On What Day Did Jesus Rise?
The May/June 2016 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review is available online. Biblical Perspectives is a weekly column. Staff of the Biblical Archaeology Society On November 16, 20217, there were 107233 views. What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead? Is it better to wait three days or to wait until the third day? During his Biblical Views column, “It’s About Time—Easter Time,” which appeared in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review, Ben Witherington III explores this subject in further depth.
“It’s About Time—Easter Time”
Anachronism is a hazard that arises when reading ancient books like the Bible in the twenty-first century. By this I mean that we risk introducing damaging current notions and expectations into our readings. This challenge becomes much more serious when dealing with old manuscripts, which have significant historical significance and are thus difficult to interpret. What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead? Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome visited Jesus’ tomb on Easter morning to anoint his corpse (Mark 16:1–2), as shown in Henry Osawa Tanner’s painting “The Three Marys” (1910).
- To provide an example, we are a people who are fascinated with time — and with accuracy when it comes to time — to the millisecond level.
- When it came to the passage of time, they did not stress over accuracy.
- Jesus promised that he would rise from the dead “after three days,” according to certain sources.
- In fact, the time reference should be avoided entirely.
In Mark 8:31, on the other hand, Jesus declares, “The Son of Man will rise from the dead after three days.” In John 2:19, he refers to the same event as taking place “in three days,” and the Gospel authors tell us that Jesus used the term “on the third day” on a number of occasions (see, e.g., Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; Luke 24:46).
- While it is feasible that both forecasts will be incorrect, is it really possible that both will be correct?
- Furthermore, the term “after three days” in the New Testament might simply indicate “after a time” or “after a few days” without any obvious specificity other than to hint that multiple days, in this case portions of three days, would be engaged in the event.
- “Come to me again after three days,” says the Bible’s Second Chronicles 10:5, 12.
- According to my interpretation, the term “after three days” is a more generic or imprecise way of expressing, but “on the third day” is a little more particular (albeit it still doesn’t tell us when it is on the third day).
When it comes to time, these books were not written in a way that would suit our present high expectations.
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With an All-Access pass, you may access more than 9,000 articles from the Biblical Archaeology Society’s extensive collection, as well as much more. We must recognize that most of the time references in the New Testament are not precise, and we must give the ancient author the freedom to be general when he wants to be general and more specific when he wants to be more specific. This is one of the keys to understanding how the New Testament interprets time references. When you find both types of references to the time span between Jesus’ death and resurrection in the same book by the same author, and in some cases even within close proximity to each other, it is reasonable to conclude that these texts were not written in accordance with our modern exacting expectations when it comes to time references.
- I believe it is past time for us to accord these ancient authors the respect they deserve and to read them with a knowledge of the standards they followed when writing ancient history or ancient biography, rather than imposing our later genre norms on them, as we have done in the past.
- This article has been updated.
- Ben Witherington III is the Amos Professor of New Testament for Doctoral Studies at Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky and a member of the doctoral faculty of St.
- He received his bachelor’s degree from Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky.
Read Ben Witherington III, Reading and Learning the Bible, for assistance in understanding how to read the Bible in light of its original settings (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2014).
Related reading in Bible History Daily:
When Was the First Holy Communion Celebrated? Even yet, Jesus’ Last Supper was not a Passover meal. The Herod’s Jerusalem Palace Remains are on Display During a Seder Meal Tour— The site of Jesus’ trial is a possibility. And Why It Really Does Make a Difference The “Strange” Ending of the Gospel of Mark and Why It Really Does Make a Difference What Method Was Used to Seal Jesus’ Tomb?
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Baltimore Catechism: On What Day Did Jesus Christ Rise From the Dead?
On what day did Jesus Christ resurrect from death? Over the years, this seemingly basic topic has been the source of much heated discussion. In this post, we’ll take a look at some of those debates and send you in the direction of other information.
What Does the Baltimore Catechism Say?
When it comes to question and answer 89 of the Baltimore Catechism, which can be found in Lesson Seventh of the First Communion Edition and Lesson Eighth of the Confirmation Edition, it is best described as follows: What day did Christ resurrect from the dead, and what year was it? Answer: On Easter Sunday, the third day after His death, Christ rose from the dead in glory and immortality, as the Bible says. Isn’t it straightforward? Easter is the day when Jesus resurrected from the grave. For example, why do we refer to the day Christ rose from the grave as Easter and what does it mean when we say that it is “the third day after His death” imply?
The wordEastercomes fromEastre, the Anglo-Saxon term for the Teutonic goddess of spring. As Christianity expanded to the Northern tribes of Europe, the fact that the Church celebrated Christ’s Resurrection in the early spring led to the name for the season being attached to the greatest of feasts. (In the Eastern Church, where the influence of Germanic tribes was extremely minimal, the day of Christ’s Resurrection is calledPascha, after the Pasch orPassover.)
When Is Easter?
Is Easter celebrated on a particular day, such as New Year’s Day or the Fourth of July? The fact that the Baltimore Catechism refers to Easter Sunday as the first hint provides the first piece of evidence. The dates of January 1 and July 4 (as well as Christmas Day, December 25) can fall on any day of the week, as we all know. Easter, on the other hand, usually happens on a Sunday, which informs us that it is a very important holiday. Due to the fact that Jesus resurrected from the grave on a Sunday, Easter is always celebrated on a Sunday.
This was a cause of tremendous debate in the early Church, and it continues to be so today.
Although the date of Christ’s resurrection was considered significant in Rome, the symbolism of the day was considered more significant than the actualdate.
Because of this, the Christian church in Rome (and, more broadly, the Church in Western Europe) celebrated Easter on Sunday after the paschal full moon, which is the full moon that occurs on or after the vernal equinox (the first day of spring).
Since then, since the Council of Nicaea in 325, the entire Church has followed this formula, which explains why Easter always occurs on a Sunday and why the date varies year after year.
How Is Easter the Third Day After Jesus’ Death?
There is one anomaly, however: if Jesus died on a Friday and rose from the dead on a Sunday, how is it that Easter is celebrated on the third day following Jesus’ death? Saturday and Sunday are only two days apart, correct? Yes and no, to be honest. Today, we typically keep track of our days in this manner. However, this was not always the case (and continues to be the case in some societies). The Church’s liturgical calendar carries on the previous tradition in a new light. For example, we claim that Pentecost is 50 days after Easter, despite the fact that it is the seventh Sunday following Easter Sunday, and seven times seven equals just 49 days after Easter.
If we say that Christ “raised again on the third day,” we consider Good Friday (the day of His death) as the first day, Holy Saturday as the second day, and Easter Sunday (the day on which Jesus resurrected from the grave) as the third.
When did Jesus rise from the dead?
As recorded in the Gospels, Jesus was claimed to have risen from the grave “on the third day” or “three days later.” Although it appears to be a contradiction in words, the fact that there are numerous alternatives as to when Jesus resurrected from the dead may give the impression that there are multiple possibilities. Furthermore, the fact that Jesus died on a Friday makes these sentences even more perplexing, since a Sunday resurrection might be called into question as a result of the difference between the two days.
The difficulty with this type of current thinking is that it makes the assumption that the Gospel writers intended to constantly write with accuracy on this subject.
According to Witherington, there is an example from the Old Testament in which “‘after three days’ signifies exactly the same thing as ‘on the third day.'” As a result, even if these sentences in modern English appear to be in conflict with one another, “these writings were not created to fit our present rigorous requirements when it comes to time.” Furthermore, “days” in Jewish counting were not the 24-hour periods from midnight to midnight that we are accustomed to; rather, they were commonly defined as beginning at sunset on one day and ending at dusk on the next day.
- Reverting back to the original question, when did Jesus Christ resurrect from the dead?
- The following is Jimmy Akin’s reconstruction of the timing of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which is based on the Gospels and Jewish traditions.
- As a result, Jesus was indeed “resurrected on the third day” (Matthew 20:19).
- I am well aware that you are looking for Jesus the Crucified.
- It’s hardly surprising that the Church has always adhered to this schedule, with the Easter Vigil service on Saturday night already commemorating Jesus’ triumphant return.
- It is not essential when Jesus rose from the dead; what is significant is that he did rise from the grave and opened the gates of Heaven for us, along with the promise of a future resurrection at the conclusion of this world.
More information may be found at: After his resurrection, how many times did Jesus appear to his followers? Where did Mary go after the Resurrection? Continue reading this article
At what time did Jesus rise from the tomb?
The paragraph that appears to be confused here appears to be Matthew’s narrative, which we shall discuss in more detail later. As a starting point, we will look to the other sources, which include the apocryphal Gospel of Peter, which provide very definite indications of timing: When the Sabbath was finished, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out and bought spices so that they may go to the tomb and anoint the body of Jesus. They were on their way to the tomb when they asked each other, “Who will move the stone aside from the entrance of the tomb?” It was very early on the first day of the week, just after daybreak, and they were on their way to the tomb.
- After entering the tomb and seeing a young guy clad in a white robe seated on the right side, they were scared and ran out of the building.
- It is Jesus the Nazarene who you are seeking for, and he has been crucified.” He has resurrected from the dead!
- Take a look at the spot where they buried him.’ Mark 16:2-6 (New International Version) (emphasis mine) Mark provides us with two chronological markers, which I have highlighted in the preceding paragraph.
- While the exact time of Jesus’ resurrection is not specified, the conclusion from Mark’s passage appears to be that he rose at the crack of dawn.
- Upon entering, they discovered that the stone had been removed from the tomb but that they had not discovered the body of Jesus Christ.
- Because they were terrified, the ladies lowered their heads to the ground with their faces to the ground, but the men asked them, “Why are you looking for the living among the dead?
- The tradition of recognizing that it was the first day of the week is carried on by him, as is the custom.
2 So Mary ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus cherished, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we have no idea where they have hidden him!” Once again, it is the first day of the week, and John’s story again implies that it is morning; the phrase “while it was still dark” indicates that, if it is not yet dawn, it is soon to dawn and darkness is about to be overtaken by daylight.
This is readily reconciled with the gospels of Mark and Luke by observing the motif of light and darkness that runs throughout John’s gospel.
Additionally, we can take into consideration the pertinent paragraph from the apocryphal Gospel of Peter, which you have alluded to in your query.
However, during the night of the Lord’s day, when the soldiers were guarding it two by two in every watch, they heard a loud voice in heaven, and they looked up to see that the heavens had been opened and that two males with great radiance had descended from the heavens and had arrived near the sepulcher.
- As a result, the centurion and the elders were roused after seeing what the troops had witnessed (for they too were present, safeguarding).
- A voice from the skies said, ‘Have you made proclamation to the fallen-asleep?’ they thought they heard it.
- However, it is apparent that numerous watches have already taken place, that people have been sleeping for a long time and must be roused, and that the resurrection itself is seen as the beginning of a new day.
- So, what about Matthew’s version of events?
However, based on your inquiry, it appears that you believe the right English translation should be something along the lines of: “Late on the Sabbath.” Although the grammar is difficult to understand, there are at least two viable solutions that would allow Matthew’s story to be reconciled with the other versions of the events.
Considering the clearly Jewish nature of the remainder of Matthew’s tale, however, it is generally preferable to embrace the interpretation held by the majority of modern commentators and the BDAG (3), who interpret the word as a preposition (“after”) rather than as an adverb (“before”) (“late”).
- All of this points to the resurrection occurring sometime after the Sabbath’s sunset and before the ladies come early on the first day of the week as the most likely time frame.
- Jesus, who was known as “the resurrection and the life,” was referred to as the “morning star” in the Bible (Rev.
- In this way, Jesus is claimed to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah, who writes that a light has dawned on people who dwell in darkness (Matt.
- In other words, in early Christian belief, Jesus himself was associated with the beginning of a new day in a symbolic manner.
- Consider the following passage from Matthew 9:24: Jesus refers to the dead girl as “just sleeping” because he intends to wake her up later (i.e.
- John 11 contains a similar statement: “Our buddy Lazarus has fallen asleep; nonetheless, I am going there to rouse him up,” and when questioned on this, Jesus responds, “Lazarus is dead,” and we subsequently see him revived.
- In the same way, we read in Romans 13: “The night is nearly gone; the day is almost here.” As a result, the Romans are to live in the light of the resurrection as if they were living in daylight.
Why did Jesus Rise on the Third Day?
We shall return to Matthew’s story later, which appears to be the source of confusion in this chapter. Considering how unambiguous the other stories, including the apocryphalGospel of Peter, are in terms of time, we begin by looking at them: Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out to purchase spices after the Sabbath had ended in order to anoint Jesus’ corpse. They were on their way to the tomb when they asked each other, “Who would move the stone aside from the entrance of the tomb?” It was very early on the first day of the week, just after daybreak, and they had just arrived.
- Once inside, they were startled when they noticed a young guy clad in a white robe seated on the right side of the tomb.
- The Lord has ascended to the right hand of the Father.
- Take a look at the location where they buried him.
- When the Sabbath ends, he says, then he introduces it again with, “quite early on the first day of the week, right after sunrise,” which is the first time he’s mentioned it.
- The women went to the tomb on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, with the spices they had made earlier.
- While they were pondering this, two guys in garments that glowed like lightning appeared near them and asked them what they were thinking.
- It is also customary for him to mention that it was Monday, which he does in a similar fashion.
2 So Mary ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus adored, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we have no idea where they have hidden him.” Again, it is the first day of the week, and John’s story implies that it is morning; the phrase “while it was still dark” indicates that, if it is not yet light, dawn is near by and darkness is about to vanish.
The emphasis on darkness is most likely intended to depict Mary of Magdalene’s transformation from “blindness” to “seeing” (so Carson).
Despite the fact that I consider it to be a later gnostic work from the mid-to-late second century, and so derivative rather than formative to the four canonical gospels, it may nevertheless provide some insight into how early Christians understood of the resurrection for our purposes: Although a large throng gathered early in the morning as the Sabbath began to dawn, many people traveled from Jerusalem and the surrounding region to visit the locked tomb.
A loud voice could be heard in heaven during the night before the Lord’s day, while the soldiers were guarding it two by two in every watch.
This was due to a stone that had been thrown against the door, which had slid off to the side and opened up, allowing both young men to enter via the sepulcher’s opening.
In the midst of recounting their experiences, they saw three guys emerge from the sepulcher, with the two supporting the other, a cross trailing behind them, and the heads of the two reaching for the heavens, but the head of the one being brought out by a hand by them reaching beyond the skies.
Raymond Brown’s translation of the Gospel of Peter is available (emphasis mine) In the beginning, there is some ambiguity about the temporal markers because it introduces a throng but then appears to be moving backwards into the darkness.
All of the evidence we’ve gathered so far suggests that the early Christians believed Jesus’ resurrection occurred at or around the dawn of the first day of the week after his crucifixion on Friday the 13th.
In the first verse of Matthew 28:1, the author says: v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, v, The majority of current translations contain something along the lines of: ” Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to the tomb after the Sabbath, at the crack of dawn on the first day of the week.
” Although the language is difficult to understand, there are at least two viable solutions that would allow Matthew’s story to be reconciled with the other stories of Jesus.
Considering the clearly Jewish nature of the remainder of Matthew’s tale, however, it is generally preferable to embrace the interpretation held by the majority of modern commentators and the BDAG (3), who interpret the word as a preposition (“after”) rather than as an adverb (“afterwards” (“late”).
- Everything points to the resurrection occurring sometime after the Sabbath’s nightfall and before the ladies come early on the first day of the week as a reasonable expectation.
- In the Bible, Jesus was referred to as “the resurrection and the life,” and he was also known as “the rising star” (Rev.
- In this way, Jesus is believed to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah, who writes that a light has dawned on people who dwell in darkness (Matt.
- As a result, in early Christian theology, Jesus himself was associated with the beginning of a new day in a symbolic manner.
- For example, in Matthew 9:24, Jesus refers to the dead girl as simply sleeping because he intends to wake her up later that evening (i.e.
- It’s the same story as in John 11, when Jesus tells the disciples, “Our buddy Lazarus has fallen asleep; but I am going there to raise him up,” and when challenged on it, he replies, “Lazarus is dead,” and of course, we later see him risen.
- In the same way, we read in Romans 13: “The night is nearly gone; the day is nearly here.”.
All of this points to a deep connection in Christian thought between the resurrection and the beginning of a new day, which should lead us to believe that the gospel writers all intended their readers to understand that Jesus’ resurrection occurred at the beginning of a new day and the beginning of a new week (both historically and symbolically).
Why did Jesus Rise on the Third Day?
As a matter of tradition, Christians have commemorated the resurrection of Jesus Christ on a Sunday, three days following the commemoration of his crucifixion on Good Friday. This three-day chronology is based on a number of allusions in the New Testament to the Old Testament. Many times, Jesus foretold it, and the apostles included it in their delivery of the gospel message as well (see footnote references). However, why did Jesus’ resurrection take place three days after his death is a mystery.
Is the third day only a coincidental, insignificant element put on to the story of Jesus’ death and resurrection?
The Third Day Matters
Timing is extremely important for Jesus and his apostles because it has significant theological ramifications. When it comes to biblical story, the three-day timeframe is important because it represents the one-of-a-kind day on which God creates new life and activates his covenant with mankind. How did the writers of the New Testament get at this conclusion? After all, the Hebrew Scriptures have a constant “third day” design pattern, which Jesus and the New Testament authors are using as a model.
The Third Day Pattern in the Hebrew Bible
The passages Jonah 1:17 and Hosea 6:1-2 in the Hebrew Scriptures are among the clearest illustrations of third-day resurrection in the whole Bible. Jesus used Jonah’s three days in the belly of the huge fish as a metaphor for his own three days in the belly of the great fish. The prophet Hosea predicted that God’s reviving operation for Israel would take place on the third day. While these are important passages to study, the pattern of resurrection on the third day is established far earlier in the tale of Jesus.
The creation narrative in Genesis 1 and Abraham’s test in Genesis 22 both begin to develop a pattern of new life emerging on the third day.
The First “Resurrection”
What is the location of the initial glimpse into the three-day significance? The first page of the Bible. The creation story in Genesis 1 is written in the style of a poetry, with repeated declarations and parallelism between events. Within the rhythm of these repeats, two events in the creation tale stand out as particularly noteworthy, each occurring at a three-day interval and occurring at different points in the narrative. During the first “third day,” God creates dry ground and enables flora to emerge from the soil, including plants that produce seeds as well as trees that give fruit for human use (1:11-13).
The second “third day” event occurs on the sixth day of creation, when God produces animals and human beings for the first time (1:24).
Humans were produced from the dust of the earth, according to what we learn later in the book (2:7).
Take note of the parallels between humans and trees: both are newly generated from the ground (2:7, 9), both carry seeds and produce fruit (1:11, 28; 3:15), and both are made in this manner on the third day of creation.
One thing that distinguishes people from other animals, however, is that they are created in God’s image, and that God enters into a covenant with human beings, blessing and instructing them in their behavior.
A Pattern Emerges
There are three major characteristics of the “third day” events in Genesis 1 that serve as a template for subsequent events:
- God brings new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- God establishes his covenant with the creatures he has newly created, in this case humans (1:28-29)
- God creates new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- 26 In Eden, which we understand to be a lofty site from which a river runs out (2:10-14), the event takes place.
1:11-13; 26-27; 2:7); God establishes his covenant with the creatures he has newly created, in this case humans (1:28-29); God creates new life where there was previously death (1:11-13; 26-27; 2:7); God creates new life where there was previously death (1:11-13; 26-27; 2:7); God creates new life where there was previously death (1:11-13; 26-27; 2:7); God creates new life where In Eden, which we understand to be a high point from which a river runs forth (2:10-14), the action takes place.
Abraham’s Test on the Third Day
Is there any other place where this pattern can be found? Abraham is put to the test by God in yet another “third day” occurrence, which is one of the most interesting events in all of Scripture (Genesis 22:1-19). When God commands Abraham to present his only son Isaac as a burned offering on a mountain, the Bible states that Abraham spotted the location from a distance on the third day and proceeded to complete the test (22:4). God wants Abraham to learn to put his confidence in him when it comes to the covenant and the blessing of offspring in this scenario.
The connection to the “third day” concept is established in this passage by a strikingly dramatic act of atonement on the part of God, in which he substitutes a ram for Isaac (22:13-14).
On the third day, we notice the same trend as we did on the first:
- God working to bring fresh life, in this case to Isaac by his life being spared and to Abraham with the return of his son (22:11-14). (Genesis 22:17-18) God confirms his bond with Abraham, using language and ideas identical with Genesis 1:28
- (22:2, 14) This event takes place on the summit of a mountain.
Israel’s Third Day at Sinai
At a critical moment in the Bible’s narrative, we discover still another occurrence taking place on the third day. With his people just delivered from decades of tyranny in Egypt, Yahweh is on the verge of entering into another covenant with Israel, this time on a mountaintop (Exodus 19:2-3). God makes it clear that he will descend to Mount Sinai in the presence of all of the people on the “third day” mentioned above. This time is a test for Israel, just as it was for Abraham. Their preparations for entering into covenant with God are to be completed by the “third day,” when they will be ready (Exodus 19:9-16).
As a result of what we’ve seen so far with “third day,” we should have come to assume a specific pattern, which we’ve now witnessed yet another time:
- It is God who brings about new life for his people — in this case, new identity for Israel — just as he did at the creation and with Abraham and Isaac (19:4-6)
- God enters into covenant with his people, specifically Israel (19:4-6)
- God accomplishes all of this on a mountain (19:2)
- And God accomplishes all of this on a mountain (19:2).
And that is exactly what we see in the tale!
The rest of Israel’s experience in the Hebrew Scriptures, on the other hand, is defined by rebellion and disbelief, as well as a failure to fulfill their half of the agreement. This leads us back to the prophetic texts that refer to the third day, such as Hosea and Jonah, which we discussed before.
Hosea’s Hope, Jonah’s ‘Resurrection’
By returning to these prophets, we get a more complete picture of the “third day” and the tremendous imagery of resurrection that it evokes, as well as its relationship to God’s covenant with Abraham. A typical prophetic phrase for repentance toward covenant integrity is “return to Yahweh,” which Hosea uses to exhort Israel to do, and he also provides them hope in the form of resurrection language (Hosea 6:1-2). This restoration to the covenant will be marked by a renewal of life, as well as our resurrection as a people into the life of Yahweh, which will take place on the “third day,” in accordance with our pattern.
In many respects, the story of Jonah and his failure is a metaphor for the story of Israel.
In the third day, he vomits Jonah out of the fish, bringing him back to life in one of the most bizarre “resurrections” recorded in the Bible.
Jesus Predicts a Third Day Resurrection
By returning to these prophets, we get a more complete picture of the “third day” and the tremendous imagery of resurrection that it evokes, as well as its relationship to God’s covenant with Israel. A typical prophetic phrase for repentance toward covenant integrity is “return to Yahweh,” which Hosea uses to exhort Israel to do, and he also offers them hope by utilizing the language of resurrection (Hosea 6:1-2). For us, a return to the covenant signifies the renewal of life, the resurrection as a people into Yahweh’s life, which will take place on the “third day,” according to the pattern we have set for ourselves.
Many ways, Jonah’s failure and the collapse of Israel are representative of the nation.
In the third day, he vomits Jonah out of the fish, bringing him back to life in one of the most remarkable “resurrections” in all of biblical history.
- Specifically, God raises fresh life from the earth (tomb), in this case, Jesus. God acts to bring about the new covenant via Jesus’ atoning death and resurrection, which in this case is for the benefit of everyone who believe in him. The act of atonement performed by Jesus takes place on a hill.
With the imagery of new life coming up from the earth in Genesis 1-2 on the third day, combined with the connection to the divine covenant found throughout the Hebrew Scriptures, the imagery of Jesus’ resurrection paints a striking picture of the theological importance of his resurrection. The significance of Jesus’ resurrection is underscored even further on the third day. It is the culmination of God’s mission of new life and covenant, which has been brilliantly represented since the beginning of time, and which will culminate in the future resurrection of Jesus’ disciples and the restoration of the entire universe at the conclusion of time.
So what does this mean for us?
This year, as we commemorate the resurrection of Jesus on Easter Sunday, we are not just carrying on a centuries-old tradition. We are engaged in a profoundly important theology centered on the third day, with all of the implications of God’s redeeming work that it entails, at this time.
The design pattern for the third day serves as a reminder that God has begun the process of reviving individuals to new life and bringing them into his covenant partnership with them. What role are we going to play in it today?
The Tomb of Jesus on Resurrection Morning
1And after the sabbath had passed, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out and bought spices so that they may come and anoint him. 2And they arrive to the tomb very early in the morning on the first day of the week, before the sun has even risen. Moreover, they were discussing among themselves who would be responsible for rolling away the stone from the tomb’s entrance. 4When they glance up, they notice that the stone has been rolled back, because it was quite large. After entering the tomb, they noticed a young guy seated on the right side, wearing a white robe, and they were astounded by his appearance.
- Behold, the place where they laid him!” 7But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going ahead of you into Galilee, and that there you will see him, just as he promised you.
- They rushed from the tomb, terrified and amazed, and they said nothing to anybody because they were too scared to say anything.
- 10She went to them and informed them that she had been with him, as they sobbed and lamented.
- 12And following these things, Jesus appeared to two of them in a different shape as they went through the countryside on their way into the country.
Gospel of Matthew28
One evening on the sabbath, as it started to dawn toward the beginning of the following week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to view the tomb. Then there was a huge earthquake, for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came, rolled aside the stone, and sat down on it. 3His appearance was like lightning, and his raiment was as white as snow: 4and the onlookers trembled in horror of him, and they were as lifeless as dead men. “Fear not, ye ladies; for I know that you seek Jesus, who has been crucified,” the angel stated in response to their question.
Come and visit the location where the Lord was buried.
8And they hurried away from the tomb, terrified and filled with great gladness, and hastened to tell his disciples what had happened.
When they are afraid, Jesus says to them, “Do not be afraid; go tell my brethren that they are going into Galilee, and there they will see me.”
Gospel of Luke24
1However, on the first day of the week, at the crack of dawn, they arrived at the tomb, carrying with them the spices that they had prepared the night before. 2And they discovered that the stone had been moved away from the grave. 3And when they entered, they discovered that the corpse of the Lord Jesus had not been found. 4And it happened that, while they were bewildered about what was going on, two men appeared beside them, dressed in brilliant apparel: 5And when they became frightened and dropped their heads to the ground, they asked them, “Why are you looking for the living among the dead?” they replied.
8And they recalled his words, 9and when they returned from the tomb, they informed the eleven and the rest of the group about everything that had happened.
These statements seemed to them as though they were mere chit-chat, and they did not take them seriously. 12However, Peter arose and dashed to the tomb, where, kneeling and peering in, he discovers the linen cloths by themselves; and he returned to his house, perplexed by what had transpired.
Gospel of John20
1Now, on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene arrives at the tomb early in the morning, when it is still dark, and witnesses the stone being removed from the tomb. 2As a result, she flees and arrives at the tomb, where she confronts Simon Peter and the other disciple whom Jesus adored, telling them that they have carried the Lord away from the tomb and that they do not know where they have buried him. 3. Peter and the other disciple then stepped out into the street and began walking toward the tomb.
- 6As a result, Simon Peter comes after him and enters the tomb, where he sees the linen cloths laying and the napkin, which had been on his head, not lying with the linen cloths but folded up in a separate position from the linen cloths.
- 9Because they were unaware of the scripture’s prophecy that he would rise from the grave.
- 9At the same time, Mary was standing outside the tomb, sobbing; while she sobbed, she knelt and peered inside the tomb; 12and she sees two angels in white seated, one at the head and one at the foot of the tomb, where the body of Jesus had laid.
- 14After she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, completely unaware that it was Jesus who had appeared.
- Who is it that you are looking for?
- She turns to face him and addresses him in Hebrew as Rabboni, which translates as Teacher.
- 18 Mary Magdalene appears and informs the disciples that she has had a vision of the Lord and that he has spoken these things unto her.
Is it still dark (in the case of John), or has dawn broken (in the case of Mark and Matthew)?
Is Mary Magdalene all by herself (John)?
Are you talking about Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome (Mark)?
What do you notice when you first arrive?
Are they men (in the case of Luke), or one young man (in the case of Matthew), or an angel (in the case of Mark), or two angels (in the case of John)?
Mark makes it quite clear that Peter was not there at the grave.
Matthew did not have Peter or the disciples come to the tomb at all, according to the Gospel of Matthew.
After spending time in the tomb, Peter returns home rather than returning to the disciples.
They then return to their respective residences. Nevertheless, Mary is still present, and she witnesses the appearance of two angels, followed by the appearance of Jesus, whom she does not know, and she engages in conversation with him.
Jesus’ Resurrection Day
QUESTION: Was Jesus’ resurrection day on a Sunday or a Saturday or both? Christians, as well as many other people, are familiar with the account of Jesus’ resurrection. Traditionally, it is thought that He died on a Friday (today known as Good Friday) and that He was raised the following Sunday (now celebrated as Easter Sunday). But there is disagreement about whether this timeline corresponds to the biblical prophesy contained in Matthew 12:40, which states: “For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” Our present technique of counting days indicates that Jesus would have been in His tomb from late Friday afternoon until early Sunday morning according to our calendar.
- Even if you consider Friday and Sunday to be complete days, it would imply He remained in the grave for a total of three days and two nights at the most.
- In defense of Friday and Sunday, many biblical scholars argue that it was typical among Jews at the period to consider any segment of a day to constitute the full day and night, which is what happened on those days.
- According to Jewish custom, the next day (Sunday) begins when the sun sets on the previous day (Thursday), making it plausible that Jesus was killed and buried on a Thursday, or possibly a Wednesday, with His resurrection occurring on Saturday night.
- His disciples, without a doubt, were the only ones who knew how long He had been in the tomb.
- He either opted not to fulfill the prophesy in its entirety, lingering in the grave for three days and three nights, or he chose to do it in a way that was consistent with the text.
- His challenge to them, as well as to all of us, was to place our trust in Him, rather than on whatever “evidence” He may provide.
However, it would be far more awful if He had genuinely been dead for the entire three days and nights and they had failed to acknowledge it because they had hardened their hearts to the truth.
When Was Jesus Christ Crucified and Resurrected? : Did He Really Die on Good Friday and Come Back to Life on Easter Sunday?
As recorded in Matthew 12:38, a group of scribes and Pharisees approached Jesus and requested for a sign to show He was the Messiah. However, Jesus informed them that the only sign He would provide would be similar to that of the prophet Jonah: “For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the big fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth” (Matthew 12:38). (Matthew 12:40). The question is, how can we accommodate “three days and three nights” between a Friday afternoon crucifixion and a Sunday morning resurrection?
- A number of people feel that Christ’s “three days and three nights” remark does not necessitate a precise period of 72 hours, believing that a portion of one day can be counted as a whole day.
- In this theory, however, only two nights are taken into consideration: Friday night and Saturday night Something is clearly wrong with the traditional perspective of when Christ was buried, and it is not difficult to see why.
- In the event that Jesus remained in the tomb just from late Friday afternoon until early Sunday morning, the sign He delivered indicating that He was the predicted Messiah would not have been fulfilled, as previously stated.
- When we do this, we unearth the true tale of how Jesus’ words were perfectly fulfilled, a story that was previously unknown.
Two Sabbaths mentioned
Take note of the events described in Luke 23. Luke 23:46-53 tells the story of Jesus’ death and burial, which took place in haste because of the approaching Sabbath, which began at sundown that evening. The Bible says in Luke 23:54, “That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath was drawing nigh.” Many have thought that the weekly Sabbath is being referenced here, and that Jesus was killed on a Friday as a result of this assumption. However, according to John 19:31, the impending Sabbath “was a high day”—not the weekly Sabbath (which runs from Friday sunset to Saturday sunset), but the first day of Unleavened Bread, which is one of God’s yearly high, or Sabbath, days (as opposed to the weekly Sabbath) (Exodus 12:16-17;Leviticus 23:6-7).
This high-day Sabbath was observed on Wednesday night and Thursday because, according to Luke 23:56, after witnessing Christ’s corpse being deposited in the tomb shortly before sunset, the women “returned and prepared spices and aromatic oils” in preparation for the final preparation of the body for burial.
As recorded in Mark’s account, “Now when the Sabbath had passed, Mary Magdalene and her sister Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out and bought spices, so that they may come and anoint Him” (Matthew 26:35).
The ladies had to wait until the end of this yearly “high day” Sabbath before they could go out and purchase and prepare the spices that would be used for anointing Jesus’ body.
This second Sabbath stated in the Gospel reports corresponds to the ordinary weekly Sabbath, which is celebrated from Friday sunset to Saturday sunset every week.
The first, according to John 19:31, was a “high day”—the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which happened on a Thursday in the year A.D. 31. The second, according to John 19:31, was a “low day.” The second was the weekly Sabbath on the seventh day of the week.
Sign of the Messiah
“While it was still dark,” according to John 20:1, after the ladies had had their normal weekly Sabbath rest, they went to Jesus’ tomb on the first day of the week, Sunday, and discovered that He had already been raised (Matthew 28:1-6;Mark 16:2-6;Luke 24:1-3). It becomes evident when we look at the specifics in all four Gospel texts that the picture is painted in black and white. Jesus was killed and entombed late on Wednesday afternoon, shortly before the Jewish Sabbath began at sunset the same evening.
- The Lord Jesus Christ was buried in the tomb from the evening of Wednesday until the evening of Saturday, when He rose from the dead.
- It couldn’t have happened on Sunday morning since when Mary Magdalene arrived at the tomb that morning before daylight, “when it was still dark,” she saw the stone had been moved away and the tomb had been left vacant.
- Exactly three days and three nights after He was laid in the tomb, Jesus resurrected from the dead.
- We recommend that you read our pamphlet, Jesus Christ: The Real Story, for further information.
The Resurrection of Jesus – Bible Story
After the Sabbath had ended, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to the tomb early the next morning, which was the first day of the week. When an angel of the Lord came down from heaven and went to the tomb, he rolled the stone back and took up a position on it, causing a severe earthquake to occur. 3His look was as flashy as lightning, and his clothing were as white as the snow around him. 4When he appeared, the guards trembled and looked like dead men, such was their terror at his appearance.
- Come and have a look at the spot where he was buried.
- 9 Suddenly, Jesus appeared in front of them.
- They walked up to him, clutched his feet, and prostrated themselves before him.
- I have overcome the world.” Tell my brothers to travel to Galilee, where they will be able to meet me.
12After the chief priests had met with the elders and devised a plan, they handed over a large sum of money to the soldiers, telling them, “You are to say, ‘His disciples came during the night and stole him away while we were asleep.’14If this report reaches the governor, we will satisfy him and keep you out of trouble.
- Furthermore, this myth has continued to be extensively repeated among Jews until this very day.
- 17When they saw him, they worshipped him, but others were skeptics about him.
- And without a doubt, I will be with you constantly, till the end of the era.” Immediately after the Sabbath had ended, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out and purchased spices so that they may go to the tomb and anoint Jesus’ corpse.
- They were startled to discover that the massive stone had been rolled away as they raised their eyes to the sky.
- 6″Don’t be afraid,” he assured the audience.
- He isn’t in the room.
- However, when you get there, inform his followers and Peter that “He is going ahead of you into Galilee.” It is there that you will find him, exactly as he promised you.'” 8With trembling and bewilderment, the ladies rushed out of the tomb and ran away.
- 9When Jesus arose early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast seven devils out the previous night.
- 11After hearing that Jesus was alive and that she had seen him, they were skeptical and refused to believe it.
- The remainder, however, did not trust them when they returned and told what had happened.
- 15He told them, “Go throughout all the world and proclaim the gospel to every creature.” He meant it.
Moreover, the following signs will accompany those who believe: “In my name, they will drive out demons; they will speak in new tongues;18they will pick up snakes with their hands, and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt them at all; they will lay their hands on sick people, and they will recover.” Following his words to them, the Lord Jesus was carried up into heaven, where he now sits at the right side of the Father.
- 20After that, the disciples went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked with them, confirming his word by the signs that followed his message.
- 3But when they went into the tomb, they were unable to locate the body of the Lord Jesus because the stone had been rolled away.
- 5The ladies knelt down to the ground, their faces pressed against the earth, but the men questioned them, saying, “Why are you looking for the living among the dead?” 6He is not present; he has risen from the dead!
- 9When they returned from the tomb, they told the Eleven and the rest of the group about all that had happened.
- 11However, they did not trust the women since their comments appeared to them to be complete gibberish to them.
- When he bent over, he noticed the pieces of linen laying by themselves, and he walked away, puzzled as to what had happened.
- 14They were exchanging information with one another about all that had occurred.
17He inquired of them, “What are you talking about as you go down the street?” They remained still, their expressions gloomy.
“It’s all about Jesus of Nazareth,” they said in response.
20The chief priests and our rulers gave him over to be sentenced to death, and he was crucified;21but we had thought that he was the one who would bring Israel back from the brink of destruction.
22In addition, some of our female colleagues astounded us.
This group of people showed in and told us that they had seen a vision of angels, who had assured them that he was still alive.
26Didn’t the Messiah have to go through all of this in order to be able to enter his glory?” He began with Moses and all the Prophets and worked his way down the line, explaining to them all that has been written about himself in the Scriptures.
29However, they pressed him to stay with them, saying, “Stay with us, for it is now dark; the day is almost done.” So he moved in with them for a while.
31At that point, their eyes were awakened, and they recognized him, and he vanished from view.
33They rose to their feet and immediately returned to Jerusalem.
“The Lord has risen from the dead and has appeared to Simon,” says the Lord.
36While they were still debating this, Jesus himself appeared among them and addressed them, saying, “Peace be with you.” 37They were astonished and terrified, believing they had witnessed a ghost.
It is, in fact, I myself!
While they were still unable to believe it due to their excitement and amazement, he said, “Do you have anything here to eat?” In their presence, they handed him a piece of roasted fish, which he accepted and consumed in their presence.
45After that, Jesus opened their brains to enable them to comprehend the Scriptures.
48You are present as eyewitnesses to these events.
50After he had brought them out to the area around Bethany, he blessed them by raising his hands in the air and blessing them.
52At that point, they prostrated themselves before Jesus and returned to Jerusalem with great delight.
The tomb was empty when Mary Magdalene arrived at it early on the first day of the week, when it was still dark.
Consequently, Mary ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple, who was also Jesus’ favorite, and said, “They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we have no idea where they’ve hidden him!” 3As a result, Peter and the other disciple began their journey to the tomb.
5He bent over and took a glance inside at the pieces of linen that were laying on the floor, but he did not go in.
His eyes were drawn to the strips of linen that were laying on the ground, as well as the fabric that had been wrapped around Jesus’ head.
He saw and believed what he was seeing.
11At this point, Mary was wailing outside the grave.
13They inquired as to her sobs, “Woman, what are you sobbing about?” “They have stolen my Lord away,” she lamented, adding, “and I have no idea where they have hidden him.” At this point, she looked back and saw Jesus standing there, but she didn’t understand that it was Jesus until later.
“Can you tell me who you’re looking for?” The woman mistook him for a gardener and said, “Sir, if you have taken him away, please tell me where you have put him, and I will come and fetch him.” 16Jesus called her by her given name, “Mary.” In Aramaic, she called out, “Rabboni!” (which translates as “Teacher”).
“Do not cling on to me, since I have not yet risen to the Father,” Jesus stated.
Jesus appeared among them and exclaimed, “Peace be with you!” on the evening of that first day of the week, when all of the disciples were gathering and the doors were shut out of dread of the Jewish authorities.
When the disciples finally saw the Lord, they were joyful.
” “I am sending you in the same way that the Father has sent me.” He then breathed on them, saying, “Receive the Holy Spirit.” The Bible says, “If you forgive anyone’s transgressions, those transgressions are forgiven; if you do not forgive them, those transgressions remain unforgivable.” 24However, Thomas (also known as Didymus), one of the Twelve, was not there when Jesus appeared to the disciples.
- 25As a result, the other disciples informed him that they had witnessed the Lord.
- Despite the fact that the doors were closed, Jesus entered and stood among them, saying, “Peace be with you!” He then instructed Thomas to “Put your finger here; look at my hands.” 28 You can put your hand into my side if you reach out your hand.
- 29Then Jesus said to him, “Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen but have believed.” “Blessed are those who have not seen but have believed,” Jesus said.
- Those writings, on the other hand, are written in order for you to come to believe that Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life through his name.
- 6After that, he appeared to more than five hundred siblings and sisters at the same time, the vast majority of them are still alive, but some have passed away.
- 14And if Christ has not been risen from the dead, our preaching, as well as your faith, is pointless.
- However, he did not raise him if it is true that the dead do not rise.
- 18Then there are some who have fallen asleep in Christ who are no longer alive.
- 20But Christ has certainly been resurrected from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have been asleep.
- 54When the perishable has been clothed in the imperishable, and the mortal has been clothed in immortality, then the proverbial phrase “Death has been swallowed up in triumph” will come true.
- Thanks be to God for this, though!
Regarding his Son, who was a descendant of David during his earthly life,4and who, through the Spirit of holiness, was appointed the Son of God in power by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord, 3God has revealed himself to us in three ways: 8Keep in mind that Jesus Christ, who was raised from the dead and descended from David, should be remembered.
In fact, he who fell is the same one who rose higher than all the sky in order to fill the entire cosmos.
26And when my skin has been destroyed, yet in my body I shall see God;12having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also risen with him by your faith in the operation of God, who raised him from the dead.
He forgave us all our sins,14having erased the charge of our legal indebtedness, which stood against us and condemned us; he has taken it away, nailing it to the cross.
3Or do you not realize that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus have also been baptized into his death and resurrection?
5For if we have been united with him in a death similar to his, we will undoubtedly also be united with him in a resurrection similar to his, and so forth.
8If we have died with Christ, we believe that we will also live with him in the future.
10The death he died, he died to sin once for all; but the life he lives, he lives to God. 11In the same way, reckon yourselves dead to sin but alive to God in Christ Jesus.