Secrets of the Cross: Who Killed Jesus (DVD, 2009) for sale online
Who was responsible for Jesus’ death? The mysteries of the cross. DVD in its original packaging.
About this product
- This program contends that the conventional depiction of Jesus’ crucifixion is in fact a thinly-veiled fabrication intended to implicate the Jewish persons present at the time with crime. Alternatively, it maintains that the Romans (headed by Pontius Pilate) were completely responsible for Jesus’ murder, and that the New Testament authors had ulterior objectives that compelled them to produce the gospels as a result. One edition in a series of shows created for the National Geographic Channel that study Christian traditions in a revisionist perspective
- This is the first of the series.
- DirectorJohn Fothergill
- Title of the film or television show Secrets of the Cross: Who was responsible for Jesus’ death
- Sub-GenreWORLD History/Culture
- GenreEducation/General Interest, Educational
- Sub-GenreWORLD History/Culture
- GenreWORLD History/Culture
Additional Product Features
- Region CodeRegion 1
- Number of Discs1
- Release Date20090929
- Film CountryUnited States of America
All listings for this product
There have been no ratings or reviews yet. There have been no ratings or reviews yet.
Best Selling in DVDsBlu-ray Discs
There are currently no ratings or reviews available for this product. There are currently no ratings or reviews available for this product.
Who was responsible for Christ’s death? Who killed Jesus?
QuestionAnswer The solution to this question has a number of different sides. In the first place, there is little question that the religious leaders of Israel were directly or indirectly responsible for Jesus’ killing. “The chief priests and the elders of the people convened in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, and they devised a plan to secretly capture Jesus and murder him,” according to Matthew 26:3–4. The Jewish authorities asked that Jesus be put to death from the Romans (Matthew 27:22–25).
- (John 11:53).
- It was a Roman form of execution approved and carried out by the Romans under the authority of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who sentenced Jesus to death on the cross.
- The people of Israel were also participants in Jesus’ execution, as was the Roman Empire.
- Crucify him!” “Crucify him!” the crowd chanted as He faced trial before Pilate (Luke 23:21).
When Peter told the men of Israel in Acts 2:22–23, he was confirming their suspicions: “You, with the assistance of evil men, put him to death by nailing him on the cross.” As it turned out, the murder of Jesus was part of an elaborate conspiratorial scheme that involved the Roman Empire, Herod’s Jewish leaders, and the Jewish people themselves, a diverse group of people who had never worked together before or since, but who came together this one time to plot and carry out an unthinkable act: the assassination of the only begotten Son of God.
- At the end of the day, and maybe quite astonishingly, it was God Himself who executed Jesus.
- Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross insured the redemption of untold millions of people and offered the sole means by which God could forgive sin without compromising His holiness and flawless righteousness, which was otherwise impossible.
- As opposed to being a win for Satan, or a needless tragedy, as some have indicated, it was the most gracious act of God’s grace and mercy, the greatest manifestation of the Father’s love for sinners.
- As the Bible says, “God caused him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that through him, we may become the righteousness of God” (2 Corinthians 5:21).
- He died in order to pay the price for our sins (Romans 5:8; 6:23).
He did it this way to serve as a constant reminder to himself and everyone else that it was our faults that condemned Jesus to death on the cross. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Who was to blame for the killing of Jesus Christ? Who was responsible for Jesus’ death?
Subscribe to the
Get our Question of the Week emailed to your inbox every weekday morning! Got Questions Ministries is a trademark of Got Questions Ministries, Inc., registered in the state of California in the year 2002. All intellectual property rights are retained. Policy Regarding Personal Information The information on this page was last updated on January 4, 2022.
3 Surprising Secrets About The Death & Resurrection of Jesus
These “secrets” were discovered via research into Jewish books and discussions with academics of Jewish culture. What I noticed was as follows: It is often believed that the Jews of Jesus’ day were despiseable. “Crucify Him!” is a phrase that I think about every Easter holiday because it seems like everyone in the Bible is applauding Jesus on Palm Sunday and then seven days later crying, “Crucify Him!” In my mind, God’s purpose for Jesus to die on the cross meant that the cultural tide had been rapidly reversed in His Sovereignty, and I accepted it as the explanation.
- Following the Passover Celebration, Jesus was taken away to be tried.
- It is likely that they spent the whole day cooking the Seder dinner.
- Most likely, they arrived in the garden at 1 a.m.
- It was in the middle of the night that the entire trial took place: sentence, beating, and conviction.
- on Christmas Eve in America, strolling the streets of the city?
- The vast majority of Jewish individuals were most likely at home asleep.
- The words said by Jesus to the thief on the cross.
When a rabbi was about to die, the congregation would wait with bated breath for the “bat kol.” This was the voice of God, who would speak to them after they died, informing them whether or not they had led a life worthy of entering Paradise, if they had.
In this instance, Jesus was proclaiming to this man, as well as to everyone else who heard Him, that He Himself was the voice of God, and that He was the One who determined who would and would not be eligible to enter paradise.
Passover and this feast took place at the same time each year in the springtime.
God tells Ezekiel to speak to the bones and instruct them to come to life, and the prophet witnesses the bones rising up from the ground, connecting with other bones, becoming clothed with flesh, and effectively being revived by God’s order.
The Feast of First Fruits was observed on the day after Jesus’ death in the year that He died, according to the Jewish calendar.
The very next day, Jesus’ followers begin to claim that an angel appeared to them and informed them that “He is not here!
“Exactly as He stated!” Perhaps these specifics aren’t as exciting to you as they are to me, but I’d like to offer a handful of potential uses.
The details of your life may seem random and the circumstances disheartening or even downright discouraging, but God’s plans are divinely intricate.
Secondly, a thief was the lowliest of citizens in Jewish culture.
Yet Jesus said he would join Him in heaven, because he recognized Jesus was God.
God is not looking for those who strive and strive to do what is right, He is looking for hearts who are crying out to Him in desperation.
So if you feel like a failure, like you’ve gone too far and God could never accept you- listen to the bat kol of Jesus: “I am the resurrection and the life.
He who believes in me will never die”- you will pass from this life into heaven and live forever with Him. So now God whispers to you and I the words of Ezekiel 37, “Child, can you live?”. Ah yes! But only because of Jesus.
The plot against Jesus (Matthew 26: 3–5) – The death and resurrection of Jesus – CCEA – GCSE Religious Studies Revision – CCEA
From the beginning of Jesus’ mission, there had been an increase in hostility toward him. This stage has been reached as a result of the ongoing battle with religious leaders. The chief priests and the elders, who were among Jesus’ adversaries, convened in secret in the house of Caiaphas, the high priest, to devise a plan to assassinate Jesus. The city of Jerusalem was thronging with Jews who had journeyed to the city to celebrate Passover. It was the religious authorities’ fear that the people would riot if they arrested Jesus at Passover that prevented them from arresting him.
- His disciples, as well as a few others, were present.
- Because of the high expense of the perfume, the disciples reacted violently to it.
- The woman was accustomed to receiving negative feedback from others.
- The anointing of Jesus was a foreboding sign of his impending death.
- According to Jesus, the woman’s deeds were “good and lovely,” and “it is a fine and beautiful thing that she has done for me.” During his crucifixion, he was attempting to convey to the disciples what was going to take place.
Christianity – Messianic secrets and the mysteries of salvation
A major source of inspiration for the development of mythandlegend came from New Testament allusions to the “mysteries of the kingdom of heaven” (e.g., Matthew 13:11; Mark 4:11; Luke 8:10) and the “mysteries of salvation” (e.g., Matthew 13:11; Mark 4:11; Luke 8:10). Things that had been hidden from the beginning of time would blossom in the signals of the new messianic age and would be declared to the entire world, according to the Bible. Christians conveyed and examined the miracles revealed in Christ and the mysteries of his redemption via the medium of myth and legend.
- For example, the First Gospel of the Infancy of Jesus (also known as the Arabic Infancy Gospel) describes how, one day, Jesus and his playmates were playing on a rooftop when one of them fell and died.
- Unlike the others, Jesus confronted Zeinunus and questioned, “Zeinunus, Zeinunus, who hurled you down from the roof of the house?” The deceased kid responded by claiming that Jesus had not done it and naming another (I Infancy19:4–11).
- Some of the other tales may be found in other histories, as well as the Acts of Paul and Thecla, which tells the account of a friend of Paul who was put to the lions, one of which guarded her in a way similar to that of the lion in the story of Androcles.
- Groups of gnostics and heretics, who founded their beliefs on different readings of theeconomyof salvation, created unique Christian myths, traditions, and customs that are still practiced today.
- The gnostic sects, which included the Valentinians, Basilidians, Ophites, and Simonians, devised a wide range of tales to explain their beliefs.
- When the world began, the pleroma (spiritual realm) that existed before the Fall was shattered by a Fall, according to Valentinian mythology.
- He purposefully created two types of human beings, the hylics and the psychics, and breathed life into them, giving them life.
- The God of Genesis then attempted to keep the gnostics from knowing their prior origins, current abilities, and future destinies through various means.
- Thepleroma has been cleansed of divinesparks.
- When the Demiurge ofGenesis learned that Christ (the male spouse of the feminine Holy Spirit) was present in Jesus, he sentenced him to death.
- TheOphites (derived from the Greek wordophis, which means “serpent”) proposed a novel explanation of the Fall ofGenesis in their day.
Accordingly, the snake is regarded as a messenger of the spiritual deity, and the one who sought to prevent Adam and Eve from eating the fruit of the tree of knowledge is regarded as the Demiurge. Linwood Fredericksen is an American author and poet. Lawrence E. Sullivan, Jr.
TheMagiand the Child of Wondrous Light
The tradition of the Magi, who were referenced in the Gospel of Matthew, is a popular folklore. According to Matthew, apocryphal writings and Christian legend were used to expand the story. There are 12 Magi-Kings who resided near the Mountain of Victories, which they ascended every year in the expectation of discovering the messiah hidden in a cave on the hilltop, according to Opus imperfectum in Matthaeum. Every year, they went inside the cave and prayed for three days, hoping to see the awaited starto make an appearance.
The riddles were passed down to Seth’s sons, who in turn passed the information down from generation to generation.
The star and its brilliant brightness pointed the way to, or transformed into, the Holy Child, the son of the Light, who would one day redeem the entire world.
SCALA/Art Resource is based in New York.
Pontius Pilate: The Man Who Sentenced Jesus Christ to Death
Christ in the presence of Pilate Mihály Munkácsy, 1881, Hungarian National Gallery; Pilate washing his hands, by Nicolaus Mosman, after Matthias Stom, 1744-1787, The British Museum; and Pilate washing his hands, by Nicolaus Mosman, after Matthias Stom, 1881, Hungarian National Gallery. In human history, Pontius Pilate is one of the most divisive and, at the same time, mysterious characters to have ever existed. Despite the fact that it was not his objective, his activities resulted in the establishment of a universal religion.
- At the very least, on this scale?
- Christ before Pontius Pilate, 493 – 526, Basilica of Saint Apollinaire Nuovo, via Europeana, Rome, Italy Pilate Pontius was a Roman prefect of Judea who is most known for sentencing Jesus Christ to death in the book of Matthew.
- The governor’s existence is only partially documented by archaeological evidence.
- What little is known about this historical figure is based on folklore and unsubstantiated traditions that exist on the precipice of historical fact and religious belief.
- According to the four Gospels, Pilate sentences Jesus to death after hearing accusations from the Jewish community.
- So that they would not be held responsible for anything, the Romans pretended to be the ones who would attempt to avert the crucifixion at all costs if there was any prospect of success.
- 1625-1630, is housed in the Louvre.
- He was harsh and merciless, and he was well-versed in the techniques of his trade.
The fact that he has such extraordinary leadership abilities is sufficient evidence. ARTICLE RECOMMENDED FOR READING:
Pontius Pilate In Judea
When Pilate came in Judea, his responsibilities were essentially military in nature. Aqueduct in Caesarea. In the Roman province, he was successful in maintaining a calm atmosphere. It is important to note that Caesarea Maritima served as the capital, rather than Jerusalem, as many people believe. Pilate Pontius, like every Roman, was a devout follower of the Roman religion. For the Romans, religion was the center of their existence, and Pilate fit that description well. They were cruel warriors in combat and exceedingly religious when it came to the following of godly commandments in their daily lives.
Pontius Pilate’s bronze coin from 30 to 31 CE, courtesy of the British Museum.
Additionally, coins struck during this period demonstrate that Pontius Pilate is a historical character.
Pontius Pilate’s First Orders In Judaea
The British Museum has a painting of Pilate washing his hands by Nicolaus Mosman, after Matthias Stom, which dates from 1744-1787. According to Roman sources, Pilate is a long cry from the Christian figure that is assigned to him in the Scriptures. He understood how to scare a mob and keep order in an area that was rebellious to authority. His initial activities as a prosecutor in Judea came dangerously close to resulting in a bloodbath. Soldiers from Rome were to be dispatched to the Holy Land, according to his commands.
- The enraged Jews demonstrated in front of Pilate, who devised a plot to scare them away from the city.
- As soon as Pilate led the Jews inside his palace, he ordered his men to draw their swords in preparation for battle.
- The Jews, on the other hand, were brought to their knees and did not attempt to fight back or flee.
- Pilate retreated because his first responsibility was to keep calm among the populace.
The Role Of Pilate In The History Of Jesus
The Sacrament of Ordination, often known as The Kimbell Art Museum houses a painting by Nicolas Poussin, who lived between 1636 and 1640. The fact is that Jesus was not the first Messiah to emerge in Judea, as is often believed today. There had been others before him, each with their own set of new religious ideas. The Romans were aware of them and were continually on their trail. The trial of Jesus began on the basis of allegations brought against him by prominent members of society. That the nobility in Jerusalem had a hand in the execution of Jesus Christ is established by this evidence.
- There are several distinct stories of Christ’s true conviction, which may be found in the Bible.
- After announcing the decision, Pilate washed his hands and recited a few prayers to the gods, as was customary for Roman rulers to begin the day after receiving the judgement.
- According to another source, there were multiple trials before the final conviction was reached.
- According to some traditions, Pilate felt that Jesus was innocent and even stated as much when they arrested and tried him.
- Pontius Pilate is a character about whom we know very little.
He lived and served as the governor of Judea throughout Jesus’ trial and execution, though, and this is all we do know about him. Historical researchers and archaeologists are the only ones who can uncover the genuine facts about one of the most important persons in human history.
Pontius Pilate’s Disappearance
Christ in the presence of Pilate The Hungarian National Gallery has a painting by Mihály Munkácsy from 1881. After Pilate’s ten-year tenure over Judea, there is practically nothing recorded about him in the Bible. He was expelled from the country and returned to Rome, where he essentially vanished. After his return, there was no more published about him or his exploits. The Emperor Caligula, according to some, ordered his execution, while others say he was banished after his last years of power were fruitless.
He may have even gotten another post and continued his life in the Roman Empire, for all we know.
Pontius Pilate In Art
“Can you define truth?” Geoffrey Chaucer’s Christ and Pilate The Tretyakov Gallery has a painting by Nikolay Nikolaevich from 1890. Depictions of Pontius Pilate in art have been extremely popular from early Christian times, particularly after the 4th century CE, and have continued to be so up to the current day. He is frequently shown alongside Jesus Christ, or he is shown washing his hands in confession. Despite the fact that there are several pieces of art that depict Pilate washing his hands, one of the most bizarre depictions of Pilate washing his hands is found in a painting by J.M.W.
- In spite of the fact that the artwork was created in 1830, its use of color might be considered impressionist at a period when impressionism was not yet in existence.
- Leo Tolstoy, the Russian author, considered this to be one of his favorite pieces of art.
- Many artists have chosen to show Pilate at the moment he cries “Ecce Homo” (Behold the Man) when presenting Christ to the Jewish people just before the crucifixion, which occurred shortly before Christ’s death.
- Pilate has also featured as a fictional character in literature, playing a significant role in medieval passion plays as well as a number of literary works centered on the life of Christ.
- ARTICLE RECOMMENDED FOR READING: Leonardo da Vinci was a Renaissance artist who lived from 1452 until 1519.
6 Facts Surrounding the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
The crucifixion of Jesus Christ was the most horrible, agonizing, and shameful method of lethal punishment ever utilized in the ancient world, and it remains so to this day.
Binding the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, and nailing the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, was this form of execution.
Crucifixion Definition and Facts
- The word “crucifixion” (pronounced krü-se-fik-shen) derives from the Latin crucifixio, orcrucifixus, which literally translates as “attached on a cross. ” Crucification was a cruel type of torture and death in the ancient world that entailed tying someone to a tree or a wooden post with ropes or nails, and then hanging them from the tree or post. Preceding the actual crucifixion, prisoners were subjected to torture including floggings, beatings, burning, racking, mutilation, and verbal abuse directed at the victim’s family. Crucifixion in the Roman tradition involved driving stakes into a person’s hands and feet before tying him or her to a wooden cross. The crucifixion was the method of execution employed by Jesus Christ.
History of Crucifixion
Although the crucifixion was considered to be one of the most shameful and painful ways of death in ancient times, it was also considered to be one of the most dreaded means of execution in ancient times. Extant records of crucifixions date back to prehistoric times, with the Persians most likely being the first to record them, before spreading to the Assyrians, Scythian, Carthaginian, Germanic, Celtic, and British cultures. Crucifixion, as a form of capital punishment, was reserved largely for traitors, captive armies, slaves, and the most heinous of offenders, among others.
Forms of Crucifixion
It is possible that secular historians were unable to explain the tragic events of this heinous practice because they could not bear to do so because of their religious beliefs. A great deal has been learned about this early form of the death punishment, however, thanks to archaeological discoveries made in first-century Palestine. For the crucifixion, four fundamental constructions or types of crosses were employed:
- There are several types of cruxes: the simplex (one upright stake)
- The commissa (a capital T-shaped structure)
- The decussata (an X-shaped cross)
- And the immissa (the well-known lower case t-shaped structure of Jesus’ crucifixion).
Bible Story Summary of Christ’s Crucifixion
Several biblical passages, including Matthew 27:27-56, Mark 15:21-38, Luke 23:26-49, and John 19:16-37 (all from the New International Version), describe Jesus Christ’s death on the Roman crucifixion. Christians believe that Christ’s death served as the perfect atonement for the sins of all humanity, which has resulted in the crucifix, also known as the cross, becoming one of the most recognized symbols of Christianity. As recounted in the Bible’s account of Jesus’ execution, the Jewish high council, known as the Sanhedrin, convicted Jesus of blasphemy and determined that he should be put to death.
- Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler, who determined that he was innocent.
- Jesus was ordered to be executed by the Sanhedrin; thus, Pilate, fearing the Jews, handed Jesus over to one of his centurions to carry out the death sentence.
- On his head was a crown of thorns, which he refused to take off.
- Jesus was given a concoction of vinegar, gall, and myrrh, but he turned down the offer.
- “The King of the Jews,” according to the inscription on the wall over his head.
Timeline of Jesus’ Death by Crucifixion
From roughly 9 a.m. until 3 p.m., Jesus hung on the cross for approximately six hours. People were passing by yelling obscenities and scoffing as soldiers cast lots for Jesus’ garments during this time. When Jesus ascended to the cross, he addressed his mother Mary and the disciple John. “My God, my God, why have You left Me?” he screamed out to his father as well. At that point, the entire landscape was enveloped in darkness. Soon after, as Jesus took his final excruciating breath, an earthquake struck the Earth, tearing the temple curtain in two from top to bottom, shattering it.
The tombs were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God.” In order to demonstrate mercy, it was customary for Roman troops to break the criminal’s legs, so speeding up the process of execution.
However, by the time the troops arrived, Jesus had already passed away. Rather than shattering his legs, they punctured his side with a knife. Before the sun fell, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea dragged Jesus from the cross and put him in Joseph’s tomb.
Good Friday – Remembering the Crucifixion
Christians celebrate the passion, or suffering, and death of Jesus Christ on the cross on Good Friday, the Friday before Easter, which is observed on the Friday before Easter. Many Christians spend this day in fasting, prayer, repentance, and contemplation of Christ’s anguish on the cross, among other things.
- Crucifixion. The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)
- The Crucifixion (p. 368)
- The Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368)
Who Killed Jesus?
In 1965, as part of the Second Vatican Council, the Catholic Church issued the much-anticipated proclamation Nostra Aetate, which took a fresh look at the subject of Jewish blame for the execution of Jesus Christ. That modern-day Jews could not be held responsible for Jesus’ crucifixion, and that not all Jews who were alive at the time of Jesus’ execution were guilty of the crime, according to the arguments in the paper. In the history of Christian views toward Jews, this was a significant step forward, as Christian anti-Semitism has long been predicated on the assumption that Jews were responsible for Jesus’ crucifixion.
When Jesus was crucified, they thought that the Church would come out and claim that the Jews had had no role in his execution.
Jews Lacked A Motive for Killing Jesus
Indeed, most historians believe that it would have been more rational to place the responsibility for Jesus’ execution on the Romans. Crucifixion was a common form of punishment among the Romans, not among the Jews. At the time of Jesus’ execution, the Romans were enforcing a harsh and ruthless occupation on the Land of Israel, and the Jews had been rebellious at times throughout the occupation. The Romans would have had good cause to desire to silence Jesus, who had been dubbed “King of the Jews” by some of his disciples and was well-known as a Jewish upstart miracle worker at the time of his death.
The many factions of the Jewish society at the period — including the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and others — had numerous differences with one another, but none of the organizations orchestrated the death of the leaders of the other purportedly heretical sects.
READ: The History of the Land of Israel Under Roman Control Nonetheless, the notion that Jews murdered Jesus can be found in Christian foundational literature dating back to the early days of the Jesus movement, and it is unlikely that it will be readily abandoned simply because of historians’ arguments.
The New Testament Account
The notion that Jews assassinated Jesus is parodied in this 1896 cartoon, which substitutes Uncle Sam for the historical figure. (Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons) “The Jews who killed the Lord, Jesus,” Paul writes in his writings, which are considered by historians to be the earliest works of the New Testament (written 10 to 20 years after Jesus’ death), and he addresses them very briefly: “the Jews who slaughtered the Lord, Jesus” (I Thessalonians 2:14-15). While the idea that the Jews bear primary responsibility for Jesus’ death is not central to Paul’s understanding of Jesus’ life and death, the idea that the Jews bear primary responsibility for Jesus’ death is more prominent in the four gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, each of which presents a slightly different account of Jesus’ life.
Eventually, the high priest comes to the conclusion that Jesus is guilty of blasphemy and petitions the Jewish council for guidance on how to punish him.
Matthew’s account of Jesus’ suffering and death on the cross (referred to by Christians as “Jesus’ “passion”) has served as the inspiration for numerous books, plays, and musical compositions over the years, and it is a prominent part of Christian liturgy, particularly during the celebration of Easter.
It is said that Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler of Judea, was fundamentally sympathetic to Jesus, but that he was unable to overcome the pressure from the Jews, who demanded that Jesus be put to death.
When Pilate arrives, the gathering members of the Jewish community tell him, “His blood be on us and on our children,” which is the most contentious verse in all of the passion accounts (Matthew 27:25).
According to Christian doctrine, succeeding generations of Jews are also guilty of deicide, the crime of murdering God, which was committed by their forefathers.
Church Fathers and Thereafter
An etching from 1845 portraying King Herod and Pontius Pilate exchanging handshakes. (Photo by F.A. Ludy courtesy of Wellcome Images/Wikimedia Commons) With even more clarity and power, this allegation emerges in the works of the Church Fathers, who are considered to be the most authoritative Christian theologians who lived after the New Testament period. After explaining to his Jewish interlocutor why the Jews had experienced exile and the destruction of their Temple, Justin Martyr (mid-second century) concludes that these “tribulations were justly placed on you since you have assassinated the Just One” (Jesus Christ) (Dialogue with Trypho, chapter 16).
- A historical King Solomon addresses the Jews in “The Mystery of Adam,” a religious drama from the 12th century that prophesies that they would eventually slay the son of God, as depicted in the play.
- This statement is subject to verification.
- The masters of the law will be the ones who do this.
- They’ll descend from a tremendous height, and may they be comforted in their bereaved state of affairs.
- In recent times, passion plays — large-scale outdoor theater events that dramatize the end of Jesus’ life and frequently feature hundreds of actors — have continued to spread this notion, as have other forms of religious expression.
In the Talmud
It’s worth noting that the notion that the Jews assassinated Jesus may be found in Jewish religious literature as well. Against the evidence of theBabylonian Talmud, on folio 43a of tractateSanhedrin, aberaita (a doctrine dating back to before the year 200 C.E.) says that Jesus was executed by a Jewish tribunal for the crimes of sorcery and insurrection. For this reason, there is a blank area near the bottom of that folio in normal Talmuds from Eastern Europe — or in American Talmuds that simply copied from them — since the possibly offending text has been omitted.
This section has been restored in a number of recent Talmudic versions.) When the Talmud claims that the incident occurred on the eve of Passover, it follows the timeline given in the gospel of John, which is supported by historical evidence.
Responsibility for the killing of Jesus is also given to the Jews in Jewish folk literature, such as the popular scurrilous Jewish biography of Jesus,Toledot Yeshu (which may be as old as the fourth century), and in Christian folk fiction.
From the first through the nineteenth century, the degree of hostility between Jews and Christians was such that both parties believed the accusation that the Jews were responsible for the death of Jesus.
People who believe the tales of the New Testament (or of the Talmud) to be credible historical sources should not be shocked if this belief prevails. You may read this article in Spanish (leer en espaol) if you want to learn more about who killed Jesus.
Join Our Newsletter
Encourage your Jewish exploration on a daily basis.
This 1500-Year-Old Bible States That Jesus Was Not Crucified
The Turkish government maintains a copy of the Bible that is linked to the Gospel of Barnabas in Ankara (Source:Turkish News) Several ideas and influences from Christianity, as well as other similar faiths, have derived from bibles that were written around 2000 years ago, at the time of Jesus’ life on earth. Biblical texts serve as the closest thing we have to objective proof of the existence of Jesus Christ. Because there have been various authors, all of the testaments that have been published have occasionally differed by having little variances within the text, but the world has never seen a bible that tells an entirely new account, especially one that acknowledges that Jesus was not crucified.
- The book was discovered after three antique thieves were apprehended in 2000 while attempting to transport the bible and other antiquities worth millions of dollars out of the country.
- The book is written by hand in the Syrian Aramic dialect, which also happens to be Jesus’ original language, and it is a work of art.
- The tale in this book takes a significantly different approach than in the previous one.
- The fact that the book does not show Jesus as the son of God, but rather as a prophet who delivered the message of God, is another highly significant and distinctive feature.
- Is it possible that Saint Barnabas felt compelled to create a different account about Jesus as a result of the Apostle Paul’s instructions?
- It would make far more sense to some people if Jesus did actually rise from the dead and ascend to the throne of glory, and this would be supported by their religious beliefs.
- When the new testament was composed, the council of Nicaea (known as the first council in the history of the Christian church) determined the material that would be included in this bible.
They purposefully cut out anything that had been referenced in the Gospel of Barnabas as well as other gospels in favor of more canonical passages, which they believed were more reliable.
It has been suggested that the council had a motive for not selecting the Gospel of Saint Barnabas, and that this reason may have had something to do with the lack of knowledge regarding Saint Barnabas’ death.
Even the Vatican was taken aback by this element of biblical history, to the point where he wanted to read the book, which was denied by the Turkish government without providing any explanation.
Aside from the rarity of finding someone nowadays who not only understands but also knows how to write in Syriac, the manner in which the book is produced is highly conventional for the period in question.
There has been a heated argument on the internet concerning the validity of the book, as well as the material contained therein, that has been raging for years.
Despite this, it appears that Christianity is highly firm in its interpretation of biblical events, and they do not want others to believe that things happened differently.
In my opinion, there is a lot more to this world, and a lot of material from the biblical age has been stored away and kept secret for reasons that I do not understand, but in most cases, the truth would have a significant detrimental impact on society.
The Crucifixion Took on New Religious Meaning in the Centuries After the Death of Jesus. Here’s What Changed
The Romans, despite the fact that they had chosen crucifixion as the “supreme sentence,” refused to acknowledge that it may have started with them as a form of punishment. Perhaps the Persians, the Assyrians, or the Gauls were the only people who could have created such a torturous method of execution: a people known for their barbarism and brutality, perhaps. There was something repulsive about the process of nailing a man to a cross, sometimes known as a “crux.” A veil should be drawn over certain fatalities because they were so nasty and dirty that it was best to keep them hidden.
- It was standard practice to throw the bodies of the crucified into a communal grave after they had first served as a source of food for hungry birds.
- Then, like the loose soil that had been spread over their agonizing bodies, they would be entombed in oblivion.
- Nonetheless, there is one notable exception to the prevailing deafening quiet that serves to demonstrate the rule.
- Incredibly, each and every one of them describes the exact identical execution.
- Pain and humiliation, as well as the prolonged anguish of “the most miserable of deaths,” were the common fate of a large number of people throughout the existence of the Roman Republic.
- It was spared a common burial after being lowered from the cross.
- According to all four of the earliest reports of Jesus’ death, which were known in Greek as euangelia, or “good news,” and which would later become known in English as gospels, this is the case.
Indeed, archaeological evidence indicates that the corpse of a crucified man may have been given a respectful burial in one of the ossuaries outside the walls of Jerusalem on rare occasions.
When the women were on their way to the tomb, they discovered the entrance stone had been rolled away.
That he had climbed to the throne of God and was destined to return there.
Having through the most torturous ordeal possible, he had defeated death in its entirety.
Most people believe that the line between heaven and earth is porous and may be crossed at will.
It had been announced by the flare across the heavens of a fiery-tailed star that one of those, a conqueror named Julius Caesar, was about to ascend into heaven.
One’s ability to torment one’s enemies, rather than one’s own suffering, was the measure of one’s power: the ability to pin one’s foes to the rocks of a mountain, transform them into spiders, or blind and crucify them after conquering the world.
The fact that a man who had himself been crucified could be acclaimed as a deity could not but but be viewed as scandalous, indecent, and repulsive by people all throughout the Roman world.
Get our History Newsletter.Put today’s news in context and see highlights from the archives.
For your security, we’ve sent a confirmation email to the address you entered. Click the link to confirm your subscription and begin receiving our newsletters. You should receive a confirmation email within 10 minutes. If you do not receive a confirmation email, please check your spam folder. It is possible that even those who have come to recognize Jesus as “Christos,” the Anointed One of the Lord God, will experience a flinch when confronted with the manner of his death in its entirety. They were as aware of the connotations of the crucifixion as anyone else, and they were called “Christians.” It is “something despised and dishonorable” to acknowledge the mystery of the cross, which “calls us to God.” So wrote Justin, the foremost Christian apologist of his generation, a century and a half after the birth of Jesus.
- Scribes copying the gospels might on occasion draw above the Greek word for “cross” delicate pictograms that hinted at the crucified Christ, but otherwise it was left to sorcerers or satirists to illustrate his execution.
- By 400 AD the cross was ceasing to be viewed as something shameful.
- In Christ’s agonies had been the index of his defeat of evil.
- Byzantium, though, was not the only Christian realm.
- Increasingly, there were Christians who, rather than keeping the brute horror of crucifixion from their gaze, yearned instead to fix their eyes fully upon it.
- Why could you not bear to see the nails violate the hands and feet of your Creator?” This prayer, written some time around 1070 AD, was not just to the God who reigned in glory on high, but to the condemned criminal he had been when he suffered his humiliating death.
- No matter how high in the affairs of the world he rose, he never forgot that it was in lowliness, and nakedness, and persecution that his Savior had redeemed him.
- The Jesus portrayed by medieval artists, twisted, bloody, dying, was a victim of crucifixion such as his original executioners would have recognized: no longer serene and victorious, but racked by agony, just as any tortured slave would have been.
Men and women, when they looked upon an image of their Lord fixed to the cross, upon the nails smashed through the tendons and bone of his feet, upon the arms stretched so tightly as to appear torn from their sockets, upon the slump of his thorn-crowned head onto his chest, did not feel contempt, but rather compassion, and pity, and fear.
- Rich still trampled down poor.
- The Church itself, thanks in large part to the exertions of men like Anselm, was able to lay claim to the ancient primacy of Rome—and uphold it, what was more.
- That the Son of God, born of a woman, and sentenced to the death of a slave, had perished unrecognized by his judges, was a reflection fit to give pause to even the haughtiest monarch.
- Any beggar, any criminal, might be Christ.
And yet it had come to pass. Adapted fromDominion: How the Christian Revolution Remade the Worldby Tom Holland, available now from Basic Books. More Must-Read Stories From TIME
- We’ve sent you a confirmation email to the address you provided as a precautionary measure. To confirm your subscription and begin getting our newsletters, please click on the link provided. Please check your spam folder if you do not receive a confirmation within 10 minutes. It is possible that even individuals who have come to recognize Jesus as “Christos,” the Anointed One of the Lord God, can experience a flinch when confronted with the manner of his death. They were as aware of the implications of the crucifixion as everyone else, and they were termed “Christians.” It is “something hated and disgraceful” that the mystery of the crucifixion, which invites us to God, should be celebrated. Those were the words of Justin, the most prominent Christian apologist of his day, who lived more than a century and a half after the birth of Jesus. To depict the suffering of the Son of the Most High God in pictorial form would be a disgrace that would be too horrible to bear. Scribes transcribing the gospels would, on rare occasions, draw intricate pictograms above the Greek word for “cross” that alluded to the crucified Christ, but otherwise it was up to sorcerers or satirists to depict Christ’s death. Only decades after Jesus’ crucifixion — by which time, surprisingly, even the Caesars had come to recognize him as the Messiah — did his execution finally begin to gain acceptance as a legitimate subject for artists to work with and explore. During the fourth century AD, the cross was no longer considered a symbol of shame. Following the prohibition of the crucifixion as a punishment by Constantine, the first Christian emperor, it came to serve the Roman people as a metaphor of victory over sin and death, even though it had been prohibited decades before. The indication of Christ’s victory over evil had been revealed in his agony. As a result, in an empire that, despite the fact that we now refer to it as Byzantine, never stopped insisting that it was Roman, a corpse came to serve as an image of majesty. Byzantium, on the other hand, was not the only Christian kingdom in the world. A new revolution was developing in the Latin-speaking Western world, more than a century after the birth of Christ. The number of Christians who desired to truly engage with the raw horror of the Crucifixion was growing, rather than avoiding it or shielding their eyes from it. ‘How come, O my soul, did you fail to appear, to be pierced by a sword of searing pain, that you were unable to bear the spear piercing your Savior’s side?’ Where did you get the strength to stand there and see the nails pierce the hands and feet of your Creator?” Despite the fact that it was composed about 1070 AD, this prayer was not only addressed to the God who reigned in splendour on high, but also to the convicted criminal who he had been at the moment of his ignominious death. This work was written by a bright scholar from northern Italy by the name of Anselm, who was a man of noble birth: he was a correspondent of countesses and a friend of monarchs. No matter how high he ascended in the world’s concerns, he never lost sight of the fact that it was in lowliness, nakedness, and suffering that his Savior had rescued him in the first place. Anselm defined a new and monumental vision of the Christian God in his prayer to the crucified Christ, which was copied and read across the whole Latin West at the time. The focus was placed on his suffering humanity, rather than his victory, in his prayer to the crucified Christ. It is possible that the Jesus shown by medieval painters, twisted, bloodied, and dying, was in fact a victim of crucifixion in the manner in which his original executioners would have recognized him: no longer calm and victorious, but wracked with misery, as any tormented slave would have been. While the attitude to the sight was different from the combined disgust and scorn that characterized the ancients’ response to crucifixion, it was nevertheless significant. Rather than feeling contempt when they looked at an image of their Lord fixed to a cross, upon the nails smashed through the tendons and bone of his feet, upon the arms stretched so tightly as to appear to have been torn from their sockets, upon the slump of his thorn-crowned head onto his chest, men and women felt compassion, pity, and fear. In medieval Europe, there was definitely no shortage of Christians who were willing to empathize with the sufferings of their God. Poor people were still trodden underfoot by the wealthy. Gibbets were built atop slopes. As a result of the efforts of men like Anselm, the Church was able to lay claim to the historic primacy of Rome—and, more importantly, preserve that primacy over the next few centuries. Despite all of this, something essential had, in fact, altered. The fact that the Son of God, born of a woman, and sentenced to the death of a slave, had perished unnoticed by his judges was a sobering thought for even the most haughty ruler to consider. Due to the fact that this awareness was enshrined in the very heart of medieval Christianity, it could not help but instill in its collective consciousness a visceral and momentous suspicion: that God was more closely associated with the weak than with the powerful, and more closely associated with the poor than with the wealthy. Any beggar, any criminal, may very well be Jesus Christ. Consequently, the last will be first, and the first will be last.” Such an attitude would have appeared ridiculous to the Roman aristocracy in the decades leading up to the birth of Jesus. Nonetheless, everything had come to pass. Tom Holland’sDominion: How the Christian Revolution Remade the World, which is out now from Basic Books, was the inspiration for this piece. TIME Magazine has more must-read stories.
Please contact us at [email protected]