When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
- Speculation about the day and year timing of Christ’s crucifixion and death stems from the lack of direct day-to-day correlation in the Gospel accounts.
- We know from each of the four Gospel accounts that Jesus died on Preparation Day.
- But was that day a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
- And what time did Jesus die?
There’s even speculation about the year of his death.To uncover the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must assemble the evidence from the four Gospels and what we know of the culture at the time.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
- The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance.
- Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage.
- However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences.
They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography.It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.Each of the four Gospel narratives of Jesus’ death and burial mentions the Day of Preparation as a day of preparation.This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
- Because Jews were required to refrain from working on the Sabbath at this time, Jesus’ companions made certain that he was buried before the Sabbath began on Friday at sunset.
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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
- The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62).
- In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea who ″had himself become a follower of Jesus,″ according to the text (Matthew 27:57b).
- In Matthew 27:58-61, Joseph is said to have requested Pilate for permission to bury Jesus’ body.
- This is according to tradition.
Later in Matthew 27:62, we find out that Joseph was successful in carrying out his plan on Preparation Day: ″The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate.″ On Preparation Day, according to Mark’s account, Joseph buried his son Jesus.In other words, ″it was Preparation Day″ (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).(Matthew 15:42 a.) … Joseph then went out and got some linen material, carried the corpse down and covered it in the linen before putting it in a tomb that he had dug out the rock.And he proceeded to roll a large stone against the tomb’s entrance″ (Mark 15:46).
- Jesus’ death on the Day of Preparation is confirmed by the Gospels of Luke and John: ″Then he carried it down, covered it in linen cloth, and buried it in a tomb carved into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.″ It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was just around the corner″ (Luke 23:54).
- The tomb was nearby, so they put Jesus there because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because it was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
- Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday. Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, which was a day of Sabbath rest
- Thursday was a working day. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a ″quiet day″ (a day during the Passion Week when no events were recorded). However, we do know that the Pharisees rushed to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which was Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews measured days from nightfall to nightfall).
- Friday was the Day of Preparation, which was Friday and before the Sabbath began at nightfall. Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g., Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a ″quiet day″ (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just ″quiet″ since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
- According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning.
- After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon.
- Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall.
- So Bible scholars may convert the Matthew 27:46 KJV, which reads ″ninth hour,″ into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which reads ″three o’clock in the afternoon,″ as a result of this.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- Mark 15:33:34, 37, 38, 39 ″At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, ″Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?″ in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). ″Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.″
- Matthew 23:44-46 Because the sun had ceased shining, it was now around midday, and darkness fell over the entire region until three o’clock that afternoon. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.″ (See also John 19:14-16.) ‘It was around midday on the day of Preparation of the Passover,’ I recalled. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, ″Take him away!″ Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
- During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died.
- ″It all boils down to this…
- Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D.
- to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have.
So that’s our view out the window.The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died?In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.From nightfall on Thursday till sundown on Friday, the event was taking place every day.
- Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
- Theory 2: Jesus died around the year 33 A.D.
- ″At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,″ says Bookman of the situation.
- ″With regard to every one of the chronological questions, there is a case to be formed on both sides of the argument,″ he continues.
I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.″I teach the life of Jesus within the framework of that structure.″
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
- Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 In that instant, the temple’s curtain was ripped in half from top to bottom.
- The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames.
- Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit.
- They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people.
They were startled and cried, ″Surely he was the Son of God!″ when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.1.The temple curtain had been ripped in half.This curtain divided the temple’s worshipers from the Ark of the Covenant and its apex – the Mercy seat – where God would only meet with the High Priest once a year to accept an atonement sacrifice on the High Priest’s behalf.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- Following the deaths of two men who attempted to approach the Lord in the wrong manner, the Lord provided Moses detailed instructions in Leviticus 16 on how to approach him without dying.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- Furthermore, the fact that the curtain was torn ″from top to bottom″ represented that it had been torn by God himself, rather than by the efforts of any man or woman.
2.An earthquake unsealed tombs, allowing deceased saints to be resurrected from their graves.John Gill’s remark on the event states that ″this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.″ When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.″These saints, I believe, remained on earth until our Lord’s ascension, and then, joining the entourage of angels, gloriously ascended with him to heaven, as trophies of his victory over sin, Satan, death, and the tomb,″ Gill added.In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.According to Matthew, this incident also fulfills a prophesy found in Isaiah 26:19, which reads, ″But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust awaken and cry for joy— your dew is like the dew of the dawn; the earth will give birth to her dead.
3.Jesus is brought back to life from the dead.This paragraph in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the book of Matthew (as well as in Mark 16, Luke 24, and John 20).Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
At what time did Jesus rise from the tomb?
- The paragraph that appears to be confused here appears to be Matthew’s narrative, which we shall discuss in more detail later.
- All of the other stories, including the apocryphal Gospel of Peter, provide quite clear indicators of when things happened, so we’ll start with them: When the Sabbath was finished, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome went out and bought spices so that they may go to the tomb and anoint the body of Jesus.
- They were on their way to the tomb when they asked each other, ″Who will move the stone aside from the entrance of the tomb?″ It was very early on the first day of the week, just after daybreak, and they were on their way to the tomb.
- However, as they glanced up, they noticed that the stone, which was rather enormous, had been rolled away from them.
After entering the tomb and seeing a young guy clad in a white robe seated on the right side, they were scared and ran out of the building.″Don’t be afraid,″ he assured the audience.It is Jesus the Nazarene who you are seeking for, and he has been crucified.″ He has resurrected from the dead!He isn’t in the room.
- Take a look at the spot where they buried him.’ Mark 16:2-6 (New International Version) (emphasis mine) Mark provides us with two chronological markers, which I have highlighted in the preceding paragraph.
- When the Sabbath ends, he says, but he introduces it again with, ″very early on the first day of the week, right after daybreak,″ which is the first time he’s spoken it.
- While the exact time of Jesus’ resurrection is not specified, the conclusion from Mark’s passage appears to be that he rose at the crack of dawn.
- The women went to the tomb on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, with the spices they had prepared the night before.
Upon entering, they discovered that the stone had been removed from the tomb but that they had not discovered the body of Jesus Christ.While they were pondering this, two guys in garments that glowed like lightning appeared near them and asked them what was going on.Because they were terrified, the ladies lowered their heads to the ground with their faces to the ground, but the men asked them, ″Why are you looking for the living among the dead?″He is not here; he has ascended into heaven!″ Luke 24:1-6a New International Version (emphasis mine) The appearance of the ladies at the tomb on the first day of the week, according to Luke’s narrative, occurs just after daybreak on the first day of the week.The tradition of recognizing that it was the first day of the week is carried on by him, as is the custom.The first day of the week, early in the morning when it was still dark, Mary Magdalene returned to the tomb and discovered that the stone had been lifted from the entrance.
2 So Mary ran to Simon Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus cherished, and said, ″They have taken the Lord out of the tomb, and we have no idea where they have hidden him!″ Once again, it is the first day of the week, and John’s story again implies that it is morning; the phrase ″while it was still dark″ indicates that, if it is not yet dawn, dawn is near by and darkness is soon to be overtaken by daybreak.This is readily reconciled with the gospels of Mark and Luke by observing the motif of light and darkness that runs throughout John’s gospel.The emphasis on darkness is most likely intended to depict Mary of Magdalene’s passage from ″blindness″ to ″seeing″ (so Carson).Additionally, we can take into consideration the pertinent paragraph from the apocryphal Gospel of Peter, which you have alluded to in your query.Despite the fact that I consider it to be a later gnostic work from the mid-to-late second century, and so derivative rather than formative of the four canonical gospels, it may nevertheless provide some insight into how early Christians believed of the resurrection for our purposes: However, as the Sabbath began to dawn, a large throng gathered from all around Jerusalem and the surrounding region in order to see the opening of the sealed tomb.
However, during the night of the Lord’s day, when the soldiers were guarding it two by two in every watch, they heard a loud voice in heaven, and they looked up to see that the heavens had been opened and that two males with great radiance had descended from the heavens and had arrived near the sepulcher.However, after rolling away on its own, the stone that had been thrown against the entrance was pushed to the side, and the sepulcher opened, allowing both young men to enter.As a result, the centurion and the elders were roused by the troops who had seen the event (for they too were present, safeguarding).
- And while they were recounting their experiences, they witnessed three males emerge from the sepulcher, with the two supporting the other, a cross trailing behind them, and the heads of the two reaching toward the heavens, but the head of the one being led out by a hand by them reaching beyond the heavens.
- A voice from the skies said, ‘Have you made proclamation to the fallen-asleep?’ they thought they heard it.
- And from the cross, there came an obeisance that said, ‘Yes.’ Raymond Brown has provided a translation of the Gospel of Peter (emphasis mine) The temporal markers at the beginning are a little misleading because it introduces a throng but then appears to be rewinding into the nighttime environment.
- However, it is apparent that numerous watches have already taken place, that people have been sleeping for a long time and must be roused, and that the resurrection itself is seen as the beginning of a new day.
- Taking what we’ve seen thus far into consideration, we may conclude that the early Christians believed Jesus’ resurrection occurred at or around dawn on the first day of the week following his crucifixion and burial.
- So, what about Matthew’s version of events?
- It starts with the Greek letter v, which means ″to be″ or ″to come.″ Matthew 28:1 continues with the Greek word for ″to come,″ which means ″to come.″ Matthew 28:1 ends with the Greek word for ″to come″ or ″to come″ (which means ″to come″ or ″to come″).
- The majority of current translations contain something along the lines of: At early light on the first day of the week, after having returned from the Sabbath, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to the tomb to have a look.
- However, based on your inquiry, it appears that you believe the right English translation should be something along the lines of: ″Late on the Sabbath.″ Although the grammar is difficult to understand, there are at least two viable solutions that would allow Matthew’s story to be reconciled with the other versions of the events.
- The first is supported by A.
- McNeile, who claims that ″Late on the Sabbath″ is the right translation, but that Matthew is referring to the Roman practice of beginning and finishing days at dawn rather than sunset, rather than sunset.
- Considering the clearly Jewish nature of the remainder of Matthew’s tale, however, it is generally preferable to embrace the interpretation held by the majority of modern commentators and the BDAG (3), who interpret the word as a preposition (″after″) rather than as an adverb (″before″) (″late″).
- One of these two methods is recommended by the strength of the other traditions that place the resurrection at or near the time of sunrise.
- All of this points to the resurrection occurring sometime after the Sabbath’s sunset and before the ladies come early on the first day of the week as the most likely time frame.
- The fact that ″dawn″ is associated with resurrection in early Christian belief, in addition to being a strong implication of all of these texts, provides additional proof that Jesus resurrected from the dead shortly before the ladies came.
Jesus, who was known as ″the resurrection and the life,″ was referred to as the ″morning star″ in the Bible (Rev.22:16).In this way, Jesus is claimed to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah, who writes that a light has dawned on people who dwell in darkness (Matt.4:14-16), and he is referred to as the ″rising sun″ who has come down from heaven to shine on us (Luke 1:78).In other words, in early Christian belief, Jesus himself was associated with the beginning of a new day in a symbolic manner.
We also know that the concepts of sleeping and awakening were frequently utilized by early Christians (as well as Jesus Christ) to describe death and resurrection, respectively.Consider the following passage from Matthew 9:24: Jesus refers to the dead girl as ″just sleeping″ because he intends to wake her up later (i.e.resurrect her).John 11 contains a similar statement: ″Our buddy Lazarus has fallen asleep; nonetheless, I am going there to rouse him up,″ and when questioned on this, Jesus responds, ″Lazarus is dead,″ and we subsequently see him revived.
In the same way, the parallel is readily evident in 1 Thessalonians 4:14, where Paul says, ″For we believe that Jesus died and rose again, and likewise we trust that God will bring with Jesus all who have fallen asleep in him.″ In 1 Thessalonians 4, we may detect a strong connection between an eschatological new day and the resurrection of the dead.In the same way, we read in Romans 13: ″The night is nearly gone; the day is almost here.″ As a result, the Romans are to live in the light of the resurrection as if they were living in daylight.All of this points to a deep connection in Christian thought between the resurrection and the beginning of a new day, which should lead us to believe that the gospel writers all intended for their readers to grasp the fact that Jesus’ resurrection occurred at the beginning of a new day and a new week when they wrote their accounts of Jesus’ life and death (both historically and symbolically).
When Did Jesus Rise From The Dead? – Bibleline Ministries
The tradition of a resurrection on Sunday morning is still very much alive and well in contemporary Christianity.The majority of people envision a resurrection on a Sunday morning.The Sunrise services, after all, appear to imply that this is the time when Christ arose from the dead.″For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth,″ Jesus said in Matthew 12:40.
″Three days and three nights″ translates to seventy-two hours in this context.In John 11:9, Jesus provided a definition for the length of a day.Our Lord said, “Are there not twelve hours in a day?” So, if there are twelve hours in a day, there are also twelve hours in a night, correct?As a result, three days and three nights would equal 72 hours in total.If Jesus was placed in the grave at sundown as the Scriptures teach.See Luke 23:54; “And that day was the preparation, and the Sabbath (Passover Sabbath was Thursday on that week) drew on.” Then it had to be seventy-two hours later, at sundown, for His resurrection to take place.
If you accept a Sunday morning resurrection then Christ stayed in the grave for three days and four nights.Not three days and three nights as Jesus said.Have you ever wondered how Jesus Christ could be crucified on Friday and be resurrected on Sunday after being buried for three days?Well, that’s impossible!You cannot squeeze three days between Friday and Sunday.
- By no stretch of the imagination is it possible to stretch the period from Friday evening to Sunday morning into “three days and three nights.” We believe that Jesus Christ died on a Wednesday.
- We do not believe that Jesus died on Friday.
- Let’s turn to Matthew 12:40, and notice Christ’s own prophecy pertaining to His death, burial, and resurrection.
“For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (Matthew 12:40).” ″Three days and three nights″ translates to seventy-two hours in this context.In John 11:9, Jesus provided a definition for the length of a day.Our Lord said, “Are there not twelve hours in a day?” Well, if there are twelve hours in a day, then there are twelve hours in a night.As a result, three days and three nights would equal 72 hours in total.Anything less than 72 hours would not fulfill the prophecy of Jonah or the words of Jesus Christ.
- Perhaps you’re wondering why the vast majority of Christians accept the Friday-to-Sunday burial of Christ if it is wrong?
- The only answer that can be given is tradition.
- “Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.
- (Colossians 2:8).” This is a tradition not taught in the Bible.
- Ash Wednesday and Lent also are not in the Bible.
- Even the word “Easter” is pagan, and it is not found in the Bible.
- In the King James Version the word “Easter” does occur in Acts 12:4, but is a mistranslation.
- The word “Easter” comes from the word “Ish-tar” and is the same as Ashtaroth, a pagan deity.
- We celebrate the resurrection of Christ again from the dead.
- In order to explain the Good Friday tradition, the proponents say that Christ was buried during parts of three days and nights.
That is Christ was buried for part of Friday, part of Saturday, and a part of Sunday.Sometimes people ask, “Didn’t the Jews count part of a day a whole day or part of a night as a whole night?” Whenever you have the expression “day and night” mentioned together in the Hebrew Scriptures, it always means a full day and a full night.For example, “And the evening and the morning were the first day (Genesis 1:8)”; “And the evening and morning were the second day (Genesis 1:13)”; “And the evening and morning were the third day (Genesis 1:13)”; and so on.
Other examples are Esther 4:16; 5:1; II Samuel 30:12-13 and Jonah 1:17, where you will find the expression “three days and three nights,” and in every instance it means full days and full nights – not part of a day and part of a night.Let’s see what the scriptures teach us as we look at an example in the life of Christ.The Scripture says, “And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward a hungered (Matthew 4:2).” Jesus fasted forty days and forty nights.If we say, as some do, that “three days and three nights” does not mean “three days and three nights”, then we must also say that “forty days and forty nights” does not mean “forty days and forty nights.” Where do we stop?Do we say that we really can’t be sure about anything?
- Of course not!
- We believe the Bible to be literal.
- Part of the confusion has come from verses like John 19:31.
- This verse says, “The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the Sabbath day (for that Sabbath day was a high day), besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.” The Sabbath in John 19:31 is not the regular Saturday Sabbath.
- It was the Passover Sabbath, which occurred on Thursday of the crucifixion week.
- Note that John 19:31 says, “For that Sabbath day was a high day.” If it were talking of the Saturday Sabbath, then Christ would have been crucified on Friday.
- All the feast days God gave to Israel were considered Sabbaths though they did not fall on Saturday.
Jesus was crucified on the preparation (Wednesday) of the Sabbath (Passover Sabbath) which was Thursday.Now at what time of the day did Jesus die?It was around three in the afternoon on Wednesday. “ And it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: And having said thus, he gave up the ghost (Luke 23:44-46).” When it says the ninth hour, it means the ninth hour since the break of day.
In other words, it was three o’clock in the afternoon.Jesus was taken away from the cross and hurriedly buried the same afternoon before sundown or 6:00 p.m.Now remember that the Jewish day always begins at sundown or at about 6:oo p.m.Our day begins at midnight, but the Jewish day began at sunset.In Leviticus 23:32, the Lord said, “From even unto even shall ye celebrate your Sabbath.” If you count 72 hours from late Wednesday afternoon at around 6:00 p.m., then Jesus would have been in the tomb until late Saturday evening at about 6:00 p.m.So, a Sunday morning resurrection is not what the Bible teaches.
We believe that Jesus was resurrected on Saturday evening at about 6:00 p.m.Jesus was placed in the tomb at around 6:00 p.m.on Wednesday.Seventy-two hours later would be at around 6:00 p.m.on Saturday, exactly when the first day began (Sunday) (Sunday).
Even at this hour the Jewish Sunday night begins at Saturday night at 6:00 p.m.When the women arrived at the tomb early Sunday morning, Jesus was already gone.The Gospel is summed up in I Corinthians 15:3-4, “…Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures.” Those who arrived early Sunday morning simply discovered an empty tomb.The angel said, “He is not here, for He is risen (Luke 24:6).” So the discovery occurred in the morning.Not the resurrection.
- One objection to a Wednesday crucifixion is found in Luke 24:21, which says, “But we trusted that it had been He which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, today is the third day since these things were done.” This conversation takes place on Sunday, the day of resurrection.
- The answer is found in the word “since.” Counting from this verse, Sunday is the third day, Saturday the second day, Friday is the first day SINCE the Passover.
- The Thursday Passover (Jewish reckoning) had its night on what we would call Wednesday night and twilight of that night, meaning between 3:00 p.m.
- and 6:00 p.m., is when Christ was crucified.
The twilight of Thursday afternoon would have counted as the twilight of Friday night, which began at 6:00 p.m.by Jewish reckoning.So we see there is no conflict.
- The real issue is not really what day was Christ crucified on, but the need to be careful Bible students, lest we miss what the Bible teaches about how to be saved.
- We know that nothing could wash away our sins but the blood of Jesus Christ.
- If you have not trusted Jesus Christ and His shed blood as your only means of reaching heaven, then do so now.
Baltimore Catechism: On What Day Did Jesus Christ Rise From the Dead?
I’m wondering what day Jesus Christ rose from the grave was. Over the years, this seemingly basic topic has been the source of much heated discussion. In this post, we’ll take a look at some of those debates and send you in the direction of other information.
What Does the Baltimore Catechism Say?
When it comes to question and answer 89 of the Baltimore Catechism, which can be found in Lesson Seventh of the First Communion Edition and Lesson Eighth of the Confirmation Edition, it is best described as follows: When did Christ rise from the grave, and what day did it happen?Answer: Christ resurrected from the grave, beautiful and everlasting, on Easter Sunday, the third day after His death, on the third day after His death.Isn’t it straightforward?On the Feast of the Resurrection, Jesus resurrected from the grave.
For example, why do we refer to the day Christ rose from the grave as Easter and what does it mean when we say that it is ″the third day after His death″ imply?
Easter is derived from Eastre, which is the Anglo-Saxon name for the Teutonic goddess of spring and the origin of the word Easter.Due to the fact that the Church celebrated Christ’s Resurrection in the early spring when Christianity first expanded to the Northern tribes of Europe, the term for the season was attached to the most important of celebrations as Christianity spread around the world.(In the Eastern Church, where the impact of Germanic tribes was minimal, the day of Christ’s Resurrection is referred to as Pascha, which is derived from the Hebrew word for Passover, Pasch.)
When Is Easter?
Is Easter celebrated on a particular day, such as New Year’s Day or the Fourth of July?The fact that the Baltimore Catechism refers to Easter Sunday as the first hint provides the first piece of evidence.As we all know, the first of January and the Fourth of July (as well as Christmas, December 25) can fall on any day of the week.Easter, on the other hand, usually happens on a Sunday, which informs us that it is a very important holiday.
Due to the fact that Jesus resurrected from the grave on a Sunday, Easter is always celebrated on a Sunday.But, rather than celebrating His Resurrection on the anniversary of the date on which it occurred—much as we always celebrate our birthdays on the same day of the week rather than the same day of the week—why not celebrate His Resurrection on the anniversary of the date on which it occurred?This was a cause of tremendous debate in the early Church, and it continues to be so today.The majority of Christians in the East did, in fact, observe Easter on the same day every year: the 14th of Nisan, the first month of the Jewish holy calendar, on the 14th of Nisan.In Rome, on the other hand, the significance of the day on which Christ rose from the dead was regarded as more significant than the precise date.Sunday was the first day of Creation, and Christ’s Resurrection marked the beginning of a new Creation—the rebuilding of the world that had been harmed by the original sin of Adam and Eve—and the beginning of the new Creation.
To commemorate this event in the Roman Catholic calendar, and the Church throughout the Western world in general, celebrated Easter on the first Sunday after the Paschal Full Moon, which is defined as the full moon that occurs either before, during, or immediately after the vernal (spring) equinox.At the time of Jesus’ death and resurrection, the 14th day of Nisan was the full moon known as the Paschal Full Moon.Since then, since the Council of Nicaea in 325, the entire Church has followed this formula, which explains why Easter always occurs on a Sunday and why the date varies year after year.
How Is Easter the Third Day After Jesus’ Death?
There is one anomaly, however: if Jesus died on a Friday and rose from the dead on a Sunday, how is it that Easter is celebrated on the third day following Jesus’ death?Saturday and Sunday are only two days apart, correct?Yes and no, to be honest.Today, we typically keep track of our days in this manner.
However, this was not always the case (and continues to be the case in some societies).The Church’s liturgical calendar carries on the previous tradition in a new light.For example, we claim that Pentecost is 50 days after Easter, despite the fact that it is the seventh Sunday following Easter Sunday, and seven times seven equals just 49 days after Easter.By incorporating Easter itself, we get the magic number of 50.As an example, when we declare that Christ ″raised again on the third day,″ we count Good Friday (the day of His death) as the first day, Holy Saturday as the second day and Easter Sunday (the day Jesus rose from the grave) as the third day.
On What Day Did Jesus Rise?
The Biblical Archaeology Review’s Biblical Views column appeared in the May/June 2016 issue.The staff of the Biblical Archaeology Society will meet on November 16, 2021.107257 views, 7 comments, 107257 views What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead?Is it better to wait three days or to wait until the third day?
Ben Witherington III tackles this matter in his Biblical Views column ″It’s About Time—Easter Time,″ which appeared in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review.The whole text of his Biblical Views column may be seen below.—Ed.
“It’s About Time—Easter Time”
by Ben Witherington III
Anachronism is a hazard that arises when reading ancient books like the Bible in the twenty-first century.By this I mean that we risk introducing damaging current notions and expectations into our readings.This challenge becomes much more serious when dealing with old manuscripts, which have significant historical significance and are thus difficult to interpret.What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead?
Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome visited Jesus’ tomb on Easter morning to anoint his corpse (Mark 16:1–2), as shown in Henry Osawa Tanner’s painting ″The Three Marys″ (1910).Photograph courtesy of the Fisk University Galleries in Nashville, Tennessee.For example, we are a people who are preoccupied with time—and with the exactness with which time is measured—down to the millisecond level.Here, we vary significantly from the ancients, who did not go around with little sundials on their wrists and did not use the terms seconds and minutes to describe the passage of time.When it came to the passage of time, they did not stress over accuracy.Please consider a few instances from the Gospels that may assist us in reading the accounts of Jesus’ final week of life with greater understanding.
Jesus promised that he would rise from the dead ″after three days,″ according to certain sources.Those who believe he will rise ″on the third day″ disagree.It is true that in Matthew 12:40 Jesus refers to ″three days and three nights,″ but this is only a general comparison with the account of Jonah and the whale, and as a result, the time reference should not be taken too seriously.″It will be similar to the experience of Jonah,″ Jesus is only stating the obvious.In Mark 8:31, on the other hand, Jesus declares that ″the Son of Man will rise from the dead after three days.″ In John 2:19, he refers to the same event as taking place ″in three days,″ and the Gospel authors tell us that Jesus used the term ″on the third day″ on a number of occasions (see, e.g., Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; Luke 24:46).
- On the surface, it appears that this involves a straightforward contradiction.
- While it is feasible that both forecasts will be incorrect, is it really possible that both will be correct?
- The difficulty with this type of current thinking is that it makes the assumption that the Gospel writers intended to constantly write with accuracy on this subject.
Furthermore, the term ″after three days″ in the New Testament might simply indicate ″after a time″ or ″after a few days″ without any obvious specificity other than to hint that multiple days, in this case portions of three days, would be engaged in the event.Even the Hebrew Bible has some hints about the kinds of variations we might expect to encounter.″Come to me again after three days,″ says the Bible’s Second Chronicles 10:5, 12.As a result, on the third day, everyone gathered to Rehoboam’s palace since the monarch had instructed them to ″come to me again on the third day.″ According to this literature, ″after three days″ and ″on the third day″ are both synonymous with ″after three days.″ Is this simply a case of carelessness, or is it an example of the common imprecision that occurs when discussing the passage of time?According to my interpretation, the term ″after three days″ is a more generic or imprecise way of expressing, but ″on the third day″ is a little more particular (albeit it still doesn’t tell us when it is on the third day).
- When it comes to time, these books were not written in a way that would suit our present high expectations.
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With an All-Access pass, you may access more than 9,000 articles from the Biblical Archaeology Society’s extensive collection, as well as much more.It is important to recognize that most of the time references in the New Testament are not exact, and we must allow the ancient author to be broad when he wants to be general and more particular when he wants to be more specific when interpreting the time references in the New Testament.When you find both types of references to the time span between Jesus’ death and resurrection in the same book by the same author, and in some cases even within close proximity to each other, it is reasonable to conclude that these texts were not written in accordance with our modern exacting expectations when it comes to time references.Ist it not time that we let these authors to utilize language, particularly time-related vocabulary, in the manner that was usual during their own historical period?
I believe it is past time for us to accord these ancient authors the respect they deserve and to read them with a knowledge of the standards they followed when writing ancient history or ancient biography, rather than imposing our later genre norms on them, as we have done in the past.1 —————— ″Biblical Views: It’s About Time—Easter Time,″ written by Ben Witherington III, first appeared in Biblical Archaeology Review in May/June 2016.This article has been updated.The essay was initially published in Bible History Daily on April 18, 2016, and has since been reprinted several times.Ben Witherington III is the Amos Professor of New Testament for Doctoral Studies at Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky and a member of the doctoral faculty of St.Andrews University in Scotland.
He received his bachelor’s degree from Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky.
1. Ben Witherington III’s Reading and Understanding the Bible is a helpful resource for understanding how to interpret the Bible in light of its original settings (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2014).
Related reading in Bible History Daily:
When Was the First Holy Communion Celebrated? Even yet, Jesus’ Last Supper was not a Passover meal. The Herod’s Jerusalem Palace Remains are on Display During a Seder Meal Tour— The site of Jesus’ trial is a possibility. And Why It Really Does Make a Difference The ″Strange″ Ending of the Gospel of Mark and Why It Really Does Make a Difference What Method Was Used to Seal Jesus’ Tomb?
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What was the exact date Jesus rose from the dead?
GENESIS 8:4 (NIV) Then, on the seventeenth day of the seventh month, the ark came to rest on the heights of Ararat, in the seventh month.It rained so heavily for 40 days and nights that the whole world died, with the exception of Noah and those who were with him in the ark during that time.The ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat on the 17th day of the seventh month, after having traveled for 150 days.The Hebrew term ″Ararat″ literally translates as ″the curse has been reversed.″ Due to the receding of the rivers of judgment, the ark came to rest on the heights of Ararat, on fresh ground where the curse had been reversed.
In addition, it took place on the 17th day of the seventh month, on the Feast of Firstfruits—wasn’t that the precise day on which Jesus resurrected from the grave, 4,000 years after that event?Clarify Asked to Share a Report The 26th of July, 2014 Daniel Wallace is a writer who lives in New York City.The responses from the community are arranged according to how many people voted for them.The greater the number of votes, the higher the position of an answer on the list.It is my pleasure to praise you on your thorough research.The fact that Jesus was resurrected on the Feast of Firstfruits, as well as the connection to the flood, are both overlooked by most people.
The resurrection of Jesus is referred to as the firstfruits of the dead.Despite the fact that the Scriptures mention the dead being revived, everyone save Jesus died and was buried.Jesus, on the other hand, was crucified, buried, and then arose to a life that would never cease.2 replies on July 27, 2014 Please Vote ‘Yes’ Report it to others Bruce Lyon, Senior Advisor: Assembly of the Restoration Fellowship What was the precise day on which Jesus was raised from the dead?Take note of how old Jesus was at the time of his baptism: Luke 3:21-23 (NIV): Then, as everyone was being baptized, including Jesus, who was also being baptized, and praying, the heavens were opened, and the Holy Spirit descended upon him in a bodily appearance, as if from the sky, and a voice came out of heaven saying, ‘Thou art My Son — the Beloved, in thee I took pleasure.’ And Jesus himself was approaching his THIRTY-YEAR-OLD YEARS, having been born, as was widely assumed, as the son of Joseph.
- Let’s go back in time to the day of his conception.
- When King Herod died in 4 B.C., we know he was two years old and had just been born.
- So if we count ahead 30 years from 5/6 B.C., we arrive at 25/26 A.D.
Yes, 4 B.C., and so on.To this, we must add 3 1/2 years for his ministry until his death, bringing us to the Passover of 28/29 AD in the year.0 answers received on July 27, 2014.Upvote, Share, and Report Helmut Fischl has announced his retirement.This is a question that can be readily addressed.
- On Friday, he passed away in the middle of Daniel’s 70th week, at the holiday of Passover.
- Following that, he would get up on Sunday morning, the first day of the week.
- 0 answers have been received as of January 3, 2020.
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Why did Jesus Rise on the Third Day?
Derek Hiebert contributed to this article. 1 year ago today
Why did Jesus Rise on the Third Day?
For centuries, the Christian church has observed the resurrection of Jesus Christ on a Sunday, three days after commemorating his death on Good Friday.This practice has continued today.According to multiple passages in the New Testament, this timetable of three days is accurate.Many times, Jesus foretold it, and the apostles included it in their delivery of the gospel message as well (see footnote references).
However, why did Jesus’ resurrection take place three days after his death is a mystery.According to eyewitnesses, it appears that Jesus might have risen one day, two days, or even four days after his death and the resurrection would still be considered historically credible.Is the third day only a coincidental, insignificant element put on to the story of Jesus’ death and resurrection?Is this a coincidence, or does it have any significance?
The Third Day Matters
Timing is extremely important for Jesus and his apostles because it has significant theological ramifications.When it comes to biblical story, the three-day timeframe is important because it represents the one-of-a-kind day on which God creates new life and activates his covenant with mankind.How did the writers of the New Testament get at this conclusion?After all, the Hebrew Scriptures have a constant ″third day″ design pattern, which Jesus and the New Testament authors are using as a model.
Investigating this pattern for ourselves can help us gain a better understanding of the Easter celebration.
The Third Day Pattern in the Hebrew Bible
The passages Jonah 1:17 and Hosea 6:1-2 in the Hebrew Scriptures are among the clearest illustrations of third-day resurrection in the whole Bible.Jesus used Jonah’s three days in the belly of the huge fish as a metaphor for his own three days in the belly of the great fish.The prophet Hosea predicted that God’s reviving operation for Israel would take place on the third day.While these are important passages to study, the pattern of resurrection on the third day is established far earlier in the tale of Jesus.
There are three passages earlier in the Hebrew Bible’s narrative that begin to develop a pattern of new life emerging on the third day: the creation narrative in Genesis 1, Abraham’s test in Genesis 22, and the Israelites at Sinai in Exodus 19.The creation narrative in Genesis 1 and Abraham’s test in Genesis 22 both begin to develop a pattern of new life emerging on the third day.
The First “Resurrection”
What is the location of the initial glimpse into the three-day significance?The first page of the Bible.The creation story in Genesis 1 is written in the style of a poetry, with repeated declarations and parallelism between events.Within the rhythm of these repeats, two events in the creation tale stand out as particularly noteworthy, each occurring at a three-day interval and occurring at different points in the narrative.
During the first ″third day,″ God creates dry ground and enables flora to emerge from the soil, including plants that produce seeds as well as trees that give fruit for human use (1:11-13).The image depicted here is of fresh life sprouting or rising up from the earth, which represents a place of non-existence or death in this case.The second ″third day″ event occurs on the sixth day of creation, when God produces animals and human beings for the first time (1:24).It is similar to the previous ″third day,″ in that the earth will give birth to live creatures, according to the scripture (1:24-27).Humans were produced from the dust of the earth, according to what we learn later in the book (2:7).This is another example of how new life may be sprung from the earth.
Take note of the parallels between humans and trees: both are newly generated from the ground (2:7, 9), both carry seeds and produce fruit (1:11, 28; 3:15), and both are made in this manner on the third day of creation.One thing that distinguishes people from other animals, however, is that they are created in God’s image, and that God enters into a covenant with human beings, blessing and instructing them in their behavior.
A Pattern Emerges
There are three major characteristics of the ″third day″ events in Genesis 1 that serve as a template for subsequent events:
- God brings new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- God establishes his covenant with the creatures he has newly created, in this case humans (1:28-29)
- God creates new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- God creates new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- God creates new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- In Eden, which we understand to be a lofty site from which a river runs out (2:10-14), the event takes place.
It is impossible to emphasize the significance of this picture and pattern, since it serves as a precedent for future resurrections to come.
Abraham’s Test on the Third Day
Is there any other place where this pattern can be found?Abraham is put to the test by God in yet another ″third day″ occurrence, which is one of the most interesting events in all of Scripture (Genesis 22:1-19).When God commands Abraham to present his only son Isaac as a burned offering on a mountain, the Bible states that Abraham spotted the location from a distance on the third day and proceeded to complete the test (22:4).God wants Abraham to learn to put his confidence in him when it comes to the covenant and the blessing of offspring in this scenario.
Ultimately, God is responsible for providing the sacrifice and bringing his covenant’s intentions to completion.The connection to the ″third day″ idea is established by a strikingly vivid act of atonement performed by God, in which he substitutes a ram for Isaac (22:13-14).We learn that this deed is part of a bigger covenant endeavor to increase Abraham’s descendants and, through them, bless the nations, which we will discuss later (22:17-18).On the third day, we notice the same trend as we did on the first:
- God working to bring fresh life, in this case to Isaac by his life being spared and to Abraham with the return of his son (22:11-14).
- (Genesis 22:17-18) God confirms his bond with Abraham, using language and ideas identical with Genesis 1:28
- (22:2, 14) This event takes place on the summit of a mountain.
Israel’s Third Day at Sinai
At a critical moment in the Bible’s narrative, we discover still another occurrence taking place on the third day.With his people just delivered from decades of tyranny in Egypt, Yahweh is on the verge of entering into another covenant with Israel, this time on a mountaintop (Exodus 19:2-3).God makes it clear that he will descend to Mount Sinai in the presence of all of the people on the ″third day″ mentioned above.This time is a test for Israel, just as it was for Abraham.
Their preparations for entering into covenant with God are to be completed by the ″third day,″ when they will be ready (Exodus 19:9-16).The phrase ″third day″ is mentioned four times in the story to ensure that we are not distracted from the fact that this historic event will take place on God’s unique day.As a result of what we’ve seen so far with ″third day,″ we should have come to assume a specific pattern, which we’ve now witnessed yet another time:
- It is God who brings about new life for his people — in this case, new identity for Israel — just as he did at the creation and with Abraham and Isaac (19:4-6)
- God enters into covenant with his people, specifically Israel (19:4-6)
- God accomplishes all of this on a mountain (19:2)
- and God accomplishes all of this on a mountain (19:2).
And that is exactly what we see in the tale! The rest of Israel’s experience in the Hebrew Scriptures, on the other hand, is defined by rebellion and disbelief, as well as a failure to fulfill their half of the agreement. This leads us back to the prophetic texts that refer to the third day, such as Hosea and Jonah, which we discussed before.
Hosea’s Hope, Jonah’s ‘Resurrection’
By returning to these prophets, we get a more complete picture of the ″third day″ and the tremendous imagery of resurrection that it evokes, as well as its relationship to God’s covenant with Abraham.A typical prophetic phrase for repentance toward covenant integrity is ″return to Yahweh,″ which Hosea uses to exhort Israel to do, and he also provides them hope in the form of resurrection language (Hosea 6:1-2).This restoration to the covenant will be marked by a renewal of life, as well as our resurrection as a people into the life of Yahweh, which will take place on the ″third day,″ in accordance with our pattern.As we see in the story of Jonah, one of Israel’s own prophets fails to follow Yahweh, and therefore finds himself ‘dead’ in an unexpected ‘tomb,’ that of a big fish.
In many respects, the story of Jonah and his failure is a metaphor for the story of Israel.God, on the other hand, does not give up on him or his people.In the third day, he vomits Jonah out of the fish, bringing him back to life in one of the most bizarre ″resurrections″ recorded in the Bible.
Jesus Predicts a Third Day Resurrection
In the Gospels, we find Jesus speaking of a third-day resurrection while he is discussing his death with his followers, which indicates that he believed in a third-day resurrection.In fact, he refers to ″three days″ a total of 21 times!By now, you’ve undoubtedly figured out that this was not a coincidental choice of words.It is on the third day that Jesus was adamant, since it signifies God’s initiative in the creation of new life and the establishment of a covenant with mankind.
Take note of how the Easter event – the resurrection of Jesus — corresponds to our third-day design pattern, as follows:
- Specifically, God raises fresh life from the earth (tomb), in this case, Jesus.
- God acts to bring about the new covenant via Jesus’ atoning death and resurrection, which in this case is for the benefit of everyone who believe in him.
- The act of atonement performed by Jesus takes place on a hill.
With the imagery of new life coming up from the earth in Genesis 1-2 on the third day, combined with the connection to the divine covenant found throughout the Hebrew Scriptures, the imagery of Jesus’ resurrection paints a striking picture of the theological importance of his resurrection.The significance of Jesus’ resurrection is underscored even further on the third day.It is the culmination of God’s mission of new life and covenant, which has been brilliantly represented since the beginning of time, and which will culminate in the future resurrection of Jesus’ disciples and the restoration of the entire universe at the conclusion of time.
So what does this mean for us?
This year, as we commemorate the resurrection of Jesus on Easter Sunday, we are not just carrying on a centuries-old tradition.We are engaged in a profoundly important theology centered on the third day, with all of the implications of God’s redeeming work that it entails, at this time.As a reminder, the third day design pattern depicts the moment when God began the process of reviving individuals to new life and bringing them into his covenant partnership with them.What role are we going to play in it today?