Where Did Jesus Go When He Died On The Cross?

Question: “Where did Jesus go immediately after His crucifixion?”

Answers from the Bible Some believe that Jesus went directly to Paradise/Heaven following His crucifixion, while others believe that He first went to hell.In the beginning, Jesus went to Hell since Psalm 16:10 promised that Christ would be in hell.For you will not abandon my soul to the depths of hell, nor will you allow your Holy One to be corrupted by sin.

  1. Acts 2:31 confirms that Christ was crucified and buried.
  2. David foresaw this and said of Christ’s resurrection that His soul was not sent into hell and that His flesh was not corrupted as a result of it.
  3. And, Because, just as Jonas spent three days and three nights in the belly of a whale, so will the Son of Man spend three days and three nights in the center of the earth, according to the Scriptures (Matthew 12:40).
  4. Torment, according to the Bible, is located within the ground, and Christ spent three days in hell.
  5. What else could it be, now that he has ascended, except that he has also sunk into the lower regions of the earth?
  • (Ephesians 4:9).
  • And why did Christ go to hell?
  • To get the keys of victory and to set the captives free, to name a few reasons.
  • I am he who lives and was dead; and, lo and behold, I am alive forever more, Amen; and I hold the keys of hell and death in the palm of my hands (Revelation 1:18).

What does Luke 23:43 indicate about Jesus’ entrance into paradise after His crucifixion?I swear to you, you will be with me in paradise today, I promise you that.Due to the fact that Christ could not travel to both hell and paradise after being executed, and due to the fact that we have a number of scriptures claiming that Christ went to hell, we must examine Luke 23:43 to see whether or not we are reading it correctly.

First The original Greek language did not have a comma and did not employ commas.The comma was introduced into English by translators in the late 1500s.The comma might be placed before the word ″today,″ as shown, or it could be placed after the word ″today,″ as is more likely to occur.

The controversy around the position of the comma casts doubt on the validity and significance of what Christ really said.During his crucifixion, did Jesus Christ tell the thief, ″Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise,″ implying that they would be together in Paradise that very day?Or did he say, ″Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise,″ implying that they would be together in Paradise at some point in the future?It has been suggested that the text is unclear as to the positioning of the comma, since its placement (either before or after the word ″today″) impacts the meaning of Christ’s remark.

However, this has not been proven.In this case, because the comma is in an indecisive location, the punctuation ″Truly I tell you, today you shall be with me in paradise″ would leave a reader with a difference between what had been promised and what had really occurred.Because it does not specify when they will be in Paradise, the alternative punctuation ″Truly I say to you today, you will be with me in Paradise″ has been defended as being devoid of such issues.

Second We should also have a look at the verse before this one.″Jesus, please remember me when you come into your kingdom,″ the felon pleaded (Luke 23:42).The offender requested to be remembered when Jesus came to His kingdom in majesty and power, and the request was granted.When Jesus heard this comment, he reacted with a parable.It seems more reasonable that Jesus would respond by stating, ″I tell you today, you will be with me in paradise,″ given that he would first be going to hell before answering.

  1. Third, we must take the issue of timing into mind.
  2. Jesus endured on the Cross for six hours, from the third hour (9 a.m.) to the ninth hour (3 p.m.), a total of nine hours.
  3. Ordinarily, it took between 2 and 5 days for a person who was crucified to die.
  1. Christ died before the criminal, who had begged to be allowed to join Christ in heaven.
  2. The criminal would have gone straight to Heaven since Christ would have already paid for his crimes and the criminal would have gone straight to Hell.
  3. Fourth, I know a Christian guy who was caught up to the third heaven…
  4. a man like him.
  5. And I was acquainted with such a gentleman…
  • In which he describes how he was sucked into heaven and heard incomprehensible words, which it is not permissible for a man to say (2 Cor.
  • 12:2-4).
  • Paul began by speaking about Heaven, and then, after repeating himself, he said Paradise.
  • Heaven and paradise are, without a doubt, the same thing.
  • Summary In light of the fact that the comma appears to have been placed on the wrong side of ″today,″ the fact that Paul stated that Heaven and Paradise are the same, and the fact that Christ died before the criminal – having completed salvation so that the criminal would go straight to Heaven – we can say that Christ first went to Hell, the criminal then went to Paradise/Heaven, and Christ then joined the criminal in Paradise/Heaven three days later The next section will discuss where Jesus was for the first three days following His death.
  • Get Bible Answers at BibleAnswers.org.

Where Did Jesus God When He Died?

″I thirst,″ Jesus declared towards the conclusion of His suffering on the cross.They responded by giving Him vinegar, and Jesus stated, ″It is completed.″ Then He surrendered His spirit (John 19:28-30).While the body of Jesus was laid to rest in a tomb, it is unclear where Christ’s spirit went after His death.

  1. This Bible study will go into the Scriptures to find the solution to the question.

Where did Jesus go when He went to Paradise?

During His crucifixion, Jesus spoke to the thief who had placed his faith in Him, telling him, ″Today you will be with Me in Paradise″ (Luke 23:43).However, after Jesus died, He did not instantly go to the heavenly realm.The first time Jesus visited Mary after the resurrection, He informed her that He had not yet risen to the Father in glory (John 20:17).

  1. Considering that Christ’s spirit did not ascend to heaven until after His resurrection, where was He throughout the time that His body was in the tomb?
  2. In contrast to a theology textbook, the Bible does not give us with all of the answers, but it does present us with a number of pointers.
  3. Please join me in searching for an answer to this riddle by studying the Bible together.

Sheol – The Realm of the Dead

This section will look at certain passages from the Bible that speak about where individuals go after they die.When referring to the location where people go when they die, the Hebrew word ″sheol″ is commonly used throughout the Old Testament to describe it.Depending on the context, the King James Version will interpret this term as ″the grave,″ ″the pit,″ or ″hell.″ Other English versions simply transliterate the Hebrew and use the term ″sheol″ to describe the place of execution.

  1. The same term is used to describe the places where both believers and unbelievers ended up.
  2. As a result, ″sheol″ might be translated as ″the realm of the dead.″ The Old Testament doesn’t speak anything about heaven and hell, and neither does the New Testament.

What David Knew

David appears to have had some knowledge of what it might be like to live in a celestial afterlife.″As a result, my heart is pleased, and my glory rejoices; my flesh will likewise rest in the assurance of God.″ Because You will not abandon my soul to the depths of Sheol, nor will You allow Your Holy One to be corrupted…″ (Psalm 16:9-11 – New King James Version).It appears from this verse that David was under the impression that his spirit would spend some time in ″sheol.″ However, this hint at his resurrection indicates that he would not remain in that state.

  1. God’s Holy One, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, was also mentioned in this psalm, which David foretold about.
  2. God (the Father) would not allow His Holy One (Jesus the Son) to be exposed to corruption, according to David’s words.
  3. Jesus was raised from the dead before His flesh began to decompose.

What Job Knew

Job was aware of a coming redeemer and resurrection because he was righteous.He was well aware that his Redeemer (Jesus, the Son of God) would one day come to Earth to save him.Job knew that he would die and that his flesh would decay away, but he also knew that he would meet God in a whole new body after his death.

  1. ″For I know that my Redeemer lives, and that He will stand on the earth at the end of the age.
  2. And even after my skin has been destroyed, I will still be able to see God in my flesh″ (Job 19:25-26 – English Standard Version).

The Rich Man and Lazarus

In Luke 16:19-31, Jesus tells a tale about a rich man and a beggar called Lazarus, which provides light on the problem of wealth.When they both died, Lazarus was taken by angels to Abraham’s side, where he was comforted by the Prophet Abraham.The rich guy was condemned to a life of burning misery in Hades.

  1. It would appear that the world of the dead had been split in some way.
  2. It was a place of comfort on one side and a place of pain on the other.
  3. It would appear that the world of the dead had been split in some way.
  4. It was a place of comfort on one side and a place of pain on the other.
  5. The spirits of individuals on each side could see and communicate with one another, but there was a huge chasm between them, and no one could pass from one side to the other.

Where did Jesus go?

According to the teachings of the New Testament, this section will examine where Jesus went when His corpse was in the tomb.

Ephesians 4:8-10 on Where Jesus Went

For this reason, according to Ephesians 4:8-10, ″when He climbed to the right hand of the Majesty on high, He brought captivity captive, and bestowed gifts to men.″ (Now that He has risen, what else could it be except that He has also fallen into the lower regions of the earth first?It is the same One who descended, as well as the One who ascended far beyond the skies, in order that He could fill all things)″ (KJV).It appears from this verse that, prior to His resurrection and ascension, Jesus descended into the lower regions of the earth.

1 Peter 3:18-20a on Where Jesus Went

″For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unjust, that He might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive by the Spirit, by whom also He went and preached to the spirits in prison, who had before been rebellious,″ reads 1 Peter 3:18-20a.(NKJV).Apparently after Jesus was crucified, His soul went forth and preached to ″the spirits in prison″ of individuals who had been rebellious, as shown in this text.

What We Know

  • After His bodily death, Jesus’ spirit descended (Ephesians 4:9) to ″Paradise,″ as described in Luke 23:43.
  • Until this point, when someone died, they were all sent to ″sheol″ (the land of the dead).
  • A place of comfort with Abraham was reserved for Godly believers
  • a place of pain was reserved for the ungodly.

With Him when He ascended into heaven, He took the souls of those who had lived good lives.One of the most plausible explanations is that after Jesus died, His soul joined Abraham and the other believers on the pleasant side of sheol, which He designated as ″Paradise,″ according to certain scholars.Jesus, while awaiting His resurrection, preached to the souls of the disobedient (1 Peter 3:19-20a), who were immersed in the flames on the other side of the grave (1 Peter 3:19-20a).

  1. As a result, when Jesus arose from the grave, he ″captured captives″ by taking the souls of those who had lived holy lives with Him (Ephesians 4:8).


  • The short version is that everyone died and was buried before the resurrection of Jesus, and they all went to sheol (the realm of the dead) to await God’s Son’s death, burial, and resurrection. The souls that perished were cast into Hades, where they will remain until the judgment of the Great White Throne occurs (Revelation 20:11-14). People who had been rescued were transported to a region of comfort known as Paradise (also known as Abraham’s bosom). Because of their guilt, they could not enter directly into the presence of God until the blood of Jesus had been shed to atone for and cover their transgression. Be a result, Jesus Christ is referred to as the ″firstfruits″ of the dead (1 Corinthians 15:20). Christ, on the other hand, has risen from the grave and has become the firstfruits of those who have slept. For, just as death was brought about by man, so too was the resurrection of the dead brought about by man. In the same way that everyone dies in Adam, everyone will be brought alive in Christ. Then there are the firstfruits, which are Christ
  • after that there are those who are Christ’s at his coming. 1 Corinthians 15:20-23 — King James Version The righteous souls in Paradise were the prisoners who were set free by Jesus when He ascended to the throne of glory. It has been centuries since the souls of the saved have been sent directly to paradise when they die. However, until the Rapture occurs, the dead are only spirits. After the Rapture, they (we) will not be able to get new bodies (1 Corinthians 15:51-54
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:13-17). When Jesus died on the cross, He was taken to ″Abraham’s bosom,″ also known as Paradise, in sheol (hell). But He didn’t hang around for long! If you enjoyed this, you may be interested in the following: Temptation on the Cross
  • Joy on the Cross
  • He Is Risen
  • Christ is risen from the dead.
  • What is the location of the skull at Golgotha? What is the location of Christ’s grave at The Garden Tomb?

Where was Jesus for the three days between His death and resurrection?

Answer to the question He ″bowed his head and gave up his spirit″ on the cross after proclaiming, ″It is finished,″ according to the Bible (John 19:30).When Jesus died on the crucifixion, his corpse stayed there until it was brought down and laid in a neighboring tomb (John 19:40–42).His spirit, on the other hand, was somewhere else.

  1. Thirty-two hours later, He was raised from the dead by the reunification of his body and spirit (John 20).
  2. There has been some debate concerning where Jesus was during the three days between His death and resurrection—that is, where His spirit was during that time.
  3. When Jesus is on the cross, he has a discussion with one of the thieves who is crucified next to Him, and this dialogue provides the clearest clue in Scripture of where Jesus was between His death and resurrection.
  4. Jesus responds to the believing thief’s request to be remembered when He enters His kingdom (Luke 23:42), saying, ″Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in paradise″ (verse 43).
  5. As a result, upon His death, Jesus was taken to the region of blessing where God resides—heaven.
  • And it was there that the believing thief ended up as well.
  • Another text is frequently cited in the debate of where Jesus was during the three days that elapsed between His death and His resurrection.
  • ″Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, in which he went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison because they had previously refused to obey, when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared,″ according to First Peter 3:18–20.
  • (ESV).

Some interpret this to suggest that Jesus visited hell/Hades sometime between His death and resurrection and delivered a message of some sort to the ″spirits″ imprisoned there at the time of His death.According to this understanding, the spirits Jesus addressed may have been either demonic or human in nature, but not both.It is possible that the spirits mentioned in 1 Peter 3:19 are fallen angels, in which case those spirits were likely imprisoned because they were involved in a grievous sin before the flood in Noah’s time—Peter specifically mentions Noah’s flood in verse 20, which indicates that they were imprisoned because they were involved in a grievous sin before the flood in Noah’s time.

Peter does not tell us what Jesus said to the spirits that were imprisoned, but it could not have been a message of redemption since angels cannot be rescued, as we know from the Bible (Hebrews 2:16).The announcement that Jesus made was very certainly a declaration of His triumph over Satan and his forces if they were fallen angels (1 Peter 3:22; Colossians 2:15).However, there is another reading of the text from 1 Peter.

According to this view, the ″spirits″ are actual individuals who are now in hell, but Peter is not implying that Jesus made a particular trip to Hades/hell to preach or declare anything specific.The fact that Jesus had ″in spirit″ taught to the people of Noah’s day while they were still alive on earth is provided by Peter as a footnote to the passage.After hearing the word, the wicked generation rejected it, and they died in the flood, they are now imprisoned.According to the Amplified Bible and the New American Standard Bibles of 1977 and 1995, the term now is used in 1 Peter 3:19 to offer clarity, and it contrasts with the words ″long ago″ (NIV) and ″previously″ (ESV) that appear in 1 Peter 3:20.

When Noah preached to his condemned neighbors, Christ was in Noah (spiritually, according to this variant reading).To further understand, consider the following paraphrase of 1 Peter 3:18–20: When Jesus died in the flesh, He was raised to life in the Spirit (it was by means of this same Spirit that Jesus preached to those who are currently imprisoned—those souls who rebelled during the period of God’s great patience when Noah was constructing the ark).The prophet Noah was used by Jesus to teach spiritually to the people of Noah’s day, according to this viewpoint, in a manner similar to the way that God communicates through us now when we declare God’s Word.

Another verse, Ephesians 4:8–10, is cited in the explanation of Jesus’ actions during the three days that elapsed between His death and resurrection.The apostle Paul states of Christ, quoting Psalm 68:18, that ″when [he] climbed on high, he took many captives″ (Ephesians 4:8).According to the English Standard Version, Christ ″led a multitude of prisoners.″ Some believe that phrase alludes to an occurrence that is not mentioned anywhere else in the Bible, namely, that Jesus gathered all of the saved who were in paradise and transported them to their eternal home in heaven.Following his death on the cross, Jesus ascended into heaven and appeared to all of those who had previously been justified by faith, escorting them from Hades (the general place of the dead) to their new spiritual home in the presence of the Father and the Holy Spirit.An alternative interpretation of Ephesians 4 is that the phrase ″ascended into the highest″ is a direct allusion to Jesus’ ascension.

  1. Christ triumphantly returned to heaven in the form of God.
  2. In His triumph, Jesus had beaten and captured our spiritual adversaries, including the devil, death, and the curse of sin, and He had taken them captive.
  3. All of this is to imply that the Bible provides very little information regarding what exactly Christ accomplished during the three days that separated His death and resurrection from the time of His death.
  1. The only thing we can be certain of is that, according to Jesus’ own statements on the cross, He was taken to be with God in paradise.
  2. As well as this, we may confidently state that because His work of salvation was completed, Jesus did not have to suffer in hell.
  3. Return to the previous page: Questions regarding Jesus Christ What happened to Jesus during the three days that elapsed between His death and resurrection?
See also:  What Do The Dead Sea Scrolls Say About Jesus?
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Where did Christ go after he died and before He rose from the dead?

According to some, Ephesians 4:7-10 teaches that Jesus descended to hell or Hades in order to free the people who were imprisoned there and bring them to heaven or into God’s presence.The belief is that, prior to His death, all Old Testament Christians were in Abraham’s bosom, which is considered to be the paradise portion of the underworld.Hades, also known as Sheol, was traditionally thought to be a place of the dead divided into three areas or compartments: (1) the abyss or tartarus, which was thought to be the place of confinement for demons who sinned during the days of Noah; (2) torments, which was thought to be the place of suffering for all unbelievers until the time of the resurrection of the unjust and the Great White Throne Judgment when they will be cast eternal The fact that Christ had not yet died to atone for their sin meant that they were not yet able to enter God’s presence without passing through a mediator.

  1. After His death, however, the barrier was broken through, and He was able to bring them out of jail and into God’s presence once more.
  2. In contrast, the passage in Ephesians refers only to Christ’s descent to earth and perhaps even to the grave: ″of the earth″ is better understood as an appositional phrase, implying that Christ descended (at His incarnation) into the lower parts (of the universe), namely, the earth at His incarnation, or perhaps even into the grave following His death on the cross, rather than ascending (at His resurrection).
  3. Instead of the Old Testament believers who were imprisoned in Paradise, Jesus’ captives were those whom He conquered via His death and resurrection.
  4. Satan and his demon horde are mentioned, which corresponds to the parallel of the Roman triumph that Paul was thinking about (see Col.
  5. 2:14-15).
  • Another verse that is frequently cited in this context is 1 Peter 3:18-20, which appears to allude to Christ’s spirit announcing His victory over death to the demons who were imprisoned in the abyss, according to the context.
  • There is some speculation that this text refers to a triumphant declaration that He made while His body was in the tomb, however Bible students and academics are divided on the subject.
  • When it comes to paradise and Abraham’s bosom, the chasm that has been established between the two compartments in heaven is most likely the heavens themselves.
  • Remember that Elijah was brought up into the presence of the Lord.

Because of the necessity for Christ’s sacrifice to remove the barrier, Old Testament saints may not have been admitted into God’s immediate presence, but Sheol or Hades (the realm of the dead) was a paradise for them, and they were somewhere in the third heaven, according to some scholars.Please keep in mind that Sheol or Hades is a reference to a region of the dead, and the specific state and location (heaven or hell) depends on whether or not the passage is talking to believers or unbelievers.In certain cases, depending on the context, it simply refers to the graveyard.

Resurrection, Hell, and Heaven are all topics that are related.

Where Did Jesus Go When He Died?

What happened to Jesus after He died on the crucifixion and before He was raised from the dead three days later? Is there anything in the Bible that tells us?


Jesus’ body was not the only thing that the Bible describes; it also contains descriptions of His soul and Spirit.1) Jesus’ corpse was laid to rest in the tomb of a close friend of his.Matthew 27:59-60 When Joseph had removed the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth and set it in his new tomb, which he had hewn out of the rock; then he walked away, rolling a huge stone against the tomb’s door and disappearing.

  1. 6:29 (Matthew 6:29) When his followers learned of it, they came and removed his body from the scene and interred it in a tomb.
  2. 2) The soul of Jesus was absorbed into the earth’s core.
  3. Jesus stated the following in response to the scribes and Pharisees as a sign: Matthew 12:40 ″For just as Jonas spent three days and three nights in the belly of a whale, so will the Son of Man spend three days and three nights in the heart of the earth,″ says the prophet Isaiah.
  4. Luke 23:46 describes Jesus’ commitment of His Spirit to His Father.
  5. And when Jesus had cried out in a loud voice, He exclaimed, ″Father, ‘into Your hands I surrender My spirit,’″ meaning, ″into Your hands I commit My spirit.″ He exhaled his final breath after saying this.

The Heart of the Earth

″The center of the world,″ as Jesus put it, was an allusion to Abraham’s bosom (or womb) (Luke 16).Abraham’s Bosom was not a place of eternal bliss.It was a location that was buried deep under the ground.

  1. It served as a resting place for the souls of all pious individuals (those who died with faith in God).
  2. As Jesus had stated, He was in ″the center of the earth″ for ″three days and three nights,″ exactly as He had stated.
  3. Then He arose bodily from the tomb, and His spirit arose from Abraham’s bosom, and He appeared to them both.
  4. There was (and continues to be) another location within the earth.
  5. It is the fate of those who rejected God previous to the crucifixion, as well as the fate of all who reject Jesus today.
  • The clearest source of information we have on Abraham’s Bosom comes from Jesus Himself, who spoke about Lazarus and the wealthy man in a parable.
  • Luke16:22 In this manner, the beggar died and was taken to Abraham’s bosom by the angels.
  • ″ ″The rich guy died as well, and he was buried.″ Again, in verse 23, the seat of consolation is referred to as Abraham’s bosom, a reference to Abraham himself.
  • The rich man was able to observe both Abraham and Lazarus from the realm of agony in Hades, it is told in the book of Genesis.

The Bible says in Luke 16:23 that while he was in anguish in Hades, he raised up his eyes and saw Abraham afar away, and Lazarus in his bosom.

Jesus Did Not Go to Hell

As others have stated, the purpose of Jesus’ journey to the seat of wrath was to pay for our crimes by enduring the penalty that we were due.Neither of these statements is correct, and they stem from a misunderstanding of the Greek term ″hades,″ which is translated as ″hell.″ Currently, the term ″Hell″ is reserved solely for the abode of eternal suffering; but, previous to Jesus’ atonement for sins, the term ″Hell″ (Hades) was used to refer to the last resting place of all departed souls.The term ″hell″ was used to refer to both chambers, Abraham’s Bosom as well as the abode of eternal torment.

  1. More information about this may be found in the article Did Jesus descend into Hell?

The Heart of the Earth / Abraham’s Bosom / Paradise

The word ″Paradise″ is used by Jesus to refer to ″the region of comfort.″ When the thief on the cross professed faith in Him, Jesus said, ″…Assuredly, I tell to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.″ (Matthew 23:43) On that day, both Jesus and the thief on the cross died, and neither was received into the presence of the Father in Heaven as a result.Both of their spirits were welcomed into the land of comfort.They made their way to Abraham’s bosom.

The Ascension Changed Everything

Jesus emptied Abraham’s bosom when He went to Heaven, ushering in the Old Testament saints to their heavenly abode.Paul writes in Ephesians 4:8-10, ″ Consequently, He says: ″When He went to the highest point, He led captivity captive, and delivered gifts to mankind.″ The phrase ″He ascended″ implies that He not only ascended, but also descended into the lower regions of the earth.His descent is also a representation of His ascent to a height far above all the heavens, so that He may fill all things.

  1. Jesus fulfilled the prophesy of Psalm 68:18 when he brought the saints of the Old Testament into the presence of the Almighty.
  2. Psa 68:18 (the Bible) You have soared to great heights, and you have captured captives…
  3. Since then, there has only been one place for the dead to rest on the face of the world.
  4. He will be punished in this place, as will all others who die with unforgivable offenses will be punished in this place.

Share the Love and Saving Grace of Jesus

  • Neither we nor any of our friends or family members should visit the area of suffering. Today, share the love of Jesus with as many people as possible. Inform people who do not know Him of His saving grace by telling them about it. Explain how individuals can get forgiveness of their sins, peace with God, and eternal life with Jesus by following the steps outlined in the Bible. They will then ascend to Heaven rather than descend to Hell when they draw their final breath and embark into eternity, as explained above. Their acceptance into the loving arms of God and into the community of those who know and love Jesus will be made possible by the grace of Jesus. John 3:16 is a biblical passage that teaches that God is love. According to John 3:16-17, ″For God loves the world so much that He gave His only born Son, that whomever believes in Him should not perish but have eternal life.″ 3:36 (John 3:36) In John 3:16, Jesus says, ″He who believes in the Son has eternal life
  • and he who does not believe the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God will remain on him.″ Rom 6:23 (New International Version) For while death is the price of sin, God’s gift of eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord is the gift of God. More information on the place where souls traveled previous to the cross may be found at: Where did the OT saints go after they died? Is Abraham’s Bosom a thing? What happened to it?
  • Is it true that Jesus descended into Hell?
See also:  How Many Years Between Prophet Isaiah And Jesus?

Where did Jesus go after He died on the cross?

The Bible does not precisely specify what happened to Jesus after He died on the cross, although it is presumed that He was crucified.As a result, there is disagreement about the best way to address the issue of where He went and what He accomplished.As a result, I will give a variety of viewpoints so that you may understand the extent of the response and determine for yourself which viewpoint is preferred.

  1. The passage in 1 Peter 3:18-20, which purports to deal with this topic, is perhaps the most well-known of those that deal with it.
  2. In order to bring us to God, Christ had to die once and for all, once and for all for the just and once and for all for the unjust; 19 and in this way, He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, 20 who were once disobedient when the patience of God was tested in the days of Noah during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight people were brought safely through the water.
  3. ″For Christ also died for sins once and for all, When it is said that Jesus was made alive in the spirit, it is not meant to imply that His spirit died and then came back to life.
  4. The phrases ″made alive in the spirit″ and ″put to death in the physical″ are contrasted.
  5. He originally appeared in the form of human men, but ″…He then began to live a spiritual’resurrection’ existence, through which He has the capacity to restore us back to God,″ according to the Bible.
  • The whole Bible is a commentary critical and explanatory on the whole Bible by Robert Jamieson, A.R.
  • Fausset, and David Brown published by Logos Research Systems, Inc.
  • in 1998 in Oak Harbor (Washington).
  • The phrase ″brought alive by the Spirit,″ which appears in certain Bibles (including the NIV, KJV, and NKJV), alludes to the Holy Spirit’s involvement in Christ’s resurrection act.

″By the Spirit″ is a single Greek word, pneumati, which might allude to the third Person of the Trinity as the agent of Christ’s resurrection, as in ″By the Spirit of God.″ 2 ‘The Bible Knowledge Commentary’ by John F.Walvoord and Roy B.Zuck, Wheaton, Illinois: Scripture Press Publications, Inc., 1983 and 1985.

‘The Bible Knowledge Commentary’ by John F.Walvoord and Roy B.Zuck.

One interpretation of where Jesus was and what He did before His resurrection is that He went to Hades (the land of the dead) and made proclamation to those who were imprisoned in the spiritual realm of Hell.In Greek, the term for ″proclamation″ is kerusso (proclamation).It is a separate term from ″euaggelizo,″ which means to preach the gospel, and signifies to declare something new.As a result, it is quite likely that Jesus was not teaching the gospel to those imprisoned in Hades/Spirit prison in order to save them, but rather was declaring the truth to them.

After all, the Bible states, ″And since as it is destined for mankind to die once, and after death comes judgment,″ it is reasonable to assume that the Bible is correct (Heb.9:27).But who were the people who were imprisoned in spiritual prison?

Some say it is the individuals who were living at the time of Noah’s deluge and who were dead as a result of the flood that are responsible.Others think that all of mankind died prior to the moment of Christ’s death on the cross.″For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment; 5 and if God did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a preacher of righteousness, with seven others, when He brought a flood upon the world of the ungodly,″ 2 Peter 2:4-5 appears to provide support for the former position.Naturally, this paragraph raises numerous concerns, and there is a great deal of disagreement over what it is supposed to signify precisely.However, in terms of the alternative explanation, that Jesus merely delivered the facts of His work on the cross to those who were imprisoned in spiritual captivity, we may find confirmation in Eph.

  1. 4:8-10.
  2. Then, as He got to the highest point, He carried captive a large number of prisoners and offered presents to men.
  3. 9 But what does the phrase ″He ascended″ signify, other than to imply that He had also fallen into the lower regions of the earth?
  1. 10 In the same way, He who descended is also He who climbed far beyond all the heavens, in order that He may fill all things…″ In some interpretations, Jesus sank into Abraham’s bosom (Luke 16:19-31) during the three days between His crucifixion and resurrection.3 Abraham’s bosom appears to have served as a pre-crucifixion holding place for those who had died in expectation of the coming Messiah.
  2. The mystery of the gospel was revealed to them, and they were then taken up into heaven to be with the Father.
  3. Those who believe in the atonement believe that they were not permitted to enter into God’s presence in heaven until after the atonement.
  4. Once that had occurred, Jesus, who had died, descended to Abraham’s bosom, where he preached the gospel and then brought the dwellers of the bosom into the presence of God.
  5. Consequently, even though we are unable to precisely pinpoint where Jesus was and what He was doing during those three days, it appears that He conveyed the gospel message (not in the hope that they would be saved) to those imprisoned in spirit prison and probably even to those in Abraham’s bosom.

What Happened after the Cross and before the Resurrection?

This is a thought-provoking and significant question.Those associated with the so-called ″Faith Movement″ have a version of this that is wholly incompatible with biblical teaching.″Do you believe that the punishment for our sin was to die on the cross?″ Frederick K.C.

  1. Price, a key instructor in the ″Faith Movement,″ has asked.
  2. If it were the case, the two robbers would have been forced to pay your debt.
  3. No, the penalty was to be sent into Hell itself, where they would spend the rest of their lives alienated from God…
  4. In the belief that they had Him bound, Satan and all of his demons flung a net over Jesus and dragged Him down to the deepest depths of Hell to fulfill our sentence″ (Hanegraaff, Hank.
  5. Christianity in Crisis, p.
  • 79).
  • Harvest House Publishers (Eugene, Oregon) published a book in 1993 called Harvesting the Harvest.
  • This is not in accordance with what the Bible says.
  • Jesus did not perish in the Lake of Fire.

The work Jesus had to accomplish after the crucifixion and before the Resurrection was critical and must not be overlooked.Therefore, the Bible says: ‘When He ascended to the highest place, He led captives captive, and He distributed gifts to men.’″ The phrase ″He ascended″ implies that He first descended into the lower regions of the earth, which is what I believe it to indicate.In the same way, He who descended is also the One who climbed far above all the heavens, in order that He may fill all things.″ (See also Ephesians 4:8–10).

Consider the parable of the rich man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19–31) to have a better understanding of where Jesus went after his resurrection.The fact that Jesus used a real person name indicates that this was not a parable.As a result, we might infer that Jesus was providing us with a genuine glimpse of life after death.

The narrative tells about a place named Hades, which served as both a haven and a source of misery for the characters.When a person died under the Old Covenant, he was sent to the underworld of Hades.If the individual was a believer, he was taken to Abraham’s bosom, where he found consolation and rest (Hebrews 11:13).However, the nonbeliever was sent to the area of wrath, which was separated from the land of comfort by a vast expanse of water.

Immediately after His death, Jesus descended into Hades, into Abraham’s bosom, the realm of consolation, where He announced liberation to all who had died in faith.As a result, He brought those believers, as well as the thief on the cross, to Heaven, where all Christians now go instantly after death.No matter how long it takes, the unbeliever will be thrown into Hell, where he or she will be punished until the Great White Throne Judgment depicted in Revelation 20:13–15 takes place.

″The dead who were in the sea were delivered to the sea, and the dead who were in Death and Hades were handed to Death and Hades.″ And they were assessed, each according to the quality of his or her labor.Afterwards, Death and Hades were thrown into the Lake of Fire for all eternity.This is the second death in the series.In addition, anybody who was not found to be recorded in the Book of Life was thrown into the Lake of Fire.″

Where was Jesus between Crucifixion and Resurrection?

This weekend is one of the most well-known weekends on the Christian calendar each year, with Good Friday commemorating Jesus’ death on the cross and Easter celebrating his Resurrection the following Sunday morning being two of the most important events on the calendar.Some Christians, however, have been debating the location of Jesus between His death and resurrection for more than two millennia, and the issue continues to be a source of contention today.In Jackson, Eric Petty, the main pastor of Skyline Church of Christ, explained that he ″is not a man who is going to act like I have all the answers,″ and that ″this is one that I can’t claim I certainly know.″ In my opinion, this is a fascinating subject, and we could stay here all day talking and debating and coming to completely different conclusions, both of which would be rational and understandable.″ The fact that Jesus died to take away my sin and your sin – and all of our sins – is what counts most in the end.

  1. On the first day of the week following His death, He rose from the dead to claim triumph over death.
  2. And He extends the same triumph to us at this time.″ According to the Bible’s account of Jesus’ death in Matthew 27:46-50, he died at 3 p.m.
  3. on Friday.
  4. ‘The Jewish calendar and clock at that time suggests that Jesus was crucified at noon and died three hours later at 3 p.m.,’ said William Watson, pastor of Historic First Baptist Church in Jackson.
  5. ″Because the clock for each day begins at sunrise, which is about 6 a.m.
  • for us, the clock for each day begins at noon,″ Watson added.
  • When the Bible says Jesus was crucified at the sixth hour, that implies noon, and He died at the ninth hour, which would be 3 p.m., that means He died at noon.″ And because of the way the Jewish calendar is organized, each day lasts from dawn to nightfall.
  • Be a result, after He died on Friday afternoon, early Sunday morning is referred to as ″the third day″ following His death, as promised by Jesus Himself.″ As a result, there is around a 36 to 40 hour period during which Jesus’ spiritual position is uncertain.
  • There are others who think Jesus was in Heaven at the time of the event.

In Luke 23:43, Jesus is described as saying to a thief who was crucified with Him, ″Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise.″ This is supported by the Bible.However, there is a verse in 1 Peter 3 that says the opposite is true.Following the explanation in 1 Peter 3:18 that Christ died once for the sins of all people and was raised to life, the following two verses state, ″in which he went and proclaimed to the spirits in prison, because they had previously refused to obey, when God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through water.″ ″I looked it up, and even Martin Luther, who started the Protestant Reformation and was well-versed in Scripture, said in his own commentaries that this is the most difficult passage in the New Testament to understand because it’s not entirely clear what Peter is trying to say,″ Petty explained.

″It’s the most difficult passage in the New Testament to understand because it’s not entirely clear what Peter is trying to say,″ Petty added.You read the passage and you come across the phrase, ‘Christ died for everyone’s sins,’″ she says.That makes sense.″’He was raised to life in the Spirit,’″ I understand.

OK.Peter, I’m still here with you.It goes on to say that Jesus went to jail and preached to the spirits there who had defied God long ago, while Noah was building the ark.And I want to say something like, ″Hey Peter, could you please go over that again?″ But, sadly, at this moment, that is not going to happen.″ Some believe that Jesus spent the weekend between His death and Resurrection in Hell, preaching to the souls who were already there, giving them a chance to receive the forgiveness made possible by His sacrifice that had not been previously available prior to His death.

This interpretation is based on the language of 1 Peter.Given the phrasing of the scripture, it appears that Jesus performed this miracle at the very least for those who perished during the Flood in Genesis 6, when it rained for 40 days and 40 nights while Noah and his family were in the ark.When it comes to the passage from Peter, Watson has his own take on the matter.

In response, Watson stated, ″I would submit to you that there were people who believed in Christ before His incarnation on this world.″ Because there was no means to be righteous before Christ and hence no way to be righteous before Christ, righteousness could be ascribed to those who lived on earth prior to Christ, as we read in the Scriptures.They placed their trust in Him and His ability to save them.I believe that Jesus did not necessarily preach to those who were in Sheol or the black abyss, which is the state of being separated from God’s presence for all of eternity.Then Jesus went into jail and preached to those souls who had trusted in Him before He came to earth and lived as a man, telling them: ″You lived your life with faith in Me, and you’re about to witness what you believed I would do come true.″ Both Petty and Watson held similar opinions concerning the person who asked the inquiry, as well as any topic pertaining to Scripture.According to Watson, ″If someone is asking you that question, it’s not a negative thing.″ It is written in the Bible that God says, ‘Seek Me, and you will find Me.’″ It was He who made Himself lower than we were in order to raise us up, and it was because of this that we might search for Him and He will show Himself to us.″ ″I think it’s important to have these kinds of discussions because the first thing God wants from us is for us to seek Him,″ Petty explained.

  1. The fact that two or more of us may differ on anything like this, but that we discuss rational, scripturally-based arguments for what we think, can only be a positive thing, says the author.
  2. One must believe in the facts that Jesus came to earth and led a flawless life before dying and rising from the dead.
  3. He then ascended to Heaven and will come back to earth to take His followers with Him into the presence of Almighty God.
  1. And it is for this reason that we commemorate the Resurrection.″ Brandon Shields can be reached at [email protected] or by phone at 731-425-9751.
  2. Follow him on Twitter @JSEditorBrandon or on Instagram @editorbrandon to stay up to date with his latest projects.
See also:  Who Is Jesus Wife

Theology Thursday: Where Did Jesus Go When He Died?

Dr.Valerie J.De La Torre contributed to this article.

  1. When it comes to Jesus Christ, who is the second member in the Trinity, the second article of the Apostles’ Creed is a broader grouping of assertions that are centered on him.
  2. This section reveals Christ’s birth, suffering, death, burial, resurrection, and ascension, as well as his predicted return to judge all of mankind (Matthew 25:31-46).
  3. In order to understand the short word that proclaims that Jesus ″descended into hell,″ we must first understand what it means.
  4. Over the years, theologians and laypeople have debated the meaning of these few words and the implications they hold.
  5. We discover early references to Christ experiencing human mortality, whether viewed literally or symbolically, which makes it a fascinating factor to consider (Acts.
  • 2:27-31; Romans 10:7; Colossians 1:18; I Peter 3:19, 4:6; Ephesians 4:9).
  • So, what exactly happened to Jesus when he passed away?

Did Jesus Go to Hell?

The location referred to as ″hell″ in this creedal declaration was formerly referred to in the Bible as Gehenna, which means ″the land of the dead″ in Greek.It is seen as a region of perpetual torment for individuals who are rejected at the final judgment….The Hebrew name Sheol is used to describe the location in the Old Testament, and it alludes to the grave — a place far removed from God’s presence where the virtuous and the wicked both stay — in the Old Testament.

  1. As a result, the issue must be raised as to whether this is the location where Jesus was taken after his death.
  2. A common early interpretation of Jesus’ journey into this ‘underworld’ location across interpretative camps was that he emancipated those who had previously been bound by the bonds of mortality.
  3. According to a subsequent interpretation, this site of descent represents Christ’s victory over the Kingdom of Satan, which was accomplished in death.
  4. Afterwards, the Creed declares Christ’s victory in rising to new life and ascending to the heavenly realm, where he now rests in eternal triumph at the right hand of God the Father.
  5. That is, the promise of the approaching judgment at Christ’s return, in which the final victory over death and evil will be revealed, is supported by this second viewpoint.
  • According to Augustine, one of the early Christian writers, Jesus did not preach to those who died before his coming, nor did he make salvation available to those who died before his advent.
  • Although a later medieval opinion argued once more that only Christians of the pre-Christian time were in fact recipients and beneficiaries of Christ’s preaching in Hades, as intimated in Matthew 27:52 and again in Hebrews 12:23, this position was rebutted by a later medieval view.
  • Then there’s John Calvin, who regarded this term as a portrayal of Christ’s inward suffering as someone who had endured complete and total separation from God.
  • In other words, the anguish of the crucifixion alone was a vicarious suffering of what it could be like to be separated from God in hell.

Resolution in the Context

When spoken as part of one’s baptismal vows in ancient times, this credo was intended to draw attention to the Trinitarian nature of the ceremony, and we must examine this fact.This was seen as a profoundly symbolic and representational experience of dying and rising, which it was.The old life was now dead, and the new life was now being physically performed in the same way that Jesus’ death and dying, as well as his resurrection from this real grave experience, had been modeled.

  1. It seemed like life had triumphed over death all over again.
  2. As a result of this baptism, we see the same saved life that Jesus lived, closing the gap between us and God, or what we know in the vernacular as ‘hell,’ and ushering in a new era of peace and prosperity.
  3. When considering this essential portion of the Apostles’ Creed, let us also take into consideration an updated version of the phrase which states: ″he descended to the grave.″ In the following creedal statement, the emphasis is on Christ’s resurrection on the third day, which points to the larger picture of this creedal declaration as a whole, and leaves no mistake as to its goal.
  4. So, Jesus’ experience of the grave was real, just as it will be true for us, but much more so will be our experience of the resurrection, which will last throughout eternity.
  5. As a result, we can argue that Jesus came from the highest reaches of heaven only to descend to the lowest depths of hell on our behalf, ensuring that this would never become our permanent home.
  • Do you want to know more?
  • View all of the articles from Theology Thursday and check back each week for a fresh post.
  • Check out our website to learn more about the College of Theology and the degree programs offered by Grand Canyon University, or fill out the form on this page to receive more information.
  • These are the author’s own views and opinions, and they do not necessarily reflect those of Grand Canyon University.

The views and ideas stated in this article do not necessarily reflect those of the university.Any sources that were quoted were up to date at the time of publication.

6 Facts Surrounding the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

The crucifixion of Jesus Christ was the most horrible, agonizing, and shameful method of lethal punishment ever utilized in the ancient world, and it remains so to this day. Binding the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, and nailing the victim’s hands and feet together with nails, was this form of execution.

Crucifixion Definition and Facts

  • It is derived from the Latin crucifixio, or crucifixus, which literally translates as ″attached to a cross.″ The term ″crucifixion″ (pronounced krü-se-fik-shen) means ″fixing to a cross.″
  • Crucification was a cruel type of torture and death in the ancient world that entailed tying someone to a tree or a wooden post with ropes or nails, and then hanging them from the tree or post.
  • Preceding the actual crucifixion, convicts were subjected to torture including floggings, beatings, burning, racking, mutilation, and verbal abuse directed at the victim’s family.
  • The hands and feet of a victim were driven through with stakes and affixed to a wooden cross in Roman crucifixion
  • Crucifixion was employed in the execution of Jesus Christ.

History of Crucifixion

Although the crucifixion was considered to be one of the most shameful and painful ways of death in ancient times, it was also considered to be one of the most dreaded means of execution in ancient times.Extant records of crucifixions date back to prehistoric times, with the Persians most likely being the first to record them, before spreading to the Assyrians, Scythian, Carthaginian, Germanic, Celtic, and British cultures.Crucifixion, as a form of capital punishment, was reserved largely for traitors, captive armies, slaves, and the most heinous of offenders, among others.

  1. Crucifying convicts became prevalent during the reign of Alexander the Great (356-323 BC), who, after seizing the city of Tyre, executed 2,000 Tyrians on the cross.

Forms of Crucifixion

  • It is possible that secular historians were unable to explain the tragic events of this heinous practice because they could not bear to do so because of their religious beliefs. A great deal has been learned about this early form of the death punishment, however, thanks to archaeological discoveries made in first-century Palestine. Crux Simplex (a single upright stake)
  • Crux Commissa (a capital T-shaped structure)
  • Crux Decussata (an X-shaped cross)
  • and Crux Immissa (the iconic lower case t-shaped structure of Jesus’ crucifixion) were the four primary constructions or types of crosses that were used for crucifixion.

Bible Story Summary of Christ’s Crucifixion

Several biblical passages, including Matthew 27:27-56, Mark 15:21-38, Luke 23:26-49, and John 19:16-37 (all from the New International Version), describe Jesus Christ’s death on the Roman crucifixion.Christians believe that Christ’s death served as the ideal atoning sacrifice for the sins of all humanity, making the crucifix, also known as the cross, one of the most iconic symbols of their faith.In the Bible’s account of Jesus’ execution, the Jewish high council, known as the Sanhedrin, convicted Jesus of blasphemy and determined that he should be put to death.

  1. But first and foremost, they need the approval of Rome to carry out their death sentence.
  2. Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler, who determined that he was innocent.
  3. Pilate flogged Jesus and then handed him up to Herod, who returned him to Pilate.
  4. Because the Sanhedrin demanded that Jesus be killed, Pilate, fearful of the Jews, handed Jesus over to one of his centurions, who carried out the death sentence on Jesus’ behalf.
  5. Jesus was beaten, ridiculed, and spit on in broad daylight.
  • On his head was a crown of thorns, which he refused to take off.
  • He was stripped of his garments and carried to the place of execution known as Golgotha.
  • A concoction of vinegar, gall, and myrrh was presented to him, but he turned it down politely.
  • A cross was erected on which Jesus was crucified between two criminals, and stakes were hammered through his wrists and ankles to secure him to the structure.

″The King of the Jews,″ according to the inscription on the wall over his head.

Timeline of Jesus’ Death by Crucifixion

From roughly 9 a.m.until 3 p.m., Jesus hung on the cross for approximately six hours.People were passing by yelling obscenities and scoffing as soldiers cast lots for Jesus’ garments during this time.

  1. Jesus talked to his mother Mary and the disciple John from the crucifixion, according to the Gospel of Matthew.
  2. ″My God, my God, why have You left Me?″ he screamed out to his father as well.
  3. At that point, the entire landscape was enveloped in darkness.
  4. Una few moments later, as Jesus was exhaling his final excruciating breath, an earthquake rocked the earth, tearing the temple curtain in half from top to bottom.
  5. According to Matthew’s Gospel, ″The earth trembled, and the rocks cracked apart.
  • The tombs were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God.″ In order to demonstrate mercy, it was customary for Roman troops to break the criminal’s legs, so speeding up the process of execution.
  • However, by the time the troops arrived, Jesus had already passed away.
  • Rather than shattering his legs, they punctured his side with a knife.
  • Before the sun fell, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea brought Jesus down from the cross and placed him in Joseph’s tomb.

Good Friday – Remembering the Crucifixion

Christianity’s Holy Day of Obligation, also known as Good Friday, is held on the Friday before Easter. On this day, Christians commemorate Jesus Christ’s passion, or suffering, and death on the cross. The suffering of Christ on the cross is a source of great inspiration for many Christians, who spend this day in fasting, prayer, repentance, and meditation.


  • Crucifixion. The Crucifixion, according to the Lexham Bible Dictionary (p. 368).
  • The Crucifixion, according to the Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary.

Christ Carrying the Cross – Wikipedia

Cross to Bear is a redirect that takes you here.In the Now is a song by Barry Gibb.For other uses, see In the Now (disambiguation).

  1. My Cross to Bear is the title of Gregg Allman’s autobiography.
  2. Christ Carrying the Cross on his way to his crucifixion is an episode depicted in all four Gospels, and it is a very common subject in art, particularly in the fourteen Stations of the Cross, which are now found in almost all Catholic churches.
  3. Christ Carrying the Cross is an episode depicted in all four Gospels, and it is a very common subject in art.
  4. But the topic appears in a variety of various contexts, including single works as well as cycles depicting Christ’s life and passion, such as the Passion of Christ.
  5. Procession to Calvary, Road to Calvary, and Way to Calvary are all names for the place where Jesus was crucified outside of Jerusalem.
  • Calvary or Golgotha is another term for the place where Jesus was crucified.
  • According to history, the actual route followed in Jerusalem is referred to as the ″Via Dolorosa,″ however the exact path of this journey has changed throughout the ages and continues to be the topic of discussion.

Biblical references

The story is recounted in passing in all four of the canonical Gospels: Matthew 27:31–33, Mark 15:20–22, Luke 23:26–32, and John 19:16–18, with no more explanation.Only the Gospel of John explicitly states that Jesus carried his crucifixion, and all accounts, with the exception of John, include Simon of Cyrene, who was recruited by the soldiers from the crowd to carry or assist in the carrying of the cross.Plautus and Plutarch described offenders carrying crossbars, which modern scholars interpret as implying that Jesus, as Simon, carried only a heavy patibulum, the crossbar, to a pole, stipes, which was permanently put into the ground at Golgotha, in accordance with the Gospel depiction.

  1. In Christian imagery, on the other hand, Jesus and Simon are depicted as carrying the entire cross, including the patibulum and stipes.
  2. Only Luke makes reference to the ″ladies of Jerusalem,″ who were eventually understood to encompass the Three Marys and the Virgin Mary, according to patristic texts and Christian art.
  3. This gathering was often held before the city gates, as seen in the artwork above, which is also common in the Gospel of Luke and depicts Jesus bending his head to speak to them as he approaches them.
  4. The other events were later additions, with the Veil of Veronica first appearing in the 13th century and the falls of Christ, which finally numbered three, first appearing in the Late Middle Ages and becoming popular in the Renaissance.
  5. Even though Luke mentions that the two thieves were also present in the group walking out to Golgotha, he does not specify whether or not they were required to carry their crosses.
  • Moreover, while their silhouettes may be distinguishable among the walking figures, their crosses are only rarely visible in depictions of the group as a whole.
  • Some paintings, such as Raphael’s Il Spasimo, Bruegel’s Vienna Procession (both of which are seen below), and the Jacopo Bassano in London, depict the criminals’ two crosses already put up at the site of their execution in the backdrop of the painting.
  • Additionally, Matthew 16:24, which is the verse with which St Francis of Assisi began his first Rule in 1221, is relevant: ″Then Jesus said to his disciples, ″Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves, take up their cross, and follow me.″ St Francis was also led with a cord around his neck as a penitential exercise, and the cord is a feature that has been added to numerous portrayals of the story from two Old Testament chapters to emphasize its penitential nature.
  • This is from Isaiah 53:7: ″He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; h

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