Joseph and Nicodemus Bury Jesus’ Body (19:38-42) – IVP New Testament Commentary Series
The tale of Jesus’ burial in John’s gospel may serve to further establish the notion of Jesus’ royal character. The huge amount of spice employed (v. 39) clearly demonstrates their devotion to Jesus, just as the extravagant nature of Mary’s gift earlier in the chapter did (12:3). At least some royal funerals were characterized by the use of large amounts of spices (2 Chron 16:14; JosephusAntiquities of the Jews17.199). It is possible that the fact that Joseph’s tomb is a garden tomb (v. 41) implies more links with monarchy, given that the kings of Judah were buried in garden tombs (2 Kings 21:18, 26), including King David, suggests further associations with royalty (Neh 3:16 LXX; cf.
There were many of people besides kings who had lavish funerals and were buried in garden tombs, but given all of the emphasis placed on Jesus as king in the Passion story, such features may continue the theme at the burial of Jesus.
Brown (1970:959) cites John85.4 as an example.
- Additionally, it may be connected to the topic of the formation of the new community: Jesus has reordered the lives of his mother and the Beloved Disciple (Vv.
- Mt 12:46-50 par.
- Lk 8:19-21).
- Indeed, in this narrative, we observe the addition of two more members to this family.
- He was a disciple, to be sure, but he did so in secrecy out of fear for his life from Jewish authorities (v.
- In addition, Nicodemus, despite the fact that he was not officially designated as a “disciple,” had visited Jesus in the middle of the night(v.
- As a result, they are two of the individuals mentioned previously who were hidden believers “because they preferred honor from others over praise from God” (12:42-43).
According to the Synoptics, Joseph was a rich member of the Sanhedrin who was looking forward to the arrival of the kingdom and who had refused to agree to the Sanhedrin’s judgment of Jesus when it was announced (Mt 27:57; Mk 15:43; Lk 23:50-51).
In any event, they are two guys who wield considerable power, privilege, and fortune.
It is odd that these two men come out of hiding and publicly link themselves with Jesus at the time of his death, given that they would have assumed his movement had come to an end by then.
By taking this step, they are making the degree of their dissatisfaction known to their fellow Jewish leaders.
The Romans would frequently keep the body on the cross for days at a time, though they would occasionally allow the family to remove the body for burial.
Consequently, Joseph had no claim to the body and, depending on how Pilate saw the situation, would have put himself in grave jeopardy.
Furthermore, by permitting Jesus to be buried in a dignified manner, Pilate would be able to aggravate the Jewish leadership even more.
It was instead possible to place the seventy-five pounds of spices, which were most likely in granular or powder form, beneath, surrounding and inside the body, as well as in the strips of linen that they used to wrap the corpse.
42; Robinson 1985:282-83).
As Brown (1994:2:1265) points out, there is no indication that Jews draped their corpses in strips, as Egyptian mummies did, and the Synoptics state that a single sheet was used as the primary covering for their corpses (Mt 27:59 par.
Brown (1994:2:1265) suggests that the term “grave garments” can apply to a single sheet (see Brown 1994:2:1265) or can be used more broadly to refer to “grave clothing” in general (Robinson 1985:291).
When Joseph and Nicodemus perform this step, it marks a shift in their personal discipleship, since they are plainly breaking apart from the rest of the Jewish leadership.
If they miss the Passover itself, according to some accounts of the dating (see comments on 18:28 and 19:14), this means that Christ has replaced the Passover for them, which is consistent with John’s emphasis on Jesus as the Lamb of God and the fulfillment of the Jewish feasts in general, and the fulfillment of the Passover in particular.
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Bible Gateway passage: John 19:38-42 – New International Version
38After thereafter, Joseph of Arimathea approached Pilate and requested the corpse of Jesus. Now, Joseph was a follower of Jesus, but he did so in secret because he was afraid of the Jewish leaders. B) The word “B” refers to the letter “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” in the word “B” “>(B)With Pilate’s permission, he arrived and removed the body from the scene.
- Nicodemus arrived with a combination of myrrh and aloes weighing around seventy-five pounds.
- D) The word “D” refers to the letter “D” in the word “D” in the word “D” “In line with Jewish funeral practices, this was carried out.
- 42Due to the fact that it was the Jewish Day of Preparation.
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JERUSALEM According to preliminary findings, portions of the tomb where Jesus Christ’s body is traditionally believed to have been buried are still in existence today, despite the centuries of damage, destruction, and reconstruction that have occurred in the surrounding Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is located in Jerusalem’s Old City. The tomb, which is the most revered location in the Christian world, presently consists of a limestone shelf or burial bed that was hewn from the cave’s wall, and it is the most visited site in the world.
- During the first removal of the marble cladding on the night of October 26, the restoration team from the National Technical University of Athens discovered just a layer of fill material beneath the marble.
- After being discovered intact in the middle of the night on October 28, just hours before the tomb was to be resealed, the original limestone burial bed was discovered.
- Because I was not anticipating this, my knees are trembling a little,” said Fredrik Hiebert, archaeologist in residence at National Geographic.
- Despite the fact that we can’t be certain, it looks to be visual confirmation that the site of the tomb has not changed through time, something scientists and historians have been wondering about for decades.
- To allow visitors to see one of the cave walls, a window has been carved into the southern interior wall of the shrine.
“This is the Holy Rock that has been adored for ages, but it is only now that it can be seen,” said Professor Antonia Moropoulou, the Chief Scientific Supervisor in charge of the conservation and restoration of the Edicule.
Was This Really the Tomb of Christ?
The tomb recently discovered in Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre may not have been the burial site of a specific Jew known as Jesus of Nazareth, but indirect evidence suggests that the identification of the site by representatives of Roman emperor Constantine some 300 years later may have been a reasonable assumption. Historically, the Canonical Gospels, the first four books of the New Testament, include the earliest descriptions of Jesus’ burial. The Canonical Gospels are thought to have been written decades after Christ’s crucifixion, around the year 30 A.D.
While the specifics differ, the overall picture is similar.
Individual remains were placed in lengthy niches carved into the sides of the rock to fit them in each of these family tombs, which included one or more burial chambers.
“This does not, of course, establish that the incident took place in the past.
Outside the City Walls
Traditionally, Jews were not allowed to be buried within city walls; therefore, the Gospels explicitly state that Jesus was buried outside of Jerusalem, at the scene of his crucifixion on Golgotha (“the place of skulls”). The city of Jerusalem was enlarged a few years after the burial is claimed to have taken place, bringing Golgotha and the adjoining tomb within the boundaries of the new city. In 325 A.D., when Constantine’s delegates arrived in Jerusalem to seek the burial, they were purportedly directed to a temple erected by the Roman emperor Hadrian more than 200 years earlier.
- In the words of Eusebius, Bishop of Caesarea, the Roman temple had been demolished, and excavations under it had discovered a rock-cut tomb beneath the ground.
- The Fatimids entirely demolished the church in 1009, and it was reconstructed in the mid-11th century after being completely devastated.
- An ancient limestone quarry, as well as at least half a dozen more rock-cut graves, some of which may still be seen today, were also discovered by archaeologists.
- “What they demonstrate is that this region was, in reality, a Jewish cemetery outside the walls of Jerusalem during the time of Jesus,” says the author.
Months of Restoration, Decades of Study
The burial bed has been resealed in its original marble coating over the course of the previous few days, and it is possible that it will not be revealed for hundreds of years or possibly millennia. It is the goal of Moropoulou and her team to ensure that the architectural conservation they are performing will survive forever. Prior to the rock being resealed, however, significant documentation was carried out on the surface of the formation. A careful review of the data gathered when the burial bed and cave walls were exposed, according to archaeologist Martin Biddle, who published a seminal study on the history of the tomb in 1999.
In addition to other tombs in the area that must have been of great significance because they are covered with crosses and inscriptions painted and scratched into the rock surfaces, Biddle says, “the surfaces of the rock must be examined with the greatest care, I mean minutely, for traces of graffiti.” “As Biddle points out, “the problem of graffiti is vitally critical.” “We know that there are at least a half-dozen more rock-cut graves beneath various portions of the cathedral,” says the researcher.
So what was it about this tomb that convinced Bishop Eusebius that it was the tomb of Christ?
I don’t believe Eusebius made a mistake—he was a brilliant scholar—so there is certainly some proof if one is simply willing to search hard enough.” As a result of their efforts, the National Technical University of Athens’ crew has continued its renovation work on the Edicule.
The National Geographic Channel will premiere the documentary Explorer in November, which will take an in-depth look into the holy city of Jerusalem.
JESUS’ BODY PLACED IN THE TOMB – Bible study questions
- What is the significance of the tale of Jesus’ burial? Why was Pilate taken aback when he was confronted with the question of Jesus’ corpse
- What was it that the chief priests and Pharisees were afraid of? When it came to Jesus’ burial, it was critical that he be buried in a new tomb. What ladies were responsible for preparing Jesus’ corpse for burial
The body of Jesus was taken away by Joseph of Arimathea and laid in a tomb, according to the gospel accounts. Why? In order to demonstrate that Pontius Pilate, an independent witness, was aware that Jesus was genuinely dead and that the Galilean women were able to verify the site of the tomb, the ladies traveled to Jerusalem. Drawing depicting the rebuilding of a subterranean tomb from the first century. What is the significance of this section of Jesus’ story? It establishes that Jesus had indeed died, and that he was buried by not one but two powerful, respected men who could attest to the truth – a crucial point to remember when considering that the early Christians were accused of fabricating the tale of Jesus’ resurrection.
The fact of Jesus’ death could also be proved by the Galilean women who prepared Jesus’ body for burial; they were well-known and trusted by the Galilean disciples, and they were able to attest to it. What was the identity of the guys that buried Jesus?
- Joseph, who was most likely born in a city in Judea called Ramathaim, was a wealthy and important man who served as a member of the Sanhedrin. The Bible describes him as ‘on a quest for the Kingdom of God,’ and it’s possible that he felt he had discovered it in Jesus. He might have been absent from the hurriedly convened council that condemned Jesus, or he could have had his objections to the death sentence overruled. Alternatively, he may have lacked the strength to speak up in Jesus’ defense — according to Mark’s narrative, Joseph had to ‘build up his courage’ before asking for Jesus’ corpse to be returned. To defend or protect Jesus was a risky move for him, as it could have serious ramifications for his advancement in social, religious, and political circles. Nicodemus brought spices for the burial, including powdered myrrh and aloes, weighing approximately 70lbs in modern weight, which was an incredible amount at the time. There is no explanation as to why he contributed such a large sum of money. However, according to John, Nicodemus came to hear Jesus under cover of darkness, as if he was terrified
- Maybe he was now attempting to make up for his fearfulness.
Here were two highly respected individuals of genuine Jewish religion who were able to respond to Jesus’ teachings in an appropriate manner. Just two men could not have completed the process of burying Jesus in the two to three hours of daylight remaining before the beginning of the Sabbath. It would have been impossible. It would have been difficult to transfer Jesus’ dead corpse, and it would have taken several men to lift the stone that blocked the entrance to the tomb. Considering that Joseph and Nicodemus were both wealthy men, it is likely that they had a large number of servants at their disposal.
- They openly followed Jesus and loudly declared their allegiance, but when it came down to it, they turned their backs on him.
- At the bottom of the page, read the blue Gospel text.
- He had not anticipated Jesus to die in such a short period of time.
- However, Jesus had undergone a severe beating, which no probably resulted in major internal injuries; he had also been nailed to the crucifixion rather than bound, resulting in crippling blood loss; and he had been nailed rather than tethered to the cross.
- Pilate interrogated the centurion who had been in charge of killing Jesus in order to ascertain the facts, and he was reassured that Jesus was truly dead by the centurion’s response.
- What was it that the chief priests and Pharisees were afraid of?
- Alternatively, it is possible that Jesus was brought down from the crucifixion while still alive, snatched away by his followers, and then resuscitated
- Or that Jesus’ companions took his corpse and subsequently claimed that he had risen from the dead, as he had foretold
Either possibility would allow Jesus or his followers to assert that Jesus had fulfilled his vow to resurrect from the dead three days after his death. Pilate needed to be absolutely certain that this would not happen. At the bottom of the page, read the green Gospel text. What precisely happened when they buried Jesus is still a mystery. When a feast day was coming in Judea, the bodies of crucified persons were removed from the cross and delivered to family. After nightfall, a body was not permitted to be hung on a cross.
- the sacred character of the festival ought to be observed.
- This indicates that the body was cleaned before to being wrapped in a modest shroud made of fine linen, a procedure that is often undertaken by the female relatives of the deceased at their homes.
- Following that, the body was put on a stone shelf within the tomb.
- Everything had to be completed in the short amount of time left before nightfall since everyone involved was a devout Jew who strictly observed the Sabbath.
- This eliminates the prospect of multiple dead bodies being mistaken for Jesus’ body if Jesus’ body is the lone body in a newly discovered tomb.
- An extra safeguard to prevent the theft of Jesus’ body is mentioned in Matthew’s gospel (27:62-66): the stationing of a guard at the tomb and the sealing of the tomb, according to Matthew.
- What was the atmosphere like in the tomb?
- At the bottom of the page, read the blue Gospel text.
If no one came forward to claim it, it would be buried among other offenders in a mass grave. Mater Dolorosa, often known as the Sorrowing Mother, is a Spanish statue made of wood. Because of this, their presence is critical.
- It established them as eyewitnesses to the fact that he had been buried and was thus actually dead
- And it demonstrated that there were Galilean disciples who were familiar with, and could attest to, the specific tomb in which Jesus’ corpse had been laid in state of death. It seemed improbable that they would end up at the wrong tomb when they returned on Easter morning because of their courage and commitment.
It was important to have this information after the Resurrection when individuals indicated that Jesus was not truly dead, or that there had been a mix-up in the location where he was buried. Furthermore, if the ladies were to pay a visit to the tomb on Easter morning, they needed to know where it was located. At the bottom of the page, read the blue Gospel text.
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1. The desire to bury Jesus in the ground. Take note of the blue text. 2. Pilate’s amazement, as well as the chief priests and Pharisees’ surprise. Take note of the green text. The burial of Jesus is the third point. Take note of the red text. 4. The women who gathered at the grave. Take a look at the black letters. Matthew 27:57-6657 (NASB) When it was almost dark, a wealthy man from Arimathea, called Joseph, arrived, who happened to be a disciple of Jesus as well. 58 He went to Pilate and demanded that the corpse of Jesus be returned to him.
- Then Joseph took the corpse and dressed it in a clean linen shroud, 60 and put it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out of the rock; and he went out of the tomb, rolling a huge stone to the door of the tomb.
- 62 63 The next day, i.e.
- “Go, make it as safe as you possibly can,” Pilate told them in response to their request for a guard of soldiers.
- 15:42-4742 (Mark 15:42-4742) And because it being the day of Preparation, i.e., the day before the Sabbath, it was late in the evening when I arrived.
- 44 And Pilate began to worry if he had already died, so he summoned the centurion and inquired of him as to whether he had already died.
- He went and bought a linen shroud, and after dragging him down from the throne, he wrapped him in the linen shroud and put him in a tomb that had been hewn out of the rock, sealing it with a stone that was rolled against the tomb’s door.
- 23:50-5650 (Luke 23:50-5650) There was now a guy called Joseph from the Jewish town of Arimathea who had arrived on the scene.
52 This man went to Pilate and demanded that the corpse of Jesus be returned to him.
54 54 It was the day of Preparation, and the Sabbath was just about to begin.
They observed the Sabbath in accordance with the law of the Lord.
As a result, he arrived and removed his body.
40 They took the corpse of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, as was the Jewish custom for burying the dead at the time of Jesus’ death.
41 The garden that had grown up around where Jesus had been crucified, as well as a new tomb where no one had ever been placed before, were now in place. 42 As a result, they put Jesus in the tomb since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was near by.
Meet Joseph of Arimathea: Secret Disciple and Donor of Jesus Christ’s Tomb
FollowingJesus Christ has always been risky, but for Joseph of Arimathea, it was particularly hazardous at the time. The Sanhedrin, the Jewish court that sentenced Jesus to death, included him as a significant member. Joseph of Arimathea placed his reputation and his life in danger by standing up for Jesus, but his faith far surpassed his fear of losing his position in the community.
Question for Reflection
In order to avoid the Jews, Joseph of Arimathea had been a covert disciple of Christ. After the crucifixion, he went to Pilate and begged for Jesus’ corpse in a strong and unapologetic manner. Joseph took a chance on his reputation with the religious leaders in order to provide a befitting burial for his Lord. With his act of laying Jesus’ body in his own personal tomb, Joseph shown both enormous love and tremendous courage. Is it fear that prevents you from being a covert follower of Jesus? Would speaking out for your Christian religion jeopardize your professional reputation?
He is one of only two religious figures from his day who is still recognized and remembered by Christian Christians today.
Nicodemus is the other character.
Joseph of Arimathea in the Bible
Joseph of Arimathea is mentioned in the Bible in several places, including Matthew 27:57, Mark 15:43, Luke 23:50-52, and John 19:38. Joseph would have been a resident of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus’ crucifixion since he was a member of the Sanhedrin, although he was born and raised in a Judean village known as Arimathea before coming to Jerusalem. Scholars are split on the location of Arimathea, although some believe it to be in the mountainous region of Ephraim near the town of Ramathaim-zophim, where Samuel the prophet was born.
Among its seventy-one members were some of the wealthiest and most prominent persons in Jerusalem and the surrounding area.
Although there is no evidence in Scripture as to what Joseph’s occupation was, unverified folklore claims that he was a merchant in metal items.
In fact, Joseph was a follower of Jesus Christ, according to all four Gospels; nevertheless, John emphasizes that this was done in secrecy (John 19:38) until the time of Christ’s burial. According to Mosaic law, the remains of individuals who were executed by hanging from a tree must not be permitted to remain on the tree for more than one night (Deuteronomy 21:22-23). Because Jesus’ death happened at three o’clock in the afternoon, there was only a small amount of time to bury him before the Sabbath began at sundown at that time.
Even though it put his life in danger, Joseph’s willingness to properly bury the deceased demonstrated that he was a faithful Jew.
Joseph of Arimathea lowers Jesus from the cross, engraving by Gustave Dore (1832-1883), from The Holy Scriptures, which includes both the Old and New Testaments: The Old Testament, by Gustave Dore Mark 15, Volume 2, 1869-1870 edition, translated from the Latin Vulgate by Antonio Martini (1721-1809), with friezes by Enrico Giacomelli, from the Latin Vulgate.
Joseph of Arimathea generously offered his new tomb as a place for Jesus to be laid to rest.
(NIV) According to Jewish tradition, Jesus’ body was anointed with spicy oils of myrrh and aloes, wrapped in a linen cloth to keep it fresh, and put in the tomb that had previously been unoccupied.
- Despite the demands from his colleagues and the Roman authorities, Joseph maintained his faith in Jesus. His faith was unwaveringly upheld, and he put his trust in God to deal with the consequences. The Bible states that Joseph was “expecting the Kingdom of God,” which indicates that he expected the Kingdom to come through Jesus Christ (Mark 15:43
- Luke 23:51)
- Luke 23:50 describes Joseph of Arimathea as a “good and upright man.”
Life Lessons From Joseph of Arimathea
It is possible that our trust in Jesus Christ will cost us a lot of money in the future. Without a doubt, Joseph was despised by his contemporaries for caring for Jesus’ corpse, but he refused to let that stop him from following his convictions. It is possible that doing the right thing for God can cause hardship in this life, but it will result in eternal blessings in the next.
Key Bible Verse
John 19:38-42 (KJV) Later on, Joseph of Arimathea approached Pilate and requested the corpse of Jesus be returned to him. Now, Joseph was a follower of Jesus, but he did so in secret because he was afraid of the Jewish authorities’ reaction. He arrived and removed the body from the scene with Pilate’s consent. He was joined by Nicodemus, the man who had previously visited Jesus in the middle of the night. Nicodemus arrived with a combination of myrrh and aloes weighing around seventy-five pounds.
According to Jewish funeral practices, this was done in this manner.
They put Jesus in the tomb since it was the Jewish day of Preparation, and because it was close by and convenient.
- “Joseph of Arimathea,” or “Joseph of Arimathea.” The New Compact Bible Dictionary may be found at newadvent.org. T. Alton Bryant was in charge of the editing.
The Burial of Christ’s Body
The death and resurrection of Christ are frequently emphasized, but the Lord’s burial receives little attention in the Christian community. Paul, on the other hand, states that the gospel of Christ includes the Savior’s death, burial, and resurrection (1 Cor. 15:3-4). After Jesus Christ died on the cross, his corpse was taken and interred in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathaea, a wealthy nobleman who was a member of the Hebrew Sanhedrin and who had recently built a new, unused tomb for him. Following this, according to the apostle Matthew, a wealthy businessman from Arimathaea, called Joseph (who was also a follower of Jesus), went to Pilate and requested that the corpse of Jesus be released.
He took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and put it in his own new tomb, which he had carved out of the rock: and he went out of the tomb, rolling a huge stone to the door of the tomb, and disappeared into the wilderness (Mt.
Here are some intriguing and essential realities about the burial of Jesus Christ that you should know.
The Bodies of Criminals
The burial of Jesus’ body in the way detailed above was a profoundly unique operation from the perspective of a strictly human being. Rome executed Christ at the instigation of rebellious Jews, who demanded that he be crucified (Acts 2:23). According to the Latin poet Horace, it was common practice in ancient Rome to keep a corpse on a cross until it decomposed completely. He told about crucified slaves “feeding crows on the cross” and how they were tortured (Epistle1.16.46-48). In contrast, it was the Jewish tradition that anyone sentenced to death by the Sanhedrin was: not to be buried in the sepulchers of their forefathers, but in two separate burial grounds designated by the council, one for those who were slain by the sword and strangled, the other for those who were stoned and later hanged or burned (Lightfoot, 2.374; emphasis original).
- The burial site of executed criminals was located outside the city of Jerusalem, according to one researcher, in a “region far outside the city of Jerusalem” (Lane, 578).
- Also emphasized is that for Pilate “to give the body of a convicted criminal — especially one condemned for high treason — to someone other than a family was very rare” at the time (Wessel, 8.785).
- As a result, every precaution would have been taken to ensure that the body was not removed away by authorities.
The Burial of Christ
Neither Jewish nor Roman custom dictated how the body of a criminal should be disposed of, which is why the Savior’s body was buried according to neither tradition. What was the reason behind this? For the time being, the most obvious interpretation is that Joseph was a powerful Jew of “honorable estate” (Mk. 15:43), who “asked for the body of Jesus.” And Pilate, the Roman ruler, “ordered it to be given up” for reasons that are not explained in the biblical narrative (Mt. 27:58). According to prophetic prophesy, however, even though Jehovah’s suffering Servant would be allocated “a grave among the wicked” (NIV), he would nevertheless be buried “with the riches of the world” (NIV) at the time of his death, and this is the final answer (Isa.
It is undeniable that divine Providence was at work in the fulfillment of this prophesy.
If Isaiah had just wanted to draw attention to the contrast between a disgraceful and a lavish funeral, he would have used two singulars instead of one singular.
He goes on to say that only Matthew’s account of Jesus’ burial in Joseph’s tomb can be considered a fulfillment of the prophesy, and that this is the only possible interpretation.
Although Christ’s opponents almost doubt meant for his tomb to be that of a common criminal (he was crucified between two thieves), it is extremely astonishing that a prophet seven hundred years earlier predicted that the Lord would be buried with the “rich” (in the company of the wealthy). As has previously been noted, this is plainly at odds with what would be expected under normal circumstances. A forecast of this kind couldn’t possible have happened by coincidence. It couldn’t possibly have happened.
He, on the other hand, who knows “the end from the beginning” is able to look into the future, cause it to be written, and see it through to completion (Isa.
Due to the possibility that some, most likely in opposition to the idea of the resurrection, would assert that Christ had not been raised but that the site of his tomb was merely unknown or had been misdiagnosed, it was critical that the tomb’s location be clearly known at all times.
However, given the current situation in Jerusalem, such point of view is no longer viable. Christ was laid to rest in the tomb of a wealthy and powerful man. His burial was not veiled in secrecy, as some had claimed.
The Seal of Jesus’ Tomb
In addition, a Roman seal was used to designate and certify the tomb’s location. For example, if it was necessary to seal a door, it was first fixed with a ligament, over which was poured a layer of well-compacted clay, and then imprinted with the seal, so that any violation of it would be found immediately (Job 38:14; Song 4:12; Mt. 27:66). (McClintock, 9.492-493). If we presume that the Romans did not keep records of such vital material, we are assuming the ludicrous. So the burial of Jesus is of paramount importance because it is inextricably linked to both the Savior’s death and his resurrection, as well as the Savior’s death and resurrection.
Was Jesus Embalmed?
There is one additional point to consider, and it deserves considerable consideration. It is widely believed that Jesus’ corpse was embalmed after his death. The term “prepared of the Lord’s body” is never used in connection with the preparation of the Lord’s body. Certainly, he was not embalmed in a manner similar to that used by the Egyptians, in which the remains were mangled after they were buried (see Morris, 496, 730). When spices were available, the Jews used them to anoint the corpse of the deceased.
- However, there is a crucial point to note.
- Acts 2:25-28) as a result of his resurrection.
- Because they had not anticipated Jesus’ resurrection, the disciples did not devise some bizarre scheme to seize his corpse and announce that he had been raised from the dead after his death.
- However, on the Sunday after his death (and for the next 40 days), the sight of him alive prompted them to place their confidence in the rising Christ.
- Christianity is founded on the resurrection of a crucified and buried Lord.
Do We Know Where Jesus Was Buried?
Several years ago, a team of archaeologists and other experts was granted permission to remove the marble covering surrounding the burial shelf in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, as part of an archaeological dig. Several individuals were excited about their tour of the tomb, which is believed by many to be the location where the body of Jesus once lay. The validity of the location, on the other hand, is subject to some doubt. Two different locations in Jerusalem have been offered as the “true” burial sites of Jesus, according to certain scholars.
What does the Bible have to say about Jesus’ death and burial? Because of this, we may infer from the gospels that Jesus’ corpse was interred in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea for three days after His death and until the day He was raised from the dead (Matthew 27:58-60).
Where Does the Bible Say Jesus Was Buried?
Following Jesus’ crucifixion, Joseph of Arimathea approached Pilate and requested Jesus’ corpse (Mark 15:43). According to Matthew 27:59-60, “Joseph took the corpse and dressed it in a clean linen cloth, and he laid it in his own new tomb, which he had carved out of the rock.” He walked away from the tomb after rolling a large stone in front of the door.” As we read in John 19:39, another disciple called Nicodemus joined Joseph and brought 75 pounds of “myrrh and aloes,” which was used to make the perfume.
- Myrrh and aloes were expensive spices that were used in embalming.
- During the hurried burial of Jesus’ body, the two men put some of the spices around his body.
- Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Jesus, two of Jesus’ disciples, kept an eye on Joseph of Arimathea to observe where he buried the corpse of Jesus.
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- Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/alessandrophoto.com
Who Was Joseph of Arimathea?
This is not the spouse of Mary, the mother of Jesus. This Joseph was a wealthy man (Matthew 27:57), whose ancestors came from Arimathea, a town in the northern kingdom of Judah (Luke 23:51). According to John 19:38, Joseph of Arimathea was “a disciple of Jesus, but he did so in secret because he was afraid of the Jewish authorities.” “A prominent member of the Council,” according to Mark 15:43, describes him. The Greek word for “prominent” can also signify honorable, noble, influential, and revered in addition to its other meanings.
- The Council was the top court of Judaism, also known as the Sanhedrin, and it was the highest court in the world.
- As you may be aware, this is the same Sanhedrin who condemned Jesus to death on the grounds of blasphemy.
- Jesus was found guilty and sentenced to death by the Sanhedrin, who had unanimously decided that Jesus deserved to die.
- The Greek word translated as “wait” here indicates to eagerly expect something, to anticipate something with confidence.
- When Jesus appeared, Joseph immediately recognized the Savior for whom he had waited for so many years.
- There was a garden nearby where Joseph’s tomb might be found, not far from the site where Jesus had been crucified.
Both Joseph and Nicodemus were running out of time before the sun set on their mission. “Because it being the Jewish day of Preparation, and because the tomb was nearby, they placed Jesus there,” John 19:42 explains clearly. Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/kckate16
Where Is Jesus’ Tomb Located Today?
Several tombs in Jerusalem, including the Talpiot Family Tomb, the Garden Tomb (also known as Gordon’s Tomb), and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, have been suggested as potential locations for the tomb: The Talpiot tomb, which was found in 1980 and made famous by the 2007 documentary The Lost Tomb of Jesus, was the subject of the documentary. The proof supplied by the filmmakers, on the other hand, has now been proven to be false. Researchers have also noted that a poor Nazareth household would not have been able to afford a costly rock-cut family tomb in Jerusalem, as has been suggested by some historians.
- In first-century BC Judea, there were a plethora of men with the name Jesus.
- However, the Jesus whose bones are interred in that stone casket is not the Jesus of Nazareth, who resurrected from the dead as the Bible claims.
- In accordance with Scripture, Jesus was crucified at “the area called the Skull” (John 19:17), leading Gordon to assume he had discovered the site of Jesus’ crucifixion.
- It is now located outside the city walls of Jerusalem, and Jesus’ death and burial also took place outside the city walls of the holy city of Jerusalem (Hebrews 13:12).
- The placement of the Garden Tomb itself is the most significant flaw in the structure’s design.
- Scholars believe that the Garden Tomb was “new” at the time of Jesus’ death and burial, and that this is almost impossible.
- It appears that there was a Jewish cemetery beyond the walls of Jerusalem during the first century, according to archaeological evidence.
- In 325 BC, the Roman emperor Constantine dispatched a team to Jerusalem in order to locate the tomb of Jesus, according to what he recorded.
- When the temple was demolished, the Romans uncovered a tomb beneath the structure.
- During recent studies of the site, dating methods were used to confirm that portions of the church do, in fact, date back to the fourth century.
Scholars warn that there is insufficient evidence to establish a clear identification of the real tomb of Jesus of Nazareth at this point in time. Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/jchizhe
How Long Was Jesus Buried?
According to our calculations, Jesus’ body was in the tomb from Friday evening before sunset until the early hours of Sunday morning, a total of around two and a half days in total. Due to the fact that in their culture, a part of a day was considered to be a whole day, a first-century Jew would have perceived the same time period as representing three days. It is important to note that when the Bible says He rose “on the third day” (1 Corinthians 15:4), it is referring to the first day of the week being Friday, the second day being Saturday, and the third day being Sunday.
- Prepare for the Jewish Sabbath by observing Preparation Day on Friday, the day prior.
- in the morning today.
- According to Matthew 27:57-60, Joseph of Arimathea requested Jesus’ body from Pilate “as nightfall drew” and had it deposited in the tomb by Pilate.
- Every one of the gospel writers specifies that the first persons to learn of Jesus’ resurrection did so at the crack of dawn on Sunday, the first day of the week that we name Sunday (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1).
Who Were the First People to Arrive at Jesus’ Empty Tomb?
Walking approached the tomb on Sunday morning, Mary Magdalene, Mary mother of James, and Salome fretted and discussed who would be the one to raise the big stone that had sealed the entrance. The team was astonished to see that the stone had already been rolled away when they got on the scene (Luke 24:1-2). The women were even more taken aback when they discovered that Jesus’ corpse had vanished. During the time they were still standing there, perplexed by what had transpired, an angel of the Lord arrived in white clothes that glowed like lightning and declared, “He is not here; he has risen!” ‘Remember what he said to you when he was still with you in Galilee: ‘The Son of Manmust be given into the hands of sinners, be crucified, and on the third day be risen again'” (Luke 24:6-7).
They reported what they had witnessed to the disciples, but only Peter and John were convinced.
In John 20:9, it is said that they “still did not comprehend from the Scriptures that Jesus had to be raised from the dead.” Mary Magdalene stayed at the empty tomb, her tears streaming down her face.
When Jesus appeared, she mistook Him for the gardener and inquired as to whether or not he had removed Jesus’ corpse from the scene.
Her faith in Jesus inspired her to inform the disciples that He was still alive, and she hurried to deliver them the good news, proclaiming, “I have seen the Lord!” (John 20:10-18).
Still Good News
Scholars will never be able to definitively determine which ancient tomb served as the real burial site of Jesus. It doesn’t matter where the tomb was or is; it’s empty. Jesus Christ has risen from the dead, defeating death and granting us eternal life. Articles that are related When Did Jesus Pass Away? In terms of the timeline of Jesus’ death and resurrection, we know very little. Did Jesus Really Descend Into Hell as He Claim to Have Done? Truths regarding the Crucifixion that are both beautiful and profound Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/jgroup Jeannie Myers is a freelance writer who lives in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains, where she enjoys the beauty of nature.
Reading, camping, singing, and playing board games with her children are some of Jeannie’s favorite pastimes.
Is the Good Friday Burial of Jesus Christ a Myth?
According to Luke the Good Friday Burial of Jesus Christ
The burial of Jesus Christ is a one-of-a-kind event. It differs from the norm on a variety of different levels. But, more importantly, where, when, and who arranged his funeral preparations, as well as the importance of his burial, are the characteristics that stand out. According to Luke, the Beloved Physician, Jesus Christ’s burial took place on a Friday evening in the year 30 A.D. Pilate granted Joseph’s request for the body of Jesus Christ, which was a private and personal one (Luke 23:52).
andtookdown, wrapped it in linen, He put it in a cave that had been hewn out of the rock, where no man had ever been laid before ” (Luke 23:53).
This refers to the day that Joseph removed Jesus’ body off the crucifixion and laid him to rest in Joseph’s tomb as mentioned above.
The Day of Preparation
As a result, the burial of Jesus took place in the late afternoon on the Day of Preparation. Although Matthew’s narrative of Jesus’ burial is fairly similar to Luke’s, Matthew’s version has more specific information. In addition, he agrees with Luke that Jesus’ burial took place on a Friday afternoon. He adds that “after the hour had arrived, a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who was also himself a follower of Jesus, appeared” (Matthew 27:57). Please keep in mind that he arrived in the evening on a Friday.
The Interment of Jesus Christ by Matthew
Following that, the Apostle Matthew provides us with evidence to support this assertion, as he writes: “Now the following day, which followed the day of preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate” (Matthew 27:62). The Bible does not expressly state that the Chief Priests and Pharisees paid a visit to Pilate on the Sabbath, as we can see in the preceding verse.
However, it does it in a more indirect manner than the original source. Because Matthew informs us that they paid a visit to Pilate the day after the preparations took place, this is the case. That particular day is the Sabbath.
How was the Burial Place of Jesus Determined?
Because of the approach of the Sabbath day and the late hour of the day when Jesus Christ died, there was a great deal of urgency in procuring a burial location for him as soon as possible. Because it was the Jews’ preparation day, and the sepulchre was close by, according to John, “they placed Jesus there because it was the Jews’ preparation day” (John19:42). Consequently, Joseph and Nicodemus picked the location of Jesus’ burial for three reasons. First and foremost, it was the most convenient location.
- As for the second reason, this cave would serve as a temporary cemetery because it was late in the evening on Preparation Day.
- He made use of his own personal grave, which he had prepared ahead of time for his own future funeral.
- When Joseph recommended that they bury Jesus in his own burial, Nicodemus was clearly taken aback, to say the least.
- The Jews have a straightforward approach to burial.
- This practice of interment on the same day as death has been a Jewish tradition for thousands of years.
According to John – They Made Hasty Arrangements for the Burial of Jesus
The corpse of Jesus Christ was buried in a new tomb by these two hidden disciples of Jesus Christ. Nicodemus, who came to Jesus in the middle of the night, and Joseph of Arimathaea are the two men. “Now, in the spot where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden; and in the garden, there was a fresh sepulchre, in which no man had ever been put before” (John 19:41). Joseph was a wealthy guy who also happened to be an honorable counselor, a nice man, and a kind man. As a result, he was able to speak with Pilate face to face.
Pilate was delighted to give it to him.
In addition, Nicodemus arrived, who had initially arrived to the tomb of Jesus in the middle of the night, and who had brought a combination of myrrh and aloes, weighing around one hundred pounds (John 19:39).
” Then they took the corpse of Jesus and wrapped it in linen cloths with the spices, according to the Jewish custom of burying” (John 19:39-40).
Where is the Burial Place of Jesus?
Jesus was crucified in a location known as “the site of a skull.” This photo was taken at a garden near Jerusalem. In addition, there is a cave in the garden. Joseph excavated that cave for the purpose of burying himself. He and Nicodemus buried Jesus Christ in that cavern. “And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified,” says the Bible.
“And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified” (Revelation 11:8). What was the location of Jesus’ crucifixion? As stated in the Bible, Jesus was crucified and buried in the city of Jerusalem.
5 Reasons the Burial of Jesus is Important
There are a variety of reasons why the burial of Jesus Christ is significant. However, one of the most important is the fact that it is a real location. You are welcome to come and view it for yourself. It is not a fictitious location, but rather a genuine location. As a second point, having a physical burial site for Jesus Christ acts as an official witness and testament to his death. He actually passed away. The Jews did not bury him alive, as was customary at the time. Many others saw him being buried in the cave in the garden, and they all observed it.
- And these witnesses are not disciples of Jesus, but rather members of the general public who have come forward.
- Third, they would not let him to be taken down from the cross until they were convinced he was no longer alive.
- Last but not least, the burial of Jesus Christ is important.
- Some cultures might bury a person alive, but the Jews would not do so.
- As a result, they buried Jesus Christ since he was no longer alive.
The burial of Jesus Christ is remarkable because it satisfies all of the prophecies that were made about it. It was also distinctive because of the way it unfolded, who was involved, and where it took place. Many nonbelievers still assume that Jesus’ burial was a hoax, despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary. However, if this were the case, a large number of unrelated persons would need to corroborate in order to do this. The truth of the issue is that when Joseph and Nicodemus buried Jesus in the former’s tomb, they didn’t intend for it to be a permanent resting place for him.
So the ladies returned to their own homes.
The Details of Jesus’ Burial Fulfilled Scripture
As a result, they noted the location so that they might return after the Sabbath to properly bury his remains. In the words of the Apostle Luke, “And the ladies who had come with him from Galilee followed after him and saw thesepulchres and the manner in which his body was placed” (Luke 23:55). They wanted to be certain that they knew exactly where they had dumped him before they left him. As a result, they would have an easier time finding him when they returned. As a result, they were completely unaware of what the Scriptures had to say about Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection until the day they intended to return to the tomb to “prepare” the corpse of Jesus for burial on the following day.
Remember how these two disciples had previously prepared Jesus’ body for burial in accordance with Jewish customs before Jesus died?
See, for example, John 19:38-40. However, because they were not in close proximity to them, these ladies were completely oblivious of what these disciples had done to them. Finally, the burial of Jesus provided conclusive evidence that he had died.
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Updated:2021-03-15 According to the Gospel of Luke, Jesus Christ was buried on Good Friday. The burial of Jesus Christ is a one-of-a-kind event. It differs from the norm on a variety of different levels. But, more importantly, where, when, and who handled his funeral arrangements, as well as the importance of his burial, are the characteristics that stand out. Luke, the Beloved Physician, claims to have discovered