What Did Jesus Eat and Drink?
Sandy Mittelsteadt contributed to this article.The increasing interest in eating and drinking during the impending Holiday Season led me to believe that writing about what Jesus ate and drank during his lifetime would be beneficial.When it came to eating, Jesus would have adhered to the dietary regulations provided down in Leviticus Chapter 11, which he would have done as an observant Jew.Regardless of the restrictions, Jesus’ diet would have been limited by what was available to him at the time of his death.
- Jesus was impoverished, and he ate the meals of the oppressed and disadvantaged.
- He most likely just ate twice a day – in the morning and in the evening – and ate very little else.
- Speculation and informed assumptions about foods that are known to grow in the geographical region of Israel will be used in the next essay, but we may truly learn about some meals that Jesus ate by reading the Bible and comparing it to what we know about them.
- According to Luke 24:41-43, ″41.
- And while they yet believed not for gladness, and were perplexed, he said vnto them, Have ye here any meat?″ 42.
- And they presented him with a piece of grilled fish as well as a honeycomb.
- And he grabbed it and ate it in front of them.″ As a result, we can be certain that Jesus ate fish and honey.
- An further passage, found in John 21:9-10, refers to Jesus and fish.
″9.As soon as they came to shore, they saw a fire of coals there, with fish set on it and bread,″ the verse reads.10.
Jesus says to them, ‘Bring the fish that you have now caught,’ and they do so.Jesus consumed fish caught in the Sea of Galilee.It has been discovered in nearby archaeological digs that the bones of freshwater fish, such as carp and St.Peter’s fish (tilapia), have been preserved.
- However, there is evidence that the supply of fish was not always adequate, and there would have been difficulties in transporting the fish, which would have made the cost of fish prohibitively expensive in certain cases.
- Because big catches could be kept for times of scarcity, fish was frequently dried, smoked, or salted, which alleviated the availability problem by prolonging the shelf life of the product.
- Jesus very certainly consumed bread as well, since it was a mainstay of the ancient diet.
It was most likely coarse wholegrain barley bread, which would have gone rancid and moldy if it had not been consumed on a regular basis.Because it was used to feed cattle and horses, barley bread was considered to be the poor man’s bread.When it came to making bread, the wealthier people would have chosen wheat or millet.
As recorded in the Bible, Jesus referred to himself as ″The Bread of Life,″ and barley bread was distributed to all present at the feeding of the multitude.When it comes to the grinding of flour and making bread, the Mishnah (the earliest important recorded collection of Jewish oral traditions) specifies that the wife’s responsibilities include everything from washing and cooking garments to caring for her husband’s children.Grain grinding was a back-breaking chore that was often performed by women at home, using tiny hand-mills constructed of coarse stone to grind the grain.These mills were known to leave a residue of grit in the bread they produced.In reality, the Mishnah permits a minimal level of ten percent impurity in purchased commodities, thus we may presume that there was frequently more than ten percent impurity remained in the flour.Indeed, the skeletons of those who lived during the time of Jesus reveal teeth that have been worn down by years of eating stale bread.
Because it would take multiple hours to scavenge for enough fuel to bake new bread every day, and because fuel was expensive to purchase, it seems likely that Jesus did not consume fresh bread every day.Ordinary folks baked once a week; professional bakers in villages baked once every three days; and the only ones who baked more frequently than that were the bakers in cities.For the purpose of preventing bread from going bad, it was frequently dried in the sun, and then dipped into a liquid to make it palatable.If you’re interested in knowing more, the bread might still go moldy despite proper drying, yet it was still often consumed.Figs would be an additional food item (Jesus attempted to eat figs from a fruitless fig tree on the road to Jerusalem).
- Other delicacies included grapes, raisins, vinegar, and wine (Jesus referred to Himself as ″The True Vine,″ and a sponge soaked in wine vinegar was presented to Jesus when He was hanging on the cross).
- Jesus referred to Himself as ″The True Vine.″ During the Last Supper, Jesus most likely had lamb (lamb being a major element of the Passover Feast), as well as olives and olive oil (the ″sop″ used to dip the bread in during the event was most likely made of olive oil).
- The region grew a variety of fruits and vegetables, including apples, pears, apricots, peaches, melons, and dates, which were all likely consumed by Jesus (a fourth-century mosaic depicts Christ surrounded by pomegranates).
- Eggs from ducks, chickens, geese, quail, partridges, and pigeons, as well as vegetables, beans, and pulses, were most likely part of Jesus’ diet, as were vegetables, beans, and pulses (legumes such as chickpeas).
Miqpeh (lentils stew) was a type of stew that consisted mostly of a hardened mass, which is exactly what occurs to cooked lentils when left to cool.These firm lumps of food were simpler to scoop up by hand for poor households who did not have many dining utensils at their disposal.Garlic was frequently used in the preparation of miqpeh, and cabbage was also used.Additionally, there were vegetable stews made with beans, lentils, onions, garlic, cucumbers, and leeks, among other ingredients.
- For flavorings, the Bible mentions mustard (remember Jesus’ tale of the mustard seed in Mark 4:31), as well as dill, cumin, cinnamon, mint, and salt.
- Dill, cumin, cinnamon, mint, and salt are also referenced.
- Jesus most likely drank water, wine, and milk while on the cross (from goats and sheep).
- Finally, we must not forget dessert, which was presumably not consumed on a regular basis.
Besides almonds and pistachio nuts, Jesus would have enjoyed baked cakes prepared with honey, dates, and raisins for dessert.In summation, as you can see, Jesus ate a lot of fresh food that was in season at the time.
So, what did Jesus eat?
There is a growing trend, notably in the United States, of incorporating the ″What Would Jesus Do?″ attitude into one’s cooking routine.The premise is that if one sincerely wishes to follow Jesus in every aspect of one’s life, one cannot neglect one’s dietary choices.The issue, on the other hand, is to uncover sufficient proof of what Jesus actually ate.The New Testament makes passing reference of a number of foodstuffs in connection with Jesus and in other settings, but it does not go into specific detail about any of them.
- In order to get a better picture of the food consumed in first-century Galilee, we can turn to the Mishnah and Tosefta, which are compilations of Jewish laws from the third and fourth centuries that draw on earlier sources, many of which were contemporaneous with Jesus, and which contain many culinary details in addition to examining archaeological evidence.
- It appears that several of the advice made by the Jesus diet movement for eating like Jesus are, regrettably, out of touch with the times today.
- Fresh tomatoes, for example, could not have been consumed by Jesus because they were imported to Europe and the Middle East from the New World until after Columbus’ journey.
- Other theories, on the other hand, plainly reveal more about the worldview of their proponents than they do about Jesus’ diet: there is no proof, for example, that Jesus was a vegetarian or that he did not use alcohol.
- What would Jesus eat, according to DON COLBERT?
- A Jesus diet book from the early 1900s claims that bread was ″the food that Jesus ate the most frequently,″ and that it is ″the ideal regimen for eating properly, feeling wonderful, and living longer.″ This is a possibility.
- When it comes to bread, Colbert points out that the breads of Jesus’ day were coarse wholegrain breads that were liable to develop rancid and mouldy if not consumed on a daily basis.
- ″Eating a freshly made loaf of wholegrain bread every day was and continues to be a healthy way of life,″ says the author.
- It was a different story in first-century Palestine, where the reality was less pleasant.
Flour was ground in stone mills to make bread in the olden days.In Roman towns, big bakeries with mills the height of a man were common; nevertheless, in the countryside, grinding grain was a back-breaking operation that was generally carried out by women at home, using small hand-mills constructed of coarse stone or rudimentary saddle-querns to grind the grain.A woman’s responsibilities to her husband are listed in the Mishnah as follows: ″grinding flour and baking bread, washing clothing and cooking food, nursing her kid and making his bed, as well as working with wool.″ ″If she brought him a maid, she wouldn’t have to grind, bake, or clean.″ These mills were known to leave a residue of grit in the bread they produced.
According to the Mishnah, a minimum level of ten percent impurity in purchased commodities is permitted; thus, we may presume that there was frequently more than ten percent impurity remained in the flour.Indeed, the remains of humans who lived during this time period had teeth that have been worn down by years of eating gritty bread.The author of Colbert’s book correctly points out that wheat bread was deemed superior than barley bread, which was thought to be a poor man’s diet, as demonstrated by the miracle of the feeding of the five thousand.Besides grading bread according to fineness of flour, there was a second method to categorize it: there were ″clean″ loaves, which were functionally white bread produced with fine, sifted flour; and ″coarse″ loaves, which were created with heaps of bran and grit.
- The Mishnah and contemporary Greek papyri from Roman Egypt both describe distinct classes of bread for masters and slaves, and this is supported by archaeological evidence.
- It seems doubtful that Jesus ate freshly baked bread on a daily basis.
- It would have taken several hours to search for enough fuel to bake every day, and the cost of fuel was prohibitively exorbitant.
According to the Tosefta, the average person bakes once a week, professional bakers in villages bake once every three days, and only bakers in cities bake more frequently than that.Bread was frequently dried in the sun in order to prevent it from going bad.To make it palatable, it was either dipped into a liquid — such as water, wine, vinegar, fish sauce, oil, or stew — or crushed into a liquid for youngsters to ingest it.
Despite proper drying, the bread might still become moldy, although it was frequently consumed despite this.Jesus ate fish from the Sea of Galilee, and following his resurrection, we learn that he prepared fish and bread over open coals for himself and his followers, as recorded in the New Testament (John 21.9).The comedian ends by saying, ″We surely know that Jesus ate clean, unpolluted fish practically every day of his life.″ It is undeniably true that freshwater fish such as carp, St Peter’s fish (tilapia), and catfish were collected in the Sea of Galilee throughout the first century, as evidenced by the discovery of fish bones in local archaeological investigations.However, there is evidence in the New Testament that the supply was not always sufficient: in John 21, the disciples fish all night and come up empty-handed, suggesting that the supply was not always bountiful.There would also have been difficulties in transporting fish in the absence of modern refrigeration: how far could it be transported from the sea without turning bad in the intense heat of the Middle East?Is it possible that fresh fish would have been accessible at Nazareth, which is 30 kilometers from the Sea of Galilee?
And would the expense of transportation have been unreasonably expensive in comparison to the price of the fish?After all, getting fresh fish every day appears to be an impossibility.The most straightforward method of cooking fish would have been over charcoal.The Mishnah mentions cooking it with leeks in order to increase the flavor, and it also appears to indicate that fish was sometimes fried to enhance the flavor.According to the Jesus diet, there is a debate about whether ″fish with egg on top of it is one food or two,″ which may be understood as meaning an egg batter — which may be less healthful than the proponents of the Jesus diet would want, but is undoubtedly delicious.
- Of course, it’s possible that Jesus ate different fish products rather than real fish during his time on earth.
- Because big harvests of fish could be preserved for times of scarcity, drying, smoking, or salting fish would have eased the problem of availability, which would have been a concern in the past.
- According to the first-century Roman historian Strabo, there was a salting business on the beaches of the Sea of Galilee at Tarichaeae (which means ″salt fish″ in Greek), or Migdal Nunia (″the tower of the fish″), which was located on the shores of the Sea of Galilee.
- Archaeologists digging at Migdal have discovered what they believe to be evidence of fish-salting practices.
Salted fish is mentioned as a regular dish in the Mishnah, and the salty, fish-flavored liquid left over after the salting process, known as tzir, was frequently used as a dip for bread.It appears that the Roman fish-sauce garum was an indulgence out of reach for the majority of people in the Roman world.Excavations at King Herod’s palace at Masada uncovered the remains of marked ceramic garum jars, which had been brought from Spain and were thought to have been used for ceremonial purposes.People who advocate for eating like Jesus are reasonable in assuming that he would have eaten only kosher meat, and that he would have done so only on special occasions like as Passover or at weddings and other celebrations.
- Meat was, without a doubt, quite expensive.
- In one paragraph of the Mishnah, the text debates whether or not individuals are required to seek for the owner of objects that have been found lying on the sidewalk.
- It determines that some unidentified goods, such as ″dispersed fruit, scattered money, cakes of figs, bakers’ loaves, threads of fish, and pieces of flesh,″ are the property of the finder.
- In other words, people were frequently so impoverished that they were willing to consume meat that had been picked up off the ground, even though it was unlikely to be fresh, but was plainly too valuable to be thrown away.
Locusts are a type of ″meat″ that Jesus may have consumed, but which is not encouraged in the Jesus diet.The book of Leviticus prohibits the ingestion of most ″creeping creatures,″ with the exception of locusts.If locusts had decimated all of your crops, it is possible that consuming the pests was the difference between life and death for you.According to Mark 1.6, John the Baptist ate insects, which were later interpreted as carobs, which are still known as Johannesbrot in German, but the Greek text of the New Testament is unambiguous that he ate locusts, which is the term for locusts in the original language of the Greek.The desert locust that Jews were permitted to consume existed in two forms: the Schistocerca solitaris, which was native to the area and could almost probably have been eaten by John in the desert; and the Schistocerca spp., which was imported.
It is only under specific climatic conditions that the common variety changes color to become Schistocerca gregaris, the swarming desert locust that was responsible for the invasions described in the Old Testament.The Mishnah also makes frequent mention of them, and the laws governing the consumption of locusts are identical to those governing the consumption of fish.Rabbi Judah bar Ilai, who lived in the second century, said that ″anything that is a form of curse, do not say grace over it.″ Because the Mishnah regularly alludes to the eggs of domestic birds — such as chickens, geese, and pigeons — as well as the eggs of tiny wild birds, which the impoverished would have foraged for, we may certainly conclude that eggs were a staple in Jesus’s diet.Proponents of the Jesus diet also believe that he would have consumed a large amount of vegetables, beans, and pulses during his lifetime.Modern diners, on the other hand, could want to cook them in a different way.While bean and/or lentil stew, known as miqpeh, was a popular meal in the Middle Ages, the name really refers to a solidified mass, which is what happens to cooked lentils when they are allowed to cool.
Solid lumps of food were simpler to scoop up with one’s hands for poor households who did not have numerous dining utensils at their fingertips.Miqpeh was frequently flavored with garlic and other vegetables, such as cabbage, were added to the dish.For other flavorings, mustard was widely grown in Roman Galilee, as we know from Jesus’ tale of the mustard seed, which we read in Matthew 13.(Mark 4.31).
Dill, cumin, and mint are all recorded in the New Testament as herbs that the Pharisees tithed from their harvests to the Temple.Another issue is: what would Jesus drink if he were alive today?He did, without a doubt, drink water and red wine.Besides other ″juices and herbal teas,″ Colbert believes that ″we may follow Jesus’ example by making sure our water is pure, filtered, or distilled.″ Colbert also claims that he has consumed numerous ″juices and herbal teas.″ Pure water, on the other hand, was extremely difficult to come by in first-century Palestine.
- Natural water supplies were prone to contamination by dead animals, washing, industrialization, and sewage, among other things.
- Large Roman towns were equipped with piped water, although it was delivered using lead pipes.
- Water was frequently gathered in open cisterns, which were susceptible to contamination from a variety of contaminants dumped into them; if they were covered up, algae may develop in them.
- Although the Sea of Galilee provided reasonably pure water, the residents of Nazareth, which was perched on a hill, would have had to rely on springs and cisterns, with all of the issues that would have accompanied them.
- Water was so valuable that it was frequently re-used: the Mishnah describes recycling fermented water that had been used by a baker, as an example of this practice.
- Even before the discovery of germs, people were aware that filthy water had the potential to harm them and their families.
- One traditional method was to depend on the antibacterial qualities of wine, which was frequently mixed with water to create a disinfectant solution.
- However, among dieticians who recommend following Jesus’ diet, the notion that Jesus drank copious amounts of wine is not widely accepted, which is understandable.
- Although some have speculated that he solely drank unfermented wine, this has not been proven.
For the most part, fermentation was necessary to keep the grape juice fresh for as long as possible.However, even when fermentation was successful, there was still the possibility that the wine would become sour, as evidenced by the sour wine offered to Jesus on the cross (Mark 15.23), which is the type of wine typically consumed by the poorest members of society.It is, after all, difficult to duplicate the cuisine that was consumed in Galilee during the first century.Indeed, given what has been demonstrated by Jewish sources and archaeological data, it is not quite apparent why someone would desire to do so in the first place.
Susan Weingarten is an archaeologist and culinary historian who lives in Galilee with her husband and two children.
The Passover Bread – Which Bread did Jesus Eat?
This page is part of a broader investigation on the question of What Day of the Week Was Jesus Christ Crucified?The following is an attempt to demonstrate that the bread used at the Last Supper was not leavened and, as a result, that this was really a Passover meal (all scriptures are NIV unless otherwise noted although I check various other versions in my studies).When it comes to bread in the New Testament, there are two terms that are used: one for unleavened bread and another for leavened bread.It has been asserted that the bread that Jesus broke at the Last Supper was not unleavened bread (Matzos in Hebrew/Azumos in Greek), and that, as a result, this could not have been a genuine Passover celebration.
- Is this, however, genuinely the case?
- According to Exodus, God gave the Israelites precise instructions on how to commemorate the Passover: ″That same night, they are to consume the meat that has been roasted over a fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread that has been baked without yeast.
- (See Exodus 12:1-12 for further information.) This was a Passover dinner that was being prepared by Jesus’ followers, as evidenced by their question, ″Where do you want us to make arrangements for you to eat the Passover?″ (Matthew 26:17.) As a result, they went out of their way to arrange a Passover supper.
- Also, we can observe what kind of bread Jesus used in this passage: ″While they were eating, Jesus took bread (artos Strong’s740), gave thanks, and broke it before giving it to his followers, telling them, ‘Take and eat; this is my body’.″ (See Matthew 26:26.) In Matt.
- 26:26, the word artos (Strongs740) is used to refer to the leavened bread in the temple (Matt.
- 17:24), even though it is not mentioned as being leavened.
- By examining all of the occurrences of artos in the NT, we can see that it may imply everything from simple bread to any type of food, nourishment, and even manna, and that it is frequently used figuratively.
- A combination of two terms, prothesis (Strongs740), which means ″a setting forth,″ and artos (Strongs740), which means ″a loaf of bread,″ resulting in the phrase ″the loaves of the setting forth.″ Given that artos is usually made with leaven, why wasn’t the term azumos (Strongs106-unleavened bread) used instead to describe shewbread or the bread that Jesus and his disciples ate at their Passover supper instead?
- Unleavened bread is denoted by the Greek term azumos, which may be found in the following passage: ″On the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread (azumos Strong’s106), the disciples came to Jesus and said, ‘Where do you want us to make preparations for you to eat the Passover?″ (Matthew 26:17.) Zume is another term for leaven, according to Strong’s 2219.
For example, in the following line, the words leaven and bread are both used: ″Then they realized that he was not advising them to protect against the yeast (leven/zume Strong’s2219) that is used in bread (artos Strong’s740), but against the doctrine of the Pharisees and the Sadducees″ (Matt 16:12).As a result, leaven and bread are two distinct terms.Aside from that, Jesus would not have broken his father’s instructions in Exodus 12:1-11 on the usage of unleavened bread during the Passover.
It goes without saying that the word artos is used interchangeably for both ordinary bread and unleavened bread, as well as symbolically for other foods and figuratively for other things.So it appears that the use of this bread during Jesus’ Last Supper does not invalidate the event as a genuine Passover, despite the fact that it occurred almost 24 hours before Passover on the Day of Preparation – Nisan 14, the same day the Passover Lamb was to be sacrificed, according to the Jewish tradition.
Other Commentaries on Artos
What kind of bread did Jesus use to inaugurate the Last Supper and why did he use it? Also said by him is that Jesus ate his Passover supper on the Day of Preparation, which was approximately 24 hours before the Passover Seder.
Written by Lori Eldridge 2-10-19 All rights reserved, copyright 4-23-00, last modified 2-10-19
What Did Jesus Eat?
- While at the Last Supper, we are told by the gospel narratives that Jesus and his disciples ate bread and drank wine together.
- Bread and wine, on the other hand, were most likely not the only items on the table.
- It’s possible that the Last Supper was a Passover supper.
Passover is the time of year when Jews commemorate their exodus from Egypt.The supper was served during the Jewish Passover on the day of Unleavened Bread, according to the gospels of Mark, Luke, and Matthew.This is the first day of the seven-day Passover holiday, which begins on this day.This day was historically observed by Jews when they walked to the Temple in Jerusalem to offer a Passover lamb.In Judaism, this day of Passover is commemorated with the Seder feast, which is held today.
- Although the contemporary Seder ritual did not begin until after the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem in 70 A.D., Jews in Jesus’s day did eat a Passover meal after performing their temple sacrifice.
- In addition to the fact that it would not have looked like a modern Seder, there is little historical documentation of the Passover dinner before the Seder custom was established.
- Unleavened bread and a roast lamb, on the other hand, are certain to have been part of the Passover dinner, according to our knowledge.
- We may probably set those two things on the table, assuming that the Last Supper was a Passover meal, if it occurred.
- We’ll have to make some educated guesses in order to provide a more comprehensive menu.
- Although two Italian archaeologists produced a research on the Last Supper in 2016, which includes a recreated menu, the paper was published in 2016.
Using Bible scriptures, Jewish writings, ancient Roman literature, and archaeological evidence, the two archaeologists uncovered what people were eating in Jerusalem during the first century A.D.On the basis of their study, they believed that the menu for the Last Supper would have included bean stew with lamb, bitter herbs, fish sauce, unleavened bread and dates, as well as aromatic wine.
What Did Jesus and the Apostles Eat at the Last Supper?
- A variety of indications are provided by Scripture and art.
- Many legendary dinners have been represented in art and movies throughout the years, but Leonardo Da Vinci’s The Last Supper is perhaps the most well-known of them all.
- Even as many people continue to study into its religious implications and artistic merit, others are looking to the iconic artwork for signs concerning something else: the Holocaust.
What did Jesus and his apostles eat while on the road to Emmaus?The Last Supper (also known as the Last Supper of Jesus Christ) Image courtesy of Getty Images/DeAgostini However, there are a few things that we can all agree on when it comes to the events surrounding the Last Supper, which Christians today commemorate on Maundy Thursday.Although those in attendance drank wine and ate unleavened bread, the Last Supper did not follow the conventional Passover Seder format.Even though the rest of the story is a little murky, here are our best ideas on what was (and wasn’t) served at the Last Supper.
Wine and bread, of course
According to Christian tradition, the practice of receiving Communion dates back to the Last Supper of Jesus Christ. The unleavened bread and wine are claimed to have been passed around the table by Jesus, who then explained to his Apostles that the bread represented his body and the wine represented his blood.
Locally sourced produce, maybe
- The book of Deuteronomy portrays Jesus’s country as ″a land of olive oil and honey; a land in which you will eat bread without fear of a lack of food.″ Grapes, figs, and pomegranates were among the most widely grown crops.
- These items, on the other hand, would not have been readily available in fresh form in the early spring.
- Dried figs, as well as other basics like as olive oil and honey, may have easily been incorporated in the feast.
In 2007, Pope Benedict XV stated that there would have been no lamb served at the Last Supper if it had taken place. Pope John Paul II proposed that the Last Supper took place prior to the formal slaughter of the lambs, which was a typical Passover rite in Jesus’ day, and that as a result, Jesus himself served as a substitute for the lambs.
- Even though the Last Supper took place just before Passover, it doesn’t rule out the possibility that Jesus and the Apostles were partaking in any traditional Passover fare.
- According to a 2015 investigation by a group of Italian archaeologists, a variety of traditional Seder meals, such as bitter herbs with pistachios and a date charoset, made an appearance during the Last Supper, including a date charoset.
- In addition to these foods, other dishes like as cholent, which is a stewed dish of beans cooked very low and slowly, as well as olives with hyssop, a mint-like herb, were regularly consumed on a daily basis and may have been served at the Last Supper.
Not eels and orange slices, although they appear in the painting
- A new dish arrived on the table for the first time after the painting’s most recent restoration, which took 21 years and was completed in late 1990s.
- It was eels with orange slices, which felt a little out of place at the time of the painting’s most recent restoration.
- While eels and oranges were not a frequent meal in Jesus’ day, they were a regular coupling in 15th-century Italy, and they were two products that featured on Da Vinci’s own surviving shopping lists.
Eels and oranges were a common pairing in 15th-century Italy.
What did Jesus eat? Coffee and chocolate were not on the menu
- The Lord’s Prayer, which is presented in somewhat different forms in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke, is arguably the most well-known prayer in the world today.
- However, the lines ″Give us this day our daily food″ are included in this prayer, which is rather remarkable.
- Exactly what this bread is made of is up for discussion.
According to the Gospel of John, ″I am the Bread of Life,″ thus it’s possible that this is a reference to Jesus himself.Most likely, it is referring to the actual bread, which has been a staple diet in the Middle East since the beginning of civilisation.Another possibility is that the term ″bread″ alludes to food in general, which would have been a crucial consideration given the poor growing conditions of ancient Judea.Perhaps all of these readings are correct; but, if the latter is correct, what did Jesus consume on a regular basis?We may begin to address this issue by looking at the foods that we know Jesus ate from the Bible, which we can see are listed below.
- Although Jewish law authorized the use of bread produced from wheat, other grains such as barley, oats, rye, and spelt were also permitted.
- It was customary to drink wine and water during this time period, and wine is specifically mentioned along with bread during the Last Supper.
- In the Hebrew language, the word for wine is yayin, which originates from the term for fermentation, and in the New Testament, the word for wine is oinos, which is translated as vinum in Latin.
- The fact that these expressions expressly relate to fermented grape stuff may cause some controversy, and I apologize in advance for doing so.
- According to one historian, the average male in the Middle East consumed roughly a litre of wine in the course of a day, although the New Testament warns against overindulging in alcohol on multiple occasions.
- Jesus, like everyone else, ate fish.
His appearance to the disciples after his resurrection is depicted as him eating fish in order to demonstrate that he was genuine, and not some ghost.A alternative account, which does not occur in the Bible, claims that Jesus bit into a honeycomb and that the disciples checked the tooth marks to ensure that he was not a spirit after he was bitten.Jesus ate figs, as evidenced by the fact that, on his trip to Jerusalem, he grabbed for a fig tree, despite the fact that it was not fig season at that time.In John’s Gospel, at the Last Supper, Jesus offers Judas a bite that has been dipped in a dish of olive oil, which was probably definitely a dish of olive oil.As a result, we may be pretty certain that Jesus followed the dietary regulations of ancient Israel, and we can identify foods that he would not have consumed, such as pork, shellfish, reptiles, and carrion-eating animals.It is possible to rule out items that had not yet been brought to the Middle East, such as tea and coffee, as well as sugars produced from sugar beets or sugar cane, among other things.
Anything native to the New World, such as maize corn, pumpkins, peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, and chocolate, would have been inaccessible to Jesus.He could not have eaten them.To live a life without coffee or chocolate would have been a life of extreme asceticism in my opinion.However, despite the fact that beer was well-known in the ancient Near East from the beginning of time and is usually invariably related with bread manufacture, archaeology has discovered very few traces of it being produced or drank by Jews in the time of Jesus.
The closest thing Hebrew has to a term for beer is sekhar, which may be used to refer to beer or a variety of other powerful alcoholic beverages.Luther, the 16th-century reformer, enjoyed drinking a beer after preaching, ″while the Holy Spirit finished″ his work, according to tradition.However, it is almost probable that Jesus did not receive that reward following the Sermon on the Mount.
Our understanding of the ancient world provides us with a few more hints about Jesus’ nutritional needs.People in the ancient Near East ate a lot of plant-based meals rather than meat, and this was especially true in Egypt.We may probably presume that Jesus’ diet would have included mainstays of agricultural production from the time period, such as radishes, onions, squash, leeks, garlic, kale, pine nuts, lentils, chickpeas, fava beans, and peas, among other things.
Various grains were frequently crushed and cooked to create a porridge-like consistency.Watermelon was considered a special treat, although it was hardly unheard of in those days.The Persians brought rice to the inhabitants of Judea during the era after the post-exilic restoration of the Jewish temple in the fifth century B.C., during which time the Jewish temple was reconstructed.Despite the fact that rice is not mentioned in the Bible, there are Talmudic allusions to it being consumed.There are several nuts mentioned in the Hebrew Bible, including almonds, walnuts, and pistachios, all of which supplied protein, and it is likely that Jesus was familiar with these foods.
Unlike peas and beans, fruits were a bit more difficult to preserve in the ancient Near East, thus they posed a little more of a challenge.Jesus’ diet most probably included dried fruits such as raisins and dates, although they do not have a very long shelf life.Fruits were traditionally consumed as soon as they reached ripeness.
In addition to the olive and the fig, apricots, dates, and the quince were cultivated in the time of Jesus Christ.Since there is no name for apples in ancient Hebrew, there has been considerable controversy about whether Jesus would have eaten them.However, there is a term for apples in modern Hebrew.
- Pomegranates were also known to the people of Jesus’ day, and mosaics from the fourth century represent Jesus holding them, however it is possible that he is holding them as a symbol of the church rather than as a snack.
- Fruits also had the benefit of being able to be cooked down to form a syrup, which was useful for preserving them during storage.
- The ingestion of meat by Jesus is a source of disagreement among Christian faiths, as well as modern vegetarian and animal rights organizations.
In any case, we might speculate that Jesus ate relatively little meat because it was a more expensive item at the time.According to Jewish law, chicken and red meats such as lamb, goat, and cows, if properly killed, are permissible for consumption.Because a lamb shank was part of the rite and the Passover lambs were murdered at the same time, it is often considered that Jesus’ Last Supper contained lamb.However, this is not the case.The Passover lamb should be cooked according to the instructions in the Torah.
I find it difficult to accept that lamb meat was not a component of Jesus’ Passover, despite the fact that the New Testament makes no mention of it specifically.The Jews of Jesus’ day raised a variety of birds, including not just chickens but also doves, turtledoves, ducks, and geese, among other things.Hunted birds such as the quail and the partridge were also popular during the time period under consideration.
It has been speculated by archaeologists that individuals living during this historical period and in that location could only have been able to have meat three or four times a year, and that these were only on special occasions.stews are referenced throughout the Hebrew Bible, and because a little meat in a stew goes a long way in terms of practicality, it’s possible that this was Jesus’ everyday experience with meat.Many people in Jesus’ day were famished because of a scarcity of food.
- We take for granted the plethora of meals that are readily available to us at a typical grocery shop as a matter of course.
- It is possible that if the first 12 disciples had seen our modern supermarkets, which were stocked with food, they would have believed they had died and gone to heaven.
- Jesus, on the other hand, would not have been under any such delusions.
What Would Jesus Eat? The Science Within the Bible
- Dr. Don Colbert and AJ Jacobs, author of The Year of Living Biblically, have conducted extensive research into the Bible in order to uncover nutritional hints concerning Jesus’ diet. What Made His Food So Distinctive? Those who lived during Jesus’ time had predominantly a clean plant-based diet. Among the foods that were widely consumed in that part of the globe were lentils, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, dates, almonds, and fish. Some people even consumed grasshoppers and bugs as appetizers! All of these items supplied enough and satiating nutrients without the addition of additional fats or cholesterol to the diet. Many people ate the majority of their food uncooked, which provided them with extra health advantages. Raw food necessitates more chewing, which results in an increase in calories burned. Aside from that, cooking some meals decreases their nutritional worth. Furthermore, because there were no refrigerators, it was more difficult to eat large steaks, slabs of ribs, or massive amounts of meat at every single meal. Because of this, it is likely that Jesus and his disciples consumed only lean red meat or fowl. As a result of their research, Jacobs and Colbert believe that not only did the people of Jesus’ time have a primarily plant-based diet, but that our bodies were meant to consume a predominantly plant-based diet — similar to what Jesus consumed. What evidence does science provide to support this? Scientists investigated our dental records in order to determine how our systems are theoretically built to eat. They came to the conclusion that humans are better suited for a plant-based diet that contains minimal meat – particularly red meat. The number of molars in our mouths varies based on our dental history. We have four canine teeth, eight frontal teeth, and numerous molars in total. The four canine teeth in our lower jaw are meant to rip flesh apart. Carnivores such as alligators, wolves, and sharks have more of these types of teeth in their jaws than other animals.
- Our eight frontal teeth, also known as incisors, are responsible for the chewing and slicing of fruits and vegetables.
- Molars, on the other hand, are the bulk of our teeth and are positioned in the rear of the mouth. They are employed in the grinding and crushing of plants and seeds.
- Our bodies, according to Dr.
- Colbert, are largely geared for a plant-based diet since we have molars that make up the vast majority of our teeth.
- Those that consume meat have jaws that are adapted to bite off bits of flesh and have considerably more than four canine teeth.
Furthermore, human saliva is alkaline and rich in enzymes, such as amylase, that are specifically designed to break down plants and carbohydrate molecules.Dr.Colbert hypothesizes that this is due to the fact that we are better adapted to digest vegetables rather than meat after reviewing the data and comparing it to those of other animals.Carnivores, on the other hand, have predominantly acidic saliva that is devoid of amylase (a protein found in milk).As a result of his research, Dr.
- Colbert has hypothesized that we are evolved to consume largely plants, based on a comparison of the length of our intestines with that of carnivores.
- When measured in length, our intestines are four times longer than we are tall.
- On average, the intestines of carnivores are only twice as long as their height, which is a significant difference.
- Because of this, meat is able to travel through the digestive track swiftly and without becoming rotten.
- Our longer tract, on the other hand, gives us more time to metabolize the complexcarbohydrates that plants contain.
- The consumption of meat with minimal fiber, particularly red meat, increases the likelihood of the meat becoming trapped in our intestines, which can result in constipation or bloating.
As a matter of fact, because Jesus and the people around Him had a predominantly plant-based diet with minimal red meat, there is no mention of ″constipation″ in the Bible.What can I do to eat more in the manner of Jesus?According to the Bible and historical documents, Jesus most likely ate a diet that was comparable to the Mediterranean diet, which includes foods such as kale, pinenuts, dates, olive oil, lentils, and soups, among other things.They also roasted fish in their ovens.Dr.Colbert and AJ Jacobs have both collaborated with The Dr.
Oz Show to produce a set of rules for eating more like Jesus, which are as follows: Make a schedule for your breakfast and ″Break Your Fast.″ Accordingly: Jesus ate his breakfast quite early in the morning so that he would have enough energy and nutrition for the rest of the day’s labor.Every morning, 12 hours after your last meal of the previous day, you should break your fast and have breakfast.If you ate supper at 6 p.m., you should break your fast the following morning at 6 a.m.If you ate dinner at 6 p.m., you should break your fast the following morning at 6 a.m.
Many folks rush through lunch, eat at their desks at work, and wolf down their food.2.Take Your Time Over Lunch: The secret to eating like Jesus is to make lunch your most important meal of the day and to dine in as calm an environment as you possibly can.
Dinner should be served at 4 p.m, and it should be light.When you should be sleeping, your digestive system should not have to work overtime to keep up with you.Dinner should be consumed as early in the evening as feasible.
4.Wine and a stroll: This is not to be confused with the practice of dining and drinking.A significant role in Jesus’ life and health was played by wine.They accompanied their meals with red wine.It’s beneficial to one’s health.
But be careful not to overdo it!
The Food Column: A look at the food and feasts of Jesus
- 12:20PM Obituaries
- PG Store
- Classifieds Classified
- Real Estate
- Legal Notices
- PG Store
- Classifieds Classified
- LOG OUT
- MY PROFILE
- Get in Touch With Us
- NEWSLETTERS MENU
- ACCOUNT Subscribe, Login, Register, Log out, My Profile, Subscriber Services, Search, and more options are available.
- SECTIONS INTRODUCTION Pages: Home, This Just In, Chats, Weather, Traffic, Event Guide, PG Store, Video, Photos, The Digs, RSS Feeds
- CIVID-19, the world, the nation, and the state, as well as Obituaries and News Obituaries, Politics, Education, Portfolio, science, health and wellness, the environment, the aging population, transportation, faith and religion, crime and courts, and social services.
- LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL LOCAL
- PUBLICATIONS SPORTS SPORTS HOME
- Pittsburgh Steelers, Pittsburgh Penguins, Pittsburgh Pirates, Sports Columnists, Gene Collier, Ron Cook, Joe Starkey, Paul Zeise, High School Sports, College Sports, Pitt, Penn State, NCAA, North Shore Drive Podcast, SPORTS PUBLICATIONS
- THE OPINION The opinion page includes: editorials, letters, opinion columns, opinion columns by celebrities, insight, and opinion columns by celebrities.
- Celebs, Movies, TV & Radio, Music, Concert Listings, Theatre & Dance, Art & Architecture, Books, and Events are all available on the A&E network’s home page.
- LIFE Home
- Buying Here
- Homes & Gardens
- Style & Fashion
- Random Acts of Kindness
- Beer Me
- LIFE LIFE Home
- Buying Here
- Homes & Gardens
- Style & Fashion
- Random Acts of Kindness
- Beer Me
- LIFE LIFE LIFE LIFE LIFE LIFE LI
- BUSINESS Wheels, Workzone, Business Health, Tech News, Building PGH, Powersource
- Top Workplaces
- Business of Pittsburgh
- Consumer Alerts
- Business of Pittsburgh
- Consumer Alerts
- Consumer Alerts
- Business of Pittsburgh
- PG STORE
- LEGAL NOTICES
- REAL ESTATE
- LEGAL NOTICES
- CONTACT US / Frequently Asked Questions HOW TO CONTACT US
- OPPORTUNITIES FOR CAREERS
TOP Send a Story to us via email. Your e-mail address is: Friends can be reached by e-mail:
What Did Jesus Eat?
- The original version of this article published on VICE Italy.
- I’m an ordinary man, which means that I eat poorly all of the time.
- Recent comments from a colleague noted that I could learn a lot from Jesus, notably about his ″healthy diet devoid of processed foods,″ so I decided to put my theory to the test and eat like the son of God for one week to see how it went.
So that I wouldn’t upset anyone, I asked some Catholic acquaintances what they thought about my experiment to make sure I wasn’t offending anyone.They suggested that it would be beneficial to me.I was raised in a Catholic home, as were many other Italians.My mother is a Sunday school teacher, and my father is a member of the church choir.At Sunday school, we learnt about a variety of biblical events, including slavery, fratricide, and polygamy – all of the interesting stuff.
- I also discovered that Jesus was a revolutionary, particularly when it came to the dinner table.
- The link between Jesus and food is frequently discussed in the Gospel of Matthew.
- For example, the gospel of Mark states that Jesus ″called all meals ‘clean’.″ Essentially, he declared it OK to consume foods that were previously prohibited by the Old Testament, such as pork, shrimp, and rabbit.
- We also know from the New Testament that Jesus was a renegade who enjoyed eating lunch with tax collectors, sinners, and sex workers, among other people.
- His ability to feed thousands of people with just two fish and five loaves of bread is also rather astounding, according to reports.
- For preparation, I purchased a copy of an Italian recipe book that had foods that were either ″thoroughly detailed″ or ″merely mentioned″ in the Holy Book, which I used as a guide.
Once I’d purchased the supplies, I realized that this was the healthiest grocery shopping experience I’d ever had.The groceries for Jesus.The Jesus Diet consisted of eating the same breakfast every day and eating leftovers from lunch for dinner every night throughout my week-long fast.And, just in case you’re wondering, I did not use utensils, just as Jesus did.
- Breakfast consists of milk or yoghurt, dried figs or grapes, pomegranate juice, and honey (optional).
- On the first day, I ate breakfast on my balcony, bathed in the warmth of the Father’s presence and light.
- I had the impression that my supper had been blessed from above.
It should be noted, though, that the longer I sat there looking at my dried fruit, the more I began to feel like any other typical health devotee.My mouth watered as I took another drink of the pomegranate juice, which the scriptures describe as a ″symbol of fertility and wealth.″ It tasted sugar-free and devoid of delight in my opinion.Grilled fish for lunch (preferably from a lake).Jesus had a strong preference for multiplying things, even fish.Following his resurrection, Jesus requested that his followers bring him something to eat.
- They were terrified because they believed he was a ghost, but ″they offered him a piece of grilled fish, which he accepted and consumed in their presence.″ When it comes to fresh fish, I am a big fan, but it is pricey and smells up the whole room when you live in a shoebox, which is what I do.
- For Jesus, I went above and beyond my regular fare: Even though I don’t cook much, stuffing some lemon slices inside a pre-cleaned sea bass and seasoning it before grilling it wasn’t too difficult.
- Those fishbones, on the other hand, were dangerous to my mortal flesh.
The Second Day
- Veal stew with wine, leek, pumpkin, and flatbread is a comforting dish.
- According to the book ″The Food and Feasts of Jesus,″ the ″daily bread″ was a crucial feature of the Middle Eastern diet in the first century – and it continues to be so in many parts of the world today.
- For Christians, bread has come to represent spiritual nutrition – and for me, it has come to represent a substitute for cutlery.
Here’s a picture of me breaking the bread in the manner of Jesus: It is through my colleague Camilla’s well prepared veal stew that we come to a more delicate subject.Some believe that Jesus was a vegetarian and that he found the slaughter of animals repugnant.Despite the fact that Jesus lived in a cultural setting in which vegetarianism did not exist, Old Testament specialist Gianfranco Nicora argued in an article for the Italian Bioethics Institute at the University of Genoa that ″everyone would be following a vegetarian diet″ in the Kingdom of God.The only thing that is definite at this point is that Camilla’s stew was delicious.
The Third Day
- Herbs that are bitter.
- The third day had me a little concerned.
- It was time for bitter herbs, a dish that was traditionally served at the Last Supper and during Passover.
Capers, olives, and pistachios were to be added to blanched chicory, according to the recipe book.While the finished product was really extremely visually pleasing – almost Instagrammable – the problem was that my coworkers were slowly but steadily turning against me as a result of my experimentation with no cutlery.I was by myself for lunch.Roberta Abate captured this image.
The Fourth Day
- Baked onions and goat ricotta cheese make a delicious combination.
- For this dish, we looked back to the Old Testament, to a period when the Jews were walking across the desert after fleeing Egypt, in order to find inspiration.
- They would have been quite hungry after such a long and exhausting travel.
I started sobbing while chopping these onions, not because I was having a bodily reaction to them or because I was empathizing with their predicament – I was just unhappy that I had to consume them after all that work.The author took the photograph.
The Fifth Day
- Salad de bulgur.
- According to the recipe book, this is a reinterpretation of ″roasted wheat,″ which is described as ″ancient popcorn made by roasting grains over scorching-hot stone.″ My version consisted of boiling bulgur topped with olives, roasted almonds, and cheese, among other ingredients.
- Salad de bulgur.
Despite the fact that I didn’t consume the entire dinner, this was the first nice meal I’d eaten in quite some time, and I knew I was in for a difficult struggle the next day.So, sure, I did consume it.
The Sixth Day
- I convinced myself that if Jesus could fast for 40 days and 40 nights, I could do it for one day.
- However, I work in a newsroom with a large number of food journalists, so temptation was abundant.
I was on the verge of giving up when I decided to phone my favorite Sunday school teacher: my mother.After a brief introduction, she started into a monologue on how the Devil attempted to persuade Jesus to change some pebbles into bread in order to cause him to fail his spiritual detox.It was both upsetting and encouraging at the same time.
The Seventh Day
- Soup with lentils.
- It’s considered a sign of deception in my home country to ″give anything up for a dish of lentil soup.″ According to the recipe book, the narrative originates from the Old Testament, when Jacob deceived his brother Esau by persuaded him to swap his firstborn inheritance for a steaming meal of lentils.
- Then Jacob had to go since his brother had threatened to murder him if he did not.
To cut a long tale short, I was adamant about not eating these lentils.The author poses for a selfie.The outcomes of my experiment were as follows: I dropped 2.6 kg in one week, I prayed more frequently (to ask God whether this was a good idea), and I accidently became intoxicated by myself two or three times after drinking one or two too many glasses of wine.In addition, I had more energy and used less petrol.Thank you very much, Jesus.
- Now I understand why you appear so torn in some of your works.
- Unleavened bread is bread that is baked without the use of any leavening agents, such as artificial leaveners, yeast, or a starting dough, in order for it to rise.
- Chapati, matzo, and Mexican tortillas are all well-known types of flatbreads.
- Not all flat breads, on the other hand, are made without the use of yeast.
Western Christianity employs unleavened bread in its church services, whilst Eastern Orthodox Christians use leavened bread in their liturgies.
- In Jewish culinary tradition, the terms ″se’or″ and ″hametz″ refer to ″leaven″ and ″leavened bread,″ respectively.
- A starter dough may be made by combining five different varieties of flour — wheat, rye, oat, spelt, and barley — with water to form a soft dough.
- If the mixture is let to sit for more than 18 minutes, Jewish religious tradition believes that this is sufficient time for wild air yeasts to permeate the dough, resulting in the dough being classified as a starting dough and, consequently, a leaven.
The mixture must be cooked in 18 minutes otherwise it will fail.Corn has traditionally not been considered a banned Passover grain, owing to the fact that it was not even known to Jews until very recently in their history.It is presently, however, believed to be prohibited by custom.Therefore, some Jews will refrain from using ordinary baking powder during Passover, as it contains a small amount of corn starch.Instead of cornstarch, a special Kosher for Passover baking powder is made from potato starch.
- If you’re wondering why baking soda and baking powder are allowed at all during a time when only unleavened products are supposed to be consumed, it’s because some believe that baking soda and powder are fine because the leavening they provide is chemical in nature, as long as the mixture in which they are used is baked within 18 minutes to prevent wild air yeasts from colonizing the mixture and causing it to ferment.
- Irish soda bread does not meet the kosher requirements for Passover since the ingredients are kept together for longer than 18 minutes throughout the baking process.
- Pan ázimo, Pan sans levadura (Spanish: Pan ázimo, Pan sin levadura) This article was originally published on June 27, 2004 and last updated on June 16, 2020.
- This website makes cash through affiliate links and advertisements at no additional cost to you in order to finance ongoing research.
- The information on this website is protected by Copyright 2022.
Please feel free to cite appropriately, but copying whole pages for your website is considered content theft and will result in a DCMA complaint.Tagged With: Jewish, Jewish Food, Jewish Bread
Diet Gurus Are Asking, What Would Jesus Eat?
- If physicians were asked to name the most deadly sin afflicting Americans today, they would almost certainly pick gluttony as the number one murderer.
- As obesity in the United States reaches epidemic proportions, with more than 60 percent of Americans classified as overweight or obese, public politicians and health experts are trying to discover methods to improve the American diet as the country’s obesity pandemic gains momentum.
Don Colbert, a physician and nutritionist, believes that if Americans would take a moment before eating a super-sized fast food meal and ask themselves, ″Would Jesus eat this?″ the obesity epidemic might be fixed once and for all.The answer, according to Colbert, is no if it is high in saturated fats, sugar, or artificial chemicals.Colbert’s latest book, ″What Would Jesus Eat?,″ mixes biblical knowledge with current nutritional expertise, is available online.″The gluttonous attitude is fatal,″ he declared emphatically.″Since I’ve observed so many ailments linked to nutritional excess, what better place to start than with the owner’s handbook, the Bible, to examine what Jesus ate?″ According to Colbert, Jesus ate a diet that was mostly comprised of whole grains, fish, fruits, and vegetables, as well as small portions of olive oil, meat, and wine, among other things.
- Anything on the Old Testament’s ″do not eat″ list is prohibited, including shellfish, pig products, horses, camels, birds of prey, and other predators, among other things.
- ″I wrote the book and its companion cookbook, ″The What Would Jesus Eat Cook Book,″ after realizing that many of the nation’s fattest people are devout fundamentalist Christians, according to Colbert, a Mississippi native who studied for a year at a Bible college and also received medical training.
- Both books are published by Thomas Nelson.
- According to him, ″Most people believe that it is necessary for them to live a Christian life, but that their bodies are not that significant.″ ″They’re going to be in paradise.″ The only difficulty is that if they forsake their physical needs, they will reach paradise far more quickly.″ This fall, Colbert’s Bible Cure series will expand to include six new titles, including books on how to combat high cholesterol, diabetes, and thyroid problems through diet and prayer.
- Colbert’s Bible-based diet message has spread far beyond his private practice at the Divine Wellness Center in Longwood, Florida, and into the wider community.
- And Colbert isn’t the only Christian diet expert who encourages people to consider what Jesus would eat on a daily basis.
Christian vegetarians believe that if Jesus were still alive today, he would follow a plant-based diet out of love for all living things.Others believe that, given Jesus’ pro