On What Day Did Jesus Rise?
The Biblical Archaeology Review’s Biblical Views column appeared in the May/June 2016 issue.The staff of the Biblical Archaeology Society will meet on November 16, 2021.107246 views and 7 comments What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead?Is it better to wait three days or to wait until the third day?Ben Witherington III tackles this matter in his Biblical Views column ″It’s About Time—Easter Time,″ which appeared in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review.
The whole text of his Biblical Views column may be seen below.—Ed.
“It’s About Time—Easter Time”
by Ben Witherington III
Anachronism is a hazard that arises when reading ancient books like the Bible in the twenty-first century.By this I mean that we risk introducing damaging current notions and expectations into our readings.This challenge becomes much more serious when dealing with old manuscripts, which have significant historical significance and are thus difficult to interpret.What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead?Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome visited Jesus’ tomb on Easter morning to anoint his corpse (Mark 16:1–2), as shown in Henry Osawa Tanner’s painting ″The Three Marys″ (1910).
Photograph courtesy of the Fisk University Galleries in Nashville, Tennessee.For example, we are a people who are preoccupied with time—and with the exactness with which time is measured—down to the millisecond level.Here, we vary significantly from the ancients, who did not go around with little sundials on their wrists and did not use the terms seconds and minutes to describe the passage of time.
When it came to the passage of time, they did not stress over accuracy.Please consider a few instances from the Gospels that may assist us in reading the accounts of Jesus’ final week of life with greater understanding.Jesus promised that he would rise from the dead ″after three days,″ according to certain sources.Those who believe he will rise ″on the third day″ disagree.It is true that in Matthew 12:40 Jesus refers to ″three days and three nights,″ but this is only a general comparison with the account of Jonah and the whale, and as a result, the time reference should not be taken too seriously.″It will be similar to the experience of Jonah,″ Jesus is only stating the obvious.
- In Mark 8:31, on the other hand, Jesus declares that ″the Son of Man will rise from the dead after three days.″ In John 2:19, he refers to the same event as taking place ″in three days,″ and the Gospel authors tell us that Jesus used the term ″on the third day″ on a number of occasions (see, e.g., Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; Luke 24:46).
- On the surface, it appears that this involves a straightforward contradiction.
- While it is feasible that both forecasts will be incorrect, is it really possible that both will be correct?
- The difficulty with this type of current thinking is that it makes the assumption that the Gospel writers intended to constantly write with accuracy on this subject.
Furthermore, the term ″after three days″ in the New Testament might simply indicate ″after a time″ or ″after a few days″ without any obvious specificity other than to hint that multiple days, in this case portions of three days, would be engaged in the event.Even the Hebrew Bible has some hints about the kinds of variations we might expect to encounter.″Come to me again after three days,″ says the Bible’s Second Chronicles 10:5, 12.As a result, on the third day, everyone gathered to Rehoboam’s palace since the monarch had instructed them to ″come to me again on the third day.″ According to this literature, ″after three days″ and ″on the third day″ are both synonymous with ″after three days.″ Is this simply a case of carelessness, or is it an example of the common imprecision that occurs when discussing the passage of time?
According to my interpretation, the term ″after three days″ is a more generic or imprecise way of expressing, but ″on the third day″ is a little more particular (albeit it still doesn’t tell us when it is on the third day).When it comes to time, these books were not written in a way that would suit our present high expectations.
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With an All-Access pass, you may access more than 9,000 articles from the Biblical Archaeology Society’s extensive collection, as well as much more.It is important to recognize that most of the time references in the New Testament are not exact, and we must allow the ancient author to be broad when he wants to be general and more particular when he wants to be more specific when interpreting the time references in the New Testament.When you find both types of references to the time span between Jesus’ death and resurrection in the same book by the same author, and in some cases even within close proximity to each other, it is reasonable to conclude that these texts were not written in accordance with our modern exacting expectations when it comes to time references.Ist it not time that we let these authors to utilize language, particularly time-related vocabulary, in the manner that was usual during their own historical period?I believe it is past time for us to accord these ancient authors the respect they deserve and to read them with a knowledge of the standards they followed when writing ancient history or ancient biography, rather than imposing our later genre norms on them, as we have done in the past.
1 —————— ″Biblical Views: It’s About Time—Easter Time,″ written by Ben Witherington III, first appeared in Biblical Archaeology Review in May/June 2016.This article has been updated.The essay was initially published in Bible History Daily on April 18, 2016, and has since been reprinted several times.
Ben Witherington III is the Amos Professor of New Testament for Doctoral Studies at Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky and a member of the doctoral faculty of St.Andrews University in Scotland.He received his bachelor’s degree from Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky.
Take advantage of an All-Access pass, which gives you unlimited access to the Biblical Archaeology Society’s extensive collection of more than 9,000 publications, as well as much more.It is important to recognize that most of the time allusions in the New Testament are not exact, and we must allow the ancient author to be broad when he wants to be general and more particular when he wants to be more specific when he wants to be more specific in his interpretation.In particular, when one finds both types of references to the time span between Jesus’ death and resurrection in the same book by the same author, and in some cases even within close proximity to one another, one should take this as a hint that these texts were not written in accordance with our modern exacting standards when it comes to time references.Ist it not time that we let these authors to speak in the manner in which they were accustomed throughout their own historical period?I believe it is past time for us to grant these ancient authors the respect they deserve and to read them with an understanding of the standards they followed when writing ancient history or ancient biography, rather than imposing our later genre norms on them, as we have done in recent years.
1 —————— Originally published in Biblical Archaeology Review, May/June 2016, ″Biblical Views: It’s About Time—Easter Time″ by Ben Witherington III.Originally published on April 18, 2016, Bible History Daily reprinted the article.In addition to serving as Amos Professor of New Testament for Doctorate Studies at Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky and as a member of the doctoral faculty at St.
Andrews University in Scotland, Ben Witherington III is also a professor of New Testament at the University of St.Andrews.
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When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels.We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives.But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened?In addition, what hour did Jesus die?There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away.
To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
1.The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance.Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage.However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences.
- They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography.
- It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
- Each of the four Gospel narratives of Jesus’ death and burial mentions the Day of Preparation as a day of preparation.
- This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
- Because Jews were required to refrain from working on the Sabbath at this time, Jesus’ companions made certain that he was buried before the Sabbath began on Friday at sunset.
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What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62).In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea who ″had himself become a follower of Jesus,″ according to the text (Matthew 27:57b).In Matthew 27:58-61, Joseph is said to have requested Pilate for permission to bury Jesus’ body.This is according to tradition.
- Later in Matthew 27:62, we find out that Joseph was successful in carrying out his plan on Preparation Day: ″The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate.″ On Preparation Day, according to Mark’s account, Joseph buried his son Jesus.
- In other words, ″it was Preparation Day″ (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).
- (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Joseph then went out and got some linen material, carried the corpse down and covered it in the linen before putting it in a tomb that he had dug out the rock.
- And he proceeded to roll a large stone against the tomb’s entrance″ (Mark 15:46).
- Jesus’ death on the Day of Preparation is confirmed by the Gospels of Luke and John: ″Then he carried it down, covered it in linen cloth, and buried it in a tomb carved into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.″ It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was just around the corner″ (Luke 23:54).
- The tomb was nearby, so they put Jesus there because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because it was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
- Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These models all propose that Christ died on different days: Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday. WednesdayWhile a Wednesday crucifixion allows Jesus to have been buried for three full days and nights, this would also mean that He rose on the fourth day. ThursdayWhile a Thursday crucifixion allows Jesus to have been buried for three full days and nights, this would also mean that He rose on the fourth day. In addition, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, which was a day of Sabbath rest for the Jewish people.
- It makes more sense to have the Triumphal Entry on Sunday rather than on Thursday. It also avoids the necessity for a ″Silent Day″ (a day during the Passion Week when no events were recorded). It is clear from John 19:34-42 that the Pharisees raced to have Jesus buried on The Day of Preparation, which occurred on Friday, and before the Sabbath began at dark (the Jews measured days from nightfall to nightfall).
- After careful consideration, we find that Friday corresponds the most closely to the Gospel stories and the historical setting. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g., Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a ″quiet day″ (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just ″quiet″ since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning.After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon.Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall.So Bible scholars may convert the Matthew 27:46 KJV, which reads ″ninth hour,″ into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which reads ″three o’clock in the afternoon,″ as a result of this.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- Mark 15:33:34, 37, 38, 39 ″At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, ″Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?″ in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). ″Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.″
- Matthew 23:44-46 Because the sun had ceased shining, it was now around midday, and darkness fell over the entire region until three o’clock that afternoon. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.″ (See also John 19:14-16.) ‘It was around midday on the day of Preparation of the Passover,’ I recalled. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, ″Take him away!″ Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died.″It all boils down to this…Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D.to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have.
- So that’s our view out the window.
- The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died?
- In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
- From nightfall on Thursday till sundown on Friday, the event was taking place every day.
- Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
- Theory 2: Jesus died around the year 33 A.D.
″At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,″ says Bookman of the situation.″With regard to every one of the chronological questions, there is a case to be formed on both sides of the argument,″ he continues.I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.″I teach the life of Jesus within the framework of that structure.″
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 In that instant, the temple’s curtain was ripped in half from top to bottom.The earth trembled, the rocks split, and the tombs burst into flames.Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit.They emerged from the tombs after Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people.
- They were terrified and exclaimed, ″Surely he was the Son of God!″ when the centurion and those with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had happened.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- This curtain separated the temple’s worshippers from the Ark of the Covenant and its apex – the Mercy seat – where God would only meet with the High Priest once a year to accept an atonement sacrifice on the High Priest’s behalf.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- Following the deaths of two men who attempted to approach the Lord in the wrong manner, the Lord gave Moses specific instructions in Leviticus 16 on how to approach him without dying.
The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s finished work on the cross, which removed the barrier between sinful mankind and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all mankind.Furthermore, the fact that the curtain was torn ″from top to bottom″ symbolized that it had been torn by God himself, rather than by the efforts of any man or woman.2.An earthquake opened tombs, allowing dead saints to be resurrected from their graves.John Gill’s commentary on the event states that ″this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the grave.″ When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had defeated both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- Gill went on: “These saints, I apprehend, continued on earth until our Lord’s ascension, and then joining the retinue of angels, went triumphantly with him to heaven, as trophies of his victory over sin, Satan, death, and the grave.” This event is significant not only because of its bold claims, but also because it is a story foreshadowing Christ’s second coming to gather all the rest of his people.
- This event reported in Matthew also fulfills a prophecy in Isaiah 26:19, “But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust wake up and shout for joy— your dew is like the dew of the morning; the earth will give birth to her dead.” 3.
- Jesus is resurrected from the grave.
This passage in Matthew glosses over such an astonishing event, but Christ’s resurrection is recounted with more detail in Matthew 28 (as well as in Mark 16, Luke 24, and John 20).(as well as in Mark 16, Luke 24, and John 20).Photo Credit: Unsplash/Joshua Earle
In what year did Jesus die?
Chapters 51-54 of Matthew 27:51-54 In that instant, the curtain of the temple was split in half from top to bottom.″ Suddenly, the earth began to tremble.The rocks split up, and the tombs were opened.It was possible to bring back to life the bodies of many saintly persons who had perished.
- In the aftermath of Jesus’ resurrection, they emerged from the tombs and entered the holy city, where they appeared before a large crowd.
- They were startled and cried, ″Surely he was the Son of God!″ when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus noticed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been split in half.
- Only the High Priest could meet with God once a year, as part of an atonement sacrifice, behind this curtain that separated temple worshippers from the Ark of the Covenant and its highest point – the Mercy seat.
Taking God’s presence seriously was a serious matter, according to Old Testament laws.Following the deaths of two men who attempted to approach the Lord in the wrong manner, the Lord provided Moses detailed instructions in Leviticus 16 on how to do so safely.The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which abolished the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the final sacrifice on behalf of those who believe in him.The fact that the curtain was torn ″from top to bottom″ further indicated that it had been torn by God himself, rather than by the efforts of any man.An earthquake unlocked tombs, and the souls of the saints who had died were resurrected.
- ‘This was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the grave,’ according to John Gill’s interpretation.
- By raising himself to life three days after he died, Jesus demonstrated that he had beaten the power of death as well as the permanence of death’s hold on the human spirit.
- ″These saints, I believe, remained on earth until our Lord’s ascension, and then, joining the entourage of angels, gloriously ascended with him to heaven, as trophies of his victory over sin, Satan, death, and the tomb,″ Gill added.
In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.According to Matthew, this incident also fulfills a prophesy found in Isaiah 26:19, which reads, ″But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust awaken and cry for joy— your dew is like the dew of the dawn; the earth will give birth to her dead.3.Jesus is brought back to life from the dead.
- This paragraph in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the book of Matthew (as well as in Mark 16, Luke 24, and John 20).
- Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
When Did Jesus Rise From The Dead? – Bibleline Ministries
The tradition of a resurrection on Sunday morning is still very much alive and well in contemporary Christianity.The majority of people envision a resurrection on a Sunday morning.The Sunrise services, after all, appear to indicate that this is the time when Christ emerged from the dead.″For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the belly of the whale, so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth,″ Jesus remarked in Matthew 12:40.
- ″Three days and three nights″ translates to seventy-two hours in this context.
- In John 11:9, Jesus provided a definition for the duration of a day.
- ″Doesn’t a day have twelve hours?″ Our Lord inquired of the disciples.
- So, if there are twelve hours in a day, there are also twelve hours in a night, correct?
- As a result, three days and three nights would equal 72 hours in total.
- Assuming that Jesus was laid to rest at dusk as the Scriptures state, For example, in Luke 23:54 it says, ″And on that day there was preparation, and the Sabbath (the Passover Sabbath occurred on Thursday that week) came near.″ Then it had to be seventy-two hours later, at dusk, for His resurrection to take place.
If you believe in a resurrection on Sunday morning, then Christ remained in the tomb for three days and four nights after his death.It was not three days and three nights as Jesus had predicted it would be.You’ve probably pondered how it was possible for Jesus Christ to be executed on Friday and then raised on Sunday after being buried for three days.But that’s just not doable!Three days cannot be squeezed into the span of two days between Friday and Sunday.
- It is not conceivable, under any circumstances, to compress the time span from Friday evening to Sunday morning into ″three days and three nights.″ We believe that Jesus Christ died on the third day of the week.
- We do not think that Jesus died on Friday as other people believe.
- In Matthew 12:40, Christ He prophesied of His death, burial, and resurrection, and we should take note of that prophecy.
In the same way that Jonas spent three days and three nights in the belly of a whale, so will the Son of Man spend three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (Matthew 12:40).″ ″Three days and three nights″ translates to seventy-two hours in this context.In John 11:9, Jesus provided a definition for the duration of a day.″Doesn’t a day have twelve hours?″ Our Lord inquired of the disciples.So, if there are twelve hours in a day, there are also twelve hours in a night, as the saying goes.
- As a result, three days and three nights would equal 72 hours in total.
- Anything less than 72 hours would not be sufficient to fulfill the prophesy of Jonah or the teachings of Jesus Christ on the subject.
- It’s possible that you’re asking why the great majority of Christians accept Christ’s burial from Friday through Sunday, even if it’s incorrect.
- Tradition is the only explanation that can be provided in this situation.
In Colossians 2:8, Paul warns, ″Beware that any one corrupt you through philosophy and false trickery, following after the tradition of mankind, following after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ.″ According to this tradition, the Bible does not teach anything like this.In addition, Ash Wednesday and Lent are not mentioned in the Bible.Even the word ″Easter″ is derived from paganism and does not appear in the Bible.It is true that the word ″Easter″ appears in Acts 12:4 in the King James Version, but it is a mistranslation.
Easter is derived from the term ″Ish-tar,″ which is the same as Ashtaroth, a pagan deity who is celebrated on Easter Sunday.We commemorate Christ’s resurrection from the grave for the second time.The proponents of the Good Friday custom claim that Christ was buried over a period of three days and nights, which helps to explain the ritual.
- For the purposes of clarification, Christ was laid to rest for a portion of Friday, a portion of Saturday, and a portion of Sunday.
- ″Didn’t the Jews consider a part of a day to be a complete day, or a part of a night to be a whole night?″ some people may wonder.
- It is usually understood in the Hebrew Scriptures that when the expressions ″day and night″ are used together, it refers to a complete day and a full night together.
- Consider the following examples: ″And the evening and the morning were the first day (Genesis 1:8),″ ″And the evening and the morning were the second day (Genesis 1:13),″ and so on.
Similarly, ″And the evening and the morning were the third day (Genesis 1:13).″ Some such instances include Esther 4:16; 5:1; II Samuel 30:12-13, and Jonah 1:17, all of which contain the phrase ″three days and three nights,″ and in each instance, the phrase refers to the length of three days and three nights — not the length of a single day and the length of a single night.Let us explore what the scriptures have to say about this as we examine an example from the life of Christ.″And when he had fasted for forty days and forty nights, he was hungry,″ according to the Bible (Matthew 4:2), ″but he did not ask for anything.″ Jesus went without food for forty days and forty nights.If we believe, as some do, that ″three days and three nights″ does not mean ″three days and three nights,″ we must also believe that ″forty days and forty nights″ does not mean ″forty days and forty nights.″ If we believe, as some do, that ″three days and three nights″ does not mean ″three days and three nights,″ we must also believe that ″three days and three nights″ does not mean ″three days and three nights.″ Where do we draw the line?
- Do we truly mean it when we state that we can’t be certain of anything?
- Without a doubt, this is not the case!
- We think that the Bible is to be taken literally.
- Verse like John 19:31, for example, have contributed to some of the misunderstanding.
- The Bible adds that the Jews, because it was the preparation for the bodies not to remain on the cross on the Sabbath day (because it was a holy day), begged Pilate to have their legs broken and to have them removed off the cross.
- According to John 19:31, the Sabbath is not the ordinary Saturday Sabbath.
Passover, which fell on Thursday of the crucifixion week, was commemorated with this celebration.Take note of what John 19:31 says: ″For that Sabbath day was a holy day to the Lord.″ If it were referring to the Saturday Sabbath, Christ would have been killed on Friday, rather than Saturday.Every one of the feast days that God provided to Israel were regarded Sabbaths, even if they did not fall on a Saturday.In accordance with Jewish tradition, Jesus was crucified on the Wednesday before the Sabbath (the Passover Sabbath), which fell on Thursday.And what time of day did Jesus die, specifically?
- The time was approximately three o’clock in the afternoon on Wednesday.
- Furthermore, it was around the sixth hour, and there was complete darkness over the entire world until the ninth hour.
- ‘Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit,’ Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and then he breathed his last (Luke 23:44-46).
- When it states the ninth hour, it is referring to the ninth hour since the beginning of the day’s activities.
- So it was three o’clock in the afternoon, to put it another way.
Jesus was nailed on the cross and buried the same day, before nightfall or 6:00 p.m., according to the Jewish calendar.Now, keep in mind that the Jewish day always begins at sundown, which is around 6:oo p.m.However, the Jewish day began at sunset, not at midnight as it does in our time zone.As recorded in Leviticus 23:32, the Lord instructed Israel to observe the Sabbath ″from evening to evening.″ According to the biblical timeline, Jesus was in the tomb from late Wednesday afternoon at around 6:00 p.m.until late Saturday evening at around 6:00 p.m.If you count 72 hours from late Wednesday afternoon at around 6:00 p.m., then Jesus would have been in the tomb until late Saturday evening at around 6:00 p.m.
- As a result, the Bible does not teach that Jesus rose from the dead on Sunday morning.
- We believe that Jesus rose from the dead on Saturday evening, at 6:00 p.m., according to the Bible.
- On Wednesday evening, about 6:00 p.m., Jesus’ body was laid in the tomb.
- Seventy-two hours later, it would be approximately 6:00 p.m.
- on Saturday, which would be the precise time the first day started (Sunday).
- It is still Saturday night at 6:00 p.m.
- when the Jewish Sunday night begins, even at this hour.
When the ladies arrived at the tomb early on Sunday morning, Jesus had already passed away, according to tradition.According to I Corinthians 15:3-4, the Gospel is summarized as follows: ″…Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that He was buried, and that He raised again on the third day according to the Scriptures.″ Those who arrived at the tomb early on Sunday morning were disappointed to find it empty.″He is not here, since He has risen from the dead (Luke 24:6),″ the angel said.As a result, the finding occurred first thing in the morning.This is not the case with the resurrection.This verse in Luke 24:21 expresses one argument to a Wednesday crucifixion; it reads, ″But we trusted that it was He who should have saved Israel: and with all this, today is the third day since these things were done.″ It is on the day of the Resurrection that this dialogue will take place.
Fortunately, the solution may be found in the word ″since.″ From this text, we can see that Sunday is the third day, Saturday is the second day, and Friday is the first day SINCE THE PASSOVER.According to Jewish calendar, the Thursday Passover (Jewish reckoning) began on what we would call Wednesday night, and it was during the twilight of that night, between 3:00 p.m.and 6:00 p.m., that Christ was crucified.According to Jewish calendar, the dusk of Thursday afternoon would have counted as the twilight of Friday night, which began at 6:00 p.m.on Friday.
- As a result, we can observe that there is no conflict.
- In reality, it is not so much about the day Christ was crucified as it is about the necessity of being serious Bible scholars in order not to miss what the Bible says about how to be saved.
- We are well aware that nothing short of the shed blood of Jesus Christ will cleanse us of our sins.
If you have not yet placed your faith in Jesus Christ and His spilt blood as the sole method of gaining entrance into heaven, do so right now.
What Jewish Holiday Did Jesus Die On?
Jesus died a few days after the Passover, according to the gospels of Mark and John.The Night Prior (14 Nisan), or the night before Passover (15 Nisan), is the night that marks the beginning of the Day of Passover in Mark.That night, Caiaphas and Pilate interrogated and arrested Jesus in their presence.The next morning, a jury declared him guilty, and he was crucified in the wee hours of the morning after that.
- It is the first day of the Jewish festival of Passover.
Did Jesus Die On Good Friday?
Good Friday is one of the most important Christian festivals because it commemorates Jesus’ execution and crucifixion on the cross at Calvary. Holy Week takes occurred during this period since it is a component of the Paschal Triduum.
What Is The Significance Of Jesus Dying At Passover?
Our hearts are cleansed by the blood of Jesus’ father, which saved them from judgment and gave a means to remain alive for people like us when, like the original blood of Israel, His blood preserved our lives.
Was The Crucifixion On Thursday Or Friday?
The Last Supper of Jesus is commemorated on the 14th of Nisan, a day before Wednesday night, on the Hebrew calendar.Due to the fact that the 15th of Nisan happened on that day, the Passover seder was held on Thursday night, at sunset.It is believed that Jesus did not partake in the Passover feast.He died at 3:00 p.m., the moment he was last seen alive.
- A meeting will be held in the afternoon on Thursday by the city of Houston.
What Year Was Jesus Crucified On Passover?
According to the New Testament, there is significant evidence that Jesus was likely crucified on Friday, April 3, at around 3:33 a.m.
Why Is It Good Friday If Jesus Died On Thursday?
|Significance||Commemorates the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ|
|Celebrations||Celebration of the Passion of the Lord|
What Day Of The Week Did Jesus Hang On The Cross?
According to all four gospels, Jesus was crucified on the Friday before Easter Sunday. Several hours before the Jewish holiday of Passover, according to all four gospels, Jesus died at the same time as the Jewish Sabbath began (nightfall on a Friday).
Did Jesus Die On Wednesday Or Friday?
However, while the majority of scholars believe that Christ was crucified on Friday, an increasing number of commentators and specialists on Jesus’ death and life believe that he was crucified on Wednesday, rather than Friday, as is traditionally believed by Christians.
What Day Did Jesus Die And Rise?
According to Paul’s First Epistle to the Corinthians (1 Cor 5:7), Jesus was crucified on a Nisan (13 Nisan, 14 Nisan; 1 Cor 5:7) and raised on the first fruits of the Jewish feast of Passover, the first day of the first month of the Hebrew calendar. On a Nissan 16 Nisan (1 Cor 1550).
Why did Jesus Rise on the Third Day?
Derek Hiebert contributed to this article. 1 year ago today
Why did Jesus Rise on the Third Day?
For centuries, the Christian church has observed the resurrection of Jesus Christ on a Sunday, three days after commemorating his death on Good Friday.This practice has continued today.According to multiple passages in the New Testament, this timetable of three days is accurate.Many times, Jesus foretold it, and the apostles included it in their delivery of the gospel message as well (see footnote references).
- However, why did Jesus’ resurrection take place three days after his death is a mystery.
- According to eyewitnesses, it appears that Jesus might have risen one day, two days, or even four days after his death and the resurrection would still be considered historically credible.
- Is the third day only a coincidental, insignificant element put on to the story of Jesus’ death and resurrection?
- Is this a coincidence, or does it have any significance?
The Third Day Matters
Timing is extremely important for Jesus and his apostles because it has significant theological ramifications.When it comes to biblical story, the three-day timeframe is important because it represents the one-of-a-kind day on which God creates new life and activates his covenant with mankind.How did the writers of the New Testament get at this conclusion?After all, the Hebrew Scriptures have a constant ″third day″ design pattern, which Jesus and the New Testament authors are using as a model.
- Investigating this pattern for ourselves can help us gain a better understanding of the Easter celebration.
The Third Day Pattern in the Hebrew Bible
The passages Jonah 1:17 and Hosea 6:1-2 in the Hebrew Scriptures are among the clearest illustrations of third-day resurrection in the whole Bible.Jesus used Jonah’s three days in the belly of the huge fish as a metaphor for his own three days in the belly of the great fish.The prophet Hosea predicted that God’s reviving operation for Israel would take place on the third day.While these are important passages to study, the pattern of resurrection on the third day is established far earlier in the tale of Jesus.
- There are three passages earlier in the Hebrew Bible’s narrative that begin to develop a pattern of new life emerging on the third day: the creation narrative in Genesis 1, Abraham’s test in Genesis 22, and the Israelites at Sinai in Exodus 19.
- The creation narrative in Genesis 1 and Abraham’s test in Genesis 22 both begin to develop a pattern of new life emerging on the third day.
The First “Resurrection”
What is the location of the initial glimpse into the three-day significance?The first page of the Bible.The creation story in Genesis 1 is written in the style of a poetry, with repeated declarations and parallelism between events.Within the rhythm of these repeats, two events in the creation tale stand out as particularly noteworthy, each occurring at a three-day interval and occurring at different points in the narrative.
- During the first ″third day,″ God creates dry ground and enables flora to emerge from the soil, including plants that produce seeds as well as trees that give fruit for human use (1:11-13).
- The image depicted here is of fresh life sprouting or rising up from the earth, which represents a place of non-existence or death in this case.
- The second ″third day″ event occurs on the sixth day of creation, when God produces animals and human beings for the first time (1:24).
- It is similar to the previous ″third day,″ in that the earth will give birth to live creatures, according to the scripture (1:24-27).
- Humans were produced from the dust of the earth, according to what we learn later in the book (2:7).
- This is another example of how new life may be sprung from the earth.
Take note of the parallels between humans and trees: both are newly generated from the ground (2:7, 9), both carry seeds and produce fruit (1:11, 28; 3:15), and both are made in this manner on the third day of creation.One thing that distinguishes people from other animals, however, is that they are created in God’s image, and that God enters into a covenant with human beings, blessing and instructing them in their behavior.
A Pattern Emerges
There are three major characteristics of the ″third day″ events in Genesis 1 that serve as a template for subsequent events:
- God brings new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- God establishes his covenant with the creatures he has newly created, in this case humans (1:28-29)
- God creates new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- God creates new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- God creates new life where there was once only death (1:11-13
- In Eden, which we understand to be a lofty site from which a river runs out (2:10-14), the event takes place.
It is impossible to emphasize the significance of this picture and pattern, since it serves as a precedent for future resurrections to come.
Abraham’s Test on the Third Day
Is there any other place where this pattern can be found?Abraham is put to the test by God in yet another ″third day″ event, which is one of the most intriguing narratives in all of Scripture (Genesis 22:1-19).When God commands Abraham to offer his only son Isaac as a burnt offering on a mountain, the text states that Abraham saw the location from a distance on the third day and proceeded to complete the test (22:4).God wants Abraham to learn to put his confidence in him when it comes to the covenant and the blessing of offspring in this scenario.
- Ultimately, God is responsible for providing the sacrifice and bringing his covenant’s intentions to completion.
- The connection to the ″third day″ theme is established by a powerfully vivid act of atonement performed by God, in which he substitutes a ram for Isaac (22:13-14).
- We learn that this act is part of a larger covenant project to multiply Abraham’s descendants and, through them, bless the nations, which we will discuss later (22:17-18).
- On the third day, we notice the same trend as we did on the first:
- God working to bring fresh life, in this case to Isaac by his life being spared and to Abraham with the return of his son (22:11-14).
- (Genesis 22:17-18) God confirms his bond with Abraham, using language and ideas identical with Genesis 1:28
- (22:2, 14) This event takes place on the summit of a mountain.
Israel’s Third Day at Sinai
At a critical moment in the Bible’s narrative, we discover still another occurrence taking place on the third day.With his people just delivered from decades of tyranny in Egypt, Yahweh is on the verge of entering into another covenant with Israel, this time on a mountaintop (Exodus 19:2-3).God makes it clear that he will descend to Mount Sinai in the presence of all of the people on the ″third day″ mentioned above.This time is a test for Israel, just as it was for Abraham.
- Their preparations for entering into covenant with God are to be completed by the ″third day,″ when they will be ready (Exodus 19:9-16).
- The phrase ″third day″ is mentioned four times in the story to ensure that we are not distracted from the fact that this historic event will take place on God’s unique day.
- As a result of what we’ve seen so far with ″third day,″ we should have come to assume a specific pattern, which we’ve now witnessed yet another time:
- It is God who brings about new life for his people — in this case, new identity for Israel — just as he did at the creation and with Abraham and Isaac (19:4-6)
- God enters into covenant with his people, specifically Israel (19:4-6)
- God accomplishes all of this on a mountain (19:2)
- and God accomplishes all of this on a mountain (19:2).
And that is exactly what we see in the tale! The rest of Israel’s experience in the Hebrew Scriptures, on the other hand, is defined by rebellion and disbelief, as well as a failure to fulfill their half of the agreement. This leads us back to the prophetic texts that refer to the third day, such as Hosea and Jonah, which we discussed before.
Hosea’s Hope, Jonah’s ‘Resurrection’
By returning to these prophets, we get a more complete picture of the ″third day″ and the tremendous imagery of resurrection that it evokes, as well as its relationship to God’s covenant with Abraham.A typical prophetic phrase for repentance toward covenant integrity is ″return to Yahweh,″ which Hosea uses to exhort Israel to do, and he also provides them hope in the form of resurrection language (Hosea 6:1-2).This restoration to the covenant will be marked by a renewal of life, as well as our resurrection as a people into the life of Yahweh, which will take place on the ″third day,″ in accordance with our pattern.As we see in the story of Jonah, one of Israel’s own prophets fails to follow Yahweh, and therefore finds himself ‘dead’ in an unexpected ‘tomb,’ that of a big fish.
- In many respects, the story of Jonah and his failure is a metaphor for the story of Israel.
- God, on the other hand, does not give up on him or his people.
- In the third day, he vomits Jonah out of the fish, bringing him back to life in one of the most bizarre ″resurrections″ recorded in the Bible.
Jesus Predicts a Third Day Resurrection
In the Gospels, we find Jesus speaking of a third-day resurrection while he is discussing his death with his followers, which indicates that he believed in a third-day resurrection.In fact, he refers to ″three days″ a total of 21 times!By now, you’ve undoubtedly figured out that this was not a coincidental choice of words.It is on the third day that Jesus was adamant, since it signifies God’s initiative in the creation of new life and the establishment of a covenant with mankind.
- Take note of how the Easter event – the resurrection of Jesus — corresponds to our third-day design pattern, as follows:
- Specifically, God raises fresh life from the earth (tomb), in this case, Jesus.
- God acts to bring about the new covenant via Jesus’ atoning death and resurrection, which in this case is for the benefit of everyone who believe in him.
- The act of atonement performed by Jesus takes place on a hill.
With the imagery of new life coming up from the earth in Genesis 1-2 on the third day, combined with the connection to the divine covenant found throughout the Hebrew Scriptures, the imagery of Jesus’ resurrection paints a striking picture of the theological importance of his resurrection.The significance of Jesus’ resurrection is underscored even further on the third day.It is the culmination of God’s mission of new life and covenant, which has been brilliantly represented since the beginning of time, and which will culminate in the future resurrection of Jesus’ disciples and the restoration of the entire universe at the conclusion of time.
So what does this mean for us?
This year, as we commemorate the resurrection of Jesus on Easter Sunday, we are not just carrying on a centuries-old tradition.We are engaged in a profoundly important theology centered on the third day, with all of the implications of God’s redeeming work that it entails, at this time.As a reminder, the third day design pattern depicts the moment when God began the process of reviving individuals to new life and bringing them into his covenant partnership with them.What role are we going to play in it today?
Baltimore Catechism: On What Day Did Jesus Christ Rise From the Dead?
I’m wondering what day Jesus Christ rose from the grave was. Over the years, this seemingly basic topic has been the source of much heated discussion. In this post, we’ll take a look at some of those debates and send you in the direction of other information.
What Does the Baltimore Catechism Say?
When it comes to question and answer 89 of the Baltimore Catechism, which can be found in Lesson Seventh of the First Communion Edition and Lesson Eighth of the Confirmation Edition, it is best described as follows: When did Christ rise from the grave, and what day did it happen?Answer: Christ resurrected from the grave, beautiful and everlasting, on Easter Sunday, the third day after His death, on the third day after His death.Isn’t it straightforward?On the Feast of the Resurrection, Jesus resurrected from the grave.
- For example, why do we refer to the day Christ rose from the grave as Easter and what does it mean when we say that it is ″the third day after His death″ imply?
Easter is derived from Eastre, which is the Anglo-Saxon name for the Teutonic goddess of spring and the origin of the word Easter.Due to the fact that the Church celebrated Christ’s Resurrection in the early spring when Christianity first expanded to the Northern tribes of Europe, the term for the season was attached to the most important of celebrations as Christianity spread around the world.(In the Eastern Church, where the impact of Germanic tribes was minimal, the day of Christ’s Resurrection is referred to as Pascha, which is derived from the Hebrew word for Passover, Pasch.)
When Is Easter?
Is Easter celebrated on a particular day, such as New Year’s Day or the Fourth of July?The fact that the Baltimore Catechism refers to Easter Sunday as the first hint provides the first piece of evidence.As we all know, the first of January and the Fourth of July (as well as Christmas, December 25) can fall on any day of the week.Easter, on the other hand, usually happens on a Sunday, which informs us that it is a very important holiday.
- Due to the fact that Jesus resurrected from the grave on a Sunday, Easter is always celebrated on a Sunday.
- But, rather than celebrating His Resurrection on the anniversary of the date on which it occurred—much as we always celebrate our birthdays on the same day of the week rather than the same day of the week—why not celebrate His Resurrection on the anniversary of the date on which it occurred?
- This was a cause of tremendous debate in the early Church, and it continues to be so today.
- The majority of Christians in the East did, in fact, observe Easter on the same day every year: the 14th of Nisan, the first month of the Jewish holy calendar, on the 14th of Nisan.
- In Rome, on the other hand, the significance of the day on which Christ rose from the grave was seen as more significant than the precise date.
- Sunday was the first day of Creation, and Christ’s Resurrection marked the beginning of a new Creation—the rebuilding of the world that had been harmed by the original sin of Adam and Eve—and the beginning of the new Creation.
To commemorate this event in the Roman Catholic calendar, and the Church throughout the Western world in general, celebrated Easter on the first Sunday after the Paschal Full Moon, which is defined as the full moon that occurs either before, during, or immediately after the vernal (spring) equinox.At the time of Jesus’ death and resurrection, the 14th day of Nisan was the full moon known as the Paschal Full Moon.Since then, since the Council of Nicaea in 325, the entire Church has followed this formula, which explains why Easter always occurs on a Sunday and why the date varies year after year.
How Is Easter the Third Day After Jesus’ Death?
There is one anomaly, however: if Jesus died on a Friday and rose from the dead on a Sunday, how is it that Easter is celebrated on the third day following Jesus’ death?Saturday and Sunday are only two days apart, correct?Yes and no, to be honest.Today, we typically keep track of our days in this manner.
- However, this was not always the case (and continues to be the case in some societies).
- The Church’s liturgical calendar carries on the previous tradition in a new light.
- For example, we claim that Pentecost is 50 days after Easter, despite the fact that it is the seventh Sunday following Easter Sunday, and seven times seven equals just 49 days after Easter.
- By incorporating Easter itself, we get the magic number of 50.
- As an example, when we declare that Christ ″raised again on the third day,″ we count Good Friday (the day of His death) as the first day, Holy Saturday as the second day and Easter Sunday (the day Jesus rose from the grave) as the third day.
What was the real date of Jesus’ birth?
Since the early twentieth century, many Mormons have believed that they had discovered the precise date of the first Christmas celebration.An apostle of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints named James E.Talmage declared in a book titled ″Jesus the Christ″ (1915) that ″We believe that Jesus Christ was born in Bethlehem of Judea on April 6, B.C.1,″ and that ″Jesus Christ was crucified in Bethlehem of Judea.″ Elder Talmage did not come up with this date on the spur of the moment.
- His inspiration for the phrase came from Section 20 of the Doctrine and Covenants, which is a series of revelations received primarily through the Mormon founding prophet, Joseph Smith Jr.
- As a result of his book, many Mormons, from church officials to members of the congregation, now acknowledge April 6 as the true date of Jesus’ birth.
- Although Elder Talmage’s reading of Doctrine and Covenants 20 was widely accepted, not every member of the LDS Church did.
- Jeffrey R.
- Chadwick, an associate professor of church history and doctrine at Brigham Young University, published an article in the latest issue of BYU Studies on ″Dating the Birth of Jesus Christ″ in which he challenges the popular but not universal Mormon dating of Jesus’ birth to April 6, which is contested by many Christians.
- And he’s in good company to boot.
President J.Reuben Clark Jr., a counselor in the First Presidency of the LDS Church, wrote in 1954 that Christ was born in December of 5 B.C.or early 4 B.C., according to the LDS Church.Elder Bruce R.McConkie, who was also an apostle at the time, preferred the date of December 5, B.C., as well as several dates in 4 B.C.
- The date of April 6 is derived from the day on which the LDS Church was first formed in 1830, which is April 6.
- ″The rise of The Church of Christ in these last days, being one thousand eight hundred and thirty years since the coming of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ in the flesh, it (the church) being regularly organized and established in accordance with the laws of our country, by the will and commandments of God, in the fourth month, and on the sixth day of the month which is called April,″ says the first verse of D&C 20.
- Some people, including Elder Talmage, have read this verse as if it is the Lord speaking and revealing precisely that Christ was born on April 6, 1830, and that the revelation was given on that day.
Steven C.Harper, an assistant professor of church history at Brigham Young University and a volume editor of the Joseph Smith Papers, said in a phone interview that this is a common interpretation of the verse.The discovery of a previously unknown D&C 20 manuscript, however, revealed that the verse was actually an introductory head note written by early church historian and scribe John Whitmer — something Whitmer did for many of the revelations, according to Harper — rather than a verse in the book of Mormon.″As a result, they are distinct from the scriptures that Joseph generates by revelation.″ Another interesting point to note about the paper, which was disclosed as part of the Joseph Smith Papers, is that the revelation was delivered on April 10 – not April 6.
- Accordingly, despite the fact that it refers to the organization of the church just a few days earlier, the revelation — which, according to Harper, has nothing to do with the birth date of Christ — and its introductory verses ″shouldn’t be read as if it is a revelation of the birth date of Jesus Christ,″ he added.
- ″It is a revelation of the birth date of Jesus Christ.″ This is all I’m going to say about it: ″The interpretation that has been the most accepted throughout time is very much up to criticism.″ And this wasn’t the first time that John Whitmer used a phrase like this to refer to a particular day in history.
- ″It is now June the twelfth, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one years after the arrival of our Lord and Savior in the flesh,″ he wrote at another point in his writing career.
- This style of terminology, in other words, was simply a sophisticated 19th-century means of expressing the date.
If one adopts the interpretation of the verse in D&C 20 given by Chadwick, Harper, Elder McConkie, and President Clark, when did Jesus Christ come into the world?When it comes to the date of Jesus’ birth, Chadwick’s article goes into great length about the different indicators that the Bible and the Book of Mormon provide.The death of King Herod the Great appears to be the single most important piece of evidence.According to the Bible, Jesus was born before Herod’s death.
According to Chadwick, Herod’s death was recorded as occurring around the end of March or the beginning of April in 4 B.C.In addition to the reference of a lunar eclipse occurring before Herod’s death, the date on which his son was ousted by Caesar Augustus both validate this date.Both of those predetermined occurrences came together to confirm Herod’s demise in a seamless manner.
- It goes without saying that if Herod was killed in 4 B.C., a Christ birthdate in 1 B.C.
- seems implausible.
- So, since Jesus had to be born before April 4, B.C., is it possible to reduce the time frame even further?
- For pages and pages, Chadwick’s work in BYU Studies uses set date