When Jesus Died

April 3, AD 33: Why We Believe We Can Know the Exact Date Jesus Died

In our book, The Final Days of Jesus: The Most Important Week of the Most Important Person Who Ever Lived, Justin Taylor and I make an educated guess as to the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, but we do not argue for or against it. For a variety of factors, virtually all academics think that Jesus was executed in the spring of either AD 30 or AD 33, with the majority preferring the former. As a result of the astronomical data, the alternatives are reduced to AD 27, 30, 33, or 34). However, we would want to present our case for the date of Friday, April 3, AD 33, as the precise day on which Christ died in our place as atonement for our sins.

However, this does not rule out the possibility of understanding or importance.

No one makes this argument more forcefully than Luke, the Gentile physician who became a historian and inspired recorder of early Christianity.

The Year John the Baptist’s Ministry Began

In Luke’s account, John the Baptist began his public ministry soon before Jesus did, and the author provides us with a historical reference point for when the Baptist’s ministry began: “in the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.” (See Luke 3:16). It is known from ancient Roman history that Tiberius succeeded Augustus as emperor on August 19, AD 14 and was approved by the Roman Senate on the same day. He reigned until the year AD 37. “The fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign” appears to be a straightforward date, but there are some ambiguities, beginning with when one begins the calculation.

Most likely, Tiberius’ reign was measured from the day he assumed office in AD 14 or from the first day of January of the following year, AD 15 (whichever came first).

So John the Baptist’s ministry began anywhere between the middle of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 29.

The Year Jesus’s Ministry Began

Because the Gospels appear to suggest that Jesus began his ministry not long after John, the most likely date for Jesus’ baptism would be late in AD 28 at the absolute earliest, according to the calculations above. Nevertheless, it seems more likely that it occurred somewhere around the first half of the year AD 29, because a few months had probably gone between the beginning of John’s career and the beginning of Jesus’ ministry (and the year AD 30 is the latest possible date). As a result, Jesus’ career must have began somewhere between the end of AD 28 and the beginning of AD 30 at the earliest.

The most plausible dates for Jesus’ birth are 6 or 5 BC, which means he would have been roughly thirty-two to thirty-four years old in late AD 28 to early AD 30. This comes well within the range of “about thirty years of age.”

The Length of Jesus’s Ministry

To determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted, we must first determine how long Jesus’ public ministry lasted. If Jesus’ public ministry lasted two or more years, it appears that the spring of AD 30 cannot be considered as a plausible date for the crucifixion. The Gospel of John records that Jesus attended at least three (perhaps four) Passovers, which were held once a year in the spring and were as follows:

  • In Jerusalem, at the beginning of his public ministry (John 2:13–23)
  • In Galilee, during the midpoint of his public career (John 6:4)
  • And in Bethlehem, at the end of his public ministry (John 6:4). In Jerusalem, at the conclusion of his public ministry, that is, at the time of his crucifixion (John 11:55
  • 12:1), there was a final Passover celebration. And it’s possible that Jesus attended another Passover that wasn’t reported in the Gospel of John, but was documented in one or more of the Synoptic Gospels (i.e., Matthew, Mark, and Luke)

This would make a date of a.d. 30 all but impossible as the date of Jesus’ crucifixion, even if there were only three Passovers in all. As previously stated, the earliest possible date for the beginning of Jesus’ career, according to Luke 3:1, is late in the first century AD. The first of these Passovers (which occurred at the beginning of Jesus’ ministry; John 2:13) would happen on Nisan 15 in the year 29 (since Nisan is in March/April, around the beginning of a year), which would be the first of these Passovers in the year 29.

If Jesus’ ministry corresponded with at least three Passovers, and if the first Passover occurred in AD 29, this suggests that he could not have been executed in ad 30, as previously thought.

The Passovers in the book of John would thus take place on the following dates:

Nisan 15 AD 30 John 2:13
Nisan 15 AD 31 Either the unnamed feast in John 5:1 or else a Passover that John does not mention (but that may be implied in the Synoptics)
Nisan 15 AD 32 John 6:4
Nisan 15 AD 33 John 11:55, the Passover at which Jesus was crucified

Jesus Was Crucified on the Day of Preparation for the Passover

It is also mentioned by the apostle John that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which corresponds to the Friday before the Sabbath of the Passover week (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which is referred to as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.

33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most likely date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d.

Accordingly, we created the following chart in The Final Days of Jesus to indicate the dates for Jesus’ final week in the year a.d.

April 2 Nissan 14 Thursday (Wednesday nightfall to Thursday nightfall) Day of Passover preparation Last Supper
April 3 Nissan 15 Friday (Thursday nightfall to Friday nightfall) Passover; Feast of Unleavened Bread, begins Crucifixion
April 4 Nissan 16 Saturday (Friday nightfall to Saturday nightfall) Sabbath
April 5 Nissan 17 Sunday (Saturday nightfall to Sunday nightfall) First day of the week Resurrection

Conclusion

According to John, Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which is the Friday before Passover week’s Sabbath, and that he was beheaded (Mark 15:42). “The Last Supper” occurred the night before, on Thursday evening, when Jesus had a Passover supper with the Twelve (Mark 14:12). Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and concludes on Friday after nightfall.

33, the year in which the crucifixion is most likely to have occurred, the most plausible date for Jesus’ crucifixion is April 3 in the year a.d. 33. Accordingly, we created the following graphic in The Final Days of Jesus to illustrate the dates of Jesus’ final week in the year 33 AD:

HISTORICAL INFORMATION YEAR
Beginning of Tiberius’s reign AD 14
Fifteenth year of Tiberius’s reign:Beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry AD 28
A few months later:Beginning of Jesus’s ministry AD 29
Minimum three-year duration of Jesus’ ministry:Most likely date of Jesus’s crucifixion AD 33 (April 3)

According to John, Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which refers to the Friday before Passover week’s Sabbath (Mark 15:42). Earlier in the day, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover meal with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which became known as his “Last Supper.” Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), according to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally used in Jesus’ day. According to this calendar, Passover begins on Thursday after sundown and finishes on Friday after nightfall.

33, the most likely year for Jesus’ crucifixion, making April 3, a.d.

As a result, in The Final Days of Jesus, we created the following chart to depict the dates of Jesus’ final week in the year 33 a.d.:

Categories:

John also indicates that Jesus was crucified on “the day of Preparation” (John 19:31), which refers to the Friday before the Sabbath of Passover week (Mark 15:42). The night before, on Thursday evening, Jesus had a Passover dinner with the Twelve (Mark 14:12), which became known as his “Last Supper.” According to the Pharisaic-rabbinic calendar that was generally employed in Jesus’ day, Passover always falls on the fifteenth day of Nisan (Exodus 12:6), which begins on Thursday at nightfall and finishes on Friday at dusk.

33, the most likely year for Jesus’s crucifixion, making April 3, a.d.

As a result, in The Final Days of Jesus, we created the following chart to illustrate the dates of Jesus’ final week in the year 33 a.d.:

Cultural Information to Keep in Mind

1. The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance. Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage. However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences. They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography. It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.

This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.

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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial

The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62). In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea “who had himself become a follower of Jesus,” according to one piece (Matthew 27:57 b). In Matthew 27:58-61, it is said that Joseph approached Pilate and begged for permission to bury Jesus’ body. “The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate,” we are told in Matthew 27:62. Joseph followed out this plan on Preparation Day.

In the Jewish calendar, it was Preparation Day (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).” (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Consequently, Joseph purchased some linen material, brought the corpse down from the casket, wrapped it in the linen, and buried it in a tomb dug into the rock.

Jesus died on the Day of Preparation, as confirmed by Luke and John: “Then he carried it down, wrapped it in linen fabric, and buried it in a tomb cut into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.” As it happened, it was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was about to begin” (Luke 23:54).

As it happened, they placed Jesus there since it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because the tomb was close by (John 19:42).

What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?

Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.

  • Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
  • Nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, the day of Sabbath rest
  • Instead, it took place on Thursday. A Thursday crucifixion pushes the Triumphal Entry to Sunday, which makes more sense, and avoids the necessity for a “quiet day” (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded) (a day during thePassion Weekwhen no events were recorded). However, we know that the Pharisees raced to get Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which is Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews timed days from sunset to sundown)
  • s Friday Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. For example, the New Testament indicates that Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
  • Acts 10:40). (e.g.,Matthew 16:21
  • Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a “quiet day” (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just “quiet” since we haven’t documented anything significant
See also:  What Day Was Jesus Crucified Lds?

What Time Did Jesus Die?

Matthew Henry writes in his commentary, Jesus was nailed on the cross between the third and the sixth hour, that is, between nine and twelve o’clock. And soon after the ninth hour, that is, between three and four o’clock in the afternoon, he died. As noted above, the Jews at the time of Christ measured days from nightfall to nightfall. Therefore, Bible scholars can take theMatthew 27:46 KJV, “ ninth hour,” and translate it to theMatthew 27:46 NIV, “ three in the afternoon.”

Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John

  • Mark 15: 33:34,37 “At midday, darkness descended over the whole region until three in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). “Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.”
  • sLuke 23:44-46 ” It was now around midday, and darkness descended upon the entire region until three o’clock in the afternoon since the sun had ceased shining. And the curtain of the temple was ripped in two. Jesus screamed out with a loud voice, ‘Father, into your hands I submit my spirit.’ When he had spoken this, he breathed his last.”
  • sJohn 19:14-16 “It was the day of Preparation of thePassover
  • It was about noon. ‘Here is your king,’ Pilate exclaimed to the Jews. But they cried, ‘Take him away! Take him away from me! Crucify him!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We have no sovereign except Caesar,’ the leading priests said. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”

What Year Did Jesus Die?

During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died. “It all boils down to this. Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D. to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have. So that’s our view out the window. The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died? In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.

Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.

“At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,” says Bookman of the situation.

I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.

3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death

Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 As a result of this, the temple’s curtain was split in half, from top to bottom. The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames. Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit. They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people. They were startled and cried, “Surely he was the Son of God!” when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.

  1. The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
  2. We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
  3. The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
  4. 2.
  5. John Gill’s remark on the event states that “this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.” When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
  6. In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.

Jesus is raised from the dead. This text in Matthew glosses over such an incredible occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is recorded with more detail inMatthew 28(as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). (as well as inMark 16,Luke 24, andJohn 20). Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.

7 Clues Tell Us *Precisely* When Jesus Died (the Year, Month, Day, and Hour Revealed)

When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be? Is it possible to pinpoint the precise date? We are in the midst of our yearly commemoration of Jesus’ death and resurrection, which began on Easter Sunday. All of us are aware that something like this occurred in Jerusalem during the first century. That distinguishes Jesus from mythological pagan deities, who were said to have lived in places and at times that no one could pinpoint precisely. When it comes to the killing of Jesus, how detailed can we be?

We have the ability to do so.

Clue1: The High Priesthood of Caiaphas

According to the gospels, Jesus was executed at the behest of Caiaphas, a high priest from the first century who was known for his ruthlessness (Matthew 26:3-4,John 11:49-53). Based on previous accounts, we know that he served as high priest from 18 to 36 A.D., which places Jesus’ death at that time period. However, we may be a little more particular. There’s a lot more.

Clue2: The Governorship of Pontius Pilate

All four gospels agree that Jesus was killed on Pontius Pilate’s orders, according to the New Testament (Matthew 27:24-26,Mark 15:15,Luke 23:24,John 19:15-16). Due to information from other sources, we know when he served as governor of Judea — from A.D. 26 to 36 — and hence can restrict the time period down by several years. Nevertheless, how are we going to narrow the scope to a single day and year?

Clue3: After “the Fifteenth Year of Tiberius Caesar”

The beginning of John the Baptist’s ministry is specified in the Gospel of Luke as follows: In the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar’s reign.the word of God came to John the son of Zechariah in the desert, where he remained for forty days. This specifies a certain year, namely A.D. 29. Because all four gospels represent Christ’s ministry beginning after that of John the Baptist (Matthew 3, Mark 1, Luke 3, and John 1), we may trim a few more years off our estimated time frame for his birth. The death of Christ has to take place within a seven-year time span: between A.D.

36.

Clue4: Crucified on a Friday

There is unanimous agreement among the four gospels that Jesus was crucified on a Friday (Matthew 27:62, Mark 15:42, Luke 23:54, and John 19:42), immediately before a Sabbath, which was just before the first day of the week (Luke 23:54; John 19:42). (Matthew 28:1,Mark 16:2,Luke 24:1,John 20:1). Due to the fact that Friday was designated as “the day of preparation,” we know it was a Friday. This means that it was the day on which Jews made the preparations they required for the Sabbath, as they were not permitted to work on that day.

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia: Friday is referred to as ‘Ereb Shabbat’ since it is the day before Shabbat (The Eve of Sabbath).

In Josephus’ Antiquitiesxvi.

The day is referred to as “Yoma da-‘Arubta” in Yer. Pesaim iv. 1 of the Jewish calendar (Day of Preparation). There were still a significant number of Fridays between A.D. 29 and 36, despite the fact that six days of the week were eliminated. Is it possible to figure out which one it is?

Clue5: A Friday at Passover

It is also agreed upon by the gospel writers that Jesus was crucified in connection with the yearly festival of Passover (Matthew 26:2,Mark 14:1,Luke 22:1,John 18:39). We get into a slight snag here since the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke characterize the Last Supper on Holy Thursday as a Passover feast (Matthew 26:19,Mark 14:14,Luke 22:15). That would imply that Good Friday occurred the day after Passover was observed. On the other hand, while recounting the morning of Good Friday, John makes it clear that the Jewish rulers had not yet eaten the Passover meal.

  • It was still early in the morning.
  • As a result, Pilate walked out to meet them.
  • There are a variety of options for dealing with this situation.
  • Another possibility is that Jesus simply moved the date of the Passover celebration for him and his disciples forward a few days.
  • In the event that he announces, “We’re celebrating Passover today,” and it happens to be a day earlier than most people are used to, they would just accept it.
  • No matter what Jesus’ movement did, we may use John’s remark about the kidnappers of Jesus to determine what the Jewish authorities or mainstream Judaism were like in those days: They were beginning their Passover celebrations on Friday evening, which is what we would call Friday.
  • The following is a comprehensive list of the days between A.D.
  • Monday, April 18, the year 29
  • Friday, April 7, the year 30
  • Tuesday, March 27, the year 31
  • Monday, April 14, the year 32
  • Friday, April 3, the year 33
  • Wednesday, March 24, the year 34
  • Tuesday, April 12, the year 35
  • And Saturday, March 31, the year 36

As you can see, there are just two candidates remaining on the table: Jesus was crucified on either April 7th, A.D. 30 or April 3rd, A.D. 33, depending on the source. Which one was it, exactly? The year A.D. 33 is generally accepted as the date. There are a significant number of people that support the A.D. 30 date in today’s world. Do the gospels provide us the option of choosing between the two?

Clue6: John’s Three Passovers

During Jesus’ career, the Gospel of John mentions three separate Passovers: the first, the second, and the third.

  • Jesus’ first public appearance was during the Passover Seder, which was described in John 2:13, towards the beginning of his career. 2nd Passover: This event is mentioned in John 6:4 and takes place in the midst of Jesus’ career. Passover3: This is mentioned in John 11:55 (and has been referenced several times thereafter), and it occurs near the conclusion of Jesus’ career.

That implies that Jesus’ ministry had to have lasted at least a couple of years longer than that. An in-depth examination would disclose that it lasted around three and a half years; yet, even if we believe that it began immediately before Passover1, the inclusion of two additional Passovers demonstrates that it lasted at the very least more than two years. That indicates the A.D. 30 deadline has passed. A ministry of at least two years cannot be accommodated in the period available between the fifteenth year of Tiberius Caesar (A.D.

29) and the next year’s Passover because there is insufficient time. The numbers don’t add up in this case. Consequently, the conventional date of Jesus’ death—Friday, April 3, AD 33-must be accepted as the true date. Is it possible to be any more specific?

Clue7: “The Ninth Hour”

Jesus died about “the ninth hour,” according to the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (Matthew 27:45-50,Mark 15:34-37,Luke 23:44-46). The “ninth hour” is what we would regard to as 3:00 p.m. in our modern day. This permits us to narrow down the time of Jesus’ death to a very particular point in history: approximately 3:00 p.m. on Friday, April 3, A.D. 33, on the third day of the first month of the first century. Of course, there are a slew of thorough counter-arguments that I haven’t had time to address in this article.

This is the exact moment it occurred.

What Now?

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The original version of this item published on April 10, 2013, at the Register.

Quake Reveals Day of Jesus’ Crucifixion

According to the New Testament, Jesus was most likely crucified on Friday, April 3, 33 A.D., according to the historical record. The most recent analysis, which was published in the journal International Geology Review, was focused on earthquake activity near the Dead Sea, which is located 13 miles from the Israeli capital of Jerusalem. The earthquake that occurred at the crucifixion is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 27: “And after Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit.” The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time.

See also:  What Do The Gnostic Gospels Say About Jesus

To better understand earthquake activity in the region, geologists Jefferson Williams of Supersonic Geophysical and Markus Schwab and Achim Brauer of the German Research Center for Geosciences examined three cores taken from the beach of the Ein Gedi Spa, which is located adjacent to the Dead Sea.

In the sediments, varves, which are annual layers of deposition, reveal that the core was affected by at least two major earthquakes: a widespread earthquake that occurred in 31 B.C.

Specifically, Williams noted that the latter time happened during “the years when Pontius Pilate was procurator of Judea and during the era when the earthquake in the Gospel of Matthew is factually restricted.” It is known with a good degree of clarity when the crucifixion (also known as Good Friday) took place, according to him.

However, the year has been a source of contention. In terms of textual indications concerning the date of the crucifixion, Williams cited a Nature research written by Colin Humphreys and Graeme Waddington that was published in 2011. Williams provided the following summary of their work:

  • All four gospels, as well as Tacitus’ Annals (XV,44), agree that the crucifixion took place during Pontius Pilate’s tenure as procurator of Judea, which lasted from 26 to 36 AD. Every one of the four gospels claims that Jesus was crucified on a Friday. Each of the four gospels agrees that Jesus died a few hours before sunset on Friday, marking the beginning of the Jewish Sabbath. It appears that Jesus died before nightfall on the 14th day of Nisan
  • This would have been just in time to begin serving the Passover meal. John’s gospel, however, differs from the synoptic accounts, apparently indicating that Jesus died before nightfall on the 15th day of Nisan
  • This would have been just in time to begin serving the Passover meal.

Taking into account information from the Jewish calendar and astronomical calculations, the researchers were able to come up with a number of plausible dates, with Friday, April 3, 33 AD, being the most accurate match, according to the researchers. For the sake of simplicity, Williams and his team acknowledge that the seismic activity associated with the crucifixion could refer to “an earthquake that occurred sometime before or after the crucifixion and was in effect ‘borrowed’ by the author of the Gospel of Matthew, and a local earthquake between 26 and 36 A.D.

Williams is looking at another another natural occurrence that might be connected with the crucifixion – the occurrence of darkness.

Such darkness, according to him, may have been brought on by a dust storm.

Discovery News contributed the information for this article.

The death of Jesus (Matthew 27:45-56) – The death of Jesus – CCEA – GCSE Religious Studies Revision – CCEA

When the sun went down at midday, the entire country was enveloped in darkness, which lasted for three hours. At around 3 o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus called out, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” This literally translates as “My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?” The people assumed he was summoning the prophetElijah, and they waited to see if he would come to Jesus’ assistance. After that, Jesus let forth a piercing wail and breathed his last. The curtain that was hanging in the temple had been split in half from top to bottom at that point.

When the soldiers witnessed the earthquake and everything that followed, they were scared and said, “He truly was the Son of God!” There were a large number of women there, many of whom had accompanied Jesus from Galilee and had assisted him.

Understanding the text

From the sixth hour to the ninth hour, Jesus was hanging on the cross of Calvary. Because the first hour in Jesus’ day was 6 a.m., this indicates that he was on the cross from 12 noon until 3 p.m. According to Matthew, “darkness descended upon the whole region” at this period. It is possible that this darkness was caused by nature, but it is more probable that it was symbolic—the crucifixion of God’s son was one of the darkest periods in history. Darkness was considered a symbol of God’s judgment in the Old Testament, and one of the ten plagues that God brought to Egypt was a blanket of darkness that enveloped the land for three days.

As he was dying, Jesus shouted out in Aramaic, his native tongue, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” (Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?

The psalm, on the other hand, concludes in victory, accepting God as king.

Some people mistook Jesus’ words for a summons to the prophet Elijah, believing he was calling for the latter.

There was a widespread idea that Elijah would appear and assist someone who was in need. When Jesus died, according to Matthew, a variety of unusual occurrences occurred, some of which may have been symbolic in nature:

  1. “The curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom”– The curtain of the temple hung between theHoly Place and theHoly of Holies, which the Jews thought were the places where God resided, according to tradition. Only the high priest, once a year on the Day of Atonement, had the authority to enter God’s presence from behind the curtain of the temple. On this day, the sins of the entire nation were forgiven, allowing them to begin the new year with a clean slate. The tearing down of the curtain signifies that God is no longer to be conceived of as residing behind a curtain in the Jewish temple, accessible only via the high priest, as he was in the past. Because of Jesus’ death, forgiveness of sins is now available to anybody who believes in him. Ordinary men and women now have the ability to directly reach God
  2. It is recorded in Matthew that there was also an earthquake during the Resurrection
  3. “the bodies of many holy people who had died were resurrected to life”– This demonstrates God’s mighty power at work in the universe
  4. “the bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to life”– Jesus’ death will not be the end of the story since God has the ability to conquer death and will resurrect Jesus from the dead. In addition, all those who place their faith in Jesus are assured of an eternal life.

These occurrences have a profound impact on the soldier who is stationed at the foot of the cross. “Surely, he was the Son of God!” he exclaims, despite the fact that he has undoubtedly watched several crucifixions. It is widely believed by Christians that Jesus’ death on the cross was not an ordinary death. It can be equated to the act of self-sacrificing. Jesus was crucified on the cross for all of the wrongs that sinful mankind has committed in order for them to be forgiven by the Almighty.

  • Because no one else was willing or able to pay the price for the sin of the entire world, Jesus came to redeem humans from the consequences of sin
  • To restore humanity to a proper relationship with God
  • And to bring the entire world back into alignment with God.

Proceed to the next step, Testing.

4 Phenomenal Events that Happened when Jesus Died (Session 12 – Matthew 27:41-52)

“They nailed him on a cross” (John 19:1). He wasn’t the first person to die on a crucifixion; it’s believed that by the time of Christ, the Romans had crucified 30,000 individuals in Palestine alone, according to historical records. He would not be the first to do so. To the contrary, Jesus was the only One who could and did suffer on a cross for the sins of a lost world, “the righteous for the wicked, so he may bring you to God” (Romans 3:25). (1 Pet. 3:18). In order to demonstrate the one-of-a-kindness of Jesus’ death, Matthew narrates four extraordinary incidents that occurred immediately after Jesus died.

According to John MacArthur, these incidents serve as God’s own commentary on the crucifixion.

The Darkness

As a result, “from noon till three o’clock in the afternoon, darkness fell over the entire area” (Mark 15:25), and Jesus was crucified at 9 a.m. (Mark 15:25). (Matt. 27:45). The relevance of this: Darkness is commonly used as a symbol of judgment in the Old Testament (see Amos 5:18; 8:9). Remember that the ninth plague of the exodus event was a three-day period of darkness over the country of Egypt, a darkness that could be felt by the people of Israel (Ex. 10:21-22). Next the plague of darkness, the firstborn sons were killed in the following year (Ex.

  • Death was preceded by a period of darkness.
  • What is the importance of this?
  • The presence of darkness as a manifestation of divine judgment draws attention to the substitutionary aspect of Christ’s sacrifice.
  • 3:13; 2 Cor.
  • 2:24).

The Curtain

This is what happened: “From top to bottom, the curtain of the sanctuary was ripped in half” (Matt. 27:51). The relevance of this: Some Bible scholars believe that this was the curtain that divided the court of the Jews from the court of the Gentiles in the time of Jesus. According to Ephesians 2:14, where Paul claims that Christ has knocked down the dividing wall between Jews and Gentiles, this would make sense in light of the passage. Other Bible scholars, on the other hand, think that this was the curtain that separated the holy of holies from the other portions of the temple in Jerusalem.

Worshipers were never permitted to enter the holy of holies; only the high priest was permitted to do so once a year (Lev.

16). This act of ripping down the temple curtain symbolizes how Christ has made the way to God open for everyone who believes in him. The fact that the curtain was torn from top to bottom indicates that this was the result of divine intervention rather than human effort (see Heb. 9:12; 10:19-20).

The Earthquake

What happened was as follows: “The ground trembled, and the rocks broke” (Matt.27:51). The significance:Earthquakes were regular in Palestine, albeit this one was unlike any other that had occurred previously. The timing of the incident, as well as the events that followed, imply that it was a supernatural occurrence. Earthquakes were frequently associated with supernatural revelation or a one-of-a-kind act of God in the Bible. Moses reported that “the entire mountain trembled fiercely” when God came to him on Mount Sinai to deliver him His law (Ex.

Warren Wiersbe draws a connection between the earthquake that occurred during Jesus’ execution and the Sinai event, arguing that the earthquake at Calvary represented the fulfillment of the demands of the law in Christ.

Because of the earthquake, according to Stuart Weber, it symbolized “the magnitude of the ‘earth-shaking’ upheaval that had just taken place with the tearing of the iron curtain.” (From the Holman New Testament Commentary)

The Dead Raised

This is what happened: “Many bodies of saints who had fallen asleep were revived from their tombs,” according to the account (Matt. 27:52). The significance: It is believed that the earthquake was the catalyst for the opening of the tombs in this location. The miracle consisted of the resurrection of a large number of saints from the dead. These would have been saints from the Old Testament. This evidence of Jesus’ victory over death is shown through these resurrections. Their resurrection serves as a foretaste of what will occur at the end of time, namely the last resurrection of which Paul writes in 1 Thessalonians 4:16: “the dead in Christ shall rise from the grave” (see also 1 Cor.

As a result, they represent the hope that all believers have as a result of the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Mike Livingstone works as a content editor for the Explore the Bible products offered by Lifeway.

In what year did Jesus die?

QuestionAnswer The death of Jesus and the subsequent resurrection of Jesus are the most significant events in human history since the beginning of time. God used the death of Christ to reconcile people who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin and “presentedholy in his sight, without blemish and free from accusation” (Colossians 1:21–22) those who had been “alienated” from Him because of sin. And God has compassionately “given us new birth into a live hope” as a result of Christ’s resurrection (1 Peter 1:3).

  • We can, however, figure it out with a reasonable degree of precision.
  • It is believed that Herod the Great died in 4 BC, which corresponds to the death of Herod the Great, who served as procurator of Judaea from 47 BC to 4 BC.
  • It is possible to identify the year in which Jesus died based on a variety of different criteria.
  • In the year AD 14, Tiberius was proclaimed emperor.
  • Pontius Pilate is believed to have governed Judea between AD 26 and AD 36.
  • There is also an argument for a more recent date (April 7, AD 30), which is based on the fact that John the Baptist’s ministry began more recently (and an assumed co-regency of Tiberias and Augustus).
  • Even while a great deal has transpired on the international stage since Christ’s time, nothing has ever surpassed the scope and significance of what occurred in AD 33—the death and resurrection of the Savior of the world.

Questions regarding Jesus Christ (return to top of page) When did Jesus die, and what year was it?

When Was Jesus Born, and When Did He Die?

While Christians commemorate Christmas and Easter on an annual basis, few are aware of the dates on which Jesus was born and when he was crucified. Not that any significant theology is founded on the calculations presented here, but it is comforting to know that we may have fair confidence in the dates of Jesus’ birth and death, which can be determined from a mix of biblical and extrabiblical historical facts, as demonstrated below. I may not be prepared to put my life on the line for the accuracy of the information provided below, but I am confident enough in my calculations to have my van’s license plate displayed as follows: 5BC–AD33.

See also:  What Happened When Jesus Went To Hell?

(the most authoritative treatment of this topic that I am aware of is Paul L.

Maier, “The Date of the Nativity and the Chronology of Jesus’ Life,” in As a side note, this would give Herod (who died in 4 B.C.) ample time to prepare his campaign to have all the boys two years old and younger in Bethlehem and the surrounding area slaughtered, as well as for Jesus to be born (see Matt 2:16, 19).

  1. 33.
  2. 14 is the date given by both Tacitus (Annales4 4) and Suetonius (Tiberius73) as the beginning of Tiberius’ reign.
  3. As a result, dating from August 19, A.D.
  4. 29 (14 plus 15 = 29).

According to the Gospels

The Bible states that Jesus was “about 30 years old” when he began his public ministry in Luke 3:23. If Jesus was born in 5 B.C. (as argued above) and began his public ministry shortly after the death of John the Baptist (that is, in the latter part of the year A.D. 29), as indicated by all four Gospels, this would mean that Jesus was approximately 33 years old when he began his public ministry (see H. W. Hoehner, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, 31–37; and B. Messner, “‘In the Fifteenth According to John’s Gospel, Jesus appeared at at least three Passovers: (1) in Jerusalem (2:13, 23); (2) in Galilee (6:4); and (3) once more in Jerusalem (2:13, 23).

  1. In addition, it is likely that he attended a fourth Passover not recorded in John but recorded in the Synoptics (Matt 12:1 pars.?).
  2. If he began his ministry in late A.D.
  3. 33, according to the calendar.
  4. 30 and 33 are the only possible dates for Jesus’ crucifixion in terms of the date of Passover in these two years (for more information on the dating of the four Passovers in question, see, for example, C.
  5. Humphreys and W.
  6. Waddington, “The Jewish Calendar, a Lunar Eclipse, and the Date of Christ’s Crucifixion,” Tyndale Bulletin Finally, John 2:20 says that the temple was completed 46 years ago (see for this translation A.
  7. Köstenberger,John, 109–10).
  8. (Antiquities15.11.1 §380), with completion 18 months later in 18/17 B.C.
  9. Again, counting from 18/17 B.C., adding 46 years brings us to A.D.
  10. To learn more about Johannine chronology, see the chart in A.
  11. Köstenberger, John (BECNT; Grand Rapids: Baker, 2004), 11–13, and the commentary at 1:19 and 2:20, as well as the previous post on Johannine chronology here.

See also H. W. Hoehner, “Chronology,” inDictionary of Jesus and the Gospels(ed. J. B. Green, S. McKnight, and I. H. Marshall; Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 1992), 118–22. Also,.

The Day Christ Died – Was it on a Thursday or Friday?

It is said in Luke 3:23 that when Jesus began his ministry, he was “about 30 years old.” If Jesus was born in 5 B.C. (as argued above) and began his ministry shortly after that of John the Baptist (that is, in the latter part of the year A.D. 29), as indicated by all four Gospels, this would mean that Jesus was approximately 33 years old when he began his public ministry (see H. W. Hoehner, Chronological Aspects of the Life of Christ, 31–37; and B. Messner, “‘In the Fifteenth Year’ Jesus appears at least three times during the Passover season, according to John’s Gospel: (1) in Jerusalem (2:13, 23); (2) in Galilee (6:4); and (3) once again in Jerusalem (2:13, 23).

  • There’s also a good chance he went to a fourth Passover that wasn’t documented in John but was recorded in the Synoptics (Matt 12:1 pars.?
  • We may date the crucifixion to the year 33 if he began his ministry in late AD 29 and ended it in early A.D.
  • It just so happens that, due to astronomical calculations, the years A.D.
  • J.
  • G.
  • J.
  • After a period of 20/19 B.C.

Again, calculating backwards from 18/17 B.C.

29 (there was no year zero)—a fantastic method to double-check our calculations from before.

J.

For more information, see H.

Hoehner, “Chronology,” inDictionary of Jesus and the Gospels (eds.

118–22 (also available in print).

When Did Jesus Die? What Do We Know About the Timeline of Jesus’ Death and Resurrection

One of the most dramatic events in the Bible, if one were to choose one time to characterize as the climax, would be the death, burial, and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ. It is the culmination of the Old Testament’s promises and predictions, the apex of history, and the pivotal event around which all subsequent sections of the Bible are defined and organized. The death of the Lord Jesus was a watershed point in history that changed and reshaped the course of history. Understanding it helps us understand why Easter is essential, as well as why the transition from the law to the grace of Christ occurred.

Here’s where you can get your FREE Easter Guide. You may have daily words of encouragement emailed to your inbox. Photograph courtesy of Unsplash/Alicia Quan

When Did Jesus Die?

The Gospels each provide a portion of a timeline that illustrates not just what happened to the Lord during the period of what is now known as Good Friday, but also when these events took place in historical time. They all believe that Pontius Pilate was the governor of Roman Judaea – the one who presided over that part of the Roman Empire as a satellite for Caesar – and that he was the man who executed Julius Caesar. He appears in the following books: Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, and John 19.

Tiberius was the second emperor after Augustus, and he governed from 14 to 37 AD.

Historically, historians and theologians have agreed that Jesus was roughly thirty-three years old when He was crucified.

Photograph courtesy of Getty Images/toeytoey2530.

What Was the Hour of Jesus’ Death?

The New Testament provides a detailed timeline of Christ’s arrest, trial, and execution, all of which take place on the same night. Jesus had traveled to Jerusalem in order to participate in the Passover celebrations. The Lord made His triumphal entry into the city on the Sunday before He was arrested, which is known as the triumphant entry. In response, both those who went before and those who followed cried out: “Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” (Matthew 11:9) The conspiracy to capture Jesus came to fruition after several days of preparation in the capital city.

  1. In the morning, His crucifixion started at Golgotha, a skull-shaped hill outside the city gates, where He had been tried the previous evening.
  2. The third hour, the sixth hour, and the ninth hour are all mentioned in the Gospels.
  3. “And it was the third hour when they crucified him,” according to Mark 15:25.
  4. on the third hour if it had occurred.

” It was dark from noon until three in the afternoon, according to the third hour of the day, which was nine o’clock in the morning. Credit: Unsplash/Veri Ivanova for the photo.

What Happened When Jesus Died?

Additionally, the New Testament provides a detailed timetable of Christ’s arrest and trial, as well as his execution. For the Passover holiday, Jesus had traveled to Jerusalem. This is considered as the triumphant entry since the Lord entered the city on the Sunday before His execution. As they passed by, those who came before them and those who followed them cried out, ‘Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!’ (9:9). (See also Mark 11:9) The conspiracy to capture Jesus was discovered after many days in the capital city.

  1. In the morning, His crucifixion started at Golgotha, a skull-shaped hill outside the city gates, where He had been tried the previous night.
  2. Third hour, sixth hour, and ninth hours are all mentioned in the Gospels as being appropriate times.
  3. They crucified Jesus around three o’clock in the morning, according to Mark 15:25.
  4. on the third hour if it had happened.
  5. It was dark from noon until three in the afternoon, according to the third hour of the day, which was nine o’clock in the day.

When Was Jesus Resurrected?

Joseph of Arimathea, a religious leader who thought that Jesus was the Messiah, had his tomb built outside of Jerusalem, and it was there that Jesus was put to rest. After his death, which happened on a Friday afternoon, Jesus was promptly taken down from the cross and buried with his cousin Joseph in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea. According to Jewish law and custom, nothing could be done with or to the body on the Sabbath – Saturday – and as a result, the body was buried as soon as possible.

They requested that the Romans guard the tomb of Jesus in order to prevent His disciples from stealing the corpse.

Saturday was the Jewish Sabbath, as well as the second day of the week.

Featured image courtesy of Getty Images/Alessandro Photo

Why Do We Celebrate Easter When We Do?

Following the Sabbath, a group of ladies who had been following Jesus’ ministry made their way to the tomb. Some aspects of Jewish burial were unable to be completed because of the speed with which Jesus was laid to rest, and the women were called in to complete some of those processes. An angel, on the other hand, met and welcomed them. In response, the angel assured them, ‘Do not be afraid; I know that you are seeking Jesus, who was crucified.'” He is not present because, as he stated, he has risen from the dead.

Christians celebrate the miraculous resurrection of Jesus Christ on the same day as the Jewish holiday of Passover, in accordance with the traditions of Passover week, and in recognition of the fact that Jesus died the day before the Sabbath and that the women discovered the empty tomb the day after the Sabbath.

However, some sects and denominations, particularly in Orthodox communities, dispute Sunday as the date of the resurrection, arguing that it should be celebrated on Monday.

Easter brings believers together in worship, joy, and excitement as they look forward to the resurrection.

The miracle is carefully recounted in the Gospels, with the promise of redemption being passed down through the generations – the promise of Easter Sunday.

Sources:

Alfred Edersheim’s work is a good example of how to combine a formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formal The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah are detailed in this book.

Wm.

Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, 1953.

Crossway Publishing Company, Wheaton, IL, 2014.

Dwight.

Dwight.” Jesus Christ’s Words and Deeds are the foundation of the Christian faith.

Walvoord, John F., and Roy B.

The Bible Knowledge Commentary is a resource for Bible knowledge.

Photograph courtesy of Getty Images /jordachelr Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer.

Bethany Verretti is a writer and editor who works as a freelancer.

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