How Many Sisters Did Jesus Have And What Were Their Names

How Many Brothers and Sisters Did Jesus Have?

When it came to Joseph and Mary’s household in Nazareth, who was there? Are we to believe that Jesus was an only child in the family, or if there were brothers and sisters, what was their status in regard to Him? His siblings and sisters are frequently mentioned by the gospel authors. What were the names of Jesus’ siblings? This is a matter that has been debated since the beginning of time, and many lengthy writings have been published on the subject. Due to theological reasons related to the perpetual virginity of the Lord’s mother, denominational difficulties, and the canonicity of non-apostolic epistles, it has been difficult to have an objective discussion on the subject.

Bible Verses about Jesus’ Brother and Sisters

Let us begin by summarizing what we know about the brothers and sisters of the Lord from the Scriptures of the New Testament. Their names are found in Matthew 12:46-50, 13:55-56, Mark 3:31, 6:3, and Luke 8:19, as well as John 2:12, 7:3, Acts 1:14, and 1 Corinthians 9:5, and Paul refers to a James the Lord’s brother (Galatians 1:19). There appear to have been four brothers who are listed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, according to the evidence (seeMark 6:3). The sisters are mentioned in Matthew and Mark, although neither the number nor the names of the sisters are recorded.

They were reportedly married and living in Nazareth at the time of Christ’s death.

They are first described as traveling to Capernaum with His mother and Himself (John 2:12).

Most claim that they were converted to Christianity as a result of His resurrection, since they appear in the company of the Apostles (Acts 1:14).

The following is an adaptation of The Life of Our Lord on the Earth by Samuel James Andrews.

How many siblings did Jesus have?

QuestionAnswer Two verses in the Bible provide us with information on Jesus’ brothers and sisters. “When he returned to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue, and they were astounded.” Matthew 13:54–57 states that the people were amazed. What they wanted to know was, “Where did this man receive this intelligence and these incredible powers?” ‘Isn’t this the son of the carpenter? What if his mother’s name is Mary, and his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas aren’t named the same as him?

  • ‘So, where did this man obtain all of these things?’ I wondered.
  • ‘The brother of James,’ according to Jude 1:1, is the epistle’s author and subject.
  • It is likely that both James and Jude (Judas) were among the group of siblings who were initially humiliated by their elder brother’s bold notoriety and then came to take Him home to their parents (Matthew 12:46).
  • However, after seeing Jesus’ resurrection, His siblings became devout followers of the Lord.
  • Another school of thought holds that the allusions to Jesus’ siblings merely relate to the fact that Joseph had children of his own prior to his marriage to Mary.
  • Both theories, on the other hand, lack scriptural foundation, and there is no logical reason to assume that the siblings identified by name in Scripture were not the biological children of both Mary and Joseph.

Questions about Matthew (return to top of page) How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have?

How many brothers and sisters did Jesus have?

What was the total number of brothers and sisters that Jesus had? I’m aware that James was His younger brother.

Bible Answer:

Despite the fact that the New Testament informs us that Jesus had four brothers, it does not provide information on how many sisters He had. Isn’t this the carpenter’s son, or something? Isn’t His mother, Mary, and his brothers, James and Joseph, as well as Simon and Judas, all named Mary? And His sisters, aren’t they all here with us as well? (NASB) The Bible says in Matthew 13:55-56:


James was Jesus’ first sibling, and he was born in Bethlehem. According to the apostle Paul, he was a member of the apostles’ group. I did not, however, see any of the apostles other than James, the Lord’s brother, and that was a disappointment. The church in Jerusalem was led by him, and he was its spiritual leader (Acts 12:17; 15:13). We also think that this brother was the author of the book of James in the New Testament.


This sibling was given the name of Jesus’ paternal grandfather. Normally, we would expect Jesus to be called after his father, but Joseph was instructed by an angel to name Him Jesus. “In a dream, an angel of the Lord came to him and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be frightened to take Mary as your wife, for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.” As a result, she will get pregnant and give birth to a son, whom you will name Jesus, because it is He who will redeem His people from their sins.” (NASB) Matthew 1:20–21 (NASB) This brother went by two different names.

Jesus also goes by the name Joses, which may be found in Mark 6:3).


We don’t know anything about this sibling of Jesus’s background.


This brother goes by the name of Jude as well. He was not the betrayer Judas Iscariot. We assume this brother is the author of the book of Jude because he refers to himself as James’ brother in the book. A bond-servant of Jesus Christ and brother of James, Jude is a man of faith who. (NASB) Jude 1The heart of this guy is revealed in the book of Jude. He was making an effort to maintain his religion. He was a devout Christian who devoted his life to God.


It is revealed in Scripture that His brothers did not believe in Him in the outset. not even His brothers were believing in Him at the time of His death. (NASB) 7:5 (John 7:5) Did they all come to trust in Jesus in the end? We don’t know what to say. However, the Bible does disclose that at least two of Jesus’ brothers were Christians: James, who was an apostle, and Jude, who was a disciple. Scripture doesn’t provide us with any further information on His other brothers and sisters, either.

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I’m curious when the notion in Mary’s everlasting virginity first gained traction. God is being sought after.

How many siblings did Jesus have?

Although there is no Bible scripture that specifically lists the names of all of Jesus’ siblings, we may conclude from the book of Mark that He had at least six of them: “What do you mean, the carpenter who is also the son of Mary, as well as a brother of James and Joses and a brother of Judas and Simon? What’s more, aren’t his sisters present with us?” (See also Mark 6:3; Matthew 12:46; and Matthew 13:53–58). Based on this text, we know that Jesus had at least four brothers, and the term “sisters” is plural, indicating that He had at least two sisters, if not more, according to the Bible.

  • Each author contributed to a book of the Bible.
  • (Galatians 1:19).
  • It has been hypothesized that the Greek terms adelphos (“brothers”) and adelphai (“sisters”), which we see referenced in Mark 6:3 and Matthew 13:54–56 to describe Jesus’ siblings, are also used in a spiritual sense to refer to brothers and sisters in general.
  • Joseph may have had more children from a prior marriage, according to this hypothesis.
  • On the basis of reasoning, Jesus’ actual siblings, who were described in the Gospels of Mark 6:3 and Matthew 13:54–55, were also Mary and Joseph’s biological offspring.

What happened to Joseph during Jesus’ adolescence? What do we know about the historical Jesus, the one who lived and died? Who exactly is Jesus? What were the most significant events in Jesus’ life? What is the identity of Jesus Christ? Return to the page: The Truth About Jesus Christ.

Did Jesus have any brothers, sisters or siblings?

Throughout history, there has been great debate about the precise nature of their link to Jesus and his apostles. Consequently, the issue remains: Did Jesus have siblings? There have been three main points of view put forward: They have been identified as (1) Jesus’ actual siblings/brothers, that is, half-brothers, sons of Joseph and Mary (and therefore younger than Jesus); (2) His stepbrothers, that is, children of Joseph by a previous marriage (and thus all older than Jesus and not His blood relatives at all); (3) Jesus’ cousins, either on the mother’s side or on the father’s side, depending on who you believe.

Where exactly was Jesus’ birthplace?

Three views about Jesus’ siblings

Some adhere to the first viewpoint, arguing that it is the most natural way to interpret the multiple allusions to these brothers, as well as the most evident intention of Matthew 1:25 and Luke 2:7. Second, those who believe in family ethics claim that younger siblings should not be permitted to mock or otherwise interfere with an older brother in the same way that Jesus’ brothers ridiculed Him (see Mark 3:31; John 7:3-4). Moreover, they argue, Jesus’ decision to entrust His mother’s care to the apostle John (John 19:26-27), rather than to one of His brothers, clearly shows that Mary did not have any other children.

Their relationship as cousins on Mary’s side is predicated on the unconfirmed identification of “Mary, the wife of Cleophus” with Mary’s sister (John 19:25; Mark 15:40), as well as the unsubstantiated relationship between “Clopas” and Alphaeus (John 19:25; Mark 15:40).

Jesus’ brothers, sistersmother

Several of Jesus’ siblings are reported as joining him and his mother to Capernaum following their marriage at Cana (Matthew 19:9). (John 2:12). The next year, Mary and these brothers are mentioned as attempting to have an audience with Jesus (Matthew 12:46-50; Mark 3:31-35; Luke 8:19-21). A few chapters before the conclusion of Jesus’ public career, His brethren are recorded as asking Jesus to demonstrate His Messiahship, which they themselves had questioned (John 7:3-5). Their conversion is obvious from the fact that they are portrayed in Acts as joining with the disciples and others in “prayer and supplication” before to the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–3).

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Paul makes the implication that they were all married (1 Corinthians 9:5).

Also widely held to be the case is that James the brother of Jesus was the spiritual leader of the early church in Jerusalem (see Acts 12:17; 15:13).

Did Jesus Have Brothers and Sisters?

The marriage of God and Mary that resulted in the birth of Jesus was the outcome of a supernatural union. At the time of Jesus’ conception, she was still a virgin. Some believe that Mary was a virgin during her whole life, and that this is correct. According to this interpretation, Jesus would have been an only child. The Scriptures, on the other hand, reveal that Jesus had siblings and sisters of his own. Matthew’s Statements Earliest and foremost, the first chapter of Matthew provides the first evidence that Mary was not a virgin after the birth of Jesus.

  • He had never had sexual intercourse with her and was well aware that the child was not his biological child.
  • And he didn’t know her until she gave birth to a son, whom he called Jesus, according to what we’re told later (Matthew 1:25).
  • As a result, this verse presents a compelling case against any notion of Mary’s permanent virginity.
  • While he was still speaking to the throngs of people,.
  • His assertions caused the people in His hometown of Nazareth to get enraged, we are informed on yet another occasion.

“And aren’t his sisters here with us?” I inquire. And they were displeased with him (Mark 6:3). There are three possible solutions to the mystery of who Jesus’ brothers and sisters are. Who were these Jesus-following brothers and sisters? There are three possible outcomes to consider.

  1. As a result of a prior marriage, there were children born to Mary and Joseph after Jesus was born, resulting in His younger brothers and sisters (natural half-brothers and sisters)
  2. These were the offspring of Joseph from that previous marriage (step-brothers and sisters). This was the point of view of Epiphanius, a fourth-century supporter of Mary’s everlasting virginity who held this belief. It was also the point of view of the classical scholar Jerome at the time. The famous scholar Joseph Barber Lightfoot, among others, has defended this point of view in modern times, stating that they were cousins of Jesus rather than genuine brothers and sisters. They were the sons of Cleopas, who was purportedly Joseph’s brother or brother-in-law
  3. They were the sons of Cleopas
  4. And they were the sons of Joseph.

The manner in which they are labeled is one of the reasons why some people feel they were not the offspring of Joseph and Mary. According to Mark 6:3, Jesus is referred to as the “Son of Mary,” and he is distinguished from the other named brothers as well as the other female siblings. In the Upper Room, There Was a Dispute Among those present in the upper chamber were “Mary, Jesus’ mother, and. his brothers” (Acts 1:14). They were referred to as Hisbrothers rather than her sons in this context.

  1. SummaryJesus had four brothers and at least two sisters, according to the gospels.
  2. Though no one can be certain of the facts, it is reasonable to assume that the allusions to his younger brothers and sisters were made by him in the context of his genuine younger brothers and sisters.
  3. Later on, however, they rose to prominence as church leaders, with two of them (James and Jude) penning letters that were eventually included in the New Testament as a result of their efforts.
  4. However, there is no way to know for definite.

How Many Brothers and Sisters Did Jesus Have?

Is it possible that Jesus had siblings and sisters? If so, how many did he have on hand at the time? Was Mary a virgin or a devout Christian?

Jesus’ Family

Despite the fact that Jesus was born to a human mother and had brothers and sisters, His Father was divine. Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit through His mother Mary, and as a result, Jesus did not have a human father, but rather was conceived by the Spirit of God. Jesus was likewise the first born in His family, and as a result, according to Old Testament custom, He was entitled to the birthright, which consisted in being the first born and in receiving the biggest piece of the family inheritance; but, in Jesus’ case, He has inherited everything.

Jesus Brothers and Sisters

Matthew 12:46 (KJV) “While he was still speaking to the crowd, his mother and brothers approached him from outside, requesting to speak with him.” The Bible says in Matthew 13:55-56: “Isn’t this the son of the carpenter?” Isn’t his mother’s given name Mary? And aren’t his brothers James and Joseph, as well as Simon and Judas, all present? “And why aren’t all of his sisters here with us?” His brothers told him, “Leave here and go to Judea so that your followers may witness the deeds you are doing.” John 7:3-5 “His brothers told him, “Leave here and go to Judea so that your disciples can see the works you are doing.” Because no one works in secrecy if he wishes to be recognized publicly.

In the text, there is nothing to support the popular belief that these were just cousins, but rather that they were His blood relations, half-brothers, and sisters, all of whom had the same mother, Mary.

Despite the fact that Joseph was not Jesus’ biological father, Mary was the mother of all seven of her children, among them was Jesus himself.

The Virgin Mary gives Birth to Jesus

Given that the Scriptures make it abundantly plain that Mary was a virgin when Jesus was conceived (Luke 1:34), we may be assured that Jesus’ mother Mary had never been in a relationship with a man prior to the conception of Jesus and prior to the birth of Jesus. Mary had never been in a relationship with a man before getting pregnant with Jesus, and this is a proven truth.

Was Mary a Virgin?

Matthew 1:24–25 (KJV) Joseph awoke from his slumber and followed the instructions of the angel of God, who instructed him to take his wife but not to know her until she had given birth to a son. “And he gave himself the name Jesus.” Joseph, who was betrothed or engaged to Mary, was distraught when he discovered that Mary was pregnant. He wanted to secretly or privately divorce her because to announce it publicly would put her in front of the public and make her into an open spectacle. However, Joseph and Mary had other children after Jesus was born, making it impossible for Mary to remain a virgin.


Nothing wrong with Mary “knowing” Joseph after Jesus was born, and there is nothing wrong with Mary not being a virgin after Jesus’ birth for sex within the sacredness of marriage as long as it is done for the greater welfare of the union. Following Jesus’ death and resurrection, multiple Scriptures make it very obvious that He had siblings and sisters, and that they came to place their confidence in Him as the result of His death and resurrection. It is believed that Jesus was the first born in His family and that Mary was a virgin at the time of Jesus’ conception and birth, but it is also believed that he had six half-brothers and sisters.

What I’d like to know from you is whether or not you have been reborn (or literally “born from above”), as Jesus stated that one cannot enter the Kingdom of Heaven unless they have been reborn (John 3:3).

a natural death, but will afterwards have eternal life through faith in Christ Jesus, who died for your sins (John 3:16-17). If you do not, you will be sentenced at this very moment (John 3:18).

Another Reading on Patheos to Check Out:What Did Jesus Really Look Like: A Look at the Bible Facts

Currently, Jack Wellman serves as pastor of the Mulvane Brethren church in Mulvane, Kansas. Jack also serves as the Senior Writer for What Christians Want To Know, a website whose aim is to equip, encourage, and excite Christians, as well as to answer concerns regarding the believer’s daily walk with God and his or her relationship with the Bible. For more information, you can follow Jack on Google Plus or read his bookBlind Chance or Intelligent Design, which is available on Amazon.

Did Jesus have any brothers or sisters?

God, according to the Bible, is the father of Jesus, and Mary is his mother (not Joseph). Psalms 69:9 and Matthew 13:55-56 confirm the existence of four boys and many girls for Mary and Joseph following the birth of Jesus. Because they were all born to the same mother, these siblings were considered half-brothers and sisters by God. “Isn’t this the son of the carpenter?” And his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas don’t have the same last name as his mother Mary. Isn’t he accompanied by all of his sisters?

  • The Bible says in Matthew 13:55-56: THE SISTERS OF JESUS It is unclear how many half-sisters Jesus had in all, but we assume it was more than two, according to the Bible.
  • This is why we assume he had “many” half-sisters, as opposed to just one.
  • And his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas don’t have the same last name as his mother Mary.
  • They sent someone in to call him while they were standing outside.” In the New International Version of Acts 1:14, it says, “They all came together continually in prayer, with the women and Mary, Jesus’ mother, and with his brothers.” JUDAS, JUDAH, OR JUDE: WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
  • Some refer to him as “Judas.” Despite this, the book of the Bible he produced is referred to as “Jude” in our current Bibles.
  • When translated into English, this popular Greek given name, Judas, can be spelled either Jude or Judah.
  • According to the New Testament, Jude (also known as Judas or Judah) is one of Jesus’ brothers (Greek: adelphoi, lit.
  • ‘brothers’).
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As the author of the Epistle to Jude, he is traditionally regarded as one of the general epistles of the New Testament, which are classified as canonical by Christians and counted among the seven general epistles (which are placed after Paul’s epistles and before the Book of Revelation) of the New Testament.

In his mammoth book, The History of the Church, Eusebius of Caesarea refers to Jude as the brother of our Lord on two separate occasions as “the brother of our Lord.” JUDE’S BOOK WAS COMMENCED BY HIS AUTHOR It is Jude, the brother of James, who writes the Book of Jude, according to the first chapter of Jude.

Jude is most likely not identifying himself as a brother of Jesus out of humility and regard for Jesus and his teachings.

Galatians 1:19 (New American Standard Bible): I did not see any other apostles except from James, the Lord’s brother, and that was a disappointment to me.” Let us not be misled by this passage of Scripture, which appears to indicate that the Lord’s brother was one of the Twelve Apostles.

In a similar vein, the term can be used to Hebrews 3:1 as follows: “So, holy brothers, who also share in the divine calling, fix your gaze on Jesus, the apostle and high priest whom we confess,” the apostle Paul writes.

“I (referring to Jesus) have become a stranger to my brothers, a foreigner to my mother’s children,” says Psalm 69:8 (New Heart English Bible), “I (referring to Jesus) have become a stranger to my brothers, a foreigner to my mother’s children.” “I” in this Scripture refers to Jesus, who was treated as a foreigner to his mother’s children at first (or his half siblings.).

Another thing to note is that Jesus is referred to as Mary’s “firstborn” in Matthew 1:25, which implies that Mary had other children.

We think that Mary and Joseph had additional children after the birth of Jesus based on our reading of the Scriptures and reasoning about how they fit together.

According to the Scriptures, at least four half-brothers are mentioned, and Matthew alludes to “all his sisters,” implying that there are more than one, but they are not identified.

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Yes! Both brothers and sisters are mentioned by name in the Bible as belonging to Jesus. Because Joseph was younger than Jesus, they would all have been younger than Jesus “had no sexual relations with her (Mary) until she became the mother of a son And he gave Him the name Jesus as a result ” (Matthew 1:25). They were born after Jesus, as a result of the marriage of Mary and Joseph, who were both Jesus’ mother and earthly father at the time of His birth. As a result, they were legally his half-blood siblings, as they had a common mother, but Jesus’ actual Father is God in Heaven (Luke 2:29).

Biblical Evidence of BrothersSisters

It is recorded in the Scriptures that Jesus’ mother and brothers came to visit Him while He was teaching (Matthew 12:46; Luke 8:19; Mark 3:31). The identities of his four brothers are revealed in Matthew 13:55: James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas, to mention a few. James is also identified as a sibling of Jesus in Galatians 1:19. In Acts 1:14, the mother and brothers of Jesus are mentioned as being among those who prayed with the disciples. Jesus’ sisters are mentioned in Matthew 13:56, albeit they aren’t given a number or a name.

He was well aware that the Jews desired to have Him killed, but the moment had not yet arrived for this to occur, so Jesus remained in Galilee.

The Controversy of Cousins

Several scholars argue that Jesus’ brothers were actually His cousins, based on the fact that the Greek term for “brother” may refer to other relatives in specific cases. However, while there is a distinct Greek term for “cousin,” that word was never employed in any of the allusions to Jesus’ siblings in the New Testament. Aside from that, if Mary wasn’t their mother, it wouldn’t make logical that they would be placed in attenance with her on a regular basis. In the biblical context, there is nothing that suggests that they were anything other than Jesus’ real, blood-related half-brothers.

In contrast to this, the Bible does not present any proof to support this claim.

(Matthew 2:20-23).


  • Several scholars argue that Jesus’ brothers were actually His cousins, owing to the fact that the Greek term for “brother” may refer to other relatives in specific cases. Despite the fact that there is a distinct Greek term for “cousin,” that word was never used in connection with any of Jesus’ siblings. It would also make little sense if Mary was not their mother to have them placed in attenance with her on such a regular basis. Nothing in the scriptural context suggests that they were anything other than Jesus’ real, blood-related half-brothers and half-siblings. Another point of contention is that Jesus’ siblings were all Joseph’s offspring from a prior marriage, according to one interpretation. However, there is no evidence to support this claim in the Bible whatsoever. If Joseph and Mary had additional children with them before Jesus was born (as many as six more), it is logical that they would have been mentioned during Joseph and Mary’s journey to Bethlehem (Luke 2:4-7), later during their journey to Egypt (Matthew 2:13-15), or their journey back to Nazareth (Luke 2:4-7). (Matthew 2:20-23). The Bible clearly states that Jesus had younger half-brothers and half-sisters, all of whom were natural offspring of Joseph and Mary, and that we may be certain that Jesus did in fact have these younger siblings.

Both brothers and sisters are mentioned by name in the Bible as belonging to Jesus. Because Joseph was younger than Jesus, they would all have been younger than Jesus “had no sexual relations with her (Mary) until she became the mother of a son And he gave Him the name Jesus as a result ” (Matthew 1:25).

They were born after Jesus, as a result of the marriage of Mary and Joseph, who were both Jesus’ mother and earthly father at the time of His birth. As a result, they were legally his half-blood siblings because they had a common mother, but Jesus’ actual Father is God in Heaven.

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Cat is the web producer and editor for She has a background in journalism. She enjoys listening to audiobooks, cooking for the people she cares about, and illuminating a place with Christmas lights. Catiana likes spending time with her two teenage children, five socially awkward cats, and her incredible friend-family when she is not writing, cooking, or sketching.

Did Jesus have brothers and sisters?

The Bible makes it very plain that Mary was a virgin at the time of her conception. Furthermore, the Bible is unequivocal in its assertion that Jesus had siblings and sisters. In the words of Matthew: Joseph and Mary were engaged to be married at the time of the wedding. When Joseph learned that Mary was expecting a child, he made the decision to divorce her secretly. His preparations were thwarted by an angel, who informed him that the child Mary was carrying was the result of the Holy Spirit’s intervention.

  1. However, he did not have a sexual relationship with her until she gave birth to a son.
  2. (See Matthew 1:24-25.) Because Joseph could not have been Jesus’ father, Matthew is very cautious to highlight this up.
  3. This clearly demonstrates how Matthew defends Jesus’ virgin birth while simultaneously emphasizing that Joseph and Mary continued to live as husband and wife and had a regular sexual relationship after Jesus’ birth.
  4. Someone informed him that his mother and brothers were waiting outside, eager to talk with him.
  5. What they wanted to know was “where did this man receive this intelligence and these incredible skills.” “Isn’t this the son of the carpenter?
  6. Isn’t he accompanied by all of his sisters?
  7. Luke’s Testimony (in Greek): At the outset of his gospel, Luke claims to have conducted a thorough research into everything he intended to report.

He boldly asserts that Jesus was conceived in a virgin womb.

He claims that Mary had additional children as a result of her marriage to Joseph.

“They all came together continually in prayer, along with the ladies and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers,” he writes of the gathering in the upper room just before the daybreak of Pentecost.

Because of his intimate relationship with Jesus, he had personal knowledge about the Lord’s royal family.

(See John 2:12 for more information.) Conclusion: The Bible is unequivocal in stating that Jesus was born to a virgin called Mary.

Aside from that, the Bible makes it plain that Joseph and Mary did have children of their own, and the names of those children are recorded in the Bible.

Tony Coffey’s book ‘Once a Catholic’ was the source for the information in this article. Harvest House, Eugene, Oregon, United States of America is the publisher.

Who Were the Brothers and Sisters of Jesus?

Now we’ll take a look at Jesus’ brothers and sisters and see what the Bible has to say about each of them.

Older Siblings

In the Book of Exodus, we learn about the 10 plagues that God inflicted on the stubborn Egyptians in order to rescue the Hebrews from their oppressive rule. The plagues were terrible: water that turned to blood, locusts, gnats, and darkness, to mention a few examples of what was happening. The tenth plague, the last of the plagues, was the most terrible of them all. Because of this, God issued a fair warning: “I will send one more plague onto Pharaoh and upon Egypt.” After that, he will release you from his custody.

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All firstborn in Egypt will perish, from Pharaoh who sits on his throne to the firstborn of the slave-girl who is working at a handmill, as well as all of the firstborn of the animals, according to this prophecy.

(12:12, for example) And thus it came to pass that the firstborn in the country of Egypt was murdered – both humans and beasts alike, it seemed.

3:13; et cetera) A procedure that God devised would be used to accomplish this task, in which the firstborn son of every marriage would need to be “redeemed” (committed) to God; therefore the name of the ritual, The Redemption of the First Born Son.or Pidyon Haben as it is known to modern-day Jews, is derived.

Unless the firstborn child is born to a male, the ritual is not performed: “Consecrate to me every firstborn; whatsoever opens the womb among the Israelites, whether of human being or beast, belongs to me.” It is necessary for you to ransom every human firstborn of your sons.” (Exodus 13:2 and 13) As a result of Jesus’ dedication to God at the age of thirty days, we can be certain that he had no older sisters or brothers: “When the days were completed for their purification according to the law of Moses, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, just as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male that opens the womb shall be consecrated to the Lord”!

(Lk 2:22-23; cf.

Younger Siblings

When it comes to younger siblings, this is also ineffective. When Jesus was dying on the cross and “seeing his mother and the disciple there whom he loved, he said to his mother, ‘Woman, look, here is your son,'” he said to his mother. Then he turned to the disciple and said, ‘Look, here is your mother.’ As a result, the disciple accepted her into his house from that point on” (Jn 19:26-27). According to Jewish tradition, younger siblings are expected to care for their parents after their elder siblings have passed away.

What’s the deal with John?

Perhaps he was the “one whom Jesus loved,” as the saying goes (Jn 13:23).

Then there’s Mary, who was described as having given birth to “her firstborn son” (Lk 2:7).

As a way of giving freely, Jesus declares, “Everything that the Father has is mine.” “For this reason, I told you that he will take from what is mine and disclose it to you” (Jn 16:15). Because “the Father and I are one,” as the saying goes (Jn 10:30).

Siblings By Name

So, who exactly are those brothers and sisters who are listed by name as belonging to Jesus in the Gospel of Mark? It is the carpenter who is being referred to, the son of Mary, and the brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon. “Aren’t His sisters our neighbors here,” says Jesus in Mark 6:3. For Father William Saunders, “the mistake arises in Hebrew and Aramaic, the languages of most authentic Old Testament passages as well as the language of Christ.” Because there was no unique term for cousin, nephew, half-brother, or step-brother in these languages, they had to rely on the word brother or a “circumlocution,” such as “The son of Paul’s sister” (Acts 23:16), which clearly indicates that Paul’s nephew is being addressed.

“When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas chosen to encompass all of these connotations,” Fr.

Consequently, we must consider the context in which the title is being utilized in each instance.” For instance, when Spanish-speaking individuals (or French-speaking people) talk about their parents, they use the word “my padres” (“mes parents” in French), which means “my parents.” When they refer to aunts, uncles, cousins, and other relatives, the word “mis padres”/”mes parents” is still used.

The Gospels provide further clarification on the aforementioned “siblings.” Mary of Clopas had two sons, James and Joses, who were related to each other (Mk 15:40).

James the Lesser was the younger brother of Alphaeus (Lk 6:15).

But why these four in particular?

They all unanimously declared Symeon, the son of Clopas, whom the Gospel also mentions, to be worthy of the episcopal throne of that parish,” Eusebius writes in his Church History when describing the process of selecting someone to replace James (the head of the Church in Jerusalem), who had been martyred.

Clopas was Joseph’s brother, according to Hegesippus, who writes this.” So… Uncle Clopas was a relative of Jesus!

And then there’s this.

Symeon, the son of the Lord’s uncle, Clopas, was the next bishop.

The Founders of the Protestant Reformation

Mary’s permanent virginity was upheld even by the three fathers of the Reformation – Martin Luther, Hulrych Zwingli, and John Calvin — all of whom were committed to the doctrine. “Christ.was the sole Son of Mary, and the Virgin Mary carried no other children save Him,” according to Martin Luther. “Brothers” truly means ‘cousins’ in this context, because the Bible and the Jews usually refer to cousins as brothers.” (Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1537-39; Sermons on John, chapters 1-4, 1539) Quoted from Zwingli: “To deny that Mary was protected by God before, during, and after the birth of her Son would be to disbelieve God’s power.

God saw Mary as superior to all other creatures, even saints and angels, since it was her purity, innocence, and unwavering faith that mankind was called upon to emulate.

On the subject of Mary’s continuous virginity, there is an especially strong emphasis.” The following is taken from John Calvin: “He claims that she was Jesus’ mother’s sister, and in doing so, he employs the phraseology of the Hebrew language, which encompasses cousins and other relatives under the term ‘brothers’.” Despite the fact that many of the Early Church Fathers wrote and preached about Mary’s perpetual virginity, the great St.

Augustine is credited with having said it best: “It was not the visible sun, but its invisible Creator, who consecrated this day for us, when the Virgin Mother, fertile of womb and integral in her virginity, brought him forth, made visible for us, by whom, when he was invisible, she too was created.” A Virgin conceiving, a Virgin carrying, a Virgin pregnant, a Virgin giving birth, and a Virgin perpetuating are all examples of virginity.

“What is it about this that you are perplexed about, O man?” (Sermons 186, verse 1)

Did Jesus have “blood” brothers and sisters?

This concern arises because the gospels make frequent references to our Lord’s “brothers” and “sisters.” According to the English version of the Gospel of St. Mark provided by the New American Bible, the throng does indeed inquire: “Isn’t this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, as well as Judas and Simon?” “Aren’t his sisters our next-door neighbors?” (Matthew 6:3). A similar passage may be seen earlier in Mark 3:31 — “His mother and brothers came to see him.” The difficulty arises while attempting to comprehend the meaning of the wordbrother.

Adelphos, on the other hand, does not just refer to blood brothers who were born to the same parents.

Other types of connections, such as cousins, nephews, and uncles, were also described by the term.

Another example is Laban, who was anadelphosto Jacob, but not as a brother, but as an uncle, according to the Torah.

The same is true for the wordister in Greek, which has the same meaning.

Actually, the misconception stems from the languages of Hebrew and Aramaic, which were the languages of most of the original Old Testament manuscripts as well as the language of Christ.

When the Old Testament was translated into Greek and the New Testament was written in Greek, the wordadelphoswas employed to capture all of these connotations for male relations in the Old Testament and the New Testament, respectively.

On the whole, there is a misunderstanding in English because of the lack of specific terminology for relatives in both Hebrew and Aramaic, as well as because the Greek adelphos is used to refer to all of these relationships.

Mary of Cleophas had two sons, James and Joses, who were named after her (Mark 15:40).

Judas was the son of James (not one of the apostles), and he was a traitor (Luke 6:16).

The sons of Zebedee, James the greater and John, had a mother other than our Blessed Mother Mary, who was their grandmother (Matthew 20:20ff).

Matthew 1:18-25, Luke 1:26-38).

Always, and only, does it allude to the “sons of Mary” or “a son of Mary,” but always to the “son of Mary.” This argument is reinforced once again during the crucifixion scene, when our Lord says to Mary, “Woman, there is your son,” and then to St.

” According to Jewish law, the oldest son was responsible for caring for his widowed mother, and if something occurred to the first born son, the burden would be passed on to the next oldest son.

Joseph had passed away by this point.

John, the Beloved Disciple.

Joseph was a widower who had other children before he met and married Mary.

Perhaps it is because of this belief that St.

Actually, this entire state of misunderstanding is nothing new.

“A unique, evil, and audacious assault on the religion of the entire globe,” according to St.

Jerome utilized Scripture as well as the writings of the fathers such as Saints Ignatius, Polycarp, Irenaeus, and Justin Martyr to oppose Helvidius in his work On the Perpetual Virginity of the Blessed Virgin.

This belief is founded on Sacred Scripture and Tradition.

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