesus’ clothing in Mark 15:24b, indicating that the offer of wine and myrrh occurred early on. Why would they present wine and myrrh? In order to make the discomfort more bearable, it was done this manner. Jesus, on the other hand, refused to accept it.
  • As a contrast, Mark 15:36 and Luke 23:36, which were written chronologically at the conclusion of Jesus’ life, describe how Roman soldiers presented vinegar/sour wine to Jesus before he was killed. What evidence do we have to support this?
  1. Luke 23:36 and Mark 15:36 are comparable passages
  2. Mark 15:36, in which Jesus is stated as being served vinegar/sour wine, is clearly 13 verses following Mark 15:23. So after Jesus was initially served wine, they offered Him vinegar/sour wine
  3. Furthermore note that Jesus died in the following verse after crucifixion in Mark 15:37
  4. And why would they offer Jesus vinegar/sour wine rather than wine and myrrh at the conclusion of the passage? Most likely, the finer wine was depleted. Not to mention the fact that there were two other men being crucified beside Jesus on that particular day, and there is also the chance that the Roman soldiers availed themselves to the wine. This observation corresponded to the scriptural timetable.
  1. This is also verified in Matthew 27 (see Matthew 27:33-34 and Matthew 27:48), when two distinct Roman soldiers give Jesus something to drink. The order of first the wine and then the vinegar/sour wine is also confirmed. The fact that Jesus was served wine blended with myrrh on the one hand, while also being offered vinegar/sour wine on the other, does not constitute a contradiction because these various offerings from the Roman troops occurred at different times.
  1. According to the skeptic’s interpretation of John 19:29, the soldiers offered Jesus “vinegar/sour wine and hyssop” to drink, this is not the case. Hyssop was not something that was being served as a beverage. This is a misunderstanding on the part of the skeptic. Hyssop is written in the dative case in Greek, which indicates that it is the indirect object of the participle “having placed on,” but the direct object is written in the accusative case, which indicates what is actually being provided, which in this case is the term “sour wine.” The term “hyssop” is used in the dative form to denote the method by which something was brought to Jesus’ attention. The dative case of “hyssop” indicates that it was served on the hyssop, which is clear when one considers that the participle “having put on” is also in the accusative case, indicating that more information about the vinegar/sour wine is being provided, and the accusative case of “vinegar/sour wine” is indicating that more information about the vinegar/sour wine is being provided. As a result, John 19:29 is similar to Mark 15:36 and Luke 23:36 in that it merely states that Jesus was served vinegar/sour wine
  2. Yet, as the skeptic correctly pointed out, Matthew 27:34 taught that the Roman troops offered vinegar as well as gall. That’s exactly what the text states. However, the addition of the word “gall” does not conflict with the passages in which Jesus was stated as having been offered vinegar. The soldiers did not offer Jesus vinegar alone, as stated in any of those passages
  3. As a side note, it is important to note that the Greek word for “gall” does not necessarily refer to literal liver liquid
  4. It can refer to anything that is bitter, as shown in the meaning of bitter in Acts 8:23 and the verbal form in John 7:23
  5. And as a final point, it is important to note that the Greek word for “gall” does not necessarily refer to literal liver liquid
  6. It can refer Jesus’ response to the Roman soldiers’ offerings in Matthew 27:34 suggests that he fulfilled the Messianic prophesy found in Psalm 69:21: “They likewise gave me gall for my meal, and for my thirst, they gave me vinegar to drink. “
  7. In this instance, there is no Bible contradiction. All that has happened is that the author of the Skeptic Annotated Bible didn’t pay attention
  8. We shouldn’t forget that worldviews are at play even in the skeptic’s opposition to Christianity, which we should not overlook. The author of the Skeptic Annotated Bible holds a worldview that does not allow for the existence of a law of non-contradiction to be meaningful and understandable in any way. That is, for somebody to attempt to discredit the Bible by pointing out that there is a Bible contradiction does not even make sense from the perspective of his own personal viewpoint. Read “A Skeptic Annotated Bible Author’s Self-Defeating Worldview,” which we published recently.
See also:  What A Friend We Have In Jesus East To West

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“They Offered Him Wine-Vinegar”: Reexamining the Gospel Accounts of Jesus’ Last Drink.

Pat Lowinger contributed to this article. While the factual certainty of Jesus’ crucifixion is debatable, the anti-Roman prejudices that pervaded much of early Christian writing are unassailable. Is there another explanation for at least one of these images if we look at the culture and traditions of Roman society, notably those of the Roman military, rather than just one of these depictions? Perhaps one that is significantly less ominous in nature? The Gospel Accounts are divided into two categories: One or more Roman soldiers offered Jesus a cup of sour wine, according to the stories in each of the four canonical gospels, which are somewhat similar in their accounts of Jesus’ death on the cross.

  1. According to both Matthew and Mark, Jesus was served two distinct beverages, both of which included wine.
  2. They took Jesus to a spot known as Golgotha (which literally translates as “the place of the skull”).
  3. – Mark 15:22-23 New International Version Someone dashed after Jesus, filled a sponge with wine vinegar, tied it to a stick, and presented it to him to drink off of it.
  4. Jesus exhaled his final breath with a piercing scream.
  5. The focus of this piece will be on the second offer of wine or vinegar that has been extended.
  6. When Jesus had finished drinking the cup, he declared, “It is finished.” He bent his head and surrendered his spirit at that moment.
  7. The identity of the’someone’ who is mentioned in Mark’s second mention of wine is unknown, although it might have been practically anybody who was present at the crucifixion at the time.

“.the offer of a drink of wine was designed to keep Jesus aware for as long as possible,” stated William Lane, a prominent author and theologian.

As described by Rev.

Posca Roman mosaic portraying a wine container and cup in the style of the time period.

The most prevalent translations for the type of wine presented to Jesus are vinegar, wine-vinegar, and sour-wine, to name a few alternatives.

Posca, a type of low-cost sour wine, was widely consumed across the Roman Empire during the first century AD.

Posca was a staple of a soldier’s diet, and it was consumed in large quantities.

Not because of the intoxicating impact of the substance (s).

The first was to act as a cutting agent for water, which was often of poor quality in antiquity and often had unpleasant scents, aromas, and/or tastes due to the presence of impurities.

When posca’s naturally strong flavor was coupled with poor-quality water, the flavor was reduced, but it acted as a good masking agent for otherwise unfit for consumption water.

It is straightforward to say that historians are completely unable to say.

The second factor was the acidity of the posca.

Acetic acid is produced as a byproduct of fermentation and possesses antibacterial qualities that are particularly beneficial against some of the more well-known bacterial infections, such as Streptococcus and Enterococcus, among others.

Vitamin C is a well-known nutrient need in the diet.

Modern historians are wary of examining the Gospels as historical sources since they include a great deal of information that is difficult to verify.

A second area of concern is the hallowed manner in which many faiths see the scrutiny of sacred books, particularly their own, as a violation of their own traditions.

In addition to the foregoing, certain historians, particularly those who have an emotional commitment to a specific religious tradition(s), may introduce personal biases into their study, which can sometimes reach the level of apologetics.

Jesus’ last swig of wine is mentioned in all four of the Gospel narratives.

Historians are also well aware of the practical use of posca, such as its usage as a cutting agent for water, which was originally meant for this purpose.

“I thirst,” Jesus is reported to have said at the end of his life, according to the Gospel of John.

Strangely enough, none of the other Gospels make reference to Jesus’ request.

We don’t know what we don’t know.

We will never know what they were thinking or feeling.


Was Jesus seen as a low-level criminal?

Is he a charlatan?

This is especially true for a man who has been sentenced to death by exposure and/or positional asphyxiation.

Again, why would a soldier, whether acting on his own initiative or at the command of his immediate superior (the centurion), take a portion of his own restricted ration and distribute it to others in such a manner?

If this is the case, it calls into question the Romans’ claim that they want to bring Jesus as much anguish and humiliation as possible.

According to the customary Roman method of crucifixion, the gift of posca-water would have been diametrically opposed to the desired objective, namely death.

Was the gift of posca-water only a literary ploy to draw attention to itself?

Three important observations must be made if the Romans did, in fact, offer Jesus one final drink of posca-water: 1) The nature (taste) of the drink itself was not insulting or uncommon, 2) the Roman(s) giving/allowing Jesus water to drink would have been a rare exception to standard crucifixion practices, and 3) If this exception was made in the case of Jesus (possibly after his plea), the assertion of historians/theologians such as Haak, that the Romans were always unsympathetic killing machines, begins to crumble into disarray.

Conclusion Many academics have a remarkable amount of certainty about the motives of ancient peoples, which is frequently surprising.

Historically, the Gospel narratives of Jesus’ execution sometimes raise more issues than they solve for historians, particularly those who study Roman culture and cultural standards.

This study must be carried out in an unbiased and nonprejudicial way, independent of religious traditions and/or presuppositions that may exist.


Carl Haak is the author of this work.

Transcript from the year 1999.

A Life of Exemplary Character.

NIV translation of John 19:28. William Edwards is a writer who lives in the United Kingdom (and others). On the occasion of Jesus Christ’s physical death. The Journal of the American Medical Association published an article in May 1986 titled Archive on the internet.

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