Who is responsible in the crucifixion of Jesus Christ
QUESTION: Who bears the primary responsibility for the crucifixion of Christ? Answer: This subject has been disputed for ages and the discussion continues now – who was the genuine assassin of Jesus Christ. What does the Bible say about this? It is revealed in Matthew 27:22–25 that the Jewish authorities asked that Jesus be crucified. The Romans, on the other hand, were the ones who physically crucified Jesus (Matthew 27:27-37). Who has the ultimate responsibility for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ?
Our sins were the cause of His death.
But God proves His own love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us, according to the Bible’s verse Romans 5:8.
Pilate was the one who inquired.
- “Crucify him!” they cried out even louder, as if they had something to prove.
- ‘I am not responsible for this man’s blood,’ he insisted.
- They stripped him down to his underwear and draped him in a red robe before twisting a crown of thorns together and placing it on his head.
- ‘Hail, king of the Jews!’ they cried out in jubilation.
- After they had made fun of him, they stripped him of his robe and dressed him in his own clothing.
- ” “As they were about to leave, they came upon a man from Cyrene called Simon, whom they compelled to carry the cross for them.
- They offered Jesus wine laced with gall to drink there, but after tasting it, he refused to take any more from the cup.
After Jesus had been nailed to the cross, they divided his clothing by drawing lots for it. They sat down and kept a close eye on him from that position. A printed indictment against him was placed over his head, which read: THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWISH GENTILES.”
Why Did Pontius Pilate Have Jesus Executed?
“What is truth?” Pontius Pilate asks Jesus of Nazareth in the Gospel of John, and Jesus responds with a question. It’s a question that may be raised regarding Pilate’s own personal background as well. According to the New Testament of the Christian Bible, the Roman ruler of Judea was a shaky judge who originally exonerated Jesus before bowing to the will of the multitude and condemned him to death as a result of his actions. Non-Biblical sources, on the other hand, present him as a barbaric commander who wilfully rejected the traditions of the Jewish people under his command.
WATCH: JESUS: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE VaultJesus before Pilate, just before he was crucified.
Pilate’s early life is a mystery.
Before his time as Roman governor of Judea, from 26 and 36 A.D., nothing is known about Pilate’s early life and career. While most believe he was born into an equestrian family in Italy, certain tales indicate that he was actually born in the Scottish Highlands. From the Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria emerges one of the earliest—and most damning—accounts of Pilate’s reign as governor. Around the year 50 A.D., he denounced the prefect for “briberies, insults, robberies, outrages and wanton injuries, executions without trial, constantly repeated, endless and extremely severe brutality,” among other things.
- Patterson describes Pilate’s rule as “corrupt and full of bribery.” Patterson is an early Christianity historian at Willamette University and the author of several books, including The Forgotten Creed: Christianity’s Original Struggle Against Bigotry, Slavery, and Sexism.
- “Philo is a really dramatic writer,” she observes, “and one who has very apparent biases: persons who maintain Jewish rules are documented in highly favorable ways, whereas people who do not uphold Jewish laws are represented in quite bad ways.
- MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: The Bible asserts that Jesus was a real person.
- Prior to his crucifixion, Jesus had been tortured, and this was the culmination of that suffering.
Pilate clashed with the Jewish population in Jerusalem.
A pair of golden shields emblazoned with the name of the Roman Emperor Tiberius were allowed into King Herod’s ancient residence in Jerusalem, according to Philo, despite Jewish tradition. Writing more than a half-century later, the Jewish historian Flavius Josephus related a similar story, claiming that Pilate let troops bearing military standards with the likeness of the emperor into Jerusalem, despite Jewish law prohibiting the carrying of images in the holy city. A large number of people journeyed to the Judean city of Caesarea to express their displeasure, and they laid prostrate outside Pilate’s palace for five days until he finally yielded.
This account has the ring of a rookie governor experimenting with his powers and entirely underestimating the depth of local opposition to graven images.
Josephus related another event, this one with a bloodier conclusion, in which Pilate used cash from the Temple treasury to construct an aqueduct to provide water to Jerusalem.
They were successful. When he gave the signal, they withdrew clubs disguised in their clothing and beat many of the demonstrators to death with the clubs they had removed. More information may be found at: Where Is the Head of Saint John the Baptist?
The Gospels portray an indecisive Pilate.
Josephus also referred to Pilate’s well-known role in agreeing to Jesus’ death, which he had played previously. After being gravely concerned by his teachings, the Sanhedrin (an elite council of priestly and lay elders) arrested Jesus while he was celebrating the Jewish festival of Passover, according to the Gospels. They hauled Jesus before Pilate to be prosecuted for blasphemy, accusing him of claiming to be the King of the Jews, which they said was false. And they exerted pressure on Pilate, the only person who had the authority to sentence someone to death, to order his crucifixion.
According to the Gospel of Mark, Pilate intervened on Jesus’ behalf before caving in to the demands of the mob.
MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Discovering the Early Christian Church’s Conversion Tactics from Within “Mark’s goal isn’t truly historical in nature,” Patterson explains.
Mark blamed the Jewish rulers in Jerusalem for the city’s collapse since the high priests and officials had turned their backs on Jesus when he had arrived in the city.
courtesy of DeAgostini/Getty Images Following this, according to the Gospel of Matthew, Pilate washed his hands in front of the assembled throng before declaring, “I am innocent of this man’s blood; take care of yourself.” When the Jewish people heard this, they yelled out, “His blood be on us and our children.” For millennia, it would be used to punish the Jewish people, and it is still being utilized now.
As Bond explains, “Matthew claims that, while Romans were accountable for carrying out the action, the Jews were liable—a line of thought that, of course, has had fatal ramifications ever since.” When Jesus was making problems during a gathering like Passover, when the city was packed to capacity, I don’t believe Pilate would have spent much time worrying about what to do with him.
According to the Gospels, the people preferred the criminal Barabbas than Jesus.
The so-called custom of freeing a prisoner on Passover has been investigated by scholars, but so far, according to Patterson, “they have not discovered anything in regard to this so-called ritual.” More information may be found at: Early Christians Didn’t Always Take the Bible Literally (Discovery).
Pilate disappears from history after his rule.
Following the use of disproportionate force to quell a suspected Samaritan rebellion, Pilate was dismissed from office and transported back to Rome, according to Josephus and the Roman historian Tacitus. Pilate vanished from the historical record as soon as he arrived in Rome. According to various legends, he was either executed by Emperor Caligula or committed suicide, with his remains being thrown into the Tiber River after his death. In fact, the early Christian author Tertullian said that Pilate had become a disciple of Jesus and had attempted to convert the emperor to Christian beliefs.
A portion of a carved stone with Pilate’s name and title etched in Latin on it was discovered face down in an antique theater, where it had been used as a stair.
According to a November 2018 article in Israel Exploration Journal, improved photography showed Pilate’s name engraved in Greek on a 2,000-year-old copper alloy ring recovered at Herodium, which was previously thought to be a Roman coin.
Who was responsible for Christ’s death? Who killed Jesus?
QuestionAnswer The solution to this question has a number of different sides. In the first place, there is little question that the religious leaders of Israel were directly or indirectly responsible for Jesus’ killing. “The chief priests and the elders of the people convened in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, and they devised a plan to secretly capture Jesus and murder him,” according to Matthew 26:3–4. The Jewish authorities asked that Jesus be put to death from the Romans (Matthew 27:22–25).
- (John 11:53).
- It was a Roman form of execution approved and carried out by the Romans under the authority of Pontius Pilate, the Roman governor who sentenced Jesus to death on the cross.
- The people of Israel were also participants in Jesus’ execution, as was the Roman Empire.
- Crucify him!” “Crucify him!” the crowd chanted as He faced trial before Pilate (Luke 23:21).
When Peter told the men of Israel in Acts 2:22–23, he was confirming their suspicions: “You, with the assistance of evil men, put him to death by nailing him on the cross.” As it turned out, the murder of Jesus was part of an elaborate conspiratorial scheme that involved the Roman Empire, Herod’s Jewish leaders, and the Jewish people themselves, a diverse group of people who had never worked together before or since, but who came together this one time to plot and carry out an unthinkable act: the assassination of the only begotten Son of God.
- At the end of the day, and maybe quite astonishingly, it was God Himself who executed Jesus.
- Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross insured the redemption of untold millions of people and offered the sole means by which God could forgive sin without compromising His holiness and flawless righteousness, which was otherwise impossible.
- As opposed to being a win for Satan, or a needless tragedy, as some have indicated, it was the most gracious act of God’s grace and mercy, the greatest manifestation of the Father’s love for sinners.
- As the Bible says, “God caused him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that through him, we may become the righteousness of God” (2 Corinthians 5:21).
- He died in order to pay the price for our sins (Romans 5:8; 6:23).
He did it this way to serve as a constant reminder to himself and everyone else that it was our faults that condemned Jesus to death on the cross. Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) Who was to blame for the killing of Jesus Christ? Who was responsible for Jesus’ death?
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The Two Men Crucified Next To Jesus Were
According to the Gospel of Luke, two additional men were crucified with Our Blessed Lord, one on either side of Him, and both died at the hands of the Romans. Traditionally, the thief to Christ’s right has been referred to as the “Good Thief,” while the thief to Christ’s left has been dubbed the “Unrepentant Thief.” While the names of the Good Thief and the Unrepentant Thief are not mentioned in the Gospels, legend claims that the one was named Saint Dismas and the latter, Gestas. Despite the fact that both men were subjected to the same brutal death and were both in the presence of Christ, their attitudes to their circumstances were vastly different.
But Dismas does not beg to be put down.
He wants, instead, to be caught up with Christ, asking “Jesus, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.” (Lk 23:42).
Which of these two is the most like you?
To help you accept the crosses that you will carry in this life, and to set your heart on Heaven in the next life, the Norbertine Fathers of Saint Michael’s Abbey would like to give you a FREE Saint Dismas prayer card, so that you may seek the intercession of the Good Thief. To download the free prayer card, just click the button below.
Download the Saint Dismas Prayer Card for free here.
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St. Michael’s Abbey is celebrating its 150th anniversary in 2017.
The Crucifixion of Jesus and the Jews
Jesus was executed because he was a Jewish victim of Roman persecution. On this point, all documented authorities are in agreement. His execution was ordered by the Gentile Roman ruler, Pontius Pilate, who had him tortured and killed by Gentile Roman troops before he was executed. In fact, Jesus was one of thousands of Jews who were executed by the Romans. The New Testament not only attests to this fundamental reality, but it also provides for Jewish participation in two ways. A small group of high-ranking Jewish officials who owed their positions and authority to the Romans colluded with the Gentile leaders to have Jesus executed; they are claimed to have been envious of Jesus and to have regarded him as an existential danger to the status quo.
The number of individuals in this mob is not specified, nor is there any explanation provided for their actions (other than the fact that they had been “stirred up,” as stated in Mark 15:11).
As recorded in Matthew, the Roman ruler wipes his hands of Jesus’ blood, as the Jews exclaim, “His blood be upon us and upon our children!” (Matthew 27:25.) Throughout Jesus’ mission, the Jews are shown as desiring to murder him in John’s Gospel (John 5:18,John 7:1,John 8:37).
This shift in emphasis is not entirely clear, but one obvious possibility is that as the church spread throughout the world, Romans rather than Jews became the primary targets of evangelism; as a result, there may have been some motivation to “off-the-hook” the Romans and blame the Jews for Jesus’ death rather than the other way around.
However, by the middle of the second century, the apocryphal Gospel of Peter presents the Romans as Jesus’ supporters, and the Jews as those who crucify him, according to tradition.
As a result, anti-Semitism has fed such beliefs for ages, culminating in the crude demonization of Jews as “Christ-killers.” Christians have traditionally held, in opposition to such predictions, that the human actors responsible for Jesus’ execution are irrelevant: he offered his life voluntarily as a sacrifice for sin (Mark 10:45;John 18:11).
“Let his blood be upon us and upon our children!” cries out the congregation in most liturgical churches when Matthew’s PassionNarrativeis read during a worship service.
In most liturgical churches, when Matthew’s PassionNarrativeis read during a worship service, all members of the congregation are invited to echoMatt 27:25aloud, crying out, “Let his blood be upon us and upon our children!”
Mark Allan Powell is a professor of New Testament at Trinity Lutheran Seminary in St. Paul, Minnesota (Columbus, Ohio). He is the editor of the HarperCollins Bible Dictionary and the author of Introducing the New Testament (Baker, 2009) andJesus as a Figure in History (Westminster, 2009). He received his bachelor’s degree from Harvard University. John Knox Publishing Company, 2012). A gathering of individuals who are participating in religious services and are worshiping. The proclamation of “the good news” of Jesus Christ to the entire world.
- spurious gospel purporting to have been authored by the apostle Peter, but which was rejected by the early Roman Catholic Church as part of the canonical New Testament canon because of its apocryphal nature.
- A narrative that has been written, spoken, or recorded.
- God’s character and actions are discussed through writing, conversation, or contemplation.
- 15:1111 (Mark 15:1111) The leading priests, on the other hand, incited the mob to demand that Jesus release Barabbas for them instead.
27:2525 (KJV) Following that, the entire population exclaimed, “His blood be on us and on our children!” 5:1818 (John 5:1818) In order to assassinate him, the Jews increased their efforts even further, believing that he was not only violating the Sabbath but also referring to God as his own Father in the process.
- He did not want to travel about in Judea since the Jews were searching for an occasion to attack him and his family.
- 1 2:14-1514 (Thess 2:14-1514) Because you, brothers and sisters, were models for the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are located in Judea, because you experienced the same things from your own compa, you became imitators of those churches.
- Observe further information 10:45:45 (Mark 10:45:45) The Son of Man, after all, did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” 18:1111 (John 18:1111) “Put your sword back into its sheath,” Jesus instructed Peter to do.
- God, on the other hand, demonstrates his love for us by sending Christ to die for us while we were still sinners.
- More details may be found at1 Tim 1:515 p.m.
When it comes to Christ Jesus coming into the world to help sinners—of which I am the foremost—the phrase is certain and deserving of complete acceptance. Matt. 27:2525 (KJV) Following that, the entire population exclaimed, “His blood be on us and on our children!”
Bible Study: Who Actually Killed Jesus Christ?
On January 9, 2019, we made some changes. The killing of Christina was orchestrated by six co-conspirators, each of them contributed to the process in their own way. Their motivations ranged from avarice to hatred to a sense of obligation. Judas Iscariot, Caiaphas, the Sanhedrin, Pontius Pilate, Herod Antipas, and an unknown Roman centurion were among those who were arrested. The Old Testament prophets had predicted that the Messiah would be taken to the slaughterhouse like a sacrificial lamb hundreds of years before.
Discover the role that each of the men who executed Jesus played in the most significant trial in history, as well as how they conspired to put him to death in the most important trial in history.
Judas Iscariot – Betrayer of Jesus Christ
James Tissot’s painting Judas betraying Jesus with a kiss is available for purchase. Images courtesy of SuperStock / Getty Images Judas Iscariot was one of Jesus Christ’s twelve chosen disciples, and he was betrayed by them. As the group’s treasurer, he was in charge of the money bag that was shared by everyone. While Judas did not have a role in organizing Jesus’ crucifixion, the Bible claims that he betrayed his Master for 30 pieces of silver, which was the usual price paid for a slave at the time.
Judas moved from being one of Jesus’ closest companions to becoming a guy whose firstname has become synonymous with betrayal.
Joseph Caiaphas – High Priest of the Jerusalem Temple
Photographs courtesy of Getty Images When Jesus of Nazareth came to Jerusalem, Joseph Caiaphas, the High Priest of the Temple in Jerusalem from 18 to 37 A.D., was one of the most powerful men in ancient Israel, yet he felt threatened by the peace-loving teacher. During the trial and execution of Jesus Christ, he played an important part. Caiaphas was concerned that Jesus might incite an uprising, resulting in a crackdown by the Romans, who were pleased with Caiaphas’ service. As a result, Caiaphas determined that Jesus would have to die.
Learn more about Caiaphas’ role in Jesus’ death by reading this article.
Pontius Pilate – Roman Governor of Judea
The Getty Images collection contains a variety of images that are available for licensing. When Jesus of Nazareth came to Jerusalem, Joseph Caiaphas, the High Priest of the Temple in Jerusalem from 18 to 37 A.D., was one of the most powerful men in ancient Israel, yet he felt threatened by the peace-loving Rabbi. During the trial and crucifixion of Jesus Christ, he played a crucial part in establishing his reputation. Foreboding that Jesus would instigate a revolt, Caiaphas sought to have Jesus put under house arrest by the Romans, whom he served.
Because of this, Caiaphas came to the conclusion that Jesus must be killed. His accusation against the Lord was blasphemy, which is a felony punishable by death according to Jewish law. Caiaphas had an important part in the death of Jesus, which you can learn more about here!
Herod Antipas – Tetrarch of Galilee
The head of John the Baptist is carried to Herod Antipas by Princess Herodias. Stringer / Getty Images / Archive Photos / Stringer Herod Antipas was a tetrarch, or ruler of Galilee and Perea, who was selected by the Romans to serve as their representative. Due to Jesus’ status as a Galilean, who fell under Herod’s jurisdiction, Pilate sent Jesus to him. Herod had already assassinated the famous prophet John the Baptist, who was also Jesus’ friend and kinsman. Jesus was asked to perform a miracle for Herod, rather than finding the truth about what had happened.
Learn more about Herod’s part in the killing of Jesus by reading this article.
Centurion – Officer in Ancient Rome’s Army
Image courtesy of Giorgio Cosulich and stringer/Getty Images. Centurions were battle-hardened army leaders who were trained to kill with sword and spear under the Roman Empire. Jesus of Nazareth was nailed on the cross by a Roman centurion whose name is not revealed in the Bible. This order changed the course of history. The centurion and the troops under his direction executed the crucifixion of Jesus in a cold and methodical manner, following the commands of Governor Pilate. “Surely this guy was the Son of God!” he exclaimed as he gazed up at Jesus, who was hanging on the cross.
Who Killed Jesus?
In 1965, as part of the Second Vatican Council, the Catholic Church issued the much-anticipated proclamation Nostra Aetate, which took a fresh look at the subject of Jewish blame for the execution of Jesus Christ. That modern-day Jews could not be held responsible for Jesus’ crucifixion, and that not all Jews who were alive at the time of Jesus’ execution were guilty of the crime, according to the arguments in the paper. In the history of Christian views toward Jews, this was a significant step forward, as Christian anti-Semitism has long been predicated on the assumption that Jews were responsible for Jesus’ crucifixion.
When Jesus was crucified, they thought that the Church would come out and claim that the Jews had had no role in his execution.
Jews Lacked A Motive for Killing Jesus
Indeed, most historians believe that it would have been more rational to place the responsibility for Jesus’ execution on the Romans. Crucifixion was a common form of punishment among the Romans, not among the Jews. At the time of Jesus’ execution, the Romans were enforcing a harsh and ruthless occupation on the Land of Israel, and the Jews had been rebellious at times throughout the occupation. The Romans would have had good cause to desire to silence Jesus, who had been dubbed “King of the Jews” by some of his disciples and was well-known as a Jewish upstart miracle worker at the time of his death.
The many factions of the Jewish society at the period — including the Pharisees, Sadducees, Essenes, and others — had numerous differences with one another, but none of the organizations orchestrated the death of the leaders of the other purportedly heretical sects.
READ: The History of the Land of Israel Under Roman Control Nonetheless, the notion that Jews murdered Jesus can be found in Christian foundational literature dating back to the early days of the Jesus movement, and it is unlikely that it will be readily abandoned simply because of historians’ arguments.
The New Testament Account
The notion that Jews assassinated Jesus is parodied in this 1896 cartoon, which substitutes Uncle Sam for the historical figure. (Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons) “The Jews who killed the Lord, Jesus,” Paul writes in his writings, which are considered by historians to be the earliest works of the New Testament (written 10 to 20 years after Jesus’ death), and he addresses them very briefly: “the Jews who slaughtered the Lord, Jesus” (I Thessalonians 2:14-15). While the idea that the Jews bear primary responsibility for Jesus’ death is not central to Paul’s understanding of Jesus’ life and death, the idea that the Jews bear primary responsibility for Jesus’ death is more prominent in the four gospels, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, each of which presents a slightly different account of Jesus’ life.
Eventually, the high priest comes to the conclusion that Jesus is guilty of blasphemy and petitions the Jewish council for guidance on how to punish him.
Matthew’s account of Jesus’ suffering and death on the cross (referred to by Christians as “Jesus’ “passion”) has served as the inspiration for numerous books, plays, and musical compositions over the years, and it is a prominent part of Christian liturgy, particularly during the celebration of Easter.
It is said that Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler of Judea, was fundamentally sympathetic to Jesus, but that he was unable to overcome the pressure from the Jews, who demanded that Jesus be put to death.
When Pilate arrives, the gathering members of the Jewish community tell him, “His blood be on us and on our children,” which is the most contentious verse in all of the passion accounts (Matthew 27:25).
Church Fathers and Thereafter
An etching from 1845 portraying King Herod and Pontius Pilate exchanging handshakes. (Photo by F.A. Ludy courtesy of Wellcome Images/Wikimedia Commons) With even more clarity and power, this allegation emerges in the works of the Church Fathers, who are considered to be the most authoritative Christian theologians who lived after the New Testament period. After explaining to his Jewish interlocutor why the Jews had experienced exile and the destruction of their Temple, Justin Martyr (mid-second century) concludes that these “tribulations were justly placed on you since you have assassinated the Just One” (Jesus Christ) (Dialogue with Trypho, chapter 16).
- A historical King Solomon addresses the Jews in “The Mystery of Adam,” a religious drama from the 12th century that prophesies that they would eventually slay the son of God, as depicted in the play.
- This statement is subject to verification.
- The masters of the law will be the ones who do this.
- They’ll descend from a tremendous height, and may they be comforted in their bereaved state of affairs.
In recent times, passion plays — large-scale outdoor theater events that dramatize the end of Jesus’ life and frequently feature hundreds of actors — have continued to spread this notion, as have other forms of religious expression.
In the Talmud
It’s worth noting that the notion that the Jews assassinated Jesus may be found in Jewish religious literature as well. Against the evidence of theBabylonian Talmud, on folio 43a of tractateSanhedrin, aberaita (a doctrine dating back to before the year 200 C.E.) says that Jesus was executed by a Jewish tribunal for the crimes of sorcery and insurrection. For this reason, there is a blank area near the bottom of that folio in normal Talmuds from Eastern Europe — or in American Talmuds that simply copied from them — since the possibly offending text has been omitted.
- This section has been restored in a number of recent Talmudic versions.) When the Talmud claims that the incident occurred on the eve of Passover, it follows the timeline given in the gospel of John, which is supported by historical evidence.
- Responsibility for the killing of Jesus is also given to the Jews in Jewish folk literature, such as the popular scurrilous Jewish biography of Jesus,Toledot Yeshu (which may be as old as the fourth century), and in Christian folk fiction.
- From the first through the nineteenth century, the degree of hostility between Jews and Christians was such that both parties believed the accusation that the Jews were responsible for the death of Jesus.
- People who believe the tales of the New Testament (or of the Talmud) to be credible historical sources should not be shocked if this belief prevails.
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Crucifixion of Jesus – Bible Story
Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are the four New Testament writings that contain the story of Jesus’ death on the cross; they are known as the Gospels. This Bible tale serves as a succinct summation of the salvation message of Jesus Christ. “From that time on, Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life,” according to Matthew, who wrote, “from that time on, Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests, and the teachers of the law, and As a result, Jesus saw that his death would be necessary as a sacrifice for the sins of mankind.
- During the height of Jesus’ career and miracles, a large number of Jews came to believe that he was the Messiah and the Son of God.
- Roman soldiers apprehended Jesus with the assistance of Judas Iscariot, and he was placed on trial for claiming to be the Jewish king, which he denied.
- When it came to the penalty for Jesus, the Roman ruler Pontius Pilate was apprehensive about the idea.
- Jesus was turned over to be beaten and whipped after Pilate washed his hands in front of a mob to demonstrate that he was not accepting responsibility for the slaughter that had taken place.
In addition to being forced to carry his cross along the walk to the hill where he would be killed, Jesus was also beaten with whips and whipping cords. The site of Jesus’ crucifixion is known as Calvary, which is derived from the Latin phrase meaning “a place of skull.”
Jesus on the Cross
Crowds had assembled to grieve and witness the death of Jesus. In addition to being nailed on the cross between two criminals, Jesus’ sides were wounded by a sword. After being mocked for a while, one of the convicts approached him and requested Jesus to remember him. Jesus answered by saying, “Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise.” “Forgive them, because they do not know what they are doing,” Jesus said as he raised his eyes to the heavens. When Jesus took his last breath, he said the following: “Father, I entrust my spirit into your capable hands.
The Last Words of Jesus Christ on the Cross
1. According to Matthew 27:46, at around the ninth hour, Jesus cried out, “My God, my God, why have you deserted me?” 2. 2. “Father, please forgive them since they are completely unaware of what they are doing” (Luke 23:34). 3. I swear to you that from this day forward, you’ll be with me in paradise (Luke 23:43). 4. “Dear Lady, please accept this as your son!” “Here is your mother!” says the other. When Jesus saw His mother standing near the cross with the Apostle John, He committed the care of His mother to John’s care, saying, “I trust you to look after her.” (See also John 19:26–27.) 5.
- In this instance, Jesus was responding to the Messianic prophesy from Psalm 69:21, which stated, “They put gall in my food and vinegar in my thirst.” 6.
- ” (See John 19:30.) The mission that His Father had given Him to carry out, which included teaching the Gospel, performing miracles, and bringing His people back together, was successfully completed.
- (Matthew 23:46) Jesus freely laid down his life for us.
- This was a terrible and difficult assignment, yet Jesus volunteered to take on the challenge.
- In the hands of those who crucified him, Jesus was not helpless; he was the only one who had the authority to put an end to his life.
- (Revelation 13:8).
It is still a heinous crime against humanity.
Death was visited upon the creator of life by nefarious men (Acts 2:23).
The death of Jesus was distinguished by extraordinary occurrences.
When Jesus took his last breath, the ground shook, the temple curtain broke in half from top to bottom, and the graves of saints were opened, their bodies being lifted from the grave.
The sin of mankind would necessitate the offering of a sacrifice.
The complete Bible account of the crucifixion can be found in the Scriptures listed below.
Read the entire narrative of Jesus’ crucifixion in the scriptural text below, as well as articles, videos, and audio sermons that are related to this moving story. Image courtesy of Getty Images/mbolina
Who Crucified Jesus? The Romans, the Jews, You and I, or His Father?
So, who was it that assassinated Jesus? 1. Was it the Romans who did it? Let us seek the answer in God’s Word to find out the truth. “And after they had crucified him, they divided his clothing among themselves by casting lots,” Matthew 27:35 says. We learn from this scripture that the Romans crucified Jesus on the cross. In reality, the crucifixion was a Roman method of punishing a convicted criminal. Jesus was considered a criminal in the eyes of the Romans. That is why they nailed Jesus on the cross.
- They hammered the nails into his hands and feet until they were completely gone.
- They were the ones who assassinated Jesus Christ, the Son of God.
- Was it the Jews who were responsible?
- And Peter addresses them as “Men of Israel.
- In other words, Peter is informing the Jews that they were directly responsible for the crucifixion and death of Jesus on the cross.
- The apostle Paul verifies this in 1 Thessalonians 2:14–15: “For you became imitators of the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are in Judea,” he says.
As Paul reminds us, “all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,” and that “the consequence of sin is death,” we are all guilty of sin (Rom.
As a result, you and I should have been the ones to be crucified on the cross, because we are the ones who have sinned against the Almighty and deserve death.
He stood in my place, bearing disgrace and scoffing rudely, sealing my forgiveness with his blood: Hallelujah, what a Saviour we have!
According to the contemporary song “How Deep the Father’s Love for Us,” this reality is articulated as follows: It was my own fault that kept Him confined.
It was in this sense that we crucified our Lord and Savior.
Who was the perpetrator?
Unfortunately, Jesus, my betrayal hath brought Thee to ruin.
I nailed Thee on the cross.
Was it His Father, or someone else?
It is important to note that Jesus died in accordance with God’s predetermined and foreordained plan.
Whether in the hands of the Romans, Jews, or even us, Jesus was never a victim of their or our actions.
His demise had been prepared by his Father from the beginning of time.
Who was it that crushed him to death?
Pay attention to Prophet Isaiah.
His wounds were inflicted on us because of our trespasses, and he was crushed because of our sins.
“Do you honestly think that it was God who slaughtered His own Son?” a perplexed atheist once inquired of me.
“Why would God do such a thing to His own Son?” he continued.
Conclusion So, who was responsible for Jesus’ death?
However, even if this is true, we can equally assert that no one intentionally stole His life because He chose to do it willingly.
and I am willing to give my life for the sheep.
No one can take it away from me, but I choose to put it down of my own free will.
Paul writes that the Son of God voluntarily opted to die on a cross for the redemption of those whom God had predestined from the beginning of time (Eph.
“There is no greater love than this, that someone would lay down his or her life for his or her companions” (John 15:13).
Jesus gave his life in order for us to be able to dwell with Him for all of eternity.
In case you ever have any doubts about whether Jesus loves you or not, turn back to Calvary and view the wonderful cross, and don’t stop examining it until you shout, “Love so amazing, so divine,Demands My Soul, My Life, My Everything.”
Was Jesus Crucified on a Cross or Stake (Matthew 27:35)?
The Romans, who were responsible for Christ’s crucifixion, are documented to have employed a variety of instrument forms. The crosspieces were fastened either at the top or just a few inches below the top of some of the upright timbers, while others were just upright timbers. The term “cross” in the New Testament is derived from the Greek wordtauros, which means “crossroads.” Upon further investigation, it is discovered that staurossimple meaning “stake” or “pole.” Pieces of wood of different forms, including those with crosspieces, were referred to as “crosspieces” in literary works.
Notice “TheGodof our ancestors brought upJesus, whom you slaughtered by hanging him from a tree,” says Acts 5:30.
who, in His own body on the tree, bare our sins, so we, having died to sins, may live for righteousness.” (See also Acts 10:39 and Galatians 3:13 for further information.) However, under time constraints such as those that happened during Jesus’ trial and crucifixion, the Romans are known to have used live trees as stauron for crucifixion.
According to the Bible, there is no mention of the particular circumstance in which Christ died.
Rather than the particular shape of the wood on which Christ died, the most essential thing to remember is Christ’s sacrifice for us and what He is doing now.
Jesus Is Hung on the Cross (19:16-18) – IVP New Testament Commentary Series
New International Version (New International Version) (NIV) New Testament Commentary Series: Jesus on the Cross (IVP New Testament Commentary Series) (19:16-18) Jesus is Suspended from the Cross (19:16-18) The account of the actual crucifixion in John’s gospel is astonishingly succinct. The ancient world would not have needed a description because such killings were not uncommon in the old world (Hengel 1977:38). In spite of the fact that crucifixion might take many different forms (see Hengel 1977:25-32 and Brown 1994:2:945-52), it was standard practice to have the victim carry the crossbeam to the location of crucifixion, which was already in place, before being beheaded.
- Five to seven-inch long nails were used to drive the nails, which were pushed through the feet and wrists rather than through the hands (Edwards, Gabel and Hosmer 1986:1459).
- When the individual was put down on the ground, he or she was nailed to the crosspiece, which was then lifted into position.
- 29) shows that his head was more than an arm’s length above the people on the ground.
- A small seat rest was affixed to the person’s chair to allow them to retain a posture in which it was feasible to breathe, hence extending their suffering.
- 17;calvaria in Latin, thus the name Calvary), but the fact that Joseph had a tomb nearby shows that this was not a public execution site (Brown 1970:900).
- The shape of this specific hill, however, is from more recent times than the first century and is not indicative of a skull-like environment.
- The other two victims who were crucified with Jesus are mentioned by John (v.
- Simon of Cyrene, who assisted Jesus in carrying his cross, is likewise not mentioned by John.
- Unless he mentions Jesus’ personal anguish in passing, he will not linger on it save for his hunger immediately before his death (v.
- Instead, John recounts the whirlwind of activity that swirls about Jesus, demonstrating how it everything connects to the majesty of the Father.
What isn’t explained is really what takes center stage in the scene’s drama. The generosity of InterVarsity Press allows us to make the IVP New Testament Commentaries available to you.
Was Jesus really nailed to the cross?
The crucifixion of Jesus is undoubtedly one of the most well-known images to have emerged from the Christian tradition. The ceremony takes place on Good Friday, which is considered to be one of the holiest days in the Christian calendar. But what exactly was the crucifixion? And what was the reason for Jesus’ death in this manner? The crucifixion was a technique of punishment used by the Romans. Suspended from a massive cross, a victim would finally succumb to asphyxiation or weariness — it was a long, drawn-out, and excruciating process that took several hours.
Because, as King of the Jews, Jesus threatened Roman imperial dominance (Matt 27:37; Mark 15:26; Luke 23:38; John 19:19–22), the Gospels describe this as the reason for Jesus’ death.
In Christian tradition, it is thought that the limbs of the cross will be nailed to the wood of the cross, with dispute centered on whether nails would puncture the hands or the more structurally solid wrists.
In reality, the only archaeological evidence for the practice of nailing crucifixion victims comes from the grave of Jehohanan, a man who was crucified in the first century CE, and it is an ankle bone from his tomb.
It is possible that certain early Gospels, such as the Gospel of Thomas, did not include the tale of Jesus’s execution, preferring to concentrate on his teaching instead. However, one of the few things that all four of the canonical Gospels agree on is Jesus’ death via crucifixion. The events surrounding the crucifixion are depicted in significantly different ways in the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. There is no mention of Jesus being nailed or tied to the crucifixion in any of the four Gospels of the New Testament.
- Perhaps it is because of this text that the widespread belief that Jesus’ hands and feet were nailed to the crucifixion rather than chained to it has developed.
- Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Account of Peter, a non-canonical gospel written in the first or second centuries CE, tells in detail how the nails were taken from Jesus’ hands after he had died in verse 21.
- “And they were hearing a voice from the sky saying, ‘Have you made proclamation to the fallen-asleep?'” says the cross in verses 41-42.
- Several people have claimed to have discovered the real nails with which Jesus was crucified throughout the course of the last few years.
This obsession with the nails, which has persisted despite the fact that the earliest gospels make no mention of Jesus being nailed to the crucifixion, is a puzzle to me.
Depictions of the crucifixion
Given that crucifixion was a humiliating way to die, it isn’t unexpected that Christians needed some time to accept the picture of Christ on the cross. What is unexpected is that the first depiction of the crucifixion turns out to be a representation of a cross. However, rather than the religious icons with which we are acquainted — representations that commemorate Jesus’ crucifixion – this oldest image looks to be some late second century satirical graffiti that is directed against Christian believers.
Commons image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons The Alexamenos Graffito, as the artwork is known, depicts a person with the head of a donkey standing on a cross, with the words “Alexamenos worships his God” written underneath.
The fact that the graffito was definitely not created by a Christian demonstrates that non-Christians were aware with certain fundamental parts of Christian thought as early as the second century.
This piece of carved jasper from the second or third century portrays a man on a cross, surrounded by magical symbols.
The British Museum is a place where you may learn about the history of the United Kingdom.
The crucified Christ is shown on the Constanza diamond, who is flanked by the apostles.
CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International License It is believed by scholars that the Constanza gemstone, as it is sometimes called, goes back to the fourth century CE.
Tradition demands this prevalent image of Jesus’ death on the crucifixion since the evidence from antiquity does not give a definitive answer as to whether Jesus was nailed or tied to his cross.
The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
It is only in Monty Python’s Life of Brian, which depicts several crucifixion victims, albeit not Jesus, who are chained to their crosses, that it is not assumed that nails were used in the crucifixion.
The cross, rather than the question of whether nails or ropes were used to hang Jesus from a cross, is the image that endures in art and tradition as the most powerful reminder of Christ’s death and resurrection.