Map and History of Israel at the time of Jesus Christ
Israel was under Roman authority at the time of Jesus’ birth. The Roman conquest of Israel (63 BC.) was the culmination of a lengthy series of invasions that began with the Assyrians and Babylonians, continued with the Persians and the Greeks, culminating with Alexanderthe Great, and ended with the Romans. As early as the time of Jesus’ birth, the Romans had set up a government in Israel consisting of Roman overseers and local leaders who held and exercised authority in the name of the Roman Empire.
He is renowned for his monumental construction efforts throughout Judea, which include the enlargement of the SecondTemple in Jerusalem, which is known as Herod’s Temple.
One of Herod’s sons, Archelaus, was so violent in his exercise of authority in Jerusalem that Rome removed him from power and replaced him with one of its own governors, Pontius Pilate, who served as governor from 26 to 36 AD.
HerodAntipas, another of his sons, was responsible for the killing of John theBaptist, who was also a member of the royal family.
Jerusalem served as both the Jewish world’s capital and its geographic center.
Where Was Jesus Born? – Bethlehem, Check Location Map & Facts
Bethlehem was the location of Jesus’ birth. Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine’s West Bank territory, and Bethlehem is a town in that region, located on the southern side of the Judean-Judaean Hills, 6.2 miles (10 kilometers) south of the city of Jerusalem.
Location Map of Birthplace of Jesus
About the Map: This map depicts the location of the City of Bethlehem, which is the birthplace of Jesus, in the West Bank area of Palestine.
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem
Jesus was born in Bethlehem, Judea, about the year 6 B.C. In the beginning, his mother, Mary, was a virgin who was engaged to Joseph, a carpenter at the time of his birth. In terms of distance from Jerusalem, it is 6.2 miles (10 kilometers) south of the city, 37 miles (59 kilometers) southeast of Tel Aviv, Israel, 45 miles (73 kilometers) northeast of Gaza City and the Mediterranean Sea, and 47 miles (75 kilometers) west of Amman, Jordan It is presently the administrative center of the Bethlehem Governorate of the Palestinian Authority.
The property also comprises churches and convents belonging to the Latin, Greek Orthodox, Franciscan, and Armenian faiths, as well as bell towers, terraced gardens, and a pilgrimage path.
Birthplace of Jesus – Facts
|Jesus||Also called Jesus Christ, Jesus of Galilee, or Jesus of Nazareth|
|Birth Place||Bethlehem in Judea|
|Location||Bethlehem is a town in the West Bank region of Palestine|
|Born||Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC|
|Died:||c. 30 CE, Jerusalem, Israel|
|Jesus’ birth is celebrated on||December 25th|
|Mother of Jesus||Mary, also called St. Mary|
|Bethlehem Coordinates||31.7054° N, 35.2024° E|
World Countries and Capitals
It is believed that Jesus was born in Bethlehem, according to the writings of the Old Testament. Bethlehem is a Palestinian city in the West Bank area of Palestine, some six miles south of the capital, Jerusalem. It is a flashpoint in the ongoing Palestinian conflict. It is presently the administrative center of the Bethlehem Governorate of the Palestinian Authority. According to the New Testament’s narratives by the apostle Matthew, Jesus was born in a manger in the city of Bethlehem, according to the Bible.
As with the previous prophecy, Micah’s prediction verifies the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem — The one who will be ruler in Israel will come forth from Bethlehem and Ephrata, though you are a little town in comparison to the hundreds of other towns in Judah.
– Micah 5:2 (NASB) The majority of the reasons in opposition to Christ’s birth at Bethlehem are based on the fact that Jesus is referred to as Galilean and Nazarethian throughout the majority of the New Testament, which makes sense.
As a result, she gave birth to her firstborn Son, wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and lay Him in a manger since there was no room for them at the inn.” – Luke 2:4–7 (KJV) Following Jesus’ birth in Bethlehem during the reign of Herod the Great, wise men from the East came to Jerusalem, asking, ‘Where is He who has been born King of the Jews?'” Because we have seen His star in the East and have come to worship Him,'” they say.
- – Matthew 2:2 and 3.
- Not only is it one of the oldest churches in the world, but it is also designated as a World Heritage Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).
- Throughout history, this structure has been both demolished and rebuilt several times.
- While the discussion continues, there is a far larger controversy surrounding the birth of Jesus, which is still unresolved.
- If we accept the premise that Joseph and Mary were in Bethlehem to be counted in the census (Luke 2:1-4), it follows that such a census would not have been performed at the height of winter weather.
- Once again, this points to the beginning of autumn rather than the beginning of winter.
The date of December 25th has been mentioned as a possible choice for Christ’s birth in order to replace the pagan holiday of Yuletide, according to certain theories. Maps that are related: Map of the Religions of the World Palestine Map of the State of Israel
Journeys of Mary and Joseph Map
Approximately how many voyages did Mary and Joseph make before to and following the birth of Jesus? Why were they unable to return to Bethlehem? Mary and Joseph were both born in Nazareth, which is their hometown. During the year 5 BCE, soon before the birth of Christ, the Romans summon them to Bethlehem, where they must return to their ancestral house (they were both descended from King David’s line). After traveling around 80 miles (129 kilometers) to the city, where Christ would be born in a stall and placed in a manger, the couple returns to the countryside (Luke 2:1 – 20).
- On the eighth day after Mary gives birth to the Lord, Joseph leads the family to Jerusalem so that the Lord might be circumcised in accordance with the law of the Lord (Luke 2:21).
- The distance between the two points is only 6 miles (9.6 kilometers).
- During their visit, a priest called Simeon made a prophecy concerning Jesus’ life goal and blessed his parents, which is recorded in the Bible (Luke 2:22 – 35).
- The family then returns to Bethlehem, which is only a short distance away.
- The wise men (Magi) from the East travel to Bethlehem, guided by a star (an angel), to pay homage to the King of Kings, with Mary in attendance (verse 11).
- He is made aware of this because Herod the Greatwill issue a directive shortly thereafter ordering the execution of all male youngsters two years old and younger in and around Bethlehem (Matthew 2:16).
- It would have taken them at least 65 kilometers to go from Bethlehem to what is currently Egyptian-controlled territory (and hence outside of Herod’s jurisdiction) (40 miles).
The journey taken by Mary and her family to and from Egypt is a fulfillment of a Bible prophecy (Hosea 11:1).
As Mary and Joseph make their way towards Judea, they learn that Herod Archelaus, the eldest surviving son of Herod the Great, has been appointed as the new ruler of the region (Matthew 2:22).
According to John Gills’ Exposition of the Bible, he once marched his entire army into Jerusalem’s temple during Passover in order to assassinate 3,000 persons accused of being involved in revolt.
In order to return to their hometown of Nazareth, the family continues their journey northward (Matthew 2:22 – 23).
This son had a milder temperament than Archelaus, although he was still aggressive.
During his childhood and adolescent years, Jesus resides in the town of Nazareth (which fulfills the prophecy stated in Matthew 2:23).
If Jesus survives the death of his step-father, which occurs sometime between his 12th and 30th birthdays, he continues to reside in Nazareth until he travels to Capernaum to begin his public ministry.
Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem
Located 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem, on the spot that has been designated by Christian tradition as the birthplace of Jesus since the second century, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is worth a visit. There was originally a church there, which was completed in 339, and the edifice that rebuilt it following a fire in the 6th century still has magnificent floor mosaics from the previous structure. The property also comprises churches and convents belonging to the Latin, Greek Orthodox, Franciscan, and Armenian faiths, as well as bell towers, terraced gardens, and a pilgrimage path.
Lieu de naissance de Jésus: l’église de la Nativité et la route de pèlerinage, Bethléem
The property is located about 10 kilometers south of Jérusalem on the grounds of the locations that Christians have revered as the site of Jesus’ birth from the second century AD, according to Christian tradition. It was here that a church was built in 339, and the building that replaced it after a fire that occurred in the sixth century still has remnants of the former structure’s floor, which were created from mosaics. The complex also includes a number of churches and monasteries, including Greek, Latin, Orthodox, Franciscan, and Armenian structures, as well as cloisters, terraced gardens, and a pilgrimage path across the area.
مهد ولادة يسوع المسيح: كنيسة المهد وطريق الحجاج، بيت لحم
A total of 20 years have passed since the beginning of the project. Three hundred and forty-nine dollars and thirty-nine cents A spokesman for the company said: “The company is committed to providing the best possible service to its customers.” . source: UNESCO/ERIDescription is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 International License.
这一入选遗产位于耶路撒冷以南10公里，自从公元二世纪以来，就被基督教传统认定为耶稣的诞生地。 公元339年，在此建成第一座教堂，公元6世纪的火灾后，在此基础上重建的教堂保留了原有建筑精美的马赛克地板。 这一遗产地还包括拉丁、希腊东正教、方济会和亚美尼亚修道院和教堂，以及钟楼、露台花园和一条朝圣路线。 source: UNESCO/ERIDescription is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 International License.
Базилика Рождества Христова и тропы паломников
The location is around 10 kilometers from the city of Seychelles. Beginning in the second century A.D., this location is revered by the Slovak people as the site of the birth of исуса ристa. When the city was first established in 339 A.D., it was known as the “Egyptian City of Peace.” Following oap in the 6th century n.y., she was renovated, and as a result, it was possible to collect a variety of unusual musaacs. The list includes католиеские and равославне, including ранисканские and армнские, монастри and еркви, as well as колоколни, террасне сад, and тро аломников.
El Lugar de Nacimiento de Jesús: Iglesia de la Natividad y ruta de peregrinación en Belén
Located about 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem, the registered site is believed to be the location where Jesus Christ was born, according to Christian tradition. A first church was built in 399 B.C., but it was demolished by fire and replaced by another in the sixth century, which was demolished by fire again in the seventh century. Suelos de mosaico extraordinariamente elaborados, originating from the original structure, have been preserved in the current church. The site also includes conventos and churches of several denominations, including latinas, Greeks, Orthodoxes, Franciscans, and Armenians, as well as campanarios, terraced gardens, and a pilgrimage route.
UNESCO/ERI is the source of this information. The following description is accessible under the CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 license.
エルサレムの南方10kmに位置する生誕協会は、2世紀以降人々によってイエスの生誕地と考えられてきた場所に立つ。 339年に創始され、6世紀の火災後に再建されたもので、初期教会建築の顕著な例。 構成資産には、巡礼の最終目的地である生誕教会に向かう巡礼路や鐘楼、ひな壇式庭園のほか、ラテン・ギリシャ正教・フランシスコ会・アルメニア教会の修道院や教会なども含まれている。 生誕教会の建物の損傷が激しいことから、危機遺産にも同時に登録された。 source:NFUAJ
Geboorteplaats van Jezus: Geboortekerk en pelgrimsroute, Bethlehem
This location is located 10 kilometers to the south of Jeruzalem, on the site that has been recognized as the birthplace of Jesus by Christian tradition since the second century after Christ’s death and resurrection. In 339, a church was dedicated for the first time in history. In the sixth century, a brand was established. The current church, which retains the original vernacular, still has the whole set of vloermozaeken from the original church. There are also Latijnse, Greek-orthodox, Franciscaanse, and Armeense churches and chapels in the vicinity of the Geboorteplaats van Jezus’ burial site.
Outstanding Universal Value
a succinct summary Bethlehem is located 10 kilometers south of the city of Jerusalem in the lush limestone hill area of the Holy Land, 10 kilometers south of the city of Jerusalem. Historically, people have thought that Jesus was born at the location where the Church of the Nativity presently stands (Bethlehem) from at least the second century AD. In one specific cave, over which the first Church was erected, there is a long-held belief that the actual Birthplace of Christ took place. When it comes to pinpointing the Nativity, the location is significant since it both represents the beginnings of Christianity and is one of the holiest sites in all of Christendom.
- This church is covered by the current Church of the Nativity, which dates mostly from the mid-6th century AD (Justinian), but it has undergone some modifications since then.
- Since the early Middle Ages, the Church has gradually been assimilated into a larger complex of other religious structures, mostly monastic in nature.
- Bethlehem and the Church of the Nativity have been, and continue to be, a popular pilgrimage destination for more than 1700 years, at various times in history.
- Year after year, at Christmas festivities in Bethlehem, the Route is commemorated as the path taken by Joseph and Mary on their journey to Bethlehem, and it is ceremonially followed by the Patriarchs of the three churches at their various Christmas celebrations and formal trips to Bethlehem.
- As well as for the manner that over 1500 years, the fabric of the Church of the Nativity and its affiliations have come together to represent the immense spiritual and political effect that Christianity has had on human history.
Mary Major on the site believed to be associated with It is directly related with the birth of Jesus, an event of remarkable international significance, as evidenced by the fact that its structures were created in the 4th century AD and re-constructed in the 6th century AD, and that it is located on the Pilgrimage Route leading to it.
- Integrity The Church of the Nativity and its architectural ensemble, which includes the Armenian, Franciscan, and Greek Orthodox Convents, as well as an area of terraced ground to the east and a short portion of the Pilgrimage Route, are all included in the purchase of the property.
- As a result, it encompasses all of the structures that serve as the focal point of pilgrimage, as well as the cave that is believed to be the birthplace of Jesus.
- This evidence has not yet been properly analyzed and is generally intact.
- Additionally, in addition to delineating a functional roadway in a bustling city, this “width and line” now serves to define a commemorative path for a religious rite.
- These trees are not a part of the land, but they constitute an important component of the approach to the church and should be safeguarded and conserved.
- As a result of the dramatic growth in the number of vehicles, insufficient parking, and the presence of minor companies inside the old town, a polluted environment has developed that is damaging the façades of the Church of the Nativity as well as other structures along the Pilgrimage Route.
- New buildings, some of which are vast in scale, are disrupting the traditional urban fabric in the vicinity of the Church of the Nativity, resulting in a detrimental impact on views to and from the property, as well as on its sense of place and religious connections.
The three churches that have taken up residence on the site are responsible for maintaining its sacredness.
This commemoration and rebuilding bear witness to a seventeen hundred year-old tradition of believing that this grotto was, in fact, the birthplace of Jesus Christ.
Despite the fact that the majority of the existing church dates back to the 6th century AD, it still contains a portion of the 4th century floor and some of its walls and columns.
The Crusades, which resulted in one of the most significant increases in pilgrimage activity, are reflected in the additions made in the 12th century.
The buildings of one of the monastery complexes date back to at least the 12th century, and there is evidence of earlier monastic structures beneath the other complexes that date back to the 12th century.
To ensure that repair and restoration respect as much as possible of the existing fabric, which is essential to understanding the significance of the church, all elements of the church associated with the original church, its rebuilding in the 6thcentury, and its alterations in the 12thcentury must be clearly identified and a conservation plan agreed upon.
The current lack of control over development, traffic, and tourism in the immediate urban surrounds of the Church poses a threat to this relationship as well as the capacity of the property to express properly its spiritual connections to those who visit it.
The rapid increase in the number of vehicles, insufficient parking, and the presence of small industries within the historic town have resulted in a polluted environment that is negatively impacting the façades of both the Church and the buildings along the Pilgrimage Route, according to the local authorities.
- An advisory council appointed by the Palestinian President now serves as a complement to the management structure.
- The advisory committee, which was established by the Palestinian president in full cooperation with the three churches in charge of the church, has developed a technical plan for the restoration of the roof of the Church of the Nativity.
- The intervention to repair the roof of the church was identified as a priority by the multinational team that worked on the plan, and the work is likely to begin later this year or early next.
- One of the objectives of such a Strategy should be to integrate the results of the extensive investigation reports into a concise statement that expresses the relevance of each aspect within the context of a complete conservation philosophy relevant to the planned action.
The second major component, the Pilgrimage Route, which includes Star Street in Bethlehem, is a part of the Municipality of Bethlehem and is therefore subject to the provisions of the ‘Building and Planning Law 30, 1996’, the ‘Bethlehem Charter 2008’, the ‘Guidelines for the Conservation and Rehabilitation of the Historic Towns of Bethlehem, Beit Jala, and Beit Sahour, 2010,’ and the ‘General Rules for the Protection of the Historic Area and Historic Three goals have been set forth in the final two pieces of legislation: “protection,” “conservation,” and “rehabilitation.” The third piece of legislation is the “Charter,” which contains a declaration of principles as well as working techniques for achieving those goals.
Stronger regulations, on the other hand, are required to guarantee that the property’s urban surroundings is not eroded.
A Management Plan for the entire property will be produced by the Committee established to monitor the roof repairs, and this plan should describe an overarching management structure for the entire property, including the roof repairs.
The Plan also has to address improved management of tourists, since the supply of visitor amenities is having a negative influence on the fabric of the surrounding town’s infrastructure.
Construction on the Heritage for Development Project, which is being funded by the European Commission, is scheduled to conclude in December 2013; upon completion, a conservation plan for the historic town of Bethlehem, which will include bylaws for intervention within the historic town, a management plan for the historic town, and an intervention manual will be endorsed by the municipality of Bethlehem, according to the project’s timeline.
In addition, the team from the municipality is participating in the planning phase and is anticipated to have the necessary resources to handle the project’s outputs to the fullest extent possible after it is completed.
Where was Jesus born?
The events described in Matthew 2:1-2 and Luke 2:1-7 take place when Joseph and Mary leave Nazareth and go to Bethlehem in response to a census imposed by Caesar Augustus. The prophet Micah even foresaw the location of Jesus’ birth hundreds of years before the event really occurred (Micah 5:2).
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The significance of the birth of Jesus Information on the city of Bethlehem
Jesus was born in Bethlehem
‘Where is He who has been born King of the Jews?’ asked the wise men from the East when they arrived in Jerusalem following Jesus’ birth in Bethlehem during the reign of Herod the king, according to Matthew 2:1, 2. “Because we have seen His star in the East and have come to adore Him,” says the author. Secondly, in Luke 2:4-7, it reads, “Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is named Bethlehem, because he was of the family and lineage of David.
Links to Google Maps:
- Map of Bethlehem (courtesy of Google Maps)
- Map of Joseph and Mary’s journey (if they were to travel it today)
- And a list of resources.
The importance of Jesus’ birth
However, the fact that Jesus was born is far more important than the location of His birth. It was Jesus’ intention to come to earth and live among us, to be one of us. The angel announced to Mary that she would become the mother of a boy, whose given name would be “Immanuel,” which means “God with us” (Matthew 1:23). Those who believe in Jesus Christ will not perish but will have eternal life, as the apostle John wrote: “For God so loved the world that He gave His only born Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life” (John 3:16).
What happened in Bethlehem was a miracle in and of itself.
Other Information About Bethlehem
Today, the little town of Bethlehem is located in the limestone hill area of the Holy Land, some six miles south of Jerusalem. It is a popular tourist destination. In the traditional location of Jesus’ birth, stands the Church of the Nativity, the oldest Christian church still in continuous use. It is regarded one of the holiest sites in all of Christendom and is the oldest church still in continuous use in the world. Every year, around 2 million people come to see the birthplace of Jesus. The number of tourists is particularly high during the holiday season.
Locals joke that if Joseph and Mary turned up in Bethlehem today, they would find that there would still be no space in the inn for them.
It is referred to as “the city of David” (Luke 2:4) because it was the birthplace of Israel’s renowned king, King David.
Ruth gathered weeds in the fields of Boaz, which is located in Bethlehem (Ruth 1:22; 2:4). When the prophet Samuel anointed David as king of Israel, it was at Bethlehem that the event took place (1 Samuel 16).
Map of Areas Where Jesus Lived and Taught
The Geographical Areas in which Jesus Lived and Taught
Locations on the Map
- The cities of Phoenicia, Galilee, Decapolis, Samaria, Perea, and Juda are mentioned, as well as Mt. Hermon, Caesarea Philippi, Chorazin, Bethsaida, Capernaum, Magdala, Sea of Galilee, Gergesa, Tiberias, Hippo(s), Dion, Canatha, Nazareth, Gadara, Abila, Nain, Scyt
- Jerusalem, Ramah, Emmaus, the Mount of Olives, Jerusalem, Bethphage, Bethany, and Bethlehem are all places to visit in the Jerusalem area.
How The World Looked When Jesus Was Born, According to Roman Geographers
Approximately two thousand years ago, around the time when Jesus of Nazareth was born, the second Holy Temple in Jerusalem was still in use and still standing. The Great Pyramid of Giza had been standing for more than 2,500 years, yet the Library of Alexandria was still standing. The Colosseum had not yet been completed when I arrived in Rome. In some ways, it’s strange to think about the political geography of a time and place that’s also known throughout history as the backdrop for a timeless tale like the birth of Jesus Christ.
- As a result, in some ways, the finest knowledge available about the rest of the world in the region where Jesus lived was complete and accurate.
- Strabo is considered to be the most authoritative academic reference to the world into which Jesus was born today.
- An example of his tremendous accomplishments was a 17-volume geography that detailed in full the topography, cities, and cultural traditions of the world as it was known to the experts of his time.
- The province in which he resided had just been acquired a few years previously.
- Strabo would have studied rhetoric, grammar, and philosophy, which were the most regularly taught disciplines at the time; he would have read Aristotle; and he would have acquired mathematics.
- He spent a few years in Egypt and then journeyed south to Ethiopia, west to Italy, and as far east as Armenia before returning to the United States.
- Strabo as shown by an artist during the Age of Exploration, whose work was well admired.
This huge island, which was home to the majority of the world’s population, was restricted to a northern quarter of the planet and surrounded by oceans.
It is often believed that Libya was located to the south of the Mediterranean Sea; Asia was located to the east; Europe was located to the north.
In neither case does it appear to be a country that we now inhabit.) Britain was already well-known, and Mediterranean academics were aware of Scandinavia’s existence but were unaware of its full breadth.
In the year 2 A.D., a census of the Han dynasty revealed that its population was around 57.5 million people.
Apart from his personal trips, Strabo depended heavily on the reports of sailors, who sailed the seas by keeping coasts in sight; his information about India came from historians of Alexander the Great’s war, which had reached India around 300 years before Strabo’s time.
Despite the fact that this region was neither exceptionally wealthy or accomplished, it was considered strategically located in the Greek and Roman worldviews since it provided an overland access to Egypt.
‘An Egyptian priest named Moses’ led a group of followers who thought that God is “one thing that covers us all” to the location where the city of Jerusalem currently stands, according to the author.
This region was administered by King Herod the Great, who had been assigned by Rome as the ruler of all Jewish people not long before the birth of Jesus.
As a result of this, the order in this region of the globe had “degenerated,” according to Strabo.
(During Jesus’ lifetime, one of Herod’s sons was still in charge of the Galilee region, which included Nazareth.) The peace, on the other hand, would not continue for long.
In essence, Jesus of Nazareth lived in an unstable environment far away from any center of power–exactly the type of environment in which people may be particularly interested in a new religious vision for how to manage the volatility of the world.
Maps of New Testament story
|Map 4 – The Travels and Acts of Jesus in Year Three of His Ministry c AD29-30||THIRD PREACHING TOUR OF GALILEE Jesus travels from Capernaum to”his own native town”of Nazareth (Mk 6:1)In Nazareth, he isrejected for a second time(Mt 13:54; Mk 6:1) He continues through Galilee (Mt 13:58; Mk 6:6) andsends out the twelve apostles to preachthe Gospel (Mt 10:5; Mk 6:7; Lk 9:1) The Twelve returnto Capernaumfrom their mission (Mk 6:30, Luke 9:10)From Capernaum, they go off by boat with Jesus to a quiet place (Mk 6:32)near Bethsaida (Lk 9:10). Herehe feeds the 5,000(Mt 14:14; Mk 6:33; Lk 9:11; Jn 6:5)The disciples return across the Sea of Galilee (Mt 14:22; Mk 6:45),Jesus walking on the waterto join them (Mt 14:25; Mk 6:48; Jn 6:19). They land near the Plain of Gennesaret andJesus heals many peoplethere (Mt 14:34; Mk 6:53)From Gennesaret they make their way back to Capernaum(Jn 6:24) andJesus teaches about the Bread of Life(Jn 6:26) JESUS PREACHES AND HEALS IN SYRIAN-PHOENICIA, ITUREA and TRACHONITIS, THE DECAPOLIS Jesus retires from Galilee to the region of Tyre and Sidon in Syrian-Phoenicia (Mt 15:21; Mk 7:24) wherehe heals the daughter of the Gentile Syrophoenician woman(Mt 15:22; Mk 7:25). HeleavesSyrian-Phoeniciavia Sidonfor Galilee (Mt 15:29) buttravels through theDecapolis (Mk 7:31).In theDecapolis heheals the deaf and mute man (Mk 7:32) andfeeds the 4,000(Mt 15:32; Mk 8:1) Reaching the Sea of Galilee, he crosses by boat to the Magadan/Dalmanutharegion (Mt 15:39; Mk 8:10). Therethe Pharisees and Sadducees ask for a sign from heaven (Mt 16:1; Mk 8:11) Continuing on to Bethsaida,a blind man is healed(Mk 8:22)Jesus now travels from Galilee, north to Caesarea Philippi in Iturea and Trachonitis, wherePeter confesses that Jesus is the Christ(Mt 16:13; Mk 8:27)Continuing on from Caesarea Philippi possibly further north towards Mount Hermon, three of the disciples seeJesus Transfiguredin the presence of Elijah and Moses (Mt 17:1; Mk 9:2; Lk 9:28). On his return,Jesus heals the boy with epilepsy(Mt 17:14; Mk 9:14; Lk 9:37).Other traditions place the Transfiguration to the south, onMount Tabor. The epileptic boy would then have been healed in theGalileearea.In Galilee (Mt 17:22; Mk 9:30) in Capernaum (Mk 9:33),Jesus pays the Temple Tax with a fish!(Mt 17:24). Then to avoid the dangers in Judea,he remains inGalilee (Jn 7:1) LATER MINISTRY IN JUDEA Jesus leaves Capernaum and Galilee for the last earthly time (Mt 19:1; Mk 10:1) and heads for Jerusalem (Lk 9:51; Jn 7:10). Travelling by Samaria, heheals the ten lepers(Lk 17:11) but isrejected in a Samaritan village(Lk 9:52) Arriving in Jerusalem for the Feast of the Tabernacles in the Autumn of c AD29 (Jn 7:10), Jesusforgives the woman caught in adultery(Jn 8:2) andheals the blind manwho is taken before the Sanhedrin (Jn 9:1) During his travels in Judea, Jesusvisits Martha and Maryin Bethany (Lk 10:38), returning to Jerusalem for “Hanukkah”, the Feast of Dedication in December c AD29 (Jn 10:22) THE LAST FEW MONTHS – c AD30 Jesus withdraws toBethany-across-the-Jordan(or Bethabara “where John had first baptised”), and into the province of Perea, andstays for a while(Jn 10:40)Following the death of Lazarus, Jesus returns to Bethany near Jerusalem, andraises him (Lazarus) from the dead(Jn 11:1). Because of threats to his life,Jesus withdraws toEphraimto the north of Jerusalem (Jn 11:54)HIS MINISTRY IN PEREA (MODERN JORDAN) He then crosses the River Jordan and works in Perea(Mt 19:1; Mk 10:1). There heblesses the little children(Mt 19:13, Mk 10:13; Lk 18:15) andspeaks to the rich young man(Mt 19:16; Mk 10:17; Lk 18:18)THE FINAL JOURNEY TO JERUSALEM Jesus nowtravels towardsJerusalemfor the last time(Mt 20:17; Mk 10:32; Lk 18:31). Passing through Jericho heheals one (or two) blind men(Mt 20:29; Mk 10:46; Lk 18:35) and converts Zacchaeus the tax collector(Lk 19:1). Reaching Bethany(Jn 12:1) the home of Lazarus, Mary and Martha,Jesus is anointed by Maryeither now (Jn 12:2), or later (Mt 26:6; Mk 14:3) afterhis triumphal entry intoJerusalem (Mt 21:1; Mk 11:1; Lk 19:29; Jn 12:12) During theEaster week, Jesus returns toJerusalem each day afterstaying overnight inBethany on the Mount of Olives (Mt 21:17-18; Mk 11:11-12;19; Lk 21:37).|
Bethlehem – Where Jesus was Born in a Manger
Bethlehem is a town in the United States of America. Luke 2:4 (NIV) – “Joseph traveled from the village of Nazareth in Galilee to the town of Bethlehem in Judea, where he met Mary and Joseph. This was David’s hometown, and Joseph was descended from David’s line of descent.” FOLLOW THE DIRECTIONS ON THE MAP The Story of Bethlehem for Children of All Ages The city of Bethlehem, where Jesus was born in a manger, is depicted on this map. The fact that Jesus was born in Bethlehem is significant since it was predicted in Micah 5:2 that the Messiah would be born in the city of Bethlehem.
- As well as this, it was foretold that the Messiah would be descended from David’s line.
- You should now be aware of the location of Bethlehem, the place where Jesus and King David were born.
- His body was draped with a towel and tucked inside a box where cows were being fed.
- Luke 2:11 (NIV) – Today, in the town of David, a saviour has been born for all of you.
- As we learn from the Bible, geography and ancient cities are crucial to study.
- Help us to put our faith and obedience in you more and more every day.
- In the name of Jesus, Amen!
Arabic for Bethlehem “House of Meat,” also known in Hebrew as “House of Bread,” is a town in the West Bank located in the Judaean Hills about 5 miles (8 kilometers) south of Jerusalem in the West Bank. According to the Gospels (Matthew 2 and Luke 2), Bethlehem was the location of Jesus Christ’s birth. This has been tied to the notion that his birth in Bethlehem Ephrathah fits the Old Testament prophesy of Israel’s future king coming from the city of Bethlehem (Micah 5:2). Some modern New Testamentscholars feel that sections of the Gospel stories were later accretions and that Jesus was born in Nazareth, his boyhood home, while conventional Christian theology has consecrated Bethlehem as Jesus’ birthplace for over two millennia, according to the tradition of the Church.
- Possibly referenced in the Amarna Letters (14th-century-bce diplomatic letters discovered atTell el-Amarna, Egypt), it is a long-ago town whose exact location is unknown.
- Bethlehem is initially referenced in the Bible in connection with Rachel, who died by the side of the road near the settlement (Genesis 35:19).
- David’s grandson and the first king of the kingdom of Judah, Rehoboam, fortified the town following the split of the kingdom between Israel and Judah (II Chronicles 11).
- During the 2nd century, St.
- When St.
Conflicts over the jurisdiction of various faiths at the sacred site have erupted on a regular basis, often incited by outside interests; for example, the theft in 1847 of the silver star marking the exact traditional locus of the Nativity was anostensible factor in the international crisis over holy sites that ultimately resulted in the Crimean War (1854–56).
- The Church of the Nativity is located in Bethlehem, West Bank.
- Photo by Ognjen Stevanovic for Dreamstime.
- Jerome established a monastery there and, with the assistance of Palestinian rabbis, translated the Old Testament into Latin from its original Hebrew language (5th centuryce).
- After the first of the Arab-Israeli wars (1948–49), Bethlehem was included in the territory annexed by Jordan in 1950 and placed in the al-Quds (Jerusalem) mufaah (mufah = Muslim holy place).
- Following Israel’s victory in the 1967 Six-Day War, it became a part of the Israeli-occupied region of the West Bank.
- Jerusalem is only a short distance away, and Bethlehem is a bustling agricultural market and commercial center.
- Several projects were launched in the early twenty-first century to support local economic growth by the reintroduction of Western pilgrims into the country.
- The town is part of a conurbation that includes the neighboring towns of Bayt Jl and Bayt Sr to the northwest and southeast, respectively.
- A significant part of the town’s population is religiously affiliated.
The population of Bethlehem in 2017 was 28,248; the population of the Bethlehem, Bayt Jal, and Bayt Sr conurbation was 54,728. Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Adam Zeidan was the author of the most recent revision and update to this article.
Jesus – Jewish Palestine at the time of Jesus
Palestinein Jesus’ time period was a part of the Roman Empire, which exerted power over its many provinces in a variety of different methods. Kingdoms in the East (easternAsia Minor, Syria, Palestine, and Egypt) were either ruled by monarchs who were “friends and allies of Rome” (sometimes termed “client” kings or, more derogatorily, “puppet” kings) or by governors who had the backing of the Roman army. When Jesus was born, all of Jewish Palestine—as well as parts of the neighboring Gentile areas—was under the dominion of Herod the Great, Rome’s capable “friend and partner” in the Middle East.
- While Rome possessed legions in both nations, they did not have any in Palestine.
- It was possible to fulfill this goal for a long period of time by enabling Herod to continue as king of Judaea (37–4 BCE) and giving him complete autonomy in managing his kingdom, so long as the prerequisites of stability and loyalty were maintained.
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- His empire was split into five divisions after Herod died shortly after the birth of Jesus, according to the Bible.
(In the New Testament, Antipas is occasionally referred to as Herod, as in Luke 23:6–12; apparently the sons of Herod took his name, as in Julius Caesar’s successors Both sons were assigned lower-ranking positions than their father: Archelaus was ethnarch and Antipas was tetrarch, respectively.
- In 6CE, however, the emperor Augustus removed the dissatisfied Archelaus and turned Judaea, Idumaea, and Samaria from a client kingdom into a “imperial province,” according to the Bible.
- It was a tiny Roman army of around 3,000 troops that helped that minor Roman nobleman (later known as a procurator) on his campaign.
- Pontius Pilate (reigned 26–36 ce) served as the Roman governor throughout Jesus’ public ministry.
- Instead, he depended on the leadership of the local community.
- Caesarea was a primarily Gentile city with a large Jewish population.
- On a day-to-day basis, the high priest was in charge of the administration of Jerusalem.
- He succeeded admirably.
- Caiaphas, the high priest during Jesus’ manhood, held the position for around 18 to 36 ce, which was the longest amount of time held by anybody else throughout the Roman Empire, showing that he was a successful and dependable diplomatic figure.
- The region of Galilee was therefore controlled by the tetrarch Antipas, who was sovereign within his own territory as long as he remained faithful to Rome and maintained peace and security inside his own borders.
Despite the fact that Judaea (including Jerusalem) was theoretically under the authority of Pilate, Caiaphas and his council were in charge of the day-to-day administration of the city.
Relations between Jewish areas and nearby Gentile areas
Galilee and Judaea, the two most important Jewish settlements in Palestine, were bordered by Gentile territory on all sides (i.e., Caesarea, Dora, and Ptolemais on the Mediterranean coast; Caesarea Philippi north of Galilee; and Hippus and Gadara east of Galilee). There were also two inland Gentile cities on the west bank of the Jordan River, near Galilee, which were mentioned in the New Testament (Scythopolis and Sebaste). There was some exchange between the gentiles and the Jews because of their proximity, which explains why Antipas hadtelns —often translated as “tax collectors,” but more accurately rendered as “customs officers”—in the villages on his side of the Sea of Galilee, which is often translated as “tax collectors” but more accurately rendered as “customs officers.” There was also some population exchange: some Jews resided in Gentile cities, such as Scythopolis, and some Gentiles lived in at least one of the Jewish cities, Tiberias, and vice versa.
- Although Jewish businessmen and dealers were likely to be able to communicate in some Greek, Aramaic was the predominant language of Palestinian Jews (aSemitic languageclosely related toHebrew).
- In part due to the tense nature of Jewish-Gentile relations in the country that the Jews considered their own, Jewish districts were often administered separately from Gentile areas.
- When it came to forcing the Jews in Palestine and other regions of the empire to adhere to common Greco-Roman culture in the first century, Rome showed little interest.
- Jews, for example, were excused from conscription in Rome’s army out of respect for the Jewish observance of the Sabbath.
- Augustus built colonies in other parts of the world (including southern France, Spain, North Africa, and Asia Minor), but prior to the First Jewish Revolt (66–74 ce), Rome had no colonies in the Jewish homeland of Palestine.
In Tiberias and other Jewish communities, most of the Gentiles who resided there were most likely citizens of surrounding Gentile cities, with many of them being Syrians who were likely able to communicate in both Aramaic and Greek.
The majority of individuals in the ancient world were farmers or artisans who produced food, clothes, or both, and could afford only the most basic of comforts. While most Palestinian Jewish farmers and ranchers earned enough to sustain their families and pay their taxes, they also made sacrifices during one or more yearly festivals and allowed their property to lay fallow during the sabbatical years, when cultivation was forbidden. Galilee in particular was particularly rich because the terrain and climate allowed for good crops and the sustaining of a large number of flocks.
Naturally, there were a huge number of landless individuals in the kingdom, but the Herodiandynasty took care to construct massive public works projects that employed thousands of men.
At the opposite end of the economic scale, few if any Palestinian Jews had amassed the large fortunes that successful merchants in port towns might amass over the course of a lifetime.
Although the disparity between rich and poor in Palestine was visible and painful to the poor, it was not particularly great when compared to the rest of the globe.