12 disciples of Jesus
HOW DO YOU KNOW WHO WERE JESUS’S 12 CLOSEST FRIENDS DURING HIS EARTHLY LIFE? It is estimated that over a million individuals followed Jesus Christ during his time on Earth. The twelve apostles were among His most devoted disciples and companions within this group of followers. Twelve of them (Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus and murdered himself, and was replaced by Mattias) obeyed the Great Commission and became the major teachers of the Gospel following Christ’s ascension to the right hand of the Father.
Here is the significance of each of the Twelve Apostles’ names, as well as information on how they died and where their bones may currently be located.
The name Thomas is derived from the Aramaic name Ta’oma, which means “twin,” although the significance of the nickname is uncertain. Around the year 72 A.D., a gang of enraged villagers attacked and killed Saint Thomas at Saint Thomas Mount in Chennai, India, according to Syrian Christian tradition. Saint Thomas was killed with a spear, according to the story. He is buried at the Basilica of Saint Thomas the Apostle in Ortona, Italy, where his bones are on display.
He is also known by the name Levi, and he was a tax collector before becoming one of the four Gospel authors. Matthew is derived from the Greek name Matthaios, which is derived from the Hebrew name Mattityahu, which means “gift of Yahweh.” He was stabbed in the back by an assassin dispatched by King Hertacus, according to legend, after publicly criticizing the king’s morality. His relics can be discovered at the Cathedral of Salerno, which is located in the city of Salerno, Italy.
JAMES THE GREATER
The name James is derived from the Hebrew name ya’aqov, which refers to the patriarch Jacob of the Old Testament. Using a sword, according to Acts 12:2, James the Greater was assassinated. Herod Agrippa, the newly appointed ruler of Judea, made the decision to earn favor with the Romans by persecuting Christian leaders in order to garner their support. After James was apprehended and transported to the execution site, his unidentified accuser was inspired by his bravery and expressed his gratitude.
The Roman executioners were happy to oblige, and both men were decapitated at the same time.
The name Judas is derived from the Hebrew word Yehudah, which means ‘praised.’ His corpse was riddled with arrows, according to tradition, when he was murdered in Beirut about the year 65 A.D., according to the Church of Rome. He is frequently shown with an ax, a symbol of his sacrifice as well as the manner in which he was murdered. His relics can be discovered in the Basilica of Saint Peter in Rome, Italy.
SIMON THE ZEALOT
Simon is derived from the Hebrew given name Shim’on, which means ‘he has heard.’ Saint Simon is considered to be one of Jesus Christ’s most obscure apostles.
He may have preached in Mauritania, on the west coast of Africa, before traveling to England, where he was crucified somewhere between 65 and 107 AD, depending on the date of the writing of history. Those who wish to pay their respects to him can do so at the Crucifixion Altar in Vatican City.
The name Judas is derived from the Hebrew word Yehudah, which means ‘praised.’ Because of his betrayal of Jesus Christ, Judas Iscariot committed suicide, and the whereabouts of his bones remain a mystery to this day.
He is most likely the same individual as Nathanael. The name Bartholomew is derived from the Greek name Bartholomaios, which means “son of Talmai” and is derived from an Aramaic given name. Tradition has it that he preached in a number of places, including India, where he translated the Gospel of Matthew for the benefit of the congregation. According to one narrative, Bartholomew was beaten and then crucified by “impatient idolaters.” Alternatively, he was flayed alive and then decapitated, according to another tale.
The name Philip derives from the Greek name Philippos, which means “friend of horses.” Missionary work took him to Greece, Syria, and the Phrygia region. Later, he made his way to the Egyptian city of Heliopolis, where he was beaten, imprisoned, and ultimately crucified around the year 54 A.D., according to tradition. His relics can be discovered at the Basilica of the Holy Apostles, which is located in Rome.
James’s younger brother. Later on, he was recognized as one of the four Gospel authors. “Yahweh is generous” is the meaning of the Hebrew given name Yochanan, which means “Yahweh is gracious.” The only apostle to have died naturally, he passed away quietly in his old age on the Greek island of Patmos about the year 100 A.D. He is buried at the Basilica of Saint John in Ephesus, Turkey, and his bones are on display there.
JAMES THE LESSER
The name James is derived from the Hebrew nameya’aqovfor the Old Testament Patriarch Jacob, which is pronounced as Except for the fact that he was one of the earliest apostles, nothing is known about Saint James the Lesser. Despite being 94 years old, he was tortured and stoned by his persecutors before being slain by a club struck to his temple with a club. His relics can be discovered at the Basilica of the Holy Apostles, which is located in Rome.
Andrew is derived from the Greek given name Andreas, which is itself derived from the Greek word Andreios, which means’masculine’ in English. Aegeates, the Roman proconsul at the time, sought to persuade Andrew to give up his Christian faith so that he would not be put to death. Andrew refused, and Aegeates was forced to execute him. Aegeates, who refused to abandon his faith, impaled him on an X-shaped cross (the basis of the saltire’s shape), tying him instead of nailing him to the cross to prolong his agonizing death.
Later, Simon was renamed Peter. The name Peter derives from the Greek Petros, which means ‘rock.’ He was given the name Cephas by Jesus, which translates as’stone’ in Aramaic. He was executed by crucifixion probably in the year 64 A.D., during the Great Fire of Rome, which occurred under the authority of Emperor Nero at the time.
His desire to be crucified upside-down, according to tradition, was made because he believed himself to be unworthy of dying in the same manner as Christ. His relics can be discovered in the Basilica of Saint Peter in the city of Rome.
Who Were the 12 Disciples and What Should We Know about Them?
It was at this point that He walked up to the mountain to pray, where he remained for the rest of the night, praising the Almighty. And when the day arrived, He gathered His disciples around Him and picked twelve of them to be apostles, which they received from Him. (See also Luke 6:12-13.) Twelve men answered Jesus’ call to follow him and became followers of his teachings. They were Jews, ignorant commoners, and simple men of faith who were willing to give up everything in order to become disciples of Jesus.
- Jesus’ intention was for the disciples to ultimately take over and complete the task that He had begun for them.
- They were the most widespread of the widespread.
- Rather of choosing guys from the upper classes, aristocratic families, and powerful men, Christ purposefully picked men from the lower classes and scum of society.
- He exalts the humble and brings those who are haughty to their knees.
The Names of the 12 Disciples
The names of the disciples may be found in the Gospel books of Matthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:14-19, and Luke 6:13-16, among other places. You didn’t pick me, did you? You were the one I selected. (See also John 14:16.) As of now, the twelve apostles are known by the following names: James the son of Zebedee and John his brother; Philip and Bartholomew (Nathanael); Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus (James the Less), and Thaddaeus (Judas, son of James); Simon the Zealot, and Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed Him.
Despite the fact that the disciples were all unique individuals, when the Early Church was established, they were recognized for their steadfast faith.
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Home PhilosophyReligion Beliefs in a Higher Power Any of the 12disciples selected by Jesus Christ is referred to as an apostle (from the Greek apostolos, “one sent”). The word is also occasionally used to refer to others, including Paul, who was converted to Christianity a few years after Jesus’ death and is known as the Apostle Paul. Earlier in the Gospel of Luke, it is claimed that Jesus picked 12 of his followers “whom he dubbed apostles.” Later in the Gospel of Mark, the Twelve are referred to as Apostles when it is mentioned that they had returned from the mission of teaching and healing that Jesus had sent them on.
- The Twelve were granted the benefits of being in constant attendance on their master as well as being the receivers of his unique teaching and training.
- Jesus’ inner circle consisted of three men: Peter, James, and John.
- (Mark 14:33; Matthew 26:37).
- In response to the betrayal and death of the traitor Judas Iscariot, urgent efforts were made to fill the void created by the election of Matthias to the Roman Senate (Acts 1).
- It is believed that Paul himself claimed the title of Apostle on the grounds that he had personally witnessed the Lord and had received a direct mandate from him.
- Certain early Christian writers, on the other hand, claim that some individuals were referred to as “apostles” after the time period covered by the New Testament.
Additionally, the term has been used to indicate a high-ranking administrative orecclesiastical official. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.
Who Were the 12 Apostles? The Complete Guide
Matthew worked as a tax collector (or publican) at Capernaum, where he collected taxes for Rome from his fellow Jews. The fact that his trade was a symbol of Israel’s Roman occupation would have been enough to make him feel like a political traitor in and of itself. The situation was exacerbated by the fact that tax collectors got their money by falsely claiming that individuals owed Caesar more than they actually did, and then taking the additional money off the top—and there was nothing anybody could do about it.
As a result, when Jesus invited Matthew to accompany him and become one of his disciples, it was a significant thing.
Even though Matthew would have been considered a religious outsider at the time, Jesus welcomed him into the inner circle of what would later become the world’s greatest religion, Christianity.
Matthew in the Bible
Matthew is one of the apostles whose calling is mentioned in the gospels, and he is one of the most important. Each of the three synoptic gospels contains a different version of the same story: “As Jesus continued his journey, he came across a man called Matthew who was seated at the tax collector’s booth. ‘Follow me,’ he said, and Matthew rose to his feet and followed him.” —Matthew 9:9 (New International Version) While walking down the street, he noticed Levi son of Alphaeus seated in the tax collector’s station.
After hearing Jesus’ words to Levi, Levi sprang to his feet and left everything behind to follow him.
Most likely, the name “Levi” refers to the tribe Matthew belonged to, but it’s also plausible that he went by both a Greek and a Hebrew name (Matthew), similar to how Paul was known by both the names Saul and Paul.
Jesus had supper at Matthew’s house immediately after summoning Matthew to join him, and “many tax collectors and sinners arrived and ate with him and his followers,” according to Matthew’s account.
After seeing this, the Pharisees confronted his disciples, asking, “Why does your teacher dine with tax collectors and sinners?” (Why Does Your Teacher Eat With Tax Collectors and Sinners?) When Jesus heard this, he responded, ‘It is the ill who require the services of a doctor, not the healthy.
—Matthew 9:10–13, New International Version As a result, the Pharisees believe that Jesus is associated with the worst of the worst (in their opinion), and they believe that this reflects poorly on him personally.
In part, Jesus’ refusal to eat with tax collectors and sinners stemmed from the fact that he too was a sinner.
By accepting Matthew among his followers, Jesus demonstrated that no one, not even those deemed unredeemable by society, would be denied a place at God’s table of blessing.
Did Matthew write the Gospel of Matthew?
The author of the Gospel of Matthew is unknown, however Matthew the Apostle is widely regarded as the book’s primary author. According to the early church, he composed it, and the attribution “according to Matthew” was probably first inserted around the time of the first century AD. Despite the fact that there are compelling reasons against his authorship, no alternate author has been identified.
Get to Know Jesus’ 12 Apostles, Including Peter, John and More
The 12 apostles were chosen by Jesus Christ from among his early disciples to be his closest colleagues and confidants. When the apostles completed a rigorous discipleship training and the Lord’s resurrection from the dead, he gave them full authority to promote God’s kingdom and spread the gospel message across the globe (Matthew 28:16-2; Mark 16:15; Luke 24:45). The names of the 12 disciples may be found inMatthew 10:2-4, Mark 3:14-19, and Luke 6:13-16, among other places. These individuals would go on to become the founding fathers of the New Testament church, but they were not without their flaws and failings as well.
These folks have no exceptional abilities.
God, on the other hand, picked them for a specific purpose: to fan the fires of the gospel, which would spread across the face of the planet and continue to burn brightly for millennia to come.
Meet the 12 Apostles of Jesus Christ
Take a few minutes to learn about the 12 apostles of Jesus and the traits that characterized each of them. Learn from the guys who contributed to the igniting of the flame of truth that still burns inside hearts today and urges others to come and follow Christ in their journey.
James Tissot’s “The Charge to Peter” is depicted in this detail. Images courtesy of SuperStock / Getty Images Peter was, without a doubt, a “duh”-principle that the majority of people can relate to. From one moment to the next, he was walking on water by faith, and then he was drowning in insecurity. Peter is well known for his impulsive and passionate behavior when the stakes were high and he denied Jesus. Still, as a follower, he was cherished by Christ, and he was given an honorable place among the twelve apostles.
When the names of the guys are read out loud, Peter’s name is always the first.
They were the only ones who had the opportunity of witnessing the Transfiguration, as well as a few other spectacular insights from Jesus during that time period.
History records that when Peter was sentenced to death by crucifixion, he requested that his head be bent toward the ground because he did not feel worthy to die in the same manner as his Savior. He remained passionate to the last.
Andrew is said to have died as a martyr on a Crux Decussata, or X-shaped cross, according to tradition. Image courtesy of Leemage / Corbis via Getty Images But John the Baptist didn’t mind that the apostle Andrew abandoned him in order to become the first disciple of Jesus of Nazareth. He was well aware that his purpose was to direct people to the Messiah. Andrew, like many of us, grew up in the shadow of his older brother, Simon Peter, who was more well-known. Andrew is identified as Peter’s brother in all four Gospels.
Having guided Peter to faith in Christ, Andrew subsequently retreated into the background while his rambunctious brother rose to prominence both among the apostles and throughout the early church.
Throughout Andrew’s life, we see how an ordinary fisherman who abandoned his nets on the coast eventually rose to become a wonderful fisher of men.
Guido Reni’s “Saint James the Greater,” painted between 1636 and 1638, is seen in this detail. Houston’s Museum of Fine Arts is a must-see. Each of the Synoptic Gospels mentions James as a disciple of Jesus who was there at the time of his death. When he was a child, his father Zebedee dubbed him “James the Greater,” to distinguish him from the other James who was also an apostle. James was a member of Christ’s inner circle, which also included his brother, the apostle John, and the apostle Peter.
In addition to these distinctions, James was the first of the 12 apostles to be murdered for his religion in A.D.
Domenichino’s “Saint John the Evangelist,” painted in the late 1620s, is seen in this detail. Photograph courtesy of the National Gallery in London The apostle John, brother of James, was referred to by Jesus as one of the “sons of thunder,” but he preferred to refer to himself as “the disciple whom Jesus loved,” which is what he called himself. Because he is frequently referenced after James, it seems likely that John was younger than James. When Jesus summoned the brothers, they were working as fishermen with their father Zebedee when he called them.
In addition to his huge influence on the early Christian church, he has a larger-than-life personality that makes him an intriguing character study.
For example, on the firstEastermorning, John raced Peter to the tomb when Mary Magdalenerreported that it was now empty, with his characteristic energy and passion.
According to legend, John outlived all of his followers, dying in his old age at Ephesus, where he proclaimed a gospel of love and lectured against heresy while preaching and teaching.
El Greco’s “Apostle St. Philip,” painted in 1612, is seen in this detail. The general public’s domain Philip was one of the earliest disciples of Jesus Christ, and he didn’t spare any time in encouraging others, such as Nathanael, to follow in his footsteps. Philip is given a more prominent part in the Gospel of John than he is in the other three Gospels put together. In John 14:8–9, Philip approaches Jesus and requests, “We would be happy if you show us the Father, Lord.” “Have I been with you all this time, Philip, and yet you still don’t know who I am?” Jesus responds.
One thing we can be confident of is that Philip’s pursuit for the truth brought him directly to the Messiah who had been promised.
Nathanael or Bartholomew
Giambattista Tiepolo’s “The Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew,” painted between 1722 and 1723, is depicted in this detail. Sergio Anelli / Electa / Mondadori Portfolio images courtesy of Getty Images / Sergio Anelli Nathanael, who is thought to be Bartholomew’s disciple, had a startling first contact with Jesus, according to tradition. Nathanael was suspicious when the apostle Philip invited him to come and see the Messiah, but he went along with it nonetheless. In the presence of Jesus, the Lord remarked, “Here is a real Israelite, in whom there is nothing false.” Philip was the one who presented him.
“Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the King of Israel,” he said, shocked and amazed.
El Greco’s “Apostle Saint Matthew,” painted in 1610-1614, is seen in this detail. Image courtesy of Leemage / Corbis via Getty Images Customs official Levi, who later became known as the apostle Matthew, worked in Capernaum and assessed taxes on imports and exports based on his own judgment. For his involvement with Rome and betrayal of his compatriots, he was despised by the Jews. However, when Matthew the dishonest tax collectoroverheard two words from Jesus, “Follow me,” he immediately left everything and followed Jesus’ instructions.
Matthew regarded Jesus as someone who was worthy of sacrifice, and as a result, he renounced his luxurious life in order to serve and follow him.
Caravaggio’s “The Incredulity of Saint Thomas” (The Incredulity of Saint Thomas) was painted in 1603. The general public’s domain “Doubting Thomas” is a nickname given to the apostle Thomas, who refused to accept that Jesus had risen from the dead until he physically touched and felt the wounds of Christ on his body. However, when it comes to disciples, Thomas has had a bad record throughout history. After all, every one of the apostles, with the exception of John, deserted Jesus during his trial and execution on the cross.
Later, he had displayed daring faith by risking his life to accompany Jesus into Judea, demonstrating his commitment to Jesus.
A valuable lesson may be learned from Thomas’s life. If we are sincerely seeking the truth and are completely open with ourselves and others about our troubles and uncertainties, God will faithfully meet us and show himself to us, just as he did for Thomas, we will be blessed.
James the Less
courtesy of the Hulton Archive / Getty Images James the Less is one of the most obscure apostles in the Bible, and he is also known as James the Less. The only things we know for definite about him are his name and the fact that he was there in the upper chamber of Jerusalem following Christ’s ascension to the right hand of the Father. In his book Twelve Ordinary Men, John MacArthur speculates that his relative obscurity may have been the defining characteristic of his life. James the Less’ full obscurity may disclose something important about his character, and this is a possibility.
Simon the Zealot
El Greco’s “Apostle Saint Simon,” painted in 1610-1614, is seen in this detail. Fine Art Photographs / Heritage Photographs / Getty Images Who doesn’t like a good mystery novel or two? The actual identity of Simon the Zealot, the Bible’s own mystery apostle, is one of the most perplexing questions in the book of Genesis. Only a few details are given about Simon in the Bible. His name is referenced three times in the Gospels, but solely to provide a brief description of who he is. In Acts 1:13, we learn that he was there with the apostles in the upper apartment of Jerusalem following Christ’s ascension to the right hand of the Father.
Thaddeus or Jude
Domenico Fetti’s “Saint Thaddeus” is depicted in this detail. Getty Images courtesy of ArteImmagini srl and Corbis. The apostle Thaddeus, who is included with Simon the Zealot and James the Less, completes a cluster of the disciples who are the least well-known. Thaddeus is described as a tender-hearted, kind man who possessed a childlike humility in Twelve Ordinary Men, a book written by John MacArthur about the apostles.
Judas Iscariot expresses his regret by tossing the 30 pieces of silver he got as money for betraying Christ to the authorities. courtesy of the Hulton Archive / Getty Images Iscariot is the apostle who betrayed Jesus by kissing him on the cheek. Some might argue that Judas Iscariot committed the biggest blunder in human history as a result of this epic act of betrayal. Judas has elicited conflicting reactions from individuals throughout history. Other people feel a strong sense of anger against him, while others feel empathy for him, and some people even consider him to be a hero.
Why did Jesus Choose 12 Disciples
Jesus walked up on a mountainside and summoned to him those he wanted, and they came to him. He chose twelve people to be with him and to be sent out to preach so that he might be more effective. Mark 3:13-14 (KJV) There were a variety of religious, philosophical, and political leaders in the first-century Roman world, each of whom had a dedicated group of followers. In Judaism, dedicated apprentices accompanied a rabbi. A special teacher-student relationship was formed between Jesus of Nazareth and twelve specific men from among the multitudes who followed Him.
- Instead of approaching a rabbi and asking to be taught by him, Jesus chose the men He wanted and called them to follow Him.
- And the group He picked was a broad mix of individuals who were not affiliated with the Jewish religious establishment.
- Jesus spotted Peter and his brother Andrew putting nets into the water as they were ﬁshermen.
- Upon hearing the summons from the rabbi Jesus, the four men quickly dropped their nets to become Hismathetai, Histalmidim.
Rather, under the tutelage of Jesus, they would become men who would “ﬁsh for people” (Matthew 4:18–22). 1 The amazing thing that we read in the Gospel accounts is that when Jesus called these men, they left whatever it was that they had previously been doing and followed Him.
The 12 Disciples
The apostles were chosen by Jesus after a night of prayer on a mountaintop. He gathered His supporters together and publicly selected twelve of them to serve as apostles: After waking up in the morning, he called his disciples to him and chose twelve of them to be apostles: Simon (whom he named Peter), his brother Andrew (whom he named James), James son of Alphaeus, Simon who was called the Zealot, Judas son of James (also known as Thaddaeus, the name that is used in Matthew and Mark), and Judas Iscariot, who later became a traitor.
- (See Luke 6:13–16.) There are other stories of the disciples’ summoning in Mark 1:16–20, Luke 5:2–11, and John 1:40–42, as well as the Gospel of John.
- The Israelites, God’s chosen people, were split into twelve tribes, each with its own language and culture.
- Although it is apparent that the force of God was at work in calling these individuals, it is dubious that they realized the full depth of what they were getting themselves into when they first became followers of Jesus.
- However, it wasn’t until Jesus was nearing the conclusion of His earthly life that He was able to reveal to them the true cost of discipleship.
- It was He who stated it in such severe words when He declared that anybody who want to follow Him must deny himself and take up his cross (Luke 9:23) in order to do so.
- As a result of their commitment to Christ, several people were murdered.
- Before ascending into heaven, Jesus “graduated” His followers, as was the custom of the rabbi at the time of His death.
He also promised that they would be able to go and spread the good news of the kingdom.
They spoke courageously about Jesus’ death and resurrection, hailed the entrance of a new way of life, and performed amazing miracles to substantiate their claims.
They carried the message to the furthest reaches of the globe, as instructed.
Because, as Jesus made very plain throughout the Gospels and as His apostles made abundantly evident throughout their New Testament writings, not everyone who names Jesus “Savior” may be considered a disciple of Christ.
In order to be a disciple, one must dedicate one’s entire life to following the Lord, training as His student, and studying His Word.
Eventually, the student will be able to perform all of the tasks that his Master has assigned to him (Philippians 4:13). Also in Matthew 28:19–20, Jesus pledges to remain with His disciples “until the end of the age,” implying that He would be with them “until the end of the era.”
For Personal Reflection
What steps can you take to commit your entire life to serving the Lord more fully? The following article was adapted from study materials in the New International Version Storyline Bible. The New International Version (NIV) Storyline Bible From Genesis to Revelation, take a journey through the intricately intertwined tale of the gospel. The NIV Storyline Bible has over 200 articles that explain the linked nature of God’s Word as well as the whole story that spans both the Old and New Testaments.
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Real friends: Jesus’s 12 disciples, finally ranked
Just before he died, Jesus sat down to eat with his twelve followers. Madeleine Chapman, a well-known historian, investigates who truly deserved to be there. As you lay on your sofa on Easter Sunday, munching a chocolate egg that you know will never fully leave your aging body, take a moment to reflect on the genuine meaning of the holiday season. Death, sorrow, betrayal, and the pleasure of children are all present. We are all familiar with the broad strokes of history surrounding Jesus’ death on the cross in order to free us from our sins, but what about the supporting characters?
Because no grownup has so many pals, it’s safe to assume that some of them were duds.
12) Simon the Zealot
Having the word ‘zealot’ as an official component of your name serves as a spoiler that you were really obnoxious and that no one enjoyed conversing with you. Almost like a vegan who tries to convince you to become a vegan whenever they see you eating a chicken nugget, Simon was.intense at times. When he finished his third glass of water-wine, you just know he was going to start spewing his off-brand political notions.
In the Bible, Barthomelew doesn’t appear to have done anything other than hang around with Philip. Following his death, the residents of Lipari carried his statue through the streets of the town. After a while, it became quite heavy, and they had to stop and restrain themselves from falling over. A few seconds later, a wall farther down their route fell, causing them to perish if they had been in its immediate vicinity. St Bartholemew was credited with performing this miracle. I’m not sure, though.
10) James the Less
Is it possible that you’ve come across a group of friends and have gotten to know all of them on many occasions, just to introduce yourself to a new face and be informed that you’ve previously met five times?
James was the man with the forgettable face. When he was nicknamed James “the Less,” it should have been enough to convince him to give in his apostles badge and find another way to spend his time. But he didn’t.
9) Peter (born Simon)
Simon/Peter/Simon In addition to having two first names that are both uninteresting, Peter is also supposed to be Jesus’ closest buddy. If your given name is Simon and you wish to be called anything else, strive a bit further up the scale than Peter. Make others refer to you as “Danger” or “Cheese” or something as stupid. Because he was the first to witness Jesus’ resurrection and was referred to be “The Rock” of Jesus’ church, everyone considers Simon Peter to be the first and greatest apostle of all time.
Second, let us not forget that SiPetermon denied Jesus three times and acted as if they weren’t even friends with him at that point.
If, in fact, it is your genuine name.
8) Andrew, brother of Peter
Andrew is in my thoughts and prayers. With eight elder siblings, it was natural for me to be referred to most frequently as “so-and-sister” so’s until quite recently. Getting burned is a brutal experience every time, but it serves as excellent motivation to achieve something meaningful with your life. Unfortunately, Andrew remained uninteresting, and the most he could hope for was to be connected to Peter, who is now the bouncer in paradise.
Matthew is the naughty boy who has transformed into a decent guy. Matthew, sometimes known as Levi (a classic bad boy moniker), worked as a tax collector for the government. He was also defrauding people of their money and operating a scam, so please calm down, socialists! Taxes are OK, and so forth. Then one day he encountered Jesus, who dramatically transformed his outlook on life. Persons I know have had very awful nights out on Saturdays and then show up at church on Sundays as completely different people than they were the day before.
6) Judas Thaddeus, also known as Jude
I attended to church every week for 18 years and went to Catholic school for 11 years, yet this is the first time I’ve heard of a second apostle named Judas, who lived in the first century AD. Although he is the patron saint of misplaced causes, and as such is an easily sympathetic millennial leader.
5) John, brother of James
John made himself known, despite the fact that he may be the “brother of James.” He composed five chapters of the Bible, and because Bible print is small, that amounted to around 40,000 words. It’s likely that it was written by hand with dirt or something like. Whatever the case, John was in possession of receipts. But then consider the possibility that the first time you met someone, they introduced you as “James’s brother” and then never stopped referring to you as James’s brother, despite the fact that they knew your name was John: image that.
When Jesus delivered his Sermon on the Mount and failed to provide food for his 5000 followers, it was Philip who confronted him with the question of how he planned to rectify the situation.
Philip’s practicality, as well as his enthusiasm in cuisine, is what makes him so highly regarded. He was, on the other hand, exceedingly disappointing, to the point where he is now known as the patron saint of hatters.
3) James the Great
“James the Great” is a nickname for James the Great. What a fantastic name. If there are two persons with the same name in a buddy group, they will be referred to as “the Great” and “the Less,” just as the two Jameses were referred to as “the Great” and “the Less.” As one of only three apostles who witnessed Jesus’ Transfiguration, which consisted of Jesus lighting up like a beacon and speaking to Moses and Elijah before being spoken to by God, James the Great was an important witness.
Like when you’re a kid and your parents only have room for three people in the back of the car, Jesus could only invite three of his closest friends to his Transfiguration celebration, and James was one of those friends.
The fact that my brother attempted to call down heavenly fire on a bouncer who refused to let him into a bar sounds fantastic, and I’m fairly sure I saw him do it once.
Due to the fact that he was the only apostle who did not believe Jesus had risen from the dead, Thomas is referred to as “Doubting Thomas.” He only came to believe after he had physically pushed his finger through the holes in Jesus’ hand, which is disgusting to say the least. Despite the fact that his skepticism was frowned upon at the time, it is praiseworthy. He’s the only apostle who, if they were still living today, would have the foresight to refrain from purchasing an Ab King Pro.
1) Judas Iscariot
Yeah, I’m sure you were expecting Judas to be the final one, didn’t you? Judas is the Bible’s equivalent of Severus Snape. It’s impossible not to be annoyed with him while reading, and when you complete the last volume, you realize that he had to be an idiot or everything would have come apart. As a result of Judas’s sacrifice, as well as the efforts of Severus Snape, the potions professor at Hogwarts, we are now all sinless. With the exception of King Herod, Judas has the finest songs inJesus Christ Superstar because Judas is the closest role to an ordinary person, and hence can have the most engaging songs.
We read books to get away from our everyday lives, not to stare in the mirror and see ourselves as we really are.
Who were the twelve (12) disciples / apostles of Jesus Christ?
Judas was the final one on your list, I’m sure you thought. It has been said that Judas is the Bible’s Severus Snape. It’s impossible not to be annoyed with him while reading, and when you complete the last volume, you realize that he had to be an idiot or everything would have come crashing down around him. Because of Judas, and also because of Severus Snape, the potions professor at Hogwarts, we are now all free of sin. Judas has the finest songs inJesus Christ Superstar, aside from King Herod, since Judas is the closest role to a regular person and is therefore permitted to be intriguing.
We read novels to get away from our everyday lives, not to look ourselves in the eyes and see ourselves as we really see ourselves.
In the future, labeling someone a “Judas” will be replaced by the term “three-dimensional human” to describe someone who has flaws and temptations, but is simply doing their best. justiceforjudas
Who Was the First Disciple to Be Called by Jesus?
‘As he was wandering along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, he happened to notice two brothers working in the fishing industry: Simon (also known as Peter) and Andrew (also known as Andrew). “Come after me, and I will create you men who fish for men,” he instructed them to do. They immediately abandoned their nets and followed him.” – Matthew 4:18 – Matthew 4:18-20 It is the Feast of St. Andrew the Apostle, who was the first disciple to be called by Jesus, that we celebrate on November 30. Andrew was the first person to meet Jesus, despite the fact that we know more about his brother Peter.
Andrew returned to his home after spending time with Jesus to inform Peter of his discoveries.
Then he took him to Jesus and baptized him.
The statue of St.
As we can see from Matthew’s story, Andrew made no reservations about following Jesus, even if it meant abandoning his father in the process. They were fishing for fish one moment, and the next they were with Jesus, preaching the gospel and performing miracles as “fishers of men” in the name of Jesus. Andrew was commissioned by Jesus together with the other eleven apostles, and he was given the following tools to teach and cure in His name: The twelve were sent out after Jesus gave them the following instructions: “Do not travel into heathen land or enter a Samaritan village.” Instead, direct your attention to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
You have received without incurring any expense; you will also give without incurring any expense.
Andrew’s Role in the Miracle of Loaves and Fishes
It is Andrew who draws the crowd’s attention to the child with the five loaves and two fishes, who is then used by Jesus to execute the miracle of feeding the five thousand. When Jesus lifted his eyes and saw that a great throng was approaching him, he said to Philip, “Where can we go to get enough food for everyone to eat?” (Matthew 26:35). He stated this to put him to the test, because he himself was well aware of what he was about to do. “Two hundred days’ salaries worth of food would not be enough for everyone of them to eat a bit,” Philip said.
(See also John 6:5-9,11)
“Go and Make Disciples of All Nations”
St. Andrew is shown at the St. Anne Chapel. Andrew remained at Christ’s side throughout his career, and he was there at the Last Supper and the Crucifixion, among other events. During the early years of the church’s growth, Andrew moved on to share the gospel with people in Scythia and Greece, carrying out the Great Commission to “Go, therefore, and make disciples of all countries, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit.” (See Matthew 28:19 for further information.) Andrew’s example of steadfast discipleship might serve as a motivation for us as we walk with Christ on our own.
Allow him to use us for his glory without hesitation as we follow him, communicate the truth of his gospel, and are willing to be used for his glory.
“The Lives of the Saints” by Butler (ed. by Bernard Bangley) The Way of the Saints by Cowan
Light a Candle
As a mark of respect for this great and venerable saint, we encourage you to light a candle in the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception on December 8, 2018. Vigil candles are lit in the chapels located throughout the Upper Church and Crypt levels of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception. In each candle, we see a symbol of the supplicants’ faith and the intensity of their prayers, which are entrusted to the loving intercession of the Blessed Mother.
Jesus Chooses 12 Apostles
Approximately one and half years have passed since John the Baptist first announced Jesus as the Lamb of God. At the beginning of Jesus’ public career, a number of serious men joined him as disciples, including Andrew, Simon Peter, John, maybe James (John’s brother), Philip, and Bartholomew, among others (also called Nathanael). With time, many more people joined the movement to follow Christ. — John 1:45-47; 2:21. Jesus is now ready to choose his apostles from among those who have already been chosen.
- But first, Jesus travels out to a mountain, maybe one near the Sea of Galilee, not far from Capernaum, to choose a few disciples.
- His disciples are called to him the following day, and he designates a total of 12 of them as apostles.
- In addition to Judas (also known as Thaddaeus and “the son of James”), Simon the Canaanite, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Judas Iscariot are selected.
- By this point, Jesus has traveled with them extensively, and he is well acquainted with them.
- The brothers James and John are clearly Jesus’ first cousins, according to tradition.
- Jesus, on the other hand, has no trouble recalling the names of his apostles.
- To make things easier, remember that there are two Simons, two Jameses, and two Judases in the group of 12.
- That is the key to memorizing the names of the eight apostles: the number eight.
- Eleven of the apostles come from Galilee, the region where Jesus was born.
- Philip, Peter, and Andrew are all from Bethsaida, and they are brothers.
James and John were both residents at or around Capernaum, and they had a fishing business in the area. Judas Iscariot, who subsequently betrays Jesus, appears to be the sole apostle from Judea, according to the New Testament.
BibleMesh Mini-Courses: 12 Disciples
Christ picked 12 key disciples during his life and ministry on earth, teaching them and commissioning them to proclaim the Kingdom of God to the rest of the world.
At a Glance
- A total of 13 learning items are included. You can gain access using your BibleMesh account or through the Cerego app. The effectiveness of learning is measured by how effectively you recall and master the subject. For three months, you will have unlimited access to the information and may learn at your own speed.
The Twelve Disciples were given their own names. Matthew 10:2-4 is a passage of scripture. The following are the names of the twelve apostles:
- First, there is Simon, who is called Peter, and his brother Andrew
- Then there is James the son of Zebedee, and his brother John
- Then there are Philip and Bartholomew
- Then there are Thomas and Matthew the tax collector
- Then there are Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him
- And finally there are Judas Iscariot and Judas Is
About the Technology
The Last Supper, as shown by Leonardo Da Vinci, depicts Jesus and his Disciples at the Last Supper.
- Simon Peter’s father, Jonas, was a fisherman who resided in Bethsaida and Capernaum with his family
- Simon Peter was the son of Jonas. Thomas Didymus, who lived in Galilee, was a gloomy and befuddled individual who was nevertheless well-known for his heroism. The decision was made to appoint Matthias to replace Judas Iscariot after he committed suicide.
The apostles of Jesus were summoned by Jesus on various times to assist Him in His own ministry, regardless of where they came from or what their professional backgrounds were. Jesus recognized their potential and promised them that He would make them fishers of men if they continued to follow Him. We’ve seen throughout history how they were instrumental in the establishment of contemporary churches via the dissemination of the good news. Despite their efforts, they were subjected to a variety of persecutions in their efforts to spread the Good News.
Andrew was Peter’s younger brother as well as the son of Jonas. Prior to being called by Jesus to be one of the disciples, he and his family resided in Bethsaida and Capernaum and worked as fisherman together. Andrew was a member of Jesus’ inner circle during his lifetime, and he was instrumental in bringing people to Christ and introducing them to the master. After being captured and sentenced to death by Governor Aepeas on the cross, Andrew died in the Greek town of Patra, earning the title “martyr.”
He was also known as Nathaniel, and he was the son of Talmai, who resided in Cana, Galilee, at the time of Jesus’ birth. Due to the fact that his father was the king of Geshur, and that his daughter was David’s wife, he came from a royal family. Jesus spoke to him as a genuine Israelite in whom there is no deception. He was a famous scholar who died as a martyr after being flayed alive with knives while searching for the truth in the scriptures.
James, Son of Zebedee
James was the son of Zebedee and Salome, and he was a brother of John the Apostle. He was born in the city of Jerusalem. Fisherman who resided in Bethsaida, Capernaum, and Jerusalem. He was a member of the Jewish community. The inner circle included him, and he was given preferential treatment as a result of his membership. He was a guy who exemplified the fruits of the Holy Spirit with a level of trust that was astounding. He preached throughout Jerusalem and Judea before being killed by Herod, making him the first of the twelve apostles to be martyred.
James, Son of Alpheus
James was the son of Alpheus and Mary, and he was a brother of Jude, who was also an apostle at the time. He lived in Galilee and was one of Jesus’ lesser-known disciples, yet he was a man of great character who set an example for others and was a fiery and excellent leader. He also died as a martyr since his corpse was sawed into pieces, and the saw became his apostolic emblem as a result of his death.
A brother of the apostle James, John was the son of Zebedee and Salome and a son of Zebedee and Salome. Fisherman who resided in Bethsaida, Capernaum, and Jerusalem. He was a member of the Jewish community. He is referred to as the beloved disciple since he was a member of Peter’s inner group and was close to him. He was a driven and ambitious individual with a fiery temper and a hard heart for those who disagreed with him.
He was the author of the books of John, the first John, the second John, the third John, and the book of Revelation. Although an assassination attempt was made on his life, God preserved him and he died of natural causes.
Judas Iscariot was the son of Simon, who resided in the town of Kerioth in the tribe of Judah. He is referred to as the traitor since he betrayed Jesus by kissing the hands of the adversary in exchange for thirty pieces of silver and then hung himself as a result of his actions. Jesus was aware that Judas was about to betray Him before he ever did it himself. He was a conceited individual who want to be acknowledged by the Governor.
Jude, sometimes known as Thaddeus or Lebbeus, was the brother of James, the son of Alpheus, and the son of Alpheus. He resided in Galilee, and nothing was known about him or about his life. He proclaimed the gospel in a variety of locations, including the Euphrates River, and many people were healed as a result. Many others came to believe in the name of the teacher. He continued to preach the gospel until he was murdered by arrows in the city of Ararat.
Matthew, also known as Levi, was the son of Alpheus, who resided in Capernaum and was the son of Alpheus. He was a tax collector, and in Jewish tradition, tax collectors were despised for being unfair. Despite this, Jesus recognized potential in him and picked him as his disciple. He was the author of the Gospel of Matthew, as well as the first person to record the teachings of Jesus in the Hebrew language, and he gave his life in the service of the master’s beliefs.
The decision was made to appoint Matthias as Judas Iscariot’s replacement after he committed suicide. A record of Matthias’ presence with Jesus throughout his public ministry can be found nowhere in the New Testament. Matthias was picked from among the other candidates, including Joseph and Barabbas, who were also under consideration. Matthias is said to have spread the gospel along the beaches of the Caspian Sea, according to historical accounts. He was alive till the year 80 A.D.
He was the son of Jonas, a fisherman who resided in Bethsaida and Capernaum around the time of Christ’s birth. He was a member of Jesus’ closest circle, and he traveled as far as Babylon in the course of his missionary and evangelistic efforts. He was the author of two writings in the Bible, the first of which was 1st Peter and the second of which was 2nd Peter. He was crucified on a cross, and he specifically requested that he be crucified head downwards since he felt he was unworthy to die in the same manner as his teacher.
Philip, like Peter and Andrew, was a native of Bethesda, Maryland. In the Gospel of John, he takes on the appearance of a live personality. He was the first guy that Jesus instructed to follow him, and he thought that He was the one prophets described by Moses had been describing all along. As someone who had both a warm heart and a pessimistic mentality, he was driven to do good for others but found himself frustrated by the inability to understand how such things could be accomplished.
Despite the fact that he was hanging, he ordered that his corpse be wrapped in papyrus rather than linen, as was the case with Jesus.
Simon the Zealot
The life of Simon the Zealot is only known through what is described in the Bible, and nothing is known about him outside of that. He was a Canaanite who lived in Galilee at the time of Jesus’ birth. Zealots were ardent Jewish nationalists who had a heroic disdain for the agony they endured while fighting for what they believed to be the integrity of their faith. He was one of them. However, in the end, he emerged as a man of faith who died as a martyr, having realized that God would not accept forced labor.
Thomas Didymus, who lived in Galilee, was a gloomy and befuddled individual who was nevertheless well-known for his heroism. While he couldn’t believe until he saw Jesus, after seeing the resurrection of Jesus, his doubts were transformed into faith when he saw the risen Christ. After all of this, he was given the commission to construct a palace for the king of India, and he was murdered with a spear as a martyr for his Lord and Savior.