Jesus’ Resurrection Day
- QUESTION: Was Jesus’ resurrection day on a Sunday or a Saturday or both?
- Christians, as well as many other people, are familiar with the account of Jesus’ resurrection.
- Traditionally, it is thought that He died on a Friday (today known as Good Friday) and that He was raised the following Sunday (now celebrated as Easter Sunday).
- But there is disagreement about whether this timeline corresponds to the biblical prophesy contained in Matthew 12:40, which states: ″For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a great fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.″ Our present technique of counting days indicates that Jesus would have been in His tomb from late Friday afternoon until early Sunday morning according to our calendar.
- Even if you consider Friday and Sunday to be complete days, it would imply He remained in the grave for a total of three days and two nights at the most.
In Matthew 12, Jesus states that His resurrection in three days and three nights would be the only indication that He is indeed the Messiah, and that this is critical information.In defense of Friday and Sunday, many biblical scholars argue that it was usual among Jews at the period to consider any part of a day to represent the full day and night, as was the case in historical times.Others, however, believe there may be some dispute about whether the ″Sabbath″ alluded to in Scripture as the day following Jesus’ crucifixion refers to Saturday or if it may have been a ″annual″ Sabbath that happened to fall on the same week as Jesus’ crucifixion.According to Jewish custom, the next day (Sunday) begins when the sun sets on the previous day (Thursday), making it plausible that Jesus was killed and buried on a Thursday, or possibly a Wednesday, with His resurrection occurring on Saturday night.
- There appears to have been no disagreement on the date of Jesus’ death immediately following his execution, which is intriguing.
- His disciples, without a doubt, were the only ones who knew how long He had been in the tomb.
- Assuming that Jesus is the son of God, there are basically just two options available.
- He either opted not to fulfill the prophesy in its entirety, lingering in the grave for three days and three nights, or he chose to do it in a manner consistent with the text.
Consider how Jesus chastised the Pharisees for their nit-picking support of the laws and covenants of the Old Testament, even in the face of absurd miracles, to get a sense of why He would have chosen the latter course of action.His challenge to them, as well as to all of us, was to place our trust in Him, rather than on whatever ″evidence″ He may provide.The fact that Jesus was only dead for two days before being raised would be sad if the old-guard Jews of Jesus’ day refused to accept Him as the Messiah!
If He was indeed dead for the entire three days and nights, and they failed to perceive it because they had hardened their hearts against the truth, it would be far more terrible than they already were.
Holy Week Timeline: From Palm Sunday to Resurrection Day
- While biblical historians disagree on the exact sequence of events that occurred during Holy Week, the following chronology provides a rough summary of the most significant events that occurred during the most holy days on the Christian calendar.
- Follow in the footsteps of Jesus Christ from Palm Sunday to Resurrection Sunday, learning about the key events that took place on each day throughout his journey.
Day 1: Triumphal Entry on Palm Sunday
- On the Sunday before his death, Jesus embarked on his journey to Jerusalem, fully aware that he would soon be crucified in our place for our sins.
- Upon approaching the hamlet of Bethphage, Jesus dispatched two of his disciples ahead to seek for a donkey and its unbroken colt, instructing them to do so.
- They were given the task of untying the animals and bringing them to him for examination.
- Then Jesus got on the young donkey and quietly and respectfully made his triumphant entry into Jerusalem, fulfilling the ancient prophesy found in Zechariah 9:9: ″And the Lord said to me, ‘Come, let us go up to Jerusalem.’″ ″O Daughter of Zion, you should be overjoyed!
- Daughter of Jerusalem, let forth a scream!
Your king comes to you, kind and saving, gentle and riding on a donkey colt, the foal of a donkey, and he is righteous and saves you.″ The throng greeted him by waving palm branches in the air and yelling, ″Welcome, Sir!″ ″Hosanna to the Messiah, the Son of David!A blessing is upon him who comes in the name of the Lord!Hosanna in the highest possible degree!″ During the night of Palm Sunday, Jesus and his followers slept at Bethany, a village located approximately two miles east of Jerusalem.This was the home of Lazarus, who had been resurrected from the grave by Jesus, as well as his two sisters, Mary and Martha, who lived nearby.
- They were personal friends of Jesus’, and it’s likely that they housed Him and His followers during their final days in the Holy City.
- The accounts of Jesus’ triumphant arrival are found in Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-44, and John 12:12-19, among other places.
Day 2: On Monday, Jesus Clears the Temple
- The next morning, Jesus and his followers returned to Jerusalem, where they had spent the previous night.
- A fig tree, which had failed to give fruit on his journey, was cursed by him along the road.
- Some academics think that God’s punishment of the fig tree signified God’s judgment on Israel’s religious leaders who were spiritually dead at the time.
- Others feel that the symbolism extended to all Christians, emphasizing that real faith is more than simply outward religiosity; true, live faith must produce spiritual fruit in a person’s life in order to be considered genuine.
- Upon his entry into Jerusalem’s Temple, Jesus saw the courtyards to be swarming with unscrupulous money changers.
″The Scriptures proclaim that ‘My Temple will be a place of prayer,’ but you have turned it into a den of thieves,″ he said as he proceeded to overturn their tables and clean the Temple (Luke 19:46).On Monday evening, Jesus returned to Bethany, most likely to the home of his companions, Mary, Martha, and Lazarus, where he spent the night.The events of Monday are reported in Matthew 21:12–22, Mark 11:15–19, Luke 19:45–48, and John 2:13–17, among other places.
Day 3: On Tuesday, Jesus Goes to the Mount of Olives
- On Tuesday morning, Jesus and his followers boarded a ship for the return trip to Jerusalem.
- In the midst of their journey, they came across a withered fig tree, and Jesus talked to his friends on the significance of faith.
- Religious authorities were furious with Jesus when he returned to the Temple and declared himself to be a spiritual authority in the first place.
- They planned an ambush with the goal of apprehending him and putting him in jail.
- Instead of falling victim to their traps, Jesus hurled scathing condemnation on them, saying: ″Guides who are deaf!
In this regard, you are like whitewashed tombs, which appear to be lovely on the surface but are filled on the inside with dead people’s bones and other impurities of every kind.Although you appear to be upright individuals on the outside, your hearts are riddled with hypocrisy and lawlessness on the inside.Snakes!Sons of vipers, you are!
- What plan do you have to avoid the wrath of God?″ (Matthew 23:24-33; Mark 10:24-33) Later that afternoon, Jesus and his followers left the city and traveled to the Mount of Olives, which is located directly east of the Temple and provides a panoramic view of Jerusalem.
- The Olivet Discourse, a detailed prophesy regarding the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the era, was delivered here by Jesus.
- He talks in parables, using symbolic language to describe the events of the end times, including His Second Coming and the final judgment, as he has done in the past.
- Judas Iscariot reportedly talked with the Sanhedrin, the ancient Israel’s rabbinical court, on this Tuesday in order to betray Jesus, according to Scripture (Matthew 26:14-16).
After a grueling day of confrontation and foreboding about the future, Jesus and the disciples went to Bethany to spend the night once more.This week’s activities, as well as the Olivet Discourse, are documented in Matthew 21:23–24.51, Mark 11:20–13.37, Luke 20:1–21.36, and John 12:20–38, among other places.
Day 4: Holy Wednesday
- The Lord’s actions on the Wednesday of Passion Week are not recorded in the Scriptures.
- Scholars assume that after two long days in Jerusalem, Jesus and his followers took the day off to relax in Bethany in preparation for the Passover celebrations that followed.
- Just a short time before, Jesus had demonstrated to his followers and the rest of the world that he has the ability to conquer death by raising Lazarus from the dead.
- A large number of people in Bethany came to believe that Jesus was the Son of God as a result of this astounding miracle, and they placed their trust in him.
- Just a few nights before, in Bethany, Lazarus’ sister Mary had lavishly bathed the feet of Jesus with costly perfume, a gesture that was both touching and symbolic.
Day 5: Passover and Last Supper on Maundy Thursday
- On Thursday, the tone of Holy Week becomes solemn.
- From Bethany, Jesus dispatched Peter and John to the Upper Room in Jerusalem, where they were to assist in the preparations for the Passover celebration.
- The following evening, after sunset, Jesus washed the feet of his followers, who were about to partake in the Passover meal with him.
- By doing this modest act of service, Jesus set an example for Christians on how they should treat one another in their faith.
- As part of their Maundy Thursday services, several churches now include foot-washing procedures as part of their rituals.
Afterwards, Jesus had the Passover meal with his followers, explaining his actions as follows: ″I’ve been looking forward to sharing this Passover meal with you before my ordeal really begins.Because I’m telling you right now that I’m not going to eat this meal again until its significance in the Kingdom of God is fully realized.″ (Luke 22:15-16, New International Version) Having been appointed as God’s Lamb, Jesus was about to fulfill the meaning of Passover by allowing his body to be broken and his blood to be spilt in sacrifice, so liberating us from the bonds of sin and death.This Last Supper was the occasion at which Jesus instituted the Lord’s Supper, also known as Communion, ordering his disciples to commemorate his sacrifice on a regular basis by partaking of the ingredients of bread and wine (Luke 22:19-20).Later on, Jesus and his disciples left the Upper Room and proceeded to the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus prayed in anguish to God the Father, as recorded in the Gospel of Matthew.
- According to the Gospel of Luke, ″his perspiration became like big droplets of blood flowing down to the earth″ (Luke 23:43).
- (Luke 22:44, ESV).
- Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus with a kiss late that evening in Gethsemane, and the Sanhedrin apprehended him and put him in prison.
- In order to begin proving their case against Jesus, the entire council had met at the residence of Caiaphas, the High Priest, where he was carried.
Peter denied ever knowing his Master three times before the rooster crowed in the early morning hours of Jesus’ trial, which was just getting began.The events of Thursday are reported in Matthew 26:17–75, Mark 14:12–72, Luke 22:7–62, and John 13:1–38, among other places.
Day 6: Trial, Crucifixion, Death, and Burial on Good Friday
- It is the most painful day of Passion Week, and Good Friday is no exception.
- During the final hours leading up to Christ’s death, his trip became hazardous and excruciatingly agonizing for him.
- As recorded in the Bible, Judas Iscariot, the disciple who had betrayed Jesus, was filled with regret and committed suicide by hanging himself in the early hours of Friday morning.
- Between that time and the third hour (9 a.m.), Jesus had to undergo the humiliation of false charges, condemnation, mocking, beatings, and desertion before his death.
- Following a series of illegitimate trials, he was sentenced to death by crucifixion, which was at the time one of the most horrifying and shameful ways of capital punishment available.
Soldiers spit on Christ, tortured and humiliated him, and wounded his head with a crown of thorns just before he was taken away from the scene.Then Jesus carried his own cross to Calvary, where he was humiliated and abused once more as Roman soldiers nailed him to a wooden cross, this time with nails.From the crucifixion, Jesus made seven final words to the world.″Father, pardon them, for they have no idea what they are doing,″ he said in his first words.
- (Luke 23:34, New International Version) His final words were, ″Father, I put my spirit into your hands.″ (Luke 23:46, New International Version) Finally, about 3 p.m., Jesus took his last breath and died.
- At around 6 p.m.
- on Friday evening, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea were able to remove Jesus’ corpse from the cross and place it in a tomb.
- The events of Friday are reported in Matthew 27:1-62, Mark 15:1-47, Luke 22:63-23:56, and John 18:28-19:37, to name a few biblical references.
Day 7: Saturday in the Tomb
- It was the Sabbath day on Saturday, and Jesus’ corpse remained in the tomb, where it was guarded by Roman troops throughout the day by the Romans.
- Christ’s corpse was ceremonially prepared for burial using spices purchased by Nicodemus after the Sabbath ended at 6 p.m.
- on the seventh day ″About 75 pounds of fragrant ointment made from myrrh and aloes were carried by him to the temple.
- Following Jewish burial custom, they covered Jesus’ corpse in broad sheets of linen fabric, together with the spices, before burying him.″ (John 19:39-40, New Living Translation) Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus both served on the Sanhedrin, which sentenced Jesus Christ to death.
- Nicodemus was a member of this court, as did Joseph.
Both men had lived as covert followers of Jesus for a period of time, fearful of making a public statement of faith because of their important positions in the Jewish society.But after Jesus appeared to them, they decided to come out publicly.Both were profoundly touched by Christ’s death in a similar way.These men and women came out of hiding, putting their reputations and perhaps their lives on the line because they had come to the realization that Jesus was in fact the Messiah they had been waiting for.
- They worked together to care for Jesus’ body and prepare it for burial in the tomb.
- In the time that his bodily body was in the tomb, Jesus Christ paid the penalty for sin on the cross by providing the perfect, spotless sacrifice.
- He defeated death on both a spiritual and a physical level, so ensuring our eternal salvation: ″Because you are aware that God paid a price to redeem you from the meaningless existence you inherited from your ancestors, you are grateful.
- And the ransom he paid was not just a simple sum of money in gold or silver.
He paid for you with the precious blood of Christ, the innocent and spotless Lamb of God, who paid the price for your sins.″ (1) 1 Peter 1:18-19 (New International Version) The events of Saturday are detailed in Matthew 27:62-66, Mark 16:1, Luke 23:56, and John 19:40.
Day 8: Resurrection Sunday
- Easter Sunday, also known as Resurrection Sunday, marks the completion of Holy Week.
- The resurrection of Jesus Christ is considered to be the most significant event in the history of the Christian religion.
- The veracity of this story is critical to the fundamental foundation of all Christian theory and practice.
- Several ladies (Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Salome, and Mary the mother of James) went to the tomb early on Sunday morning and discovered that the enormous stone blocking the entrance had been rolled aside.
- An angel made the following announcement: ″Don’t be intimidated!
I know you’re seeking for Jesus, who was crucified, and I understand your frustration.He isn’t even present!He has really risen from the dead, precisely as he said would happen in the Bible.″ (Matthew 28:5-6, New Living Translation) Jesus Christ appeared at least five times on the day of his resurrection, according to the Bible.According to the Gospel of Mark, Mary Magdalene was the first person to view him.
- While the disciples were gathering in a home for prayer, Jesus appeared to Peter, the two disciples traveling to Emmaus, and later that day to all of the disciples, except Thomas, who were gathered there as well.
- Christian scholars think that the eyewitness narratives in the Gospels give irrefutable proof that the resurrection of Jesus Christ did, in fact, occur.
- Two millennia after Christ’s death, supporters of the Messiah continue to go to Jerusalem to view the tomb that has been empty since then.
- It is reported in Matthew 28:1-13, Mark 16:1-14, Luke 24:1-49, and John 20:1-23 that the events of Sunday took place.
At what time did jesus resurrect
When did Jesus resurrected?
According to Christian doctrine, Jesus Christ was raised from the dead on the third day following his crucifixion by the Romans in around AD 30–33, and that this occurred on the third day after his death. Death and resurrection of Jesus are the most important events in Christian theology, serving as the cornerstone of the Christian faith and being celebrated by the celebration of Easter.
What time did Mary go to the tomb?
At early light on the first day of the week, after having returned from the Sabbath, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to the tomb to have a look. An earthquake occurred because an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and, on his way to the tomb, rolled aside the stone and sat on it, causing the earthquake.
What time did God rise on Easter?
Was it Easter Sunday or Easter Monday when Jesus rose from the dead? Jesus, according to the Bible, was born at 6 p.m. on Saturday evening and rose before daybreak on the first day of the week, which was Sunday morning. Jesus Christ did not die on Friday, contrary to popular belief among Catholics.
How many days after death did Jesus resurrect?
It’s possible that there was a very practical purpose for the Resurrection to take place three days after Jesus’ death, according to experts. According to first-century custom, it was only after three days that you could be sure someone was dead; after four days, it was assumed that the spirit had left the body.
How old is Jesus right now?
Scholars think that he was born around b.c. 4, with some predicting as early as b.c. 6 around September, and that the year is 2017, which means that he would be between 2021 and 2023 years old at the time of his death. What year did Jesus Christ come into the world?
Did Jesus have a last name?
Jesus does not have a last name. He is simply known as Jesus. In those days, last names were not commonly used. Christ is not a personal name, but rather a title. Christ is derived from the Greek words for ″anointed″ and ″Messiah,″ and as a result, when Jesus was 30 years old, he was recognized as the ″Christ″ or ″Messiah.″
Does the tomb of Jesus still exist?
- Archaeological investigation at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre has revealed that it was the location of a Jewish cemetery in an ancient limestone quarry outside the walls of Jerusalem at the time of Jesus’ death, which has been confirmed by the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
- Modern-day construction has constructed a shrine around the remnants of the ancient tomb, which is known as the edicule.
Where is the tomb of Jesus?
The tomb is located in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is one of the holiest places on the Christian pilgrimage circuit, in Jerusalem’s Old City.
What was Jesus’s wife’s name?
Mary Magdalene in the role of Jesus’ wife.
Did Jesus die on Good Friday?
On Good Friday, Christians commemorate Jesus’ execution and death on the cross at Calvary, which took place on the day before Easter. Traditionally, it is held on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, as part of the Paschal Triduum, and it may overlap with the Jewish celebration of Passover.
What happened on the Easter Sunday?
Sunday after Easter, also known as Resurrection Sunday, is a Christian feast that commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the grave. According to Christian tradition, one of Jesus’ disciples, Mary Magdalene, discovered his corpse when she went to visit his tomb and discovered it to be empty.
Did Jesus die on Easter?
The tale of Easter lies at the center of Christian belief. On the Friday before Easter, Jesus Christ was crucified and killed. After his death on the cross, his corpse was carried down and buried in a cave. An large stone was placed over the entrance to the tomb to ensure that no one would be able to steal the body from there.
Why did Jesus die for us?
They believed that Jesus’ death was a necessary element of God’s plan to rescue humanity. The death and resurrection of this one man is at the very center of the Christian faith, and his story is told throughout the Bible. People’s shattered connection with God is repaired, according to Christians, as a result of Jesus’ death on the cross. The Atonement is the term used to describe this.
Did Jesus say he would rise on the third day?
They will sentence him to death and hand him over to the Gentiles, who will humiliate him, flog him, and crucify him. ″He will be brought back to life on the third day!″
What did God do on the third day?
On the third day, dry land, oceans, plants, and trees were all formed from nothing. The Sun, the Moon, and the stars were formed on the fourth day. The fifth day saw the creation of creatures that live in the sea as well as species that can fly. The sixth day saw the creation of land animals, followed by the creation of humans, who were formed in the image of God.
On What Day Did Jesus Rise?
- The Biblical Archaeology Review’s Biblical Views column appeared in the May/June 2016 issue.
- The staff of the Biblical Archaeology Society will meet on November 16, 2021.
- 107296 views and 7 comments What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead?
- Is it better to wait three days or to wait until the third day?
- Ben Witherington III tackles this matter in his Biblical Views column ″It’s About Time—Easter Time,″ which appeared in the May/June 2016 edition of Biblical Archaeology Review.
The whole text of his Biblical Views column may be seen below.—Ed.
“It’s About Time—Easter Time”
by Ben Witherington III
- Anachronism is a hazard that arises when reading ancient books like the Bible in the twenty-first century.
- By this I mean that we risk introducing damaging current notions and expectations into our readings.
- This challenge becomes much more serious when dealing with old manuscripts, which have significant historical significance and are thus difficult to interpret.
- What day did Jesus resurrect from the dead?
- Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome visited Jesus’ tomb on Easter morning to anoint his corpse (Mark 16:1–2), as shown in Henry Osawa Tanner’s painting ″The Three Marys″ (1910).
Photograph courtesy of the Fisk University Galleries in Nashville, Tennessee.For example, we are a people who are preoccupied with time—and with the exactness with which time is measured—down to the millisecond level.Here, we vary significantly from the ancients, who did not go around with little sundials on their wrists and did not use the terms seconds and minutes to describe the passage of time.When it came to the passage of time, they did not stress over accuracy.
- Please consider a few instances from the Gospels that may assist us in reading the accounts of Jesus’ final week of life with greater understanding.
- Jesus promised that he would rise from the dead ″after three days,″ according to certain sources.
- Those who believe he will rise ″on the third day″ disagree.
- It is true that in Matthew 12:40 Jesus refers to ″three days and three nights,″ but this is only a general comparison with the account of Jonah and the whale, and as a result, the time reference should not be taken too seriously.
″It will be similar to the experience of Jonah,″ Jesus is only stating the obvious.In Mark 8:31, on the other hand, Jesus declares that ″the Son of Man will rise from the dead after three days.″ In John 2:19, he refers to the same event as taking place ″in three days,″ and the Gospel authors tell us that Jesus used the term ″on the third day″ on a number of occasions (see, e.g., Matthew 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; Luke 24:46).On the surface, it appears that this involves a straightforward contradiction.
While it is feasible that both forecasts will be incorrect, is it really possible that both will be correct?The difficulty with this type of current thinking is that it makes the assumption that the Gospel writers intended to constantly write with accuracy on this subject.Furthermore, the term ″after three days″ in the New Testament might simply indicate ″after a time″ or ″after a few days″ without any obvious specificity other than to hint that multiple days, in this case portions of three days, would be engaged in the event.Even the Hebrew Bible has some hints about the kinds of variations we might expect to encounter.″Come to me again after three days,″ says the Bible’s Second Chronicles 10:5, 12.As a result, on the third day, everyone gathered to Rehoboam’s palace since the monarch had instructed them to ″come to me again on the third day.″ According to this literature, ″after three days″ and ″on the third day″ are both synonymous with ″after three days.″ Is this simply a case of carelessness, or is it an example of the common imprecision that occurs when discussing the passage of time?
- According to my interpretation, the term ″after three days″ is a more generic or imprecise way of expressing, but ″on the third day″ is a little more particular (albeit it still doesn’t tell us when it is on the third day).
- When it comes to time, these books were not written in a way that would suit our present high expectations.
Become a Member ofBiblical Archaeology Society Now and Get More Than Half Off the Regular Price of the All-AccessPass!
Explore the world’s most intriguing Biblical scholarship
With an All-Access pass, you may access more than 9,000 articles from the Biblical Archaeology Society’s extensive collection, as well as much more.It is important to recognize that most of the time references in the New Testament are not exact, and we must allow the ancient author to be broad when he wants to be general and more particular when he wants to be more specific when interpreting the time references in the New Testament.When you find both types of references to the time span between Jesus’ death and resurrection in the same book by the same author, and in some cases even within close proximity to each other, it is reasonable to conclude that these texts were not written in accordance with our modern exacting expectations when it comes to time references.
Ist it not time that we let these authors to utilize language, particularly time-related vocabulary, in the manner that was usual during their own historical period?I believe it is past time for us to accord these ancient authors the respect they deserve and to read them with a knowledge of the standards they followed when writing ancient history or ancient biography, rather than imposing our later genre norms on them, as we have done in the past.1 —————— ″Biblical Views: It’s About Time—Easter Time,″ written by Ben Witherington III, first appeared in Biblical Archaeology Review in May/June 2016.
- This article has been updated.
- The essay was initially published in Bible History Daily on April 18, 2016, and has since been reprinted several times.
- Ben Witherington III is the Amos Professor of New Testament for Doctoral Studies at Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky and a member of the doctoral faculty of St.
Andrews University in Scotland.He received his bachelor’s degree from Asbury Theological Seminary in Kentucky.
1. Ben Witherington III’s Reading and Understanding the Bible is a helpful resource for understanding how to interpret the Bible in light of its original settings (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2014).
Related reading in Bible History Daily:
When Was the First Holy Communion Celebrated? Even yet, Jesus’ Last Supper was not a Passover meal. The Herod’s Jerusalem Palace Remains are on Display During a Seder Meal Tour— The site of Jesus’ trial is a possibility. And Why It Really Does Make a Difference The ″Strange″ Ending of the Gospel of Mark and Why It Really Does Make a Difference What Method Was Used to Seal Jesus’ Tomb?
Dig deeper into biblical Archaeology with your All-Access Membership
The universe of the Bible may be comprehended.Modern discoveries that give us with clues about the culture in which the ancient Israelites, and subsequently Jesus and the Apostles, lived allow us to get a better understanding of that civilization.The Biblical Archaeology Review serves as a guide on this interesting trip through time.
Here is your invitation to come along with us as we learn more and more about the biblical world and its inhabitants.Each issue of Biblical Archaeology Review has papers that are richly illustrated and easy to read, such as the following: Discoveries from the time periods of the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament are fascinating.The most recent research by some of the world’s most renowned archaeologists and outstanding scholars Color pictures, maps, and infographics that are both beautiful and educational BAR’s distinct divisions, such as First Person and Strata, are examples of this.
- Book reviews of the most recent publications in biblical archaeology The BAS Digital Library contains the following resources: Biblical Archaeology Review has been publishing for more than 45 years.
- Bible Review has been online for more than two decades, presenting critical readings of biblical texts.
- The Archaeology Odyssey online series has been running for eight years, investigating the ancient origins of the Western civilization in a rigorous and engaging manner.
The New Encyclopedia of Archaeological Excavations in the Holy Land is a comprehensive resource on archaeology in the Holy Land.Experts from across the world deliver video lectures.Complete online access to more than 50 well chosen Special Collections, Four highly regarded volumes were released in collaboration with the Smithsonian Institution: Aspects of Monotheism, Feminist Approaches to the Bible, The Rise of Ancient Israel, and The Search for Jesus.
Aspects of Monotheism is a collection of essays on the history of monotheism.With the All-Access membership package, you can learn whatever you want about the Bible through biblical archaeology.
Just How Long Did Jesus Stay In The Tomb?
- Daniel Burke contributed to this article.
- Religion News Service is a news service dedicated to covering religious issues (RNS) As Christians throughout the world prepare to celebrate Easter, they will follow a well-known sequence of events: During Good Friday’s Passion Week, Jesus was crucified and arose from the dead on ″the third day,″ according to the ancient Nicene Creed.
- If Jesus died at 3 p.m.
- on Friday and was exhumed from his tomb by daybreak Sunday morning – around 40 hours later – how does it add up to three days in a calendar year?
- And do the Hebrew Scriptures predict a timeframe for the end of the world?
- Even Pope Benedict XVI, in his latest book, Jesus: Holy Week, about Christ’s last days, wrestles with the latter topic in the final chapter.
- It is concluded by the Pope that there is no direct scriptural proof pointing to the ″third day″ in the creation of the world.
- In the words of progressive biblical scholar Marcus Borg, who is also the co-author of The Last Week, a book that is devoted to Holy Week, the chronological dilemma is ″a bit of a mystery.″ However, according to Borg and other researchers, the issue may be solved if you understand how first-century Jews measured time and if you give the four evangelists a little poetic license in their writing.
- When it came to Jews in Jesus’ day, days began at sunset, a timetable that still drives Jewish holy days such as Shabbat today.
- As a result, for them, Saturday night was Sunday.
- According to Clinton Wahlen of the Seventh-day Adventist Biblical Research Institute in Silver Spring, Maryland, ancient Jews also utilized what scholars refer to as ″inclusive reckoning,″ which means that any segment of a day is treated as if it were the whole day.
- Using these techniques of counting, a backward computation from Sunday morning to Friday afternoon results in three days.
- Furthermore, some academics believe that the four preachers were not actually counting down the hours and minutes.
- ″The Bible uses ambiguous expressions such as ‘three days’ and ’40 days,’″ Borg explained.
- ″Three days″ refers to ″a little span of time″ in the eyes of the evangelists.
- Evangelical New Testament scholar Ben Witherington, who teaches at Asbury Theological Seminary in Wilmore, Kentucky, concurred with the statement.
- He said that the word ″three days″ is a colloquialism similar to the expression ″immediately″ in Southern slang, which means ″after a short period of time.″ Witherington believes it is unrealistic to expect the evangelists to keep track of time in the same way that modern men do.
- His research has revealed that Gospel authors did not stroll about with sundials on their wrists in the same manner that current researchers walk around with wristwatches, according to the expert.
- ″They weren’t dealing with the same level of accuracy that we were working with.″ However, for many Christians, especially those who believe that truth is synonymous with historical facts, accuracy, particularly when it comes to the Bible, has been a defining characteristic of their religion.
- What causes the most concern for these believers is Jesus’ own promise, recounted in the Gospel of Matthew, that he would rise from the grave after ″three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.″ This is the most worrying prophecy for these believers.
Ancient Christian theologians such as Gregory of Nyssa and Cyril of Jerusalem attempted to reconcile the prophecy with the calendar of Holy Week by counting the eclipse of the sun after Jesus’ death as a night, according to the Very Rev.John Behr, dean of St.Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary in Yonkers, New York.
- The Didascalia Apostolorum, a third-century Christian treatise, took a more radical approach.
- If Jesus and his apostles observed a different calendar than other Jews and had the Last Supper on a Tuesday, it is proposed that the crucifixion took place on a Wednesday.
- That viewpoint is still promoted by several Christian denominations on the periphery.
Others deny historical changes, claiming that Jesus just misspoke during his sermon.To put it another way, ″Jesus made a false prophesy,″ said Robert Miller, a professor of religion at Juniata College in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania.″Most Christians would not want to phrase it that way,″ Miller said.According to Witherington, the purpose of Jesus’ prophesy is to draw a contrast to Jonah, who was ready to die in order to save his shipmates (and who spent three days in the belly of a great fish), rather than to establish a timeline for the Resurrection.A scholar from St.John’s University in Collegeville, Minn., Martin Connell, refers to the chronology dilemma as a ″never-ending problem.″ ″Because the evidence is so uncertain and the evidence is so elastic, the argument will almost certainly continue indefinitely,″ Connell said.
- According to the Apostle Paul, the Resurrection on the third day is consistent with the Hebrew Scriptures.
- Some biblical scholars, such as Wahlen, believe Paul is alluding to a passage in the Book of Hosea, which states that God would ″heal″ and ″restore″ Israel after three days of affliction and suffering.
- According to Benedict, the hypothesis ″cannot be supported.″ It’s possible that there was a very practical purpose for the Resurrection to take place three days after Jesus’ death, according to experts.
- According to first-century custom, it was only after three days that you could be sure someone was dead; after four days, it was assumed that the spirit had left the body.
The nature of God and Jesus in Christianity
- Christians believe in the Trinity – one God who is all-loving and all-powerful, manifested in three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit – as the source of all truth and goodness. All were there at the beginning of time, and they each play a unique function in the development of the world.
- Page 7 of8
- As a Christian, you believe in the resurrection because you believe Jesus rose from the dead three days after he was killed on the cross. Several passages in the Gospel of Luke (24:1–9) provide insight into how Jesus’ followers learned that he had been resurrected: On the Sunday following Jesus’ death, his female disciples went to his tomb to pay their respects
- a stone had been placed in front of the tomb’s entrance. However, the stone had been pushed aside, and the tomb was now empty
- two men dressed in sparkling garments appeared to the women and spoke to them. The ladies were terrified, but the men questioned them, saying, ″Why are you looking for the live among the dead?″ He is not present
- he has ascended into the heavens! Remember what he said to you when he was still with you in Galilee: ‘The Son of Man must be given into the hands of sinners, be crucified, and on the third day be risen again’ (Luke 24:5–7).
- The female followers then returned to Jesus’ apostles and other people to inform them that Jesus had risen from the grave.
- Many Christians place a high value on their belief in the resurrection because: the resurrection demonstrates that Jesus beat death
- the resurrection demonstrates that Jesus defeated sin and death
- and the resurrection demonstrates that Jesus defeated sin and death.
- It is seen as evidence of the continuation of life after death.
- Aside from that, the resurrection serves as evidence of God’s supreme power and generosity.
- Paul emphasizes the importance of believing in Jesus’ resurrection from the dead in the biblical book 1 Corinthians, which is written by the apostle Paul.
- He adds that he personally saw Jesus after his resurrection, and that Jesus appeared to the apostles as well as over 500 other people during that time period.
- The apostle Paul then informs the audience that Jesus’ resurrection offers the possibility of life beyond death: If it is proclaimed that Christ has been risen from the dead, how can some of you claim that there is no such thing as a resurrected body?
- Even if there is no resurrection of the dead, it is unlikely that Christ has been risen from the grave.
- And if Christ has not been risen from the dead, our message, as well as your faith, is pointless.
- 15:12–14; 1 Corinthians 15:12–14 Jesus was reborn after he died on the cross, according to the question.
- Is this true or false?
- He was raised from the dead.
- Reincarnation is the process by which something is reincarnated and begins its existence all over again, usually in a new form.
- As far as we know, Jesus has returned to life in the same physical shape and at the same stage in his life as he was when he died.
- Page 7 of8
- The ascension of Jesus Christ into heaven, according to Christian theology, occurred on the 40th day following his Resurrection (Easter being reckoned as the first day).
- The Feast of the Ascension, together with the other Christian feasts of Christmas, Easter, and Pentecost, is the most widely observed holiday in the world.
- Since the 4th century, the feast has been observed 40 days following Easter in both Eastern and Western Christianity, depending on the region.
- It had been customary to remember the Ascension during Pentecost, which took place just a few days after the Holy Spirit descended on the disciples.
- The significance of the Ascension for Christians is derived from their belief in Jesus’ glorification and elevation following his death and resurrection, as well as from the notion of his return to God the Father, which is a central subject in Christian tradition.
- To illustrate a new relationship between Jesus and his Father, as well as a new relationship between Jesus and his followers, the Gospel According to John draws on both the sayings of Jesus and his post-Resurrection appearances, rather than a mere physical move from earth to heaven.
- More Information on This Topic church calendar year: Ascension First, the church commemorated Christ’s Ascension (from the Latin ascensio, ″ascent″) into heaven, and then the Resurrection of Christ.
Scripture and observances
- According to the first chapter of The Acts of the Apostles, after appearing to the Apostles on various occasions over a period of 40 days, Jesus was taken up in their presence and then hidden from them by a cloud, which is a common biblical image symbolizing God’s presence and which is often depicted as a cloud in the Bible.
- However, while belief in the Ascension is evident in other books of the New Testament, the focus and imagery used in those works are different.
- According to the Gospel of John, the glorification portrayed by the Ascension tale appears to have occurred immediately following the Resurrection.
- Despite the fact that the imagery used in the Gospel According to Luke is similar to that used in the Book of Acts, there is no mention of a time of 40 days in this story.
- A reference to the Ascension of Jesus may be found in the Apostles’ Creed, a confession of faith that was used for baptism in the early church.
- An important component of the feast’s liturgy in the Western churches is the extinguishing of the Paschal candle, which is lighted for the first time on Easter and is used as a symbol of Christ’s departure from the world after the Gospel has been read.
- Despite the sense of separation implied in this act, which could be expected to establish a tone of melancholy, the entire liturgical season of Ascensiontide, from the 10 days before Pentecost, is marked by gladness as the rising Lord triumphs in the final victory over death and hell.
- Ascension Day is marked by the celebration of Christ’s kingship, and its theological connotation is that the Ascension was the last redeeming act, granting participation in the divine life to everyone who are members of Christ’s body.
- For want of a better phrase, Christ ″was hoisted up into heaven so that he may make us heirs with him of his Godhead.″ During the European Middle Ages, the people’s enjoyment of the visual and theatrical found an expression in a variety of ceremonial acts that came to be connected with the celebration of the feast.
- One of the most popular practices was a parade across the church grounds in imitation of Christ’s trek to the Mount of Olives with his Apostles, as well as the lifting of a cross or a statue of the resurrected Christ through a hole in the roof of the building.
- The Ascension is an ancient motif in Christian art, with depictions of it dating back to the 5th century.
- The oldest depiction of the Ascension, which was popular in the Western world until the 11th century, portrays Christ approaching from the side, rising to the summit of the hill, and clutching the hand of God, which emerges from a cloud above to draw him into the presence of God.
- The Apostles, who have gathered below, are keeping an eye on the proceedings.
- In Syria, a separate rendition of the Ascension was established in the 6th century, and this image was eventually incorporated in Byzantine art.
- This version emphasizes Christ’s divinity by depicting him frontally, standing immovable in a mandorla, or almond-shaped aureole, elevated above the ground and supported by angels, as opposed to the previous form.
- He is holding a scroll and making a benediction motion with it.
- This version is notable for the constant presence of the Virgin Mary, who is not mentioned in the biblical account of the event, and St.
- Paul, who was not present since he was not present according to historical records.
- Although the inclusion of these people has not been clearly explained, it is possible that they symbolize, together with the image of St.
- Peter, an allegory of the church that Christ departs behind him.
- When it came to Byzantine church architecture, this style of Ascension, which follows in the Roman tradition of symbolizing the apotheosis of an emperor, was frequently shown prominently in monumental embellishment as an emblem of one of the most important church feast days.
- Similarly, by the 11th century, the Western world had embraced a frontal depiction of the world.
- The humanity of Christ, on the other hand, is emphasized in the Western rendition, as seen by the way Jesus spreads his hands on each side, revealing his scars.
- The mandorla is frequently surrounded by angels; nevertheless, he is not always supported or even surrounded by angels; as a result, he is no longer carried to heaven, but instead ascends by his own strength.
- During the 12th century, this representation of the Ascension was particularly prevalent in the décor of French Romanesque church interiors.
- Even in the art of the Renaissance and Baroque periods, when Christ was shown with his wounds on display, the Ascension kept its significance as a devotional topic.
- Those in charge of editing the Encyclopaedia Britannica Melissa Petruzzello was the person who most recently improved and updated this article.
Jesus ascended after 40 days, but didn’t leave us alone
- Jesus appeared to many individuals during the 40 days following his resurrection, according to Acts 1:3.
- The Gospels and the book of Acts detail several of these appearances, and the apostle Paul also testifies to Jesus’ multiple resurrection appearances in 1 Corinthians.
- Then, 40 days after His resurrection, Jesus ascended into the heavens to complete His mission.
- It was the 40th day following Easter, and many churches celebrated His ascension on May 27; however, others will wait until this Sunday to do so.
- In the end, Jesus, who declared Himself to be God and then demonstrated that claim by rising from the dead, completed His purpose on earth.
- All who believe in Him will have everlasting life since He died for the sins of the world and rose again to give them life in the hereafter.
- After completing His task, He ascended into the celestial realm.
- Jesus didn’t abandon us without a word.
- He promised to send a helper, who would be known as the Holy Spirit.
- ″He will take what is mine and disclose it to you,″ Jesus warned the apostles twice in John 16, according to the Bible.
- (This is the English Standard Version.) Because of the Word of God, the Holy Spirit directs people to Jesus so that they may hear and believe that Jesus is the Saviour of the entire world.
- As a result, the apostle Peter would later remark of the Word of God, ″Men spake from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit,″ referring to the men who spoke from God.
- Jesus told His followers that He would never desert them.
- Indeed, towards the conclusion of Matthew’s Gospel, in verse 20, He adds, ″I will be with you always, until the end of the age.″ By His Word, Jesus continues to be with His people.
- In John 8:31-32, Jesus stated, ″If you abide in my word, you are really my disciples, and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.″ If you dwell in Jesus’ word, you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.
- A little later (in 14:6), Jesus would proclaim, ″I am the way and the truth, and the life.″ He who comes in the name of the truth will be found in His Word.
- These two are inextricably linked because His Word reveals to all people who He is and what He has done for all of humanity.
- Jesus also stated that He will return on the day of judgment.
- A pair of angels appeared to the disciples as Jesus was rising into heaven and said, ″Why are you standing here staring into heaven?″ This Jesus, who was carried up from you into heaven, will return in the same manner in which you witnessed him go into heaven.″ (See Acts 1:11).
- In the same way that Jesus climbed into heaven in all of His glory, He will descend into hell in all of His glory on the final day of the week.
It will be a wonderful day for everyone who believes in it.″The Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God,″ writes the apostle Paul in 1 Thessalonians 4:16-17: ″The Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God.″ So, first, the dead in Christ will rise, followed by us who are alive, and so we shall always be with the Lord.″ A wonderful day of delight has arrived, and the Bible concludes with the most appropriate words in Revelation 22:20, which read: “Amen.″Come, Lord Jesus, come!″ Travis E.
- Lauterbach serves as the pastor of Prince of Peace Lutheran Church, which is located in Falcon Mesa Business Park, 350 Falcon Ridge Parkway, Building 600, in Phoenix, Arizona.
- Every Sunday at 10:30 a.m., there will be a worship service.
The First Sunday of Lent: Jesus is tempted in the desert // Faith at Marquette // Marquette University
- As one Bible scholar pointed out, if Jesus had not revealed this event to some of his disciples, it would not have been included in the stories of his life and work.
- He is depicted as being susceptible to the deceptions of Satan.
- In the aftermath of his baptism, why would Jesus go into the desert for a forty-day retreat?
- For the same reason, individuals go on retreat: to reflect on who they are, where they are heading, and how they will get there in the best possible way.
- The blurring of one’s perspective on life occurs as a result of all the noise and bustle of everyday existence.
- At his baptism, Jesus required time to process the revelation of his identity revealed to him by the words of his Father: ″You are my beloved Son, and my favor is upon you.″
- At that point, Jesus was brought into the desert by the Holy Spirit, where he was tempted by the devil.
- He had fasted for forty days and forty nights and had become hungry as a result.
- ″If you are the Son of God, order that these stones be transformed into loaves of bread,″ the tempter said as he approached him and added.
- ″It is written: ‘One does not live on bread alone, but on every word that proceeds from the mouth of God,’″ he remarked in response.
- He was then taken to the sacred city, where the devil forced him to stand on the parapet of the temple and demanded that he throw himself down since he was the Son of God.
- He will direct his angels concerning you, and with their hands they will support you so that you do not strike your foot on a stone, as it is written.
- ″Again, it is stated, you shall not put the Lord, your God, to the test,″ Jesus said.
- ″You shall not put the Lord, your God, to the test.″ He was taken up to a very high mountain by the devil, who showed him all of the kingdoms of the earth in all their splendor, and then told him, ″All of this I will give to you if you would prostrate yourself before me and worship me.″ ″Get out from here, Satan!″ Jesus said to him.
- It is written: ″You shall worship the Lord, your God, and you shall serve him alone,″ says the Bible.
- The devil then left him, and behold, angels appeared and began to tend to him.
Reflection from the Preface of the Mass:
Because of his forty-day fast, this is considered a holy season of self-denial. Choosing to reject Satan’s temptations has taught us to cleanse ourselves of the hidden corruption of evil, and in doing so to eat his paschal feast with purity of heart until we reach the fulfillment of the meal’s completion in the promised land of heaven.
Suggestions for Reflection
- Jesus was tested in the same way that we are. Temptations are not inherently harmful
- rather, it is how we respond to them that determines whether we turn to God or away from God. Do we perceive temptations as opportunities to turn to God rather than relying on our own abilities?
- Is there a difference between the ways Jesus was tempted and the ways we are tempted, or is there a similarity? Satan is inviting Jesus to deny his status as the Son of God, which is hidden under the surface of the various temptations he faces. What if our temptations are a call to abandon the sort of person we aspire to be and instead turn to harmful means of satisfying our needs?
- By refusing to give in to the temptations, Jesus opted to rely on his Father to fulfill his deepest hunger, to relate to people in a normal way, and to not place his trust in his reputation, power, or wealth to provide for him. How can we sate our most insatiable cravings? Do we rely on our position of prominence and power to make ourselves acceptable to others?
- Are we going to utilize the forty days of Lent as a period of retreat, setting aside time for extra introspection and prayer?
- Next Week
- Lent index
How Early Church Leaders Downplayed Mary Magdalene’s Influence by Calling Her a Whore
- She was Mary of Magdala, one of Jesus of Nazareth’s early disciples, and she was one of the most famous women in the world.
- It is said that she journeyed with him, witnessed his Crucifixion, and was one of those who were informed of his Resurrection, all according to the Scriptures.
- Everybody, from early church officials and historians to authors and filmmakers, has contributed to the revision and expansion of the tale of Mary Magdalene throughout history.
- On the one hand, they downplayed her significance by stating she was a prostitute, a wrecked woman who repented and was rescued by Christ’s teachings.
- On the other hand, they emphasized her value by claiming she was a prostitute, a ruined woman who repented and was saved by Christ’s teachings.
- Mary Magdalene, on the other hand, is represented in several early Christian scriptures as more than just a mere follower; she is also depicted as Jesus’ close companion—which some have taken to suggest his wife.
- Which begs the question: is there any truth to either of these tales?
- What exactly do we know about Mary Magdalene, the lady who is considered to be the most intriguing woman in the Bible?
- WATCH: Jesus: A Biography on the HISTORY Vault
What the Bible Says About Mary Magdalene
- However, only the Gospel of Luke discussed Mary Magdalene’s role in Jesus’ life and ministry, listing her among ″some women who had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities″ (Luke 8:1–3).
- All four canonical gospels of the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) noted Mary Magdalene’s presence at Jesus’ Crucifixion, but only the Gospel of Luke discussed her role in his life and ministry.
- According to Luke, when Jesus drove out seven devils from her, Mary joined a group of women who went with him and his twelve disciples/apostles, ″proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of God.″ They were ″proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of God.″ However, although Magdalene is not a surname, it is associated with the city of Magdala, which is located in Galilee, in the northernmost area of ancient Palestine, and from whence Mary hailed (now northern Israel).
- In the words of Robert Cargill, an associate professor of classical and religious studies at the University of Iowa who is also the editor of the Biblical Archaeology Review, ″Mary Magdalene was one of Jesus’ early supporters.″ ″She was mentioned in the Gospels, which indicates that she was significant.
- There were hundreds, if not thousands, of followers of Jesus, but we don’t know the names of the majority of them, according to what we know.
- As a result, the fact that she has been identified is significant.″ Mary Magdalene had an important role in the tale of the Resurrection, which took place after Jesus’ crucifixion, which she observed from the foot of the cross with many other women, and after all of Jesus’ male disciples had fled from the scene.
- In accordance with the gospels, Mary went to Jesus’ tomb on Easter Sunday, either alone herself (according to the Gospel of John) or in company with several women, and discovered that the tomb was vacant.
- The ladies are the ones who go to the disciples and inform them what has happened, as Cargill points out.
- That’s crucial since they were the ones who found that Jesus had resurrected from the dead.
- According to the Gospel of John, Jesus personally comes to Mary Magdalene after his Resurrection and urges her to inform his followers of his appearance (John 20:1-13).
- READ MORE: What Did Jesus Look Like When He Was Alive?
Mary Magdalene as sinner
- Because of Mary Magdalene’s obvious significance in the Bible—or maybe because of it—some early Western church leaders attempted to minimize her power by presenting her as a sinner, notably as a prostitute, according to the Bible.
- In Cargill’s words, ″There are many academics who think that because Jesus empowered women to such a great extent early in his career, it made some of the males who would govern the early church uncomfortable later on.″ In response to this, there were two different reactions.
- She was to be turned into a prostitute, for example.″ Early church leaders conflated Mary with other women mentioned in the Bible in order to portray her as the original repentant whore.
- These women included an unnamed woman, identified in the Gospel of Luke as a sinner, who bathes Jesus’ feet with her tears, dries them, and applies ointment to them (Luke 7:37-38), as well as another Mary, Mary of Bethany, who also appears in Luke.
- Pope Gregory the Great clarified this confusion in a sermon in 591 A.D., saying, ″We think that the Mary, whom Luke names the wicked woman and whom John calls Mary, is the Mary from whom seven demons were evicted according to Mark.″ ‘By becoming a prostitute, she has diminished in importance.’ It has a negative impact on her in some manner.
- Look at what she did for a job, and you can see why she couldn’t have been a leader,″ Cargill adds.
- ″Of course, the second option was to advance Mary to the next level.
- Some believe she was actually Jesus’ wife or friend, rather than his mother.
- ″She had a particular place in the world.″ READ MORE: The Bible Claims That Jesus Was a Real Person.
- Is there any further evidence?
Mary Magdalene as Jesus’s wife
- While some early Christians wanted to downplay Mary’s influence, others sought to emphasize her as a source of inspiration.
- Several centuries after Jesus’ death, the Gospel of Mary, a document dating from the second century A.D.
- that was discovered in Egypt in 1896, ranked Mary Magdalene higher in wisdom and influence than Jesus’ male disciples.
- She was also extensively featured in the so-called Gnostic Gospels, a collection of books thought to have been authored by early Christians as far back as the second century A.D.
- but which were not discovered until 1945, near the Egyptian town of Nag Hammadi, and which were written in Greek.