Who Was Born First Jesus Or Buddha?

Who was born first Buddha or Jesus?

  1. Who was born first, Buddha or Jesus? Does Gautam Buddha believe in the existence of a higher power?
  2. Is Buddha going to return to Earth?
  3. Is Jesus a Buddhist or a Christian?
  4. Is it possible that Buddha and Confucius ever met?
  5. In which direction is more beneficial, yin or yang?
  6. Is Yin a good or a bad thing?
  7. How can you know if the Yin Yang is Chinese or Japanese?
  8. What is the name of the yin yang symbol? What is the story behind the yin and yang symbol?

Who was born first Buddha or Jesus?

Buddha (Siddhrtha Gautama) argued that he was a mere mortal and that there is no all-powerful, all-benevolent deity. According to his teachings, desire was the primary cause of all human misery, and that individuals should strive to eradicate their desire. He was born around 500 years before the birth of Jesus Christ in what is now Nepal (Jesus of Nazareth).

Does Gautam Buddha believe in God?

Buddhists strive to achieve nirvana by following the path of the Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, who embarked on a search for enlightenment about the sixth century BC. Buddhists believe that nirvana may be achieved via meditation. There is no belief in a personal god in this culture. Buddha’s teachings hold that nothing is set in stone or permanent and that change is always possible.

Will Buddha return to Earth?

According to Buddhist belief, Maitreya is a bodhisattva who will emerge on Earth in the future, attain perfect enlightenment, and then teach the pure dharma to all beings on the planet. According to scriptures, Maitreya will be a successor to the current Buddha, Gautama Buddha (also known as Kyamuni Buddha), who is believed to be the first Buddha.

Is Jesus a Buddhist?

He was certainly many things: a Jew, a prophet, a healer, a moralist, a revolutionary, and, by his own admission, the Messiah, as well as the Son of God and the redeemer of their sins for the majority of Christians. Furthermore, there is compelling evidence that he was also a Buddhist… [Read more…] It seems from historical evidence that Jesus was well-versed in the Buddhist religion.

Did Buddha and Confucius ever meet?

To be clear, neither Buddhism nor Chinese philosophy knew or even were aware of one other’s existence. Others have pointed out that they lived around the same time period, approximately 550 BCE. And, certainly, there was some connectivity between China and India through trade, which took place by water.

Which is the good one yin or yang?

It is represented by a symbol Aspects of the Yin (or dark side) of the tao are related with anything that is harsh, negative, cold, damp, and feminine. The Yang, also known as the light side, is connected with things that are soft, positive, warm, dry, and manly in character. As a result, the top of a wave is represented by Yang, while the dip is represented by Yin.

Is Yin good or evil?

Both yin and yang are considered beneficial in Taoism. Neither is a representative of evil. That is a projection of the Western mind onto the taijitu system of thought (yin yang symbol). Both yin and yang are considered beneficial in Taoism.

Is Yin Yang Chinese or Japanese?

Chinese cosmology is characterized by a variety of dynamics. Qi is another term used in the cosmology of Yang and Yin to refer to the material energy that has allowed this cosmos to come into being. The opposites of yin and yang.

Yin Yang
Traditional Chinese 陰陽
Simplified Chinese 阴阳
Literal meaning ″bright-black″

What is the yin yang symbol called?


What is the story behind yin and yang?

According to Chinese mythology, Yin and Yang were created out of chaos at the beginning of the universe’s creation, and they are said to reside in perfect harmony in the center of the Earth. They were successful in achieving equilibrium in the cosmic egg at the creation, which enabled for the birth of Pangu (or P’an ku), the first person, during that time.

Who was first Jesus or Buddha?

  1. Who came first, Jesus or Buddha? Did Buddha ever claim to be God? Did Buddha ever imply that he should be worshipped?
  2. Is it true that the Buddha ate meat?
  3. What do Buddhists believe about Jesus?
  4. Is it possible to be both Catholic and Buddhist at the same time?
  5. The most significant beliefs in Buddhism are: What are the most important beliefs in Buddhism?
  6. Does Buddhism believe in the existence of a soul?
  7. Is it possible to practice Buddhism on your own?
  8. Is there a Buddhist sacred text that I can read?

Who was first Jesus or Buddha?

Buddha (Siddhrtha Gautama) argued that he was a mere mortal and that there is no all-powerful, all-benevolent deity. According to his teachings, desire was the primary cause of all human misery, and that individuals should strive to eradicate their desire. He was born around 500 years before the birth of Jesus Christ in what is now Nepal (Jesus of Nazareth).

Did Buddha ever claim to be God?

The Buddha was only a human being, and he made no claim to having received any inspiration from a higher force or God.

Did Buddha say worship him?

The Buddha Himself never asked people to come and worship Him in any way. People, on the other hand, did it and continue to do so. There is no evidence that the historical Shakyamuni Buddha advocated idolatry, whether it be of himself, others, or anything else.

Did the Buddha eat meat?

As stated in the Mahyana Mahparinirvaka Stra, a Mahayana sutra that contains the last teachings of Gautama Buddha, the Buddha commanded that his disciples refrain from consuming any type of meat or fish, regardless of the source. Even vegetarian food that has been in contact with meat should be thoroughly cleansed before consumption.

What do Buddhist think of Jesus?

Many Buddhists are likely to be unaware of or uninterested in Jesus’ life and teachings. Others see him as a major spiritual teacher, while others, such as Thich Nht Hnh, consider Jesus to be Buddha’s equal in terms of importance. Within Buddhism’s teachings and traditions, there isn’t anything that would cause Buddhists to be biased in favor of or against Jesus.

Can you be Catholic and Buddhist at the same time?

It is possible to hold the positions of Buddhist teacher and Catholic priest at the same time, and the official organizations of both religions recognize this possibility. Neither religion has defrocked or excommunicated the individual in question.

What are the most important beliefs of Buddhism?

According to Peter Harvey, the proper perspective is maintained in Buddhism as a belief in the Buddhist concepts of karma and rebirth, as well as the significance of the Four Noble Truths and the True Path.

Does Buddhism believe in soul?

Buddhism, in contrast to other religions, does not believe in a creator God, an eternal or everlasting soul, or any other form of immortality. According to Buddhist belief, there is no such thing as a permanent self or soul. For this reason, Buddhists sometimes refer to rebirth as energy, rather than souls, because there is no unchanging, eternal essence or soul in the universe.

Can you practice Buddhism alone?

Yes, it is possible. Theravadan Buddhism (which makes use of Vipassana/Mindfulness meditation) is intended for practitioners who want to be alone. To put it another way, for someone who does not have a teacher or a dharma group.

What is the sacred text of Buddhism?

According to Theravada Buddhists, the Tripitaka (also known as Tipitaka in Pali) is the oldest collection of Buddhist teachings and the only scripture that is considered canonical. Over the ages, however, a large number of commentary have been added.

Who was born first jesus or buddha

Is Buddha older than Jesus?

As a religion, Buddhism has a history that dates back to what is now Bodh Gaya, India, about six centuries before Christian times, making it one of the world’s oldest religions currently in existence. In the early first century, the beginnings of Christianity may be traced back to the Roman province of Judea.

How many years were there between Buddha and Jesus?

If you compare it to Buddha’s approximately 50-year teaching career, it was short-lived (a year, three or four years, depending on the Gospels).″ It seems likely that Jesus’ early death was caused by his social and political zeal and activism. ″If he had merely been a wisdom teacher and healer, I have my doubts that he would have been executed,″ says the author.

Did Buddha and Jesus meet?

It’s not feasible at this time. Buddhist philosopher Gautama Buddha was born in 623 BC, making him 623 years before Jesus was born. As a result, there is no way Jesus could have met Buddha. According to historical stories that are not based on the Bible, Jesus journeyed outside of Judea.

Which religion was there before Jesus?

The early disciples of Jesus were apocalyptic Jewish Christians who believed in the end times. A number of early Christian communities, such as the Ebionites and the early Christian community in Jerusalem, led by James, Jesus’ brother, were totally Jewish in their beliefs and practices.

What is the oldest religion?

Despite the fact that Hinduism has been described as the world’s oldest religion, many of its adherents refer to their faith as Santana Dharma (Sanskrit: ″the Eternal Way″), which relates to the concept that its beginnings are beyond human history, as revealed in Hindu writings.

What are the 3 main beliefs of Buddhism?

Among the most important teachings of Buddha, the Three Universal Truths, the Four Noble Truths, and the Noble Eightfold Path are all essential to the practice of Buddhism.

Is Jesus a Buddha?

Buddhist-Christian Studies, Volume 25, Number 5, 2005, pages 75-89.Is it possible that Jesus was a Buddhist?He was certainly many things—a Jew, a prophet, a healer, a moralist, a revolutionary, and, by his own admission, the Messiah, as well as the Son of God and the redeemer of their sins for the majority of Christians.Furthermore, there is compelling evidence that he was a Buddhist as well.

What is the female Buddha called?

Buddhist-Christian Studies, Volume 25, Number 5, 2005, pages 75-89.Abstract.What if Jesus was a Buddhist, as some have speculated.He was certainly many things: a Jew, a prophet, a healer, a moralist, a revolutionary, and, according to his own admission, the Messiah, as well as the Son of God and the redeemer of their sins for the majority of Christians.

  • He was certainly many things.
  • He may have been a Buddhist, as well, according to the information available.

Does Gautam Buddha believe in God?

Abstract.Buddhist-Christian Studies, Volume 25, Number 5, 2005, pages 75-89.Was Jesus a Buddhist, or was he a Christian?He was certainly many things—a Jew, a prophet, a healer, a moralist, a revolutionary, and, by his own admission, the Messiah, as well as the Son of God and the redeemer of their sins for the vast majority of Christians.

  • In addition, there is strong evidence that he was a Buddhist.

Did the Buddha eat meat?

It is stated in the Mahayana Sutra Mahparinirva Stra, a Mahayana sutra that contains the last teachings of Gautama Buddha, that the Buddha urged that his disciples abstain from eating any type of meat or seafood. As a result, because one’s own flesh and the flesh of another are considered to be one flesh, Buddhas do not consume meat.

What are the 5 rules of Buddhism?

The Five Precepts are as follows: Please refrain from taking someone’s life.Not harming or killing any living thing.Refrain from taking what has not been offered to you.I’m not taking anything from anyone.

  • Refrain from abusing your senses in any way.
  • Having a moderate amount of sensory pleasure.
  • Please refrain from making a blundered statement.

Not lying or spreading false information about other individuals.Avoid intoxicating substances that might impair judgment.

Who invented God?

Until the concept of a single God was invented, there were no monotheists, and all monotheists ever since have worshipped their one God only because they got the idea from those who came before them—which may explain why monotheists refer to themselves as having been converted, or ″turned together,″ toward the worship of a single, supreme God.

What is God’s real name?

It is recorded in the Hebrew Bible (Exodus 3:14) that God reveals himself to Moses by the name Yahweh, which means ″God’s personal name.″

Who created God?

Defence of religion advocates argue that the question is inappropriate: As a result, we ask: ″If everything had a creator, then who created God?″ Given the fact that only created things have a creator, it would be incorrect to put God in with his creations. God has shown himself to us in the Bible as having existed from the beginning of time.

Who came first Jesus or Buddha?

As a religion, Buddhism has a history that dates back to what is now Bodh Gaya, India, about six centuries before Christian times, making it one of the world’s oldest religions currently in existence. In the early first century, the beginnings of Christianity may be traced back to the Roman province of Judea.

Does Jesus talk about Buddha?

The conclusion is that, despite the fact that Jesus did not identify himself as a Buddhist for legitimate reasons, he spoke in a Buddhist manner. Due to the fact that both he and Buddhism were present in Judea at the same time, historical evidence suggests that Jesus was familiar with Buddhism.

Is Buddha older than Jesus?

Buddha (Siddhrtha Gautama) argued that he was a mere mortal and that there is no all-powerful, all-benevolent deity. According to his teachings, desire was the primary cause of all human misery, and that individuals should strive to eradicate their desire. He was born around 500 years before the birth of Jesus Christ in what is now Nepal (Jesus of Nazareth).

Did Buddha ever claim to be God?

The Buddha was only a human being, and he made no claim to having received any inspiration from a higher force or God. It was human endeavor and intelligence that he credited with all of his realizations, accomplishments, and successes.

Did Jesus and Buddha meet?

The Nestorian Christians encountered missionaries and saints of a faith that was similarly confident and expansionist at the time, Mahayana Buddhism, as they traveled across central Asia during the sixth and seventh centuries.″

Did Islam or Buddhism come first?

The Nestorian Christians encountered missionaries and saints of a faith that was similarly confident and expansionist at the time, Mahayana Buddhism, as they traveled through central Asia throughout the sixth and seventh centuries.″

See also:  What Was Jesus Mission On Earth According To The Bible

Is Islam the oldest religion?

Muslim scholars claim that Islam is the world’s oldest religion, having been created by Adam and revived twice more via the patriarchs Abraham and Mohammed. Between Abraham and Muhammad, the religions of Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and Christianity arose in the sequence listed above.

Is Hellenism older than Hinduism?

Despite the fact that Hinduism has been around for 4000 years, it was never a coherent belief system (and still isn’t). Hellenic paganism dates back at least 3200 years, and it is likely that it is at least 3700 years old. No one knows how much older Greek Paganism is, although it may be even older than Hinduism, according to some scholars.

Is any religion older than Hinduism?

Buddhism is, in a nutshell, more ancient than Hinduism. This is due to the fact that the term Hinduism was coined after the invaders attacked the cultural and educational traditions of India.

Who came first Buddha or Jesus?

  1. Was it Buddha or Jesus who arrived first?
  2. Is it possible that there was a Buddha before Siddhartha?
  3. Which school of Buddhism is considered to be the original?
  4. What is the Buddha’s identity and what did he accomplish?
  5. What is the first universal truth to be discovered?
  6. In what sense does Buddhism serve as a means to an end?
  7. In what way does Buddhism achieve its greatest goal?
  8. What is the world’s oldest organized religion, and how did it come to be?
  9. Is Nirvana a divine being?

Who came first Buddha or Jesus?

Whether Buddha or Jesus was the first to arrive;
Do we know whether or not there was a Buddha before to Siddhartha Gautama?How do you tell which Buddhism is the original?• What is the Buddha’s name and what did he accomplish?Is there a first universal truth that we can all agree upon?

  • In what sense does Buddhism serve as a means to its ultimate goal?
  • In Buddhism, what is the ultimate goal?
  • What is the world’s oldest organized religion, and how did it come to be established?

How can one determine whether or not Nirvana is a God?

Was there a Buddha before Siddhartha?

Kakusandha, Kogamana, and Kassapa were Gautama Buddha’s predecessors in the current world-cycle, and they were all descended from him. These four Buddhas have already completed their colossal assignment. According to Buddhist literature, Metteyya will be a successor to Gautama Buddha who will emerge on Earth, acquire enlightenment, and then teach the Dhamma to the people of the planet.

Which is original Buddhism?

Early Buddhism, including the concepts and practices of Gautama Buddha himself, is sometimes referred to as ″pre-sectarian Buddhism.″ It may also refer to early Buddhism as having existed for around one hundred years after the Buddha’s death and until the first known schism in the sangha occurred.

Who is the Buddha and what did he do?

Early Buddhism, including the concepts and practices of Gautama Buddha himself, may be referred to as ″pre-sectarian Buddhism.″ As an alternative, it might refer to early Buddhism as having existed until around one hundred years after the Buddha’s death and until the first known schism in the sangha.

What is the first universal truth?

Klugiewicz underlines that the first Universal Truth – treating individuals with decency and respect — is applicable in all situations, regardless of their circumstances.As for the other four facts, you should behave in accordance with them ″as far as you are able.″ According to your reasonable sense of hazard, whether it appears safe for you to do so will determine whether you can proceed.″

What is the ultimate goal of Buddhism?

The ultimate objective of the Buddhist path is to be freed from the cycle of phenomenal existence, which is accompanied by suffering on every level. Obtaining nirvana, a state of complete enlightenment in which the flames of greed, hate, and ignorance have been extinguished, is the means of achieving this objective.

What is the highest goal of Buddhism?


What is the world’s oldest organized religion?

After the collapse of the Indus Valley Civilization, the Vedic Age began in India and spread around the world. It was under the reign of Akhenaten that the oldest known documented monotheistic religion was established in Ancient Egypt, which is frequently attributed with this accomplishment.

Is Nirvana a God?

One of the most well-known Hindu gods is Vishnu, the preserver, who is also one of the most revered: Deity worship is one of the most significant contrasts between Hinduism and Buddhism. In Hindu belief, nirvana (also known as moksha) is the state of being reunited with Brahman, also known as the universal God or the universal soul.

Who was first Jesus or Buddha?

  1. Is it Jesus or Buddha who came first, and why?
  2. Is it possible to enter heaven with tattoos?
  3. Do males prefer girls with tattoos? Do guys like tall girls? Do guys like ladies with tattoos?
  4. Which hairstyle do you think is the most attractive?
  5. Does having tattoos indicate that one is insecure?
  6. What is it about girls that makes them want to get tattoos?
  7. What do a woman’s tattoos say about her?
  8. Whether or whether tattoos are an indication of mental illness
  9. What are the indications and symptoms of bipolar disorder in a woman?
  10. What is the medical symbol for bipolar disorder?
  11. Is it common for narcissists to have tattoos?
  12. What is the name of a well-known narcissist?

Who was first Jesus or Buddha?

Buddha (Siddhrtha Gautama) argued that he was a mere mortal and that there is no all-powerful, all-benevolent deity. According to his teachings, desire was the primary cause of all human misery, and that individuals should strive to eradicate their desire. He was born around 500 years before the birth of Jesus Christ in what is now Nepal (Jesus of Nazareth).

Can you go to heaven with tattoos?

According to Leviticus 19:28, ″You must not create any wounds in your body for the dead, nor should you tattoo any markings on your body for the dead: I am the Lord.″ In fact, even Mr Folau, a fervent Christian, has a few tattoos of his own – which means there are a lot of sinners who are going directly to Hell because of this.

Do guys like girls with tattoos?

‘You shall not create any wounds in your body for the deceased, nor should you put any tattoo markings on yourself, because I am the Lord,’ states Leviticus 19:28. In fact, even Mr Folau, a fervent Christian, has a few tattoos of his own – which means there are a lot of sinners who will go directly to Hell because of this one.

Do guys like tall girls?

The majority of guys who adore tall woman do so not just because they are physically drawn to them due of their appearance and the guy’s particular preferences, but also because they are themselves tall. It is physically simpler for them to be in a relationship with women who are the same height as them or somewhat lower than them, according to their observations.

What haircut is most attractive?

Pompadour in the twenty-first century.Caesar Cut is a kind of cut that is popular in the United States.Buzz Cut is a shortened version of Buzz Cut.The Undercut is a kind of haircut.

  • Quiff.
  • Faux Hawk is a slang term for a fictitious hawk.
  • Ivy League universities.

In comparison to the crew cut, the Ivy League hairstyle is a little longer.Slick Reverse.Slicking your hair back is unquestionably one of the most fashionable hairstyles available.

Are tattoos a sign of insecurity?

Most likely not. A vast variety of cultural, historical, and personal meanings are conveyed via the use of tattoos. Because tattoos have historically and culturally been associated with ″tough guys,″ a person who is insecure about his or her masculinity or toughness may decide to get a tattoo as a means of enhancing their masculinity or toughness.

Why does every girl have a tattoo?

It is symptomatic of a woman’s social standing if she has tattoos; even if she is middle or higher class, she has been reared with the moral looseness associated with the lower class. Their excuses for their actions will not provide you with understanding; rather, it is the underlying psychology that will do so.

What tattoos say about a woman?

It didn’t matter whether or not they had tattoos themselves, women saw tattooed women as being more strong and less docile than their clear-skinned counterparts. In other words, women had a negative attitude about other women who had tattoos, yet they saw them as more powerful.

Are tattoos a sign of mental illness?

Tattoos are usually related with psychiatric problems such as antisocial personality disorder, substance or alcohol misuse, and borderline personality disorder. Any tattoo seen during a physical examination should raise the suspicion of an underlying mental health disorder, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.

What are the signs of bipolar in a woman?

A elevated or annoyed mood is one of the symptoms that both men and women experience. increased levels of energy and goal-directed activities inflated sense of self-worth or grandiosity sleep deprivation The frequency of conversation is higher than normal. Rapid speech flow and flights of ideas, or rushing thoughts are all examples of hyperbole. being prone to becoming distracted

What is the symbol for bipolar?

The Ryan Licht Sang Bipolar Foundation is represented by the Bipolar Awareness Ribbon, which is its official emblem. The colors black and white on the Bipolar Awareness Ribbon depict the diametrically opposed poles of sadness and mania that are linked with Bipolar Disorder, respectively.

Do narcissists get tattoos?

Tattoos and narcissism are two things that come to mind.If it didn’t matter to them how others view them, they wouldn’t have tattoos in prominent areas on their bodies.The importance of one’s own self-image is also crucial to narcissists.Most tattooed persons, on the other hand, are just expressing who they are, as opposed to the grandiose projection of a distorted and fragile ego that characterizes narcissists.

Who is a famous narcissist?

Celebrities who suffer from Narcissistic Personality Disorder Jim Jones is a fictional character created by Jim Jones.Saddam Hussein is the leader of Iraq.Warren Beatty is a film director and producer.Ryan O’Neal is a basketball player from the United States.

  • Alec Baldwin is a well-known actor.
  • Sharon Stone is a well-known actress.
  • Elvis Presley and William Shatner are two of the most famous actors in the world.

Oldest religion in the world is.

Contrary to the assertions of Zahid Abbas (Religion is never wrong; only believers are incorrect), Islam is the youngest of the world’s major faiths (with more than 300 million adherents), which include Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism.According to religious historians, Islam was founded in Mecca about 622CE (Common Era), or around 1,382 years ago.Muhammad the Prophet is credited with founding Islam.Christianity was created around 1,971 (33CE) years ago by Jesus Christ, according to historical records.

  • Buddhism, on the other hand, was founded by an Indian prince named Siddhartha Gautama circa 566 BCE (Before Common Era), which is roughly 2500 years ago.
  • Hinduism, in reality, is the oldest of the world’s major faiths, dating back thousands of years.
  • Dravidianism is considered to be the source of Hinduism’s earliest known roots.

Dravidianism is thought to have been practiced between 6000 and 3000 BCE, and as a result, it predates the Sumerian, Egyptian, and Babylonian cultures by thousands of years.Islam is the second most popular religion in the world, with an estimated 1.2 billion adherents (equivalent to around 20% of the world’s total population).Christianity is remains the most popular religion in the world, with around 33 percent of the world’s population as adherents.Islam, on the other hand, is the religion with the fastest growth rate today.Islam is expected to replace Christianity as the world’s most popular religion by 2025 or early.

This is due to conversion (which is occurring primarily in non-Muslim nations) as well as population increase in Muslim-majority countries.As a result, Zahid should find comfort in knowing this, and he may even desire to reconsider his position on an individual’s ability to choose his or her faith.What about Judaism, the religion of the Jews, do you think?In roughly 1312 BCE, Moses departed Egypt for the promised land, and this is when the city was built.

It is false to claim that Islam was formed by Adam and then revived with Abraham.although religious historians have universally agreed that Islam and Judaism both have origins in Abraham, this has not been commonly acknowledged by religious leaders.Following that, the same roots traveled down different pathways through the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Ishmael.

  1. But keep in mind that Judaism was not practiced as a religion until the revelation of God to Moses on Mt Sinai and the establishment of the Laws of Torah (which included the Ten Commandments) on the Sinai Peninsula.
  2. Similarly, Islam and the Holy Quran are subject to the same criticism.
  3. It came into being during the lifetime of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

Adam, on the other hand, was the first man on the planet, having been created by God.because of the former there could not have been any religion in existence at the time of the former

New book looks at parallel sayings of Jesus, Buddha

  • CORVALLIS, Ore. – The city of Corvallis is home to the Oregon State University. ″It is easier to notice the mistakes of others than it is to see one’s own,″ stated the Buddhist scholar Siddhartha Gautama, better known as Buddha, at one point. The following remarks were stated by Jesus some 500 years later: ″Why do you see a splinter in someone else’s eye but fail to perceive the log in your own?″ Coincidence? Perhaps. According to the editors of a new book produced by an Oregon State University professor, there are a surprisingly large number of parallels in the sayings ascribed to two of the world’s most famous religious figures. ‘Jesus and Buddha: The Parallel Sayings,’ a new book published by Ulysses Press, is available now. This collection of essays and sayings was not intended to make a scholarly case for Jesus having been familiar with Buddhist teachings or for cultural borrowing from Buddhism into Christianity, according to Marcus Borg, the Hundere Professor of Religion and Culture at Oregon State University and the book’s editor. ″Ultimately, it is intended to give a chance for introspection and meditation. These quotations serve to highlight one another.″ It is an intriguing point raised by the book: how could Jesus, who lived 500 years after Buddha and 3,000 miles apart, embody teachings that were so similar in essence to those of his predecessor? A number of historians think that Buddhist concepts had seeped through the Roman Empire by the time of Jesus, as explained by Borg. Yet some speculate that Jesus may have traveled to India during his ″lost years,″ a period between his adolescence and early twenties during which there was little evidence about his life. According to Borg, a more reasonable interpretation is that the closeness in their sayings reflects the similarity in their experiences, which is supported by the evidence. In the Bo tree, following a six-year religious search, the Buddha experienced enlightenment
  • in the desert, Jesus encountered his spiritual tutor, John the Baptist
  • and in the wilderness, Jesus encountered his spiritual mentor, John the Baptist. In their inherited religious traditions – Hinduism and Judaism, respectively – both launched renewal initiatives that spread throughout the world. And by the communities that formed up around them, they were elevated to a divine, if not divine, position as well. Similarly, Borg speculated that ″the commonalities of their wisdom teaching may come out of the commonality of their religious experience.″ Some of their sayings are very similar to one another. Among these are: Buddha’s teachings are as follows: ″The avaricious will not enter the kingdom of heaven, and the stupid will not praise the virtues of charity. The intelligent person, on the other hand, rejoices in generosity and is consequently joyful in the hereafter.″ In the Dhammapada, chapter 13, verse 11, Jesus says, ″If you desire to be perfect, go, sell your things, and give all of the money to the poor, and you will have riches in paradise.″ (Matthew 19.21
  • Luke 19.21
  • ″Consider others in the same way that you consider yourself.″ (Dhammapada 10.1
  • Dhammapada 10.1)
  • ″Do unto others as you would have them do unto you,″ Jesus said. (Luke 6.31
  • cf.
  • Like Buddha said, ″Let us live most blissfully with nothing in our possessions
  • let us eat on pleasure, as brilliant gods.″ According to the Buddha’s teachings (Dhammapada 15.4), Jesus said, ″Blessed are you who are impoverished, because yours is the kingdom of God.″ (See also Luke 6.20).
  • According to the Buddha, ″If anybody should strike you with his or her hand, with a stick, or with a knife, you should forsake all desires and say nothing bad.″ When someone strikes you on the cheek, offer the other cheek as well. (Majjhima Nikaya 21.6)
  • Jesus: ″If someone slaps you on the cheek, offer the other likewise.″ (Luke 6.29
  • cf.
  • Buddha’s teachings are as follows: ″For six years, the Bodhisattva did austerities, and during that time, the demon trailed after him, looking for an opportunity to attack him. However, he was unable to find any opportunities and returned home dejected and dissatisfied.″ According to Jesus, ″When the devil had performed every test, he withdrew from him until an appropriate moment.″ (Lalitavistara Sutra 18) (Luke 4.13
  • cf.

Over 100 examples of similarities between the teachings of Jesus and Buddha are provided in ″The Parallel Sayings,″ which includes quotes on topics as diverse as compassion, wisdom (including materialism), inner life (including temptation), salvation (including the future), miracles (including healing), disciples (including healing), attributes (including compassion), and life stories (including life stories of the Buddha).According to Borg, there were significant contrasts between Jesus and Buddha, and not only in terms of their respective origins, languages, or images.″Jesus has a social and political fire that is absent from the Buddha,″ Borg asserted.″Many Jesus scholars believe that, in addition to being a wisdom teacher and a healer, Jesus was also a social prophet who influenced his day.

  • With his writings, he called into question the dominance structure of his day and its ruling elites, and he articulated an alternative social vision.
  • ‘Jesus’ work as a social prophet – as a religious voice of social protest – is the most plausible explanation for the fact that his public engagement was so brief when compared to that of the Buddha,’ Borg continued.
  • ″The ministry of Jesus Christ lasted only a year or three or four years, depending on which Gospel you read, compared to Buddha’s approximately 50 years of teaching.
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Jesus’ early death was most likely brought on by his social and political activism.″ If he had merely been a knowledge teacher and healer, I doubt that he would have been put to death in such a manner.″ Author Jack Kornfield, who has written numerous best-selling books on Buddhism, contributed an introduction to ″The Parallel Sayings″ in which he described his perspective on Jesus and Buddha.Having been trained as a Buddhist monk in Thailand, Burma, and India, he traveled to Vietnam during the war to visit a monastery in the Mekong Delta.When we reached the far end of the island, the monks led us to the top of a hill, where there stood an immense 50-foot tall statue of a standing Buddha, according to Kornfield’s account.″The Buddha was flanked by a statue of Jesus that was nearly as tall as the Buddha.They were holding hands and smiled as they wrapped their arms over one other’s shoulders.

At that moment, when helicopter gunships soared overhead and the battle raged all around us, Buddha and Jesus stood together as brothers, proclaiming compassion and healing for everyone who would follow their path.″

When Jesus met Buddha – The Boston Globe

WAS THE BUDDHA A DEMON OR A HUMAN BEING?In spite of the fact that few mainline Christians would phrase the issue in such aggressive words, any religion that claims exclusive access to truth will face significant challenges in harmonizing other major religions into its cosmic system.Most Christian churches believe that Jesus alone is the Way, the Truth, and the Life, and many think that they have a responsibility to spread that message to the world’s unbelievers, which is a difficult task.However, this creates a fundamental clash with the followers of prominent spiritual luminaries such as Mohammed or Buddha, who preached doctrines that were diametrically opposed to each other.

  • Some Christians, based on a literal interpretation of the Bible, believe that these competing religions are not only untrue, but that they are also premeditated traps established by the forces of evil.
  • Having an intolerant attitude toward other religions, even to the point of condemning them to damnation, may be terrible enough in and of itself, but it is increasingly having negative implications in the actual world.
  • Different religions are coming into ever-closer touch with one another as a result of globalization and technological advancement, and the repercussions may be deadly: just look at the recent horrific attacks in Mumbai.

In such a society, educating people of different religions to recognize one another’s claims and to live peacefully side by side ceases to be a question of good manners and instead becomes a requirement for human life.Over the last 30 years, the Roman Catholic Church has been embroiled in several fights over the subject of Christ’s uniqueness, and it has retaliated against scholars who have attempted to incorporate other world faiths in their thinking.However, while the Christian discussion with Islam has garnered the most of attention, it is the interactions with Hinduism and Buddhism in particular that has caused the most debate inside the church.There have been several encounters between Sri Lankan theologians Aloysius Pieris and Tissa Balasuriya and opponents of the Catholic Church, and the conflict has now extended to American soil.Earlier this year, the Vatican authorized an inquiry against Peter Phan, a Jesuit theologian at Georgetown University whose fundamental offense, in the view of the Vatican, has been to embrace the Buddhism of his native Vietnam as a rival road to salvation.

Following the teachings of Pope Benedict XVI, the church, on the other hand, has refused to abandon its core conviction in Christ’s one-of-a-kind position.According to Pope Benedict, ″an inter-religious conversation in the precise sense of the term is not feasible.″ This was said in an open letter to Italian politician Marcello Pera, which was extensively reported.He believes that we should engage in dialogue with people from various cultures, but not in a way that recognizes other religions as equally valid, as he has stated.It is true that the Vatican does not consider the Buddha to be a demon, but it is concerned about the possibility of syncretism, or the diluting of Christian truth in an unholy mingling with other religions.

This viewpoint, without a doubt, places Benedict in the context of a robust Christian tradition that has existed in Europe since the time of the Romans.However, there is another, more old tradition that proposes a completely opposite course of action.Europe’s version of the Christian religion is not the only form available, nor is it necessarily the oldest successor to the ancient church.

  1. In addition to the Catholic Church, other branches of the church built thriving communities across Asia for more than 1,000 years, and the sheer numbers of these churches were comparable to anything Europe could manage at the time.
  2. It was not via Rome that these Christian organizations traced their origins, but rather straight to the original Jesus movement in ancient Palestine.
  3. They traveled across India, Central Asia, and China, showing no reluctance to share their knowledge and experiences with the other major faiths of the East, as well as to learn from them.

In the early Middle Ages, a strange sign emerged on memorials and stone sculptures in both southern India and coastal China, suggesting just how far these Christians were willing to travel to save their faith.However, it takes a moment to notice that the base of the picture—the root from which the cross is growing—is in fact a lotus flower, which is the Buddhist emblem of spiritual enlightenment.As a betrayal of the Christian religion, such an amalgamation would be condemned by most major churches in current times as an example of multiculturalism gone wild.

  • However, these early Asian Christians, who identified themselves as Nasraye, Nazarenes, in the manner of Jesus’ first disciples, were unconcerned about the dangers of syncretism.
  • They felt happy identifying themselves with the other major monastic and mystical religion of the time, and they believed that the messages of the lotus and the cross were identical in terms of the search for light and redemption.
  • If these Nazarenes were able to discover significance in the lotus-cross, then why can’t current Catholics or other inheritors of the faith that Jesus inspired do the same thing?
  • Many Christians are coming to grips with the fact that so many of their core beliefs will have to be rethought as their faith evolves into a worldwide religion in our modern day.
  • However, even current church leaders who are well aware of the church’s fast expansion in the global South are inclined to see European ideals and traditions as the unavoidable standard, whether in questions of liturgy and theology or in terms of music and design.

But the fact is that Christianity has been an international faith since its inception, with communities as strong in Asia and Africa as they are in European countries like France and Germany.The many varied ways in which Christians connected with other believers in experiences that altered both sides become apparent when one broadens their perspective to include the faith that by 800 or so had spread from Ireland to Korea.The greatest of these gatherings enabled the traditions not only to share ideas but also to interweave in a constructive and beneficial manner, resulting in an awe-inspiring chapter of Christian history that the Western churches have all but ignored.

This narrative requires us to reorganize our mental maps in order to fully comprehend it.When we think of the development of Christianity, we think of it as having occurred above all of Europe.We envision a movement expanding westward from Palestine and Syria, reaching Greece and Italy, and eventually reaching the northern sections of the continent.

Although Europe is still the spiritual heart of the Catholic Church, it was also the origin of the Protestant faiths that broke away from the Catholic Church.When we talk about the ″Eastern Church,″ we’re usually referring to an entirely other set of Europeans, particularly the Orthodox Christians who hail from the continent’s easternmost regions.″Europe is the Faith; and the Faith is Europe,″ wrote the English Catholic scholar Hilaire Belloc at one point in his career.

In the early centuries of Christian history, however, other Christians spread east into Asia and south into Africa, and those other churches endured for about the first 1,200 years or so of the church’s existence.This group of lost churches was far from being outlier sects, since its roots could be traced back to the apostolic church’s ancient traditions.Throughout their existence, these Nazarenes spoke Syriac, a language that is closely related to Jesus’ native Aramaic, and they followed Yeshua, rather than Jesus himself.No other religion, not even the Roman Catholic Church or the Eastern Orthodox Church, can lay claim to a more direct line of descent from the first Jesus movement.

This eastern Christian body, known as the Church of the East or the Nestorian church, was the most spectacularly successful of all of these eastern Christian entities.Whilst the Western churches were attempting to extend their sphere of influence inside the framework of the Roman Empire, Syriac-speaking churches were attempting to colonize the vast Persian empire that stretched from Syria to Pakistan and the Chinese borders.Nestorian Christians carried out their massive missionary activities throughout the Silk Route, which ran across Central Asia, from their bases in Mesopotamia, which is now part of modern Iraq.

  • By the seventh century, the Church of the East had established a widespread network of congregations over much of central Asia and China, as well as in southern India.
  • At Afghanistan, the church had senior clergy, known as metropolitans, in Samarkand and Bokhara, as well as Herat.
  • Chang’an, the imperial capital of China, at the time the world’s most powerful empire, was the location of a bishop’s residence.
  • It was during the sixth and seventh century, when Nestorian Christians were making their way throughout Central Asia, that they encountered missionaries and saints of a faith that was as arrogant and expansionist: Mahayana Buddhism.
  • Buddhists, too, wished to spread their salvific message throughout the world, and from India’s monasteries and temples, they launched huge missions.
  • It seemed conceivable that Buddhist and Christian monasteries would coexist in this variegated milieu, as neighbors and, in some cases, as partners, side by side.

It is possible, according to certain historians, that Nestorian missionaries had an impact on the religious practices of the Buddhist faith that was then flourishing in Tibet.Monks conversed with other monks.The cultural traditions that would be recognizable to Asians were naturally adopted by Christians in their presentation of their beliefs.It was in the shape of sutras that they delivered their stories, verse patterns that had already become well-known among Buddhist missionaries and instructors.

  • A magnificent collection of Jesus Sutras has been discovered in caverns in Dunhuang, China, in the northwest region of the country.
  • A significant amount of Buddhist thought is included into some Nestorian literature, which are used to interpret prayers and Christian services in ways that make sense to Asian audiences.
  • It is possible to find translations of the Christian term ″angels and archangels and hosts of heaven″ into the languages of buddhas and devas in some books.
  • One specific incident, in particular, reveals a level of cooperation across the faiths that is almost astounding.
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During the year 782, the Indian Buddhist missionary Prajna made his way to Chang’an, carrying with him a magnificent trove of sutras and other sacred texts.This was unfortunate because they were written in Indian languages.He sought advice from Adam, a Nestorian bishop in the area who had already translated portions of the Bible into Chinese.For several years, Buddhist and Christian experts collaborated amicably to translate seven massive volumes of Buddhist knowledge into English.We can only speculate about the dialogues that might have proceeded if Adam had done this out of academic curiosity rather than out of ecumenical good intent, and we can only imagine what would have been said: Do you truly care more about alleviating suffering than about atoning for sin?

And your monks practice meditation in the same way that we do?These efforts were rewarded far beyond the borders of China.Other inhabitants of Chang’an at this time included Japanese monks, who brought these precise translations back with them to their native country after their stay in China.These books were used as the foundational texts for the main Buddhist schools of the Middle Ages in Japan, and they are still in use today.It is possible to trace the origins of all of the renowned movements of later Japanese history, including Zen, back to one of those old schools and, ultimately- and astonishingly- to the efforts of a Christian bishop.By the 12th century, the lotus-cross was being used in flourishing churches throughout China and southern India.

  1. The lotus flower is a stunningly attractive flower that emerges from mud and slime to bloom.
  2. There is no greater emblem to illustrate the ascension of the soul from the material world, the triumph of enlightenment over ignorance, desire, and attachment than the sun.
  3. Thousands of paintings and sculptures depicting the lotus have been created by Buddhist artists over the course of more than 2,000 years.
  4. The Christian cross, on the other hand, delivers a similar lesson: that God has triumphed over evil and injustice, and that the world has been defeated.
  5. Something in Asia, Yeshua’s forgotten disciples took the risky decision to combine the two symbols, which has remained in our minds ever since, forcing us to consider the similarities and differences between the sorts of liberty and redemption promised by each faith.

For long of its existence, Christianity was considered to be an Asian religion in the same way that Buddhism was.More than a millennium passed before the Christian churches of Asia were destroyed, and it was not until the 10th century, more than halfway through Christian history, that the number of Christians in Europe surpassed that of Christians in Asia.The Mongol invasions of Central Asia and the Middle East, which began in the 1220s and extended throughout the region, were eventually responsible for the annihilation of Asian Christians.

Beginning in the late 13th century, the globe began a dreadful period of climatic change, known as global cooling, which resulted in a major reduction in food supply and the outbreak of worldwide starvation.Cities were damaged as a result of the collapse of trade and commerce, which left the globe much poorer and more vulnerable.Intolerant nationalism drove away Christian communities in China, while a resurgent violent Islam wiped out Christian communities in Central Asia and the Middle East.

However, being aware of this rich Christian history, as well as its present and future, is extremely beneficial in comprehending the religion’s present and future.For hundreds of years, Asian Christians had cordial ties with people of other religions, whom they did not see as mortal enemies but rather as fellow travelers on the path to enlightenment.Their ideology was diametrically opposed to the conventions that had formed in European society.

Consider the premise that Christianity served as the official religion for powerful regimes that were only too happy to impose a specific orthodoxy on their citizens.However, when we look at the experiences of Christians in Africa and Asia, we discover millions of people who were used to living as minorities or even majorities inside countries that were controlled by another religion in their home countries.Leading churches had no choice but to frame the Christian message in the context of non-European intellectual traditions in order to win hearts and minds in their battle to win hearts and minds.

Christian thinkers have presented their message in the categories of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism in the past, and there is no reason why they could not do so in the future as well.When modern academics such as Peter Phan attempt to situate Christianity in an Asian and Buddhist setting, they are repeating a process that was started at least 1,500 years earlier.It’s possible that we’re looking at our past from the wrong direction.

  • Future historians may look back on the previous few hundred years of Euro-American supremacy within Christianity and see it as an unnatural interlude in a far longer tale of beneficial exchange between the world’s main religious traditions.
  • To illustrate, consider the narrative given by Timothy, a patriarch of the Nestorian church.
  • A historic argument with the Muslim caliph in Baghdad took place about the year 800, and was characterised by both reason and decorum on both sides.
  • Timothy described the situation as follows: we are all in a dark home, and someone drops a priceless pearl into a pile of common stones.
  • Everyone is scurrying around looking for the pearl, and some believe they have discovered it, but no one will know for sure until the sun comes up.
  • In the same manner, he explained, the pearl of real faith and knowledge had been lost in the darkness of this transitory world, and each faith claimed that it was the only one who had discovered the pearl.

However, all he could claim—and all the caliph could respond—was that certain faiths believed they had enough proof to indicate that they were, in fact, in possession of the true pearl, but that the final truth would not be revealed in this life.Knowing about other religions directly provides believers with an uncommon sophistication that is rooted in humility.We could do a lot worse than to take a lesson from what we sometimes refer to as the Dark Ages of history.Distinguished professor of humanities at Penn State University, Philip Jenkins holds the Edwin Erle Sparks Chair in Humanities.He is the author of ″The Lost History of Christianity: The Thousand-Year Golden Age of the Church in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia – and How It Died,″ which was released only a few of weeks ago by Oxford University Press.

  1. The Globe Newspaper Company retains copyright protection for the year 2008.

Project MUSE – Was Jesus a Buddhist?

Is it possible that Jesus was a Buddhist?He was certainly many things—a Jew, a prophet, a healer, a moralist, a revolutionary, and, by his own admission, the Messiah, as well as the Son of God and the redeemer of their sins for the majority of Christians.Furthermore, there is compelling evidence that he was a Buddhist as well.The evidence is organized along two distinct lines: the first is historical in nature, and the second is textual in nature.

  • It seems from historical evidence that Jesus was well-versed in the Buddhist religion.
  • If Jesus did not travel to India, then at the very least India traveled to Judea and Jesus’ birthplace.
  • Instead of asking if he studied Buddhism, historians should focus on where he learned Buddhism and how much he studied it, particularly during his so-called ″lost years.″ Aside from historical sources, various textual examinations have revealed startling parallels between what Jesus said and what Buddha taught, as well as between the prophetic narrative of Jesus and ancient Buddhist scriptures.

The conclusion is that, despite the fact that Jesus did not identify himself as a Buddhist for legitimate reasons, he spoke in a Buddhist manner.Given the obvious parallels between Buddhism and Christianity, even if no historical evidence existed, we may infer that Jesus was familiar with Buddhist teachings and that the prophesy and legend of Jesus were taken from Buddhist myths and legends.

Historical Evidence of Buddhism in Judea

Due to the fact that both he and Buddhism were present in Judea at the same time, historical evidence suggests that Jesus was familiar with Buddhism.Other evidence, while potentially apocryphal, suggests that he spent the most of his so-called lost years outside of Judea, presumably in Kashmir, where he was devoted solely to the study of Buddhism.Thank you to my buddy Dale Bengtson for his scathing but ultimately beneficial remarks.In terms of Buddhism in Judea, Jesus did not live in a pastoral, ethnically secluded setting or at a particularly opportune moment.Non-Jewish political and cultural influences, on the other hand, pervaded Judea, which served as a vital shipping hub for trade between India and the West, as well as a military staging area for the invasion of Egypt by land.

For hundreds of years, Jerusalem served as a crossroads for both land and maritime trade.After Alexander’s invasion of western India 360 years earlier, overland routes extending to Persia and western India became particularly active; the majority of these routes, whether connecting to wealthy cities in Egypt or in Greece and Rome, passed through Jerusalem, from where goods bound for Greece and Rome were shipped via the Mediterranean Sea to their destinations.Most of the trade came up the Gulf of Aquaba and overland to Jerusalem (which was actually close to Jappa) as the shipping point to the Mediterranean.Sea routes from Bombay and the mouth of the Indus River went through the Persian and Red Gulfs, with the distance between the mouths of the Indus and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers being only about three hundred miles.During Jesus’ day, Judea was a Roman province, and the majority of the trade was conducted in Roman currency.

  1. Rome, being the richest empire in the world at the time, shipped masses of gold-minted sesterces eastward in exchange for products from India and other countries.
  2. This trade was mostly carried out through Judea and the Mediterranean, transforming Jerusalem into a bustling port of call for the world.
  3. It was only via commerce that Zoroastrianism and Buddhism became well-known to the inhabitants of Judea.
  4. In this case, news from foreign countries was of particular importance.
  5. A thorough description of the events taking place in towns and states along their itineraries was offered by the majority of traders, frequently in the shape of lyrical verse.
  6. Easterners in Judea were just as eager to hear news as Jews in Persia or western India were to hear it.
  • In addition to trading, Zoroastrians and Buddhists established themselves in northern Arabia, especially Judea, which was just two hundred miles from Mesopotamia and therefore close to the trade route.
  • If the narrative of Jesus’ birth attracting the three Magi priests is genuine, it demonstrates tight relations between Zoroastrians and the early Christian church.
  • Settlements sprung up in particular during Alexander’s conquest of the East, which happened after 330 BCE.
  • In this group were Jews who praised Alexander for deposing Egyptian tyranny and who enlisted in the army of the conqueror.
  • Thousands of people settled along the invasion path, which passed through Persia, what is now Afghanistan, and Kashmir/Punjab, a practice encouraged by Alexander to keep his kingdom intact.
  • Approximately 360 years later, Jesus send Thomas, who is considered to be his closest and most faithful apostle, to India to practice Christianity.
  • The descendants of these Jews are still alive and well today, and live in Kashmir or Punjab.
  • Were Buddhists in Judea, as Jews were in India, or were they just pretending to be there?
  • Buddhism was already in existence during Jesus’ day.

Buddha summary

The Buddha, also known by the name Siddhartha Gautama, was a spiritual leader and the founder of Buddhism who lived from the 6th to the 4th centuries BCE in Lumbini, next to Kapilavastu in the Shakya republic of the Kosala kingdom and died in Kusinara, in the Malla republic of the Magadha kingdom.Buddhists believe that there are an endless number of buddhas in the past and future, and that the term buddha (Sanskrit: ″awakened one″) is a title rather than a name for a person.He was born as a prince of the Shakyas, on the present-day India-Nepal border.The historical Buddha is also referred to as the Buddha Gautama or simply as the Buddha.When he exited the palace, he was claimed to have encountered an elderly man, a sick man, and a corpse, which brought his protected life of luxury to a screeching halt.

He gave up his royal life and spent the next six years seeking masters and experimenting with different ascetic disciplines, including fasting, in order to achieve enlightenment.Because he was dissatisfied with the outcomes, he went to meditate beneath the bodhi tree, where he discovered the Four Noble Truths and attained enlightenment after being tempted by Mara’s charms.When he arrived at Sarnath, he preached to his companions his first sermon, detailing the Eightfold Path, which served as a medium path between self-indulgence and self-mortification and ultimately lead to the release of nirvana (liberation from suffering).The five ascetics who listened to this discourse would go on to become not only his first followers, but also arhats, who would pass into nirvana once they died.Following the completion of his mission, the Buddha died after consuming food that may have mistakenly contained rotting pork.

  1. He thereby escaped the cycle of rebirth; his corpse was cremated, and stupas were constructed over his relics.

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