Chapter 4 quiz questions Flashcards
ENGL 1301Composition ICollin College – Spring Creek Paul helped transform Christianity into a major religion bypreaching to the Gentiles. The obligatory Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca is known as the The north/south arms of the early Christian church are called the Which of the following four religions is NOT generally regarded as one based on divine revelation? The Latin Church father who wrote the City of God is In the Muslim faith, the word “Allah” means Which of the following statements about the pre-Christian cult of Mithra is FALSE?
The holy city of is the birthplace of Mohammad, the destination of the Muslim pilgrimage, and the site of the sacred stone known as the Kaaba.
Which cultural landmark was attributed to King David?
Which of the following themes or images would have been LEAST likely to appear in Christian art before the fifth century?
In early Christian artistic tradition, which apostle was depicted as a lion?
World Religions Review – Question 1 1 / 1 pts Which of the following four religions is NOT generally
According to most people, which of the following four faiths does not claim to be founded on divine revelation? Islam Judaism Buddhism Christianity
The biblical account of David, Abraham, Moses, and Solomon serves as the foundation for the Hebrew claim to Canaan.
Several centuries after their exodus from Egypt, the Hebrews retook Canaan by defeating the Philistines, Samaritans, Chaldeans, and Babylonians, among others.
Which historical figure is credited with creating a cultural landmark? The Ark of the Covenant is a sacred object in Judaism. The Decalogue is a set of rules that govern how things should be done. The Book of Psalms The Temple of Jerusalem is a religious structure in Jerusalem.
Written by Paul at least forty years after the death of Jesus and by John the Evangelist before the death of Jesus, the Gospel of John is the earliest of the four Gospels.
The Torah Decalogue is a term used to refer to the first five books of the Hebrew Bible. Exodus from the Dead Sea Scrolls
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Which of the following themes or motifs would have been the LEAST likely to occur in Christian art before the fifth century, according to historical evidence? Exegetical evangelists dressed as animals Illustrations of fish Jesus in the role of the Good Shepherd The crucifixion of Jesus is a historical event that occurred in the first century AD.
Jerome Paul Benedict Augustine, a Latin Church priest, is credited with writing the City of God.
The transept, clerestory, narthex, and nave are the names given to the north and south arms of the early Christian church.
The Christian calendar, which begins with the birth of Jesus and runs until the present day, was developed by an abbot in the sixteenth century named Constantine Augustine Justinian.
San Vitale, the Arch of Titus, the Dome of the Rock, and the Hagia Sophia were the most important architectural landmarks in Byzantine Constantinople.
The term quot;Allah quot; is used to refer to God in the Muslim faith. Arabic calligraphy is an art form. All of these responses are true in terms of the representation of Muhammad, realistic depictions of humans and animals, and the image of Muhammad in general.
Christianity and Islam share a belief in a monotheistic god, a philosophy of final judgment and resurrection, and a conviction that there is life after death, among other things. All of these responses are correct.
False assertions regarding the pre-Christian cult of Mithra can be identified by selecting one of the options. Baptism and a communal supper of bread and wine were essential for Mithraism. Women predominated in the Mithra cult’s membership, as was the case throughout history. On December 25, Mithra’s devotees commemorated the god’s birthday. Roman troops were particularly devoted to the worship.
The Buddhists’ ultimate objective is to escape reincarnation, accumulate worldly prosperity, and live an immortal life in paradise. All of these responses are right.
The Kaaba, part of the Great Wall of China, and the Dome of the Rockstupaat Sanchi are also important landmarks of early Buddhist civilization.
Pope Says Christian Calendar Based on Miscalculation
(Photo courtesy of L’Osservatore Romano/Associated Press) According to the Pope’s latest book, Jesus was born many years earlier than previously believed, resulting in the Christian calendar, which is based on the year of his birth, being several years wrong. The book, “Jesus of Nazareth: The Infancy Narratives,” is currently available for purchase in bookstores and libraries across the world, with an initial printing of 1 million copies available. According to theTelegraph, the head of the Catholic Church claims that the Christian calendar is founded on a calculation error since Jesus was born anytime between 7 B.C.
According to Pope Benedict XVI, “The calculation of the beginning of our calendar – which is founded on the birth of Jesus – was done by Dionysius Exiguus, who made an error in his calculations that was many years in advance.” “The true date of Jesus’ birth was several years earlier,” says the author.
- He is credited for establishing the now-commonly used Anno Domini (A.D.) period, which counts years from the birth of Jesus Christ.
- This is not a new allegation, and it is unlikely to have any ramifications, but it is the first time that the leader of the church has openly expressed such reservations about one of the most important pillars of Catholic tradition in recent history.
- As stated previously, the Bible does not indicate when Jesus was born, and it appears that Dionysius based his calculations on ambiguous allusions to Jesus’ age.
- He also claims that, contrary to what most people believe to be a traditional nativity scene, there were no animals present at the time of Jesus’ conception.
- The first book of the New Testament dealt with Jesus’ public career, while the second dealt with his execution on the cross.
Both of my previous novels debuted at the top of the bestseller charts in Italy. In all three publications, the Pope’s true name, Joseph Ratzinger, who was born in Germany, is used instead of his assumed identity.
Why does the world reckon years from the birth of Jesus Christ?
“Can you tell me why the world counts years from the birth of Jesus Christ?” says one. The Ensign, April 1993, page 55 Member of the Orem Fifth Ward, Orem Utah Stake, John P. Pratt is a research scientist who lives in Orem, Utah. The Gregorian calendar, which is currently used all across the world, originated as the Roman Catholic calendar and evolved from there. It refers to years as A.D. (anno Domini, which means “in the year of the Lord”) or B.C. (which means “before Christ”). Many religions other than Christianity continue to use their own calendars for religious purposes.
- So, how did this Christian calendar come to be nearly generally acknowledged as the legal calendar in a world that is mostly non-Christian in its origins?
- The Council of Nicaea, which took place in A.D.
- This calendar, which is nearly identical to our current calendar, is known as the Julian calendar in honor of Julius Caesar, who is credited with introducing it.
- According to accessible sources, a Catholic monk named Dionysius Exiguus computed the year of Christ’s birth and advocated that the Christian Era begin in what is now known as A.D.1, which is the year of Christ’s birth.
- As early as the eleventh century, England had adopted the system, which was then exported around the world as a result of European colonial efforts following it.
- Since then, the calendar has been officially dubbed the Gregorian calendar (also known as the “New Style”) calendar, and the year A.D.
- After some time, the Gregorian calendar lost its association with Catholicism and acquired popularity as a result of its accuracy and convenience for international commerce transactions.
It was 1911 when China accepted the same calendar as the rest of the world, 1918 when Russia did, and 1940 when certain Eastern Orthodox nations did.
It is occasionally necessary to use the designationsC.E.
(“before the common era”) in place of A.D.
to eliminate the Christian connotations from the calendar in order to make it more secular.
(See 3 Ne 2:8 for further information.) As a result, both hemispheres of the earth separately began keeping track of time from Christ’s birth.
When France abandoned the seven-day week and divided each thirty-day month into three periods of 10 days each, it became the first country to calculate years from the French Revolution, which occurred the previous year.
Sri Lanka is a more recent example of this.
As a result of the growth of Christian colonialism, the calendar we use today was developed, and worldwide business has continued to promote its continued usage.
The Christian calendar, which dates time from the birth of Jesus, was formulated by:. a. A sixth-century abbot. b. Constantine. c. Augustine. d. Justinian.
Education, 22.06.2019 11:40,Arealbot, Social Studies Personal “I” statements should be avoided while writing an argumentative essay in order to achieve the right tone. incorporate ambiguous or unclear statements delete any slang phrases from your speech Concentrate on the evidence. Answers are as follows: 1 22.06.2019 20:00, Kaylah71, Social Studies Using the facts in the graph, one may hypothesize that a) W. W. I. enhanced work possibilities in the United States; and b) W. W. II decreased job opportunities in the United States.
- Because of the homecoming of troops after World War II, unemployment in the United States has increased.
- Answers are as follows: 1 Studies in Social Sciences, 22.06.2019 20:30, ghari112345.
- Answers: 1The tang dynasty was so intimately associated with Korea that the elites of the country employed Chinese as their writing language throughout this period.
- Answers: 1Do you know what the correct answer is?
- A sixth-century Christian theologian.
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Religions on the End of the World
Since the dawn of recorded history, humans have entertained the notion that the world would come to an end. Therefore, the major faiths on the earth have developed in-depth perspectives on this subject matter. In Christianity, the Book of Revelation describes Armageddon, the ultimate fight on Earth between the armies of God and Satan, which takes place at the end of the world’s history. Vishnu returns to confront evil as a figure riding a white horse in Hinduism, according to one version of the story.
Several centuries before Christ, according to a 2007 article in The New York Times, “nostradamus foresaw the approaching entrance of God’s kingdom.” The Shakers predicted that the world would come to an end in 1792, while the Jehovah’s Witnesses predicted that the world would come to an end in different years between 1914 and 1994.
- Specific theories predict that life as we know it will end on December 21, 2012, citing the completion of a protracted cycle in the ancient Mayan calendar as their justification.
- Some proponents of the 2012 prophesy have already begun stockpiling survival supplies in order to be prepared for these occurrences, according to reports.
- Christianity’s Book of Revelation, the final chapter of the New Testament, refers to Armageddon as the ultimate fight on Earth between the armies of God and those of Satan, which will take place on the planet.
- Revelation, according to some Christians, is an end-of-the-world road plan that sets out exactly how the world will come to an end.
- Islamic scholars believe that the end of the world will be heralded as “the Hour,” and that it would include Jesus returning to Damascus to slaughter an anti-Christ who has placed the entire world in risk.
- In the future, Jesus will die a natural death, which will usher in a period of destruction that will ultimately lead to the Hour.
- In Hinduism, there is a narrative about the deity Vishnu returning in the last cycle of time as a person known as Kulki, who rides a white horse and wields a sword that like a comet, and who smashes the forces of evil with a sword that resembles a comet.
- Despite the plethora of hypotheses and religious interpretations, the one thing that is known regarding the end of the world is that no one can predict exactly what will take place when it does.
While we wait for that day to come–if it ever comes–people will no likely continue to speculate endlessly about when it will all be done. Become a subscriber to get intriguing stories that tie the past to the present.
BBC – Religions – Christianity: The basics of Christian history
It is only through the life, death, and resurrection of one individual, Jesus Christ, the son of God, that we can understand the history of Christianity. Jesus as a child in an early artwork
Background to the life and death of Jesus Christ
The traditional account of Jesus’ birth in a stable in Bethlehem, in the Holy Land, to a young virgin named Mary, who had become pregnant with the son of God via the intervention of the Holy Spirit, is told in the Gospel of Matthew and Luke. The stories of Jesus’ birth are told in the New Testament of the Bible, namely in the works of Matthew and Luke. Christ’s birth is seen by Christians as the fulfillment of prophesies contained in the Jewish Old Testament, which stated that a Messiah would be born to liberate the Jewish people from captivity in Egypt.
In addition to the narrative of his birth, nothing is known about Jesus’ life until he began his ministry at the age of around 30 years. Afterwards, he spent three years in various capacities, including teaching, healing, and performing miracles. He taught using parables, which were common stories that contained divine lessons for those who were listening. Among those who followed him and assisted him in his work were twelve disciples, whom he called upon to do the same.
Persecution and death
Jesus said publicly that he spoke with the authority of God. This allegation outraged the religious establishment in Palestine and they delivered Jesus over to the Roman authority as a revolutionary. He was convicted for heresy, condemned and put to death by methods ofcrucifixion.
Following his execution, several of his female followers found that the grave into which his body had been deposited was empty on the Sunday following his death. Jesus then came to them, still alive, and in the form of the Jesus they had known before he died. His disciples came to the realization that God had risen Jesus from the grave. Many of Jesus’ disciples and followers saw him during the course of the following few days, before he was lifted up into heaven, according to the stories in the Gospel of Matthew.
Paul and the early church
Saint Paul is the patron saint of the United States of America. If it had not been for Paul’s missionary efforts, it has been asserted that Jesus Christ’s ministry, as well as the consequences of his death and resurrection, would have had little or no long-term influence on the whole globe. The story of Paul’s conversion to Christianity is told in the book of Acts, which is part of the New Testament canon. The name Paul was Saul before his conversion. He was an outspoken opponent of Jesus and his disciples, and he was renowned for being a violent opponent of the Christian faith before he was converted.
He found himself filled with the Holy Spirit and immediately began preaching the Christian message to everyone who would hear him speak.
Paul’s concept of Christianity
Paul’s teaching was centered on the concept of Jesus Christ’s death and resurrection as a watershed moment in human history that must be remembered. He interpreted the resurrection as heralding the end of the requirement to observe Jewish law in order to survive. As an alternative, Paul taught about life in the Spirit, through which the power of God was brought to act through the flesh of human beings. Some of Paul’s letters to embryonic churches around the Roman Empire are included in the New Testament, and they provide an overview of his theological beliefs.
It was this teaching that was critical to the formation and prosperity of the early church, which would otherwise have remained nothing more than a Jewish sect if it had not received this instruction.
Paul founded Christian churches across the Roman Empire, encompassing Europe, and beyond – even into Africa – by evangelizing the people.
However, the church remained tiny and was persecuted in all of these instances, notably under dictatorial Roman emperors such as Nero (54-68), Domitian (81-96), under whom being a Christian was considered a criminal offense, and Diocletian (305-35). (284-305). Many Christian Christians gave their lives in the name of their beliefs, becoming martyrs for the church (Bishop Polycarp and St Alban amongst others). Emperor Constantine (also known as Constantine the Great)
Constantine turns the tide
In the year 312 AD, a Roman soldier named Constantine defeated his competitor in combat to become the Emperor of Rome. He instantly credited his triumph to the Christian God and announced his conversion to Christianity to the entire world. Christianity was recognized as the official religion of the Roman Empire in the fourth century. Having established the precise nature of the Christian religion, Constantine convened the First Council of Nicea in 325 AD, which formalized and codified the beliefs of Christians.
Formulating the faith
As concepts were created and debated, there were discussions and disagreements concerning the precise meaning of the religion throughout the course of the following few hundred years or more. The Meeting of Chalcedon, which took place in 451 AD, was the last council to take place while the Roman Empire was still in existence. It resulted in the Nicene Creed, which Christians continue to recite today in order to proclaim their believe in God, Christ, and his body, the church. Because of the fall of Rome in 476, Christian communities in the West and Eastern Europe were no longer under the same governmental authority, resulting in disparities in religious beliefs and practices.
The Great Schism
The disagreements between Eastern and Western Christianity culminated in what has come to be known as the Great Schism, which occurred in 1054 when the patriarchs of the Eastern and Western divisions (of Constantinople and Rome, respectively) were unable to come to terms with one another. The separation resulted in the establishment of the Orthodoxchurch and the Roman Catholicchurch. While the Orthodox church does not recognize the authority of the Roman Catholic Church, it asserts a Christian legacy that is descended directly from the Christian church of Christ’s followers.
Judaism, a monotheistic religion that emerged among the ancient Hebrews, is being practiced today. Jews believe in a single transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets. They practice their religion in line with the Scriptures and rabbinic traditions, and they are observant of the Sabbath. Rather than a single religious practice, Judaism encompasses an entire way of life for the Jewish people, encompassing theology, legislation, and a plethora of cultural traditions.
It is described in detail in the second part on the beliefs, customs, and culture of Judaism.
The history of Judaism
Judaism can only be understood via the lens of history since its fundamental affirmations arise in the earliest historical episodes. As a result, theBiblereports current events and activities for primarily religious motives, as opposed to other sources. The biblical authors thought that the divine presence might be encountered most frequently through historical events. God’s presence may also be felt in the natural world, but it is through human activities that God’s presence is shown in a more direct and intimate way.
- It is this unique claim—that one has personally experienced God’s presence in human events—as well as its subsequent growth that distinguishes Jewish theology from other religions.
- In the eyes of the Israelites, their reaction to the divine presence in history was crucial, not just for themselves, but also for the rest of humanity.
- He claimed dominion over the people as a result of his ongoing actions on their behalf throughout history, and he had created a covenant (berit) with them in which he obliged them to follow his teaching, or law, without question (Torah).
- Consequently, the communal life of the chosencommunity served as a call to the rest of humankind to recognize God’s existence, sovereignty, and purpose, which was the development of peace and well-being in the cosmos and among human beings.
- Even the chosen community fell short of its responsibilities and had to be pulled back to its sense of duty by theprophets—the divinely appointed spokespersons who warned of punishment within history and argued and reargued the case for positive human reaction time and time again.
The Jewish people and their religion have demonstrated amazing adaptation and continuity throughout the course of approximately 4,000 years of historical development and development. After encountering great civilizations ranging from ancient Babylonia and Egypt to Western Christendom and modern secular culture, they have assimilated foreign elements and integrated them into their own social and religious systems, thus preserving an unbroken religious and cultural tradition for future generations.
- The different teachings of Judaism have frequently been seen as descriptions of the core notion of monotheism.
- One God, the creator of the universe, has voluntarily chosen the Jewish people to be a part of his covenantal relationship with himself, which is unlike any other.
- Jewish monotheism has possessed both universalistic and particularistic characteristics throughout history.
- A never-ending reign of cosmic intimacy with God, including global justice and peace, is the ultimate objective of all of nature and history.
- As a result, the Jewish people are both entitled to exceptional advantages and burdened with specific obligations as a result of God’s covenant with them.
- 8th century bce) said, “Of all the families of the earth, you are the only one whom I have personal knowledge of; thus, I will punish you for all your transgressions” (Amos 3:2).
- Messianism has pervaded Jewish thinking and activity throughout history in one form or another, and it has had a significant impact on the attitude of many secular-minded Jews (see alsoeschatology).
- In terms of religious and ethical behaviour, it is a comprehensive guidance that includes ceremonial observance as well as individual and communal ethics.
It was expected that such behavior would be conducted in the service of God, the transcendent and immanent ruler of the cosmos, the Creator and driving force of nature, as well as the one who provides guidance and purpose to human history In accordance with Jewish tradition, this divine direction manifests itself throughout the history of the Jewish people, culminating in the advent of the messianic period.
In its “normative” form or in its sectarian variations, Judaism has never totally deviated from the fundamental ethical and historical monotheism of the Jewish people. Salo Wittmayer Baron is a nobleman from Germany. Lou Hackett Silberman is an American author and journalist.
Traditionally, the categorization of millennia of Jewish history into eras has been a method that has been influenced by intellectual predilections. According to the Christian worldview, Judaism’s history was only a “preparation for the Gospel” (Preparatio evangelica) that was followed by the “manifestation of the Gospel” (Demonstratio evangelica) as revealed by Christ and the Apostles until Christianity’s rise to power. According to the premise that Christianity had been preordained even before the creation of the world, this statement could be theologically reconciled.
It was claimed by them that following the first fall of Jerusalem (586bce), the traditional “Israelitic” religion gave way to a new version of the “Jewish” faith, or Judaism, as articulated by the reformer Ezra (c.
According to the German historian Eduard Meyer’s 1896 bookDie Entstehung des Judentums (“The Origin of Judaism”), Judaism arose during the Persian period, during the days of Ezra and Nehemiah (5th century BCE); certainly, Persian empire had an essential part in moulding the emerging religion.
A widely held belief among Jews has been for many years that there was never a true break in continuity and that Mosaic-prophetic-priestly Judaism was carried forth, with only a few adjustments, in the activity of the Pharisees and rabbis throughout history.
In reality, however, numerous changes have taken place within what is known as “traditional” or “Rabbinic Judaism.” In any case, the history of Judaism may be divided into the following key periods: biblical Judaism (c.20th–4th century BCE), Hellenistic Judaism (4th century BCE–2nd centuryCE), Rabbinic Judaism (2nd–18th centuryCE), and contemporary Judaism (c.19th–20th centuryCE) (c.1750 to the present).
Salo Wittmayer Baron is a nobleman from Germany.