What happened on Good Friday?
Easter Sunday is self-explanatory — it is the day on which Christians commemorate the resurrection of Jesus from the grave. But what is it about ‘Good Friday’ that is so special? What is it that makes it so special? As defined by the Oxford English Dictionary, the term ‘good’ refers to a traditional manner of indicating that a day is considered holy by the church. A saint’s day, or a season such as Lent or Pentecost, can be considered ‘excellent.’ A Good Wednesday is also observed on the Wednesday before Easter, but this has mostly gone out of favor in recent years.
Friday is the day on which we commemorate Jesus’ death on the cross – and it is known as “Good Friday” for a good cause.
They each emphasize a different part of what happened, and there are some discrepancies in what they tell at various moments.
The first Good Friday marked the culmination of a series of trials and interrogations by Jewish and Roman authorities, during which Jesus was sentenced to death by crucifixion, a standard Roman penalty at the time.
- Pilate ceremonially washed his hands in order to demonstrate his innocence in the execution of Jesus.
- In accordance with tradition, Jesus was required to carry his own cross — most likely merely the horizontal beam – to the location of his death.
- In between two thieves, Jesus was crucified, one of whom cursed him and the other of whom said, ‘Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom,’ while the two thieves hung on his cross.
- He died after six hours of agony, which is a brief period of time when compared to the days that victims might endure.
- The soldier stabbed Jesus in the heart to make sure he was dead.
- The words of Jesus while he was dying are preserved in many Gospels.
- ‘Today you will be with me in paradise,’ Christ told the thief, according to the Bible.
A passage from Psalm 22 came to him in a time of despair: ‘My God, my God, why have you left me?’ he said.
The body of Jesus was deposited in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea when the bodies were removed from the cross, in contrast to the typical destiny of crucified individuals, who were customarily thrown into lime pits after their bodies were removed.
What on earth could reasonably be considered “Good” about such a day, though?
When we try to put it into words, we find it difficult to communicate.
‘Christ died for us at a time when we were helpless and sinful,’ writes the apostle Paul (Romans 5.6, CEV).
As a result, on Good Friday, Christians remember what Jesus has done for us and express our gratitude. The narratives of Jesus’ death in the Gospels are contained in Matthew 27, Mark 15, Luke 23, and John 19.
Who, What, Why: Why is Good Friday called Good Friday?
It is the day when Christians commemorate Jesus Christ’s crucifixion. So why is it named Good Friday? According to the Bible, the son of God was flogged, told to carry the cross on which he would be crucified and then put to death. It’s tough to see what is “excellent” about it. Some sources indicate that the day is “good” in that it is holy, or that the word is a perversion of “God’s Friday”. However, according to Fiona MacPherson, senior editor of the Oxford English Dictionary, the word typically “designates a day on (or occasionally a season in) when religious observance is held”.
- In addition to Good Friday, there is also a less well-known Good Wednesday, specifically the Wednesday before Easter.
- According to the Baltimore Catechism – the traditional US Catholic school book from 1885 until the 1960s, Good Friday is good because Christ”showed His deep love for man, and bought for him every benefit”.
- It states some sources identify its origins in the word “God’s Friday” orGottes Freitag,while others argue that it comes from the GermanGute Freitag.
- It also indicates that the day is known as “the Holy and Great Friday” in the Greek liturgy, “Holy Friday” in Romance Languages andKarfreitag(Sorrowful Friday) in German.
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What is Good Friday and how does it differ from other days? Good Friday is commemorated on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and it is the day before the celebration of the resurrection (also called Resurrection Sunday). It is a day on which people commemorate the death of Jesus on the cross. Many people, especially Christians, mark this day by attending a Good Friday service, during which they hear the biblical narratives of Jesus’ crucifixion on the cross read out by the pastor. (See Luke 19, for example.) What Happened on Good Friday and Why Was It Important?
- Following Jesus’ arrest in the Garden of Gethsemane, He was subjected to a series of trials before the chief priests, Pontius Pilate, and Herod (Luke 22:54–23:25), before which He was executed.
- All of these events culminated on Good Friday.
- As the soldiers clothed Jesus in a purple robe and a crown of thorns, they made fun of Him and teased Him (John 19:1-3).
- Then, with the assistance of Simon of Cyrene, Jesus was compelled to carry His cross to the location of His execution.
- We know that Joseph of Arimathea petitioned Pilate for permission to take Jesus’ body later in the day, and that Pilate gave him permission.
- After that, he rolled a large stone in front of the doorway.
- The Bible does not tell us what day of the week Jesus was crucified, so we can only guess.
- Others make a pact with the truth and claim that it was a Thursday.
1 The Bible states in Matthew 12:40 that, “For just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a great fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” Jesus is referring to the biblical figure Jonah.
- Friday – We know that Jesus was buried for three days before rising from the dead. If Jesus was crucified on a Friday, how is it possible that there are three days left until Easter? A Friday crucifixion, argue proponents, is appropriate since, in the Jewish worldview, a portion of a day was still believed to be a complete day. It would be considered three days of burial if Jesus was in the grave for a portion of Friday, all of Saturday, and a portion of Sunday. According to Mark 15:42-43, Jesus was crucified on the day before the Sabbath, which was Friday. Alternatively, if the Sabbath stated was the weekly Sabbath, this suggests that Jesus was crucified on Friday. Thursday — Proponents of a Thursday crucifixion believe that there are too many activities taking place on Friday to allow for a Friday crucifixion to take place. The difficulty is alleviated by adding an extra day to the schedule. Wednesday — This perspective is based on the fact that there are two Sabbaths that week. The first is the one that occurs at the conclusion of the crucifixion (Mark 15:42), which would have been the Passover meal. The second Sabbath was then followed by the weekly Sabbath. Having waited until after the Thursday Sabbath to acquire their spices on Friday, the ladies would have slept on Saturday (the Sabbath) before bringing their spices to the tomb on Sunday morning. Matthew 12:40 mentions three days and three nights, and this is a literal reading of those three days and nights.
Regardless of when day Jesus was crucified, we are confident that He died and rose from the tomb! The fact that the day is not specifically mentioned in the Bible leads us to believe that it is not very significant. The meaning of “Good Friday” – Why is it called that? Is a nice Friday truly a “good” Friday? The fact that some consider the day Jesus was crucified to be “good” may appear strange. It goes without saying that the pain Jesus endured on Good Friday was not pleasant. A extremely harsh manner was used to execute him, including whipping, beating, mocking, and beheading.
The consequences of Jesus’ death are extremely positive!
Nonetheless, “God shows his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died on the cross for us.” It is then restated in 1 Peter 3:18: “For Christ died for sins once and for all, the righteous for the wicked, in order that you could be brought into relationship with God.” “He was put to death in the flesh, but he was raised to life by the Spirit.
Do you believe that Jesus has wiped away your sins and forgiven you?
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1For more detailed information on these three options, visit:.
We have all sinned and are deserving of God’s wrath. God, the Father, sent His only Son to fulfill that judgment on behalf of all who place their faith in Him. According to the Bible, Jesus, the creator and eternal Son of God, who lived a spotless life, loves us so much that He died for our sins, accepting the penalty that we deserved, was buried, and rose from the grave to show us His love for us. “Jesus is Lord,” you will be rescued from judgment and will spend forever with God in heaven if you genuinely accept and trust this in your heart, receiving Jesus alone as your Savior, and announcing “Jesus is Lord.” What is your reaction to this?
Good Friday – the Crucifixion of Jesus
Matthew 26-27, Mark 14-15, Luke 22-23, and John 11-19 are examples of biblical texts.
Jesus Is Tried by the Sanhedrin
Once Jesus was captured by the mob after Judas betrayed him in the Garden of Gethsemane, he was brought before Caiaphas, the high priest. Peter had pledged to Jesus that he would never abandon him. But Jesus told him, “Before the roostercrows crow, you will deny me three times,” which he did three times. When Jesus was captured, all of Jesus’ followers fled in terror from the scene. Peter, on the other hand, followed at a distance and eventually arrived in the courtyard of the high priest. Despite the fact that three distinct individuals identified him as one of Jesus’ followers, Peter vehemently rejected it on each occasion.
- He was overcome with embarrassment and began to sob.
- The Sanhedrin, the Jewish ruling body, convened informally in the wee hours of the morning for this meeting.
- The religious leaders searched for proof that would support their decision to put Jesus to death, but they were unable to locate any.
- Finally, the high priest challenged Jesus, saying, “Tell us if you are the Messiah, the Son of God.” Jesus responded affirmatively.
Then the high priest stated something like this: “His blasphemy has just been heard by you! What is the point of having any more witnesses? What’s your take on the matter?” “He is deserving of death!” they said. Then they spit on Jesus’ face and began slapping Him across the face.
Jesus Is Tried by Pilate
|The religious leaders take Jesus toPilate and accuse Him falsely.|
The religious leaders had reached an agreement during their mock trial that Jesus should be put to death. However, according to Roman law, they did not have the right to execute anybody. As a result, as soon as the sun rose in the morning, they brought Jesus to the Roman ruler, Pontius Pilate. They falsely accused Jesus of treason against the Roman Empire for claiming to be the king of the Jews and inciting people not to pay their taxes, charges that were later proven to be unfounded. The Roman governor, Pilate, saw that Jesus was not truly guilty of anything and desired to release Him.
- “Are you the king of the Jews?” he inquired of Jesus.
- If this had been the case, my supporters would have pushed to prevent my detention by the Jewish authorities.
- The Jewish authorities were well aware of this and had encouraged the throng assembled outside Pilate’s house to demand the release of a convict called Barabbas as well as the execution of Jesus.
- When Barabbas was taken into custody, the audience chanted for him to be freed.
Jesus Is Crucified
The religious leaders had reached an agreement during their mock trial that Jesus should be executed. Roman law, on the other hand, forbade them from putting anyone to death. They carried Jesus to Pontius Pilate, the Roman ruler, as soon as the sun came up. It was erroneously claimed that Jesus had committed treason against the Roman Empire by proclaiming himself as king of the Jews and inciting people not to pay their taxes. Pilate saw that Jesus was not truly guilty of anything and desired to release Him.
“Are you the king of the Jews?” he inquired of Christ.
Then my supporters would have battled to keep me from being arrested by the Jewish authorities.
They were well aware of this and had encouraged the throng assembled outside Pilate’s house to demand the release of a convict called Barabbas while also demanding that Jesus be executed on the cross.
When Barabbas was taken into custody, the crowd chanted for him to be freed. Immediately after, Pilate inquired as to “What shall I do with Jesus?” and to which the multitude responded with chants of “Crucify Him, Crucify Him!” Because of this, Pilate ordered Jesus’ execution by hanging on a cross.
The death of Jesus was a necessary component in God’s plan for our salvation. The practice of offering animal sacrifices for atonement (reconciliation between God and mankind) may sound unusual to us now, yet it was highly widespread during Jesus’ day. It was customary for lambs and other animals to be sacrificed at the temple to atone for sin. It was accepted by God that the sacrifice animal’s death would be substituted for the death that the offender deserved. When it came to atoning for the sins of all mankind, Jesus provided the greatest sacrifice.
Jesus’ sacrificial death, despite the fact that we do not completely comprehend the how or why of his death, provides us with a chance for salvation, which is the basic premise and hope of Christianity.
Who Was Responsible for Jesus’ Death?
The professional religious leaders – the leading priests, elders, and scribes – were the primary motivators for the death penalty’s imposition. It was a team effort amongst Judas, Pilate, the multitude that demanded Jesus’ death on the cross, and the Roman troops who executed Jesus. Jesus, on the other hand, was destined for death on the cross. Once the appropriate moment had arrived, Jesus took the required steps to ensure that everything went according to plan. He infuriated his opponents by launching a stinging attack (Matthew 23).
He was adamant in his refusal to defend himself in front of Pilate.
When describing the religious leaders, the Gospel of John occasionally employs the unfortunate shorthand “the Jews” rather than the more lengthy “chief priests, elders, and scribes,” which is confusing.
The Jewish people of the first century as a whole were not guilty for Jesus’ murder, and their modern-day descendants are also not accountable.
Why Was the Curtain of the Temple Torn When Jesus Died?
The curtain of the temple separated the most sacred room of the temple from the rest of the temple. Only the high priest was permitted to enter and stand in the presence of God, which occurred only once a year. This act represented the breaking of the curtain, which signified that Jesus’ death had opened the door for all of humanity’s ability to approach God.
What Does “INRI” Mean?
The initials “INRI,” which are often seen on the cross, are an abbreviation for the Latin phraseIesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum, which means “Jesus the Nazarene, King of the Jews.” “Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews” is what they stand for.
This was the inscription that Pilate placed on the crucifixion in order to ridicule Jesus. On the cross, nailed to it like a regular prisoner, was the alleged “king.” They had no idea that Jesus was in fact the greatest ruler of all time until they saw Him executed!
Where Was Jesus Crucified?
According to the Bible, Jesus was crucified in a location known as Golgotha (Matthew 27:33, Mark 15:22, and John 19:17), which literally translates as “Place of the Skull.” The location is referred to as “The Skull” in Luke 23:33. According to the King James Version, the word “Calvary” (Luke 23:33) was adopted from the word calvaria, which literally translates as “skull” in old Latin Bibles. There was a place called Golgotha outside the city walls of Jerusalem, although no one knows where it was exactly.
Why Is the Day Jesus Died Called “Good Friday?”
No one knows for certain. In many other languages, this day is referred to as Holy Friday. Some claim that “Good Friday” was initially referred to as “God’s Friday” in English, and that the term “Good Friday” was accidentally modified.
What happened on Good Friday? The Easter story explained
In addition to Christian Bale, there are many more actors who have contributed to retelling the account of what occurred to Jesus on Good Friday. (Image courtesy of Getty) Friday, April 19, is the first day of the Easter weekend, and it occurs 48 hours before the major celebration, which occurs on Easter Sunday. In terms of the tale that has inspired Christians to commemorate Easter – namely, the crucifixion of Jesus Christ – the date, which falls on April 19 this year, is possibly the most significant day in terms of its significance.
Christian’s ultimately celebrate Jesus’ execution because they believe that he was God’s son and that he died in our place because of our sins, not because of any other reason.
In the film Passion of the Christ, Jim Caviezel portrays Jesus, who is wearing a crown of thorns (Picture: Getty) When Jesus appeared before his disciples during what is known as The Last Supper on the evening before Good Friday (Maundy Thursday), the Bible says that he warned them that they should expect his death.
- Some Christians refer to this as Holy Communion, which is a more recent development.
- Judas was rewarded with 30 silver dollars for his betrayal, which he carried out by kissing Jesus and pointing out to the spies nearby who they were about to arrest who was kissing Jesus.
- At the conclusion of Jesus Christ Superstar, Glenn Carter portrays Jesus.
- He was then taken, bound, to Caiaphas’s palace, where the Sanhedrin (a group of rabbis functioning as a tribunal) had gathered to examine him about his involvement in the death of Jesus.
- Jesus’ comments ultimately resulted in Caiaphas charging him with blasphemy, and the Sanhedrin passing judgment on him, leading to his execution.
- Pilate instructed the Jewish authorities to condemn him in accordance with their rules, but they reacted by stating that, under Roman law, they were not permitted to execute him.
- Nonetheless, there was a Passover custom in place at the time, which required Pilate to ask the assembled multitude to choose which prisoner out of two would be freed from detention.
It is the crucifixion of Christ that serves as the primary emblem of Christianity (Picture: Getty) When Pilate inquired as to what they want him to do with Jesus, they responded with a demand: ‘Crucify him.’ A second factor was the fact that Pilate’s wife had had a vision of Jesus earlier in the day, and she told Pilate that he should “have nothing to do with this good man.” The governor had Jesus flogged and then took him out in front of the crowd to plead with them to let him go free.
- The chief priests then told Pilate of a fresh accusation, requesting that Jesus be put to death ‘since he claimed to be God’s son,’ which he agreed to do.
- After hearing Jesus’ comments, Pilate pronounced him free and washed his own hands in water in front of the masses to demonstrate that he had had no role in the sentencing of the Lord Jesus Christ.
- However, despite this move, Pilate delivered Jesus to be crucified in order to quell a mob and, eventually, to maintain his position.
- Jesus then had to carry his cross to the place where he would be executed (assisted by Simon of Cyrene).
- Crucifixion was a prevalent form of punishment during this time period.
- A common depiction of Mary Magdelene (a disciple of Jesus), Mary of Nazareth (Jesus’ mother), and Mary the wife of Clopas (Jesus’ aunt) is seated at the foot of the cross, weeping over Jesus’ destiny in religious art.
- Jesus had been wounded with a lance by a Roman soldier, causing blood and water to spill forth.
- Afterwards, the body of Jesus was wrapped in a fresh linen shroud and laid in his own newly constructed tomb, which had been cut into the rock in a garden near the scene of the crucifixion.
- A big boulder was pushed across the entrance to the tomb by the two Jews who were there.
The day of Jesus’ resurrection, which is celebrated by Christians on the first Sunday after his death, is thought to have occurred on Sunday. MORE: Vegan Easter Eggs: The Best of the Best for 2019 AND MORE: When is Easter in 2019, and why does the date change each year? MORE:
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What is Good Friday, and why do we refer to it as “good” since it is such a gloomy and dreary occasion remembering a day of suffering and death for Jesus, and why do we refer to it as “good” on Good Friday? “He himself bare our sins in his body on the cross, in order that we could die to sin and live to righteousness (Romans 6:23). You have been cured as a result of his wounds.” 1 Peter 2:24 (New International Version) Because it commemorates what we believe to be the most historic weekend in the history of the world, Good Friday is a pivotal day for Christians every year, and it is especially significant this year.
“It is of the utmost significance,” according to Paul, that Jesus died for our sins and was buried, after which he was resurrected to life on the third day, in line with what God had promised throughout the Scriptures (1 Corinthians 15:3).
After Christmas comes Easter, the magnificent celebration of the day Jesus was risen from the grave, announcing his victory over sin and death while also hinting at a future resurrection for those who are joined to him through faith (Romans 6:5).
What is the Meaning of Calling it “Good” Friday?
Nonetheless, why is the day of Jesus’ death referred to as “Good Friday” rather than “Bad Friday” or anything similar? There are certain Christian traditions that do follow this approach: Karfreitag, or “Sorrowful Friday,” is the name given to the day in Germany, for example. In reality, in English, the origin of the term “Good” is debated: some believe it came from an older name, “God’s Friday,” while others say it came from a more recent moniker, “Good Friday.” Without regard to how it came to be known, the term “Good Friday” is absolutely fitting since Jesus’ suffering and death, as horrific as they were, signified the dramatic completion of God’s purpose to rescue his people from their sins.
- It is necessary for us to first grasp the gravity of our situation as sinful humans under condemnation before we can comprehend the significance of the gospel’s good news.
- Alternatively, it is critical to recognize and distinguish between the laws of the land and the message of Jesus Christ found in the Bible.
- Similar to this, Good Friday is seen as “good” because, despite the horrors of that day, it was necessary for us to experience the pleasure of Easter.
- God could not be both “just and the justifier” of people who put their faith in Jesus if that terrible day of agony, grief, and spilt blood at the cross had not occurred (Romans 3:26).
- The crucifixion is the point at which we witness the confluence of profound pain and God’s forgiveness.
- Jesus gladly accepted our divine punishment as a result of God’s righteousness against sin, and as a result, we have been granted divine forgiveness, mercy, and peace.
- The day of Good Friday commemorates the meeting of wrath and mercy on the cross.
That’s why Good Friday is both gloomy and good at the same time. Click HERE to download your FREE 8-Day Prayer and Scripture Guide -Praying Through Holy Week. Create your own copy of this wonderful daily devotional to use in the weeks leading up to Easter.
When Is Good Friday This Year?
Good Friday will fall on Friday, April 15th, 2022, in this year’s calendar. Good Friday is always the Friday before Easter, unless otherwise noted. Please see the following link for a comprehensive list of Good Friday dates: When is Good Friday? For a detailed timeline of the Holy Week of Easter, please see the following link: When Is Easter?
Good Friday Bible Verses
Rom. 5:6-10 explains that Christ died for the ungodly at the most appropriate moment, when we were still unable to do anything about it. Although it is unlikely that someone will die in the name of a decent person, someone may be willing to risk their life for a good person. God, on the other hand, proves his own love for us in this way: Christ died for us while we were yet sinners. We have already been justified by his blood; imagine how much more we will be rescued from God’s wrath through him in the future!
He was loathed, and we regarded him in low regard, as if he were a person from whom people kept their faces hidden.
However, he was pierced for our trespasses and crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was placed on him, and it is by his wounds that we have been healed.” The Crucifixion and Death of Jesus Christ, according to Matthew 27 “For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whomever believes in him may not perish but have everlasting life.” (John 3:16-17) For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but rather to save the world through him.” 9:31 (Mark 9:31) – “For he was instructing his followers, telling them that the Son of Man would be thrown into the hands of mankind, who would murder him.
He will also revive from the dead three days after he is murdered.” Justin Holcomb is an Episcopal priest who also serves as a theology professor at Reformed Theological Seminary and Knox Theological Seminary in Knoxville, Tennessee.
Besides that, he is the editor of the book Christian Theologies of Scripture.
Learn more about the meaning and significance of the Easter festival and Holy Week events by reading the following articles: What exactly is Easter?
What is the significance of Maundy Thursday? What is the significance of Palm Sunday? Easter Bible verses and passages from the Bible Easter Greetings and Prayers Photograph courtesy of Thinkstock/DesignPics
What did Jesus do between Good Friday and Easter?
In the All Souls College Chapel in Oxford, England, a reredos shows Jesus releasing the Jewish patriarchs from the depths of hell, according to the artist. (Photo courtesy of Rev. Lawrence Lew and the Royal Navy) Every Christian is familiar with the story: Jesus was killed on Good Friday and resurrected on Easter Sunday, according to the Bible. But what exactly did he accomplish on Saturday night? Those are the kinds of questions that have sparked centuries of dispute, confounded theologians as erudite as St.
The Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and the vast majority of mainline Protestant churches believe that Jesus went into the realm of the dead on Holy Saturday in order to save virtuous souls, such as the Hebrew patriarchs, who died prior to his crucifixion and resurrection.
During the time when Jesus sought for Adam, “our first father,” as if he were a lost sheep, according to an old homily contained in the Catholic readings for Holy Saturday, the world was stilled by a “great quiet.” The dramatic picture of Jesus bursting down the gates of Hades, sometimes referred to as “the harrowing of hell,” has proven nearly seductive to artists throughout history, from the painter Hieronymus Bosch to the poet Dante to innumerable Eastern Orthodox iconographers, among others.
- Some Protestants, on the other hand, argue that there is little scriptural support for the horrific detour and that Jesus’ own words are in direct opposition to it.
- In the words of John Piper, a famous evangelical author and pastor from Minnesota, “That’s the only hint we have as to what Jesus was doing between death and resurrection.” The criminal didn’t go to hell, and I don’t believe hell is called paradise.
- According to Robert Krieg, a theology professor at the University of Notre Dame, in order to highlight that Jesus had actually died and that his resurrection was no trick of the tomb, the apostles would have argued that he, too, had spent time in Sheol.
- John’s School of Theology-Seminary in Collegeville, Minn., belief in the descent was prevalent in the early church.
- Churches that believe he has fallen into the realm of the dead most frequently use 1 Peter 3:18-20 as their primary source.
- In jail, he went to preach to the spirits, and it was via the Spirit that he did so.” The souls that were imprisoned, Peter cryptically explains, were those who were “disobedient” during the time of Noah, the ark-maker, and were punished accordingly.
- In other words, Jesus talked to the Hebrews “in spirit” via Noah, rather than directly to them in hell.
If it weren’t for a fourth-century bishop called Rufinus, who included the phrase “ad inferna” – “to hell” – in his commentary on the Apostles’ Creed, the descent may not have become a dogma.
However, shifting ideas of hell have only added to the complexity of the issues.
As a result, theologians such as Thomas Aquinas struggled to comprehend which place Jesus visited and whom he saved.
In the Catholic journal First Things few years ago, the subject, which was most recently broached by the late Swiss theologian Hans Ur von Balthasar, sparked a violent theological battle.
“The single most persuasive reason in its favor appears to be the fact that it has been there for so long,” says Grudem, a professor at Phoenix Seminary in Arizona, in his “Systematic Theology,” a popular textbook at evangelical schools and universities.
Nonetheless, the horrible experience of hell continues to be an important teaching for Orthodox Christians, who set an icon showing the fall of Hell at the front of their churches as Saturday night turns into Easter Sunday.
Peter Bouteneff, a theology professor at St. Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary in Crestwood, New York, explained that the empty cross and tomb are not the icons that symbolise Easter for him and his students. “It is the descend of Christ into Hades.”
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Good Friday is one of the main events in the Christian calendar and marks the start of the Easter Weekend. While most people associate Good Friday and Easter with a bank holiday and the exchange of chocolate eggs, the story of Jesus’ death on the cross is much more complicated. Due to the fact that the Easter weekend is earlier than usual this year, Good Friday falls on April 2. Easter is a yearly tradition that commemorates the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, as well as the conclusion of the Lenten season.
In the UK, special church services, music, candlelight, flowers and ringing of church bells are all utilized to celebrate the event.
Judas received 30 pieces of money for betraying Jesus and instructed the guards whomever he kissed should be the person they arrest.
When challenged by his captors if he was the son of God, Jesus responded: “You have spoken it, and in time you will see the Son of Man seated at the right side of the Almighty, coming on the clouds of Heaven.” Ultimately Jesus’s statement meant Caiaphas accused him with blasphemy, and he was sentenced to death.
- Is there post on Good Friday?
- Is Good Friday a bank holiday?
- Pilate washed his hands in water to signify he did not wish to have a part in his death.
- When put on the cross Jesus survived for six hours, commending his spirit to God as he died.
- Regardless of the events which took place on that day, the death of Christ is seen as a decisive turning point for worshippers of Christianity.
Relive Jesus Christ’s Final Hours of Passion and Suffering
Christians pay particular attention to the passion of Jesus Christ throughout the Easter season, particularly on Good Friday. The Lord’s final hours of torture and death on the cross lasted around six hours in duration. This chronology of Jesus’ death lays down the events of Good Friday as they are recounted in the Bible, including the events that occurred right before and immediately after the crucifixion of Jesus. Many of the actual timings of these occurrences are not recorded in Scripture, which is an essential point to emphasize.
The following timeline depicts an approximation of the events that took place. Take a look at thisHoly Week Timeline to get a more comprehensive picture of the events leading up to Jesus’ crucifixion and to walk those steps with him.
Timeline of Jesus’ Death
- The Last Supper (Matthew 26:20-30
- Mark 14:17-26
- Luke 22:14-38
- John 13:21-30)
- In the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36-46
- Mark 14:32-42
- Luke 22:39-45)
- In the Garden of Gethseman Jesus is betrayed and arrested (Matthew 26:47-56
- Mark 14:43-52
- Luke 22:47-53
- John 18:1-11)
- The Religious Leaders Condemn Jesus (Matthew 27:1-2
- Mark 15:1
- Luke 22:66-71)
- Jesus is crucified (Matthew 27:1-2
Good Friday’s Events
Before the religious leaders could execute Jesus, they required the approval of the Roman government to carry out their death sentence. Jesus was brought before Pontius Pilate, who determined that there was no basis for charging him. Pilate ordered that Jesus be sent to Herod, who was present in Jerusalem at the time. Jesus refused to answer Herod’s inquiries, and as a result, Herod had him returned to the custody of Pilate. Despite the fact that Pilate deemed Jesus to be innocent, he was afraid of the people and condemned him to death.
He was forced to bear his own cross and was dragged away to the cross of Calvary.
- Jesus Is Put on Trial Before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14
- Mark 15:2-5
- Luke 23:1-5
- John 18:28-37)
- Jesus Is Put on Trial Before Pilate (Matthew 27:11-14
- Herod was summoned by Jesus (Luke 23:6-12)
- Luke 23:11 describes Jesus’ return to Pilate
- Matthew 27:26, Mark 15:15, Luke 23:23-24, and John 19:16 describe Jesus’ death sentence. Luke 23:11 describes the return of Jesus to Pilate.
Jesus being scourged across the face, around 1897. Jesus was humiliated, tried, and tormented after his arrest and throughout the week leading up to his crucifixion, which took place during the week of his Passion. He gets chained to a post and whipped in the face in this scene. James Tissot is the artist behind this piece. Getty Images / Print Collector / Print Collector
- In Matthew 27:32-34, Mark 15:21-24, Luke 23:26-31, and John 19:16-17, we see Jesus being led away to Calvary.
To secure Jesus to the crucified, soldiers drove stake-like nails into Jesus’ wrist and ankle joints, securing him to the cross. He was given the title “The King of the Jews” and an inscription was erected above his head. For roughly six hours, Jesus hung on the cross, until he exhaled his last breath. Soldiers took turns drawing lots for Jesus’ garments while he was hanging on the cross. Onlookers hurled obscenities and jeered at the performers. Two criminals were nailed on the cross at the same time.
After then, the area was enveloped in darkness.
9 AM – “The Third Hour”
- Jesus is crucified, according to Mark 15:25. “It was the third hour when they nailed Jesus on the cross” (NIV). According to Jewish time, the third hour would have been 9 a.m.
- Father, Forgive Them(Luke 23:34)
- The Soldiers Cast Lots for Jesus’ Clothes(Mark 15:24)
- Jesus is slandered and mocked by the people. “And the people who passed by yelled insults and laughed, shaking their heads in mocking.” Matthew 27:39-40 “So! Is it true that you can demolish the Temple and reassemble it in just three days? So, if you are the Son of God, please save yourself and come down off the cross!” (NLT) Likewise, in Mark 15:31, the chief priests and professors of religious law insulted Jesus and his followers as well. It was said that “he saved others,” but “he can’t save himself!” they sneered. (NLT) Luke 23:36-37- The soldiers made fun of him as well, bringing him a glass of sour wine to drink. “If you are the King of the Jews, spare yourself!” they cried out to him from the crowd. In Luke 23:39, one of the convicts who was hanging there shouted accusations at Jesus, according to the New Living Translation “Isn’t it true that you’re the Christ? Save yourself as well as us!” (NIV)
- Jesus and the Criminal – Luke 23:40-43 – Jesus and the criminal The other criminal, on the other hand, scolded him. “”Don’t you have any fear of God,” he said, referring to the fact that they were both serving the same sentence. We are being punished fairly, since we are receiving the consequences of our actions. This individual, on the other hand, has done nothing wrong.” “Jesus, please keep me in mind when you come into your kingdom,” he continued. “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise,” Jesus said in response to his question. (NIV)
- Mary and John are addressed by Jesus in John 19:26-27.
Noon – “The Sixth Hour”
- Jesus cries out to the Father (Matthew 27:46-47). And at about the ninth hour, Jesus cried out in a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?” (Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? “My God, My God, why have You deserted Me?” says the speaker. (NKJV)
- John 19:28-29: Jesus Is Thirsty (John 19:28-29)
- It Is Completed – John 19:30a- After tasting it, Jesus declared, “It is completed!” (NLT)
- Father, I surrender my spirit into your hands, says Jesus in Luke 23:46. “Father, I commit my spirit into your hands,” Jesus said with a loud voice. When he had finished speaking, he took his last breath. (NIV)
The painting ‘The Descent from the Cross’ was created about 1890. From James Tissot’s The Life of our Savior Jesus Christ, we learn that Christ was carried down from the cross on which he had been crucified after he had been dead for three days. Collected prints, contributed images, and worked for Getty Images.
3 PM – “The Ninth Hour”
- The Earthquake occurs, and the Temple Veil is torn in half – Matthew 27:51-52 The temple’s curtain was split in half from top to bottom at that same time. The ground trembled, and the rocks cracked open. The graves were opened, and the bodies of many holy individuals who had died were brought back to life by the might of God. “Surely Jesus was the Son of God!” said TheCenturion (New International Version). Jesus is nailed to the cross (Matthew 27:54
- Mark 15:38
- Luke 23:47)
- The Soldiers Break the Thieves’ Legs (John 19:31-33)
- The Soldier Pierces Jesus’ Side (John 19:34)
- Jesus is Laid in the Tomb (Matthew 27:57-61
- Mark 15:42-47
- Luke 23:50-56
- John 19:38-42)
- Jesus Rises from the Dead (Matthew 28
Holy Week Timeline: From Palm Sunday to Resurrection Day
While biblical historians disagree on the exact sequence of events that occurred during Holy Week, the following chronology provides a rough summary of the most significant events that occurred during the most holy days on the Christian calendar. Follow along the footsteps of Jesus Christ from Palm Sunday through Resurrection Sunday, learning about the significant events that took place on each day of the week.
Day 1: Triumphal Entry on Palm Sunday
Images courtesy of SuperStock / Getty Images On the Sunday before his death, Jesus embarked on his journey to Jerusalem, fully aware that he would soon be nailed on the cross for our sins. Upon approaching the hamlet of Bethphage, he dispatched two of his disciples ahead of him, instructing them to search for a donkey and its unbroken colt. They were given the task of untying the animals and bringing them to him for examination. Then Jesus got on the young donkey and quietly and respectfully made his triumphant entry into Jerusalem, fulfilling the ancient prophesy found in Zechariah 9:9: “And the Lord said to me, ‘Enter into Jerusalem,’ and I said to him, ‘Enter into Jerusalem.'” “O Daughter of Zion, you should be overjoyed!
Your king comes to you, kind and saving, gentle and riding on a donkey colt, the foal of a donkey, and he is righteous and saves you.” With palm branches in the air and shouts of “Welcome!” the masses greeted him warmly “Hosanna to David’s Son, the Son of David!
Hosanna in the highest possible degree!” During the night of Palm Sunday, Jesus and his followers slept at Bethany, a village located approximately two miles east of Jerusalem.
They were personal friends of Jesus’, and it’s likely that they housed Him and His followers during their final days in the Holy City. The accounts of Jesus’ triumphant arrival are found in Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, Luke 19:28-44, and John 12:12-19, among other places.
Day 2: On Monday, Jesus Clears the Temple
“Casting Out the Money Changers,” a painting by Carl Bloch, depicts a group of money changers. courtesy of Rischgitz/Getty Images The next morning, Jesus and his followers returned to Jerusalem, where they had spent the previous night. A fig tree, which had failed to give fruit on his journey, was cursed by him along the road. Some academics think that God’s punishment of the fig tree signified God’s judgment on Israel’s religious leaders who were spiritually dead at the time. The symbolism, according to others, was extended to all Christians, emphasizing that real faith is more than simply external religiosity; genuine, live faith must produce spiritual fruit in a person’s life.
“The Scriptures proclaim that ‘My Temple will be a place of prayer,’ but you have turned it into a den of thieves,” he said as he proceeded to overturn their tables and clean the Temple (Luke 19:46).
The events of Monday are reported in Matthew 21:12–22, Mark 11:15–19, Luke 19:45–48, and John 2:13–17, among other places.
Day 3: On Tuesday, Jesus Goes to the Mount of Olives
The Mount of Olives is a holy place in Judaism. courtesy of Andrew Howe / Getty Images On Tuesday morning, Jesus and his followers boarded a ship for the return trip to Jerusalem. In the midst of their journey, they came across a withered fig tree, and Jesus talked to his friends on the significance of faith. Religious authorities were furious with Jesus when he returned to the Temple and declared himself to be a spiritual authority in the first place. They planned an ambush with the goal of apprehending him and putting him in jail.
- In this regard, you are like whitewashed tombs, which appear to be lovely on the surface but are filled on the inside with dead people’s bones and other impurities of every kind.
- What plan do you have to avoid the wrath of God?” (Matthew 23:24-33; Mark 10:24-33) Later that afternoon, Jesus and his followers left the city and traveled to the Mount of Olives, which is located directly east of the Temple and provides a panoramic view of Jerusalem.
- As is customary for him, Jesus talks in parables, employing symbolic language to describe end-time events, such as His Second Coming and the final judgment.
- After a grueling day of confrontation and foreboding about the future, Jesus and the disciples went to Bethany to spend the night once more.
This week’s activities, as well as the Olivet Discourse, are documented in Matthew 21:23–24.51, Mark 11:20–13.37, Luke 20:1–21.36, and John 12:20–38, among other places.
Day 4: Holy Wednesday
The Tomb of Lazarus is located in Bethany (c. 1900). Photograph courtesy of Getty Images According to the Bible, Jesus did not perform any miracles on the Wednesday of Passion Week. Researchers assume that following two hard days in Jerusalem, Jesus and his followers spent this day relaxing in Bethany, anticipating the upcoming celebration of Passover. Only a short time before, Jesus had demonstrated to his followers and the rest of the world that he has the ability to raise the dead by bringing Lazarus from the dead.
Just a few nights before, in Bethany, Lazarus’ sister Mary had lavishly bathed the feet of Jesus with costly perfume, a gesture that was both touching and symbolic.
Day 5: Passover and Last Supper on Maundy Thursday
Image courtesy of Leemage/UIG via Getty Images On Thursday, the tone of Holy Week becomes solemn. As a result, Jesus dispatched Peter and Johnahead to the Upper Room in Jerusalem, where they worked on the preparations for the Passover Feast. The following evening, after sunset, Jesus washed the feet of his followers, who were about to partake in the Passover meal with him. By doing this modest act of service, Jesus set an example for Christians on how they should treat one another in their faith.
- Afterwards, Jesus had the Passover meal with his followers, explaining his actions as follows: “I’ve been looking forward to sharing this Passover meal with you before my ordeal really begins.
- When Jesus instituted the Lord’s Supper, he was telling his disciples to commemorate his sacrifice by regularly partaking in the components of bread and wine, which he instituted during the Last Supper (Luke 22:19-20).
- According to the Gospel of Luke, “his perspiration became like big droplets of blood flowing down to the earth” (Luke 23:43).
- Judas Iscariot betrayed Jesus with a kiss late that evening in Gethsemane, and the Sanhedrin apprehended him and put him in prison.
Peter denied ever knowing his Master three times before the rooster crowed in the early morning hours of Jesus’ trial, which was just getting began. The events of Thursday are reported in Matthew 26:17–75, Mark 14:12–72, Luke 22:7–62, and John 13:1–38, among other places.
Day 6: Trial, Crucifixion, Death, and Burial on Good Friday
Close-up of Bramantino’s “Crucifixion,” an oil on panel painting that measures 372 x 270 cm. DEA | Photograph by G. CIGOLINI / Getty Images It is the most painful day of Passion Week, and Good Friday is no exception. In these final hours leading up to Christ’s death, his trip became hazardous and excruciatingly agonizing for him. As recorded in the Bible, Judas Iscariot, the disciple who had betrayed Jesus, was filled with regret and committed suicide by hanging himself in the early hours of Friday morning.
- After a series of illegitimate trials, he was sentenced to death by crucifixion, which was considered one of the most horrifying and shameful means of capital punishment available at that time.
- When Jesus arrived to Calvary, he was once again humiliated and abused by the Roman soldiers who nailed him to the wooden cross, this time with a spear.
- “Father, pardon them, for they have no idea what they are doing,” he said in his first words.
- Jesus’ corpse was taken down from the crucifixion by Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea at 6 p.m.
- The events of Friday are reported in Matthew 27:1-62, Mark 15:1-47, Luke 22:63-23:56, and John 18:28-19:37, to name a few biblical references.
Day 7: Saturday in the Tomb
‘Crucifixion,’ by Bramantino (1510-1580), oil on panel, 372 x 270 cm, detail of the painting. DEA The following image is courtesy of G. CIGOLINI/Getty Images: In the course of Passion Week, Good Friday is the most painful day. In these final hours leading up to Christ’s death, his journey became hazardous and excruciatingly agonizing. It is said in the Bible that Judas Iscariot, a disciple who had betrayed Jesus, was filled with regret and committed suicide by hanging himself on Friday morning.
- After a series of illegitimate trials, he was sentenced to death by crucifixion, which was considered one of the most horrific and shameful means of capital punishment available at the time of his conviction.
- When Jesus arrived to Calvary, he was humiliated and abused once more by the Roman soldiers who nailed him to the wooden cross, this time with a spear.
- Father, pardon them; they have no idea what they are doing.” These were his first words.
- In the New International Version of the Bible, Luke 23:46 says, Then, at around 3 p.m., Jesus took his last breath and died.
Jesus’ corpse was taken down from the crucifixion and laid in a tomb about 6 p.m. on Friday evening, according to Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea, who were there. Jesus’ actions on Friday are detailed in Matthew 27:1-62, Mark 15:1-47, Luke 22:63-23:56, and John 18:28-19:37, among other places.
Day 8: Resurrection Sunday
The Garden Tomb in Jerusalem, which is widely thought to be the last resting place of Jesus Christ. courtesy of Steve Allen / Getty Images OnResurrection We have reached the conclusion of Holy Week on Sunday, or Easter. Among the most significant events in the history of the Christian religion is Jesus Christ’s resurrection. The veracity of this story is essential to the understanding of all Christian doctrines and practices. Several ladies (Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Salome, and Mary the mother of James) went to the tomb early on Sunday morning and discovered that the enormous stone blocking the entrance had been rolled aside.
I know you’re seeking for Jesus, who was crucified, and I understand your frustration.
He has really risen from the dead, precisely as he said would happen in the Bible.” (Matthew 28:5-6, New Living Translation) Jesus Christ appeared at least five times on the day of his resurrection, according to the Bible.
Jesus also appeared to Peter, to the two disciples on the way to Emmaus, and later that day, while the disciples were assembled in a home for prayer, to all of them save Thomas.
Two millennia after Christ’s death, supporters of the Messiah continue to go to Jerusalem to view the tomb that has been empty since then.