Relive Jesus Christ’s Final Hours of Passion and Suffering
- Christians pay particular attention to the passion of Jesus Christ throughout the Easter season, particularly on Good Friday.
- The Lord’s final hours of anguish and death on the cross lasted around six hours in all.
- This chronology of Jesus’ death lays down the events of Good Friday as they are recounted in the Bible, including the events that occurred right before and immediately after the crucifixion of Jesus.
- Many of the actual timings of these occurrences are not recorded in Scripture, which is an essential point to emphasize.
- The chronology that follows depicts a rough timeline of what happened in the following events.
- Take a look at this Holy Week Timeline for a more comprehensive understanding of the events leading up to Jesus’ crucifixion and for the opportunity to walk those steps alongside him.
Timeline of Jesus’ Death
- In the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26.20-30
- Mark 14:17-26
- Luke 22:14-38
- John 13:21-30)
- Jesus is betrayed and arrested (Matthew 26.47-56
- Mark 14:43-52
- Luke 22:47-53
- John 18:1-11)
- The Religious Leaders Condemn Jesus (Matthew 27:1-2
- Mark 15:1
- Luke 22:66-71
- John 18:1-11)
Good Friday’s Events
- Before the religious leaders could execute Jesus, they required the approval of the Roman government to carry out their death sentence.
- Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, who determined that there was no basis for charging him.
- Pilate ordered that Jesus be sent to Herod, who was present in Jerusalem at the time.
- Jesus refused to answer Herod’s inquiries, and as a result, Herod had him returned to the custody of Pilate.
- Despite the fact that Pilate deemed Jesus to be innocent, he was afraid of the people and condemned him to death.
- Jesus was beaten, insulted, stripped naked, and crowned with thorns as a punishment.
- He was forced to bear his own cross and was dragged away to the cross of Calvary.
- When Jesus is put on trial before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14
- Mark 15:2-5
- Luke 23:1-5
- John 18:28-37), it is called the Crucifixion.
- Herod was summoned by Jesus (Luke 23:6-12)
- Jesus is brought before Pilate (Luke 23:11)
- Jesus is sentenced to death (Matthew 27:26
- Mark 15:15
- Luke 23:23-24
- John 19:16)
- Jesus is crucified (Matthew 27:26
- Mark 15:15
- Luke 23:23-24
- John 19:16)
Jesus is led away to the cross of Calvary (Matthew 27:32-34; Mark 15:21-24; Luke 23:26-31; John 19:16-17)
- To secure Jesus to the crucified, soldiers drove stake-like nails into Jesus’ wrist and ankle joints, securing him to the cross.
- He was given the title ″The King of the Jews″ and an inscription was erected above his head.
- For roughly six hours, Jesus hung on the cross, until he exhaled his last breath.
- Soldiers took turns drawing lots for Jesus’ garments while he was hanging on the cross.
- Onlookers hurled obscenities and jeered at the performers.
- Two criminals were nailed on the cross at the same time.
- At one time, Jesus addressed Mary and John directly.
- After then, the area was enveloped in darkness.
- At the moment Jesus surrendered his spirit, an earthquake rocked the ground, causing the temple curtain to split down the middle from top to bottom.
9 AM – ″The Third Hour″
- Jesus is crucified, according to Mark 15:25. ″It was the third hour when they nailed Jesus on the cross″ (NIV). When Jesus awoke, it would have been nine o’clock in the morning, according to Jewish time
- Father, forgive them (Luke 23:34)
- the soldiers cast lots for Jesus’ clothing (Mark 15:24)
- then the soldiers cast lots for Jesus’ clothing again (Luke 23:35).
- Jesus is slandered and mocked by the people.
- ″And the people who were passing by yelled insults at him, shaking their heads in scorn.″ Matthew 27:39-40 ″So!
- Is it true that you can demolish the Temple and reassemble it in just three days?
- So, if you truly are the Son of God, then rescue yourself and come down from the cross now!″ (NLT) Mark 15:31 – The senior priests and professors of religious law, as well as the people, derided Jesus and his followers.
- It was said that ″he saved others,″ but ″he can’t save himself!″ they sneered.
- (NLT) Luke 23:36-37 – The soldiers made fun of him as well, by bringing him a glass of sour wine to drink.
- ″If you are the King of the Jews, spare yourself!″ they cried out to him from the crowd.
- One of the prisoners who hanged there shouted obscenities at him in Luke 23:39, according to the New Living Translation: ″Isn’t it true that you’re the Christ?
- Save yourself as well as us!″ (NIV)
- Jesus with the Criminal – Luke 23:40-43 – Jesus encounters a criminal. The other criminal, on the other hand, scolded him. ″″Don’t you have any fear of God,″ he said, referring to the fact that they were both serving the same sentence. We are being punished fairly, since we are receiving the consequences of our actions. This individual, on the other hand, has done nothing wrong.″ ″Jesus, please keep me in mind when you come into your kingdom,″ he continued. ″I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise,″ Jesus said in response to his question. (NIV)
- [See also] Jesus’ words to Mary and John (John 19:26–27)
Noon – ″The Sixth Hour″
- Darkness Covers the Land (Mark 15:33)
- In Matthew 27:46, Jesus pleads with the Father for help. And at about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, ″Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?″ (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? ″My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?″ says the speaker. (NKJV)
- In John 19:28-29, Jesus declares that he is thirsty.
- It Is Completed – John 19:30a – After tasting it, Jesus declared, ″It is completed!″ (NLT)
- Luke 23:46 – Jesus cried out with a loud voice, ″Father, into your hands I submit my spirit.″ ″Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.″ When he had finished speaking, he took his last breath. (NIV)
3 PM – ″The Ninth Hour″
Events After Jesus’ Death
- When there is an earthquake and the Temple veil is torn in two, it is recorded in Matthew 27:51-52. The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time. The ground trembled, and the rocks cracked open. The graves were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God. (NIV)
- ″Surely he was the Son of God!″ said the Centurion. Jesus is nailed to the cross (Matthew 27:54
- Mark 15:38
- Luke 23:47)
- The soldiers break the thieves’ legs (John 19:31-33)
- The soldier pierces Jesus’ side (John 19:34)
- Jesus is laid in the tomb (Matthew 27:57-61
- Mark 15:42-47
- Luke 23:50-56
- John 19:38-42)
- Jesus is raised from the dead (Matthew 28:1-7
- Mark 16:
When Did Jesus Die? The Year, Day & Time
- There has been much speculation concerning the day and year of Christ’s crucifixion and death, owing to the absence of clear day-to-day linkage in the stories of the four Gospels.
- We know that Jesus died on Preparation Day because it is mentioned in each of the four Gospel narratives.
- But was it a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday when that happened?
- In addition, what hour did Jesus die?
- There has even been discussion over the year in which he passed away.
- To figure out the day of Jesus’ death on the cross, we must piece together the evidence from his four Gospels and our understanding of his historical period and cultural context.
Cultural Information to Keep in Mind
- The gospel writers were more concerned with depicting Jesus as a person than they were with the precise chronology of his appearance.
- Dates have become increasingly important in today’s environment in order to provide proper news coverage.
- However, the Gospel authors were more concerned with the events themselves than they were with the precise date of the occurrences.
- They were attempting to introduce Jesus to a variety of audiences rather than providing a thorough biography.
- It was the day before the Sabbath that was designated as the Day of Preparation.
- Each of the four Gospel narratives of Jesus’ death and burial mentions the Day of Preparation as a day of preparation.
- This is the day on which Jews prepared meals and completed all of the tasks that were prohibited from being completed on the Sabbath but that still needed to be completed.
- Because Jews were required to refrain from working on the Sabbath at this time, Jesus’ companions made certain that he was buried before the Sabbath began on Friday at sunset.
- Visit THIS LINK to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide – Praying Through Holy Week (PDF).
- Create your own copy of this wonderful daily devotional to use in the weeks leading up to Easter.
What the Gospels Say about Jesus’ Burial
- The Gospel of Matthew contains the most detailed account of Jesus’ death and burial (Matthew 27:31-62).
- In this tale, we learn about Joseph, a wealthy man from Arimathea who ″had himself become a follower of Jesus,″ according to the text (Matthew 27:57b).
- In Matthew 27:58-61, Joseph is said to have requested Pilate for permission to bury Jesus’ body.
- This is according to tradition.
- Later in Matthew 27:62, we find out that Joseph was successful in carrying out his plan on Preparation Day: ″The next day, the day after Preparation Day, the chief priests and the Pharisees went to Pilate.″ On Preparation Day, according to Mark’s account, Joseph buried his son Jesus.
- In other words, ″it was Preparation Day″ (i.e., the day before the Sabbath).
- (Matthew 15:42 a.) … Joseph then went out and got some linen material, carried the corpse down and covered it in the linen before putting it in a tomb that he had dug out the rock.
- And he proceeded to roll a large stone against the tomb’s entrance″ (Mark 15:46).
- Jesus’ death on the Day of Preparation is confirmed by the Gospels of Luke and John: ″Then he carried it down, covered it in linen cloth, and buried it in a tomb carved into the rock, in which no one had yet been lain.″ It was Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was just around the corner″ (Luke 23:54).
- The tomb was nearby, so they put Jesus there because it was the Jewish day of Preparation and because it was close by (John 19:42).
What Day Did Jesus Die? Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday?
- Over the years, academics have developed a variety of hypotheses about what occurred during the days of the week preceding up to Jesus’ death on the cross. These versions each offer a different day for Christ’s death, such as Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday. Wednesday The fact that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday permits for Him to have been buried for three full days and nights
- nevertheless, this also means that He resurrected on the fourth day. Furthermore, the Triumphal Entry would have taken place on Saturday, which was a day of Sabbath rest
- Thursday was a working day. With a Thursday crucifixion, the Triumphal Entry is moved to Sunday, which makes more sense and removes the necessity for a ″quiet day″ (a day during the Passion Week when no events were recorded). However, we do know that the Pharisees rushed to put Jesus in the tomb on The Day of Preparation (John 19:34-42), which was Friday, and before the Sabbath began at nightfall (the Jews measured days from nightfall to nightfall).
- Friday was the Day of Preparation, which was Friday and before the Sabbath began at nightfall. Upon closer examination of the facts, we find that Friday is the most consistent with the Gospel narratives and the historical context. According to the New Testament, Jesus rose from the grave on the third day—not necessarily after three complete, literal days—and was buried on the third day (e.g., Matthew 16:21
- Acts 10:40). As previously stated, Jesus had to be hustled inside the tomb on the day of preparation because of the crowds. In contrast to a Friday crucifixion, which would demand a ″quiet day″ (most likely Wednesday), this day gives the Sanhedrin the opportunity to make plans for Jesus’s arrest and following trials. As a result, the day is just ″quiet″ since we haven’t documented anything significant
What Time Did Jesus Die?
- According to Matthew Henry’s interpretation, Jesus was nailed to the crucifixion between the third and sixth hours, which corresponds between nine and twelve o’clock in the morning.
- After then, he died shortly after the ninth hour, which was sometime between three and four o’clock in the afternoon.
- Commensurate with the aforementioned practice, the Jews throughout the time of Christ measured days from dusk to nightfall.
- So Bible scholars may convert the Matthew 27:46 KJV, which reads ″ninth hour,″ into the Matthew 27:46 NIV, which reads ″three o’clock in the afternoon,″ as a result of this.
Timing of Jesus Death in Mark, Luke, and John
- Mark 15:33:34, 37, 38, 39 ″At midday, darkness descended across the entire region, lasting until three o’clock in the afternoon. Also, about three o’clock in the afternoon, Jesus said, ″Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?″ in an obnoxiously loud voice. (which translates as ‘My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?’). ″Jesus breathed his last with a piercing scream.″
- Matthew 23:44-46 Because the sun had ceased shining, it was now around midday, and darkness fell over the entire region until three o’clock that afternoon. And the temple’s curtain was split in two by the earthquake. I put my spirit into your hands,’ Jesus said with a resounding voice, calling out to the Father. At the moment he stated this, he exhaled his final breath.″ (See also John 19:14-16.) ‘It was around midday on the day of Preparation of the Passover,’ I recalled. ‘Your king has arrived,’ Pilate said to the Jews. They, on the other hand, cried out, ″Take him away!″ Take him away from me! ‘Put him to death!’ ‘Do you want me to crucify your king?’ Pilate was the one who inquired. ‘We do not have a monarch other than Caesar,’ the leading priests responded. Eventually, Pilate gave him over to them, and they crucified him.”
What Year Did Jesus Die?
- During this video, Doug Bookman, a New Testament professor at Shepherds Theological Seminary, shows why biblical academics have reached an agreement about the year Jesus died.
- ″It all boils down to this…
- Pilate served as prefect of Judea and Samaria from 26 A.D.
- to 36 A.D., according to the evidence we have.
- So that’s our view out the window.
- The following question is: On what day of the week did Passover occur during the year that Jesus died?
- In the opinion of the majority, it occurred on Thursday or Friday.
- From nightfall on Thursday till sundown on Friday, the event was taking place every day.
- Given all of this, the vast majority of researchers will agree that it leads to one of two conclusions: ” Theory 1: Jesus died about the year 30 A.D.
- Theory 2: Jesus died around the year 33 A.D.
- ″At this point, the argument becomes pretty technical,″ says Bookman of the situation.
- ″With regard to every one of the chronological questions, there is a case to be formed on both sides of the argument,″ he continues.
- I am convinced that the year 33 A.D.
- ″I teach the life of Jesus within the framework of that structure.″
3 Significant Events Shortly After Jesus’ Death
- Matthew 27:51-54, Matthew 27:51-54 In that instant, the temple’s curtain was ripped in half from top to bottom.
- The ground trembled, the rocks cracked, and the tombs burst into flames.
- Many pious persons who had died were brought back to life by the power of the Holy Spirit.
- They emerged from the graves following Jesus’ resurrection and proceeded to the holy city, where they appeared to a large number of people.
- They were startled and cried, ″Surely he was the Son of God!″ when the centurion and others with him who were guarding Jesus witnessed the earthquake and everything that had transpired.
- The temple curtain had been ripped in half.
- This curtain divided the temple’s worshipers from the Ark of the Covenant and its apex – the Mercy seat – where God would only meet with the High Priest once a year to accept an atonement sacrifice on the High Priest’s behalf.
- We know from the laws of the Old Testament that entering God’s presence was a severe matter.
- Following the deaths of two men who attempted to approach the Lord in the wrong manner, the Lord provided Moses detailed instructions in Leviticus 16 on how to approach him without dying.
- The fact that this curtain was destroyed represented the completion of Jesus Christ’s accomplished work on the cross, which eliminated the barrier between sinful humans and holy God by becoming the ultimate High Priest and the ultimate sacrifice on behalf of all people.
- Furthermore, the fact that the curtain was torn ″from top to bottom″ represented that it had been torn by God himself, rather than by the efforts of any man or woman.
- An earthquake unsealed tombs, allowing deceased saints to be resurrected from their graves.
- John Gill’s remark on the event states that ″this was a demonstration of Christ’s authority over death and the tomb.″ When Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his death, he demonstrated that he had destroyed both the power of death and the permanence of the grave.
- ″These saints, I believe, remained on earth until our Lord’s ascension, and then, joining the entourage of angels, gloriously ascended with him to heaven, as trophies of his victory over sin, Satan, death, and the tomb,″ Gill added.
- In addition to its grandiose claims, this event is noteworthy because it is a narrative predicting Christ’s second coming to collect the remainder of his people.
According to Matthew, this incident also fulfills a prophesy found in Isaiah 26:19, which reads, ″But your dead will live, LORD; their bodies will rise— let those who dwell in the dust awaken and cry for joy— your dew is like the dew of the dawn; the earth will give birth to her dead.3.Jesus is brought back to life from the dead.This paragraph in Matthew glosses over such a remarkable occurrence, but Christ’s resurrection is told in greater detail in Matthew 28, which is the book of Matthew (as well as in Mark 16, Luke 24, and John 20).Photograph courtesy of Joshua Earle via Unsplash.
What time was Jesus crucified? What time did Jesus die on the cross?
- Answer The gospel authors make a number of references to the period of Jesus’ crucifixion in their writings.
- When we put all of these allusions together, we may obtain an approximation of when time of day Jesus died.
- The New American Standard Bible (NASB) will be used in this article since it provides a literal translation of the time references given in the original Greek.
- We know that Jesus was arrested in the middle of the night and brought before Pilate the next morning.
- ″Now when the morning came, all the chief priests and elders of the people conspired together against Jesus, deciding that He should be put to death; and they tied Him, carried Him away, and handed Him to Pilate the governor,″ Matthew 27:1–2.
- There was a series of hearings before Pilate and Herod, who had come to Jerusalem for the Passover (see Luke 23:6–15 for further information).
- Pilate, on the other hand, had to make the final call.
- Pilate had originally intended to release Jesus (Luke 23:20), but finally decided that appeasing the multitude would be more useful.
- Pilate saw he was achieving nothing and that a riot was about to break out.
- He grabbed water and washed his hands in front of the multitude, declaring, ‘I am innocent of this Man’s blood; you see to it yourselves.’″ Then everyone cried out, ″His blood shall be on us, and his blood shall be on our children!″ When he had finished scourging Jesus, he delivered Him over to be crucified″ (Matthew 27:24–26).
- Then he freed Barabbas for them.
- Matthew gives various clues as to when Jesus was killed, including the following: ″Now, from the sixth hour to the ninth hour, darkness descended throughout the entire area.
- ″ When it was at the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice and said, ‘Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?’ (Who is like God?) in other words, ‘My God, My God, why have You abandoned Me?’ In fact, when they heard it, several of the people who were gathered there immediately began to exclaim, ‘This man is asking for Elijah.’ So one of them dashed to the side of the road and, taking a sponge, filled it with sour wine, placed it on a reed, and handed it to Jesus to drink.
- The rest, on the other hand, replied, ‘Let us wait and see whether Elijah will arrive to save Him.’ And Jesus cried out with a loud voice once again, this time yielding up His spirit.
- Then the curtain of the temple was ripped in two from top to bottom, and the ground shook with a great earthquake, and the rocks were split″ (Matthew 27:45–51, emphasis added).
- Consequently, Jesus died ″about the ninth hour,″ according to Matthew.
- Jesus’ death is recorded in Luke 23:44–47, which corresponds with Matthew’s description of darkness at the sixth hour and Jesus’ death being recorded in the ninth hour.
Mark 15:25 provides more detail, stating, ″It was the third hour when they crucified Him,″ and the rest of the tale is consistent with Matthew and Luke’s accounts of the hours of darkness and the death of Jesus.As a result, when the stories of the Synoptic Gospels are combined, Jesus was killed at the third hour.It was at the ninth hour when darkness descended from the sixth hour until the ninth hour, and Jesus died at about that time.Jesus remained on the crucifixion for approximately six hours, with three of those hours spent in complete darkness.Considering that a new day begins at midnight, the third hour would be 3:00 a.m., according to current reckoning.The Jewish day, on the other hand, began at sundown, but the hours were counted from sunup, which would be around 6:00 a.m.
- As a result, the third hour when Jesus was crucified would have been three hours after sunrise, or around 9:00 a.m.
- This means that the sixth hour when darkness fell would be around noon, and the ninth hour, when Jesus died, would be approximately 3:00 PM.
- All of this is rather clear, except for the fact that John appears to record something entirely different.
- ″Therefore, when Pilate heard these statements, he dragged Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat in a spot known as The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha,″ according to John 19:13–14.
- It was approximately the sixth hour on the day of preparation for the Passover.″ It was now the day of preparation for the Passover.
- The hearing before Pilate appears to have taken place ″around″ noon, which would be in disagreement with Mark’s account, which states that Jesus was crucified at the third hour, or 9:00 a.m.
- There are a number of plausible answers to the apparent disparity in the data.
- Some have proposed that John is counting hours from midnight (the ″Roman″ approach), which would place the sixth hour at around 6:00 a.m.
- If this is the case, the sixth hour would be approximately 6:00 a.m.
- According to D.
Carson, who cites study by Henry Morris, this resolves the difficulty of chronology; nevertheless, Carson believes this is doubtful because this method of calculating was generally reserved for Roman legal papers (Pillar New Testament Commentary, ″John,″ Eerdmans, 1991, p.605).It has been pointed out by Merrill Tenney that this ″Roman″ technique would be incongruent with John’s other notations of time (NIV Bible Commentary, Volume 2, New Testament, ″John,″ Zondervan, 1994).Andrew Kostenberger also notes that when referring to time in John 1:39, John appears to be referring to late afternoon (4:00 PM), rather than the traditional sunup-to-sundown frame of reference (Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, ″John,″ Baker Academic, 2004, p.
- 74–75; Baker Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, ″John,″ Baker Academic, 2004).
- As a result, it appears that the ″Roman time″ option is doubtful.
- Another possibility is to credit John’s statement of the sixth hour to a scribal mistake, which would make sense.
- The Greek digit digamma, or 6, was accidentally written by an early copyist of John, according to this idea, instead of the correct number 6.
- (the Greek numeral gamma, or 3).
- The two men would be in total agreement, according to this interpretation; nevertheless, Carson points out that there is no textual evidence for this form (op cit, p.
- As a result, this solution is solely based on assumption and speculation.
- Even though Kostenberger does not necessarily agree with the notion, he speculates that John may be making a theological argument rather than seeking to provide a literal indicator of the time (op cit, p.
- The choosing of the Paschal lamb would generally take place at midday on the day before Passover, according to tradition.
- When Jesus was chosen for crucifixion, John makes reference to noon (the sixth hour) in order to stress the fact that he had been chosen to be the Lamb of God.
- This approach, on the other hand, has its own set of chronological challenges.
- According to John 19:14, the ″day of preparation″ refers to preparation for the Passover Sabbath, rather than the Passover Feast, which would need the selection of a lamb for the occasion.
- Given that Jesus had previously eaten the Passover with His followers, it appears that the dinner itself had already taken place at that point in time.
According to Kostenberger (p.538) and Carson (p.605), an imperfect technique of ancient timekeeping should be used to solve the problem.The day was commonly split into three-hour blocks before the invention of watches and other exact timekeeping technologies, and people frequently approximated and rounded off the time.Someone may have rounded down to the third hour (9:00 AM) if it was mid-morning, say 10:30; another person might have rounded up to the sixth hour (6:00 AM) if it was mid-morning, say 10:30.(noon).
- There is no discrepancy in this solution; rather, there is a difference in the way each writer estimated the amount of time.
- The nearest quarter or half hour is frequently used, even in current times when digital clocks can determine time to the second.
- According to this idea, the decision between the third and sixth hours would be based on the individual’s judgment.
- Alternatively, it is probable that John and Mark ″rounded off″ the timings as a matter of tradition.
- Ultimately, it is possible that this is an example of current scientific accuracy being expected from an ancient literature.
- ″More than likely, we are in risk of requiring a level of accuracy in both Mark and John that could not have been accomplished in the days before watches,″ Carson says.
Time was always going to be approximate for the majority of people since they couldn’t take sundials or astronomical charts with them everywhere they went.″If the sun was moving toward the center of the sky, two separate observers may readily have peered up and determined that it was ‘approximately the third hour’ or ‘about the sixth hour,’″ the author writes″ (p.605).Considering all of the evidence, it appears that Jesus was crucified at some point in the morning and died at some point later in the afternoon.He would have been hanging on the cross for somewhere between three and six hours, with a significant chunk of that time spent in complete darkness.
In this particular topic, the gospel authors were not excessively concerned with accuracy.In contrast, they were significantly more concerned with the theological ramifications, which they meticulously documented.
How long was Jesus on the cross?
- Answer to the question Jesus was nailed on the cross for almost six hours.
- ″He was ridiculed by the top priests, the teachers of the law, and the elders.″ The critics pointed out that he had saved others, but that he was unable to save himself!
- He’s the king of Israel, after all!
- Allow him to come down from the cross at this time, and we will believe in him.
- He places his faith in God.
- Allow God to rescue him now if he so desires, for he has stated, ″I am the Son of God.″ (Matthew 27:41–43; Mark 10:41–43).
- The crucifixion was a way of carrying out the death punishment in the ancient Roman Empire for people judged guilty of a deadly charge.
- Crucifixion was often reserved for the most heinous of offenses, such as slavery, foreigners, insurrectionists, and those who had committed crimes against humanity.
- In order to destroy Jesus and keep their authority, the Jewish theocrats planned a strategy to persuade Roman authorities that Jesus had to be slain, which they executed (Mark 14:1; cf.
- John 19:12; 19:15).
- The Jewish authorities accused Christ of inciting revolt and establishing Himself as King, charges that he denied and denied again.
- This allegation of rebellion is what led to Jesus being crucified on a Roman crucifixion rather than being stoned to death, which was the old Jewish way of death.
- Crucifixion was intended not just to kill, but also to deter others from engaging in illegal activity.
- Crucified people had to be humiliated, and they were frequently left to hang entirely nude.
- The cross had a stigma attached to it, and Jewish law stated that it was a curse (Galatians 3:13; 5:11).
- The term ″excruciating″ comes from the Latin phrase ″out of crucifying″; crucifixion was considered a ″excruciating″ method of death since it was a particularly slow and painful method of dying.
- Following their nailing to a cross, some persons may be able to survive for several days afterward, depending on the circumstances.
Understanding how long Jesus was crucified for is complicated by the fact that two different systems of marking time are utilized in both the Bible and the New Testament.The Jewish calendar is used by Matthew, Mark, and Luke to keep track of time.The Roman system is used by John.In accordance with Jewish tradition, Mark writes, ″They crucified him and divided his clothing among themselves, casting lots for them to choose what each should receive.″ When they crucified Jesus, it was the third hour, according to Mark 15:24–25 (New International Version).According to this, Christ’s crucifixion began around nine o’clock in the morning.Matthew, who also used the Jewish method of timekeeping, states that ″from the sixth hour to the ninth hour, there was darkness over all the country″ (Matthew 6:6-9).
- (Matthew 27:45, ESV).
- That is, from 12:00 noon to 3:00 P.M., there was complete darkness.
- This was the final three hours that Jesus spent on the crucifixion.
- Then, at the conclusion of that period, ″after Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he surrendered his spirit″ (Matthew 27:50).
- After then, a Roman soldier made certain of His death (John 19:34), and Jesus’ corpse was removed from the scene of the crime.
- For a total of six hours, Jesus had been hanging on the cross, beginning at roughly 9:00 a.m.
- and ending at 3:00 p.m.
- The Gospel of John includes the fact that Jesus’ trial before Pontius Pilate was taking place at ″around the sixth hour,″ according to Roman time (John 19:14, ESV).
- Since the Romans began counting their hours at midnight, the ″sixth hour″ would begin at 6:00 a.m., or six hours after the sun rises.
- As a result, using the Roman numeral system, ″around the sixth hour″ equals approximately 6:00 a.m.
- Pilate has sentenced Jesus to death.
Then, according to the Jewish calendar, ″the third hour″ is equal to 9:00 a.m.The crucifixion is about to commence.″the sixth hour″ is equivalent to 12:00 p.m.(noon).
- The night has come.
- ″the ninth hour″ is a reference to 3:00 p.m.
- Jesus is put to death.
- Putting everything together, Jesus’ trial came to a close about 6:00 a.m.
- Approximately three hours later, his crucifixion began, and He died approximately six hours after that.
- Return to the previous page: Questions regarding Jesus Christ What was the length of Jesus’ time on the cross?
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What time of day did the crucifixion happen?
- Earlier in the day, about 6 a.m.
- or shortly afterwards, the Jewish leaders arrived to Pilate’s office (see John 19:14).
- It was approximately seven o’clock in the morning on Friday when Herod was summoned to court.
- Jesus’ second trial before Pilate began about 8 a.m., and according to Mark 15:25, it concluded with the crucifixion taking place at ″the third hour,″ which corresponds to nine o’clock in the morning using the Jewish way of counting.
- It was approximately 3 p.m.
- when Jesus cried out, ″It is done,″ and died on the crucifixion, which occurred around noon when He was hanging on the cross (see Matthew 27:45).
- (John 19:30).
The trials of Jesus
- In the Garden of Gethsemane, Jesus was apprehended by the Jewish religious authorities at roughly midnight, according to the majority of commentaries.
- In the home of Caiaphas, He was put on trial for the first time at roughly one o’clock in the morning, and the second effort to accuse Him happened an hour or so later, at approximately two or three o’clock in the afternoon.
- Then, somewhere between three and four o’clock in the morning, the trial before the Sanhedrin took place before the court.
- At this time of year at Jerusalem’s latitude, dawn begins around four a.m.
- and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
- At this time of year, dawn begins around four a.m.
- and the sun rises around 5:30 a.m.
- The Sanhedrin’s trial concluded in a unanimous judgement of death, but the conviction had to be reiterated during daylight hours in order to be considered valid.
- As a result, it was necessary to confirm it in broad daylight.
- This was done by the Sanhedrin when it reconvened just after daybreak.
- In the year of the crucifixion, Nisan 14, the day scheduled for the killing of the paschal lambs, occurred on a Thursday; the preparation for (or eve of) the Passover coincided with the preparation for (or eve of) the weekly Sabbath, resulting in a conflict between the two.
- (John 19:14; see also verses 31, 42, and chapter 20:1) The first ceremonial Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Nisan 15, fell on the same day as the weekly Sabbath of the Jewish calendar (Leviticus 23:6-8; cf.
- Mark 15:42 to 16:2; Luke 23:5 to 24:1).
What Day Did Jesus Die?
- Some Christians are divided about the exact date of Jesus’ death, and this has sparked debate.
- Some (known as Wednesday Crucifixionists) think that Jesus was crucified on a Wednesday rather than a Friday, contrary to popular belief.
- The fact that Jesus indicates that ″just as Jonah spent three days and three nights in the belly of the huge fish, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth″ is a contributing factor to this idea (Matt 12:40 NKJV).
- For example, it is possible that Jesus died on Wednesday in order to be entombed for three literal days and three literal nights (Thursday through Friday and Saturday), after which he would have been raised on Sunday.
- There are a number of other variants on this notion.
- The Hebrews and other ancient peoples practiced ″inclusive counting,″ which means that a portion of a day is treated as if it were a whole day.
- Aside from that, the Bible records many periods of ″three days″ that ended during the third day rather than after it, and so spanned fewer than three complete 24-hour days (Gen 42:17-19, for one example).
- To maintain His own timekeeping, Jesus would have ″rested″ on the seventh-day holy Sabbath and risen fairly early on the first day of the week, according to the Hebrew calendar.
- Without considering the meaning of words in Biblical times, as well as their methods of accounting and speaking of time, we will be unable to correctly comprehend the Bible.
- But, based on the Scriptures, can we determine the exact day on which Jesus died?
- In order to do so, we will examine the book of Mark.
- Day 1: Unleaven Day 2: In Mark 10:32-34, Jesus is on His journey to Jerusalem, and He is talking with the disciples.
- His disciples are informed that ″Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles: and they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, until he is killed; and on the third day he shall rise again.″ On the same day, He speaks to James and John about the privilege of sitting on His right and left hands, and then He restores Bartimaeus’ sight to him.
- In Mark 11:1, he is on his way to Jerusalem, ″until he comes to Bethphage and Bethany, at the summit of Olives,″ according to the text.
- Let us refer to this as Day1.
- Despite the fact that we do not know what day it is, we will consider it to be the first day of our count.
- Mark 11:2-11 tells the story of what Jesus performs for the rest of that particular day.
He rides into Jerusalem on the colt and then enters the temple complex.When we read verse 11, it was nightfall, the conclusion of the day, and He was on his way to Bethany to stay with the twelve disciples, maybe at Martha and Mary’s house.Day 2: In Mark 11:12, we learn that it is the following day, ″on the morrow,″ and that Jesus is hungry for breakfast while they are on their way back to Jerusalem from Bethany.Then, as they pass a barren fig tree, Jesus curses it and descends to Jerusalem, where He cleanses the temple for the second time in His career and instructs the inhabitants of the city.This was Day 2 of the experiment.In verse 19, it says that ″when evening came,″ he ″went out of the city″ and ″found a place to remain for the night.″ Day 3: The Bible informs us in Mark 11:20 that, ″″in the morning,″ which refers to the beginning of Day3, signifies that Jesus returns to the city of Jerusalem, where he spends the rest of the day doing a lot of things.
- The disciples are the first to notice that the fig tree that Jesus had cursed had become shrivelled.
- The priests, scribes, and elders interrogate Him about the power He invokes in order to perform miracles.
- He narrates a story, and the Pharisees attempt to ″catch him in his words″ (Mark 12:13) by posing a variety of questions and raising numerous points of contention.
- After that, Jesus goes to the treasury and observes people depositing their money, after which He makes a statement about the widow’s mite.
- In the next section, He provides the disciples with a list of indicators to look out for that will occur before to His Second Coming.
- A complete list of all of the topics He addresses with the Pharisees, Sadducees, and scribes is found in Mark chapter 12.
- After the dispute with the Pharisees, Jesus walks to the Mount of Olives, where he is likely to relax and get away from the persecution.
- There, Christ speaks privately with Peter, James, John, and Andrew about the indications that point to His Second Coming.
- The rest of the chapter is a transcription of what He said.
- Day4: Mark 14:1 is the next day (Day4), and the Bible tells us that the Passover is two days away (see Mark 14:1).
- Judas Iscariot forms a contract with the chief priests to betray Jesus on this day, and Mary anoints him with her ″alabaster bottle of ointment of spikenard″ (Mark 14:3) at a lavish banquet prepared in Jesus’ honor.
Page 12 of Mark 14 has the passage referring to Day 5, which was the Passover, when the Jews slaughtered a ram for the holiday.The disciples rent an upstairs chamber on this day, and it is in this room that Jesus has His last supper with His disciples before His death.On the same night, Jesus travels to Gethsemane, where he spends hours in excruciating prayer while His followers are sound asleep.Afterwards, Judas arrives with a ″large crowd with swords and staves″ (Mark 14:43), and kisses Jesus on the lips.
- After that, the crowd captures Jesus, and His followers all desert him (Matthew 26:53).
- (verse 50).
- After that, Jesus is brought before the chief priests for a nighttime trial, during which they sentence Him to death.
- The three times Peter rejects Jesus during this trial are recorded in the Gospel of John.
- After then, Jesus is lowered into the pit where he will spend the night.
- Day 6 begins with the passage from Mark 15:1.
- in the morning, it’s a straight shot″ ″When Jesus is brought before Pilate, Herod, and Pilate again, he is sentenced to death.
- Finally, Pilate signs the death sentence and orders that Jesus be crucified.
- Beginning at the sixth hour, darkness descends across the entire nation until the ninth hour, and at the ninth hour, Jesus cries out: ″My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?″ Jesus dies a short time after that (verses 33-37).
- ″Now when nightfall had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath,″ Mark writes in verse 42, ″because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath,″ ″…..
- The phrase ″the preparation day″ in Mark 15:42 refers to the day before the seventh-day Sabbath, and it is the only time this phrase is used (or Saturday).
- As a result, the preparation day is Friday, which also happens to be the day on which Jesus died.
- According to Mark, Jesus is brought down from the crucifixion and wrapped swiftly before being laid in Joseph of Arimathaea’s new tomb, so that He does not remain on the cross over the Sabbath.
- Day 7: The seventh-day Sabbath is observed on the day that falls between Mark 15:47 and Mark 16:1.
- No record exists of what happened on this day, however Mark 16:1-2 informs us that Jesus was crucified on this day ″when the Sabbath had come to an end The first day of the week began very early in the morning, as the sun rose above the horizon ″When Jesus died on Friday, three women returned to the tomb to anoint Him with spices (because they hadn’t been able to finish the job when He died on Friday because the Sabbath was approaching, and they wanted to keep the Sabbath holy).
This is the seventh day of our countdown.In Mark 16:1, it states, ″Now that the Sabbath had passed,.″ Day 8: ″As a result, today is the first day of the week.We designate the first day of the week, which would have been a Sunday, as Day8, commemorating the day on which Jesus resurrected from the dead.If we go backwards in time, Day8 would have been the Sunday following the Sabbath, the first day of the week, and the day after the Sabbath would have been Day7.Day 7 was a Sabbath, and nothing was recorded about it since Jesus was resting and His followers were grieving at the same time.It would have been Day 6 on Friday, which was the Preparation Day, and the day on which Jesus took His last breath.
- Day 5 would have been Thursday, the day of the final supper and the Garden of Gethsemane, according to the calendar.
- In our development, day 4 was unmistakably Wednesday.
- Tuesday is the third day.
- Day 2 was Monday, and Day 1 – the day we began our count with was the previous Sunday, the day on which Jesus triumphantly entered Jerusalem – was the day before that.
- This whole week was dedicated to Passover, and Jesus, the Passover Lamb, died in accordance with Jewish tradition and in fulfillment of prophesy.
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How old was Jesus when He died?
- Answer to the question The Bible does not specify how old Jesus was at the time of His death.
- Furthermore, neither the date of Jesus’ birth nor the date of His death is specified in the Bible.
- This makes ascertaining the exact age of Jesus at the time of His death difficult.
- Please review our articles on ″What year was Jesus Christ born?″ for more background information.
- as well as ″What year did Jesus pass away?″ Following the narrative recounted in the New Testament, particularly the Gospel of Luke, and comparing it with Roman history, we may deduce that Jesus was born between 6 and 4 BC, which places him in the vicinity of King Herod’s death at the time.
- For the sake of determining the age of Jesus, we may divide the discrepancy in half and declare that He was born in 5 BC.
- As a further step, we must ascertain the date on which Jesus’ ministry officially began.
- It is said in Luke 3:1 that John the Baptist began preaching in the fifteenth year of Tiberius’ reign, which would put him around the year AD 28 or 29.
- Jesus was about 33 years old when He was baptized and began His ministry, which occurred somewhere around AD 29.
- Afterwards, we can calculate the date at which Jesus’ ministry came to a conclusion.
- Based on the number of Passover feasts that Jesus observed throughout His public ministry—three of which are mentioned in the Bible—it is estimated that He was in the ministry for roughly three and a half years.
- That would put the conclusion of Jesus’ mission in the year AD 33.
- As a result, it is probable that Jesus was crucified around the year AD 33.
- A second idea estimates the beginning of Jesus’ career in a different way, arriving at the date of his crucifixion in AD 30.
- Both of these dates are consistent with the historical material we know, which indicates that Pontius Pilate ruled Judea from AD 26 to AD 36, and that Caiaphas the high priest served until AD 36.) Putting the numbers together: A total of 37 years elapsed between 5 BC and 1 BC, and between AD 1 and AD 33, for a total of 4 years and 33 years.
- As a result, Jesus was in His thirties when He was killed.
- Jesus died when He was between the ages of 33 and 39 years old, depending on the exact date of His birth and the year in which He began His public ministry, according to various sources.
In the end, while it is difficult to be exact or dogmatic, the answer to the question ″How old was Jesus when He died?″ is ″about 36 years old,″ despite the fact that precise and dogmatic answers are unattainable.Return to the previous page: Questions regarding Jesus Christ What was Jesus’ age at the time of His death?
On what day was Jesus crucified?
- Answer to the question According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified on any given day of the week although it is not specified.
- Friday and Wednesday are the days on which the majority of people agree.
- Some, on the other hand, believe that Thursday should be the day, based on a synthesis of both the Friday and Wednesday reasons.
- Christ stated in Matthew 12:40, ″For just as Jonah was swallowed up by a great fish and survived three days and three nights there, so will the Son of Man be swallowed up by a great fish and survive three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.″ It is still possible, according to those who argue for a Friday crucifixion, that He may have been considered in the grave for three days if He was executed on Friday.
- In the minds of the Jews of the first century, a portion of a day was regarded to be a complete day.
- Because Jesus was in the grave for a portion of Friday, all of Saturday, and a portion of Sunday, he may be said to have been in the grave for a total of three days, beginning on Friday.
- Jesus was executed ″the day before the Sabbath,″ according to Mark 15:42, which is one of the most persuasive reasons in favor of Friday.
- If that was the weekly Sabbath, which was Saturday, then the crucifixion would have taken place on Friday.
- An other argument for Friday is that texts like as Matthew 16:21 and Luke 9:22 teach that Jesus would rise on the third day, and as a result, He would not need to stay in the grave for a total of three days and nights as previously thought.
- Nevertheless, while some translations include the phrase ″on the third day″ for these lines, not all do, and not everyone thinks that the phrase ″on the third day″ is the most appropriate translation for this passage of Scripture.
- Furthermore, according to Mark 8:31, Jesus will be risen ″after″ three days from the dead.
- According to the Thursday argument, there are too many events (some say as many as twenty) occurring between Christ’s burial and Sunday morning for them to all take place between Friday evening and Sunday morning.
- The Thursday argument is an extension of the Friday argument.
- Those who advocate for a Thursday start point out that this is particularly problematic because Saturday was the only full day between Friday and Sunday, which was the Jewish Sabbath.
- That difficulty can be solved by adding a day or two to your schedule.
- According to the Thursday proponents, consider the following scenario: assume you haven’t seen a buddy since Monday evening.
- He walks into your office on a Thursday morning and you respond, ″I haven’t seen you in three days,″ despite though it had only been 60 hours since you last saw him (2.5 days).
If Jesus was killed on Thursday, this scenario demonstrates how three days may be reckoned to have elapsed since his death.According to the view written on Wednesday, there were two Sabbaths that week.Following the first (the one that took place on the evening of the crucifixion), the ladies went out and bought spices (notice that they did it after the Sabbath) (Mark 16:1).According to the Wednesday school of thought, this ″Sabbath″ was the Passover (see Leviticus 16:29-31, 23:24-32, 39, where high holy days that are not necessarily the seventh day of the week are referred to as the Sabbath).The customary weekly Sabbath was observed on the second Sabbath of that week.Please keep in mind that in Luke 23:56, the ladies who had purchased spices after the first Sabbath returned and prepared the spices, after which they ″rested on the Sabbath,″ as the Bible says.
- According to the reasoning, they could not acquire the spices after the Sabbath and prepare those spices before the Sabbath unless there were two Sabbaths in a row, which was impossible.
- For those who believe in the two-Sabbath perspective, if Christ was crucified on Thursday, then the high holy Sabbath (the Passover) would have began at sundown on Thursday and finished at sundown on Friday, which corresponds to the beginning of the weekly Sabbath or Saturday.
- It is possible that they acquired the spices after the first Sabbath (Passover), which would have meant they did it on Saturday and therefore violated the Sabbath.
- Consequently, the only interpretation that does not violate the biblical narrative of the ladies and the spices while still adhering to a literal understanding of Matthew 12:40 is that Christ was crucified on Wednesday, according to the Wednesday perspective.
- When the Sabbath fell on Thursday, it was a high holy day (Passover).
- After that, on Friday, the women went out to buy spices and returned to prepare them that same day.
- On Saturday, which was the weekly Sabbath, they rested before bringing the spices to Jesus’ tomb early on Sunday morning.
- Jesus was laid to rest at sundown on Wednesday, which corresponded to the start of the Jewish calendar week on Thursday.
- Thursday is the first day of the week according to the Jewish calendar (day one).
- Thursday night (night one), Friday day (day two), Friday night (night two), Saturday day (day three), Saturday night (night three), Sunday morning (day four) (night three).
- Even while we do not know exactly what time He arose on Sunday, we do know that it was before the sun came up.
According to Jewish tradition, Jesus may have woken as early as right after sunset on Saturday evening, which marked the beginning of the first day of the week.The finding of the empty tomb occurred shortly before daybreak (Mark 16:2), before the sun had fully risen in the sky (John 20:1).On the other hand, a possible flaw in the Wednesday viewpoint is that Jesus’ followers walked with Him along the road to Emmaus on the ″same day″ as His resurrection (Luke 24:13).After telling Jesus of Jesus’ crucifixion (24:21), the disciples inform him that ″this is the third day since these things occurred″ (24:22).
- The period from Wednesday through Sunday is four days.
- One alternative argument is that they may have been counting from Christ’s burial on Wednesday evening, which marks the beginning of the Jewish Thursday, and thus the period from Thursday to Sunday may be considered three days.
- Is it really that vital to know what day of the week Christ was killed on?
- In the larger scheme of things, it isn’t that significant.
- If it were so significant, God’s Word would have made it abundantly plain what day and hour it will occur and for how long.
- That He died and rose from the dead in a corporeal and bodily manner is what is crucial to remember.
- What is equally significant is the purpose for His death: He died in order to bear the penalty that all sinners are due.
- In both John 3:16 and John 3:36, Jesus declares that putting your confidence in Him leads in eternal life.
- This holds true regardless of whether He was crucified on a Wednesday, Thursday, or Friday.
- Return to the previous page: Questions regarding Jesus Christ When was Jesus crucified, and what day was it?
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Question of the Week
- Answering the question On the day of the week Jesus was crucified is not expressly stated in the Bible.
- Friday and Wednesday are the days on which the majority of people believe in what you believe.
- Some, on the other hand, claim that Thursday should be the day, based on a synthesis of both the Friday and Wednesday reasons.
- Christ stated in Matthew 12:40, ″For just as Jonah was swallowed up by a great fish and survived three days and three nights there, so will the Son of Man be swallowed up by a great fish and survive three days and three nights at the center of the earth.″ Many of those who argue for a Friday crucifixion maintain that there is still a legitimate scenario in which He may have been deemed to remain in the grave for three days after His death.
- During the first century, a portion of a day was believed to be a complete day in the minds of the Jewish population.
- It is possible that Jesus was in the grave for three days because he was there for part of Friday, all of Saturday, and part of Sunday.
- He may be deemed to have been in the grave for three days.
- In Mark 15:42, it is said that Jesus was killed ″the day before the Sabbath,″ which is considered to be a strong justification for Friday.
- The fact that it was Saturday, and not Saturday the Sabbath, leads to the conclusion that Jesus was crucified on Friday.
- In addition, texts like as Matthew 16:21 and Luke 9:22 teach that Jesus would rise on the third day, which means that He would not need to stay in the grave for the whole three days and nights.
- This is an argument for Friday.
- Nevertheless, while some translations include the phrase ″on the third day″ for these lines, not all do, and not everyone thinks that the phrase ″on the third day″ is the most appropriate translation for this passage of scripture.
- Jesus will be risen from the dead ″after″ three days, according to Mark 8:31.
- A major point of the Thursday argument is that there are too many occurrences (some believe there are as many as twenty) occurring between Christ’s burial and Sunday morning for them to all take place between Friday evening and Sunday morning.
- Proponents of the Thursday viewpoint point out that this is particularly problematic because Saturday, the Jewish Sabbath, was the only full day between Friday and Sunday.
- That dilemma is solved by adding a day or two to your schedule.
- Suppose you haven’t seen a buddy since Monday evening.
The Thursday proponents may argue as follows: He walks into your office on a Thursday morning and you declare, ″I haven’t seen you in three days,″ despite though it had only been 60 hours since your last interaction (2.5 days).The following scenario illustrates how three days may be deemed to have passed since Jesus’ crucifixion on Thursday.It is stated in the view of Wednesday that there were two Sabbaths in the week in question.They purchased spices after the first (which took place on the evening of the crucifixion), and it is important to remember that they did so after the Sabbath had passed (Mark 16:1).According to the Wednesday school of thought, this ″Sabbath″ was actually the Feast of Booths (see Leviticus 16:29-31, 23:24-32, 39, where high holy days that are not necessarily the seventh day of the week are referred to as the Sabbath).There was no weekly Sabbath on the second Sabbath of the week.
- In Luke 23:56, it is noted that the ladies who had purchased spices after the first Sabbath returned and prepared the spices, following which they ″rested on the Sabbath.″ There was a valid argument that they could not acquire spices after the Sabbath while also preparing those spices before to the Sabbath because there were two Sabbaths in a row.
- For those who believe in the two-Sabbath perspective, if Christ was killed on Thursday, then the high holy Sabbath (the Passover) would have began at sundown on Thursday and concluded at sundown on Friday, which would have been the start of the weekly Sabbath or Saturday.
- To have purchased the spices on Saturday, the day following the first Sabbath (Passover), would have indicated that they had violated the Sabbath.
- The only explanation that does not conflict with the biblical story of the ladies and spices while still adhering to a literal interpretation of Matthew 12:40, according to the Wednesday position, is that Christ was crucified on Wednesday.
- When the Sabbath fell on Thursday, it was a high holy day (Passover).
- After that, on Friday, the women went out to buy spices and returned to prepare them that same day.
- On Saturday, which was the weekly Sabbath, they rested before bringing the spices to Jesus’ tomb early on Sunday.
- According to the Jewish calendar, Jesus was buried at the close of the day on Wednesday, which began Thursday.
- Thursday is the first day of the week on the Jewish calendar (day one).
- Thursday night (night one), Friday day (day two), Friday night (night two), Saturday day (day three), Saturday night (night three), Sunday night (night three) (night three).
- The exact moment He rose is unknown, but we do know that it was before the sun rose on Sunday morning.
As early as Saturday evening, shortly after sunset, he might have awoken and begun his workday, which was considered the first day of the week by the Jews.During the early hours of the morning (Mark 16:2), the empty tomb was discovered before the sun was completely up (John 20:1).On the other h