2. In the Garden and the Arrest of Jesus (Matthew 26:36-56; Luke 22:39-46; John 13:21-14:31)
PPT TITLE The main point of the presentation is that Jesus followed the will of His Father. ″Father, if You are willing, please take this cup of anguish away from Me,″ says the author of the hymn. ″However, I prefer that Your will be done rather than mine.″ – Luke 22:42 New International Version Props include a simple rock approximately a third the size of a golf ball.
Consider the following scenario: Last week, we witnessed a disciple named Judas enter into a shady agreement with the chief priests.Inquire as to what Judas received in exchange for pledging to deliver Jesus to His foes.30 pieces of silver were used.
- People cannot undo God’s designs, as the saying goes.
- in Isaiah 14, verse 24.
- The revelation of today will show us that God even utilized Judas’ shady pact in order to carry out His plan to save the world.
- In a Jerusalem residence, Jesus and His followers had a special dinner with one another.
This dinner is referred to as the Last Supper because it was the last meal that Jesus consumed before His death.In addition, Jesus proceeded to educate His close associates, demonstrating to them how the Passover supper represented a metaphor of the sacrifice He was about to make on behalf of all mankind.The bread represented His flesh, which would be sacrificed shortly after, and the grape juice represented His blood, which would also be spilt soon after.Jesus desired that His disciples, including us, re-enact this sacred dinner in order to REMEMBER His death on the cross.
Jesus Predicts His Betrayal (John 13:21-30)
Then Jesus foresaw what Judas was about to do, according to tradition.Jesus’ spirit was in a state of turmoil.That’s the kind of testimony He provided.
- ″I promise you that what I’m going to tell you is real,″ he stated.
- ″One of you is going to hand me over to my adversaries,″ says the other.
- His followers were all looking at each other.
- They were completely baffled as to which of them He was referring to.
– John 13:21b-22 (NASB) One of the disciples leaned up close to Jesus and inquired as to which one of them would be willing to undertake such a thing.When Jesus was asked who it was, he responded, ″It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread.″ Following the dip in the dish, I will hand it on to him.″ He dipped the piece of bread in the sauce.Then he handed it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, who used it to defraud the bank.As soon as Judas accepted the loaf of bread, Satan entered his body.
- ″Do what you are going to do as soon as possible,″ Jesus instructed him.
- In John 13:26-27, the Bible says Except for Jesus and Judas, no one knew what this meant.
- After that, Judas bolted into the darkness.
- Judas deserted Jesus’ side in order to go to the side of Jesus’ adversaries.
- Judas made a fatal choice in his life.
- ″How dreadful it will be for the one who hands up the Son of Man!″ Jesus said wistfully.
- ″It would have been better for him if he had not been born,″ says the author.
- (Matthew 14:21)
Jesus Teaches The Disciples (John 13:31-38; John 14)
In other words, when Judas had departed, Jesus stated that it was time for His Father to be exalted, and that the Father would honor Jesus in return (John 13:31-32).Take, for example, the term glorify.Its meaning is to bring attention to the magnificence and worth of something or someone by demonstrating their superiority.
- Take a look at this photograph.
- It appears to be a typical rock, doesn’t it?
- What if I told you that this particular diamond happens to be one of the biggest ever discovered?
- It is a 620-carat diamond, to be exact!
Even when it first emerges from the ground, the majority of people are completely unaware of what it is.But then a professional diamond cutter gets his hands on it, and everything changes.Simply by cutting into it, the diamond’s purity and brightness are revealed in their entirety.It will be worth millions and millions of dollars after it has been reduced down to size.
- All of this from a rock of around this size!
- The teacher tells you to keep your rock in place.
- During the diamond-cutting process, the specialist is trained to unveil the magnificent brilliance and glitter that has been hidden within the rock all of this time.
- In a manner, he clarifies or exalts the diamond’s significance.
- Whenever Jesus stated that it was time for the Father and Him to be exalted, He was implying that it was time for God’s magnificence, mercy, grace, forgiveness, and love to be made manifest.
- Jesus would demonstrate that He was the Messiah whom God had sent to the world in the first place.
- Everything God had said would be accomplished when Jesus died on the cross, fulfilling all of God’s prophecies regarding the Messiah.
- The disciples, on the other hand, were presumably picturing something very else.
- They were under the impression that Jesus was going to ascend to the throne of earth and that they would be members of His royal court.
- In His last words to His companions, Jesus announced that He was going to leave them.
- Peter, on the other hand, urged Jesus to accompany him.
- Peter stated that he was willing to die for Jesus.
- Then Jesus said, ″Are you truly willing to lose your life for Me?″ What I’m going to tell you is completely accurate.
You shall declare three times that you are unfamiliar with Me before the rooster crows!- The Gospel of John 13:38 Peter had no clue how awful the night that lay ahead of him was going to be.The most courageous disciple, Peter, would turn a coward when confronted with the true threat that was about to strike.
In fact, Jesus foretold that all of the disciples would turn their backs on Him within a short period of time.He, on the other hand, stated that his Father would never abandon him (John 16:32).Jesus was well aware that He only had a limited amount of time left with His followers.
- During His final hours, He taught His friends a great deal about Himself, the Father, the Holy Spirit, and the state of heaven on earth.
- He admonished them to love one another and put their faith in God (John 13:34-35, 14:1).
- Jesus promised them that He would prepare a home for them and that He would return for them one day to claim them (John 14:2-4).
- There was a lot of confusion among the disciples regarding where Jesus was going and how they were going to get there.
- The following are some of Jesus’ most significant words: POWERPOINT VERSE ″I am the way, the truth, and the life,″ Jesus says.
- ″There is no other way to the Father but through Me.″ – John 14:6 (NIV) It was Jesus who taught them that He was the only WAY to get to heaven, that He was the TRUTH that would set them free, and that He was the only one who could give them new LIFE!
In The Garden (Matthew 26:36-45, Luke 22:39-46)
After the Passover Seder had concluded, Jesus walked out to a mountain range known as the Mount of Olives for a rest.It was given this name because there are a large number of olive trees growing on the property.Gethsemane is a garden in Jerusalem where the remainder of Jesus’ followers followed him.
- This was a site that Jesus had led the disciple to several times.
- It was Jesus’ intention to go to a location where Judas would be able to easily locate Him (John 18:2-3).
- Jesus separated himself from the others and took Peter, James, and John with him.
- When he informed His closest companions that His soul was severely tormented, he implied that he was on the verge of dying (Matthew 26:38).
We will never be able to comprehend the depth of Jesus’ sorrow at this moment in his life.The term employed (perilypos) is one of the most powerful words in the English language to describe melancholy.Although the event that was about to take place was the exact reason that Jesus had come, the work before of him was extremely difficult.He was on the verge of being arrested, despite the fact that he was innocent.
- Despite the fact that He was the Truth, He would be lied about.
- He would be beaten, despite the fact that He had come to offer peace.
- The punishment for murder would be hanging on a cross and being allowed to die, despite the fact that He was the Life.
- However, God would turn away from Him when He took on the sins of the world, which would be far worse than anything humanity could do to Him (Matthew 27:46, Isaiah 59:1-2).
- This was nearly too much for Jesus to handle.
- His heart pained at the prospect of being separated from His Father for even a brief period of time.
- Jesus instructed His followers to pray.
- He did not request that anybody pray for him at that time.
- As an alternative, He instructed them to pray for themselves, namely that they would not fall into sin (Luke 22:40).
- a note to the teacher As recorded in Matthew 26:38 and Mark 14:34, Jesus instructed Peter, James, and John to keep watch for Him while He was away.
- Essentially, it means ″to keep a close eye on; pay close attention to; to be watchful and diligent; to be on the lookout lest by carelessness and indolence some catastrophic tragedy unexpectedly overwhelm one.″ When Jesus awoke, he saw that armed soldiers were on their way to arrest Him.
- Jesus requested his three closest companions to serve as ″lookouts″ so that He could devote all of His time and energy to praying to His heavenly Father.
- After then, He walked a little distance away from where they were.
He knelt on His knees and prayed at that location.Father, please remove this cup of pain from me if You are willing to do so,″ he begged.Nonetheless, do what You desire rather than what I want.″ When Jesus was weak, an angel from heaven appeared to him and gave Him strength.
His prayers were made much more intense since he was depressed and distressed.When he sweated, it seemed like blood drops were dropping on the ground.- Luke 22:41-44 (NASB) Note to the Teacher: The ″cup″ of which Jesus spoke is the cup of God’s wrath, or judgment, on the wicked, as described in the Gospel of Matthew.
- Psalm 75:6-10, Isaiah 51:17, Jeremiah 25:15-20, and Revelation 14:9-11 are examples of such passages.
- Can you hear the pain in Jesus’ heart as He pleaded to His heavenly Father?
- Do you think you can?
- Jesus was in agony about His predicament.
- The weight of all of the world’s sin was about to come crashing down on the sole sinless Person who had ever walked the face of the Earth, and he knew it.
- Jesus was both entirely God and totally human at the same time (1 Timothy 3:16).
- He did not wish to be in pain while in His human form.
- He didn’t want the humiliation of sin to seep into His beautiful body, and so he prayed (Hebrews 12:2).
- ″Father, if You are willing, please take this cup of suffering away from Me,″ Jesus prayed to the Father.
Please keep the following in mind: God was unquestionably CAPABLE of preventing Jesus from dying on the cross.One word from God and Jesus would have been whisked away from the garden and placed alongside His adoring Father in the presence of the entire universe.God, on the other hand, was not willing for Jesus to be spared the crucifixion.
Our sins would not have been forgiven if Jesus had not given His life on the cross for us.We would be held accountable for our transgressions.We would spend the rest of our lives in hell, estranged from God.Consider the possibility that God is looking down on this situation.Teacher: Make a fist with one hand, then the other.On the one side, there was Jesus: perfect, submissive, pure, calm, and loving.
On the other, there was the devil.God had a deep affection for Jesus.As for the rest of us, we were immoral, aggressive, and determined to go our own way, completely rejecting God’s will.
As a result, God made His decision.He selected YOU as his partner!The Creator of the world adores you to such an extreme degree.Then, with His next breath, Jesus surrendered to the will of His heavenly Father.The term ″submit″ refers to the act of relinquishing power to someone else, as in ″I’ll do it your way.″ Jesus made a vow to His Father that He would accomplish anything He asked of Him.Jesus chose to put aside what appeared to be right (not dying on the cross) in order to follow God’s plan, which was far superior.
- It is quite apparent that Jesus’ grief was having an effect on His physical body (Luke 22:44).
- Did you know that being depressed may cause your body to become weak or unwell as a result of the stress?
- People have even died as a result of being really depressed.
God sent an angel to Jesus’ side while He was praying to strengthen His body (See also, Matthew 4:11).Inquire as to whether anybody remembers what Jesus instructed the disciples to do.Pray.
- Say, for example, that they were meant to pray.
- But, when Jesus went to check on them, what do you suppose they were up to, do you believe?
- ″I’d want for all of you to join me in reading the strong words as I read these verses,″ I’ll say.
- (Jesus) arose from his prayer and returned to the group of disciples.
- He came across them asleep.
- They were exhausted as a result of their deep sadness.
- ″Can you tell me why you’re sleeping?″ He inquired of them.
- ″Get to your feet!
- If you are tempted, pray that you will not give in to temptation and sin.″ In Mark 14:37-38, the Bible says When Jesus appeared to His followers, He gave them precise instructions.
- He instructed them to pray so that they would not fall into sin – specifically, the sin of refusing to submit to God’s will.
- The disciples should have taken the time to listen and pray.
- Jesus walked away from the disciples once more, this time to continue praying to His heavenly Father.
- Jesus was about to go on a mission that would be extremely challenging.
- He was going to give His life as a sacrifice.
- It was the precise reason He had come to Earth in the first place.
- It had been God’s intention from the beginning (Genesis 3:15).
- However, it would not be simple!
- As a result, Jesus ABIDED with His Father in all things.
He relaxed in Him and remained with Him in order for God’s flawless will to be the only thing on Jesus’ mind at all times.Jesus lowered his head before His Father in order to obtain the strength He would require to carry out God’s incredible plan.
The Arrest (Matthew 26:47-56)
After the Passover Seder had concluded, Jesus walked out to a mountain range known as the Mount of Olives for a moment of reflection.There are a large number of olive trees in the area, which led to the name.A location named Gethsemane was where the remainder of the disciples joined Jesus in his prayer.
- This location has been visited by Jesus and the disciple several times.
- Jesus travelled to a location where Judas would be able to easily locate him on purpose (John 18:2-3).
- In order to separate himself from the others, Jesus took Peter, James, and John.
- As He confided in his closest companions, He revealed that His soul was tormented to the verge of death (Matthew 26:38).
Jesus’ anguish is beyond comprehension at this point in time, and none of us can comprehend it.perilypos is the harshest conceivable word to describe melancholy, and it was employed.The event that was about to take place was the exact reason that Jesus had come, yet it was a terrifying duty to be doing.His arrest was going to take place, despite the fact that he was guiltless at the time.
- Despite the fact that He was the Truth, he would be lied against.
- Although He came to offer peace, He was going to be beaten up.
- In spite of the fact that He was the Living One, He would be crucified and let to die like a murderer would.
- However, God would turn away from Him when He took on the sins of the world, which would be far worse than anything humanity could do to him (Matthew 27:46, Isaiah 59:1-2).
- Almost too much for Jesus to handle at that point.
- Having even a single instant apart from His Father made his heart hurt like nothing else in the world.
- To pray, Jesus admonished His apostles.
- No, he did not ask anyone to pray on his behalf at that point.
- But He reminded them that instead of praying for others, they should pray for themselves so that they would not fall into sin (Luke 22:40).
- Please pass this along to your teacher.
- As recorded in Matthew 26:38 and Mark 14:34, Jesus instructed Peter, James, and John to keep a lookout for Him.
- Essentially, it means ″to keep a close eye on; pay close attention to; to be watchful; to be proactive; to be on the lookout lest by remission and indolence a catastrophic tragedy unexpectedly overtake one.″ Soldiers with guns were on their way to arrest Jesus, and he was aware of it.
- So that He could concentrate only on prayer to His heavenly Father, Jesus requested his three closest companions to serve as ″lookouts.″ Afterwards, He moved away from them by a short distance.
He went on His knees and prayed at that place.Father, please remove this cup of pain from me if You are willing to do so,″ he said.Nevertheless, do what You desire rather than what I want.″ Suddenly, an angel of the Lord appeared to Jesus and bestowed power upon Him.
He prayed even more fervently since he was depressed and concerned.A drop of blood had fallen to the ground as his perspiration fell to the ground.In Luke 22:41-44, the Bible states that NOTE TO TEACHER: The ″cup″ of which Jesus spoke is the cup of God’s anger, or judgment, on those who do sinful things.
- Take a look at the verses in Psalm 75.6 to 10 and Isaiah 51.17 to 20.
- Take a look at Revelation 14:9-11 as well.
- What did Jesus say in His prayer to His heavenly Father?
- Can you hear the passion with which He prayed?
- When it came to His condition, Jesus was in agony.
- All of the world’s sin was about to fall on the sole sinless Person who had ever walked the face of the Earth, and it was going to be devastating.
- Though entirely God, Jesus also possessed the qualities of a human being (1 Timothy 3:16).
- He did not wish to suffer while in His human form.
- Having the humiliation of sin wash over His immaculate body was something Jesus did not want to experience (Hebrews 12:2).
″Father, if You are willing, please take this cup of anguish away from Me,″ Jesus pleaded with God.Remember this: Please keep in mind: Certainly, God was ABLE to spare Jesus from the agony of being crucified.A single word from God would have been enough to transport Jesus from the garden to a place of honor next to the heart of His adoring Father in heaven.
Although Jesus wished to escape the crucifixion, God was adamant about it.The forgiveness of our sins would not be possible if Jesus had not died on the cross for us.For our transgressions, we would be punished.We would spend the rest of our lives in hell, cut off from God’s presence.Consider the possibility that God is looking down on this situation.Teacher: Extend your right hand before extending your left hand.
Jesus, on the other hand, was the epitome of perfection: he was obedient, pure, calm and loving.It is amazing how much God adored Jesus.As for the rest of us, we were immoral, aggressive, and determined to do things our own way, disobeying God’s commands.
As a result, God made His selection.That’s right, YOU were selected!The Creator of the world adores YOU to such an extreme degree.Then, with His next breath, Jesus surrendered to the will of His heavenly father.The term ″submit″ refers to the act of relinquishing control over something to another, as in, ″I’ll do it your way.Jesus made a vow to His Father that He would accomplish anything He asked of him.
- When Jesus chose not to die on the cross, he was choosing God’s plan over his own, which was far superior.
- Clearly, Jesus’ grief was impacting His physical body, as seen by His bodily weakness (Luke 22:44).
- Did you know that being depressed may cause your body to become weak or unwell as a result of its stress?
Having a really, really bad day has even resulted in death for some people.God sent an angel to strengthen Jesus’ body while He was praying (See also, Matthew 4:11).Inquire as to whether anybody recalls what Jesus instructed the disciples to do..
- They were meant to pray, say the authorities.
- But what do you suppose they were up to when Jesus came to check on them?
- ″I’d want for all of you to join me in reading the strong words as I read these poems,″ you may say.
- Following his prayer, (Jesus) returned to the disciples’ side.
- He discovered them dozing in the middle of the street.
- As a result of their sadness, they had become overtired.
- The reason for your slumber is a mystery to me.
- When they answered, he asked them a question: ″Come on!
- Get moving!″ If you are tempted, pray that you will not succumb to sin.
- the Gospel of Mark, verses 37-38 Jesus provided explicit instructions to His loving followers.
- In order to avoid falling into sin, he instructed them to pray that they would not do what God instructed.
- Listening and praying were two things that the disciples should have done.
- In order to continue praying to His Father, Jesus walked aside from the disciples once more.
- Jesus was about to go on a mission that would be extremely challenging.
- The decision had been made for him to lay down his life.
- Because of this, He had come to Earth in the first place.
- From the very beginning, God had a plan for us (Genesis 3:15).
Nevertheless, it would not be simple!As a result, Jesus ABIDED with His Father in every way.In order for God’s perfect will to be Jesus’ all-consuming thought, he rested in Him and remained with Him throughout the entire process.To gather the strength He would require to carry out God’s incredible plan, Jesus bowed before His Father.
What is the story of the Garden of Gethsemane the night Jesus was arrested?
Scripture passages relating to Jesus’ time in the Garden of Gethsemane are found in Matthew 26:36–56, Mark 14:32–52, Luke 22:39–53, and John 18.As a result of Judas’s departure from the Upper Room to inform the top priests that Jesus would be vulnerable, Jesus took His surviving followers to Gethsemane, where they spent the next three days praying and fasting.The garden, which may have been an olive grove (the word ″gethsemane″ means ″oil press″), was located on the slopes of the Mount of Olives and overlooked the Mediterranean Sea.
- The location is described as ″across the valley of the Kidron″ in John 18:1.
- When Jesus and the disciples arrived, Jesus immediately pulled away Peter, James, and John, three of His most important disciples.
- He invited them to accompany Him for the duration of the journey.
- I am pained to the verge of death; please stay here and keep vigil with Me″ (Matthew 26:38).
He then proceeded a little distance farther before collapsing on his knees and pleading with God to find another way.An angel appeared to him and comforted him as his perspiration dropped like beads of blood.We will never be able to comprehend the depths of Jesus’ anguish at this time.While Jesus sobbed in agony, Peter, James, and John fell asleep on the spot.
- Jesus appeared to the three and roused them from their sleep.
- ″So you couldn’t keep watch with Me for an hour because you were too tired?
- Continue to watch and pray so that you will not fall prey to temptation; the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak; the spirit is willing, but the body is weak ″ (Matthew 26:40-41).
- He prayed once more, this time humbly and actively surrendering to the will of God.
- The disciples, however, were exhausted from their emotional night and their stomachs were full with wonderful food when they fell asleep again.
- Jesus arose from the dead.
- When He discovered them asleep again, He decided to leave them alone.
- Both his sadness about the situation and his readiness to help were expressed again and again.
- When Jesus came to His disciples, he roused them, telling them, ″Arise, let us go; look, the one who betrays Me is at hand!″ (Behold, the betrayer is at hand!) (Matthew 26:46; Mark 10:45).
- The arrival of Judas was followed by a huge number of men with swords, torches, and clubs—a Roman cohort (of 300-600 men) as well as officers from the chief priests and Pharisees—at the time that Jesus was speaking.
- Judas approached Him, addressed Him as ″Rabbi,″ or teacher, and kissed Him, which was a customary greeting at the period.
- In case the soldiers didn’t recognize the person in the photo, Jesus inquired as to who they were looking for.
- When they addressed him as ″Jesus the Nazarene,″ Jesus answered with the words ″I am He.″ The guards and troops retreated and fell to the ground as a result of this.
Jesus bowed down to the rabble, but His followers refused to do so.One person inquired as to whether they should fight back.Peter didn’t hang around waiting for a response.
He pulled his sword (which may have been a long fisherman’s knife) and slashed the ear of Malchus, the high priest’s slave, with it, cutting it off.The Bible doesn’t go into detail on why.Perhaps Malchus was escorting Peter and the other disciples away from the scene of the crime.
- Or it’s possible that he had his hands on Jesus.
- We don’t know what to say.
- When Peter responded violently, Jesus effectively told him that if violence was his first reaction, then violence would be his downfall.
- ″Or do you believe that I will be unable to plead to My Father and that He will not immediately provide more than twelve legions of angels at My disposal?
- How, then, will the Scriptures be fulfilled, given that it is required to take place in this manner?″ (Matthew 26:53-54; Mark 12:53-54).
- Jesus repaired Malchus’ ear in order to underline His message.
- Jesus then remarked on the cowardice of the mob, pointing out that they had come to confront one unarmed man in the middle of the night rather than taking Him in the open during the day when the people could see him.
- His prayer, on the other hand, acknowledged that this was God’s plan all along.
- Each member of the crowd was responsible for his or her own decision, but Jesus, on the other hand, would not fight against God’s command.
As the guards led Jesus away, the disciples fled, one of them (possibly Mark) completely naked.Is it possible that Judas knew where Jesus would be?It’s possible that Jesus led the disciples to the Garden of Gethsemane on a regular basis.
According to Luke 22:39, that was Jesus’ ″custom.″ Judas, who was betraying Him, knew the location since Jesus had frequently met there with His followers, as recorded in John 18:2, according to the Bible.The authors of the Gospels had no way of knowing what Jesus had prayed while the three closest disciples were sleeping.It is not stated in the Bible.The disciples were either told by Jesus himself after his resurrection or by the Holy Spirit.Apart from the obvious, why was Jesus in such agony if He’d been forewarned all along that this would happen?His flesh was peeled off by the scourging.
The thorns on His crown were inches long, and they caused blood to squirt out of His scalp.Furthermore, the hours spent on the cross were nothing but agony.During the torture, Jesus, on the other hand, remained mute.
It was the absence of God’s presence and love that caused Him to lose his equilibrium.The physical anguish was not a source of concern for Jesus; rather, when the Second Member of the Trinity was separated from the other members, He cried out, ″Father, why have You deserted Me?″ When Jesus said, ″I am He,″ the soldiers backed away.Why did they do so?Although some Bible translations use the pronoun ″He″ to make it clearer, Jesus truly said ″I AM.″ This is the name of the Creator (Exodus 3:14).Jesus showed Himself to be the Son of God.When confronted with the name—with its power and identity—the guards trembled in terror of His might.
- Anointing with olive oil was customary in ancient Israel for the chosen ones, who included priests, prophets, and kings.
- In an olive grove, Jesus was anointed with perspiration after his baptism.
- Jesus, our Prophet, Priest, and King began His fulfillment of His position as Messiah, the Anointed One, in the Garden of Gethsemane, which was an olive grove.
It is suitable that He began His fulfillment of His duty as Messiah in this location.Truths that are related: What was it that compelled Judas to betray Jesus?What happened in the aftermath of Judas’ betrayal of Jesus?
- Who has responsibility for the killing of Jesus Christ?
- What judicial proceedings against Jesus resulted in His crucifixion?
- What is the source of Christ’s zeal?
- What transpired in the final hours before Jesus’ death is unknown.
- Return to the previous page: The Truth About Everything Else
What happened in the Garden of Gethsemane?
Answer to the question Located on a slope of the Mount of Olives, directly across the Kidron Valley from Jerusalem, the Garden of Gethsemane is a site whose name literally translates as ″oil press.″ Even now, a garden of antique olive trees may be found on the property.With His followers, Jesus went to Gethsemane on a regular basis to pray (John 18:2).The most well-known events in Gethsemane happened the night before Jesus’ crucifixion, when He was betrayed by Judas Iscariot.
- Every Gospel writer describes the events of that night in slightly different ways, so reading the four accounts (Matthew 26:36-56, Mark 14:32-52, Luke 22:40-53, and John 18:1-11) will provide an accurate picture of that historic night in its entirety.
- Matthew 26:36-56 is the most accurate account of the events of that night.
- After Jesus and His followers had enjoyed the Passover with their families in the afternoon, they went to the garden in the early evening.
- When they reached a certain point in their journey, Jesus brought three of them—Peter, James, and John—to a spot apart from the rest.
Here, Jesus begged them to stay with Him and pray so that they would not fall prey to temptation (Matthew 26:41), but they fell asleep before He could instruct them.Twice, Jesus had to wake them up and tell them to pray in order for them to avoid falling prey to the temptation.This was particularly poignant since Peter did, in fact, succumb to temptation later that same night, when he denied even knowing Jesus three times.The three men were watching Jesus as He walked a little distance away from them to pray, and twice He requested His Father to withdraw the cup of vengeance He was about to drink, but each time He bowed to the Father’s decision.
- He was ″exceedingly sad unto death,″ but God intervened and sent an angel from heaven to comfort him (Luke 22:43).
- Following this, Judas Iscariot, the betrayer, arrived with a ″multitude″ of soldiers, high priests, Pharisees, and slaves in order to arrest Jesus and take him away.
- Judas recognized Him by a kiss he delivered to Jesus, which was a planned communication between the two of them.
- In an attempt to defend Jesus, Peter brandished a sword and stabbed a man named Malchus, a servant of the high priest, severing his ear in the process.
- When Jesus saw Peter, he chastised him and miraculously cured the man’s ear.
- Surprised that seeing this great miracle of healing had no effect on the large number of people present.
- Not only that, but they were also not disturbed by His magnificent show of power, as recorded in John 18:5-6, where either at the grandeur of His appearances, or at the force of His words, or at both, they became as though they were dead men, dropping to the ground.
- Nonetheless, they seized Him and brought Him before Pontius Pilate, while the disciples fled in terror for their lives.
- Through the years, the events that transpired in the Garden of Gethsemane have left a lasting impression on the world.
- For ages, artists have represented the fervor with which Jesus demonstrated on that historic night in music, literature, and film.
- Beginning in the 16th century, when Johann Sebastian Bach composed two magnificent oratorios based on the gospel accounts of Matthew and John, and continuing today with the release of the film The Passion of the Christ, the story of this extraordinary night has been told numerous times over the centuries.
- Even our vocabulary has been influenced by these events, with words such as ″he who lives by the sword dies by the sword″ (Matthew 26:52), ″the spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak″ (Mark 14:38), and ″sweating droplets of blood″ (Matthew 26:51) emerging from the Bible (Luke 22:44).
- The willingness of our Savior to die on the cross in our place in order to pay the penalty for our sins was, without a doubt, the most significant impact of this night.
Christ, who was without sin, was made sin for us, so that we may become the righteousness of God in Him, according to the Scriptures (2 Corinthians 5:21).The gospel of Jesus Christ is presented here.Return to: Questions on Biblical Places and Symbols What transpired in the Garden of Gethsemane is a mystery.
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The death and resurrection of Jesus
- It is through Matthew that we learn about Jesus’ last days, from the conspiracy against him all the way up to his death and resurrection.
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The contrast between Jesus’ human character and his divine nature is vividly visible on this occasion.The Garden of Gethsemane, which is an olive tree plantation, is where Jesus and his disciples pray.Jesus invites Peter, James, and John (his inner circle of followers) to accompany him even farther into the garden.
- Jesus is extremely concerned about what is going to happen.
- ″The sadness in my heart is so immense that it is on the verge of crushing me,″ he adds.
- He directs Peter, James, and John to keep a close eye on everything.
- Despite the fact that they are aware of his pain and that something significant is about to occur, they are unable to remain awake.
The fact that Jesus requested for the cup of sorrow to be taken away from him demonstrates his human character.Perhaps he was pleading with God to expedite the establishment of the Kingdom of God without his own suffering.Jesus, on the other hand, demonstrated his divine nature when he accepted God’s will, even if it meant pain and death, saying, ″Yet not what I desire, but what you want,″ demonstrating his divine nature.The disciples were completely oblivious to the gravity of what Jesus was going through at the time.
- Because of this, he was forced to deal with his mental anguish on his own terms.
- They were unable to comply with his requests to stay up and maintain watch, despite his repeated requests.
- During his interrogation of Peter, Jesus inquires as to why the apostle could not even stay up for an hour.
- They are warned not to fall into temptation because ″the spirit is willing, but the body is weak,″ according to him.
- As Judas approaches, Jesus can see the coming of the chief priests, elders, and the armed mob surrounding him.
- They’re on their way to take him into custody.
- In his address to the disciples, he proclaims, ″The hour has arrived!
- Consider the situation: ″The Son of Man has been betrayed into the hands of sinners.″ Judas demonstrated to the audience that Jesus was who he claimed to be by kissing him on the cheek, which is a typical greeting for friends.
- ″Peace be with you, teacher,″ he murmured, bowing his head.
- Judas betraying Jesus in a wood etching (released in 1886)Jesus said, ″Be fast about it buddy,″ and left the room.
- Jesus was taken into custody by the mob.
- One of the individuals accompanying Jesus took his sword and slashed the ear of a servant of the high priest with it.
- Jesus consented to being arrested and urged that the violence be put an end to immediately.
The disciples were terrified and astonished by what had transpired, and they all fled the scene as quickly as they could.Christians today can draw strength and solace from the events that took place in the Garden of Gethsemane while they are going through tough periods in their life.They think that Jesus understands their suffering because, like all human beings, he has gone through trials and tribulations.
Christian believers can learn from this parable that when they are in need, they should pray to God, just as Jesus prayed to his Father.
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Jesus Christ’s Last Supper ‘was on a Wednesday’
New research suggests that Jesus Christ’s Last Supper took place on the Wednesday before his crucifixion, rather than the Thursday that Christians commemorate.Colin Humphreys of Cambridge University says discrepancies in the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke as compared with John arose because they used an older calendar than the official Jewish calendar.He concluded that the date was 1 April AD33.This could also mean that Jesus’ arrest, interrogation, and separate trials did not all take place on the
A fundamental discrepancy concerning the occasion is addressed in his new book, The Mystery Of The Last Supper, written by a metallurgist and materials scientist who employs Biblical, historical, and astronomical studies to explain the inconsistency.While the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke all agree that the Last Supper took place at the beginning of the Jewish celebration of Passover, John reports that it took place prior to Passover.″For ages, biblical scholars have been perplexed by this.
- In fact, it has been referred to as ″the most difficult issue in the New Testament.″ ″He spoke on the Today show of the BBC.
- ″If you take a look at all of the events that are recorded in the Gospels – between the Last Supper and the Crucifixion – there are a significant number of them.
- No way are they going to be able to squeeze themselves in between Thursday evening and Friday am.″ ″However, I discovered that two separate calendars were in play.
- In reality, all four gospels are completely consistent ″He went on to say more.
As a result of the significance of the Passover dinner, Prof Humphreys thinks that Jewish people would never have confused it with another meal in the past.He proposes that Matthew, Mark, and Luke utilized an old-fashioned Jewish calendar – adopted from Egyptian usage during the time of Moses – rather than the official lunar calendar, which was in popular use at the time of the gospels’ composition.″The author of John’s Gospel is right in stating that the Last Supper took place before the Passover feast.The Last Supper, on the other hand, was held as a Passover dinner, in accordance with an older Jewish calendar, which Jesus selected ″Prof.
- Humphreys expressed himself.
- According to the conventional Julian calendar used by historians, the Last Supper took place on Wednesday, April 1, AD33, which was the first day of April in that year.
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Who, What, Why: Why is Good Friday called Good Friday?
Monitor of Magazines A collection of historical and cultural artifacts It is the day on which Christians commemorate the death of Jesus Christ, also known as Good Friday.So, what is the significance of the name ″Good Friday″?After being flogged, the Bible says, the son of God was sentenced to death by being forced to bear the cross on which he would be crucified and then beheaded.
- It’s tough to see what’s ″good″ about it in this situation.
- Some sources claim that the day is ″good″ in the sense that it is holy, while others claim that the word is a perversion of ″God’s Friday.″ According to Fiona MacPherson, senior editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, the term typically ″designates a day on (or occasionally a season in) which a religious observance is celebrated,″ according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
- According to the Oxford English Dictionary, ″good″ in this case refers to ″a day or season celebrated as holy by the church,″ which explains why people say ″good tide″ during Christmas and on Shrove Tuesday, respectively.
- In addition to Good Friday, there is also a less well-known Good Wednesday, which is the Wednesday before Easter, which is also observed on the same day.
According to the dictionary, the first documented usage of the phrase ″guode friday″ is found in The South English Legendary, a work that dates back to approximately 1290.″Good Friday″ is good because Christ ″showed His immense love for man and purchased for him every blessing,″ according to the Baltimore Catechism, which served as the official Catholic school curriculum in the United States from 1885 to the 1960s.According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, which was originally published in 1907 and indicates that the term’s origins are not known for certain.According to the article, some sources attribute its roots to the name ″God’s Friday″ or Gottes Freitag, while others contend that it derives from the German phrase ″Good Friday.″ It mentions that the day was referred to as Long Friday by the Anglo-Saxons, and that it is still referred to as such in contemporary Danish culture.
- This article also mentions that the day is referred to as ″Holy and Great Friday″ in the Greek liturgy, ″Holy Friday″ in Romance languages, and Karfreitag (Sorrowful Friday) in German.
- Follow @BBCNewsMagazine on Twitter and on Facebook for the latest breaking news.
Holy Week Timeline: From Palm Sunday to Resurrection Day
While biblical historians disagree on the exact sequence of events that occurred during Holy Week, the following chronology provides a rough summary of the most significant events that occurred during the most holy days on the Christian calendar.Follow in the footsteps of Jesus Christ from Palm Sunday to Resurrection Sunday, learning about the key events that took place on each day throughout his journey.
Day 1: Triumphal Entry on Palm Sunday
On the Sunday before his death, Jesus embarked on his journey to Jerusalem, fully aware that he would soon be crucified in our place for our sins.Upon approaching the hamlet of Bethphage, Jesus dispatched two of his disciples ahead to seek for a donkey and its unbroken colt, instructing them to do so.They were given the task of untying the animals and bringing them to him for examination.Then Jesus got on the young donkey and quietly and respectfully made his triumphant entry into Jerusalem, fulfilling the ancient prophesy found in Zechariah 9:9: ″And the Lord said to me, ‘Come, let us go up to Jerusalem.’″ ″O Daughter of Zion, you should be overjoyed!Daughter of Jerusalem, let forth a scream!Your king comes to you, kind and saving, gentle and riding on a donkey colt, the foal of a donkey, and he is righteous and saves you.″ The throng greeted him by waving palm branches in the air and yelling, ″Welcome, Sir!″ ″Hosanna to the Messiah, the Son of David!
A blessing is upon him who comes in the name of the Lord!Hosanna in the highest possible degree!″ During the night of Palm Sunday, Jesus and his followers slept at Bethany, a village located approximately two miles east of Jerusalem.This was the home of Lazarus, who had been resurrected from the grave by Jesus, as well as his two sisters, Mary and Martha, who lived nearby.
They were personal friends of Jesus’, and it’s likely that they housed Him and His followers during their final days in the Holy City.The accounts of Jesus’ triumphant arrival are found in Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-44, and John 12:12-19, among other places.
Day 2: On Monday, Jesus Clears the Temple
The next morning, Jesus and his followers returned to Jerusalem, where they had spent the previous night.A fig tree, which had failed to give fruit on his journey, was cursed by him along the road.Some academics think that God’s punishment of the fig tree signified God’s judgment on Israel’s religious leaders who were spiritually dead at the time.Others feel that the symbolism extended to all Christians, emphasizing that real faith is more than simply outward religiosity; true, live faith must produce spiritual fruit in a person’s life in order to be considered genuine.Upon his entry into Jerusalem’s Temple, Jesus saw the courtyards to be swarming with unscrupulous money changers.″The Scriptures proclaim that ‘My Temple will be a place of prayer,’ but you have turned it into a den of thieves,″ he said as he proceeded to overturn their tables and clean the Temple (Luke 19:46).
On Monday evening, Jesus returned to Bethany, most likely to the home of his companions, Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, where he spent the night.The events of Monday are reported in Matthew 21:12–22, Mark 11:15–19, Luke 19:45–48, and John 2:13–17, among other places.
Day 3: On Tuesday, Jesus Goes to the Mount of Olives
On Tuesday morning, Jesus and his followers boarded a ship for the return trip to Jerusalem.In the midst of their journey, they came across a withered fig tree, and Jesus talked to his friends on the significance of faith.Religious authorities were furious with Jesus when he returned to the Temple and declared himself to be a spiritual authority in the first place.They planned an ambush with the goal of apprehending him and putting him in jail.Instead of falling victim to their traps, Jesus hurled scathing condemnation on them, saying: ″Guides who are deaf!In this regard, you are like whitewashed tombs, which appear to be lovely on the surface but are filled on the inside with dead people’s bones and other impurities of every kind.
Although you appear to be upright individuals on the outside, your hearts are riddled with hypocrisy and lawlessness on the inside.Snakes!Sons of vipers, you are!
What plan do you have to avoid the wrath of God?″ (Matthew 23:24-33; Mark 10:24-33) Later that afternoon, Jesus and his disciples left the city and traveled to the Mount of Olives, which is located directly east of the Temple and provides a panoramic view of Jerusalem.The Olivet Discourse, a detailed prophecy about the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the age, was delivered here by Jesus.He talks in parables, using symbolic language to describe the events of the end times, including His Second Coming and the final judgment, as he has done in the past.
- Judas Iscariot reportedly negotiated with the Sanhedrin, the ancient Israel’s rabbinical court, on this Tuesday in order to betray Jesus, according to Scripture (Matthew 26:14-16).
- After a tiring day of confrontation and foreboding about the future, Jesus and the disciples returned to Bethany to spend the night once more.
- This week’s activities, as well as the Olivet Discourse, are documented in Matthew 21:23–24.51, Mark 11:20–13.37, Luke 20:1–21.36, and John 12:20–38, among other places.
Day 4: Holy Wednesday
The Lord’s actions on the Wednesday of Passion Week are not recorded in the Scriptures.Scholars assume that after two long days in Jerusalem, Jesus and his followers took the day off to relax in Bethany in preparation for the Passover celebrations that followed.Just a short time before, Jesus had demonstrated to his followers and the rest of the world that he has the ability to conquer death by raising Lazarus from the dead.A large number of people in Bethany came to believe that Jesus was the Son of God as a result of this astounding miracle, and they placed their trust in him.Just a few nights before, in Bethany, Lazarus’ sister Mary had lavishly bathed the feet of Jesus with costly perfume, a gesture that was both touching and symbolic.
Day 5: Passover and Last Supper on Maundy Thursday
On Thursday, the tone of Holy Week becomes solemn.From Bethany, Jesus dispatched Peter and John to the Upper Room in Jerusalem, where they were to assist in the preparations for the Passover celebration.That evening after sunset, Jesus washed the feet of his followers as they prepared to participate in the Passover.By doing this modest act of service, Jesus set an example for Christians on how they should treat one another in their faith.As part of their Maundy Thursday services, several churches now include foot-washing procedures as part of their rituals.Then, Jesus shared the feast of Passover with his disciples, saying: ″I have been very eager to eat this Passover meal with you before my suffering begins.
For I tell you now that I won’t eat this meal again until its meaning is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.″ (Luke 22:15-16, New International Version) Having been appointed as God’s Lamb, Jesus was about to fulfill the meaning of Passover by allowing his body to be broken and his blood to be spilt in sacrifice, so liberating us from the bonds of sin and death.During this Last Supper, Jesus instituted the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, directing his disciples to always remember his sacrifice by partaking in the components of bread and wine (Luke 22:19-20).(Luke 22:19-20).
Later on, Jesus and his disciples left the Upper Room and proceeded to the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus prayed in anguish to God the Father, as recorded in the Gospel of Matthew.According to the Gospel of Luke, ″his perspiration became like big droplets of blood flowing down to the earth″ (Luke 23:43).(Luke 22:44, ESV).
- Late that evening in Gethsemane, Jesus was betrayed with a kiss by Judas Iscariot and arrested by the Sanhedrin.
- He was carried to the residence of Caiaphas, the High Priest, where the whole council had convened to begin laying their case against Jesus.
- Peter denied ever knowing his Master three times before the rooster crowed in the early morning hours of Jesus’ trial, which was just getting began.
- The events of Thursday are reported in Matthew 26:17–75, Mark 14:12–72, Luke 22:7–62, and John 13:1–38, among other places.
Day 6: Trial, Crucifixion, Death, and Burial on Good Friday
It is the most painful day of Passion Week, and Good Friday is no exception.During the final hours leading up to Christ’s death, his trip became hazardous and excruciatingly agonizing for him.As recorded in the Bible, Judas Iscariot, the disciple who had betrayed Jesus, was overcome with remorse and committed suicide by hanging himself in the early hours of Friday morning.Between that time and the third hour (9 a.m.), Jesus had to undergo the humiliation of false charges, condemnation, mocking, beatings, and desertion before his death.Following a series of illegitimate trials, he was sentenced to death by crucifixion, which was at the time one of the most horrifying and shameful ways of capital punishment available.Soldiers spit on Christ, tortured and humiliated him, and wounded his head with a crown of thorns just before he was taken away from the scene.
Then Jesus carried his own cross to Calvary, where he was humiliated and abused once more as Roman soldiers nailed him to a wooden cross, this time with nails.From the crucifixion, Jesus made seven final words to the world.″Father, pardon them, for they have no idea what they are doing,″ he said in his first words.
(Luke 23:34, New International Version) His final words were, ″Father, I commit my spirit into your hands.″ (Luke 23:46, New International Version) Finally, around 3 p.m., Jesus took his final breath and died.At around 6 p.m.on Friday evening, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea were able to remove Jesus’ corpse from the cross and place it in a tomb.
- The events of Friday are reported in Matthew 27:1-62, Mark 15:1-47, Luke 22:63-23:56, and John 18:28-19:37, to name a few biblical references.
Day 7: Saturday in the Tomb
It was the Sabbath day on Saturday, and Jesus’ corpse remained in the tomb, where it was guarded by Roman troops throughout the day by the Romans.Christ’s corpse was ceremonially prepared for burial with spices purchased by Nicodemus after the Sabbath ended at 6 p.m.on the seventh day ″About 75 pounds of perfumed ointment made from myrrh and aloes were brought by him to the temple.Following Jewish burial custom, they covered Jesus’ corpse in broad sheets of linen fabric, together with the spices, before burying him.″ (John 19:39-40, New Living Translation) Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus both served on the Sanhedrin, which sentenced Jesus Christ to death.Nicodemus was a member of this court, as did Joseph.Both men had lived as covert followers of Jesus for a period of time, fearful of making a public statement of faith because of their important positions in the Jewish society.
But after Jesus appeared to them, they decided to come out publicly.Both were profoundly affected by Christ’s death in a similar way.These men and women came out of hiding, putting their reputations and perhaps their lives on the line because they had come to the realization that Jesus was in fact the Messiah they had been waiting for.
They worked together to care for Jesus’ body and prepare it for burial in the tomb.In the time that his bodily body was in the tomb, Jesus Christ paid the penalty for sin on the cross by providing the perfect, spotless sacrifice.He defeated death on both a spiritual and a physical level, so ensuring our eternal salvation: ″Because you are aware that God paid a price to redeem you from the meaningless existence you inherited from your ancestors, you are grateful.
- And the ransom he paid was not just a simple sum of money in gold or silver.
- He paid for you with the precious blood of Christ, the innocent and spotless Lamb of God, who paid the price for your sins.″ (1) 1 Peter 1:18-19 (New International Version) The events of Saturday are detailed in Matthew 27:62-66, Mark 16:1, Luke 23:56, and John 19:40.
Day 8: Resurrection Sunday
Easter Sunday, also known as Resurrection Sunday, marks the completion of Holy Week.The resurrection of Jesus Christ is considered to be the most significant event in the history of the Christian religion.The veracity of this story is critical to the fundamental foundation of all Christian theory and practice.Several ladies (Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Salome, and Mary the mother of James) went to the tomb early on Sunday morning and discovered that the enormous stone blocking the entrance had been rolled aside.An angel made the following announcement: ″Don’t be intimidated!I know you’re seeking for Jesus, who was crucified, and I understand your frustration.
He isn’t even present!He has really risen from the dead, precisely as he said would happen in the Bible.″ (Matthew 28:5-6, New Living Translation) Jesus Christ appeared at least five times on the day of his resurrection, according to the Bible.According to the Gospel of Mark, Mary Magdalene was the first person to view him.
While the disciples were gathering in a home for prayer, Jesus appeared to Peter, the two disciples traveling to Emmaus, and later that day to all of the disciples, except Thomas, who were gathered there as well.Christian scholars think that the eyewitness narratives in the Gospels give irrefutable proof that the resurrection of Jesus Christ did, in fact, occur.Two millennia after Christ’s death, supporters of the Messiah continue to go to Jerusalem to view the tomb that has been empty since then.
- It is reported in Matthew 28:1-13, Mark 16:1-14, Luke 24:1-49, and John 20:1-23 that the events of Sunday took place.
Is Mary Magdalene in ″The Last Supper″?
One of the great Renaissance painter Leonardo Da Vinci’s most renowned and interesting creations, ″The Last Supper″ has been the subject of several stories and disputes since its creation in 1507. Uncertainty persists over the identity of the individual seated at the table to the right of Christ. Is that St. John the Evangelist or St. Mary Magdalene?
The History of ‘The Last Supper’
However, despite the fact that there are several copies in museums and on mousepads, the original fresco of ″The Last Supper″ is the original.The painting, which measures 15 by 29 feet and was painted between 1495 and 1498, is immense (4.6 x 8.8 meters).The whole wall of the refectory (dining hall) in the Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan, Italy, is covered with colorful plaster.A commission from Ludovico Sforza, the Duke of Milan and Da Vinci’s employment for over 18 years, the picture was completed in 1513.(1482-1499).Leonardo da Vinci, ever the inventor, experimented with new materials for his masterpiece ″The Last Supper.″ Instead of painting with tempera on wet plaster, which had been the standard method of fresco painting for centuries, Leonardo painted using oil paint on dry plaster, which resulted in a more diversified color pallet.
Unfortunately, dry plaster is not as solid as wet plaster, and the painted plaster began to peel off the wall almost as soon as it was applied.Since then, many authorities have attempted unsuccessfully to restore it.
Composition and Innovation in Religious Art
- A visual portrayal of an event described in all four of the Gospels, ″The Last Supper″ is a work by Leonardo da Vinci (books in the New Testament).
- According to the gospels, on the evening before Christ was to be betrayed by one of his followers, he summoned his disciples together for a meal and to inform them that he was aware of what was about to take place (that he would be arrested and executed).
- He then bathed their feet, a move that symbolized the fact that all were equal in the sight of the Lord.
- He then blessed them.
- Through the use of the metaphor of food and drink, Christ offered the disciples precise instructions on how to remember him in the future when they were eating and drinking with him.
- It is regarded by Christians as the first celebration of the Eucharist, a ceremony that is still carried out today.
- Leonardo’s ″The Last Supper″ depicts a Biblical subject that has undoubtedly been shown previously, yet the disciples are all showing extremely human and recognisable emotions in his painting.
It is his depiction of iconic religious characters who are depicted as individuals rather than saints, and who are responding to the circumstances in a realistic manner.The technical perspective of ″The Last Supper″ was also designed in such a way that every single aspect of the painting draws the viewer’s attention directly to the focal point of the composition, Christ’s head, rather than anywhere else in the picture.It is, without a doubt, the best example of one-point perspective that has ever been produced.
Emotions in Paint
- The painting ″The Last Supper″ shows a specific point in history. It depicts the first few seconds following Christ’s announcement to his apostles that one of them would betray him before the sun came up. The 12 men are presented in tiny groups of three, each responding to the news with varying degrees of sorrow, fury, and astonishment as they learn of the tragedy. Looking across the picture from left to right, the first group of three is made up of Bartholomew, James Minor, and Andrew, in that order. All are shocked, Andrew to the point of raising his hands in a ″stop″ sign