Who were Jesus’ first disciples?
- The first disciples Jesus called to accompany him and serve as his special witnesses were those named John and Andrew.
- When and where did he make his selection?
- Which ones were brothers, and which ones were not?
- The apostle John reports the names of the first five persons who were invited by Jesus to follow him.
- John and Andrew were the first two persons who were invited by Christ to follow him as disciples (John 1:35 – 39).
- Verse 40 – 42 describe Peter (also known as Simon or Simon Peter), who was followed by Philip (verses 43 – 44) and finally Nathanael (verses 45 – 46).
- (Bartholomew – verse 45).
- Afterwards, in Matthew 4:21 – 22, the Gospel of Matthew relates that James (a son of Zebedee and brother of John) was summoned, and then Matthew himself is called (Matthew 9:9).
According to the Bible, it is unknown in what sequence the last five of the original twelve disciples were called to special service.Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Judas the brother of James, Simon the Canaanite (also known as Simon the Zealot), and Judas Iscariot were among the last remaining disciples of Jesus.At least seven different time periods appear to have occurred during which Jesus appears to have called his closest or first twelve apostles (disciples).Andrew and John were summoned at the same time.After his brother Andrew informed him of the Messiah, Peter was summoned to the throne.Philip was called to be a disciple the day after Peter was called to be a disciple.
Jesus instructs his followers to cast a net.Duccio da Buoninsegna lived from 1308 to 11 After Philip informed him of the Lord’s presence, Nathanael (Bartholomew) was summoned.James (son of Zebedee and brother of John) was summoned from his boat on the Sea of Galilee, where he was mending nets at the time.
- As Jesus was about to leave Capernaum, Matthew got a summons from God.
- The remaining disciples were summoned at a later point in time.
- To the amazement of everyone, there were three pairs of brothers among the original twelve apostles!
- These men were named Peter and Andrew, James and John (the sons of Zebedee), James the son of Alphaeus, Judas brother of James (also known as LeBbaeus or Thaddaeus), and Simon the Cantaanite, among others (Simon the Zealot).
- In other words, seven out of the twelve disciples had a close family who was ALSO a committed follower of Christ!
- Several of the apostles were known to have lived in or around Capernaum at the time of their death.
- When Jesus began his public ministry, he made the decision to move from Nazareth to the city for the first time (Matthew 4:13 – 16).
- James, John, Matthew, Andrew, Peter, and Philip were the disciples that lived in close proximity to one another.
- It’s also worth noting that there are four different listings of Jesus’ first twelve disciples in the New Testament, which makes for an intriguing study.
- Three of these lists are contained in the Gospels (Matthew 10:1 – 4, Mark 3:13 – 18, Luke 6:12 – 16), while the fourth list (which does not include Judas Iscariot) is found in the book of Acts (Acts 1:1 – 4).
- (Acts 1:12 – 13).
- Articles that are recommended
The First Followers of Jesus
Chap. XII: (p.5) One of Jesus’ first followers was named Peter.Source: The Church in Ancient Society
- Oxford University Press is the publisher.
- DOI:10.1093/0199246955.003.0002 In Jesus of Nazareth, the earliest disciples were following a charismatic leader who tried to transform Judaism in accordance with the prophetic tradition and who was often referred to as the problematic title of ‘Messiah,’ which was a source of contention.
- According to tradition, the majority of Jesus’ first followers were Galilean fishermen and tax collectors who were despised by the majority of Jews, though his teaching gained respect among some Pharisees.
- There were internal disagreements within the earliest Christian community about whether Jesus’ mission was limited to Jews only or extended to Gentiles as well.
- Throughout the first century, the question of whether or not Jewish and Gentile Christians could establish a single Church, and on what terms, was contested and not totally decided, despite the diplomatic efforts of Paul of Tarsus.
- Pharisees, St Paul, disciples, Jesus, Messiah Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase in order to gain access to the full text of books contained within the service.
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Who Were The First Followers Of Jesus?
- Who Were the Founders of the Jesus Movement?
- 1 John 1:35-51 (KJV) Most of you are familiar with my narrative of how, in 1993, I sold everything, quit my job, and traveled to Russia to serve as a missionary in order to follow Jesus.
- Until recently, I resided in a quiet neighborhood in the southeast section of Saint Petersburg.
- It was estimated that there were around 100,000 individuals in this one-mile-long region.
- There were twelve-story apartment structures on the property.
- I hired an interpreter and then created posters that read, ″If you want to learn more about the Bible, come hear American pastor Ray Geide on Wednesday and Saturday evenings at the local community center.″ A total of two moms arrived on the first evening.
- They arrived with their children on the second evening, and others joined them.
- Marina and Nadia arrived on the second evening as well.
Marina and Nadia continued to attend our meetings for a while after that, but the rest of the group did not.Marina and Nadia were among the first people to follow me.Later on, I would train Nadia’s brother, Sergei, to be the pastor of the church.In many ways, it’s similar to what happened to Jesus.In this week’s reading from the book of John, we see Jesus assembling His first group of disciples.The topic of this talk is ″Who Were the First Followers of Jesus.″ I hope you enjoy it.
Do you have any idea who they were?There were a total of five of them.It all starts with only two disciples.
- There are two disciples.
- John 1:35 (NIV) The following day, John returned with two of his followers to the location.
- ″Look, the Lamb of God!″ he exclaimed as he passed Jesus on the street in John 1:36.
- When the two disciples overheard him say this, they immediately followed him.
- John 1:37 John 1:38 (KJV) When Jesus turned back, he noticed that they were following him and inquired, ″What do you want?″ They addressed you as ″Rabbi″ (which is Hebrew for ″Teacher″) and inquired as to where you were living.
- John 1:39 (KJV) ″Come with me,″ he said, and ″you will see what I mean.″ As a result, they went to see where he was staying and spent the rest of the day with him.
- It was around 4 p.m.
- at the time of the incident.
- As a result, Jesus is seen by John the Baptist.
- This was most likely the next day after he baptized Jesus, according to tradition.
- In the presence of two disciples, he declares, ″Look, the Lamb of God.″ We don’t know whether or not John instructed them to follow Jesus.
- It is not stated that he did so.
They, on the other hand, go to follow Jesus.It’s a little unsettling.They are on the prowl for Jesus.When Jesus looks around, he notices that they are following him.″Can you tell me what you want?″ he asks.″Can you tell me where you’re staying?″ they inquire.
- ″Come and see,″ Jesus invites us.
- This was most likely near the Jordan River in some kind.
- There were quite a few people in attendance.
- Some people may have slept under the stars, as well.
- Others may have remained with friends or family who lived in the area.
There were no Holiday Inns or Motel 6s to be found here.We don’t know where Jesus was staying on his journey.However, it seems most probable that these two disciples stayed with Jesus that night.
This occurrence resulted in the addition of a third follower, Peter.Peter (no.2) John 1:40 (NIV) Among those who heard what John had to say and followed Jesus were Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother.
First and foremost, Andrew went to his brother Simon and informed him that they had discovered the Messiah.(John 1:41) (that is, the Christ).Afterward, he brought him before Jesus.John 1:42 ″You are Simon son of John,″ Jesus replied as he gazed at him.″You will be referred to as Cephas″ (which, when translated, is Peter).
In this section, we learn which of the two disciples was referred to in point 1 as ″one of the two disciples.″ It was Andrew, Peter’s brother, who answered the phone.Many people believe that the author of this book, the apostle John, was the other disciple, Thomas.That is not the John who was previously mentioned in this article.He was the Baptist, and his name was John the Baptist.John the Baptist and John the Apostle are two very distinct persons from one another.Andrew went out to look for his brother.
The Messiah, he was told, had been discovered by them.What led him to believe that Jesus was the promised Messiah?We don’t know what to say.Because they saw John the Baptist as a precursor to the Messiah, it is likely that they had been following him for some time.
Consequently, when John said that Jesus is the Lamb of God, they interpreted this to signify that He is also the Messianic figure.It wasn’t just that Andrew told his brother about Jesus; he also took him to meet him.Peter is addressed by Jesus as Cephas, which is the Hebrew word for Peter.Peter is a Greek word that means ″rock.″ As a result, Jesus addressed Peter as Rocky.″You’ll be referred to as Rocky″ or ″the Rock″ by your peers.
Philip will be the next person to follow.Philip (number three) John 1:43 (NIV) The following day, Jesus made the decision to travel to Galilee.″Follow me,″ he instructed Philip after locating him.This occurs the following day after Peter’s visit with Jesus.Evidently, Jesus had already met Philip, for he now locates Philip and instructs him to accompany Him as He travels to Galilee on His mission.
- He received an invitation from Jesus on a personal level.
- Nathanael is the final person to join the group.
- Nathanael is number four.
- John 1:44 Philip, like Andrew and Peter, was a native of the town of Bethsaida, according to the Bible.
Who were the early followers of Jesus?
The early disciples of Jesus were apocalyptic Jewish Christians who believed in the end times. When gentiles were allowed to become members of the emerging early Christian Church, a rift developed between Judaism and Jewish Christianity that lasted for the first two centuries of the Christian Era.
What was the earliest religion to develop from the teachings of Jesus?
Christianity’s humble beginnings Paul of Tarsus’ writings and missionary activity in Judea helped to establish Christianity in the region by the mid-first century CE, building on the teachings of Jesus initially and subsequently on his own writings and missionary work. When Christianity first emerged, it was only a tiny, disorganized group that guaranteed individual redemption after death.
Is Sunday a pagan day of worship?
Correspondence with pagans Sunday was considered to be the day of the Sun deity in Roman culture. The Sun was revered as the source of all life in ancient paganism, providing warmth and illumination to all living things. It was the focal point of a popular religion among Romans, who would gather there at the crack of dawn to catch the first rays of sunlight while praying.
What is the oldest religion?
The term Hindu is an exonym, and while Hinduism has been referred to be the world’s oldest religion, many of its adherents refer to their faith as Santana Dharma (Sanskrit:, lit. ″universal law″).
Who is the oldest God?
This god was known as Aten in ancient Egyptian Atenism, which is said to be the world’s first recorded monotheistic religion and was stated to be the one and only ″real″ Supreme Being and creator of the universe. The names of God in the Hebrew Bible and Judaism include Elohim, Adonai, YHWH (Hebrew: ), and other names that are often used.
Who is the first god in the world?
Who is the best religion?
Adherents in 2020
Which is the most peaceful religion?
In his writings, the Islamist Sayyid Qutb declared that Islam is the religion of peace in the sense of surrendering all of people to Allah.
What will be the largest religion in 2050?
A 2012 Pew Research Center poll found that Christians will continue to be the world’s most popular religion for the next four decades; if present trends continue, the number of Christians will reach 2.9 billion by 2050, making them the world’s largest religion (or 31.4 percent ).
Which caste is highest in world?
According to a recent Pew Research Center demographic estimate, Christians were the world’s largest religious group in 2015, accounting for over a third (31 percent) of the world’s 7.3 billion inhabitants.
What religion is caste system?
The caste system is a social and religious order in Hinduism that was established a few thousand years ago. Traditionally, a person’s caste is decided at birth, and that caste’s employment is channeled into that person’s life. Brahmins, priests, and religious intellectuals occupy the highest positions.
Which caste is Patel?
Leva Patel (Leuva Patidar) is a sub-caste or group of Patidars in India, mostly centered in the state of Gujarat, with a population of about 200,000 people. They had the greatest rank among the Patidar subcastes as a result of their higher wealth and control of positions in trade, education, and producer cooperatives, as well as their influence on government policies.
Who is the biggest caste in India?
The Brahmins, who were mostly teachers and thinkers, occupied the highest positions in the hierarchy and were thought to have descended from Brahma’s throne. Then came the Kshatriyas, or warriors and kings, who were said to have descended from his arms. The Vaishyas, often known as merchants, were given the third position since they were produced from his thighs.
Who are the highest Brahmins?
The Himalayan states of Uttarakhand (20 percent) and Himachal Pradesh (14 percent) have the greatest percentages of Brahmins in their respective populations when compared to the overall number of Hindus in their respective states.
Which caste is general?
Forward caste (also known as General Class/General Category/Open Category) is a word used in India to refer to castes whose members are on average better off than the rest of the population in terms of economic and social advancement.
Do Indian names indicate caste?
Various systems and naming standards exist in India, and they differ from one region to another. Indian names are derived from these systems and norms. Besides religion and caste, names can be derived from epics or mythologies, among other things.
WHO IS Mehta caste?
Brahmins use the surname as a given name. Anavil Brahmins and Nagar Brahmins from the Valsad and Surat areas of Gujarat are the most common bearers of the Mehta surname among Brahmins. The phrase was first used to address teachers and accountants in the Gujarati language, and it later came to be connected with these occupations.
What is India’s full name?
India (Hindi: Bhrat), formally the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhrat Gaarjya), is a country in South Asia that is the largest in the world by population. Heavily populated, it is the seventh-largest country by geographical area and the world’s most populous democracy. It is the world’s second-most populous democracy.
Which caste is Reddy?
It is a caste that originated in India and is mostly found in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Raddi, Reddi, Reddiar, Reddappa, and Reddy are all forms of the name Reddy. They are considered to be of the advanced caste….
Which is rowdy caste in world?
The Mukkulathor people, also known as the Thevar, are a community or set of communities indigenous to the central and southern regions of Tamil Nadu, India. They are divided into two groups: the Mukkulathor and the Thevar.
Is Reddy and Gowda same?
The most common caste titles in the Kannada part are Gowda and Reddy, while in the Telugu sector the most common caste titles are Gowda and Reddy.
Is Reddy Rajput?
The Rashtrakutas were a Kshatriya empire, and the Reddys are descended from them. Both the Reddys and the Rathore Rajputs are derived from the Rashtrakuta Monarchy, which was a Dravidian-populated empire governed by northern Indo-Aryan migrants in the 15th century.
Which caste is powerful in AP?
|Region||Andhra Pradesh Telangana Tamil Nadu Karnataka|
Which caste is highest in AP?
State. While there are several SCs that are statistically significant, Adi Dravida has the biggest rural population (88.7 percent), followed by Madiga (85.1 percent), Mala (81.9 percent), and Adi Andhra (80 percent) (76.8 per cent).
Is Reddy a surname?
Reddy/Reddi is a surname that originates in India. In India, it is mostly used by members of the Reddy caste, who are Telugu-speaking people. Members of the Reddi Lingayat and Reddy Vokkaliga groups in Karnataka also use the surname as a given name.
Is Reddy an Irish name?
Reddy is an Irish surname derived from the Gaelic name Rodaigh, which means ″descendant of Rodach.″ It is a patronymic name meaning ″descendant of Rodach.″
Who comes under Kapu caste?
Kapu is the name given to a socioeconomic group of agriculturists that live largely in the southern Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, according to Wikipedia. Kapus are primarily an agrarian people who have come together to form a diverse peasant caste.
What does Kapu?
However, the Hawaiian word kapu may also mean ″forbidden,″ ″no trespassing,″ ″holy,″ ″sacred,″ ″consecrated,″ ″sacred″ and ″holy,″ among other things. The term kapu is commonly translated to English as ″forbidden.″
What are caste comes under OBC?
According to the research, the Yadav, Kurmi, Jat (Jats from Rajasthan, with the exception of those from Bharatpur and Dholpur districts, are on the Central OBC list), Saini, Thevar, Ezhava, and Vokkaliga castes are the primary beneficiaries of the 97 percent OBC reservation.
Is Kapu and Telaga same?
It is a community of agriculturists (kapus) in the coastal Andhra Pradesh region, with its main concentrations in the West and Eastern Godavari districts. Telaga is considered to be a subcaste of the Kapu people.
Who Was the First Disciple to Be Called by Jesus?
- ‘As he was wandering along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, he happened to notice two brothers working in the fishing industry: Simon (also known as Peter) and Andrew (also known as Andrew).
- ″Come after me, and I will create you men who fish for men,″ he instructed them to do.
- They immediately abandoned their nets and followed him.″ – Matthew 4:18 – Matthew 4:18-20 It is the Feast of St.
- Andrew the Apostle, who was the first disciple to be called by Jesus, that we celebrate on November 30.
- Andrew was the first person to meet Jesus, despite the fact that we know more about his brother Peter.
- Andrew was with John the Baptist as they came face to face with Jesus, whom John declared to be ″the Lamb of God.″ Andrew was with John at the time.
- Andrew returned to his home after spending time with Jesus to inform Peter of his discovery.
- According to John 1:40-42, Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, was one of the two men who heard John’s message and followed him to the cross.
He immediately tracked down his own brother Simon and informed him that ″we have discovered the Messiah″ (which is translated Anointed).Then he took him to Jesus and baptized him.″You are Simon the son of John; you will be known as Cephas,″ Jesus remarked as he looked him in the eyes (which is translated Peter).
- As we can see from Matthew’s story, Andrew made no reservations about following Jesus, even if it meant abandoning his father in the process.
- They were fishing for fish one moment, and the next they were with Jesus, preaching the gospel and performing miracles as ″fishers of men″ in the name of Jesus.
- Andrew was commissioned by Jesus together with the other eleven apostles, and he was given the following tools to teach and cure in His name: The twelve were sent out after Jesus gave them the following instructions: ″Do not travel into heathen land or enter a Samaritan village.″ Instead, direct your attention to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
- Make the following statement as you proceed: ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’ Cure the ill, revive the dead, cleanse lepers, and expel demons from your sphere.
- You have received without incurring any expense; you will also give without incurring any expense.
- (Matthew 10:5-8; Mark 10:5-8)
Andrew’s Role in the Miracle of Loaves and Fishes
- It is Andrew who draws the crowd’s attention to the child with the five loaves and two fishes, who is then used by Jesus to execute the miracle of feeding the five thousand.
- When Jesus lifted his eyes and saw that a great throng was approaching him, he said to Philip, ″Where can we go to get enough food for everyone to eat?″ (Matthew 26:35).
- He stated this to put him to the test, because he himself was well aware of what he was about to do.
- ″Two hundred days’ salaries worth of food would not be enough for everyone of them to eat a bit,″ Philip said.
- ″It would be impossible.″ He was approached by one of his followers, Andrew, who was the brother of Simon Peter, who said, ″There is a child here who has five barley loaves and two fish; but what good are these for so many people?″ Jesus then took the loaves and broke them in his hands, giving thanks, and distributing them to the people who were reclining, along with as much fish as they desired.
- (See also John 6:5-9,11)
“Go and Make Disciples of All Nations”
- In the well-known tale of Jesus feeding the five thousand, it is Andrew who draws the attention of the crowd to the kid who has five loaves and two fishes, which Jesus then uses to complete the miracle.
- The moment Jesus lifted his eyes and realized that a great throng had gathered around him, he said to Philip, ″Where can we go get enough food for everyone to eat?″ The reason he stated this was to put him to the test since he himself knew exactly what he was planning.
- To which Philip said, ″Two hundred days’ salary’ worth of food would not be enough for them to have a little bit of everything.″ ″There is a child here who has five barley loaves and two fish; but what good are these for so many people?″ one of his followers, Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, said.
- Then Jesus took the loaves and broke them open, giving thanks, and distributing them to those who were reclining, as well as as much fish as they desired.
- (7:5–9, 11) (John 6:5–9)
Butler’s Lives of the Saints is a collection of biographies of saints (ed. by Bernard Bangley) The Way of the Saints by Cowan
Light a Candle
- We cordially welcome you to Light a Candle at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in honor of this great and venerable saint.
- Vigil candles are lit in the chapels located throughout the Upper Church and Crypt levels of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception.
- In each candle, we see a symbol of the supplicants’ faith and the intensity of their prayers, which are entrusted to the loving intercession of the Blessed Mother.
- Home Philosophy and religion are two different things.
- Beliefs in a Higher Power Any of the twelve disciples selected by Jesus Christ who are known as apostles (from the Greek apostolos, ″person sent″).
- In addition to Jesus, the word is sometimes used to refer to other individuals, including Paul, who was converted to Christianity a few years after Jesus’ death.
- Earlier in Luke 6:13, it is stated that Jesus chose 12 from among his disciples ″whom he named apostles,″ and later in Mark 6:30, it is stated that the Twelve are referred to as ″Apostles″ when it is mentioned that they have returned from the mission of preaching and healing that Jesus had dispatched them on.
- In Mark 3, Matthew 10, and Luke 6, the complete list of the Twelve is given, with some variation, as follows: Peter and Andrew, the sons of John (John 21:15); James and John, the sons of Zebedee (John 21:16); Philip; Bartholomew; Matthew; Thomas; James, the son of Alphaeus; Jude or Thaddaeus, son of James; Simon the Cananaean, or the Zealot; and Judas Iscariot.
- The Twelve were granted the benefits of being in constant attendance on their master as well as being the receivers of his unique teaching and training.
- The disciples were dispatched on at least one particular mission, which they completed in pairs and which announced the approaching messianic kingdom’s arrival (Mark 6: compare Matthew 10; Luke 9).
- Jesus’ inner circle consisted of three men: Peter, James, and John.
They were the only ones who were permitted to witness such events as the raising of Jairus’ daughter (Mark 5:37; Luke 8:51), the Transfiguration (Mark 9, Matthew 17, and Luke 9), and the agony that Jesus experienced in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:22–23).(Mark 14:33; Matthew 26:37).The number 12 appears to have been given particular significance, which some academics read as a reference to the 12 tribes of Israel.Immediately upon the betrayal and subsequent death of the traitor Judas Iscariot, preparations were taken to fill the void created by the election of Matthias (Acts 1).In the book of Acts, the term ″Apostle″ is commonly ascribed to members of this group of twelve men.It is believed that Paul himself claimed the title of Apostle on the grounds that he had personally witnessed the Lord and had received a direct mandate from him.
This appears to be in accordance with the requirement in Acts that a newly appointed Apostle be able to provide eyewitness testimony to the Lord’s Resurrection of the dead.Certain early Christian writers, on the other hand, claim that some individuals were referred to as ″apostles″ after the time period covered by the New Testament.High administrative or religious officials have often been designated with the term..
- Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the person who most recently improved and updated this article.
Jesus calls his first followers
By Jennifer Ficcaglia | 01.22.2017 | Section: Kids’ Chronicle (illustration by Linda Rivers)
Jesus calls his first followers
Saint for Today: St. Nicholas of Myra
Jesus calls his first followers
- Jesus spent 40 days and nights in the desert before embarking on his public ministry.
- He was the first person to do so.
- At that point, Jesus was tempted by Satan, but he resisted the temptation and did not succumb to the devil’s evil tactics.
- When Jesus reached the conclusion of his stay in the desert, he discovered that his cousin, John the Baptist, had been taken into custody.
- When he received the news, he immediately returned to his house in Galilee.
- Jesus then made the decision to leave his hometown of Nazareth and relocate to another city in Galilee.
- Afterwards, Jesus traveled to Capernaum, which is located on the shores of the Sea of Galilee in the provinces of Zebulun and Naphtali.
- Isaiah’s prophecy about the Messiah was fulfilled when Jesus moved to Capernaum: ″Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the way to the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; the people who sit in darkness have seen a great light; on those who dwell in a land overshadowed by death light has arisen.″ When Jesus arrived at Capernaum, he immediately began preaching to each and everyone who would listen.
It was Jesus who encouraged the crowds to repent, since the kingdom of heaven was at hand.When Jesus was strolling by the Sea of Galilee one day, he happened to notice two men who were casting a net into the water.The two gentlemen were brothers.It was Andrew and Simon, who was also known as Peter, who were the individuals.They heard Jesus call out to them.″Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men,″ Jesus promised those who followed.
Simon and Andrew exchanged a glance with each other.They abandoned their nets in order to follow Jesus.The three new acquaintances continued their stroll down the seashore.
- They ultimately came upon another set of brothers, James and John, who were mending fishing nets on their father’s boat as they were on their way to their destination.
- Jesus cried out to them and urged them to come with him to be with him.
- James and John left their father in the boat and joined Jesus, Simon, and Andrew in their journey.
- Jesus and his companions traveled all across Galilee in search of food.
- Jesus spoke in the synagogues, preached God’s Gospel, and healed people of their illnesses, among other things.
- As Jesus’ reputation as a preacher and healer grew, people traveled from all over the world to be cured by him and to follow him as his disciples.
- MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND HERE: Q&A with Matthew 4 1.
- In which city did Jesus decide to settle?
- Who were the first two men that Jesus requested to accompany him on his journey?
Bible Accent – Jesus’ followers
- Many individuals who heard Jesus teach or who were cured by him, according to the Bible, began to follow him after hearing his message.
- Several of his followers were referred to as ″disciples,″ while others were referred to as ″apostles,″ according to the Scriptures.
- What is the difference between the followers of Jesus and those who do not?
- As Jesus’ reputation as a preacher and healer grew, random people began to follow him from town to town, hoping to hear him speak or to be healed by him.
- As his reputation as a preacher and healer grew, random people began to follow him from town to town.
- Following Jesus, we learn in Matthew 4:25 that ″large multitudes from Galilee and the Decapolis followed him; and from Jerusalem and Judea and from across the Jordan also followed him.″ Disciples were not simply a collection of random followers.
- As Jesus journeyed across Galilee, he summoned select individuals to accompany him and learn from his teachings.
- Simon, Andrew, James, and John were among the first persons he phoned for help.
Jesus proceeded to build his ministry by selecting 12 individuals from among his disciples to serve as his finest and closest helpers.This group of men, known as apostles, was sent out on missions to teach God’s message, and they were granted ″power over evil spirits to drive them out and to heal every sickness and ailment,″ according to Matthew 10.In Matthew 10:2-4, the apostles are named one by one.Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James (the son of Alphaeus), Thaddeus, Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot were among those who were crucified with Jesus.
Saint for Today: St. Nicholas of Myra
- At one point in history, St.
- Nicholas served as the bishop of Myra, Turkey, and is remembered for his religious devotion and enthusiasm.
- There are few additional documented facts regarding St.
- Nicholas, although there are a plethora of tales about him.
- In one story, the storyteller describes a man who had lost all of his money and was unable to pay the dowries required for the marriages of his three daughters.
- As a result, St.
- Nicholas passed by the man’s house and threw three gold bags through an open window into his home.
- According to legend, the bags dropped in shoes or stockings that were being dried by the fire.
As a result, on the saint’s feast day, December 6, several nations encourage youngsters to leave their shoes or stockings outside for them to be filled with presents.Originally known as ″Sint Niklaas,″ St.Nicholas became famous in America thanks to Dutch settlers, who dubbed him by a different name: ″Sint Nikolaas,″ which eventually became ″Santa Claus.″ 2022 Catholic Courier, Inc.retains ownership of the copyright.All intellectual property rights are retained.Creating links is welcomed, but it is not permitted to republish or re distribute without the publisher’s prior written consent.
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The Bible Journey
Acts 1:12–26 (KJV) After the death and resurrection of Jesus, his disciples continue in Jerusalem until they are infused with the power of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost.They gather in the upstairs room (the guest room) ″where they were staying″ to discuss their plans (Acts 1:12).The remaining eleven disciples, as well as several female followers and members of Jesus’ immediate family, gather to pray.
Matthias is chosen to take the place of Judas as one of the twelve apostles (who represent the twelve tribes of Israel) (see Acts 1:21-26).Who were the disciples of Jesus?At the beginning of his teaching ministry, Jesus had relocated to Capernaum, which was the primary fishing port on the Sea of Galilee (see Map 15, Matthew 4:12-13 & Mark 1:21 & 2:1).Due to the fact that his earthly father, Joseph, was a carpenter and builder located in Nazareth, Jesus had trained as a woodworker, constructing household utensils, tables, and chairs for his family (see Mark 6:3).When he moved to Capernaum, Jesus may have utilized his carpentry abilities to make and repair the many big wooden fishing boats that were located in Capernaum.He was most likely acquainted with the young fishermen of Capernaum long before he invited them to become his disciples as a result of this association (see Mark 1:16-21).
Capernaum was a fishing village where Simon (Peter), Andrew, James, John, Thomas (Didymus), Nathaniel, and at least two other disciples worked as fishermen (see John 21:2-3).Map No.15 Where Jesus’s followers came from Nathaniel (Bartholomew) came from Cana in Galilee (see John 21:2 and Map 15).(see John 21:2 and Map 15).Because he was a fisherman, it is likely that he resided at Capernaum.
He made a joke about Jesus originating from a little Galilean hamlet in the middle of nowhere, saying, ″Can anything good come from Nazareth?″ (Can anything good come from anywhere?) (See John 1:46.) John 1:44 and Map 15 show that Simeon Barjonah (Simon Peter) and his brother Andrew were originally from the lakeside village of Bethsaida (see John 1:44 and Map 15), but they settled in Capernaum where their father John (see John 1:42) ran the family fishing business.Simon’s wife and mother-in-law resided at the family home in Capernaum with their two children (see Mark 1:29-30).James and his brother John were also residents in Capernaum, where they assisted their father Zebedee in the operation of his fishing company, which also employed hired labor.They were given the appellation ‘Boanerges’ (‘Sons of Thunder’) by Jesus (see Mark 3:17) Philip was a native of Bethsaida.He was a buddy of Nathaniel’s, and it’s possible that he was also a fisherman (see John 1:43-44).Tax collector Levi (Matthew), the son of Alphaeus, resided in Capernaum and was known as a ″publicanus″ (Latin for ″public servant″ or ″publicanus″ — a public servant) (see Mark 2:13-17).
- Seeing as how he was collecting taxes on behalf of the Romans (and very certainly pocketing any profits), the Pharisees labeled him as a’sinner’ (see Matthew 9:9-13).
- Levi (Matthew) resided in Capernaum, which is where the story begins (Mark 2:15) Judas Iscariot was not a member of the Galilean community.
- ″Is-Cariot″ most likely refers to his origins in Kerioth in Peraea or Kerioth-hezron in Judaea (see Map 15).
- He was in charge of the disciples’ funds, purchasing food and distributing presents to the destitute (see John 13:29).
He was not fully trustworthy, though, and he was known to take advantage of the common purse on occasion (see John 12:4-6).John 11:16 describes Thomas as a fisherman who was also a courageous disciple of Jesus.However, he was hesitant to accept that Jesus had risen from the grave, earning him the moniker ″Didymus,″ which means ″twin″ (see John 20:24-28).They were James (the son of Alphaeus), Judas Thaddeus (the son of James), and Simon the Zealot, among others, who were close disciples of Jesus (known as the twelve ‘apostles’) (see Mark 3:13-19).″Zealots″ were a group of Jewish nationalists who were ″zealous″ in their opposition to the Romans, who had taken over direct administration of Judaea in 6AD (see the section on Jewish Nationalists in Section 21 for further information.) Jesus had a large number of additional disciples.A number of affluent women who were healed by Jesus went on to become disciples, and they contributed to Jesus’ financial support by using their own resources (see Luke 8:1-3).
Among them was Mary Magdalene, from whom Jesus had driven seven devils, according to tradition.She came from Magdala, which is located on the western bank of the Sea of Galilee, just north of Herod Antipas’s city of Tiberias (see Map 15 and the section in Section 4 titled ″The Jesus Boat at Magdala″ for more information).Mary Magdalene was one of the first people to witness the resurrected Lord Jesus, and she was not alone (see Mark16:9).She may have been a member of Herod Antipas’ court because her circle of acquaintances included Joanna, the wife of Chuza, the superintendent of Herod’s household who resided in Tiberias, and other members of the royal family.
Susanna, another affluent disciple of Jesus, was most likely a member of Herod’s court at Tiberias (see Section 6 for more information on Tiberias).The Roman thermal springs near Tiberius, where Joanna spent her childhood (Luke 8:3) Mary and Martha were sisters who lived with their brother Lazarus in Bethany, a town near Jerusalem (see Luke 10:38-42, John 11:1-2 & Map 15).While Martha was normally preoccupied with the domestic duties that were required of women in contemporary Jewish society, Mary was frequently found sitting and listening to Jesus’ teaching (an activity which was usually confined to men at that time).When Mary poured expensive scented oil on Jesus’s feet (it was customary for the oil to be poured on someone’s head), she broke with tradition by wiping his feet with her long hair, despite the fact that it was against the rules for respectable women to loosen their hair in public (see John 12:1-8).During this act of foot washing, which was normally undertaken by slaves, Mary’s humility was clearly evident (see John 13:12-15).Joseph, a distinguished member of the Sanhedrin – the Jewish council – was originally from the town of Arimathea in the province of Judaea (see Map 15).
- He was a hidden disciple of Jesus who was outraged by the conduct of the chief priests in capturing Jesus.
- He went to Pilate and requested for Jesus’ body, which he then placed in his own new tomb (see Luke 23:50-54).
- It was in Jerusalem that Nicodemus, another member of the Sanhedrin, came to Jesus in secret by night (see John 3:1-21).
Nicodemus lived in Jerusalem as well.When the members of the Jewish council (the Sanhedrin) sought to condemn Jesus, he issued a stern warning to them (see John 7:50).Immediately following Jesus’ crucifixion, Nicodemus assisted Joseph of Arimathea in burying Jesus’ body (see John 19:38-42).Nicodemus was a Jew who lived in Jerusalem (John 3:1) John Mark and his mother Mary resided in a spacious family house in Jerusalem, where they raised their children (see Acts 12:12).Because Mark (or ‘Marcus’) was a Roman given name, it is likely that his father was a citizen of Rome.
- They were a well-to-do Jewish family with several servants, one of which was Rhoda.
- The home was used for meetings by the early church, and it is possible that it was the location of the upper guest room where Jesus and his followers ate the ‘Last Supper’ (see Luke 22:8-12), as well as the location of the upper guest room following Jesus’ death and resurrection (see Luke 24:33-43 & Acts 1:13).
- Mark might very possibly be the ‘young man’ who sneaked away after Jesus was arrested, as described in Mark’s own story (see Mark 14:51).
Young Paul and Barnabas (who was his uncle) followed them on the first leg of their first missionary tour (see Acts 12:25 and 13:13), and subsequently remained with them as well as with Peter in Rome (see Acts 12:25 & 13:13).(see Colossians 4:10 & 1 Peter 5:13).St Mark’s Church, which can be located in the Armenian Quarter of the ancient city of Jerusalem and was erected in the 12th century on the ruins of an earlier Byzantine church thought to have been on the location of the residence of John Mark and his family, is a must-see attraction in the area.They were disciples of Jesus from the beginning of his ministry, and they were also eyewitnesses to his death and resurrection.Joseph Barsabbas (meaning ″Son of the Sabbath″), who was also known as Justus (meaning ″honest″), and Matthias were two of Jesus’ closest followers.In the role of the twelth apostle, Matthias was chosen to take the position of Judas Iscariot (see Acts 1:21-26).
- Figure 6: The journeys of Jesus’ disciples Continue to the next page
The Jesus Movement
How Jesus’ followers reacted in the days following his death was a sobering experience.Professor of Classics and Director of the Religious Studies Program at the University of Texas in Austin, L.Michael White is a scholar who specializes in religious studies.
THE RESURRECTION OF THE DEAD The death of Jesus must have been a terrible blow to the movement that had sprung up around him.More to the point, nothing happened, rather than that a Messiah could not die.Unlike what they might have imagined, the kingdom did not arrive immediately.For a time, we were left in the dark about what had happened to Jesus’ disciples.They appear to have dispersed, but it does not appear that they took long to come to the conclusion that something had happened to warrant their attention.Something happened that caused them to reconsider who Jesus was and what he would represent for the future of the movement, and that something is what we know as the resurrection of Jesus from the dead.
It is yet unclear what transpired during the resurrection.Despite the fact that we do not know how it happened, what we do know is that the disciples of Jesus were totally persuaded that he was resurrected from the dead and had been carried away to heaven as a confirmation of his messianic character.He was the crucified and rising Lord of the universe.The account of Jesus’ resurrection provides a fresh perspective on who he was and what he accomplished.Whether or not he considered himself to be a prophet or a messenger of God, his perspective alters when he himself is raised from the dead by God.
He is now seen as someone who has been vindicated, and it is the disciples’ confidence in the resurrection experience that causes them to see Jesus as something more than merely a prophet.As though he were the Messiah himself.He is the one who has been vindicated by God, as evidenced by his elevation to the position of son of God in heaven.It’s likely that it’s during these early days following Jesus’ death that the movement begins to reorganize itself around his memory.It’s likely that his continued survival is highly contingent on the growing realization that he has been risen from the grave.Although it appears to have spread swiftly among his followers, the oldest version of the movement is still considered to be a sect within Judaism in its current form.
- He is the Jewish Messiah, as the saying goes.
- They are adherents of a Jewish apocalyptic tradition, which they follow.
- They are looking forward to the establishment of God’s kingdom on earth.
- It’s a Jewish movement, to be sure.
The first manifestations of the Jesus movement were most likely tiny, sectarian organizations.At least one of these appears to be based in Jerusalem, but it’s possible that there are more scattered around the surrounding region.There’s a good chance that there’s one or more in the Galilee as well, if not more.To put it another way, we have to conceive of the initial days of the Jesus movement as extremely little pockets of sectarian activity that were all centered on the identity of Jesus as the promised Messiah.Who were the first members of these pioneering organizations?It’s difficult to say in all circumstances.
We are only familiar with a handful names, most of which come from the New Testament.At Jerusalem, it appears that James, Jesus’ brother, was the group’s leader for the next generation, according to the evidence available to us.We’ve heard stories about other folks.There’s a woman by the name of Mary who comes to mind.
It is possible that there are others in the Jerusalem congregation, including Peter and some of the other original disciples of Jesus, but we know very little about them, and they must have been very small groups of people who were still holding on tightly to their beliefs and expectations, while also continuing to practice their Jewish tradition.CHARISMATICS ON THE ROAD TO SUCCESS One of the first evidence of the Jesus movement is what we like to refer to as ″wandering charismatics,″ or itinerant preachers and prophets, who continue to proclaim that the kingdom of heaven is at hand, presumably carrying on the tradition of Jesus’ own teaching.Because they have little money and no spare clothes, they must wander about.So, they are meant to perform miracles and treat the ill for free, but it appears like they were begging for food instead of doing so.Even if this is a different image of the early version of the Jesus movement than what we’ve come to anticipate from the pages of the New Testament, the tradition itself supports it.Even in Paul’s day, we learn that he comes across individuals who are traveling from Judea and bringing a different sort of gospel message, and it appears that these are the same kind of roaming charismatics that we hear about in the early phases of the movement following Jesus’ death and resurrection.
- The Jesus movement is classified as a sect.
- What is the behavior of sects?
- One of the things they must do is separate themselves from their dominating cultural context, which is one of the most difficult tasks.
A sect always emerges within a society with whom it shares a fundamental set of ideas, but it must find a method to distinguish itself from the rest of the group in order to survive.As a result, sectarian groups are constantly at odds with their surroundings.That tension manifests itself in a variety of ways, including disagreements over belief and practice, as well as differing conceptions of purity and piety.The desire to disseminate the word, to hit the road and persuade others that the truth is true, however, is another manifestation of that conflict.Wayne A.
- Meeks is a Woolsey Professor of Biblical Studies at the Yale University School of Divinity.
- THE INTRODUCTION TO THE JESUS MOVEMENT Where did the first followers of Jesus, the cults, if you will, share characteristics with other cults in the pagan world and where did they diverge in a very significant way?
- Christianity began as a sect inside Judaism rather than as a religion in its own right.
One of a number of sects that we are aware of that originated around the same time period.In his book, Josephus describes a series of revolts in which prophets appeared and gathered followers, only to be wiped out by the Roman Governors and their followers dispersed, and if you read about the series of revolts that Josephus describes, and about the prophets who come and promise to part waters of the Jordan or whatever, make the walls of Jerusalem fall down, and they gather followers, only to be captured and killed by the Roman Governors, and that’s the end of the story that we have, However, it is precisely this that remains a mystery and continues to pique the interest of historians.There was no afterlife for any of those groupings of followers.They didn’t leave a mark on history, so what made this one different?There is something different about Jesus’ followers, and I believe that it is this question, which may be unanswerable in the end, that motivates people like me to dissect the sources that we call the New Testament and other early Christian literature, investigate the context of this, conduct archeological research, and do all the other things in order to try to guess why this group is different from the others.EXPLAINING THE TERMINOLOGY ″KING OF THE JEWS″ Were the disciples of Jesus making an amazing claim about him, or were they just making it up?
- What exactly did they say?
- In a way, the tale of Jesus’ disciples begins with what Pilate said about Jesus, which was ironic given the circumstances.
- One of the truths that appears to emerge from the accounts about Jesus, particularly the early ones that we have included into the gospels, is that he is crucified with a sign on the cross that reads, ″the King of the Jews,″ and that he is nailed to the cross.
- What is the most likely interpretation of this?
From Pilate’s perspective, this was someone who had the potential to be a leader of a rebellion against the Roman Empire.And he wishes to convey a caustic remark to the recipient.He has selected the most humiliating method of death that is accessible, which is designated for slaves, as his means of last punishment.Because it is humiliating, it is intended to put a certain spin on what is taking place in the eyes of the general public that witnesses it.As a result, he’s saying, ″This is what happens to a Jewish King of Kings.″ The disciples of Jesus, who refuse to disperse as they are expected to, are forced to confront the basic question: what does it mean that the one about whom we had all of these expectations has been crucified and died?
How do we cope with this, not only the end of this life, but the disgraceful end of this life?How do we deal with the end of this life?Incredibly, they asserted, ″Hey, Pilate was correct – Jesus was really the King of the Jews; and moreover, God has verified this claim, that Jesus is the King of the Jews, by rising him from the dead.″ Attempting to communicate that difficult reality marks the beginning of the Jesus movement as it is correctly known today, which would eventually become Christianity.
- The first reading, ″Pilate murdered him, but God resurrected him from the grave,″ is reasonable enough.
- That marks the very beginning of everything.
- That is an act of interpretation, which is to say, ″this wasn’t the end of the conversation.″ Second, sure, ″King of the Jews,″ what might this possibly imply is a matter of interpretation.
- It clearly does not imply ″King of the Jews,″ in the manner that a century later, Bar Kochba would attempt to be King of Israel and rebuild the political kingdom of Israel, which had been liberated from the Romans, would mean today.
- That couldn’t possibly be what it means, then what does it mean?
- As a result, the early Christians, in the manner of respectable Jews, began to explore the scriptures for any indications that may be concealed within that no one had before found.
They begin to discover promises in scripture about an anointed king who will come at the end of the world, a belief that they share with many other Jews at the same time, and which they believe will come true.Consequently, it all begins with this type of interpretative process, which can go many various routes depending on the situation.The John H.Morison Professor of New Testament Studies and Winn Professor of Ecclesiastical History at the Harvard Divinity School, Helmut Koester is an expert in the field of New Testament studies.
THE HEBREW SCRIPTURES WERE USED BY THE EARLY CHRISTIANS What exactly is the Gospel of Peter, and what does it have to do with anything?The four gospels of the New Testament contain passion narratives, which tell the story of Jesus’ agony and death on the cross.In addition to the New Testament canon, there is just one additional detailed story of Jesus’ suffering and death, which appears to have emerged in the Gospel of Peter.Ancient people were aware that there was such a thing as the Gospel of Peter, but they were unaware of its existence.
Eusebius of Caesarea, the oldest church historian who lived at the beginning of the 4th century, mentions the existence of a Gospel of Peter which was used by some communities in Syria, according to his writings on the subject.It was not until the end of the twentieth century that a papyrus, which had been a small amulet worn around the neck of a soldier and which had been placed in his tomb, was discovered.When it was opened, it was discovered to be a text that told the story of Jesus’ suffering, death, and resurrection, and it was discovered to be a text written in the Greek language.However, it is recounted in such a way that it is reasonable to conclude that it was not reliant on the canonical gospels that we currently have.
However, scholars believe that at least part of this gospel is based on the same story, but that it draws from the oral tradition of the telling of that story, or from an earlier gospel, which some scholars believe has been preserved in this gospel.What is particularly interesting about this Gospel of Peter is that it demonstrates, in some instances more clearly, the direct dependence of the passion narrative on prophecy and psalms as well as suffering servant stories from the Hebrew Bible, and as a result, it provides us with an insight into the development of the passion narrative in the first century.I don’t believe that the disciples were attempting to locate the appropriate tales in the Hebrew Scriptures at this point.
- Instead, it was that these texts from the Hebrew Bible were already a part of their regular reading of texts, and that they were already a part of their religious ritual.
- The reading and interpretation of scripture material would take place in the Jewish synagogue, as we all know.
- The disciples of Jesus must have been immersed in those scriptures and must have brought a knowledge of the explanation of suffering on earth with them that was already a part of their worship life, their talks with one another, and their thoughts during that time period with them.
- So it’s not like someone attempts to go back in time and says, ″Let’s find the proper book or scripture that would match,″ or something along those lines.
- As a result of a deep involvement in a religious tradition that was anchored in the worship life of Jewish communities, these stories about Jesus emerge which now use the same words and images to describe Jesus’ suffering as were used to describe his death in Isaiah 53.
The question of the suffering servant is closely linked to the passage from Isaiah 53.In addition, Isaiah 53 is often the chapter from the Old Testament that is read on Good Friday as a prefiguration of Jesus’ death in most Christian churches, according to a recent survey.The identity of the suffering servant has been a source of contention among Old Testament scholars for some time.
- Do you believe that it is the prophet who portrays himself as the suffering servant?
- Alternatively, and this is certainly the most plausible scenario, the suffering servant is finally revealed to be Moses.
- A distinct element of Moses’ tale is told, not as the leader who leads the people out of Egypt, but as the one who dies ultimately and who is not able to visit the Holy Land, and as the Moses who, according to the book of Deuteronomy, was not even buried in the land of Israel.
Before the early Christian period, this narrative had a significant impact on Jewish thought on the suffering of the virtuous person, particularly in regards to the idea of the suffering of the just.How can it be comprehended that the upright in this world have to endure such hardship?It was the tale of the suffering servant of Isaiah 53 that provided the solution to this question.
And it is to this account, it appears, that the Christians turned very early in their development in order to gain an understanding of what Jesus’ suffering and death meant and symbolized.
The Bible Journey
Acts 1:12–26 (KJV) Following Jesus’ death and resurrection, his disciples remain in Jerusalem until they are engulfed by the power of the Holy Spirit on the Day of Pentecost, which occurs on the first day of the month of May.They gather in the upstairs room (the guest room) ″where they were staying″ to discuss their plans (Acts 1:12).The remaining eleven disciples, as well as several female followers and members of Jesus’ immediate family, gather to pray.
Matthias is chosen to take the place of Judas as one of the twelve apostles (who represent the twelve tribes of Israel) (see Acts 1:21-26).Who were the disciples of Jesus?At the beginning of his teaching ministry, Jesus had relocated to Capernaum, which was the primary fishing port on the Sea of Galilee (see Map 15, Matthew 4:12-13 & Mark 1:21 & 2:1).Due to the fact that his earthly father, Joseph, was a carpenter and builder located in Nazareth, Jesus had trained as a woodworker, constructing household utensils, tables, and chairs for his family (see Mark 6:3).In Capernaum, it is possible that Jesus utilized his carpentry abilities to construct and repair the many big wooden fishing boats that were stationed there at the time of his arrival.He was most likely acquainted with the young fishermen of Capernaum long before he invited them to become his disciples as a result of this association (see Mark 1:16-21).
Capernaum was a fishing village where Simon (Peter), Andrew, James, John, Thomas (Didymus), Nathaniel, and at least two other disciples worked as fishermen (see John 21:2-3).Map No.15 In Galilee, Nathaniel (Bartholomew) came from Cana, which is where Jesus’ supporters had gathered (see John 21:2 and Map 15).Because he was a fisherman, it is likely that he resided at Capernaum.He made a joke about Jesus originating from a little Galilean hamlet in the middle of nowhere, saying, ″Can anything good come from Nazareth?″ (Can anything good come from anywhere?) (See John 1:46.) John 1:44 and Map 15 show that Simeon Barjonah (Simon Peter) and his brother Andrew were originally from the lakeside village of Bethsaida (see John 1:44 and Map 15), but they settled in Capernaum where their father John (see John 1:42) ran the family fishing business.
Simon’s wife and mother-in-law resided at the family home in Capernaum with their two children (see Mark 1:29-30).James and his brother John were also residents in Capernaum, where they assisted their father Zebedee in the operation of his fishing company, which also employed hired labor.They were given the appellation ‘Boanerges’ (‘Sons of Thunder’) by Jesus (see Mark 3:17) Philip was a native of Bethsaida.He was a buddy of Nathaniel’s, and it’s possible that he was also a fisherman (see John 1:43-44).Tax collector Levi (Matthew), the son of Alphaeus, resided in Capernaum and was known as a ″publicanus″ (Latin for ″public servant″ or ″publicanus″ — a public servant) (see Mark 2:13-17).Seeing as how he was collecting taxes on behalf of the Romans (and very certainly pocketing any profits), the Pharisees labeled him as a’sinner’ (see Matthew 9:9-13).
- Levi (Matthew) resided in Capernaum, which is where the story begins (Mark 2:15)