Who Betrayed Jesus Peter

Peter and Judas: A Tale of Two Betrayals

When Jesus came to the earth, He did so with a purpose and a mission: to serve, to redeem by offering Himself as a sacrifice for our sins, and to build the church via His apostles until the day of His resurrection. The church was then tasked with the task of spreading the Gospel. Each of Jesus’ twelve disciples, who were hand-picked by Him, followed Him throughout their lives. Most Christians would agree that Judas and Simon Peter, two of the most well-known of these twelve, are diametrically opposed to one another.

However, a close examination of the Gospels reveals an intriguing pattern.

Peter was the one who was always losing his cool.

Peter had revelation from the Holy Spirit on the genuine character of Jesus.

By contrasting and contrasting these two guys, a picture of two sorts of sinners is painted: those who come to Jesus and those who do not.

What Do the Gospels Say about Judas?

Judas Iscariot’s early life may only be inferred from what is known about him now. The Gospel of John claims that he was the son of a man named Simon Iscariot, according to the Gospel of John. The title “Iscariot” is also up for question among experts, with some believing it relates to a place, a Jewish group, or even a slang term meaning liar. The last two scenarios are regarded the least plausible, although they are still being discussed. Judas is listed by name as one of the twelve apostles who were hand-picked by Jesus in all four of the Gospels.

  • There is no indication that Judas failed in this endeavor.
  • In John 12:6, the apostle adds that Judas was in charge of the apostle’s moneybag, a position of trust that required honesty and integrity.
  • The avarice of Judas is a theme that appears repeatedly in the Bible, notably in the Gospel of John.
  • In his Gospel, John illustrates the extent to which Judas’ desire of money extends.
  • He asked this question not because he cared about the poor, but because he was a thief, and having charge of the moneybag he used to help himself to what was put into it (John 12:4-6).

Given how desirous the religious leaders were to have Jesus arrested, it’s likely that he might have negotiated a property deal or political advantages in exchange. He asked for what he actually desired – financial gain – and received it.

What Do the Gospels Say about Peter?

This apostle, who was born Simon son of Judah and renamed Peter by the Lord Jesus, began his life as a fisherman in the town of Capernaum. Peter did have a wife, albeit it is not known who she was at this time. It is mentioned in all three of the Synoptic Gospels that Jesus cured his mother-in-law. His brother Andrew was also an apostle, and the two of them collaborated with the Sons of Zebedee, who were also apostles at the time of Jesus’ death. Peter, like Judas, is mentioned in all four Gospel accounts of Jesus’ life, and he would go on to write two more writings that would be included in the New Testament.

  • Peter and his brother were invited to be fishers of mankind.
  • According to Matthew, Jesus affirms that the Holy Spirit is directing Peter by saying, “Simon Peter responded, ‘You are the Christ, the Son of the living God,'” confirming that the Holy Spirit is guiding Peter.
  • As for you, I say, “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell will not prevail against it.
  • Peter was completely devoted to Jesus and His teachings, and he followed Him.
  • While Judas wrestled with greed, Simon Peter is characterized by arrogance and a short fuse.
  • Peter’s hubris was so powerful that, even after Jesus foretold his denial, he failed to repent of his sin.
  • ‘Truly, I tell you, this very night, before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times,’ Jesus declared to him.

“And all of the disciples agreed on this.” (Matthew 26:33-35; Mark 10:33-35).

His initial inclination was to attack the first person he came across.

He attempted to fight in the manner of a warrior, but this proved to be the incorrect strategy.

During the course of Jesus’ trial, he denied his Lord three times.

Peter betrayed his Savior in order to spare himself anguish and suffering.

He was still far from perfect; for example, he was reprimanded by Paul for refusing to associate with Christians who were not Jewish.

Peter’s conduct was changed once he was reminded to live like Christ.

Peter’s Christian journey was one of development, as he faced his sins, repented, and continued to progress. He placed his confidence in the proper place, in his savior Jesus Christ, and matured in character as a result of his faith in Christ.

How Did Judas and Peter Respond to Jesus Christ?

There has been a tremendous lot of discussion as to what Judas’ final motivation for betraying Christ was. Was it a case of sheer greed? Were his expectations dashed when Jesus did not lead a military uprising against Rome, as many had believed the foretold Messiah would? The question of whether or not Judas can be held accountable for his treachery is likewise a source of heated dispute. Was he complicit in this crime despite his displeasure with it? The verse “Then Satan entered Judas named Iscariot” in Luke 22:3 does not mention so.

  1. The manner in which Judas approached Jesus is perhaps the most obvious indicator that he felt differently about Jesus than the other disciples.
  2. It is recorded in Matthew’s narrative that when Jesus predicted that someone would betray Him, “and they were exceedingly unhappy, and one after another they started to cry to him, ‘Is it I, Lord?'” (Matthew 26:22; Mark 12:22).
  3. It is recorded in the Gospel of John that the disciple asked Jesus, “Lord, who is it?” as he leans back on Jesus’ feet.
  4. A significant discrepancy may be found in the Gospels’ account of Judas’ interrogation: “Judas, who would betray him, said, ‘Is it I, Rabbi?'” “He told him, ‘You have said so,'” he explained (Matthew 26:25).
  5. Judas addressed Him as “Rabbi.” This Hebrew term meaning teacher was an honorable and distinguished title that acknowledged Jesus’ understanding of the Old Testament, but it did not accept Jesus’ divinity, authority, or due status as the Son of God, as the New Testament does.
  6. Jesus was only a guy in Judas’ eyes.
  7. The fact that he had betrayed someone who had not committed a crime and who had been condemned rather than the murderer Barabas made him feel awful.
  8. Peter, on the other hand, was well aware of who Jesus Christ was.
  9. He was well aware that he was the Son of the Living God.
  10. When Jesus appeared to Judas, he performed the same miracles and taught him the same things as the other apostles and disciples.

He did not place his confidence in Jesus in the same way that Peter did. The essential distinction between Judas and Peter is their differing perspectives on who Jesus was and what he did.

What Can We Learn from These Two Men?

Both Peter and Judas fought with sin during their time with Jesus throughout His earthly ministry – one with pride, the other with greed – but they were able to overcome their difficulties. They both sat at His feet, watched His miracles, and learnt about the Kingdom of Heaven throughout their time with Him. Both Peter and Judas made the decision to betray Jesus on the night of Passover. Judas sold the Rabbi to the religious officials in order to achieve financial benefit, while Peter denied any relationship with the man whom He addressed as Lord.

  1. Both of them betrayed their Lord, but only one of them came to repent.
  2. Jesus made bold statements about Himself, and his claims were backed up by miracles like as healing the sick, feeding the hungry, and raising the dead prior to His crucifixion and death.
  3. In the end, Judas was unable to bring himself to place his faith in Jesus Christ, which finally led to his demise.
  4. The apostle Peter placed his trust in Jesus, despite the fact that he first looked to be struggling with external sins; in fact, Jesus said that Peter did not always grasp His teachings.
  5. Even after he had betrayed Jesus by denying Him and failing to defend Him at the trial, he returned.
  6. This is an example that Christians can follow in the modern era.
  7. Sin and mistakes will occur, but God is always willing to forgive and forget.


Calvin, Jean, David Torrance, and Thomas Torrane are all members of the Torrane family. A Musical Arrangement of the Gospels Volume 1 of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. The William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1994. Alfred Edersheim’s work is a good example of how to combine a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah are detailed in this book.

  • The William B.
  • Feinberg, John S., and Basinger, David.
  • Kregel Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 2001.
  • On the subject of illustrious men The CUA Press, in Washington, D.C., published this book in 1999.
  • Dwight.
  • Dwight.” Jesus Christ’s Words and Deeds are the foundation of the Christian faith.
  • Source: Public Domain Image courtesy of Leonardo Da Vinci

Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer. She writes a religion and lifestyle blog, graceandgrowing.com, where she ponders the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, as well as other topics.

Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer. She writes a religion and lifestyle blog, graceandgrowing.com, where she ponders the Lord, life, culture, and ministry, as well as other topics.

Which Disciple Betrayed Jesus

Every month, over 6,000 people search for the answer to the question, “Who betrayed Jesus?” Jesus was betrayed by two of His closest disciples, Judas and Peter, according to the truth. Although Peter and Judas both betrayed Jesus, there are fundamental variations in their methods of betrayal. They did not conspire to betray Him as a group. And they didn’t betray Him in the same manner that they could have. There were differences in their motivations, reactions, and results, as well as differences in the outcomes themselves.

Judas, the betrayer

By the time the Gospel authors were ready to record their encounters with Jesus, enough time had passed for them to reflect on all that had transpired during their time with him. It is possible to acquire brief glimpses of their sentiments about Judas as a result of this. The three Gospel authors who spent time with Jesus, Matthew, Mark, and John, are nearly unable to control their emotions. Every single one of them includes personal comments about Judas in their narrative. Towards the end of Matthew’s introduction to the disciples, he concludes with Judas, saying, “.

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It was around this period that Jesus alienated many of His disciples by talking of eating His flesh and drinking His blood, according to John.

Peter answered in a sensible manner, “Who, Lord, do you want us to go?

We have come to accept and recognize that you are the Holy One of God, and we thank you for that “(See also John 6:68–69.) John goes on to say: “Jesus then said, ‘Have I not selected you, the Twelve?’ ‘Yet one of you is a demon,’ says another.

Judas’s problematic behavior

In retrospect, it’s likely that the disciples compared notes and concluded that something wasn’t quite right with Judas from the start. Nonetheless, there was no reason not to provide the benefit of the doubt to Judas at the moment. However, the Gospel authors reveal that there were issues with Judas from the beginning. This is the narrative that John tells us: Approximately six days before the Passover holiday, Jesus traveled to Bethany, where Lazarus resided, whom Jesus had resurrected from the grave six days before the holiday.

  • Meanwhile, Lazarus was among those seated around the table with him, serving as his server.
  • Furthermore, the perfume enveloped the entire house with its scent.
  • It was worth the equivalent of a year’s earnings.” In fact, he did not say this because he cared about the poor, but rather because, in his capacity as keeper of the money bag, he used to take advantage of the situation by taking what was placed in it (John 12:1–6, emphasis added).
  • They probably all noticed him doing things that were out of the ordinary, but they didn’t pay attention to them.

Most likely, it was at this point that they began to notice Judas’s habits. Judas makes a great deal about caring for the poor in this scene, but John reveals that his true purpose was to pilfer the money from the poor.

Striking a deal with the chief priests

The decision to betray Jesus comes at some time, and Matthew informs us that Judas is the one who approaches the chief priests and arranges a deal: “What are you ready to offer me if I bring him up to you?” demanded one of the Twelve, the man known as Judas Iscariot, as he approached the chief priests. As a result, they counted out thirty pieces of silver for him. The rest of Matthew 26:14–16 tells how Judas waited for a chance to deliver him up to the authorities. What could possibly motivate him to do such a thing?

  1. Because of this, it is possible that Judas was filled with regret when, instead of demonstrating His might and strength, Jesus was captured and condemned to die.
  2. It also helps to explain why Judas promptly returned the money he had taken as a reward for betraying the Lord and then proceeded to hang himself (Matthew 27:1–5) once he was caught.
  3. The following is Luke’s account of Judas’ betrayal: In preparation for the Passover festival, the chief priests and other teachers of the law were scrambling to find a method to expel Jesus from Jerusalem because they were scared of the people’s reaction to his teachings.
  4. Afterwards, Judas proceeded to the leading priests and officers of the temple guard, where he discussed with them the possibility of betraying Jesus.
  5. Then he consented and waited for a moment to deliver Jesus over to them when there was no throng around (Luke 22:1–6, emphasis added).
  6. Apparently, Luke wants us to realize that there were supernatural powers at work in this situation.
  7. As soon as Jesus passed his test, Luke informs us that “after the devil had done all of his enticing, he withdrew and left him till an appropriate moment” (Luke 4:13).
  8. Judas then led the leading priests and guards into the garden, adding more agonizing insult to the wounds.
  9. “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?” Jesus said, knowing why Judas was present.

Judas, the son of perdition

When all was said and done, Judas’s image had been tarnished irreparably. As a misunderstood person in need of compassion, the other disciples never looked him in the eyes again. The last chapter of John’s Gospel contains Jesus’ prayer to God for the protection of the disciples. He makes the following observation: “While I was with them, I protected them and kept them secure by using the name you gave me,” he says. Except for the one who was condemned to destruction, no one has been lost in order for Scripture to be fulfilled (John 17:12, emphasis added).

The employment of the same terminology in this context is not an accident. Judas allowed himself to be used by the devil to accomplish evil purposes, and Judas will never be remembered for anything other than his role as a traitor. This is in stark contrast to Peter’s previous experience.

Peter turns his back on Jesus

There’s no denying that Peter was a vital member of the community. Peter was a member of Jesus’ inner group, along with the brothers James and John. Jesus was acknowledged as the long-awaited Messiah by both Peter and the rest of the disciples. As a result, how did Peter come to betray his Lord and Savior? A Passover feast is the setting for this story, which takes place immediately before Jesus is arrested. Towards the end of the evening, they engage in the following conversation: Jesus then informed them that “this very night you will all slip away as a result of my presence, for it is written: ‘I will strike the shepherd, and all the sheep of the flock will be dispersed.'” I will, however, travel ahead of you into Galilee once I have risen from the dead.” “Even if everything falls apart because of you, I will never give up.” Peter said.

In response, Jesus stated, “Truly I tell you, this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown me three times.” Nevertheless, Peter stated, “Even if it means dying with you, I would never abandon you.” Matthew 26:31–35 indicates that all of Jesus’ other disciples agreed with him.

Peter can’t envision ever being in a position where he would be forced to deny his Lord.

This discussion most likely influenced Peter’s decision to chop off the ear of the high priest’s servant in order to establish his allegiance (Matthew 26:51).

Peter denies Jesus

In Peter’s defense, when the priests arrested Jesus, the majority of the disciples fled the scene. As a result, Peter wasn’t the only one who turned his back on the Lord. Peter got himself into difficulty when he was mistakenly recognized as a disciple of Jesus in the courtyard:Now Peter was sitting out in the courtyard when a servant girl came up to him and introduced herself as a follower of Jesus. Then she went on to say, “You were also with Jesus of Galilee.” He, on the other hand, denied it in front of everyone.

Then he proceeded out to the entryway, where he was noticed by another servant girl, who informed the people in the vicinity that “this person was with Jesus of Nazareth.” He rejected it once more, this time with an oath: “I don’t know who he is!” The people who had been standing there for a time approached Peter and remarked, “Surely you are one of them; your accent gives you away.” Afterwards, he began to pour down curses on them, and he declared to them, “I don’t know who this man is!” Immediately, a rooster began to crow.

That’s when Peter remembered the words Jesus had said to him earlier: “You will repudiate me three times before the rooster crows.” Matthew 26:69–75 describes him going outdoors and weeping hard.

What is the difference between these betrayals?

In contrast to Judas, Peter’s reputation was not tarnished for the rest of his life. At Pentecost, Peter takes over as the chief apostle, presenting a speech that inspires more than 3,000 people to join Jesus. Finally, his devotion to Jesus would lead to his execution at the hands of those he had chosen. Why did Judas’ treachery completely destroy his life, whilst Peter appeared to emerge from his ordeal stronger and more passionately devoted than before? First and foremost, Judas’ betrayal was a cruel act.

It’s possible that he never imagined for a second that Jesus would be tried, convicted, and condemned to death, but that doesn’t really matter.

On top of that, Judas’s character flaws made him a candidate for Satan to exploit as a weapon to bring Jesus’s ministry to a premature conclusion.

A stressful circumstance, on the other hand, had a negative impact on Peter.

He had no intention of betraying Jesus in any way. When compared to Judas’s premeditated betrayal, Peter was caught off guard in a scenario when he was overcome by terror. Is this sufficient justification for his denial? No, but it helps to make things more clear.

Conflicting examples of remorse

While both Judas and Peter expressed regret in their respective accounts, there is much to be learned from their responses to their sins. Judas attempted to return the money he received in exchange for handing Jesus in right away. He was well aware that what he’d done was terrible, and he confessed to the priests, saying, “I have sinned because I have betrayed innocent blood.” When the chief priests refused to accept the money, Judas tossed the money into the temple and walked out of the building.

  • When Peter understood that he had done precisely what Jesus had indicated he would do, he broke down and sobbed loudly.
  • He didn’t let his embarrassment keep him from socializing.
  • When the disciples are out fishing and Peter sees Jesus on the shore, he doesn’t waste any time in recognizing him and calling out to him.
  • Instead of driving him away from Jesus, his grief draws him closer to him.
  • “Simon son of John, do you love me?” Jesus said yet another time.
  • “Take good care of my sheep,” Jesus instructed.
  • Peter was saddened when Jesus questioned him, for the third time, “Do you love me?” Peter didn’t know how to respond.

‘Jesus said,’ he said “Please feed my sheep.

Afterwards, he instructed him to “Follow me” (John 21:15–19).

They’d heard Him preach on the need of loving one’s adversaries.

Regardless of the cause, their similar encounter with Jesus prompted them to respond in very different ways.

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Peter had faith in the kindness and grace of his fellow disciples as well as in the Lord, while Judas had no such confidence.

Although Judas spent years traveling beside Jesus, he never completely understood the lesson that kindness wins over judgment, and so when he needed mercy, he didn’t know where to turn.

Remember to run toward Jesus

Every single one of us will make errors at some point in our lives. We can only hope that they are not deliberate acts of disobedience, but even if they are, we must not allow such sins to drive us from God’s presence. Our greatest need for Jesus is when we are at our lowest points. And if there is anything we can take away from the contrast between Peter and Judas, it is that we should always use our failings to push us into the arms of Jesus. Looking for inspiration to get you through a difficult time?

Denial of Peter – Wikipedia

It is referred to as the Denial of Jesus (or Peter’s Denial) when it is referred to three acts of denial of Jesus by the Apostle Peter, which are recorded in all four Gospels of the New Testament. Jesus foretold that Peter would deny knowledge of him during the Last Supper with his followers, predicting that Peter would disavow him before the rooster crowed the next morning, according to the fourCanonical Gospels. As a result of Jesus’ imprisonment, Peter denied knowing him three times. However, after the third denial, Peter heard the rooster crow and remembered the prediction just as Jesus turned to look at him.

TheRepentance of Peter is the name given to this final occurrence.

The Denial of Saint Peter by Caravaggio, which is currently on display at theMetropolitan Museum of Art, is an example.

Biblical accounts

The prediction made by Jesus during theLast Supper that Peter will deny and disown him appears in the Gospels of Matthew26:33–35, Mark14:29–31, Luke22:33–34, and John18:15–27, as well as the Gospel of Mark14:29–31 and the Gospel of Luke22:33–34. The narratives of Jesus’ denial in the Gospels are distinct from one another. According to the Gospel of Matthew, Peter said, “Even though the whole world turns against you because of you, I will never abandon you.” The three times you will disavow me will take place this very night, before the rooster crows.” Nevertheless, Peter stated, “Even if it means dying with you, I would never abandon you.” All of the other disciples agreed with this statement.

  • The following is the first refusal to a servant girl recorded inLuke 22:54–57: Then they apprehended him and took him away, taking him into the residence of the high priest.
  • A servant girl happened to see him sitting there in the dim light of the fireplace.
  • “This man was with him.” He, on the other hand, disputed it.
  • According to Mark 14:69–70, the second denial to the same girl is as follows: When the servant girl noticed him there, she exclaimed once again to others standing about, “This guy is one of them.” He denied it once more.
  • Immediately, a rooster began to crow.
  • The following is how the Gospel of Luke22:59–62 depicts the time of the last denial: A few minutes after that, another person stated, “Certainly this man was with him, for he is a Galilean.” “Man, I haven’t got a clue what you’re talking about!” Peter said.
  • In a sudden turn, the Lord fixed Peter with his gaze.
  • Peter remembered what the Lord had said to him.
  • John’s Gospel, in chapter 18, verses 13–27, depicts the events surrounding the three denials as follows: In the company of another disciple, Simon Peter followed Jesus.
  • The other disciple, who was well-known to the high priest, returned, talked with the girl who was on duty at the time, and led Peter inside the temple.
  • Then he clarified, “I’m not.” … “You are not one of his disciples, are you?” the question was posed to Simon Peter as he stood warming himself.

At that point, a rooster began to call out again, and Peter rejected it once more. Following Jesus’ resurrection, the Gospel of John21:15–17tells the story of how Jesus questioned Peter three times whether he loved him, a reference to Peter’s recovery following his repentance.

Context and traditions

For the majority of the three years that Jesus spent in ministry, gathering and teaching disciples, he was observed, criticized, and harassed by scholars and priests who were interested in his teachings. In some circles, his teachings were regarded as heretical, and his actions in gathering a group of disciples were interpreted as having political motivations. The capture and trial of Jesus were the pinnacle of this hostility toward him. Peter was one of the twelve disciples who were most intimately acquainted with Jesus.

His denials come in the face of the accusation that he was “with Jesus,” a term that refers to the bond of discipleship that binds them together.

Matthew emphasizes the importance of public witness as an essential element of discipleship throughout his Gospel, as stated in Matthew 10:32–33: “It is impossible to be a disciple unless you bear witness in public.” “Whoever acknowledges me in front of other people, I will also acknowledge him in front of my heavenly Father.

  • Additionally, Matthew has previously reported Jesus’ teaching on the use of an oath: “Again, you have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but you shall perform your oaths to the Lord,'” Matthew says.
  • You also should not swear by your head because you cannot make a single hair white or black with your hands.
  • Although Peter’s rejection is described in the New Testament, it is not portrayed in its entirety.
  • His denial progresses from a plea of ignorance, to a denial plus anoathand then to cursing and swearing with a total denial that he ever knew Jesus.
  • The sound of the rooster then brings a shock to Peter that Jesus had predicted the three denials.

In this episode, as often elsewhere in the Gospel of Mark, Peter acts as the focus of the apostles, and an essential Christological image is presented: the denials of Peter contrast with the frank confessions of Jesus inhis trial by the Sanhedrin, portraying his faithfulness as prophet, Son and Messiah.

The triple denial is also echoed in Peter’s triple refusal to eat the animals when he has avision of a sheet with animalsinActs10.

In the Gnostic Apocalypse of Peter, Jesus denies Peter “three times in this night” as not ready for inner sight, 72,5. Both details of “three times” denied and “in this night” being present suggests a relationship to the canonical portrayal of the Denial of Peter.

Prayers and traditions

BishopLancelot Andrewes penned the following prayer: “O Lord Jesus Christ, gaze upon us with those eyes of thine as thou dist glance upon Peter in the hall; that we may repent and, by the same love, be forgiven, like Peter; for the sake of thine unending charity.” Amen. Saint Ambroses remarked, in reference to the tears shed by Peter during his repentance in the context of the Sacrament of Penance, that “in the Church, there are water and tears: the water of Baptism and the tears of repentance.” The “tears of repentance,” as illustrated by Peter, have traditionally been regarded as a symbol of both sadness and consolation, and as a sign of crimes confessed and pardon sought at the same time.

The Denial of Peter is the fourth station of the Scriptural Way of the Cross, which was instituted in 1991 by Pope John Paul II as a variation of theStations of the Cross and is performed each Good Fridayat the Colosseum in Rome.

During Holy Week in Jerusalem, vigils occasionally come to a spot that has historically been regarded the site of Peter’s repentance.

In art and music

For hundreds of years, artists have used the incident as the inspiration for their works of art. Additionally, musical versions of the Passion tale have been performed to portray it. In a variety of materials and approaches, from a 6th century mosaic at the Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo to Russian icons and oil paintings by numerous great artists, it has been represented, including a 6th century mosaic at the Basilica of Sant’Apollinare Nuovo. The topic was occasionally featured in cycles of the Life of Christ or the Passion, and was frequently the only scene in the cycle that did not feature the figure of Christ.

  1. The servant girl recognizes Peter and holds the candle in her hand, illuminating his face.
  2. Peter’s features are turned away from Jesus, and he gestures with his left hand, despite the fact that his look is not one of hostility toward Jesus.
  3. A favorite aspect of Caravaggio’s image, according to the author George Weatherhead, is the way Peter’s face are twitching with nervousness and uncertainty, knowing of the shameful lie he is saying.
  4. It is worth noting that Caravaggio utilized the same head of a lady as he used in his representation of The Beheading of Saint John the Baptist to portray the servant girl in this picture.
  5. A seminal treatise by the JesuitCardinalRobert Bellarmine (1542–1621) was the catalyst for this event.
  6. Numerous composers have set the Passion tale to music, and the result is a diverse range of styles.
  7. Bach conveys the event of Peter’s denial with tremendous poignancy in both theSt Matthew Passion and theSt John Passion, which are both composed by him.

Gardiner (2013) writes on page 365, “Inevitably, we suffer with Peter; nonetheless, the difficult issue Bach invites us to confront is whether any of us would have emerged from his tragedy with better credit? “.

  • Artists who have expressed their denial of Saint Peter include Jan van der Venne (Denial of Saint Peter)
  • Knüpfer (Denial of Saint Peter)
  • Gerard van Honthorst (The Denial of Saint Peter, c. 1618–20)
  • And Gerard van Honthorst (The Denial of Saint Peter, c. 1618–20).

See also

  • The Confession of Peter
  • Thomas the Doubting
  • Harmony in the gospels
  • Jesus foretells his own death. The life of Jesus as depicted in the New Testament


  1. Unlike the Synoptics, Peter does not appear to respond to the crowing of the rooster in the Gospel of John
  2. He is also not stated to recollect Jesus’ prophesy or to show sorrow over his denials.


  1. This is known as “The Denial of St. Peter.” The North Carolina Museum of Art is located in Raleigh, North Carolina. Cullmann 1969, p. 105
  2. Perkins 2000, p. 85
  3. Lange 1865, p. 499
  4. BodaSmith 2006, p. 110
  5. Binz 1989, p. 54
  6. Herrington 1992, p. 900
  7. Witherington 1998, p. 350
  8. “The Apocalypse of Peter” (The Book of Revelation). The Nag Hammadi Library is a treasure trove of knowledge. Retrieved on 2018-04-19
  9. “Catechism of the Catholic Church,” also retrieved on 2018-04-19. “Station 4, Jesus is refused by Peter,” according to BodaSmith (2006), p. 223
  10. “Station 4, Jesus is denied by Peter.” Stations of the Cross. Vatican. Retrieved 2018-04-19
  11. Monti 1993, p. 150
  12. Durham 2004, p. 162
  13. Weatherhead 1834, p. 232
  14. Varriano 2006, p. 110
  15. Hall 1983, pages. 10, 315
  16. Hall 1983, p. 110
  17. Hall 1983, p. 315
  18. Hall
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  • Aitken, Jonathan (2006),Prayers for People Under Pressure, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN 978-0-8264-8275-4
  • Binz, Stephen J. (1989),The Passion and Resurrection Narratives of Jesus: A Commentary, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN 978-0-8264-8275-4
  • Aitken, Jonathan (2006),Prayers for People Under Pressure, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN 978-0-8264-8275-4
  • Binz, Stephen J. (2006), Boda, Mark J., and Smith, Gordon T. (2006),Repentance in Christian Theology, Liturgical Press, ISBN 978-0-8146-5175-9
  • Broadhead, Edwin Keith (1994),Prophet, Son, Messiah: Narrative Form and Function in Mark 14-16, Liturgical Press, ISBN 978-0-8146-1771-7
  • Boda, Mark J., and Smith, Gordon T. (2006),Repentance in Christian Theology, Lit a C Black,ISBN978-1-85075-476-3
  • Cullmann, O. (1969),Gerhard Kittel
  • Gerhard Friedrich (eds. ),Theological Dictionary of the New Testament, vol. VI, translated by Bromiley, Geoffrey William,Wm. B. Eerdmans,ISBN978-0-8028-2248-2
  • Durham, John I. (2004),The Biblical Rembrandt: Human Painter in a Landscape of Faith, Mercer University (2000). Peter is known as the “Apostle of the Whole Church.” Caravaggio: The Art of Realism, Pennsylvania State University Press, ISBN 978-0-271-02717-3
  • Weatherhead, George Hume (2006), Caravaggio: The Art of Realism, Bloomsbury, ISBN 978-0-567-08743-0
  • Varriano, John L. (2006), Caravaggio: The Art of Realism, Bloomsbury, ISBN 978-0-567-08743-0
  • Varriano, John L. (2006), Caravaggio: The (1834), A Pedestrian Tour of France and Italy, by the author Simpkin, Marshall
  • Witherington, Ben (1998), The Acts of the Apostles, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, ISBN 978-0-8028-4501-6
  • Simpkin, Marshall
  • Witherington, Ben

Why Did Peter Deny Jesus after Everything?

It is recorded in all four gospel accounts: Matthew 26:69-74, Mark 14:66-72, Luke 22:55-62, and John 18:15-18, 25-27, as well as Mark 14:66-72 and Luke 22:55-62.

Weakness and Fear Led Peter to Deny Jesus

Peter’s denial was motivated by feelings of inadequacy and dread. Following the Last Supper, Jesus led His followers to the Garden of Gethsemane, where they would wait for His arrest. While He was out praying by Himself, Jesus instructed them to be attentive and prayerful until He returned. When Jesus came to them, He discovered that the disciples had fallen asleep. Despite the fact that the spirit was willing and the flesh was weak, Jesus cautioned Peter to remain awake and pray. Although Peter had been warned, he fell asleep, and it was too late for him to pray for the strength to withstand the challenge that was ahead of him.

  • He was briefly eaten by the devil because of Peter’s frailty, which manifested itself when he rejected the Lord three times because he wasn’t prepared in prayer and misjudged the level of his own weakness.
  • In spite of the fact that all of Jesus’s other disciples fled (Mark 14:50), Peter remained at Jesus’ side after his arrest and followed him from a distance (Mark 14:54).
  • Peter was terrified that Jesus would be killed, and now he was terrified for his own life.
  • During a private conversation with Peter, Jesus explained that Satan had requested permission to sift Peter like wheat (Luke 22:32).
  • Not only did Peter encourage and support the other followers of Jesus, but he himself rose to the position of pillar of the early church, passing on his knowledge and training to others (Acts 2).
  • Peter’s shortcomings, which included his three denials of Christ, were utilized by the Lord God to transform him from Simon, a commoner, into Peter, the Rock.

The Story Behind Peter’s Denials

After following the gang of soldiers and religious officials who had captured Jesus, Simon Peter and the Apostle John arrived to the “courtyard of the high priest,” where they were detained (John 18:15). A servant girl approached Peter in the courtyard and inquired as to if he was a follower of the Lord Jesus, which Peter categorically rejected (John 18:16-18). More than one figure asked Peter the same question over and over again, according to John’s account, “they” inquired whether or not he was one of Jesus’ disciples (John 18:25).

Peter denied knowing the Lord Jesus for the second time in as many days (John 18:25). Malchus claimed that he saw Peter in the Garden of Gethsemane with the Lord Jesus shortly after (John 18:26). Peter then refused Jesus a third time, precisely as the Lord Jesus had said would happen (John 18:27).

Peter’s Denials and Christ’sTestimony

Throughout the book, John shifts his readers back and forth between Peter’s denials and Christ’s testimony before Annas, in order to enable them comprehend the stark difference between the Lord and Peter. When Jesus was put on trial, He did not back down, but instead confronted the high priest and his court (John 18:19-24). Due to the fact that he was not interrogated by a person of authority such as the high priest, but rather by servants, Peter was unable to testify to the truth under these circumstances.

Peter, on the other hand, could not stand up for justice against the strong, even though he knew it would cost him his life.

Similarly to Jesus’ trial, Peter is subjected to the evidence of three witnesses (Matthew 26:57-64; 69-74), but here is where the similarities between the two trials end.

In front of the female servants, Peter rejects the reality of who Jesus is.

Peter’s Restoration to Gospel Ministry

Despite his many sins, Peter shows signs of repentance in his weeping (Matthew 26:75) and later restoration (John 21:15-19), indicating a sincere heart. No matter how much we have sinned or how deep our crimes have gone, it is never too late to repent and return to the Lord, since He compassionately forgives everyone who comes to Him in repentance for their sins, without exception. The tale of Peter’s reinstatement to the ministry in John 21:15-17 is told by the Lord Jesus himself. Peter was questioned three times whether he loved Jesus “more than these” after the disciples of Jesus completed having breakfast on the beach of the Sea of Tiberias after they finished their meal.

  • The question was presented to Peter three times by Jesus, which corresponds to the Apostle Peter’s three denials earlier in the chapter.
  • In John 21:15-19, Jesus instructs Peter in three distinct methods to feed and care for the sheep that have been entrusted to Him.
  • However, the command granted to Peter is not restricted to him alone; rather, it is extended to all of the apostles.
  • Church administrators have a responsibility to care for Christians, understanding that they are ultimately under the authority of Christ and that they require the truth of God’s Word for their well-being.
  • Christians are required to respond to this question, without which they will be unable to make any further progress in their discipleship to Christ.

“Do you love me perfectly?” Jesus never asks. “Do you love me perfectly?” “Do you love me as much as I deserve?” or “Do you love me as much as I deserve?” As a result, all sinners must be cast away from the church.

Why Does This Matter?

Jesus is pleading for our affection. If we are followers of Jesus, we may respond, “Lord, you know,” even when we are overwhelmed with self-doubt and guilt, like Peter did: “Lord, you know.” You are aware of all of my flaws, all of my limitations, and all of my requirements. But you’re also aware that, yes, I do care about you.” When it comes to loving Jesus better and more completely, the idea is that such an aspiration is motivated by a desire to adore Him in the manner in which He deserves to be worshiped by His redeemed people.

It is important that we are eager to open up the Word of Christ and zealous in the opening of our hearts in prayer.

Please accept my love for Thee even more!

Dave Jenkins and his wife, Sarah Jenkins, are in a happy marriage.

What was the reason behind Peter’s denial of Jesus?

QuestionAnswer Matthew 26:69–74, Mark 14:66–72, Luke 22:55–62, and John 18—18—25—27 all tell the tale of Peter’s triple denial of Christ, and all four Gospel versions tell the story of Peter’s threefold denial of Christ. But why would the leader of the disciples claim to have never heard of Him? Peter’s denial of Jesus was primarily motivated by two factors: weakness and fear. Peter’s denial was partially motivated by weakness, namely by the weakness that comes from human frailty. The Garden of Gethsemane was where Jesus led His followers after the Last Supper in order to await His arrest.

When He returned to them, He discovered that they had fallen asleep.

However, he fell asleep again, and by the time the soldiers arrived to arrest Jesus, it was too late for him to pray for the strength to survive the suffering that lay ahead of him.

Nevertheless, Peter learned his lesson about being vigilant, and he encourages us in 1 Peter 5:8, “Be on the lookout, for your opponent, the devil, prowls around like a prey looking for someone to devour.” In his weakness, Peter was “devoured” for a brief while as he denied his Lord.

As a result, he denied his Lord.

Peter, to his credit, continued to accompany Jesus after His arrest, despite the fact that everyone else had fled (Mark 14:50).

There’s no denying that he was paralyzed by terror.

Peter was terrified that Jesus would be killed, and he was also terrified for his own life.

Prior to this, Jesus had cautioned His followers, as well as us today, saying, “Remember that the world hated me first, and that it will hate you as well” (John 15:18; cf.

Peter immediately discovered that he wasn’t quite as bold and fearless as he had claimed, and out of fear, he turned his back on the One who had been faithful to him.

Jesus revealed to Peter that Satan had requested for permission to sift Peter like wheat and that Jesus had granted his request (Luke 22:31).

He was preparing Peter to be a stronger brother for his brothers (Luke 22:32).

And he continues to do so now via his epistles, 1 and 2 Peter, which serve to empower us.

Questions about Matthew (return to top of page) What was the underlying cause for Peter’s rejection of Jesus’ existence?

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