Why Did Moses And Elijah Appear To Jesus?

Why did Moses & Elijah appear in the transfiguration?

This post is also accessible in the following languages: (Arabic) The Bible teaches us the following about the transfiguration: In the words of Jesus, ″Verily I say unto you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom″ (Matthew 16:28).Finalization- ″And after six days, Jesus takes Peter, James, and his brother John and takes them up onto a high mountain apart, and there he is transfigured before them: and his face shone like the sun, and his raiment shone like the light.″ And, lo, there came before them Moses and Elias, who were conversing with him″ (Matthew 17:1-3).Immediately following this prophesy, the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke relate the tale of the Transfiguration.It should be noted that there is no break in the narrative–there is no chapter or verse split in the Greek original–and that all three emphasize the fact that the Transfiguration occurred around a week after this remark, emphasizing that the event was a fulfillment of the prophesy.During the Transfiguration, Jesus demonstrated a small version of the kingdom of glory.Peter, one of the disciples who was there at the Transfiguration, understood it in the same way as has been discussed above (2 Peter 1:16-18).

Moses and Elijah’s presence on the Mount of Transfiguration has theological importance, which explains why they were selected to accompany Jesus on his journey to the summit of the mountain.When Jesus was transfigured, it symbolized the resurrection at the end of all time.Death and resurrection are symbolic of people who will die and be risen to go to heaven, whereas Elijah represents those who will get to heaven without having to go through the experience of death.This is demonstrated by the following: ″And it came to pass, while they were still going on and talking, that behold, a chariot of fire appeared, and horses of fire appeared, and divided them both asunder; and Elijah was caught up in a whirlwind and carried into heaven″ (Ezekiel 36:26).

(2 kings 2:11).When Jesus (Michael) argued with the devil concerning Moses’ body, he did not accuse him harshly, but instead stated, ″The Lord rebuke thee.″ Moses was raised in secret by Jesus (Michael) (Jude 9).After everything was said and done, both Elijah and Moses were lifted up into heaven, where they appeared to Christ and several of his followers at the Transfiguration of the Lord.You may get further information on a number of issues by going to our Bible Answers website.The BibleAsk Team is dedicated to His service.This post is also accessible in the following languages: Arabic (Arabic) (Hindi)

Question & Answer – Why did Moses and Elijah appear with Christ instead of angels? (Matthew 17:1–3)

In addition, this content is accessible in: (Arabic) The Bible has something to say about the transfiguration: According to Jesus, ″Verily I say unto you, there are those standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom″ (Matthew 16:28).Finalization- ″And after six days, Jesus takes Peter, James, and his brother John and takes them up onto a high mountain apart, and there he is transfigured before them: and his face shone as the sun, and his garments were as white as the light.″ When they looked up, they saw Moses and Elias standing there with him, conversing with him″ (Matthew 17:1-3).As soon as this prophesy is fulfilled, the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke relate the story of the Transfiguration.There is no break in the narrative–there is no chapter or verse divide in the Greek original–and, additionally, all three highlight the fact that the Transfiguration occurred approximately a week after this remark, emphasizing that the event was a fulfillment of the prediction made in the previous statement.During the Transfiguration, Jesus displayed a small version of the kingdom of glory.One of the disciples who was there at the Transfiguration, Peter understood it in the same way as previously stated (2 Peter 1:16-18).

Because Moses and Elijah’s presence on the Mount of Transfiguration has theological importance, it is no surprise that they were chosen to accompany Jesus on his journey to the summit.When Jesus was transfigured, he was representing the resurrection at the end of the world.Those who die and are raised and go to heaven were represented by Moses, and those who do not die and do not get to heaven were represented by Elijah.Because of the following, we may be certain of this: ″And it came to pass, while they were still going on and talking, that behold, a chariot of fire appeared, and horses of fire appeared, and divided them both asunder; and Elijah was caught up in a whirlwind and carried into heaven″ (Ezekiel 37:23).

(2 kings 2:11).″Yet Michael the archangel, while battling with the devil over the corpse of Moses, dared not bring against him a railing accusation, but exclaimed, The Lord rebuke thee″ (Jude 9).In this way, both Elijah and Moses were carried to heaven and appeared to Christ and several of the disciples at Christ’s transfiguration.For further information on a range of issues, please see our Bible Answers website.Our team at BibleAsk is dedicated to His service.In addition to English, this content is now accessible in Arabic (Hindi)

This unusual “gathering” has deep eschatological meaning. And looking at a single word in the original Greek can help decipher it.

  1. In the Synoptic Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke), the Transfiguration is described in detail.
  2. It’s also mentioned briefly in the second Epistle of Peter and, some believe, subtly alluded to in John’s Gospel (″We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son″), because John was one of the three apostles who witnessed the miracle (along with Peter and James).
  3. Along with Jesus’ Baptism, Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ascension, according to the Gospels, his Transfiguration is regarded one of the five defining moments of his life on the mountain of Transfiguration.

Because the Transfiguration is the moment in which Jesus’ divine nature manifests itself through (or, perhaps more accurately, ″in″) his human nature (thus implying some sort of prefiguration of the Resurrection, a ″preview″ of the glorified body), depictions of the Transfiguration have served as a model for later graphic representations of the Resurrection throughout history, suggesting that this passage cannot be fully understood unless considered in the context of Jesus’ death and resurrection (and his defeating death itself).The verse has undoubtedly also been interpreted allegorically, with the emphasis placed on the necessity of the believer’s transfiguration by the operation of the Holy Spirit.This scenario, however, does not simply feature Jesus and the three apostles (John, Peter, and James), since there are several more individuals participating.What exactly are Moses and Elijah doing in this room, conversing with Jesus?More information may be found at: What exactly is the distinction between Elijah and Elisha?In some ways, the presence of Moses is easy to comprehend.

While on the one hand, the Transfiguration takes place after Jesus feeds the famished throng by multiplying the loaves and fishes, which reminds us of the Israelites who were fed with manna while being led by Moses through a desert wilderness.Another point to consider is that the Book of Exodus (34:29-35) tells us that when Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the Ten Commandments, ″his face shone like the sun″ (this passage is sometimes referred to as ″the radiant face of Moses″), just as Jesus’ face ″shone like the sun″ during his Transfiguration.These similarities would have undoubtedly been profoundly and clearly important not just for the gospel authors, but also for their early audiences, had they occurred to them.However, there is one more interesting fact to consider: According to Luke’s Gospel (9:28-36), Jesus, Moses, and Elijah were talking about his departure (i.e., Jesus’), ″which he was about to bring to fulfillment in Jerusalem,″ and that they were speaking about his departure (i.e., Jesus’).When Luke employs the Greek term exodos to describe ″departure″ in the original text, he is making a clear parallel to Moses’ escape from Egypt.In this passage, the author provides a coherent view of the history of redemption, tracing it from Moses’ freedom to the salvation supplied by Christ.

What about Elijah, on the other hand?Here’s something to think about: Elijah was also ″taken away.″ Conventional wisdom has been that the appearance of Moses and Elijah during the Transfiguration symbolizes the summation of ″the Law and the Prophets,″ which is now being fulfilled in and through Jesus’ life as the promised Messiah.Elijah, on the other hand, is clearly representing the Prophets, whilst Moses is clearly representing the Law.

The question is, why Elijah and not one of the other prophets of the Old Testament such as Isaiah, Hosea, or even John the Baptist, who is sometimes referred to as ″the final prophet of the Old Testament″?Actually, according to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, John the Baptist is ″more than a prophet″ in the traditional sense.″Through Jesus,″ the Catechism adds, ″the Holy Spirit brings his prophetic message to a close.″ ″With the death of John, the cycle of prophets that began with Elijah is completed.″ According to the Gospel of Matthew (11:13-14), ″For all the Prophets and all the Law prophesied until John the Baptist came.″ In other words, if you are prepared to believe it, he is the Elijah who was to come.″ If John the Baptist is the ″new″ Elijah, why was Elijah still ″to come″ if the Baptist is the ″old″ Elijah who has already arrived?And why is he talking to Jesus in the first place?

More information may be found at: The reason why Orthodox icons of John the Baptist have wings is unknown.According to the second book of Kings, the prophet did not die, but rather was transported to heaven ″by fire,″ ″in a whirlwind,″ and ″carried away in a chariot of fire″ instead.Along with Enoch and the Virgin Mary, he is the only other biblical character who has been physically transported to the heavenly realm.

″Elijah’s departure″ is the name given to this chapter, and it has also been regarded as a prefiguration of Jesus’ own Ascension into Heaven alive after his resurrection.It seems obvious that Elijah and Moses are also the two figures who are discussing Jesus’ own departure (exodos), as they are in the book of Exodus.However, Elijah’s return has a profound eschatological significance in and of itself (both in the Hebrew and Christian Bibles), since his presence prefigures that of the Messiah, and his ″departure″ prefigures that of Jesus: Malachi (the last prophet of the Old Testament in the Christian Bible, the book that brings prophetic writing to an end) predicts that Elijah would be sent back to earth ″before the great and awful day of the Lord arrives.″ So it has generally been considered that Elijah’s participation in the Transfiguration strengthens the fulfillment of Malachi’s prophesy, which had already been accomplished with the baptism of Jesus, as if to seal the fulfillment of the prophecy.Check out the slideshow below to discover some of the most remarkable portrayals of the Transfiguration in Renaissance art.

Why Did Moses and Elijah Appear on the Mountain?

  1. Moses’ presence showed that all of the shadows of the law had been fulfilled in Jesus and were now being gone.
  2. Despite the fact that the law of Moses had expired, men in Jerusalem were still battling, not just for it but also for the customs of the elders, and priests and religious leaders were still wrangling about the tithe of mint and cumin.
  3. He was present on the mountaintop, realizing that this exalted One, who would soon be crucified in the name of the law, had gathered up all that had been hinted at, intimated, and incorporated in the economy of the past by virtue of his presence within.

As a result, the law, with its commands and prohibitions, was fulfilled in the Person of Jesus; and the law-giver Moses, acting in accordance with God’s will, had descended from the heavenly places to greet on the mount of transfiguration the One who, in His own Person, had magnified and elevated the law to a position of honor.The same may be said about Elijah.He had uttered God’s message, and he had done it with authority.He had traveled from place to place, speaking to kings in their corruption, to courts in their degradation, and to individuals in their need with that one unceasing word, ″Thus saith Jehovah.″ He had spoken to kings in their corruption, to courts in their degradation, and to individuals in their need.The prophetic aspect, he had undoubtedly been one of the most amazing persons in our nation’s history, and he had probably been one of the most remarkable men in the world.Although God had previously spoken via various segments of the prophets, no one had said more to the country than Elijah, who was the most significant of them all.

In this place, in conversation with One Who had proclaimed to His followers, ″I am the truth,″ and about Whom Peter, speaking under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, added, ″To Him bear all the prophets testify,″ he found himself on the mountaintop.Everything that had ever been said by Elijah in the past had been but a simple syllable and speech rendering of that which had been embodied in the Person of Christ; and he stood now on the mount to acknowledge that in this transfigured One, all of heaven’s speech begins and ends, that in Him every prophecy of the past has been fulfilled, and that the prophet of days to come will draw from this Man and His teaching, his inspiration, his power.G.Campbell Morgan’s The Crises of the Christ, Book IV, Chapter XVII, is the source for this adaptation.

Why Moses and Elijah at the Transfiguration? – Drive Thru History®

  1. About eight days after Jesus said this, he gathered his disciples, Peter, John, and James, and went up to a mountain to pray with them.
  2. At the time of his prayer, the look of his face altered, and the color of his attire changed to the brightness of a flash of lightning.
  3. Two figures, Moses and Elijah, arrived in spectacular magnificence before Jesus and began speaking with him.

They talked about his impending departure, which he was going to put to fruition at the Holy City of Jerusalem.Peter and his friends were quite tired at the time, but as they regained consciousness, they were able to see the splendor of God and the two men standing by him.The guys were about to leave Jesus when Peter approached him and said, ″Master, it is good for us to stay here.Let us construct three shelters: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah,″ says the leader.While he was speaking, a cloud emerged and engulfed them, and they were terrified as they made their way into the cloud.Suddenly, a voice from the cloud spoke, saying, ″This is my Son, whom I have chosen; pay attention to him.″ When the speaker had finished speaking, they discovered that Jesus was by himself.

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(9:28-36; Luke 9:28-36) According to the Gospels, this occurrence is referred to as ″the Transfiguration.″ A transfiguration, according to Merriam-Webster, is defined as a ″significant change in form or appearance; especially: a transformation that beautifies or glorifies or elevates the spirituality of a person.″ The transfiguration of Jesus represents the culmination of his public ministry.As the baptism of Jesus marked the beginning of Jesus’ public life, the event known as the Transfiguration marks the culmination of Jesus’ public ministry.The experience of the transfiguration provided Peter, James, and John with a vision of heaven, which served to prepare them for the harrowing trials and suffering that were to occur in the following days.Here’s a question for you: What was it about Moses and Elijah in particular that drew Jesus and his disciples to this location, out of all the prominent personalities in the Hebrew Scriptures?According to popular belief, Moses represented the Jewish Law and Elijah represented the Jewish Prophets in the Old Testament.When God’s voice from heaven stated regarding Jesus, ″Listen to Him!″ it meant that the Law and the Prophets must now make way for Jesus, who will usher in a new era marked by the substitution of the old path for the new.

He is the consummation of the Law and the fulfillment of the predictions of the Old Testament, according to the New Testament.It’s also worth noting the amount of symbolism that exists in this particular incident.When Jesus meets with Moses and Elijah, it is reported that ″they spoke about his departure.″ This is the first time that this has happened.

Over 15 centuries before, Moses had led his own exodus from Egypt, which is known as the Exodus from Egypt.On addition, the book of 2 Kings describes Elijah’s departure from this world in a blazing chariot.In the tale of the loaves and fishes, Jesus had miraculously provided nourishment for the masses, just as Moses had miraculously provided bread – or ″manna″ – to the Israelites when they were wandering in the desert.And you may recall that when Moses descended from the mountain with the Ten Commandments, his face shone with the glory of God, just as Jesus’ face shone with the same brightness at the moment of his ascension into the presence of God.

These analogies would have been quite significant to an observant Jew if they had been drawn.When it was all done, the disciples would never forget what had transpired that day on the mountain, which was no doubt the goal.″We have seen His glory, the glory of the one and only,″ said the apostle John in his Gospel (John 1:14).

″We did not tell you about the power and advent of our Lord Jesus Christ based on artfully concocted myths, but we did so as eyewitnesses to His majesty,″ Peter later wrote in his letter to the church.Because He gained praise and glory from God the Father when a voice from the Majestic Glory spoke to Him, saying, ‘This is my Son, whom I love; with Him I am pleased.’ (John 3:16) When we were with Him on the sacred mountain, we ourselves heard this voice that came from above.″ (See 2 Peter 1:16-18 for further information).

What is the significance of Moses and Elijah’s appearance during Jesus’s Transifiguration?

  1. The transfiguration of Jesus is perhaps one of the most deep mysteries in the cosmos, and it is one of the most well-known.
  2. One is presented with a slew of questions just by reading the description.
  3. One of those problems concerns the emergence of Moses and Elijah, two Old Testament figures who appeared earlier in history yet are still important figures in the literature of the time period.

Jesus then grabbed Peter and James, as well as John his brother, and brought them up a high mountain by themselves, after six days of fasting and prayer.After then, he was transformed in front of them, and his face gleamed brightly like the sun, and his garments were as white as the dawn.And lo, there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, who were engaged in conversation with him.Matthew 17:1-3 is a biblical passage.There are a few things I wanted to examine before I go into a scathing rant demanding answers.First and foremost, grasping the meaning of transfiguration is unquestionably the most crucial thing to do, right?

Transfiguration: 1 a: a transformation in shape or appearance: metamorphosis b: a process of exaltation, glorification, or spiritual transformation It is immediately apparent the majesty with which the transfiguration presents itself to the disciples who are present.Keeping the notion of their discipleship in mind, it is important to recognize that this incident is extremely significant to Peter, James, and John in their lives.For the most part, it is symptomatic of their Apostolic preparation.In a previous chapter, Jesus presented a question in response to a conversation about who people believe the Son of Man to be after hearing their claims.“ ″But who do you think you’re talking about?″ he asked them.Matthew 16:15 (KJV) If Peter responded with the words, ″You are Christ, the Son of the living God,″ he would have earned an unquantifiable number of cool points.

″For flesh and blood has not revealed anything to you, but my Father who is in heaven,″ Jesus explains further.Matthew16:17 When the disciples refuse to inform anybody that Jesus is the Christ, Jesus foretells His death and resurrection.Let’s fast forward to six days later on top of the ridge.

After considerable thought, I understood that Moses and Elijah had to signify something culminating in the concept of death and rebirth.Moses and Elijah’s appearances have prompted numerous thought-provoking theories and arguments, which I’ll share with you.According to Father Ryan Earlenbush, ″one of the most compelling reasons why Moses and Elijah appeared with Christ at his Transfiguration is that the bodies of these two men had not been corrupted.″ According to Father Ryan Earlenbush, ″one of the most compelling reasons why Moses and Elijah appeared with Christ at his Transfiguration is that the bodies of these two men had not been corrupted.″ The fact that Jesus is not prone to corruption makes this a noteworthy remark.After that, though, Father Ryan Earlenbush makes a remark with which I find it extremely difficult to concur.

It is his opinion that the two men are distinct in that Elijah had been taken up in the wind, essentially ascensioned, and appeared in his own body because he had never died, and that there is a possibility (according to St.Thomas Aquinas) that Moses’ appearance was simply his spirit taking form through condensation of the atmosphere.Additionally, he claims that Moses’ body is guarded by St.

Michael the Archangel and that, according to Fr.Cornelius a’ Lapide’s belief, he was momentarily reunited with his body when he died.That being said, if Elijah never died, how did he come to be in the physical body of John the Baptist, as prophesied by Jesus himself, and then reincarnate into a new physical body of his own?Nevertheless, I can tell you that Elijah has already arrived, and they did not recognize him and instead treated him as they wished.Likewise, the Son of Man will very probably suffer at the hands of these people.″ The disciples then realized that he was referring to John the Baptist when he spoke to them.Matthew 17:12,13 (KJV) What does this biblical passage want us to learn?

  • That our spiritual identities may ping-pong between bodies, too.
  • Interesting.
  • I am not disparaging Father Erlenbush because I really think that there is no such thing as a correct or incorrect answer.
  • I, on the other hand, feel more enlightened and more in touch with reality.
  • With more investigation, I came upon David McClister, who was yet another gentleman.

The prophet Moses and Elijah, according to the author, were both outstanding prophets who did amazing feats in the name of God.Both were rejected to a certain extent by their own communities.More than that, both Moses and Elijah saw a divine apparition during their lifetimes (Moses in Exod 33:17ff and Elijah in 1 Kings 19:9ff), and both of them occurred on a mountain (Mt.Sinai).

These are excellent parallels to Christ, but the most significant of them all is when Mr.McClister states that they together represent the Law (that would be Moses) and the Prophets (that would be the apostles) (both).Also, I’d like to point out that Elijah would be a representation of the ascension.Aspects of Christ’s transfiguration, such as the appearances of Elijah and Moses, seem to indicate that He is reiterating and reinforcing His previous declarations of his death and resurrection as well as His second coming, which is also significant in light of Elijah and John the Baptist’s shared significance as one person.

  • A writer’s need to focus the attention of a reader on a single word-faith-is precisely aligned with the necessity to connect the similarities.
  • The disciples/witnesses were still in the stage of physical sight, rather than spiritual sight, when Jesus appeared to them.
  • It is possible for a Hebrew who was raised on what we now consider Old Testament doctrine to have a better understanding of the differences between these two ideals as well.

I’d like to think that’s the case.In his statement, ″…Elias’ life is one titanic struggle against the forces of evil…,″ Father Erlenbush may be onto something.and Moses, who had realized the futility of all attempts to free his people from the captivity of their own hearts; and Elias, who had charged the satanic darkness with both sword and spirit.This feels like the weight of one and a half thousand years of sacred history has been bundled together and placed on the shoulders of the Lord.″ Keeping this in mind, the significance of Elijah and Moses could also be associated with the idea that a person who wishes to believe will face difficulties in doing so.

Continuing with this in mind The difference is that Christ would embody a central doctrine that was elevated above the level of the Old Testament teachings in the first place.Aside from that, am I the only one who is concerned that these two are still active on some level despite the fact that they are supposed to be deceased?I suppose that’s just more evidence that there is a living God, rather than some mythical giant conjured up to make our lives ″appear″ more meaningful.So whether or not Elijah and Moses appeared in spirit or physical form isn’t important in the grand scheme of things.

Most important, the Messiah and His Father have some seriously innovative methods of attracting our attention.It’s similar to Star Trek in terms of INFINITE POWER.

Why Were Moses And Elijah On The Mount Of Transfiguration?

Why were Moses and Elijah with Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration? Have you ever wondered why they were there? Why wasn’t David, Abraham, or another prominent figure included?

The Law and the Prophets

  1. Moses is the person in the Bible who is most closely associated with the Law of God, if there is anybody.
  2. In both the Old Testament and the New Testament, Moses and the Law are frequently cited in the same sentence.
  3. Even throughout Jesus’ earthly mission, Moses and the Law were frequently mentioned in connection with one another.

‘The law was given through Moses, but grace and truth came through Jesus Christ,’ according to the Apostle John’s writing (John 1:17).After all, the Lord states in Luke 24:44 that he ″spoke to you while I was still among you, saying that everything written about me in the Law of Moses as well as the Prophets and Psalms must be fulfilled,″ and that is exactly what happened.In actuality, the Law and the Prophets all led to Jesus as the fulfillment of all of God’s promises.According to Philip, ″We have discovered him of whom Moses wrote in the Law as well as in the prophets, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.″ Nathaniel was ecstatic.(See John 1:45.) In fact, Jesus was prophesied to come all the way back to Genesis 3:15, right after the Fall, but also in Deuteronomy 18, where Moses wrote, ″The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your brothers—it is to him you shall listen″ (Deuteronomy 18:15), which means that God ″will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers.″ And I will put my words in his mouth, and he will talk to them in the manner in which I direct him to do so.And anybody refuses to listen to my words, which he will say in my name, will be required to do so by me personally.

″ (Deut 18:18-19).Yes, many people listened to Him (Jesus Christ), but there were many more who did not (John 6:66).God will require it of those who reject Christ at some point in the future (Rev 20:12-15).″The law was given through Moses, but grace and truth were delivered through Jesus Christ,″ says the Bible (John 1:17).

The Law

  1. There is no question that Moses is identified with the Law, even though the Law is essentially the Law of God, and this is without dispute.
  2. Moses did not descend from Mount Sinai with his own law, but rather with God’s.
  3. Possibly because he was so active in the documentation of ancient rules, they identified those laws as their own; alternatively, because Moses personally received the Law from God Himself, they identified Moses as the bearer of God’s Law.

In any case, Jesus provides the most comprehensive summation of the Law and the Prophets.In a fruitless attempt to test or trap Jesus, ″a lawyer″ posed a question to him in order to put him to the test.In Matthew 22:35-36, Jesus asks, ″Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?″ ″You shall love the Lord your God with all of your heart, with all of your soul, and with all of your mind,″ Jesus commanded.Therefore, our primary allegiance should be to God, according to Matthew 22:37-38; but, Jesus added that ″a second commandment is like it: you should love your neighbor as yourself″ (Matt 22:37-38).(Matt 22: 39).First and foremost, we must love God, and then we must love our fellow man.

It is on ″these two commandments″ that ″all of the Law and the Prophets″ are predicated (Matt 22:40).The rules of God point to loving God and loving one’s neighbor, just as the prophesies point to Jesus Christ as the fulfillment of these laws.

The Prophets

  1. If you’ve ever read the conclusion of Isaiah 52 and the entirety of Isaiah 53, you’re probably aware that this is a prophecy about the Lord, Jesus Christ…the suffering servant…and that this is written about him.
  2. All of the prophets, including Isaiah, spoke about Jesus, but even the Law of Moses alluded to Christ’s sacrifice on the cross as part of the sacrificial system.
  3. Who else could it be than Jesus who is referred to in Isaiah 53:6b as ″the Lord has thrown on him the sin of us all″?

He did not write about a prophet or a ruler, but rather about the Lord Jesus Christ.According to Isaiah, the purpose was to submit ″his soul…as an atonement for his crime″ (Isaiah 53:10b).In the Bible, there are hundreds of predictions about Jesus Christ, many of which refer to him as the Messiah or ″My Righteous One.″ The lines ″My God, my God, why have you left me″ (Psalm 22:1), written by King David on the cross, foreshadowed what Jesus would say during his agonizing death.And this was a thousand years before Jesus became a flesh and blood human being (John 1).In addition to these, Psalm 16, 21, 23, 118, Jeremiah 31:31, Isaiah 61, and several more passages prophesy of Jesus.Elijah came with Jesus on the Mount of Transfiguration because he was a prophet of God.

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He stood in for all of the prophets who had written about Him.And, of course, Moses was present because he represented God’s Law, but Jesus took the Law and kept it perfectly, just as the Prophets had predicted, and brought the grace of God, which is apart from the Law, into the world.

The Transfiguration

  1. When Jesus spoke, he gave a comprehensive synthesis of all of the Law and the Prophets.
  2. He stated that we are to love God above all else and then love our neighbor as ourselves, and based on the Parable of the Good Samaritan, we know that our neighbor is anyone who is in need.
  3. So, why did Jesus bring Elijah and Moses to the Mount of Transfiguration in order to demonstrate this commandment?

Due to the fact that Jesus precisely fulfilled the predictions of old and observed the Law in a way that no other person had ever done before.Furthermore, Jesus may have wished to convey to Peter, John, and James that the kingdom of God would not consist of temporary booths or Jesus assuming political authority (Matt 17:4), but would rather come to govern the world in righteousness as King of kings and Lord of lords (Matt 17:6).The scribes’ prophecy that ″that first Elijah must come″ was fulfilled in John the Baptist’s career, which was something Jesus wanted them to be aware of (Matt 17:10).″That Elijah has already arrived,″ Jesus stated emphatically, ″and they did not recognize him, but did to him whatever they liked.″ Likewise, the Son of Man will very probably suffer at the hands of these people″ (Matt 17:12).He was referring to the beheading of John the Baptist, and in a similar vein, Jesus stated that ″the Son of Man will undoubtedly die at the hands of″ the same people who took John’s life.


  1. It’s noteworthy to me that Peter, John, and James were already familiar with Moses and Elijah’s identities.
  2. They seemed to recognize them without ever being introduced to them or having previously seen them, although I’m not sure what it was about them that made them recognize them so quickly.
  3. In addition, it would have been fascinating to have listened in on what Jesus, Moses, and Elijah were discussing on the Mount of Transfiguration.

No evidence suggests that the disciples were aware of anything that was said to them, but they did catch a glimpse of the glory of the Son of God and the glorified states of those who died in the faith.When I was little, I remember Jesus declaring that even if a person dies and believes in Him, they will come back to life (John 11:25-26).As Jesus repeatedly reminded them (Matt 22:32; Mark 12:27; Luke 20:38), God is the God of the living, not the dead.Therefore, even though Moses and Elijah died thousands of years ago, they are still alive and present in the presence of the Lord.Anyone who has placed their faith in Christ will be raised to life again, or if they are already alive, they will be united with the Lord at His return.After that, we might inquire as to what Jesus, Moses, and Elijah were talking about.

Here’s some connected reading material for your consideration: What Was the Purpose of the Transfiguration?The Scripture quotes are taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® (ESV®), published by Crossway Bibles as a resource (2007).The ESV is an abbreviation for English Standard Version.Crossway Bibles are published in Wheaton, Illinois.Permission has been granted to use.All intellectual property rights are retained.

Transfiguration, Elijah, Mount of Transfiguration, and Transfiguration of the Lord

Why did Jesus bring Moses and Elijah to the transfiguration?

Why did Jesus bring Moses and Elijah to the transfiguration?

  1. Matthew 17:3 English Standard Version – 3 And lo, there appeared to them Moses and Elijah, who were engaged in conversation with him.
  2. clarification on share report asked by eddy fritsch on January 31st, 2014 The responses from the community are arranged according to how many people voted for them.
  3. The greater the number of votes, the higher the position of an answer on the list.

″ Yeshua was accompanied by two other Old Testament figures, Moses and Elijah, who shared the stage with him.Why were these two gentlemen in attendance rather than others?There are two main causes behind this.Moses was there to represent the Law, and Elijah was there to represent the Prophets, and they were the first two to arrive.Keep in mind that the aim of Yeshua’s coming was to bring the Law and the Prophets to their fulfillment.Moses and Elijah, who came in splendour and told of his death, which was destined to take place at Jerusalem, are recorded in Luke 9:30b-31 as follows: Death is represented by the Greek term exodos.

″Departure″ is the Greek term from which our English word ″exodus″ derives, and in some Bibles the word is translated as ″departure.″ In other words, the subject of discourse among Jesus, Moses, and Elijah was the impending death of Jesus in Jerusalem, which was the subject of their talk.Because the death of Jesus represented the culmination of the Law and the Prophets, it is possible that Moses and Elijah were there at the time of his death.That Moses had died, but Elijah had not, was the second reason for these two men’s presence in the room.Moses was present to symbolise the saints who would be resurrected at the end of time.During the Rapture, Elijah represented the saints who will be translated or transformed into eternal beings, without having to go through the process of death as they currently do.While they are still alive, these saints will undergo a transformation in ″the blink of an eye.″ The fact that the term exodos is employed is crucial in terms of its meaning.

The Exodus of Israel from Egypt represented independence and emancipation for the Jewish people.There might be three more reasons for considering His death, or exodos, in addition to the ones listed above.First and foremost, Yeshua’s death and upcoming resurrection will release him from all limits, for when Yeshua became a man, He was restricted in His ability to exercise supernatural authority.

In fact, even His splendor was no longer apparent due to the fact that it had been veiled and had only been seen for a little period.The death of Yeshua would herald the end of all the restrictions imposed by the Incarnation on human beings.Second, it would release Him from the constraints of life in a sin-filled earth.’How much longer must I suffer with you; how much longer must I deal with this sinful generation?’ Jesus reportedly said.

That the holy Person of Yeshua had to live and walk among sinful men was something that weighed hard on His shoulders from the beginning of His ministry.Indeed, His death—His exodos—would be a moment of liberation for Him.Finally, the exodos of Jesus would set the believer free from his or her bonds to sin and death.″ Dr.

Arnold Fruchtenbaum’s Messianic Bible study titled ″The Transfiguration of the Messiah″ provided the inspiration for this response.The first response was received on February 1, 2014.Upvote, Share, and Report leslie Coutinho is a Brazilian actress and model.The disciples Peter, James, and John were the ones who were summoned and transported to the mountain where Jesus was transfigured and witnessed Him speaking with Moses and Elijah, as recorded in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and John, respectively.According to the gospel of Luke, the disciples were sleeping (Luke 9:32) when they heard a voice through the clouds that spoke to them all (Moses, Elijah, Peter, James, John, and Jesus) and told them that this is my beloved Son ″Listen to Him.″ After they returned to earth, they were instructed by Jesus not to tell anyone about it until the Son of man had risen from the dead (Luke 24:36).(Mat 17:9).

  • However, we only have Luke’s account of them appearing to Jesus to inform him of his impending departure from this world.
  • (See also Luke 9:31) We have the two olive trees and the two candle stick in the book of Revelation (Rev 11:3-4), and this two olive trees and two candle stick represents Moses and Elijah, who are called ″My two Witnesses″ to whom Jesus spoke on the mountain where He was transfigured, and this are the two olive trees and the two candle stick (Zec 4:3,14 / Rev 11:6) for these have power to shut heaven so that it does not rain ″in the days of their prophecy (Exodus 7:20, 9:14) It was necessary for Moses and Elijah to return in the end times in order for the Lord to be ″witnessed to as being the Son of Men and the Son of God in flesh,″ to prophesy over the people (Rev 11:3), and to testify (Rev 11:7) to the Jews that Jesus is Lord and Savior in exchange for their repentance.
  • Because of what is mentioned in John 12:27-28, I think Jesus came at this time to be manifested for the end times.
  • Now my spirit is unsettled, and I’m not sure what to say.
  • Father, please save me from this hour; nonetheless, I have come to this hour because of this reason.

Father, may thy name be exalted.When a voice from heaven spoke, it stated that I had both glorified it and will ″glorify it again.″ 0 answers received on May 21st, 2019.Please Vote ‘Yes’ Report it to others

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Why did Moses, Elias, and Elijah appear in the Kirtland Temple?

″What was the significance of Moses, Elias, and Elijah appearing at the Kirtland Temple?″ Liahona, October in the year 2021 In order to better understand our divinely ordained obligations as we prepare to meet God, we should consider the holy keys that have been restored to the Kirtland Temple. 1 —Elder Quentin L. Cook of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (quorum of the Twelve Apostles).

What Are Priesthood Keys?

  1. In the earthly realm, priestly keys represent the authority God has given priesthood leaders to control and oversee the use of His priesthood on the planet.
  2. 2 ″All keys of the priesthood are held by the Lord Jesus Christ, whose priesthood it is,″ President Dallin H.
  3. Oaks, First Counselor in the First Presidency, taught.

In addition, he is the one who selects which keys are assigned to mortals and how those keys are to be utilized.3 The President of the Church has been given power by the Lord to execute all of the priesthood keys that are required for the Church to function properly and effectively (see Doctrine and Covenants 132:7).

Priesthood Keys and Authority

During a visit to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery on April 3, 1836, the Lord dispatched Old Testament priesthood holders Moses, Elias, and Elijah to make the following commitments to them:


  • Aided the Israelites in their escape from slavery in Egypt
  • These are the keys to Israel’s reunification
  • ″Israel’s reunification from the four corners of the world″ (Doctrine and Covenants 110:11)
  • ″Israel’s reunification from the four corners of the earth″
  • In speaking of the gathering, we are simply stating this fundamental truth: every one of our Heavenly Father’s children, on both sides of the veil, deserves to hear the message of Jesus Christ, as it has been restored to us.
  • President Russell M. Nelson is number four on the list.


  • ″Appears to have lived at the time of Abraham″ 5, the gospel of Abraham’s dispensation
  • ″All generations following us should be blessed in us and our progeny,″ says the prophet Abraham. ″With this renewal, we have received, as they did in the beginning, the holy priesthood and the eternal gospel,″ according to Doctrine and Covenants 110:12. In order to accept the fullness of the gospel, to enjoy the privileges of the priesthood, and to be eligible for God’s greatest blessing—eternal life—we must first earn the right to do so.″ President Russell M. Nelson is number six on the list.


  • He lived in 900 BC in Israel’s Northern Kingdom, and he was a prophet.
  • In the words of Mormon prophet Elijah, ″Turn the hearts of fathers toward their children, and the hearts of children toward their fathers″ (Doctrine and Covenants 110:15)
  • ″Sealing keys were returned by Elijah to allow ordinances to be performed in holy temples.″ Individuals and families can return to the presence of our heavenly parents through the rituals performed in these temples.″ Elder Gary E. Stevenson of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles is number seven on the list.

The transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-9) – The identity of Jesus – CCEA – GCSE Religious Studies Revision – CCEA

  • What does the Bible’s account of Jesus’ life teach us about his identity?
  • Examine the evidence
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  1. Jesus summoned Peter, James, and John to the top of a mountain.
  2. He had been transformed — his face gleamed brightly like the sun, and his clothing had turned a brilliant white.
  3. In the presence of Jesus, Moses and Elijah came.

Peter promised to build three makeshift shelters.Suddenly, they were covered by an enormous cloud and a voice said, ″This is my Son, whom I adore; with him, I am pleased.″ ″Pay attention to what he has to say.″ The disciples were scared and dropped to the ground.″Get up,″ Jesus said, adding, ″don’t be scared.″ When they glanced up, they couldn’t see anyone else than Jesus.


  • Moses and Elijah are two of the most important figures in the Old Testament. Moses led God’s chosen people, the Israelites, out of slavery in Egypt, and into the Promised Land. He then traveled to Mount Sinai, where he met with God and gave the people God’s commandments, which are known as the Ten Commandments. Moses’ face was glowing as a result of his near encounter with God. Elijah was a prophet and one of God’s messengers, and he was killed by a lion. In addition, he traveled to Mount Sinai, where God revealed himself to him in a soft whisper. Their responsibilities can be summed up as follows: MOSES represents the LAW, while ELIJAH represents the PROPHETS.
See also:  What Is The Jesus Fish

God’s presence is frequently seen in the Bible through clouds or fire. Mountaintops were frequently chosen as the place for God’s manifestations. In Hebrew, this particular cloud or fire was referred to as the’shekinah.’

Understanding the text

  1. The term ″transfiguration″ refers to a change in the appearance or shape of something.
  2. Throughout this section, Jesus’ physical appearance changes, allowing us to catch a glimpse of his entire heavenly glory: ″His face shined like the sun, and his garments became white as the light.″ Throughout Matthew 16:13-20, Peter demonstrates a knowledge of Jesus’ identity, namely, that he is the Messiah (Messiah).
  3. This encounter is intended to aid in the development of this knowledge.

It is so extraordinary that only three of Jesus’ closest companions – Peter, James, and John – are picked to witness the event.When they comprehend that his position as Messiah would include suffering and death, Jesus wants them to understand that this will not be the final conclusion of his mission.Jesus has come from Heaven, and after he has accomplished his mission on Earth, he will return to that same place.This account is full with Old Testament allusions, which Matthew’s audience would be able to pick up on without difficulty.It takes occurred six days after Peter’s proclamation of faith, and this may be a reference to Moses, who spent six days in preparation before being summoned before God in a cloud on Mount Sinai, according to some scholars.This occurrence likewise takes place on top of a mountain, with a cloud symbolizing God’s presence in the scene.

Moses and Elijah come and take up their positions alongside Jesus.This represents the fact that Jesus is their successor and has completed both of their roles.He is now bringing a new covenant from God to all people on the face of the earth.By allowing the disciples to hear God’s voice, they are being assured that they must continue to listen to and follow him, even if Jesus is put through great suffering.Jesus tells the disciples once more that they are not to tell anybody about their encounter.This will take place after his death and resurrection, at a later point in time.

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Move on to Test

The Symbolic Meaning Of The Transfiguration

  1. For Western Christians and Orthodox who follow the New Calendar (that is, most American Orthodox, but not us Old Calendar people), today is the feast of the Transfiguration of Christ.
  2. Here, from Matthew 17, is the event Christians commemorate: After six days Jesus took with him Peter, James and John the brother of James, and led them up a high mountain by themselves.
  3. There he was transfigured before them.

His face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as the light.Just then there appeared before them Moses and Elijah, talking with Jesus.Peter said to Jesus, “Lord, it is good for us to be here.If you wish, I will put up three shelters—one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah.” While he was still speaking, a bright cloud covered them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” When the disciples heard this, they fell facedown to the ground, terrified.But Jesus came and touched them.“Get up,” he said.

“Don’t be afraid.” When they looked up, they saw no one except Jesus.If you’ve been following this blog for a time, you may not be surprised to learn that this is my favorite of all Jesus’s miracles.It appeals to my inner Platonist.In this moment, the disciples were allowed to see things as they really are, the reality that is ordinarily veiled by the material.At First Things, Dale Coulter has a lovely short reflection on the meaning of the Transfiguration: The glory of Christ on Mount Tabor embodies a joy that is unspeakable.In order words, the transformation of human affections impacts bodily states, causing a change in countenance.

There is a radiance on the face of the joyous that pulls out the beauty of the divine image, which lays buried underneath the veils of the passions.If holiness concerns reintegrated and redirected emotion and desire so that perfect love reigns in the heart, then it creates a joy that alters human existence.The transfiguration symbolizes the Psalmist’s admonition to taste the Lord and see that he is good.

Every moment of joy is but a foretaste of that deeper bliss, and it breaks through in serendipitous ways as C.S.Lewis discovered.The transfiguration, then, symbolizes the life to come and thus the goal of ascetic pursuit.

It reminds the believer that the vision of God unfolds amidst the splendor of holiness while also pointing toward the way in which the final movement to ecstatic wonder is always grace-filled and joy-laden.It is the sudden burst of divine light as when Helios peaks over the horizon casting his rays on all creation so that the world glows in the golden haze of dawn, translucent and transformed.For me, every point of conversion has been because of a moment of Transfiguration: when I saw the world as it truly is, under God, and had my inner vision changed by that revelation.

For example, my sister’s wake at the Methodist Church, seeing all those people of my town there to show love and respect for her and my family, was a transfiguration moment for me.It’s when all the intuitions that had been building within me over the course of Ruthie’s cancer journey came to a head in that one moment in time, and I saw that things that had before seemed ordinary to me were in fact concealing the presence of God, and His work in the world.My wife saw it too, and that’s why we decided to move here.Here is the style of Transfiguration icon we have in our parish: Notice the symbolism here.The figure of Jesus is inside a circle, symbolizing wholeness, completeness, infinity.Within the circle is a square, the traditional symbol of the earth, or mortality.

  • Closest to the figure of Christ is a rectangle with sides bending towards Christ, symbolizing that in Christ, the circle is squared — that is, the paradoxical unity of matter and spirit, of the temporal and the eternal, of the finite and the infinite, has been accomplished.
  • It is impossible to square a circle, of course — and the symbolism of this icon is revealing to us the nature of the Transfiguration miracle.
  • There is much more to the symbolism of this icon.
  • The Irish Anglican priest Fr.
  • Patrick Comerford has a wonderful blog post explaining the theological significance of the Transfiguration, and interpreting the symbolism in various Transfiguration icons.

Another common symbol used in Transfiguration icons has Christ appearing within an oval vesica piscis, or mandorla.Icon Reader has a discussion of the recurrence of the mandorla in Orthodox iconography, including of the Transfiguration; one of the oldest manifestations of this is in a sixth-century mosaic inside the St.Catherine’s monastery.This symbol is what you get when two circles overlap; it reveals to us that in Christ, heaven and earth meet, and are united.

The mandorla is not a Christian symbol alone; it was present in sacred geometry before Christ, as was the mandala.The mandorla is ubiquitous in medieval churches of the West; here, for example, on the western facade of the Chartres cathedral, is an image of Christ Pantokrator (Ruler Of The Cosmos) within a mandorla.(I was pleased and surprised to discover when I returned to the Chartres cathedral in 2012 after not having seen it for many years that learning how to read icons as an Orthodox Christian opened up the medieval Catholic cathedral to me at a level I had not previously been able to perceive.The entire cathedral is a three-dimensional icon, and icons within an icon.

  • A medieval peasant who was illiterate may nevertheless have been capable of “reading” the iconography in the cathedral.) As the Orthodox priest Father Stephen Freeman put it in a short piece about the mandorla in Christian iconography:The Fathers taught us: “Icons do with color what Scripture does with words.” The iconic grammar of the mandorla, points us to the great mysteries made known to us in Scripture and make it clear that such mysteries may be known and entered into.

Moses is the most important figure in the Hebrew Testament. And in Matthew’s gospel, Jesus is the new Moses.

  1. The Israelites see God’s defining rescuing act, the rescue from slavery in Egypt, as it is narrated via Moses.
  2. Moses also relayed God’s instructions on how to mark that deliverance – the Passover, a sacred meal shared by everyone who are completely prepared to embark on the road of redemption – to the Israelites.
  3. In addition, Moses is known as the Lawgiver.

The Ten Commandments are brought down from Mount Sinai by him.Following the Law helps to strengthen the Covenant, which is the link of fidelity that exists between God and his people.According to the evangelist Matthew, Jesus performs the three major activities prescribed by the prophet Moses.It is now God’s fundamental saving work, and the Lord’s Supper (also known as the Eucharist) is a celebration of salvation and nourishment for those who are on the road.The Beatitudes, which are part of Jesus’ ″Sermon on the Mount,″ are the new commandments.The first of these New Laws is ″Blessed (happy, joyous) are the poor, for theirs is the kingdom of God,″ which means ″blessed (happy, joyful) are the impoverished.″ The ″poor″ in this context are individuals who have no one and nothing on which to rely.

They scream out to God for help, and God replies to them with the depth of His love and kindness, which they cannot comprehend.We have all found ourselves in desperate need at some point in our lives, whether it be monetarily or spiritually.We are fortunate in that we can reach out to a God who loves us.In Matthew’s Gospel, Jesus also teaches us that by providing assistance to people in need, we are providing assistance to God Himself.We give life to these secrets during this Jubilee Year of Mercy, which we are celebrating and commemorating.


  1. From from 900 BCE until approximately 801 BCE, the civilization flourished.
  2. Judaism and other related topics are covered.
  3. Hebrew Elijah (sometimes written Elias or Elia), also known as Eliyyahu (flourished 9th century bce), was a Hebrew prophet who, together with Moses, was instrumental in preventing the religion of Yahweh from being corrupted by the worship of Baal’s natural world.

According to certain Bible translations, Elijah’s surname means ″Yahweh is my God,″ and his given name is spelt with the letter ″A″ in some cases.He began his prophetic career in the northern kingdom of Israel during the reigns of Kings Ahab and Ahaziah, which is chronicled in the Bible in 1 Kings 17–19 and 2 Kings 1–2 as well as other sources.Elijah asserted that there was only one reality, and that it was the God of Israel, and he emphasized monotheism to the people in a way that was likely unique at the time.Christians honor him on July 20th, and he is regarded as a prophet in Islam, which recognizes him as such.

Historical setting

  1. The Israelite king Omri had formed an alliance with the Phoenician cities along the coast, and his son Ahab was married to Jezebel, the daughter of Ethbaal, the king of Tyre and Sidon, who was also the daughter of Omri.
  2. At Baal’s temple in the royal city of Samaria, Jezebel and her Tyrian courtiers worked alongside a huge number of pagans to spread their own religion, which they called Jezebel’s religion.
  3. Essentially, this meant that the Israelites accepted both Baal and Yahweh, placing Yahweh on an equal footing with a nature-god whose greatest manifestations were the elements and biological fecundity, which were frequently honored in an orgiastic cult.

Intensifying the slow contamination of Yahweh’s worship by the Canaanite cult of Baal as a result of Jezebel’s actions, which was made easier by the eroding of the Israelites’ confidence in Yahweh.


  1. Israel’s king Omri had formed an alliance with the Phoenician cities along the coast, and his son Ahab was married to Jezebel, the daughter of Ethbaal, king of Tyre and Sidon, who was the daughter of Ethbaal.
  2. At Baal’s temple in the royal city of Samaria, Jezebel and her Tyrian courtiers worked alongside a huge number of pagans to spread their own religion, which they called the Baal’s religion.
  3. Thus, the Israelites acknowledged both Baal and Yahweh, elevating the latter on a level with a nature-god whose greatest manifestations were the elements and biological fecundity, which were frequently honored in an orgiastic cult.

By increasing the rate at which the worship of Yahweh was being gradually contaminated by the Canaanite cult of Baal, Jezebel’s policies aided in the eroding of the Israelites’ trust in Yahweh.

Theological significance

  1. The culmination of Elijah’s campaign against Baalism is considered to be one of the most crucial occasions in the history of monotheism.
  2. If Yahweh is God, then follow him; if Baal is God, then follow him″—especially when considered in conjunction with the plea ″Hear me, Yahweh, that these people may know that you, Yahweh, are God″—show that there is more at issue than just allocating areas of influence to different divinities.
  3. The real question is whether Yahweh or Baal is God, and this is a question that applies to everyone.

It is declared in Elijah’s statements that there is no reality apart from the God of Israel, and that there are no other entities that are entitled to the title of divinity.The people’s acclamation, ″Yahweh, he is God,″ reflects a fully aware monotheism that may have been brought home to them for the first time.When Elijah travels on his trek to Horeb, he has his most profound prophetic experience, during which he learns that God is not in the storm, in the earthquake, or in the lightning.Nature, which is so far from being God’s incarnation, is not even a suitable emblem for the divine.God is intangible and spiritual, and his intellectual name for revelation, ″the quiet, tiny voice,″ is the greatest way to describe him.This passage contains one of the first assertions of the transcendence of God.

Additionally, Elijah’s narrative communicates for the first time a concept that would come to dominate Hebrew prophecy: that, in contrast to the bland aspirations of the people, redemption is only granted to a ″remnant,″ those who have been purged by God’s punishment.It is also Elijah who teaches the concept of the subsequent prophets, that morality must be at the center of ceremonial worship, as he defends the unity of law and religion against the tyrannical harshness of an oppressive king who has been influenced by a pagan wife.Elijah’s art may also be interpreted as a protest against any attempt to obtain religious experience through self-induced euphoria and sensory frenzy rather than through a religion that is based on reason and morality.Kevin Smyth is a professional basketball player.Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica

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