What Kind Of Wine Did Jesus Drink

What Wine Would Jesus Drink?

It’s difficult to overlook the fact that alcohol is mentioned several times in the Bible. “The Oxford Companion to Wine” states that vines are referenced more than any other plant, including trees and grasses. According to a research conducted by Brigham Young University in Utah, the wordyayin, which is one of numerous Ancient Hebrew terms for wine, is mentioned 140 times in the Bible’s Old Testament. When Noah finally reaches dry land after the flood, the first thing he does is plant a vineyard, then collapse in his tent after being soaked.

A shortage of wine occurs during the reception, prompting Jesus to perform his first miracle, converting water into wine and sparing the newlyweds from a disastrous situation.

When it comes to biblical storytelling, wine plays a crucial part.

What kind of wine were they drinking?

Since the time of Jesus and King David, wine grapes have gone a long way in terms of development. As a result of millennia of mutations and cross pollination, war-induced displacement, and numerous cultures adopting land throughout history, it is extremely difficult to determine what grapes were planted and utilized for wine production in the Middle East. The fact that this has happened is not due to a lack of effort. Through DNA research and archaeological investigations, Israeli winemakers have been attempting to identify the grape types that were employed in antiquity.

  1. It’s fairly amazing stuff, to be honest.
  2. However, aside from this really intriguing DNA experiment, it’s difficult to tell what your favorite Bible figure would have had in his wine glass at the time.
  3. Egypt’s tomb murals portraying the winemaking process have also been discovered by archaeologists, who have discovered ancient wine presses.
  4. Don’t let a drop pass you by!

How were they making wine?

In the vines, the winemaking process began with the construction of stone buildings. These were the wine presses, and they were made up of a single big, square platform that was just a few feet in depth. You’d toss the grapes into the container. Some of these wine presses had a trellis erected over them, with ropes hanging down to grab hold of while stomping around on the floor below them. It was customary for fresh juice to flow into “yeqebs,” which were then gathered in earthen vats and stored in a cool spot or under water to allow spontaneous fermentation to take place.

They would save the grape skins that had been trampled and use them later.

Traditionally, wine was meant to last until the following harvest, and because they didn’t have the technology we have today, they had to make sure the new wine didn’t ferment for too long or it would turn to vinegar, which was not ideal.

Women and children were not permitted to consume wine, therefore the must was blended with water to make fruit juice for those who were not.

That said, back in the day, there was no such thing as filtering or the practice of racking wine from one vessel to another once organic matter had settled and the wine had become clear. So, with all of this in mind, we can get a sense of what wine tasted like back in the day.

So what did wine taste like?

My best guess as to what wine might have tasted like in Jesus’ day is as follows: As a result of the lack of filtering, biblical wine was likely not smooth, but rather harsh, as a result of the continual exposure to organic debris that we normally filter out today. The addition of must would raise the alcohol content a tad while also extracting an additional layer of tannin, making the wine a little rough around the edges. However, because of the necessary addition, the residual sugar levels would be higher, which would give the harshness a juicy roundness that would balance it out.

  1. There would also be no such thing as white wine, in my view, in this world.
  2. The wine created from white grapes would most likely be amber in color due to exposure to air and contact with the must during the fermentation process.
  3. As a result, the wines of the time of the Bible were large, round, rich, austere wines with a deep red or amber hue.
  4. Drinking wine with a tiny amount of water to round it out was practically mandatory in the ancient world, and refusing to do so was considered a sign of barbarianism.

For example, if the bride and groom in Canaan were wealthy, it is likely that Jesus and his Apostles were drinking new wine that had been diluted just right so that it was round and fruit-driven with just the right amount of sweetness for the wedding guests to proclaim that it was the best wine they had ever had.

What’s the closest wine we have today to the stuff they were sipping?

It’s difficult to come up with a modern-day wine that closely resembles the wine consumed by the characters in the Bible. It’s especially difficult for the red because current technology has eliminated the problems they were experiencing. Tannat from Uruguay, on the other hand, is perhaps the closest you’ll get. For white, I would guess that they were drinking something known as “orange” wine, which is a kind of chardonnay with a citrus flavor. A nice example would be Kabaj’s Rebula from Slovenia, as well as Bodegas R.

Originally published on April 11, 2017

What Kind of Wine Did Jesus Drink?

The Last Supper has been a topic of discussion among biblical historians and academics for quite some time, and it is undoubtedly one of those topics. However, it doesn’t take much deliberation to realize that wine was unquestionably on the menu. After all, it’s written down in the Bible in black and white. What does pique everyone’s interest, though, is the possibility that Jesus and the 12 disciples drank a particular type of wine. Winemaking played an important role in the culture of the area where Jesus grew up.

  1. Researchers now assert that they may have discovered the solution to the mystery.
  2. Patrick McGovern asserts that winemaking has been practiced in the Middle East for more than 5,000 years and that the practice dates back even further.
  3. Eliyashiv Drori, an Israeli oenologist, also points out that the scriptures are replete with allusions to wine and grapes, indicating that the concept of wine and grapes existed long before the French even thought of it themselves.
  4. Drori himself is in charge of a team at Ariel University that is attempting to replicate these old wines using DNA testing as a basis.
  5. Drori goes so far as to propose that this might have been the wine that Jesus drank.
  6. Their book also discusses how winemakers used to add terebinth, frankincense, and myrrh to their blends in order to preserve the wine.
  7. In 2013, an excavation in the Israeli town of Nahariya resulted in the discovery of a wine cellar that was believed to be about 4,000 years old.
  8. McGovern, who has based his own study on such finds, believes that the Amarone wine may be the closest kin to the wine served at the Last Supper.

Amarone is a full-bodied red wine that is now produced in Northern Italy, where it is known for its richness. However, there hasn’t been any clear evidence to support this claim.


Twitter is a great place to keep up with the conversation. Although the thoughts stated in this article are purely those of the author, World Religion News does not always agree with or endorse them.

What would Jesus drink?

  • The Bible is replete with allusions to wine, but it does not specify what type it is. The study of archaeology is assisting in the identification of the grapes used to create wine in Jesus’ day. In the words of one winemaker, “we’re talking about grapes that have been there for thousands of years.”

Jerusalem is the capital of Israel (CNN) The Bible is replete with allusions to wine, including a mention to Noah being drunk on it after the deluge. When Jesus comes, he changes water into wine. Ecclesiastes extols the virtues of it, whereas Proverbs despises it. Despite this, the sort of wine has never been named in Scripture – at least not until today. An increasing number of wineries in Israel and the West Bank are attempting to reproduce the wine of the Bible by blending ancient grape varietals with contemporary technology in an attempt to discover and replicate the wine that was enjoyed thousands of years ago in the Holy Land.

  1. It was here that they grew up, where they resided, and where they ate their meals and drank their wine.
  2. He claims that there were several types of wine available in biblical times, including red and white, dry and sweet.
  3. His study has resulted in the identification of 120 types of grapes that are unique to the region, of which around 20 are suited for wine production.
  4. That is a significant accomplishment for me “Drori expresses herself.

Ottoman rule, French grapes

During the Ottoman Empire’s hundreds of years in control of the Holy Land, winemaking was carefully regulated on a national level. Table grapes were among those that survived, although not all table grapes are suitable for making wine. When Baron Edmond de Rothschild revived Israel’s wine industry in the 1880s, he did so using grapes that had been imported from France at the time. Currently, Israel’s around 300 wineries produce 36 million bottles of wine every year. Winemakers assert that imported grapes will only carry the wine business so far in terms of production.

A winery in northern Israel, Recanati Winery, has begun producing wine from marawi grapes.

Only 2,500 bottles of marawi have been produced so far, but the proprietors are hopeful that the new old wine will become popular.

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This is our opportunity to introduce something new to the world and to demonstrate to the rest of the world that we are forward-thinking and that we have a long history in this industry “Gil Shatsberg, the winemaker at Recanati, agrees.

Recanati’s bottle has labels in English, Hebrew, and Arabic on it as a way of acknowledging the many different people who have worked on the project. “Because the grape is of Arabic origin and the grower is Palestinian, we treated everyone with dignity,” says Noam Yacoby, CEO of Recanati.

Unique to the region

Creemisan Winery, located in the valley between Bethlehem and Jerusalem, the places that symbolize the beginning and conclusion of Christ’s life, was the first winery in the world to produce wine exclusively from grapes grown in the region, beginning in 2008. It makes use of grapes such as dabouki, hamdani, jandali, and baladi, among other varieties. This is a sort of wine that is not widely recognized, but Cremisan thinks that will change in the future. The ability to differentiate one’s product in the highly competitive wine industry may make a significant impact.

“We’re talking about grapes that have been growing in this area for thousands of years.

Experts have worked out an important detail from The Last Supper

Archaeologists have discovered a jar etched with the words “wine produced from black raisins” in Judah, precisely near Jerusalem, where it is believed that the Last Supper took place. This suggests that winemakers may have used grapes that had been dried on the vine or in the sun on mats to prepare sweet, thick beverages in order to achieve this result. Jars labeled “smoked wine” and “extremely black wine” have also been discovered at various locations across the region. According to Dr. McGovern, while it was usual practice at the time to dilute wine, there was a preference in Jerusalem for rich, concentrated wines at the time.

As a result, the wine served at the Last Supper may have been similar to the mulled wine that some of us enjoy at Christmas.

As for which wine Jesus drank at the Last Supper, Dr.

Did Jesus drink wine/alcohol?

A jar with the words “wine produced from black raisins” written on it has been discovered in Judah, notably in Jerusalem, where it is believed that the Last Supper took place. The usage of dried grapes on the vine or in the sun on mats to produce sweet, thick beverages suggests that winemakers may have employed this method. Jars labeled “smoked wine” and “extremely black wine” have also been discovered at various locations in the surrounding area of the investigation. In Jerusalem, according to Dr.

Spices and fruits, such as pomegranates, mandrakes, saffron, and cinnamon, were used to flavor and preserve these wines, with tree resin being added to make them last longer in the bottle.

Amarone, which is produced in Northern Italy from grapes dried on straw mats, is a contemporary example of a similar bottle.

In spite of the fact that it is still uncertain which wine Jesus drank at the Last Supper, Dr. McGovern joked, “It someone can find me the Holy Grail and send if to my lab, we could analyze it and tell you.”

What Kind of Wine Did Jesus Drink?

It is true, as stated in the lyrics, that Jesus drank alcoholic wine, as stated in the song, “Cause I heard Jesus, He drank wine”? Some people have a problem with this. What sort of wine did Jesus drink? Was it a good wine? Did Jesus consume copious amounts of alcoholic beverages? Defining the Meaning of Biblical Wine In the Bible, the word “wine” does not always refer to alcoholic beverages or be synonymous with contemporary wine. The Bible utilizes a single Greek term for both “wine” and “grape juice,” which might refer to either alcoholic wine in variable proportions or non-alcoholic grape juice, depending on the context (1 Tim 3:8; Titus 2:3).

The biblical term “wine” refers to grape juice that has either fermented or not.

Several instances of unfermented “wine” are included in the Bi ble, including

  • “Wine” is the blood of the grape (Gen 49:11–12, Heb.yayin, Gr.oinosLXX
  • Deut 32:14, Heb.chemer, Gr.oinosLXX)
  • “wine” is the blood of the grape (Gen 49:11–12, Heb.yayin, Gr.oinosLXX)
  • “wine” is the blood of the grape (Gen 49:11–12, Heb. In the Bible, the vineyard is the location of “red wine” (Isa 27:2, Heb.chemer)
  • “wine” refers to the grape juice extracted from grapes grown in the field (Deut 11:14
  • 2 Chr 31:5, Heb.tirosh
  • Gr.oinosLXX
  • Jer 40:10, 12, Heb.yayin
  • Gr.oinosLXX)
  • “wine” refers to the juice extracted from the grapes “Wine” is described in Scripture as being present in the vine (Isa 65:8, Heb.tirosh)
  • The grape juice from the wine-press is referred to as “wine” (Prov 3:10, Heb.tirosh
  • Isa 16:10
  • Jer 48:33, Heb.yayin
  • The grape juice from the wine-press is referred to as “grape juice” (Prov 3:10, Heb.tirosh

As a result of these allusions, it is clear that the term “wine” in both Hebrew and Greek refers to non-alcoholic grape juice throughout the Bible. Language requires that one begin with the generic meaning of a word and then identify other specific meanings of a word by looking at the word in context and/or using it in a sentence. When reading the Old Testament, there are six different Hebrew terms for “wine” that are represented by Bible translations, with two of them excluding alcohol. In some locations, isme denotes “sweet grape juice” or “fresh grape juice,” whereas another term, hemers, meaning simply “grape juice.” Despite the fact that none of these terms has any connection to alcohol, translators translate them as “wine” in order to avoid reading the situations in their subtleties and ambiguity.

  1. The Bible does not include a single favorable comment regarding intoxicated wine or any other type of intoxicating beverage.
  2. According to Danker and Gingrich’s Greek lexicon, references to “strong drink” or “liquor” in the Bible relate to cider in biblical translations ofsikera, (cf.
  3. Wine from antiquity and wine from now In the Bible, alcoholic wine is not the same as modern-day wine.
  4. In order for grape juice to have more than 4 percent alcohol, the winemaker needs add yeast.
  5. Alcohol kills these yeast cells and prevents the concentration of alcohol from rising over 10% in the air.
  6. When it comes to alcoholic content, today’s wine is not comparable to biblical wine.
  7. It is possible that when you read the term “wine” in the Bible, you are just referring to grape juice or intoxicating wine with an alcohol content of less than 10%.

However, biblical wine is in no way comparable to modern-day wine.

Jesus did not consume wine in the contemporary sense.

Matthew 11:18–19; Luke 7:33–34: Jesus’ opponents accused Him of being a “wine-drinker” from the Greekoinopoteis because He arrived eating and drinking grape juice freely, in contrast to John the Baptist who was restrained in his eating and drinking (Matt 11:18, 19; Luke 7:34).

When the reader analyzes the wedding that Jesus attended at Cana, as well as Jesus’s institution of the Lord’s Supper, it becomes clear that His consumption of wine was not as widespread as many people believe.

Many people believe that Jesus transformed water into intoxicating wine at the wedding at Cana, a tiny village in Galilee, but this is not the case at all (John 2).

It is the Greek term ismethuo that is translated as “well intoxicated,” and it literally means “to fill or make full.” Depending on the context, the word may also be rendered as “drunk.” The word methuoas is appropriately translated as “drunk” in numerous places, including when it refers to intoxication brought on by intoxicating wine or by overflowing one’s stomach with wine (as in Gingrich and Danker’s lexicon).

Because the guests had “drank well” and had been full, John’s description to the wedding feast as being “short” also suggests that the reception was relatively brief, especially if one interprets the term “drunk” in John 2:10 to mean that the guests were “drunk.” In this instance, Jesus either created additional alcoholic wine for people who were already intoxicated or He just made more grape juice for the wedding reception.

  1. That Jesus manufactured intoxicating wine for those who were already inebriated or that He generated fresh “new wine,” grape juice, for those who had already consumed a large amount of the previous supply seems more likely.
  2. If one believes that the wedding guests were merely overflowing with non-alcoholic wine, then Jesus created “new wine” that included little or no alcoholic content.
  3. The production of fresh wine intensifies Jesus’s sign, as it occurred immediately before the Passover and just before the first harvest of grapes, highlighting the significance of Jesus’ sign.
  4. As a result, Jesus’ production of fresh grape juice would have been a clear manifestation of God’s supernatural power.
  5. It is unlikely that Jesus’ provision of additional aged and intoxicating wine would have been perceived as a miraculous miracle.

The master of the feast described the circumstance in which the guests had filled themselves with wine, based on the meaning of the Greek wordmethuo in John 2:9–10, which means “full with wine.” A wedding reception can run up to a day, and sometimes much longer (Alfred Edersheim,The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah).

  • The fact that one’s stomach is full with wine indicates that the wedding feast was consumed in a short period of time, perhaps as little as a few hours.
  • If Jesus had prepared alcoholic wine, he would have made even more intoxicating wine, resulting in an extra 120 to 180 liters of intoxicating wine.
  • Each guest would have received an additional 64 ounces of alcoholic wine if Jesus had done so.
  • Because of the toxicity in ethyl alcohol, Jesus would have poisoned a wedding party of three hundred attendants, causing the guests to vomit and collapse.
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Given that this wine had 10% alcohol due to the fact that the scenario contains fermented wine, Jesus would have assisted a thousand individuals in binge drinking by intoxicating them with three extra drinks who were already inebriated as indicated by the Greekmethuofor having “well drunk.” If every visitor had had only two more drinks, the wedding would have had at least 1,600 guests, according to the statistics.

  • Despite the large number of people in attendance, it is likely that Jesus provided a significant amount of alcohol to those who were already intoxicated.
  • Either the intoxicating alcohol of today or the fermented wine of the first century would have been a farcical spectacle at this wedding.
  • The scenario in which Jesus creates alcoholic wine is impossible and out of keeping with scriptural prohibitions to abstain from intoxicating beverages like wine.
  • The Lord’s Supper and a glass of wine Is it true that Jesus drank alcoholic wine at the Lord’s Supper?
  • Various people believe that Jesus drank wine because alcoholic wine has been made a part of the “Eucharist,” also known as the Lord’s Supper, in many churches.
  • In the first place, the Scriptures never refer to the word “wine” when describing Jesus’ institution of the Lord’s Supper in any of the four passages recorded in the New Testament.
  • There is no mention of alcoholic wine in any of the chapters regarding the Lord’s Supper.

During the Passover Feast, Jesus instituted the Lord’s Supper, which is still celebrated today.

Because the Passover coincides with the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Jesus ate unleavened bread throughout the celebration.

The removal of the yeast suggests that Israel eliminated the grape juice that had been fermented due to the presence of yeast.

Furthermore, at the Lord’s Supper, Jesus referred to the contents of the cup as “fruit of the grapevine,” suggesting that there was little to no fermentation, even when wild yeast was present.

What about individuals who become intoxicated after partaking of the Lord’s Supper?

“Therefore, when you meet together in one place, it is not to partake of the Lord’s Supper,” says 1 Corinthians 11:21–22.

Furthermore, the Greek term methuo is used in this text, which might signify inebriated or full with alcohol (cf.

Some people ate the Lord’s Supper like a meal in order to be satisfied, and those who drank were also satisfied, if not necessarily inebriated, thereafter.

It is reasonable to assume that these Christians became inebriated while participating in the Lord’s Supper with grape juice; however, it is also reasonable to assume that those who were drinking brought enough intoxicating wine to become inebriated and intended to use such wine for the Lord’s Supper.

  • They would also have made the decision to consume and become intoxicated from the wine in assembly rather than waiting for others.
  • Cautionary Notes about Wine Jesus advised against intoxication and stuffing one’s stomach with intoxicating wine, which he believed would imprison people in this world (Luke 21:34).
  • Christians have the ability and responsibility to warn people about drinking.
  • Scripture uses the Greek term “drunkenness” to imply “full oneself” (Eph 5:18–19; see also Rom 13:13), which is a literal translation.
  • Also revealed in 1 Corinthians 6:10 is that drunkards “will not inherit the kingdom of God,” according to Paul.
  • It is wrong to fill one’s stomach with alcoholic beverages because it compromises the sobriety of one’s Christian conscience and heart (cf.
  • Drinking should be avoided at all costs, according to the words of Jesus Christ and His apostles and prophets, and Christians should do the same and warn others about drinking.

“For the time that has passed suffices for doing what the Nations desire” (1 Pet 4:3).

Furthermore, the term “drinking parties” is derived from the Greek wordpotos, which literally refers to gatherings of people who come together for the purpose of imbibing alcohol.

Christ had no part with drunkenness and drinking parties, so His followers must not.

Solomon warned by the wisdom of God.

Your eyes will see strange things, And your heart will utter perverse things.

(Prov 20:1).

Conclusion The wine that Jesus drank was not intoxicating.

Jesus neither encouraged drunkenness nor drank intoxicating wine.

The Bible neither promotes nor supports the drinking of intoxicants.

Let us walk properly as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and sensuality, not in quarreling and jealousy. But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires. (Rom 13:13–14) Bibliography

  1. “Wild Yeast: The Pros and Cons of Spontaneous Fermentation,” by Jeff Chorniak, is available online. Winemakers Magazine, published in 2005.
  1. “The Benefits of Wild Fermentation,” by Jean L. Jacobson. winevines.com, 2012
  2. Content=98687
  1. “Red Table Wine as a Marking Wine.” University of California Davis, 2016
  2. University of California Davis, 2016
  1. Wine
  2. Wine Press,” International Bible Encyclopedia, 1915
  3. James Orr, M.A., D.D. “Wine
  1. “Bible Wine,” written by Kyle Pope. The Olsen Park Church of Christ was built in 2013. Edersheim. The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah are detailed in this book. The Christian Classics Ethereal Library was founded in 1883. “Reconsider the Biblical Concept of Drunkenness” and “Reconsider the Biblical Concept of Drunkenness” are related posts. ” Why isn’t there any wine at the Lord’s Supper?” “Is it a sin to drink alcohol according to the Bible?”

What did Cana wine taste like?

Water was transformed into wine by Jesus. The first miracle of Jesus is described by John the Baptist in this Sunday’s Gospel (Jn 2:1-11). Have you ever wondered what that bottle of wine tasted like before you bought it? We’re aware that there was a lot of it. According to the Gospel of John, Jesus instructed the waiters to fill six stone jars, each of which could hold “20 to 30 gallons.” That indicates Jesus produced around 150 gallons of wine on that particular day.

Wine types

There were many different kinds of wine available during Jesus’ day — but no Zinfandels or Merlots. However, we do know that there were several varieties of wine since there are at least three Hebrew terms for wine that are regularly used in the Scriptures and Jewish texts that indicate that there were different sorts of wine:

  • Yayin, which in ancient Palestine mainly meant “to boil up” or “ferment,” was a term used to refer to an alcoholic beverage. (The Bible does not make any mention of beer.) According to rabbinic literature, there were two sorts of yayin: one that was consumed straight up and another that was cut with water. Tirosh was a slang term for “sweet wine” or “the fresh wine of the season.” (This was a wine that was produced immediately following the grape harvest, which occurred in late summer or early October.) In contrast, Yayin had to be matured for at least several months before it could be consumed
  • Shemarim was the dregs (the oldest wine), which were occasionally added to other wines to impart taste
  • And Yayin was the dregs (the oldest wine). There was a type of wine that was not truly alcoholic and was created from “must” that was popular at the time (the fresh juice from crushed grapes). As a result of the high sugar concentration, even if it was not intended to ferment, must can ferment on its own as a result of the high sugar level. The reason for this is that must was frequently stored underground to keep it cold

Traveling to Israel today and visiting Cana, you may be able to purchase “Cana wine,” if you are so inclined. It has a rich, sweet flavor and has a deep crimson color. Some people may find the sweetness overwhelming, and you can see why some Jews in Jesus’ day embraced the Greek practice of diluting wine with water. More than just being too sugary, though, a lot of wine in Jesus’ day was not particularly appetizing. It became more appetizing after being diluted with water. When the year progressed and older wine began to deteriorate or turn vinegary, this became even more evident.

Major export

In ancient Palestine, wine was a key export commodity. Winemaking may have been created in the Middle East — though some historians claim it was invented in China or possibly Armenia — and the region around Galilee was a significant grape grower at the time of Jesus’ ministry. According to archaeologist Patrick McGovern (University of Pennsylvania Museum), wine at that period may have had such a horrible flavor that a variety of substances were added to it, including tree resin, peppers, and capers, among other things.

  • Saltwater, herbs, spices such as cinnamon, and even myrrh were used as additions in addition to the above.
  • In addition, leftover grape skins and juice were allowed to ferment, resulting in a sweet syrup that could be used to sweeten wine.
  • Our testimony is backed up by the impartial headwaiter, who declared it to be the greatest wine of the feast.
  • “The red wine was better and stronger,” according to the Jewish Encyclopedia, which observed that “the red wine was better and stronger” (citing Psalm 75).
  • Wine was prepared in Jesus’ day in much the same manner as we do today: grapes were gathered in the fields and transported to local wine presses where they were crushed, or “treaded,” to make wine.
  • The juice would flow into a lower vat, where it would frequently pass through filters constructed of twigs or branches before entering the main vat.
  • Wine was gathered in clay jars and stored underground in order to minimize evaporation and to slow the fermenting process, which were both beneficial.
  • Fermentation, on the other hand, comes to an end when any wine reaches 14 to 18 percent alcohol content.
  • In Jesus’ day, wine was often consumed.

We know from Jesus’ Parable of the Good Samaritan that wine was not only drunk but was also employed in Jewish ceremonial life, in the Temple, and even as medicine at one point or another.

First winemaker

Noah was the Bible’s first winemaker, having built a vineyard when the ark touched down on Mount Ararat thousands of years ago (Gn 9:20). Unfortunately, he also became inebriated as a result of his wine consumption (Gn. 9:21). Nonetheless, the majority of biblical references to wine are positive, as in the passage we heard during the first week of Advent: “On this mountain the Lord of hosts will provide for all peoples a feast of rich food and choice wines, juicy, rich food and pure, choice wines” (Is 25:6), which refers to the Lord’s coming as a feast of rich food and choice wines.

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26:29) as he described the Kingdom of God.

John records that he likewise closed his earthly mission with wine: “So they placed a sponge that had been soaked in wine on top of a sprig of hyssop and held it up to his mouth.” When Jesus had finished drinking the wine, he declared, “It is completed.” (See also Jn 19:29-30.) Delivered that only the worst wine was given to criminals, it was necessary for that wine to have a harsh flavor to be kept for the condemned.

Cana’s wedding wine, on the other hand, is a different story.

manna is described as having “every joy, to satisfy every palate,” according to the Book of Wisdom.

by adapting to the tastes of those who consumed it, it changed itself into whatever each diner desired” (16:20-23).

What Wine Would Jesus Drink? We May Finally Have The Answer

It has been a long-standing question among biblical historians as to what meals may have been served at the Last Supper. What is fairly clear is that Jesus and his followers were drinking wine at the time of their arrest. Many aspects of the Last Supper continue to be debated today. Scholars also disagree on whether or not the Last Supper was a Seder, which is a customary meal performed during the Jewish festival of Passover, which may have provided clues as to the meal’s characteristics. On this point, the four canonical gospels are at odds with one another.

Interestingly, Klawans pointed out that the typical Seder ceremony as we know it today didn’t begin until approximately 70 A.D., or roughly two generations after Jesus’ death and resurrection.

Whether there was a Seder or not, wine would have been part of a “typical Jewish supper” in Jesus’ day.

In 2016, Israeli archaeologists unearthed an old wine ledger that contains what they claim to be the world’s first recorded reference to Jerusalem outside of the Bible, according to their findings.

Patrick McGovern, an anthropology professor at the University of Pennsylvania and the director of the school’s Biomolecular Archaeology Project for Cuisine, Fermented Beverages, and Health, has discovered evidence that winemaking in the Middle East may have been practiced for more than 5,000 years.

  • courtesy of Getty Images Wine has been known to be produced in the Holy Land since pre-biblical times, and it was even a major export during the time of Jesus, when the Romans conquered the land and killed the Jews.
  • She leads a team at Ariel University in the occupied West Bank that is utilizing DNA testing to study and replicate the ancient wines that King David and Jesus would have enjoyed.
  • Following Drori’s investigation, it was discovered that white wine made from the Dabouki grape, which is indigenous to Armenia, may be among the oldest varietals in the region and a good contender for the wine that Jesus may have consumed during his lifetime.
  • Winemakers also frequently used tree resins like as myrrh, frankincense, and terebinth to extend the shelf life of their products.
  • In an interview with the BBC, one of the archaeologists working on the site, Andrew Koh, said that the wine was not something that people would just come home and drink after a long day at the office.
  • The truth is, though, that there is no way to tell for certain.
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What Wine Was at the Last Supper?

In what kind of wine did Jesus and his Apostles partake during the Last Supper? We decided to look into it because Easter was approaching. Here’s what we discovered. Few meals in history have garnered as much attention as the Biblical Last Supper. We have information on who attended, where it took place, and what was served. We even know that wine was served, which piqued our interest, as we wondered what Jesus drank. Vivino researched the possibility that wine had been served at the Last Supper, and they came up with this.

  1. We spoke with Dr.
  2. Sean Myles, an Assistant Professor of Agriculture Genetic Diversity at Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia, to learn more about the ancient winemaking process and wine styles available at the time.
  3. We needed to determine the time and place of the Last Supper in order to get historical context, as well as gain an understanding of what brought this group of people together.
  4. pointed out in a recent interview, “According to three of the four Gospels, the Last Supper most likely took place on the Thursday before the celebration of Passover.” “According to the Gospels, Jesus died about the year 30.
  5. Because it was and continues to be the most significant of all Jewish feasts, it is likely that wine was served as part of the celebrations.” Father Kendall reassures us, saying,

“Unlike John the Baptist, Jesus drank wine.”

Sederfare would have been served with the wine, which would have included items such as marororchazeret, a type of bitter herb, charoset, a sweet, brown paste of fruits and nuts, karpas, a vegetable (usually parsley or celery) that is dipped into salt water before eating, zeroa, either a roasted lamb shank bone or a roasted chicken wing, and beitzah, a hard-boiled egg. After learning the specifics of the Last Supper (where, when, and why it took place), we want to know more about what happened.

  1. We know very little about the popular grape types during the time of the Last Supper, or even if grape varieties were even a notion at the time.
  2. Myles explained.
  3. It was already a long time since the Holy Land had produced wine by the night of the Last Supper.
  4. Planting their vines along steep slopes and carving out vats in the bedrock to use as wine presses were common practices for vintners.
  5. Archaeologists discovered a jar with the inscription, “Wine prepared from black raisins” in an inland city of Judah, which they believe belonged to a royal family.
  6. Archaeologists have discovered jars with inscriptions such as “smoked wine” and “extremely black wine” in other parts of the region as well.
  7. Historically, winemakers believed that resins from trees like as myrrh, frankincense, and terebinth helped to preserve wine and prevent it from spoiling.
  8. We may conclude that there was a competent winemaking culture existent around the time of the Last Supper, and that vintners in the vicinity of Jerusalem produced powerful wines that were frequently blended with tree resins, spices, and fruits to enhance their flavor.

When it comes to wine, how does this approach transfer into contemporary terms?

Recreating the Wine of the Last Supper

“It’s possible that they were sipping something similar to a modern-day Amarone, though we can’t be certain,” Dr. McGovern speculated. To manufacture Amarone, winemakers in Northern Italy first dry their grapes on straw mats before pressing the grapes to make wine. The end product is a sweet, rich, and black wine that is reminiscent of the wines that were consumed in the Holy Land throughout the ancient epoch. “It’s possible that they added other ingredients like pomegranates, saffron, and myrrh.” In accordance with the important agricultural products of the time, according to cocktail expert Joel Anthony Caruso, a Biblical mixologist might have started with crushed and rinsed salt-preserved tappuah (apple) and myrrh, as well as debash (honey), and then poured in wine that had been treated with pressed rimmon (pomegranate).

Amarone combined with bittersweet Amaro, rye whiskey, and oleo saccharum is another option if a sweet and salty cocktail isn’t your thing (simple syrup infused with lemon peel).

All we can do at this point is make informed guesses based on what has already happened in the past.

McGovern stated.

He made light of the situation by joking,

“If someone can find me the Holy Grail and send it to my lab, we could analyze it and tell you.”

  1. Daniel Kendall is the author of this work. The Last Supper is addressed in this essay. In-person interview is required. McGovern, Patrick E., 16 March 2015
  2. McGovern, Patrick E. “On the subject of ancient wine and winemaking.” Interview conducted over the phone. McGovern, Patrick E., “Ancient Wine: The Search for the Origins of Viniculture,” published on March 19, 2015. Princeton University Press published a book in 2003 titled Sean Myles’s print work. With regard to the domestication of grapes. Interview conducted over the phone. 10th of March, 2015.

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